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Richmond times-dispatch. (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, December 26, 1914, Image 1

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The Wont At) Column* are ?
directory of Information. Do
you atlvertlaef
Bring roar copy to-day. Heal
Katate. If? alaena Chance*. Hoard
era Wanted, Help Wanted.
NUMBER 19,941.
Deep Snow Falls on Big Holiday !
for First Time in Five
Clubs and Private Homes- Keep
Open House in True Yule
tide Spirit.
Richmond gazed sleepily out of front
ed windows yesterday morning to look
upon tho first white Christmas In five
yearn. To he sure," there had been a
foretaste Saturday afternoon. It had
snowed in a desultory way, but the
flakes had melted as fast as they fell.
The night hours of Christmas Eve were
cold and claminy. with a ehllliiiK wind
from the sea.
With the ushering In of Christmas
Day came the snow. It began falling
shortly after 4 o'clock yesterday morn
ing?a heavy flaky snow that small
boys lovo because It "packs." Hy 8
o'clock in the morning It lay two
Inches thick. Two hours later, when
sleepy Christinas Eve revelers yawned
and wondered If It was too late for
church, the white carpet had attained
a thickness of four inches Snow fell
without stop all day, covering the city
' with a blanket eight or ten inches In
Not since 1909 has Richmond had
snow on I'hrlstmas Day. Last year It
rained. In the last thirty-eight years
there have been only ten In v.hifh snow
and Christmas came together. The
white Christmas Days of this lonu
period came in 1S7C, 1879, 1&S7, 1S91,
1902. 190.1. 19M. 190S. 1909 and 1914.
To speak unrornantlcally, the snow
was brought bv the storm which was
central yesterday over Alabama and
Georgia. The storm induced vapor
laden winds from the sea which, com
ing in contact with cold winds from
i in- northwest, caused a general pre
cipitation over the North Atlantic and
Ohio Valley States. In the far South
there were rains. This condition. It
was snld at the local flitted States
Weather Iiureau yesterday, would ob
tain as long as the storm area re
mained localized to the south a'id went.
lint every small boy with a n?w sled
knew that tin- Christmas snow was due
to no such concatenation of meteoro
logical fuctorH It < atne with Kriss
Krlngle and his reindeer sled because
it wn? natural that there should be
snow on Christinas upon which to run
the sled. Every Christmas card shiny
wi,th the mica that is barred by Uie
I'ost-Ofltce Department, bore witness
to the fact that there can bo no real,
ate their Christmas dinners at home
There wore thousands who looked
gloomily from chilled rooms and won
dered how long the snow would stay.
These were the homes In the city's
submerged sections, where coal bins are
empty and where a falling thermometer
? ?arries in its train mis- ry and suffering.
The city is a composite tiling. Within
ten minutes' wall; from palaces on the
West Knd av?-:n;. ?< stand the hovels of
tlie needy. To the former the snow
brought joy unbounded, to the latter a
natural joy .v. .i beautiful manifesta
tion of nature dullerl by jl fear for the
Hut thanks t<> a city-wide npirlt of
giving there were few homes that were
not warm and plentifully supplied with
Christinas solids and dainties. Tho
snow was welcome. The few that
braved it in the open wrestled with
the flaky swirls, blood a-tlngle. The
small boy was up early with his sled
and overshoes, and reveled In it.
Far a:.i! wide the city throw open
it* doors in hono: ?>:' the peerless holi
day. Countless family parties gathered
?about tho board to worship at the
shrine of departed turkeys5. From afar
came relatives and friends to spend
the big day in happy reunion. The col
leges and universities sent back bor
rowed sons and daughters. The
hearthstone was again the centre of
communal Mfa, like the lares and
?,jenat<?#: of ancient Home.
