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THE JOURNAL VOLUME xxvinJIO. sie. UJCIAN SWIFT, MANAGER. J. S. McLAIN, EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERY DAY SUBSCRIPTION SATES BY MAIL. Dally aad Sunday, per month..: *0c Daily only, per month...... Sunday only, ier month BT GABBIER OUTSIDE THE 01TT. Daily and Sunday, one month LV to 64 pages l5 60e BY OARBIEB IK MINNEAPOLIS AND BUB1TKBS. Dally and Sunday, one month 5 POSTAGE RATES OF SINGLE COPIES. tip to 18 pages 1 nt Up to 38 pages ceu 8 cent A papers n-e continued until an explicit order la received for discontinuance aud until all ar rearages are paid. PUBLICATION OFFICEMinneapolis. Minn., Journal building. 47-49 Fourth street S Mr. Hughes' Insurance Work. The insurance investigation which Mr. Hughes conducted for the Arm strong committee is evidentlf going to be a point of attack by the Hearst munities are employing similar agen newspapers during the campaign. Briefly the assault upon Mr. Hughes' record in that matter is that he did not go far enough. He did not call as wit nesses the chairman and treasurer of the republican national committee. The Hearst organs seek to place a construc tion upon this omission, damaging to Mr. Hughes. It is not quite clear what would have been accomplished by Mr. Hughes by calling the men named. He proved by McCurdy, McCall, Piatt, Depew and Perkins and other witnesses, that the money of the insurance companies was paid to the treasurer of the republican national committee. Mr. Hughes did not need to call Mr. Bliss in confirma tion of this testimony. It was not denied. It is not clear what it would have added to the testimony, had Mr. Bliss been called and questioned as to what he did with the money. The presumption was that he used it to pay for the campaign. The fact Mr. Hughes set out to prove was that the managers of the insurance companies gave the money and that in so doing they wronged the policyholders. He had no power to compel restitu tion. But there was a power in the state of New York to compel restitu tion by legal process. That power re sided in the district attorney, and the fact that it was not exercised is the one fact which accounts for the fall from his pedestal of Mr. Jerome. Mr. Hughes showed Jerome where to go to get the money back, and Jerome did not go. Hence while Mr. Hughes' fame has risen amazingly and put him in line for the presidency of the United States, Mr. Jerome's has dwindled to the point where he could not command a single delegate from his own city in furtherance of his candidacy for gov ernor. Anti-pass Baker has been renomi nated for congress in the Brooklyn district, which formerly threw him out as a crank. But this was before the railroads abolished passes. Juvenile Protective League. The Juvenile Protective league of Hennepin county has se'eured from the board of tax levy an allowance of $5,000 with which to establish a deten tion home for juvenile delinquents and dependents. This is an important fur ther step in the work of child-saving and crime-prevention in this commu nity. When, by act of the legislature, provision was made for special treat ment of the cases of juvenile offend ers in what is known as the luvenile court, it became apparent that some organization was needed to supplement the work of the court and its officers. Nowhere was the need of such an or ganization more apparent than among the public schoolteachers, who come di rectly in contact with the situation, and on whom was impressed the need of some agency which should make the care and protection of delinquents its main business. At a meeting called at the instance of the teachers, the Hennepin Protec tive league was formed. It has perfect ed its organization with Robert Pratt, former mayor and for twelve years a member of the school board, a man in full sympathy with the obiect aimed at, and in a position to know from per sonal experience something of the pe culiar needs to be served, as president. With him were associated in forming the organization twenty-five or thirty men and women whose names are a guarantee that a practical and helpful plan will be devised and carried out. At the last meeting of the executive committee of the Protective league the committee on detention and probation reported its success in presenting the matter of a detention home before the board of tax levy, and it was decided to employ at once two probation offi cers supplementary to the probation officer of the juvenile court employed by the city. It will be the business of these probation officers, both of whom are women of experience in this kind of work, to become the temporarv guardians, so to speak, of the depend ents and delinquents who are commit ted to their care. The commitment in few cases involves separation of the delinquent from the family, but it places, by order of the court, a sympa thetic, helpful person in the relation of adviser and counselor, and experi ence shows that such assistance and guardianship results in a great maiori ty of cases, in such reformation of the delinquent as to make further correc tion or restraint unnecessary. I This is that kind of reform work ^IjCwhich begins when the tendencies to- ^"Vard