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14 PAGESHOME EDITION.
POLITICS AS EYIL
IN POSTAL SERVICE
Divorce of Postmasters and Par
ties Is Asked by Mr.
INCREASE IN SALARIES
ASKED FOR THOUSANDS
Efficiency, Not Deficit, Governs
His Actions, Says Post
Nearly two years of adminis
tration confirms me in the opin
ion that the postmasters of the
country should be appointed by no
party primarily as rewards for po
litical activity, but primarily on
the basis of fitness for the work
and regard for the wishes of the
communities they serve. I know
of no one thing that will do more
for the postal servico than con
tinued insistence upon the policy
of substituting business for poli
tics in the administration of its af
fairs. George B. Cortelyou,
In his annual report.
Bpeoial to The Journal.
Washington, Dec. 10.Against a
deficit of $14,572,584.13 in 1905, the
annual report of Postmaster General
George B. Cortelyou, given out last
night, shows a decrease to $10,516,-
995 94 in the fiscal year -|ust closed. Re
ceipts of $152,826,585.10 for 1905 are
eclipsed by Mr. Cortelyou's figures of
With the proiect of a Chicago man
to give the postal business of the
United States into the hands of a pri
vate corporation, and thus escape the
annual deficit, before him, Mr. Cortel
I repeat what I said a ea ago that
while it would be a gratifying circum
stance if the postoffice department were
belf-sustaining, I am less concerned
about the deficit than the efficiency of
administration. By a proper system of
accounting, the department can be placed
upon a better business footing and Inci
dentally credited with work for which it
now receives no credit. And as a result
of these and other needed changes the
deficit, which is, in fact, only a paper defi
cit, can be altogether eliminated. Prog
ress towaid these improvements will
open the way for investigations to de
termine the feasibility of the adoption
of many important policies of administra
tionreduction of postage, both domwic
and international, postal savings banks,
parcel post, postal telegraph and tele
phone, and othersthe merits and de
fects of all of which should have in
the not distant future the fullest consid
Urges Salary Increases.
Of chief interest among the recom
mendations of Mr. Cortelyou is his plea*
for increased salaries in the postal
Good men are leaving the service,
he says, because the rate of pay is
far below that given employees of the
same relative worth in private service.
Then, he adds, the salaries paid are
too small to induce an influx of compe
tent men sufficient to meet the de
mand. Postoffice clerks, railway-mail
clerks, city and rural carriers and
fourth-class postmasters are included
in the plea for increased salaries, with
the increase in the cost of living, the
good of the service and the increases
granted employees of railroads and
other large corporations as arguments.
In behalf of the railway mail clerks,
Continued on 2d Page, 6th Column.
K*rXfttbXA.O.AAAA,M,,.* A&A&Ari SAAtAJEA O *i f'** AAAA.CZJK*/roK(IN^^%Y^
GEORGE R. CORTELYOU.
Postmaster general, who urges the di
vorce of politics and the postal service
as the chief need of the department at
STORER SAYS HE'S
NOT AN ANANIAS
Sticks to Contention that Presi
dent Changed Front in Ire
(President's reply to Bellamy
Storer's charges in relation to pro
motion of Archbishop Ireland will be
found on Page 4.)
Cincinnati, Dec. 10.Bellamy Storer,
former ambassador to Austria-Hunga
ry, today replied briefly to the state
ments contained in President Roose
velt's letter to Secretary Boot, which
was given to the press last night. Mr.
Storer insists on the position he has
heretofore taken and reiterates the as
sertions made by him in the statement
to the members of the foreign relations
committee of congress made public last
week. Mr. Storer says:
I seem to have been elected a mem
ber of the 'Ananias club' like all
others who have come into dispute
with President Eoosevelt. I am now
to be classed with Senators Chandler,
Tillman, Bailey and with others who
have questioned some act or word of
the president. Like every other Ameri
can gentleman, who has a wife to pro
tect, I undertook to defend her name
from insinuations and charges of
Mr. Storer says he has four let
ters bearing on the controversy
as to the promotion of Arch
bishop Ireland, all of which tend
to bear out his contention that he
obeyed the explicit instructions of Mr.
Roosevelt, Continuing, Mr. Storer saysi
Archbishop Ireland tola me also
that the president on several occasions
in conversation with him took the cred
it for the action he now repudiates."
