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THE TIMES, Konndrd 18SS
THE DISPATCH. Fonndrd 1850 PablUbrd every day in the jrnr by The Times. Dispatch Publishing Company, Inc. Addreaa nil commuDtratloDi to THE TIMES - DISPATCH. Tlmea-Dlapatch Building, 10 South Tenth Street. Richmond. Va. TEI.EPnOXE, RA.VDOLPn 1 Publication Ofllce 10 South Tenth Street South Richmond 1020 Hull Street I'eteribnrg 100 North Sycamore Street Lriclibura 218 Eighth Street HAsnnooK, story nnooKS, ino, special Advertlalnic Representatives. New York 200 Fifth Avenne Philadelphia Mutual Life Bulldlnc Cbliiijf"? People's (ia? liulldlui; SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY MAILi One Six Threo One POSTAGE PAID Year. Mos. Moi. Mo. Dally and Sunday *0 (Ml *3.00 SI.50 S .55 Da?ly oaly 4.00 2.00 1.00 . 85 ? (today only 2.00 l.OO .50 .23 By Tlmes-Dlapatch Currier Delivery Service In Richmond (and suliurha) and I'cteralinrg t Daily with Sunday, one vreek 15 centu Dnlly v*lthont Sunilnr, one nrrk 10 cent* Sunday only 5 cent* Entered January 27, 11)05, n ( Richmond, Vlt., an aecond-clann matter under KiS of Coniprean o( Mnrrk 3. 11TS. Mnnnncrlptn and communication* mthmlttcd for publication Trill not he returned uulrss nccompnnled by poatnRc ntamps. SUNDAY, Al'tiUPT S. 1015. Hopo fi>r Troubled Mexico IT requires some hardihood to predict the return of peace and good government in Mexico. hut it may be said with reason and conviction that the chances are better now than they have been at any time since the ; assassination of Madero. Thf> conference of Pan-American diplomats ! with Secretary Lansing lias resulted, it would j sopm. in practical agreement on a course of i action, which only awaits the approval of Prosidont Wilson and of the diplomats' home , governments to bo placed in operation. Carranza, now the dominant figure in | Mexico, appears at last to get a glimpse of 1 the light, and accompanies his appeal for ] recognition with an expression of his will- j ingness to treat with the loaders of the other j Mexican factions. Even the generous Mexican appetite for j revolution probably has been surfeited, and the Mexican people look forward with hopo, strengthened by desire, to stable peace and the orderly processes of the law. Wo see much that is hopeful in this (situation. A dispatch tells ur of a bad boy who was reformed by a medical operation. The old slipper system worked by a mother was quito efficacious and cost less money. Judges and Politics INVESTIGATION of the charges against Judge R. II. L. Chichester, made originally on the floor of tho House of Delegates by Delegate S. P. Powell, will be followed with interest by the people of the State, in the anxious hope that nothing will be adduced to stain the judicial ermine. That this hope, so widely held, will be justified, Judge Chiches ter's friends express every confidence. Of course, however, the investigation must be rigid and s*archinK No perfunctory in quiry will satisfy any one concerned. As The Times-Dispatch said when this con- i troversy first i' : the i.rht. the worst fea ture of tfce cii* '.h the con-action which it ar'^r.'UiV! bJudiciary and the politic* of V'.r y'.t-'.c. This connection le the cm'.!'.: ' " *?- '.tw for which Judge C v.-r - i? ?? - ?> - - ? ?<-??.r bie Judges on the Y? " . ' '.*e* i ? - *he duty of naming titf - ? ? whatever high ly, ir.i-'" *-v. ? i' j ? hr-*-<- ?"nalpol5tlcal 1 u r. r?'. ? v ? J.*;- .? ? " be the objects of rr ? ' *" i". ?? : y WLouid be spared j-p; - - ? > % ? r - %? ? * ett Krf-o< r:ck: burg v.-. ;.-.h of a change. Mr P.ir/ef' >* ?? ight r.he Apbrvd *.? statue Of r'.-:.*1'- Mr Rockefeller wtt c' trac* ??-'*. '7 ts of the w ll" i not by the trartir io.\ 1 i< -'o 'J "j ? ? ? >jv that Aphrodite was sprung from t>.? *ei. h^sca foam atid oil won't mix ? A Light Tluit Fails OUR always luminous, but not always im partial, contemporary, the Ni-w Vor/ Sun. discussing Southern resentment ' t l;r ' tin's cotton policy, charitably remarks that "the ?rouble which brewing in the result ??f the South's fatuous devotion to the single crop." This logical effort would do credit to the German Chan* ellor, or any of his profe torial assistant ? The Sun thinks that "political interests in the South, with a hyphenate hacking, are pn paring to make an uproar in Congress over the allies' interference with th?"