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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, August 28, 1915, Image 1

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That Country Home
Co to It via The T-P Want Ad
Page, For Salt or to Let
To Buy or Sell
Remember the Easiest Way,T-D
Want Ads?Randolph One
65th YEAR
VOI.L Mi; (15
M'MHER 240
German Government Will Go
Further Than Mere Dis- i
avowal of Incident.
;.3- |
Question of Lusitania Sinking to |
Be Taken Up^After This
Case Is Settled.
( Special to The Times-Dispatch.]
W ASHI.VOTQN', August 27.?The
Lnit?d States to;j}\y received further [
assurances from ^Gtfftnany of its de- !
clslon to yield toMhe demands of this
government regard?^* the protection of
American lives at am. as disclosed by
the tntematlonal Kmm'it Service pattern
to-day. 'JS^\
, Count von Berifctorff. the German
ambassador. having?recei veil lengthy !
instructions from ^Berlin. telephoned j
the State Department early this morn- '
In* and asked for a.n appointment I
with Secretary I.ansln* Promptly at !
the hour s?t he appended at ih? de- '
The ambassador informed the Seer*- i
tary of State that Germany would cive '
"full satisfaction" to tho Qnitrvl States)
for the Iobs of American lfves on th? j
White Star liner Arabic. Tire German [
Rovernment, h<? said, would go further |
than a mere disavowal as soon as it is !
definitely established that tho vessel
was sunk without warning'. Secretary j
I^insing informed the ajnbassador that j
the United Staten considered it had i
conclusive nroof that 110 warning was j
Riven, and the ambassador indicated '
in return that th<? Gfrinan government
desired only to receive a report of the
incident from Its own source*.
The question of a disavowal of tho
sinking of th?- l.usitania and an offer
of reparation for the loss of American '
lives was not taken up. for th* reason
th?t the Lni.led , Sta,tos*.liafi Informed
Germany It ^e'tflrla rSpc isfcuts..In tho '
two cases to b* considered jetVijatte^..
to with ho mi ri.Mi, nF.rin
The two governments. therefore, have '
come to an understanding on that
point. This government informed
Germany that it would insist on deal
ing with the Arabic imhc first. Ger
many, therefore, will withhold its final
reply on the L.usltania case, which will |
close the controversy, until after the i
Arabic caif has been settled.
. After th? Mn^rfM^f.l^jinibasRarlor |
j Indicated nls bellerthat the negotla- 1
tions In the Arabic ease would be fol- j
lowed by negotiations over the t.unl- !
isnia,. In support of this -statement he 1
cited 'the recent declaration In Kerlln
that an announceniejtt of submarine <
policy satisfactory to the United States
shortly would be made.
The position of the United States is
that satisfaction for the .-.inking of the
Arabic should be off'-rrd immediately.
? .In the opinion of this government, tlie
4 circumstances under which the Arabic .
was sunk made it an aggravated case.
It followed the exchange of several
notes between th** two ogvernments. i:i
which the L'nlteil States mad# its posi
tion plain, and. more particular)^ fol*-''
lowed quickly on the spe.ttte wjirninR
that such an act woul^-be "considered
"deliberately unfriendly." There were
certain other point's of difreremo which !
put the two rii'jes in separate ratego
. Th? eominai.de - of th. .? ibuiaiine
which sank the Arabi* was :ut;ng in :
disregard of instruction" not to ror
P'do passenger N xsithout sjivins
earning and opportunit-. foi :tn on
board to tak? to their boat.-, whereas'
the commander of t!ie submarine which
sank the Lusitania had no sucli instrur- :
roit i.oss of .?>fKnii A\s
Germany will take the$a?iie*ro>irse in
the settlement of the I.uiltjjjiit contro
versy that she is nowj>fen?rrt to take'
^tin the case of the Ar'alHc^*? ith the j
probable exception that Tin.-the latter,
cas? she will .undoubtedly promise pun-!
