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THCB TIMRS, Poandrd jrhs TlfB DISPATCH. Founded lrt.10 * i * j , i . . 1 i .. Pobll?lird ?TM7 day In lh? year by The Tlmrn ptmpmteh rahlUblnc Company. luc. Addrenn nil r?nilBUiilc?(loai to THB TIMES-OISPATI II, irine?-Oi*t>?(ch Uulldlaa. 10 South Tenth Street. JtUckn>n?d. V?u riSLBPHU.VK, IlA.VDOL.Pfl 1 Publication Office 10 South Tenth Strr.-t ftpoth Richmond 102tt Hull Street f'eternburv 1(M) North Sjeatnvrr Street ' ' * "hburv 3il8 ICiiflitU Street HASBItOOK. STOHV A. IIHOOKS, INC.. *|)erlal .**"~rtl?|u* IleprcweDtntlvc*. New Vork. ..... ZIXl fifth Avenue Philadelphia.. Mutuni l,Jfe Building Chicago. . .. , .People's Gan UulidluK SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY M All, One Six Three One POSTAGE PAID Vear. Mob. Mob. Mo. Daily and SunOa) $0.Uil 93.00 ei.M) S pally only 4.00 2.00 1.00 . Jfl Sunday obit s no 1.00 50 .1:5 Hy Tlmea-0?*patch Carrier Delivery Service In Richmond land guliurlwl and Petersburg! Dnllj . tb Sunday, one lreek. 15 cent* Daily tviihout Sunday, one iTeek 10 ??**it? biwirin* only 8 . ?;? lCntci i Innunrj 27. 1005, al Richmond. Va.. n? ?eeond>i'lBK . mat- :*r under net of I'onurf** of March .% 1S7D THURSDAY. DECEMBER 10. 1914. A WORTH-WHILE GIFT?Von can make your frienda happy every day In th yenr by ntndlng them n subscription to THE RICHMOND TIMES-DISPATCH DO IT TODAY.' A Messenger of Peace R ICHMOND is honored by the presence here of the Secretary of State of the United States. The plea for peace that he made last night produced a profound Im pression on those who heard it, and will reach a larger audience through the news papers. At this time of wars in Europe and war scares in this country, following almost im mediately the President's message to Con gress, in which this subject had a conspicu ous place, what Mr. Bryan had to say gains a special significance. The nation and the world see In him the spokesman of that peace Ideal tor whose consummation, in fact, the administration he represents 1b the strongest hope. The Frank Case and Execntivo Clemency GOVERNOR SLATON, of Georgia, has promised that when the case of Leo M. Frank is presented to him in an application for executive clemency, as ii will be pre sented, he will give all its features his closest consideration. That ought to be su/ficient assurance that the sentence to die on Jan uary 22, passed on Frank yesterday, will not be carried out. There are hundreds of thousands of people in this country who believe firmly in Frank's innocence, and there are many more who are convinced that the circumstances sur rounding his trial made anything like a Judi cial ascertainment of guilt or innocence quite impossible. It Is unfortunate that a new trial was not sanctioned by the law. because as things stand the State of Georgia itself is arraigned at the bar of public opinion. Surely, under all the circumstances, the exercise of clemency by Governor Slaton is Justified soundly. No T<rg Daj^ If You Please ONE of our (?orr.espondents. writing in the Voice of the People Column this morn-' lng, repeats a suggestion that has been made before?that Richmond set apart a tag day for the collection of contributions for the city's unemployed and for others of the city's population who may be in need of benevolent assistance. The Times-Dispatch doeB not approve the suggestion. There are a good many sound objections, in the first place, to that method of soliciting charity?objections which in' other cities have sufficed to effect its abandon ment and that are too obvious to require enu meration or discussion, and, in the second place, such an appeal to the casual wayfarer should not be necessary. Richmond understands the situation here, which is the situation nearly everywhere. Unemployment is greatly above the normal, and there will be deep suffering unless ade quate funds are supplied. The Associated Charities, which has in fullest measure the public confidence, has explained conditions fend asked for special contributions. They 'may be sent to The Times-Dispatch and will be promptly acknowledged. There is no rea son whatever and no excuse for holding up people on the Btreets. "The Well-Being of Mankind" THE first annual report of the financial strength of the Rockefeller Foundation, established in 1913, has been made public, and discloses a list of stocks and bonds, rep resenting the gift of John I). Rock feller, whose book value is over $100,000,000. As prac tically all of these securities are of the de sirable "guilt edge" variety, it