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The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, April 20, 1906, Image 1

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John Kendrick Bangs
In The Sunday Journal -next
Sundayt *s -i
San Frpneisco, April 20.The people
of San Francisco, homeless and starving,
are facing the awful calamity which
iwept the great city practically out of
existence with a spirit of resigned forti
tude that must command the admira
tion of the world.
There are no evidences of weakness
among the crowds of stricken people
moving back reluctantly upon each ad
vance of the flames, which continue to
weep toward the ocean.
Appalled for the moment, but un
daunted, the bravery exhibited by men,
vomen and children in face of over
whelming disastei is that of a race des
tined to arise stronger than ever out
of the ruins which now surround them.
Little Left of Gay City.
There is httle left today of the gay
fity. There seems little hope now of
iaving the choicest residence section of
the city, lying west and north of Van
Ness avenue. The men of the fire de
partment, who have thruout the entire
conflagration done splendid work, are
etill making strenuous efforts to check
the flames, but without avail.
"Water is in better supply, but of lit
tle use apparently against the headway
now gained by the fire. Owing to the
itremendous heat, the buildings for some
distance from the fire are as dry as
tinder and they seem to disappear like
a flash the minute the flames- reach
Refugees Now Problem.
The care of the 300*000 h^meleBsfind
hungry refugees now gathered in the
city's public squares and parks is now
the main problem the local authorities
have to solve. Thev must be fed and
bread, meat and drink are lacking. Al
the leading cities and towns thruout
the country are now exerting them
selves to aid the sufferers, and provi
sions are now headed for them from
many points.
Bread has already sold as high as
$1 a loaf in the stricken city, and two
loaves and a can of sardines brought
in one instance $3.50. Bu this con
dition of affairs will not be permitted
to last long.
In towns across the bay the master
bakers have met and fixed the price of
bread at 5 cents a loaf, with the un
derstanding that they will refuse to
eell to retailers who attempt to charge
famine prices.
All Stores Ar Seized.
The committee of citizens now in
charge of the situation here will also
use every effort to keep the price of
food down to the ordinary level.
This committee of safetv, composed
of fifty of the leading citizens or Sa
Francisco, with Mayor Schmitz at its
head, will take all necessary steps for
the protection and assistance of the
victims of the fire.
Three relief stations for the home
less have already been established by
the general committee. These stations
are the temporary homes of the home
less. Th stations are at Golden Gate
park, the Presidio and Sa Bruno road.
order of the general committee,
all remaining stores were entered by
the police last night and their goods
confiscated. Caravans of provisions
are now on their way to the three re
lief stations.
Immense Tented City.
I the meantime, the hills and
beaches of Sa Francisco look like an
immense tented city.
For miles thru the park and along
the beaches from Ingleside to the sea
wall at North Beach, the homeless are
camped in tents, makeshifts rigged up
with a few sticks of wood and a blanket
or sheet.
Golden Gate park and the Pan Han
dle look like one vast camping ground.
It is said that fully 100,000 persons,
including rich and poor, sought refuge
in Golden Gate park alone, and fully
200,000 more homeless ones located at
the other places of refuge.
Square Becomes Morgue.
Portsmouth square yesterday became
for the time a public morgue. Between
twenty and thirty corpses were laid
side by side upon the trodden grass
for lack of a more suitable place. I
is said when the flames threatened to
reach the square, the dead, mostly un
known, were removed to Columbia
square, where they were buried when
danger threatened that quarter.
San Francisco, April 20.While the
'fire fighters were making the last stand
at Van NCss avenue, panic reigned in
this part df the city.
The absence of water has been so ter
rible that scores have become frantic
and others dropped from exhaustion in
the streets. The streets are still chocked
wi th refugees scrambling wildly for an
avenue of escape.
In the panic many mad things are be
ing done. Soldiers were obliged in
manv instances to prevent men and
women, made insane from the misfor
tune that has engulfed them from rush
ing into doomed buildings the hope
jof, saving valuables from the ruins,
A Larkin and Sutter streets two
men and a wom an broke from the police
i "ruin
Rare Courage Exhibited by Famine
1 Stricken People of San
Bread Prices Jump to $1 a LoafRe=
lief Committee Seizes
and rushed into a burning apartment
house never to reappear.