^ishmcnt for the submarine commander '
who disregarded, ii&truotions and sank'
the ship, while t^ls? protghly will' not
be Included in the .olTcr^of settlement!
for the destruntion''. o^Tthe L?isitan!a. :
In both c^es ">Jie. wvill^liisa vow her ai?ts !
and offef* repataflon^-Zor ? the loss of j
American llfces.^
Furthermore*^ Iheref.wlll be a formal |
announcemeng "oP 'lij^neiv policy of
submarine against passenger!
vessels. tfe^eV.yOi'at.^pa ruing is to be j
giv en lr\ ea.eh all on board'
are to have \he PpVoj^utiltv to get away I
Mn their boats. F.r$hi the ' German
standpoint,/this wlljt- ?ot he an an-1
nouncethent Of a policy, hut merely
th? avowal of art' ?ld-policy, Inasmuch !
an It has 1hffn In ettae* for several
months.- . > 5
More ll^Jj^'w^s thrownrto-day on the'
reasons foPGernjany'a at&lon In making!
a secret of her" Instructions to sub
marine Commanders' tt^observe the!
rule* gifoin tern all ohal'^Tw In tiielr op- |
4eratio#s ngainst ^fyfURengar vessels.!
Germany felt tlmt In^tfiis way she could '
hamper British trade yto some extent,
along the following lines:
1. British vessels would be compelled
to pay higher rates or Insurance.
2. They would eheounter constantly
increasing difficulties" in getting crews.
3. Their;passengeV"tracle would suffer.
(a^RV^yi FEAniiti l^ojvKIt*
It i?ra*iposslWoit^AIS>r";toAolst^h ail.
thorimJ'W'il^OfiTWt^/W'' asriq^ifo real
reason. ,w^V^brri^>t^nitobrfleclded at
last^ot^ jfW^d0to fof the
y n I ? e <?* r, Inst eo'r! J of at a n d I n g out
agAiner^ the'irj , an?i (Po^sJbiy.'going to
war. The poyi;er ^of *tHe. American dol
lar, of ^hU;h Gefi>ia,ny apparently had
tnore fear thrih of t^o^'Araorlcan mili
tary and navtil.^oVces, was -the prime
cause. t ' .. . ,\
From tho G?r nja p> hta^rxflfxl'i n t, Record
(Continue^ op SecondTagcj"
? . . i .. i .i ?? 11 ^?*** ?*r.'y'
I I?A8T 'XAM? Or K^ccf^810\
??. A?hevllle anitt I'etyrrt.. J^'tit*rnb?ic; J;. !?
? -- ???'?? >Siij?--.
Sixteen Warships
in Hampton Roads
Scvcrcl?/ Destroyers Arrio: in
Their I\cw "War"
NORFOLK, VA.. Aurum 27.?Sixteen
American warships arrived in Hamil
ton Roads to-day after completing
war-like maneuver* at sea, where they
were strewn out along the coast from
Ilatteras to Maine. About a dozen
others are expected to-morrow and j
The ships now here are the battle
ships Florida. Michigan. Virginia, Ar-i
kansas, Texas. Nebraska, Georgia and
New Jersey; the destroyers Bealn, Pit- |
teraon, Trippe, Burrows, Ammen, Jar- j
vis, Panning and Paulina
Several of the. destroyers came in '
with new "war" colors. Their sides
were striped In white and gray paint, |
similar to the colors used on the Brit
ish warships that were recently off the |
Virginia coast.
The fleet will have important target
practice off the Virginia capes, be- '
ginning next week. There will be
night and day fighting and torpedo
Targets for these maneuvers were
built at the Norfolk Navy Yard and'
are now being assembled In l,ynnhaven
Roads, which will be the base, for the,
fleet during the practice.
Former Msjnr of flnltlmorr Stricken
With Heart Failure.
RAIiTIMORK, August 27.?Thomas
Gordon II a yes, former Mayor of Baltl
more, a noted lawyer, and for many
years prominent in Maryland politic*,
was stricken w ith heart failure on the
street in Oakla'nd. Md , in the Al
leghenies tn-day and died in half an
hour. He was spending the summer at
Mountain Lake Park, and seamed in'
the best of health a few hours before
his death.
