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um* fa"'J." J v/i I 1 i- I J... ?i if. l' LI.UJJI tf ''ft. ti. j& fa PEOPLE CHEERFUIf UNDER DISASTER Survivors of San Francisco Catas trophe Accept Hardships in Hopeful Spirit. Journal Special Service. San Francisco, via Oakland, April 21. rrNever has a situation such as that which confronts JjJan Francisco been handled so superbly. There is little actual want in the city, altho plenty of discomfort. The food supply is becom i ng ample, and the one source of suf fering, tne dearth of water, 15 being re lieved. There is plenty of water to drink, but as yet little for other pur poses. The military has handled the situation in a manner that calls forth praise from even the despairing. Thursday and Friday quantities of supplies were pouring into the city. These were conveyed to points Where the refugees are camped and distrib--- uted gratis to the needy. Yesterday the great stores of army clothing were opened and' wagon after wago$ load of clothing and blankets ag soon on its way to the camps of the homeless. Thruout the refugee districts notices were posted informing the pop ulace that further relief was on the ay. Army wagons distributed bread, fiscuit and canned goods. There was enough and to spare for everyone in the vicinity of the supply stations. A th to make amends for the dread fulness of the preceding two days, the elements dealt kindly with the suffer ers Thursday night. The night was balmy, scarcely a breeze stirring, and even those that had vet roofs to shelter them left their dwellings to sleep in the open. On the hills in the western part of the city thousands gathered to wit ness the completion of the destruction between brief intervals of sleep. 20,000 Camp in Park. I Golden Gate park 20,000 bivouac fires gleamed. I front of every remaining residence impromptu fire places were doing duty as stoves and for the first time since the earthquake shock the people sat down on grass plats or curbstone^ to enjoy warm meals. Withal the crowds were good natured, possibly the cheerfulness of despair. Here and there some party would start up a rollicking song. One heard little of pessimism. Fo the time being the people we re out of want, the future would enga ge their attention after some sort of order had come out of the chaos in the burned district. & Ear ly on Thursday the military had taken charge of all supplies remaining in the city and was distributing them to the crowds. Dealers In goods not classed as necessities, such as tobacco, furniture and the like, were permitted to continue their sales, with the under standi ng that there should be no rais i ng of prices. Whenever a dealer vio lated this rule hia stock was promptly confiscated and distributed free. The best of order was maintained every where the military had the situation under perfect control. Dozen Shot for Looting. A least a dozen men ha ve been shot by soldiers for looting and in two cases thiev es were run thru with bayonets and their bodies.Jeft lying, where th ey fell, to becomekfdod for the oncoming flames. A one place on Thursday five men were shot, two killed and three were wounded. The troops had thrown open a corner grocery with the usual order that the crowd might carry off all it contained except the liquors. A large party of men made a rush for the place and emerged with quantities of whisky. When called upon to drop them th ey failed to',-obey and a volley was fired upon them. N mercy was shown those that de fied calls-to halt. The rifle was leveled with the first order and at the failure of the second to stop the offender it was discharged. Undoubtedly the troops saved a lot of lives by keeping the burned district free of crowds where buildings wrecked by the earthquake were constantly fall ing. Millionaires Eat With Laborers. Out in the Golden Gate park, where the number of refugees is now close to 200,000, the situation is democratic in the extreme. Hobnobbing side by side may be seen millionaires and day labor ers, state and city officials and mem bers of the judiciary eat out of the same tureen with the lowliest of the city's people. Money counts for noth ing. All that it would purchase for its possessor was good transportation fa cilities for the little that was saved from the rich man's home. The \food supplies were as free for the pauper as for the Croesus there was nothing for the one that the other could not have. Thruout it all the best of com radeship prevailed. For the time class lines were completely blotted out. 1 Some of the household utensils in use are primitive in the extreme. For fee most part the cooking range con fists of some flat pieces of iron laid upon walls of bricks. Here and there a Chafing dish is in use. Every manner of kettle and pot has been pressed into service. Sanitation Important. The sanitary problem is still the one