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WALLAC E REVEALS
CANAL CONDITION S
former Chief Engineer Declares
New York Lawyer Is in
gays Successors Had No Benefit
from His Conclusions on
Ja of the Panama canaL according to
testimony of John F. Wallace of
Chicago, formerly chief engineer of the
rea isthmian waterway, and other evi
in the possession of the inter
oceanic canal committee of the senate.
Mr. Cromwell was the principal agent
fcf the new Panama canal company in
the direction of its negotiations for the
sale of the concession and property on
He is, or until recently was, genera8
counsel, of the company and prosecute
a claim for $2,200,000Pe&:aUostatteed against the
had acquired and for which it failed
-Adviser to Taffc.
He is the adviser of the secretary of
!war in Panama canal matters.
He is general counsel for the isthmian
He and his secretary are directors
f the Panama Railroad company.
He was fiscal agent of the Panama re
public and Mr. Wallace declared he
promoted the revolution which sep
arated Panama from the Republic of
He is today the legal adviser of the
He owns 22.5 per cent of the stock of
the Panama-American corporation
which manufactures ice and electric
current on the isthmus.
Secrecy About Oromwell.
A few months, ago so much secrecy
was^ thrown about Mr. Cromwell's con
nection with the government and the
canal that considerable doubt existed
as to the exact status of the New York
lawyer. It was intimated that in as
sisting the administration he was actu
ated only by'high and generous mo
tives that he was receiving no recom
pense for his unremitting an& pains*,
taking attention to canal matters.
*I considered him,'? said Mr. Wal
lace yestetday, to the senate inter
DUBS CROMWELL THE
ftournal Special Serrte*.
Washington, Feb. 6.William Nelson
Cromwell of New York is the Pooh
canal committee, a danger
Why Wallace Quit,
told Secretary Taft V^did not
want to go back to the isthmus as chief
engineer/' said Mr. Wallace. "My rea
son was I was made jointly responsible
-with Mr. Shonts and Mr. Magoon for
work on the canal, while Mr. Shonts
had a verbal agreement with the presi
dent that he should have a. free hand in
the management, of all matters. I felt
that Mr. Shonts was not as well quali
fied as I was. either as a business man
or an administrator, and he was not
an engineer. I thought I was to be
director general of the canal work. I
thought it better to sacrifice my am
bitions regarding this work, which was
to be the crowning event of my life,
than remain to be humiliated, or forced
to disobey orders, or create friction."
That was the reason assigned by Mr.
Wallace for leaving the canal service,
as he stated it to the senators.
Wallace on Stand Again.
Mr. Wallace was again before the
senate committee on interoeeanic canals
today. Yesterday he was diverted from
a description of conditions on the isth
mus which he made today He gave a
minute account of the conditions he
found there and the difficulties he en
countered in getting material and sup
plies and the delays that occurred in
While he was cabling to have the
orders expedited, he said, he. received
word from Admiral Walker that cable
grams cost.money. It was a delicate
hint, he said, that he had better not
use the cables so much.
Mr. Wallace said to the committee
that he did a year's work and that his
successors had no benefit of his analysis
or recommendations, "because," he
said, "the secretary of war told me
he did not want it and had no use for
me except on the isthmus as a directing
engineer. He was so angry in his treat
ment that he all but cursed me.
"The work I did," said Mr. Wal
lace, "extended over a complete year,
taking in dry and wet seasons. I was
working along a definite program which
I intended to put in writing in my an
nual report and would have done so
if I had been permitted to make a re
port. I experimented with the French
excavators so as to tell whether it
would be the more economical to use
or destroy these machines which cost
probably $30,000,000. I experimented
far enough to know that these machines
were not fit for use."
Telling of these experiments Mr.
Wallace said he had not estimated that
.because excavating could be- done in
.March for 43 cents a cubic yard, it
could be done for the same cost^in the
rainy season in May. It was" import
ant to determine whether the higher
cost of excaating was due to the heavy
rainfall, the reduction of time to eight
hour day or the use of the French ex
cavators, said Mr. Wallace. Continu
ing he said that he understood that
the cost had gone up a great deal after
The organisation was demoralized, he
said, for the^Rjason that the men had
seen their chief (discredited and knew
that a successor was to be appointed
who would not be in Sympathy with the
work that had been done.