evil are not fixed by years of in l^dulgence and while the offender is still ^amenable to better influences. It is |?J a work of prevention rather than a y^work of cure. It is the scientific, the ^'economical, the practical, the sensible |*|treatment of criminal tendencies and Is&such treatment as prevents crime, which is infinitely better than restraint and punishment. It not only protects society but serves the individual. JFor such work as this the Protective league will need some money. They must employ probation officers they must maintain a detention home they must do something in the way of pro viding school facilities, and in other ways render assistance to unfortunate children whose training for lives of usefulness rather than for lives of crime is worth ten times what it costs to the state. It may be suggested that the state should provide for all this expense. Doubtless it will at some time, but it does not do it now. There must be a beginning and an education of the pub lic and sometime it will be apparent to everybody that the cheapest and easi est and surest way to treat crime is to prevent itcheck the tendencies when they may be checked, cure the disease before it becomes chronic. To this end the Protective league will ask the peo ple of Minneapolis presently for their contributions. It is to be hoped that the purpose to be served will so com mend itself to good citizens every where that they will not be slow in responding with sufficient funds to make the undertaking serve well the needs of this community. Other com- cies Minneapolis cannot afford to let this effort lag for want of a little money. When Senator Bailey began to lay by for a rainy day he did not know how soon the storm would burst. Anti-Pass and Related Issues. The railroads of the country have never offered any very serious opposi tion to abolishing the free pass. In a few cases, where they have attempted to control the politics of a state by wholesale distribution of passes, the po litical end of the roads has objected to having them wiped out, but that attitude has changed. The railroad companies are very close now with transportation, and are demanding that their passenger service pay a good profitsomething that was formerly unheard of. They are apparently quite willing to see passes abolished, and will not object to the passage of a stringent law for Minnesota. The strongest indication of this is found in the stand taken by men who fought the anti-pass legislation in the last legislature. They are one and all coming into line and pledging their con stituents to support such a bill next winter. Passes are morally wrong, but the traveling public will get no money ben efit from such legislation if it stops with abolition of passes. The people who formerly rode on passes would pay cash, and no one would be benefited but the railroads. Logic calls for a reduction in railroad fares at the same time not any mileage-book scheme, with reduced fares to habitual travel ers, but a maximum Tate of 2 cents for everyone, if that figure is found to be reasonable. There is every reason to believe that it is. The experience of eastern roads indicates that fare reduction increases business, and that net profits do not suffer. A great share of the travel in Minnesota is already carried for 2 cents. Including passes, the average revenue per mile in this state is very little in excess of that rate. In jus tice it seems that the occasional trav eler ought to have the benefit of a straight 2-cent fare. No anti-pass bill should be considered unless it is coupled with a fare-reduction proposition. Passes have been a legislative per quisite in the past. If they are cut off, a meaner per diem will not cover the living and traveling expenses of members. It has been proposed that a law be passed to allow members extra pay to cover a round trip to their homes each week. Thev have received 15 cents a mile in the past. That seems a fair allowance for mileage, and with a 2-cent rate, would give them nearly four round trips for each session. The only sensible way to make up the loss is to increase the salaries of members to a fixed sum for the session. Bills to that effect have been repeatedly beaten, because members were afraid to go on record as voting to increase their own pay. It is time to drop this false modesty and put the legislature on a proper basis. 'Good men who will spend their time and money to be elected, to prepare for their duties, and to attend a session for three months and a half, are worth $1,000 to the state for a two-year term. If they do their duty in other respects this win ter, the people will not object to rais ing the legislators' pay. Senator Hemenway is another of those sooners who is yelling for the American flag to stay up in Cuba when it has not gone up. be labeled "tyrants of the people," and will be knocked over with pre cision by earnest thinkers morning and evening. Editorial Section. fHE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL. there were no permanent cures, the freedom from the disease even for a time, allowing the individual to recover some of his equipoise lost thru ex cesses, was worth the effort. Com munal separations do not seem