> cotton trade," which show? among other things, that the Sun dorsr: ? know what It is talking about. DoubtlCM- whatever "hyphenate hacking" can do to increase the cotton planter's resent ment not be ornitf-d, but the resentment exists quite independent of outside influence. All tha* the rot ion trade asks is what this govprnm"! '. already has asked - that Kngland keep within th> law. if that demand is to be withdrawn hC'-aus-1 'he South, in tho view of the Run, has forfeited its claim to protec tion by "fatuou d- vo'.ion to the single crop," it will be rather remarkable. The International A sociation of Display Men objects to the suggestion that it |>o called the Window Trimmers. There are too many other trimmers in the land Just now. Even display men, operating along other lines, are a p. st Rush the Rappahannock Railroad THE macs-meeting at West Point Friday night to discuss and indorse the pro pound Richmond, Rappahannock and North ern Railroad showed the interest of the peo ple of the town in this great work of public improvement. The advantages of the project are pr-if evldent, but the possibilities: of the new line, as compared with actual conditions else where, are worth considering. The increase of population in 741 square mile* tributary to the N V . P. & \" Railway, vhich paRses through territory identical in Foil, climate and general conditions with the Territory through which the Richmond, Rap patmcock and Northern Railway will run, I from 1S90 to 1900 was 26.4 per cent, while the Increase In population of 1,200 square miles of country not now tributary to any railroad, but through which it is proposed to construct the new line, was only S.S per cent. From 190n to 1910 the increase in popu lation in the N*. Y., P. & N. territory was 16.S per cent, while in the same period the in crease in the territory of the new project was only 5.3 per cent. As The Times-Dispatch said a few days ago, Baltimore has nothing to fear from this road's entrance into the transportation Held. The territory, with railroad facilities, must in crease enormously in population and produc tiveness. and Baltimore will he as much a beneficiary as Richmond and its adjacent in terests. Competitive institutions in this age are neither detrimental nor injurious to exist ing institutions. Greece is in no hurry to join the allies.? News dispatch. Which will probably remind the allies of Byron's remark: '"Tis Greece, but living Greece no more." NDER the commission-manager plan of city government, Springfield, O., in eight months after the plan went into effect, had cut its lloating debt in half and materially re duced its bonded indebtedness. Last year the. city's income exceeded its expenditures for the first time in history, and a surplus of over $51,000 was accumulated. These and other interesting statements about Springfield's experience with a simpli fied charter are made in an article printed in The Times-Dispatch this morning. Accord ing to the writer of that article, and in the view of citizens In- has interviewed, the com mission-manager plan has made good. Virginians will feel a special interest in Springfield's experiment because the city man ager went there from Staunton, where he had held the same oifice. lie is winning new laurels in his new environment. This very transfer of Mr. Ashburner's ac tivities, by the way. is one of the most en couraging incidents in the development of the commission-manager movement. It points to a time when the manager of a small city, who has proved his efficiency and worth, may expect to bo promoted in due course to the management of a larger city, and to the more distant time when city management will be as distinct a profession as medicine or law. By that time, it is quite possible to believe, courses in city management and allied sub jects will be offered in all of our great uni versities. and a corps of trained men will be turned out every year. Municipal departments will be filled with young men who are perfecting themselves in their profession, jlist as the young doctor spends two or three years in a hospital and the young lawyer tinds a desk in the offices of some older member of the bar. The pros pective expert in city government will be learning his profession as well as practicing it. When he Is called to take charge of a department, or assume the direction of a small municipality, lie will have actual ex perience as well as academic instruction be hind him. All this is a long way in the future, of course, but it is a pleasant prospect. Most men take far more interest in a business