FO THE AL
Bequest of the Late H. W. Gray
fl* of New York a Surprise to a
I Wheaton Family.
GEORGE G. ALLANSON,
Wheaton, Minn., Editor Who Shares In
Special to The Journal.
Wheaton,, Minn., Nov. 3.George G.
Allanson, editor of the Wheaton foot
prints, was notified by telegram from
New York this week that he and his
brother, Harry S. Allanson, and sister,
Miss Ethel, had fallen heir to $10,000
in the will of H. W. Gray of New York
city, who at one time was commissioner
of "parks and jurors in that city and
who died on the 12th inst. The news
was a total surprise to the Allansons,
who had never seen their benefactor,
he being a second cousin on the side
of their father, Lieutenant John S.
Allanson, who died in Henderson,
Minn., in 1900.
Editor Allanson's family history is
a unique one. In the eyes of the law.
lie is a Sioux Indian. The Allansons
get their Indian blood on their
mother's side, who was the daughter
of Major J. R. Brown, whose wife was
a half blood Sioux Indian. Major Brown
was at one time editor of the old
Pioneer of St. Paul before it consoli
dated with the Press, now the Pioneer
Press was the founder of Henderson
and was at one time a territorial rep
resentative and on General Sibley's
staff at the time of the Indian out
break. Browns Valley, this state, is
named after the major and so is Brown
county. Mr. Allanson says his family
is proud of its Indian blood and also
of the part played by hardy ancestors
in the making of the state.
Miss Ethel Allanson, one of the bene
ficiaries, is a teacher in the Wheaton
high school, a refined and cultured
young lady, while the% other beneficiary,
Harry S. Allanson, is in the govern
ment service as a teacher at Standing
Rock Indian school.
HA S TAKEN LIVES O
Big Bird, an Indian of the Old
School, Has a Fearful Rec
ord of Crime.
Wicked Old Red Laker, Who Ts Said to
Be Four Times a Murderer.
Special to The Journal.
Fergus Falls, Minn., Nov. 3.Big
Bird, an Indian of the old type, is in
the county jail here on the charge of
slashing the throat of Ayshquahlow, a
fellow Indian, near Island Lake, on the
Bed Lake reservation, several weeks
When arrested foT the crime, Big
Bird strenuously denied that he had
taken liquor upon the reservation, sup
posing that was his offense, but he
cheerfully admitted having cut the
'throat of his companion and left him
for dead, apparently thinking that a
matter of little consequence.
A United States marshal, who was
down from the reservation this week,
says, that Ayshquahlow is steadily sink
ing, and the attending physician has
given up hopes of his recovery. He is
the fourth man Big Bird is said to have
slain and his assailant is likely to
spend his remaining days in prison.
J CHANCE TO HUNT "WOLVES.
Marquette, Mich., Nov. 3.-*-J. M.
^ongyear has returned from a few
Jays spent at his Ives Lake farm, in
the Huron Mountain country, nfty
niles up the lake from here, to find
lis desk fairly swamped with applica
tions for jobs from men who want to
lunt wolves professionally. These let
ters are a result of Mr. Longyear's re
cent announcement that, in addition to
the liberal bounty paid? by the state
nd county, he would pay a reward
$25 for every wolf killed on his
farm or witnin a radius of twelve miles
f it. kf/i^ ^3 Ci^"^T'^^^Vv
By E. P. Nelll.
THE banks of the Little Big
Horn river, in Montana, many
years ago, lay encamped blood
thirsty hordes of Indians, fresh from
pillage and murder, who were fleeing
from the white man's vengeance. A
few hours later on that eventful June
day was enacted a bloody scene which
has gone down in history when Custer
and his gallant little band fell, fight
ing bravely, as one by one they were
overpowered by the resistless savagery
hurled against them.
A few days ago the banks of this
little stream were again crowded with
Indian tepees the smoke of a hun
dred campfires disentangled itself from
among the tentpoles and floated away
into the blue sky. Blanketed forms
glided hither and thither and the grim,
stoical image of the red man was to
be seen on every side. Their mission
was, however, peace, not war, this time,
and their welcome to the white man a
friendly "ugh" instead of the fiendish
Only Indian Fair.
