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14 PAGESHOME EDITION. POLITICS AS EYIL IN POSTAL SERVICE Divorce of Postmasters and Par ties Is Asked by Mr. Cortelyou. INCREASE IN SALARIES ASKED FOR THOUSANDS Efficiency, Not Deficit, Governs His Actions, Says Post master General. -8 ONE CORTELYOUISM Nearly two years of adminis tration confirms me in the opin ion that the postmasters of the country should be appointed by no party primarily as rewards for po litical activity, but primarily on the basis of fitness for the work and regard for the wishes of the communities they serve. I know of no one thing that will do more for the postal servico than con tinued insistence upon the policy of substituting business for poli tics in the administration of its af fairs. George B. Cortelyou, Postmaster General. In his annual report. Bpeoial to The Journal. Washington, Dec. 10.Against a deficit of $14,572,584.13 in 1905, the annual report of Postmaster General George B. Cortelyou, given out last night, shows a decrease to $10,516,- 995 94 in the fiscal year -|ust closed. Re ceipts of $152,826,585.10 for 1905 are eclipsed by Mr. Cortelyou's figures of $167,932,782.95. With the proiect of a Chicago man to give the postal business of the United States into the hands of a pri vate corporation, and thus escape the annual deficit, before him, Mr. Cortel you says: I repeat what I said a ea ago that while it would be a gratifying circum stance if the postoffice department were belf-sustaining, I am less concerned about the deficit than the efficiency of administration. By a proper system of accounting, the department can be placed upon a better business footing and Inci dentally credited with work for which it now receives no credit. And as a result of these and other needed changes the deficit, which is, in fact, only a paper defi cit, can be altogether eliminated. Prog ress towaid these improvements will open the way for investigations to de termine the feasibility of the adoption of many important policies of administra tionreduction of postage, both domwic and international, postal savings banks, parcel post, postal telegraph and tele phone, and othersthe merits and de fects of all of which should have in the not distant future the fullest consid eration. Urges Salary Increases. Of chief interest among the recom mendations of Mr. Cortelyou is his plea* for increased salaries in the postal service. Good men are leaving the service, he says, because the rate of pay is far below that given employees of the same relative worth in private service. Then, he adds, the salaries paid are too small to induce an influx of compe tent men sufficient to meet the de mand. Postoffice clerks, railway-mail clerks, city and rural carriers and fourth-class postmasters are included in the plea for increased salaries, with the increase in the cost of living, the good of the service and the increases granted employees of railroads and other large corporations as arguments. In behalf of the railway mail clerks, Continued on 2d Page, 6th Column. Teddy WmmsamummiUM,ama,xmtjtmmt*mmvsiti*m!ia, K*rXfttbXA.O.AAAA,M,,.* A&A&Ari SAAtAJEA O *i f'** AAAA.CZJK*/roK(IN^^%Y^ fa i,\ GEORGE R. CORTELYOU. Postmaster general, who urges the di vorce of politics and the postal service as the chief need of the department at present. STORER SAYS HE'S NOT AN ANANIAS Sticks to Contention that Presi dent Changed Front in Ire land Affair. (President's reply to Bellamy Storer's charges in relation to pro motion of Archbishop Ireland will be found on Page 4.) Cincinnati, Dec. 10.Bellamy Storer, former ambassador to Austria-Hunga ry, today replied briefly to the state ments contained in President Roose velt's letter to Secretary Boot, which was given to the press last night. Mr. Storer insists on the position he has heretofore taken and reiterates the as sertions made by him in the statement to the members of the foreign relations committee of congress made public last week. Mr. Storer says: I seem to have been elected a mem ber of the 'Ananias club' like all others who have come into dispute with President Eoosevelt. I am now to be classed with Senators Chandler, Tillman, Bailey and with others who have questioned some act or word of the president. Like every other Ameri can gentleman, who has a wife to pro tect, I undertook to defend her name from insinuations and charges of falsehood. Mr. Storer says he has four let ters bearing on the controversy as to the promotion of Arch bishop Ireland, all of which tend to bear out his contention that he obeyed the explicit instructions of Mr. Roosevelt, Continuing, Mr. Storer saysi Archbishop Ireland tola me also that the president on several occasions in conversation with him took