REPORT OF WILSON
American Farmer Richest Glass of
Nation, According to
IN BOOK LIKE FICTION
Modern Agriculturist Owns Au
tomobile and Is Prominent
By W. W. Jermane, Colorado Building,
Washington, D. C.
Washington, Nov. 29.The tenth an
nual report of Secretary Wilson of the
department of agriculture was handed
to the nation today, and no such tale
of wealth in glittering heaps of gold
ever was told before. The American
farmer, aa proved by the figures collect
ed by Secretary Wilson and guaranteed
to be genuine and reliable, is the rich
est individual, collectively, if you can
imagine that combination, in all the
history of ancient and modern times.
In the aggregate the American farmer
makes an entire lot full of John D.
Eockefellers look like small change.
There are farmers in this country
who ride about their, business in their
own automobiles, and farmers who are
presidents of national banks, and farm
ers who are railroad directors, and oth
ers who are in manufacturing and com
merce in various lines on a large scale,
and nearly all of their great prosperity
has come to them in the past few
Loads Fleets of Ships.
With his surplus far beyond the na
tion's needs, the farmer has loaded the
fleets of the ocean, and during tho past
year he has sold to the people of
other countries produce to the fabulous
value of $976,000,000, all of which for
eign money he is figuratively jingling
in his clothes. As a matter of fact,
the exports of farm products exceeded
the imports of similar nature by $433,-
000.000, which sum indicates the so
called balance of trade in our favor,
and. this sum was placed to the national
credit abroad and the money borrowed
by the various industries in this coun
try for the purpose of increasing their
capital. Hence, the American farmer
has done more than any one else to fur
nish the cash with which the present
phenomenal tide of prosperity is main
Farms Worth $22,745,000,000.
The farm lands of the United States
at the present time are valued at $22,-
745,000,000, an increase of over $6,000,-
000,000 since the census was taken in
3900. The total value of all the farm
lands, the domestic animals thereon,
the capital needed to do the farming
business and the implements and ma
chinery in use is given bv the secretary
at the enormous, sum. of $28,000,000,000.
Taken at that point in production at
which they acquire commercial value,
the farm products of the past year have
a farm value of .$6,794,000,000, or about
24 per.cent on the investment. What
share of this is net profit the secretary
has no figures to show, and probably
nothing reliable could be collected on
that feature of the business, since each
farmer's profits are so greatly depen
dent upon his individual methods and
efforts. But a gross return of 24 per
cent is more than most other old and
established lines of business expect or
Corn Is the King.
In the order of their value, corn
stands first, as, it has for many years,
among the crops raised, the estiniate
on corn for this year being $1,100,000,-
000. Cotton comes next at $640,000,000,
but the secretary warns the speculators
that they will have to guess at what
proportion is due to cotton fiber, the
Bum stated being the estimate for the
whole crop, including seed produced,
and, while the department has an esti
mate of the fiber end of it. mum's the
word as far as the secretary is con
cerned. In Texas alone the cotton crop
is greater than that of all India and
almost three times that of Egypt. The
third great crop is hay, valued at $600,-
000,000, altho it is short this year 8,000,-
Wheat comes fourth at $450,000,000,
and then follow oats at $300,000,000,
potatoes $150,000,000, barley $65,000,-
000, tobacco $55,000,000, sugarbeet,
$34,000,000cane, $41,000,000, flaxseed
$25,000,000, rice $18,000,000, rye $17,-
000,000, hops $7,000,000.
Yield Less Values Greater.
In a number of these crops the quan
tity raised has not been as large this
year as in previous years, but the value
has almost invariably been greater, ow
ing to the higher prices of this
blessed time. And so the secretary
sits upon his lofty eminence of dollar
marks, and casting a benevolent eye
upon the comparative poverty of the
other branches of the national govern
ment says:. "Havi ng produced fabu
lous wealth during the year and having
sent to foreign countries enough to pay
the interest bearing national debt, the
farmen may now take account of his
The secretary goes over the history
of the slip-shod, wasteful, careless
farming of the past centuries in Amer
ica and justifies |t on the ground that
the country has always produced more
than enough to satisfy the demands of
the consumer. But he adds that as
fast as the demands of the world call
for more the American farmer will be
there with the goods, and that without
an increase of acreage.
