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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, August 30, 1915, Image 1

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Our Woman's Page
The C/cvcrcst aj Fashion Cuts,
Useful Hints, ctc.
Dr. Brady's Tall^s
Don't Miss Them?Something
Interesting Lveru Dau
(>5th YEAR VOMJSUB 85
1 i-J-n.lv M'MDKK 2-12
RICHMOND, VA., MONDAY, AUGUST 30, 1915.?TEN PAGES.
RAIN. PRICE, 2 CENTS
WILSON AWAITING
FORMAL DISAVOWAL
Will Remain in Washington Un
til Situation With Ger
many Is Cleared Up.
STILL HOPEFUL OF SOLUTION
Unlikely That President Will Re
turn to Cornish at All
This Year.
WASHINGTON. August 29. ? Presi
dent Wilson decided definitely to-day to
remain in Washington until the situa
tion h^twcrn the I'n 1 t?d States and Ger
many Is cleared up. Ofllclals have been
urp. Ing hlni to po to Cornish, N. II.. for
a rest, hut h?* announced lie would sta>
here pending rei-eipt of further word
from Berlin
The President. It was said authori
tatively, has been led by the statement"
of Count Von Bernstorff. the German
ambassador, to Secretary Lansing. and
reports received from American Am
h&ssador Gerard, at Berlin, to hopo that
a solution for the .submarine contro
versy with 'Jermanv will he found. He
ii waiting. however, for Berlin's formal
disavowal of the attack on th? Arabic,
and assurance that the lives of Ameri
cans traveling on unarmed m?Tchant
n'er will not he endangered again
The President had planned to spend
the entire month of September at Cor
nish, hilt to-day it was said to be un
likely that he would return there nt all
thi?- year.
Count Rernstorff left to-day for the
summer embassy on Long Island. H
still was confident that within a short
timn a formal communication would
reach W-ishfnfrton from the Berlin
Foreign Office disposing of the situa
tion growing ou? of the sinking of the
Arahi" ntiii paving the way for an amic
able adjustment of all Issues between
the two Governments The ambassador
probably will not return to the > apital
until the no?e fr.im Berlin arrives
fillF.IT IIIIITAIV M\\ At CKI'T
srf;<;r,s'i,iO> op MKIHATION
[Special to The Times-Dispatch.]
WASHINGTON* August 21?Officials
jn Washington who have given close
attention to the diplomatic develop
ments of the past two weeks are lean
ing to the view that Great Britain ir.av
accept the suggestion, which the TTnited
States is expected soon to make, of
mediation between Great Britain and
Germany on the subject of the free
dom of the seas The suggestion was
made to Germany In the last note of
this government on the Lusitania case.
Germany's acceptance, which is ex
pected to accompany her announcement
that she Is p-epared to settle for the
loss of American lives in the destruc
tion of thr.t vessel, will lie forthcom
ing as soon as the Arabic case Is set
tled. The T'nitcd States will be in a
position then to m.ike tho offer to
Gresit Britain.
The reasons given f->r the view that
Great Britain in.iv accept are the fol
low! n c
1. The sentiment that now exists
among pri<-t!eally ;ill the Southern
Oongi es. :n?*n and Senators and many
from the Northern States, that Con
gress should t ike some step in r.-prisal
for Great Britain's treatment of Ameri
can cargoes. unless some measure of
relief is offered at an early date. Great
Britain. It is said, cannot help hut real
ize that unless she takes some step
to moderate her treatment of Ameri
can property, especially cotton car
goes. there is a strong possibility that
a measure to place an embargo on arms
and ammunition will he forced through
Congress, despite the administration's
opposition to su<Ji a policy.
2. The inroads that the German sub
marines have made upon British trade.
The effect of the activities of the sub
marines has been not only to cause
a great loss of property and lives, hut
to raise the rate of insurance on Brit
ish ships and cargoes to the point
where It is hound to be burdensome.
Therefore the tremendous cost of
Oreat Britain's "starvation policy"
may, it is believed, havo some influence
in bringing her to a decision to aban
don it.
M'A.VTS ISM'K SKTTI.UI)
nr.fohi: c?\(i?F.ss meets
Apart from its probable effect on
fireat Britain's attitude toward media
tion of the freedom of th.> seas, the.
approach of the session 01" Congress
and the likelihood that it will at once
tako up the question of establishing
an embargo, will undoubtedly hasten
the administration's efforts to induce
Great Britain and Germany 10 come to'
an agreement of some kind. The!
President, it is well understood, would'
much prefer to have the question set-!
tied before Ponsress meets, because of
the danger that Congress might put|
through some hasty legislation which
would to existinp international
ronipl! . :' > rs.
