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Weekly Bureau of In
formation for All Who Till the Soil or Are in terested in Making Homes AGRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT All Inquiries and comiunnlcnttooa addrrnned to The 'Mme?-DI?pntch will r?r?lvf prompt attention. Thin drpartmrut will apprnr rich .Mondnj, and contributions or ?tiKjce<it lo tin will be welcomed. Facts for Farmers, Stock Breeders, Poultry Raisers, Orchardists, Truckers and Gar deners?Queries and Answers "\ WINTER FEED FOR THE DAIRY COW During tho winter months it is i?en erally found dllllcult tt> provide such food as is necessary for tho dairy cow to keep \ip the regular flow of milk. At this Benson of the year feed in generally scarce?the proper kind for the dairy cow?and that which we have on han.l Is often of an Inferior quality. After coming off the creen fresh j grass they do not relish such dry feed. 't and. being of an Inferior quality, one will soon notice a great decrease In the flow of milk. Kor this reason it is very important for tho farmer to try and provide an j abundance of different feeds to make j up for this dry or inferior feed. Of course. the How of milk cannot j be kept up to what they give during i the spring and summer when pastured. hut with plenty of first-class hay, such : as alfalfa and good clover, ami fine I feed for bran and cornmenl kept on ! band that It may be fed liberally two or three times a day as slops, there will not be so much decrease in the milk supply, after all. That is. if it is given to them liberally and regularly. Do not think it is a waste to feed such feed when there isn't anything j but dry hay of some kind to feed on. ' On the latter, tlie# cow can barely j maintain her flesh. much less keep up the milk supply. When e have good clover hay and i alfalfa, not so much of the bran, fine feed or meal is required, as both, when cured properly, are very strong feeds and cattle thrive 011 them. I am not going to attempt to give tlie amount that should be fed. as I leave that for the dairyman to decide* for himself. What 1 wish to Impress upon the reader's mind Is this: Tho necessity of having on hand always a liberal supply of bran, meal, fine feed, ( etc., to go with the dry hay or corn j fodder, which Is generally of an In- j fcrlor quality, fed at this season of the year. Without the above feed mentioned, | it Is Impossible for the dairyman to obtain good results during the season when cattle are not pastured. Apples should be kept Just above the ?' freezing point In the cellar, if possible. Potatoes at a temperature of 40 de Krees and squash in a dry place where they will not freeze. The squashes should be fed early In the winter, as under ordinary storage conditions they cannot be depended upon for long keeping. Of the apples, the culls of the early winter varieties are, of course, first used. Those of the longer-keeping varieties may be reserved for later feeding. A bran mash with chopped beets or carrots stirred into It Is a great treat, and is a beneficial form of feeding which should be offered occasionally. Be sure that the bran or meal offered to the cow Is sweet and good, or trouble may result. The corn stalks may be fed once a day and clover or oat hay at another meal. The last meal of the day being the bran and vegetable mixture. Squashes and large beets should al ways be partly cut up, as they are dlfllcult for a cow to manage when whole. DO YOU MAKE THE MOST OF FARM MANURE? of all fertilizers, farm fertilizers?'j farm manure?Is the oldest nnd still j the most popular. ft consists of the ! liquid and solid excreta of farm stock, j and the little on which the extrement i is dropped. i Spreading I'roflt* on the Klclds. A well-kept manure heap may he safely taken as one of the surest indi cations of thrift and success In farm- j ing. Neg 1 -".v of ithis resource causes i losses, which* though little appreciated, j are vast in extent. Waste of manure is both so common as to breed in- i difference, and so silent as to escape I notice. i According' to recent statistics there are in the 1'niterl States in round num- j hers, 2S.3O0.nort horses and mules, 70,- J 000.000 cattle. 49,000.0.10 hogs, and T.7.