It was brought put that Mr. Wal
lace's successors had not the benefit of
his analysis of the year's work and
"Why. did they not have it?" asked
Because the secretary of war told
me ho did not want it and had no use
for me, except on the isthmus as a di
'recting engineer," said Mr. Wallace.
"De you mean that he was angry?"
asked Senator Morgan.
"Yes, sir so angry that in his treat
ment he all but cursed me,'' replied Mr.
RIC GEM S O BE
GIVE N MISS ALICE
Cuba Will Present Jewels to the
Bride as Wedding
Journal Special Servioe.
Washington, Feb. 6.That the $23,-
000 voted by Cuba as a wedding gift
for Alice Roosevelt had been cabled
to Paris and will be used in the pur
chase of the best jewels that can be ob
tained for the sum, was ascertained to
day, when it became known that efforts
had been made to have Miss Eoosevelt
express preference as to the form the
gift should take.
The president, it was said, was not
pleased when he learned of the lavish
expenditure by Cuba, but he felt that
he could not object without appearing
ungracious toward the republic. He re
quested his daughter, however, not to
express any preference as to what
should be purchased with the money.
Those in charge of the money there
upon decided to purchase a diamond or
nament, which will be sent to Senor
Quesada, the Cuban minister, thereby
avoiding the payment of duty.
House Members'Will Talk Till
4:30 p.m. in Five-Minute- N
Washington, Feb. 6.After reaching
an agreement to close general debate
'on the rate bill at 4:30 o'clock tomor
row, the house entered on the discus
sion today with a long program of five
and ten-minute speeches.
Tomorrow four long speeches are to
be made. Bourke Cockran of New
York is to lead the minority leader,
Mr. Williams, will follow, and McMann
of Hlinois will precede Mr-Hepburn, in
charge of the bill, who will close.
Declaring the rate bill .supremely
democratic and only adopted by the
republicans because the president had
forced it, Mr. Stanley (Ky.) declared:
I have never been one of those
who have gone into hysterics over the
president and shall not do it now. He
is a fairly honest man and a good
-judge-of human nature, and that is why
he has stood sponsor for democratic doc*
He has forced it down your throats.
He is your acknowledged master, and no
matter how nauseous the dose, when he
shows his teeth and cracks his whip
you squirm and cower and dare not
ZIO N CIT SHAKEN
D0W1E NEA FALL
Open Revolt Is Suppressed with
Difficulty in "Prophet's"
Journal Speoial Service.
Chicago, Feb. 6.With the resigna
tion yesterday of Deacon Irish, casnier
of the Zion City bank, following the
sensational declaration from the taber
nacle pulpit Sunday by Overseer Cos
sum that Dowie's project was a mil
lenial dream and not a success, the peo
ple of Zion City are greatly excited.
So serious has the situation become
in the prolonged absence of the first
apostle that scores of Dowie's detec
tives are with difficulty suppressing
open revolt and mass meetings to pro
test against existing conditions.
The resignation of Deacon Jrish sur
prised the people of Zion and served
further to shake their confidence in the
stability of Zion 'institutions. It has
aroused suspicion that a complete finan
cial collapse may be coming. The rea
son generally assigned for the resigna
tion of Cashier Irish is lack of work at
BOYS SENT TO WOEKHOTTSE.
Special to Tho Journal.
Milwaukee, Feb. 0 Five boys suspected of
stealing money from the Builders* club were ar-.
ralgned as vagrants nnd committed to the work
honse for. ninety days each. Their names are
Albert Kolls, Frank Paulson. Hop Green. Daniel
Burke and Charles Jarobs. Wenzelaua Bolohola
vek, who was arrested with the others*, was dis
charged. They came here from Minneapolis
several weeks ago and have been working as pin
boys in bowling alleys.