destined to solve the great question of how to get the most out of life and retard the progress of humanity the least, but they all have their educational influ ence. The Shakers never did any one harm and they have done the world a great deal of good by their example of peace, virtue and industry. The Sin clair colony has -perhaps too much tal ent on the ground to last as long as the Shakers have, but it will last long enough for some of the members to draw observations which will be useful to mankind always. President Amador is in Washington and reports things just lively in Panama. Hard Road for Reform. How difficult it is to get a reformer who will stay put, is illustrated in the case of Mayor Weaver of Philadelphia. John Weaver was put into office by the machine of Philadelphia, which saw in him a serviceable instrument, first as district attorney, next as mayor of the city. As district attorney he did the work of the gang. As mayor of the city he did not awake until the gas lease job was impudently thrust un der his nose, and he was told to sign. As insulting and humiliating as this de mand was Mayoi Weaver might have signed, but for one thingthe ferment of public indignation. I was Mayor Weaver's weakness, not his strength, that saved the city. A strong man like Quay would have signed a weak man like Weaver did not sign. Immediately upon the defeat of the gang in the gas matter, the best people of the city gathered about the mayor and, accepting him for their leader, or ganized the city party which in the fol lowing elections gained a remarkable victory for good government. But here the weakness of Mayor Weaver began to show itself. He felt the sep aration from his old associates. He listened to insidious suggestions that "the party ought to get together again" and when the city party at its second convention rejected his personal candidate for district attorney, the break came. He flopped back to the arms of the machine men and began discharging excellent officials whom he had appointed to city offices. The ad visory council which he had himself named met without him, and apparent ly, the administration of Philadelphia had gone back to the depths from which Weaver on the impulse of an in dignant public had dragged it. The lesson of this moral defeat for reform in Philadelphia is that it is never safe to conclude that the "inter ests" have given up the fight. They plan and plan after all others have turned over in the blessed sleep of se curity. They have never ceased to in intrigue tq. separate Mayor Weaver from the city party. They have proved that reform never safely can be made a matter of one man's leadership. The Boston Herald aptly calls atten tion to the campaign that might have been had Mr. Bryan stayed away until next year, had the democrats of New York selected a high-class leader and attacked the republicans on state is sues, had the democrats of Massachu setts given their nomination to Mr. Whitney, who so recently won the state on reciprocity, and had the forces of socialism, radicalism and crazy quilt ism remained in the background. It is tearful to think of, but the demo crats gave away their chances in ad vance and all the republicans have to do is to steer a straight course by the Roosevelt star. The Candidate Standard. Sinclair's Own Jungles. Upton Sinclair is about to start a co-operative colony. He has secured several acres on the Palisades of the Hudson, and has gathered about him a group of professors, writers, lectur ers and other people whose society ought to be congenial, but probably will not be, and will attempt to mold them into a community in which there will be nothing but virtue, altruism and contentment. There will be a the ater on whose stage Sinclair will ap pear as the Jungle and a bowling al- and one of thosxe independents which ley is assured in which1 the pins will America is tolerably familiar with the idea of socialistic and communistic experiments. They have ranged all the way from the Brook farm experiment, when the elite of the cultured east in vain attempted to produce satisfaction by separation, to the bearded collection of anarchists somewhere out west, who are living together without law. It is a curious fact that while these communities draw together to obtain perfect individual liberty they usually result in dissolution because individual liberty is too much restricted. The same motives which drew the commun ity together in the end drives i% back to its original elements. i-^*-*^-! The Emporia Gazette, a republican party paper in Kansas, publishes an editorial in which it says that every year all over this great and good coun try of ours, people are discovering what a lot of "good fellows" the men run ning on the democratic ticket are and thinks it a curious thing that whenever the democratic party, as a party is pecu culiarly weak and its principles partic ularly obnoxious the democratic ma chine picks out its "good fellows." This "good fellow" trick, it says, is an old dodge and should not fool any one. However, it is at work in Kan sas, according to the Gazette, and the local ticket and the state ticket are spattered all over with "good fel- lows," These "good fellows" appeal to the