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Richmond times-dispatch. (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, December 02, 1914, Image 1

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NUMBER 19,917.
PRICE 2 CENTS.
RICHMOND, VA., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 2,1914.?TWELVE PAGES
CLOUDY
TO-DAY'S
WKATHKK
PEACE AND ORDER
BEING RESTORED
IN CITY OE MEXICO
Forces of Villa and Zapata
Arc Bringing About Nor
mal Conditions.
COURTESY AND KINDNESS
SHOWN ALL FOREIGNERS.
Washington Delighted With New j
Turn of Affairs in Neigh
boring Republic.
HKSSAGKS ARK HK ASSURING
Tone of Official Dispatches More Op
timistic Tlian for^Many
Weeks.
WASHINGTON. December 1.?Optl- j
nilntic report* showing that the Villa- |
Zapata coalition, supporting the pro- i
visional government of Kulallo Cutler- |
i "T.. i** kcopliis order In Mexico City j
?iwl ie*toring normal conditions. were!
made public to-rtaj at the State De- !
partmeni.
Two dl'ip.it<?!>?.'<? f oni American Con - j
fill Killti>i:ir. nml the Hrazlllan minis-*;
tvr at Mexico t'll v. read to President]
V,"IUoii ;upl his Cabinet by Secretary!
Dry an. wet- given out In paraphrase]
tOr-ulzht. They show that <;eneral 'An-\
pata has d<-eilncd to go to the 11a-i
tional palace,.keeping his headquarters1
In the suburbs. I'unfllehil repcrts from
th<! Mexican capital tJencral Villa i
has arrived on the outsklits and that |
1-oth chiefs await the arrival or Pro
visional President Cutlerrcz
(MTICIAI, IJISIVVM HKS
.MCt.'IC JlOltr. IIOI'KPUI. 1
The official dispatches viivii a much i
more hopeful ami optimistic view or
conditions than the American govern- !
mcnt has received in many weeks. Kol-j
lowing Is the summary Issued by the :
Stat?: Department of a telegram from 1
the Hra/lllan ihiulster, dated 2 P. M.
Sunday, and Just received:
"A few cases of robbery ami violence
hy irresponsible bands were reported in
t!>< suburbs during the first two days
of occupation by Zapatistas. These
were against Mexicans and foreigner*
iudiscrimliiately, Americans included,
but such eases have been punished-?!
even with the execution of the cul
prits In some Instances.
"The Zapata authorities are doing
their beat to redress the damages done
-?-the. Spanish ambassador Is helot? at
tended to even to the point of securing I
a safo conduct for the Spanish consul,
ordering every one to obey ami help
In behalf of Spaniards. A pood amount
of uiono.v having been Been rod from
.. the extraordinary tax. a, * mall., loan of
fin,000 pesos made voluntarily by bank
ers mid business men was repnhl yes
terday.
"The properly and funds taken from
the tramway company have been - re
turned. The Korclen Affairs Office has
been reopened.
"Th?; diplomatic rorps Is being at
tended to. and requests being compiled
with as effectively ;is possible. The
Finance Department has issued a de
cree making valid and acceptable all
bills until present bills arc replaced
hy a new Issue.
"Zapata arrived two days ago. lie
has refused to come to the national
palace to rccelve a popular demonstra
tion, but stayed In the. suburbs.
WAITIMi FOH VIM.A
TO MAKK PltOI'KIt KXTKY
"General Angeles arrived with Villa's
advance guard yesterday, bu* is wait
ing lor Villa to make proper entry
Into the city. Vllln has published a
general order to the effect that full i
guarantees will be accorded to all,
any wrong to l?e punished by death.
Censorship was abolished, but Is strict
at Vera Crur.. Dp to this time the gen
eral situation in the capital can be
considered as very good."
