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THE TIMES, Founded 1888 1HK DISPATCH, Founded 1830 PnbtiokH every i?r to (he rear by llie Tiraea Dhpvtch Pnbllthlng; Company, Inc. Address all communication* <o THE TIMES-DISPATCH, Ylniea-Dispatch Bnlldlng, 10 South Tenth Street, Richmond, Va. V TELEPHONE); RANDOLPH 1 Publication Office 10 Sonth Tenth Street South Richmond lOBO Hull Street Petersburg 100 North Sycamore Street Lynchburg 218 Eighth Street IMSUliOOK, STORY & BROOKS. INC.. Special * ?*-?*rtialng Representative*. Ncrr York 200 Fifth Avenue Philadelphia .Mutual Life Building Chicauo People'* Gna Building SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY MAIL One Six Three One POSTAGE PAID Year. Mos. Moi. Mo. . Dnlly and Sunday... .Sfl.OO 93.00 $1.00 8 .33 Dally only 4.00 2.00 1.0O .33 Sunday only......... 2.00 1.00 .30 .23 By Tlmea-DKpateh Carrier Delivery Service In Richmond (and suhurha) and Petersburgi , l)nll? ? <h Sunday, one vreek 13 cents Daily nithoul Sunday, one week 10 cents (?Hilda)' only 3 cents ^ Enter* d January 27. 1003, at Itlchmond, Va.. as ' ?Lccond-clns* matter under act of Congress of 5lur. li .1. INTO. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 2. 1014. A WORTH-WHILE GIFT?You enn make your friends happy every day In the year by sending them u subscription to THE RICHMOND TIMES-DISPATCH / J irOOR? SROPPf^G CTHRl S DO &nc> Bts REflSeD WITH YOUR5ELF ?? The Coal Strike Commission PRESIDENT WILSON'S nppointment of a commission charged with the duty of endeavoring to adjust tho differences be tween Colorado's coal operators and miners is not so hopeless of successful result as it may appear at first glance. It is quite true that the operators have rejected absolutely all appeals for compromise that have been made by tho President himself, but that is not conclusive that in the future they will be equally adamant. The commission has no power to force arbitration, of course, It may rely only on the enormous losses now. being suffered by both sides to tho controversy and tho evident desire of both to convince the public of the justice of their respective causes to bring about a more reflective and less unrelenting attitude. So far as the miners are con cerned, they have agreed already to submit to arbitration, and when the operators are presented with an opportunity to lay their position before au unprejudiced tribunal, they also may fall into line. Demands on Richmond's Charity THE showing made by the Associated Charities at its annual meeting last night makes it evident that Richmond will be called on to relieve an almost unpre cedented distress among its working popu lation. Unemployment Is greater than It has been for many years?greater probably than it has ever been In the history of the city. The situation is not peculiar to Richmond, but exists everywhere in the country, save in a few favored communities of the Middle "West, where tho record-breaking grain crops have counterbalanced tin* destructive iuHuenco of the European war. Indeed, Rich mond Is far more fortunate than some of Its neighbors. In Baltimore, for example, up wards of .sjfifyiofl -men are reported out of employment, and Baltimoro is preparing to raise a special fund of $50,000, in addition to the regular relief funds, to meet this de mand on its churitable impulses. Richmond, too, must be prepared to give, and give liberally, that the city's poor shall be rescued from the crushing burden of suf fering and want. Mr. Bryan's Ri^ht to Pre? Speech EVERY little while something that. M-r.' Bryan Hays or writes causes the news papers opposed to President Wilson to de clare that the two men are at hopeless vari ance. and that this coudition is causing great worry in Democratic circles. Tho old t>tory is now being retold because Mr. Bryan has seen fit to advocate in his newspaper that tho Democratic party should support votes for women and prohibition in its national plat form. Once more the Republicans, who, of course, have at heart the good fortunes of tho Democrats, are filled with gloom at the difference of opinion that exists between the President and his Secretary of Stato. They usually call Mr. Bryan the "Premier" on oc casions of this sort, because that title seems to give him a commanding stutus, although they know quite well that Mr. Bryan Is no more the "Premier" of tho United States than Sir Edward Grey Is the Premier of Eng land. In effect, the contention of the Republi cans is that Mr. Bryan should be denied tho right of free speech. If he believes in female suffrage and prohibition, ho should either conceal his behefs or resign from his secre taryship. Why should ho do either? As Secretary of State