Still Chance for Increase.
A more scientific agriculture," he
flays, ''wouldhaveproduced wheat that
no one wanted to eat, corn to store
and perhaps burn, and cotton not
worth picking, but if the need for it
were to become manifest the cotton
planter could treble the present yield,
the corn crop could be increased by
one-half, the wheat crop the same, and
likewise with many other crops. The
farmer will not fail the nation if the
nation does not fail the farmer." By
this the secretary plainly means that
the department of agriculture is ready
to educate the farmer to raise the in
creased crops as fast, as there is need
for it, and will continue to be ready
to do so as long as the present policy
is in forcethat is,, so long as the
''nation does not fail the farmer."
Under this head the secretary says:
"The yearly expenditure of $10,000,
000 for educational and research work
by nation and states, with such in
crease as may come from time to time,
must have enormous effects. There may
be agricultural schools for small chil
dren, and agricultural high schools for
the larger ones, but the work of the
department has already had results
which are valued at hundreds of mil-
Continued on 2a Page, 6th Column*
CONGRESSMAN TOM MARSHALL,
North Dakota's Representative Who Will
Make a Fight on Present Car Supply
HAY AND PIGWEED
Famine Situation Becomes Pitiful
Scandal in Use of the
St. Petersburg, Nov. 29.The famine
in the governments of Kazan, Samara,
Saratov and other Volga governments
has now reached a most desperate
stage. The situation this year is worse
than for years past.
Thousands of peasants in the stricken
districts are now in the grip of actual
starvation. Peasants are eating pig
weed and hay in order to lessen the
pangs of hunger, and are generally re
signing themselves apathetically and
hopelessly to their fate, only in rare
instances resorting to violence.
Die to Keep Plunder.
The ministry of the interior today
received a dispatch from the Tvilsk
district, -where four peasan ts -were
killed and a number wounded by rural
guards while the former were attempt
ing to carry off the store of grain ac
cumulated in the village of Semionovai
the peasants preferring to die rather
than to abandon the grain they had
A pathetic feature of the situation is
that there is an abundant supply of
grain in sacral of the near-by govern
ra ents of South Bussja and sometimes
even in the famine-shsicken govern
ments, but the supplies are not avail
able on account of inadequate trans
The recent exposure of gross irregu
larities in the matter of the disburse
ment of government relief in "the fam
ine-stricken provinces, coming as it
does at a time when harrowing descrip
tions of the sufferings of the starving
are reaching St. Petersburg, is threat
ening to result in a big scandal, which
may involve a member of the cabinet^
and which, it is believed, will have in
fluence in the coming elections.
The Novoe Vremya, the most influ
ential newspaper,in the capital, has
taken the lead in the agitation, and
with great indignation it hurls the re
proach that the funds for relief voted
by parliament have been misused.
FIVE ALDERMEN CONVERTS
Ballplayer Evangelist Wins 170 Con
verts in Kewanee, 111.
Journal Special Service.
Kewanee, $1L, Nov. 29.One hundred
and seventy personij were converted
last night at a single meeting by Bev.
William A. Sunday, the ballplayer
evangelist. Among the number were
five alderman, half of the ten who com
pose the city's council. A score of
prominent business men were included
OARMODY IS VERY SIGK
Condition of Former Minneapolitau
Shows No Improvement.
Journal Special Service.
Washington, Nov. 29.The condition
of Francis J. Carmody, assistant
United States attorney for the south
ern district of New York, who is dan
gerously ill at the home of his mother
in this'city, suffering from nervous
prostration and complications, is un
changed. He is very sick.
The Northwest-Yes, gobble, gobble, gobble! What do I feed .you for? I guess I'll take a littlej
Sl^of the white meat myself.
5c &- BU.
