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THE TIMES. l onndrd 1KS8 TUB DISPATCH. Founded 1830 Published trfry day In (he year by The Tlnifs Dfspatrh rulillohltiK Company, Inc. Adilrr.it all communications to THIS TIMES-DISPATCH, Ttsiit-a-Dlaputch llulldln*, 1(1 South Tenth Street. Illclimond, Vn. TELEPHONE, 11ANDOI.PH 1 Publication Oltlce 10 South Tenth Street] South Richmond 1?>2<> Hull Street Petersburg 100 North Sycamore Street j LynchliiirK SMS F.lRhth Street; HASnrtOOK, STORY A DltOOKS. INC., Spcclnl Advertising Ileprescntatlves. New York 20? Fifth Avenue! Phllndrlphlu Mutunl M(c IIuIMIuk ! C'hlcuKO People's Gim HulldliiR srnsniiPTio.v hates BV MAll. One Six Three One POSTAGE PAID Year. Mo*. Mos, Mo. Dnlly nnd Sundny Srt.Ol) Sa.tiO 91.SO 9 .33 Dnlly only l.OO a.00 1 OO .35 Sunday only 2.00 1.00 .30 .25) i ny Tlmes-Dlspntch Carrier Delivery Service In j Itlchniond Inn4 suburbs) nnd Petersburgi Dnlly with Sundny. one week 13 cents J Dally without Sundny, one week 10 centn t Sundny only f? cents, j Entered January 27, 1005. nt lllchniond, V*., as ! "'wecond-clnss matter under net of Congrew of March IS70. TUESDAY. NOVEMBER 17, 1014. T11E TIMES-DISPATCll nnd nrenkfnst arc served tosrether with -tinfnlllnK reeu Inrlty In tlic Rest Homes of Itlehmond. Is your mornliiK nrojerain complelcf liiglit 111 I lie Darjkness A NNOUNCEMKNT that the Police Depart-, Ji\ meut and the Street Cleaning Depart- ! ment, in co-operation with the Chamber of. Commerce, plan to begin on December 1 en forcement of the ordinance prohibiting the throwing of waste paper, trash, garbage, mud . or other undesirable articles and things on 1 the public streets, is welcome news. It will prove especially gratifying to citi- , zens who take a proper pride in Richmond's ' appearance, comfort and health. It is grati fying. certainly, to The Times-Dispatch, that for some weeks has sought to direct: attention to manifest deficiencies, 6o far as ] the streets are concerned, in these respects. Tf the enforcement of this ordinance is fol lowed by some modern and adequate system of street cleaning, whatever this paper has j done and whatever organizations like the Chamber of Commerce may be expected to do will be well repaid. Prosperity's Flood on the Wiij INAUGURATION of the Federal reserve I banking law and*of the regional reserve banks lor r.liich it provides is hailed by the press of the country as a step of far-reaching importance in the restoration of prosperity. The Springfield Republican, to select one of almost innumerable statements to the same general effect, declares the new system, "whatever faults it may develop in actual operation, is sure to stand out in' the course of time as one of the great landmarks of American finance," and the Cincinnati En quirer says it "ends all danger of tight money in the United States, and sound busi ness enterprises can go on with confidence that they will not be held up hereafter through lack of necessary funds." i It is a great thing, as The Times-Dispatch 1 said yesterday, that. Richmond will play an important part in the restoration of pros perity so confidently and so nearly univer sally predicted. To the South this rejuvena tion of business is of especial consequence. Just as thiB section, through the failure of the cotton crop to find a market, has been the largest sufferer from the effects of the Avar, so it may be hoped it will be the largest beneficiary of this revolution in the nation's finance. Ni? Organized Graft in Police Force RICHMOND doeB not believe, despite the charges made here by Dr. Howard A. Kelly. while the Southern Medical Associa tion was in convention, that there is any ex tended system of graft in the Richmond Police Department. As Rev. Dr. Mnclaclilan said in his sermon on Sundffy'evening. "there may be individual men oil* tlie f.orcvj who can be bribed, but the force ns a whole is honor able. clean and capable." Unquestionably, that expresses the general public's view. It Is possible for men equally honest, able and informed to hold directly conflicting views as to the policy of segregating the so cial evil. Dr Kelly and Dr. Maclachlan agree apparently on its unwisdom, however widely they may differ as to its effect on the members of the police force, but opposing both of them is a great body of expert, en lightened and benevolent opinion. Whichever view is right, it is admitted by those whose opportunities for observation are best, and whose public spirit is unques tioned, that police graft in Richmond is near ly negligible. It would be a very optimistic person indeed who would expect its further reduction through the abandonment of segre gation and the adoption of the policy of dis persion in its stead. VERY