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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, December 08, 1914, Image 1

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want ad publicity
Pat* your gnnt for m altuatlon
on ? strictly bualneaa bavla nheu
yon advertise In
the times-dispatch
15 days to shop
You will help the merchants
anil K*t better service If 70a
SIlOP UAIILY.
the times-dispatcrt
NUMBER 19,923,
04th YEAR
RICHMOND, VA., TUESDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1914. ?TWELVE PAGES
PRICE 2 CENTS,
CLOUDY
TO-DAY'S
WKATHKK
RICHMOND PLANTS I
LOOK FORWARD TO
INDUSTRIAL BOOM
Manufacturers Freely Pre-j
diet General Resumption
of Normal Conditions. ''
i
BUSINESS OUTLOOK IS
GOOD, SAYS SAMUEL MORGAN
j ' |
Richmond Cedar Works, After j
Period of Curtailment, Runs j
Full Blast. . I
OPPORTUNITY FOR MUlLDBRsj
IjOW Cost of Material Pointed Out by j
Walter Ij. Clack?New Indus- I
tries Open.
industrial conditions in Richmond!
liot only compare favorably with other I
cities similarly situated, but a careful
survey of the local situation mado yes
terday chows that there is already a
marked Improvement hero. Even in
those lines which have suffered moat
tliero 1b general belief that conditions !
will be better after tho tlrst of the I
tiew year. Conservative optimism |
Kecms to be the keynotes of the local i
situation.
Because of tho diversity of tho good.i.
manufactured in Uluhinond, this city <
is not dependent 'in u'slngle set of con- i
ditlons, and while there arc undoubt-1
tdly hundreds of men connected with ]
the railroads and industries allied with 1
thim out uf employment because of i
the general curtailment, it. is also true |
that other lar^o lines of industry nre:
working full force, und in somo oases'
oven above the norinul capacity.
FACTQUIES KUIJI* TlliSflt
OIIGAK1/ATIO.V TOGKTHClt
There peenis to be a general spirit j
on the part of local factories and busl-;
neus concerns to keep the full force;
employed, and to do so it has been |
necessary for some plants to go 011
reduced time. This Ih particularly truo
In the railroad shops. On the- other1
hand, plants like the Tredegar Ironl
Works, the Hiclimond Cedar Works and;
others are working full time, and with
a full force. Tho former plant ls>
working tho 'largest number of men It
ho* employed in a decade.
General trado conditions throughout |
the country were disturbed by tho eud-|
den outbreak .of hostilities In Europe. j
In many instances the closing of the,
stock exchanges and tho upheaval of
business dealings causo,l big conccrna
Immediately to curtail their forces, and
in sora6 cases to close down. Tho rc
? at big orders from" tho warring
natlohti ltau caused factoriesi.ln..;ipawy
lines to resume on full time, and some
are even working overtlmo. As tho
pendulum swings hack, so hns busl
nesa. and the coming prosperity is be
ing <folt hero already. Tho expression
of hope is felt in every lino of In
dustry.
CEDAK WOI1KS IS
iir.wi.vt; rrr.L hIjAST
T. Kirkpatriok 1'nrrleh, secretary of
t)ie Ilichmond Ci'iar Works, said last
night that tho big woodworking plant
was running full time, with approxi
mately a foil force of employes. There
are between 900 and 1,000 operatives
on the pay roll, he stated. Several
months ago the plant was put on a
four-day basJt-, in order - to hold its
employes together, hut recent orders
have made !i practicable to resume full
time.
"I do not know how long this will
last," said Mr. Parrlah last night, "but
at present we are working full blast.
Our whole fore- is putting in a six
flay week."
From a representative of the Trede
gar Iron Works was received the in
formation that the plant was running
day and night in so:v< department?,
while other* were running normal, it
has developed recently that the com
pany was forced to decline orders for
shells from European governments on
account of big contracts with the
United States government, which will
keep the plant running for months to
come.
"We have nearly 1,500 men em
ployed," stated an olllenr last night. As
far as 1 can remember, this is tho
largest forcts of men we have had in
the papt ton years. There is no way
of. tolling how long this will continue,
but tho outlook for the future is
bright. Our railroad department lias
suffered, but other departments have
tnado up tho defioicncy."
ii0C0>i(VrivK wohks
1*1,AXS l.AIUiKIt Ol'TlM'T
To counteract this cheering piece ofj
news was the statement that the Amerl-;
can Locomotive Works, which aoinu-,
times employs as many as 3,".00 miiij
was entirely closed. This condition,
however, lias occurred periodically, and {
at1 the plant has not been running atj
Its normal capacity for several years,
probably less than half of that num
ber are out of employment on account!
of its idleness. The company, on the I
other hand, has recently expended $70,-1
000 in the erection of u new forging
shop, and when orders arc received, it
will bo in a position to rpsumo opera
tions speedily, and under better work
ing conditions than heretofore.
