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Circnlation Values in Minneapolis The productiveness of its circulation accounts for the fact that MINNEAPOLIS JOURNL~- THE JOURNAL 2,08A 9 colums more advertising in 1905 than any other Mtonearfbys paper, and Sfodifmi columns more than any St. Paul paper. The daily average circulation of The Journal in December was 67,927 The circulation of The Sunday is EAST SIDE OFFICECentral avenue and Sec* ond street. Tel. phone Main No. 9. TELEPHONEJournal has a private switchboard for both lines. Call No 0 on either line and call for derailment you wish^ to speak to. THE SUNDAY I0DRNAI WATCHED US GROW 1 Red Wing News. For many years past we have watched the growth of The Minneapolis Journal, until today It Is trie best newspaper In the northwest. Recently It added a Sun day edition, and without hesitancy we pronounce It the best Sunday newspaper Jn America. i Paris and Chicago. 63,16Journal 2 Minneapolis Merchants Use The Journal Most, EVERY DAY I N THE WEEJS, because it gives .them most results. THEY KNOW OLROULATION VALUE. VOLUME xxvrnNO. M. IAJCIAN SWIFT, MANAGER. J. S. McLAlN, EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERYDAY. SUBSCRIPTION KATES BT KAIL. Dally and Sunday, one year $*00 pally and Sunday, six months A W Dally ana Sunday, one month i BY CARRIER OUTSIDE THE CITY. Bally and Sunday, one mouth 60c BY CARRIER IK MINNEAPOLIS AND SUBURBS. Dally and Sunday, one month *e POSTAGE HATES OF SINGLE COPIES. Up to 18 pages J*"3z Up to 86 pages 2 canto JJp to 64 pages cents All papers are continued until an explicit order is received for discontinuance and until all ar rearage* are paid. PUBLICATION OFFICEMinneapolis, Ulan., -Journal builiinjf, 47 49 Fourth street S. WASHINGTON OFFICEW W. Jermane. chief of Washington Bureau. 901-DQ2 Colorado build ing Northwestern visitors to Washington in vited to make use of reception-room, library, stationery, telephone and telegraph faciUties. Central location. Fourteenth and streets Nw. Copies of The Journal and northwestern news papers on fie. HEW YORK OFFICEWorld Building. O'MARA & ORM8BEB, Representatives. CHICAGO OFFICETrihnnp buildlnp O'MARA & ORMSBEEJ Representatives. A. E. CHAMBERLAIN, Western Manager. tONDONJournal on file at American Express office. 3 Waterloo place, and U. S Express office, 00 Strand. PARISJournal on file at American Express, 211 Rue Scribe, and Eagle bureau. 68 Rue Cambon SWEDENJournal on file at American Legation, Stockholm. NORWAYJournal on file at American Consul ate, Chrlstiania. DENMARKJournal on file at American Lega tion, Coienhagen. ST. PAUL OFFICE420 Endicott building. Tele phone, N W., Main 230 T. 6.. 2066. Police administration in American cities is too much employed with the problem of unearthing and punishing crimes and too little with that of pre venting them. This is the trouble with Chicago. Its police force is on the keen jump all the time to run down murder ers and thieves. It never has any time to make a police census of the popula tion. Chicago is the Paris of America, from the police point of view, at least. I is the clearing house of all the trunk railroads. They are pouring into the depots every day thousands and thousands of people who step from the car platforms upon the streets of Chi cago as free and untrammeled as if they were on their own doorstep. Ninety-nine out of every hundred are entitled to this freedom. The hundredth man is very likely a member of a crim inal gang who has been sent to Chicago to commit a murder or carry out a start ling robbery. However, he is just as free as the ninety-nine because it is contrary to the spirit of American in stitutions to interfere with individual liberty. I Paris it is not so. The French metropolis long ago learned that i ts streets and alleys were a rendezvous for the most dangerous men in Europe and it took precautions to learn about everybody who came to or went from the city. The Paris police system is military. I is part of the government. The prefect is of almost cabinet rank and his ")ob depends on results. If he does not achieve success he is expected to resign. Thru the police the foreign office has a knowledge of every visitor to the capital. This has been the sys tem for centuries. There is a curious letter in Pranklin 's biography in which the French foreign Secretary informs the "Dear Doctor" that the police re turns inform him that Mr. John Adams is in Parft, but that he has no othet Information that Dr. Franklin has a colleague in the peace commissioner ship. Franklin took the" feint and John Adams got *up from a sick bed to go and pay his respects., to the Count 4& iVergennes. I is more than probable that Chi cago will never have any sense of safety until it adopts something like the precautions used in Paris. With the co-operation of the railroads a pretty good system of espionage could be car ried out in Chicago without resorting