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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, December 26, 1914, Image 2

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Christmas Sees No Abatement of Fierce Fighting in War Zone
aster occurred. Sheerness Is In tho
inoutW of the ThnrnpH, and about thir
ty-five miles from London.
OKFICIA L AXXOl'XCK.1IKXT
OF ATTKMPTED RAID
Following is t li e official announce
ment of to-day's* raid:
"The War Otlice announcox that a
hostile aeroplane whs sighted to-day
at 12:35 1'. M. flyinR very high from
the eust to the west of Sheernefts. A
British aircraft went up in pursuit and
engaged the enemy, who, after being
hit tiiree or four times, was driven off
seaward."
The Central News received a dis
patch from South-Knd-on-Sea shortly |
after the oflici.il announcement was
made, stating thru two foreign aero
planes were sighted off South ICnd tly- j
lug a height of fi.000 feet and at !
great speed. They were fired upon, j
the dispatch states, but made off.
This unofficial report Is believed to j
concern the German raider and his ;
British pursuer, as South-End-on-Sea|
is Just across tho Thames from Sheer- ;
ness.
The attempt of the German airman !
to psv London a "Christmas call" is
believed to be In fulfilment of a boast
made more than a month apo that the j
"Germans would be In London on j
Christmas."
<?AIMS IX WESTK11X THEATHK
CLAIMED IIV ALLIES
PARIS. December 2B (3:25 P. M.).?
The following ofllclal statement was;
issued this afternoon:
"Prom the Lys to tho Oiso, tm the
evening tf December 23. we gained the
fork of the roads from Loos to Kutolre
nnd from Lois to Vermolles. To the
northeast of Albert we took possession
of a portion of the vlllaue of La Rois
selle, situated to tho southwest of the
church, and of an advance trench to
the south of (hat village.
"To the north from Koye to Llhn,
near Lyons, we also have made some
progress. Theso various attacks, un
dertaken with great spirit, have every
where conserved tho ground already
gained.
"To the south of the Oiso our ar
tillery has demolished the defense
works of the enemy In the region of
Ballly, and on the plateau of Gouvron.
"On the Alsne and in Champagne
there have been artillery battles, and
several German attacks have been re
pulsed. To the north of Supigneul, near
Berry-au-Rac. notably a slight advance
of our troops has been followed by a
strong counterattack, which has com
pletely failed. In the region of Perthes
ami Mesnil le llurlus our progress of
previous days has been followed up
and strengthened.
"To the north of Mesnil we took pos
session of a forest strongly prepared
by tho enemy, and to the oast of
trenches captured by us December 23.
To the northwest of Mesnil nnd to the
east of Perthes we have driven the
enemy from the fragments of trenches
which he recaptured, and we are now
masters of all his first line of defense.
In the Argonne, in the forest of La
frurle, at Bagatelle, Fontaine Madame
and St. Hubert, we have repulsed Ave
attacks and strengthened our front. Be
tween the Argonne and the Meuse, in
spite of the snow and the fog, we have
made progress on tho Bourcullles-Vau
ijuois front.
"In the region of Olssy and the for
est of Forces our heavy artillery, by
subduing the batteries and machine
guns of the enemy, has enabled our
infantry to make a leap in advance.
"On the right bank of the Ailley the
Germans have bombarded Pie south
corner of the forest of Copzenvoyc,
whore we are established. In the for
est of Allly and Apreinont, our artil
lery has forced tho enemy to evacuate
seveial trenches. In the lower Vosges
we have advanced to within 1,500
metres of Clrcy, on the. Vesouy Itiver.
"In Russia on the left bank of tho
Vistula the Germans have been hurled
OBITUARY
Albert (?, Uurmon.
State Senator A. C. Harmon received
n telegram yesterday afternoon an
nouncing tin- death of h's brother. Al
bert <? Harmon, at the home of his
son, Kenton Harmon. In New York
City. Mr. Harmon, who was a railroad
contractor, had lived for the last eight
years in Ecuador, South America, and ,
came to Now York two months ago.
Besides his wife. Harriett*: l'.elb llar
rnon, he Is survived by one son. Kenton
Harmon. The body will be shipped to
Staunton, his former hmi!*. where the
interment will be made.
II. W. /KAni'kijloili.
H. W. KnacK?te.'R,- formerly an em
ploye in the Richmond postal service,
died Thursday at his home. 5'?u West
Brond Street. In the eighty-eighth vear
of his rrc. Mr Knackstedt was born
in Germany. He enlisted in the Con
federate army In th>- War Between the
States and served through the war. The
funeral, notice of which will be given
later, will be conducted under the aus
pices of Schiller Lodge. I. <?. O. F.