now and then there comes over the 1?? human race a state of mind that re flects itself in a hankering for the kind of biscuits mother used to make, ant! for the good old times; when old men ask why boys in this age are so bad and old ladies inquire HolicitousU' what is to become of the giddy girls of the twentieth century, who are by no means what girls were when she herself ran around the block backward Hallowe'en in search of her spirit affinity. As a matter of fact, mother's biscuits were not to be compared with the biscuits of to day's bride, cither In thrill or attractiveness. The truth is, grandfather's grandson to-day can spell better, read better, write better and think more clearly than grandfather ever did when he was young; and as for grand mother's child playing with dolls in 1H14- - why. there has never been a period In the whole history ot this shuddering and as tonished earth when she was sweeter or more to !>?? desired as sin? grows out of her pigtails into fashionable' coiffure. No, thank you; the good old days may have been good enouf>'i, but there is no occasion to mourn their passing in the progress of human events. Supposing, Just to teat the matter, we were suddenly to be catapulted ki a back somersault Into the good old days wo grow The Good Old I)nys lug folk luve so much to talk about. What would happen? Well, we'd land In tho mid dle or the \vood6, going to church with a gun In one hand and a Bible In the other. We would find ourselves without ? electric or gas lights, street cars, telephones; asphalt pave ments, comfortable homes, modern bath rooms. foreign communfcatlon. We would bo robbed at a blow, of all that science and art have done for the happiness of people. We would be living In a state of dependence upon makeshift for the thlugs that mechani cal science uow gives us In knock-down form, ready to bo set up. With all the disadvantages that the whirl of tho onward march brings us, and with all the vexing questions brought up by youthful tendencies, these are the days of days, and j they are growing better all the time. It is well enough for old ago to sigh and Bhake its head, but how far sweeter, how much hetter it would be if old age could sit quietly by its llreside. seeing pleasant pictures in the iliokerings and going hand In hand toward . that open portal, with a cleaV, consciousness i of having lived and helped in a .world grow- j iug better?a lit'o growing sweeter! When we think of tho good old days, we ! emphasize one or more good old traits of j good old people; aud, in so far as that It is the : motive of thought, it is much to bo desired.! Preserve the good old trait6, by all means? | but as for the good old days, no, thank you. ! Atlanta Sets Richmond an Example. SO far as public sentiment has made itself ; manifest, there is no dissent from the view that the city should take over Pine ! Camp and operate it. as it has been operated in the past, as an institution for the trcfit- j ment of indigent sufferers from tuberculosis. , Indeed, there Is a widespread conviction, ; which gains in utrength and earnestness. every day. that Richmond should do far j more to protect Itself against the menace nf ! tuberculosis infection than it has ever dono | in the.past. Hie city has been contributing $8,000 an- i nufclly foi several years to Pine Camp's main-1 tenauce. The annual budget of expenses lias j been upproxiinately $13,000, and the dllfer- | ence ha.> been made good from the pockets 1 of ;! small baud of citizens who have been impressed with the exigent importance of this! woik. The whole outlay, however, has been ! ' b>ss th'iu one-fourth of the amount Atlanta j is spending each year on a publicly-owned '< i tuberculosis sanatorium. I Perhaps it does Atlanta no injustice to j say that the erection and operation of that I sanatorium were inspired us much by an j | enlightened self-interest as by sympathy with i the unhappy plight of its intended inmates. Atlanta was made to understand that tho | public safety demanded the segregation of ? indigent consumptives unable to care for I themselves, nnd tho buildings and the gen ! erous appropriations by which they are sup ? ported were the result. Any danger that Atlanta faced is repro duced here. There can be no question of the accuracy of that statement, which will , receive the indorsement of every qualified j physician. Any appropriation Atlanta can i afford to make, Richmond can afford to make. , There should be no doubt about that. ! These considerations, however, are for tho ? future. To-night the Council Committee on Finance will take up the question of an ! emergency appropriation for the relief of i Pine Camp, and it Is assumed that this ap I proprlution