Another plant that has suffered by
the war is the Export Leaf Tobacco
Company. This factory was luird lilt
by the Interruption of commerce with
tlie warring nations, and hundreds of
operatives, the majority either young
girls or negroes, were thrown out of
employment, other tobacco factories,
if .the figures of the Internal Itcvcnun I
Department can lie used as an indica-;
lion, are turnings out as much as they
did la$t year, and presumably are >vor Ic
ing At full capacity. Many of tho op
eratives from the one idle plant have
beon taken on by the others.
Samuel T. Morgan, president of the
Virginia-Carolina Chemical Company,
stated last night that all of the Vir
ginia plants owned by his company
are working steadily. '
ntlSINESS OUTLOOK IS GOOD.
? SAYS SAMUEI, T. .MORGAN
"General business conditions are
good," said Mr. Morgan. "I find th)\t
the business men of the North as well
ad the South think tho situation is im
proving. While not predicting any
thing, I am of the samo opinion."
The local plants, S. Dabney Crenshaw,
pocretary :of the company, said, employ
several hundred, man.
'We are employing as many men as
tmual afc this season of the year," he
continued. 'T think business in this
(Continued on Second-PageT)1 *
GERMANS SINK BRITISHER j
Steamer ChitrcnM Destroyed itt Sen !>>? J
Transport I'rlnr Kltel Frlederlrb.
.VALPARAISO, CHITjE, December 7.
?The British steamer Charcas from
Now York, October 1, has been mink'
at sea olT Port Corral, Chile, by the j
German transport Prlnr. Eltul Fried-;
orlch. The crew of the Charcas ban'
been landed at Papubo, forty-live miles
north of Vnlparal.no.
ritOIIAlll.V 11.1 D DIHClIAltGKI)
GltlOATKU I'AltT OF CARGO
NKW.YORK. December 7.?Tho Char
eas was lit the servico of tho Ne-.v Yorlt!
<und Pacific Steamship Company.
W. H. Grace ?ik Co., local ayonts ml
the line, said tho Hl?lp carried no pas- j
songcrs, and probably she had dis
charged the greater part of her cargo j
before meeting the Prlnss Kltel Fried-]
erleh.
The Chareas was built in Newcastle,
England, in 1906. She was 400 feet
long and .had a beam of lifty-two feet.
Her gross register wan 5,067 tons.
SCHERER IS IMPROVING
Mux He Able tu lleturn to Rlehmoad
f??r t'hrlntinus.
t Special to Tho Times-Dispatch.]
CUFTON FORGE, YA.. December 7.
?L>. E. Soberer. general claim agent of
tho Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, is
not only holding ills own in tho hos
pital here, whore lie is undergoing treat
ment for a bullet wound received on
Thursday, but is showing signs of
Improvement, to-day bringing the
crisis, and thv patient passing through
it nicely. The doctors hold out hope
for ills recovery. It is said that If
?Mr. Scherer continues to improve with
no unexpected setback, he will be able
to leave the hospital here and return to
his home !n Richmond by Christmas, or
shortly thereafter. The attending phy
sicians ar.' satisfied that the chances
for Mr. Schercr'a recovery, are excellent.
TERMS FOR STATE BANKS
llMrrvK IloHrd to Xumt* Conditions for
'f'lioHr Kuierliijc Sjfctrm.
WASHINGTON, December 7.?Dis
cussions of the conditions to be Im
posed on State banks and trust com
panies entering the Federal reserve j
system will bo taken up hero to-mor
row at a conference between members
of the Federal Reserve Hoard and
bankers.
The board has considered regulations
for the admission of State banks at
various times since the reserve banks
'were opened three weeks ago, but had
reached no conclusion to-night. It Is
still in doubt as to the limitations to
bo put on real estate loans by wuch
instltuvlons. At the conference to
morrow this point will be discussed In
koiuo detail.
