Newspaper Page Text
HHMVaaaiHVIS| naiHaHaiaHMIWlMH i HHMHlMaM
THE JOURNAa 1^' YOIMXE XXVinHO. 844. LUCIA N SWIFT, I J. S. McLAJN, MANAGES. I EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERY DAY SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY MAIL. .Dally and Sunday, pei month 40c Daily only, month 25c Sunda onlyper per month 15 BT CARRIER OUTSIDE THE CITY. 'Dally and Sunday, one month BOc BY CARRIER IK MINNEAPOLIS AND SUBURBS. Dally and Sunday, one month 45o Mr. Wyman's Significant Speech. The speech of Hon. James T. Wyman U the second ward on Thursday evening L^,at to be something for people who are pondering their local vote on Tues day to consider carefully. Here is the case of a man who knows the demo cratic candidate for mayor as a neigh bor and friend for many years and who declares that he cannot vote for him this time because the issues in this election are not personal but of prin ciple. Mr. Haynes, Mr. Wyman declares, could not enforce the laws in this city if he wouh, because of the forces back of his campaign. Those forces are in terests which desire to reverse Mayor Jones. They have a monetary stake in the election. They are against Jones for what he has done and it stands to reason that if they defeat Jones they do not expect to be without their re ward. Mr. Wyman says what is perfectly true, that if it were not for efforts put forth by the liquor interest Mayor Jones' re-election would be almost un disputed. "Nothing," he adds, "could bo a worse setback for the city of Min neapolis and the cause of good, decent government than the election of Mr. Haynes at this time. The issue is not between two individuals, but between honest, decent government and the dom ination of our city affairs by the sa- loon." These are frank statements and they are such statements as must have caused Mr. Wyman something of a pang to make, since his personal relations with the democratic candidate are so pleas ant. But Mr. Wyman felt it his duty to make them and in doing it he has shown the kind of moral courage which makes for good government everywhere. Had he been of the kind of stuff of which some men are made he might easily have said that Mr. Haynes being a neighbor and friend he could take no part in the campaign. Lots of menmost menwould have excused him for this attitude, for it is the attitude of convenience that a great many men take for themselves. But Mr. Wyman looked more seriously at the matter and felt it his duty to warn his fellow citizens that personal friendships and personal relations were secondary in this campaign, where large issues have been brought forward. They are not partizan issues and Mr. Wyman does not oppose Mr. Haynes because he is a democrat, but because he cannot accomplish as mayor the things for the city which Mr. Jones can and has accomplished. This is not be cause Mi. Haynes is not an estimable gentleman, but because, as every one knows, the man who is elected mayor is a part of his environment. The main spring of the opposition to Jones is opposition to the things that he has done. There is no reasonable proba bility in the face of his previous rec ord that Mr. Haynes, if elected, would offend in the same way that Mr. Jones has done. That Mr. Jones will continue the policy which he has heretofore pur sued no one doubts. Therefore, unless you want to take chances onunless, indeed, you wish to Invite the probability of a reversal of the Jones policy, you must support him at the polls. A storekeeper once advertised for a scheme which would bring one person in two who passed into his place of business. If Bryan could get about that proportion of the votes of the people who come to hear his speeches all would be well with him. The Tall and Short Man Again. The statuesque dame who sweeps thru ladies' outfitting shops showing off mantles and gowns, has, according to the Chicago Inter-Ocean, her coun terpart in the sterner sex. Here are the measurements for the perfect man from the tailor's point of view: Height, 5 feet 6 inches waist, 32 inches chest, 36 inches. The length of the leg should be one-half the height minus two inches the length of the arm one-half the height minus 4 inches. The chest measurement is most im portant. The strong man can never be well dressed because his shoulder mus cles get in the way and his calves in terfere with the hang of his trousers. But do not be deceived into believing you are a strong man tjecause your "pants" don't fit. I may be because you are Dow-legged or knock-kneed. The main objection to a six-foot man seems to be that when you put him in a frock coat the back of it is too ^much like a draped pillar. If he is below the ideal measurements as to height the effect of a bolt of cloth on end is produced. The short man, however, has the ad vantage of the long man. He can be built up from one to two inches, where as the tall man cannot be cut down without surgical aid such as would render his ever again wearing clothes a matter of extreme uncertainty. 