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THE "JOURNAL VOLUME XVmNO. 304. -iTJCIAN SWIFT, MANAGER. J* S. McLAlN* EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERY DAT STTBSCBIPTION KATEB MAtt. tally and Sunday, per month.......*... 40o oily only, per month Sunday only, per month 10 J" BY CABBIES OUTSIDE THE CITY. Batty and Sunday, one month BOe BY CARRIES IN MINNEAPOtlB AMD |f SUBURBS. Dally and Sunday, one month ASo POSTAGE BATES OS SINGLE COPIES. Up to 18 pages 1 cent Up to 36 pages 2 ceuta Up to 54 pages 8 cents i 1 All papers a-e continued until an explicit order 6 received for discontinuance and until all ar rearages are paid. fcUBLIOATION omOEMinneapolis, Minn., Journal building, 47-49 Fourth street S. WASHINGTON OFFICEW. W. Jermane, chief of Washington Bureau, 901-902 Colorado bulld tag. Northwestern visitors to Washington in I Tlted to make use of reception-room, library, stationery, telephone and telegraph facilities. Central location. Fourteenth and streets NW. ^.Copies of The Journal and northwestern newa papers on hie. IE YORK OFFICE, CHICAGO OFFICE, World Building, Tribune Building. O'UABA. & ORMSBEE, REPRESENTATIVES. X.ONDONJournal on file at American Express office, 3 Waterloo place, and TJ. 8. Express office, 09 Strand. JfARISJournal on file at American Express, 211 Rue Scribe, and Eagle Bureau, B3 Rue Cambon. SWEDENJournal on file at American Legation, Stockholm. KORWAYJournal on nie at American Consul ate, Christians. DENMARKJournal on file at American Lega- t'.on, Copenhagen. fT. PAUL OFFICE420 Endieott building. Tele phone, N. W Main 280, T. C. 2066. EAST SIDE OFFICECentral avenue and Sec ond street. Telephone, Main No. 9. CELEFHONEJournal has a private switchboard for both lines Call No 9, on either line and I' call for department you wish to speak to. Proportionately Reduced Rate Expected. When it became apparent that valu ations of both real and personal prop erty in Minneapolis were to be raised materially by the assessors, the ques tion of a new rate of taxation became an important one and The Journal inquiied of the city assessor what he expected to accomplish in the way of reducing the rate of taxation. He gave us to understand that the entire amount of money raised by taxation was not to be materially increased that the members of the board of tax levy were practically pledged to that course of action. As the city grows and absolute Necessities grow, we" must expect to raise more money in the aggregate to Bieet larger demands. That is legiti mate. But such Increases should be scrutinized with great care and all lev ies examined thoroh, with a view to economy and reduction wherever pos sible. The estimates are now being pre sented to the board of tax levy. If the city assessor has assurances from the members of that board, as he has. claimed, that our total lew shall not materially exceed previous levies, we ought to have a very material reduction in the rate of taxation in thid city, as a result of the substantial increase. 1 The proportionate decrease in the rate of taxation would be a fortunate result and calculated to offset anv disadvan tage this countv inay suffer from heav ier assessments for state and general school purposes, but if we are not to have a materially reduced /ate of tax ation, the increased valuation, com pared with reductions or maintenance of the old valuations in other parts of the state, will be to our disadvantage. It looks as if the matter were largely in the hands of the board of tax levy and as if there were extra occasion at this time for firm resistance against ex tiavagance and unnecessary estimates. A local politician referred to Cuba as "the gem of the anthills." The South's Problem. l" People of the north, fortunately for them, have no adequate-conception of the conditions which brought on the recent race war in Atlanta, &., and which might bring on a similar slaugh ter in anv part of the south. We have negroes going about among us, attend ing the same churches and places of entertainment, using the same cars, their children attending the same schools with those of the white people, and we have no race problem simply and solely because the white predomi nates in the north. Under these cir cumstances the north cannot dogmatize on the fmbiect. But it can sympathize with both tho terror-stricken mothers of the south and with the inferior race which is doomed always to have all its members cursed for the fault of a few. The south in one sense is reaping from the seed sown long ago. The story of how the negro came to the south and how he was held there for generations need not be rehearsed it is history. History does not solve any problems, it merely states them. To solve this problem demands all the en ergies of sociology, education, religion. It can scarcely be solved by war, cer tainly not by deportation, for the south cannot do without the negro when all is said. How is it to be solved? Booker T. Washington is patiently working on his corner of it thru industrial education, the churches are working upon it thru religious teaching, the states are work ing upon it thru legislation. All of them taken together do not make as luch impression upon it as the child rith its wooden shovel on the sands of the &a. Yet it must bo admitted that all are Forking in sound ways and apparently (with as much fervor as is consistent with permanent