- j f>00.000 sheep Experiments Indicate | that !f these animals were kept in i stalls or pen" '.!iruui;hoiit the year, and 1 the manure carefully saved, the ap- | proximate value of the fertilizing eon- | stitu? nts of the manure producod by i each horse or mule annually would lie $.'7; bv each head of cattle. $-0; by ??ach hog, $4, and bs each sheep, I The fertilizing value of the manure | produced by the difT? rent classes of | farm animals iti the 1'nited States, j would, therefore, he for horses nnd mules, $764,100,.tort; cattle, Jl.4o0.000.-j <>oO; hogs, $*.;? vooo.'ioo. and sheep, $11 a,- j 000,000; or a total of $2,177,10 3,000. j These estimates are baaed on the' value usually assigned to phosphoric , add. potash and nitrogen in cominer- j cial fertilizers, and are possibly some- I ?hat too high from a practical stand point. On the other hand. It must be borne in mind that no account Is taken of the value >>f manure for improv- i ing the rnei hanical condition and drain age of soils, a consideration fully as I important as the direct fertilizing \ alue. It is fair to assume that at least one-third of the value of the manure is annually lost through careless meth od? of management: am) this estimate is conservative. Even at tills figure we have the tremendous sum of $825, 700.000 ap the annua! loss in the 1'nited States. This condition Is the more un fortunate, because practically all of it could be prevented. Vol Too Hun?- to lio to School. Alvin Kamseyer is one of the good farmers of his State, no matter what State he lives in. Me owns a farm of lis acres, on which lie lias nineteen and three-quarters miles of tiie'dralns. In fact, he * as tile placed forty feot apart all over his farm. Me follows a rotation of potatoes, wheat and clover, the farm t?eirig equally divided among the three crops. Ii?ist year Mr. Ilatnsever liar vested an average <?!" 12f. bushels of potatoes per acre, which In* sold at Xf. cents per bushel, ii.- uses 1.000 pounds of a 4-16-10 home-mixed fertilizer per acre on his potatoes, and finds that it pays well. Mr. Kamseyer is a wry busy man, but he finds time to manage the ar rangements for the farmers' day at tlit local Chautauqua, helps to arrange for the agricultural extension school and the farmers' Institutes, nnd always plane to take the eight-weeks' course in agriculture given at the college ?>f agriculture of his State In January and February. LAND SHOULD BE DRAINED of tin* several conditions which in fluence the Krowth of crops none is more important than the nmount of water in or on the soil. While water in a thin tllm around the soil grains is an absolute necessity to plants, and j On mi riglity-ncre Held tlirre system* i of tile ilraliinKe were iU'iT??nrj. This ' shown the nilvniilnKi' with which tno i neighbors run co-opernte In iiuttliiK In ii line of tile. An obstacle so trivnl ' iin ii lino fence should not l?c permitted to prevent economical dralnnp;e. The ' owner of tills limd says thnt tile |>nj-i? for Itself every year," mid thnt IIStK) rx prnded on tile lins rained the vnlne of the eighty ncren 91,04)0. | excess is as had as a deficiency. Too I imiph water is detrimental because: 1 It makes areas so soft that they ennnot lie cultivated. When these soft places are long and narrow in form, they cut the upland into irregular pieces that cannot lie cultivated con veniently. 2. It delays cultivation, particularly In the spring. 3. It makos soil cold; (a) becautje In the spring more than half of tho heat that the soil receives is used to warm this unnecessary water: tb) be cause its evaporation consumes heat that the soil could otherwise retain; <c) because its presence In the soil prevents the entrance and downward movement of rainfall, which in the spring: is usually warmer than tho soil. 4. It crowds out the oxygon from between the soil grains, thus hinder ing the necessary decomposition of or ganic matter in the soil. f>. It prevents all crop growth whero It stands on the soil to a nufTlclont depth. Where It stagnates only a few inches from the surface of the soil, it prevents healthy root development be low that depth. Tho shallow root system thus developed limits the depth from which the plant may get water, and with it plant food material. BRIEF NOTES THOUGHT OUT BY THE WAYSIDE Separate the breeding stock from the fattening hogs, also separate tho larger from the smaller ones. Great fun chopping down the use less live trees and chopping the dead ones on the ground. There is a right way and a wrong