1^ When he was speaking to an audience the other day in which he seems to have assumed that there were few if any in the habit of attending church, Mr. Haynes asked, with a sneer, if they wanted the churches to run this town. The Philadelphia North American offers to duplicate the metal in the Har risburg capital for one-half the charge made by the gang, but this does not Inelude the brass of the builders. That 'fvanot be duplicated. ^"5 .T Ji &ra8& ^M^MhWhMmji Editorial Section. Much more might be said with re gard to the condition of the police de partment and its work. No account is taken in the official figures of the sup pression of the vice of public gamb ling, which is one of the most impor tant things accomplished by the Jones administration. Indeed, it is doubt ful if it is not the most important from the standpoint of its direct effect upon the morals and the business future of young men in this city. I is not con tended, of course, that gambling in pri vate apartments has been stopped. That can never be done by any police regulation, but public gambling houses Peary Nears the Pale. NO ISSUE BUT THE "LID" The only ground on which Mr. Haynes has laid claim to re-election is that he gave a more efficient police administration than Mayor Jones. This has been the burden of his song from the beginning of his campaign, and is the substance of his last ad dress to the voters of Minneapolis, is sued Nov. 1 in the form of a printed letter. Mr. Haynes hasn't presented any figures or statements of comparison based upon the records, but has made general claims and miscellaneous charges, and repeats them with per sistent and tedious frequency, appar ently hoping thereby to impress them upon the public as truth. He made his charges, however, long enough before the election for the peo ple of this city to be accurately ad vised. The records have been compared and the results have not been questioned. Figures taken from the official re ports of the police department are re published on this page today in order that no intelligent voter of Minneapo lis may be deceived as to the facts. Having rested his claim to election upon the charge of inefficient police administration, it must be apparent to any intelligent voter who will read the official figures that Mr. Haynes has failed to make his case. The north pole has not yet been con quered. Peary has returned without exact knowledge of it but with the sat isfaction of having penetrated nearer the object of so many fatal expeditions than any of his predecessors. Lieu tenant Peary left this country in July, 1905, in the Eoosevelt, a specially con structed ship, and went north past Cape Sabine. His plan was to winter about 500 miles south of the pole and from that point to make his dash for the object of twenty years' fighting. He has not succeeded, but he has brought man within 200 miles of the extreme point of the earth and has established is a huge and fast ship, and succeeded a new record in Arctic exploration. The problem of the geographical pole, it is evident, is to be solved by the methods of the sapper and miner, each new applicant for the honor reducing the distance by a few miles. The first polar expedition of the nineteenth cen tury fell short of the pole nearly 600 miles, but that was a long advance over the first one recorded, in the six teenth century, when the pole kept 1,200 miles of ice and water between itself and the discoverers. The last decade has seen great advance into the hitherto impenetrable north. Nansen reduced the intervening distance to 261 miles, the Duke 'Abruzi cut twen ty-four miles from Nansen's record, and now Peary has made an additional cut of thirty-seven miles. The pole is get ting in close quarters. What is to be accomplished by the actual landing of man in the undefined region known as the north pole is not actually agreed upon by scientists. Some have contended that there would be an open sea there. Others have suggested the possibility of land, not covered with ice, tho Nansen has some what discounted the theories of Nor densjold in that particular. All the explorers have been animated by the desire to stand first on that part of the earth where there is neither latitude nor longitude. It is the nature of man to investigate and propel himself into every portion of the earth, and the more difficult of access the region the more he has de termined to conquer it. This has been as true of tropical as of Arctic regions. It is as true of the desert of Sahara as of the highest mountains on the earth's surface. Conquest, exact knowK edge or experiment for science sake have animated nearly all nineteenth century explorations. Edison claims to have an excellent ear for successful music. Several years ago he listened to some compositions on the phonograph for trade purposes and those he condemned as rotten all made a hit with the public. Now the factory is working overtime turning out the records labeled "no good" by the wizard. Mr. Harriman is so busy selecting a president for the Illinois Central that he has given little attention to New York polities. Mr. Harriman does not waste his time on minor matters. Senator Lodge is one statesman who will not have a phone in his house. He has become suspicious of telephones since that Bailey-Tillman incident. Mr. Brisbane has announced that Hearst will be president if he lives and Willie will live. It is the good who die young. ~*J' -^*f* Haynes made a mistake in calling attention to his former administration. He had almost got that forgot. _T as the miners' ticket. There were re- Yes, the campaign is drawing tp a publican and democratic tickets^ but close. They are beginning to enforce