[Special to The Tlmes-Dlspntch )
ltnltile?< Day In Years.
RALEIGH, X. C., I>ecember 25.?
Flood warnings wore sent out to all
principal river stations bv the Raleigh
Weather Bureau to-day. Rain fell al
most torrentlally for the past twenty
four hours, but teased to-night: sleet :
followed It was the rawest Christmas'
day In a score of years.
DEATHS
WICKERT.? Entered into rest at the j
home of her sister, Mrs. George
Singer, 31*>l East Marshall Street. Fri
day. December 25. 1 '<H. at *? A. M.,
MRS. EMILY WICKKKT. in the .sev
enty-fifth year of her age.
Funeral from the above residence
SUNDAY, December 27, at 3 o'clock. .
Item in peace.
INGRAM.? Died. December 25, KATH
ERINE REBECCA. infant daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. E T Ingram.
Funeral from residence, 3114 East
Broud. THIS SATt'RDA Y MORNING
at 10:30. Interment in oak wood.
MOSS.? I>led, at her home in Chester
Held County, In the t><-\enty-slxth
year of her age, MRS. VIRGINIA T.
MOSS, widow of the late George It. ;
Moss. Interment at Bethlehem Church
at 8 o'clock SATURDAY, December 2?>.
She leaves two sons and two daughters 1
?R. R Mhos, of Norfolk. David Moss,
of Richmond. Mrs. 1,. 1. Martin and
Miss Emma Moss
Washington and North Carolina pa
pers please copy.
KKACKKTEDT.?DIM. Dec mber 24.
1914. fit his home, f.an West Broad'1
H. W. KNACK ST KI ?T, In the eighty-1
eighth year of his ay . II. was a mem- j
her of the Schiller Lodge of Odd Fel
lowi.
LIGGAN.?Died, at the residen 'e of Iter
husband. W. N. Lingan. 214 Monteiro1
Avenue, Friday, Decemb. r jr. at 12
o'clock noon. MRS EMM a JONES
UGGAN. Besides her husband she
leaves two daughters. Mrs. E. IV Vest
and Miss Helen M Llggan, and two
sisters, Mrs. A. I' O'Brien and Mrs
George W. SchlleHer to mourn their
loss.
Funeral from above residence MON
DAY at 3 P. M. Interment In (>ak wood.
CLEMENTS.?Died. Friday. December
25. at 1:30 V M. WILLIAM 17.
CLEMENTS, In the Heventj-font th year
Of hla age.
Funeral SUNDAY at 1 1' M. from
2402 Stuart Avenue. Friends and ac
quaintances are respectfully Invited to
attend. Burial private.
CLTNELY.?Died, suddenly Friday. De
cember 2S, 1014, WILLIAM E.. eldest
?on of Sarah E. and the late Charles
Clincly.
Funeral notice later. West Point,
Ga , Baltimore, Mil. and Stanford. Conn
paperti please copy.
' I
back from one of the positions which
they occupied on the right of ;he
lower Puura anil they are being rein
forced nt another point. They aro try
ing; to debouch from Bolomow. To
the east of Skanniewice they were re
pulsed with heavy lossos to them. They
have launched several fruitless attacks
to tho west of the River Rawka and
are vigorously resisting the Russian
offensive on the north bank of the
Plllca. In East l'russla and near
Przemysl and on tjie front In th?* Car
pathians, no essential changes have
been noted.
SLIGHT PHOGIIRS8 MAHK
IN FRONT OK MKLrOHT
PARIS. December 2". (10:35 P.
The following ofllclnl communication
was Issued by the War Ofllco to-night;
"Slight progress has been made In
front of Nlcuport. Towards Notre
Dame de Lorette, north of Lens, an
attack by the enemy has been repulsed.
This morning we captured another
trench near Pulssalendo, and we have
bren able to hold It, notwithstanding
several counterattacks.
"The enemy mado a vigorous attack
last night on La Tade Faux, In the
Vosges, but without success."
DKMICS THAT AUSTRIA HAS
MAIM; PI'jACK OVRRTITRB8
I Special to Tbc Times- Dispatch.]
WASHINGTON, December 25.?Dr.
('onstantin Theodor Dumba, ambassa
dor from Austria-Hungary, issued a
statement to-night, emphatically con
tradicting reports that Austria has
made overtures to the allies for peace.