way to prune any fruit tree. ISach kind requires a different method of pruning, and it is Important that the requirements of ench kind be under stood. In order to handle the apple crop the grower should be provided with picking ladders, picking baskets, a grading table, a barrel press and bar rels for the apples. Apples should be picked with the stem Intact anil handled carefully to avoid bruising. Bruised apples do not keep well. The aggressiveness of the American people is sure to place this country at the head of nations in the world's trade. The distant apart that trees aro set is governed by tho kind and variety to be planted. Now is a Rood lime to organize a j community study club. Some of the j meetings might well be devoted to a , Btudy of garden flowers, shrubs and j vegetables. "Better Home Surround- | ltiKs" hi a topic that should be of in- j tere.Ht to all. i See that all weeds. grass and leaves are removed from around the apple j trees. This sort of trash makes a ! good home for mice, and they like the I green bark of apple treep. A little alcohol and water rubbed quickly on the window panes and I wiped dry will make them bright and i shining. | Corn fodder or boards tied on the j south sido of apple o'r bnsswood trees will protect them from sunscald. Alfalfa seed is expensive, and the | heavier yields of hay are riot usually | secured until the second or third year j or later. It will facilitate the. work of plant- | ing the orchard if the land is laid out , In straight rows the distance apart j the trees are to be planted. After providing plenty of windows,' a coat of whitewash will add greatly , to the light of the stables. I"roteet I he llimr*. Hoses must be Riven particular atten-l tion. They seem to be In a class by I themselves so fat as winter protcc- i tion is concerned. My plan Is to bend j the bushes tint, and cover with dry soil, after which a covering Is givenj that will exclude rain. My experience ( has been that wet soil about the j branches does about as much harm to! the plants as exposure to the weather of winter would. Hut if moisture can be kept out, a i five or six-Inch covering of dry earth I almost always brings iny tviulerest hybrid perpetuals through in pretty good shape. Of course, I expect to! shorten their canes about half, but I would do that anyway, In order to in duce the production of good, strong j i branches front near the base of the, plant. Old oilcloth, linoleum or can- 1 1 v.i9 will prevent rain from soaking into the soil better than anything elso ; I know of, but common tarred roofing [is ?ood. So is a roof of thin boards I laid shingle fashion, if care is taken to give it enough slant. \ i:lue of Market Report*. The farmer who fails to keep fully. I informed as t<i the condition of the! markets anil the value of the products; which he has for sale is making a I serious business mistake. Such a mis-1 i take, if made in any other business, ? , would mean Immediate bankruptcy. Most buyers of stock and produce are, I not philanthropists, but are looking, j for the dollars, and they usually look | j closely. They are also well posteit , concerning the market value. Th?-re is no excuse In these modern times for dereliction in this, respect on i the part of farmers. The mall brings ! the dally newspapers containing the ; market reports, and the telephone may ! be brought into use when required. Keep in touch with the markets, es | peelally for those products which yon have for sale or may soon have to offor. CURING AND KEEPING SMOKED MEAT Meat that is to be cured should al ways be thoroughly cooled and be cut Into convenient sizes, before it Is put into tItc brine or packed in dry salt. The nieces most commonly used for this purpose are ham. shoulder and bacon pieces from pork; and the cheaper outs, such ns the plate, shoul der and chuck ribs, of beef. Mutton is very seldom cured and preserved, but is mostly used fresh. All tlio pieces that are to go through the cur ing: process should be well trimmed, so as to have no ragged edges or scraggy ends left, as these portions will become dry and be practically wasted. The two methods ot curing meat that are commonly used are the brine process and dry-curing. Urine-cured meats arc probably the best for farm use. for several reasons. In the first place, on most farms it is Impossible to secure a desliable place in