these men are not officially identified the smoke ordinance again. may be, and have been suppressed, and so long as D. Jones is mayor will remain so. No one who was much on the streets in the evening in the business center during the Haynes administration, and who has the same opportunity for ob servation now, can have failed to note the great change for the .better due to the segregation of the social evil. This is another important thing accom plished under the Jones administration, of which no account Is taken in the accompanying tabulated statement, but it also is worthy of a place in this con sideration. The more economical administration of the police department is also shown by these figures, as well as that of the city hospital and workhouse and poor department, while the action of the mayor in protecting the city against the consummation of an unfavorable lighting contract has established, by authority of the supreme court, the right of the mayor to participation in the letting of contracts and the inaugu ration of a new policy by the city council which must inevitably result in the saving of large sums of money for the city. So it appears that from every stand point where comparison has been in stituted between the present and the previous administration the advantage is in favor of the present incumbent, not only as a conserver of the public morals, but as a promoter of more in telligent and economical business ad ministration. Nothing remains as an issue except the "lid." There is no excuse on the part of any republican for voting for Mr. Haynes except and solely upon the ground that he wishes to reopen the Sunday saloon and hand over the con trol of the administration to the brew ing companies. There is nothing else left to talk about. The Dreadnought. The British admiralty had two rea sons for permitting the impression to get abroad that the Dreadnought, the new and miraculous battleship, could "beat all creation," to say nothing of steaming circles around the best unit in any other navy. One was that it was desired to "throw a scare" into Germany, and the other was a desire to cause the democracy at home to swell with such British pride that there would be less objection to the admiralty's expensive plans. But the truth is leaking out now and it appears that while the Dreadnought in averaging a bit over twenty-one knots during her eight hours' trial, she could not accomplish anything of the sort in actual war. A naval corre spondent of the London Chronicle ad mits that the trial was largely a "fake." The ship was lightened of every possible pound's weight. She carried no boats to speak of and is estimated to have been a thousand tons under her service displacement. The boilers and machinery were of course furbished up to a hair and even the great propellers were polished till they shone like a fine shoe. I was found necessary in order to attain the great est speed spurt of twenty-two and five tenths knots to exceed the designed horsepower by over 1,000 units and nine minutes later the power had fallen by 2,000. By methods such as these, the correspondent says, a fancy suc cess was achieved, and he predicts what has since taken placeenthusi astic official reports of the trial of her great guns. He points out that the all-big-gun battleship idea originated in Italy and that the United States, France and Japan have new units building embodying the idea. The Brit ish admiralty, however, pushed on with such energy as to get its Dreadnought in the water ahead or. all competitors and is now reaping the harvest of sen sational achievement. The German vessels are delayed because "Teu tonic vanity demands a record building farc e" similar to that which has as tonished the naval world in the Dread nought's case. All this is very interesting, and no doubt the British ratepayer has been deeply impressed with the admiralty's deed. But it is not very long since Eussia demonstrated with great thoro ness the folly of making war on the seas by bluff. Japan, by reason of her peculiar position and the character of her people, was able to maintain a successful secrecy as to the exact meas ure of her naval strength, and she reaped a great reward. Naval secrecy, however, is next to impossible for the powers of Europe and America, and the next best thing is naval frankness, as distinguished from the kind of naval buncombe practiced by the British ad miralty. A navy that will make an enemy think twice before attacking is more to be desired in the interests of peace than an array of naval bogey- Hearst's latest objection to Hughes is that he has whiskers. Pure envy. Alaska in Congress. Alaska has sent as her first delegate to congress a man who talks as if he knew what he was sent for Fred H. Waskey was elected to the short term that is, to fill out the present term of congress. His successor, Thomas* Cole, who will sit in the sixtieth con gress, was elected at the same time. These men were the choice of the peo ple of the district on what was known with either party. This fact majr or^fj. ISM. may not be to their advantage when they come to ask for things for Alaska, but, on the other hand, neither party can afford to ignore longer the just de mands of that great district. Among the things which Alaska wants, enumerated by Mr. Waskey, the first is legislation improving the