Mr. Storer continued in part as fol
The crux of the whole matter which
led to my removal was the action taken
by Mrs. Storer and myself with regard
to the promotion of Archbishop John
Ireland of St. Paul to the cardmalate.
Message to Pope.
"De c. 2, 1903, I had an audience
with Pope Pius X, at which I trans
mitted a verbal communication as fol
'He (the president) said to me
and authorized me to say to your
holiness that the archbishop of St. Paul
Continued on 2d Page, 5th Column.
THE CHRISTM AS SURPRISE.
-Wonder if old Santa Claws could have made any mistake
ARE BURNING CORN
Eansans Beg Governor to Compel
Roads to Send Coal to
Huddle in Public Houses to Make
Meager Fuel Supply Go
Journal Special 8ervice.
Topeka, Kan., Dec. 10.With the
thermometer hovering around the zero
point in many towns of southwest Kan
sas and with no coal to keep them
selves from freezing if the cold wave
continues, the residents are making ar
rangements to meet the emergency by
congregating churches and public
schoolhouses to avert possible death
The situation has become so desper
ate that an appeal has been made to
Governor Hoch to exert his official
power to procure a supply of fuel for
the sufferers. Petitions already have
come to the governor from Meade, Lib
eral, Cimarron and other towns.
Are Burning Corn.
It is authentically reported that
twenty towns in that region are vir
tually without coal for heating or cook
ing purposes. Necessity has driven the
people several places to burn corn
to ward off actual suffering. In these
places they have adopted the plan of
gathering in the churches and public
buildings, that there may be a maxi
mum of comfort with a minimum ex
penditure of fuel. Appeals have been
made in vain to the railroads, bu,t the
officials insist that they cannot procure
the cars in which to haul coal. Indig
nation against the railroads is at high
tension. Threats of forcible seizure
are frequent unless relief is soon af
ITS CROP REPORT
Washington, Dec. 10,The monthly
crop report of the department of agri
culture shows that the condition of win
ter wheat Dec. 1 was 94.1 as compared
with 94.1 per cent on Dec. 1, 1905, and
a nine-year average of 92.9,
The condition of winter rye Dec. 1
was 96.2 with a nine-year average of
95, per cent.
MAE WOOD IS NEAR PLATT
Wonlan Who Threatened Senator Has
Room in Same Hotel,
Washington, Dec. 10.Mae C. Wood',
who came into notoriety by threatening
Senator Thomas C. Piatt with a law
suit, arrived in Washington a few days
ago. I is learned she is stopping at
the Arlington hotel under an assumed
name.* Senator Piatt has apartments
at the Arlington.
Miss Wood hag been recognized by a
number of former acquaintances, to
whom she frankly revealed her iden
tity. She has visited the capital open
I cannot be learned whether she has
conferred with the senior senator "from
New York, but it is known, that she is
seeking an interview with him*
DODGED AUTO, BUT DIES
Iowa Pioneer Woman, Aged 86, Falls to
Special to The Journal.
Iowa City, Iowa, Dec. 10 Mrs. Sam
uel Williams, aged 86, a pioneer of Iowa
county, in trying to avoid an automobile
fell off a street crossing and broke her
thigh and is dead.
.M^iia^^*^***^^ ins fteei,
MONDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 10, 1906.
CRIMES OUILL EIf-
RIYlL yF HOCH'S
Poisoning of Girl He Deceived
H- latest Development in Ohi
Journal Special Service.
Chicago, Dec. 10.An unknown girl
has entered into, the Vrsal poisoning
case, opening up a line of inquiry into
Herman Billek's career that-led the
police back five years, and may unveil
a series of deaths similar to that which
followed in the train of the arch wife
murderer, Jokann Hoch. Billek is held
charged with complicity in poisoning
the Vrzal family.
Lieutenant O'Brien has received in
formation that five years ago Billek
was present^ at the death of a young
Bohemian girl whom he had induced
to believe that he would marry, despite
tm? fact that he had a wife and chil
This girl, according to the police in
formant, had money, and the relations
between her and Billek had progressed
to such a stage that they went to a
South Halsted street to pick
furniture, for the home they
establish. Fell Dead in Store.
While looking, over furniture, the
girl dropped dead. Her death was laid
to heart trouble and stomach disorders,
but the symptoms, as tar as the police
have learned, were identical with those
displayed by the six members of the
Vrzal familv, who have died since Bil
lek became the "family friend."