Mr. Hayes, who was seventy-one
j^ars obi and a bachelor, served in the
< "onferterM te army. He had occupied
chairs in th<? University of Virginia and
the Kentucky Military Institute. in
addition to serving one term as Mayor
of Baltimore, he had been twice State
Senator, cltv solicitor and L'nited States'
district attorney. He was often called j
the father of Baltimore city charter.
When in 1R39 he was electcd to the
mayoralty. he. was the first executive to
serve under ^he new law.
American Hnukers anil Business Men '
Plnn Trip.
KKtV YORK. August 27 ?The per-'!
sonnel of the various subcommittees of 1
the body in charge of arrangements for j
the return trip of American bankers
and business men to ("er.tial and South
America will be dismissed and steps
taken to plan itineraries at a m?f|iiic
to be held in ibis city on September !?
A call for this meeting w:>.? i.-sueil to
day by James A. Fnrrell, chairman of
the committee appointed by Secretary
of tbr Treasury McAdoo to arrange de
Much interest is manifested by busi- ;
ness men throughout the countrj ill tl;o j
visit to South America.
Taken Kriuit Slrnmrr ns They U ere
About to Sail fur Italy.
BARCKLONA. August 27 ivia Paris).!
?Seven Germans were arrested last '
night on board the steamer Regina
Helena at the request of the French
?'?opsul as they were about to sail for
Italy. It is alleged that the prisoners
had false passports and intended to try
to reach Germany through Italy.
.One of the men arrested was a for
mer member of the crew of the famous
German cruiser Kmden. who escaped
froin the British and reached Lisbon.
The police had some difficulty in pro
tecting the Germans from other passen
gers on the steamer, mostly Italian re
servists returning from America.
Declares Stnte Is Laboratory For Po
litical Kxperlmenta.
OBRKLKV. CAI*. August 27.?For-j
tner President Taft warned California
to-day that it was conducting a "clini
cal laboratory for social and political '<
experiments," for which it would have
to pay. Other States, he declared, I
would benefit at California's expense.
Mr. Taft spoke in the open air Greek i
Theater at the University of Califor
"This State is a laboratory for polltl- j
~al experiments which we in the Fast
are quite willing that you maintain, if
you are willing to pay the bills, and
you may be sure you will have to pay j
\ nlted States, for First Tln:e in Ilia- |
tory, Abend of All Other*.
YV ASHI N G T O N, August 27.- The
United States, for the tlrst time in its
history, leads the world as an exporter, j
Figures made public to-dny by the '
Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Com- j
merce show that American exports In
the fiscal >ear ended June 30 Inst >
totaled $2,76S,fiOO.OOO, compared with ;
$2,170,100,000 for the United Kingdom. ;
This was an increase of 17 per cent for
the United States when compared with
last year and a decrease of 30 per cent
for the United Kingdom.
National Fdncatlon Association Adopts |
Declaration of Principles.
OAKLAND, CAL., August -7.?The
National Kducation Association adopt
ed a "declaration of principles" here
to-day commending the President's
polity 1n "both the European and the i
Mexican Hituations. -nnd rejoicing in
his emlnont services to the cause of
peace, whl<}h is the. cause of law."
The declaration recommends that
educational attaches be appointed to
legations, as are military and naval
attaches now.
-> .. v i ? .'
Vote to Hear Civic Association
at Meeting Fixed for
September 13.
Members Assert Intention of Op
posing Any Plan Abolish
ing Council or Mayor.
In spite of dire predictions l>v Chair
man Jonos an<1 Councilman llatc'.jffe
that the postponement vir'ually meant
the death of rharter reform as far as
the next l.ejrislature was conrcrnH.
the Council Joint committee rhnrtrorl
with drafting a new chatter voted Inst
nitrht to adjourn until September 13
before commit tine itself to any par- i
ticular policy of reform.