sys tem of granting titles to land and min ing claims. Under the vicious methods now in practice and by use of the power of attorney, large areas of gold bearing gravel are monopolized by a few people and, under the inadequate requirements as to improvement, may be held indefinitely on speculation with practically no development. This tends to check the development of the coun try and is recognized by the people of Alaska as a serious handicap. The abolition of the power of attorney and the imposition of reasonable require ments as to the development of claims will not only lead to more rapid im provement of the country and the larger output of gold, but will make accessible to genuine prospectors large and invit ing fields which are now practically closed and monopolized by non-product ive claimants. Of course, Mr. Waskey advocates ter ritorial organization to the district. Probably no man could be elected to congress who did not make it a part of his principal business in Washing ton to secure legislation creating a ter ritorial form of government. From the standpoint of economy and from tho standpoint of development and the investment of outside capital, it is doubtful whether home rule will encour age the inflow of capital and popula tion. The stability which the present federal system of government thru the federal courts secures is a matter of no slight importance in inducing out side capital to venture into the Alaska field of investment. At the same time, it is perfectly natural that the people of Alaska, who are more generally Americans and better acquainted with the privileges of American citizenship than any other group of people re*- enjoying all the privileges of the Amer ican citizen, should desire the privilege of governing themselves. They have been in the habit of doing that in the states. The presence of a legally constituted delegate in Washington, especially if he be a man of good judgment and in dustry, is certain to be productive of important advantages to the district of Alaska and with the remarkably in creased output of gold in the current year it looks as if that great country were entering upon a new era under more favorable conditions than have ever prevailed with respect to her be fore. Croker endorsing McCarren's fight against Hearst gave Murphy cold shiv ers. Murphy's interest in Hearst is mild compared with his affection for Murphy's job as boss. The Railroad Mind Still Warped. "What is the difference between this free elevator system and.a rebate?" an interstate commerce commissioner asked a Santa Fe witness in a hearing at Kansas City. "None, I think," was the answer. "Both are given for tonnage to in crease business." In the hearing a witness testified that he received advance notice of a reduction of grain rates and that be tween the time of the notice and of the new rate going into effect he sold 1,- 000,000 bushels of corn for export. The reduction amounted to 4 cents a bushel or $40,000 on the deal. This same witness testific that at another time he had assurances from a high official of the Milwaukee road that grain rates would be kept reduced for a definite time, but that at a meeting of the railroads the rate was raised. The Milwaukee official wired him of the change but it was too late, as the market for the day was closed and he had no chance to cover his short ac count. The president of the Kansas City Board of Trade swore that he had a lease upon the 'Frisco and Memphis elevators at a rental which would just pay the insurance and taxes on the buildings. He admitted railroad own ership of elevators amounted to confis cation of private property. Another witness said it converted private eleva tors into a liability rather than an as set. The interstate commerce commission ers indicated to the state's attorney that the job of sifting these matters might profitably interest him. Evident ly the common carrier and square deal idea has not yet taken firm root in the railroad intellect. Is Mr. Haynes' action in seeking to induce policemen to work for him to be taken as an indication of the greater police efficiency he promises if elected? Dukes and counts ought to be a "good buy." Marlborough and Cas-experience tellane have forced the price down as low as it can possibly go. Don't forget that* either candidate for mayor could do better work for the city with the new charter than with out it. New York men are betting four to one that Hearst will decorated with a can on Tuesday. Peary did not find the pole but he got far enough north to snap his fingers at the iceman. FOR YOU Shall younc complain, WHO feed the world, Who clothe the world, who house the world, mPl a ln, Sha1 1 who ^are the world yo Of what the world may do? As from this hour you Show your power, The world must follow you. 1 A The world'* life lies In jrtsnr right hand, your strong right hand, W skilled right hand loo hold the whole worl^ to your hand, See to it what you do! Or dark or light, or wrong or right, The world is made by ou Then rise as yon never rose before, Or hoped before, or dared before, And show as was never shown before The power that lies to you. Unite as one, see justice done Believe and dare and do! Charlotte Perkins Oilman. THE* MtNNEAPOLIS JOURNAL Sunday, November 4, 1908. "HOOT MOIS This is the season of the year when a number of well-meaning