These further facts in connection
with the Vrzal family have been pried
out of the various witnesses:
Billek at one time worked in a
chemical shop in Cleveland, and was
acquainted with the uses and natures of
Gave Pills to Vzrals.
He gave pills to other members of
the family who died, besides the father,
Martin Vzral, and the girl Mary.
He was alone with Mrs. Vzral for
twenty minutes, the day she drank the
potion that ended her life, and when
he came to the* house the second day
he immediately asked for th bottle.''
On two different occasions Ella and
Bertha Vrzal, CTe youngest two child
ren, barely esca^pd death from asphyxi
ation by gas under circumstances which
now point to an attempt at murder.
said Assistans 7
Chief Schuettler. "He is a criminal
by his own. admission and admits only
such things as we can prove. The
whole ease new rests on the examina
tion of tKe. Jbooiesv"
JOBEL PMGE PRIZE
The Norwegian ^arT&ment Gives
the $40,000 ^*el Behest to
America's 3Yeident. ~R^
The Nobel peace prize 1B awarded t^
President Roosevelt in recognition of
his services in ending the Russo-Jap
anese war. Candidates for this distinc
tion must be proposed by legislative
bodies* peaete organizations or univer
sities, is understood that the presi
dent 's. sponsors were Professor H.
Judson, acting president of 'Chicago
university: Professor Baldwin of Yale,
Professor Harberger of the University
of Munich and the faculty of George
town university, Washington.
Tie peace prize went last year to
Baroness von Suttner of Vienna, and
in previous years to W. H. Creemer,
M.P., of England, Professor De Mar
tens of Russia and Henri Dunant, foun
der of the Bed Cross.
The Nobel peace prize is part of a
bequest left by Dr. Alfred Bernhard
Nobel, the Swedish scientist, who died
1896. By his will a large portion
of his fortune was devoted to fiv an
nual prizes, each valued at about $40,-
000. They were awarded for the most
important discoveries in physics, chem
istry, physiology or medicine, for the
distinguished work of an idealistic
work the field of literature and for
the best effort toward the fraternity of
nations and the promotion of peace.
The last-named is awarded by the Nor
wegian parliament. The others are
awarded by institutions at Stockholm.
How He Will Use It.
The American minister, Mr. Pierce,
in an eloquent speech thanked parlia
ment in the president '& name, and read
a message from President Roosevelt ex
pressing his deep thanks and saying
there was no gift he could appreciate
more. The" president also announced
that he had concluded to use the prize
to establish at Washington a perma
nent industrial peace committee with
the view of maintaining righteous peace
in the industrial world, which was as
important as the maintenance of peace
in the world of nations.
The president said of the proposed
The object will be to strive for bet
ter and more equitable relations among
mv countrymen who are engaged
whether as capitalists or wage workers,
in industrial and agricultural pursuits.''
SCORES R. R. SPEED MANIA
Second Vice President of Burlington
Demands Greater Care by Trainmen.
Special to The Journal.
Chicago, Dec. 10.Excessive speed
in passenger-train service, resorted to
by nearly every, railroad in the coun
try to make up lost time, has been
forbidden by the management of the
Burlington. In a long circular issued
to engine men and passenger crews,
Daniel .Willard, second vice president,
insists that excessive speed is not nec
essary even in maintaining fast pas
Mr. Willard states emphatically ihafe
it is "even and smooth''running that
makes time, and advises that the com
fort and safety of passengers is the
first consideration, not the making up
of lost time.
FIVE DIE BY ACCIDENTS
Series of Fatalities in Illinois" Steel Works
Chicago, Dec. lO.-Flve WnW^ela"*
as the result of accidents in the plant of
the Illinois Steel company at South Chi
cago, in the last twenty-foUr hours One
man was burned to death by falling upon
of red-hot steel, another Wai
a a switch engine a third waS-
3' Phyxiated by coal gas and two others"
-'were crushed to death by pieces of fall-
SEEKS A REMEDY
FOB CROP TIE-UP
Congressman Marshall of North
Dakota on Mission for
Will Study Conditions and Report
to the Commission at Min
Bepresentative Thomas F. Marshall
of North Dakota was in Minneapolis
today, en route to investigate the crop
tieup conditions in his state at the re
quest of the interstate commerce com
mission. He has already hundreds of
letters in his possession from grain
growers and shippers in the congested
territory and will devote this week
practically to seeing what his constitu
uents have to offer in the way of sug
gested remedies. He expects to be
Minneapolis next week, when the com
missioners are here from Washington
to conduct their first -hearing on the
"The commission regards the fact of
the blockade as already well estab
lished," said Mr. Marshall to The
Journal today." And while its
hearings will necessarily bring out that
fact, the idea is to get down to the
basic facts and develop the reasons for
the conditions in the congested area.
