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Entered Jnnunry 27, 1905, at Richmond, V?? an
sccoml-clnss mailer under net of Congress of March 3. 1870. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1914. A WORTH-WHILE GIFT?You can make your friends happy every day In the year hy Mending them a subscription to THE RICHMOND TIMES-DISI'ATCH Shopping DAYJ> BEFoee cHRisrms TOO^Y IS THE best of ^OR DOiniG YOU ft 3 -SHOPPING A Voice Prom North Carolina THERE is a real pleasure in giving space on this page to-day to the chant of a North Carolina friend who, perhaps, is worrying and grieving still over a Thanks giving Day Incident. Naturally, under such circumstances, he looks around for such stray crumbs of comfort as fell from the table at the Thanksgiving feast, and it must be ad mitted that he has picked up enough to make a very respectable meal Who will begrudge him its complete en joyment? No loyal Virgintan, certainly, for in this State we want everybody to bo as happy as the circumstances permit. Sing on, Tarheel "Reader." We like to hear the harmonies you evoke. THE TIMES, Founded 18S3 THE DISPATCH. Pounded 1850 fELGPHOKE, RANDOLPH 1 Publication Offlcc 10 South Tenth Street South Richmond 1020 null Street Petersburg 109 North Sycamore Street Lynchburg 218 Eighth Street HASDROOK, STORY A BROOKS, INC., Special Advertising Representatives. New York 200 Fifth Avenue .Philadelphia Mutual Life Rullding Chlcauo.... People's Gas lliilldluK SUBSCRIPTION RATES RY MAIL One SI* Three One POSTAGE PAID Year. Mos. Mom. Mo. Dally and Sunday... .30.00 $3.00 $1.50 9 .05 Dally only 4.00 2.00 1.00 . 35 Sunday ouly 2.00 l.OO .50 .25 By Times-Dispatch Carrier Delivery Service In Richmond (and suburbs) and Petersburg* Dally ?*Jth Sunday, one week 15 cents Dally ?vithout Sunday, one tveck 10 cents Sunday only 5 cents Published every lay la (he year by The Time*. Dispatch Publishing Company, Inc. Address all communications to THE TIMES-DISPATCH, Time*-Dispatch Building, 10 South Tenth Street, Richmond* Va. Leaving the Fighting to Others THE disguBt that patriotic Englishmen feel for the professional football players, who have refused to respond to their coun try's call for men, is easily understood in this country. Here are men already in lit physi cal condition to engage in active fighting, who persist in public exhibitions of that bodily of ficiencj they should be displaying at the front. No wonder their countrymen feel ashamed and humiliated by such a spectacle! That it destroys a large proportion of a country's strongest and most high-spirited sons, leaving the relatively weak in mind and char .cter to carry on government and com merce and repopulate an exhausted land, has usually been felt to be one of war's greatest tragedies. If any large proportion of the athletes of England are like these football players, who stay placidly at home while their brothers are dying abroad, the old judgment will have to he revised. Do Vour Christmas Mailing Early NOT only should the people of Richmond do their Christmas shopping early, but, as The Times-Dispatch has urged before, they should do their Christmas mailing early. Postmaster Wiorntjan has mado several sug gestions, compliance with which will facili tate the work of the otlice during the ap proaching holidays, but it is safe to say that the best help the public can give is to mail parcels a week or more In advance of Christ mas Day. What is said in behalf of the Post-Office Department applies with equal force, of course, 10 packages sent by express. In either case, they may bo marked "Not to Bo Opened Before Christmas," and the spirit of the occasion thus will be preserved. The movement to relieve the stress and strain under which postal and express em ployes work has kept pace in tho last year or two with the early shopping movement. Both are well worth keeping in mind. American Citizenship Should He Guarded THE arrest in London of persons suspected of being German spies who carry American passports lias directed attention to our loose systom of issuing these documents, although each passport is an attestation by this country that tho porson to whom it has been issued is what he pretends to be, and lias behind him the protecting might of tho American people. How many of these certifi cates ol' American citizenship ?for that is just what passports are?have been granted to per sons not entitled to them, nobody knows or will ever know. The number may be large. The precautions that should have been observed in