The State Department later issued
the following supplementary ttate
ment:
"A dispatch from Silli.man sent at 5
P. M. on the 30th. and received here
at ^ o'clock this morning, corroborates
the optimistic report sent by the Bra
zilian minister. Mr, Silllman Inter
viewed Zapata Saturday night, and ox
pressed the appreciation of foreigners
lor the order that has prevailed since
occupation by Zapata's troops. He pre
sented the case of Mr. 11 ill. an Amer
ican, whoso dairy has been looted. In
Mr. Silllmnn's presence, Zapata dic
tated an order requiring the restora
tion of Hill's property and punish
ment of those guilty. He left the City
of Mexico yesterday, but his followers
are In charge of the city, and quiet
prevails.
"The city Iff well policed; 110 political
arrosts have been made. The Za
patistas have not molested either
natives or foreigners except in a few
aggravated cas-js. Upon entry into the
suburbs they arretted the manager of
the cable office, an American, upon in
formation that false notices u'?re being
aent from the city. In connection with
the Brazilian minister, Mr. Silliman ob
tained the release of those detained
nnd tHo opening of the office, the of
ficer in charge being prompt and ac
commodating. The censorship that will
be established will not apply to for
eign representatives.
KIN 1)1. V OK KICKS U.SK
OK MIMTARY WIIIK
"General Angeles arrived Saturday
and remained outside the city. Mr.
Silliman called upon him, and he
kindly offered the use of the military
wiro for foreign representatives, the
cable having been interrupted,' Gen
eral Angeles was attentive, obliging
and friendly. lie spoke appreciatively
of the United States. The Zapatistas
are; compelling the return of personal
effects removed from private dwellings
by Constitutionalists. Banks and
stores, are resuming business."
TRADE^ANCE^AVORABLE
Kxportw .for One AVrck *-43,0fl.8,S52,
Agnlnftt Import* of *20,<Pn'S,5.17.
WASHINGTON. December 1.?Ex
portp from the twelve ports which han
' die SO per cent of the export business
of the United States totaled $43,038,85:*
for the week ending November 28. as
compared with Imports ? aggregating
$2fi,6 r>,.r?57, leaving a favorable trade
bala c of 116,413,205.
Tt twenty-two working days of
Nov.m'jev yielded a trade balance in
f(ivor of. the United States of S63.1S8,
002, which, according to official ' esti
mated, indicates a November export ex
cess of approximately $70,000,000 for
the entire country.
ALASKA IS FLOODED
Wntrr Driven Fur Inland and Slurtn
In Incrcnulng in Fury.
NOWtt, ALASKA. December 1.?A fu
riouB blizzard lias forced the Bering;
?Sea Icepack high upon th,e shore, an<I
has driven the water' farther Inland
than It has been for several years. All
trails are impassable. Several mining
camps along the shore are entirely
surrounded by water.
All attempts to move the malls have
been, abandoned. The water along the
beach Is rising, but It is believed the
ice pack, jammed against buildings and
bulkheads, along the waterfront at
Nome, will protect them, and It is
thought there Is little likelihood of
their being washed away, as they were j
a year ago.
At the smaller camps along the shore !
conditions arc not so favorable. Sol
omon. thirty-two miles cast of Nome. ]
and Dickson, the railway terminus at
the mouth of the Solomon River, aro
surrounded by water and ice.
The storm is increasing in fury.
Early to-day all telophone lines along |
the eoast were torn down.
Rcforo telephone communication
ceased a message from Safety Road i
House, twenty-four miles east of Nome,
said that the water pouring In front
the sea had forced inmates to seek
refuse on the second floor. It Is Im
possible to rescue them, as the Ice floes
would crush any boat which attempted
to npproac.h the house.
"Scotty" Allan, the noted racing-dog
driver, and the famous Darling-Allan
sweepstakes dog-racing team, owned j
by Allan and Mrs. Charles K. Darling, j
I of Berkeley. Cal., were rescued at Dry
j t.'reck.
PLEA FOR KHAKI AND GREEN
' Surjseoij-Oenernl Think* White OfTem
Too I'lnr n Target.