The occasion was the third annual
fair of the Crow Indians, held on the
'Jrow agency on the line, of the Bur
mgton, -about seventy miles southeast
This fair is the most unique of its
and, probably the only fair in the
ntire United States conducted entirely
Indians, without assistance or super
ision of any kind whatsoever from
Indian policemen uphold the solemni
of the law, Indian -judges inspect
ue exhibits in the agricultural hall,
-fyhere onlv the Indians are allowed to
compete for the prizes Indian chiefs
.onduct the races, open to Indian horses
with Indian riders, and when the shades
of evening fall, thousands of specta
ors from among the whites gather to
,vatch the ancient rites and dances
riven by the Indians themselves in
huge tents, where, amid savage pa
geantry, are enacted the weird and
thrilling customs of the past*
National Event for Bedskina.
This annual fair of the Crows might
almost be called a national event for
the redskin race. Invitations are sent
to every reservation in the western
United States, and the descendants of
savage trjbes whose memory is a syno
nym for cruelty, and the sons and
daughters of noted Indian chiefs whose
names are known to every schoolboy,
gather at the call.
And here and there among the thou
sands assembled may be distinguished
the bent forms and seamed faces "of
the few among the warriors who, in the
early settlement of the country, resist
ed with gun and arrow the advance of
civilization. A mere remnant, await
ing the call to the happy hunting
TQBAGG CRO A FINE
SUCCESS IN euro
Growers of the Weed Will In
crease Their Acreage Many
Times Another Year.
Special to The Journal.
Chippewa Falls, Wis., Nov. 3.That
Chippewa county is destined to become
one of the leading tobacco-growing
counties in Wisconsin is the opinion of
men who have devoted their lives to
this branch of agriculture and have
thoroly studied the conditions in this
county. Experienced tobacco buyers
also believe that much money can be
made here in raising tobacco.
Up to this year tobacco growing in
Chippewa county has been in the ex
perimental state. The result has been
very gratifying. A year ago only about
one nundred acres of tobacco were
raised this year the acreage was in
creased to 400. Next year, it is pre
dicted by competent tobacco men, the
number of acres will reach the 1,200
All tobacco growers in Chippewa
county are "by no means inexperienced
men. One finds, as he travels thru-the
county, a .scattering of farmers ^who
gained their-early experience jbi tQ
bacco raigillgf in the- southern paTfc_ of
the stato. These men aredoin much
to advance this industry. They are
doing all, they can to impart, .their
knowledge to other .farmers.
Perhaps, the man who bad the largest
acreage of tobacco-in Chippewa cpunty
this year was Andrew Danielson, a
Dane county man, who is an expe
rienced tobacco grower. He put in
twelve acreys andc figures he will receivn
in retur-s from $2,000 to $2,500. He
says that the tobacco raised on his
w^be excelled i
Editorial Section. THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNA]
I t'p W^l la 1^. fl"IW "IP ^llftl/i Tfff% ^^k AP l^jffl IPW^W WW
YOUNG CHIEFS OF THE CROW NATION.
In Native Dress, Showing the Peculiar egglngs of the Crow Tribe. The Necklac es Hanging In Many Soils Are Composed
of the Thigh Bones of Birds and Highly Esteemed by This Particular Tribe.
The Crow Indians are progressive
and wealthy, and are well fitted to act
as hosts of this famous Indian gather
ing. Their herds of horses and flocks
of sheep are numerous their wig
wams stand pre-eminent in size and
comfort. As their guests come the
Sioux Indians famed in song and story
the renegade Crees from lower Canada
a full thousand of the Wyoming Chey
ennes, the least tamed and poorest of
the government proteges the well
known Flatheads from northern Mon
tana, and hundreds of the Gros Ven
tres of South Dakota, and other tribes
and remnants of tribes from longer dis
The site of the Indian camp seems
especially" adapted to their purpose. The
Little Big Horn river swings in almost
a complete circle to form a peninsula
whose neck is but a hundred feet in
width and whose diameter is about
half a mile. Here, amid the brush and
trees, hundreds of Indian tepees are
planted on the sandy soil.
Between three and four thousand In
dians gather for the fair and its at
tendant festivities. Of the 1,800 Crow
Indians, there is not a family who ab
sent themselves on this occasion.