results. So far ds the Outburst in Atlanta is concerned it ap pears to have some connection with the jtecent electoral campaign in that state. *OneV df the candidates for governor, Jloke Smith, made his campaign on fh exclusion of the negro fiom the ^ballot by.the^ means which have been rployed in South Carolina and Mis- Tuesday Evening, sisrippi. The negroes appear to have recognized Mr. Smith's success as the beginning of an onslaught upon them in a state which has heretofore been exceptionally fair to the colored man. While there is no direct evidence of it, it iSt fair to presume that the negroeB have discussed this change in Georgia sentiment and the lower elements among the negroes have become in flamed in their passions, as their bet ter educated brethren have become'in dignant at the outlook. Injustice always breeds injustice. Another factor in the Atlanta situa tion to which attention is directed by the Constitution is the number of low groggeries which are the loafing places of the worst class of negroes. It de mands the closing of them. "We do not see why this exposure made by a newspaper should not lead to a practi cal investigation by the administration of Atlanta of the question whether it is doing all in its power to keep the negroes as well as the whites in order. It looks as tho Atlanta was putting ''metropolitan" airs and ideas ahead of the safety of its children allow ing such places to run. Possibly there are some other things tho city of Atlanta can do which take precedence of shooting innocent ne groes to terrorize guilty ones. The latest attempt on Count Witte'e life was entirely legal. It was a surgi cal operation. Congressmen Should Come. The upper Mississippi river improve ment convention, to be held in Minne apolis on the 10th and 11th of October, is attracting the attention of business men in the upper valley, and is likely to bring together a good attendance. There is one class of men, however, who ought to make it a special point to attend this convention with a view to informing themselves thoroly with regard to what the promoters of river improvement want. These are the con gressmen representing the states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, the Dakotas, Iowa and Illinois. These congressmen are, in theory at least, the business agents of their con stituents in Washington. This matter of river improvement must be under taken by the government congress will have to furnish the money and congress ought to know how much money will be required, how practical are the plans on which it is proposed to spend it and what results are likely to be ac complished. CongreBs will look to the members from the Upper Mississippi valley for that information. We can not think of anything which is likely to afford the representative, present and prospective, a better chance to equip himself for valuable service to his constituents than to get in touch with the river improvement movement and thoroly inform himself on the sub ject. It is especially desirable, therefore, that the congressmen of this region now sitting, and those gentlemen who expect to be elected this fall, should attend this convention. They will find here men who have given to this sub nect years of study, who have had(ex-a perience in river navigation, who have information with regard to the engi neering problems involved, and who have commercial important interests to be served by the proposed improve ment. It should be a matter of public duty of the highest importance for every man who has, or is likely to have, a vote in congress on these mat ters, to inform himself with respect to that vote by studying the question in this convention. Fleas closed a Milwaukee school. That city has been growing by hops and now by skips. Gompers' Campaign. There is said to be a division of sen timent among the leaders of the Amer ican Federation with respect to the Gompers campaign against republican congressmen. John Mitchell is reported to be one of the protestants on the ground that the Federation is being made too much of a democratic adjunct and centering! its opposition too largely upon Republican candidates. If the Federation were effective in its operations it might turn the control of congress over to the democrats, thus blocking further progress by President Eoosevelt in his reform movements, in which labor is quite as much interested as anybody else. And the same policy pursued might, if at all effective, turn over both the legislative and executive departments of thegovernment event ually to the democrats, with inevitable consequences to the protection system and morally certain commercial depres sion and distress in labor circles. Mr. Gompers' campaign would have been much more reasonable, and doubt less more effective, if it had not been so pointedly directed against repub licans. Possibly he did not intend to place his organization in that attitude, but the democratic candidates inter rogated by the Federation catechism seem to have been more ready than the republicans to promise anything that might be demanded of them in the hope of promoting their political prospects. In this way the democrats appeared to be more generally in line with la bor's demands, altho labor has nothing to hope from the ascendancy of demo cratic policies, and its own experience should be sufficient evidence on the subject. Philadelphia