FOR RIGHTS AT CAPE HENRY
War Department Would .Make Ex
change With Norfolk-Southern
"WASHINGTON, December 7.?Per
petual right of way to the Norfolk
Southern Katlroad through lands to be
aequ|red for fortification purposes at
| Capo Henry, Va., In exchange for all
j of tlws company's lands lying \rithin
the area to bo taken over for tho for
| tilleatlon,. wpuld.Uc authorized' b?'thc
I War Department under ofllcl.il cstl
j mates submitted to Congress to-day.
Authority for the grant would be
j coupled with a provision that the rall
i road might be reimbursed from appro
1 prlations applicable to tho construc
tion of defenses at Cape Iicnry for
tho expense incurred in changing
tracks and stations from their present
location.
DECLINE IN TRADE FIGURES
Hrlttali Hoard's IteportM .Show Natural
rnoct or war. y
I.OXDON, December 7.?Tho British
Hoard of Trade tlgures continue to
show a natural effect of the war. Im
ports in November decreased $62,100,
000: exports decreased S100,770,000.
While the imports of food increased
520,000,000, there was u decrease of
532,500,000 in the importation of cot
ton from America, and a decrease in
Egyptian cotton of S 10.000,000. All
other raw materials nlso declined. The
principal shrinkage in exports were
J>2."?,000,000 in cotton and yarns, and
? 10,000,000 in coal.
STONE TO PRESS TREATIES
Will l'r?r llatllionllon of l'ruiliug Con
vention A\ith Colombia.
WASHINGTON, Dccembei 7.?Chair
man Stone, of the Senate Foreign Rela
tions Committee, and other administra
tion leaders plan to press for ratlti
cation at this session of C?ngrcss the
pending treaty with Nicaragua, where-J
by the United States would obtain in-|
teroceanic canal route rights and]
naval bases in the Hay of Fonsoca fori
S3,000,000. They also propose to urge
ratification of the treaty to pay Co-j
iotnbia $25,000,000 l'cy- the partition of j
Panama.
Opposition to both treaties, which
prevented consideration at tlio last ses- i
.sion, still exists.
PARIS BOURSE REOPENS
Presence- ol' l.nrue (iath->rln( Apparent
ly Tm Out of Cnrloslty.
PAHIS, December 7 (1:0C P. M.).?
When the Paris P.ourso opened to-day
after being- closed since September 3,
a large gathering of brokers and the
public assembled, but their presence ap-i
pnrently simply was out of curiosity. J
Tho strident cries of stock prices, :
usually audible, were entirely absent, |
and if transactions took place they
were effected in tho courso of conver- j
satlona
Tho market opened hesitating, and ;
the cloning was generally good.
FROZEN EGGS FROM CHINA ;
Steamer Arrives In Xcw York With '
<Kh23S Cnse*.
[Special to Tho Tlmof-DIspfttch.l
NEW YOItK, Docombor 7.?The!
steamship Urodinount which arrived to-;
day from Hankow. China, by way of!
tho Panama Canal, brought 03,23$ cases;
of frozen eggs, the tlrst shipment of
eggs from China ever brought into thlf}
port. Tho eggs, which wtfc removed
from their shells before bolng frozen,
will be placed In a bonded warehouse
for the present. Their ultimate desti
nation is believed to bo the war zone
of Europo.
DEATH OF DANIEL BENDANN
Famous Old-Time Photographer Was
Uorn lu Richmond.
14AI/TIMOTiE, December 7.?Daniel i
Uendnnn, well known in art circles
and a famous old-time photographer,
died hero laat night of lnflrpiltios in
cident to qld age. Ho wae born In
JMchmond seventy-nine years^ago.
COUNCIL VOTES TO
EXPEND 1125,000
IN PUBLIC WORK
______ I
Lower Branch Passes Ordi
nance Designed to Help
City's Unemployed.
ADMINISTRATIVE BOARD
GIVEN WIDE LATITUDE1
Authorized to Pay Any Equitable!
Wage and Employ Any
Number.
AM, J)fJl?AHTMENTS BENEFIT I
j j
| Tentative I'lan Provides $41,000 Ex* j
penditure for Material and
Equipment.
| Kocognizittg ? grave criais in local j
industrial conditions, paid to 'oo due
to an unparalleled scarcity of work,
the Common Council last night. passed
l?y a unanimous vote an ordinance ap
! propriatlng 5125,000 to be expended
at once. under the direction of the Ad
| ministrptive Hoard, in public Improve
j month-.
Tho measure that wan paacid was
offered by Councilman Gilbert K. I'ol
j lock as a substitute for the ordinance
Introduced by Councilman Carter C.