which to dry-cure. It is also less trouble to handle the moat when brine-cured; as the only attention that it requires is to properly prepare and pack the meat In the vessel, and prepare the brino for it. Whereas, in the case of the dry-curing method, it requires consid erable time to rub and salt the. meat at different times. During moderate weather, smoked meat may be left In the smoke-house for some time. . The house should ho kept, perfectly <lark, and well enough ventilated to prevent dampness. A dry, cool cellar or attic, with freo cir culation. will be a satisfactory pl&co for smoked meats at all seasons. If It Is kept dark and the files are ex cluded. If to be held only a short time, hams and bacon will need only to l>e hung out separately, without covering. For longer keeping, it will bo necessary to wrap them tlrst in waxed paper and then In burlap, canvas or muslin, and to hang them In an an airy, cool place; the object being to gain a uniform temperature and to keep away Insects. IN AND OUT AMONG THE COWS Cleanliness first, last and all tho time, should bo tho watchword of every dairyman. If the salt Ib not woll mixed through the butter It will crystallize on the out side and probably make the butter streaked. We may look at the silage question from any angle and we are forced to accopt it as the cheapest food known for stock. When we go out to buy dairy cows do we not always find a scarcity of good ones a^id too many poor ones? in breeding, thercforo, this Is a fact to be remembered. Many good cows that are well bred and well fed and given proper care utterly fall as milk producers hecause they do not have a good stable during tho winter. Wheat bran is a good dairy feed nnd generally speaking. It is a good sup plement to other grain feeds. Even with the greatest care, it is hard to keep the cow stable ventilated as It should bo. ? We never owned a cow that was a farge milker that was not a big Arlnker and any cow will drink much more In a warm Btable than she will in a cold one. Grinding corn for the cattle makes more beef ami less pork from the same .mount of corn. If the hogs follow the cattle it does not pay to grind, especially when hogs are about as high In price as cattle, for generally the combined amount of beef and pork is greater from whole corn than from ground corn. i In <hr Clilrkm Yard, Have the sand and dry-dirt boxes in i Rood shape. Mens need the dust. The ! sand is l)?*st for grinding, and should | hi* placed in hoppers that no dirt may ! become mixed with it. Have hoppers for the mash feed, ho arranged that the hens can't net their > feet in. They should never l>e allowed to cat tilth. Feed them feed. Meat in some form should be sup plied to the fowls. They need protein, and in beef scraps this is found in good quantities. Good beef scraps | contain from 50 to fit) per cent. It ' should be well aired and clean. I.ocate as many ej;if customers in ? the nearest city as you are able. Keep j the profits that usually go to the j lirocer and commercial agent for your- j nelf. Cash for ckks Is the best way to I success. A most popular bird at thin scnson. I.tlckv Indeed 1h tl?c farmer who hr?M n large tloek of tlient to Nell. RIGHT FEED GIVES' HARD-SHELLED EGGS The feeding of hens for the produc tion of hard-shelled figps, not easily breakable In handling, is possible nnd demands attention. Shells vary preat ly in strength. A strong, heavy shell is not nearly so likely to be broken by the Jars, Jolts and rough handling in cident to ordinary shipment no a weaK one. Chemical analysis shows that the shell of the egg is largely carbonate of lime, but that it also contains carbon ate of magnesia, mineral phosphato and some organic matter. If strong shells are to be produced, the mineral elements must not he lacking. Grains that are ordinarily fed do not contain these mineral elements In suillclent r. The Poultry Section V,s proportions, and an additional and separate supply la necessary. Fortun ately. these mineral elements arc avail able in much cheapor forms than in grains. I^lme Is the principle Ingro dlent of oyBter shells, which may ho procured for .about J12 a ton. Iron, I magnesia and often phosphorus in j many kinds of artificial grit, may bo I procured for about the same price. I wlille these elements In grain would cost at least double these flgureB. Hone meal contains phosphorus In appreciable amounts. besides lime, magnesia, etc., and, while expensive. It Is effective In Riving the shell an even ness and fineness of texture which adds much to its strength. It is, there fore. often used as an Ingredient for dry mashes for laying flocks, usually in amount varying from 3 to 5 per cent. Kggs thai won't break give the 1 poultryman greater profits than eggs | that will. Make your liens lay the non [ breakable, kind. 