ho has proven himself a loyal and efficient aide to the man who ap pointed him. Outside of that he Is a very prominent member of the Democratic party; ho has for many years been outspoken on questions of public Importance. If he be lieves that certain changes in our funda mental law would subserve? public Interest, it 1b his duty as a patriotic citizen to say so, and to seek to bring hiB countrymen to his own point of view. In matters of domestic policy, Mr. Bryan's secretaryship Is not a muzzle. He enjoys the American right of free speech. Mr. Bryan, however, does not speak for the Democratic party, nor does he protend to. When the time comes for declaring the plat form on which the Democracy will, ask tho country's support, many prominent members of tho party will speak their minds. It will be for tho representatives of tho whole party to say whether Mr. Bryan's views shall bo adopted or rojocted. Meanwhile, ho has a clear right to hold*his own opinions and to say publicly what they are. And wo sup pose that the headless and leaderless Re publicans are not to bo blumed for being j unable to conceal their chronic consternation at tho fuct that President Wilson and Secre tary Bryan work together in perfect concord for the prosperity and honor of their coun try, the President as leader and the secretary as subordinate. The Proposed Military Investigation PRESIDENT WILSON'S opposition to the Gardner resolution, providing for an investigation of the military strength and preparedness for war of this country, is as sound as it is comprehensible. Tho investi gation will do precious little good, in the first place, and, In tho second, as Mr. Wilson is understood to feel, it will militate seriously against the influence this country may expect to exert in bringing about European peace. When Mr. Gardner presented his resolu tion to tho House he accompanied it by a spoech of an exceedingly entertaining char acter, wherein Germany waB made to appear as a menace to the Monroe Doctrine and tho most probable foe of the United States. Mr. Gardner's excited denunciations of our pitiable condition of defense had a Teutonic pitch. It was a Gorman war lord, flushed with victory over Europe and weeping for new worlds to conquer, that the Massachu setts Congressman brandished in the faces of his quivering and terrified fellow-citizens. No wonder the President does not desire an investigation inspired by and based on an address of that character! \ However, there ar^ other reasons why the investigation should not be conducted just now. The first is that the American people are not in need of illumination on this par ticular point. They understand very well what the existing military strength of the nation consists of, and do not need to be told that it Is not sufficient to withstand an attack from one of tho great powers of Europe. They do not require, to assist the formulation of a defense policy, tho excited evidence and Cassandra-like warnings of military "ex perts," such as an Investigation like that proposed would be certain to supply. Furthermore, this is about the worst time to conduct a? investigation. Congressman ; Hay says very truly that one possible result of tho European war will be a great reduction in European armaments. A certain result will be the freedom of this country from any likelihood of German attack for the next few years. It is after the great conflict has been decided und its results known that the United States will be in the best condition to decide on its defense needs. In the meantime, wo are tho greatest hope of the mitigation of war's horrors and the advent of peace. Why throw away that tre mendous potential advantage to tho cause of humanity? Figures IN on old scrapbook this item is found?a statement startling enough when it was made and more startling now: "During- tho seventeenth century .180, 000 porsonH died of the plague In Naples In six monthH." ! Terrible, wasn't it? Such an appalling mortality rate was worth writing down in so many memories and on so many tablets that it became a scrapbook treasure. In six months, because of neglect and dirt and filth, perhaps?at least, due to no active desire on J the part of any one to bring it about, if, in deed, there were no active preventive steps? I 380,000 persons died; and the fact was of i such moment that for three centuries It has been printed and reprinted, and is still In print. Well, three centuries hence?that is, in 11215 A. D.?newspapers will perhaps be printing from scraphooks some of the figures now being reprinted broadcast from an ar ticlo by Edward Bunnell Phelps, in the American Underwriter. Some citizen of the United States of Europe will be