Jones and reported in an amended form
by the Finance Committee. It was
accepted by Councilman Jones, and
was adopted after a running- debate
that lasted more than an hour.
In the ordinance reported by the Fi
nance Committee tho .<125.000 was par- j
! celed out to the reven departments in I
| definite sums, as follows: streets gen- j
erally. 530,000: grounds and parks, $20.- '
000; str set cleaning, $30,000; Water i
Workr, $10,000; Oa:i Workt, 510,000;
cemeteries, ? 15,000, and electric pl,-?nt,
I J 10,000. I
I l'Olil,OClt OPPOSES
UICT.VI'IOX TO noAllD
Councilman Pollock entered vigorous
? objection t-i the ordinance because it
j undertook to dictate to the Adminis
trative Hoard the amount, that shall be
spent In each department. Such a pro
eoedlriGr, he held, was, on its fao.j im
practicable and would hamper the
board in giving early employment to
tho turnout number. Tho board, bo
; said, should be left free to spend the
money where It was mont needed, and
l where It could bo spent to tho best ad
vantage.
Air. Pollock objected also to the pro
vision of tho ordinance limiting- the
wage to be paid to $2 a day. It would
bo altogether inconsistent, ho held, for
tho city to pay one man $2 a day and
another man $3 a day for' identically
tho earn* work, merely because. one
rarce ntuT the oilier to {he provisional
or emergency force. It was not a ques
tion of charity, he paid, but o:io of
I paying the laborer regular wage* for^
| useful work.
i It wan idle for the city to promiso to
; employ TOO men when the whole pres
I ent army of city employes numbers
j little more than 000. said Mr. Pollock.
The practicable thing to do, lie urged,
was to give the Administrative Bjard
frco rein, authorizing It to employ as
many men as can advantageously be
employed. The board, Knowing tlio ob
ject of the appropriation, he thought,
would of Its own accord do its utmost
; to employ as many mon as possible.
OFFEHS SUBSTITUTE
POIl FINANCE HEPOllT
Ifoldiivg these views. Mr. Pollock
offered a substitute for tho paper re
ported by the Kinunco Committee, ap
propriating $125,000 In a lump sum
without .restrictions as to the manner
in which It shall be spent. The money,
; tho substitute provides, shall be placed
to the credit of nil account to be known
as tho "Special Improvement* Account,"
to be expended by the Administrative
Board In public improvements upon
I vouchers Issued by the several depart
mcnis.
Councilman Jones declined at first'
to accept the substitute, asking instead j
that the Council pass the original ordi
nance introduced . by him, which pro
vided for the employment of at least
700 men nt 52 a day. The Pollock sub
stltute, he feared, might leave the way
open for cheap contract labor and de
feat the intention to Rive employment
to day laborers at a reasonable wage.
In order to meet this objection Mr. J
Pollock added a provision to his sub- j
stRule, directing that all work under
t.he special appropriation be done by^j
per diem employee. With this amend- j
im-nt Councilman Jones accepted the i
substitute, and it was put to a vote
and uuanlmously passed. The measure I
will come-up for concurrence at tho
meeting of the Hoard of Aldermen next j
Tuesday night. I
WAS JIASKD O.Y IlKl'OHT
PROM AOMIMST1IATIVK UOARD !
The Finance Committee's ordinance !
apportioning the appropriation among j
the several departments, was baaed on |
a report made to the committee yester
day afternoon by the Administrative
Hoard, ln*wblch a tentative apportion
ment was described. Tho division,
however, was made by tho board mere
ly to indicate tho probablo rnannor in
which money would be spent, the re
port recommending specifically that the
appropriation be made In a lump sum.
In its report to the finance Com
mittee the board drew attention to the
fuel that approximately one-third of
the $125,000 appropriation would have
to be expended for tools, equipment.arid
materials. It was estimated that even
with this expenditure for materials and
equipment, the bain nee remaining
would make possible the employment j
of .700 men for two mouths.
Tho board reported Its belief that It 1
would bo greatly embarrassed if com- j
polled tj/. employ at once as many aa j
70o men, to, be designated as, and u> |
du the work of, day laborers, aa it |
would have been required to do tindor
the original ordinance. It asked leave
to be allowed to employ men from
time to time, as needed. With large
additions to tho laboring army, It was
necessary also, It was pointed out, to
employ at least a limited number of
skilled men as supervisors, and for
work demanding skilled service. Under
the amended measure that was passed,
no definite wage la fixed, and the board
will have the power to employ any
class of labor at any rate of com
pensation that it deems equitable.