will bo Indorsed. Certainly any j apparent failure to understand the public ; responsibility and to make provision for its discharge will be deeply disappointing to ] what is best and best informed in Ft I eh - ; mend's citizenship. New York in (he Dust storm NEW YORK'S struggling with its problem of dirty streets, dust, filth and result ing disease propagation is rather amusing to Richmond people who make occasional trips to the metropolis. Tho New York difficulty has the advantage of extended area, of course, but otherwise it is a poor, weak and comparatively trivial reproduction of the one we have here at honte. Nevertheless, New York newspapers are vastly excited, as perhaps they still have ! a right to he. There are frequent editorials and news articles and the Voice of the T'eo pie, there as well as here, Is heard in the land. One indignant New Yorker, quoted in j the Evening Telegram, cofcimenta u6 follows: Xot more tlvin two-thirds of the dirt am"' filth of the str.eui are collected. The rest is swept here and there by tho winds. Furthermore, on a windswept day I have seen piles tonscrl about or a vehicle out throuprh It with the result that the serins it contains are scattered ; . broadcast, to l>e breathed by every passer-by, tloat into open windows, and, In general. menace health and spread disease. Two-thirds! Just think of a person with the unmitigated nerve to object to a hare one third of the street dirt being left by the , sweepers! The protest against the action of | I the winds is mere caviling. Winds, from time Immemorial, have functioned in just this fashion, and if the street sweepings get in the way"' of the vagrant breezes, that is their lookout. And as for ordinary folks, perhaps they had better provide themselves with some of these new-fangled smoke, , helmets that are used by firemen. Reluctance of some Eastern and Northern . hankers to subscribe to the cotton fund was ascribed at first to a fear that they might vlo ; late the Sherman antitrust law. Now it has got around to an apprehension that they may J not make a big enough profit. That is aj . whole lot easier to believe. Factions in Mexico are reported to have , I agreed on a truce. If they would agree fur ! titer to draw straws for the spoils of war, it1 1 might he [as fair a method of settling their ; differenced as any they are likely to adopt? ? : and prove for Mexico just as happy a solu tion of the vexed problem. American commissioners report that tier- i I man prironers in England and British prison- j or? in Germany appear to be equally sntis-: I fied with their situation and treatment. At any rate, they are much less likely to-be hurt j than if they were transferred to the ftritiK j lines. Even those misguided friends of the negro' who oppose segregation as a general principle agree that the President was perfectly right in Segregating that offensive member of the. race who chose the White House as the place j to display Ills insolence. i . * Colonel Roosevelt Is alleged to have lost: some ot his faith in hi:; old motto: "If at llrsl you don't, succeed, try, try again." Ib is meditating a change to the modern suh ; stitute: "I know when I've got enough." j | Wonder if the Germans will keep on fitid | Ing Height!) cities amounts equal to the total of American contributions to Belgian relief? SONGS AND SAWS Nothlpg Licklog. Pete Dido, a drummer dls ? crcot, Kinds his natural endowment, complete; When the ?hclls etart to hum He drops sticks and drops drum And beatd a retreat with his feet. The r<HMlmln< Sayfti Perhaps the good times we hear so much about pro on the way, but tho consignment intended for me must have run Into a freight wreck. Why She Wept. Mr. Xuwtd?What nre you crying about, dear? Mrs. Nuwed?Why, I mado a* llttlo mistake and told that horrid butcher to send mo a let; of beef for dinner, and tho stupid thing refused to understand I meant a leg of lamb and sent just what I ordered. One of the Kew. Grubbs?llavo you applied yot for a plaoo with /tie Rogional Reserve Bank? Stubbs?No, I thought I would -try to preserve my reputation for originality. l/nelc Zach's Philosophy. Folks wat keep chickens ought ter train dern. ter keep still at night. Dero aln' no use tempt In' bones cullud men dat jca' happen to bo passln'. , What Everybody Sny?. 1 told you we would got that bank; I told you we would take first rank 'Mong cities where tho cash must go; I told you we would win the light And put tho other crowd to flight? lou must recall I told you so. 1 -told you that we need not fret: That sure as shooting we would get That strip of bacon hanging low; f never folt anxiety That we would lose, and now. you see, We've got It?and 1 told you so. I'm always right