Coupled with the motion fixing the
next meeting date was an invitation
to tlm Civic Association and all other
bodies and individuals tliat arc giving
thought to the matter of charter re
form to appear before the committee
on this evening and lay before it the
conclusions they have reached and the
advice they have to offer.
The motion to adjourn to September
13 was adopted only after a heated de
bate. the opposition pointing to tl-~
danger which threatens the whole
charter-change program if the oonimi -. |
tee delays until then the initial at
tempt to draft a reform charter.
Early in the debate on the motion to
postpone Chairman Jones took the door
with an earnest appeal to the commit
tee to decide at once and for all time
the general character of governmental
reform to which it will address itself. |
Councilman iladdon. who had intro
duced the motion to postpone, tem- ,
porarlly withdrew it to allow the com
mittee to \ote on a motion which was
now offered by the chairman.
Declaring his conviction that further
delay in boldly grappling with the
charter-change problem was fatal If
relief were expected from the next i
Legislature. Mr. Jones asked that the I
committee vote now whether, in draft- ]
ing the proposed reform:*, it will retain
the bicameral Council and Mayor or not.
With this crucial point decided, he sal<|,
the committee . ould enter at once upon
a progressive program of reform.
Ill order t?? ascertain the committee's
position on the question of retaining
the Fedeial features. Mr. .lone"? offered !
a motion declaring it to-be "t lie- sense I
of the committee that the new fori.) of '
government to be proposed shall re
tain the bicameral Council and the of
fice of Mayor.
m-:< i.ami: rinM a imp.it e mi-:
to t in VC'II.M A Ml" mstkii
Around this motion centered a keen
debate ?>( mote than an hour. With
out ? xcepHon the six conncil manic i
members of the joint committee in at-';
tendance declared their firm opposition
to the elimination of the Council or '
Mayor. Some went so far a* to say
that they would under no circumstances
vote for a scheme of ieform that did j
noi i fH.'lij'lf tiif5c fcfttur^.*.
"I am oppos.'d to the motion offered:
by the chairman." said Councilman :
Pollock, "because it would have the :
'fiTect of shutting off or making useless
any suggestions for any quarter look
ing to a change of the charter that
would not provide for the retention of
the Council or Mayor. We owe it to
the Cj\ic Association and the other or
ganizations that are giving this mat
ter study not to commit ourselves to
a particular brand of reform until we
have given them an opportunity to
make their recommendations.
Wll.l. .NOT VOTE TO A IlOt.lMl
t Ol M II, on MAVOIt'S office!
"Personally, 1 am prepared to vote)
on the motion to-night. As far as I '
am able to judge now. I shall never I
vote to abolish the Council or Mayor's j
office. I think it is essential to good
government that these features be re-'
tained. It will require overwhelming'
evidence that the abolition of the Coun- j
cil and Mayor is desirable, to make me;
change my mind. Nevertheless. I am
open to conviction and am willing to
hear those who have suggestions to'
offer even if my views and theirs differ.)
"While this committee is the creature!
of a resolution introduced in the Coun- i
cil by the chairman, he will hardly!
deny that he was inspired to introduce j
this resolution by the movement for
charter reform that had been for some!
months before agitated in the news- !
papers and by influential citizens.
"There has been organised a Civic j
Association, having nouva membership)
of P..000. dedicated, among other things.!
to the task of assisting in obtaining for;
the city of Richmond a new charter.
It has appointed a committee to make
a comparative study of modern city!
charters. This committee bus sub- j
initted a report which will be consid
ered by the directors of the association'
on September S. J
"It is only common courtesy to the!
Civic Association, which has become no!
intimately bound up with the charter;
reform movement, that we refrain from
committing ourselves to any particulai i
kind of reform until we hear its recom- I
mendatlons. The Civic Association may!
recommend the retention of the Council
and Mayor or it may not. It may recom-i
mend their abolition and the substitu-i
tjon of a commission with n manager.
Whatever may be its recommendation,
it is entitled to a hearing before we
commit ourselves. To do less would i
be an affront to the Civic Association."!
Chairman Jones stood by his guns.