At the Jefferson Hotel the manage
ment, following a time-honored custom,
sent to each guest yesterday morning
a cheering glass of eggtiog. It was
a touch of Klchmond hospitality thnt
warmed the heart of many n visitor
from a far State, compelled by busi
ness to spend the holiday away from
loved ones. The drink was carried to
each room by a grinning bell-hoy, who
presented it on a silver waiter with
an elaborate bow and a "ChrlBmus
gif, boas," and there is little wonder
that the reward was in many cases
or.rns serve eog.mh;
At the Westmoreland. Common
wealth. Jefferson and other clubs, open
house was kept all day. Bowls of
eggnog were lilled and refilled as the
members and their friends came by
for a handshake and a look-in.
Hotel dining-rooms, except for tho
presence of transients, were practi
cally deserted. Richmonders Invariably
ate their Christmas dinners at home
or at the homes of friends. It was a
stay-at-home day. The avenues and
downtown shopping streets remained
all but deserted. The hooded police
men pacing their heals, the street enrs
picking their way slowly over tracks
choked with snow, and sweepers In
dustriously cleaning the snow from
grades and curves, were the lone ex
ceptions to the general rule of rest.
The Christmas spirit penetrated the
walls that Inclose tho disabled and
those who have sinned against the
laws of society. At the State Peni
tentiary. at the City and County Jails,
in the almshouses, asylums and in
firmaries the authorities departed from
the usual fare, and served plentiful
and even sumptuous dinners.
Dozens of churches hold special
Christmas Day servibes. brightened by
holiday music. The programs in the
Episcopal churches were particularly
elaborate. While the snow was at Its
heaviest at the morning church hour,
and kept many indoors, all the services
were well-attended.
For N'ow Year's Evf, Thursday, Decemtur
31, Table d' llotc nupp?r from 3 I*. M.
to 1 A. M. Three dollars per cover. Ball
room ninth lloor, dancing. Hotel Richmond.
British Cruiser May Be
in Fight With Germans |
wlrrlrN* mMNitKr from Ihv Chllciiu
(orprilii fniulioiit Toiiip report* the
llrltlnh rrulnrr .Vrrn'ONlIt cuiinonnd
Infc lltlrrn inllrn from Valparaiso.
II In nuppoxed nhc hnn rnKiRfd llir
(irrnian i-rul*er Drrnilrn nuil con
vcr(fd rrulitrr I'rlnr. lOllt'l Krlederlch.
A llrltlnli squadron nnil .Inpnnmr
\TnrNhl|>K ore known to ho cruising
not far from thin port.
lllrhnrd I'nrndny Sml l'|r(urr Wltb
VotlcM of Illn Suicide.
PHILAI^ELI'IIIA, December 25.?Af
ter notifying: the newspapers by mail
that lie hn?! coininitte<l suicide because
h?' bad "lost a lot of money In Atlantic
| City last Hummer," a youni; man who
registered mm Hichard I'araday, of New
I York City, poisoned himself In n room
In the Hotel Adelphlu late Wednesday
| rilgbt. He' i? believed to have been a
j student at the University of Pennsyl
| vania Three empty poison bottles
i wor-j found be.QWle the body.
The letters he sent to the newnpa
| pers contained his photograph anil
i read hh follows:
i "Gentlemen,?Inclosed you will find
ia picture of the nineteen-year-old bull
i tighter of Madrid. Spain, who commlt
, ted suicide yesterday in the Hotel
| Adelphla. The only reason for his act
, is that he lost a large sum of money
| In Atlantic City last summer."
The notes were dated December 24,
Shut were mailed late on December 2.1,
I and received in the newspaper oftlces
| early this morning.
I Invtstlgatlon ho far has failed to
disrloj-e the youth's exact connection
with the University of Pennsylvania.
The only clue pointing to the fact that
1 he was a student there was found in J
>-<>ine examination papers In his pocket. !
He was evidently a Spaniard.
Drfralnl Opponent <;lven Congressman '
Notice of Contest.
XOKWAIiK. CONN., December 25.?
Congressman-Klect Khenezer J. Hill was
j notified that his opponent at the recent .