on things like this. And as a prophet never miss; Somehow. J simply know. That we would gain this victory Seemed always quite a cinch to me. And that was why 1 told you so. THIS TATTLER. Chats With Virginia Editors The Roanoke Times, whose editor Is not a red headed man, aligns itself with the personally Interested editor of the Newport News Press In the free-lor-all redhead defenders' championship contest. He argues: "Most men who have had experience of stenographers will confirm both views. A red-headed, female simpleton or lag gard is a creature almost unknown. So Is a red-headed submissive angel. It must be con fessed that some of the fire that Incites the I brain to activity usually leaks over Into tho die position; and a stenographer with red hair, quick of hand and thought and eya and temper is a priceless possession, and her value is above pearls and rubies. ~f?he keeps not only every thing else straight, but the boss as well." Wo predict that when the poll Is taken hats will have to come off to the red head. Recalling that Colonel Roosevelt In his first? ' ;in?J last?comment on tho result of the election in Now York quoted Holy Writ, the Bristol Her ald-Courier echoes his "After all the returns arc In I may have something more to say," and re mark*: "Probably tho something tnoro which the Colonel may have to sr.y after all the re 1 turns are in cannot be found in tho Scriptures, but Just the same the public will await with ln I terest his further observations regarding the i result." Tho Colonel's silence may be ascribed to profound meditation. Looking back over the I I'ocky road, he is possibly busily occupied in an j attempt to fight >iff a conviction, which must be 1 fastened relentlessly upon him, that ll'H a long, long way to Armageddon. Says the Newport Xcwa Press: "Editor Show alter, of tho Staunton News, publishes a some what belated editorial article entitled, 'Swat the i Ply." We can account for It only on the pre : sumption that ho wishes to make believe that i he is not in the bald-headed class." Not at all. lie believes in taking time by the forelock. ,'Naturally, however, this would not occur to an i editor without a forelock. ! s The Manassas Journal tnkes this cabalistic ' poke at us: "Retwoen the C. V., the H. G., the ; B. C. nnd the V.-P., the highway editor of the | T.-D. has his hands full. Qui, ouil" Glory be! i Editor Tyus, of the Woverly Dispatch, pre sents his compliments: "Thanks to our friend 'Chats,' who appreciates the fact that the good ; old days are not entirely gone. Rut, we will not have all of those potatoes to eat, as there aro several young printers coming on at our house | whose digestion is absolutely unsurpassed." And they don't grow any small picas In old : Sussex County. Current Editorial Comment Tho story told by Charles A. American Tnglis, of rhleago, to the Pepurt Pimmtnrt ment of State requires the most u t rigid investigation. Mr. lit nntl il ?I?y carried an American passport to Berlin. Hp took it to the Foreign OfJlro to have it vised. He never saw It attain, although formal applications were made Tor Its return. This passport, or a similar passport, made out in tho iimiie of Charles A. Inglis, was found in tho possession of Karl Mans I.ody, the Herman spy, who was shot in the Tower of I.ondon, after trial by court martial. The physical description of tnglis in the passport fitted that of L.ody, who traveled In Kn gland under Inglls's name. If it Is Identl lled as the passport Issued to Inglls, the plain duty of the United Stutes government is to ask the German government to explain how. it came into Liody's possession. An American passport is entitled to respect the world over. It cannot be withheld or transferred by a foreign govern ment on any pretext whatsoever. The presump tive evidence of withholding and transfer in this case is strong enough to compel an inquiry in which the German Foreign Oftloe will doubt less co-operate for its own Interest, and regard-| ing tlio outcome <>f which public opinion here should ho suspended.?Bcooklyn ICugle. Since 1007 the number of] American cities that provide' equipped and supervised play | and recreation centres ban in-J creased from forty to 348, the recreation survey of Springfield lin-ds. Tlie number of play leaders and super visors employed in tluse cities Is 6,31.3. The figures showing the growth of the playground! idea are. Indeed gratifying. The results which tin so playgrounds aehlevo, being largely of a| preventive nature, cannot bo ^.measured with sufllclont adequacy. We hear about the boy or girl who is brought to the Juvenile court charged with a breach of law and order. Hut we do not hear, and we have no way of cstlmat-1 lug, the number of boyt> and jdrls that have been kept from going to the bad by the influ ence 01 th"K" play and recreation centres. There is much work ahead for the playground' movement, however, if ii Is to become an even more vital institution; Thus far the playgrounds fM.