to new laws. I would require a larger police force, a better trained,, better paid and more honest detective service, and, i would need for, its head, a crime lilig^^ carried Evening, $i*r- A. hunter whose official relations depended entirely upon professional results and not at all upon the outcome of mayoral campaigns. Senator Brackett ol NewYork will miss his "transportation over the New York Central this year. Bank Loans on Real Estate. The attention of The Journal has been called to a circular sent out to the bankers of the state bearing the heading of the North-field News and containing an editorial of that pub lication of Dec. 80, with reference to Senator Nelson's bill authorizing na tional banks to make loans on real estate security. The editorial represents the bill as "authorizing national banks in cities of 20,000 or more to lend 25 per cent of their capital on real estate mortgages.'' It goes on to say that "there are only four cities in Minne sota having a population of 20,000 or more," that "none of these should ask for legislation of this character," but, that "it is the country towns of 5,000v or less that are interested in this dues? tion." I is unaccountable that the writerC for the News should have so completely misconceived and mis-stated the lan guage and purpose of the bill. The bill referred to is senate file 960, introduced by Senator Nelson, Dec. 7, and referred to the committee on finance. I is so short that it is practical to publish it entire in this connection. After, tho usual introductory formality if? says: That any national banking associa tion, in a place of not more than twenty thousand people according to the last^ census of the United StaSs, may loan money, not exceeding in the aggregate* one-half of i ts paid-up capital and sur plus, upon real estate security, con sisting of improved, occupied and cuP tivated farms not within the bounda ries of any incorporated city, town or village, such loans not to exceed in any^ case one-third of the real cash value sia. He is said to be In a pitiful state vof mental' distress and weakness. Pity he no doubt should have, but excuses for him are hard toltbaker -He knew better. 0 of the real estate taken as security for the loan. The controller of the cur rency shall prescribe the necessary rules and regulations for the making of said loans. From this it will appear that instead of to national banks in cities of 20,- 000 or more, the bill applies to na tional banks in places of not more thaW 20,000 people. That would include the national banks of all the smaller towns of the state. The claim is made in the editorial re ferred to that it authorizes a cer tain per cent (25) of the banks' capi tal to be so invested" and it is con tended that it is not the capital of the bank, but it is time deposits which should so be loaned. The bill doesn't say anything about loaning capital it provides for loaning money and only refers to capital or surplus to indicate how much money may^e so loaned. All that the "News" says about the advantages to surrounding communi ties of permitting the lending of money by national banks on approved real estate mortgages may be said in favor of this bill. Doubtless when copies of the bill are placed in the hatods of bankers thruout the state, as thay prob ably will be, they will discover not only the misconstruction of the bill it self by the "News" but the North field editors endorsement of the propo sition to do exactly what the bill pro poses to do. rf The Emperor William has been sug gested for the new head of Chicago uni versity. If we are not mistaken, the em peror is not a Baptist. D^pew's Vindication.^^-. The failure of the New York senate to ask Senator Depew to resign is counted as a vindication of the senator anti his friends are said to be greatly elated. The New York Evening Post however, puts some vinegar in the sugar by calling attention to the 1 vkind of speeches which were made in the course of the "vindication." Senatq^ Cassiday wound up an appeal for mercy with the words, "Deal gently with the erring as God hath dealt with thee.". Senator Malby described De pew as "already wounded and under the laws of war entitled to the hospital and the niiTse rather than? the knife of the assassin.'' Senator John Haines exclaimed fervidly,-"I am sorry for Depew.'' When the vote was taken all the re publicans, except Brackett, the author of the resolution, voted against it. Whether the senators voted "no" be cause of grief, or sympathy or because they believed Depew innocent cannot be told, except that it is significant that not one senator who spoke as well as voted said Depew Was innocent. No body declared he had been maligned or misrepresented! Nobody denied the charges against him. The verdict was "proven? but not guilty." This is the New York version of the Scotch serdict of guilty, but not proven. \Be- pew is jaid to be troubled with