! BOARD OIJTMNBS
IM-AN OF KXi'EN MTUIIK
The following sections from the rd
i port submitted by the board to the
(Continued on tfocond Pa^?.)
COAST BATTERED !
BY MIGHTY SEAS
IN HOWLING GALE
Summer Resorts Destroyed,
Boats Wrecked and Many
Villages Flooded.
RECORD-BREAKING TIDE
IS DRIVEN IN BY WIND
Shores Arc Covered With Debris j
of Scores of Small
Craft. I
STEAMERS CAN'T MARK TOIIT
Coney Island Suffer* Damages Es
timated at $200,000?Storm's
Fnry Continues.
N'KW YORK, December 7.?Huge
seas, backed by a mighty tide und a
howling northeast gale, battered the.
New York coasts to-day. smashing
houses, wrecking boats, flooding vil
lages, devastating summer resorts and
forcing steamers to romiiin outside
Sandy Hook and right tl?e storm.
At Sandy Hook, the wind attained a
velocity of sixty-eight miles an hour,
driving in a record-breaking tide and
making it impossible for pilots to board
incoming vessels. In New York har
bor the tide was the highest in thir
teen years, and the waves drove Xew
Jersey ferryboats to cover and strewed
the Staten Island shores with the
wrccks of scores of small craft.
CON'KV ISLAXD SI KKKHS
DAMACK OF *200,000
The *orst damage in this vicinity
was suffered at Coney Island, where
the loss within the past twenty-four
hours is estimated at $200,000.
Two or three fino houses at Sea Gate
were wrecked, despite the tight of a
small army of workmen to build de
fenses with hundreds of sand bags.
Fifteen buildings along Coney Island
had been damaged to-night, including
j big- bathing pavilions and summer cot
! tages.
j At Brighton Beach the boardwalk
was demolished, and much of-the stone
breakwater was torn away. The waves
surged arour.d the Brighton Beach Ho
tel and wrecked several small build
ings, although the hotel itself escaped
serious damage.
1 Waves broke more than twenty-five
feet over the high tide line at Hock-|
' away "Bench, causing heavy damages to'
bungalows, baths' and boardwalks. At!
Seaside, eight bungalows and twenty)
feet of boardwalk were carried away,
fwo lioVels at.Arverijo were damaged,
iud several families wero driven front
Point juookout, at Bong Beach,
partly washed away, and the wind was
blowing fifty miles an hour to-night.
1 At Hlverhead families had been driven
I to the upper flours; and a number of
I small buildings had been washed away.
On the Jersey side, heavy rains- and
I high winds continued to-night. At
Sandy llook, enormous seas were I
I breaking, and part of the government
| bridge between Highland Heach and j
1 the Hook had been torn awsty. Out
| side tho Hook, the Russian liner 1
: Dwinsk lay anchored. The steamer St. I
I^ouis, from Savannah, was fifteen miles
I off Scotland lightship, and had suf-i
fcred deck damage and smashed win-J
dows. The steamer Texas was off
Clayton, Del., fifty miles southeast of
the lightship. The Francisco, of the
Wilson Bine, and other vessels also lay
out on the rollers of the Atlantic, not
daring to try to reach port.
HUDSON HIVKR FERRIES
VKABLE TO MARK THII?S I
For hours ship commuters between
New York and Now Jersey had to
travel through Hudson Kiver tubes, as
the ferries could not make: their trips
All traffic arriving in Jersey City was
.shifted to the tubes, and even to reacii
the tube entrances, it was necessary to
walk through an inch of water. At
Harrison and at East Newark, scores
of houses and factories were flooded.
New York bay and harbor were prac
tlcally cleared of all craft by the gal''.
One tircboat was sunk at her pier. Ok
the New Jersey shore the big waitins
room of the Lackawanna terminal was
flooded, and fioarly all ferries discon
tinued.
Along the coast o? New England, the
gale was especially violent. At Point
Judith, U. I., a small schooner was
torn from her anchorage and thrown
on the breakwater.
Lifc-Bavers, peeking to rescue the
crew of a six-masted schooner which
struck Tuckernuck Shoal 011 Saturday,
have been unable to launch their boats.
At the Krio Railroad terminal. In
Jerpey City, the waters of the Hudson
swept through ferry-house and out to
tho railrcad tracks.