-em to have been competing with tho agencies tl?.it provide tin(vliob'.Komo amusement to boys and girls more negatively than positively. It; is possible that the growth of play centres has prevented many poolrooms of the undesirable character from springing up. But the play centres should make themselves so attractive and Interesting aa to lure many of tho boy? liferent ion Centres in Cities who now neck amuoement In pool Joints.?. Chicago Trlbuno. The woman who ,?alllos forth Offending with hor market basket to luy In Market provisions for hor family one lit Ituuk-jvf to bo OBteemed honorable. She Is one of tho army enlisted In the war against tlio high cost of living. She Is a practical protect against tho easy-going "sort of housekeeping In which "buying" Is a lost accomplishment and "order ing" runs up the bills so amazingly. Tho woman ?wlth tho market basket ougl-. to be greeted with pratso. But, no, you do not understand! The market basket does not harmonize with marbles and bronzen of the gaudy entrances to some of the modern abodes of luxury. Tho llvorled guardian of the portal in horrified to see a more tenant carrying a j basket of meat and vegetables across the tiled ! moat. Ho holds up his hands In horror and I Hhooos the rentpayer around to the tradesmen's I entrance with her burden. Whnt! Shall tho . gilded palsices of estravaganco bo shamed by , jsuoh exhibitions of thrift??New York Mall. | I r War News Fifty Years Ago ~ (From tho Richmond Dispatch, S'ov. 17, 18B4.) The lines at Petersburg continue to enjoy j profound nulct. For two days past there was i no fighting on cither line, and the Indications arc that there will be none for several days I to come. Grant seems to bo willing enough to keep quiet, and Leo, considering the unfavorable weather, seems to bo willing to let well enough alone for tho present. Ati exchange of paper* yesterday on tho flag ol' truce boats producod no Northorn papers of the 9tl; or 10th, but did bring us papers of tho j ; 12th and 18th. Deserters from tho Federal! i lines, and they arc becoming very numerous of ; late, say that all of tho papers of tho 9th, 10th i and 11th weru suppressed and burned by military | order. The supposition Is that they contained i | news that tho Federals did not want to be read In , the South, and that tho Confederate govern ment ought not to see. Ilenco the order that ! they be burned before they reached the Con I federate lines. However, one copy of tho New | York Herald of tho 10th in some way got across1 | the lines, and there is very little difficulty In i discovering why they were considered contra | band. Here Is the reason: "A. dispatch from j Cincinnati, Ohio says: 'Officers from Chattanooga report tfiat Sherman returned to Atlanta early last week with five corps of his army, leaving ! two corps in Tennessee under Thomas to watch j Hood. He then destroyed the railroad from j Chattanooga to Atlanta, and is sending the iron i j to the former place. Atlanta is? burned, audi Sherman is marching directly to Charleston,! I 8. " Then follows this special from Washing- j I ton: "Tho story published yesterday that ( j Atlanta, had been burned, and that Sherman Is now marching on to Charleston, Is not believed j i In military circles. The information received! ; yesterday from Sherman cannot, for prudential ] | reasons, bo now made public; but It may bo j said that prospects of success In his present movements are highly encouraging, and that ibis supplies are ample and In no danger of j interruption." An official dispatch received yesterday at noon i at tho War Department says: "Sheridan's army j Is intrenched between Newtown nnd Kerns 1 town, and states further that Morritt's and I Custer's Federal divisions of cavalry attacked , j General Rosser^ command on the 10th, but were ; i repulsed nnd driven back several miles. Rosser's j whole command behaved very handsomely, j [particularly Bom ax's Brigade and WJckham's j j Brlg:t<lc, tinder command of lieutenant-Colonel j ! Morgan, Wickham being in a bombproof. The enemy, it is understood, has abandoned j tho Manassas Gap Railroad, after having done 1 1 all the damage they could to that road in the j way of tearing hp track, burning depots, etc. [ jit Is said that while they were doing their i ? worst work along that line, they were often ! [ visited by Colonel Mosby, who dashed in here! I and there, and in the. end killed, wounded and! j captured as many as ??00 of tho Federals