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WALLAC E REVEALS CANAL CONDITION S former Chief Engineer Declares New York Lawyer Is in Everything. gays Successors Had No Benefit from His Conclusions on the Work, Ja of the Panama canaL according to testimony of John F. Wallace of Chicago, formerly chief engineer of the Sencte rea isthmian waterway, and other evi in the possession of the inter oceanic canal committee of the senate. Mr. Cromwell was the principal agent fcf the new Panama canal company in the direction of its negotiations for the sale of the concession and property on the isthmus. He is, or until recently was, genera8 counsel, of the company and prosecute a claim for $2,200,000Pe&:aUostatteed against the Ptrhe p&y *2S*S had acquired and for which it failed to pay. -Adviser to Taffc. He is the adviser of the secretary of !war in Panama canal matters. He is general counsel for the isthmian Qftxial commission. He and his secretary are directors f the Panama Railroad company. He was fiscal agent of the Panama re public and Mr. Wallace declared he promoted the revolution which sep arated Panama from the Republic of Colombia. He is today the legal adviser of the Panama republic. He owns 22.5 per cent of the stock of the Panama-American corporation which manufactures ice and electric current on the isthmus. Secrecy About Oromwell. A few months, ago so much secrecy was^ thrown about Mr. Cromwell's con nection with the government and the canal that considerable doubt existed as to the exact status of the New York lawyer. It was intimated that in as sisting the administration he was actu ated only by'high and generous mo tives that he was receiving no recom pense for his unremitting an& pains*, taking attention to canal matters. *I considered him,'? said Mr. Wal lace yestetday, to the senate inter :oceanic m*- t: *S DUBS CROMWELL THE ISTHMUS* POOH-BAH *SFT ftournal Special Serrte*. Washington, Feb. 6.William Nelson Cromwell of New York is the Pooh fheh canal committee, a danger ous man." Why Wallace Quit, told Secretary Taft V^did not want to go back to the isthmus as chief engineer/' said Mr. Wallace. "My rea son was I was made jointly responsible -with Mr. Shonts and Mr. Magoon for work on the canal, while Mr. Shonts had a verbal agreement with the presi dent that he should have a. free hand in the management, of all matters. I felt that Mr. Shonts was not as well quali fied as I was. either as a business man or an administrator, and he was not an engineer. I thought I was to be director general of the canal work. I thought it better to sacrifice my am bitions regarding this work, which was to be the crowning event of my life, than remain to be humiliated, or forced to disobey orders, or create friction." That was the reason assigned by Mr. Wallace for leaving the canal service, as he stated it to the senators. Wallace on Stand Again. Mr. Wallace was again before the senate committee on interoeeanic canals today. Yesterday he was diverted from a description of conditions on the isth mus which he made today He gave a minute account of the conditions he found there and the difficulties he en countered in getting material and sup plies and the delays that occurred in filling requisitions. While he was cabling to have the orders expedited, he said, he. received word from Admiral Walker that cable grams cost.money. It was a delicate hint, he said, that he had better not use the cables so much. Mr. Wallace said to the committee that he did a year's work and that his successors had no benefit of his analysis or recommendations, "because," he said, "the secretary of war told me he did not want it and had no use for me except on the isthmus as a directing engineer. He was so angry in his treat ment that he all but cursed me. "The work I did," said Mr. Wal lace, "extended over a complete year, taking in dry and wet seasons. I was working along a definite program which I intended to put in writing in my an nual report and would have done so if I had been permitted to make a re port. I experimented with the French excavators so as to tell whether it would be the more economical to use or destroy these machines which cost probably $30,000,000. I experimented far enough to know that these machines were not fit for use." His Estimates. Telling of these experiments Mr. Wallace said he had not estimated that .because excavating could be- done in .March for 43 cents a cubic yard, it could be done for the same cost^in the rainy season in