WASHINGTON. D." C\. December 1.?
j Another plea for khaki and forest
green uniforms to replace the bullet
! drawing white worn by American sea
\ men was made by Surgeo,n-General
i Braistcd, of the navy, in his annual
: report submitted to-day to Secretary
I Daniels. It was pointed out that dls
. advantages of white were strikingly Il
lustrated at Vera Cruz, where the
i sailors offered perfect targets for
sharp shooters and snipers.
? sharp-shooters and snipers.
The surgeon-ceneral reported that
? the navy's medical department appar
! ently wtis prepared to meet all peace
; time demands, and that the health of
! the naval personnel was good, sbow
I ing improvement over last year. An
j increase in' malaria wae accountcd for
by the detention of warships in Mcx- j
I lean waters.
Speaking of gratifying results oh- '
tallied with typhoid prophylaxis." the !
surgeon-general warned against over- j
: confidence in the protection it affords,
j explaining that no one knows how long !
, the Immunity will last. lie said treat- j
merit <?f tuberculosis by Inhalation of
1 creosote had progressed encouragingly.
: and that treatment by praded rest and
| labor had Justified expectations.
A continued decrease in alcoholism
i Was noted in the report, and credited
! to Secretary Daniels's order barring
j lhiuor from shii* and shore stations. |
i vote warcTeditTo-oay
? ? ' r.-rrr?
Ilrkbutiic Is A abed for Appropriation
of $ 1,250,000,000.
BKKMN, December ] {via London).?
Th?> Reichstag will meet to-morrow to
vote a war credit of $1,250,00),000. Dr.
von Bethmann-lfollweg, the imperial
Chancellor, conferred to-day with party
leaders, explaining the military and
financial situation. He. first recclvcd
Socialist leaders.
It is expected the war credit will be
! adopted unanimously, and without de
bate. The government docs not in
tend to raise the now loan forthwith,
and probably will not do so until
spring.
Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollweg,
speaking to the Reichstag committee,
said the military situation on both
fronts was wholly favorable, but that
he wished to defer further explanations
? until the meeting of the Reichstag lo
i morrow. He said he hoped the Rclch
? stag would vote the loan unanimously,
as this would encourage the troops to
the greatest energy.
I WILSON NOT'INDIFFERENT
! He Wnttlii C'onfercnrc With (>nrdncr i
I Itefore Resolution Is Introduced. j
j WASHINGTON, December 1.?ProsI-j
dent Wilson's letter to Representative j
Gardner, on the latter's resolution for
cougresslonal Investigation of the mili
tary preparedness of the United States.
I was made public to-day. The Presl
j dent wrote:
"You may be sure that T do not have
| an attitude of Indifference to the great
j subject which you broach, but I should
like very much to have a conference
' with you before the resolution you
! have In mind Is offered. In order to
| present my views to you more fully j
i than is possible In a letter."
Mr. Gardner was a White House
I caller to-day, but did not see Mr. Wil
son. and will call later. He made his
visit the occasion to issue a formal
statement, however, saying he feared
(he President intended to "lay the cold
I hand of death on the whole movement i
j if he can."
TESTIFY AGAINST LAMAR |
l.mN Conn l.edyartl nnd A. MUclirlt j
I'nlmrr on Stand.
NFJW YORK, December 1.?Testimony
j of Dewls Cass Dedyard and Represent
| atlve A. Mitchell Palmer, of Pennsyl
i vania, to-day regarding telephonic con
j versations dealing with the United
States Steel Corporation and J. I\ Mor
' gan, was the principal development in
| the trial of David I?amar in the l?'ed
j oral Court here on a charge of im
I personating Representative Palmer
i with intent to defraud the Steel Cor
! poration and the Morgan firm.
I Although three indictments had been
brought against Lamar, charging him
with impersonating officers of the
United States, District Attorney Mar
shall announced that the only one to
l be pressed would He that accusing him
of representing himself as Mr. Palmer
and attempting Improperly to procure
the employment of Edward Lauterbaclc,
a lawyer, by the Stoel Corporation and
the Morgan firm.