is laying its typhoid to the oyster and is in as much of a stew as the bivalve itself. The Duty of Cuba. The labors of Secretary Taft in Cuba will be in vain, in the opinion of a re spectable portion of the American-press, even should he bring the tspo parties togethar in a spirit of concession. The making of peace, even on the "basis of a new election, would not avail since, in this opinion, the dissatisfied ones would wait only until a new grievance gave excuse for a new insurrection. This might be true, unless Cuba should set up a strong as well as a just government. The main difficulty with the rule of Spain was, it was both weak and wicked. It could neither do jus- tice nor wreak vengeance ^Arffcw-Rtirer illas in the brake could defv it. Her soldiers feared to go out of the Bight of the fortresses she held. I is quite evident that there is an element in Cuba that is prepared to play the same kind of tricks with a republic. They are not revolutionists, in the sense that our forefathers were who took up arms only after having exhausted every known form of legal and moral appeal, every honorable sug gestion of compromise of written and proved grievances. The Cuban revolu tionist is more like the man who stones the umpire at a baseball game, merely because the decision has gone against him. If the republic is re-established by the labors of Secretary Taft, it ought to be with the understanding that it will put itself in a position to defend itself against freebooters and black mailers. It ought to have an,army and it must pursue a policy of internal im provement which will open up every part of the island by railroad, or high way, or both. The guerrilla in Cuba is entirely dependent upon the brake for protection and the helpless, isolated farmer for subsistence* He would go out of business if all the underbrush were cleared and railroad depots took the place of jungles. In addition to being strong, the new administration must be just. The pres ent government is enormously extrava gant. It spends so much money that it is scarcely a wonder that the island ers have concluded that where so many live off the government the rest might as well file their applications for gov ernment jobs. The Japanese have a version of Faust in which Mephisto is a Russian and Marguerite, after having been acquit ted of the murder by a national trib unal, marries an officer of the return ing victorious Manohurian army and lives happy ever after. The version seems to show the blended influence of patriotism and a reading of Ameri can dime novels. An Ohio farmer, living in Mahoning county, has been sued for plowing over the graves of the parents of Mr. Bryan, in a deserted cemetery and for using the headstones for walks. You can be lieve almost anything of the inhabitants of a state whose republican convention acted like the last Ohio gathering. Attorney General Young's opinion that any city in the state may have a lid if it wishes, goes a little farther than he expressed it. Any city in the state may have a lid if any citizen de mands it. It does not take a majority to demand the enforcement of the lawi The Louisville Courier-Journal is calling for the restoration to congress of its representative character. It is suspected in the C.-J. office that this important function of congress became obsolete when Colonel Watterson failed of re-election about twenty years ago. From the Gold Coast Journal: "We report with deep regret the death of Mme. Aframmah, which took place on the ^evening of the lgth ^stant. She was buried next day with the amateur brass band." It was an excellent idea to bury them both. Uncle Joe Cannon is down in Mis souri returning republican congress men. Moreover he has refused to show the Missourians whether he is a can didate for president. What, are the traditions of the border state to be flouted? Carnegie has the edge on the com munities with which he has dealt, since his new simplified spelling may com pel then to get new libraries, and it does not require him to provide new buildings. Texas is considerably annoyed be cause her senator, J. W. Bailey, hired out to the Standard Oil corporation in its fight with the state. Without doubt, the corporation paid well. A New York club has evidence that the cost of living is still soaring, but the price of drinks remaining station ary, reduces tho average to within the means of the members. Chicago's mayor is asking for lower telephone rates. In the old days he would have to bo let in on a little bunch of cheap stock. We are doing better now. Summer is said to have closed official ly at 6:15 p.m. of Sept. 23. In the same way, that young man is supposed to go home at 10:30 p,m. Both linger a little. Free winter music for the poor is being talked up in New York. A pop ular tune would be the rumbling of a ton of coal down the chute. Bryan says a concern is a trust when it controls more than half the product. Most men admit that the wife is a conversational trust. There must be something ponderous in preparation at Princeton. Tho si lence over that way could be heard in a cemetery. Taft is probably arguing with Palma to come home with him to Washington and be an ex-president. A SLAP AT CAMPAIGN ORATORS Of all the men I've heard orate Upon the vacant lot, The leading light, I wish to state, Was Mr. Thomas Eott. Atlanta Constitution. S THggMPikEa:piSSi^jd^NAtJ Minneso Congressman 3$uckj|a& I Says He Is Thru with Politicsghittersen Men Watching Second District Beturns Some Legislative" TroublesHugo Announces Candidacy'Yor Spefsker in Home Papers.