May. It was" import ant to determine whether the higher cost of excaating was due to the heavy rainfall, the reduction of time to eight hour day or the use of the French ex cavators, said Mr. Wallace. Continu ing he said that he understood that the cost had gone up a great deal after he left. The organisation was demoralized, he said, for the^Rjason that the men had seen their chief (discredited and knew that a successor was to be appointed who would not be in Sympathy with the work that had been done. It was brought put that Mr. Wal lace's successors had not the benefit of his analysis of the year's work and his recommendations. "Why. did they not have it?" asked Mr. Taliaferro.. Because the secretary of war told me ho did not want it and had no use for me, except on the isthmus as a di 'recting engineer," said Mr. Wallace. "De you mean that he was angry?" asked Senator Morgan. "Yes, sir so angry that in his treat ment he all but cursed me,'' replied Mr. IUM.ialg.-tMW tfW* vv'**, the Isthmus. RIC GEM S O BE GIVE N MISS ALICE Cuba Will Present Jewels to the Bride as Wedding Gift. .m Journal Special Servioe. Washington, Feb. 6.That the $23,- 000 voted by Cuba as a wedding gift for Alice Roosevelt had been cabled to Paris and will be used in the pur chase of the best jewels that can be ob tained for the sum, was ascertained to day, when it became known that efforts had been made to have Miss Eoosevelt express preference as to the form the gift should take. The president, it was said, was not pleased when he learned of the lavish expenditure by Cuba, but he felt that he could not object without appearing ungracious toward the republic. He re quested his daughter, however, not to express any preference as to what should be purchased with the money. Those in charge of the money there upon decided to purchase a diamond or nament, which will be sent to Senor Quesada, the Cuban minister, thereby avoiding the payment of duty. RAIflLLMATE 'ENDS WEDNESDA House Members'Will Talk Till 4:30 p.m. in Five-Minute- N Speeches. Washington, Feb. 6.After reaching an agreement to close general debate 'on the rate bill at 4:30 o'clock tomor row, the house entered on the discus sion today with a long program of five and ten-minute speeches. Tomorrow four long speeches are to be made. Bourke Cockran of New York is to lead the minority leader, Mr. Williams, will follow, and McMann of Hlinois will precede Mr-Hepburn, in charge of the bill, who will close. Declaring the rate bill .supremely democratic and only adopted by the republicans because the president had forced it, Mr. Stanley (Ky.) declared: I have never been one of those who have gone into hysterics over the president and shall not do it now. He is a fairly honest man and a good -judge-of human nature, and that is why he has stood sponsor for democratic doc* trine. He has forced it down your throats. He is your acknowledged master, and no matter how nauseous the dose, when he shows his teeth and cracks his whip you squirm and cower and dare not resist him." ZIO N CIT SHAKEN D0W1E NEA FALL Open Revolt Is Suppressed with Difficulty in "Prophet's" Town. Journal Speoial Service. Chicago, Feb. 6.With the resigna tion yesterday of Deacon Irish, casnier of the Zion City bank, following the sensational declaration from the taber nacle pulpit Sunday by Overseer Cos sum that Dowie's project was a mil lenial dream and not a success, the peo ple of Zion City are greatly excited. So serious has the situation become in the prolonged absence of the first apostle that scores of Dowie's detec tives are with difficulty suppressing open revolt and mass meetings to pro test against existing conditions. The resignation of Deacon Jrish sur prised the people of Zion and served further to shake their confidence in the stability of Zion 'institutions. It has aroused suspicion that a complete finan cial collapse may be coming. The rea son generally assigned for the resigna tion of Cashier Irish is lack of work at the bank. BOYS SENT TO WOEKHOTTSE. Special to Tho Journal. Milwaukee, Feb. 0 Five boys suspected of stealing money from the Builders* club were ar-. ralgned as vagrants nnd committed to the work honse for. ninety days each. Their names are Albert Kolls, Frank Paulson. Hop Green. Daniel Burke and Charles Jarobs. Wenzelaua Bolohola vek, who was arrested with the others*, was dis charged. They came here from Minneapolis several weeks ago and have been working as pin boys in bowling alleys. Appointments of. rural carriers commencing on March IB: George H. Ctioregt, route 3, Fnirivimnt. ,X. I'*j.