MASTER EXONERATED !
Illume for Wreck Pat on Man Who
Waa Drowned.
SAX FRAttCISCO, CAD., December 1.
?Captain J. J. Carey, master of the
steamer Hanalel, wrecked November 23
ou DuxUury Reof with a loss of twenty-,
three lives, was exonerated of re
sponsibility for the aboldent by a |
coroner's Jury to-day.
The Jury found that tho wrccjc was ';
due to a mistake made by Second Of- j
fleer Wllliart Reese, who was drowned.
Reese, it was declared, changed the
i tlanalcl's course, disobeying Instruc
tions.
MOREUNEMPLQYED!!
THAN AT ANYTIME
1 IN RECENT YEARS
Yet Situation in Richmond
Compares Favorably With
Most Eastern Cities.
I
15,000 WAGE-EARNERS OUT.
ESTIMATES BUCHANAN
i
I
Reports Submitted at Annual
Meeting Show Large Work
of Associated Charities.
I
i
! FACING SERIOUS PROBLEM
Must Carry Many Self-Respecting
Families Through "Winter Until
Conditions Improve.
i "There .ire to-day more people un
employed, or. if employed. working on
short time, than at the name period
oT the year for several years past."
said O. A. Hawkins, president, at the
I annual meeting of the Associated
| Charities, hold Ia3t night. In the Cham
ber of Commerce, "and this condition."
he continued, "applies among both
races. Tills fact presages numeAus
and heavy calls for relief. Elements
with which we do not usually have to
deal are already indicated; men who,
in ordinary 'dull times' are able to
provide food, clothinsr, shelter and
warmth for their families are-already
at their wits' end to know how they
may compass even a part of theso ne
cessities for their loved ones during
this winter." Mr. Hawkins said that
Rev. .fntnen Huchanan, secretary of the
AFBOciated Charities, had estimated
that at. least $20,000 will be required
for the work of the organization this
winter, if any real service is to be ac
complished.
M'CHANA.N SAYS TilKHK
AHK 5.000 UNKMPI.OYEO
Aft^r he had read the report revlew
j ing the work of the Associated Chari
j ties for the past year. Dr. Huchanan
said that he estimated there were 5.000
unemployed people in the city, and he
I admitted that the general need would
j bo far Kreater than during many years
past. He said that, owing to the short -
i age of demand among some of the
larger industries in Richmond, there
were many people who. in other times,
would be capable of supporting them
selves. who would be now practically
helpless and dependent upon such aid
as tho Associated Charities could af
ford them- "The call will be frequent
and heavy," ho said, ? "but wo hava
response to out- appeal."-"
Bad as the situation Is generally
agreed to be, It seemed to be the gen
eral opinion last night that it is not
extraordinary and that relief, as In
other times, will be readily forthcom
ing.
In continuing his report, Mr. Il.iw
kins said that necessity for any se
rious campaign for funds had not en
gaged tho association during his in
cumbency as president, but he Impress
ed upon his hearers "the stern neces
sity for an Immediate campaign for
funds with which to conduct tho work
during the winter now approaching."
BKLIEVKS MICH MONO
AVI 1,1. MKET KMERfiKNCY
"The question nrlses." he said, "will
we be able to secure the funds to re
lieve the urgent needs sure to bo pre
sented? Personally, 1 answer, yes;
under the provisions of God and His
Inspiration operating In the hearts and
consciences of the people of this goodly
city and vicinity. In adopting this
' view, I have not lost sight of the fact
1 that our pqople have had recently nu
merous and urgent appeals for the re
! lief of the kingdom of Belgium. As a
I member of tho Associated Charities, I
| thank C.od for the hearty, gracious and
; generous response to those appeals,
because, In and through it, I recognize
the Godlike Impulse that will not per
mit a fellow-being to suffer; no. not
even at the cost of very material sac
rifice, and especially If that fellow
being Is a neighbor <;r townsman."
