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'f VS.* r"t. V'C ftr' P- Ft' it' I.:- r'fc f??' 'ft/ feL WW* II ,&l U' I: f-fc 't-jK Ifpi PRICE TWO CENTS. mmmmvmmmmmmmmm i ii'r,wi- =sj= Washington, April 18.In a special message delivered to congress today, President Boosevelt declares that the result of the recent trial of the beef packers in Chicago was a "miscarriage of justice" and that the interpretation placed by Judge J. Otis Humphrey on the will of congress is such as to make that will absolutely abortive." The message, which is most sensa tional in character, is based largely on a letter to the president from Attor ney General Moody, in which the at torney general reviews the proceedings of the case of the government against the beef packers. The president says it is clear that no criticism attaches to Commissioner Garfield, as what he did was in pursuance of a duty im posed on him by congress. SHpCK IS HORRO OF I N SAN PRESIDENT SCORES IMMUNITY DECISION Scores Judge Humphrey. He refers sharply, however, to the decision of Judge Humphrey, saying that congress could not have foreseen euch a decision and that he can hardly believe that the ruling of Judge Humphrey will be followed by other judges. He declared that such inter pretation of the law as that placed on it by Judge Humphrey "comesmeas urably near making the law a farce," and he recommends that congress pass a declaratory act stating its real in tention. The president also requests congress to confer upon the government, by statute, the same right of appeal, in criminal cases which the defendant now enjoys, where the merits of the case have not been determined. The full text of the message follows: Defends Garfield.. I submit herewith a letter of the attorney general, enclosing a statement- of the proceed ings by the United States against the Individuals and corporations commonly known as the "beef Washington, April 18.The SanFran eistfb earthquake has reached across the entire continent. The seismograph at the weather bureau here showed such a violent agitation about 8:30 o'clock this morning that the pen passed off the recording sheet. The instrument at 12 o'clock was still under vibration, show ing that the earthquake has not cease*. 'Miscarriage of Justice," Declares President in Message Regarding the Packers' Cases. Conflagration in Berkeley. New York, April 18.The Western Union received a report that a serious fire is burning in Berkeley, where the state university is located. The re port came from Pinola, a station ten miles out of San Francisco, and the nearest point to the latter city which the company has been able to reach up the time of' this dispatch. Berkeley is between Pinola and San Francisco. At the offices of the St. Louis & San Francisco railroad in this city a mes sage was received from the company's agent in Nevada, saying that the earth- EASTERNERS ARE SAFE packers," and commenting upon the decision of District Judge Humphrey. The result has been a miscarriage of Justice. It clearly appears from the letter of the attorney general that no criticism whatever attaches to Commissioner Garfield what he did was in strict accordance with the law and in pursuance of a duty imposed on him by con gress could not be avoided, and of course con gress, in passing the Martin resolution, could not possibly have foreseen the decision of Judge Humphrey. But this interpretation by Judge Humphrey flf the will of the congress, as expressed in legis lation, is such as to make that will absolutely abortive. Unfortunately there is grave doubt whether the government has the right of ap peal from this decision of the district judge. The case well illustrates the desirability of conferring upon the government the same right of appeal in criminal cases on questions of law which the defendant now has, In all cases where the defendant had not been pot in Jeop ardy by a trial upon the merits of the charge made against him. The laws of many of the states', and the law of the District of Columbia recently enacted by the congress, give the government the right of appeal. A general law of the character indi cated should certainly 1)e enacted/ Wants General Interpretation. Furthermore it is very desirable to enact a law declaring the true construction of the ex isting legislation so far as it affects immunity. I can hardly believe that the ruling of Judge