Appointments of. rural carriers commencing
on March IB: George H. Ctioregt, route 3,
Fnirivimnt. ,X. I'*j.- r- -i
LAWSO N SEEKING
Boston Man Calls on Cummins,
but Iowan Wants to Hear
Des Moines. Iowa, Feb. 6.Thomas
W. Lawson of Boston today called on
Governor A. B. Cummins and invited
him to serve with four other well-known
reformers on a committee to which he
will turn over his New York Life and 2
Mutual Life of New York proxies, and
which he asks to attend the coming an-1
nual meetings of these two companies' $
for the purpose of electing good, honest,!
sound, business men as directors.
Governor Cummins replied that he
would consider the proposition, and
after a conference with Governor John
son of Minnesota, one of the other mem
bers, would make definite answer.
The conference between Mr. Lawson
aud Governor Cummins was held in Gov
ernor Cummins' private office at the
s$: statehouse. Mr. Lawson was accom-
WTXLIAM KELSON CROMWELL, panied by K, J. Ridgeway, a magazine
Whom Wallace Dubs the Pooh-Bah of publisher.
Mr. Lawson told Mr. Curnmins that
the other members of the committee will
be Governor Johnson of Minnesota,
Senator La Follette of Wisconsin. Gov
ernor Broward of Florida and former
Attorney General Monnett of Ohio. He
said he had received a large number
of proxies from policyholders in the
New York Life and Mutual Life of
New York, which, with the others he
expects to get and which he is confident
will come in if the committee plan goes
thru, will give him control of both, com
The proxies are so worded, that Mr.
Lawson cannot vote them himself. He
must turn them over to a committee of
unquestionably, responsible men, to be
named by him, which committee will
attend the annual meetings and vote
Mr. Lawson also told Mr. Cummins
that he desired the committee to take
steps to have the New York statutes
amended to make a majority of the
directors 'of, the two mutual companies
elected annually. ,At present less than
a majority are elected each year.
HARD O SEE IN
DARKEST CHICAG O
Dense Pall of Smoke Hangs Over
City, and Night's Candles i
-Chicago, Feb. 0.T-From earjjrmorning
untii afternoon a dense cloud of smdke
and clouds hung over this city, making
it one of the darkest days ever experi
enced here. All of the stores Were
lighted as tho it were night, and the
street cars ran with lamps lit and head
At times it was not possible to see
more than one square in anf direction.
Much difficulty was experienced.in the
streets^ the darkness causing many col
On the board of trade, for the first
time in many years, there was no an
nouncement of the price of cash wheat
at the closing of the session. Dealers
/pronounced it impossible to determine
the character of samples because of the
The weather bureau declared the
darkness to be purely local and said that
it would continue in all probability
thruout the day.
LESSOR Tf STATE
IN TlEAlY CRISIS
J. R. McLaln has been recommended for
postmaster at Murdo, Lyman county, S. D., a
fourth-class office. Continued on 2d Page, 2d Column.
sj JIrMS*-*LL|-M--i aaJ-JJ-U-I-W!jJ-J-Ul. ^^Jffll
Democratic Holdup Might Have
Support front' Minnesota
as from Oregon.
JOHN F. GEAElN,
Democratic United States Senator tepm
of the Minnesota senators, his place
would b* filled by the appointment, at
the" governor hands,., of some person
who .would'i come -to Washington and
promptly join the democratic: "eaucus,
thus running strongly counter to the
wishes of an overwhelming majority ef
the people of the state.
Simlarly in Ohio, if Senator Foraker,
whose health this winter has been very
precarious, were to die, his place would
be filled by appointment at the hands of
a democratic governor, and that ap
pointee would become a part-, of the
democratic caucus, which is preparing
to put everything possible in the way
of'the most popular president the coun
try has had for many years.
Menace to Eoosevelt.
This situation will be rammed home
on the voters of Oregon and Minnesota
this fall, and while nothing can be said
AFTER THE DEMOCRATIC CAW CUS.^|^
TRIED O CREMAT E
PORTA HOUSEHOL S
By W. W, Jermane.
Washington, Feb. 6.The democrats
of Minnesota%hd Oregon are greatly in
terested in last Saturday's, democratic
senatorial caucus, or they will be after
they have heard ail about it. In these
states are democratic governors, who
will be candidates for re-election this
year, and it is the opinion of
trained political observers in Washing
ton, members of botk houses of con
gress, that both these governors are
doomed to defeat from this time on, and
that their party mighfeas well save it
self the expense of a .campaign.,
Oregon is one of the firm supporters
of President, Roosevelt's ,polic*Bs, and
yet, like Minnesota, it elected a demo
cratic governor at the-'last election, on
local issues. Governor Chamberlain,
following the, death Senator Mitch
ell, appointed/Mr. Gea*en to fill the va
cant placi in the senate..