issuing them have been disregarded^ for many years both by officials in this country and by many consuls abroad. So long a.s the world was at peace tho existence of this undesirable condition re ceived no attention, because it was unknown to the general public, although in some quar ters it must have been suspected. Now that there is a great war being fought, however, we have the thoroughly distasteful experi ence of learning that official easy-goingness has enabled spies to operate under the cloak of a passport from the Unitetl States of America. Stern warnings have been given by the State Department against a continu ance of this Ittxness, and It Is probable that, for a time least, few passports will be issued ex^pf to those that have a right to them.., ? ?.Tii1s spy trouble will probably also have the effect of making naturalisation a moro Important procedure than It has been re garded In the paat, although conditions are better to-day In this rcspect than they were, lot us say, ten years agov. American citizen ship is of rather more consequence than mem bership In a secret society, for example. And I yet It has been, and still is, infinitely easier to become an American cltlzon than It Is to becomo afllltated with the average lodge. Economy Democracy's Watchword CHAIRMAN SPARKMAN, of the House Rivers and Harbors Cyommlttee, as re ported in a dispatch from Washington, will discuss with the President this week the framing of the next rivers and harbors bill. The President, according to the dispatch, "is understood to bo desirous that only urgently necessary projects be provided for in the bill." This understanding of the matter prob ably does Mr. Wilson no more than justice, and the country generally and the Demo cratic party particularly will support his stand. This is not the time for rolling the pork barrel. At this and the next session of Congress the Democratic party will be on trial. Before us, in looms a presiden tial election. Economy should bo the watch word of the nation, just as it is of indivi dual.. city and State. Because of the reduction in the national income, caused by the European war, it has been necessary to raise by new taxation $ 100,000,000. ^ Tho masses of the people are beginning to-day to pay these taxes, although some of them already are in effect. The ! dissatisfaction certain to bo caused would j assume the proportions of a political revolt, j under the aggravation of reckless expendi- I tures by a Democratic Congress. To loyal Democrats, convinced of the wis dom and beneilcenco of party principles and the necessity of party success in the next general' election, the rumors of pork-barrel legislation that come from Washington wear the livery of political folly and political shame. Only partisan Republicans will be pleased by the spectaclo of the Democracy engaged in deliberately cutting its own throat. Look Out! This Is tho Day! BE just a little careful, respected sir, where! you throw the newspaper that you liavo j finished reading, or the fragments of the letter you have destroyed! And you, deai madam, bo watchful lest your servant dump ashes or trash Into the streets! This is the I day of days in tho Street Cleaning Depart- I ment's calendar, when, according to official ' announcement, the ordinance aimed at the practices above indicated actually is going to | bo enforced. It is true that we should not require tho restraint of the policeman's watchful eye and . commanding voice and, In direful prospect, terrifying hand falling in retribution on our shoulder, to compel our obediencj to so salu tary a statute. It appears, however, that restraint of this character is required, and ! to-day and from now on the declaration is that it will be provided. Richmond should welcome it, as a step in j the right direction. It ought not to bo too , much to hope that after tho city government ' has effected a complete reformation of the 1 unofficial public, in this matter of keeping the streets clean In appearance and fact, re moving, as it were, the mote that now dis torts the public vision, it may find time to give attention to-its own'beam. In the meantime, corner receptacles for the waste paper that, must not be thrown into tho streets certainly should be provided. The Times-Dispatch is convinced that they will promote enormously tho success of the current experiment in municipal optics. Colonel Powell's Advancement SHORTLY before the adjournment of Con gress, a bill that had been introduced by Senator John Sharp Williams, providing