Murphy will be followed by other judges, but If It should be followed the result would be either completely to nullify very much, and possibly the major part of the good to be ob tained from the interstate commerce law and from the law creating the bureau of corporations in the department of commerce and labor, or else frequently to obstruct an appeal to the criminal laws br the department of Jnstlce. There #eems to be no good reason why the de partment of justice, the department of com merce and labor and the Interstate commerce commission each should not, for the common good, proceed within its own powers withont undue interference with the functions of the other. It is of course necessary, under the conatl- Continued on 2d Page, 6th Column. San Francisco, April 18.For the benefit of the eastern people who have friends visiting in San Francisco, it is safe to say that they are not injured, as the loss of life was confined to the cheap lodginghouses and the wholesale districts. All persons in the larger hotels escaped, and most of their effects have been removed and are out of the way of the fire peril. quake shock was severely felt thruout Nevada andfthat all wire's were thrown down west of Reno. LATE BULLETINS. PALACE HOTEL BURNING. San Francisco, April 18.The Palace hotel is mow on fire. Other buildings in fire are the Claus Spreckels structure, seventeen stories high the Phelan tmilding and the O'Farrell store. The Costly Gity Hall at San Francisco Which Is Now a Huge Mass of Debris Shock Severe in Sacramento. Sacramento, Cal., April 18.The se verest earthquake felt in this city in many years occurred at 5:13 o'clock this morning. Buildings rocked like cradles. Many clocks stopped. No serious damage was done. A few cracks were discovered fin the stone postoffiee building. Slight damage was done to some brick buildings Chimneys and water tanks were shaken down at Suisan, Solano county, and at Tracy, San Joaquin county. Machine Shop Wrecked. San Francisco, April 18.The Santa Fe roundhouse and machine shop at Point Richmond, across the bay, have collapsed. The earthquake was not seriously felt at other points along the coast so far as can be ascertained. a?his Beautiful $7,000,000 Building, Razed tar the Earthquake. S&P^" Til- l"l A*-M^MMfciIMMaBpMBM CITY HALL, cost $7,000,000, in ruins. VALENCIA HOTEL, between Seventeenth and Eighteenth streets, on Valencia, topples into street. Seventy-five buried. EPISCOPAL CHURCH, Eleventh street, badly damaged. CALL BUILDING^ Third and Market, prao tically ruined. EXAMINER BUILDING, Third and Market, practically ruined. WESTERN UNION BUILDING, Kearney street, badly wrecked. PALACE HOTELBacUv shaken. Now in path of flames. ST. FRANCIS HOTELBadly shaken. In terior damaged. EMPIRE BUILDING, Oakland, collapses. Five dead in ruins. MANY FROM THIS CITY IN FRISCO Anxious Hearts in Minneapolis, and No One Able to Get Tidings of Friends. Great anxiety and extreme nervous apprehensiveness were evident at the Chamber of Commerce and in the local hotels and cafes, where friendsf of Min neapolis people- now on the Pacific coast crowded around the bulletin boards and the tickers, reading with suppressed emotion the news of the earthquake. The telegraph offices "were besieged with inquirers and numerous messages were filed for San Francisco and other southern California points despite the knowledge.of inability to secure prompt connection. Call after call came inonThe Jour nal telephones, and anxious voices begged information as to the extent of the catastrophe. The Journal bore the first news to Minneapolis peo ple in an early extra, copies of which were eagerly bought up, nd succeeding extra editions of The Journal were in insistent demand. Minneapolis People There. Many Minneapolis, people are in the west but the tide of tourists flows to southern California rather than to San Francisco. Still, many of the'-travelers from this city are known to have in cluded San Francisco in theii-itinerary. T. B. Walker's sons and daughters, Mr. and Mrs. Willis Walker and Mr. and Mrs. Clinton Walker, and their fam ilies are near San Francisco. They live in Piedmont, ai hopes are enter tained that theirs is one of the districts which has escaped the ravages of the earthquake. Mr. Walker returned only yesterday from San Francisco. In speaking of the earthquake he said: "During my visits in San Francisco shocks and minor earthquakes' have been" frequent occurrences, and I re member one evening, a year ago last December, when I was giving an ad dress before the Y. M. C. A., in San Francisco, we experienced a .