the cred it for the action he now repudiates." Mr. Storer continued in part as fol lows: The crux of the whole matter which led to my removal was the action taken by Mrs. Storer and myself with regard to the promotion of Archbishop John Ireland of St. Paul to the cardmalate. Message to Pope. "De c. 2, 1903, I had an audience with Pope Pius X, at which I trans mitted a verbal communication as fol lows: 'He (the president) said to me and authorized me to say to your holiness that the archbishop of St. Paul Continued on 2d Page, 5th Column. THE CHRISTM AS SURPRISE. -Wonder if old Santa Claws could have made any mistake SOFFERING PEOPLE ARE BURNING CORN Eansans Beg Governor to Compel Roads to Send Coal to State. Huddle in Public Houses to Make Meager Fuel Supply Go Further. Journal Special 8ervice. Topeka, Kan., Dec. 10.With the thermometer hovering around the zero point in many towns of southwest Kan sas and with no coal to keep them selves from freezing if the cold wave continues, the residents are making ar rangements to meet the emergency by congregating churches and public schoolhouses to avert possible death from exposure. The situation has become so desper ate that an appeal has been made to Governor Hoch to exert his official power to procure a supply of fuel for the sufferers. Petitions already have come to the governor from Meade, Lib eral, Cimarron and other towns. Are Burning Corn. It is authentically reported that twenty towns in that region are vir tually without coal for heating or cook ing purposes. Necessity has driven the people several places to burn corn to ward off actual suffering. In these places they have adopted the plan of gathering in the churches and public buildings, that there may be a maxi mum of comfort with a minimum ex penditure of fuel. Appeals have been made in vain to the railroads, bu,t the officials insist that they cannot procure the cars in which to haul coal. Indig nation against the railroads is at high tension. Threats of forcible seizure are frequent unless relief is soon af forded. GOVERNMENT ISSUES ITS CROP REPORT Washington, Dec. 10,The monthly crop report of the department of agri culture shows that the condition of win ter wheat Dec. 1 was 94.1 as compared with 94.1 per cent on Dec. 1, 1905, and a nine-year average of 92.9, The condition of winter rye Dec. 1 was 96.2 with a nine-year average of 95, per cent. MAE WOOD IS NEAR PLATT Wonlan Who Threatened Senator Has Room in Same Hotel, Washington, Dec. 10.Mae C. Wood', who came into notoriety by threatening Senator Thomas C. Piatt with a law suit, arrived in Washington a few days ago. I is learned she is stopping at the Arlington hotel under an assumed name.* Senator Piatt has apartments at the Arlington. Miss Wood hag been recognized by a number of former acquaintances, to whom she frankly revealed her iden tity. She has visited the capital open ly. I cannot be learned whether she has conferred with the senior senator "from New York, but it is known, that she is seeking an interview with him* DODGED AUTO, BUT DIES Iowa Pioneer Woman, Aged 86, Falls to Her Death. Special to The Journal. Iowa City, Iowa, Dec. 10 Mrs. Sam uel Williams, aged 86, a pioneer of Iowa county, in trying to avoid an automobile fell off a street crossing and broke her thigh and is dead. -*ik .M^iia^^*^***^^ ins fteei, Jgji MONDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 10, 1906. CRIMES OUILL EIf- RIYlL yF HOCH'S store in out the were to *&*<$ Poisoning of Girl He Deceived H- latest Development in Ohi eago Jllystery. Journal Special Service. Chicago, Dec. 10.An unknown girl has entered into, the Vrsal poisoning case, opening up a line of inquiry into Herman Billek's career that-led the police back five years, and may unveil a series of deaths similar to that which followed in the train of the arch wife murderer, Jokann Hoch. Billek is held charged with complicity in poisoning the Vrzal family. Lieutenant O'Brien has received in formation that five years ago Billek was present^ at the death of a young Bohemian girl whom he had induced to believe that he would marry, despite tm? fact that he had a wife and chil dren. This girl, according to the police in formant, had money, and the relations between her and Billek had progressed to such a stage that they went to a South Halsted street to pick furniture, for the home they establish. Fell Dead in Store. While looking, over furniture, the girl dropped dead. Her death was laid to heart trouble and stomach disorders, but the symptoms, as tar as the police have learned, were identical with those displayed by the six members of the Vrzal familv, who have died since Bil lek became the "family friend." These further facts in connection with the Vrzal