It was of the first Importance, he said,
that the eommltrtec decide ? at once
whether it will retain the Council and
Mayor, or direct its energies towards
securing charter reform in another
direction. He entertained a high re
spect, he said, for the Civic Associa
tion and Invited lt? assistance. He
(Continued on Second Page?)
'Jojrp^io ?)Oc3.ts-5 J^<3LT<5dZLir2ff ?of*(5c?V'G7*rzc>j%5
?V^otRyooo <D wwoeclwooo W - v .
A hoard the battleship Wyoming, the Governors ii:kI their wives who went to the conference at Boston sailed
down the harhnr to the Boston Light, and there reviewed the mighty Atlantic I'ieet. The destroyers led the line.
They came fast, with their sharp hows slitting the water and their high prows shouldering the sprays to the
right and left. Soon after the battleships passed ^he reviewing ship Wyoming, the torpedo-boats threw up a
huge screen of smoke and made an attack on the dreadnoughts on review. In the photograph are seen the de
stroyers as they passed the reviewing ship Wyoming.
Friend* Apprehensive I,pm He He
Super.^eilec! in CoDiinand
of Army.
Secretary Garrison Says That So Far
as War Department Is Concerned, i
There Will He Xo Further Action.
Ilefert. v.CoJunel's;St$tcinent. ? j
_ , ? **/ si
WASIIINGTO.V. August 27.? Fears
that the public reprimand bv Secretary I
of War Garrison may have a serious
rffeet upon the military career of
Major-Genera; l.eonard Wood. espe
cially should tlie Atnerb-an forces l<e
? ailed into the field, were expressed
l?>? Wood's friends lo-(lav
The fact that Ceneral Wood has been
thus iitddiclv rebuked b v his superiors.
Ills friend* feared, inicht i-iuse hint to,
be superseded, unless So retary tiarri
son looks upon the Wood-lioosevelt af
fair as a mere political indiscretion, and
not involving General Wood's military ;
Secretary Harrison said to-rlay that.'
so far as the. department is concerned. I
the incident is closed. This was after I
he bad received from General Wood the1
following reply to the telegram of j
reprimand: i
"Your telegram received, and policy |
laid down will be rigidly adhered to." |
The secretary made public a short |
statement in rep)v to the comment i
made by Colonel Roosevelt last night, j
but beyond this would say nothing. ;
The statement reads:
"1 have Just read Mr. Roosevelt's J
statement. 1 see he blames the whole j
thing on me. He takes the position j
that it is notorious that he has the
habit of making indiscreet speeches, i
and that It. therefore, was my ?|tity to !
find out if he intended to kd to I'latts- '
burg, and, if so, to head him off and
save him from himself.
" "Well, may be that's so. F!ut it's a ,
rather larce order. Me is a rather j
active man. and I'm a very busy one.
and it's going to be a pretty hard job
for me to keep an eye on hint all the j
time. The Colonel's attitude about
himself reminds me of the story of j
the Maine farmer who was on his way i
to the railroad station one morning!
when lie met a friend:
"'Where are you goin".' the friend'
"'I'm froin' down to fiangor to get j
drunk, and. Great I-ord! how I do dread !
it,' was the reply." j
XO ( OM.MKXT Allot T
Xo comment would be made at the j
War Department about the political]
remarks of Corporal Malone concerning
Colonel Koosevelt. As a member of the
troops under instruction at I 'lattsburg. '
Malone is not under the jurisdiction of '
the War Department. lie is neither,
in the regular army nor the State i
guard, and. therefore, an artnj oflicer ?
said to-day. amenable to neither the I
Federal nor the State authorities.
As collector of the port of New York. [
he is under the jurisdiction of the See- '
retary of the Treasury. Mr. McAdoo is
not in Washington, but at his office, it !
was said, there seemed to be no oc- ?
casion to take official notice of any :
political comments the collector might i
make that were not reflections upon |
bis own superior officers.
[Special to The Times-Dispatch.] j
>"KW YMltK, August 27.?Colonel j
Roosevelt issued the following reply to
right to Secretary of War Garrison's j
i oui men t on his defense of General!