^shock which scattered the furniture about, the hall and created terrible confusion. I was obliged to discontinue my ad dress for almost an hour. *We are in hopes that the members of our fami lies are safe, as they are in Piedmont, MARKET ST, PRINCIPAL TKOR0l|kE,SCENE OF HEAVIEST LOSS To the Left in the Foreground Is the Palace Hotel, now Intact in the Background Is the Six- teen-Story Building of the San Francisco Call (Destroyed), and Between the Palace and the Call Build- ings Is the Examiner Building, also Destroyed. Across the Street from the Call Building Stood the Home of the Chronicle, While in the Foreground on the right Are the Telegraph Offices and the Asso- ciated Press Building, Which Were Badly Backed... This View Is Looking Up Market Street from Mont- gomery Street, Away from the Bay. The Buildings in San Francisco That Havc Been"Razed or Racked :J SINGfi&EY HOTEL, Seventh street, ,te- tween Howard' and Mission, collapses, bx between seventy-five and eighty persons, RuinjM*&r* WFjETpAL LIFE BUILDING, California and burning. Y".* Sansoine destroyed. LIPMAN DRY GOODS, Twenty-second and NAIOMA BUILDING, Second and Market Mission, burned. destroyed. one of the outlying residential districts, which was only severely shaken up.'' C. A. Smith, who is traveling on the coast with Hugh Bellas of New Yprk, is supposed to have been in San Fran cisco, but no news has reached ^here from the two men. 1 E. P. Wells of the Wells & Dickey company, is one of the Minneapolis men who was last heard of from San Francisco. Mr. Wells is accompanied by Mrs. Wells. J. H. Queal of the rm of J. H. Queal & Co., Minneapolis, with offices in the Sheare building, San Francisco, is in that city with Mrs. Queal. Mrs. John Lind and daughter are also in Berkeley or San Francisco, and former Governor Lind has received no news from them. Mrs. Charles Elliott Thompson, a former Minneapolis girl, is visiting this month in San Fran cisco. Mr. Thompson is the son of. B. N. Thompson of this city, and has lived on the coast the past year. Anxiously Awaiting News. Mrs. W. K. Pennell of 8036 Clinton avenue is anxiously awaiting news from her father, M. T. Smith, who resides on Folsom street, twenty minutes' ride from the Palace hotel. An aunt of Mrs. Pennell and a nephew live next door tocher father. Dr. and Mrs. F. E. Westbrook of the University of Minnesota have cousins, Mr. and Mrs. John Robertson, who make their home in San Francisco they were residents of Minneapolis for several years. Miss Helen Fifield, formerly of the South Side high school, is a Minneapo lis resident now in San Francisco. Miss Florence Sylvester, a cousin of Mrs. Frank N. Stacy, Mrs. George M. Eddy, and Mrs. D. Draper Dayton and a niece of N. H. Winchell and Mrs. E. D. Brann of this city, is a student at the medical college of the state university, Berke ley, and lives on Washington street, San Francisco. Her mother, Mrs. A. H. Sylvester, has been spending the past two months in Pasadena. Mr.' and Mrs. L. B. Davenport and Miss K. Lind, former residents of Minneapo lis, also live now in- San Francisco. Miss Rachel Beard is a student at Leland Stanford university. Mr. and Mrs* Frank Hamilton are residents of San Francisco. Mrs. Hamilton was _KR BLOCK, Market and Pine .burned. ^PACIFIC STATES TELEPHONE COM PANY'S BUILDING, New Montgomery street destroyed. TO BUILDING, Mission and Market POSTAL BUILDINGDestroyed. LICK HOUSEBadly damaged. HOBART BUILDINGDestroyed. STUDEBAKER BUILDING, Tenth and Mar ket badly damaged. HALL OF JUSTICETottering and ex pected to fall. MAJESTIC THEATERDestroyed. POSTOFFICECollapsed. FISH MARKET, Clay and Merchants street burning. GRAND OPERAHOUSETen-story build ing adjoining Third and Mission streets afire and doomed. SEES TIDAL WAVE PERIL Rochester, N. Y., April 18\"Another and even a~ graver disaster than the earthquake threatens San Francisco. A tidal wave would not be an unlooked-for accompaniment to the present seismic disturbances," said Professor H. L. Fairchild of the University of Rochester today. "Much of San Francisco is only twelve feet above tidewater, and this fact ren- ders it particularly liable to destruction in such an event." WEDNESDAY EVENING^APRIL .18,% 1906. 