voters on their merits, but if elected will help the democracy in the contest for national supremacy next year. The Gazette therefore argues that republicans should not be coaxed off by the candidacy of "good fel lows and that a vote for a good fel low" is a vote against the persistence of republican policies. The Kansas City Journal picks up this editorial and calls attention to the fact that its contemporary, the Star, has not yet seen fit to print it. Now, the Star is an independent newspaper i is likely to lean toward the democratic party. It is inclined to find "good fellows" on democratic tickets and the Kansas City Journal suggests that it is not likely to publish editorial senti ments so well calculated to discourage independent voling. While the Star is inclined to be a chaser after "good fellows" and very lax in its political allegiance, if it has any, the Journal of Kansas City prides itself upon its or ganic relation to the republican party and pleads always for party .loyalty. But where our Kansas City name sake is wasting its time and strength is not in recognizing the wisdom of the democracy in making a strong bid for votes with superior candidates as the best policy for the republicans to adopt! If it pays the democrats to nominate the best men they find in the, hope that tho in the minority they may seduce But no attempt to live a better life enough republican voters away from is lost to the world even if the experi-1 their party to achieve success, why can/ ment fails. The familiar argument $n*not the republican party adopt the I in ,tbe state/was started. *his year, for favor of *he liquor cures that even^^me pdlicy, jmd^thereb^^^^ "tricks," as the Journal calls them, the "democrat dodges," Wjhich are re sorted to to get votes? t ought to be just as good a republican dodge to put up "good fellows"that is, good men who attract votersas it is for a minority party to do so. Whene crats put up "good fellowsf demo- th Kan sas City Journal would accomplish most for republican ascendency in Kan sas and Missouri, by showing how nec essary it is that republicans should do as well. The time has gone by when any party can elect anything. The grand lama of .Tibet has ordered an 80 horsepower automobile and this is the lay of the lama. A Religious Day in Schools. With the development in England and France of an almost passionate demand for the separation of church and school and church and state, there is noted in America a slight reaction in the other direction. It has found expression in the action of certain re ligious leaders asking such a reshaping of the public school curriculum as will permit the use of an afternoon session weekly for religious instruction. The reception of the plan has not been enthusiatic. It savors too much of reopening questions which are set tled, and which it is much desired shall remain settled. Men connected with education doubt its feasibility, and others connected with religion doubt its usefulness. None of them appears to think it would meet the exi gency of the time, which is for more religious instruction, more intimate knowledge of the Bible and more rev erence for things which are sacred. The best thought upon the subject is that we must continue to place re liance upon the character and conse cration of the men and women teach ing, rather than in formal religious training in the schools. Many chances for the upbuilding of character come toj the teacher, which do not come to the religious instructor. Many of them would have to be sacri ficed were the teacher compelled to teach not religion but a religion. On this point the Churchman, a represen tative newspaper of the Episcopal church, and which is strongly averse to religious instruction in connection with the schools, says: "The way to make the public school more godly is to rec ognize that every schoolroom may be a mission field of preparation for right living. To inspire teachers with such ideals of their profession is part of the work of the church. In seeking to realize these ideals there need be no fear of sectarian jealousy. All are agreed on the traits that are lovable in character. All want their children to be what such nurture will help to make them. If that is done in the schools the Christian home and the Christian church ought to do the rest." Chicago automobilists request that horses be kept, off of the t, boulevards. This might be coiitedea? If-.the automo bilists will agree to keep off the people. The Patterson Case. of tobaccoo except as a 1 Joseph Medill Patterson writing for the Independent makes out a severe case against himself. He has, he says, an income of between $10,000 and $20,- 000 a year for which he does nothing. It came to him thru his family. Some of it comes from the profits of La news paper, some from railroad^, some from the Tobacco trust and- some from Chi- i destination. The officials took these cago real estate, which came into the promises to pay to an amount aggregat- hands of Q Somehow Mr. Brisbane's remarks in the North American Review have not the convincing appearance they have in the Journal. He misses the double lines, small caps and italics. Sunday, October 7, business, and so is not entitled to any