for the advancement of Colonel Junius L. Powell, a well-known and distinguished Con federate veteran 'from this city, and now a retired officer of the United States Army, of more'than thirty years' service, to tho grade of brigadier-general on the retired list, was favorably reported by the Military Commit tee,* and subsequently passed by tho Senate without a dissenting voice. It tlion went over to the House, and in regular order was referred to the Military Committee of that body, but 110 action was taken on tho bill be fore adjournment. Its merit is forcibly set forth in a strong indorsement by the War Department, recommending favorable con j sideration by Congress, and it was hoped by ' Colonel Powell's friends that the action taken | by the Senate, aside from the intrinsic merit i of the bill itself, would be sufficient to in I sure early action by the House. Congress j will soon reconvene, and, inasmuch as Col ! onel Powell is the only ex-Confederate on i the rolls of tho army, it is believed that, j every Virginia Representative, as well as ? others from the South, will bo moved to I take an active interest in promoting the early passage of tho bill. Congressman James Hay, of the Seventh Virginia District, is chairman of tho Military Committee, and tho friends of Colonel Powell look to this fact us an auspicious circumstance. General Yon Moltke, former chief of the German genera; Gtufi', is now said to have been imprisoned at the Kaiser's order. Pre viously he had been reported, at different times, desperately ill. mentally unbalanced and a Christian Scientist. If that last de ! scription is correct, lie will have abundant , opportunity to try the absent treatment on I the allies' armies. Germany has paid Luxemburg $37,500 for the free passageway of its army corps across j the territory of the grand duchy. Jmxom : burg, evidently, wns for sale at bargain rates, j The fines levied on a small lJelgian town would more I lion pay the froinlit. A New Haven company is reported to bo building 200 neroplanes for use in the Euro pean war. This certainly ought to make pros-, perity go up. It is no use for the Colorado coal mine situ ation to pout; It must now make a noise like a problem in process of solution. Although they admit that it may not bo the Kaiser's war, tho allies claim that it will be the Kaiser's finish. When Santa Claus gets to Belgian he had better.be careful. Tho Germans, as a military necessity, may commandeer his reindeer. Your Uncle Samuel is not averse to a bit of an argument, but he does not butt into private fights. The queer difference between an uplifter and a calamity howler Is that there isn't any. SONGS AND SAWS lie's Hoppr. Anyhow. Wo may not llks tlio ebb anil ilow Of politics In Mexico? Wo cun't be Bure Just what will hap, But one thing's plain as plain can be: It's easy for the world to Heo That Villa doesn't csre a rap. The Pesnlmlnit Snyst Perhaps ,1'tn wrong:, but It seems likely to nic that tho Christmas turkey will be servod with a Tartar dressing. Ambiguous. He?How protty Miss Oldglrl Is looking this evening! She?Yes, Isn't sue? Why she looks like a perfect work of art. Turning Away Wrath. Irato Contributor?What do you mean by destroying all the literary excellence of that contribution 1 sent you? Diplomatic Editor?Well, I'll tell you. You see, we have to preservo the morale of our regular stuff, nnd If we printed anything too good they might become discouraged and resign. Vnequsletl Ailvnntsge. "Say, dad!" "Shcot! I'm listening." "Why are golf professionals always Scotch?" "Because their nativity and homo training make them* the best judges of the article (hat adds a new Joy to victory and takes the-sting off defent." (irtltiiR Hearty. Orubbs?Have you begun to think of the Now Year resolutions you will make? Stubbs?Somewhat. I have been looking over my bankbook, and have about decided not to buy ! any gold bonds, limousines, grand pianos or porterhouse steaks. A I.npNr Korfflvcn. The Weather Man has gravely orred And mixed thb dates he should remember; He's Bent some early April days To smile on us in bleak Docember. But we forgive him his mistake? Indeed, we hope lie will repeat it? . Of weather he provides Just now, E'en cynics swear 'tis hard to boat it. THE TATTLEIt. Chats With Virginia Editors It will not surprise Editor Palmar, of the Em poria Messenger, In the least should ex-Presi dent Roosevelt eventually align himself with the Democratic party. Ho says: "Colonel Roose velt has declared very recently