that gives most concern. This may be solved in a measure, now that the flames are under control and the sol diery will be enabled to leave the burned area and devote its attention to more thoroly restoring some system of livi ng in the great refugee camps. Al ready considerable sickness has de veloped because of the exposure and absence of anything but a canned goods diet. Now that supplies are coming the situation will be alleviated. The extent of the loss of life will never be known. The police now estimate the dead at 700. However, an army officer who had charge of the Mission district said last night: I don't want topinion exaggerat10,00a situation thath is already horible enough, mmmJmm that 0 ones would be near the correct figures on tho dead. I the Mission district long rows of flats were leveled flat to the ground. Beneath them were scores of crushed bodies. Before the work of rescue could be more than begun the flames swept thru. I know of one large flat housing The most intense ly interesting book "liTe Road to Wellville Found in pkgs. of Grape-Nuts I and Postum |?|J:-#t|^r%^ Saturday Evening^ THE UNION BLOCK, Which Shard the Common from eighty to 100 persons from which not one was seen to emerge. The en tire building crashed into the base ment, so completely wrecked that the debris scarcely extended above the level of the ground." rimiLiST SELLS PAPERS Battling Nelson Takes in $188 Which oes to Belief Fund. Journal Special Service. os Angeles, Cal., April 21.Battling Nelson, the pugilist, made $188 yester day by selling papers on the streets and turned the money over to the relief committee at the Chamber of Com merce. had already given $1,000. !K. OPERA COMPANY'S DILEMMA Shan Mr. Conreid Return Money Ad vanced for Tickets? Special to The Journal. New York, April 21.It was stated yesterday by a representative of Mr. Conreid that the Conreid Opera com pany had taken in $120,000 at the ad vance sale of tickets for the grand opera performances which it was plan ned to gi ve in San Francisco. I could not be said, however, whether Mr. Con reid would return the money. There is no possibility of his fulfill i ng his contract with the San Francisco subscribers. Many of the latter, who were rich when th ey gave their support to the projected season of Opera, are penniless as a result of the disaster. It is believed that Mr. Conreid cannot conscientiously retain the money now so sorely needed. I was deposited in a San Francisco bank, the vaults of which are expected to have withstood the fiery doom which raged everywhere around them. Friends of the director expect that Mr. Conreid will contribute the amount of his "takings" to the relief of the stricken Sa Franciscans. PAID $100 FOR CARRIAGE Woman Tells of Terrible Stricken City. at work. On Mason street a gang of thieves was at work. They were pur sued by troops, but escaped in an au tomobile." HOTEL ROCKED LIKE SHIP Physician Describes Sensations During the Earthquake. Journal Special Service. Los Angeles, Cal., April 21.Among the refugees from Sa Francisco who ha ve reached here is Dr. Woods Hutch inson, consulting physician at Arrow head, Hot Springs. was occupying a room on the fourth floor of the St. Francis hotel when the great earth quake came. "The shock awoke me," said Dr. Hutchinson, "and the hotel was surg ing and shrieking like a ship at sea. The sensation was similar to that ex perienced by myself in a Kansas tor nado some years ago. I was as if the universe were crashing about my ears. "There were four or five plunging shocks, one after another. The hotel was badly cracked and warped but it withstood the shock nobly. I came out of the quake about the best of any of the buildings I saw." Dr. Hutchinson, after dressing, went out on the streejbs and, learning that the injured men were being taken to the Mechanics pavilion, he made his way there and volunteered his serv ices. Between 300 and 400 wounded were cared for while the building stood. I saw eleven dead who succumbed to wounds after being brought in. None of the wounded were burned in that building, as reported at least, I be lie ve not. When the firemen warned the physicians and nurses that the building was doomed, wagons were brought and the wounded were loaded in. When I left there were not to ex ceed a dozen remaining and the fire had not yet reached the building. "One of the most astonishing things, to my mind, connected with tne whole affair, is the calmness with which-the catastrophe was met by the people. There were no screams, no cries. Im mediately the city was shaken dbwn the people began taking what of their personal effects they could get,hold of and making their way to open places. I, with most of the other guests of the St. Francis, stayed at that hotel until midnight, when we were forced out by the fire. I took a blanket and my personal effects and-made my