or profession, which represents their life work, than In a mere political job, from which they may bo ejected at any time. When Ameri can cities nre governed by those who know, in an exact and professional way. just what they are about when the direction of sub depart ments, as well as of each city as a whole, is in the hands of men trained and expert?we shall have something in the na ture of a millennium. In the meantime, probably, we shall have to follow the example of "the poor benighted Hindoo, who does the best he kin do." Progress in City Government Mr Bryan says ho is in politics for the res-t of his life Hope lie nets more rest in the future- th;in he lias in the past. I'fist Prom I'ollco Agitation IT v.ouid h<? ardently hoped hv the mass of ' P.'.rhmond's citizenship?we believe it is ko i hoped that when the Hoard of Aldermen J ?. !', j: nrrow evening it. will arrange fur i r,ti <- ;,< i dy disposition of the report or the cor v ;*?<-?? that investIgated tin- I'olbe He parin < rt? <<rtainlv as to the punitive recom ? the report makes. ]'.:< * mmd has had enough of this particu ...? The waters have been stirred ?' g<. ?; p-jrpose perhaps, despite the quan ? ?v i f t: u>! that has drifted to the surface, I. j' it is i iiji<- now to permit the stream to mv '? Agitation Is an excellent thing in its vr.fev ar;d sometimes vitally necessary to com munity happiness, hut even of an excellent we fan have too much. The f ornmitt< e's recommendations as to punishment are not oversevere. They are approved not only hy what is termed the "mural element," hut also hy the ordinary male human being the man in the street who considers that a police commissioner, intrusted hy his oath and duty with the en forcement of law. should hold himself to a Mre-ti-r code of per: on a 1 conduct than the man in 111?* street oh. < rves himself or expects to he observed by other private citizens. This is not first-rate morality, certainly, but it Is the viewpoint, nevertheless, of a considerable section of this and every other community. There is little rime and less reason, there fore, in prolonging the discussion on this point. The constructive portions of the committee report are another matter altogether. The plan to place the I'olice Department under the direction of a commissioner is an excel lent one. but it should receive careful con sideration before it is adopted. It may be, in view of prospective changcii in the city charter, that it would be wise to defer tills reform and permit it to come alon; with the others the city confidently expect* What the police force now needs is stability and an end to argument and agitation. No agency of government can work satisfactorily , when it is in a state of constant excitement - - of attack and criticism from without and of dissension and distrust within. Whatever i:i to be done should he done with as much promptness as posMbb- The ?jepartmcnt needs a rest?and so doen the community. O Dcutschland! Iteutschland! beware of the day when the Russians meet you in battle army; when tint Russian behr on the River Rug will take you in with a Russian hug. The election of a President in Portugal a few days ago was so quiet that, ofllclal returns i will be necessary to prove that one was held. The New Jersey hen that laid an egg In a barrel of tar was stuck on her Job. Nevertheless, Hopewell Is not yet Hopeless. SONGS AND SAWS Time to Count. Whi>n pretty little Genevieve Decided she would wed. She caused much woo. you may beliexe. And quarts of tears were shed. For pretty little Genevieve Was belle at every ball. And though, of course, she'd not deceive. She smiled on one and all. AthI each and every ardent swain. Transfixed by Cupid's dart. Had thought with all his inlpht and main That he had won her heart. Thus once again we may perceive Vhe truth in childhood taught That chickens liko fair Genevieve You should not count till caught. Tlie I'cuolmlKt *?n.v?! The reason troubles never come singly Is that misery loves company. (?rent Expectation*. Customer (who has struit Kled hi vain with his din mr>?What do you mean by bringing me a steak that could not be out with an ax? Waiter (who went untlpped last time)?Why, I thought, sir. that if you could Ret into that steak you might find a way to open your heart. Illuut Instruments, 1'robnbly. "1 wonder why so many doctors fail to achieve financial prosperity?" asked the man who always wants to know. "That's easy enough." replied his