that he novor again will affiliate with tho Republican party. A number of tho leaders of the Progressive party likewise declare they have left the Repub licans forevor, and announce their Intention of falling in behind Woodrow Wilson two years hence. Will the Colonel go that far?" Ab they say In worried Mexico, "Qulcn sabo?" But In his present frame of mind Roosevelt feels that ho Is tho Thomas W. Lawson of American pol | Itlcs, believing in himself, and alone In his ; belief. ' The Lynchburg News Is unalterably against i Zapata for President of Mexico. Here is a part of the printable opinion tho News has of the I several-times candidate for the belt and title j of champion heavyweight liberator of Mex ico: "Of all the Mexican leaders, Zapata Is said j to bo the most blood-thirsty, vindictive and lawless. He loves to kill, and torture is as I ordinary to him ns it wan to Hiobo bollovers in the Inquisition In tho olden days of Spain. He lias hanged, murdered nnd burned old ladles with kerosene all over Southern Mexico." Un less tho News has been misled by campaign canards, Zupntn surely has a record that will count against him at tho polls. Hut "old ladles with keroseno" should keep their oil cans out of the torch. The Newport News Press porslsts In tho pur' suit, saying: "It cost Bill Kulzer nearly $4,000 to make his last campaign. Bill still has his financial friends." At any rate, Four-Thou sand-Dollar Bill Sulsor sounils more dignified ?than "Same Old Bill." Says the Blackstone Courier: "Some one sug gests Teddy for President of Mexico. We thought tho policy of this country towards Mex ico was one of benevolence." We may poko fun at Teddy ad lib., but the fact that the silence of Theodore excites the Intorest of tho country mora than the utterances of a regiment of Republican orators grows more and more Im I pressive. The Voice of the People Crltlctr.pM Street Cleniitns Method*. To tho Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir,?If the Street Cleaning Department has only thirty-five men to clean 200 miles of streets, will .vou kindly inform me why cloven men are put to clean one block? This is not a matter of hearsay. I have seen it with my own eyes. Only a few days ago, on Henry Street, near Franklin, T saw four men sweeping away at one pilo of dirt. The street was unpavod, and had not been sprinkled, of course, and a cloud of dust was dying into the open windows of the house on the southeast corner of tho street. Mr. Colin says that a great deal of tho dust in the city is due to the fact that citizens allow their servants to sweep the pavements without .sprinkling tliein. Have you ever noticed the street cleaners at work? Scarcely a gill of water is allowed to fall from the sprinkling machines on each square yard of tho street they are cleaning. The dirt in tho streot is not loosened, and the revolving brushes raise only a cloud or dust without actually cleaning tho I street nt all. ! I am a member of the board of the Better I Housing Association, which succeeded in having J an ordinance passed by tho city government 1 ordering a fine to bo imposed upon those who j throw trash into tho street and recommending j the purchase of proper receptacles for this 1 trash. Tills ordinance has never been enforced, j anil tho Street Cleaning Department lias taken no notice of it. That "educated public sentiment" which, you urgo editorially, is needed to keep the streets clean in Richmond will not amount to a row of pins', so long as the present methods of cleaning are allowed to obtain in the Street Cleaning Department. When a woman engages a servant !'? do housework, she gets one who knows how to clean. Tho streot cleaners tlo not know how to clean, and they arc never taught. They are merely liandod brooms and told to go to work, and, working behind a sprinkling machine that di-osn't sprinkle and a revolving brush that doeis little but revolve, they add their clouds of dust to the general Snharan effect. If 1 miKht make a suggestion, it is that "public sentiment" should require the head of the Street Cleaning Depart ment to change bis methods. Until he dooa, Richmond will continue to be tho dirtiest city in the United States. AN' 1NTKUESTKD READER. Richmond, November SO, 1914. The Vlrprlnln-Cnrollini Football Game. To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir,?Apropos of our annual football defeat at the hands of your Virginia University, l wish to submit a few observations, which, while acknowledging Carolina's inferiority in