- ^s. Speeches todayA. fr. Cole, at Ben villej John A. Johnson at Owatonna. Congressman C. 5 Buckman of Lit tle Falls will retire from politics when his term as congressman ends next March. Since his defeat in the pri maries last week he has told his friends that he will not try for any further po litical honors, but will devote his atten tion to business when he is done wi+. his congressional duties. He has some valuable interests in iron ore proper ties, and will probably engage more ex tensively in this line of business. jOf course Mr. Buckman may change his mind in the next year or so, but it is probable that the Buckman machine will now disintegrate, and give way to a Lindbergh organization with James A. Martin as its manager. Some of the cogs in the old machine will find places in the new one. The close finish in the second district was a surprise even to the Guttersen men, who thought from the early re turns that McCleary had a lead of a thousand or more. The, country vote did much better'by3 be inr Guttersen than ex pected. It is not at all likely that any contest will be instituted, but now that the finish is so close t|e Guttersen men will take a good look at the precinct returns, and make sure that all mis takes are corrected. Gilbert Guttersen was in the twin cities yesterday. He says he will abide by the result, and will give Con gressman McCleary his support. He says further that McCleary will beat Hammond, As to another contest two yearB from now he will say nothing. He says there is a campaign on now, and it is no use .talking -about another till the present one is finished. The Fergus Falls Journal says: There were seventeen members of the senate railroad committee at the last session, and they slaughtered all the bills which hurt the railroads. It Is interest ing to know that only three have been renominated. Therja will be material in the next senate for a new deal. Only six .of the seventeen were can didates *for renomination, three winning and three, Gjertsen, Stone and Durant, being defeated. The three members of the committee who made the minority report on the demurrage bill and the anti-pass bill were Cole, Thompson and Jepson. None of thei three asked for renomination. Two of them, however, are managing the republican state cam paign. The legislative contest is not over in Otter Tail county. Bronson Strain of Fergus Falls Is circulating a petition as ,an independent candidate for tho house. He says'he will not file unless he gets others to run. The four repub lican nominees have only one opponent regularly nominated, John B. Hompe of Dee/"Creek, who filed as a populist. For the senate, Ole Sageng is ron1 ning as a populist, against H. T. Hille of Fergus Falls, the republican nomi nee. i,) The rumpus in the forty-fifth legis lative district may^end in some Mijle Lacs county man filing as an independ-, ent candidate by petition. A. C. Wilkes of Milaca is reported to*"hav a peti tidn in circul&troh.rftordefearunes 'If ?th attempt -s THIS DATE IN HISTORY SEPT. 25 1154King Stephen of England died. 1553Famous peace of religion es* tabllshed at Augsburg. 1777Colonel Ethan Allen captured by British near Montreal. 1857Relief of Lucknow. 1862Habeas corpus suspended by United States government *y i t\ 1870Siege of Paris began. 1898Revision of Dreyfus case., orr.[ dered by French cabinet., ,^f A 1900General John M. Palmer of Illinois died. Born, Sept, 13, 18171 it will Frank-T. White, againptft" whojit the principal fight was made. i It is not likely that any one could give White *a very close race now, how ever^ He made a strong showing in the primaries with very little expendi ture of money, and against a ^hard combination. C. J. Swanson, the nom inee for the senate, will have no oppo sition. Mr. Swanson is very popular in the district, and got a flattering vote where he is known. In his own town of Fridley he got every vote but one, and since the primaries a search for the guilty party has forced Mj. Swanson to admit that he cast the lone vote for Jhis opponent. One odd feature of the primary was found in the ninth judicial district. I. M. Olsen of Sleepy, Eye carried every county in the district and was nom inated hands down, but one of his com petitors, L. G. Davis, comes from Sleepy Eye also, and Davis carried their own town of Sleepy Eye by 209 to 89, also carrying the near-by towns. Everywhere else Olsen was in the lead. N. F. Hugo, of ^Dujp:thk who was Frank Clague 's opponent for the speak ership two years' ago, is busy now rounding up the members prospective. He is out with a card in the Duluth papers, in 'which he thanks his con stituents for the nomination, which he says came without ^he expenditure of any time or money, or a single personal solicitation, and then says: I now enter the race for the speak ership of the house .with all the energy I possess, and ask^the citizens of this and all districts of this great common wealth to give mo their moral sup- port.