Wood: ?
"It does not seem to me that when
the administration, through Mr. Garrl- j
Kon. has sought with a peculiarly mean j
unfairness to discredit the. foremost'
oflber of the United States Army it Is
wise for Mr. Garrison lo attempt by
(Continued on Second Page.)
Tuke C. A- O. Sii'idsy outtnjr. Jt-.V. rn-.nd
trip. See the fleet anchor ut Old I'olnt.
Thro* trains.
Wife of Brigadier-General and Three '
of Her Four Children Burned j
to Death.
Stricken Husband and Father, in
Couutiand of Troops on Mexican
Border, Fxper ted to Arrive in San
s. .^^randscj^uutlajv
SAN KRANfJISt 'O August" :V,-Mrs.
John J. Pershing, wife of Hrigadier- j
General John J. Pershing, was humeri ]
lo death with three of iter four chil
dren at lift- quarters in the Presidio,
San Kraneisco. early to-day. The cliil- I
dren burned are Mary, Marcarrt and J
Warren Pershing, five yearn old. sur
\ ives.
(Explosion of a night lamp is believed j
to have mused the tragedy." Mrs. |
Pershing whs a daughter of Senator j
Warren, of Wyoming.
General Pershing, commanding troops
on the Mexican border, left Kl Paso,
when informed of the fire. Me will '
arrive iiere on Sunday. ,
Senator Warren will come front
Cheyenne, Wyo.
Warren was being cared for to-night
by r.urses at the Lett ermann General
Hospital at the Presidio, lie was taken
there to-dav when lie was picked up
unconscious on the floor of his bed
room by rescuers who crawled through I
the burning house searching for Mrs.
Pershing and her four children. War- !
ren revived quickly. The others were '
dead when the rescuers reached them,
suffocated, and their heads, hands and '
feet burned.
? The house occupied by the Persliings i
was one of several old frame buildings
scattered about the main post.
Mits. PKnsiii\r; rnovoTKo
General and Mrs. Pershing were mar
ried in Washington. January lOO.V j
The general fought in the Indian wars I
in the early days and in the Spanish
American War. lie became a brigadier- j
general in 100?>. Mrs. Pershing was ?
devoted to her home and children and
took an interest in suffrage and other!
women's movements.
The origin of the lire has not been !
determined. Apparently it started in '
the dining-room on the first floor. It .
destroyed one corner, burned to the '
roof and caused it to collapse.
Major Whitney, commandine the
Presidio, appointed a hoard of inquiry j
to report on the fire. The board found ?
that two grate tires had been burning'
in the house last night.
I lieutenant W. (J. Hoswcll, whose wife j
escaped, is in Georgia on sick leave. I
Mrs. I-Soswell was the tirst to dis- ]
cover the fire. Site was aroused by the 1
smoke. She awakened her children and ]
called to Mrs. Pershing. She took the |
children lo the stairway, but found it I
cut off by fire, and retreated to the roof '
of the front porch.
The noise of the flames aroused sev- j
eral soldiers, who broke in doors, but I
were forced hack by the flames. Then '
Mrs. Hoswell from tlie porch roof threw j
her two children, Philip and .lames.'
three and six years old, to the men '
below and jumped herself. She foil !
in a flower bed. wrenching her back, j
She was taken to the Presidio hospital. ;
KOI M> I N( 0\S( l(U S
in nkgho sioitva vi
Warren Pershing was found uncon-i
scions on tin- floor of his room by!
"Johnson," the Persliings' aged nearo
servant, who led a rescue party into;
tin; house*
In the corner most burned the
rescuers found Mrs. Pershing dead on
the floor with her arms across one of
the cliildrcn on the bed. On another'
bed wns another child; the third lay on'
the floor. The bodies of all were con-1
sidcrahly burned.
A burst of tlame from the roof of \
the general's hlg two-story frame house
which stands on the parade ground
(Continued on Second Page.)
Exported to Denianrl of Their Con
gressmen Support for Stronger
Defense Program.