family have been pried out of the various witnesses: Billek at one time worked in a chemical shop in Cleveland, and was acquainted with the uses and natures of poisons. Gave Pills to Vzrals. He gave pills to other members of the family who died, besides the father, Martin Vzral, and the girl Mary. He was alone with Mrs. Vzral for twenty minutes, the day she drank the potion that ended her life, and when he came to the* house the second day he immediately asked for th bottle.'' On two different occasions Ella and Bertha Vrzal, CTe youngest two child ren, barely esca^pd death from asphyxi ation by gas under circumstances which now point to an attempt at murder. "That Billek use'd more than-probable, hypnotism i said Assistans 7 Chief Schuettler. "He is a criminal by his own. admission and admits only such things as we can prove. The whole ease new rests on the examina tion of tKe. Jbooiesv" ROOSfYELT GETS JOBEL PMGE PRIZE 4 The Norwegian ^arT&ment Gives the $40,000 ^*el Behest to America's 3Yeident. ~R^ pb PMZ PeaC SX-SSf 1 Roosevelt. 1 The Nobel peace prize 1B awarded t^ President Roosevelt in recognition of his services in ending the Russo-Jap anese war. Candidates for this distinc tion must be proposed by legislative bodies* peaete organizations or univer sities, is understood that the presi dent 's. sponsors were Professor H. Judson, acting president of 'Chicago university: Professor Baldwin of Yale, Professor Harberger of the University of Munich and the faculty of George town university, Washington. Tie peace prize went last year to Baroness von Suttner of Vienna, and in previous years to W. H. Creemer, M.P., of England, Professor De Mar tens of Russia and Henri Dunant, foun der of the Bed Cross. The Nobel peace prize is part of a bequest left by Dr. Alfred Bernhard Nobel, the Swedish scientist, who died 1896. By his will a large portion of his fortune was devoted to fiv an nual prizes, each valued at about $40,- 000. They were awarded for the most important discoveries in physics, chem istry, physiology or medicine, for the distinguished work of an idealistic work the field of literature and for the best effort toward the fraternity of nations and the promotion of peace. The last-named is awarded by the Nor wegian parliament. The others are awarded by institutions at Stockholm. How He Will Use It. The American minister, Mr. Pierce, in an eloquent speech thanked parlia ment in the president '& name, and read a message from President Roosevelt ex pressing his deep thanks and saying there was no gift he could appreciate more. The" president also announced that he had concluded to use the prize to establish at Washington a perma nent industrial peace committee with the view of maintaining righteous peace in the industrial world, which was as important as the maintenance of peace in the world of nations. The president said of the proposed committee: The object will be to strive for bet ter and more equitable relations among mv countrymen who are engaged whether as capitalists or wage workers, in industrial and agricultural pursuits.'' SCORES R. R. SPEED MANIA Second Vice President of Burlington Demands Greater Care by Trainmen. Special to The Journal. Chicago, Dec. 10.Excessive speed in passenger-train service, resorted to by nearly every, railroad in the coun try to make up lost time, has been forbidden by the management of the Burlington. In a long circular issued to engine men and passenger crews, Daniel .Willard, second vice president, insists that excessive speed is not nec essary even in maintaining fast pas senger schedules. Mr. Willard states emphatically ihafe it is "even and smooth''running that makes time, and advises that the com fort and safety of passengers is the first consideration, not the making up of lost time. FIVE DIE BY ACCIDENTS Series of Fatalities in Illinois" Steel Works In Chicago. Chicago, Dec. lO.-Flve WnW^ela"* as the result of accidents in the plant of the Illinois Steel company at South Chi cago, in the last twenty-foUr hours One man was burned to death by falling upon of red-hot steel, another Wai ttPlatey ki 4wtj a a switch engine a third waS- 3' Phyxiated by coal gas and two others" -'were crushed to death by pieces of fall- Defective Page SEEKS A REMEDY FOB CROP TIE-UP Congressman Marshall of North Dakota on Mission for theI.CC. Will Study Conditions and Report to the Commission at Min neapolis Hearing. Bepresentative Thomas F. Marshall of North Dakota was in Minneapolis today, en route to investigate the crop tieup conditions in his state at the re quest of the interstate commerce com mission. He has already hundreds of letters in his possession from grain growers and shippers in the congested territory and will devote this week