and ? | something like 1,0(>0 horses. ! A part of the Richmond and Danville car j j fdiops were burned in Manchester yesterday | . afternoon. The tire was supposed to have been '? of Incendiary origin. j The decree has gone forth that all of the. I 1 Federal prisoners confined In this city at this time are to be removed to the prisons down j farther South, the most of which are in Georgia. ! ! This is a good thing lor tho prisoners, for very j j soon the harsh winter will be with us, and they ? ! can fare much better under the far Southern i i skies than they can Iito In cold Richmond, j There ar* now close* to 1.200 prisoners in Rich- ' rnond, and it is said that before Saturday night ? : ali of them will he on their way to tho far t South prisons. 'I In the Senate of the Confederate States ("on- ' ' gross yesterday. Mr. Orr, of South Carolina, j offered a Joint resolution that President Davis ' b? requested, even required, to communicate to Congress the ofllclal report of General Joseph I K. Johnston, touching his operations and those I of the Army of the Tennessee from the time, ; of the occupation of Daltod to the date of his removal from the commnnd of tho army of the j J Tennessee. The Voice of the People IlelRl.io Immigrant* for the sooth. To the Editor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch: Sir,?Now is the time for the South, especially the rural South, to get immigrants from Europe, especially Belgians. Every relief ship should j bring back 2,000 free. The States should j co-operate. Can you not start the movement! iu Virginia? GEORGE T. WINSTON. | AshevlHe, N. C, November 14. 1311. ? Wants .lolnf llrlinlr On Taxation. To the Editor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch: Sir,? In the question of a tax commission, I i i beg to submit tills: that we have fo put the j 10-cent royalty on coal, and, in lieu of that, tako ! all other taxes off. | To me, the pristine glory of this Common I wealth has departed. Bet men and men meet; i each other face to face and declare their politics. ) j It Is an astounding proposition to me that when : we want to have a Joint discussion we cannot i get It. I will try, inch by lrrfch, to see whether j I can bring hack fo the old Commonwealth the | right of Joint discussion. Let us live together ? as best we can, and If policies of tho Democrats! j are right, come on the stump and defend th^in JAMES S. BROWNING, i Richmond, November 1>J, 191-1. ? I ?. | The Bright Side of Life TreHpiiMNlnflr. Irate .Soldier?1'Ere, you go further off, Bill; thin blade of grass won't cover ua both.?London Opinion. FAllonliiR I11M ruction.*. "Johnnie"' "Vcs'm?" "Why nro you Hitting: on that boy's face"'" "Why, I - " "Did I not tell you to always count 100 before you gave way to passion and struck another boy ?" "Yes'm, and I'm doin' it; I'm just slttin' on his face bo he'll bo here wlion I'm done countin' the hundred."?Houston I'owt., MathrmRtlrnl. 'I'a, a mnn'K wife Is his better half, Isn't she'."* "We are told so, my son." "Then when a man marries twice there isn't anything left of him. Is there?"?Boston Transcript. NIGHT IN tilK THI3NCIIKS. The moon above tho trenches shone, hike a grim boldam, wizened, wan; It leered and jeered till some one swore In Jets of ribald metaphor. Sil.nen, and then a sonsr, and then Thr? ghastly quietude ngain, I'U reed by the shrieking of a shell, Liko a lost soul cast down to hell. And so till dawn began to creep Across tho land, when soothing sleup About its hallowed Influence shed, And none could tell the quick or dead. ?Clinton Scollard, In the Now York Sun. ENGLAND'S NIGHTMARE One of (be Day's Beat Cartoons, ?From the Nttwti vtHe T*n: AMERICAN SYMPATHIES IN THE WAR Much talk is heard fibout American sympathj in '.ho Kuropean war, but thus far il lias had no basin txctpt hearsay or very 1 i 111 itoil personal ob servation. I.?o n majority of tho Amorfcan press or tho American peo ple favor the Germans or the nllles? ! To approac)) an ansiwir to thin ques- i lion, sa..v? Ihc Literary I'iijosi, wo have j obtained statements from between 350 1 and 40o editors, tolling their own at- j tltudes and tho feelings of their own-j muriities toward tho warring nations. , Wo nwl hardly pay that we give the : result^of this Inquiry entirely wltlioOt : partisanship, "and purely for our read- j era' Information. The replies cover the country from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and front Mexico to the Canadian border. They cannot very well bo woven into a connected narrative, but tho reader who frann tho summary presented here will find tho country divided Into largo areas where tho?feeling is pre- \ poiidcratoly for one side or the. other, or 1.4 i;o mixed