Dr. Dumha's statement follows:
"The Paris press spreads from time
to time news of Austria-Hungary, or
Hungary alone, being tired of the war
and longing for peace. The latest re
port in a Washington paper alleges
that Austria has made unofliclal peace
overtures to the allies through Vienna
bankVrs upon the basis of the cession
of Gallcla to Russia and Ltosnla to
Servla.
"The Austro-Hungarlan ambassador
wishes to contradict these rumors as
absolutely unfounded and misleading
public opinion in the United' States.
Without speaking of tho article of tho
treaty of tho dual alliance of 1879, ac
cording to which Germany and Aus
tria-Hungary engaRe themselves to
support each other with their whole
irmies against Russia and to conclude I
>nly conjointly peaco, every consldera- j
:ion of honor and self-interest pre- I
rents Austria-Hungary from breaking |
rrom her ally and entering into nego- i
Jatlons for a separate peace. The '
session of Galtcia and Bosnia could |
?nly be agreed upon after a crushing j
lefeat of the dual monarchy, an even- |
Luality which happily docs not corre- j
spond to the actual situation on the !
>attleflelds. it is not Improbable that !
ivith the authors of these rumors tho j
rtish is father to the thought."
itl SSIAM SUCCESSSKS
OFFICIALLY ItKl'OHTEU
P15TROGRAD, December 25.??'Rus
sian successes are reported officially
from the battle fronts before Warsaw ;
Find from around Cracow, but without j
materially changing the general sit- j
uation. Vicious attacks have been i
made by the enemy between Pinczow, j
forty miles northeast of Cracow and j
N'owemyasto Korczyn, at tho Juncture I
of the Nlda and Vistula Rivers.
In this place the Austrians tried to
force a passage by sheer weight. Timo j
nfter time they advanced In solid for- j
motion in the face of a heavy artillery )
lire. The net result, after two days' ?
fighting December 22 and 23. was the ,
capture by the Russians of nearly
[1,000 prisoners, and the retention by i
I he Russians of the left bank of the
Nida. The combatants here are old \
enemies. Three months ago the same :
Austrian troops opposed the first Rus
sian advance on Cracow.
To the north the Russians are in
flicting severe punishment to the Cer- (
mans. A series of energetic attacks i
.it liollmow, south of Sochaczow (thlr-l
tv miles from Warsaw), are reported j
to have been repulsed on the night I
of the 23rd by vigorous Russian conn- j
toratlacks, while forty miles further j
south, at Anovolonz, a successful Ger
man crossing of the I'illcla was turned J
into a Gorman reverse by tho Siberian
troops, who forced the invaders back '
again.
Russo-Turkish operations have been i
halted by climatic conditions in Asia j
Minor. Here the Russian troops have!
spread out, quartering in the villages
In an immense triangle, whose sides i
converge for seventy miles, with the
base on the Russo-Turklsh frontier, j
and the apex pointing towards firze
rum.
Clad In every variety of garment to
keep warm the Russians are huddling
in every shelter, hut and farmhouse
of the Armenians, and packing cow
sheds, stables and storehouses. The
sound of bnttle is rarely heard by tho
main body of troops, who are winter
ing on the way to firzerum. Virtu
ally the only activity is on the part of
the restless Cossacks, who are forever
on the move, engaging In the brush
with the opposing cavalry.
ITKMS <;IVF.N OUT
IIY IMIICSS III HICAD !
RKRMN (via wireless to Hayvillo),
Jw.'ccmlier -JT).? Items given out to-day I
by the olllelal press bureau Include:
"Despite stubborn fighting along the i
whole eastern front. Major Moraht, i
military correspondent of the Tage- j
blatt, nays lie believes the Russian re- 1
sistanoa in no new offensive, but la 1
made up of rear post combats designed
to cover the retirement of the main j
armies for reorganization back of the ,
middle Vistula.
"Partial success by the Russians," I
the correspondent says, "are possible
here and there, since they don't he.si
tnte to sacrifice great numbers of men.
Iln doubts whether the Russians have
fresh troops back of their line."
An Austrian report Intimates that
the Carpathians are being cleared
gradually of the enernv, who Is stub
bornly holding his own in Oallcla. On
the lower course of the Nida River
(Southern Russian Poland), however,
2,000 Russians have been captured.
"No Important change is reported
from the west.
"Constantinople claims that an Rng- j
lish cruiser endeavored to enter the !
Gulf of Akabnh, the eastern horn of j
the Red Sea, but was forced to with
draw.