apha- SA Even without the advice and consent of oounsel, Poultney Bigelow refuses ^to answer. Poultney should be confined for two days In the senate restaurant, ^u^, A Good Place to Begin.T4 A soon as some kind of railroad rata bill has passed congress andVbecome effective, the interstate commerce com" mission* should have the Minnesota iron ore rates brought to its attention. They constitute one of the most flagrant abuses of the rate-making power that can be found In the country. Four years ago the Minnesota railroad com mission took them up and tried to force a readjustment. The range roads hid behind the claim that the rates were interstate, and this claim was upheld by Senator Clapp, who was retained as special counsel for the commission. The point is drawn very fine. The rate named by the range roads is from the mine to the docks at Two Harbors and Duluth. This haul is entirely with in the state, but the roads insisted that the delivery dock was part of the lake transportation, and therefore interstate business. On this slim technicality the Minnesota commission was obliged to drop the proceedings, tho the point never received the interpretation of a court. N claim was ever made that the rates were just. On all this im mense ore tonnage the roads receive 80 cents a gross ton*, from Virginia and other points on the Mesaba range, 90 cents from Tower, and $1 from Ely. The roads earn dividends as jgh as 20 per cent on this basis. The rate is excessive for any private concern, but as the steel trust owns both the mines and the railroad, the size of the rate makes no difference to the octopus. The money is taken from one pocket and put in another, and the high rate is a repetition of the old Standard Oil trick of milking competitors. The range roads claim the ore rate is independent of state regulation. I must be interstate, then', and if we get a national rate law the ore rate will be a shining mark for the interstate com merce commission. Private ownership of mineral interests will welcome the day when some power beside Standard Oil greed has a hand in making rates on mime products. The New York newspapers do not use the follow-up system in the news de partment as they formerly did. The other day Russell Sage dropped a penny which rolled under a fruit stand and the press has not informed us whether it h^s'been recovered. It' is rumored that Buss contemplates suing the keeper of the stand for the recovery of the amount with one week's interest. Giving Tillman Rope. Some-significance has been attributed to the fa ct that no republican senator arose to defend the president from the assault of Tillman of Sonth Carolina. "Spooner and Hale, who had been ex pected to jrepl^ kept ailent,'* -and, even Senator Lodge, the reputed' ''special friend of the president, was not heard from." I would be a stretch of imagination to believe that these men were eilent because they enjoyed Tillman's out break. The more probable explanation is that the senators have tired of an swering Tillman, knowing that he is a person without reason, who never knows when 'he has been sat down upon. Nothing would have given him greater pleasure than a controversy and it is to the credit of the senate that his purpose was defeated. Senator Hale challenged him to the proof of his charges and invited him to ask for a committee, and when Tillman had been cornered so that he must ask for a committee, the senate by an almost unanimous vote refused it, thus show ing its appreciation of Tillman. I is worthy of note that with the acquisition of Korea "Little Japan" has become a morepoetical^than practi cable description of the mikado,'s do minions. rules 60,000,000 peoplevbc cupying a territory greater than that of France and equaling in population the strong German empire. Minneapolis in the Clearings Column. The figures for the past year, show ing the total volume of business as ex pressed by bank clearings, are now at hand. Few changes of importance are found in the relative rank of the larger cities. Minneapolis holds her position as twelfth on the list, but is giving New Orleans a close run for eleventh place, and, if the ratio of increase be maintained, will probably move up an other notch in the next annual re port. I 1904, with clearings ^*y 0 4of $843,* 000,000, Minneapolis stood $127,000,000 under New Orleans. For 1905, with $913,000,000, she stands only $49,000,- 000 under. There is no probability that any ci ty ranking under Minneapolis will climb up to overtake her. The nearest com petitor is Cleveland. I 1904 Cleveland was $149,000,000 under Minneapolis, and for 1905 stands $139,000,000 under. Louisville comes next, with clearings for 190.4 of $285,000,000 less than Min neapolis and for 1905, $318,000,000 less. Thus, with reference to cities below her, Minneapolis is holding her own, or pull ing away and widening the distance, while with reference to cities in a high