TICK TIMES, Founded I8KS
THE DISPATCH, Founded 1M50
rubllnhrd every day In the year l>y The Tlinnt
riUpnt.-li I'lihllalilnjc Cnmp?nr, lne.~ Afl(Ir?? nil
rommnnl'-ntloiM to THE TIMES - IHSI'ATCH,
'Itmw-Hlnpntrh nulldlnK, 10 Eolith Tenth Street,
lllt'li moml, Vn.
TKIiEPnO.NE, RAXDOMMl 1
I'nlillcH(ion Office 10 South Tenth Street
Smith Klrhmond ltliW Hull Street
l'e?iT<hiir* 100 North Sycnmora Street
1. vn<-lt Iiiifm 218 Eighth Str?*t
l< ISHHOOK, STOHV 1IROOKS. INC..
Sperlnl Advertising Keyrenrntntlvea.
V-n \nrk 200 Fifth Avenne
Pliilndel|thln Mtitiinl l.lfe nulldlng
Chli'iiK" I'foplf'n linn Btillt",,c
smsc RII'TIO.N HATES
IIA" MAII., One Six Three line
PtlVTAI.E PAH! Year. Moa. Mca. Mo.
Dally nml SiitiiIht. , , .fA iki HI Wi SI. 50 (
I) n 11 ? only 4.00 'i Ofl 1 00 ..1"<
bunday only 2.00 1.00 .B0 .?*
11 j Tlme?-ntn|iatcli Carrier Delivery ."trirlce In
It ii Ii moiid (nml *uliurt>s) and l'etrr?hurRi
Dully *rlfh Snndny, one ircrk IB centa
Dully without Sunday, one vTcek 10 oenta
Mm dny mi I S eenta
l"n teretl January 1!?. 1U0S, at Richmond, Va., ni
ncrond-rlim* mntfe< '..nder net of ConirrfM of
Mnrrh ,t, 1S7?.
>lnim crliits and ctmimnnlentlona submitted
f?.r |Mil>llrntlon tvlll not lie returned unleaa
ncroinimnli'd hy piin'iisr fctnmpn.
FKIDAT. KK BRIT ART 26. 1515.
New Need for Shipping mil
ii becomes apparent flint the ship-purchase
I bill h:is only a ban? chance of passage at
i ? present session of Conpress. 1 lie tili
ii r conducted by the Senate Republicans,
" >ih ilii* assistance of some Denioerats. is
-nine i<> liavo its hoped-for effect unless
there is some great and sudden chance in Uie
Kven that change may come. If the
t'nited States found it necessary or adviFftblo
iu declare a food embargo, reprisals from
II r i I u in and Germany niipht well he expected.
There would he further withdrawals of Brit
is', vessels from the American trade.
In that case we might have to make re
newed efforts to find markets for our prod
nets. They exist in l.atin America and per
haps in the Orient. Ships will ho needed,
and conditions are easily conceivable under
which ihe lack of shipping .vould he felt
even more seriously than it is to-day.
Behold! <lie Jitney Is Here!
13 K'llMONI) will wntcli with interest and
L \ perhaps patronize with pleasure the
jitney busses soon to operate here. Start hip
in the West, the vogue of the jitney?which
s Western vernacular for a nickel?has swept
across the country. Baltimore is one of the
alest of the Eastern cities to enjoy its
There is a pood deal to be said for the
i nicy, and it may solve pari of the problem
>?:' surface trallie in hip communities. The
reel railway companies always throw up
(heir hands when they are asked to find a
?; \ by which strap-lumping dttrinp the rush
hours may be made less prevalent. When
the whole male, and an increasingly large part
? ?I . ie it male, population moves downtown in
the morning and uptown and to the suburbs
ii the afternoon, there is no way, railway
< riieials declare, to avoid unpleasant eonges
Perhaps not. The jitney, at . any rate, is
i he possible solution offered from the outside.
Hichniond will have opportunity to experi
:i -lit with this departure from the con
<? - p. i <?!:-< 1
\ilacks on County Government
\G1TATH)X for the abolishment of county
kov? rnments. alleged by their critics
>i v>. ?he most wasteful (iud inefficient method
administration in the whole American
v.-?<?111. i inakMig ju'.it now its regular tour
the i ninti1? '"Ifowf'ver. no State has yet t
? ? a'ivi-ald< t<i take the?*- critics' advice.
Mi ? ? tin irouble arises, it is probable,
,>?'!i<t<- eitv and county governments
vlap i"lv.- counties, w ith separate sets of
?in y i f*.< .? r eontribute to the ofllcial bless- <
v of <..i . r N? w York. Citizens of Chi
( 'j'i ? : ?: ir? also the mlnistration- of fune
? i uari' f <if < ool; 1 'ounty.