reading them about as follows: "In 1014-15, when civilization was sup posed to he quite well established, 540, 000 men were killed tn twelve months in a war between the then separate nations now constituting the United States of Europe. "In those twolvp mouths th? total number of men killed in the war amounted to 10,000 more than the aggre gate malo mortality for the name period, from all causes, In tho United States of America, at that tline having a population, roughly, of 100,000,000." However, what's the use? When cable ! reports stop estimating and speak of them in the lump as "the dead lay in heaps," figures i cease to interest; calculations of under writers will have to travel far with a thrill i to make us shudder. We're getting accus j tomed to it. Access to Mayo Bridge Urgent Xeeil THAT the Fourteenth Street plan for af fording access to Mayo Bridge from the j wholesale business section of the city is Ivy , far the better of the f\vo suggested methods : of attaining this result is made obvious by I an inspection of the map printed in The Times-Dispatch yesterday. The plan, liow '< ever, has been approved by the Council Com ! mitteo 071 Streets, an ordinance to carry it. i into effect is being prepared by the City j Attorney, and this desirable improvement . seems well on the way to consummation, i It should not meet with any further delays than those made necessary by the Council's very deliberate methods of doing business. The bridgo has been completed for more than a year, but. its utility is j largely circumscribed by the fact that 110 | convenient means of getting to it or from it I has beeu provided. The committee's decision represents its matured judgment, after a long and pains taking investigation, in which every phase j of. the whole vexed controversy has been con ; sidered. Time enough certainly has been 1 expended in preliminaries. Fortunately, j thero is every .reason to believe that the ! committee report will receive the approval ! of Council. 1 ~ ~ =W . There was at least one theretofore Hitherto constant offender who threw no waste paper on the streets yesterday, but modesty and a prudent fear that he may backslide forbid n revelation of his identity. . It does seem rather futile for this country j to keep on contributing (o tho relief of the Belgians while the Germans are Just as busy taking away what the Belgians have left. ? "New York Gangsters War on Each Other," declares a headlino. Here's hoping that both sides have pleuty of luck iu bagging their op ponents! SONGS AND SAWS i Local Color. A delightful old fellow named Byrd Insisted lie always hud heard, That to cloun up a street, In a manner completo, The dirt with a broom should bo stirred. "Then dust," he declared, "will ascend Prom Church Hill unto the West End. But It never would do Fcfr the street cleaning crow Any time on mere sprlngllng to spond." The tVaNlmlftt Say mi Suppose tho sun does shine and the broezes arc soft and balmy? They only servo to malto my overcoat uncomfortable, and I haven't found It financially advisable to purchaso u new suit. j Criticising Our Export*. Cavalryman?Wnat do you think of tho now charger I've Jjjst got In from tho United States? Jealous Infantryman?. From the size of his head and the manner in which ho j travels I should think lie j was n victim of this foot and I mouth disease we'vo b?en I reading about In tho Amer ican newspapers. tartlclcncy In Saving. Grubbs?What (do you consider tho best way to save monoy? Stubbs?I haven't found It yet, but old Mr. Closeflst tolls mo the most 'effective plan Is to become' a filleted with partial blindness and total deafness. Experienced. "By the way, my dear, said tho tired business man, "I'm going down to the club this evening to discuss a deal with an associate of mine from the West, who expects to leave town early In the morning." "Very well," responded the other half of the sketch. "Bo sure you don't give your koys to the driver of.the taxi and I'll leave the porch Ught burning, so that you can get In without making scratches all over tho door." Desperately Dull. Me?Are you going out much this winter? She?Hardly at all. Yesterday I attended a bridge luncheon, a "the dansant." a dinner party and a ball, but they were all. There's very little happening. How to Get There. Cabin windows have proved helpful, So at times has grandslres' pelf, But the best way yet to reach tho top Is to climb right up yourself THE TATTLER. Chats With Virginia Editors ! A society event In Orango Is recorded by tho j editor of tho Orango Observer: ?'A young so ciety man of Orange says that he came within I ono foot of asking his best girl to become his I bride on Sunday nfght