is probable that their market value is well over the amount stated. Much that 1b bitterly unfavorable has been said of Mr. Rockfeller ae a business man, and 4iany thoughtful persons are not content with a social system that could produce 60 colos sal a millionaire. But the publio is coming to understand thaf as a philanthropist Mr. Rockefeller is sincerely anxious to achieve the accomplishment of his foundation's chartered purpose: "to promote the well-being of man kind throughout the world." To attain this end he has placed in the hands of the riosi. competent men he could find, ample reBouices wherewith to seek the means of ridding humanity of its physical ills and mental handi oaps. It would be too touch to say that the 1 Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research and the General Educational Board have as yet conferred upon humanity any benefit com mensurate with the enormous wealth of which Mr. Rockefeller Is the possessor. But they have already done a great deal of work, and are still little beyond the organization stage. And their only purpos'e Is and will be to fur ther the well-being of mankind. Mr. Rockefeller is putting a portion of his wealth to this high purpose, not to gain a decoration from a sovereign, nor a public of fice from a democracy. He is muklng his nioney work for the well-being of mankind, becuuse he must believe that that is the best use to which he can put at least a part of it, and. perhaps, his conscience bids him do it Human motives are always mixed. Thf motives underlying the Rockefeller Founda tion. so far as the public is concerned, uo not appear to ueed any silting. Theodore Roosevelt, Jingo A GOOD many persons who have followed with the interest he always attracts the recent writings and public utterancr s of Theo dore Roosevelt, have wondered what their author meant and where he was lending. His violent attacks on this country's present for eign policy, his ill-balanced insistence, un supported by fact or logic, that It was the duty of the United States to protest against the violation of Belgian neutrality, and. latest and worst, his indecent and insincere denun ciation of the President, based on murders and other disorders in Mexico, have excited ulmost as much amazement as indignation It is difficult at times to follow Mr. Roose velt's mental processes, but in this case we do not believe any special difh< ulty exists. His purpose is to take advantage of the stnte of the public mind he conceives to have been produced by the European war. to fan the embers of panic he thinks he has discovered Into the flame of militarism, and to place him self at the head of the party of jingoism and aggression. The whole course of recent events supports? this conclusion. We have, in the first place, the absolute collapse of the Progressives in the recont congressional elections, final proof that the Colonel could look no longer'to that party to place him back in oflice. Accord ing to his own statement, this defeat trans formed him into "a private citizen of the privatest sort," but from the seclusion to which he retired he began at once to assail Mr. Wilson. Then came the war scare speech of Congressman Gardner, of Massa chusetts. son-in-law of Senator Lodge, Mr. Roosevelt's Senate spokesman when the Sage of Sagamore Hill ornamented the White House, and then and now, despite the fact that the sage drifted for a time from the ranks of the G. O. P., one of his closest per sonal and political friends. Mr. Roosevelt has seen a new light, al though it may well turn out to be a wtll'o tlie-wlsp. The hodge-podge of just asplra tion and political nostrum that made up the platform of the Progressive party in the presidential campaign of 1912 no longer serves its purpose, which was to get votes. Woman suffrage already had been embraced, and a longing eye turned in the direction of prohibition. For the moment, however, jingoism seems to promise lurger profits, and this ingrained and incorrigible opportunist leaps for It and embraces it madly, just as ho would embrace the free coinage of silver, or Buddhism, or somo modern negation of the attraction of gravitation, If he thought thereby he might appease?nothing could Batisfy?his insensate ambition. Hail, Athletics! and Farewell THE reported sale of the Philadelphia Ath letics to a syndicate and the transfer of Connie Mack from the management of the former champions to that of the New York Highlanders, combine with the sale of Eddie Collins and the desertion to the Federals of Bender and