1 election. Congressman Jeremiah Dono- '
, van, had contested his election. The
l complaint alleged numerous violations
; ??f election lawn by Wheeler, Hill's po- j
i litical agent. It is charged also tliat
the statement of expenses. Hill Hied
at Washington is incomplete, and that
many Items In the expense account
| tiled at Hartford are Illegal. *
Wheeler, in his capacity as agent for
Hill and treasurer of the congressional
committee, paid out $9,<j?s to aid in
' the election. This sum is anld to be j
| in excess of the legal limit. Private
! corporations in several States are
charged with contributing to the fund,
and money is said to have been itn- |
> properly used. Hill had nothing to say
for publication. Previous to the pres
ent session of Congress Hill was a
prominent Itepubllcan member of the i
Ways and Meaps Committee for many
! years. He was defeated for re-election
by Donovan, Democrat, two years ago.
i I?-ist month he won over Donovan by
1 n substantial majority.
storm Ik SirrrpliiK Northeastward ?
Throughout South.
WASHINGTON, December ?.Snow
' and rain marked the path of a storm '
, that to-night was sweeping north
| eastward through the South. The !
; storm's centre, last night over Louis- ,
i iana, to-night wan over South Caro- j
Una. Heavy rains were reported In
the South Atlantic and Gulf States. [
' turning to snow in parts of Virginia, I
, North Carolina. Tennessee, Arkansas
and Oklahoma
DropH In temperature were reported
> generally in the South, with much i
' colder weather promised for Saturday i
and Sunday. Weather Bureau fore
; casters predicted clear skies by lo
! morrow In most of the Southern States.
Storm warnings are displayed on the
Atlantic Coast from Cape Hatteras to
j Boston, and cold-wave warnings have
i been issued for all the Southeastern :
' Stntes except Southern Florida.
Snow was reported in New England,
, New York and the Missouri Valley.
> llrynn Telln Amhamiiiilor to Tnke l'p
the Muttrr Willi Authorltlrn.
! NEW YORK, December 25.?The trial
i of Porter Charlton for the murder of
j his wife at Como. Italy, has again
been postponed, according to cabl>> ad
; vices received here yesterday by Charl
ton's attorney. Charlton has now been
in prison In Italy for mure than a year
and a half. He was in jail In Hobokcn
for two years prior to his extradition.
It also became known yesterday that
1 depositions to be used In the trial have
i recently been taken in various sections
! of this country. The testimony of the
; witnesses here had to do principally
with events In the life of the mur
I dered woman.
Charlton's attorney, John Palmieri,
1 said that, upon his protest. Secretary
! of State llryan had recently cabled to
? the American ambassador at Rome in
| structlons to take up with the Italian
j authorities the question of procuring an
I immediate trial for Charlton.
Ho.and Serenade Fugitive From
MANCHESTER, N. H., December 25.?
; Half a hundred children in Harry K.
: Thaw's home last night and sang
! Christmas carols. Thaw stood in the
j window and smiled at his girl and boy
? friends.
j The fugitive has given 150 pairs of
skates away to the children of Man
chester, and has promised to have
Dorr's pond, on the outskirts of the
city, encircled with electric lights, so
that the kiddies may skate at night.
T^e hundreds of boys and girls in the
State Industrial School, on the river
road between Manchester and Hook
settc, were, dflighted by the gift of a
magnificent stereopticon machine from
Thaw. Several boy friends were given
a year's membership In the Y. M. C. A.,
and complete gymnasium costumes.
She Won .\ote<I nn Author, and Wm
Widely Known.
WASHINGTON. December 25.?News
was received in Washington of the
death in Vermont yesterday of Mrs.
Isabel Gordon Curtis, the noted au
Mrs. Curtis, who had been ill for
some time, died after an operation. She
was the wife of Henry Curtis, for eigh
teen years secretary of the National
Republican Committee, and had a wide
acquaintance with notable people at
the capital.