Probably 200,000 refugees are strug
gling to get out of the city and hourly
the task is becoming more difficult as
the fire and heat cut off avenues of
Crowding all sidewalks in the threat
ened area are hundreds upon hundreds
of householders attempting to drag
some of their effects to places of safety.
I some instances men with ropes are
dragging trunks tandem style, others
have sewing machines strapped to the
trunks. Women are rushing for the
hills, carrying on their arms only the
family cat or a bird cage.
Look Ou for No. 1.
There is no aid for anyone from
outside sources. I the awful scramble
for safety the half-crazed survivors
disregard everything but the thought
to themselves and their property.
I every excavation and hole along
the north beach householders are bury
ing household effects, throwing them
in ditches and covering the holes.
Attempts are made to mark th
raves of the property so that it can
recovered after flame* are appeased.
Sufferers are invading the few build
ings that remain, in the hope of finding
something to ea^ They only desist
when warned or laot by the soldiers.
Were Without Money.
A the ferry buildings a thousand
teopl gathered begging for food and
transportation across the bay. Hundreds
had not eyen 10 cents for car fare
to Oakland Most of the refugees here
were Chinamen and Italians who fled
from their burned tenements wi th lit
tle or no personal property.
Watch Destruction from Hill.
Thousands of people slept in the hills
or stood gazing with grim faces on
the lurid scene below. Women and
children and little babies in arms were
huddled together wi th the injured.
In Golden Gate park gnawing hun
ger is the companion of all. The wail
of the injured and the calls of frantic
survivors for friends and relatives who
are missing are most pitiful.
These crowds are constantly increas
ing and the relief committees are doing
all in their power to get bedding and
food for them.
Famine in Other Citiee.
Oakland, Berkeley and Alameda are
short of food, and in a few days will
themselves be facing a serious short
age unless relief comes from tho out
Expressmen are charging from $10 to
$15 to haul a load of Daggage or give
any aid at all to refugees.
Liquor stores in the north end were
broken into and hundreds of men were
carrying away the bottled liquors when
the soldiers arrived.. Th thieves had
to be clubbed by the military before
they would drop the bottles. Soldiers
smashed the bottles on the stones and
drove the mob away ^itb bayonets.
Thirst Greatest Woe.
The greatest suffering among* the
thousands of homeless people is from
thirst. Altho the earthquake shocks had
broken watermains in probably hun
dreds of places, strange to say no watef
or very little at least, appeared on the
Public fountains on Market street
gave no relief. A the corner of Pow
ell and Market streets a small stream
of water spurted thru the cobble stones
and formed a muddy pool. A this
hundreds of people kneeled and drank,
women as well as rren.
I many places men took as many
bottles or liquor as they could carry
out of the grocery stores, but few of
them succeeded in getting away with
them. Wherever the soldiers saw
a man with a bottle of liquor they
forced him to give it up at the point of
a bayonet and immediately smashed it.
Pass Horrible Night.
Measures are being taken for the
relief of the destitute. Last night was
a horrible one for the refugees. Most
of them were without food or water
and their sufferings were terrible.
Bakeries' are starting today and
bread is being sfent over from Oakland.
Supplies of bread and milk are needed
immediately. Swift & Co. have 500,000
pounds of canned'beef at South Sa
Francisco, and this will be of material
Th thousands who spent last night
out of doors were fairly comfortable,
most of them being sheltered by tents.
Considerable distress, however, was
caused by a heavy fog which came up
durine the night and also by dew
The principal food of those who re
main in the city is composed of canned
goods and crackers. Th refugees who
succeeded in getting--out of Sa Fran
cisco are met as soon as they enter the
neighboring towns by representatives
of bakers who have made large supplies
of bread and who immediately deal
them out to the hungry people.",
Keeps Vigil for Husband.
Among the many pathetic incidents
of the fire was that of a woman, who
Continued on 2d Page, 3d Column.
t &
Washington, April 20.The following
telegram has been received by the war,
department from General Funston.