Mr. Hawkins said that on the rec
ommendation of the executive commit
tee. the. board of directors had adopted
a resolution Instructing tho committee
I to organize a relief work for the col
i ored people on Associated Charities
! lines, for which a s;im not exceeding
| 51,200 was to be auDronrlated.
ICK .MISSION IXSTHIBl'TKI)
5-0,000 POUNDS or ICK
The report of tho Ice Mission, a
branch of the Associated Charities,
showed thnt 620,000 pounds of ice, of
which 23,000 pouitda had been contrib
uted by W. S. Forbes, were distributed
among the poor last summer, and that
$2,242.25 had been received and dis
bursed. The institutions supplied
were the Franciscan Convent, Father
Manniifan's Home, the Sheltering Arms
Hospital, the Belle Bryan Day Nursery,
the Friends' Orphanage, the Baptist
Old Folks' Home, and the Associated
Charities Building. The report was
especially commendatory of The Times
Dispatch, through the aid of which
$612 for the fund was raised.
In his annual report. Secretary Buch
anan said that the number of applica
tions during the tlscal year just ended
were: for goner.il help. 4.487: for shel
ter, t?,.74:t. making a total of 11,250 ap
plications. There were 7S!> special in
vestigations, and 250 new families were
aided during the year. For this pur
pose- a general visitor had been en
gaged. The relict given 771 families
comprised, baskets of groceries, 2.97S;
pints of milk given, 2.2GB; cases of
distress helped in rent. 56; special cases
helped in sickness, 270; loans made,
?3; number of cases helped in special
distress. 47b; days' work given local
men with lamilles, 415; articles of
'cloching given from Associated Chari
tlos, 10,224: pairs of shoes given from
Associated Charities Building. 762; .or
ders of emergency fuel given by Asso
ciated Charities, 536.
BUCHANAN CLASSIFIES
WOIIK OK ASSOCIATION
Dr. Buchanan classified tho work of
the Associated Charities Under six
heads with figures as follows: flrat,
women with dependent children, 135
(children, 425); second. Immorality, In
cluding rlrlnk, Indolence and Impro
vidence, no families and 207 children;
third, old age, 123 families and 24
children: fourth, slckuoss. Including
tuberculosis and permanent and tem
porary Illness, 29!i families and 414
children: fifth, economic (1. e., out of
work), 02'families and 172 children;
sixth, transportation (wending people
r (Continued on Sccond rage.)
it ' ?! . : " ' . ? .. ?
7
'V ? '! :-d\ ' '?
? ' ? :%?<
V. -?;'?< '
...... '? :"
j : iS'i? u
? ? ?? M ? i
TzxrJzi^h. JjoldLzexr^
In the skirmishes which they have
had with the Czar's fighting men the
Turks have been able to hold more
than their own. The Turks have
!>ecn thoroughly drilled by the Ger
mans, and it is said that German gen
erals are in command. The photo
shows the Turkish regulars of the in
fantry division dressed in their khaki
uniforms, marching across the desert
sands on their way to meet the Rus
sians.
SENDS NO LETTER
DferrieB^That
He Is Bearer of Such
Message.
REPORTS ON CONDITIONS
??? ? <>? ?
Minister to the Netherlands Will
I Be Received at White
House To-Day.
WASHINGTON, December 1.?Dr.
Henry van Dyke, American minister to
the Netherlands, hack from his post
on a month's leave, described to Sec
retary Brynn to-day the earnest desire
of Queen Wllhelmina and the people
That the Ottoman followers who are involved ?in rtho war consider it a
war of religion, so far as they are concerned, is felt by every.one of the" Sul
tan's subjects. Even the women are doing .whatever they can to aid the
Turkish soldier in h)s war on the despised Christians. The photo shows a
squad of Turkish soldiers being taken across the" Tigris River at.ancient
Bagdad by a woman In her peculiar-shaped ferryboat. These round-shaped
boats, the same as were used centuries ago by the ancient Babylonians, are
called kufas. The soldiers are on their way across the desert sands to the
scene of action, where the Ottoman is allied with the Christian Germans and
Austrlans.against France, Great Britain, Russia and Belgium: "
of Holland for the early ending of
the European war.