Plank, to mark the dissolution of one of the greatest hall clubs ever put to gether and placed in action. Time was when the Athletics were uncon querable?when in the field and at the bat they gave the national game its most inter esting and scientific expression, and yet they fell like raw recruits before tlio" Miracle man's attack. According to one of the stories that are being told, internecine strife is responsible. An unnamed player of the team says the selection as captain of Ira Thomas, and Mack's constant support of his chief of staff, caused almost incessant bickerings. The men did not like Thomas, who was not him self a "regular," and they liked still less his manner of expressing his views. Whatever the cause, the Philadelphia fans ! sensed rebellion and inefficiency, and last sea- ; son gave their support in grudging measure, j A team like the Athletics costs money and a \ lot of it. and the world champions did not 1 pay expenses. Then came the world's series and four crushing defeats at the hands of j the Boston Iiraves. That was the last blow. ! Few would be surprised to see the team next ; year bringing up the tail of the American League procession. So passes this world's glory! Public Employment Bureau ADOPTION* by the Common Council of the ordinance appropriating $125,000, to be expended, tinder the direction of the Admin istrative Board, in the relief of unemploy ment, and the adoption at the same meeting of the ordinance creating a Public Employ ment Bureau, evidence the Council's recogni tion of an evil that attracts attention Just now because it is acute, but which, in a less menacing form, confronts incessantly all American municipalities. New York has Just appointed a special com mission to Investigate and report on this prob- ! lem, and it is receiving close attention in ; other large cities throughout the country, j It is a problem that must be solved In some sane, humane and businesslike way. In New York the situation is complicated I by the activities of the anarchists, militant Socialists, I. W. W.'s and other organizations and agencies of that general description, j Fortunately for Richmond, there is little of that sort of thing here, but there will be i more unless this nettle danger he firmly grasped. The Council has been wise. When we. hear the other Mexican generals declaring that Villa is no gentleman, we are reminded that the pot always did complain of the kettle's complexion. The Kaiser will please note that it is not the Yellow Peril which has caused this coun try to talk of big armaments. The armament manufacturers are obvious- j ly blood brothers to the oid-timq lightning j I rod agent. > - I SONGS AND SAWS Llfitrnlngl Just now (loth little Willie keep His far close to the ground, To learn what's like to fall to him When Santa comes around. Old Santa has no pretty gifts Kor naughty girls and boys. Who raise the roof with endless <tln And Btrew the house with toys. And bo our little Willie minds Deportment's p's and q's? lie feels that by another course He's almost sure to lose. The I'msluiliit Sam !t certainly doo> seem like old times to see Th*>>d' rv ?lrop tb. . political patent medicines he ha:i been try in p to a-'ll foi the last year or st;. and start the sr.iiii.; 01' the Big Stick. Firm Indeed. ".Ictu s is a rather hard-headed man. isn't he?" "1 :;)?ould say lie Is. Why that man's head Is so hard thru ;o:i couiiin't get a new Idea Into It with the aid of an ax." Iti'iill) Delighted. .^he?Aren't you charmed, now that you have managed to uink your un willingness and come to the dance with me ? He?Yes, certainly. 1 feel just us happy as I expect to be on that future occasion when my friends are select in.' appropriate floral offer ings. * Timely. Grul'bs?Who is your favorite author? sstuhhs?Well. ;u. : it this time 1 am taking special interest in tli works of the press agent ?'f the Society Tor the Prevention of Useless Giving. The folks who lived in older days Had oni grcnt bWssing close to hand? Thev did not ride on sleeping cars While some one snored to beat the hand. THE TATTLER. Chats With Virginia Editors The Newport News Times-Herald falls into a common error in an editorial notice of the an nual memorial services held by the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks last Sunday. Tho T.