):? V;?-r.'. -> ; ,' in. wh< reby a city is in
? i n.-, hut m>t of i'. i a ure,tt and rnani
? ? in.; rov< tiK-iit. N< o<J.- of rural and urban ??
i..iii. ??,.- ,:H' nctu iallj separate and dis
inct. aii'l the outlooks of rural and urban
? pie .<ri ,-naily quit, as far apart They
i. y -i<.t he antagonistic, although they are
fretiuently. hut they survey conditions and
i ??tnedi< f r "ii. different points of view
We ii.M ? i'it'. the Virginia plan to general
r.iiit?;H,i'<? May He Declared
i a-* liiiit. and tumors in Washing
l ' ; an etnbnrpo on the shipment
't f!?oti suppiie tn the countries now at war
n. hi declared hv the t'nltert States. A
week a (jo when German and ltritish replies
? >> Pre* '?ni Wilson's protects against their
war -'ir* were under discussion. The
'"iines-lMs-patch reviewed at length this peace- j
fill We;i |j, j | j r,;' (?neM!H>U- potency, t |l <; natlOU
held i.i Its I ani'
i' i- ' ''i? m w?? beli. \<. to bring both
Germany and Great Britain to terms An
embargo on food has been demanded by iu
Huentia1 ??len:(,Mts within our own bordwrH and
for wholly domestic reasons The demand
gains si n< w lmpie>siven?sa when hacked hy
the destruction of American ship? and Ameri
in the meantime, why should we not keep
American vessel? tn.it of th?? danger /one?
I here is a vaiid distinction between a
right and the wisdom of it? exorcise A ? iti
jumi has a riEiit to walk through a street com
manded by a madman armed with a shotuun
and threatening <leath 'o sill who approach
him?but there it- not much window n taking
the risk. A citizen may walk under a totter
ing wall also and keep strictly within his
legal prerogative hut conduct of this kind
does not gain for him a hieii reputation for
The sit nation on t fie other >?. :< of the oce? n
; ? not dissimilar In essem <; from th<-se '| wo
American vessels stIt ?-;??!> h.i. < t ? ? r. ill s'lnye,
tiot hy German submarine. <.r n?i,e deslgne.)
to interfere with British con.mere hut. ap
parent.))'. by mines Germany hat la,.I for the
protection 'if iter own Coasts.
?Similar mines ar? to be laid, so it ip said,
around t"ne British Isles Nobody has yet
found It possiblo to suggest a satisfactory !
ground of protest against mines bo laid, or
against thoir possibly destruetive conse
quence. Acquiescence by all the neutral j
countries, including our own. in the laying 1
of mines by both Britain and Germany in the '
North Sen has precluded sincere and effective
insistence that no such mines be deposited
in the English Channel or the Atlantic Ocoan.
If an American ship is destroyed by such
mines, we would have a claim for damages i
against the country that placed them there? j
if we are able detinitoly to establish that
portion of the responsibility?but it is seri
ously ??: be doubted if wo would have a real
and honest casus belli.
As things stand, an American vessel loRded I
with grain for Bremen or Hamburg may '
choose between being seized by a British
cruiser and blown up by a German mine. |
Neither horn of the dilemma appears to offer j
an attractive or comfortable resting place, i
The truth Is that Germany and Britain have
gone mud, and the best thing for this nation
to do is to leave both severely alone. No
madman's company was ever either desirable
t'p to the Vice Commission
IT is the Vice Commission's next move.
Mayor Ainslie's request for the "sprcitic
evidence" that Chairman Starke has said he
was willing to furnish makes the issue en
tirely clear. If there was question or in
distinctness about the commission's duty, it
now has been removed.
There has been no disposition in any quar
ter to harass the commission or to interfere
with the exercise of its sound discretion. So
far as we are aware, the whole community
has conceded the purity and rectitude of the
commission's purpose and its determination
to discharRo a ditlicult and thankless duty In
the way that would b*?st advance the public
So far as The Times-Dispatch is concerned,
it has insisted from the first thnt when the
time came the commission would be found
ready and willing to support the intimations
of its original report with the evidence on
which they were based.
Xo other conclusion, indeed, was possible.
The commission represented the city in the
inquiry it undertook. Its very appointment
predicated an undercurrent of public dis
satisfaction with then existing conditions and
a public determination that errors of policy
or method should be corrected. Tn the in
vestigations it made, in the evidence it re
ceived. the commission represented the pub
lic conscience? not its own. It did not listen
to n great mass of nauseous and revolting
testimony in order to gratify a prurient curi
osity. but that from its findings and recom
mendations. so based and fortified, a higher
civic morality might be expected to emerge.