Dr. van Dyke denied an oft-DUbllsh
ed report that ho was 'he hearer of
a personal letter from the Queen re
lating to peace, but said he had re
ported to Mr. Bryan merely on "the
statQ of mind" of the people of Hol
land, and conditions generally in Eu
rope as lie had studied them.
After talking with Secretary Bryan
for an hour. Dr. van Dyke indicated
clearly that the present did not seem
a propitious moment to put forward
definite proposals for terms of. peace.
DKSIRK FOR PF1ACK
IS WKI,L-KXO>V,V FACT
"The desire of the United States for
peace." he said, "is a well-known fact.
The discussion as to the proper mo
ment for us to act is in the hards of
my chiefs. The President and the Sec
retary of State can he trusted to de
termine when that moment arrlvee."
The minister expressed the hope that
when tho time for the scttleniont of j
the war arrived the United States i
"would play a noble part" in bringing !
peace. He was also . sure that the i
heart of Holland would he with ^he
United States in such efforts. '
Dr. van Dyke will talk over condi
tions In Europe with President Wilson
to-morrow, having baen invited to take
luncheon at the Whlte'House. Ho camo
to the United States primarily, he said,
to have his eyes treated, and expected
to leave Washington to-morrow after
noon and sail for Holland on Doccmbor
12.
While at the State Department. Dr.
van Dyke told 1119 newspaper men of
the efforts made by Holland to care
for Belgian refugees.
Asked as to .reports concerning the
neutrality of Holland, .or its sympathies
in the present war. Dr. van Dyke said
there was no doubt that the Queen and
the majority of the people of. Holland
were "sincerely neutral, and desirous
for the return of peace."
SI.'HPItlSKD AT It IS PORTS
OF SECRET DIPLOMACY
Incidentally, the minister expressed
surprise at reports that American
diplomacy was of a secret cMaracter.
"I have heard it. said slnco 1 re
turned to this country," he. remarked,
"that American diplomacy was con
ducted with the abutters down and the
blinds drawn. That has. not been my
experience, and is not the experience
of othor American diplomats. 1 And
that everything Is open and frank, and
that the Impression of the diplomats
of other countries Is strongly to this
effect, so that we enjoy the confidence
of all our colleagues."
Dr. van Dyke was tho guest to
night at a private dinnfy at tho homo
of .lohn W. Foster, former Secretary
of State, and the irtttor's son-in-law,
Robert. Lansing, counselor of the-State
Department.
ATTRACT!VK AND RNJOVAULK Tliir.
To Hultlmore vlit York River Ulne. 6:10
P. M.. except Sunday*. ?J.cO one way, $<.50
round trip.
i
COLLECTORS OF REVENUE
SEND IN FRANTIC CALLS
Their Offices Rushed by Thousands j
of People Seeking to Obtain
War'Tax Stamps.
EVERYBODY BADLY WORRIED
Commissioner Osborir Finally Quiets
Fears With Statement That: Gov
ernment Will ftot Prosecute Those
Showing Desire to Pay Promptly. ;
(Special to Tho Times-Dispatch- 1
WASHINGTON'. December l.?Thou- j
s^nds of persons In many cities who
spent hours to-(lay. rushing the offices
of internal revenue collectors, alarmed ]
because they couHl not obtain war
rovonue stamp**, were,needlessly fright
ened over what might happen If they
were not on the minute with their
stamping. The Internal Revenue Bu
reau, in tho Treasury Department it
self, inucli worried- ? over? the -task of
getting the law into smooth working
order, found time'late In the day to;
send telegrams to collectors making
It plain that the government had no
Intention of prosecuting anybody sub- I
ject to the tax who shows he is willing
and ready to buy stamps.
MAW FRANTIC CAM.S
COMB PHOM CrOM.KCTOHS
Frantic calls from collectors telling
of besieging crowds demanding stamps
resulted in n telegram to-night signed
by Commissioner Osborn and sent to
all collectors, to clear up the difficulty.