-H. says: "The Elks' 'Lodge of Sorrow' was In excellent taste. The ceremonies were impres sive and the music of the occasion was a splen did tribute to our local talent. The members have cause to be proud of their achievement." Year after year, although the Elks have re peatedly pointed out the error, the memorial service Is described in the newspapers through out the State as the "Lodge of Sorrow." The error Is a source of sorrow to the brethren of the branching antlers, because a ritualistic cere mony called the Lodge of Sorrow Is held after the death of a member by the lodge to which he belongs. But it is a secret ceremony and held only In the lodge chamber. Editor Lindsay lands a hard drive at Sunday baseball In his Charlottesville Progress and commends the action of the City Council of Bal timore In adopting an anti-Sunday baseball or dinance. The editor, however, is not "ferninst" ?as Bill Eads, of the Wise News, would say? "Baseball" Sunday, meaning the Rev. Billy, evangelist. According to tho NorfoJk Vlrglnian-Pilot, "Thomas A. Edison is quoted as saying that a million years hence man will not require any sleep at all." The man troubled with insomnia may be of good cheer. He has something to live for. For the editor of the Petersburg: Index-Ap peal, who chuckles: "Sausage and pot-pie time!'' Indigestion obviously has no terrors. "We are now at the season of the year when fires occur more frequently than at other times," according to Editor Davis, of the Pittsylvania Tribune, who does not rent a steam-heated flat. "Yes, we said the war would end In time for the Irish to go home to celebrate St. Patrick's Day," the Covington Virginian acknowledges; then offers as an excuse, "But we didn't say what year." But no real Irishman over needed to go home to celebrate St. Patrick's Day. Some \l-e have met preferred not to go home. The Newport News Press makes note of the fact: "It is given out that the censors have closed down on news from tho battles." Con science stricken. Current Editorial Comment The Mann law is not fortunate Mann Law's inUIthe ca,ses1 undo?r,. 11 ,)vhloh ... t achieve notoriety. When it was ni b- under discussion It was assumed Blackmail that its purpose was to break up Interstate trafllc in women, and under that assumption it received strong support. Certainly it was not dreamed that its scope In cluded the regulation of private morals by the Federal government, or the conversion into a felony of such acts of Immorality as are not In themselves felonious. In the latest cace to come Into notoriety si man of sixty-seven is accused of wrongful relations with a woman of twenty eight, who admittedly entered Into them quite freely. How such a case should be treated is a question upon which there is a wide difference of opinion among moralists and jurists. Some hold that the private morals of adults can best be controlled by public opinion, and that the law has done enough when it penalizes open debauchery and safeguards youth from tempta tion. Cut it would not be possible to find any respectable body of expert opinion in favor of a law which should make such an Illicit relation n felony for one party concerned and no offense whatever for the other. Yet that is precisely the effect of the Mann law in cases where tho interstate principle is involved, and nothing could be a stronger incentive to blackmail. This new case emphasizes tho need of amending tho law. Having figured It out that Mufliers noise is costly, one of the Eastern f railroad companies Is about to ' . . . 5 muffle Its locomotive whistles. \\ Iiistles sooth the rattle and bang of tha freight yards and bring under control, so far as It can, the scream and groan of the alrbreaks. Here is where the noise cursed general public will shout "Hurrah for Efficiency." But we wonder if the railroad men will echo it. It was noise thai was music to youthful ears which drfew many men Into the occupation. It has been tho roar of forced draught, the din of freight trains in motion, the click of wheels over the rail joints which have kept many men In the occupation. They aro sounds as sweot to railroad men as the hum of motor machinery is to the experienced auto mobillst. Smother the noise and you remove som< thing as familiar to the engineer, the brakeman and the conductor as the sensation of motion. Perhaps the feeling of something,lost may bo more destructive to efficiency among noise-inured workers limn the multitudinous noises to the creation of which a railroad gives so much energy.?Toledo Blade. The decision of the Appellate Careless Division that the Greenwood MnflP in Pflv Cemetery Corporation must pay , to t a> the cost Qf flghl)nff a flre ln a tor I* ires building ownoil by it Is a great victory for flre prevention. Tlje Firo