"Copenhagen reports that Russia lias
ceded Sakhalin Island to Japan in ex
change for heavy guns. Sakhalin lies
off the east coast of AhIii, and is sepa-I
rated from tin- mainland by the Oulf
of Tartary. The Island was officially
Russian until September, 1905. Hy the
terms of the treaty of Portsmouth, the
southern half was ceded to Japan. Its
area Is estimated at 2,400 square miles.
"The newspaper statement published
at Turin, Italy, reports a great defeat
for the French In Morocco. The French
lost thirty officers and 1,200 men killed.
"The 1'etrograd correspondent of the
Morning i'oat reports that Russia lias
been forced to give up the attempt to
take Cracow, and must retire to the
Interior line of defense on the Cracow
1 Vistula front,"
?
Z/2<& "
A deck scene on the German battle cruiser "Moltke," one of the vessels which shelled Ktmlisli towns,
with her complement of men and officers. The ?'Moltke" is of 22,(100 tons displacement, with an indicated
horsepower of 80,?00. Her keel was laid in HMO, and she was completed in lf)ll. She is equipped with
ten 11-inch guns, fourteen 5.!Mneh nuns, twelve tt.4?inch nuns and four torpedo tuhes. Her average speed
is twenty-eijfht knots an hour. She carries a complement of l,Ol:t men and officers.
INJURED OFFICER WHITES j
STIRRING LETTER TO WIFE i
I
At Lagarde, on August II, His j
Squadron Lost 84 Out of
Its 142 Men.
GREAT DAY FOR 1IIS REGIMENT
In Tim? This Day Will Re Recorded
In History as Are Gravelotte and
Mars-la-Tour?Death Ride Against
Automatic Guns and Infantry.
IIV FIUT7, .1A I/O II SON.
IILRLIX, December 10 <Uy mail to |
New York).? I have just come Into
possession of a stirring letter, written
by a wouniled cavalry officer, now con- I
valeseent at Ulenzei Lothr, to his wife. !
At Lagardo, In August, his squadron i
lost eighty-four out of 142 men, ami ;
l>e was the only officer not put bors
tie combat. Here is the letter:
"I was thrown under my horse as
he fell, and thus bruised my left side, j
and contracted a hemorrhace in jnv J
thigh. After the exertions of the last
few days, I feel very comfortable here,!
and am well taken care of by the sis
ters. Probably I will have to rest up
here from ten to fourteen days, for, al
though such bruises are not datiperons
or painful, they heal slowly, and for
a while, at least, 1 will not he able to
fo to the front. I trust you received
my various messages, particularly the
card 1 wrote on the night of the at
tack of Lapardi', from which, thank
Heaven! 1 returned safely. 1 sincerely
hope that you are all well.
"In the first place, 1 want to Rive you
news of Clemens. He was hero for a
short time, and, to the best of my
knowledge, has now been transported
to Saarbruoeken. Thank God! I can
give you good news of him. He was
shot right through the lung; however,
no complications arose, and he is as
well as can be expected under the cir
cumstances. and is out of danger.
"Indeed, dear heart, August 11 was
a great day for our regiment, and in
tluo time will be recorded in history,
as was Gravelotte and Mars-la-Tour.
It was a death ride in the fullest
Tnennincr of that word; against auto
matic witns and Infantry, in which the
first, third and fourth squadrons of my
: regiment and (he second squadron of
another regiment took part. The fifth
squadron are very disappointed, for
they were commanded to occupy a
bridge nnd the opposite bank. One
thousand prisoners, including twelve
or eighteen commanders, cannons and
automatic guns, were captured.
IIIM lilt A VK iiiu<;ai>k
SIKFKItS HITTKIU/V
"Our bravo brigade suffered bitterly;
of the 1-12 men in my squadron, only
llfty-cight replied when the roll was
called; and I was the only oilicer' All
the rest dead or wounded! The com
mander of the brigade was shot
through his breast and hand, His con
dition, however, is said to be satisfac
tory. Aide-dc-Oamp , of the
brigade of my regiment, Is dead; Cap
tain as well as Captain
shot. The captain of my regiment Is
seriously wounded fa shot In the
lower Jaw, two in tho arm and one In
the foot). Ensign slightly
wounded. All that In three squadrons.
"My squadron suffered most, for they
took part In the worst attack. Our
regiment ought to be spared a little
I now, at all events, we have the hanl
| est day of the whole campaign behind
! us. The success, particularly from tho
| moral point of view. Is splendid. We
i have shown what we can do. and
i proved that the lanc.rs and uhlans,
j of whom the French have always stood
I in fear, have lost none of their elan.