In the course of its inquiry, it came across
conditions that caused it to be distrustful of
the existing administration of the Police De
partment. ll found that disorderly houses
were allowed to opernte outside the disTrlct
to which they had been assigned by a delib
erately formulated public policy?that, in
deed, unsegregated commercialized vice was
in the proportion of two to one to that ac
These findings and others, the recommen
dation that the assignment of policemen to
posts be taken away from the Police Hoard
and confided solely to the chief; the fact that
the board received no single word of the com
mendation conferred on the officers and men
of the force: the plea for protection for cer
tain policemen who had testified, and the
whole tone of the report created the irresisti
ble conclusion in the public mind tha p dice
administration had been found unsatisfac
tory, and that some members of the board?
perhaps all of them?wore responsible for
Richmond has adopted, following the ad
vice ot the commission, a new method of deal
ing with the social 'nil. and public opinion,
impressed hy the commission's findings, lias
indorsed the change. It is evident, how
ever. that any policy of tins character must
depend for success on the honesty and ef
ficiency of the Police Department. There
are other requisites, of course, hut police i
honesty and police efficiency are hasic and
I'ndcr the commission's report, the present
police administration stands discredited and
distrusted in the public mind?whether right
ly or wrongly only an investigation in which
the accused have the opportunity to face '
their accusers is competent to determine.
I'ntil that investigation is held, judgment
should he suspended hut a suspended judg
ment is ifll that the situation admits.
The Had Indian
IT has been a long time since the Indian has
been bad in numbers, necessitating large
headlines to express the situation. News
papers have generally be.-n able to tuck
l'oor l.o away on the inside or leave him out ,
altogether, without seriously impairing the !
news value of any family publication. Hut
the other day in Utah, Just outside the reser
vation, a hand of Piutes surrounded the vil
lage <if It luff and engaged posses in pitched
battle, in support of one of their number,
who was^i fugitive from justice on a charge
of murder. Instantly the Indian took his
place on the first pa.ty next to real reading
matter, and became quite as thrilling as a
We have no more of the Cooper sort of red
men no more warriors, either, like Sitting
Bull, just as in the South we have no more
such white Indians as the llatfields and Mc
Coys; In the West none such as Frank and
Jesse James, and their Ilk This country is
growing to be a fairly safe place, of residence
for peaceful folk, unless, indeed, now and
then a border disturbance makes it ungentle
to live too close to the southern edges of
Arizona and Texas. How rarely we hear of
Chinese outrages in Frisco! Indeed, the
only really bad men we have in these times
are the gunmen of New York, and they are
skulking coyotes, and don't count outside the
precincts of Murray Hill.
No, we decline to regard the I'lute uprising
as worthy of place in the history of the great
American colony. It was just a case of a
drunken redskin with too many friends to he
safe in company, who. after Hie noise of his \
own thunder, was able to persuade a few
misguided enthusiasts that the (Jreat White
Father was growing weak in the knees. A
few days and a few soldiers are sufficient to
squelch such valiant warriors and lead the
survivors hack to the reservation by their
dishonored noses. Poor Cooper wouldn't
recognl/.e his noble red man fo-day." Heap
Big Injun is a minor nuisance, who has a
mighty hard time becoming really dramatic.
( The Kvelyn sunk by a submarine or mine
in thft North Ror In not The Evelyn. She Is
still in vaudeville with Jack Clifford, and
doing well, thank you.
SONGS AND SAWS
Johnny Isn't eatlnp
Candy any more;
Johnny keeps a way from
('Hki' and soda stove;
Also stills Mo pleading:
"Lemine have that core."
Johnny ha i toothache?
<?nr that takes him roar.
The I'rNMlmlnt Snym
It doesn't mean much. wh?n you come to think
or It, to say "It la a long lane that has no turn
ing." All that statement implies Is that a long
lane is a lone lane?and most of the disagreeable
byways of life are constructed In exactly that
( linuitiMf; the Terms.
She (reproachfully) ? Vou
always said you would plve
the world to make tne
lie ? True, true?but it
yets on my nerves when
vou try to collect that
obligation, with compound
interest, on the installment
'I'hr Cult of the Antique.
"Dr. Olrtslyl? appears to lio recovering a cood
deal of his lost practice."
"Yes, the vocue of medical novelties is coinsr
out, and old-fashioned ailments are back In
favor. Why, even people one knows are havinc
ordinary chills and fever."
"Why do you stare at mo In thnt fashion?"
asked .Mr. (Jaybird of the young son of the
house he was visit ins.
'"Cause mother said you were a black sheep,
and l wanted to be sure she had cot you mixed
Up with somebody else."