X ORTHEA STRK flOSTlX IKS
WITH FLBY tJINAJIATKI) I
PHILADELPHIA, December 7.?TJio j
northeast storm, sweeping; the Atlantic
Coast since Saturday, continued to- |
night with unabated fury. Nearly j
three and a half inches of rain had 1
fallen in Philadelphia at midnight. Tie- j
ports from Atlantic City, Ocean City, !
Wildwood, Cape May, R^hoboth and I
other seaside points told of heavy dam- j
ago by wind and tide.
Several fashionable suburban sec- !
lions wero dark to-night. Ocean City.
N*. J., lias been cut otf from train and
trolley communication, although an au
tomobile bridge is still open. Rail
roads leading to seashore points were
busy repairing washed out roadbeds.
Telegraph and telephono. service to all
points wan crippled.
Shipping from this port was virtually j
nt a standstill. Among the few vet>- ;
Ktls which cleared \va? t??e Italian !
liner A neon a for Naples, via New York.
Of the 1,500 stoerago.passengers, near
ly 1,400 worn men between eighteen
and l'orty-nve years of . ago, reported
Co be reservists ? returning to Italy.
Scores of vessels of every descrip
tion were lying to-night in the Shelter
of the Delaware breakwater waiting
for tho weather to moderate.
SEASHORE RESORT
PRACTICALITY DBSTROY12I)
REHOBOTII, DEL.,. December 7.?
Tho northeast storm lias almost de
stroyed this seashore' resort. The'
boardwalk was oarrled away with all
pavilions. Every traco of Surf 'Ave
nue, a thoroughfare tnat paralleled tho
ocean, Is gone. It was ciit away by
mountainous waves that swept over
piling built to protect It. The electric
light , and water, plants wore wrecked,
'(Continued pn Second Pajro;)
RUSSIANS IN RETREAT
SAYS BERLIN REPORT
I)7~.I3&rsih&rcl Jyorribej^ 9imS??X??i*r
Dr Dernburg, who is in this country on an important mission for Ger
tnauy. is a son of the editor ol* the Berlin Tageblatt, and was born in Darm
stadt. dfty years ago. After graduating from the Berlin Gymnasium (as
colleges are calicd in Germany) he came to New York City in order to learn
Vmerican ways, and was for several years- in the banking house of Laden
burg 'lhalmuu & Co. After his return to Germany he became a director of
the Bank of Darmstadt. He stands for what/Americans most admire in
modeln Germany: its industries, its commerce, its technical schools and its
efficient ..organisations. Wbeii Urn Kaiser put him at the head of the i
Colon(nl Office in*1007 It\v&s a great shock'lothe "Junkers," who thoughtj
r~ hueh tv h igR position was the natural-monopoly of those of hoble lineage. 1
lie made personal inspection of the African possessions and probably would
have made them in time as profitable as the British colonies if ho had been j
able to carry out his program of reforms.
CONGRESS RECONVENES j
AFTER ITS PULL RECESS;
'
i
Opening Sessions, Dotli in Senate and j
House, Marked With .Spirit of
Good Nature.
WILSON" READS MESSAGE TO-DAY \
Senator Kern and Representative I
Underwood, Mujority leaders, Con- J
I'er With President Over Legisla- i
lion He Desires to He Considered, i
WASHINGTON, December 7.?Con- i
gross reconvened to-day. utter tho fall J
recess. After tho introduction of bills |
and resolution^ and passage of formal
measures incident to the opening of a
new session, botii houses adjourned to
await the delivery to-morrow of the
President's annual message.
While members discussed informally
the legislative program, nu definite
piano were made for party conferences.
These will not be considered until thej
President has been heard from. The!
message, will be delivered personally;
by President Wilson before a joint ses-l
sion In tho House chamber at 12:30i
o'clock.
Senator Kern and Representative Un
derwood. tho majority (joor leaders,'
conferred to-night with the President
at the White House. Mr. Wilson sent
for them, and met them separately,
reading to them ids message and dis
cussing legislation he desires to be con
sidered, in addition to appropriation
measures, which will take up much of
the time of the rdiort session.
UNDERWOOD I.N* ACCORD
WITH PRESIDENT'S VIEWS
"There is nothing the President has
in mind," said Representative Under
wood, "with which I am not in accord,
and I see no reason why the program
he *vlll suggest should not be carried;
r.d*. before adjournment. If there Is
ono thing that every Democratic
member of the House?and I believe it
applies to the Senate as well?has his
mind set against, it is extra session
next year. I do not believe there will
be any."