but indif ferently cultivated American citizens think, to settle the election by making bets on# the result. Betting is im moral, isn't it? Immorality is com plained of in the decalog, isn't it? I produces an anxiety and a feverish im patience in the bettor which is entirely put of proportion to the results, doesn't lb? Well, then betting is entirely reprehensible. And yet it is a grow ing habit. More people are betting on elections eveiy year. The peculiar thing about betting is that nearly every man who makes abet thinks it is tn act of judgment on his part, and therefore not immoral. Onlv about oie man in two can win an election bet., and I have often won- wn cevery os mee*t "w oT bett were no man who his monej-. I never saw but one man who admitted that he was loser. Wh^a the primary election wa held there were a number of bet? on Jones and Williams. A man who took the Williams cn of it prett liberally found* himse'f in the hele about six feet. He had one bet, however, which looked good. It was that Jones would not have 1,000 plurabty. After waiting four days for the official returns he made certain that his bet was won and went round to the cigar store to get his money and learned that the loser had filed a re straining order. The bet was illegal, of course, and could not be collected at law. If every man who loses would adopt this plan of "covering his shorts," betting would soon become un popular, but unfortunately, it is the rule that men will pay their bets rather than their grocery bills. Something ought to be done about the betting business. I iB becoming a demoralizing feature of political campaigns. It attracts iust the class of men who ought to be leading moral reforms in the cities, the young men holding independent positions in busi ness or places of trust with large com panies. It stands to reason that the man who looks upon an election as merely a gamble has not a very exalted idea of what his vote means. He may even change it to affect his wager. The result is a warping of moral ideas among the rising class of voters which bodes no good for the improvement of public conscience. I never saw but one man A New York newspaper tells a story of the directors of a corporation gath ered to fill a vacancy in the office. They agreed unanimously that Blank was the man to promote and- then they fell to discussing whom they would put in Blank's place and, would you believe it, there was not a man in New York who could take Blank's place. So they promoted another man and Blank has the old job at the old salary. There ate always some men like that in every community. There has al ways been a suspicion that T. E, Hughes might have been postmaster of Minneapolis if there had been any chance of selecting as good a man for deputy postmaster. But there never was and so Hughes is still deputy. This seems to knock a hole in the old time argument that the way for a young man to succeed is to make him self indispensable to his employers." Indispensableness depends a good deal more on the supply and demand than on any other quality. I is much eas ier to imagine an indispensable cook than anything else in the world. There are some men who get to be indispensa ble in public office. There was a law yer in a country town where I once lived who became the indispensable town clerk. As he grew in indispensabil ity he grew also in temper and down right contempt for the public. At last the thing became unbearable and some of the voters got together and decided to make an experiment in government. They nominated, for city clerk a poor fellow named Billly Y. Smith, who kept a bathhouse, who could not read nor write according to the simplified spelling. They conducted a pussy-foot campaign, lo! on election day Billy Y. Smith was chosen city clerk. Billy was scared. The Indispensable Public Serv ant was paralyzed, but there were the official returns and they were for Billy. Of course, the bathkeeper couldn't act and it was arranged that he should re sign and the city council should elect the former clerk, but this did not hap pen untiL after the leaders of the con spiracy Fad had a heart-to-heart talk with the Indispensable One and there after he never showed the least tem per in the office. Indeed he was the meekest man in town and continued to serve as city clerk and lived happily ever after. The indispensable man is usually a routine individual who has learned faithfully to go thru certain motions and whose employers are certain that he will go thru those motions on sched ule time. They may be very comfort ing sort of fellows to their employers, but they do not contribute in the long run so much to the success of the busi ness as some other man with initiative. A firm at Dayton, Ohio, which has done much for its employees in the way of model houses, reading rooms, lunch counters, gymnasiums and the like, also put up a box in which employees might deposit suggestions for improving the business. One man who had not been with the firm long, and who was not modeled and on "the strength plea before the board he was appoint ed to work it out. He worked it out so completely that he is today a mem ber of the firm. He could never have become indis pensable in an institution which paid no attention to initiative, but based promotion entirely on routine effi ciency. An .eighth ward man had a frightful the other day. In a mo ment of weakmindedness he called up a plumbing establishment and asked for first ai.d to the steam pipes.. I was a Erivatd MAYO JONES ^Sj A dered what becomes of the men who was a strongear.8proof of greater efficiency of the police under the present lose. After election each man you administration than was expected. The figures cover the last year of the ce Considered particurarly good at his iob phmentary things over the line to an- put in a suggestion which resulted' in other man, who had him arrested for it lomg business being re- of his way of SE- secretary. The secretary ande the buck to the timekeeper. The timekeeper thumbed his records iair-minded that they dispose of the Haynes charges completely. 