First Heeler?Politics ain't wot it used to be.
Second Ditto?Xaw. it ain't. Why, l see in
the papers they've arrested folks out in Ken
tucky for selling votes for 51 a throw Th-iu
curs ouchter c<'t ten years for cuttlni; the
Some wise men swear with nticht and rnnin
Thai they have no regard for pelf.
.Iu?t what they mean I can't explain
1 do not f<-el (hat way myself.
Chats With Virginia Editors
"The people of the State." says the Freder
icksburg Free l,ance, "will regret to learn that
tlovernor Stuart is confined to the Mansion by
a severe attack of illness, brought on doubtless
by the unusual strain he has been under sis a
result of the tax reform work now beinK done
In Virginia. The Governor has labored Inces
santly to solve the difficult problem confronting
the State In reforming Its system of taxation,
and his advice has proved of great value. We
Join with all In wishing him a speedy restornMon
Says the Covington Virginian: "We confess to
a hobby on good roads. Not that we use the
roads one-tenth as much as the average cltivi n.
but because we realise that pood roads are just
as important as good schools, good stores, cood
banks, cood newspapers, cood citizens. In fact,
cood roads breed good schools, cood stores, good
banks, cood newspapers and pood citizens. (Jive
us cood roads, an'd the others follow as a
natural matter of courfte." Good roads also
breed good money?If folks In the country can
just Ik made to understand that potent fact.
According to the nrlstol Herald-CourlCr. "a
reader writes to say that she hopes Hilly Sun
day will come to Kristol and convert the llerabl
Cnurier. She Is probably hoping against hope.
Few towns the size of Kristol can afford to pay
Mr. Sunday's price for his services." I'erhaps
Mr. Sunday will make an exception, should he
become convinced that the Herald-Courier Is in
special need of his services.
"CoiiW the farmer organize in a systematic
an?l business-like way and keep his organlza
tlon alive, his profits would be larger," snys 11??*
Eraiikliu County Chronicle, "Tlip trouble with
liim Is that lip Is too afraid sonic one will upi
more out of it than he will, and ho In not will
ing to pay the proper salary to secure the ru
<iuisit? business ability to carry such an or
ganization to a successful conclusion." Even
n very modest set of books, Intelligently nnd
faithfully kept, have been known to make the
difference between loss ami profit.
The Chatham Enterprise refuses to bo over
tMiiup i>y wars and rumors of wars. It says:
"Aw, buck up! What are you always howllt.ir
about the war for? Forget it. Wo have one
old hen, a peck of meal, ten pounds of Hour, 2
cents nnd good health Why should we worry?"
Current Editorial Comment
If the British rule as lo con
traband is allowed to stand, there
' will be no commerce in (he At
KjUlits on la it t ic Ocean that Is not con
11 ijrli Setcs trolled by Hrcat Britain. Neu
tral vessels will be driven off
the sea. trade routes will lie abandoned, export
houses will lose their customers, and commerce
will be a* thing of the past, except with Hrltlsh
ports. It might be supposed that American ves
sels bound f>>r peaceful Kuropean countries
would be uninolesteil, but England claims the
riuht to '-apt lire such vessels also, on the ground
that their cargoes arc Indirectly Ocstincd for
lloimnny or Austria. Now. with all cargoes
declared to be contraband, and all destinations^
however emote from C.ermany, declared to be
ports of entry for ?brmany, is is plain that no
more business can be done except with the con
sent of England. To such a pass have come the
neutral nations of the world, bccause of the
overwhelming force of the British navy and
the absence of a naval force to keep it in check!
Whether the outcome will be concerted action
by all neutrals, In self-defense, or whether they
will submit to the destruction of their com
merce in order to avoid war with England, re
' mains to be seen, But one thing Is very clear:
The t.'nlted States need not expect Oreat Britain
to protect American commerce or respect Amer
ican riulits unless it is compelled to do so.?
The lesson Washington taught
Washington American people, by bis tin
Tnillflit. swerving resolution to maintain
v ... his own go\emim-nt's position of
.Neutrality neutrality was to make American
Interests the controlling principle
of American foreign policy. America was llrst,
in his view. It was most emphatically at that
time to the ailviintag<> of .the feeble young re
public of the New World to remain at peace.