discerning friend. "They find it Impossible to carve their way to fame." The Horn Plplomnt. Fh" (jealously)?1 saw you with your eyes glued on that odious Miss Sweetthing. He (enthusiastically) ? Pid you, my dear? Then you must have observed that I turned my eyes Immediately in your direction, so that 1 might reward them with the sight of a really good-looking woman. Simply Great. Behold the little Jitney bus That ambles to and fro; It takes you almost any place? Save where you want to go. THE TATTLER. Chats With Virginia Editors Or: emergintr. with whole bones let us hope, from a red-hot eontroversary with local ofli j cialdom, and after much "agitation" that really I agitated, the editor of the Newport News Press confesses and proposes as follows: "One of the meanest things the newspapers do is to publish hot <dltorlals all through the hot season, never giving the readers a vacation. When the Vir ginia Press Association next assembles, we are gong to offer a resolution that every editor I give his readers a vacation for at least two weeks in each summer and fill the hot-air spares with breezy stories from mountain and I seashore, such as soothe the mind and make the ! heart glad, Instead of agitating the entire pop- ? illation raid making the hot spell worse. Editors | are so inconsiderate, and we shall try to bring ' them to their senses an<1 make them have pity I upon a long-suffering public. The people need a rest." From a safe distance the Lynchburg Advance looks hop.tfully to the future in the following: "Hopewell is a lusty municipal infant and has outgrown Its official clothes. The action of the authorities in dismissing the police forep and j ordering a cleanup of the city, ho far as viola- j tlons of the law are. concerned, will do the town more good than anything else of which we l know, for the reason that only by drastic action I can the authorities show the law violators 1 that such action will not he countenanced nnd ! that Hopewell must become a law-abiding and I respectable town, and not a life-size imitation ) of the mining towns of the West." "If you liko your home town." says the Em- ' poria Independent, "tell everybody about it. Hut If you don't like it, go to work and do < something to convert It into a town that you can like Perhaps the only thing the town , needs may take root in your own brain." The Richmond Times-Dispatch gives a long list of equipment that a Swiss soldier has to carry and says It include* a bottle. Rut the ! usually accurate and thorough T. D. doesn't state what is carried in the botlle.?Covington ! Virginian. Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Sirup, of [ course. Happy is Rlarkntono, if the Courier, of that ! town. Is altogether reliable, and it usually Is. rhaf paper says. "Richmond is still having trouble with Its jitneys, while Blackatone bus neither Jitneys nor trouble." Current Editorial Comment American "demandfi" are an ' What's Host r*''' story lo tho Mexicans. There i foe have t ??-<? ti so many of these Mcxicitlis? "demands" and no little attention was ever pai<l to them that tho only possible thing for the United Slates to do at this lime to command respect In to <|iilt Issuing "demands" and ilo something ft?? ftii11? There I;- ample .IiikI Went Ion for taking the whole l'it of t he Mexican leaders by the i i iuf( of iJielr necks :ind tumble them into tho first < otiveiijeiit Ja I, following this course hy a general cleaning up of li 11 the lessor bosses and "genera Is" until ;i wa\ l.s opened for the Mexl can people lo (.elect their own officials and adopt their own KVMem ?? f sell ling their domestic problem:*. Kfilt'-.t: l.'lty .louMial. I h' i" are Just ;-'lTleen Slates A llcplv 1 "ion in which no women lite )!'i" anything whatever. "Antis" li'ere in. twelve suffrage States. There are twenty States In which women have a partial right to vote? generally f,,|- incnilicis of school boards So in two-thirds of the United States the question If no longer, "Shall women vote?" It Is. rather, "Shall women who vote for this be allowed to vote for thai as well?" And In one-quarter of tho States even ihai searching question has been answered in the affirmative. I,ei us face ilie Issue squarely. Since women may vote on child education, why not on child labor? Since women ma\ have a hand in the i-pending ef publle moneys for hiring school iea hers, why not for emp|o\ing food inspec tors? Since their voles may Influence the build ing of a Hc.hoolhouse. why not <.r a poM-oflice? If women are to vole at all, ihey should vole in all If woman's place Is In the home, it i:J nH bad f'-r her to tfilio a place In a school board as In ft health board. For two-ihlrds of the Culled States ihe question of woman's voting i:, settled The onl\ open question is "ihe further .xlens on of suffrage lo women." To thai qmsiton logic, ^o'm) (?