I Everybody behaved splendidly, and
j August 11 will for all time be a day
of honor for our regiment, and this
attack of Lagarde will stand forth as
one of the bravest achievements of
the whole campaign.
The commander of the Bavarian cav
alry, Exccllence von . at onco
expressed his hearty appreciation in
the regiment, and telegraphod an ac
count to. the King. All tho officers,
several noncommissioned ofllcers and
soldiers who participated in tho attack
wero proposed for marks of distinc
tion.
"Never before was I as conscious of
tho proximity of my guardian angel
as on that day. I cannot quite ex
plain it, but ail the while I was not
a. bit oxclfed, and had a leollng of
I absolute safety. Now. when I look j
! back and call to mind the situation
! of my poor squadron of the fifty-eight
| surviving, quite a few were on parole,
i anil did not take part in the attack, j
: On the cvuning of that day 1 proceeded ;
j with twciity-sovi'ii men and throe non- ,
j commissioned ofllcers. In view of that j
| fact, one must really feel that God 1
j took me in special guard Be at ease 1
i and contented, my darling. When I re- ?
turn to the front my lucky star will
again guard me from danger. Now
'"or" than ever I have a feeling of i
absolute confldence!
"On the 11 th, bright and early, as
always, in good humor we started out, i
I realizing less than ever before all that '
. the day might bring. At 2:33 the !
j tightlng between artillery and infantry !
: broke out. In which we took a hand
| at 12 o'clock.
1 TIIOItOlGHI.V I.MDIPPKItBXT
AS ADVANCE I1I0GINS ;
"As we advanced 1 felt thoroughly
indifferent; the only thought that pos
| scssed m<; was to whack away. With j
| remarkable rapidity otic accustoms one
i self to the sight of the dead and
1 wounded. One becomes so hardened
that the most awful sight seems ah- ;
solutely natural. Wherever we rode !
there were the French In their red
1 trousers. Many batteries wore de- ,
! stroyed, and the shells burst and the
! shots sang constantly about one. In
I a mad temp, with the horses shying :
| more or less, we always went further
i and further; certainly not in as good
order as In the renowned 'parade at- !
tack on the drilling grounds.'
"A French infantry officer. who I
called 'pardon,' I hit on the head.
W hat became of him I do not know. '
? As we were about to enter I,egarde my
horse was shot in the chest and fell i
under me. I did not see it again; my
bag, sad die-bag, my silver cantccn, inv
thermos bottle, toll?t articles, all' the ,
wash I had with me, all gono to the !
devil. All that I have left is my re- I
volver and my unsheathed sword.
"With two of the brave riders of '
my division I took shelter In a ditch
over which countless shots were whiz- j
zing, till at last it quieted down. In '
the distance I discerned my regiment \
gathering together; then, to my delight, i
close by I found my own Infantry! j
With my riders, who now number eight! 1
I put myself under the command of ?
that captain, and with this company,
with revolver and carbine, I went
| through the rest of the battle,
j "Tl"" ,,rst surrendering Frenchmen
drew up in herds. One had to be very
cautious, for the fellows still shot out
j of the ambush, even when they were
i lying wounded. A soldier passed ino
I his canteen, and as I was about to
j grasp k a sliot went right through
I liis hand.
| "We made the prisoners discard
I everything except their red trousers
j and shirt. Our company had captured !
150. They had to march by with
raised arms. I felt sorry for the poor!
fellows, several of whom were badly;
wounded; chaps not older than six'-!
teen or seventeen years were among1
them. I gave them of what I had left!
I of chocolate and bandaging, and had I
I water brought for them. Such kissing
of hands and boots I've never seen I
before. They cried continuously: 'Nous]
ne voulons pas la guerra! Vive
t'Allemagne!' When the Hag of our!
battalion came in sight, they shouted
pellrnell: 'Oh. le drapeau Allemand!'
"Sixty steps away the rest of the
French were thrown back across the
sluice bridge at the Rhein-Marne
('anal. We shot right into that heap;
it was horrible! At the other side was
the fountain at which, after our vic
torious battle, we refreshed ourselves.!
To reach it we had to step over heaps;
of dead and wounded. On the -other j
bank, about 100 steps away, thero was!
a destroyed battery of the enemy. The
shots in the powder cart exploded J
every few moments. Through It all
I we were cool and collected.