The role of satellite to h great European
belligerent would have hern most disastrous to
the developing American nationality. The
principle Washington established by his course
applies no less pointedly to-day, and ex-Presi
dent Taft merits the most cordial praise for so
warmly approving the present policy of Presi
dent Wilson, which is based squarely upon that
of 15corge Washington. President AVilson has
been attacked on the absurd est grounds. lie
lias been violently assailed, on the one side,
for not protesting against the violation of cer
tain Hague treaties which were actually not in
force, according to their own explicit provisions,
lie has been condemned, on the oilier side, for
permuting his own country to make use of it*
acknowledged commercial rights under inter
national lav*. Hi- has encountered hitter
plaints from one side or the other for having
demanded respect for his country's neutral
rights when they seemed to he menaced by
, belligerent operations. The answer to all these
[ critics Is precisely the answer President Wash
lngton would have made. Let ibis country mind
Its own business and safeguard its own Inter
ests, whether or not this policy Is popular abroad
or Is approved by the sympathize? here at home
of belligerent nations.?Springfield Republican.
The publication of cartoons.
Attack on editorials and news comments on
11 ponding In court has led
t . to the lining of the Toledo Ncwa
or 1 ress j4eo $7(&oo and the writer $300 by
Judge John M. Kllllts, of the
I Federal Court of that district. The action of tho
judge is In direct detinues of American prin
ciples of jurisprudence, the light to comment on
pending cases always having been suecessfully
i Insisted on hy the American press. Tho law In
Kngland Is different. Wo venture the guess that
the tines will never he paid and that the higher
United States courts will not risk at tljjs or
any other lime that sort of assault on tho free
dom of the press guaranteed by the United
States Constitution. The correct American view
was taken only a few months ago by Judge
Anderson, ol' the Federal judiciary in Indian
apolis. A newspaper had made fun of a grand
Jury Investigation in a State court. The judge
of that court had had the publisher and the
writer arrested for "contempt." Judge Anderson
granted a writ of habeas corpus, sustained the
, writ, discharged the prisoners and notified tho
I Stale Judge that he would hear from him if he
took any further action. No further action was
taken, and the rights of Americans were thus
vindicated l>y tho national authority;?Itrooklyn
War News Fifty Years Ago
i From the Richmond Dispatch, Feb. 20. 1SH5.)
The unbroken quiet on the lines south of the
James, which has prevailed for several days j
past, is somewhat in the nature of the proverbial
lull before the storm. There. is ?;oit?g i? be
something doing In a few days?thai Is to say,
as soon as the mud dries lip a little. ?
There Is ample evldenco that the Federals are
eoncentrating their forecs on their new posi
tion on Hatcher's Itun, but nothinn of con
sequence iias yet grown out of their movement,
except the capture of a portion of our picket ,
line one night. However, the line was quickly
The Northern papers, in reporting the fall of '
Charleston, refer to that city as "th?* cradle of
the rebellion." The same papers ate doing much ?
rejoicing over the fact that the Colon Ma* t
again floats over FoM Sumter, for the first ttmo
in four long years.
* In an oflicial report to Secretary of War
Rreckinridge, (leneral Lee says: "'b-neial Karly
reports that Lieutenant McNeil, with tu>t over
thirty men. tin the morning of the "1st. entered
<'umberland? Aid., captured and brought out
?lenerals Crooke and Kelley, the adjutant of !
that department, two privates and the headquar- !
ters Hag, and did this without firing a gun, !
although a considerable Kederal foree ?van sta- '
tionpd in the vicinity."
From Harrisonburg comes another account ,
of the capture of Uenerals Crunks and Kelley ?t i
Cumberland. It says: "Major-Cleneraln R. !?'.
Kelley and CJcorge Crooke and Major Thayer
.Mellvin, of Oeneral Crooke's staff, arc hero
en route under strong guard to Richmond. They
were captured In Cumberland, Md , last Tues
day tnortilhg at 3 o'clock by Lieutenant Jess*
McNeil and forty-five of his brave men. who
were helped hy fifteen of Oeneral Rosser's fur
An ofTlcial statement from General Lee Is to
the effect that General ICchola reports to him
that detachments of Vaughan's cavalry struck
th? railroad beyond Knoxvllle. Tenn., at Sweet
water and \thens, capturing the garrisons at
both places with sixty men of the Twentieth
Ohio Cavalry Regiment and all of their horses
The last of the Confederate forces to hold
out at Charleston left that city n week ago
to-day, and the next morning the Federals en
tered and took possession. All of the Con
federate cotton stores were saved nnd removed
In ample time. The three <'onfederate gunboats
that were In the harbor made their way In safety
up the Cooper River.
The Federal raiding force reported to have
been en route to Tarboro, N. C., and to other
points on the Wilmington and Weldon Rail
road, having met with vigorous opposition, has
deemed It wise to return to Wilmington.