last. But, unfortunately j for him, It was the foot of the girl's father, and | It lifted that aforosald young man out of the ' front door Into the street." How unfeeling?on dad's part! No doubt ho was a rising young man; and a good one, to boot. War note from the Norfolk Virginian-Pilot: "The report that soveral million bushels of onions have been purchased In this country for the use of British, French and Belgian soldiers would Indicate that the allies nro determined to stop at nothing to drive tho Germans back be hind the Rhine" In onion there Is strength. We scent a renewal of activities on the Oder. There are still a few editors who persist in I leading Trotter out of tho paddock and putting him through his paces in front of tho grand stand. Hero comes Editor Beazley, of the South I Boston News, with a drive. Clock him: "The Now York World, a newspaper of some Influence in politics, is no longer a Wilson exponent, be cause the President refused to hearken to the i demand of Trotter's delegation from Boston. ! Well, if the World Is backing: Trotter, who Is backing the World In the boycott." Mayhap, the World was deluded Into "malting book" ion Trotter by "phony Info" from the feedliox : that he's not as black as Nature painted him. The Norfolk Vlrglnlan-Pllot editor is hyper critical. He says: "Henceforth 'Boss' Croker | will be the bossed Croker. He has taken unto I | himself a wife some fifty years his Junior." Were ! the bride fifty years Croker's senior we doulit | not tho Vlrglnlan-Pllot man's comment would be I just as harsh. There's no pleasing some people. Collections must be bnd out Warrenton way. ( I Editor Frank prints this significant paragraph, next to pure reading matter, In his Fauquier Democrat: "The editor of a paper In another [county states that one day he picked up a Win iChester and started down tho street to deliver It j tto its owner. Tho delinquent subscribers got It j jlnto their heads that lio was on tho warpath, land every one he met, Insisted on paying what i he. owed the editor. One man wiped a delit J of ten years' standing." 1 Reckless, expenditure contemplated by the Newport News Times-Herald: "We will pay \ space rates for Huerta's opinion o$ the Mexican situation." tluit newspaper announces. Probably ; i Huerta thinks It isn't a situation, merely an old j j job, which should" be classed as a day Jon, at that. To ull Americans tho November Recalls campaign must inevitably sug : fJtMi liee'K Ke!"1 tl,e history of tlio Confed I Last' Stmul oracy ,n 18<53- As tho Germans *iave been defeated In Inlanders and in Poland, so in 1863 the | Confederacy failed at Gettysburg and Vlcks burg. As Gettysburg was the supreme effort j of tbo South, so tho battle of the Yser seems tho I ultimate attempt of Germany in the West. After Gettysburg and Vlcksburg, the South, cut off ! from the outside world even more completely than the German empire, outnumbered, inferior ! alike in wealth and resource, continued for two i years to make a resistance w)?!cf: lives as the enduring example of what men and women can i do when their hearts and their whole spirit are I enlisted. With Gettysburg, however, the out | come of tho war ceased to be problematical. It | was still possible tho North might weary, It was r conceivable that Europe might Intervene, but, those contingencies apart, It was plain that 1 Pickett's heroic troops, who advanced as tho j Germans have come forward along tho Yser, had touched tho high-water mark of Southern 1 hope. lCvcry shred of evidence that comes to , (his country directly from Germany demon | strates the depth, Intensity, unity of German j determination. To conquer such a nation may mean years ns it must mean tremendous sacrl I lice of life and wastago of capital, but at the ' close of the fourth month of tho war there is ' almost overwhelming evidence to warrant the ! assertion that Gorman success seems no longer possible, given the existing political condi tions.?New York Evening Sun. Hunters in Georgia, according Kesiills to l'1<! Atlanta Journal, report ' r ....w. that there l!