Frtventlon Bureau had ordered the cor poration to Install an automatic sprinkler in this building, which Is a factory. Nothing was i/one. A flre broke out, many companies were used to extinguish It and in tho course of tlioir work fifty firemen were overcome. Flre Com missioner Adamson ther< upon had suit brought against tho corporation under a section of the charter which renders persons responsible, for any flre resulting from wilful or culpable negli gene? or criminal Intent liable* for dimagei to persons and property and for the payment of all costs and oxpen6e? of the Are department. It Is thl3 suit which has been doclded In tho city's favor. What this amounts to Is practically q ruling that tho owner of property which burns is responsible for the fire and any damage it causes, provided he has not done everything possible to, guard against fire. That Is the position taken by the authorities In European countries, notably in Germany, and its effect Is shown in tho small number of llres there and the light damages . It Is an eminently wise and Just ruling. Flros nre very seldom visitations of providence They come from humnn careless ness and neglect or from downright vlclousneas. It is only fair that the Individual responsible should pay the price. Instead of forcing the public to pay for his shortcomings.?New Tork Tribune. w ar News Fifty Years Ago From the Richmond Dispatch, Dec. 10. 1864. Contrary to expectation, there was little or nothing doing yesterday along the Richmond lines. As a matter of fact, there was nothing doing. Scarcely there was not :\ gun fired Tho report*. that the enemy had crossed the river on pontoon bridges at Dutch Gap and w* re ready for n vigorous fight prov.ed to be abao lutel> untrue. The enly Interesting news from Petersburg is that Grant has 3ent off a force of eavalry, infantry and artillery down In the direction of Weldon. It is supposed that the object of this movement may be to capture and hold Weldon, or it may be *. demonstration against Wilming ton and the- North Carolina seacoast. or It may h concerted movement on the part of Grant to try to reinforce Sherman away down in tho South. Gentral Beauregard makes an official report to the War Department which reads somewhat os follows: "Gentral Reddy reports to me from Decatur. Ala. the evacuation by the enemy of the town of Huntsvllle, Ala., and also of Athens. Tenn. and the capture by Lieutenant-Colonel Wlndio of two locomotives with tenders, twenty cars and a pontoon bridge, all of which are said to be in good order and ready to be used by us." Four hundred and forty-two prisoners, cap tured by General Rosscr in the Valley, were re ceived at Llbby Prison yesterday. Among them were fifteen officers from the grade of captain down to third lieutenant. The latest Information from Georgia Is to the efTect that Sherman, with a goodly part of his army, is somewhere between Millen and Savannah, and that he says his objective point Is Savnnnah. All right; Savannah is waiting for him. The Senate of Virginia was called to order yesterday morning by Lieutenant-Governor Price,- of Greenbrier County, and Rev. Dr. Dog gctt, of the Centenary Methodist Church, led In prayer The roll call showed that a quorum of the Senators was not present, but various let ters and not a few telegrams explained how the Senators had not been able to strike Rich mond In due time. By consent, the Senate de cided to await a quorum before hearing the elaborate message of Governor Smith. There was a good deal of snow yesterday, and the Increasing cold weather has kept the armies cloBe around the camp fires. It Is an unusually cold spell for this time of the year, and it may be that the same will keep the armies within barracks and tvinter quarters for some time to come. Heaven grant that It may be so. Gold Is now selling In New York at 232, and the Wall Street men are taking very little of It at that price. The message of. President Lincoln to the Fed eral Congress, according to the Northern papers which have reached us, Is burdened all through with appeals for more men. and a great many more of them "to put down the rebellion." The few Northern papers we have received tell us of terrific snowstorms all over the North and the Northwest, and that all kinds of ar rangements are being made to meet a cold, hard winter. We are getting a right severe touch of winter down here In the best climate in all of the world. It must bo much worse In the north. 