The Washington Chronicle tells us that secre
tary Stanton has ordered all United states fortR
and army headquarters to fire many salutes,
and keep It up many days, "in honor of the
restoration of the United States flag over Fort
The Voice of the People
Another f-'oe of Tn\ ^rprfxatlon. t
To the Kditor of The Tline.w. Dispatch:
Sir. I.. S. Kpep, nf Rlru kstoue, says that the
new tax law, known as tin- We aver-Buchanan
law. to Ff(;r<'tfalc the various classes of prop
erty, is a failure, in that it does not reform .
anything. 1 write this to say that 1 agree
with liitii. and I consider that the- work of the
two Tax <'ommlsKions of t l I and of 1911 has
been wanted, In so far .is it Was used as a
basis fur reform by the body of men who rep
resent Virginia In the legislature.
I>r. Douglas Freeman was the expert statis
tician who wrote the report for the HOI com
mission, and I>r. Thomas \V. Page was the
technical adviser of the !!ilt coriiniisslon. The ,
I.eulslaiure just brushed aside and ignored the
work of both commissions?tliat is, they allowed ,
a few political bosses to control the whole liud.i,
and a new law was passed which these bosses !
claim is a reform In methods of taxation. The '
people asked for bread, and the bosses have
gi veil them ;t stone. That's all.
Ileal reform in onr tax law must recognize the
new Idea of using the laxinir power of the com
munity to stimulate production ntul home huihl
Iiik by means of full 100 per cent assessments
on ?land values." Capital must not lie driven
away by double taxation. Building improve
ments must not be discouraged hv State fines In
th?- guise of n tax. "I'lKDMONT."
i 'harlot tenvi lie, Va., February 24, 1015.
l''nvor* Segregation of Social Mvll.
To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch:
Sir,?A lot lias been heard lately about segre. 1
cation, vice and vice commission!;. I pass by
the jesters of li.vtichhurK and Iianville. What j
mostly concerns the citizens is the tactics
adopted by the Mayor of Richmond, and those
associated with him, in a matter which now
appears* to be a huge conglomeration of ap
parently peculiar issues.
In the first place, was it fair or just to run
these unfortunate women broadcast, without a
moment's notice?to drive i hem like dumb
driven cattle anywhere and everywhere? Wast
this the rlRht way to act'.' it would appear not.
Surely at least a month's notice ought to liftve
been Riven them, and everything done quietly
and in order and so give those whom war was
declared against an opportunity to make prepara
tions to ciitit. and perhaps in time tret to their
Vice lias always existed, and will continue
to exist. Therefore, it would appear the best
thing to do would be to regulate It; and the
people in Richmond who have thought well of
malting a great exposure have evidently made
matters worse. It would have been better to
| have left well enough alone, for this tnuck
: raking is not so very edifying.
Do those gentlemen, from the Mayor down,
presume to be acting from the moral aspect?
If so. it would open up a wide range of thought.
A prominent writer has said it is immoral to
be false, to be mean, to steal, to cheat, to be
uncharitable, to stoop* to low actions and small
I ends. snnsrnTRKu.
i Nelson County, Va., February 23, 1015.
Queries and Answers
Please tell me who Cain's wife was.
Please tell me what day of the week was
March 1. 181*. MRS. I/.
Can you tell" me the date of the death of
Isldor Ra\ner, United States Senator from Marv
: land? T. B. MY Kits
Xiivi niber V.'i. IIM2.
So UN of tlic Revolution.
Ploasu nlve name and address of the presi
dent of the Virginia Division of the Sons of the
Revolution. MRS. K. T. P.
W. Chase Morton, 320 West Main Street, Rich
THE INVISIBLE PRESENCE
Ono of tlio Duy's Heat Cartoons.
? 'h? Molnr* Jt-c!?H?r ?nrt I>?ai1?r.
AIM TO SAVE THE KAISER
Colonel I", .v. .Minnie, C H ,* whose!
knowledge of < ;??! Tll.lliV is ?J ?* I-1 V ? ??I flOJII
)natty years of study ami personal ox- '
perlehcc, writiim in tin- I.Million Times, |
refers to tiio growing belief In tin- the
ory that one of tin great objects stead
ily maintain*-)! in vi?? w by tin- directorsi
of (ii>fhl?tl policy is to save the lloln-n- ,
anllerii dynasty ami tin- system it ):??;?<Ih ;
from tin- revulsion of national f?-?-lin^r ,
wit loll will follow tin- ii:i'or nit ion tli.it'
the country has been led into a dis- I
i'olum-1 Mini eh- says the pinch ?? f hun
ger is beginning to tie sharply felt In
? lot-many, not > <-t in the great i-ltios, '
but where every one who knew anything
of Cormnn Inlet lor economy woubl have
foreseen* it must happen; i. c.. on that
part of the lan?l away from the great
11oir? the wonii'ti know they have been
deceived about the war ami tliev ari
liPffitinlliK to get very restive, for thfl
post-oftb-e still delivers internal letters
uitcoiiKorod. I'olonel Maude nays
"The potato i lot at Selioiiberg was
due to the gathering distrust and dis
content whl< It oppresses the major part
of the women. The million widows land
thero are a good many more now; will
take a vast amount of explaining away,
and the fat, retired old policemen oil
whom fall the responsibility of main
taining order when the troops are ab
sent on the firing line have no cli.iiue
against the fury of hungry women
whoso tongues will not he silenced.