I "I am surprised at myself; with my
'disposition ] should never have con
sidered that possible. The damage
? was still great, and the possibility ex
i isted that we might be shot at by our
I own troops, for they could not know!
that the numberless French, who are
easily recognized by their red trousers,
were prisoners. With the aid of a!
i first, I very Ingeniously tied a curtain
I at the end of a pole, and its near-white
! col6r waved about us as protection,
j "With several captured horses, among
! which was a French artillery home, I
i searched for, and eventually found, my
I regiment, and there I first learned posi
j tlve facts concerning our great losses
j and our glorious victory. On this re
: turn ride I felt the pain In my foot
1 and side for the first time, which one
does not heed In the heat and excite
I incut of the battle."
i
BUTTLE OF THE Hi
WON BY AUTOMOBILES
With 400 Taxicabs and Other Light
Cars, Force of 70,000 French
Thrown Against Germans.
MOVE MADE WITHIN SIX HOI KS
Von Kluck, Not Reckoning on Such
a Sortie, Forced to Stop and Give
Battle, and Result Is Retreat of
Kaiser's Men.
IIY FHAMtl.I.X P. >1 Kit HICK.
[Special Cable to The Times-Dispatch.]
PARIS, December 25.?It 1h not Ren
crally known that the battle of the
Marne wan won by automobiles, Gen-j
eral Gallleril had 400 taxicabs and oilier
lisht motor cars at his disposal It
will be remembered that Vor\ Kluck
with the right of the German army not
as far as Champiloy. General Gnl
lleni as military Rovernor of Paris, had
a large force, probably 500,000 men, at
his disposal, and he was responsible
for the defense of Paris.
Gallieni figured that he bad more;
men that he really needed, and that
70,000 of his men could be spared for
work at the front.
Actinic entirely upon his own respon
sibility. he ordered his men to crowd
into the automobiles. He made eacl)
taxlcnb carry nine soldiers. It was a
curious sight. There were two in each
seat, two on the hood, one with the
driver and one on each running board.
Within six hours he threw the whole
70.000 ngalnst the flank of the Germans
at Meaux, about thirty-five miles from
I'aris. Von Kluck evidently had not
reckoned with such a sortie. lie was
forced to stop and give battle. The
French, retiring on his front, reformed
and gave battle. The result was the
retreat of the Germans from the Marne
to the Aisne after tin- sanguinary battle
named from the first river.
OMiY ONE OP Git 10AT
KX PI.OITS OF KKRXCII
This is only onu of tiie great exploits
of the French army automobile trans
port service. No other nation in this
war lias used the motor car with the
effectiveness of the French. The auto
mobile transport service is organized as
a separate branch. Working with
amazing rapidity Just after the begin
ning of the war, the French army offi
cers drafted into this corps men who
had been employed In automobile
manufacture?foremen, skilled work
men, testers and drivers. The officers
were drawn from the manufacturers,
agents and other heads of automo
bile organizations. The heaviest trucks
are used for ammunition carriers and
lighter commercial vehicles for tho
food supply General Mo tig in com
mands the whole corps.
Some noted French race drivers are
now In the army service. Hoillot al
ternates with the Marquis D'Albufera
in driving General Joffre's car. Several
machines are kept ready day and night
for General Joffre, and it is no unusual
thing for him to enter one of them and
drfve the whole length of the battle
front In the course of the night.
There are now 15,000 automobiles and
12,000 trucks in the service of the
French army.
One of the automobile service corps'
biggest feats was the transfer of tho
British army from Bralsno, between
Solsne and Khelms, to St. Omar, a dis
tance of 170 miles. The 200,000 men
were transported to their new positions
within three days.
WAItXlXG IN' VII0AV OF
I'OSKIIII.K OKHMAX ATTACK
HARWICH (via London, 10:15 P. M.),
December 25.?A possible-German at
tack on Harwich is indicated by the
following notice issued to-day by the
Mayor: "Although an attack by the
enemy on Harwich fortress is not ex
pected at the present time, and thero
is no special reason for anxiety among
nonconibatants, it is considered do
slrablo to notify the civilian popula
tion that In the unexpected event of
bolllgorent operations the members of
the local ?)mergoncy committee and
special constables will direct every one
as to the course to bo pursued. All
members of the civil population are
hereby required to act strictly In ac
cordance with such directions. All
visitors arriving at Harwich will be
1 roqulred to register."
DIET REJECTS MEASURE
FOR INCREASE IN ARMY!
Kmprror Kxrrrlnrn Mix Hoynl l'rernica
ll\?* mid OlKNolvm Imprrlnl Ilodj-.
I'rrinlrr SrortH Oppoxltlon.