* use and pair play have but one . 111; \\ *? r . . The Independent. Whether culpable or not, it now looks as if the coiton farmer will be again "In a hole.' ;na| must again appeal for ilnancl ii Intervention on the part of the government or the banks if )!ft had bread and meal to sell, lie would have little trouble in gelling his price for It. or if he ?ould noi sell all of It. he could <?"? P'"' ??f it hlin h, If ThaV something, must be ?lono to help him tide over I lie danger period on which he will soon enter and lo prevent hit tailing a victim lo Ihe speculator Is rocognl*/'<l hy in,, action of Ihe Federal Hep?rv? Board (in linking iho bank a In the roiton uoctlons to fco.op.nu. IfMp tho I 'niton l-'nriiicr in cxli'niltnu financial relief to the Southern grower until he can reallr.c a fi\lr price for his product. While the warehouse faculties are admitted to be still Insufficient to provide stor :\co nt one time for the whole crop, the board believes that they are adequate to meet emer gency demands and to protect, through the re discounting of warehouse receipts, tho helpless planter who Is unable to hold his crop for bot ter prices. ? Baltimore Sun. Gossip From "Down Home" Strnnge accidents occur "down home" some times. The North Wllkesboro Hustler tells nbout this one: "Mr. O. M. Pllkenton. a county merchant of W11 bar, was here Saturday on his way to Greensboro for the treatment and examiuatlon of his right eye, bndly injured by a stopper from a pop bottle flying Into It. Tho doctor here expressed doubt as to saving the sight." As to muskrats nnd corn, tho Mnrshvllle Home sheds some thoughts It snys: "Some towns have n reputation for gro\vlng cotton within the corporate limits, but Mnrshvllle bears the distinction of being a corn-growing town?so much so that the muskrats are mak ing their homos along the Spring runs in town. Mr. B. F. Black reports that they have been cutting his corn, and Mr. \V. A. Bariino knocked one senseless with a piece of stovo wood while gnawing on u stalk of corn one day last week."' There Is going to be some trouble In the pood town of Rocky Mount, where they have a baseball club, a leaf tobacco market and some other things that go to make up a live town. The Telenram, the only dally paper of the town says: "Thnt the drun stores of the city are not jiolng to charge drinks, cigars or to baccos after the middle of the present mouth may be as a bomb dropped in the camp of some, but the reasonableness of tho ruling and the coofl It will work for all concerned will better be appreciated when the detailed work of mini mum 5-cent charges is taken into considera tion The druggists report that It ij? next to impossible to keep trace of the sales and punch the tickets or record charge cheeks for the sales of tobaccos, while on the other hand it tends to extravagance with some and resultant bad credit." Things politically arc waking up "down home." The Raleigh Times says: "In dications point to a somewhat lively race for Attorney-General. Thomas H. Calvert, assist ant Attorney-General, is an avowed candidate: \V. A. Self, of Hickory, Is being boosted for the place; Col. Edmund Jones, of Lenoir, is really being urged by many friends, and Judge Frank Carter has already entered.'* The Greensboro Record says: "The rity probably the best negro citizenship in the State, and it Is well known that North Caro lina colored folks compnre very favorably with the best in the country. Greensboro has very little trouble with the mass of the race. It is true that without certain of them the city court here would be a dull place, but it is also a fact that those who enliven the tribunal aro repeaters. There ar? a hundred or so who keep the city judge busy and help work the s'r?;. i by compulsion of the law. The others or the negroes are working for the most part and aio ne'if-respectinc." 