'fixing up the CHICKEN-HOUSE "Have you fixed up the chlcken : house?" This question was recently asked at a meeting of farmers, and ; only one raised his hand in the afllrma \ tlve. i outside?N'all down loose battens. I siding, shingles or roofing. Put in whole glass where any is broken. Use building paper, rather than bank ing, for the latter Is often wet from the eaves and causes dampness. Inside?If the house is of wood and single-boarded, line it with building ( paper of some kind. The roosting I chamber should have two or three | thicknesses of paper overhead and on | all sides. This Is commonly formed by the roof and sides of the building, and the dropping boards for the floor. As tho dropping boards are com monly 3 feet 8 Inches wide, this width will admit of using three roosts, which may be made of poles, or 2x4's, sllfthtly rounded, nailed edgewise on cross pieces of CxS resting on the dropping hoards. The length of the three roosts will be determined by the number of | fowls, allowing eight feet for twelve [ hens. The roosting chamber must be made larger or smaller, according to the j number of fowls kept, by a movable j partition of light framework, covered j ; with cloth or building paper. A cur. I j tain of muslin or- burlap, or some ! \ other material, is hung In front of the j j roosts, to prevent drafts and conserve | i the natural heat of the flock. By the \ [ vise of the partition and curtain, the! ! comfort of the flock may be maintained j in all kinds of weather. Ample nest-room should be pro- > vldcd, for supplying which cracker- j boxes may be divided and placed on | supports beneath the dropping-boards. Wight nests are sufficient for twenty- 1 i five hens. j A dust-box should be placed in front t of a window, and kept filled with slft i ed hard-coal ashes. i There should be a hopper for dry mash on the wall: alBO one for grit, shells and charcoal. j A water-table should also be pro I vided, so that the water may not bo I easily tipped over, or filled with 111 ter when the hens are scratching. Tho ! floor, of whatever kind, should be cov '? ered with litter to the depth of six Inches; and this should be renewed as i often as It becomes foul or damp. The t grain feed should be scattered In the ! litter, to Induce exercise. ; Ventilation?It is conceded that the ; muslin front gives the best ventlla I tlon. Too much glass will cause the ! house to bo too warm when the sun ! shines, and too cold at other times. At j least one-half of the open surface j should be covered with muslin, burlap 1 or some other cloth material. In a j house with gable room, a straw-loft I may furnish sufficient ventilation. Hens j will lay .well In any house that Is dry | and comfortable, If fed a well-balanced j ration of farm-grown feeds.?X. E. I Chapman. Tlif Old-Fanlilonrd 1'irmcr. The man of the soil Is ft well-equippcil personage In spite of nil his seeming deficiencies. He can't atop to theorize when things want doing. He must ploil along and get work out of the way. Sometimes a couple of hours ] means the saving of a bifj field of hay | or corn. The man on the Job has to know how and haB to act on the hour. ! A hurry-up call to get In live or six loads of hay before rain falls or to finish planting a field of fjrain means quick work and hard sweating hustle. The practical farmer meets all such problems as a matter of course. Usu ally he does not brag about what he accomplished. That is one trouble? he doos not know how to put up a bluff and a lot of people think he does j not know anything. 