"Burned district now approximately
as follows: From Water front up
Broadway to Mason street, thence south
to California street, thence west to
Jones, thence diagonally to Van Ness
and Golden Gate avenue.
Fire on following line practically
out: From Van Ness west on Golden
Gate avenue to Fillmore, thence south!
to Market, thence on irregular line to
Valencia and Twenty-sixth,* thence
irregular line east to bay. Indications
are that active fire line will advance
west to Van Ness and north to Union
and Montgomery avenue.
"Famine seems inevitable. Al large
supply stores burned. Most energetic
efforts from outside only can prevent
frightful suffering.
Appeals to American People
Aid Frisco.and Sends
$1,000 Himself.
Washington, April 20.President
Roosevelt, after a conference with Mi ss
Mabel Boardman, of the American Na
tional Bed Cross, issued, in the form of
a proclamation, an appeal to the Ameri
can people to aid San Francisco.
asked that all contributions be made
thru the officials of the American Na
tional Bed Cross, who have effected sys
tematic arrangements for the distri
bution of the needed assistance.
Assistant Secr&ajy Charles Keep, of
the treasury department and treasurer
of the National Bed Cross association
today received a check for $1,000 from
President Boosevelt as a contribution
to the relief of the earthquake and fire
sufferers at Sa Francisco and also one
for $500 from Senator C. Knox of
Pennsylvania for the same purpose. The
Southern railway will send supplies
Inquiries from all parts of the Unit ed
States reached the American Bed Cross
today as to where contributions for the
relief of the Sa Franciscoans may be
sent. Charles Keep, United States
treasury department, Washington,
is the Be Cross treasurer and funds
may be sent either to him direct or to
any of the following state treasurers:
California, Horace Davis, Sa Fran
cisco i Ulinois, Orson Smith, Chicago:
Michigan, Emory W Clark, Detroit.
Gay Ohinatown Devoured by Con-
flagrationMany Fleeing
Denizens Perish.
Jturnal Special Servioe.
San Francisco, April 20.The evacu
ation of Ohinatown commenced early
yesterday morning. A noon it was a
furnace and all was razed. Many Chi
nese were crazy from fright. Others,
loaded down with belongings, made for
the ocean beach.
Many were killed and injured in try
ing to escape. Th wounded were left
lying in the streets, it being impossible
for hospital corps to render aid. Many
wounded will burn to death.
Hundreds of Chinese reached the
ferry in a roundabout way a nd are leav
ing for interior towns.
11 il
Minneapolis is rallying nobly to the Telief of the
stricken city of Sa Francisco and its suburbs. Ee
sponding promptly to the preliminary appeal of Mayer
David Jones, the business interests of the city are
organizing and contributions aTe already being re
There is imperative need of haste.
Plans are making for several benefit performances
at the theaters business men are volunteering ship
ments to the earthquake sufferers free transportation
of supplies to relief organizations has been offered,
and every hpur some new manifestation of Minne
apolis' sympathy is in evidence.
Everyone will have an opportunity to contribute to
the relief fund. The Journal will receive sub
scriptions, or money may be sfnt as directed by Mayor
Mayor Jones today issued the following appeal:
"To the Citizens of Minneapolis: _,
"The awful calamity on the Pacific coast, Which
as virtually wiped from the face of the earth one of
the greatest and most prosperous of American eities,
an.d Sfv^gtated other thriving communities,, ph^gW ap-
._ i-
Secretary or Commerce and Labor, to Be
Government's Kepreaenta&ivo
in. San Francisco.
a ir?&r*trfXf/> xxsrx t* A*%X AWMXM
Washington, April 20. President
Boosevelt and -members of his cabinet
today devoted the greater part of their
semiweek ly session to a discussion of
the calamity which has befallen San
Francisco. I was decided that Secre
tary Metcalf, who is a resident of Oak
land, Cal., should proceed at once to
the stricken city as a representative of
the national government
Secretary Metcalf left for Sa Fran
cisco this afternoon. I will be his
effort to consult with the governor of
California and the municipal authorities
of San Francisco and to advise the
national administration what, if any
thing, may l^^ns ^^ttie^iM^^/tlis-
tress there.