er place, she is creeping up steadily. I is interesting to note the passing from time to time of cities formerly high up on the list, into positions lower down. Thus, Cincinnati is again on the decline, Baltimore passing her to eighth place. Milwaukee goes 4own from sixteenth to eighteenth place, and Los Angeles moves up from nineteenth to sixteenth. Denver,' Seattle, Tacoma and Spoka ne move up. Portland, Ore., shows a good gain in figures, altho re o. .The Sunday JfturnaY1* did gain, and Vancouver" passes, Quebec. If the CQinblned figures for Minne apolis and Sti Paul be taken, wh^ch is really as it. should b#.fo a money center the twin* cities are. one, then the position occupied would be ninth, the total figures being $1,255,000,000. The consolidation pjyM^nneapolJa and St. Pa ul can neve* be accomplished without a new name being invented Federal City, Twinsite and others have gone by the boards. Lately there has been a suggestion of Minneapaulson, but on the whole we expect that the best thing to do would be to call the new town Stickneyville, or better yet, Stickney, since "ville" always conveys an impression of smallness, whereas the consolidated town is to be great stuff* San Francisco has a local boss, who rejoices in the appelation "Pinhead" McCarthy. Pinhead is supposed to be a term of reproach, yet we do not know any other animal which has more head in proportion to its body than a pin. If Daniel Webster had had a real* pin head his dome of thought would have measured fourteen feet in diamter. The Kans as City Journal has been investigating claims that Mayoi Weaver of Philadelphia has "met his Waterloo." put his Saratoga chips in the middle and lost them his Look out Mountain was too steep his Pittsi burg Landing dumped him in the water. Still Mayor Weaver is entitled to sev eral more decisive battles before being retired to St. Helena. Champ Clark accuses the republican WHAT OTHER PEOPLt THINK Hazing. To the Editor of The Journal. I was glad to seethe article In The Journal in regard to the cruelty prac ticed in fraternity initiations. It is a sub ject which should tfe looked into and should appeal to mothers. Can't the women take up this serious menace to our boys? Your article mentions a few of the cruelties, but there are many more. Such Secrecy is maintained that it is difficult to get at the facts, but influence should be brought to bear on the authorities within the colleges and schools, and in the legislatures. I can think Of no great er good being done than to stop this evil while agitating the matter of hazingr Think of a young man coming home from initiation and remaining in bed twenty-four hours before he would ad mit that anything was wrong His back was literally skinned from pulling oft a plaster cast, even chunks of flesh being tak^n out, and it had been negleoted so long that the doctor considered it a very grave case The bojiswas jsick" for weeks ajad will carry the scars_al| his life. This happened in Minnesota Smiversity, and it's but one of many that might be men tioned. Can it pe stopped? Let us hear the ^subject discussed. --A Mother. Hand county now has A woman school superintendent in tfag*jerson jaf Miss Margaret "Unithie, 'wffd^a^makrng drives alort in a-buggy of flfty^ittd-flfcsty thiles some da$3_pjer the think 4* -^tled prairies to visit tfcia'i^hgnjiif... JpH^ Is pajpt of the duties ef*a,su^erliugftc it taat many men shrink ^oih buj .Mftl Tutfiie enjoys tile Itask. iTvWdftifyfW jisftlnav th^ schools and ""attending' to**tt^^'^utine work of' t$e",office" she ctnl ^mnas wtime to, dash off a column or'two^of^ mtfrT esting' hiatter for the' pa-pera. She was raised on the farm, acquiring an edu cation and her present_ position by her cwn efforts. POWER TO DO NOTH 1 Iptnsas Cft? "Star. What "the^railroaos really wish to see is a law. granting the Interstate commerce commission enlarged powers to do noth ing. "PUBLICITY IS DANGEROUS Detroit News sneak thief could display no more instinctive dread of publicity than Stand ard Oil habitually manifests. Datto Bryan WHEN DATTO/BILL COMES HOME. Duluan, Mindanao, Jan. 12 W. J. Bryan-yes terday was created a "datto" and saluten by fifty pieces of native artillery, after which he was conveyed along the river to Datto Prang's palace In a royal vlnta (a small boat) manned by forty Moros. X\ the palace he received many presents.Associated Press. We are ruahin' things In Lincoln, with no time fer pork and beans, Since we beard the glad announcement from the far-off Philippines We are thatchin' all the hontes, till the straw roofs are a-sight, Fer Bill's been rfiade a datto,. and he's got to have things right. We httve set the windmills rtinnin', and we're goin' to have -a lake, And we'll build some royal vlotas, like the dusky Moros make And our chief kin go a sallin', fanned by prairie breezes light Fer BUl's been made a datto, and he's got to have things fight. taining her old position^ twenty-sec- sermon-Japan ana- tneaj.