- r- -i )UV LAWSO N SEEKING GOVERNORS HEL Boston Man Calls on Cummins, but Iowan Wants to Hear from Johnson. Des Moines. Iowa, Feb. 6.Thomas W. Lawson of Boston today called on Governor A. B. Cummins and invited him to serve with four other well-known reformers on a committee to which he will turn over his New York Life and 2 Mutual Life of New York proxies, and which he asks to attend the coming an-1 nual meetings of these two companies' $ for the purpose of electing good, honest,! sound, business men as directors. Governor Cummins replied that he would consider the proposition, and after a conference with Governor John son of Minnesota, one of the other mem bers, would make definite answer. The conference between Mr. Lawson aud Governor Cummins was held in Gov ernor Cummins' private office at the s$: statehouse. Mr. Lawson was accom- WTXLIAM KELSON CROMWELL, panied by K, J. Ridgeway, a magazine Whom Wallace Dubs the Pooh-Bah of publisher. Mr. Lawson told Mr. Curnmins that the other members of the committee will be Governor Johnson of Minnesota, Senator La Follette of Wisconsin. Gov ernor Broward of Florida and former Attorney General Monnett of Ohio. He said he had received a large number of proxies from policyholders in the New York Life and Mutual Life of New York, which, with the others he expects to get and which he is confident will come in if the committee plan goes thru, will give him control of both, com panies. The proxies are so worded, that Mr. Lawson cannot vote them himself. He must turn them over to a committee of unquestionably, responsible men, to be named by him, which committee will attend the annual meetings and vote the proxies. Mr. Lawson also told Mr. Cummins that he desired the committee to take steps to have the New York statutes amended to make a majority of the directors 'of, the two mutual companies elected annually. ,At present less than a majority are elected each year. HARD O SEE IN DARKEST CHICAG O Dense Pall of Smoke Hangs Over City, and Night's Candles i Are Lighted. -Chicago, Feb. 0.T-From earjjrmorning untii afternoon a dense cloud of smdke and clouds hung over this city, making it one of the darkest days ever experi enced here. All of the stores Were lighted as tho it were night, and the street cars ran with lamps lit and head lights blazing. At times it was not possible to see more than one square in anf direction. Much difficulty was experienced.in the streets^ the darkness causing many col lisions. On the board of trade, for the first time in many years, there was no an nouncement of the price of cash wheat at the closing of the session. Dealers /pronounced it impossible to determine the character of samples because of the darkness. The weather bureau declared the darkness to be purely local and said that it would continue in all probability thruout the day. ypmmimma^mtmMz^^^ l\\l\,\,W&MWUtiliM&V LESSOR Tf STATE IN TlEAlY CRISIS J. R. McLaln has been recommended for postmaster at Murdo, Lyman county, S. D., a fourth-class office. Continued on 2d Page, 2d Column. sj JIrMS*-*LL|-M--i aaJ-JJ-U-I-W!jJ-J-Ul. ^^Jffll S fet^1**^- Democratic Holdup Might Have Support front' Minnesota as from Oregon. Vi r*1"* -ia- *i JOHN F. GEAElN, Democratic United States Senator tepm Republican Oregon. If" flnyibin^^^vsT^^psi^r^-ei^er-,. of the Minnesota senators, his place would b* filled by the appointment, at the" governor hands,., of some person who .would'i come -to Washington and promptly join the democratic: "eaucus, thus running strongly counter to the wishes of an overwhelming majority ef the people of the state. Simlarly in Ohio, if Senator Foraker, whose health this winter has been very precarious, were to die, his place would be filled by appointment at the hands of a democratic governor, and that ap pointee would become a part-, of the democratic caucus, which is preparing to put everything possible in the way of'the most popular president the coun try has had for many years. Menace to Eoosevelt. This situation will be rammed home on the voters of Oregon and Minnesota this fall, and while nothing can be said AFTER THE DEMOCRATIC CAW CUS.