way to one of the parks and passed the remainder of the night there. There were no vehicles 0 MARKET AN PINE STREETS. te of the San Francisco Business District. Scenes in os Angeles, April 21.Miss Bessie Tannehill, of the Tivoli theater, Sa Francisco, has reached Los Angeles. I was asleep in the Hotel Langham, Ellis^and Mason streets, when the shock cam/' said Miss Tannehill. "We finally secured a carriage by paying $100.' After getting outside of the danger region I walked back, hoping to aid some of the unfortunates. I ha ve heard about, big prices charged for food. I wish to testify that the mer chants bn Market street and in nearby districts threw open their stores and invited the crowds to help themselves. The mobs rushed into every place, car rying out all the goods possible. I saw many looters and pickpockets IS, be had. Th ey would ha ve been useless in any event, owi ng to the mountains of debris in the streets. I saw hundreds with their most valuable belongings packed in trunks dragging them about the streets by ropes." ESCAPED FROM CRASH P. O. Popenie Got Out of Terminus Hotel, Where Many*-Perished. Los Angeles, April 21.F. O. Pope nie, manager of the Pacific monthly, has come here from San Francisco. was asleep in the Terminus hotel, near the Southern Pacific ferry station when the first tremble came. The Terminus hotel did not go down at the first shock," he said, I was asleep on the third floor when the quake came. The guests had time to run out- side before the building fell in. I started for Sa Jose on foot. "When I reached the Potero, I looked back and saw the business sec tion a furnace. A man driving a single rig overtook me. was headed ?vr San Jose and he took me in. After a drive of fifty miles we took the train and went on." The Terminus hotel was a six-story structure with stone front and^ brick sides. Early reports were that many of the guests were killed. STEEL BUILDINGS STAND Splendid Testimony to Modern Building in Fire Ruins. Journal Special Servioe. Riverside, Cal., April 21."Everv steel building in Sa Francisco is stand ing, gutted of everything inflammable, but erect after the shaking strain or the earthquake and the ravages of tho flames," says Lew M. Irvine of this city, who left Sa Francisco Thursday morning at 6 o'clock and arrived here yesterday. continues: "The Call building stands up as tho it had never been injured. The Chronicle building collapsed directly toward the ground. It threw little or no debris into the street. The Examiner building (not steel) went like a cardhouse when it fell, but it likewise sunk -down like a .]ack-m-the-box. Th Hamilton build ing, twelve stories high, and twenty five feet wide on its base, stands as tho never shaken, but it is a mere shell of steel and stone. Not a single mod ern steel building collapsed in its framework.'' GOTHAMITE LOSSES New York a HHH Mmm K^rtf f&if MINNEAPOLISk Have Merchants Said to Lost $10,000,000. Journal Special Service. New York, April 21.New merchants, it is estimated, have lost at least $10,000,000 by the California disaster. These losses are chiefly con centrated in Sa Francisco, but are also of considerable amount at other/points. Only York few dfeiys before the earth quake one New York house sent to Sa Francisco twenty carloads of goods. They are believed to ha ve been lo#. So far as has been learned, they reached their destination, since which time nothing has been heard of them. I is tak en for granted they were burned. The largest losses to New York busi ness houses are distributed amo ng those -dealing in textiles and machinery and more especially in cotton piece goods and carpets. The reconstruction of San Francisco will require large quantity of iron, steel, copper 'and other metals. This extra demand is expected to cause advance in prices. Experts believe that this will be the most prosperous and profitable year in the history, of the metal trades. JOURNAL BANKS OF NATION MAY OFFER AID LA Senator Aldrich Suggests Plan of Supporting Ruined City's Business Interests. Journal Special 'Servlcfe. Washington, April 21."I would not be surprised should |he associated banks of the "United States adopt the admirable policy of the Chicago banks in the Walsh failure, and take hold of the financial situation at Sa Fran cisco. This would insure the payment the big financial and industrial in terests of the destroyed city of all their losses. The action of the Chica go banks undoubtedly averted a panic and similar action by the associated banks of the country in dealing with conditions at Ban Francisco would greatly relieve the financial situation all over the union." The foregoing statement was made by Senator Aldrich, chairman of the finance committee of the senate. made another statement, which is of direct interest to John Walsh. I was that it has been decided, after all, to call upon the controller