^es^, willlfe -mt* Ti-,-*., ^r*k 4b published tomorrow. In due course of ond. The same western growth ft. f| We have chased the Bryan,, horses to their pas tures down frelow, And we'll hitch-his royal carriage to an island buffalo And we're puttin* on the burnt cork, till we're all as black as night Fer Bill's been made a datto,. and he's got iS have things right. \Ak j We wear bolos in QUI? trousers, where our whisky used .to be. And we're practlsln' a warVcey that will bring our chieftain glee And we've- schemed an insurrection that will give his newt delight Fer Bill's been made a datto, aad! he's sot to jp^have tfahnprrisht. O Denver Republican. Mr. Bryan's letters, telling of his jour ney round the, 'world, Me^appearinfr, in me shewri^ajbove the botfttdary line, where readersr hiBsr hovelw experiencDee of being Je- Winnipegrin third-place, Shows a splen-,i vateA to the dignity of a datto. WsH party of iaTtag don, nothing but talk $\HVSf ^'th^ &S1&S& Yet the party has not been guilty of the folly, of answering Champ. MI88 DUTHJE'8* LONELY TRIP Miller,(S. p.) Sun. The 1pond in "the ya ll descri fo Journa i books. The book which heads the list is "Lorna Doone," followed closely by "The House of Mirth." More than ten read both of these. Between five and ten read "The Man on the Box," "Nedra," "Rose o' the River," "Sandy," "The Other Wise Man," "The Conquest of Canan," "Grau stark" and "Beside the Bonnie Brier Bush." The last named was undoubt-. edly due to a talk by Governor John son in which he referred to the book as the one which had influenced him most. Between two and five read "We Two.", "The Wings of the Morning," "Smith College Stories," "Bob Son of Bat- tle," "The Marriage of William Ashe," "Rebecca of/ Sunnybrook Farm," "Oliver Twisty" "The Man From Glengarry," "David Copper field," "The Deluge," "The Affair at the Inn," "Vanity Fair," "Ben Hur." "Richard Carvel/' "The Pit," "The Game," Black Rock," "The Masquer- ader,'' "The Right of Way," ''The Blazed Trail," "The Gambler," "The Little Shepherd of Kingd om Come," "Alice of Old Vincennes. Twice as many women as men read "The House of Mirth," and twice as many men as women read "Lorna Doone." The authors most Tead were Dickens, George Eliot, Henry Van Dyke, Win ston Churchill and Ralph Connor. The classes of reading included good fiction as "Last Days of Pompeii," "John Halifax," "Silas Marner" "The Virginian," "David Harum," "Hugh Wynne," "Treasure Island," "DonovW' "we Two" and "Daniel Deronda." __ ..__ In ^biography were Mulbach's "Na- poleon Bonaparte," "Life of McKin- fev," "Memoirs of IT. S. Grant," "Life of Louis Kossuth," "Up From Slavery." Among books of essays were A Man's Value to Society," "Talks on Life's Ideals," "God's Method With' Matf," "Friendship," "The Idea of God." _, The list shows that some Btudents at least in the desultory reading of Vaca tion days are not devoting time to trash. A N BFFOKT TO LIVE THE OLD PHILOSOPHY OF HAPPI NESS."If we are wise we will be happy"-that is the formula by which Arthur Henry kept fast hold Pn his ideals in the midst of his early experi ences New York, as related in Lodgings in Town, the third part of the triology of which "The House in the Woods^' and "An Island Cabin" are the other parts. I seems hardly necessary to say that Mr Henry has used "will" instead of "shall' fanuaiy 26, 1906! OARLETON COLLEGE FIG- URES Before the recent holiday vacation President Sallmon of Carleton college addressed the students on the matter of reading for general culture, urging that during the holi days regular work be laid aside as far as possible and rest and recreation be secured by the reading of good books which might not be too substantial. said that there'was a vast field of liter ature with which the educated man'or woman ought to be familiar and that unless familiarity with it was gained during student days it was not likely to come at all unless one acquired the taste and the habit of good reading during the years when the mind was plastic it was apt to become a closed field. One book popular with students everywhere, he said, was "Lorna Doone." This, he thought, should be near the top or every student's list of reading. The Christmas season sug gested Henry Van Dyke's appropriate stories. Among the standard authors Dickens, Thacketay and George Eliot should not be overlooked, while among recent writers were Winston Churchill, whose historical novels were of a high order, and~Balph Connor's wholesome stories, most of them illustrative of types of life in the northwest. "The House of Mirth," about which every one was talking, he suggested, should not be passed by, even tho its final im pressions were not exactly suited to the taste. After the vacation of two wee ks the students were asked to submit writ ten reports of books read. Taking the signed lists only and excluding