Stuart Elected 011 Executive Commit
,co?Oreat Interest Shown in Day's
of Rlease's Defense of Mol? f?w.
HOSTON. August 27.?After discus
sion of the naval ami military r<?.
sources of the country, in which it
was generally agreed t Mm t the United
States was not adequately prepared
aeninst foreign invasion. the Confer
ence of Governors ended its annual ses
sions to-day. No resolutions on the
subject were proposed, hut several of
the executive said they felt certnin
nil the Governors would return to their
States with t lie intention of demanding
from their Congressmen support in any
program for strengthening the forces
of defense.
The Governors chose Rait |.;tl<e City
as lhe place for next year's meeting,
and elected Governor Spry, of Utah!
chairman of the executive committee!
? Mher committee members elected were
Governor Stuart, of Virginia and Gover
nor Capper, of Kansas.
The conference program, which had
Included a review of the Atlantic Fleet
and a parade of 7.00ft members of the
Massachusetts militia. had aroused
great interest in to-day's discussion.
As a result the sessions were removed
rrom the Senate chamber to the more
spacious hall of the House of Represen
tatives. where a large audience fol
lowed the addresses with frequent ap
Secretary of Commerce Redneld, who
addressed the Governors, urged re
s'raint of speech and soberness of
thought in what lie termed these trvinir
times. . *
W itii that spirit of restraint." he
added, "should we not he readv for any
emergency of any kind that mav arise'
Should we not at least have the tools
ready, not for offense, but for our de
fense of our nation?"
Governor Fielder, of New Jersev in
opening (he discussion on "the Stare's
duty in the matter of national defense"
urged an increase in the standing arm'v
by at least 25.000 men. with an adequate
line of trained reservists.
I he States, he thought, should he
ready at all times to furnish 250.000
men to this reserve body.
Cordial agreement was expressed by
Governor Dunne, of Illinois, who de
clared the nation's main reliance for !
a reserve force might he in a require-I
ment that every college and university I
receiving funds. Federal or State, should '
give four years of military training to I
its students.
Referring to the need of a great 1
supply of munitions. Governor Dunne i
said that "any Itrltlsh or German fleet
could take possession or destroy all
means of manufacturing ammunition in 1
the t'nited States, such plants being al- '
most entirely within 150 miles of New !
York City."
Governor Hammond, of Minnesota i
asserting that this country had spent'
hundreds of millions more dollars for '
its army and navy than nnj other ?a- 1
tion in the world, recommended the
creation of some hoard which would '
he aide thoroughly to inform Congress1
?f the needs for national defense. He
said he was not so pessimistic as some
011 the subject of preparedness, "hold
ing a suspicion that if need arose we
would lind these battleships of ours
giving a very Rood account of them- !
selves." it was his opinion that the !
nation must depend largely upon the
patriotism of its people for defense:
that "the men would not stand for
compulsory military service, and tho
(Continued on Second Page!)
May Prove Most Impor
tant of Teutonic
Expected to Make Another At
tempt to Cut Off Mus
covite Retreat.
< apt urn of Several Trendies in
\ ns?os Is Reported l?y
1 .<~'N"OiV. August 27.?The Germans,
in full pouBmiiioti of t t.o entire Brest
Mtovsk line, have resumed the offen
sive in t lie Baltic provinces and are
pressing the Russians both in the dls
triets southeast of .Mltau and to the
east of Kovno in an effort to reaeh
'l.e main line of railway which passes
through Vilna ami Dvlnsk to Petro
KTad. This may. i? t i,nc.. prove the
most Important of tlm Herman opera
tions. a It hough at present they are
"s,,iP more troops in the pursuit of
n? !w,,.? nro ro,ir,n* from
? Mto\sk ami the linn on cither
side of the fortress.
f.n ishowever, that with the
?i of Ft rest-l.itovsk. which has been
followed hy that of omn. *QXiih of
Mhuleiih ',rmiOS ?f Ki0l<l von
"iidenburg would be re-e,,forced and
make another attempt to cut otT the re
treat of the Russians. It is believed
' 'wever, that it now is too late
to accomplish this purpose.