Richmond Merchants Unite in
Pronouncing 1914 Satisfactory
Business Season.
Local Stores Have No Real
Cause to Complain, Says
Secretary Clarke.
(?lancing back ovi>r the year just
drawing to n pIosp, lending merchant!
of Klrhinoml iirotiuuncc it in every way
satisfactory, in spite ?>f tin; many un
favorable conditions which have con
fronted business during the past twelve^
months. All call the holiday season
remarkably good, and a number of
men connected with big stores in sev
eral lines state that the volume, of
business done by them is far above
all expectations, and in several in
stances the sales will exceed the total
of last year, calamity-howlers notwith
On general conditions in every line of
retailing no better authority can be
found than \V. A. Clarke, Jr.. secretary
of the Hetall Merchants' Association.
His duties bring him. into personal con
tact with the big men and small men,
and through his position lie is more
or less familiar with all that Is being
done in the city. His opinion is de
cidedly optimistic.
"1 do not think business has been
nearly as bad as one would imagine
from all of the hard-time tales' that
have been going around," said Mr.
Clarke last night. "Taking tiie con
ditions Into consideration, I do not
think that any. local stores have a
right to complain. 1 am told on every
side that business has been good, and
from tny own personal examinations
of books in many of the concerns, I
know that they have done as much,
if not more, business than last year.
The future for next year is exceed
ingly bright. The country is going
through a readjustment period, and it
looks very favorable to rne and to
members of the association. We are
making preparations for the new year
now. and are planning to go right
after out-of-town business in a syste
matic manner. Certainly no one need
be down in the mouth now."
Several well-known business men
were Interviewed on the subject. Their
expressions follow:
vol.I Ml-: OK HtSINKSS l.v
"Our business was satisfactory, and
we were surprised that it held up as
well as it did," said I. 11. Kaufman, of
Kaufmann ?V- Co. "With so much talk
ol hard times and the people out of
employment, we feared that our busi
ness would not equal that of last year,
but we now see that the volume will
be in excess of that period. The sum
mer and fall has been more than satis
factory, and the holiday trade was sur
prising. I do not look for great ac
tivity immediately after the new year,
but f^el thrt the spring will open up
very favorably. If there was less ca
lamity howling, conditions would be
better now. Conservative people have
been forced to act conservatively, but
business Is better than most people
would Imagine. 1 am speaking for
myself, but believe that when one live
merchant does satisfactorily, it ex
tends down the whole line, and conse
quently I base my assumptions on that
I.AST TKS I)A1 s wkkk
ItKCOItI) ItltK AKKits
\V. S. Khoads, <?f Miller <fc Rhoads,
talked in the same vein. 11<? stated
that business with his concern had
held up well all year, and since the
holiday season opened, the volume has
gone ahead of last year. Bad weather
early this month threatened to hurt
sales, but the past ten dnys were rec
ord breakers.
"The outlook for. next year is very
favorable," said Mr. Rhoads. "1 see
nothing to indicate that there will be
any trouble to Interfere with it. and
the future looks good to me."
Speaking of business i:i his line. C.
T. Norman, president of the Retail
Merchants' Association, and a member
o5 the firm of o. .11. lierry & Co.. snid
last night that the year, up to this
time, had kept pace with 1913, which
was the greatest year in the history
of the company. He said lie felt the
outlook for the coming year to be en
couraging. Front his conversations
with men connected with other con
cerns. he said that he had gathered the
idea that business was normal, and
that the situation is becoming better
week by week.
"I am delighted with the situation,"
said W. H. Sch warzschild, of Schwarz- I
schild Brothers, Inc. "Business has
been more than satisfactory with us, !
and we have run ahead of last year. !
It has been the biggest year we have j
ever had. and I believe that spring will J
see a readjustment, and the country '
and city will enter into a new era of ,
prosperity. I have spoken to heads of j
several concerns In our line, and all j
report excellent business. Kvery mer- j
chant on Broad Street has been sur- j
prised. The calamity howf frightened j
most of us. but since December 1, we, I
and others, too, have been perfectly ;
satisfied, and not a day has passed that >
we haven't been forced to telegraph for |
extra goods."