consideration from'the state. On such a showing as the prison plant makes in its biennial report to' its stockholders, the taxpayers of the state, it is certain ly entitled to the firmest kind of sup port. It is facing a crisis in its history. The plant established to freeze out the prison has not been a very large factor in the market this year, but by next spring will have a large stock on the market, to meet the prison prices. The contest for business will put Warden Wolfer on his mettle, and he deserveo the support of the legislature, in any additional legislation he may need. The Novoe Vremya, which comes to us with revised spelling all over the editorial page, remarks that after Atlanta perhaps America will not keep all her cans to tie to Eussia. It made Togo so sad to see people buying his picture that he paid $7 for the plate and destroyed it. Wonder what Togo would do in a primary cam paign. Uncle Joe Cannon says there is not much chance to elect a republican pres ident in 1908 unless the next house is republican. Yet there will be repub lican candidates for the nomination. Hall Caine says he is just $5,000 out of pocket because of his latest play. This is a little more than the loss of the people who witnessed it. After all New York could not make much of a kick on Hearst for governor so long as Piatt and Depew have not resigned from the senate. Possibly Lipton will never get a Shamrock that will go until he gets up to No. 23. 'TBUE AMERICANISM' Henry Van Dyke in Harper's Magazine. For what is true Americanism, and where does it reside? Not on the tongue, nor in the clothes, nor among the transient social forms, refined or rude, which mottle the surface of hu man life. True Americanism is this: To believe that the unalienable rights of man to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness are given by God. To believe that any form of power that tramples on these rights is un just. To believe that taxation without rep resentation is tyranny, that government must rest upon the consent of the gov erned, and that the people should choose their own rulers. To believe that freedom must be safe guarded by law and order, and that the end of freedom is fair play for all. To believe not in a forced equality of conditions and estates, but in a true equalization of burdens, privileges and opportunities. To believe that the selfish interests of persons, classes and sections must be subordinated to the welfare of the com monwealth. To believe that union is as much a human necessity as liberty is a divine gift. To believe not that all people are good, but that the way to make them better is to trust the whole people. To believe that a free state should offer an asylum to the oppressed and an example of virtue, sobriety and fair dealing to all nations. To believe that for the existence and perpetuity of such a state a man should be willing to give his whole service, in property, in labor and in life. MOST PEOPLE ARE HONEST San Francisco Argonaut. During the flrst four or five days after the San Francisco fire, when many peo ple could get no money from the banks, a great number went to the railroad officials for tickets to points north, east, south and west, and both in and out of the state. They insisted upon paying eventually, but had nothing0 to give a that time but theirn written promises to pay as soon aosm they could reach their thf did it a wrong. It might be figured the Maine campaign, conduct the re- out that the wrong, if there is one, is Mr. Patterson's personal dereliction rather than one of a system. The Prison Twine Plant. Warden Wolfer reports that the state prison twine plant has made a net profit in the past two years of $409,452.87. This in itself is a splendid practical showing for the state's biggest manu facturing industry, but there are other features still more' to its credit. The prison twine has been sold at a price generally about 2 cents a pound lower than charged by private manufactur ers for, the same quality^ On the twine actually sold by the brison to Minne sota, farmers, the jmrch^sers have been saveU $250,000 each yeajs, on the aver age^ The amount increases as the ca pacity of the plant is expended. Prison twisty competition has afto forced down ttajf'fjrice? of other twined sold in Minne sota, and sd'has saVed money for every consumer. The plant cannot be considered a competitor of free labor in Minnesota, either. The only private twine factory 1,0 am consumer.s Thpe haed people wh work on the railroad su port him in splendid style while he' does nothing. Mr. Patterson says he is overpaid and consequently somebody else must be underpaid. Of course Mr. Patterson is overpaid, but it does not follow that he or any body else is underpaid. The dividends that he draws on railroad stock come to him because somebodv in his family loaned money to somebody else to build a railroad. If somebody in his family had not been able to advance the capital to build the railroad, prob ably it would not have been built. In that case the persons who are now em ployed on the road might not have been employed so well, possibly not at all. The persons who borrowed the money and built the railroad presumably are using the capital