"What ever*- one appears to overlook
in the present ease Is the curious fai t
that now at last there is no sullb lent
authority remaining in ilermany <>r
Austria to support the day-to-day
transactions and the customs of nor
mal country life. All middle-aged and
vigorous poiif,; have been drafted into
the armies, and old men who have taken
their places are not anxious to lose the
status acquired by many years of good
fellowship In their respective districts
by attempt inir to enforce 'inpoptilat
"This is the way in which alnioM in
variably the Internal breakup of a na
tion is brought about. In this way,
multiplied a thousand times, disaffec
tion spreads like burning oil on a tidal
river. Then comes a time when an ex
tremely astute socialistic lawyer recog
nizes that with an active army at the
front and some S!,000,'?0<i of that already
dead or hopelessly crippled, an election
will mean a clear Socialist triumph,
with, moreover, exceedingly Inconveni
ent consequences for the iiohen'/.ollcrn
"The only way Iri which It may still
be possible to save the faie of this par
ticular sufferer Is for tho government to
To the Kd it or nf The Tlines-rMspatch:
Mir,?Virginia will become nil Import-'
nut nut-producing State as soon a? Its
people Appreciate tlm opportunities It
now offers for growing pecans and wal- j
nuts. In the last ten years, since
Rrowora have Introduced choice named
varieties of pecans. and learned how to
propagate them for this State*, com
mcrclal pecan culture has heen put
on :i sure basis, where the orchard is
planted under proper conditions and
given good care. It is an investment
of an enduring nature, yields a pro- j
duct for which there is an unlimited
deiunnd. with no prospect of overpro
duction, is a pleasant as well as a1
profitable business that gives large re
turns from a small Inveslment of
money and patience.
W. N. Jlutt. the State Horticulturist
of North Carolina, to whom Unit State
owes the progress It has made in pecan
culture, stated in an address recently
that he believes the pectin tree is the)
Mouth's greatest asset; that no tree
hears more abundant ly and no fruit or j
vegetable substance excels it'as a high-I
ly concentrated and delicious food]
product. It taken precedence of all
other nuts in quality.
Individual pecan trees in Virginia'
are prolific, and hear nuts of excellent
quality. Transplanted trees grow as
rapidly and come Into bearing as early I
as in any State. The varieties suited '
to this locality are known, and trees:
are now available for setting out.
It has been mentioned that a pecan
tree for each acre would pay the taxes,
on farms In this Slate. This refers
In a tree noon after It begins to hear, j
The crops from a mature tree would
pay the taxes on several acres. The]
MailtMira tree in Surry County, near j
.lames River, has borne as IiIk1i as L'7f. j
pounds of nuts in a .single, season, for j
which a price of 30 cents a pound was
received. A correspondent, writing
rrom Hampton, Va., this week says he i
has bought some of the tinest pecans |
he over saw from =*? farmer near Tnhbs, i
Vn.. and that this farmer has tcti trees
that bear well and pay a gOod return. I
The owner of a large farm near Suf- ]
folk. Vh.. wrote some time ago thatj
there wore seventeen trees on it, and
j that the net returns from these trees
I were larger than from the rest of his
| farm. Many other instances of protlt
| able trees in this State could he given.
The pecan tree likes company, and
there is no more congenial place for it
than about the yards and wardens. It
is one of the most beautiful and de
? sirahle shade trees. There arc yard
trees producing crops of pecans that
sell cauh year front 570 to $150.
Persons In Virginia who desire to
act out a grove of pecans this spring,
lead tin* |io(i|il(> to believe that ttiey have
tin- w Iti? 1 ?? world auainst them, i-k ircd 'in.
of course, by .peiTullotis KiiKlanil b"
usual Therefore. Mioner tliiiti nlluw his
I* I *? to endure further annoyance
hi such iiti iinr>?)ii>?I strimcle. tlx* Kuli't,
ivlth divine coin passion, will condescend
to heal the w(ior nf his people by Ink
ing from thcin rather less thitn he i;t
lirst ox ported to Bet.