So goes the ialk all over the city, j
Business was certainly unbalanced for |
n while by the conditions of the past i
year, hut It speaks well of the local i
houses when they report so optlmisti- |
cally on the situation. All unite in j
saying that the calamity howler was j
responsible for much of the uneasiness ?
and unrest, and predict that the busi
ness readjustment which is being
brought about by the inauguration of
the n<lv Federal banking system, the
advance in freight rates, and the big
orders from European nations, will
soon be felt here, and will help im
j Pope ItiiMlen lllmxrlf With I'Iiihh for
lOxrliniiRr of Wounded l'rlnoner*.
(Special Cable to The Times-Dispatch.]
HOMES, December 25.-?This was a
sad Christmas at the Vatican, where
Pope Benedict X. busied himself al
most throughout the day perfecting his
plans for the exchange of wounded
prisoners of war. The Pope is very
happy over many messages he is re
ceiving from America approving his
efforts to bring about a cessation of the
war. After the day's Christinas mass,
Pope Benedict spent some time with
JZngJj$/2 fnthe ,
Mov? and mme are the liuhting nations realizing tlie relianre they ran place in the dog, the four-footed mute j
friend of Ulan, as a factor to he reckoned with. Helgium lias nuide extensive use in the various division*) of lier !
army of the dog. France, u.s well jus Germany, has found the dog a valuable assistant In the Red Cross |
divisions. Now (ircat Britain has come to tlie fore, and is training dogs lor sentry purposes. This wire-haired i
terrier shewn in th?* trenches with the British fighters is one of .Major Iticliardson's well-known sentry dogs. ,
Already numhers 01' them are doing good service with the army at the front. They are sent to do outpost duty j
accompanying sentries on patrol.
Richmond: Children Do Not Hang' Up \
Their Stockings in
? i
Need Will Continue After Holidays, j
and Tlse Times-Dispatch Will Re- j
reive Contributions for Relief of
Those Out of Work.
Ah the win-l is tempered to the shorn ?
lamb, so yesterday were the vicissi- !
tudes of life anions the poor and needy 1
tempered by the benevolent activities
of the Associated Charities, by the Hal- j
vat ion Army, by other charitable or
ganizations and by several hundred
individuals. ?<> whom a touching story
of distress was not told in vain. The
spirit of giving was never more vital.
The Chrisimastidc was never more
blessed with thanksgiving voiced by
people who had thought the season
would bring litem nothing but a j
.strained discomfort, nothing but the ,
cries of hungry children or an appeal
from the eyes of women who had for
gotten how to weep. Richmond met
the need. For every family having no
means of its own, there was a Santa
Clans. For every tireless hearth there
was fuel. For every vacant board i
there was food. And in every little
stocking, token of a child's simple i
faith in the mystery of the man who
drives reindeers through the snow- I
whipped air, and carries with him a!
never-decreasing armful of gifts, there '
was left some remembrance of.Christ's j
natal day.
cHiM)iti-:\ no xot ha no
Through a list of unfortunates, coin- 1
piled hy Mrs. Buchanan, wife of Dr. j
James Buchanan, general secretary of
the Associated Charities. 2f<7 families, j
in which are comprised T7<> children, j
were visited by private individuals i
who had come to learn of other's woe,
and to every member of every family !
was given some material token. All ]
received food and fuel, and the little ,
children did not leave their stockings ;
hung in the chimney corner or at the
foot of the bed in vain. The Flks. fol
lowing a custom that originated with j
the order, gave to the poor 4<>ii baskets, ]
filled with material Christmas cheer. j
The Salvation Army, whose officers go '
where woe and want and suffering are;
known with each day's rising sun, dis
tributed several hundred baskets
among the poor.