practically to seeing what his constitu uents have to offer in the way of sug gested remedies. He expects to be Minneapolis next week, when the com missioners are here from Washington to conduct their first -hearing on the car shortage. "The commission regards the fact of the blockade as already well estab lished," said Mr. Marshall to The Journal today." And while its hearings will necessarily bring out that fact, the idea is to get down to the basic facts and develop the reasons for the conditions in the congested area. One most interesting line of evidence will be that bearing on discrimination between competitive and non-competi tive points. I have in hand many re ports which show that competitive points have this year received as many cars as usual, while from non-competi tive stations come reports of wholly in adequate shipping facilities. If dis crimination be absolutely proved at the hearings, the shippers will be in a fair way to secure speedier relief than oth erwise, for the situtaion is a new one and the powers of the commission are not well defined when it comes to han dling the general condition of question of car service. The handling of dis crimination, however, is already pro vided for in present laws. Service in Canada. "Another line of information which the commission wishes to develop is the service granted to Canadian grain growers in contrast with that accorded to producers in the states iust this side of the boundary. Some of the reports that have come to me state that the Canadian shippers are supplied with all the cars they need by the same rail roads which on this side of the line have permitted grain to pile up in use less heaps. It is no doubt true that Canadian gram shipped thru the United States in bond has been moved prompt ly, but that does not necessarily signi fy, inasmuch as bonded grain has to be moved out forthwith under the regula tions of the customs department. If there has been discrimination on other than bonded grain, however, the com mission wants to know it." Mr. Marshall will leave this evening 1u& home at Oakes, N. D., and will make th at town his headquarters for trros of investigatfrm to cover the week. In the otheshrppin lines of infor are being developed by other agents of the interstate commerce com mission. H. McKenzie has been in Min neapoli1 for seveTal days conferring ^meantime,and Jmatioe roa reside Christiania, .Norway,U Dec. 10.The Norwegian parliament has conferred TOWW a 1 ib4& 1 inte i W ocvcia i ua 8 conrerrin* oth pr sentinj the commission aree-r inm thne sprin* belt securing facts. wheart SOME "EMPTIES" RECEIVED Buchanan, N. D., Gets a Little Relief from Grain_ Congestion. Special to The Journal. Jamestown, N. D., Dec. 10.Eleven empty cars for grain loading were set in yesterday and the dav previous at Buchanan, the first station north of here on thp Northern Pacific. There is a bad congestion of gram at Buchanan and previous to this but one empty car had been received in six weeks. These empties, tho entirely insufficient, will help the situation a little and will at least prevent it from getting ant worse. For the country immediately north of Jamestown it may be said that there is improvement noted, for while but few empty cars are being re ceived, there were none at all available at many points previous to the publi cation of particular cashes of conges tion in The Minneapolis Journal. BLAISDELL SPEAKS OUT North Dakota's Next Secretary Takes Radical Ground on Car Situation, "The conduct of the railroads in re gard to the North Dakota car supply has been reprehensible," says Alfred Blaisdell, secretary of state-elect of North Dakota, who is in Minneapolis as the guest of Hugh Allen, chief depu ty the county auditor's office. Mr. Blaisdell was elected secretary of state on the republican ticket. He lives in Minot and has made a study of the car situation in North Dakota. Mr. Blaisdell was graduated from the University of Minnesota law school in 1898 and is well known in Minneapo lis. Mr. Blaisdell says: "The announcement that the inter state commerce commission will investi gate the car shortage situation in North Dakota is good news to the people pf Continued on 2d Page, 6th Column. Paris, Dec. 10.The press today unanimously recognizes the extreme gravity of the religious issue precipi tated by the pope's intransigent atti tude and many papers predict a verit able religious warfare. The government's calculations have pclearly been upset and new legislative ^authority may be necessary to enable it cope with the situation. It having been decided that af#& to^ -.morrow religious services may noi be 'held without a preliminary declaration under the law of 1881, the pope's or ders entail the immediate