the football line, yet I wish to point out a few of North Carolina's cfaim.s to superiority over Virginia. In the llrst place, at the present time, there are hut few States In tliA nation that outrank North Carolina in tho administration of the government under tlio nation's great President, Woodrow Wilson. North Carolina to-day sits near the head of the table with tho following distinguished sons filling these high-class positions, vlr..: Walter II. Page, ambassador to Great Britain; Josephus Daniels,' Secretary of the United States Navy; Senator Simmons, chairman or the Finance Committee and coauthor of tho Underwood-Simmons tariff law; Senator Overman, chairman of the Rules Committee am) chairman of the Lobby Investl' gating Committee; Claudo ICItchtn, noon to be successor to Oscar Undorwood, chairman of the Houso Ways and Means Committee; E. Y. Wobb, chairman of the Judiciary Committee: W. H. Osborn, Commissioner of the United States Internal Rovcnue; E. J. Hale, minister to Costa It lea; R. 13. Glenn, member of the Canadian llouudary Commission, and 12. J. Justice, an assistant attorney-general. And then our Stato outranks Virginia In population and In tho pro duction of cotton, corn, tobacco, and, as to cotton mills, we have hundreds, \vhero you havo dozens. We are far ahead of you also in furnl turo factories. You are ahead of us In cities, but wo have some places that are fast coming to the front?Charlotte, Wlnston-Salem, Wilm ington, Durham, Raleigh, Ashevlllo and Greens boro. Finally, the Tarheel State has some of tho most beautiful mountain scenery in this broad land. Tho lato Judge IColly, of l'onnsyl vanln, said that "North Carolina was tho most beautiful country his eyes had ever beheld." And whllo wo* lament our football Inferiority, wo point with pride to the old North State's achievements, and bore's hoping that we may yet build up a team that will outmatch our friendly adversary, tho University of Virginia. READER. Greensboro, N. C., November 2S, 1M4. War News Fifty Years Ago (From the Richmond Dispatch, Dec. 1,1SU1.) Tho little excitement that was created In Chesterfield County by the operations of Pickett's men against the negro troops of tItc Federal army died out yesterday, and there was again tho announcement "nothing doing on the front." The only thing of Interest that comes from Petersburg is that there has been for tho pnst two days very hoavy picket firing at night by tho Federals. This, tiring at certain hours Is kept up so incessantly as lo leave the Impres sion that a real qklrmlsh- is going on, but there has been nothing of the kind, -and it Is now understood that the enemy is doing tho much shooting to Intimidate deserters from their ranks und, if possible, put a stop to so much desertion. Tho report cotnes from Georgia that General Wheeler's cavalry has had two livoly tights with the cavalry of General KllpatricU, of Sherman's army, and that In the second flglU Wheeler bested Ivilpatrick, and in the hasty retreat of tho Federals Kllpatrlck's hat was captured, but, unfortunately, the famous gen eral's head was not In If. Gonoral Wayne, of the Georgia Stato troops, Is still holding tho enemy in check near Oconee, Ga. According to reports received at tho War Department, General Wayne's men are fighting well, especially the cadets, who act with all tho bravery and dash of trained Confederate veterans. A gentleman just from Atlanta reports that all of the business houses'on four of the prin cipal streets of that city have been burned by j tho Federals. The Atlanta Hotel, the largest j house of entertainment In the city, has been destroyed. Another report from Atlanta says that tho Federals, In order to make a big conflagration i of the passenger depot in that city, piled In all. of their old wagons and whatever else of plunder' they wlshpd to got rid of and set flro to tho, whole. The combination made an immense tire, ; which the Yankees seemed to enjoy very much.; Tn the House of Representatives of the Con federate Congress yesterday, on motion of Mr. Adkins, of Tennessee. General Joseph E. John ston was unanimously invited to a privileged seat In tho House during his visit in Richmond. Major-Gonor.il Robert Ransom and staff havo arrived at Charleston. The general will assume command there. The Richmond Christian Advocato will not bo r?movcd to Lynchburg, as had been proposed, but Its publication will he continued here, and Rev. James A. Duncan will remain the editor. Mrs. Freeman, the wife of William Freeman, a Confederate soldier of Forsythe County, N. C., recently gave birth to three bouncing boys, and all aro alive and doing well. I Current Editorial Comment The government has lifted the VJkILujico ,lvo stock <iuarantlne?Invoked a ,, , f Tow weeks ago because of the foot and mouth disease?from; Safety Illinois, Wisconsin and Iowa, j From other States come reports1 which Indicate that the plague has about been i put under control. Five times the foot and mouth disease has broken out In thin country, and run a more or less menacing course. The experience of this year has be<?n tho worst, in that the disease was more widely scattered than ever before. 