1 want to say i that it Is really marvelous what the old-fashioned farmer knows and docs. An n l>'orm Hand See* It. It is a little different down South, where the negro, mostly unreliable. ! always bobs up when the farm labor! proposition comes In for discussion. I But, in time, will come, maybe the ISu ropean War will hasten It along, when we can consider it from the same stand point as do our Western and Northern friends. In this connection, tin- fol lowing from "A Knrm Hand," is inter esting: Some of the arguments used by union organizers are that unless we or ganize our conditions will be as bad as ' they are England. I don't believe the time will ever come in America when farm workmen will be treated as slaves ?half-fed, overworked and poorly paid. American farmers, so far as I can judge by twenty years of experience, are disposed to treat workmen decent ly and pay fair wages. Of course, there arc exceptions, but as a rule a good workman who does not watch the 8?m too closely and who Is willing iind Industrious 1h appreciated. The claon of ? In??can 'ar?n workmen Is a great deal better than In Kngland now, and J18 . 0 condition of our farms la stead ily Improving the quality of workmen will grow better, not worse. Advlnlnc Firmfn. A. N. Miller, a successful farmer of the Middle West, writes: "Sometimes I fell annoyed at the freedom with which people give ad vlco to fnrmers. At times It looks as though all the farmers needed guard ians. Judging by the amount of unso licited advice they receive from cltv people. I do not mean to resent good, timely, sensible talk giving now ideas or practical suggestions. We all need that. Every branch of huslncn.s Is helped by an Interchango of views, but It will relieve my mind to say that the average farmer knows his business better than other people possibly can. "'The chief trouble with the man In the country Is that he Is what thev call unsophisticated. Ho does not put up much of a front. Ilo is slow and careful, but that docs not mean that he is stupid. "Some of the best thinkers 1 have ever known were men who could not express themselves woll and could not meet people In a bright way and let them know what was on their minds. "Such farmers make poor bargains. They buy wrong and sell wrong and are apt to be imposed upon by k111> brokers, agents, merchants and other city people with whom they have to do business." BIG MEN IN MARKET ARE BULLISH ON WHEAT Price* Are <iolng I'p, but Illnhrr Klg nrt'M Kail to firing Out (irnrral Selling. C11ICAOO. December 20.?The bin: men in the grain market In Chicago, as well as elsewhere, are on the bull side of wheat?not only In the futurea, but In the cash as well. One of the leading men in this market, whose house controls more or less cash wheat, is James A. Patten, a member of the 11 rm of Hartlett, Krazler .t Co. Some of the other large speculators here ?re also bullish. At Minneapolis nearly the entire milling and grain trade is bullish on wheat. The same conditions exist at Winnipeg, as well ns In both the large southwestern markets. At New Vork and Baltimore there are many bulls on wheat. A big grain concern received a tele cram from Hastings, Neb., on Satur day, saying there had been an almost complete let-up In the movement of wheat, and as that section of the West has been furnishinR large quantities of hard winter wheat, not only to Chl. oago. but to Minneapolis millers, as well as exporters, the cessation of shipments will be strongly felt and will prove a bullish factor. The Updike Company, of Omaha, says the wheat of Nebraska has been cleaned up, and that bids of 120 1-4 sent out on Friday night, and which is equal to the Chicago price, failed to draw out any selling worthy of mention. With the present abnormally bullish conditions surrounding the wheat market, prices would he much higher with the public In that grain on tho buying side Corn has held up well in price, not only because there has been a better demand on export account, but mainly because of the great strength display ed In ca?l> corn and the general belief thai foreigners will require more of the gojden cereal than they have been buying heretofore. Oats have held their own in price and the export demand Is now on the Increase. Conditions surrounding the provision market point to an Improved business In lard. INCHtASt OF KATES MARKET'S CHIEF EVENT All Olbrr IlnpprloKi of W>fk Are Sub ordinated to Final Victory for Ilallroarin. NEW YORK, December 20.?All other events of the last week itj the securities market. which Included re newal of dealings In the full stork list, were subordinated to the Inter- , state Commerce Commission's decision granting increased freight rates on the railroads In the Eastern territory. The importance and extent of the action, which nfTocts more than 1.000 roads was the subject of much debate. It would appear, however, that the in - j creases, which exclude such Important ; commodities as coal and Iron ore. aver- ; age from 3% to 4 per cent on at least SO per cent of total trallln. Stock prices reacted from the first upward rush of the week and were nt lowest level when news of the decision became known. This resulted In a general i recovery, though In no Instance to Tuee- I day's high level, when full dealings j were restored. The higher range of that day evi dently attracted some foreign selling. 