Gearen is a member .of the demo
cratic caucus last Saturday, which de
cided that President Eoosevelt 's^Santo
Domingo policy should -not be carried
out, if the democratic party could. pre
Desperadoes, Caught in Act of
Firing House, Captured After
Speoial to The Journal.
Minot, N. D.. Feb. 6.The village of
Portal is greatly excited over what ap
pears to have been a deliberate attempt f&
to burn a home and cremate its ninete,
inmates. Fortunately the plot mis
carried just as it was about to be car
ried into execution.
The scene was at the home of Lee
Olson, foreman of the Soo roundhouse.
Sheriff John Lee. of, Ward county also
lives there, and ^he plot, it is thought,
was against him,
Olson was awakened at 1 o'clock* in
the morning by the sound of someone
boring beneath his bedroom window.
Jumping from bed he saw three men
outside, who started to run away when
they saw' Olson. The later awakened
Sheriff Lee, who was sleeping in the
same room, and both men, grabbing
their guns, started in pursuit. As Olson
reached the rear dor he saw a man run
toward the gate. He fired two shots
in the air and as the man was about
to turn and shoot, Olson fired another
shot, the bullet passing thru the man's
left side. Thinking he was dead,
Olson started to assist the sheriff, who
was holding a member of the gang at
the point of his revolver. This man,
who proved to be Howard Smith, was
handcuffed and taken into Olson's
Bored Hole in House.
The sheriff then returned for the man
who was shot, but he had disappeared.
He was found later at a hotel on the.
Canadian side. It proved to be William
Coyne and the Canadian authorities
turned ljim over yto the American offi
cer. Both men were brought to Minot,
Coyne's'condition is critical.
On examination it was discovered
that the two men had bored a hole
thru a side of the house. Beside this
was a large can of gasoline. It is firm
ly believed by both the sheriff and Ol
son that the men intended
Were Gearin representative
of the political sentiments of .his state,
ho would be a republican^ and the demo
crats in the senate w^uid be powerless
to interfere, with 1 he f^eoutiye plan.
the sheriff, who last week caused the
arrest of eleven Portal gamblers.
The third member of the gang had
not been arrested up to a late hour to
The entire village is greatly ex
cited over the affair and many threats
are heard. It may be necessary to call
on the governor to send militia to pre
Lee and Olson were sleeping on the
first floor, while seven members of Ol
son's family were occupying rooms up
stairs. FILLS BE&D AT FEET 1
Special to UKe Journal.
Webster City, Iowa, Feb. ,0.~Peter
Lundgren, a young man living near
Stratford, fell' dead last night at the
John Barquest residence after having
taken his sweetheart. Miss Barquest,
home from a party at the Alfred Coul
son farm. He was about to enter the
house with tbe girl to get warm betore
returning to his own home, when he
reeled and fell to the floor dead. _,
Kills Himself on Doorstep.
Warsaw, Iowa, Feb. 6.Because, it Is
alleged, the young woman on whom he
lavished his affections did not recipro
cate, Edward Miltner, living a few
miles east of Warsaw^has ended his life
on her doorstep. He followed his
sweetheart and his more successful rival
home from church, saw them enter the
house and then, going into the yard,
drew a revolver and fired a bullet thru
his head, falling dead on the doorstep.
7 ^*,^&^i A" ^'Jg
LADY HAST HAMILTON,
3 Britain's Richest Girl, Who Will Wed
3j! a Marquis. S
Lady Mary Hamilton, with a Mil
lion a Year, to Be Bride
Journal Special Service.
London, Feb. 6-Th engagement of
Lady Mnry Hamilton, the richest girl
in the United Kingdom, to the marquis
of 'Graham is announced this morning
asoline into the hole and tjien set Are -with as much prominence as if it her-
the house in the hope of cremating a ia the approaching marriage of roy
Lady Mary Hamilton is the only
daughter of the late duke of Hamilton,
and has an income of $1,000,000 a year.