of the cur rency to report to the finance commit tee whether any provision of the bank ing law was violated by the action of the banks in Chicago and, if so, what amendments, if any, should be made to provont such action becoming a men ace to the public interests. Co-operative Plan. There has been more or less talk be tween men representing banking inter ests all over the country in favor of co-operation for the purpose of enabling the San Francisco banking institutions, state and national, not only to meet their own immediate liabilities, but to permit them to gi ve the men in debt, and whose business has been destroyed or damaged, time in which to make ar rangements to meet their obligations. What concerns the general financial interests is not merely the local situa tion, but the effect of the catastrophe upon finance and industry all over the country. For instance, the reports re ceived by the controller of the cur rency show that the San Francisco banks have $13,000,000 due them from other banks in Chicago, New York and other points. I is to be expected that this will be immediately withdrawn. Secretary Shaw is going to gi ve all the assistance he can to the Sa Francisco banks and if necessary will increase de posits in the national banks these to the extent of $10,000,000. Such a move would tend to relieve New York of the apprehended necessity of drawing upon its insufficient bank reserve. Controller Eidgejy said today he did not believe the San Francisco banks 'M _., PRESIDIO RESERVATION AN THE GOLDEN GATE In This Reservation, About Two Miles from the City, Are Quartered Thousands of San Francisco Refug* would suffer any serious loss. called attention to the fact that the vaults of the banks in the Chicago fire and in the Baltimore fire remained intact and the banking institutions were able to meet their obligations. But he recognized that there are many manufacturers, merchants and other business men who have notes out standing which the banks hold, and that it will be necessary for them to have time to get upon their feet and meet their obligations. is satisfied that the banks will not fail to grant whatever extension may be absolutely necessary and he is,quite sure that the banks thruout the country will do everything in their power to enable the Sa Francisco institutions to re cover from the awful destruction which has resulted from the earthquake and fire. I is apparent from the talk which ha8 been going on betwe en bankers during several months and which dur ing the last few days has been directed especially toward the alleviation of the financial situation at Sa Francisco, that there is developing a national movement for co-operative effort to prevent disturbance of-business in one part of the country which may affect finances in other sections. MESSAGES TO E BUSHED Telegraph Companies Plan to Deliver Telegrams in Stricken City. Jcumal Special Service. New York, April 21.When night fell last night both the Western Union and the Postal Telegraph companies said that their appeals to Washington against the iron rule of General Fun ston in Sa Francisco would succeed today in enabling them to carry for ward the deluge of messages in Sa Francisco. The Western Union had es tablished an "office in Market street about half a block from the union depot, and the Postal had obtained a station on Goat island, where the gov ernment has a naval training post, whence it would forward messages to San Francisco, three miles away, by launches and tugs. J. C. Baclay, assistant general man ager of the Western Union, said that i neither money nor endeavor had been spared by his corporation to re-estab lish communication with Sa Fran cisco. "Operators and electricians ha ve been rushed here from every quar- ter," he .continued, Vand from the re ports I have at hand we have twenty operators in San Francisco at this mo ment. Th ey Jare prepared for a siege of work and reinforcements are close at hand. "It will be a big task, we realize, but where houses ha ve disappeared and no trace of the individuals to whom the messages are addressed ean be found, it is our hope that we shall walls with notices that telegrams await them. W went thru the Galveston flood and we know what we are up against. This is a repetition .of that time, but only in a greater degree." $25,000 FROM UNKNOWN Generous Aid Given by Man Who Con ceals Identity. New York, April 21. A well-dressed, businesslike man entered the mayor's office this afternoon and handed to the mayor twenty-five $1,000 gold certifi cates of the united States treasury for the San Francisco relief fund. re fused to gi ve his name but intimated that he was merely acting for another man. I cannot tell you where this comes from," he says. I can only assure you it is clean money. Say that it is contributed by a friend of humanity." The money was accepted and the