* greater abundance in t?nnit, af ql)ai)t ,i,_.er and wild turkeys Conservation than has been kno>vn in tho State for twenty-five years. Georgia some years ago adopted the conservation policy and established a Stato Gamo Commission. At that time gamo had almost perished from the earth. Hunting was little more than a waste of time. Tho Indiscriminate slaughter of game had been tolerated so long that some varieties were almost extlflct. The present plentitude of quail, deer and turkey Is due solely to the enforcement of regulatory laws and rules and to a progressive policy of conservation. Kentucky waited too long about,taking thlJi needful stop, and is now engaged In the slow and laborious work of recreating, as It w^re, a fish and game pupyly. Now that tho State lias a commission, It I* difficult to securo such legislation as i? necessary to mako Its w6rk moro effective.? Uoulsvlllo Courier-Journal. Franco used to bo run by a I Democracy privileged class, which made a . mess of It' and went to smash 1?? tho Revolution. Then it was in .Franc? run by tt benovolent despot, whose ambition dually .escaped all bounds, and who finally went broke In trying to conquer Europe. Another privileged class came in with Napoloon III., which lost a couple of provinces and. humiliated tho nation with a, disastrous war. Now the peoplo are running tho government, and, as Professor A. B. Hart points out In the Outlook, the republic has made no mistake1 comparablo with thoso of tho old regime, or Napoleon the Groat or Napoleon the Little. Popular government Isn't at all times all that could be desired. But, in the long run, It's a nation's one best bot.?Kansas City Tinios. i War News Fifty Years Ago From the Richmond Dispatch, Dco^^JJ, 1804.. . 1 Tho usual report Is that all Is quiet on the front?the I-etersburg front and down tlio river front; but there are strong: Indications of uu approaching struggle on the right of Peters burg, the old scene' of General Grant's evolutions. The Northern papers received here within the last two days confirm tho reports we have , already published that Butler and hie staff and somo other Yankee ofllolals were on tho Grey- : hound when It toOk flro and burned In James 1 Itlver. But all of them made their escape in due time,. which goes to provo that there Is j truth in the old adage that tho devil takes good caro of his own. The Northern newspapers, such of tliom as have been allowed through the lines, tell of a wonderful gun that Yankee ingenuity has re cently brought to tho .surface?a gun that will throw shells Into Richmond and burn im all up with some kind of newly Invented Inllartimable. .It is claimed that this very destructive gun will be gotten In position on or about the first day of the year. It is claimed that this gun will throw its shot six miles. Darbytown Is tho j nearest point the Yanks arc to Richmond, and I that Is n little over seven miles. Wo aro not at all frightened about this new gun. When tho negro pickets woro thrown to the front down the river three days ago, there was not a little of Indignation on tho part of the men ot Hunter's brigade, and they asked tho i permission of the general commanding to go : right In and wipe the negroes off tho face of i tho earth. Tho permission was given, and tho work was going on so rapidly the Federals I called for a tritee. Tho upshot was tho negro' pickets were called off and whites put In their place. Since then tliero has been more quiet on picket lines. Tho news from the Army of tho Tennessee Is to the effect that Hood's men are still ad vanclng, and that Thomas haB fallen back to Franklin, In Tennessee, "to nwult reinforce ments." A force of Confederate cavalry has appeared l on the Baltimore and Ohio Railway at New j Creek and Piedmont, and succeeded In Inter-' | ruptlng communication on that line of railway,; I a very linnortant lino of communication for the | | Federals operating in Western Virginia. | A small engagement between the cavalry i ! forces of the Confederacy and the United States 1 took place at Moorefield, Western Virginia, a few days ago. Just what Confederate forces wore engaged doth not appear, but tiie suppo sition Is that Rosser's men were there. Anyhow,; thc^Confederntes captured many horses ami aj lot of valuable stores. According to the unreliable Northern papers. General McClellan has been appointed to tho Important position of englneor-ln-chlef of the Morris and ICsbox (N. J.) Railway at a salary] of |2i>,000 per year, with certain perquisites. This pays better than being President of tho United States, the position to which McClollan i aspired, but,did not get there. The Northern papers tell us that a new Fed-] oral corps Is being organized. It is to have i 20,000 men, and General Hancock Is to bo the commander. This division of the Yankee army, so the Yankee papers tell us, Is to be known as the First Army Corps. A Washington dlspaU-h in the "New York Ilerahl says: "The rebel ex-general, Roger A. Pryor, who was a member of Congress from Virginia in 1&U0, now a private soldier in the Confederate army, was captured on Friday last I by tho Fifth Corps pickets, of the Army of tlui 'Potomac, while attempting' to exchange papers with our pickets, as a retaliatory uct for the rcccnt capture of Captain BurbridKc by the