It said:
"Date all special tax returns Novem
ber 30 until you can handle applica
tions promptly, unices you have In
formation that no effort was made to
file same prior to that date. If un
able to supply demand for documentary
stamps for bills of lading permit ship
ments to go forward, have record kcflit
and affix or cancel stamps when re
ceived. Notify railroads."
By this notice the commissioner's
office expected to rejleve a situation
which promised to become embarrass
ing to thousands of individuals, and
might have brpught much confusion to
railroads and shippers.
Officials hefe explained to-day that
overything possible had been done here
to get ready to enforce tho law. The
Bureau of Kngravlng and Printing has
worked night and day since , the law
was passed, turning out the now
stamps. The problem of furnishing
stamps has been complicated, however, !
by the failure ip some instances of
collectors to regard suggestions from
Washington that all applicants ho
given a sufficient supply to last a few |
(Continued On Second Page.)
EUROPEAN WAR CAUSES
ADMIRAL IRAN'S DEATH
"Greatest Modern- Writer on Naval
Strategy" Overtaxed Strength
Studying Conflict.
HIS INFLUENCE WIDESPREAD
Writings Held Responsible for Ger
man Emperor's Naval Policy?He
Shaped Trend of Thought in This
and Many Countries.
WASHINGTON, .December' J.?Rear- |
Admiral Alfred T. Mahan, U. S. N., re- j
tired, acclaimed in naval circles as. tho
! "greatest- modern writer on naval strat
I egy." died at the Naval Hospital hore
; to-day, aped seventy-four years. Death
I was due to heart.. trouble. Admiral
Malum. hail overtaxed his strength
: studying the great European conflict,
land it Is believed the many long hours
1 Ive devoted to following the naval op
erations of the belligerents pf-obably
| caused tho ' breakdown that hastened
; Ills end'.
In the early stages of the European j
, war. Admiral Mahan. whose works are j
j naval textbooks alrr.OHt tho world over,
j discussed for the newspapers the sig
nificance of various naval manoeuvres.
! He gave up these activities when F'rea
I ldent Wilson issued his proclamation
exhorting navy and army oftlcers to
! desist from anything resembling a par
tisan discussion of the conflict. . He.
I however, did not relax his close ob
servation of all that went on In Ku
rope.
Admiral Mahan came to Washington
from his homo in Quogue, I-. J., In
early autumn, and had planned to spend
the winter hero.
| Kunoral services will be held from j
: St. Thomas's lOplscopal Church In this ,
I city to-morrow evening. In accordance
i with Admiral Muhan's earnestly ox
i pressed wish, serviced will be of the
1 simplest character. There will be no
| military ceremonies, and no honorary
: pallbearers. The body will be taken
1 to Quogue, Ij. I.
fOHMAI. APPIIKCIATIOX
FltO.M NAVY' DEPARTMENT
A formal statement issued from the
, Navy Department contained this ap
i preclatlon of the admiral's works:
"Admiral Mahan's hooks were clas
sics In thoir line. and. were widely read
throughout the world. In every coun
try possessing a navy they became
veritable textbooks in naval strategy.
In England leading naval mon of the
1 day confessed that It had remained
1 for Admiral Mnhan to elucidate the
work of the Hrltlsh navy In a" way
: that they themselves never had under
i * (Continued on Second~Fage7)
[
WATCHING BATTLE
Each Is With His Troops as
Conflict in Northern
Poland Proceeds.
WORLD CANNOT TELL
HOW FIGHT IS GOING
Both Claim Successes, but Final
Decision May Rest With
Either.
LOSSES MUST BE' STAGGERING
Another Attempt May lie Under Way
to Break Allies' Lines
in West.
Battles in East of
Major Importance
FIGHTING In the north of France
and Delictum ban nawumed an as
pect of minor Importance nn com
pared with hattlea In the cn.it, where
the IlunatanN anil Gcrmnn* are
atruKirllnit for supremacy over mllea
of battle front In Ituanlnn Poland
and Kant Prunala.