13ut tho vigorous efforts of the Federal authorities In co-operation with the j Ktate.s have accomplished wonders by way of j suppression. Relentless slaughter of infected | animals, plus the most rigid quarantine, lias once I more been proved the effective means of con trolling- epidemics of this kind. The only thing that now remains to be cleared up satisfactorily Is how the disease could have become bo wide spread before detection. The government and tho Status h&yc shown that they can control | such an epidemic even after It gets a tremendous I lead. The experience had with the foot and mouth disease should emphasize, however, the need of more watchfulness, especially at the great stock centrcs which may. It Is seen, become centres of infection.?Daltiinore News. The Carranza occupation o' Hoping for N'ora Cruz flavors of opera n )t f bouffe. However, this port is ?*" the gateway through which a Carranza pretender may emerge with more or less of dignity, and leave his country for his country'^ good. In truo Gllbertlan fashion. Tf we had stayed there, the gateway would have been closed. It. Is open now. There aro plenty of ships to take. Carranza elsewhere, and ho may get some consolation from a meet I Ing, outside Mexico, with Vlctorlano Huertn, or j Porflrlo IMaz, who have precedod him. It is i doubtless the hope of Washington that Carranza ! will stay, not upon the order of bin going, but j e:o at onoo. Washington has manifustly favored ' Villa, not In the conviction, perhaps, that Villa j Ik more virtuous than the other nsplrnnte to | power, but in the belief that he had enough of . strength to command popular support, and secure quiet and order. Whether he has or not, j is a question that only time can determine.? j Brooklyn Eagle. The Bright Side of Life Their Choice. When 10. If. Sothern and Julia Marlowe woro playing In a Western city laat season, a rural couple stepped up to tho box oftice, and tho man suid: "Plnyln* Shakespeare hero, they tell me." "Yes, sir," roplied the ticket seller. "What's the show to-night?" "'As You L/iko 11.' " "Wall, that'n what I call acoommodatln'," said the native. "Sochi" as you give ua our j choice, mother and me'll take 'lionioo and ! Juliet.'"?Chicago Dally News. KflTcmlnnt*. Some time ago tho Smiths attended a rccep \ t ion whoro they met a man named Brown. On j the way home, while exchanging opinions of ; the guests, Brown was mentioned. "Speaking of that man, Brown." vigorously remarked Smith, "he certainly has an effeminate way of talking." "Why, John!" was the wondering rejoinder of ! Mrs. Smith. "How can you say that? Be cer ! talnly hOB a very loud and mascullno volco." "Yes. J know ho has," explained Smith, "but what 1 mean is that he talks all the tlmo."?? j Philadelphia Telegraph. \ Clever l'reenullon. Mike?Begorra, an' 1 had to go through tho ! woods the other night where Casey was mur thored last year, an' that they say Is haunted, an', bedad! I walked backward tho whole way. Pat?An' what for wuz yo nftor doln' that? Mike?Faith, man, bo that I could see if any thing wusc comln' up behind me.?Tit-Bits. A Chicken Thlrf Wrote Verge. After cleaning out u chicken coop in Birming ham, Ala., tho chicken thiol* left the following note: "I-ord, havo morcy on my soul, how many chickens have T stole, last night and the night beforo, coming bacp to-night and Ret twenty-flv? more; remember,' coming, back to night."