maga zines, poems and lectures, it appear,s With full intent: being happy was a matter of determination with him. How it worked out with him, a stranger in the* nation's metropolis with his# own way to make, is perhaps best put in his own words"A man may be indifferent to his advancement, pursue his fancies, be ambitious only for dehght,# and still be active and do good." This was so in Mr. Henry 's case, at least, tho it might not have proved so had his ideas of advancement, the fancies he pur sued, the delight he sought, and the character of his activities been differ ent Mr. Henry's story of what New York has meant to him which is the real essence of "Lodgings in Town, is one of keen interest. Mr. Henry is a man of distinctly forceful personality. There was no anxiety as to the future when he reached New York witk noth ing but a night dress, eight dollars, a pipe and a poem," aside from the clothes he had on, and there was no need of any he was an experienced newspaper man with brains and knew he could make his way. The thing he wanted to do was to make way and still live with his dreams. How he succeeded is a story that all who would like to do the same thing, and perhaps those who have.tned and failed as well, should read. I a literary way Mr. Henry is at his very best in the present book. I is less labored and forced than most of his other work. There are frequent flashes of humor and the atmosphere of the underlying philosophy of his life to brighten it. However, on the other hand, there show here and there glimpses of querulousness. Mr. Henry can't resist a gibe at the church, wherever a chance for one offers. The romance of the book is unique, very different from anything to be found in books generally, very hapjy and very illuminating as to the char acter of its hero. A. S. Barnes & Co., New York. $1.50. ANOTHER PHILOSOPHER AT TACKS THE RIDDLE OF-THE UNI- VERSEIf an attempt to solve the mystery of being makes one a philoso pher, then Thomas Currfen Ryan, the author of Finite and Infinite, deserves the title. has attaeked the prob lem, certainly. That he has not solved it may be taken for granted. starts with too many assumptions, reasons too loosely, leaves too manv funda mental questions unanswered to make his work of great value. A an at tempt at the problem, however, his book is not without considerable mter- A the outset he declares: "No ar- Sentally,isintosupport ument be made here, save inci of the belief that God exists." This is a 3ump "in mediae res" with a vengeance. But, passing that as involving an assump tion one may fairly make order* to discuss other problems, one runs On to his conclusions that God, did not create "primary matter," because if he had done so he would .have made a better job of itwould have made matter de void of evil, because he has shown an* ,03./ The Rummagings of a Busy Bookman By P. KIRKWOOD A STUDENTS BEAD]tagonism for evil in the progress of nature. Matter, he argues, coexisted from the first with God. On the strength of the coexistence of matter with God and God's powerlessness to unmake it in order so to make it bet ter, he says elsewhere: "There is a realm of the absolutely impossible wherein even omnipotence is power less. A peculiar kind of omnipo tence, surely. But being confronted by the original evil in matter, God, ar gues Mr. Eyan, determined to conquer it, and the conquering process is still going on. Enough has been given to show where .Mr. Ryan stands and how, in a meas ure, he proceeds. Where he lands ulti mately may be left for the reader to discover: tho it may be added that the author finds ground for Christian faith in his philosophy. J. B. LIpplncott Co, Philadelphia. $1.30. THURDER WILL OUTAn author can no more hide hisor herauthor ship than a murderec can hide his mur der. It simply will out in most cases the exceptions are very rare, indeed. The 'latest anonymous works to be traced to their origin are "The Garden of a Commuter's Wife," "The People of the Whirlpool." A Woman Er rant" and "At the Sign of the Fox." The author is Mabel Osgood Wright. Mrs. Wright is the daughter of the late Rev. Samuel Osgood, for many years a conspicuous figure inNewYork, and the wife of J. O. Wright, a well known collector of and dealer in rare books and a prominent member of the Grolier club. She has been known as a charming writer and her "Tommy Anne books have been widely read. 1 Her country home is at Fairfield, Conn., and there may be found that now fa mous garden of a commuter's wif e. Only a few of Mrs. Wright's friends have guessed the secret or her author ship of these books. The Macmillan company, it is under Stood, will soon make a formal an nouncement of the authorship of the books mentioned. ABE GEEAT 'FOETUNES OEEAT DANGERS?The Cosmopolitan Maga zine has appealed to distinguished Americans for answers to the question, and in its February number gives the answers of ten, including