Secretary ta Represent the Na
tional Government in the
Stricken City.
Children Aid Reliig* Wor
Ogden, Utah, .Ajurir 20-.UyScbools were
dismissed' at 'UfcsO ajn the children^
organized into a relief roroe and at 4i
p.m. will send two cars attached to the
Overland Limit ed containing fdod for
tlra sufferers at Sa Francisco. A spe
cial train leaves Ogden today filled wi th
food contributions, from this city.
Wingna Gives Liberally.
Special to The Journal.
Winona, Minn., April 20.Mayor
Latsch has secured subscriptions of
about $2,000 for Sa Francisco suf
ferers. Th council is meeting to vote
aid, and a popular subcription will
be taken up thru the banks.
Warships Unharmed.
Washington, April 20.The navy de.-
artment today received a telegram
Rear Admiral McOalla, command
ant of the Mare Island navyward, stat
ing that the warships under construc
tion at the Union Ir on Works are un
National government $1,000,000
San Franefscd
Des Moines
Peoria Atlanta *Los Angeles
Kalamazoo, Mich
Madison, Wi
Springfield, III
*Duluth Seattle Sacramento Topeka, Kan
Portland, Or*
Defective Page
5,000 2,000
30,000 31,000 60,000
*ChJcago 1,000,000
New York
Cleveland Boston
*Qotdflefd, Nev
Mason City, Iowa
Richmond, Ind
Other sources
1,000 5,000
*Denotes sum In process of raising.
Minneapolis to the Rescue
is- Immediate Help Is Needed
fl 1 -*)f pik/
San Francisco, April 20.The work
of clearing up the wreck has already
been begun at the waterfront in the
business section of the town. A force
of 100 men were employed this morning
under the direction of the street de
partment, clearing up the debris and
putting the street in proper condition.
San Francisco, April 20.Hundreds
of the people whose homes are de
stroyed have not had anything to eat
for twenty-four hours, and many of
them nd a drop of water for a longer
time. A feature of San Francisco was
innumerable wells and cisterns, upon
which thousands of residents depended
for water for drinking and cooking pur
poses. Every earthquake has affected
more less these cisterns and wells.
Water in many of them disappeared
a nd did not return for months. Th
earthquake of Tuesday had the same
effect upon the wells and cisterns, and
tliis accounts, in part at least, for the
scarcity of water after the shocks.
Soldiers Compel Rich and Poor
Alike to Dig Graves of
San Francisco, April 20.Out at the
Presidio soldiers pressed into service
all men ho came near and forced them
dfo labor at burying the dead.
So thick were the corpses piled up
that they were becoming a meafce, and
early in the day the ordei! was issued
to bury them at any cost.
The soldiers were needed for other
wok, so, at the point of rifles the citi
zens were compelled to take to the work
of burying.
Some objected at first, but the troops
stood no trifling, and every man who
came in reach was forced to work at
least one hour.
Rich men labored by the side of
workingmen digging *trenches in the
A the present writing many still re
main unburied and the soldiers are still
pressing men into service.
Assistant U. S. Treasurer in
Charge of San Francisco
Qffioe Is Missing.
"Washington, April 20.The treasury
department has so far failed to locate
the assistant treasurer or deputy at Sa
Francisco and grave fears are enter
tained that they have lost their lives.
The only person connected with the
subtreasury who has been heard from,
is J. McClure, an assistant book
keeper. has wired Secretary Shaw
from Oakland, under yesterday's date,
as follows:
"San Francisco completely destroyed
by fire following earthquake, sub
treasury burned yesterday afternoon.
Under difficulty reached wreck of
building this morning. Vaults appear
intact. Found no guards. Finally
communicated with General Funston
and secured detail of one company of
soldiers. Unable to locate assistant
treasurer, and therefore acted on own
responsibility. Chaotic conditions.
Mint building and vaults safe. Please
arrange with secretary of war for mili
tary protection to treasury vaults."
peal most powerfully to the generous spirit of every
citizen of Minneapolis.