North Dakota Town Reports Conditions in
Strong Contrast with Those at Com
petitive Point Within 20 jStifes.
Five cents a bushel is a large sum for any wheat farmer toSylose on his crop,
Five cents a bushel on all the wheat marketed in a :North Dakota town means
many thousand dollars taken from the revenues of the whole, c$pmunity.
Farmers in the vicinity of Dazey, N. D., on t&e Sanbby branch of the
Northern Pacific, are losing this 5-cent margin on every- bushel- of wheat they
haul to the Dazey elevators, because of the- failure, of fcTbe,railroad.to furnish
any empty cars at that point. Because the Northern Pajsific and Soo road are
furnishing cars at Valley City, a competitive point abaijtt twentyjniles away,
the elevators at that town are paying the market pricey and fanners who can
are hauling their grain all the way to Valley City to Jjet then extra 5 cents
a bushel. As a result business in the village of. Pazey -^uffering.
mated loss of the little community to date is $25,000.
This is the state of affairs reported to T)h e" Joifrnal by the business
men of Dazey. Their statement is another -strong'/Milken th chain, of evi
de'nce. The case against the railroads for their neglect ia moving the crops,
being built up thru the letters of farmers and business ineir to T'h Journal,
grows stronger every day. This is a holiday* and no repbrts of grain received
are made from Minneapolis 'terminals, but the deep .dissa^isfaetioii felt by the
people of the northwest against the insufficient railroad service wells up-today
with more force than ever.' Facts on which to base complaints are not lacking.
Congressman Marshall of North Dakota declares that the condition is one
that cannot be permitted to continue, and in an interview today he makes plain
his determination to enlist the federal authorities in the movement to compel the
railroads to give relief. f-
COMPETING POINT HAS ALL THE CABS.
The story of Dazey shows what happens to a town with only one railroad
The market point that has the benefit of competition has air the best of it
The railroad cannot send cars to Dazey, but two railroads are vieing for the
grain trade at Valley City, and both are furnishing cars at that point. The
elevators at Valley City can pay on the present market.. Those at Dazey are
full and have not had a car in months. They cannot buy on the market, but
only on the December future. The business men of the town are growing des-
perate. One of the elevator companies made an appeal to the Northern Pacific's
traffic department Nov. 14, and got- a. reply holding out a hope of some cars
during the next week. On Nov. 27 the elevators were still waiting for the
The spokesman for the town is J. L. La Valley, a pioneer resident and
farmer, who writes to The Journal as follows:
NO MARKET FOE TWO MONTHS.
"This town has five elevators with storage capacity of about 150,000
bushels, yet there has not been a market for grain for nearly two months. This
has become a great burden upon the farmers as well as-the business'men, as
their paper generally becomes due in October and November. Further, our
station is losing and has lost a large quantity of grain that would have, been
marketed here under normal conditions. The grain is hauled to other stations,
this town thereby not only losing the grain, but also a great amount of trade.
We have induced our elevators to appeal to the railroad company and
herewith enclose a copy of what they try to mak us believe, but the fact is
wo do not believe it. The situation was bad enough, last 3rear, but nothing as
Continued on 2d Page, 1st Column.
A REAL THANKSGIVING. 5
4 The_ esti
THR^E SINK TOD
Rajah, Who Haa Lived 100 Tears, Car
rie#df :gff by a Cold
0 'Wv. 29.Rajahs is
dead. dieA^at tk'Vnthful auA*
p(* years, carjk*l off bv'a cold in his
head. JRaiak- ijjtes a%eh phant, one of
the largest itf the herWo* a, circus which
quarters ftetfe. to provide a bfcrial-place for
$ie animal a hole wis- excavated that
rivals an ordinary cellar. Derricks
jjrere used to lower the dead beast into
its final resting place.
DISCOVERS A LANGUAGE
Explorer Finds a Manuscript in Wholly
Unknown Tongue. I
Bombay, Nov. 29.Dr. von Lecoq- who- has
been traveling in the moat remote parte of
central Asia on a scientific mission witb which
he was charged by the Prussian government, has
arrived :at Srinagar, capital of Kashmir, with
an Important collection of archeologlcal discover
ies. These include mahuscuips in ten different
languages, one in a wholly unknown tongue.