Charles W. Eliot, John Wanamaker, Edward At kinson, Benjamin Andrews, Ernest Crosby, Henry Clews, David Starr Jor dan, Washington Gladden, Ja ck Lon don and Oliver Wendell Holmes. The opinions differ, but they make a most interesting study. They range from the conservative to the extreme", Jack Lon don, socialist, being the most outspoken flwiMflEfl* 1 JACK LOKDOK, SOCIALIST, In His Great Leveling Down Act. extremist. A a remedy for the dangers of great fortunes, Mr. London suggests "the application of the law of emi nent domain to the land, and the mak ing and applying of a similar law to the machinery." "The result," he adds, "would be the collective own ership of all land and all machinery: and then there would be no disparity of wealth." Mr. London elsewhere has expressed himself with a certain com- ?laceneyd toward extreme measures, 'his an his view that a billion-doljar fortune in the hands of one man con stitutes a menace as colossal as the sum of dollars" makes particularly pat Pra nk Wing's caricature of "Jack Lon don, Socialist in His Great Leveling Do wn Act." The February Cosmopolitan contains an unusual amount of "timely" read ing as well as fiction and verse. STORY OF THE SOUTH BEFORE AND DURING THE CIVIL WAR Miriam, by Julia Baldwin McKibbin, is a story or the days before and during the civil war. Its locus is in the south. I has much southern color. Its plot is unusually good, and is fairly well worked out as a whole, and its end is eminently satisfactory to those who fully believe in having novels end with poetic justice done to alL I is open to criticism on the ground of its lack of finish. The writer has not mas tered the southern speech so as to use it as one "to the manner born." But it is thoroly clean, and without any hint of the ghastly, horrible problem novel: and, as a story of clean, high-minded people it will bring pleasure. W. K. Jennings & Graham, Cincinnati. 23b "THOUGHTS THAT INSPIRE 4 Two volumes of quotations from wide sources have been collected under that title by George Kno x. There is no trouble in getting thoughts, but the problem of getting thoughts that in spire is a different one. Mr. Kn ox has solved it and knows i ts many factors well. The thoughts that inspire as chosen by Mr. Knox inspire along all lines. Personal Help Publishing Co., Dea Moines, Iowa. Si 70 a Tolume PART THE JEWS HAVE HAD I N BUILDING THE REPUBLICA little book, issued by Madison C. Peters, D.D., commemorating the 250th anniversary of the settlement of Jews in North America, bears the title The Jews to America, and narrates the part the Jews have had in building the -republic. It contains much that will surprise those who have read history without paying attention to the parts the dif- ~m K/ r&s Defective Page if:. 1 *$ ferent peoples have played in making the nation. I tells how "not jewels but Jews"1 were the real financial basis of the first expedition of Columbus," how the Jews contributed to the financ ing of the revolution, and how, further more, they went into the army and fought for the cause of independence. The story thruout, tho simply told, is one to awaken interest and break down prejudice. The John O. Winston OB., Phu&delpU*.. PROBLEMS CONFRONTING COLO- NIAL GOVilRNMENTSPaul 8. Reinsch, professor ofpolitieal science in the University- of Wisconsin, has pre pared a small volume containing a state ment of the problems confronting colo nial governments, and indicating the main lines of solution that have been attempted. Striking illustration* from much available material have been se lected. The general subject is discussed under the following heads: "Educa tion and General Social Improvement," "Colonial Finance," "Currency, Bank ing and Credit/' "Colonial Com merce," "Communication," "Agri cultural and Industrial Development," "The Land Policy," "The Labor Ques- tion," "Defense and Police." The MacmUlan Co., New York. SL.00. 'WAS INCONSISTENT WITH THE RELIGION OP JESUS CHRIST" To David Low Dodge of New York be longs the high honor of having written the first pamphlets published in Amer ica directed expressly against the war system of nations, and i having found ed the first peace society ever organ ized in America or in the world. His first pamphlet, "The Mediator's King dom not of This World," was published in 1809. His second and more import ant pamphlet, "War Inconsistent with the Religion of Jesus Christ," was pre pared for the press in 1S12. A volume Tust issued by Ginn & Co.. Boston, con tains both of Mr. Dodge's famous old pamphlets, with an introduction by Edwin D. Mead, telling the story of his remarkable life and reviewing his pio neering work in the peace cause. THE MAGAZINES A Way to Regulate the Trusts.In the January number of the North American Review John F. Cronan propounds "A Plan for Regulating the Trusts" The chief source of the evils perpetrated by the trusts will be found in the fact that