1 but not enough in Itself to make a marked impression on values. Monetary conditions showed steady improvement, the plan for a London credit fund being dropped. The cotton loan pool began operations, although it j is still felt that this device Is merely j nominal, now that the loosening of j bank credits through natural channels: has become so general. Reductions of : discounts of various Federal reserve banks offer added proof of this condi- ! tlon. Foreign exchange continued to inako , further response to increasing favor- ! able trade, balance, the week being< marked by heavy exports of cotton, j fteichsmarks went steadily lower, the | outcome, it was thought, of German; sales of our stocks, and hills on London were decidedly easier. The week's unfavorable factors in- j volved dividend reductions by several ! of the more important railroads and ! poor returns of trafllc income for No- j vember. In addition, the record acre- : age for winter wheat was offset by its low condition, as reported by the government. Do You Know how to make edges cut? One way is to" keep an Account here which vou can check on in the usual way and at same time receive 3 per cent interest on whatever balances you maintain. We cordially invite the reader to open an Account. Virginia Trust Co. 1106 East Main Street. Richmond, Va. Our Own Resources - - . - $2,700,000 Investments Held in Trust - - $5,000,000 Established 1892. PEOPLE OF JERUSALEM IN TERRIBLE PLIGHT Dread In Not of MnHMifrr, llul of Starvation?Jcitk >'un Are Abso lutely Dependent <>n C'bitrlty. I Correspondence of Associated I'resn.l l.ONDON, Decembor 20.?The terrible plight of the Inhabitants of Jcnlsulem i Is revealed In the following special dls-1 patch to the London Jewish Chron icle from Jerusalem: "The cloud of anxiety and distress ? which has been hitnging over Jeru-I sulem since Turkey decided to mobilize,' lias culminated In horror. The American tlug fllea over the British consulate,! meaning that the ICnglish are left to the protection of the United States. The Anglo-l'alentlne bank files the' same flag, and on the premises of the HusbIuii consulate the Italian colors llout. In Jerusalem the .lews number about 50,000 aliens, but the town Is quiet. The dread Is not of massacre, but of starvation. For more than a month I now, of more than CO,000 Jows, 40,000 have been dependent upon the charity Iof the world, and * that charity hns ceased for the time hoing. The Amer ican relief fund of J50.000, the second installment of money from America, has Just arrived, hut Is for Zionist pur poses. "It was brought by Maurice Werth eln. son-in-law of Ambassador Mor genthau. It has been splendid aid, but. of course, cannot meet the situa tion. Of this fund 47 per cent catno to Jerusalem, 40 per cent being spent j in soup kitchens, where a plate of soup ; anil bread Is served once a day. The other 7 per cent Is to serve as a loan ' fund for workmen and also for the J sale of foodstuffs at cost price. "The inen chosen by America or j their agents are: Kphralm Oupman, ! In Jerusalem: Dr. A. Ruppln, In Jaffa, ] and Mr. Avonsohn, in the Palestine Col ! lege." ' Plentiful lee llarrent. I rSpecial to The Times-Dispatch.] j LYNCH HUltCl, VA? December 20.? , People In the sections around Lynch burg during the past week have har j vested lee from three to four Inches In thickness. It is very unusual for the ! rural sections to gather Ice In central Virginia before January or February. WEEK'S TRADE IN COTTON SENDS PRICES SKYWARD i (iainn of 20 to HI Points Scored In Kn tnrew-? Heavy Cleornnee for Kurope llnve lleen Made. | NEW OltLKANS. December 20.?Cot j ton futures made a net gain of 20 to !?l points as the result of last week's | trading. The market had a good un