au to he neutral. Yet j the sympa thy 011 either side In that of j the distant observer. No belligerency in evident ^iny* ? where. IW-ports of pro-German ron- | timent follow pretty closely the geo- > graphical distribution of our German- i American population, but at tho name j timo a number of editors report .1 i more favorable feeling toward Ger- 1 many now than at the start of the j war, so both sides can fxni't some, com fort from the findings. We hear frequently front sections of the Middle West, in which the I Germans preponderate, that "11 is i? ! ? German community- we nro fo>- ?b? J Germans" Or it la related of other j districts that tho "cKtremo partisan- ' Kit in" of tho German-Americans has.' awakened a good doal of active sym pathy for the allies. But 110 matter iti what territory wo j come upon downright supporters ol" tho allies. Wo are nearly always as- j sured by our Informants that "not j Germany or the Germans" do they j ami th^TT'readcrs condemn, but "I'rus-' clan militarism." The reproacheti to; tho Kaiser for having plunged the! Gemini people into war are seven by prn-all> partisans Jn some quar ters. In others it is noticed not un favorably that the local tSermans ate. "very loyal to the Fatherland and the ' ICalser." j Finally, in sonio middle-sized towns ! of mixed population we even tlnd a i general tone of absolute neutrality.; Tho citizens are said to have only one < idea about tho war, and that is to see it over and done.with at the earliest possible day. In the larger cities,' such as NcW York, Chicago and oth ers, the sentiment of tho community is aptly described as "very mixed," becauso of the great arid various for-I eign population. Looking at the matter iri a wider ' scope, that is, in the government's geographical divisions of the country, we are struck with an old fact die- I covered anew. Th?j marked Ivantng of ; New England toward ihe allies may, bo the effect of the lineage of the majority of tho inhabitants, Just as tho pro-German tendency of the Con-? tral States or of regions lit the Kar j Northwest proceeds from the heavy J population of Germans and German Americans in this region. In the Southern and Southwestern j Stales, whose people are principally j of Kriglisli ancestry, sympathy in- j ? lines to the allies, while tho Western ! States to the. coast seem of tho same j bent, though less markedly, i'art ex planation of tills condition is fount! | lit the statement of ono authority that ; In certain sections "the Teutonic ole ? j mem is far in tho minority.' Nor must it bo overlooked that in neighborhoods which wore "on the fence," so to speak, at tlio beginning .of the war American resentment against so-called "censored" British dispatches works for German senti ment just an tlie Belgian invasion Iul* influenced xoino '?Neutral" minds against Germany. The following num mary shows In cold figures tho com pleto returns to our Inquiry. To these muet bo added tho warmth of person ality us expressed In the statements of tho editors. Of tho SC7 replies, 105 editors report that they favor tho allies, twenty favor the Germans and "4- are neutral. Of tho pro-ally editors thirty-four In the Eastern States, thirteen In the Central, forty-seven In tho Southern and eleven In the Western. Only one pro-German editor halls from the Eastern Htates, while ten are. from I lie Central, live from the .South ern and four from the Western group. 'I In* neutral editors number forty three In the Eastern States, 113 in the [Central, fifty-one In the Southern und thlrty-s'x In tho Western. The feeling of the cities and towns j represented is reported as favoritism the Allies In ISO cases, for the Ger mans in thirty-eight and neutral or divided In 110. Tho pro-ally cities and towns heard from total !lft>-two In tho Eastern di vision, fortyL In the Central, eeventy t one lt> the Southern ami twenty-six in tlw Western. Tho pro-German communities are two In the Kits tern group, twenty-nine in tho Central, four In the Southern and three in the Western. Cities and towns reckoned as neu tral or divided number twenty-four in the Eastern States, sixty-six In the Central, twenty-eight in the Southern and twenty-two In the Western. | In Maryland, tho press is generally neutral, although one paper avows that its "sympathy Is with the allies." i The public, as we hear from the same city. Is "mostly ji nt I-German." And word conies from Cumberland that "sentiment here, even anions' a large '.number <>f Germans, H with tho allies and at*, a Inst the German Emperor and his military party. This is due to the treatment of neutral Belgium and the belief that tho Emperor and not the Cornmn people forced the war." As a straw showing the way the j wind blows in Washington, D. C.. we are told by an editor that his paper "in Its editorial policy aims to he fair ! to both >;ido? in the present European , war. Public sentiment here lins hetn 1 distinctly in favor of the allies . . . a sentiment which has increased since the fall of Antwerp. In the representative cities of Vir ginia. the description of community feeling ranges lrom "practically unanimous for the allies" to "pretty generally In favor of tho allies;" the "only exceptions," v.