*' Many of Marcus L-auritsen' former colleagues in the house were disap pointed to hear of his defeat for the Senatorship. The race was fairly close, and Lauritsen carried Lincoln and Yel low Medicine counties, while Seward of Marshall, the nominee, carried Lyon by over a thousand. The total vote Stood: Seward, 2,574 Lauritsen, 2,287-, Ostensoe, 717 Faulds, 274. Charles B. Cheney. AMUSEMENTS Lyceum"The Only Way." Each week of the Frawleys' engage ment but proves the more conclusively that at last the Lyceum theater has come into its own. It Is fast winning a cli entele which appreciates the artistry of a manager and actoif like T. Daniel Frawley. This week the Frawleys are presenting "The Only "Way," a drama tisation of Charles Dickens' "Tale of Two Cities." As presented by the Frawleys, the play follows closely the incidents ot the great dramatic novel. No matter what may be said of the justification of Sydney Carton's sacrifice, the piece has the great merit of being almost breath lessly interesting. Tfye prolog and three of the acts are but the suspensive pre liminary to the grandif gruesome finale, the death on the guillotine. The real pity of it is that the tender, loyal, loving Mimi has her young life ended so terribly. But in the -interest of art, her suffering and death we re essential to the completeness of the picture. As to Syd ney Carton's death, one is compelled to agree with him in his last'speech, "It is a far, far better thingj that I do today than I have ever done." The character, Sydney Carton, with, all its varying moods, its heights and depths, would tax the resources of arty actor!' The first act alone calls Hof nearly-itfhe whole gamut of expression. Generously endowed with brain, refined, seifsItlvW* and conscious of his powers, yet a helples% victim of drink and cognizant of a wasted life and a hopeless lovehere, 'ina*e^d, is a formid able task, yet Mir iFrawley's ability proves him eli&l to It. Hls'nrle^Tltf'tfhe great third do are wohdeTfuLjiand* it is in thisthe* Tevolutioriary^ tribunal-' scene that Mry.-jEYawaey shows, his best powers. f? *The dell^aV and simplicity Miss Consuelo Bailey's art Is suited to the loyal little Mimi, and It was by Its very simplicity that her work makes the char acter sympathetic and impressive. When she guesses Sydney jCarton's purpose to die on the guillotine' In Charles Dtorney's place, she has a moment of convulsive sobbing, which is the best bit in the en tire production. Her genuineness and magnetism win deep admiration for her work. rt After Mr. Mortimer's really superior work last week in "The Charity Ball" one can but feel disappointed in his Charles Darney. The impersonation lacks ardor and genuineness. The char acter Is rendered so unsympathetic in Mr. Mortimer's hands as to give no good and valid reason for Sydney's sacrifice. He seems not to care much about Lucy jvlanette, and one could hardly blame her for not seeming to care much about him. The fact that tuu dramatic intent of the presentation hinges on a rare and beau tiful lovea love so perfect that the oth er man who loves her is willing to lay down his life that she may be happy in this lovemakes this lack in Mr. Morti mer a serious fault. Miss Turner as Lucy Manette has lit tle to dosave in the third actbut to look pretty, and she certainly fills the eye in this respect. George Hassel as Mr. Lorry is good, even if he does give a slight suggestion of low comedy at times. Louis Thompson is unconvincing as Dr. Manette. The Ernest Dafarge of Charles Macdonald Is rather ponderous as to voice, but in the main well por trayed, and a word of commendation is due Miss Christine Hill's "Vengeance." The mob in the tribunal scene issur prising as it may seem in a stock com panyvery well handled, due, no doubt, to Mr. Frawley's good Judgment in plac ing a number of his principals there to keep things going. It seems a pity that more of the beau tiful dialog of the last chapter of the novel could not be included In the dram atization. UniquePolite Vaudeville. Everything on the Unique bill this week is constructed for laughing pur poses, and some of it is laughable. Three sketches, two singing and talking come dians, Irene Little and the motion pic tures make up a program which, while lacking in variety, has many features of individual excellence. Sanford and Darlington start the game with a sketch which serves to Intro duce several rather difficult acrobatic and balancing feats. Eva Thatcher, "the Irish lady," who has a pleasing enthusi asm, gone slightly wrong, is the next to the front. Irene Little sings her songs without pictures this week, but with no loss of her grip on the Unique patrons. Leeds and ~Le Mars come under the wire with a boxing match which is close to the real thing. There is something In the spectacle of a soubret, petite and pretty, beating the block off the char acter comedian which appeals to the sporting blood and the susceptibilities of the audience at once. J. Gaff eney Brown, has solved a problem harder than that of perpetual motion, he has made the cigaret industrially useful. At least he earns a living largely on the strength of his clever stunts with the lighted coffin nail. Teed and Lazelle step to the bat with a "hashhouse" sketch which scores a two-bagger. The motion pictures are taken from the play "Kathleen Mavour- neen." Foyer Chat. The excellent reputation gained In New Sork by Robert Doraine and Bernard Shaw's comedy, "Man and Superman," which has permeated every section of the United. States, is sufficient to war* rant belief that when Charles Dillingham presents Robert Loraine in "Man and