TOKYO. December 25.?'The Emperor J
to-day dissolved the* Impurlul Diet. be- ?
can ho it rejected the measure for an j
increase in the army. This upheld the j
ministry s program for military
1 strength an,j brought cheers from the
| government side In the Mouse.
11?? Premier. Count Okuma. scored
the opposition for "Impeding the na
tional jvelfnre." Falling to find a flaw
j in the policy of Foreign Minister Kato
regarding China, lie huM. they centred
thr-lr attack upon the army. He denied I
the proposals meant the expansion of I
the army and militarism.
The army measure was rejected by '
a majority of sixty-five, but the House J
approved the naval Increase by a ma- 1
Jority of seven.
A rescript suspends the House of \
Peers, pending the election, which 1
probably will be held In March.
I he House of Representatives re
jected the army expansion measures
proposed by the government. This l?d
J to the dissolution of the House.
Considerable opposition developed In
the House of Representatives to the I
budget for 1316, which showed nn estl- !
mated expenditure of J278.000.ft00, and !
a decrease of the revenues of $40,500,- ?
000. Recent dltjpatches from Tokyo !
have stated that there was good rea- '
son to believe that unless the House '
adopted the budget It would be dis
solved bv the Emperor.
FA II. IX KFFOltTS TO
ItKAt'H COMI'ltOMISK
The Merchants' Association and
Baron Shibusawa. president of the
American-Japanese Association. and '
, I'uel N'alcano. president of the Tokyo !
Chamber of Commerce, took steps a !
few days ago to urge the Diet and
Cabinet to reach ? a compromise, in the!
hope of preventing dissolution of the j
House or the collapse of the ministry. |
They urged that a crisis in time of war I
would create an unfavorable imprest- i
| sion abroad. The opposition leaders '
, declared that proposals for Increases I
in the army would bo rejected.
i The closing session of the House was i
extremely dramatic. Debate occupied |
j the entire day and went on into the
night. There was no sign of a com
promise when, shortly before 10 o'clock,
it was announced that Emperor Poshl
j hito had exercised his royal preroga
tive dissolving the Diet.
The Diet was convened on December
I 5. Baron Kato, the Foreign Minister,
fin an address appealed to members to
i lay aside political strife, In view of
l the international situation. It was the
! Emperor's wish, he said, that there
j should be no wrangling. There were
j Indications, however, that the oppo
[ sitlon could not be placated If the gov
j eminent Insisted upon its program, and
j 1? was evident the struggle would
centre around the question of Increas
! ing the army. The proposal to In
crease the army In Korea caused the
! collapse of the last Halonji ministry.
THINGS GKMOItAM.Y
UI'IIST IN FL.AXDI2HS
AMSTERDAM, December 25 (via
London, 7:30 I\ M.).?An official com
munication Issued by the German army
headquarters under date of December
, 25, says: "In Flanders yesterday
things were generally quiet. To the
[ east of St. Hubert a further portion
j of the British intrenchments were
I taken.
i "Near to Chivy, near the northeast
I of Vallly, our troop* surprised a hoB
| tile company which had taken up a
position In front of ours and cap
tured 172 Frenchmen. In attempting
to recapture these positions, the enemy
suffered severe losses.
"Fronch attacks near Souain and
Perthes as well, as minor attacks to
the northwest of Verdun and west of
Apremont, were repulsed.
"In the eastern theatre of the war
the situation was unchanged."
! ANOTIIBIl AEKOI'lANE
IX VICINITY OF I.OXDOX
I Special Oahlo to The Times-Dispatch.]
LONDON, December 25.?The Lon
don Star, after printing the official an
nouncement of the hostllo aeroplane
Keen over SheernePi*, states that a Ger
man aeroplane also llew over Grave
send, practically it. the suburbs of
London, making it.s way down the
Thames, flying from the direction of
London. British aviators pursued it,
and several shots were fired without
success. No bombs wero dropped.
1*1 leu Cured in Hlx to Fourteen PavA.
DruRRlMts refund money If PA5SO OINT
MRNT fnlln to euro Itching. Blind, THeedlnir
relief"1 We? Jdv"0"' Kir#t ttpp"cal,?? *,vo?
RESISTANCE OF EMS
STUBBORN, BUT FUTILE
British liOHR-Ilange Naval Guns Tear
Into Every Line of Works*
Tliey Erect."
ALLIES MAKE STEADY GAINS
Upon Tlieir Ability to Maintain Com
manding Positions Along Stretch
of Coast Depends Success of Turn
ins Against Right Flank.
[Special Cable to The Times-Dispatch.]