1 The Voice of the People Urged Tnc Day for I'nemplo ycd. To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir,'?I have read much in the papers about the great amount of food and clothing- we Rich mond people have sent the starving Belgians. A good deal indeed, but a good many of us seem to have forgotten that there Is a great army of our own in this very city not starving, hut very near It. It Is the families of the 5,000 or mor<- unemployed. A good deal of money was raised by the Belgian tag day. Why not have a tag day for the Richmond unemployed. 1 believe most of us would give a good deal more than wc gave- to the Belgians. Should we help these deserving people It would, no doubt, pre vent crime, as a man with a family becomes desperate on verge of starvation. Where are the big men who are always talk ing of giving baths and libraries. Gentlemen, make It food and clothing. They are more needed at present. "A READER." Richmond, December S, 1914. "Observer'' Replies to Suflfrnglat. To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir,?"Observer" will not, as suggested by "Llla Meade Valentine," carry her investigations concerning woman's suffrage "further afield" than Virginia?first, because she Is more jealous for the honor and safety of her native State than for that of any other, and, second, because she Is enabled here to get an Inside view of situations and see their utter hollownesB while presenting to the world a fair and plausible exterior. She was aware that suffrage leaders had se cured the backing of the Federation of Labor In their action In regard to short hours for women. She Is also credibly Informed that at a store In which this measure had been Insisted upon suffragists stationed at the door at the hour for closing halted every woman who passed | out and, with promises of what that federation would do for them should they Join the move ment, and threats of evil consequences to those lacking its protection, extracted from them their | names. Other transactions of a similar char acter have come to the writer's notice. All of which explain "Llla Meade Valentine's" state | ment that "hundreds of self-supporting Rich mond women have given their names In recent months to the suffrage league." Such are the methods of those who are to purify politics when the Virginia Legislature bestows upon them the vote! "If," says Francis Parkman, the historian, In writing of woman's suffrage, "politics are to be purified by artfulness, effrontery, Insensi bility, a pushing self-nssertlon and a glib tongue, then we may look for regeneration." OBSERVER. Richmond, December S, 1914. Queries and Answers " Sodomn. Pleaso tell me who Sodoma was. MISS B. Giovanni Antonio Bazzl, the greatest of the Slenese school of painters. His time was 1417 1549, and his greatest work, "The Flagellation." I'oetry And Pope. Why Is the Pope called tho "wearer of the fisherman's ring"? What is a sonnet? MRS. A. O. B. For a long time the Pope has used to seal his brhfs a rlnfi with a cutting of Saint Peter (the fisherman) In his boat. At the death of a Pope tnis ring is broken and a new one made for tho sutces&or. A sonnet Is a poetical composi tion of fourteen lines, having two stanzas of four lines each and two of three lines each. The arrangement and rhymjng vary. DIpLomntlc History. Please tell me In what book I may find state ment of the events leading to Randolph's resig nation as Secretary of State. E. L. POTTER. Trescott's "Diplomacy of tho - Revolution," pp. 15S, etc. * Centennial Council. Please tell me when and whore the centennial Council of the Episcopal Church In Virginia was held. ROBERT R. WARE. At St Paul's and St. John's, in Richmond, May 20-24, 1885. / THE NEW SIEGE BATTERY! One of the Da>*s Best Cartoons. WITH THE INDIAN ARMY IN FRANCE An Ati|<!<>-(uil1iiu In tlir I.uadou Time*. 1 was In Boulogne the other day. i when I heard that If I went to a cer tain old city of romantic tradition I should And many frietula with whom 1 had yarned over camptlres. The chance was too tempting to resist, though I had to travel by slow trains which dragged themselves along at some eight miles an hour for the best part of , two days. In the morning a flock of sheep and blunt-faced bearded goats driven through a Frcnch boulevard by Pun jabi Mussulmans?who, to ring them round safely, were almost a? numerous ? as their charge?was my first glimpse of the East In the West. One of them ? carried a lamb born In the train. I heard another call out Instinctively in his own language to an old market women who was In danger of being run over by an Indore transport