Superman" at the Metropolitan opera house for three nights and Saturday matinee, beginning Thursday evening, local theatergoers will manifest their anxiety in desiring to see the play, in unusual numbers. "Man and 'Superman" is a play of so high an order that it commands far more than ordinary atten tion wherever it is presented. As a brilliant playwright Bernard Shaw is conceded to occupy a class to himself. The presentation of "The Lion and the Mous,e" in every city is made notable by the large number of people it attracts to the theater who are not among regu lar, or even spasmodic playgoers, and only attend some particularly important event. Dealing as it does with the influ ence of the kings of high finance, and handled with the consummate skill for which Charles Klein has become famous as an author, "The Lion and the Mouse" is pre-eminently a play for the time. Mr. Harris will send a magnificent company here next Sunday night for a half week engagement at the Metropolitan. The saddest man in Minneapolis can laugh hlmSelf sick over the monumental absurdities pf the farcical sketch. "What Will Happen Next?" as presented by the eminent comedian, "Wilfred Clarke, assisted by Miss Theo Carew and Miss Eleanor De Mott and Archie Gilles at the Orpheum this week. Coming from many years of experience in the comedy roles with the greatest stars on the le gitimate stage, Mr. Clarke knew that vaudeville audiences like most to laugh, and they have been declaring him a howling success ever since. Other favor ites this week are Mr. and Mrs. Kemp In "Tales of the Desert," Ida O'Day, ginger and banjoist and Coram, the English ventriloquist. As expected, "Bedford's Hope" has caught on in great shape at the Bijou, and is playing to crowded houses. It is undoubtedly the best melodrama in every respect yet presented at the Bijou, and is certainly worthy the liberal patron age bestowed upon it. The race scene between the automobile and express tram is realistic and thrilling to a de gree, and provokes unbounded enthusi asm. A popular-priced matinee will be given tomorrow at 2:80. Charles E. Blaney will present another new production at the BljOu 'next week, entitled "Old Isaacson from the Bowery." The play is founded on the many inter esting features of life of the lowest East Side of New York. The title role of Old Isaacs will be portrayed by Harry First who will makf- his debut as a sla^ftfrr* several years of work under the tutor ship of the Blaney school of acting. A SONG FOR SCHOOL Some bovs, when they come into school (And some girls, too!) I grieve to be obliged to say That this Is what they do: They wiggle, And jiggle Thy hang their heads, And giggle Tlfey twitter, And titter, They bounce and flounce And flitter. Whatever thoughts their minds may fill They've no idea df keeping still. iiSi^ii^i^^^^i^i SeptemttS**!*?' ffi1 i /MP COEE1EPLIES O SPPGH MAINTfers^ *%IS^ STATEMENT THAT MO&E LAWS ABE NEEDED. i Republican Candidate Insists that Ef I Effective Enforcement of the Law Should Be Supplemented by Some AmendmentsUnder Present Law, Sate Reductions May Be Delayed. A. L. Cole, republican candidate for Johnson overnor, took issue with Governor last evening in a speech before the Roosevelt club of St. Paul. He criticised the governor's statement that with the exception of a demurrage law, our present railroad laws were "both efficient and sufficient," and once more staged his position on the question, clearly and emphatically. In the course on. Jiis .speech, Mr. Cole said: My attention has been called to that part of Governor Johnson's speech la which he criti cizes me for proposing as a solution of the. railway-i ate question the adoption of new laws. If the governor will read my speech again he will find that his charge is not quite fair. It is true I advised the enactment of new laws to strengthen our present statutes. But before do ing so I insisted that the first thing to do was to vigorously enforce the laws we now have. Among other things I said in my speech at Kenyon, and have since repeatedly insisted, that "there are already on our statute hooks laws which, when vigorously enforced, will afford Teiy substantial xelief," and I added that "the vigorous enforcement of our laws cannot be in sisted upon too strongly. Not only should there be vigorous enforcemecnt of our state laws, but we should at all times endeavor to create pub lic sentiment which may insure the enforce ment of onr federal rate statutes TMs was in line with the sentiments I ex pressed in a speech delivered last spring at Zunibrota wherein I said, among other things: "Now I have a receipt for existing railroad evils, and I will give 'It to everybody, from Governor Johnson down to the humblest citi zen. It is this Stop scolding and get to work enforcing the railroad laws we have, unless you can work and scold both at the* same time." But, while I hold this view and have empha sized it wherever I have had an opportunity to talk on the subject of railroad regulation to the people, I must emphatically dissent from the position taken by Governor Johnson that the laws of Minnesota affecting railroads and railroad rates are both "efficient and sufficient." If that were the case and Governor Johnson were as zealous for their enforcement as he professes to be, surely in the twenty months that the duty has^'dfivolTed upon him to take care that all the