This is probably the greatest archeologlcal find
sln.ee the days of Sir Henry Rawlinson and Sir
Defective Page i
UGLY TRIO CAUGHT
IN BURGLAR GHASE
Stillwater Citizens Help Police
Corral Gang After Three
Places Are Plundered,
One Man Disarmed as He Pre
pared to Draw His
Special. to The Journal.
Stillwater, Minn., Nov. 29*-The cap
ture of three burglars after they had
plundered three business 'place's and
after an exciting chase, was effected at
an early hour, this- morning. Little
booty.was secured by the-thieves be
cause there was not much money in
the three places entered,'
The places broken into were Herman
T. Jassoy's harness store, and the gro
ceries of Jackson ,&-&Johnson and of
The names given by the men are
John Douglass, Frank Williams and
Edward dark. They had many skele
ton keys and burglars'* tools and all
were armed to the teeth. They refuse
to tell where they belong or explain
scars on their persons and are hard
Just after the men entered the Jack
son & Johnson store, the crashing of
glass aroused a man, who gave the.
alarm. Soon the police and several citi
zens were in. pursuit. Douglas was
chased for several blocks by Captain
McNaughton and three men. He fell
in an alley, and Captain MeNaughton
fell upon him and disarmed him as he
was drawing a 29 Colt revolver and
threatening to shoot.
The other two men ran to the north
ern part of the city. The entire police
force and many citizens joined in the
chase. The men dodged around lum
ber piles and got to the Theodore Mit
ten saloon at South Stillwater. They
were found seated at a table with their
heads resting on their hands pretending
tikb sleeping or drunk.
All three are locked up in the city
jail for hearing tomorrow.
REAL BEAR ON 'THE STREET'
Bruin Bewails Bitter Fate in the
Journal Special Service.
New York, Nov. 29.A real bear has
come to Wall street. Whining piteous
ly, disgusted with his surroundings the
genuine article pleaded for release.
An expressman came to the office of
I. K. Farrington & Co., on tne fifth
floor of 50 Wall street, and said he had
a_bear for Mr. Farrington. No usual
all street bear, caught for millions on
a bull market, ever set up the cry of
raised the hullabaloo that the little
cub from Canada did.
people ran out of.' the offices from
every floor of the building to find out
who was being nxurd^e^i
Finally* th# bear was safely landed -in
a room on the third floor, No assim
ance of safety, ^however, was given the
bear, who continued to wail, groan,
grunt and whine.
SEIZE GAMBLERS' OUTFIT
New York Police Get Devices Worth
$18,000 in Bald.
New York, Nov. 29.Gambling de
vices valued at more than $18,000
were seized in a police raid today at
Tully's Express company's office in
West Twenty-seventh street.
Three faro outfits, one dice, one
Klondike table and outfit bore the ad
dress of a house in West Thirty-sixth
street, which is said to have been oc
cupied as a gambling place by Prank
Felton, who shot Guy Roach in Broad
way on Thanksgiving day two years
ago. Three patrol wagon loads or the
gambling devices were removed to a
TWO PERISH OF COLD
North Dakota Man and His Child Were
Lost on the Plain.
Special to The Journal.
New Eockford, N. D., Nov. 29.Vin-
cent Spilner and wife and two chil
dren of eastern Wells county lost their
way while driving home from a neigh
bor's and Mr. Spilner and one child
were frozen to death.
Mrs. Spilner is in a precarious condi
tion as a result of exposure to, the cold.
Members of the family were out
about twenty-four hours before they
were found by neighbors.
TO COLLEGE AT 50 YEARS
Veteran Iowa Editor Will Realize Am
bition of Boyhood Days.
Special to The Journal.