^|^ TRIED O CREMAT E PORTA HOUSEHOL S S By W. W, Jermane. Washington, Feb. 6.The democrats of Minnesota%hd Oregon are greatly in terested in last Saturday's, democratic senatorial caucus, or they will be after they have heard ail about it. In these states are democratic governors, who will be candidates for re-election this year, and it is the opinion of trained political observers in Washing ton, members of botk houses of con gress, that both these governors are doomed to defeat from this time on, and that their party mighfeas well save it self the expense of a .campaign., Oregon is one of the firm supporters of President, Roosevelt's ,polic*Bs, and yet, like Minnesota, it elected a demo cratic governor at the-'last election, on local issues. Governor Chamberlain, following the, death Senator Mitch ell, appointed/Mr. Gea*en to fill the va cant placi in the senate.. Gearen is a member .of the demo cratic caucus last Saturday, which de cided that President Eoosevelt 's^Santo Domingo policy should -not be carried out, if the democratic party could. pre vent it. Desperadoes, Caught in Act of Firing House, Captured After Desperate Fight. Speoial to The Journal. Minot, N. D.. Feb. 6.The village of Portal is greatly excited over what ap pears to have been a deliberate attempt f& to burn a home and cremate its ninete, inmates. Fortunately the plot mis carried just as it was about to be car ried into execution. The scene was at the home of Lee Olson, foreman of the Soo roundhouse. Sheriff John Lee. of, Ward county also lives there, and ^he plot, it is thought, was against him, Olson was awakened at 1 o'clock* in the morning by the sound of someone boring beneath his bedroom window. Jumping from bed he saw three men outside, who started to run away when they saw' Olson. The later awakened Sheriff Lee, who was sleeping in the same room, and both men, grabbing their guns, started in pursuit. As Olson reached the rear dor he saw a man run toward the gate. He fired two shots in the air and as the man was about to turn and shoot, Olson fired another shot, the bullet passing thru the man's left side. Thinking he was dead, Olson started to assist the sheriff, who was holding a member of the gang at the point of his revolver. This man, who proved to be Howard Smith, was handcuffed and taken into Olson's house. Bored Hole in House. The sheriff then returned for the man who was shot, but he had disappeared. He was found later at a hotel on the. Canadian side. It proved to be William Coyne and the Canadian authorities turned ljim over yto the American offi cer. Both men were brought to Minot, Coyne's'condition is critical. On examination it was discovered that the two men had bored a hole thru a side of the house. Beside this was a large can of gasoline. It is firm ly believed by both the sheriff and Ol son that the men intended pourin.g. fo Were Gearin representative of the political sentiments of .his state, ho would be a republican^ and the demo crats in the senate w^uid be powerless to interfere, with 1 he f^eoutiye plan. the the sheriff, who last week caused the arrest of eleven Portal gamblers. The third member of the gang had not been arrested up to a late hour to The entire village is greatly ex cited over the affair and many threats are heard. It may be necessary to call on the governor to send militia to pre serve order. Lee and Olson were sleeping on the first floor, while seven members of Ol son's family were occupying rooms up stairs. FILLS BE&D AT FEET 1 Special to UKe Journal. Webster City, Iowa, Feb. ,0.~Peter Lundgren, a young man living near Stratford, fell' dead last night at the John Barquest residence after having taken his sweetheart. Miss Barquest, home from a party at the Alfred Coul son farm. He was about to enter the house with tbe girl to get warm betore returning to his own home, when he reeled and fell to the floor dead. _, Kills Himself on Doorstep. Warsaw, Iowa, Feb. 6.Because, it Is alleged, the young woman on whom he lavished his affections did not recipro cate, Edward Miltner, living a few miles east of Warsaw^has ended his life on her doorstep. He followed his sweetheart and his more successful rival home from church, saw them enter the house and then, going into the yard, drew a revolver and fired a bullet thru his head, falling dead on the doorstep. MIMMWmilllMMWIMtMmMIUHfMMtWMWjimtWMUHi 7 ^*,^&^i A" ^'Jg HI1 LADY HAST HAMILTON, 3 Britain's Richest Girl, Who Will Wed 3j! a Marquis. S BRITAIN'S RICHES! GIRL BETROTHE Lady Mary Hamilton, with a Mil lion a Year, to Be Bride of Marquis. Journal Special Service. London, Feb. 6-Th engagement of Lady Mnry Hamilton, the richest girl in the United Kingdom, to the marquis of 'Graham is announced this morning asoline into the hole and tjien set Are -with as much prominence as