laws*'be- enforced he eould have done something to secure relief for the people from the heavy burdens the railroads have put upon them. Hasn't Invoked the Laws, But, altho he regards the laws as "efficient and sufficient" to afford the people all neces sary relief, there is no evidence that he ever sought to apply them to secure that relief. We have the authority of the railroad and warehouse commission for stating that up to the middle of last August "Governor Johnson has never at any time, in tie office of the com mission or at any other place, conferred with or consulted "the commission or any member there of in any matter pertaining to the rate ques tion or to the railways of this state, nor has any complaint, either oral or written or other- wise^^&m^^ip, ,tha a office of ^he comnussiou. rom.,the sgOTgraor. regarding the matter of rail road rotes, or matters involving the supervision of the railways of this state." Surely this should not be'the case If our laws were "effi cient and sufficient." Perhaps In* this connection it Is worth while to point out that up to the present hour the people have had to pay as high -rates as the day the governor was Inaugurated that tho discriminations made then are made now, and that every injustice which then existed, and which he has on several occasions referred to at considerable length, exists now. To use his own language, railroad conditions in Minnesota are as "appalling*' today as they were Jan. 1, 1905, and the only relief we can certainly de pend upon is that voluntarily offered us by the railroads themselves acting under the pressure brought to bear upon them .Jay the board of fjilroad and warehouse commissioners. .-^Reduction May Be Fought. In saying this I do not forget that the com missioners .have ordered a readjustment of freight rates on merchandise which will Include a reduction of some 20 per cent In these rates. But, while this reduction has been ordered, we are not warranted in concluding that all rail roads will eddfply" with thfs order, altho they may do so, and Just here is where I think one rew law is needed to strengthen our system. I am firmly ef the opinion that it would be merely simple justice to the people of the state, and at the same time fair to the railroads, that orders like this one for a reduction In rates, made after prolonged inquiry and investigation and after the railroads bad ample time and opportunity to present their side of the case, should become li 3s YfT?* i Some boys, when they take up their books (And some trlrls. too') IIweep to be obliged to say That this Is What they dot*" They batter them, They tatter them, Thev crumple, rumple Scatter them, hev scrawl them, Thev maul them The^ snatch and pull And haul them It makes me very sad to state A school book'8 is a wTetched fate. Laura fi. Richard in Congrgga^ipnulist, "t^OAf wtthn a reasonable thne, to b. decided upon, by thel afcd shMita reirialb. commission, in*forc unti modified or overturned by the courts. And, altho the gov ernor now thinks such a law unnecessary, I wish to point our that the position I have taken fn this matter was sustained by the democrats In convention assembled when in their plat form it is declared that "we demand additional legislation* regelating the rate charged by the railroads to the end that complaints from a patron of snch common carrier be given speedy and adequate'attention and prompt relief granted." Other Legislation Needed. So far from regarding our railroad la.ws as "efficient and sufficient," I think, in addition to the reform I have mentioned and to facilitate and not delay the relief Justly demanded by XhtSj^mW the* $mut interest requires, *s I hf alread p&fited'ont- Irst:Thy 4 passage Of a law providing_ for a jaft' sentence for rebaters. Second^The passage of a law for the abolition of 'tht. pass system ThirdThe passage of a law for the redaction of passenger rates to 2 cents a mile. FourthThe passage of proper and sufficient denunrage laws. FifthThe passage of a law to prevent the abuse of the private-car system. SixthThe passage of a law specifically au thorizing the railroad and warehouse commission to determine the actual value of railroad prop erty with a view to such value being used as a bisifi foi railroad rates. SeventhThe passage of such laws as are Moving on a large scal# is in progress on^Second avenue N. between Third attcT "Fourth streets. The task is noth ing less than the transfer of the throe story brick Mcintosh block from one side of an alley to the other, entire. W. B. Fieke, the .present' the x^T^"0^' 7 A "owner a -**"-:of \~J IP^! JfSFCf necessary la all ways that' are practtfcar and beneficial to the people to make the railroad statutes of the state conform to the rate-rego? lation law recently esacted by the federal gov*,, eminent. f-~ Former jSov^ernor Van Sant and Con gressman l-Stevens also addressed the Sub, and jthft close of the meeting resolutions w&re- adopted indorsing th entire state ahd congressional ticket. Favors Eef orestatipn. Mr. Cole also committed himself to ft practical forestry policy. He said on this subject: Another question which confronts u and which thoughtful people everywhere are con* Biderlng is the question of perpetuating and re producing our forests. If the present rate ot destruction of our forests Is to continue for tha short period of fifty years and no effort mada toward reforestation, we will not only find ourselves without a forest but without the es sential things which the forest furnishes. Tba question of reforestation is a practical question and if it succeeds It must be dealt with to a practical way and under conditions which maka success possible. No man can sit in bis office nor in the congreaa of the United States and figure out what part of the earth's surface should be reforested unless he has reliable information as to the conditions generally affecting the territory to be reforested. There is only one way to obtain that infor mation, and that is by having a proper investi gation made. It Is my belief that no tract of good agricul tural land should be set apart for forest pur poses while the.