rebel pickets under similar circumstances. Gen eral Pryor says that General Dec had Issued an order for tho return of Cuptaln Burbridgo on Saturday, and Pryor will probably be returned us soon as Burbridgo is sent back. Since his capture Burbridgo has been dismissed from I the army for disobeying the order forbidding, tho exchange of papers or the holding of inter course with the enemy under any pretext what- | ever. Pryor lias been brought to Washington, j and is now In the old Capitol prison." - i Pii*li Fourteenth Street Widening! j To the lidltor of Tho Times-Dispatch: Sir.?1 had hoped that after all the "hearings") and opinions that fiavo been expressed, and after j those who have tried in every conceivable way] ! to sidetrack the only practical and economical I solution of relieving the congestion In connec-1 ? lion with tho approach to the now bridge, that, j [ such persons would at last yield, and tho work | | would be sot upon and brought to a finish. Why; ! can't we do things? Why must every project we I delayed and Tom, Dlek and Harry, for reasons I best known to themselves, be permitted to stand j In the way of progress and development? j f am told that now, since some such persons | sec that the plan recommended by the com I niittec appeals to the judgment of the ni>nnii> i tliey aro using their efforts to have the propo I sitlon to cut through to Alain Street loft out of | the plan. How obviously on the part of those ] advocating the Fifteenth. Street scheme, simply | to leave a "necessity" and a string to pull for) | Fifteenth Street! The real congestion is along] Cary Street, and the relief is to get the traflic: off of unci away from Cary Street as quickly I as fiossible. When the business houses on the cast side of j ' Fourteenth Street are enabled to ship from their j ! rear doors, us is contemplated, what sort ofj condition will we have there with wagons tuVn-! ing and twisting to get out if tha^way is not! open to Main Street? What objection can there' possibly he to removing the two old shallow structures and giving the public another thor oughfare? Then if no objection, why hesitate' about so manifest an improvement, why stop to listen to men who have reasons of their own and think of making a patch job, a botch of the whole thing? Can't we do something on 1 broad lines, and which can have the semblance of ?n engineering feat? Is selfishness and political wire pulling to be*the beginning and ? end of us? PROGRESS. Richmond, December 1, 1911. I.of Clti/.fim AI?I Olfnn Street* Fight. To I he Editor of The Times-Dispatch: j Sir,?I camt from ft city where tho Woman's i Club had a civic department. This club had | tho interest of the city at heart, and often held consultations with the city authorities, never at any time encroaching on others' rights, but to co-ojierate with the authorities In making n better and cleaner city to live In. I am send ing you tho following communication because there seems to be no avenue in any woman's organization in this city wherein I may express my sentiments, except your paper. Your editorial' of November 2S in refeuence to the Street (Meaning Department was both op portune and just. The present conditions ennnot be very much changed, even If a larger force were put in action, unless tho citizenship of Richmond aid in a very'oasy way?that of koep Ing their own sidewalk and streets adjoining their residences or places of business froo from paper and other trash. Tho placing of metal | receptacles at street corners, marking the same In clear, largo letters "Place papor hero," has been found most effective. These cans aro bet ter protected by being nttached to posts on the corners ai)d, less liable to ho*tahipered with by mischievous persons. May we not hope that the Administrative Hoard will try the experi ment, at lirst with a polite request that the legend be obeyed, and if disregarded, a penalty ho Imposed adequate to tho oflfensc? PRO BONO PtJHLICO. |j Richmond, pccember 1, 1914. The Smiths Have Adopted a Little Belgian Refugee Who Takes Right After His Daddy One of the Day's Best Cartoons. 1-Hl N. STAWTfcO > TO P?C* OH * the. ^ M(w 80V * *NO Hi V U'?