1 he Voice of the People Annncliiteil < luirltlrN' Work. Tn the Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir.? Hot'. Well, it certainly was yesterday, and I wnnrtir if our good friends iri winter colA. and who ;tre away in tJi?? mountains or flown l>v ih< Hen. ri-a 117.0 that our poor peoplo suffer <-v<>n mor'' from heat than cold? Well. such of the charity workers who stay in the city will tell you It was just so hot that 1 thought I would bo to the Assoelat e?| Charities an<l see what they were doing for relief of the situation. I wish some of our good friends who <lo help us. and others who have so much criticism, could h ive heen with me As I entered peals of boyish laughter rang through the old building. I pooped in the door and saw about forty little j boys diving, swimming and just having a plnrl- I ou? time. Could there be. godlier work than this I swimming pool? A competent doctor was in 'halve. 1 tjii. stioned him as to hours and if any admission fee was necessary. Not one cent. Th?'V are arranged in classes; no boy is allowed 10 stay over an hour. The bovs como In group:;, bringing their own friends, and thu '?las.- th?-m nlvi'S. The director. Kenly J. Clark. seemed most enthusiastic, and as I Raw the little fel lows clean?at least, for a time?I thought and felt < oolcr, although the thermometer had not dropned. "Does the city allow an appropria tion?" "No." was the reply, although they hail been asked for $300, but Dr. Ruchanan had asked some of his friends, and they were giving to enable t h<>so boys to have tiiis healthful and safe amusement, for. with the director always present, .ill danger is avoided. Don't criticize th> \ 01 i.-,ted Charities. C'.o and pee for vour s?-If M US. N. V. RANDOM'H. Portland. August .1, lf'l.'i. Queries and Answers X'lr^lnlnn F11 ntlllfH. Is it true that the Virginia Harrisons are descended from the regicide? Can you give me tin- names of the Randolph estates on the James River? E. P. C,RAVES*. Some may be. The. more distinguished family of the name comes from Banjamln Harrison, born in Surry County in ami certainly not a son of the regicide. Tuckahoe, Chatsworth, j Wilton. Varina, Curies, Rremo, Turkey. Island arc- all we recall. j ??fJntlier Yr Rosebud*." We reprint below the verses of Robert Herrick asked for some days ago: Gather ve rosebuds while ye. may, Old Tlmo is still a-flying. And this same llower that smiles to-day To-morrow may be dying. The glorious lamp of heaven, the sun, The higher he's a-getting. The sooner will his rare be run And nearer he's to setting. Thai age is best which is the first, When youth and blood are warmer; Rut being spent, the worse, and worst Times still succeed the former. Then be not coy, but use your time, And. while ye may, go marry: For having lost but once your prime, Yo may forever tarry. <?Tlie ?'It* of (he Dead." They do neither plight nor wed In the City of the 1 >ead. In the city where they sleep away the hours; Rut (bey lie. while o'er them range, Winter blight and summer change. And a hundred happy whisperings of flowers. No. they neither wed nor plight, And (lie day Is like the night, Kor their vision is of other kind than ours. They do neither sing nor sigh In the burg of by and by, Where the streets have grasses growing cool and long: Rut they rest within their bed. I.eaving all their thoughts unsaid. Deeming silence better far than sob or song No, they neither sigh nor sing, Though the robin be a-wing. Though tiie leaves of autumn march a million strong. There is only rest and peace In .h<? city of surcease Kioin tho failings and the. waitings 'neath the nun; And the wings of the swift years Rent but gently o'er the biers. Making music to the sleepers, every one. There in only peace and rest, ''.lit to them it scemeth best, Kor they lie at ease and know that life in done. ?Richard Burton. THE POLITICAL DARDANELLES i Olio of the Day's Best Cartoons. ORGANIZED INSECT ARMIES Illy finrrcll I*. Scrvlns.) If our American mind.s were as ?nl> terraneously superstitious as those of the and-lit Egyptians we uouM wor ship a sacred beetle, too, and at. even more remarkable insect than t!>?? fa mous scarab of the Nile !t wnnl<! he tlie porindb m1 cicada, or the "sovctitfoii year locust,'" as It is popularly called. Tts form would l>e iviivcil in jewels of Jasper, a?ate, sard and earnep.nn, and worn for a charm and as a token of the eternal cycle tl ;it leads tfjrout;h 11f' to death and hack a pain through death to 1 if The seventeen-yenr cicada is. in some respects, th" most wonderful inse.-t ktiown on the earth. For o;i<- tl.inu, it i' the lotiK< st-llvcd. ISllt what a life' 1">? i mote tluin sixteen consecuti%??? y?rtrs an uuly Krub. dwelling underground; then a living six-legged honor, cra.vl inu a few feet up the trunk of a tree and nnchorir.ir st?