*e heal- from Hampton, are "among these nearly full-hloodcd Germans. Moat of thOBi of Pennsylvania or Gorman descent, are pro-ally." In West Virginia, towns like Huntington and Ellilns arc squarely on the side of the allies. But from Wheeling, with 2S per cent of the population Gorman, and from Mot gantown, with many Germans employed in th?< glass factories, we learn that public opinion is "divided." A Marvlnshurgf neutral editor, who "deplores the biased reports of the allies regarding German atrocities," writ eft that, "'generally speaking, the community has recently (-hanged front the allies and now favors the Ger mans. The allies' censorship of tho news unfavorable to them and Japan's advent at England's urging have done much to bring about this reversal of t< ellng until now the Gorman suc cesses are hailed with Joy." BELGIANS FOR SOUTHERN FARMS BAI/TIMOUEJ, MD., Nov. 14.?Wlth | in r few weeks, according to the pres j ent plans, a number of Belgian farmers J and their families who arc now war j refugees in Holland and England, will | lie located on lands In several of the Southern States, which will he Hold them by the owners ;u such rates anil ? upon such terms as should enable them ! t<*? finally establish themselves us self uupportlng Amcrlean farmers. I " Th? Southern .Settlement and De I vulopmcnt Organization has a repre sentative in Mollaiid to-day, and wlth ; in a short time two more will leave ? for England and Holland to put Into I ert'ect the matured plans, which have ! been built on practical lines, so as to ' conform In all respects to the laws of the several countries, but which, i however, will be carried out In the spirit of a broad philanthropy, betters j have been sent to boards of trade and . similar bodies in the South, land com ! panics and Individual owners who have I largo tracts of land which might be ; suitable for locating Belgians thereon, i asking if they desire to actively co i operate in the movement. Responses to these letters Indicate a South-wide desire, not only to help the Helgtan refugees, but to help them help them selves. According t^ latest reports over 250, OOu Belgian families, aggregating 1, 250,000 men, woinc and children, are war refugees in Holland, England and Prance. A large proportion of the men ar?; skilled agriculturists, and thou sands are spcolallstri In the growing of vegetables, fruits or flowors, in dairy ing and In the raising of llvo stock and poultry. A large proportion of the farming class own small farms In Bel glum, from which they wore driven by the contending armies, and informa tion from Holland and ICngland is to the effect that most of them have aban doned alj hope of returning to their fa linn for many months, If at all. Tito Belgian farmers, market gard eners, florists, dairymen, live stock and poultry raisers are world-famed for their skill, thrift and remarkable ability. They are accustomed to work ins intensively small farms, and to :l large extent they understand tllo con servation, unbuilding and enrichment of soils, and fno intelligent employ ment of manured and fertilizers. Al though general farming a? practiced in tlio United States* was fiot followed largely in Helgium, the Belgian farm er's acre yield Is largely In excess of tho acre, yield in the United States: in several crops, two or three times as large. The Year Book of the Vnlterl States Department of Agriculture shows that in I Oil! the Belgian wheat harvest amounted to 15.34 ji.OOO bujshel.i from ol>7.0.)0 acres. (This gives an average of bushels of wheat to"-tlio acre, and tho avorawo aero yield In the United States for the year was only 15.0 bushels.) The following figures of Belgium agriculture, taken from tho 1913 Year Book, show that Belgium raised 38,000,OOo bushels of oats from (MS,000 acres ((in avorago of 58 bushels against 3<(4 bushels in tha United States); 1,31 <>,000 bushels of barley fron SI,000 acres (an average of 51 busliMfe ngaluat I'M.7 busiiola . in the United States); "1,312,00a husiiels of rye from cr.0,000 ntjrej (an average of .38 buwhele against 16.8 biiaholH In the Unlto?J States)121,481,000 bushels of potatoes from 387,000 acres (an avorage of 313 bushels against 113.1 bushels In the United States). ?