In every prison house in the city,
from the big pile where criminals go
to the grim building by the Shockoe's
turbid tide, there was some manifes
tation ofi the cheer of the outside j
world To many the parcel post !
brought remembrances from those !
whose hearts are turned towards the
sun, whose eyes are free to look whore !
they may, and the prison otllcials pro- j
vlded them with more than the usual !
meagre fare. Kven in the hoarding- [
houses guests of a day or week or
month were fed with something more
than the usual hash, and contented
stomachs were stanch against the
outer gloom.
The Richmond ltotary Club joined in!
the gift-giving movement, and every
child now in a hospital was remem
bered with a Christmas present. The
club sent out 1 r.o gifts, and, so far as
it knew, every little patient received a
token of cheer.
Down on* Fast Franklin Street, where
the grin* pile of the Associated Chari
ties, a famed hostelry in its day, rears
itself among newer walls. Dr. James
Buchanan and his devoted wife labored
through the bleak, wintry day fori
those who came asking a pittance of i
food, a rag to keep the cold away, or |
a place where they might sleep pro- >
tected from the shrill blasts of the
storm king. In the wayside Inn, as the j
(department for transient men Is j
( known, fifty-eight men foregatherod!
from the cold and were fed and com- j
Continued on Fifth I'age.) I
C. 1?. Wulford, Jr., Tenders Itesig
nation, After Serving Institu
tion Four Years.
Directors Induce Mr. Walford to He
main With Organization Until
.March 1?Club Has Had Larse
Growth During lfis Term.
' linrles I*. Walforrl, Jr.. secretary
and manager of the Business Men's
Club for the past four years, will enter
the insurance field on March 1. lfis
i osi^nntlon, pffcctivc on l^cliniriry 2*S
has been tendered the bonrd of direr
tors. Me will then Join forces with
^r- Hardwlcke, as mnnn^cr of the
general Insurance apr-ncy, which has
been successfully run by the latter for
many years.
The resignation of .Mr. Walford was
sent to the directors of the Business
Mens ( lub several weeks ago. It was
to be effective on January 31. but after
vainly attempting to have him recon
sider his decision, the bonrd prevailed
upon him to serve another month, in
orncr that a successor could be se
cured without too hasty action, and
that he could wind up Important finan
cial matters now under way.
Mr. Walford became manager of the
club on January ID. mil. shortly after
it entered Into its present quartern in
the American National Building. Dur
ing his managership, the organization
has grown wonderfully in both
strength and influence. Kroin a total
membership of r.23. i, has Jumped to
a membership of m2. a gain of nearly
4<5 per cent. During that time the club
has been active in many campaigns,
aiul lias always been an important fac- ;
tor in all civic movements
That Mr. Walford will be highlv
successful in his new venture Is not
doubted by those who have watched
his work at the Business Men's Club
The organization, when ho assumed '
charge, had a heavy debt carried over I
from its old quarters, and the restau- '
rant proved a heavy burden for It to '
carry. The restaurant, however has
been turned over to a private contrac
tor bonds have been issued to enrrv i
the old debt, and the club is now fac
ing its most prosperous period.
n.T?iB,v?0 nn i<loa of magnitude of
he business, the last report of Mr 1
Ualfoid shows that the total Income!
from dues alone was $13,043 last year.!
J be total expense of operating the '
club. Including rent and other fixed ;
charges, was only $9.07S, leaving i '
profit of ?4.f,48. These figures do not j
include the restaurant, but as this is'
no longer a factor in the club man- i
iKome.it he total profits, on the same
debt*' SO?" "Ut ,h? C,Ub OUt of
Mr Walford will become manager
for Mr. Hardwlclce, with offices in the
Travelers Insurance Building. He will
have an interest In the firm I
thaVll,i>UIMe,Vfnt was mn,1? yesterday:
that j.. M. Gover had resigned from
the board of directors of (he club nml
c ato tlHn t ,'/v,lH?n had b?Cn aPI??'nt- :
i-ci io Tiii (ho vacancy.