>?-1 f with harOed claws t"? the hark: n<'Xt splitting open along its abhorrent hack as if chc sun had at the mere sight, smitten it with instan taneous deiitli; and finally a hron/.o wii'in d, huiiKlitm. butting, elephant bodied fly. making a tioi.-e like a toy sawmill, and winding up its ophetnei tl <ai<ii above ground within two or thr? i short wi> k.s; Sixtt-<>n yi-ars rrut) biiii: underground for only that' The male cicada is the serenader. II' has m his body two drums, env ? red v. ith membranes, soir.c of which, are as brilliant and transparent as mica, and which are set into vibration l.v special muscles Those product a buz/ant-', dreamy music, uhih singu larly accords with the slumberous spirit or a summer afternoon, ami forms, from the human point'of view, th<- only excuse for the cicada's exist ence. Hut there ate persons who would not ur.nt e\en this excuse. The female Is no la:'.y. idling *nu sic-maker, like tier husband, but a doer of damage to trees. She is armed with an Instrument that has been de scribed once for all by Dr. T. \\\ Har ris It consists of a piercet, having 'three parts i:t close contact with e.tch other; namely, two outer ones grooved on th^ inside and enlarged at the t*ps. which externally are beset with small teeth like a saw', and a central, spear pointed borer, which plays between the other two. "Tints this instrument hts the power i and, (loos the- work of both an awl and | a doubl?--odged haw. or rather of two kevliole ha\\ j) cutting opposite to each 1 oth- r. ' Headers, if there. be any, who have never seen this remarkable insect will have an opportunity to make its ac quaintance i arty this hummer, almost anywhere in the Northern and Central States, from the Hudson to the Mis hihi-ippi. The present invasion, ac cording to tho Department of Agri I culture's entomologists, will r.ot be marked by any great numerical strength of tho i'i cad a armies, sprung f r o m tiie ground like the dragon brood of Argonautic. Jason, but rather by the wide expanse of country cov ered. for t!.e seventeen-year horde i that appears this ye;*.r is territorially tho most extensive of all the thirty broods it.to which cicadas are divided. Here is another wonderful thing about these ?trang<- insects. JCntomolo gist.s have discovered that there are two r.T'i s of tb<> periodical cicada, a seventeen-year race and a thirteen-year rare K.n h tare consists of a number of mii" ssive lironds or hordes?seven t>, n <>f ihe swonteen-ycar race and thirteen of the thirteen-year r.tce. or thirty broods in ail Kvery brood has its own particular year for appearing above ground, and its own chosen ter ritory, and no other brood of the samo race ever appears in a year that be longs to another. This year's seven teen-year horde bears, in the entomolo gical index, the Roman numeral VI. The lat? st and best studies of these wonderful creatures have been made by Mr. L Mrirlatt. of the L'nlted States Bureau of Entomolog y. The earliest recorded ;appcarance of the seventeen-year cicada whs In 1633, at Plymouth. Mass.. where they greatly astonished the Pilgrim Fathers. In Nat ha Mel Mortons "New England's Memorial" tho sudden apparition of the insects is quaintly described: "There was a numerous company of i Mies whif h were like for bigness unto wasps and limnbb-bees. They cams out of little holes in the ground, and did ea? up green things, and made such | a constant yelling noise as made tho I woods ring of them, and ready to , deaf< n tho hearers ' SCAN DIN AVIA-'S TRADE IN FOOD COrENMIAOKX. August ?>.? F.xr<.ptInc tho western put <>f Norway anil the fon.-ti route up to <r??* North. Scandi navia ncve-r 11s luen Included in :he KiT.it tourist countries "f the world, a n'i this in spite of all I he splendors nature has lavished on her. One cause for ihis state of things Is that \ ry little has b? en (lone to decently re ceive and lodge a greater number of ; tourists. Denmark, for instance, is larking in sutmm r resorts of tl-e first class. A few there are which may be counted as comfortable establishments: at Sknw, for instance, on the Island of I'ano, and Marionlvst. on the shores of Oresond, the renowned strait of Denmark. Sweden is situated a little too much out of the way, and yet much has been done by the government and by an ex ceedingly well organized touring club to found summer resorts, specially in the Provinces of Darlecarlia and Lap land, and oti the rocky shores of Stock holm and ?'iotehorg. The gay Copenhagen, with her <100, ?'