if it her- the house in the hope of cremating a ia the approaching marriage of roy alty Lady Mary Hamilton is the only daughter of the late duke of Hamilton, and has an income of $1,000,000 a year. The marquis of Graham, if he sur vives his father, -will be the duke of Montrose, owner of many castles and an estate of 115,000 acres. Nor is the income of $1,000,000 a year the full measure of the wealth of Lady Mary Hamilton. She owns the whole of the island of Arran, off the coast of Scotland. It is sixty miles in circumference, and is all cultivated. It has town, Arran, of 5,000 inhabitants, all her tenants. She has another es tate in Suffqlk, and the two? wmbrise 107,000 acrei. ^-T mmmmq BANKE DIES UNDE CLOU Peoria Clergyman, Head of Two Banks, Is Found Dead, a Suicide. Peoria, HI., Feb. 6.Rev. George H. Simmons, pastor, of the First Baptist church, president of the Interstate Savings Dank and the People's Sav ings bank, and recently appointed man ager of the Yates senatorial campaign in Peoria county, was found dead in bed this morning. He has been the object of investiga tion at the hands of the state's attor ney, the two. banks and his congrega tion, on the gravest charges, and it is presumed to" be a case of suicide. The body was found by his wife when she called him to breakfast. He had remained downtown until a late hour last night disposing of sOme business matters. Death Premeditated. A letter found beside him showed his death to have been premeditated. He said this. was his last night on earth and he wanted to leave a message of undying love to all. In part it said: "Also no blame must attach to ex Governor Yates nor\his associates. He simply gave me an" opportunity which his opponents and my enemies have pre vented my using.'' 9 crowd surroufftled the building clamor- his, resignation was accepted, and E. C. i Heidrich his stead, Dr. Simmons came to the First Bap tist church five years ago from Terre Haute, Ind., and has been remarkably 8 successful. He secured national public-. i ity two years ago bye advocating-a IHEATEE TT/BT SUIT GpES ON. New York, Feb. 6.The supreme court has refused to Interfere with the proceedings of James A. Metcalf against the members of the Theatrical Managers' association, known as the trust, whom he charges with criminal conspir acy by barring him frots thflir theaters. Met calf is dramatic critic fM tjffffinm TBJCPBBA' iRIC/.b ttlliaiii mm'. JenningtBryana^p*J rtoryon _TY. "wfci &*a**** FIVE ROAST TO DEATH IN WMONTANA WRECK in The Sunday Journal. i: HELPLESS CROWD SEES ME N PERISH Runaway Freight Train Crashes Into Passenger Coaches on Northern Pacific. J, -fr*^ Four Killed, Four Hurt in Colli sion on the O., R. 5 1W-3&I &N. Srecial to The Journal. A''- ^4~ Helena, Mont., Feb. 6.One of the most disastrous and spectacular wrecks in the history of mountain rail roading occurred here shprtly before midnight last night, when a runaway freight train, escaping from a siding at Austin, fourteen miles west of here, rushed unimpeded for that distance down the Rocky mountains and crashed into an east-bound "stub'' passenger train on the Northern Pa~- ciflc, killing five persons and injuring three others. Perhaps the number of dead is even greater than this. B "3 The Dead. -J?-,, Charles Bricknell, conductor, Helena. J. F. Robertson, bridge inspector. Edw. Jezick, express messenger. .$ Foster Senegal, outcher, Helena. One unidentified passenger. Tke Injured. Jeff Brown, brakeman, probably fa tally. Ernest Rossman", passenger, collar bone broken. A. C. Lightall, head cut.. J' George Young, slight.'' The freight train hit the passenger with such a crash that it broke the coupling between engine and baggag* car, thus forcing the' engine ahead. This fact alone is responsible for the lives of Engineer Dietz and Freman Ely, as the freight passed under neath the passenger coaches and was wrecked by the debris. More than .forty cars were scattered over the prairie and to add to the hor ror of the situation, both trains caught fire, and burned, brightly until day break, illuminating toe whole valley. .Heartrending Soenes. "There" were many heartrending scenes. Those imprisoned, in the cars, who wejse able to move1, a.jse" stnigglee reach safety- \Stew- man severely'cut his hand in break- woman and another pasgenger escaped. The -remaifcggr of the passengers' met death before an^r.assistance~ The last line, but that time, fails me should I attempt to write personal mes sages," indicates he was" dying as he brought