"The need of extending relief to the thousands of
sufferers from this disaster is most urgent. Already
steps have been taken to organize the city into a
systematic campaign to secure contributions. in
sure the highest results the co-operation of everyone
is imperative. Everybody should give according to
their individual abilitythe Wealthy in proportion
to their abundant means, and those less favored as
they can afford. Th need in California is not only
immediate and imperative, but it will continue for
months, and there cannot be too great provision made
for those ruined in business, deprived of daily em
ployment, driven from their wrecked homes or in
jured in their persons.
"Let the people of Minneapolis move as one gen
erous soul to meet this emergency and sustain the
reputation of the city for prompt and rich response
to every call for aid. Contributions can be made to
the treasurer of the relief committee, E W Decker,
vice president of the Northwestern bank, or to the
daily* newspapers of the city, which will open their
columns to subscription accounts.,, t^
"David Jones, Mayor."
Says 600 Died at Once.
Stampede of Panic-Stricken Cattle
Adds Dozens to the Pity's
Death List.
Ferry Building, San Francisco, April
20.The^ fire is under control in one
section, it having been checked at "Van
Ness avenue and in the Mission. Th
fire is still raging north of Bussia hill,
toward the bay, but is not expected to
spread west. Probably a fourth of
the city is safe.
The "stop" was made at Octavia
street and* the fire is now confined to
Telegraph Hill. Inasmuch aB there is
a large burned area between that part
of Telegraph Hill, now on fire, and the
section of the city farther west, and
since the fire is practically out in this
burned area, the flames will probably
not spread much farther in this sec
One great danger which may lead to
fresh fires about the city is likely to
be the kindling of fires in stoves by
ignorant persons. There is scarcely a
chimney in town that is safe to trust
to a stove fire.
San Francisco, April 20.Another
series of fatalities was added to the
city's long hat by the stampeding of
a herd of cattle at Sixth and Folsom
Three hundred of the panic-stricken
animals ran amuck when they saw and
felt the flames, and charged wildly
down the street, trampling under foe*- SVSffi ^J^^A S
Kansas City, April 20.A special to
the Star from Oakland, written by Al
bert Miller, a staff correspondent, who
had just returned from Sa Francisco
after making tn rounds of the busi
ness district, says:
How many lie dead, victims of this
tremendous catastrophe, cannot even be
approximately told. Estimates have
attained currency and credence that
vary from minimums of 300 to incred
ible maximums of 20,000. I is un
doubtedly greater than the first figure,
yet it seems impossible that the total
deaths can possibly reach the larger
isnot humanly possible for any
one, whatever his opportunity of ob
servation, however excellent his judg
ment, to do more now than submit his
individual guess.
For instance, there was a lodging
house, the New Brunswick, at Sixth
and Mission. I collapsed from the
first earthquake shock. One witness in
timately acquainted wi th the lodging
house and its business, asserts that 600
were within its walls when, with the
roof, they crashed into the cellar, and
that all now lie dead there. Another
witness, of apparently equal credibility,
declared that he knew the lodgers num
bered 200.
The number of dead may never be
told, and in any event, cannot now be
told. Submitting only a guess now, the
number of the dead may not exceed
1,200 or 1,500.
Journal Special Service.
San Francisco, via Oakland, April 20.
Another dd dawns on a scene of
ruin, the extent of which can be com
pared 9nly with the vast desert of
smoldering ashes that Sa Franciscans
beheld when they awoke yesterday
I addition to the blackened area on
which once stood the great business
houses of i he city, revealed to the pop
ulace yesterday, a great section of the
finest residence district is waste today
as a result of the conflagration that
waged thruout yesterday and last nigh
ni wh.s ii +i -r,T soaa craciters. $1 ^a pound for ham and
all Who were in the way. One matt bacon and $1.50 to *g for canned aooda.
was gored by a maddened bull, and at ^^SJSoSron ttZL *meat
least a dozen persons, it is said* were
The fashionable Nob hill district is
in Tuins this morning. Almost a mile
of handsome houses on Yah Ness ave
nue were dynamited late last evening
wi th the hope of stemming the march
of the devouring flames, but the at
tempt was futile, the fire leaping thru
the gaps and mowing down everything
in its path.