*?3> THt WMOlt v Bunch .? that croy* ^UKE. K?n ^ , St? a F? t , RICH PAIR TOILED ON HONEY-MOON After a sociological honeymoon of eight weeks In Itochestor, N. Y., liv ing- in a cheap lodging-house and eking' out an existence by doing odd John, wealthy Stuart CliaBO and his bride have returned to Boston. The honoytnoon was suggested by Mrs. Chase, formerly Miss Margaret Hatfield, "daughter of ex-Mayor Charles IS. Hatfield, of Newton, Mann., rormer chairman of the Republican Suite Com mittee. She was graduated from fc>mlth Col lege In 1000. While at'college she was interested in various musical and dramatic societies, and has been prom inent in tho affairs of The Players, a Newton amateur dramatic society. She in a talented musician. For some time Mrs. Chase has been Interested In settlement work, and is an active suffragist. She is a mem ber of the Brao Burn Country Club and other social organizations. Mr. Chase is a graduate of Massa chusetts Institute of Technology and of Harvard, class of 1910. He Is an expert accountant, member of the llrae Burn Country Club, and noted as a hockey player. .Sought ?vr Viewpoint of L>!fe. , The story of their strange honey- j moon was told liy Mrs. Chase. "We were married In July last," she said, "and ufter a vacation in the Canadian woods, we stopped off at Rochester,' on our way home, in order to try out a rather novel experiment j as tho second phaso of our honey moon. "The purpose of the experiment was twofold. "l<*irnt, and primarily, we were very desirous of getting down to the eco- j nomlc fundamentals of life as an in- j troductlon to our married life. Wc- j wished to find out exactly what were ! und what were not the necessary fac- ! tors of a happy and useful existence. | We desired, if it were possible, to ac- I quire a point of view of lifo which I had never been ourp. "Secondly, we wished to investigate j the facts of unemployment and the working and living conditions of th?; j average American family?that Is to sny, the family whose Income varies | from 5C00 to $1,000 a year. "Wo know too much of the bitter : facts of tho economic struggle to en- j tcrtain any ideas of 'social uplift, or work among the poor.' The poor do not need help as much as they need opportunity to help themselves. This was no slumming expedition. Roches ter was t;hosen because wc had no; personal friends in that city. Kept House tn Cheap Itooni. "Our lirst- thought, of course, was a ] placc in which to live. A boarding- i house served us for the first two i weeks, while tho remaining six weeks j were spent In a single room, designed for light housekeeping, with u gas stove in the corner and dishee thrown in?all for the princely sum of 53.50 a week. "In the same lodgings were a car penter, a roofer, a machinist and their families, a farmer who was looking for work and several very doubtful characters besides. "Tho light housekeeping provided numberless illuminating experiences. Our room was mado the hiding place of a bottle of morphine, of which drug ono of the lodgers was a slave. "Wo were awakened ono night by a violent thumping on tho door thai turned out to bo an lrato gentleman, reinforced by two policemen, who catno to collcct a bill from ono of the lodgem. A raid In force was ttnall> made to tho accompanlmcnt of vast excitement. "Tho most forceful impression that stands out from thin eight weeks of living on an Incomc of from 59 to flO a week, Is tho tragic uncertainty of the lives of that great class of people whose Incomes arc at tho eamc level. "As long as the Job holds, all Is fairly well, but Jobs do not hold; there Is ever the possibility?nay. the prob ability?of a 'shutdown,' a 'lay-ofT.' a 'chungs,' an unexpected develop ment. Applied for Work ItKI Tltne?. "Air. Chase applied for nearly 100 positions, varying from pin boy in a bowling alley to teacher of mathe matics In an evening Hchool. "Time and agAln he applied to all i employment agencleH, to the Young ! Men's Christian Association, to tin. ! United Charities, to tho Travolera* Aid ; authorities ami to many others In hl j efforts to secure employment, lie also tnado a scientific study of the Roches ter directory as a possible Job Index. I "At Inst, Mr. Chaso got work | through a chanco acquaintance. I' | consisted of outlining n system of a? i counts for a roofing concern, a'. I afterward the keeping of the booh and the supervision of the ofllce fror [ time to time. It was not steady work and it did not pay'the iainily expeust. but In time It might have developed Into a really good Job." "What were you doing In the mean | time, Mrs. Chase?" I "Doing the tame," she laughed, but tho smile vanished as she ugaiu l?c j came absorbed in the talc of lior trib i illations during the experiment. | "My experiences were, perhaps, even | more Illuminating. I was utterly uti I successful and beaten and dismayeii | in my attempts at getting "work for the nrst few weeks. It was only when I claimed experience in tasks that I have nover attempted that opportu nlties began to come. And they were very mengro opportunities. I.flut Her Jolt n* Wnllrciti. "f worked for a time In a 15-cen; restuurant, fifty-six hours a week, which was illegal, for $1.50. They dis