The marquis of Graham, if he sur
vives his father, -will be the duke of
Montrose, owner of many castles and
an estate of 115,000 acres.
Nor is the income of $1,000,000 a
year the full measure of the wealth of
Lady Mary Hamilton. She owns the
whole of the island of Arran, off the
coast of Scotland. It is sixty miles in
circumference, and is all cultivated. It
has town, Arran, of 5,000 inhabitants,
all her tenants. She has another es
tate in Suffqlk, and the two? wmbrise
107,000 acrei. ^-T
DIES UNDE CLOU
Peoria Clergyman, Head of Two
Banks, Is Found Dead, a
Peoria, HI., Feb. 6.Rev. George H.
Simmons, pastor, of the First Baptist
church, president of the Interstate
Savings Dank and the People's Sav
ings bank, and recently appointed man
ager of the Yates senatorial campaign
in Peoria county, was found dead in
bed this morning.
He has been the object of investiga
tion at the hands of the state's attor
ney, the two. banks and his congrega
tion, on the gravest charges, and it is
presumed to" be a case of suicide.
The body was found by his wife when
she called him to breakfast. He had
remained downtown until a late hour
last night disposing of sOme business
A letter found beside him showed his
death to have been premeditated. He
said this. was his last night on earth
and he wanted to leave a message of
undying love to all. In part it said:
"Also no blame must attach to ex
Governor Yates nor\his associates. He
simply gave me an" opportunity which
his opponents and my enemies have pre
vented my using.'' 9
crowd surroufftled the building clamor-
his, resignation was accepted, and E. C.
i Heidrich his stead,
Dr. Simmons came to the First Bap
tist church five years ago from Terre
Haute, Ind., and has been remarkably
8 successful. He secured national public-.
i ity two years ago
IHEATEE TT/BT SUIT GpES ON.
New York, Feb. 6.The supreme court has
refused to Interfere with the proceedings of
James A. Metcalf against the members of the
Theatrical Managers' association, known as the
trust, whom he charges with criminal conspir
acy by barring him frots thflir theaters. Met
calf is dramatic critic fM
_TY. "wfci &*a****
FIVE ROAST TO DEATH
IN WMONTANA WRECK
in The Sunday Journal.
SEES ME N PERISH
Runaway Freight Train Crashes
Into Passenger Coaches on
Northern Pacific. J,
Four Killed, Four Hurt in Colli
sion on the O., R.
Srecial to The Journal.
Helena, Mont., Feb. 6.One of the
most disastrous and spectacular
wrecks in the history of mountain rail
roading occurred here shprtly before
midnight last night, when a runaway
freight train, escaping from a siding at
Austin, fourteen miles west of here,
rushed unimpeded for that distance
down the Rocky mountains and
crashed into an east-bound "stub''
passenger train on the Northern Pa~-
ciflc, killing five persons and injuring
three others. Perhaps the number of
dead is even greater than this. B "3
The Dead. -J?-,,
Charles Bricknell, conductor, Helena.
J. F. Robertson, bridge inspector.
Edw. Jezick, express messenger. .$
Foster Senegal, outcher, Helena.
One unidentified passenger.
Jeff Brown, brakeman, probably fa
Ernest Rossman", passenger, collar
A. C. Lightall, head cut.. J'
George Young, slight.''
The freight train hit the passenger
with such a crash that it broke the
coupling between engine and baggag*
car, thus forcing the' engine ahead.
This fact alone is responsible for the
lives of Engineer Dietz and Freman
Ely, as the freight passed under
neath the passenger coaches and was
wrecked by the debris.
More than .forty cars were scattered
over the prairie and to add to the hor
ror of the situation, both trains caught
fire, and burned, brightly until day
break, illuminating toe whole valley.
"There" were many heartrending
scenes. Those imprisoned, in the cars,
who wejse able to move1,
a.jse" stnigglee reach safety- \Stew-
man severely'cut his hand in break-
woman and another pasgenger escaped.
The -remaifcggr of the passengers' met
The last line, but that time, fails me
should I attempt to write personal mes
sages," indicates he was" dying as he
brought this letter to a chJse.