-e Is an abundance of land unfit for or Incapable of cultivation when that land la especially adapted to the growing of white pin* trees. I am told that the government owns millions of acres of land in Minnesota. Much ot It once was or now Is covered by a luxurious growth of white pine, and Is so rocky and huly that the tilling of the soil is impracticable if not Impossible, and these lands are not surrounded by conditions which make reforestation impos sible. These, then, are the places where refor estation should be undertaken. Thru the opera tion of the stone and timber act and In other ways this character of land is fast passing from government ownership to private holdings. And in order that the slate retain within her bor ders the greatest possible area of that class of land for forest purposes at no greater expensa than asking congress for the enactment of a law setting it aside for national parks or forests, it seems to me that the sooner we qualify our selves as a state to make such a request the better will it be for all. In order to know what lands should remain for agricultural pur poses and what should be given over to refores tation Is seems to me that competent and trust worthy cruisers should be employed at the ear liest day practicable to make the necessary in vestigation and report. Much can be learned from the field notes of the government survey ors, and it is perhaps best in order to facilitate the work the federal government be requested to- engage cruisers to accompany any of those employed by our state. What Other People Think Local Express Charges. To the Editor of The Journal. A few months ago, I think, the Com mercial club undertook to influence the various railway express companies to ex tend the boundaries within which they delivered, express matter, and were met with an answer that the officials wh had the power to arrange for such an extension were out of the city. Formerly the express companies noti fied parties for whom packages had been received, but of late they deliver them at an expense to the receiver of 15 cents. I live on Blalsdell avenue, one blocfe from the trolley line, and half a block from the corner of Franklin avenue, yet the express companies, or one of the principal ones, at least, has recently imposed a tariff for the delivery of two small packages, equal to that charged for sending one of them from "Washing ton, and the other from New York to Minneapolis. Is it not time that the tel egraph and express companies accom modated their service to the growth of the city and the convenience and rights of their patrons? I trust the Commercial club will renew its efforts. A Victim. A Point of Law, To the Editor ef The Journal. The law is a profound science. Itp practice, however, Is sometimes bewil dering to the layman. I dropped into a circuit court that was In session here. They were trying ft man on a charge of murder. He had put in a plea of insanity, thereby virtually admitting the killing. In the trial the Jury found he was of sound mind at the time of the murder and at th time of trial. But instead of bringing in a ver dict of guilty, they were instructed to go on with the case and try it just as if no plea of insanity had been made. Th* jury returned a verdict of gutlfy. It seems the law gave the accused the priv ilege of showing himself insane as a de fense^ and then, when that defense failed, gave him the regular trialjust as if he had not pleaded insanity an "not guilty." This reminds us another case. A man was said to have been arraigned In lourt for murder. He pleaded guilty. The judge said that the case would haws to go to trial just the same as if the pleft had been "not guilty," "because," as ha said, "the prisoner may be insane, be sides, he is such a notorious liar that h could not be believed under oath." Th jury -(we are told) found the prisoner not guilty. Was there any difference In the appli cation of law In these two cases? If the accused has the right to- have his mental condition established in one case why should he not have it in the other case, also? No presumptions of law can affect a prisoner's mental condition. Therefore, why not have every pris oner's mental condition determined! by the law before trial in every case, no matter what the plea Isguilty or not guilty. E. A Benjamin. Menomonie, "Wis., Sept, 20. BIG BRICK BLOCK MOVED building, after a consultation with ft moving contractor, decided that, big as it Was, it could be shoved bodily over the line dividing his propprtv from that of W. S. Nott, on which it former ly stood. The work is now begun, wit* every prospect of success. j,I T^t i.^,M(^.