initiation of prosecutions in 36,000 communes, and logically the invasion of churches by he police for the purpose of proneunc ing their dissolution and expelling the .parish priests. The'militant Catholics seemingly hail %ith .py the prospect of violence, ^Rrhich" will compel the closing of the churches with the attendant excitement f religious passions. i(^ .1 To Overthrow Republic. BROWN SINKS WOMAN ILL Utah Man in Critical Condition and Assailant Collapses. Washington, Dec. 10.Former Sena tor Arthur Brown, of Utah, who was shot and seriously wounded Saturday last by Mrs. Anna M. Bradley, still re mains in a critical condition. It was stated at the emergency hospital to day that he had passed a fairly com fortable night and that his chances for recovery had improved considerably. Mrs. Bradley has collapsed and it is feared that her mind will give way. DREADS TASK KILLS SELF County Commissioner-Elect Worries Over Responsibilities of Office. Eichmond, Ind., Dec. 10.W. S. Clay ton, county commissioner-elect of Pre ble county, Ohio, killed himself today by hanging at his home, fifteen miles east of here. Worry over the respon sibilty attached to his official duties is aid to have been the cause of his suicide. FRANCE MENACED BY RELIGIOUS WAR POPE'S REJECTION OF GOVERNMENT'S PROFFER REGARDED BY SOME! AS BLOW AT REPUBLICS EXISTENCE. CM deliberately determined to test the strength or the party of reaction in an effort to overthrow the republic. The socialist organs generally, how ever, regard the pope's instructions "as the result of the government's weak ness in offering any concession beyond the formation of the cultural associa tions contemplated under the law of 1903, and-declare that the government now has no alternative except to in sist on declarations being made or show ^the ecclesiastics the door. The conservative papers advise the government to remain true to its liberal principles contending that the more the church is intolerant and panic-stricken the more authority it will need, pro vided the government does not lose its head. Government Is Prepared. The government has made prepara tions to cope with the situation, but is keeping them secret, evidently waiting to see whether any considerable pro portion of the Clergy will revolt. The cabinet, hpwever, maintains a resolute front. M. Jaures, the socialist leader, pro-J instructions tp.the public proaeentors see* to belums that the .Vatican haai were'telegraphed broadcast today. Pre- PRICE ONE CENT IN MINNEAPOLIS. FLAYS SUSSMAN AS SCHEMIN SLAYER Prosecutor^Outlines State's Case^in Murder Trial., L-HSGKEE, ATTY *yr SUSSMAN AND HIS ATTORNEY, ROADS OF NATION FACE SEARCHLIGHT Sweeping Inquiry Planned by the Commission, with Stuyvesant Fish as Informer. Special to The Journal. Washington, Dec. 10.Plans are un der consideration by the interstate commerce commission that contemplate a most sweeping, comprehensive and far-reaching investigation into the man. agement the railroads of the United States. Early in, the new year practically all of the great systems in the coun try will be the subjeet of inquiries such-a that which has been ordered in the case of the Harriman lines,- and will be ordered soon in relation to the roads controlled and operated by James J.' Hill. In fact, the investigation Of these two systems is merely a starter in ar-reachrng inquiry contemplated. Tho members of the commission are not inclined to discuss their work, it is known that practically every railroad in the United States suspected of work ing in combination with competing roads will have the searchlight of pub licity thrown on it. Fish as Informer. "It is true," said Chairman Knapp today, "that we have in mind an in quiry into the operations of the Hill roads. It will be of the same general character as the one we are about to institute into the management of the so-called Harriman lines. "Stuyvesant Pish has talked the matter over with us. He did not come here by appointment, but he offered us the benefit of his knowledge of. railroad conditions in the event that we may need^him." It 'is the belief of the commission tBat a thoro insight into the methods of the railroads of the country will tend to a more efficient administration of the new rate law, even if it does not disclose violations of law such as dis criminate against individuals and com munities. a Cold Blooded, Unprovoked Murder Was Done, De clares State's Attorney. Promises Evidence to SHow Premeditated Crime, Not Sudden Passion. *'3* 1 Murdermurder of his wife, cold blooded and unprovoked, premeditated and carefully planned, will be proven against Henry Sussman if the evidence the trial sustains the presentation of the state's case to the jury. In opening the trial today, John