1904-1905, HaynesCity hospital appropriations, $115,000. Current two years, Jones, $110,000. and found out all about it.. As the party of plumbers was cruising gaily in the direction of their victim the streetcar jumped the track and they were delayed. Having nothing else to do he charged the time and this was the result. The eighth ward man has made up his mind that if anything else springs aleak in his house this winter he will move to California until spring and then take a flat. James Gray. THERE WERE WITNESSES Topeka State Journal. Up in Geary county tt cost a man $40 to swear over a farmers' party telephone line. He said some emphatic and uncom- The complainant had no difficulty prov ing his case four women had their re ceivers down and heard the conversation. THIS DATE IN HISTORY NOV. 4. INDEBTED|^^m TO HIS PREDECESSOR MKL HAYNES DEVELOPS OFFICIAL CONFIRMA- TION OF MORE EFFICIENT AND MORE ECONOMICAL POLICE ADMINISTRATION A STRIKING AND CONVINCING COMPARI SON THAT DEMOLISHES THE ONLY GROUND ON WHICH MR. HAYNES HAS LAID CLAIM TO RE-ELECTION. Mr. Haynes' attack on the police department led to a comparison of th records of that department undepractically Mayor Haynes andiMayor Jones. The result othe ^hemade. There Haynese regime and the first year of the Jones incumbency. The police fore! lost dilaDoeared alonff with Bam roof th Wa ar sim I Number of Arrests. Police force 1905, Jones, and 1904, Haynes, same in numbers. From report of police department: 1905, Jones740 arrests by detective force. 1904, Haynes500 arrests by detective force. Detective force the same in numbers as under Haynes in 1904, but arrests more persons for assaults, burglary, embezzlement, forgery, grand larceny, hij way robbery, receiving stolen property, safe-blowing and vagrancy. Haynes no arrests for receiving stolen property or safe-blowing. Arrests by patrolmen, exclusive of drunkenness: 1905, Jones3,500. 1904, Haynes2,000. Police record for first year of Jones' administration exceeds by 1,600 im- portant arrests second year of Haynes', which should be his best. Stolen Property Recovered. 1904, Haynes58% per cent of property reported recovered. 1905, Jones70 per cent recovered. 1906, to Oct. 180 per cent recovered. Jones' administration making high record: Has segregated social evil, abol- ished public gambling, closed Sunday saloon, cleaned up parks, especially Min- nehaha driven out fake auctioneers, "big mitts," prosecuted blind piggers, and investigated more cases. Police work indorsed by district and municipal courts. "Carnival of Crime." Records of 1903 and 1904Haynes administration shows crimes against per- son and property, including murders, almost daily from Sept. 1 to Jan. 1. No possible connection between policy of administration and murders like those of Brennan children, the Biggs-Ellison case, the Sussman and Dowell cases. Has established civil service for police and secured greater efficiency. Police not asked or allowed to do political work, as was done under Haynes. Can Haynes deny that in 1904, 3,114 days of lost time allowed in police department above vacation and sick leave, cost city $6,000j that in fall of 1904 officers detailed day -after day to do political work and paid by city as tho attending to duty? 1905, JonesBut 800 days lost, as against 3,114, Haynes, in 1904. Present year no extra loss of time, but every man in department has worked overtime without pay on such occasions as G. A. encampment and state fair. License Department. Haynes allowed saloons to do as they pleased. Under present administration* saloons cannot begin business until license ii granted by council and fee paid. Transfers no longer permitted. Violations of regulations punished. Haynes allowed saloons and brewers as long as five months' time on license fees. Now they are paid promptly. Haynes revoked two licenses in 1904 for cause. 1905, JonesThirteen revoked for cause. Financial Comparison. Departments under mayor: Police, city hospital, poor department and work* house conducted with economy. 1905, JonesFor first time in years no deficit in police department. Haynes left deficit of $7,000$3,000 of this deficit paid out of Jones ad- ministration current expense fund. Workhouse maintenance, Aug. 1, 1904, to July 31, 1905, under Haynes man- agement, cost $16,383.31. First year, Jones management, same maintenance and more prisoners, cost $14,470.30. Few cases escaped prisoners and none carried on books till term expired because of failure to recapture. 