advanced at a profit or they would discontinue running trains. So it would appear that who ever in his family helped to build the railroad by earning and lending the money with which it was built con ferred a favor on the world rather than ro Persons.t earl 60 00 0 fr O ln .hi famil! when is remarkable that within five months cheaper, and has been" made valuable tn by the people who came to Chicago to nine-tenths of the full amount, has been live and work. He, knows nothing Paid by remittances from the refugees to i,^^rij_ whom credit had been extended. Much about railroads, he has no knowledge disaster no less than $53,000, or ^asked is tnote pay uffer who- evenf been tos signe a prom AN OUTSIDE VIEW Paynesville Press. The best thing the republicans of Minneapolis ever did was to re-nom mate Jones as their candidate for mayor. The decent people of the whole north west are now praying that they will have the good sense to stick by him and re-elect him. ONE LOYAL SOUL Kansas City Times. Most of the New York able editors have bolted the democratic ticket, but Candidate Hearst has every reason to believe Arthur Brisbane will remain steadfast. OH, HORRORS! Detroit Journal. The worst of it is that not even lynch law seems to be available for "Dram atist" Hal Reid, who has just given the Thaw-White tragedy to the stage. E OUGHT TO BE RESTED Philadelphia Ledger. President Roosevelt has had nothing to do during his vacation but supervise Eublicanthpolitics of New York state and andle Cuban question. THE JOY OF DOING SOMETHING Carlyle. Consider how, even in the meanest sort of labor, the whole soul of a man is composed into a kind of real harmony the instant he sets himself to work. THIS DATE IN HISTORY OCT. 7 1573-William Laud, archbishop of Canterbury, born. Died Jan. 10, 1644. 170JJRussians under Peter the Great defeated Swedes at battle of Lesno. 1765First congress of American colonies met at New York. 1780Battle of King's Mountain, South Carolina. 1812Napoleon defeated the Rus sians at the battle of Moskowa. 1861Confederate Ironclad MerrJ mac made Ks first appearance within sight df Fortress Monroe. 1864The pirate vessel Florida ^ap- ured by Wachusett. 1868James Hind, member of con gress from Arkansas, assassinated. 1871O'Neill's filibusters seized custom house and postofflce at Pem bina, Manitoba. 1873Third trial begun of Edward S. Stokes for murder of James Fisk, Jr. 1894Olivet* Wendell Holmes, died. ture by United States steamship Born Aufl. 29,^ 1809. & Tuberculosis and Swamps, To the Editor of The Journal.' The drainage of Bassett's Greek dis Wpst of 'l^-ko trict by the* construction of a navi- To ^jnn^t&t ^crime, gable channel connecting it with the chain of lakes, enlarging and perpetu-' he doubtless had a dim tile soil and protecting property Northi ating Minneha'haFafls, improvW the that he statmg the problem of civ- park system, converting 700 aeres of ilization. We have never solved it. worthless swamp into valuable" J"ue floods desirable improvements, but projecting the health of the people living in the vicinity of the swamps should be con sidered of more importance to the city than all the other features combined. Twenty-four hundred years ago, Hip pocrates, the "father of medicine," taught that marshy, stagnant water (swamp water) causes enlargement of the spleen, and emaciation, particular ly of the shoulders, region of collar bones and face. Every observing per son knows that in nearly all cases of tuberculosis of the lungs, the above de scribed emaciation exists for some time before the lung disease is sus pected. Many modern authorities on sanitary science maintain that swamps are the most dangerous predisposing cause of consumption of the lungs. I have waited in vain for several weeks, expecting some philanthropic physician or hygienist would raise his voice in favor of the drainage of the disease-breeding swamps. Seven hun dred acres of swamp one locality within the city. And there are many more. Old residents who claim to know, say that there are between 1,500 and 2,000 acres of these disease breed ing swamps within our city limits. Oalhoun west l^afc near lanae artificially made by careless people building roads without culverts, ob the structihg the natural course of The Primaries. CIVIC ACTIVITIES Chicago won the second round in her battle for municipal ownership of street railways when the circuit court upheld the constitutionality of the Mueller certi ficate law. The matter will have to gro thru the supreme court of the state and after that the companies may trump up some federal question which will still longer delay a settlement. But the peo ple have been upheld as far as thev have gone with the prospect that when the Mueller certificates are Anally placed on the market the traction companies will be ready to sell out at a reasonable figure. Six years ago Peru, Ind., purchased for $60,000 an electric light plant payable in ten annual installments. Of late the ser vice has been so poor that an investiga tion was ordered with the result that It is declared necessary to put up from $40,800 to $60,000 to renew the plant. This seems to be an example of political own ership. Baltimore has begun work on her com plete