Walt for All to Cfo.
A this hour San Francisco sets in
the waste of hter ruins awaiting the
time when the flames shall have worn
themselves out thru lack of fuel.
The fire is still burning, but there
is little left to destroy. Th ruin and
devastation is almost complete.
Only eouter fringe of the city is
left, and the flames which have swept
unimpeded in a hundred directions arc
swiftly obliterating what remains.
Nothing worthy of the name of a
building in the business district, and
not more than half of the residence
district, has escaped. O its popula
tion of nearly 400,000, 300,000 are home"
N estimate can be made of the dead.
Five thousand would be as near ac
curacy as five hundred. e,y '*zg~n^m
Starvation and Anarchy. I
Gutted thruout its entire magnificent
financial quarters by th swift work of
"Sophy of Kravonia"
Anthony Hope's new story,
begins In The Journal next
Conflagration Cut Of at OctaVia
Street, Saving Portion
of City.
thirty hours, and with a black ruin
covering more than seven square miles
out into her very heart, the city now
waits xn a stupor the inevitable reign
of starvation and of possible anarchy
that must crowd close upon the disaster
of the last dreadful day
The flames at this'moment are eating
out the central residence portion about
the western addition and fashionable
Pacific Heights, the only section of the
city proper that has thus far escaped.
Storm Bread Wago n.
A 5 p.m. yesterday a mob of a hun
dred or more stormed a bread* wagon
and took the contents. The police made
an attempt to interfere but were pow
erless. Bread is arriving from Berke
ley and Oakland and is being distrib
uted in the north end of town the re
lief parties organized by Mayor
Food, except that commandeered by
the troops, went up to famine prices.
Detachments went about all day tak
ing possession of the supplies in grocer
ies and delicatessen stores and piling
them up for the common good of all. Be
fore the stores which were spared there
stood lines of men *nd women which
ran, in some eases' for a block, offering
anything for bread or canned goods.
Bread 75 Cents a Loaf.
Bread went up to 75 cents a loaf. Te
Panic Reigned for a Time, but
No Damage Was
Los Angeles, Cal., April 20.-At
12:33 p.m. yesterday Lo Angeles ex
perienced a distinct earthquake shock
of short duration. N damage was
done, but thousands were badly fright
Men and women ran from office
buildings, especially the tall structures,
and many stores were deserted by cus
tomers and clerks. Th shock passed
in a few minutes and most of those
who had fled returned.
The Sa Francisco horror has strung
the populace here to a high tension
and a spell of sultry weather serves to
increase the general nervousness. :V|
1 1
because none is to be had.
dinar 2
Oook in the Open.
The troops have been ordered to per-1
mit no fires to be lighted i' houses. So
there are hundreds of cook stoves in
every park, and women in all stages of
undress are preparing meals which are
eaten standing, often without dishes.
Troops passed from park" to park in
wagons distributing ground coffee, so
that most of the homeless people have
at least that stimulant.
Face Great Trouble.
The greatest immediate need is food,
water and bedding. Unless supplies
are rushed and arrangements made for
their distribution trouble is feared
within a few days. Even men of wealth
cannot obtain food with all their
Earthquake Breaks Fissure
j. Mount Capulin* Which Now
Emits Smoke.
Denver, Co., April 20.A special to
the Times from Trinidad, Col., says:
Mount Capulin an extinct volcano sit
uated eight miles from Folsom, N M.,
sixty miles from heA is said to be
emitting smoke and heat from a fissure
broken in its side b^y two distinct
earthquake shocks which were felt this
The mountain is 10,000 feet high and
trees grow to the mouth of the crater,
and also on the side of it. I is of vol-|
canic formation. I has not been in
eruption for years.
I is said that the heat coming from!
the fissure is melting the snow on thef
top of the mountain. H|
Kansas CSt^ April 20.Word re
ceived by t&*Y Postal Telegraph com
pany in this ^ty at noon, was to the
effect that no serious damage resulted
from the earthquake shocks felt near
Folsom, K. this morning.

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