One most interesting line of evidence
will be that bearing on discrimination
between competitive and non-competi
tive points. I have in hand many re
ports which show that competitive
points have this year received as many
cars as usual, while from non-competi
tive stations come reports of wholly in
adequate shipping facilities. If dis
crimination be absolutely proved at the
hearings, the shippers will be in a fair
way to secure speedier relief than oth
erwise, for the situtaion is a new one
and the powers of the commission are
not well defined when it comes to han
dling the general condition of question
of car service. The handling of dis
crimination, however, is already pro
vided for in present laws.
Service in Canada.
"Another line of information which
the commission wishes to develop is the
service granted to Canadian grain
growers in contrast with that accorded
to producers in the states iust this side
of the boundary. Some of the reports
that have come to me state that the
Canadian shippers are supplied with all
the cars they need by the same rail
roads which on this side of the line
have permitted grain to pile up in use
less heaps. It is no doubt true that
Canadian gram shipped thru the United
States in bond has been moved prompt
ly, but that does not necessarily signi
fy, inasmuch as bonded grain has to be
moved out forthwith under the regula
tions of the customs department. If
there has been discrimination on other
than bonded grain, however, the com
mission wants to know it."
Mr. Marshall will leave this evening
1u& home at Oakes, N. D., and will
make th at town his headquarters for
trros of investigatfrm to cover the week.
In the otheshrppin lines of infor
are being developed by other
agents of the interstate commerce com
mission. H. McKenzie has been in Min
neapoli1 for seveTal days conferring
Christiania, .Norway,U Dec. 10.The
Norwegian parliament has conferred TOWW
i W ocvcia i ua
the commission aree-r inm thne sprin*
belt securing facts.
SOME "EMPTIES" RECEIVED
Buchanan, N. D., Gets a Little Relief
from Grain_ Congestion.
Special to The Journal.
Jamestown, N. D., Dec. 10.Eleven
empty cars for grain loading were set
in yesterday and the dav previous at
Buchanan, the first station north of
here on thp Northern Pacific. There is
a bad congestion of gram at Buchanan
and previous to this but one empty car
had been received in six weeks. These
empties, tho entirely insufficient, will
help the situation a little and will at
least prevent it from getting ant
worse. For the country immediately
north of Jamestown it may be said
that there is improvement noted, for
while but few empty cars are being re
ceived, there were none at all available
at many points previous to the publi
cation of particular cashes of conges
tion in The Minneapolis Journal.
BLAISDELL SPEAKS OUT
North Dakota's Next Secretary Takes
Radical Ground on Car Situation,
"The conduct of the railroads in re
gard to the North Dakota car supply
has been reprehensible," says Alfred
Blaisdell, secretary of state-elect of
North Dakota, who is in Minneapolis
as the guest of Hugh Allen, chief depu
ty the county auditor's office.
Mr. Blaisdell was elected secretary
of state on the republican ticket. He
lives in Minot and has made a study of
the car situation in North Dakota.
Mr. Blaisdell was graduated from the
University of Minnesota law school in
1898 and is well known in Minneapo
lis. Mr. Blaisdell says:
"The announcement that the inter
state commerce commission will investi
gate the car shortage situation in North
Dakota is good news to the people pf
Continued on 2d Page, 6th Column.
Paris, Dec. 10.The press today
unanimously recognizes the extreme
gravity of the religious issue precipi
tated by the pope's intransigent atti
tude and many papers predict a verit
able religious warfare.
The government's calculations have
pclearly been upset and new legislative
^authority may be necessary to enable it
cope with the situation.