new $12,000,000 sewer system. AN ALL-AROUND STATESMAN When affairs are wrong with men. Who can set them right again1 Papa Tart When the times are out of joint, Who's the surgeon to appoint? Papa Taft. Taft, Taft, Papa Tatt! He's a man of endless craft. He can cure our every 111 He's the nation's Patent PHI. When the Cubans start a fuss, Who can straighten out the muss? Papa Taft. When the Panamaians kick, Who's the one to wield the stick? Papa Taft. Taft. Taft, Papa Taft! He's as solid ag a raft. He can CUre our every ache He's the bolus all should take. When the politicians snarl, Who should supervise the bar'l? Papa Taft. t- When there's need of worth or weight, Who's the man to save the state? ,v Papa Taft ^ifeS^" |*fTaft, Taft. Papa Taft! v4ds& |||Down on those who loot or graft, 1$[jgm Let us loud his praises sing Patent Core for Everything. -Philadelphia Bullethk "HOOT MON" When the Mikado sang his song of pirnishmefct with the refrain: My object aU anbllme I shall achieve in time _of:_i. ^0 near Linden use the machine while he was away tfa machin zAo1La lV and fer-- When a bank president steal JAr 00 0 au mui^ufi p^r^j from Ousting depositorss we fine Minneapolis fron spring him $120^nd send him to nail for ten i, would certainly be great and years. Wouldn't it be feasible to put ibl improvements but projecting him back in business and take all nis profits for the benefit of those he plun dered When a man is arrested fpr to ide non-support the court does seem know how to make him take his wages home. It fines him $50 and he goes to jail until his wife borrows the money and gets him out of hock. How does this help to put the family on a Car negie basis! It is quite evident our lawmakers do not studv their problems or that they make too hard and fast laws to hamper the judges in meting out punishments. Now theie are evidently some stu dents among the canny burghersof Glasgow. They have been ruminating upon the case of automobilists and have at last hit upon a scheme of pun ishments which the Mikado would ap prove because it fits. When an auto mobilist scorches over the roads of Glasgow he has his automobile taken away from him. The provost locks it up and turns the key upon it for a week or ten days according to the gravity of the offense. If an mdivd ual is caught scorching on the Harriet boulevard it does no good to fine him or send him to jail. Some one else might wer ca twould ure ancd locked up for two weekes it'p ten owner. If this is impracticable might. at least b.e water. These swamps are ten or i machine ninety-two times over twelve feet above the level of Lake part of the Hennepin boulevard which Calhoun and can easily be drained. It lies in the eighth ward, is time that the people of Minneapolis should realize the danger and jieed lessness of these pestiferous swamps. If it is impracticable to drain these towards Minnehaha Falls, then have them drained in some other direction. J. A. Herron. To the Editor of The Journal. Since the 18th of September many of us have been giving the matter of the primaries much thought _- The sys tern has been torn asunder by both into the faces of the opposition victor and vanquished, and alwavs favorite act of manslaughter win be from the standpoint of the existence of party organizations and as if such or ganizations were to remain forever. It is my opinion that the nominating system, as we have it in Minnesota, ap proaches perfection in the light of what it accomplishes, with one promi nent exception and that isit should be the right of every man to vote for any candidate up for nomination, re gardless of the party affiliation of vot er or nominee, and I would strike out that other portion of the law that calls upon a voter to align himself with one party or another. Then in a contest similar to the recent civic nomination, all citizens who wished might vote for either Williams or Jones without frac turing the law. The man and his ideas would become more prominent, and partizanship with all its machinery would sink into oblivion. There can be no doubt that this is the trend of the age. The primaries have made politicians of us all. The preacher has found his place is at the polls and on the politi cal platform, and so he preaches and practices, and he and his church com mittee outrun the brewer and his dea cons in the hot race to the polls, right eousness triumphs eventually, and we can always count on it so doing in the land of the American. It is the prevalent American desire that the majority of the people shall rule. The primary system makes such a condition possible. The two men receiving the highest number of votes in the nominating for any office should be considered the candidates for that office to come before the people at the ensuing election, regardless of the fact that there might be a socialist, a labor unionist, a prohibitionist, a republican or a democrat after that,, office at the primaries or a dozen of each political faith. The sects should be tried out here and simmered down to two, and the whole body of people would focus its attention on these two for ,the elec tion. The results would be the same as we have them now, the man with the largest following at the ini tial