Discussing the legislative program,
Mr. Underwood dot-lured that there!
would be :i vote on lho Hobson resolu
tion tor submission to the States of a
constitutional amendment for national
prohibition/
According to both majority leaders,
appropriation bill* will be rushed. Con
servation legislation, tho ship purchase
liiii a in) the Utilise Philippine lrtdopen-i
denee l?ill ;?re first on the program of
general legislation Senator Kern as
serted that there would be timo for
general legislation, concerning which!
there would be not much opposition. I
CI.AKK GIVEN OVATION
HY MEN OP IIOTII PARTIES j
The opening sessions in House and J
Senate were marked with a spirit of
good nature, despite the recent cam
paign which resulted in great Republi
can gains In the House and slight
Democratic gains in tho Senate for the
next Congress. Members, who will re-!
tire March 4 were on hand. ' Speaker;
Clark was given a rousing ovation by
Democrats itiiu Republicans. Vice
President Marshall was greeted cor
dially, .and after tho invocation per?
mlttcd Senators to hold un informal re?
ception for several minutes beforo he
(Continued on Third PaereO
PREPAREDNESS FOR WAR '
DESTINED FOR INQUIRY
Several Bills and Resolutions Rear
ing on Subject. Introduced in
Senate and House.
WILSON AGAINST GARDNER PLAN
Thinks It Unwise Way of Handling
Question Which Might Create Un
favorable International Impres
sions?White House Statement.
.WASHINGTON, December 7.?Pre- j
pareditess of tho United States for wur j
seems destined for investigation in ]
Congress. Several bills and resolu- i
tions bearing on the subject wore In- I
troduced to-day, and an inquiry by '
congressional committoes Is regarded
at the Capitol as certain, although
President Wilson tokl Representative
Gardner during tho day that he op
posed the hitter's plan for an Investi
gation by a national security commit)- i
sion. Tho President expressed the
opinion that this would be an Unwise ,
way of handling' "a question which '
might create ? very unfavorable Inter- !
national Impressions."
Senator Ix>ilge Introduced a resolu
tion similar to the Gardner measure
pending in tho House, and asked that j
it lie 611 the table until to-morrow. It j
would provide for a "National Security ,
Commission," .to bo? composed of three
members of tho Senate, three mem
bers of the House and three citizens to
bo appointed by the President.
President Wilson let it bo known
after his conference with . Representa
tive Gardner that he was entirely in
fnvor of the fullest inquiry into mill- |
tary conditions by regular committees
of thcT Mouse and Senate, and added
that there were no fucts In possession
of the executive departments which
werb not at the disposal of those com
mittees.
KXHAllSTtVE INCII'tHV
'INTO PAST EXPB.MVTHJKES
? In line with this attitude. Senator
James Hamilton ? Lewis, Democratic
whip, Introduced a resolution which
.would direct an exhaustlvo Inquiry by
the Senate Military and Naval Com
mitteos Into tho expenditure' of mil
lions appropriated in thy past for
national defense. The inquiry would bo
directed to ascertain Just- what had j
been provided by tho expenditure of j
late years, and also to ascertain ac- I
tual military conditions. Tho reaolu- I
tion was referred to the Committee j
on ..Military Affair**.
Another military measure, submitted ]
by Senator Chamberlain,- of Oregon. ;
proposed the creation of a council of
national defonse, to consist of tho Sec
retary of State, as president, t,ho Sec
retaries of War and Navy, the chair
men of Appropriation, Military. Naval
and Foreign Relations Committees of
the Senate and House, the chief of
staff of the army and an ofllcer of the
navy and heads of tho army and navy
war colleges.
\8enator Hitchcock had passed by tho
Senate-without debate a resolution call
ing upon the Secretary of (Jommerco
for information as to the extent of ex
p'ortaJlon of arms-and munitions of
war from tho United States to tho
belligerent foreign nations or to Can
ada;.'existing contracts in this country
foi; exportation of such materials, and
(Continued on Third Page.)
GERMAN SUCCESS
AT LODZ FOLK;
WONDERFUL RALLY
Army Less Than Fortnight
Ago Was Surrounded i
by Enemy.
I ABLE TO CUT ITS WAY OUT
ONLY AT LAST MOMENT
j ** 11 it
Muscovites Unable to Meet Fierc?
Attacks and Forced to
Fall Back. ,'i,;
j ALLIES ON OFFENSIVE IN WEST
Take Advantage of Preoccupation
of Kaiser's Forces in
East. X.
Germans Renew Efforts ...
to Reach Channel Ports *
OOST IMXKEUKK, ? village In .