22 PAGESFIVE O'CLOCK. 3 Miss Pauline Kruger of Minneapolis. Major John Bigelow of Hennepin avenue, whose wife a'nd daughter, Mrs. Bigelow and Mrs. Gardner-Hodson, are visiting their relative, Mrs. Dodge, at her home, 2015 Frankpn street, San Francisco. Dr. George H. Martin, formerly of Minneapolis, and brother of Arthur Martin at the Palace hotel, of the Chamber of Commerce, has resided at the Palace hotel in Sail Francisco for several years past. Nothing has been heard from him to this time. George B. Douglas of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, who is a brother of Walter D. Douglas, the* Minneapolis capitalist, came up with Mrs. Douglas from Santa Barbara to San Francisco- preparatory to starting east, and they were to have left San Francisco today. Mrs. W. H. Chambers, wife of the manager of the Peavey Elevator com pany, was to leave San Francisco to day. With her were J. W. Chambers and wife of Des Moines, Iowa,'father and mother of Mr. Chambers. They were at the Hamilton hotel, which is on Market street, iust off EUis: and near the center of destruction W. H. Chambers left San Francisco a week ago and is in Minneapolis. Scores of Messages. Scores of messages were filed here for Salt Lake City in hope of inter cepting travelers or drawing some en couragement, bu't nothing was obtain able. A number of prominent Minneapolis people were in California until recently, some in San Francisco. A week ago there were thirty Minneapolis tran sients on the hotel registers, but most of them left and some are already home. C. M. Harrington and wife, Dan Raymond, James S. Bell and J. S: Bell,' Jr., and wife, General George B: Wilson and S. T.'McKnight were there recently, but.all are home now. Mrs. B. H.-Morgan and daughter are at Los Angeles. St. Paul people now in San Francisco, and not heard from to this time are Charles* Northrop, Mr. and Mrs. George H. Hailowell, Dr. Frank Carpenter and wife and Mrs. Pepper, mother of Mrs. Hailowell and Mrs. Carpenter. The Misses Susan and Anna Christian of Minneapolis were in San Francisco yesterday en route to Honolulu, and were to have sailed today. i i HEART OF CITY LIES IN RUINS: LOSS APPALLING Horror Grows as Fire Continues the* Awful Work of Destruction Begun by the Earthquake. Many Dead and Dying in the Debris 2 Business District a Scene of Desolation. 1.000 MAT BE DEAD. San Francisco, April 18.(3 p.m.)At this hoar it is estimated that the earthquake and ftre have cost 1,000 lives, with twice as many injured. The financial loss already done will foot into the scores of millions. The dead are being carted from the destroyed buildings in dozens in the lodginghouse district. The city is full of injured. Thousands are fleeing from the city. All means of transportation ara cut off. ~*i San Francisco, April 18.By earthquake and by fire San Francisco waff'"" today the scene of most appalling disaster. Hundreds of lives have been lost and the value of the property destroyed will mount well up into.the millions. .With the: terror still gripping the populace, with*bursted gas mains adding to the fierceness of the fire now raging in the debris and with the water supply cut off, it is as yet impossible to give an adequate estimate of the calamity.: But it is one which has set at naught all organized agencies for averting or minimizing catastrophes to life and property Thruout the entire business district of the city there is hardly a building that is not razed or racked almost beyond repair. In the heaya of flaming debris there axe known to be hnndreds of human bodies. ,'i^ ?%$.\.XT MARKET STBBBT ^VASTATED. 'I^C. Market street, the pride of the eify and its best business thorofare, is the 1 scene of the worst desolation. The iky-scraping- Call building, sixteen stories high, is racked and burning the city hall is a mass of ruins the great retail stores are in heaps, or are tottering, while the fear of another shock impels people.to keep away from that portion of the city where high buildings line the streets. Thus has San Francisco paid the penally for forgetting the wisdom of its founders, who lived in fear of the earthquake and who decreed that in their time the city should be one of low, light structures. Heavy as is the loss, of life, it would have been still more heartrending had i not the disaster come at an