charged me because I could not carry heavy dishes with sufficient skill. "I worked also In a 5 und 10-ccnt store as n Saturday helper?nine hours I for 51. The regular wage is front 53.SO to $4 a week. "I played ragtime In another store nnd was told that I did not have tho ragtime touch because I dirt not play ihard enough. j "Then I played for the movies, which paid me 57 for seventy-two hours' work a week. Here the last piano player went blind from watching tho pic tures from her seat, which was cloec to them. "I worked In n chemist's shop for a wage of $5 a week for a nlrie-houi day, and In a cravat factory for u wage of 56 tor nlno and one-half-honr day.I I also spent several Interesting days Interviewing mistresses In th<* gulso of an applicant for household service." BERNHARDT SECRET MISSION Tn the early summer of last year | Geheral Kriedrich von Bernhardt, the: famous German cavalry oflleor and ' military authority, crossed the United ! States, says the Toronto Globe. He j camc by way of the Paqlflc. His com- , ing was unheralded. JU3 speeches wore unreported. His going was unchron- 1 Icled. No American newspaper "played | up" th6 visit of one of the most-talked- j of Germans in the world to-day. Mis new book, "Germany and the Next j War," was published oarly in 1S12, wliile ho was on this world tour. A copy of it reached him by mail at Singapore. In the United States ho was the guest of tho German consuls. On Monday of this week the editor of the Globo met with Dr. David Starr Jordan, and a-s lie is a distinguished Callforninn, the chancellor of Jjciuud Stanford University, and a great stu dent of international problems, the fact of Uernhardl's mission to Ainorira 1 was mentioned. Dr. Jordan's answer! was In subBtanco as follows: "I met Von Bernhnrdl In San Fran cisco and heard hint give an address 011 May 26, 1013, Just oh I was leaving for Kuropo, Germnny, ?tlio Balkans and Australia. Tho invitation was from tho German consul In San Francisco. It* was on the official' paper of the consul's office. Tho gathering was I composed of about 300 persons, all , Germans except one other American I and myself. The consul presided, and i tho meeting was semiofficial, but pri vate. So far as I know there was no reporter present, and no report wai published. . I would not have known that-the German cavalry genoral was In America except for that meeting. Ho wont to Uos Angeles for a similar gathering, then to St. IjOuIb and East rirn centres of derman population. 1 understood ho came over from Japan." I Pr. Jordan described Bernhardt. as | tall, spare, very erect, his heard j streaked with gray, his head straight Id the back, n typical hocl-clicking Prussian officer of sixty-five or seventy, very aggressive in his manner, but as 'a speaker rather prosy. IJ.e read his .1 address, which followed the arguments of his book?tlio historical, psycho logical and biological arguments for war. Asked as to Bernliardi's mission and purpose, Dr. Jordan said: "Berninii'dl's mission was to Germans in Amcrlca. His very evident purpose was to neutralize tho policy of good will among the nationalities repre sented in our population, to counteract tiie work for interui.tlonal peace. prepare tiie Germans for tiio eoinli ? war, which he said was both inevitable and near, and to convince them 11 >;i Germany's idea of war is rightco'n . and that this particular war was thor oughly well planned and would In carried out to the greatness and glor of the German empire. "Very unmistakable wcro his ref : cnces to tho planned march throu: i Belgium And tho taking of 1'aris. !!? did not'minco matters. Questions morals, of International treaties. national rights, he brushed asid . 'Law,' ho said, ^'is a makeshift; tluj reality Is forca Law is for weaklings: force is for stropg men and strong nations.' ? "Bornhardi's address was a little more unreserved, more brutally frank than his book. Ills,work was pari of tho campaign to organize German opinion In the United fcitatea and to sep arate it from American opinion. That campaign was begun bore, fifteen years ago by Professor Karl l<aniprocht, of Leipzig. Tho same campaign has been carried on in Brazil, only much morn openly. Its note was struck by General Keim in Germany, who poached the doctrines of faith, hope and hate. Bel gium was to bo Invaded for the pur pose of securing Antwerp and other naval* bases, from which to strike ih-itain. When T heard Bernhardt 1 thought his words those of another of tho war-niad militarists. "When 1 was In Germany last August apd saw his plan of campaign adopted by the German army, T knew he spoke for th% general staff antf that they are all vif* flips of tho same madness,"