wagon, "Buddhl, Buddhl, nlkal Joo" j (Old woman! old woman! get out of the way.) Following them I paused an Indian bakery, two long rows of domed mud kilns?lepal-ed. as they call it in the East, or plastered with mud but without the concomitant of cow dung. which, to the Indian mind. Is needful for cleanliness. There were a | score of them on either side, each with Its turbaned cook tending the ash Are. One of them told me he came from Jul- ! lundur. These men carry their atmos phere with them. There was nothing ? In that yard hooded with fog to remind him or me that we were not at Jullun- ; dur still on a thick November morn ing. Hash Stuck* of liny. Tho first signal of the camp, if one j omits the mud, was the huge stacks of hay and Indian boussa (chopped straw) covered over with green tar paulin and looking In the mist like Epsom Grandstand. Then came the ! familiar smell of hot chapattles baked | over a wood Are. Soon a dusky group i of camp followers became visible In the gloom, huddling over the ashes in I their thick lllfittlng khaki Jackets and . mufflers and gray swcaterB and bala clava caps. They looked cold, though j the temperature was several degrees , higher than It Is on a winter morn- j lr.g In their native Punjab. "Do you j like this climate?" I asked a bellows j boy from the United Provinces. :'Sahib." j he replied, "It is a very good climate." i But a neighbor qualified his eulogy. | "The sun has been sitting behlml the, cloud /or three days, and he will not | come out, and the earth Is wet. I' or a month or more these men had seen | tunny France at her best, but for some ; days she has not Improved upon the Frenchmen's traditional Image of our , foggy and "nook-6hotten Isle." The most fashionable promenade In i for a long time has been to go to the camp to see le repas des Hindus. La toilette des Sikhs Is another attfac- j tion, even more bizarre and curious,, though as a spectacle, to the fair on- . looker al least, requiring some con- | cession of modesty. The native sol- ] tilers do not frequent the city as a rule j unless they are marching through, so the cltoyenne must bestow her offer- , Ings on the humbler camp followers. The daughter of the concierge will run out Into the street and pin her tricolor! to the coat of a Mussulman driver. Tho blanchlsseuso will hold out a cigarette ; bashfully to a Sikh farrier, who In. forbidden by all the laws of his Gurus to smoke. Her child perhaps will be honored by a joy ride In the mule transport wagon as far as the corner of the street. The ilomnnce of the Ennt. The cult of the Asiatic, always strong in France, is now, thanks t*o the added sentiment for the brave ally, almost an i obsession. A young princeling in my I hotel is embarrassed by many kind smiles and glances. A motorcar will drive up and disgorge a bevy or heavily-furred ladies In the lounge where ho is sitting. All through de jeuner their eyes will wander to him. The Interest, of course, Is half military and patriotic, and half due to the ro mance that dwells in everything re- . mote. Moreover, his coat betrays j decorations suggestive of unfamiliar chivalry. The young chief takes the j Incident Ih the very beat of good taste, managing somehow to give this silent demonstration the air of a natlona | rather than a personal tribute of good will. If there is a child In the group, he will pat him on the cheek or ofTer him a bar of chocolate, and they will all laugh naturally together. The en^fente permeats all classes. An officer over tho way has a whiter turbaned Madrassi bearer, dark as Ge henna, who is the Idol of-the j101?' staff, and is taken out to the banlleuea on Sundays, with all due observance of hospitable.rites, to be shown to curious relations. His presence Is a distinct financial gain to the restaurant that his master frequents. The Problem of Food. Of the composition of the camp I must say nothing, but the mere cata logue of creeds and castes from which the Indian expeditionary force Is drawn will suggest to any one who knows the East the most ?complicated prrtbiams 61 ctthirttiasAHAL The OUrk i- ha, the Rajput and other Hindus will cat ?oat or mutton, provided the ani mal has been killed In a special and Orthodox way. The disgust which the strict Hindu feels at physical contact with beef la so intense that he will sometimes vomit ut tho sight of It; the prejudice Is so Inveterate that Mo hammondans who are the descendant* of Hindu converts cannot reconcile themselves to the taste. Happily, pork, the .Moslem abomination, does not com plicate the question of army rations. Hut the crux is not so much the nature o' the meat to be provided as t!: ? manner In which it Is killed an<l ^eookt.l. In the case of shoep the Sikh villager's gorne will rise when he seos meat prepared by the Mohammendan butcher, who kills by t,ie halal, ot throat-cutting stroke. Just us the Mo hammedan feels It an outrage that meal should be hung up for sale that has been killed by the Jatka trvi stroke at the back of the neck af fected by the Sikhs. In France now a certain amount of tinned mutton Is ?