?ao inhabitants, remained to last Au gust a typical Danish town, but the war has brought chances, and the city has become cosmopolitan, owing to the invasion from Germany of well-to-do foreigners. Russians. Italians. and others, who prefer to watch the devel opment of events from the vantage point of ne.utral Denmark. The economical situation of the.se countries has also changed to a degree never observed before. Tl'.e accounts of profit and loss of the transportation lines, particularly those of the railway, show tins'. Norway and Sweden es pecially have received large revenues which are. still increasing". of what, consequence this has been for the rail ways owned by the states of Norway and Sweden will be understood when it is said the private railways of Swe den. during the last year, have seen tho baggage t radio increased by 21 per cent the gross amount of receipts by 17 per cent. In -spite of this, the net revenues of the railways of the states, as well as those of-private systems, are not higher this year than they used to he, because of the enormous price of coal Norway and Dcnir.r.-k. which lack coal niine.s. are bitterly suffering, becahse America Will not'sell at tea sonable prices a sufficient quantity of the black fuel. Sweden's secondary railways are firin.T with wood, b.it ac cording to the latest reports the state, has entered in contract with some American lirma for a laige consign ment of coal. v l.nnsrn at Sen. What has been said about the profit and loss applies also to the shipping. The sums gained by the merchant ma rine of the three countries are consid erable in thoso days of high freights, but the loss la treat. Norway has al l ready lost, as the result of torpedoing [and mine explosions, ships and carpoes worth about 30,000,000 crowns. Den mark. has lost nineteen ships, to the value of about S.000,000 crowns. localise of tho enormous export of ? provisions to Kncland and 'Sermany, not only from the agricultural Den 1 mat k. but even from the. industrial Sweden, it is rather difficult to buy food | in s andinavia, since there is very lit - tie in tho way of provisions left for the countries themselves. To help this , shortage the governments are buying in America and Russia great quantities of grain. Sweden this Juno Imported 100,000 tons of Hour and Denmark 7,000 tons of rye. In addition, the three gov ernments of the north have issued very i vigorous decrees prohibiting the ex | porting of certain articles. There is an abundance of money, al | though, of course, this condition is not j to be considered as. of a constant na ture. Very pleasant facts are the fa vorablo development of the three na | tlonal banks, the big dividends of tha ; joint stock companies, and. last but not least, tho good effect the loans of tho three governments have had en the home market. Sweden, for instance, has up to date been able to borrow 135.000,000 crowns, anil Norway B0,000,000 crowns. But these phenomena are trivial in comparison to the fact that nowadays the governments are obliged to borrow large sums of money In order to clear themselves?new taxes on a largo scale being neither popular nor possi ble. The Swedish budget, as a result of tiie expensive neutrality arrange ments, was increased from 278,000,000 crowns last year to 100,000,000 crowns this year. What (lie Doctor's Wife Pound. (Philadelphia Record.) The well-established practice of sew ing up sponges, towels and small sur gical instruments in wounds made in patients ought to be confined to the laity. A man who is not a doctor or surgeon Is not expected to know what is the matter with himself, and if ho objects to hardware and textiles in an incision he can be disposed of by the assurance that he doesn't know what is good for him, and has no degree or certificate authorizing him to discuss surgery. Rut when a towel or nankin ten inches squnre was sewed up in an incision made in Dr. J. ICdsrar Todd, of Toms River, the ethics of the pro fession were violated because tho vic tim was a doctor. The wound made seven months ago did not heal, and when Mrs. Todd was dressing it she saw something white hanging out of her husband. Believing It to bo no part of htm, she pulled it out. These adjuncts of the operating room oUeht to l?e kept out of mcmbors of the pro fession.