step would win in the final tryout, and we would have a great saving in election expenses and a consequent re duction of taxation. Of course the pos sibility exists of not naming a candi date pleasing to one faction or another, but the proviso of the present law al lowing an independent candidate to be brought out with due notice would still exist. Let us open the primary to the peo ple without the party restrictions and let us return to the old town meeting, conducted in this new way, every citi zen having a voice thru the use of his ballot. T. H. C. sentenced to 5 un ^he1 ,TO, Folks who have not become inured to being killed in football will be inter ested in Professor Camp's exposition ot the new rules, designed to make the game less deadly. The mam features of the new rules are, first, the shorten ing of the game by ten minutes, which gives each player one more ehaiice in four to survive. Second*, prohibiting hurdling. Hurdling is where the man with the ball jumps over the backs of his own team and throws the boots deeply missed in the new game. Third, substituting the ten-yard for the five yard rule on three downs. Mothers who witness the game will appreciate the importance of this when they see Willie under two tons of man pretend ing to breathe. The forward pass is calculated to enliven the game by giv ing the runner a chance to get away with his life. If he finds himself in danger of immediate dissolution he has the privilege to pass the buck to the next man. The Dumas' musketeers had a theory that three must sxart in order that one might arrive. It seems to be so in football under the revised code. There are some sorts or -.'rtising circulars sent out which ar& merely amusing Others have a tendencv to raise the temperature to .103 and pro duce in the patient reader a dangerous deflection toward a rash. One of the latest of these is from a bonding com pany which puts it up to merchants thus: Do you KNOW that all your custom ers aie solvent and will remain so dur ing the year? Do you KNOW the inside facts about each one's business1? Do you KNOW that strikes, crop failures, floods, financial stringency and other business disturbers will develop during the year? If you know these things you, of course, know that you are liable to some losses. All you have to d is to file an affidavit showing how much business you did every year frot* 1861 down, how much your loss was exexr year and by return mail you will get neatly engraved bond indemnifying you against your country merchant having trouble with his wife or closing the store to go fishing. It is as easy as fall ing off a log to do a profitable business nowadays when you get bonds against fire, flood, mumps or glandered horses. It is a wonder anybody takes the trou ble to learn a business for himself. If Bishop McCabc is to be believed the missionary work of the church in Turkey has not been worth the money. He is reported as saying: I am as a Jike general thing opposed to war, but I'd to see one more warone against the sultan of Turkeyand I'd like to participate in it. I'd like to see Dewey with a good fleet, sail up the straits of the Bosphorus. We don't want any more such rulers as the sultan of Tur key and the czar of Russia.'' What's eatin' the good bishop? Has the sultan poked a Methodist in the chest or turned his impious hand against a meek and lowly missionary? It would seem as the such talk would not tend to calm the sultan if he gets to hear of it. Imagine the Unspeak able one smoothing out his Sophia Ban ner and running onto a headline like this: BISHOP McCABE SAYS The Sultan Ought to Be Thrown In th Lake. The Veneralble Prelate Tells America that Our Beloved Emperor Is a Cheap Skate Who Ought to Be Tagged for JolietFierce Feeling Against Allah In AmericaRoosevelt Will Discipline the Bishop. It would look as tho the bishops ought to get busy with that portion of Scripture which savs "Render unto Cesar the things that are Cesar's." The sultan may not be the most popular character or among the six best seller* of America, but he has his rights, on of which is to get a good word from the bishops. He needs it. TWO GOOD-NIGHTS THE CITY CHILD'S GOOD-NKGHT. Good-night, dear noisy, happy street! The clanging bells and hurried feet. When I am safelr tucked In bed And all the daytime thoughts are fiedj Are just Uke music to my ears. And drive away the night-Ume fears. Good-night, dear street. Your lights so bright Shine In my -window all the night, And company they are to me. Bat oh! how lonely it must be Beyond the city and the park When everything is stlU and dark. THE COUNTBY CHILD'S GOOD-NIGHT. Good-night, dear hills! So still yon Us Against the bosom of the sky. I know you must be fast asleep. And all night long the stars will keep Their tender watches over you. So must I soon be sleeping, too. -_, Good-night, dear hills, for now I glo To slumber, trustfully and slow But bedtime must be cheerless, gray, To those who can't look out and say, (My heart with pitying it Alls!) One good-night to the friendly hills, Eleanor C. Hull in Woman's Home Cdmpantea. DRESS MAKES THE GENIUS Those who write, Or sculp or paint* Must dress blsinre. Or else they "atorfc** V* '_ *Kansas City Tims*. i!