The allied forcen In the north of
France attain nrc Nuntalnlng: heavy
cannonading: bjr the Ciermann, and
mention U made In the French offi
cial ntatement of nmall ndvam'CN,
which meana the Infantry In oper
ating- attain. Othcrwlac, conditions
In tht* territory arc comparatively
quiet.
A Parln dlnpatcli nnya the botn
hardraent of llhelma, which linn lieen
in procreM for aeveral nrrtk*. hna
reunited';!* the destruction of the
auffereA to the extent of ?70,fl00,?0ft
Vienna Announce* officially that
Austrian troopa operating In Servia
have repulaed the Servlana caat of
the River Koluharn aud Mid with
heavy, lonaen to the enemy, and
give* the number of prlnouera taken
ntnee ihe hcftlunlng of the l?i)t Aua
tiian ofTenalve movement aa 10,000.
From the Servian aide, hoWei-cr, It
la reported that the Auatrlann were
repulfccd with heavy loaae* In their
attack aiODK the LJId Hlvor.
In the battle of Homonna, Hun
gary, the Auatriana claim to have
compelled the Ruaalana to retreat
with a caaualty Hat of 2,BOO. The
Auajtriana aaaert that In the fighting
In Poland, they have taken 3R.OOO
prlaoncra.
LONDON, December 1.?Tho battle
in Northern Poland Is.beinT fought out
under the oyes of the German Emperor
on tho one sldo and the Russian Em
peror on the other. These two mon
archH left for the-front to-day, so that
virtually the heads of fill the nations
at war are with their troops.
Tho King of England is In France;
the King of Belgium, as usual,
is spending all his time with his sol
diers, while President Polncare, of
France, started to-day for anothor visit
to the northorn battlefield.
Ofilcial news from Poland continues
scanty, and with both headquarters
claiming successes. It Ib Impossible to
snf, how tho battle Is going. Of Its
intensity, however, there can bo no
doubt.
The Germans, when they started for
Warsaw, dashed full lilt into a mass
of Russian troops and forced thoir way
so far in that the Russians closed on
them.. This was taken in Petrograd
to nionn that some of tho German di
visions had boon cut off, and that their
surrender or annihilation was inevi
table.
FIGHT FOR Til Kilt LIVKS,
AND nitKAK THROUGH LINKS
It appears, however, that, fighting
for their very lives and in the knowl
edge that a great defeat would end
the German offensive and compel thom
to fall back on their, own frontiers, the
German troops broke through the Rus
sian lines at one place and at another
aro holding their intrenchments against
all Russian attacks. Their flankH still
are being harassed by the Cossacks,
but seemingly the Russians are not
now in a position to gain tho sweep
ing victory thoy had anticipated.
The losses, with the desperate fight
ing that has been going on for a fort
night, must necessarily bo very heavy
on both sides.
! Against the Austro-German forces
I In the south, the Russians continue to
j gain more decisive result p. They now
; hold all Austrian positions protecting
the Carpathian passes, and are said to
1 have arrived abreast of Cracow, whllo
their captives for three weeks number
50,000 men.
In tho west, although the German
ofllclal report says there Is nothing to
communicate, the French official state
ment notes a lively cannonade In Bol
glum and German activity north of
Arras. This may mean the Germans
have commenced, or are about to conv
mence, another attempt to got through
to the French posts. Certainly thcr^
are important changes In the disposi
tions o( tho German troops.
Tho Germans, according to Dutch re
ports, aro strongly fortifying Zee- .
bruggo rtnd othor Belgian ports against
a renewal of attacks by tho aJUed fleet.
Fighting around Ypres was due to the
allies pushing their lines forward.
VlOLRVr FIGHTING
ALONG YPRKS CAN\L
T/ONDON. December 1.?Violent fight
ing is In progress to?day along th?i ?
Yscr Canal, aocordlng to a telegram

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