The Russians apparently had evacu
fore ii? i'i Rrcst-,'i?ovsk and oilta be
' ,1 7rU" arrived, as the latter
make ,,o claim to the capture of guns
and booty. The Austrian oflieial re
port states that Archduke Joseph Fer
tovsk .'r'n "'r ,OU" ?f K"'"?'eniez
'?toxsk In Humes when he arrived
here are indications, therefore, that
the Russians still arc carrying to the
roar every, hing movable that might
prove of 11He to tho iMV,(U.rft H1|d
them! " ,C>" a,'? ,lnub,c to ^ke with
H'SSIAXs I'Olfl ||,<)
-A \O'l'lt t :n FROXT
The iutintat ion that the Russians
ui\c fortitied another front, pending
??? opportunity for a renewed offensive
ims received some continuation. Ft is
"tated that the new line |? bcin~
strengthened by all the latest methods
known to military engineers. The Rus
"n" "r? *<?"?
"" their guns and prospects of a
Forth^0"1"'11 S"PP,y "f ,l,n,nunitlon.
are if ,. ?* l,,m,ar>* writers here
?ue of the opinion that Grand Duke
; V?'m?,S ',ow" "houl?' ?Me to make
must h i've S, Austro-Oerman losses
must h.i\e been very heave, especiallv
during the three weeks which Inter
vened between tho fall of Warsaw and
the occupation of Brest-l.itov.sk
The capture of several German
trenches in the Yosges was reported
y 1 ans ,hls evening, but what is con
sidered more 8ignitlca.it is the con
tinned activity of the uir squadron
'.I has I'"" bonibardliig German
Hon7a Mor? F,anCC aS WH1 "? ni,lr?i
Mon factories across the German bor
\o Fl.RTIIKU mows
There has been no further news
r?"'? ?r
it now s certain that Serbia is
prepared to make the necessary sacril
8 ""'??'>? Bulgaria and gain her
. o-operatlon in behalf of the allies. It
the'* s'Vr""1 .day5- 1,0wever, before
on, of ,t r#l V 10 l]Ui rePf?senta
tions of the entente powers is received.
The vote of the Serbian Parliament
-a* only upon the principle involve,!
, 'l negotiat ions now are proceeding
between Serbia. Greece and Roumanla
g.iidnig the exact nature of the con
cessions to be made to Bulgaria.
coJV^rii-lT ,hre*l*n*?' with another
fn ii ? as th* result of dissatis
fa.tlnn among the miners in the wav
which the settlement recently ar
ranged hy David Movd George Minis
?r ofr .Munitions. is being interpreted
h> tin mine owners. Some 10.000 men
to,,ie advi
RFTtl IV v SRHV,rK nv frk.vch
T,. L . ' fflJ8t <by w,r???s to
m " N J->?"A captured French
oHirer, says the Overseas News Agency
nn7,ed V" P?ukel ?? order from
?. m ? ' showing
< 'i j int tlie French government had
Pressed into army service German clti
zens Inhabitants of Alsace-Lorraine
The order divided these into two
classes, and provided that those will
ing to fight against Germany should be
protected against the death sentence
1,i,Kh tr?"son. it. case of thair cap
nre. by the issue of false naturalUa
tion documents, and other means of
es nhiish.ng their alleged^ identlflca
tr.i.t:<at.\M to t;it \>n ix kr
KVI'IIKSSKS < o.\fidb.vck
I A Ft IS, August 27.- -A foint telegram
expressing entire confidence In the
fnturc has been sent to tirand Duke
a icholns, commander-in-chief of th?
Russian armies, by President Polncare
.Minister of War Allllorand and General
J off re. the French commander.
I i ? V, H iv A A ?O I ,,l';n 2 0W.00O MB.X
off Russian Mh.Tst'er of "war"'!nnounceil
cnmiKilKii will not be ^(,'>,'2
neXt ycar> acc?hling to the
retrograd correspondent of the Tlm?a. ?

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