The wigwam of Chief Lone Bear
stands out among the habitations of
the Crows, and an eagle, twenty feet
high, is depicted on the side, with its
pinions encircling the entire tepee. Chief
Lone Crow died three years ago, but
his son and aged widow still uphold the
Second only to the chief, stands the
wigwam of Harry Wolfe, famous medi
cine man of the Crows, with the pipe
of peace to be seen on its side, and a
large green moon above it his aged
squaw in a dress elaborately decorated
with elk's teeth guards its sanctity.
Another interesting character a the
fair is Curle3r,
popularlv supposetd to
be the sold survivor among the Crows
of the band that wiped out the Custer
party, but his expressionless face hides
well his secret, if the report I true,
and he displays more interest in round
ing up his band of racing horses than
in the paleface visitors.
Children are numerous at the encamp
ment and hundreds of comely Indian
maidens, draped in gaily colored blank
ets, like their elders, with their jet
black hair plastered around each side
of their heads, play hide-and-seek
among the tepees.
The Fair Proper.
A most interesting part of the fair,
however, from the physiological stand-
oint, and livestock
Indians. That this peo
ple, who but a few years ago were
thoro savages, should of themselves
produce and arrange a display so elab
orate, not only reflects great credit
quality, or in quantity to the acre, by
any of the other counties in'the state,
and consequently he feels encouraged
to increase his acreage next year.
Among others who have made suc
cess in tobacco growing this year are
Chris Hagen, ten Adolph"Bernier,
acres Judgacres. W H. Stafford* two
CROW INDIAN FAIR, ONLY ONE OF ITS KIND IN THE U. S., A DISTINCT SUCCESS
CROW WIFE IN ELK-TOOTH DRESS.
These Dresses Are Very Valuable, the
More Elaborate Ones Carrying Over 500
Elk Teeth, and Being Practically
Priceless to the Indians, as They Can
not Be Duplicated.
upon the Indian agent in charge, Major
S. G. Reynolds, but also is an interest
ing argument in favor of the ultimate
civilization, rather than extinction of
The first year the display was an ab
solute failure. The second year, how
ever, the results of the good work of
those in charge began to appear. The
collection of agricultural results, toted
many miles by the Indians, while small,
made an excellent beginning. This year
the exhibits fill two large buildings.
In one is the display of livestock,-which
includes all kinds of domestic animals.
Caretakers, appointed bv the Indians,
keep everything in excellent shape, and
the ground around the buildings is
marked by well-trod paths that show
TYPICAL TOBACCO FIELD IN C^iPPEWA COUNTY, WISCONSIN.
acres Mr. Burns, eight
Jacres Ed Por
ter, four acres Adolph Anderson, eight
acres Hemberg Anderson, five acres
Andrew Olson, seven acres L. M. Coon,
three acres Mr, Lyberg, six acres
George Dorling, eight acres.
A tobacco warehouse is needed in this
city and^ the- Progressive league has,
NEW^FROMtlTHE! GREA NORTHWEST
INDIAN GIRLS DRILLING.
Crow Maidens from the Government School Performing a Fancy Drill Under the
Leadership of a Teacher.
the active inteiest taken by the red
men in this direction.
Agricultural hall, a new building
erected this year for the purpose, is lit
erally covered^ roof and walls, with dis
plavs of gram and grasses arranged
by the Indiana themselves large booths
running the full length of the building
are .filled with the Indian exhibits, and
these contain i many surprises to the un
Here one picks up a fancy doilie,
which the card attached says was em
broidered by Loretta Pretty Eagle, and
near by is an excellent piece of darn
ing, the work of Susanna She Sits
Down Spotted a pretty sofa pillow is
the, work of Emerintiania He Does It,
and Josephine Pretty Medicine has con
tributed a neat baby dress.
Little Lizzie Flathead Woman, aged
13, gets first prize on bread, with a loaf
that would be a credit to any house
keeper, and Allie White Arm, just as
young, is an excellent rugmaker. The
layer cake contributed by Lizzie Bull
Horse would win any masculine heart.
And the men, too, have not been be
hind in their contributions the ninety
six-pouncl pumpkin of Rides a Pretty
Horse, would take a prize at any fair.