dertone throughout the week as the result of buying, which was stimulated t by increasing exports, large mill tak ! Ings, ami the demand for spots In the : interior. I Kxports were larger than during any week this season. Not only was the Pay City T axes ROOM 107. CITY HALL. Richmond, Va.. Dec. 1, 1914. THIS LAST HALF OK CITY TAXES ?REAL ESTATE ANIi PERSONAL? for 1914 A ME DUE IN DECEMBER. AND .SHOULD BE PAID AT THIS OFFICE. EVERY MALE, Twenty-one years of arc. and EVERY person keeping houso t or doinK business In the city, la as sessed for uersonal taxes. Tboso who ? nave not paid any city taxes during' the year are ur^ed to call and settle, -o us to avoid being: posted as delinquents. i FIVE PER CENT will be udded to ' last half if not paid on or before DE- i CEMUER 31. Interest at SIX PER CENT also ? attaches to all bills as soon as reported delinquent. Particular attention Is called to the above, as under the city ordinance thera can be no avoidant of tlie penalty. GRADIN'J, PAVING AND SEWER CONNECTION RILLS are also due and payable. FIVE PER CENT penalty j wlli be added to all 1914 pradlnj;, pav- | Inj? and sewer connection bills NOT i PAID RY JANI.'ARY 31. 1915. SOUTH RICHMOND TAXES, ETC., ; must be paid at tho ofllce of DEPUTY COLLECTOR. Tenth and Hull Streets, i Town Taxes for Highland Park. : North Richmond, Rarton Heights anj Olnter Park also payable In December I at this ofllce. Five per cent penalty . added after December 31, 1914. H. L. Hulce, City Collector, City of Richmond. j FINANCIAL. I ? S Gibson & Moore <j I s | INSURANCE 1 1 % 111-112 Mutual BIdg. |i s S movement big. but freight brokei stated that forward freight engage ments were largo enough to warrat the prediction that clearances would t heavy for some time to comc. Statistics of .the week showed thn the total amount of cotton afloat fc lCuropo from this country was actuall larger than It wuh at this time lai year, the figures being 831,000 bale against 795,?l)0. This week's business, necessarily will be restricted by the approach c tho holidays. The market will clo* on Thursday night until Monda; Traders on both shies will bo more In (Mined to even up than to enlarge thel holdings. The movement of cotton at tho port will be closely watched because c forecasts of the bulls that end of Dt i comber engagements are very largt Further large clearances will be i further mislalnlng Influence of 1m i portancc. On the other hand, bearB ox pect that this week will see consld i crable cotton offered In tho Interlo i by farmers who want to realize Christ inas money and they expect such of | firing to be a pressure of the marke Ofllelal VI*It to Knight*. [.Special to The Tlmes-I.)lspatch.] IjYNCII BURG, VA? December 20. | ltobert F. Taylor, grand commando i of the Virginia Knlfhts Templars, wll I pay an ofllelal visit to DeMolay Com j mandery hero to-morrow night. York River Line 1 Holiday Trips to Baltimore Special Hound Trip Hate, $3.50. Datei [of sale, Dec. 1C to 25, Inc.. Dec. 31 am | Jan. 1. Final limit Jan. 5. 1915. I Regular nil-year-round trip rate! ' $4.50; limited 30 days. For further Information, apply H. L. I Bishop. D. I'. A.. 907 K. Main Street. FINANCIAL. The Best Xmas Gift 8IOO.OO?CHRISTMAS DAY?#100.00 I One of our Christinas Income I'ol j Ides, paying your beneficiary $100.00 every Christmas Day. j We want agents to sell them and other forms of Dlfe Insurance In the Oldest Company In America. We teach you the business. Address: SA.M1KL n. I.OVK, Manager. T1IE MITCAIi I.IKK INSURANCE-: COMPANY OK NEW YORK, rtOO Mutual Butldtnjgt RICHMOND, YA. ^RICHMOND! ? TRUST ! SAVINGS VCOMPANY. Main and Sfvrntk. was a wise man. Ho said: "At a great penny worth, pauso awhile; many are ruined buying bargains." How true this is! [f he were living to day, he would nd vise all young men and women to start the New Year with a savings account, and to stand clear of extravagance and wildcat schemes. This bank allows 3% interest month ly, and will show you how to invest safely when you get $100 or more. One Million Dollars Capital | Our Home Company g ^ INCORPORATED 1852. ;? \ Virginia Fire & Marine Insurance Co. | S XSTE INVITE YOUR SCRUTINY gg ^ AND SOLICIT YOUR PATRONAGE ? | Assets $1,730,370.00 \ First National Bank MAIN AND NINTH. Capital and Surplus . . . $ 3,000,000 Deposits > 13,375,000 Resources Over . . . . 20,000,000 Established 1865.