\Vi,n<M V'uciH A bout iiikI, Freight lt?te?
mid Scarcity of \>??c!n.
WASHINGTON, December 25.?Secre-j
tary McAdoo to-night issued a state
ment calling on shippers who have
been hit by high ocean freight rates
and sear city of vessels to send facts
to the Treasury or Commerce Deimrt
ments. Letters already received, the
secretary said, "show that the scarcity
of vessels Is so great and freight
charges so high thai American, foreign
trade is being seriously handicapped."
The Treasury ami Commerce Depart
ments are Investigating ocean freight
rates under Senate resolution.
Allies Engaged. Almost In Hand-to
Hand Combat Against tier
man Trenches.
Both Sides Assert They Have Re
pulsed Attacks at Various Points.
Violent Revolution in Albania
Against Essad Pasha.
LONDON, December 25 (11:30 P. M.).
?Christmas brought no rest to the
European armies. It found the Rus
sians still fighting desperately in the
Knows of Poland against the fierce at
tacks of the German aiul Austrian nl
lies; Przctnysl still in the grip of the
Invading; army: the French making
f=pasmo\llc thrusts against the strong
German lines of trenches In Northern
and Northeastern Prance, and the Brit- |
Ish and Belgians engngcil In almost
hand-to-hand warfare against the Ger
man trenches in West Belgium.
"In Flanders yesterday things were
generally <iuiot," says the German
bulletin. The Fronch report speaks of
intermittent artillery llrluK' there. The
French claim several successes along
the centre and eastern lines, while the
Germans declare they have taken the
second British trenches in Belgium. I
Both sides assert they have repulsed |
attacks at various points. i
Ho close are the trenches of the allies !
and Germans at many points that al-|
most the only weapons used are hand ?
grenades, since it is impossible for
the men to expose themselves even to
use their rllles.
I.%FOllMAI. Till t l.S
There have been informal truces be
tween the French and Germans for
burial between the trenches. Accord
ing to a British eyewitness, for many
weeks along miles of the battle line
the dead have lain as they fell. The
yniesome account speaks of bodies
held erect by the barbed wires, and
scouts crawling over them at night.
A violent revolution ha? broken out
in Albania against Essad Pasha, whom
Turkey established as ruler there when
the Ottoman government broke Into
the European war. Essad Pasha's pal
ace at Tirana has hc<wi pillaged and
burned. Massacres are reported.
The Italian government has landed
sailors from warships at Avlona to re
store order and protect Europeans and
peaceful inhabitants. Italian Interven
tion may embroil Italy with her recent
foe, Turkey, and holds possibilities of
far-reaching results.
German aviators made another at
tempt to drop bombs on British ports
to-day. lake the attempt against
Dover, that of to-tluy, which was di
rected against Sheerness, was unsuc
cessful. An aeroplane crossed the
channel, according to the otllclal re
port. and. sailing high, flew over Sheer
ness. British aircraft went In pursuit,
and, one dispatch says, engaged the
enemy for n quarter of an hour before
thousands of spectators. The Invaders
finally disappeared In the. mist, having
been hit several times.
ROME!, December 25.?A company of
Italian sailors to-day occupied Avlona,
a seaport of Albania, on the Adriatic
Recent dispatches from Athens satd
fnarehy reigned at Avlona, ami that
the region around the Albanian aeapor*
was a prey to civil war. Partisans of
Keinal Bey last month forced the gov
ernment to haul down the Turkish flag
and hoist the Albanian colors. iCssad
Pasha, commander-in-chief of the
Turkish forces In Albany, then sent
r.00 soldiers to Avlona, and they dis
armed the Inhabitants and restored the
Turkish flag.
Machine Sighted Over Har
bor at Sheerness Headed
for Capital.