Among the more prominent exhibitors,
whose display attracts notice, are the
big chief warriors. Takes the Gun and
Bird Well Known.
But while the raising of agricultur
al products is a secular occupation of
the Indians, the racing of horses is a
leligious duty. No fixed contests in
Indian races or jockeying they are real
races from the drop of the flag, with
quirt and spur unmercifully applied
irom start to finish. The best horse
always wins and wins by as -many
lengths as he can possibly be made to,
and be is entered in race after race as
long as he is judged to have any show.
At this year's fair, one speedy little
animal was the victor in three suc
cessive contests, finishing ahead in the
last one by a mere nose.
The contests are all running races,
with the little Indian lads as riders
who are barefoot and hatless, stripped
down to the lightest possible weight.
been asked to help the movement. The
establishment of sutih a business here
would mean \he employment of about
one hundred and fifty persons in sort
ing and baling tobacco the year round,
and would further encourage the to
bacco-growing industry a Chippewa
Sunday, November 4, 1906.
i' i V'",
YOUTHFUL CROWS ON HORSEBACK.
Two Young Braves of Tender Years on Their Way to the Races In Which They
Hope to Participate Some Day.
Every red man of the assembled
tribes, most of them with their fami
lies, attend these races on every day of
the entire week and it rs the most curi
ous sight to witness the large gather
ing in all the splendor of their savage
trappings, horseback and afoot and in
every conceivable form of vehicle, in
tent upon the outcome of the contests.
Contrary to general supposition, gam
bling and drinking are absolutely pro
hibited and to the credit of those in
charge, it must be said, that during the
entire week of the fair not a dollar
changed hands on the result of the race
nor was a drop of firewater to-be seen.
In the evening comes the greatest of
the events, the powwow and war dances
of the tribes. In huge tents contain
ing a thousand persons each, they gath
er for the dances, the squaws, young
and old, seating themselves near the
outer edge, while the musicians and
medicine men, appareled in all the em
blems of their profession, pounding
their curious tom-toms, occupy the cen
ter. In cmie the braves and young
boys, some stripped down to breech
clout ana a few feather ornaments,
their bodies streaked with white, red,
blue and )ther colored ochres, others in
the full paraphernalia of chiefs, with
headdress of eagle feathers, necklaces
of bones and garments heavily embroid
ered with beads, showing-all the colors
of the rainbow, while still" others have
bonnets of porcupine quills and war
shirts of buckskin ornamenteit with
hair matted in imitation of scalps.
Gowns Worth $2,500.
Some women, the wives of the
wealthier warriors, wear heavy dresses
of elkskin literally covered with elk's
teeth, the value of which may be fig
ured, when it is stated that a perfect
elk tooth easily brings $5 on the market
ove 50 0 teeth varyinfastened sizes
only one dance are the women al
lowed to join, the owl dance forming
an immense ring, their arms about each
other, both men and women circle to the
measure of a monotonous chant. The
savage scene leaves one with the huge
question mark as an ans-ver to the
query, "Can the Indian be civilized?"
MOO TO WOR IN
WOODS NEA VlflM
Lumber and Logging Companies
Prepare Their Camps for a
Special to The Journal,
Virginia, Minn., Nov. 3.It is esti
mated that over 5,000 men will be em
ployed in the lumber camps this winter
in the territory directly tributary to
Virginia. The Northern and Cloquet
Lumber companies are preparing for a
busy season's logging several miles
northwest of' here. These companies
have just finished a cut of 16,000,000
feet on land three miles north of this
city, and are now engaged in moving
their camps to the new location.
The Virginia Lumber company has a
large force of men logging north of
Mountain Iron. This company hauls all
of its logs to the mill at Virginia, by
way of the Rainy Lake railroad. Sev
eral small logging contractors are also
in the field. J7 L. Owens is doing
Bome logging^ for the Virginia Lumber
company, and Otto Hannula has a large
contract from W. H. Cook, the Duluth
The Virginia A Rainy Lake company
has purchased over $1,500,000 worth of
timber in the country between Virginia
and the border, and will take it out as
fast as their mills can saw it. It has
a mill in this place and has leased an
other at Duluth, and is now making
preparations to build another at Ranier,
a new town on the Rainy Lake railroad.