It having been decided that af#& to^
-.morrow religious services may noi be
'held without a preliminary declaration
under the law of 1881, the pope's or
ders entail the immediate initiation of
prosecutions in 36,000 communes, and
logically the invasion of churches by
he police for the purpose of proneunc
ing their dissolution and expelling the
The'militant Catholics seemingly hail
%ith .py the prospect of violence,
^Rrhich" will compel the closing of the
churches with the attendant excitement
f religious passions. i(^
.1 To Overthrow Republic.
BROWN SINKS WOMAN ILL
Utah Man in Critical Condition and
Washington, Dec. 10.Former Sena
tor Arthur Brown, of Utah, who was
shot and seriously wounded Saturday
last by Mrs. Anna M. Bradley, still re
mains in a critical condition. It was
stated at the emergency hospital to
day that he had passed a fairly com
fortable night and that his chances for
recovery had improved considerably.
Mrs. Bradley has collapsed and it is
feared that her mind will give way.
DREADS TASK KILLS SELF
County Commissioner-Elect Worries
Over Responsibilities of Office.
Eichmond, Ind., Dec. 10.W. S. Clay
ton, county commissioner-elect of Pre
ble county, Ohio, killed himself today
by hanging at his home, fifteen miles
east of here. Worry over the respon
sibilty attached to his official duties
is aid to have been the cause of his
FRANCE MENACED BY RELIGIOUS WAR
POPE'S REJECTION OF GOVERNMENT'S PROFFER REGARDED BY SOME!
AS BLOW AT REPUBLICS EXISTENCE. CM
deliberately determined to test the
strength or the party of reaction in an
effort to overthrow the republic.
The socialist organs generally, how
ever, regard the pope's instructions "as
the result of the government's weak
ness in offering any concession beyond
the formation of the cultural associa
tions contemplated under the law of
1903, and-declare that the government
now has no alternative except to in
sist on declarations being made or show
^the ecclesiastics the door.
The conservative papers advise the
government to remain true to its liberal
principles contending that the more the
church is intolerant and panic-stricken
the more authority it will need, pro
vided the government does not lose its
Government Is Prepared.
The government has made prepara
tions to cope with the situation, but is
keeping them secret, evidently waiting
to see whether any considerable pro
portion of the Clergy will revolt. The
cabinet, hpwever, maintains a resolute
M. Jaures, the socialist leader, pro-J instructions tp.the public proaeentors
see* to belums that the .Vatican haai were'telegraphed broadcast today. Pre-
PRICE ONE CENT IN MINNEAPOLIS.
FLAYS SUSSMAN AS
Prosecutor^Outlines State's Case^in
SUSSMAN AND HIS ATTORNEY,
ROADS OF NATION
Sweeping Inquiry Planned by the
Commission, with Stuyvesant
Fish as Informer.
Special to The Journal.
Washington, Dec. 10.Plans are un
der consideration by the interstate
commerce commission that contemplate
a most sweeping, comprehensive and
far-reaching investigation into the man.
agement the railroads of the United
Early in, the new year practically
all of the great systems in the coun
try will be the subjeet of inquiries
such-a that which has been ordered
in the case of the Harriman lines,- and
will be ordered soon in relation to the
roads controlled and operated by James
J.' Hill. In fact, the investigation Of
these two systems is merely a starter
in ar-reachrng inquiry contemplated.
Tho members of the commission are
not inclined to discuss their work, it is
known that practically every railroad
in the United States suspected of work
ing in combination with competing
roads will have the searchlight of pub
licity thrown on it.
Fish as Informer.
"It is true," said Chairman Knapp
today, "that we have in mind an in
quiry into the operations of the Hill
roads. It will be of the same general
character as the one we are about to
institute into the management of the
so-called Harriman lines.
"Stuyvesant Pish has talked the
matter over with us. He did not come
here by appointment, but he offered us
the benefit of his knowledge of. railroad
conditions in the event that we may
It 'is the belief of the commission
tBat a thoro insight into the methods
of the railroads of the country will
tend to a more efficient administration
of the new rate law, even if it does not
disclose violations of law such as dis
criminate against individuals and com
Cold Blooded, Unprovoked
Murder Was Done, De
clares State's Attorney.