Went Klundcrs, a little more
thnn two miles ' went of Xleaport,
linn been bombarded l?y the Ger
ntanit, which nnnouncrnient In the
Intent Krrucli ofHciul cnmmunlck
tlon seems to Indicate a renewal of
German efforts to reach the channel
port*.
Simultaneously, there lion been
heavy flrlng nlonft the Belgian coast
from the warship* of the nlllesfv
which ognln arc liamhanllnK the
(iermon position*, nnd possibly may.,
he attempting to chcck the sup-*
posed advance In the neighborhood
of Xleuport.
The Krencli nlno report advances
by tlie allien lu the Department of,
Sonime, and the capture of the vU?.
lugp of Vermetlen, between llethune /
aud Ijeus. I.'nofllclnl dinpntches sajr
the Germans have utilized their
light rum lu place of the heavy ar
tillery, because of the Condition of
the grouufl, owing to Inundations* .
^tt.l|ic ?*kt?rii urenji'lhe; ocoapstr '
tlon (if t<od* by the Germans Is con
sidered n remarkable achievement,
In view of the manner In which the
German Itiirx only u short time ago
were threntened by tlie Ilusstans,
and an important step in their pro
posed movement ngalnst Warsaw*
the Polish capltnl.
The Austrian War Office describes
fighting in Polund an not yet de
cisive, although the RusslauN have
been forced to retreat. Mkewlse, lu
West Gallclu and the Carpathians,
the serleN of engagements continue*
without definite result.
Having received n vote of con
fidence In ,tlie l'arllament, the Ital
ian government maintains' 11m at*,
tltude of neutrality, but ban ills-'
patched several battalions to rein-;1
force troops In l.lhyu nnd "to be
ready for any uggres.tlons."
The llourse Gasettc, of Petr*-;:
grnrL, estimates that Germany has'>
lost 100,<K)0 during the pant month!!
around Ijodc. ; ''
That an effort Is being made to-i
bring about a resumption of nor*,
mnl conditionu In Parts Is Indicated.',
by the fact that President Polncare
will return to the capital from
Ilorileaux to preside at the Cabinet
meeting Friday, and thnt the Parltt
bourse has reopened.
1'ope Benedict Is' endeavoring to
effect a truce between the bellig
erents during the Christmas boll-."*
days.
LONDON. Docember 7 (9:25 P. M.)\?
After u long battle, (ought with the
greatest stubbornness, the Germans
have succeeded in occupying Lodz, Ro
land. an unfortified city. According to
the Berlin report, the Itusnlans suffered
severe losses, and arc in retreat. T
This success of the Germans, largely
because of what preceded it, is con
sidered a remarkablo achievement.
I-#t>ss than a fortnight ago, the anfay
to which thin victory has fallen Wtis
surrounded by Russians, and cut Its
way out only at the last moment, los
ing great numbers of men and matiy
guns. Yet it was able quickly to /*e
organize, take the offensive and defeat
the Russians defending Lodz. This
was made possible by the notwork. of
strategic railways on the German slrfc
of the frontier, over which reinforce- .
ments can be sent where they aro most
needed. The Russians, on the other
hand, vigorously attacked on both
wings, wore unable to send fresh men
to stiffen their centre to meet the Ger
man wedge, and wero compelled to ff^ll
back.
There, undoubtedly will be much
more lighting beforo the campaign in
this district is concfuded. The whol.o
Russian line Is now straightened out.
and will contest every foot of ground
with the Invaders.
OFFENSIVE MOVEMENT
IIEGUX BY ALLIES I.\ WEST
In tin: meantime, taking advantage
of the preoccupation of the Germans th
the east, Ihe allied French, Belgian
and British forces have begun an of
fensive movement In the west. They
are now virtually lit possession of tho
left bank of tho Yser Canal, and In
Northern France, particularly In tho
neighborhood of Lubassee. where the
Germans hold a very strong poaltion,
tho allies aro beginning to feel their,
way eastward.
Tho samo process is being ' follow?dj-.;\
along the whole front. The olttcltil' ?
statement speak;: of "the superiority 'o?,
our offensive," and tho "marked. *<!??{? !
vantage" of the French artillery over
that of the German*. ,,
The advance in the northwest hfteV.".
fcwjed. for tho prevent, at leagt, Jf? th<jV?
opinion of many, the German menace
of tho .cqn&x. It In believed that *oV
long an the Germans aro compolVsdto ?
%::&k

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