Des Moines, Iowa, NOT. 29.George I. Long,
for twenty-six years editor'jf the Manson Jour
nal, and now SO years of age, has resolved to
gratify a boyish ambition to obtain a college
education. He wUl soon leave for Cedar Falls,
where he will take a collegiate course In the
state normal school. After six months there it
is his plan to enter the state university at Iowa
City for at least a year's course.
For years Mr. Long has been a strong factor
in politics in the tenth district, and he is con
sidered one of the most forceful editorial writ
ers in this part of the state.
Special to The Journal.
ROAD' S PRESIDENT
llLLED I N WREC
Samuel Spencer, Head of Southern
System, Meets Awful Death.
President of the Southern railway system,
who was killed in a wreck \today. Mr.
Spencer was one of the most prominent
railroad men of the country, achieving
great distinction In his forceful argu
ments against the new rate law when the
question was debated before the con
Little Robbinsdale Girl, Sent
from School in Disgrace,
Shamed by an accusation that she
had cheated in examinations in the
Robbinsdale school Hazel Scott, 13
years ^old, yesterday, attempted suicide
by taking ^strychninei Physicians
worked over the child all night, but
today she is hovering near death's
The child is the daughter of J. Bi.
Scott of Eobbihsdale. She was sent
home yesterday from the public schools,
of- which Theodore Christianson is prin
cipal. When she left school she told
a girl friend of her intention to kill
herself rather than face her parents.
Going to a''drugstore, she purchased
five grains of strychnine.
She arrived home at 2 o'clock, and
going to her room, took the poison
and lay down on the bed to die. Here
she was found later by her parents.
She was writhing in agony but had
Physicians were at once summoned,
and tho they worked all night they
could see little hope.
SCANT HOPE FOE OARMODY
Tho Former Minneapolitan Is Better To
day, Physicians Fear Death.
By W. W. Jermane, Colorado Building,
Washington, D. C.
Washington, Nov. 29.Physicians at
tending Francis J. Carmody, former sec
retary to Congressman Fletcher of Min
neapolis, and now an assistant United
States district attorney, announce, to
day that his condition is slightly im
proved, but no decided hope of his re
covery is being held out to his rela
tives. Mr. Carmody is suffering from
pleurisy, which developed from a cold
contracted in New York, 'and from a
nervous collapse due to separation from
his wife:and other scandals in the fam
ily of Senator Thomas C. Piatt, whose
step-daughter i he married.
FIRE LOSS IS $250,000
Gallitzen, pa., Suffers Heavy Damage
Altoona, Pa., Nov. 29.The opera
house, three large stores, nine dwell
ings and three barns"in Gallitzen^ Pa.,
near here,' wer burned today. loss
assThe ss- &
fective flue in the opera house. Continued on 2d Page, 5th Column.
PA WAGES, ABOLISH TIPS,
O BE PORTERS' WAR CRY
DUSKY AUTOCRATS OF PULLMAN CARS FORM UNION AND PLAN TO
STRIKE FOR BETTER PAY ON NEW YEAR'S DAYEXPECT TO.WIN
Chicago, Nov. 29.With the phrase, "Down with tips, give us living wages," their war cry, the
thousands of smiling, obliging negroes who preside over the destinies of sleeping railroad passengers,
are preparing to strike A union is fast forming and its leaders announce that the strike for living
wages will be inaugurated New Year's day. 7\' Jf ij
It is announced by a member of the union that the organization is in a most healthy condition and
able to withstand a- bitter fight, altho today came the first hint of the battle for wages:. The formation
of the union has been a guarded secret among its dusky members in view of springing a surprise ,oa
their employers which would leave them in no condition to resist the demands. '3\^^-,
RESEN BEIN BEGGARS L, V/l-^SSt^STf ^8J./
It was not the intention to give the news to the public even at this date, but members'%f &|
union hold that now it is too late for the Pullman company to hope to marshal, and train a force coin-
petent to take the places of the men who will walk out Jan. 1 unless their demands, are granted.