?Indianapolis News. When a Feller ? Needs a Friend One of the Day's Best Cartoons. DISEASE IN VIRGINIA SCHOOLS From tho Virginia Journnl of Education, The Journal In no extremist, but it believes thiit the time has come when? medical Inspection of .schools should be made compulHory in Vir ginia. Tho' necessity for the move has become too apparent for delay. The stage for argument has passed. Our peoplo should be forced to meet a con dition which menaces ovory home in tho State, and which daily threatens tiie lives and health of tens of thou sands of its future citizens. Data in support of this chargo is not Incklng. In a recent Issue of the Virginia Health Bulletin, the following startling facts | ure revealed: To ascertain precisely what were the! ' physical defects of children in attend l nnce on school, many of which were | lacking In sanitation, Investigators re-| | ecntly examined all tho pupils of the . forty-nine schools of a typical Vir ginia county. <\*\refu1 Inspection I showed the following results: The eyes of 21.5 per cent of the chil dren were defective, and of 5.1 per cent seriously defective. The hearing of 7.5 per cent of the children was faulty. The tonsils of one-third of the chil dren and the adenoids of 24.7 per cent were enlarged. Thirty-one percentage of the chil dren and nose trouble. Tho permanent teeth of 58 per cent and the first teeth of 42 per cent of the children were defective. Eighteen and a half per cent of the j children had enlarKOd ulniulp. Almost one-tlilrd of tho pupils (31.2 per cent) were poorly nourished. One child In every six (17.5 per cent) j was abnormally pale. The lungs of 3.7 per cent of the cliil- [ i dren wore Involved. About twenty per cent (10.65) of the i children had hookworm disease. In order that the full force and1 meaning of this crisis may bo under | stood, the Journal is disposed to make | the figures from Orange County np j plicablo to the State at large. This j course is "ortalnly justifiable, In view ? of the fact that Orange Is reckoned! j among tho healthiest counties of the State. It Is certainly above the aver age; therefore it is assuredly safo to treat It as a practical mean. "Tho sit uation disclosed In this country," says tho health officers, "here described, is i I not unusually bad. If it differs from the average, it is rather above than below, for tho county inspected was one whose schools huve been making notable progress during tho past few ! years. But with the knowledge Of such conditions and with the prospcet of even worse things In other coun | ties, It Is high time that every school j board and evary teacher In the( Commonwealth was astir for improve-i mcnts. We have no right as a people to subject our children, the wards of j Virginia, to such dangers as they face In many of our rural schools. We must change conditions for the bct | ter." There are 428,000 children en rolled in the schools of the State. Ap plying tho Orange County percentage to these figures wo find,tho following Incredible results: ? Defcctivo eyes... 92,020 .Seriously defective eyes 21,820 Fuulty hearing 32,10u Tonsils enlarged . 142,GC7 Adenoids enlarged ion,7i>; N'ono trouble 132,Mo Permanent teeth defective.... 248,240 Klrst tenth defective 179,780 Enlarged glands....^.., TO.lSo l'oorly nourished 1:13,331: Abnormally pale..... 74,90o ; Lung involved 15,83<> 1 Hookworm disease 8 4,JO i These tlgures are sinister enough, b.j! I when we consider tho totnl number of ! health troubles among these J2S.0U0 1 children, wo aro llteraUy staggered. [They amount to 1,3J2,G86! These in credlblo figures aro better understood when It is remembered that?probably the vast majority of tho affected chil dren have?per capita?from two to four of tho health troubles mentioned, llut tho outstanding result is enough! Discount the figures us we may?make allowances hero and exceptions there refute, disclaim and deny?yet enou?li of horror remains to shock tho con science of the State from centre to cir cumference! Over l.^pft.OGQ forms ?? f dlseasu among tho 400,000 school chil dren of the Hlate! Cut tho figures |,, half and then let ua faco tho situation In silence If wo can! Tho majority of these troubles are curable?if taken in time. Several arc ' fatal if neglected. All are aggravated I by delay. Tho school children nro help I less, the teachers are almost as help I less, and the vast majority of the pur ! cuts uro either ignorant or careless. What Is the' remedy, and how shall it be applied? Medical Inspection of all the schools followed up promptly by medical treat ment. Tho cost? Let the State, the counties nnd cities provide tho cost, just as thoy would provide it In case of epidemics anions hogs, cattle and sheep! Loudoun County has already worked out tho problem with medical help from tho State. What she has done tnany other counties can do. In poorer soctlons, the State should come to the rescue and supply half or three-fourths of the necessary funds. The mutter