>aten willingly by the troopp, but the great hulk of cprnmlssarlat meat must be sent alive to railhead and ?lain thehe In accordance with prescribed rites. Hence the herd of sheep and goats In the boulevard. I fouud an old abattoir full of thoin?goats from hIL the hills of France, from Corsica and Dauphlne and the Cevenues, from stony L.anguedoo and Rouslllon on the Spanish border, and bearded giants from the pvrenees, which, standing 91* end. might pluck the leaves from the shlsham like a young camel, a breed which Is likely more than anything else to Inspire the Indian with rev erence for th? virtue of the soil. ObncrvInK Ilellffiou* Itllca. That the men may know whether they are eating clean or unclean flesh, unjts are detached to a point, railhead, where each man, be he Mo hammedan, Sikh or Hindu, dispatches his beast by his own peculiar sacri ficial stroke, marks It as clean and sends it on to his comrades In the trenches. No beef Is killed at the front, as the mere proximity of a Mohammedan slaughter house might carry pollution to the Hindus. Kor drink the army rations of the Indian troops Is run, but the Mohammedan, being debarred by the prophet froir all fermented liquor, Is given an extra ration of su gar and tea. The huga being too cum brous an article for service equipment. | the Indian soldier receives two pack ets of cigarettes a week. Even the ! transport animals have their Inpralneu fads, a kind of caste fastidiousness. Indian mules and countrybreds. who 1 might be having the time of their llvef. nose suspiciously our sweet English hay, preferring their own chopped straw, the dryest of provender. If an I English cavalry regiment ever finds itself fobbed oft with Indian fodder. 1 men and horses show disgust In their. ! own way. The Gurkha is proverbially an ac commodating person and gives his British officer, with whom he Is on the friendliest possible terms, an little dif ficulty as possible. But in Bombay ' when a regiment was embarking the | question arose as to whether they would eat frozen meat. A conclave 01 officers decldtd that It would be better to put the case to the men. The Su badar was called, and, after a Uttl? wrinkling of the eyebrow, said: I think, Sahib, the regiment will be wil ling to eat the iced sheop provided one of them Is always present to see the animal frozen to death." A Science the Germnn* Lack. There are other complications, but these are typical. The strict law is 1 often aggravated or modified in me case .of men of the same denomination i by local or regimontal Influence and I tradition. The point Is that these men need sympathetic handling; that they are playing their proud part In our war is u proof that they have received it. It must be remembered that little more than a hundred years ago the Sikhs were smearing Mohammedan mosques with the blood of swine, and the Mohammedans were fouling the Sikh Gurudwara with Blain cattle. That these races who used to kill each other at sight should now be flght i ing side by side for the British Baj I against Germany Is a phenomenon that ! should make the disciples of Trelt schke look Into their political philos ophy. What would Germany do with an Eastern empire If she won It, when her national vanity sanctifies Itself in the faith that It Is her mission to cor rect or destroy all humanity that ie not German-thinking? Here 16 another text for the sermon or Bernhdrdl's "blologlcally-Just war" and one which the Prussian professor^ have miffed. Germany has certainly not got a ??touch." As a student of human hi? ture she 18' Imperfect. The knowledge of the heart of man Is perhaps the ope lore which she has not reduced to An exnet science. In Alsace she has failed Intact; In Belgium In loving kind} nesH It is doubtful If she can mat* thp Oriental love her. If. without losl k her appalling slnglemlndedness, she lould I s? nd out a few hundred young men j every year of the type that lead our Indian troops, she would be a mote formidable rival for world power.