It is generally^ admitted by the porters that the strike decision is the result of the stories of fhe
$36,000,000 hoard of the Pullman company. They hold that a company receiving, the vast earnings
poured into the Pullman treasury should be in condition to pay living wages to its employees and not
compel them to become public nuisances by being forced to beg cash from the passengers who enrich
Private Car Smashed an
He Is Burned to Crisp l|
Under Engine. Jfr
Two Quests and dispatch
er Also PerishGhouls
Lynchburg, Va., Nov. 2ff.President
Samuel Spencer of the Southern Sail
way system, who was en route to the
south on his annual hunting trip, was
killed this morning in a rear-end col
lision at Lawler, fifteen miles south
The private car in which he was rid-"
ing was struck and split open bv theJ
colliding locomotive. It immediately^
caught fire and the body of Mr. Spen-'
cer was burned almost beyond reeog1
Others of Party Killed. Jjj"
In the car with him were Philip
Schuyler of New York city, Mr. Spen
cer's private secretary, MerrilL auoV
his private dispatcher, D. W. Davis, of
Alexandria. Va. Davis was crushed
and died in fifteen minutes. Mr.
Schuyler was instantly killed, but his
body was not badly burned before it
was rescued by passengers.
Frank T. Eedwood, 918 Madison aTO-^
nue, Baltimore, and Charles D. Fisher
of Gill & Fisher, Baltimore, who were
in Mr. Spencer's car, also were killed.
Charles D. Fisher was one o tfce
foremost citizens of Baltimore. He
was one of the founders of the grain
exporting firm of Gill & Fisher, add
had extensive business interests in the,
south. Mr. Fisher was one of Presi
dent Spencer's party.
Engineer Cherry, who was on the rear
train, was killed. Private Secretary
Merrill was wounded, but the nature of
his injuries has not been learned
Twelve or thirteen passengers, most of
them negroes, were wounded, only one
of,whom is thought to be fatally hurt.
Fire Follows Crash. "*'*$
The collision was between train No.
T* ^Jr? Jacksonville express, and train
No. ?i, the Washington & Southwestern
The Jacksonville train stopped on
the top of a very high grade a mile
north of Lawyer's depot, to repair i
slight breakdown, and before a flag
man could get backjto protect the traf
the Atlanta train dashed into it, itk
The^ heavy engine of the train J1*L
into the private car of President Speak
Cer, rn which he and his guests ar
supposed itp neve* been sleeping. Ii*
mediately the private gar caught fir
The'wreckage was piled around the (A
gine as tho placed there by, huma^
hands to be consumed^ '-v*-^ ^k*'-^:'-^"
Spencer Found Under !fogine.%f
Every piece of woodwork on the en
gine was .burned and the monster ma
chin^ stands there torn and
and will haveto be turned down the
embankment, as it is useless.
It was under the locomotive that the
burned body of President Spencer was
found. It is evident that Mr/lSpencer
was killed instantly and that he did
not suffer the tortures of being burned.
Davis Conscious at Death.
Dispatcher Davis was alive when he
was taken from under the wreckage.
He was crushed about the lower por
tion of the body and was conscious
until the end. He asked that word be
sent to his wife and child.
The death of Mr. Davis was touch
ing. He stated to his rescuer" that he..
knew he was dying and knew that the
end could not be far off.
"Place your finger on my""mouth,,,
he said, "it feels so cool and good.
He pleaded with the gentleman, who
was also a passenger on the train, not
to leave him, and for ten minutes this
man stayed with him until he saw that
nothing more could be done for him.
Porters Loot Wreckage. S:
One of the worst phases of the acci
dent was the heartlessness with which,
a few passengers and some attaches,
especially some of the porters of the
Atlanta train, ransacked the wrecked
cars for plunder.
F. M. Curtis of Jamestown. N. YH
who was a passenger on the Jackson
ville train, saw one negro porter BO
thru a woman's grip. He saw him
throw away_ such things as were of no
value to him and appropriate those
things that he wanted. Mr. Curtis de
clared that he would certainly
killed the porter,if he ha something
to do it with.ssrehavd
a few passengers engaged in this
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