PARIS, December 25.?The Franco
Belgian advance along tho sand dunes
of the Bolglum littoral Is developing
remarkable strength.
Though the ofTlclal communique la- H
sued from the War OfTlce to-night con- |
lines Itself to the bare statement that 1
"some progress has been made before
Nleuport," It Is permissible to add that '
this movement Is \he most significant
of the operations on the left wing of ,
the allies.
Upon the ability of the allies to main
tain the commanding position along '!
this stretch of the coast depends the
success of the turning movement
against tho right flank of the "Wurt- !
tembergers," under Grand Duke Al
brecht, when the allies' numerical
strength shall warrant their assump- j
tlon of the violent offensive designed, j
to clear Belgium of the invaders.
While the British ships are main- |
tainlng a vigorous cannonndlng of the '
coast at positions of the GermanB, upon '
the French and Belgian Infantry de- J
volves the task of burrowing among ?
the dunes and keeping the Germans
stirred up by close contact to such
an extent that they will find It dif
ficult to establish themselves llrrnly In
adequate defensive positions. This
they are doing with remarkable suc
cess.
The German resistance has been stub
born, but Ineffective, mainly because of
the flanking lire of the British long
range naval guns, which tear every
line of works they erect, and scatter
their forces, while keeping the Ger
man gunB on the move.
To-night's official statement adds
that during the day the Germans at
tacked In the direction of Notre Dame
de I^orette, to the north of Dens. In
Northeastern France, but the attack
was repelled, while further to the
south, near Pulssalelne, the French
troops carried a new German trench,
which they had, despite related
counterattacks of the Germans.
Di the Vosges region, the statement
adds, the Invaders made a vigorous but
unsuccessful attack on Tele de Faux.
Reports from the whole battle front
Indicate that Christmas Day was con
sidered as good a fighting day as any
other, and throughout the day heavy
artillery engagements were fought,
with here and there an attack or coun
terattack by Infantry In efforts to take
or retake the trenches which have
been fought for again and again In
what seems to the men In the trendies J
to be an endless battle.
MOST IMPORTANT OAINS
FOR ALLIES CHRONICLED !
Delayed reports from the corps com- j
manders were passed by General Jof- a
fre's adjutant-general to-day and Is- ?
sued In a statement In the afternoon, i
These chronicle most Important gains
by the allies to the enst of the Ar
gonnes, while every point at which the
armies came in contact the allies either
made gains or Inflicted upon the Ger
mans telling losses where the InvaderB
attempted the offensive. East of
Perthes and northwest of Mesnil the j
Germans were driven from the small
sections of trenches which they still
held, and the French are now masters
of the German first line of defense. |
On the right hank of the Mouse the j
Germans attempted to drive the French
from the positions In which they were j
established In the south corner of the ?
forest of Consenvoye. They directed a !
terrific bombardment 011 the French po- i
sltlons, but without result. Di the 1
forest of Allly and near Apremont the j
French guns, on the other hand were i
ablo to force the Germnns to evacuate 1
a number of trenches. On the extreme
right. In the Vosges, the French
pressed forward until they were within
150 yards of Clrery, on the Vcsouse
River. A number of German attacks
were made In the Argonne forest and
in the forest of Dagrurle, but they
were repulsed as also were attempts
against Fontaine Madame. Near Oulsy
and In the forest of Forges, the French
guns silenced a number of German bat
teries and put several machine guns
out of action, which permitted the
French Infantry to make the first ad
vance of several days. Their gain here
was considerable.
In the north, where the fighting Is
no less desperato than in the wooded
districts along the eastern stretch of
the line, like gains have been recorded.
Near Vermelles, between Lens and
Betliune, the allies on the/evening of
December 23 captured the position of
tho fort In the road from Loos, where
it branches toward Rutoire and Ver
melles. This is most Important stra
tegically, as It commands the military
highway which parallels the canal.
French and British troops, attacking
tho town of Labolselle, to the north
east of Albert, captured the south
western portion of the village, as woll
as a trench to tho south of it, at which
the Germans maintained an ndvancod
post.
Near Lilions, from Roye to Lihu, tho
French offensive resulted In alight
gains.
CELEST1NS
VICHY
(fkknch republic property)
Natural Alkaline Water
for the relief of:?
RHEUMATISM
INDIGESTION
URIC ACID
COUT
* ' Bottle* directly at the fa
tnoae Sprint at VICHY, Prance,
from which It takca (te name.
CELESTINS
"Sold In Quart*, Plata and Split*."

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