early hour when the streets were deserted except 3 by those who had lingered long at their night work or had come down town early to begin the labor of the day. J"i WHOLE CITY TBBMBLE8. It was at 5:10 a.m. that the first sickening tremor came, speedily followed by the rolling and rocking of the ground. This shock was felt over a large area and was equally severe thruout the,. city, but the damage was largely confined to that district where business build* ings of stone and brick construction lined the streets in heavy masses. The lower part of Market street is on made ground reclaimed from the bay, and it was here that the worst effects of the shock were felt, tho the $7,000,000 ctty. hall, at Sixteenth street, which was razed, w,as fully a mile and a bajf frony the bay. As huge masses of masonry crashed down into the streets, yawning chasms opened in the" ground and chaos came in the twinkling of an eye. Not more than a minute from the first hard shock the aspect of the stricken distrtot was changed. But this was not all. The terror of fire was to be added to the horror of the earthquake. Except along the bay within range of streams from the firetugs there was no protection against the fire, which was soon raging in the ruins, for the watermains had been destroyed by the heaving of the ground. Screams from the wrecked buildings told the awful story of those who had es- caped death by the shock only to die prisoned by heavy timbers, while those of their eUowmen who dared to traverse the death-lined streets were powerless to help. __ Hour by hour the horror grew as the fire worked its way up Market street and racked buildings toppled over or were blown up with dynamite to stay toe progress of the flames., ^___ J-: DETAILS OF THE DISASTER Bulletins Tell the Story of the Awful Calamity Which Ha Oome Upon San Francisco. San Francisco, April 18.The post office has entirely collapsed. The fish market at Clay and Mer chant streets has collapsed. Chief of Police Sullivan and his wife have been badly injured.. The Grand operahouse is now aflame and doomed. The ten-story building at Third and Mission streets, adjoining the Grand operahouse is apparently doomed, as are other big buildings between the theater and St. Patrick's church. Gas Works Blown Up. The gas 'works, south of Market steeet, have been blown up and started another big fire in that section of the city. A portion of the Mission, several miles from the business section of the city, is in flames. The fire beran at Twenty-second street^ and is rapidly'moving eastwards Should the wind increase, it may sweep the entire southern section of the city. Tive Hilled in Oakland. In Oakland five nersons were killed by the collapse of the Empire building. The Gore block, at, the junction of Market and Pine streets, is in flames and probably will be a" total loss. Mayor Schmitz, Chief of Police Dinan and General Funston, commander of the department of the Pacific, met this the 3 immediately to take measures f*reltef and protection of the sufferers by dia- morning and General Funston called all the available troops for service if neceB- kj^Altho flames are raging en all sides sary in the'emergency. The. board of supervisors will meet .Continued on d Paces. 2d .Column. li n.-Ji. -1-W. ^tiifa mm*m ii) Chief of Fire Department Sullivan Is lying in a very precarious condition, Morgue Overfilled. Twenty-one bodies have been taken to the morgue, which cannot accommO' date any more. Mayof Schmidt established headquar ters at the hall of justice and has ap pointed a relief committee of fifty prom inent .citizens. The military are patrolling the streets, guarding the banks and other establish ments. They have received orders top shoot anyone on sight detected in theft.' Fire has started in the sixteen-story Call building on Third street, and is now burning fiercely in the interior the building, but as yet has4 not spreafo beyond the fourth floor. The building is also threatened on the Market street side, only. one structure separating it from the flames, which swept every thing on the south side of Market street from Fourth almost to Third. The end of the eleven-story Monad nock building, now Bearing completion, has fallen out, and the flames threaten to cause great Are loss. The front of the Monadnock was badly: cracked by the earthquake. ...-y. -g |j| C, iff Palace Hotel S Stands."