it is at present solely In the discretion of the trusts to determine their own cap italization, and that in the use of this discretion they place an Inflated and Illegitimate valuation upon their assets. The necessity of making inflated values appear actual values in the eyes ofthe publlo leads to the uprooting of compe tition and to the enforcement of eco nomics by reduction of the number and salaries of employees and by beating down the price of raw material and In creasing the price of the manufactured article. Mr. Cronan advocates a law which would deprive trusts of the power of capitalizing themselves and vest the power of capitalisation in a federal com mission under conditions which would Insure that capitalization certified by the commission represented actual value. The Review for January Is a number of great and varied interest. "Lawson's Omitted Factor"Moody** Magazine for January calls attention to the fact that Thomas W. Lawson neglected to take into consideration the enormously increasing gold output when he began his crusade against the buying of *tock and tor the elUag of stocks The magazine says "the system** has Mr. Lawson to thank for dollars in its pock-* et, and that the public Is clamoring for stocks at prices from 20 to B0 points higher than they were when the public was selling on Mr. Lawson's advice. The magazine adds, however, which is sig nificant but is likely to go unheeded for the most part, that the great activity of the market Is a warning, that a seri ous, if only a temporary, setback is not far off." Beware! The chief feature of the magazine is an extended symposium on the federal control of railroad rates. Other articles are to the point and timely. The New York Tribune Almanac for 1906, which is now on sale, is not an almanac in the dictionary sense of the word, but is really a ready reference and guide book, containing everything that such a compilation ought to have. And the material has been garnered and sifted and tested with the utmost care so as to secure absolute accuracy, or at least get as near to It as honest, pains taking endeavor will bring one. LITERARY NOTES Francis Wilson, the well-known actor, knew Joseph Jefferson for many years, and was a member of the famous all-star cast that played "The Rivals." He kept a careful record of Jefferson's table talk on all sorts of subjects, particularly art and literature. Mr. Wilson has written these reminiscences in a most charming way, and they will appear In Scrlbner's Magazine, with an illustration of great interest, from the personal collection of Mr. Wilson and other friends of Jefferson. The first article will be in the February number. An Important volume in the realm of economics and sociology by Sidney A. Reeve, under the title of "The Cost of Competition," will be issued by McClure Philllps at once. Mr. Reeve makes searching inauiry into the evils which re sult from the predominance In our life of commercial ideals. His argument tends towards an advocacy of a social istic state. Mr. Reeve ranges with Ed ward Bellamy and his school, but differs from them in many important and vital points. Alphonse Daudet's "L'Arleslenne" (The Girl of Aries) has been Issued In handy volume form, bound In limp red leather, by the H. M. Caldwell Co. of New York. NEW BOOK8 RECEIVED The Wheel of Life. By BUen Glasgow, aotfee* of "The Deliverance," etc New York: Doable day Page & Co. fl.00. The United State* in the Twentieth Century. By Pierre Leroy-Beauliea. Authorised transla tion by H. Addington Brae*. Kew York: Funk as Wagnails Co. $2 net. Hums, Wife of the Yvuag Babbi. By Wnhel mlna Wlttigschlager. Drawings by W. Herbert Dunton. New Yotfc: OonaoUdated BookseUen. $150. William T. Sherman. By Edward Robins. la the American Crisis Biographies. Philadelphia: George W. Jacobs & Co. Savid G. Tarragut. By John Randolph Spears. In the American Crisis Biographies. Philadel phia. George W. Jacobs t Co. Letters and Addresses of Thomas Jeffersaa. Edited by William B. Parker and Jonas VUes, Columbia unlTerslty, University of Missouri. New York: Unit Book Publishing Co. 56 cents net. Barbara, Wlnslow, Rebel. By Elisabeth Ellis. Ulnstrated by John Rae. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co. $1 00. A Maker of History. By E. Phillips Oppen heim. Illustrated by Fred Pegrata. Bostoa: Little. Brown Co. $1 50. The Menace of Privilege, a study of the dan gers to the republic from the ristenee of a favored class By Henry George. Jr. New York. The Macmillan Co $1.50 net. The Heart of Lady Anne. By Agnes and Egerton Castle. Illustrations in eoior by Ethel Franklin Betts Decorations by Frederick Gar rison Hall. New York. Frederfek A. Stokes Co. $150. The Prairie and the Sea.. By Wm. A. Qeayle. Cincinnati: Jennings & Graham Poems of Orion T. Dotier. including "A Gal axy of Southern Heroes'* and other poems of for mer publications. The Neale Pablishlaf Css New York.