man received a receipt made out to a friend of humanity. This is regarded as the largest anonymous contribution to a public charity ever received in this country. reach them by-placarding the dead |terests if A Butte, last night loaded five CONGRESS WILL REBUILD Prepares to Replace Government Build ings Destroyed in Sfan Francisco. Journal Special Service. Washington, April 21.Congress will take prompt steps to replace or rebuild ail the public buildings damaged or de stroyed Sa Francisco. The required appropriations will be made whenever the exaet necessities of the situation are received. The willingness of congress to begin reconstruction was indicated yesterday when Senator Scott, chairman of the commrttee on public buildings and grounds, introduced a resolution calling on the secretary of the treasury for full information as to the exact condi tion of the various government build ings in Sa Francisco, and instructing him to submit an estimate showing the aggregate sum needed to repair or re build them. The resolution suggested that steel frames be used in any new buildings. The resolution was imme diately adopted. Mr. Heyburn said provisions should at once be made for the federal courts in the ruined city. Senator Perkins said that according to his understand ing the department of*t justice buildin hi n* "**g* the postoffice the mint are still &dlcn?nditgn.an 6ne W LEGISLATURE WILL ACT California Lawmakers to Meet and Vote Relief. Journal Special Service. Los Angeles, April 21.Representa- tive A. Stanton of Lo Angeles, chairman of the ways and means com mittee of the state legislature, was called to Sacramento for conference wt Governor Pardee relative to the cali/ng of a special session. said: A special session will be called the first of the week, as soon as we look over the ground. I favor bonding the state for its full credit, if necessary, to Telieve the Buffering. Heroic action is necessary." HALT A MILLION I N BUTTE Mining Kings, Plain Miners and Even the Chinese Unloose Purse Strings. Special to The Journal. Butte, Mont., April 21.Acting un der telegraphic instructions from Henry H. Rogers, president of the Amalga mated Copper company, John Gilue, superintendent of the Amalgamated in- April 21," 190& -^t^ 9 cars with all kinds of foodstuffs and sent them hurrying on their fltey to the relief of California sufferers. President Rogers ordered $10,000 placed at the disposal of the stricken people. All yesterday and late last night mining men and others have been placing various sums of money with the banking interests to help out the relief fund. A mass meeting has been called for Sunday afternoon when it is proposed to raise more than half a million dol lars. Every lodge in Butte is contrib uting and a large colony of Chinese has given several thousands for aid of the celestials of Frisco. INSURANCE SHOCKS FALL Many Companies Had Reinsured Por tions of Their Risks. Journal Special Service. London, April 21.The shares of the London fire insurance companies have fallen rapidly since Wednesday. The total depreciation is estimated at about $30,000,000. Tho heaviest drops were in the shares of the Royal Exchange company, which showed a decline of 16% London Assurance, which went off 12%, and Phoenix which declined 9%. The officials are, of course, unable yet to indicate the amount of the claims, but all profess full expectation of meeting them without question. The officials generally deprecate the alarm at the stock exchanges as wholly un warranted and even foolish. I is stated in insurance circles that the Sa Francisco risks undertaken by the London, Liverpool & Globe and the Royal companies are largely covered by reinsurance in Great Britain and America. I Germany the heaviest burden will fall on the Munich reinsur ance- company, the largest reinsurance concern in the world. I is expected that complete disaster will befall sever al American and English small reinsur ance companies. -s $25,000 from Head of Lakes. Duluth, Minn., April 21.Duluth and Superior are expected to subscribe about $25,000 toward the relief of San Francisco. The relief committees of Duluth will raise $20,000. Mayor Lin ey of Superior has called a mass meet ing and thinks at least $57000 will be raised. ST. OLAF TRIUMPHS One of the Judges, However, Placed Gus tavus Adolphus First. Special to The Journal. Northfield, Minn., April 21.By a vote of two to one the debate on reciprocity with Canada was won by St. Olaf from Gustavus Adolphus collegelast night. The judges .were Judge C. I* Brown and At torney General Young, St. Paul, and Su perintendent Kunge of Red Wing. "Presi dent Sallmon of Carleton college presided. The St. Olaf speakers for the negative were Messrs. Glenn, Dale and Brown, and the Gustavus Adolphus debaters were Messrs. Gibson, Sundberg and Olson. St. Olaf has now won two out of the three debates