Promises Evidence to SHow
Premeditated Crime, Not
Sudden Passion. *'3*
Murdermurder of his wife, cold
blooded and unprovoked, premeditated
and carefully planned, will be proven
against Henry Sussman if the evidence
the trial sustains the presentation
of the state's case to the jury. In
opening the trial today, John F. Dahl,
assistant county attorney, did not mince
words. The crime at the Glenwood ho
tel the early morning of Sept. 26,
was stamped as a murder. Any chance
of an accidental death, or a suicide, or
even a crime committed on the spur
of the moment in a burst of passion,
Fannie Sussman was deliberately
murdered, he declaredshot thru the
head while she slept calmly and at
peace with the world. The murderer
was the one who, above all others,
should have been the first to shield her
from all harm, the one who had solemn
ly sworn to love and cherish her in
adversity as well as good fortuneher
The motive, said the prosecutor, was
revenge and anger caused by the wom
an's inability or unwillingness to help
Sussman out of the entanglement with
the police authorities of La Crosse,
where he had been arrested for for
Point to Murder.
While many circumstances pointed to
the guilt of the defendant, the prin
cipal ones,# said the prosecutor, were
The prisoner's threat to take Fannie
Sussman's life, made at the Messenger
home on Dupont avenue N in the pres
ence of the members of the family.
This threat was made in such a cruel
and vindictive manner as to frighten,
all those who heard it and convince
them that he contemplated murder.
The purchase of a revolver and am
munition on the day preceding the
commission of the crime.
The failure to go to La Crosse ont
Tuesday evening, as agreed, and the
registration of himself and his wife at
the Glenwood hotel as "Joseph Tyler
The attempted suicide late Thursday
night after his arrival from La Crossa
and learning that he was suspected.
The confession, to the police after
Scouts Insanity Ple&^
According to the state, these circum
stances^ with others, form absolutely
convincing proof that the prisoner com-"
mitted the crime. Any theory of a
quarrel or that the bloody deed was
the act of an insane man is positively
rejected by the state.
The court was packed as Mr. Dahl
began, and from now until the trial
ends, the customary scenes attending
a murder trial will be enacted twice
a day in Judge Simpson's courtroom:
The rush of the morbid-minded to effect
an entrance the fight of the deputy
sheriffs to hold back the throng^ the
crowding of every nook in the rdom
the craning of necks and straining or
ears to see and hear everything that
Mr. Dahl began with the early mar
riage of the Sussmans. Even at the
time of her untimely death Mrs. Suss
man was hardly more than a child.
Her marriage projred to be a loveless
one, her husband, in whom she trusted,
neglected'his duty, and she was com
pelled to work for hej living. Then
Mr. Dahl went on:
IU Will Toward Wife. $
Sussman's efforts to obtain posses
sion of the marriage certificate and the
destruction by him of a copy of the
certificate were mentioned as evidences
of ill will toward his wife. His con
duct was anything but commendable,
and he neglected to provide for her.
MJrs. Sussman continued to work, al
ways at respectable employment. Suss
man led a worthless life, but often*
promised to reform.
"Finally he abandoned her: With
a view of bringing matters to a head,
Mrs. Sussman swore out a warrant for
his arrest on the change of non-sup
port. For this he received a sentence
to the workhouse. Later he was ar
rested at La Crosse, Wis., charged with
forgery, but was released from impris
onment on bail. t_
Sought Wife's Aid.
"Two weeks before the murder ha
returned to Fannie, not for reconcilia
tion, but to secure her help in securing!
his release from arrest for forgery.
What plan he proposed we know not
but Fannie could do nothing for him.
and it angered him.
Contintted on 2d Page, 2d Column.
mier Clemenceau is quoted as saying:
"If the church elects to have war it
will have it, but the world will bear
witness that the Vatican is like a for
eign power trying to dispute the au*
thority of the French government."
Talks of Civil 'War. S I
M. Briand, minister of public wor
ship, says he thinks the pope yielded
to the importunities of the ultra mon
tanes, who are ever possessed with tha
mad idea that out of disorder and civil
war they will emerge triumphant. "The
government now does not *ace a revolt
of,the consciences of French CatholieS,
but a purely political enterprise."
Reports of the pope's eleventh-hour j
rejection of the government's final
proffer, under which Catholic worship-J
could be continued under the commoa.|
law, turn out to be only too true,
$^A** Call to BebellioiO
The government regards the actio*
of the pontiff as little less than a sum?
mons of the French Catholics to ope*jfcjfl
rebellion and rendering the situation
exceedingly grave Nand possib^settfeftiis^l
ing the most deplorable consequences.