this letter to a chJse. Three physicians who were hastily summoned are of the opinion his death, was caused by cyanide of potassium. Coroner Baker took charge of the re mains. His Bank Closed. The People's Savings bank, of which Simmons was president, in the work men's quarter of the city, did not open its doors this morning. Cashier Look said it would remain closed until some future action was determined on. There was a run on the bank yesterday, company's line, in which four persona and by 10 o'clock this morning ft large wer an T]l engirie watodayo, the obnectelected of runs yesterday and Early this morning the bank building s* was crowded with depositors demand ing their money. Cashier Ancker Baid they would be able to stand the drain. Gained National Notice. r^i made desp^f- could be rendered* Particularly horrifying was the death of the express messenger,' Jez- 1 ick. The engineer and fireman of the *.,sF.: passenger train at once reported the"^ accident, and residents in that vicinity tj were attracted to the scene by flames.' Upon arrival, they saw that% Jezie was pinned down by wreckage, but .the heat was so intense that approach was cut off.- In the meantime, the mes senger had engaged .in conversation with the spectators, bearing up stoic ally under the intense pain he most have suffered, both from heat and -la- juries. Finally the fire became so hot that the rescuers had to -give up the task. _i Jezick, still conscious^ cried: "It is hard to he and burn to- rortyOars Burned. Owing, to the distance of the wreck from the city limits and the abseuee of -hydrants, the railroad omcials made no attempt to save the wreckage from flames. Forty cars, including the two passenger coaches, were- consumed. The freight cars, laden mostly with lumber,, caught fire and burned quickly. Section hands were able to save net:a little of the lumber, while parts of the rolling stock were seen 400 to 500 yards from the scene of the wreck. The track itself was torn up for sev eral hundred yards, wmie several^tel egraph poles were destroyed by :fire, yvhicn cut off all southern and,western connections. rS death." S He struggled to release himself aaV the fire took hold of his limbs, but the^ effort was fruitless 4ind after a few screams of agony, unconsciousness came to him. Exposed to full view, with biasing* shingles all about him and his bedTa mass of red-hot coals, was "the body of an unknown man. It was slowly con sumed until all that was left was the skull, and outstretched were "Hro. stumps that a few hours before''*!*?*- been arms. -_-'' IS thkd FOUR BILLED IK WBfiGKt Fatal Oollisloin on the O. B. k~ N. tu Oregon. Portland, *Ore., Feb. 6.~Meager par ticulars have reached here of a wreck on the Oregon Railway ft Navigation A. four others injured. a in for their money., Spokane brokfe down as it waitingmfro The Interstate Savings bank, of which passenger train from Chicagoto lie was president up to yesterday, when fatter passengerwas train trai als K^E*j.dt ca not brought tn a stop,^ dTa- matization of the lif of Christ. He became local manager of the sen atorial campaign of former Governor Yates a week ago. and shortly after -serious stories affecting his morals were circulated. _. States Attorney Scholes undertook an investigation yesterday, -and secured some sensational confessions from boys of his congregation. Dr. Simmons was 40 years old and leaves a widow. He held charges in Texas, Jackson, Tenn.. and Louisville^ Ky.,- before coming here^ aldg a signaled, bunt wa A ston a and crashed.into^dehdemolishr the rear of the Spokane train, ing the rear car. Six persons were in jured. Four died shortly after being removed from the wreck and the other two are so seriously injured that they may die. The firemen and engineer are both re ported as scalded by the bursting of tna boiler, the engineer being seriously in jured. The accident occurred a short distance west of Bridal Veil. No names are obtainable. V- PLANS GATHOLIGISM'S i SPREAD IN FAR EAST #yi 'M- \y Rome, Feb. 6.The pope today, re ceived in farewell audience Rt. Rev. W. H. O'Connell, the recently appointed coadjutor to the archbishop of Boston, Mass. and formerly bishop of Portland, Me. The pontiff said that the bishop report of his mission to Japan,# which country he visited last year with the rank of assistant to the pontifical throne, was now being carefully studied, and as a result several important re ports would be adopted with the view of snreadinsr Catholicism in the far east.