, "Thi re .v< ? in h ri" other ox planatior.
for the fatuiiii!) imbecility allowed and
cm omaci'il in the tbrinah press e.\
cept In this determination to Muff th*
people. To J ml from Its dally papers,
every 0110 would Imnulnc Hint Oreat
Itrltaln had declared food eontrabrand
nf war and wan really taUInc serious
stops to brims a meat 'conflict to a
j conclusion. Aceordlim to Sir Ktl ward
15 rev's note to tlie Washing toll env
eminent, we have not even yet Inter
fered with Herman food imports at
all unless tlie distlnatlon of such im
ports to the military forces of the
tim-mans was < lrarlv evident.
"Ho far no hampering the Import nf
foodst ii ffs throuch neutral countries,
we have done nnthltiK to warrant the
tierman press outcry. In fact, the nnl>
~s? Is nf war which are ohst rti-111 i:
sii'ii trade it ml thereby Increasing tin
' suffering of the Herman peoplu
their own submarines ami their <1 .ft
mines, which appear somehow to lieu
? live neutral to two Hrltifth shlp>, n!
tllmmh there are ton times ns rn.ur .f
the latter to ntiai k abroad on tin- seas
""I'liiK extraordinary prednminahe i f
neutral destructions chiiiimI Iik a r? ?
Milt of chance, The pinbabilltles i<?:? tis
?>miitirnllv ai i- over? helming l.v against
such a ?-?>m;lutdon. The only inferonce
tu in- lirawii is that the Ilohcii/.ollci n
dynasty, through some secret and
truslMil servants. Is deliberately trr -
I ii b tu produce a situation which will
give tin- Kaiser an upport unit > for
I the most ilramatic coup of his life, if
all the neutrals nf the world were now
in t:11 it against him he coubl pnblls'.i
:.in ait of sin render, which would ret;
| dei" his memory Immortal with his
, people, and it could contain at least
half a dozen loopholes for reopening
, hostilities as soon as the nation had
sulllcleiitly recovered to he able tu
I make an attempt. For tho moment
' I do not believe the allies will reull>
, enter Into the imperial calculation*
j except an an embarrassing distraction
Ills whole end and aim Is apparently
? tu keep in with tiie Socialist vote*
by a press campaign against Kngland
and tlie allies, for if the Horlallsts
j once fee| their prer.ont power and be
gin to ti.?e n the last iif thi* llohen
I xoMerns is now mi the Prussian
I tli rune "
have nn opportunity to ppoure hurdy
trees at a smaller cost than tliey wi't
probably have a pa In for several sea
son.?, if tlioy will wrlto to Th" Times
Dispatch or lo William N*. Itoper, l'? -
lersburg, Vh., such information as (hey
desire concerning these trees a.nd the
subject of pecan culture In this State
will tie sent them.
AN OLD SUMBfTRIftKU.
Richmond, February Ufi, 101",.
Talks on Thrift?No. 8
In most schools of America thrift (?*
a subject loft to take care of lt*olf.
(iraduales po out Into the world with
no iletinlte bleas about the happiness
there Is in thrift, of the value of home
itnrdcns, t>f household imtnHKcmcnt, of
\v I so investment ami wise iillotmcnl of
income for the expenses of home, busi
ness and self.- Montgomery Advertiser.
The School of Journalism of the
t'nlversity of .Missouri has prepared a
series of advertisements for the banks
of that State In which the cause of edu
cation and the encouragement of the
habit of saving are admirably united.
"If you will open an account with us
when your son enters high school," says
one of the advertisements, "and let him
help you each week,, by the time lie
completes his high school course there
i will be sufficient In the fund to tnke
him through college."
Of course, the purpose, is to have
parents save money with the educa
tion of their children as an object hihI
then use those savings by sending the
jyoung people to the Missouri institu
tion. Hut the Idea is a, good ono for
! parents every where. What father or
mother could not take to heart such
an argument an the following: "JlinO a
[year will give your son or ^daughter
a university education? "?
"This Is about the -average vcarlv
expense of each of the 3,500 students
| at the University of Missouri.
t "Only $10 a month deposited In the'
j bank at compound interest for eighty
I months will enable your son to achieve
'his heart's desire for a college educa
tion. lie can earn enough In vacations
< to finish out the fund."
I Such a purpose provides one of the.
j strongest possible motives for thrifty
j In this connection. If is not out of
I place to consider the advisability of
| giving lessons of thrift ;i place in the
I courses of studj in both elementary
land advanced schools. The condition,
i outlined t>\ the Montgomery newspaper,
quoted above, is all too true, and those
things oiiKht not so to be if this nation
is to continue lo prosper as it should.
T/ I). MacORlSCSOR.
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