Attempt Believed to Be Fulfil
ment of Recent German
French Statement Claims Progress
for Allies Before Nieu
No Material Change
in War Situation
CHIUST.MAS at the front, both
cnst and went, ?nw no nhatc
ment In the fierce striiffKrlcs that
have been Koln^ on for nwkii he
twffn the lvarrlnK nation* for some
decisive results, which might turn
the tide of hattle.
The German forfeit In Itusslnn Po
land, tinder Field Marshal von llln
denhurff. continue their assaults on
the Husslan line which blocks their
war to Warsaw. Throughout the
duy nod night hefore Christmas the
luvuders hammered away In a series
of attacks, according? to the latent
official ntntement, principally In the
districts of Sochacxow, twenty
flght miles went of Warsaw, anil
Rollmow, just nouth of Sochnsow.
All these attack* were repnlsed
with trreat Ion* to the (icrmnni, the
I'etrogTad communication say*.
In the western theatre both Ger
mans and allien claim to have re
pulned attackn at various points,
but there In no Indication lu the re
port* of any material change lu the
Italy ban occupied the Albaalan
port of Avlona. an the result of a
revolution which hnn broken in
Albnnla aKainat the Turkish ruler,
tCanail I'anlia. Thin ntep wan taken
to restore order and alTonl protec
tion to Ktiropeans and peaceful In
habitants, hut Intervention by Italy
In Albania carries with It the pos
Nlblllty of the participation of that
country in the prenent conflict.
The Japanese Kraperor hnn dis
solved the Imperial Diet, owing- to
the rejection of the measure for an
Increase in the army. Ily this ac
tion the Kuiperor upholds the pro
gram of the ministry for military
development. A rescript suspends
the House of Peer's pending the elec
tion, which probnbly will be held In
Having; failed to secure a suspen
sion of hostilities at Christmastime,
Pope llenedlct spent Christmas Dny
working on Ills plan for the ex
change of wounded prisoners who
will not he able to take part ngain
lu the fighting.
A Cierman aviator on Christmas
Day drove Ills mnchlne across the
Kngllsh Channel. However, like Ills
compntriot, who recently miide an
attempt against Dover, lie was un
successful, being driven ana; by
Urltlsh aircraft.
A dispatch from I'etrograd to
Tiondon says the number of (iermnn
prisoners registered In the Husslnn
capital Is 1,14(> ofllcers nnd 131,71)0
tnent the number of Austrlnns reg
istered Is 3,1 ISO ofllcers and 221,4(H)
[Special Cable to The Times-Dispatch.]
LONDON, December 25.?An at
tempted aerial raid on London hy a
German aeroplane was defeated to-day
by Hie vigilance of the Royal Flying:
A hostile biplane was sighted flying
over Sheernetis harbor at 112:35 P. M.,
according to the oflicial announcement
of the War Ofllce. The machine was
traveling at high speed from t'ne east
directly towards London. At the rate
It was traveling it must have reached
London in less than half an hour more.
Naval lookouts at Sheerness sighted
the hostile filer at a great height, and
a British machine was sent up to inter
cept it.
A battle in the air followed. In which
the British aviator lilt the enemy's
machine three or four times. After a
sharp engagement, the raider was
driven eastward over the sea, with the
British flyer in pursuit.
The British machine was not pre
pared for a long flight, and, after
making sure that the German-was
making off, and that there was no
further danger of his completing his
plans for a raid on the capital, the
English aviator returned to Sheerness.
At first it was thought the German
was intent upon dropping bombs oit
the naval arsenal at Sheerness, or on
some of the British warships anchored
there. But the height at which he was
flying and the speed he was making
to the westward soon made It clear
that he was making for an Inland ob
It was at Sheerness that the British
battleship Bulwark was blown up by
a mysterious, explosion. At the time
It was ofllclally staled that the ad
miralty was convinced the explosion
was internal, but later it was officially
admitted that Scotland Yard was look
ing for a German who had been seer*
acting strangely In the vicinity of thd
ship's anchorage Just before the dls

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