with her rival. I Is Disease a Crim Not very long ago, a popular magazine fhe iublished an editorial article in which writer asserted, in substance, that all disease should be regarded as criminal. Certain It is, that much of the sickness and suffering of mankind is due to the violation of certain of Nature's laws. But to say that all sickness should be regarded as criminal, must appeal to every reasonable individual as radically wrong. I would be harsh, unsympathetic, cruel, yes criminal, to condemn the poor, weak, over-worked housewife who sinks under the heavy load of household cares and burdens, and suffers from weak nesses, various displacements of pelvic organs and other derangements peculiar to her sex. Frequent bearing of children, with Its ex acting demands upon the system, coupled with the care, worry and labor of rearing a large family, is often the cause of weak nesses, derangements and debility which are aggravated by the many household cares, ana the hard, and never-ending work which the mother Is called upon to perform. Dr. Pierce, the maker of that world-famed rem edy for woman's peculiar weaknesses and SsDr. Pierce's Favorite Prescriptionsays at one of the greatest obstacles to the cure of this class of maladies is the fact that the poor, over-worked housewife can not get the needed rest from her many household cares and labor to enable her to secure from the use of his Prescription Its fall benefits. It is a matter of frequent experience, he says, in his extensive practice in these cases, to meet with those in which his treatment falls by reason of the patient's inability to abstain from hard work long enough to be cured. With those suffering from prolapsus, ante version and retroversion of the uterus or other displacement of the womanly organs, it is very necessary that, in addition to tak ing his "Favorite Prescription" they abstain from being very much, or for long periods, on their feet. All heavy lifting or straining of any kind should also be avoided. As much out-door air as possible, with moderate, light exercise is also rery Important Let the patient observe these rules and the "Favor ite Prescription will do the rest Dr. Pierce's Medical Adviser is sent free on receipt of stamps to pay expense of mailing only. Send to Dr. R. V: Pierce, Buffalo, N Y.* 21 one-cent stamps forpa per-covered, or 31 stamps for cloth-bonnd. If sick consult the Doctor, free of charge by letter. All such communications are held sacredly confidential. Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets invigorate and regulate sfinach* liver and bowels. What,. Newbro's Herpicide has done for others it may do for you W .-4 :--lj a CLARENCE HAMILTON. .."Enclosed you will find a re cent photograph of myself, showing the growth of my halt since beginning the use of your Herpicide. Before* using Herpi cide, the top of my head was completely bald, but the use of only two bottles has brought a new growth of hair. I had spent between $30 and $50 on other remedies, but failed to derive any benefit until using your Herpicide. I cannot com mend this remedy too highly to any with dandruff, baldness or falling hair." (Signed) CLARENCE HAMILTON, Atlanta Police Department. Atlanta, Georgia. HILE CHRONIC BALDNESS is incurable, many cases of primary or incipient baldness have been completely cured with New bro's Herpicide, the original rem- edy that "kills the dandruff germ." Of course, the rational plan is to save the hair while there is hair to save, but even after it is gone there is a "fighting chance" if the hair folicles are not'atrophied. Herpicide stops itching of the sca lp instantly. Equip yourself. Business today is stren uous and quickly saps your vitality. Eat Apitezo, the cereal that nourishes and gives yott vital energythe power and snap to do things. -13 Crisp, delicious, appetizing, you will enjoy Apitezo to the last crumb. is packed with concentrated nour* ishment. It improves, and strengthens every part of your system, by putting red corpuscksj' in your blood. S Eaten with milk or cream, Apitezo gives you twice the food value ot* beef or eggs. Eat Apitezo and watch your vital energy go steadily up. Apitezo Biscuits, 15c the package. Apitexej Grains, 10c the package. Grocers, everywhere sell it. TEXAS MM "The garden of the Lord."Roosevelt Have you been reading: the Vander hoof lette rs on Texas in this newspa per? They point to opportunities in a new field. W can give you information which will be worth dollars and cents to you Write Business Men's Club, San Antonio, Texas. TEXAS LANDS. W want land buyers and good agents, Write today and tell us what you want and for .what purpose. Also when you will visit Texas. VWe recommend noth ing to a purchaser/tKat we ourselves can not unqualifiedly approve." Don't writ* I' unless you mean business. THE ILLIAM CO., 316 CONG. AVBNUE. AUSTIN. TEXAS.