F. Dahl, assistant county attorney, did not mince words. The crime at the Glenwood ho tel the early morning of Sept. 26, was stamped as a murder. Any chance of an accidental death, or a suicide, or even a crime committed on the spur of the moment in a burst of passion, was scouted. Fannie Sussman was deliberately murdered, he declaredshot thru the head while she slept calmly and at peace with the world. The murderer was the one who, above all others, should have been the first to shield her from all harm, the one who had solemn ly sworn to love and cherish her in adversity as well as good fortuneher husband, Henry. The motive, said the prosecutor, was revenge and anger caused by the wom an's inability or unwillingness to help Sussman out of the entanglement with the police authorities of La Crosse, where he had been arrested for for gery. Point to Murder. While many circumstances pointed to the guilt of the defendant, the prin cipal ones,# said the prosecutor, were the following: The prisoner's threat to take Fannie Sussman's life, made at the Messenger home on Dupont avenue N in the pres ence of the members of the family. This threat was made in such a cruel and vindictive manner as to frighten, all those who heard it and convince them that he contemplated murder. The purchase of a revolver and am munition on the day preceding the commission of the crime. The failure to go to La Crosse ont Tuesday evening, as agreed, and the registration of himself and his wife at the Glenwood hotel as "Joseph Tyler and wife." The attempted suicide late Thursday night after his arrival from La Crossa and learning that he was suspected. The confession, to the police after his arrest. Scouts Insanity Ple&^ According to the state, these circum stances^ with others, form absolutely convincing proof that the prisoner com-" mitted the crime. Any theory of a quarrel or that the bloody deed was the act of an insane man is positively rejected by the state. The court was packed as Mr. Dahl began, and from now until the trial ends, the customary scenes attending a murder trial will be enacted twice a day in Judge Simpson's courtroom: The rush of the morbid-minded to effect an entrance the fight of the deputy sheriffs to hold back the throng^ the crowding of every nook in the rdom the craning of necks and straining or ears to see and hear everything that passes. Mr. Dahl began with the early mar riage of the Sussmans. Even at the time of her untimely death Mrs. Suss man was hardly more than a child. Her marriage projred to be a loveless one, her husband, in whom she trusted, neglected'his duty, and she was com pelled to work for hej living. Then Mr. Dahl went on: IU Will Toward Wife. $ Sussman's efforts to obtain posses sion of the marriage certificate and the destruction by him of a copy of the certificate were mentioned as evidences of ill will toward his wife. His con duct was anything but commendable, and he neglected to provide for her. MJrs. Sussman continued to work, al ways at respectable employment. Suss man led a worthless life, but often* promised to reform. "Finally he abandoned her: With a view of bringing matters to a head, Mrs. Sussman swore out a warrant for his arrest on the change of non-sup port. For this he received a sentence to the workhouse. Later he was ar rested at La Crosse, Wis., charged with forgery, but was released from impris onment on bail. t_ Sought Wife's Aid. "Two weeks before the murder ha returned to Fannie, not for reconcilia tion, but to secure her help in securing! his release from arrest for forgery. What plan he proposed we know not but Fannie could do nothing for him. and it angered him. Contintted on 2d Page, 2d Column. mier Clemenceau is quoted as saying: "If the church elects to have war it will have it, but the world will bear witness that the Vatican is like a for eign power trying to dispute the au* thority of the French government." Talks of Civil 'War. S I M. Briand, minister of public wor ship, says he thinks the pope yielded to the importunities of the ultra mon tanes, who are ever possessed with tha mad idea that out of disorder and civil war they will emerge triumphant. "The government now does not *ace a revolt of,the consciences of French CatholieS, but a purely political enterprise." Reports of the pope's eleventh-hour j rejection of the government's final proffer, under which Catholic worship-J could be continued under the commoa.| law, turn out to be only too true, $^A** Call to BebellioiO The government regards the actio* of the pontiff as little less than a sum? mons of the French Catholics to ope*jfcjfl rebellion and rendering the situation exceedingly grave Nand possib^settfeftiis^l ing the most deplorable consequences. r&.