Three physicians who were hastily
summoned are of the opinion his death,
was caused by cyanide of potassium.
Coroner Baker took charge of the re
His Bank Closed.
The People's Savings bank, of which
Simmons was president, in the work
men's quarter of the city, did not open
its doors this morning. Cashier Look
said it would remain closed until some
future action was determined on.
There was a run on the bank yesterday, company's line, in which four persona
and by 10 o'clock this morning ft large wer
watodayo, the obnectelected of runs yesterday and
Early this morning the bank building
s* was crowded with depositors demand
ing their money. Cashier Ancker Baid
they would be able to stand the drain.
Gained National Notice.
Particularly horrifying was the
death of the express messenger,' Jez- 1
ick. The engineer and fireman of the *.,sF.:
passenger train at once reported the"^
accident, and residents in that vicinity tj
were attracted to the scene by flames.'
Upon arrival, they saw that%
was pinned down by wreckage, but .the
heat was so intense that approach was
cut off.- In the meantime, the mes
senger had engaged .in conversation
with the spectators, bearing up stoic
ally under the intense pain he most
have suffered, both from heat and -la-
Finally the fire became so hot that
the rescuers had to -give up the task. _i
Jezick, still conscious^ cried:
"It is hard to he and burn to-
Owing, to the distance of the wreck
from the city limits and the abseuee
of -hydrants, the railroad omcials
made no attempt to save the wreckage
from flames. Forty cars, including the
two passenger coaches, were- consumed.
The freight cars, laden mostly with
lumber,, caught fire and burned quickly.
Section hands were able to save net:a
little of the lumber, while parts of the
rolling stock were seen 400 to 500
yards from the scene of the wreck.
The track itself was torn up for sev
eral hundred yards, wmie several^tel
egraph poles were destroyed by :fire,
yvhicn cut off all southern and,western
He struggled to release himself aaV
the fire took hold of his limbs, but the^
effort was fruitless 4ind after a few
screams of agony, unconsciousness
came to him.
Exposed to full view, with biasing*
shingles all about him and his bedTa
mass of red-hot coals, was "the body of
an unknown man. It was slowly con
sumed until all that was left was the
skull, and outstretched were "Hro.
stumps that a few hours
been arms. -_-'' IS
FOUR BILLED IK WBfiGKt
Fatal Oollisloin on the O. B. k~ N. tu
Portland, *Ore., Feb. 6.~Meager par
ticulars have reached here of a wreck
on the Oregon Railway ft Navigation
four others injured.
in for their money., Spokane brokfe down as it waitingmfro
The Interstate Savings bank, of which passenger train from Chicagoto
lie was president up to yesterday, when
not brought tn a stop,^
matization of the lif of Christ.
He became local manager of the sen
atorial campaign of former Governor
Yates a week ago. and shortly after
-serious stories affecting his morals were
States Attorney Scholes undertook an
investigation yesterday, -and secured
some sensational confessions from boys
of his congregation.
Dr. Simmons was 40 years old and
leaves a widow. He held charges in
Texas, Jackson, Tenn.. and Louisville^
Ky.,- before coming here^
aldg a signaled, bunt wa
A ston a
crashed.into^dehdemolishr the rear of the Spokane train,
ing the rear car. Six persons were in
jured. Four died shortly after being
removed from the wreck and the other
two are so seriously injured that they
The firemen and engineer are both re
ported as scalded by the bursting of tna
boiler, the engineer being seriously in
jured. The accident occurred a short
distance west of Bridal Veil. No names
are obtainable. V-
PLANS GATHOLIGISM'S i
SPREAD IN FAR EAST
#yi 'M- \y
Rome, Feb. 6.The pope today, re
ceived in farewell audience Rt. Rev. W.
H. O'Connell, the recently appointed
coadjutor to the archbishop of Boston,
Mass. and formerly bishop of Portland,
Me. The pontiff said that the bishop
report of his mission to Japan,# which
country he visited last year with the
rank of assistant to the pontifical
throne, was now being carefully studied,
and as a result several important re
ports would be adopted with the view
of snreadinsr Catholicism in the far east.