should be treated :ts an emergency measure and dealt with promptly and effectively. As this issue will always' be one of vital importance, tho Journal woul.l suggest that the State make a suitable appropriation for medical In spection, and then require the counties and cities to supplement It sufficiently to safeguard the health of the chil dren. There should be no local option feature about tho matter. The irispec tlon should be compulsory, and should Include every child of school age In the State, whether in or out of the schools. The health of 600,000 children Is endangered?the relief measures should bo sweeping and Immediate. PLEA FOR HELP FOR STRICKEN MEXICO To the ICditor of The Timer,-Dispatch: Sir,?Tho day tho Christmas ship sailed with its cargo of pood cheor for the war-stricken countries of Ku ropc; a little company of Mexicans ns ?embled in a town near the interna tional boundary and issued an appeal addressed "To tho American People and Their IBxaltod Authorities." It was a plea for work for tho men, and bread for their women and chil dren, and is tho flint cry for help thut has ever come from this stoical and long-suffering people. It wan printed in an obscuro paper, and in tho natural course of events could not havo carried far; but a copy fell into my hands, and sinoc then tho closing words havo sounded in my ears, giving mo no rest day nor night: "Trabajo! Justlcia! Pan!" (Work! Jus tied Uroad!) At lust I have decided to pass it on to editors in the United Stales, who arc able to send it to the uttermost parts of the land, and see what answer tho American people havo to make. Tho conditions in Kuropc,, which .shock the clvlllzcd world, have existed hero against our borders for four yoars, unconsidered. Mexico in poo plod with widows and orphans, nnd famine is In tho hind. At first It reached ub only as a rumor from re mote places, but now it is prusont in our midst, on both Hides of the KIo Grande. One sees It dally, in emaci ated forms, shrunken checks, tightly drawn skin and burning oyeu. It Is in tho faces of women, old men and little children. Muny havo died on Amorlcan soil during tho past year, ostensibly from obscuro diseases, but notually from starvation, nnd there aro hundreds of children who have never had sufficient food in their piti ful little lives. That is tho heart breaking tragody In it all?the un smiling littlo children, who sit silently by tho doors of huts through the long hours of long days. Tho sound of laugl)tor and playing children has been stilled in Mexico. These people have endured much in silence, but now has been reached even the end of their stoicism, and from tho enst, the west, the north , and this south cornea a cry of broad i for tho starving. ! Thero Is need for food, and clothes 1 and medicines. The neod Is pressing:, i Hclplosii ones are suffering: and dying. Thero Is no tlmo to loso. Arrange montt) have he6n made for tho dis tribution of supplies through the American consulato at this placo to i any locality In Mexico, and for tho i judicious expenditure of any funds l that may l>o donated. i The destitution Ik not confined to tho lower classes. Hundreds of dcli catc, carefully-nurtured women arc enduring untold hardship and en during it with tho silent -courage which charaotorlBOs always women of I that type. Loss than a month ago I : met oir-tho strocts of El Paso a M'cx J lean woman, qualified by intelligence, j chuvactor and culture to adorn any i circle. She was soliciting family ' washing with which to support hor ? sol f and throe ch Heir on. Christmas is coming' Christmas In Mexico! Clod help them, and move to compassion the hearts of happier ones! There are sad women In the United States who have little garments stored ,away somewhere, growing yel low with age. Lot them remember tho inothors and babes of Moxico. Onco upon a tlmo I knew an American mother, with ono little son, who was tho joy of her llfo. llo wont away and left only a memory and the pre cious garments ho had worn. Now a little Moxlcan lad out in Juares Is wearing his Jackets, a little lad whosu father was killed at Torreon, and whoso mother diod ? of privation on the long march across the desert to the United States. , "To tho American People Their ; Exalted Authorities!" What are you going to do about It? Christmas in ! coming! You who dwoll in peace and j safety, you whose loved ones are warm I and fed?what is your answer to Mex I Ico? ' ~ MKS. E C." HENfDRIX, j American Consulate, Matamovox, i Mexico, November 26, 19H.