1904-5, Haynes regimeWorkhouse appropriations aggregated $38,000 pres* ent administration appropriations for same term, $35,500. City Hospital Poor Department. GREAT LIGHT DAWNED ON HER Kansas City Star. When a Council Grove, Kan., woman was asked, "When did you first become acquainted with your husband?" she an swered: "The first time I asked him for money after we -were married AN OVERWORKED FACULTY Baltimore American. ,,-,,ww J.V ao Altho man Is born unto trouble he has break he could have stuck a knife ia great faculty for increasing his natural store. and held on for the winter, but he was feeling a bit gay having obtained an advance in salary and a small bequest from a deceased aunt, all in one week, and so, with a lordly air, he ordered in the Plumber. The plumber came, he looked at the pipe severely, took a chew of tobacco and went away. The next day he came back with a helper, a man to hold the tools, a timekeeper and a private secretary. They stubbed around the house making unusual noises for a couple of hours, and then announced that all was well and dis appeared. The bill arrived at the ap pointed day when bills do come, and it was a shock to the man. I cop pered aunty's bequest and absorbed the increase in Balary for two weeks. It contained all the absurd charges for material, stopcocks, cutoffs, rivets, toothpicks and bent pins that any plumber bill ever thought of, and then it had some charges for time that were abnormal and frightful. It looked as tho the charges had been made by the year. The total time consumed was about 23 in advance of anything a plumber had ever done him for, and he made a kick. The boss plumber was sure of it. 'He had noted when the men departed and when they came back. The matter was referred to the acting plumber. He passed it to his CAUSE AND EFFECT Atlanta Constitution. Perhaps the advance in the price of shoes is due to the abolition of railroad passes. 1774Declaration of rights by Amer-| lean congress. 1782Engagement at Johns Island, S. C. 1848New constitution of France adopted. 1852New house of commons, Lon don, first used. 1862Eden Phlllpotts, author, born, 1866Venetia united to Italy. 1869George Peabody, phllanthro plst, died. Born Feb, 18, 1795. 1873Laura Keene, actress, died. I Born 1820. 1891New York presbytery acquit' ted Dr. Brfflgs of heresy. 1901M. Santos-Dufnont wOn the Deutsch prize for a dirigible balloon, 1903United States warships- or- dered to Panama. 1904Japanese assault on Port Ar thur failed. the same personnel. Th differ difference in efficiency, and it is submitted to the Haynes' administration, appropriations, $68,000. Jones' administration, but $55,000, saving not at expense of needy or be- cause of fewer calls, but no political tricks allowed. Total savings in departments under board of charities and corrections for two years under Mayor Jones, compared with two years under Haynes, $21,000. What Other People Think Compulsory Vaccination. To the Editor of The Journal. I was born and raised a republican. That stamps the orthodox character of my inherited tendencies, if nothing more. "What I wish to call attention to now, however, has nothing to do with that question. 1 simply desire at this time to express my sorrow over the step back wards we propose to take, from a scien tific point of view, in the adoption of our new charter with its compulsory vac cination clause, at the option of the board of health.' Harry M. Wagner. Denmark's Debt to Iceland. To the Editor of The Journal. I desire to express my appreciation and thanks for the article in The Journal of Oct. 28 on "Demands of Iceland for Independence." It is refreshing, after reading some articles in the papers and magazines about that historic and re markable island, to read an article like this, which shows an accurate knowledge of the subject. May I, however, call your attention to one item which possibly is a little misleading, viz., the reference to an "appropriation" of 60,000 kroner an nually. I think that "appropriation" is not the right word. The fact is that this sum which Denmark annually pays Ice land is interest on an old debt. "Vvlici Denmark first got control of Iceland she appropriated to herself all of the publlo institutions and land set aside for their maintenance. Later a settlement was brought about and Denmark acknowl edged the debt of a certain sum and agreed to pay interest on it annually (60,000 kr.). Now the Icelanders are ask ing for payment in full of the entire amount. Events in Iceland are shaping them selves very rapidly. The completion of the cable to Iceland and the telegraph over the island in this last September, is an epoch-making event in Iceland. The invitation of the king of Denmark to the members of the alting to visit Denmark, their acceptance and their visit to Den mark last summer, where the relations of th,e two nations were freely discussed, and the king's announcement that he will in person visit Iceland next summer, are facts that are making history. And now comes the Icelandic government with its plan for building railways over the country, which is certainl an event to be hailed heartily. B. B. Jonsson, Icelandic Pastor. Minneota, Minn., Oct. 30. LIGHT IS ABOUT TO BREAK Madison (Ohio) Review. And now we may expect to have the sit uation In Cuba described In its true col ors. Richard Harding Davis has spent the whole of three days "investig&tlaff'* the Island. ifc k&'.uutTfk. 1 1 an* der Under~ 1"