NEITHER TOILS NOR 8PINS
Atchison Globe* *,$ iJVy
Every time we walk, up the street we
.see some man .who arouses our curiosity
as to how he makes a, living..
LEADS IN ATTENDANCE
442 Enrolled in the State's School
in the Northern Black
F. L. COOK,
President of the State Normal School at
Spearfish, S. D.
Special to The Journal.
Spearfish, S. D., Nov. 3.The State
Normal school of this city has suc
ceeded to the proud position of having
the largest enrollment of any state edu
cational institution in South Dakota.
Its total enrollment for this year is
442 of these 262 are enrolled in the
normal department itself, and the re
maining 180 in the training depart
This school also has the distinction
of having retained its president for
a longer time than has any other school
in the state. President F. L. Cook
came to Spearfish normal from Winona,
Minn., in 1885, and thus has been for
twenty-one years at the head of this
institution. This is a record which has
never been equaled in this state by any
eductoi. Not onlv has President
Cook increased the attendance and pro
ficiency of the school, but he has added
to it several unique features which
serve to distinguish it from all other
In connection with the school are
seventy acres of state ground, much of
which is devoted to agricultural pur
poses. Seven acres are devoted to
small fruits. This furnishes labor for
students who wish to work, and also
supplies the dormitory with jelly, ."jam
and canned small fruits in sufficient
quantities for the year. Last year
contracts were made for 8,512 hours of
work in the garden, fields and houses,
to be paid for at 12 cents an hour.
The little students in the model de
partment are given lessons, both theo
retical and practical, in fruitgrowing
and vegetable raising. With the best
of work before their eyes, their progress
has been amazingly rapid.
This year a thoro course in domestic
science was. added. A practical course
in bee culture and also in chicken rais
ing have been contemplated for some
Little or No Chance for Him to
Win Unless the Legislative
Majority Is Big.
Special to The Journal.
Lincoln, Neb., Nov. 3.Chairman
Rose of the republican state central
committee is making a desperate effort
to secure a working majority in the
next legislature and elect' a republican
United States senator to succeed J. H.
Enthusiastic partizans hope that the
reports of republican defections have
been exaggerated. Norris Brown re
ceived the state convention indorse
ment for United States senator. The
contest was a fierce one. Bitter ani
mosities were engendered. It is pre
dicted that if the legislature is repub
'ican by a narrow margin he will never
be elected. The legislative delegation
from Omaha, if republican, will sup
port an Omaha man.
Brown's friends declare that he must
have a substantial majority in order to
be chosen. In the third congressional
district there are defections from Brown
and the republican aspirants are strong
ly inclined to sympathize in the Omaha
defection. With more than a dozen
'nsurgents ready to stand out against
him, a narrow margin in the legislature
means Brown's defeat.
Having Trouble at Home.
In Buffalo county, Brown's home, the
republican legislative ticket is having
a hard struggle because of a row over
the personnel of the state delegation.
Charles Robinson resigned as state com
mitteeman and bolted Brown's legisla
The rest of the state ticket has been
left to shift for itself by the republi
can state central committee. The or
ganization broke down early in the
campaign. George L._ Sheldon, the
nominee for governor, is more popular
than any aspirant ever named lor the
office in the state. It is expected that
he will be elected by a majority of
15.000 or 20,000.
In Hall county there is a bitter fight
on W. H. Harrison, candidate for the
state senate. Harrison is the republi
can nominee and was formerly presi
dent of the Nebraska Lumber Dealers'
association. He is defendant in one of
the suits filed by Norris Brown in the
supreme court, asking for the dissolu
tion of the alleged lumber trust.
Amendment Will Carry.
With democrats and republicans in
dorsing the railway commission amend
ment, it is thought the proposed change
to the constitution will be carried. All
proposed amendments heretofore to the
Nebraska constitution have been de
feated. Failure to vote for or against
the innovation counts in the negative,
and all amendments have been snowed
under. This year a vote in the party
circle counts for the entire ticket and
also for the amendment.
W. J. Bryan has been meeting with
indifferent crowds' in his state cam
NEBRASKA PAPERS PLEASE COPY
J- Baltimore American.
Is there man named Bryant-^
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