Moved tliat when the offer
1 iii<?n is made, it will he suh
1 i:' in a form something similar
to ' he proposals of the United States
on February 2f? of this year, when it
attempted to persuade Great Britain
to come to an agreement. At that
time the United States said:
"Tills government ventures to ex-1
press Hie hope that the two belligerent |
governments may. through reciprocal'
concessions, find a basis for agreement
which will relieve neutral ships en
paged in peaceful commerce from the
great dangers which they will incur!
In the high seas adjacent to the coasts
of the belligerents."
It then made certain suggestions
regarding the sowing of mines and the
use of submarines against merchant
vessels, and proposed also that Great
Britain agree:
"That food and foodstuffs will not
be placed on the .ihsolute "contrabrand
list, and that ships of such commodi
ties will not be interfered with or de
(Contlnueri on Second Page.)
Only 93.00 Itnltlmore 11ml Return
Via delightful York Hlvrr I.lr.e. Sipt. 3-4;
rotura limit Sept. 8. Apply 007 E. Main.
Sunken Submarine
Raised to Surface
The F-4, Submerged Outside
Honolulu Harbor Since March
25, Refloated.
HONOLULU, August 29.?The United j
states subnrnrlnc F-4 submersed out- ]
side the harbor here since March 25 i
last, was refloated late to-night and j
then lowed to the quarantine station '
in Honolulu Bay.
The wreck probably will not bo dry- j
docked until Tuesday. Nothing has'
Iscc-ii divulged by the naval officials re- I
pr.rdiriK conditions, If known, inside the
vessel.
The jribriarine F-4. commanded by :
| Lieutenant Alfred I.. Kde, and with a '
I crew of twv-nty-one men. went to the '
bottom off the harbor of Honolulu,
j March 25, 1015, during maneuvers of
I the "F" souadron. She was located '.wo '
' lays inter and Diver John Aera?. of
the navy, .lescended 215 feet, estab- |
j lishintr a Tew world's record in an j
j effort to facilitate the work of brinu- i
j inir her to the surf ice Her crew, it
J was raid, miirht have been aliv ;* t !
I this time, hut 'itt?:">pts to rescue failed,
land '>n March .'t" Rear-Admiral T. j
i Moore. commanding the Honolulu!
Naval Station, reported that the '?*-4 |
lay in 21 f<et of water, and would ,
!<;i\e to he raided by pontoons.
Fr-cretarv Daniel* announced that 'he I
, no:it would be raised at any cost to de- ;
j tannine the cause of the accident, and'
jdi\'ng apparatus an<l divers we>e sent,
: out lf-avintr San Francisco April 0 or. ,
the cruiser Maryland. One of the ,
divers Prank Orillv, went down 22S ;
feet and found one of the compart- j
merits of he F 4 tilled with water. |
; Another. William Louehman. descend-!
j e?j 221 fret the n* xt day. and was se- !
rioi'-lv injured by water pressure, j
'r,ies*e mftn pv t lines on the F-4 by
| ?,"hi"h the (in'it wa? dropped slowly '
?sp the shelving ho'tom. but in the
: process th' stern was wrecked and ?
! broken, ar.d work was halt"'! to await i
*he arrival of pontoons -M?: of the.sr. ?
I capable of lifting si::ty ton? each, were'
sent from Mare Island Navy-Yard
J ea?-iv in \upust on the Maryland.
At the time of the accident reports !
I rained circulation that the F-4 was not I
j in pood shape when she went below j
i wa'er. These were ofllcialllv denied.
AIRMAN GOES BACK TO PRISON !
(?Illiert Iteturim to Sultirrliiiul on
Order* of Wnr Office.
[Special Cable, to The Times-Dispatch.11
PARIS. August 29.?With the cross
(of the Legion of Honor, a military medal
jand a war cross blazing on his breast,i
ami with tears in his eyes. Lieutenant
Gilbert, the famous airman, who escaped
front Switzerland, entered the Geneva
?express last night, escorted by a cap-'
| tain, to surrender himself to the Swiss
; authorities in conformity with War
; Office orders.
Although Gilbert sent the Swiss au
thorities a letter withdrawing hi j pa
role. they complained lie fieri from the
: country before they received it. and
j when the Swiss general staff issued
'a note claiming the aviator had es
. caped before his parole had really
j been withdrawn, the French War
| Office decided that rather than have
'one of their officers besmirched hv a
.breach of the unwritten code of mil!
jtary honor, Gilhert, although one
| the most brilliant pilots in the service,
j nvtisf Voluntarily return to internment.
A large crowd of flying notables
raw him *>ff. At the railway stntlon
ho said:
"This is the mos'. painful moment
of my life. I must either refute the
1 legend that a Frenc'i officer has failefl
to keep hia word or serve my country
to the detriment of my honor. T can
| not to'erate the reputation of being a
perjurer, and therefore j re'urn to
' prison."
NEW STRIKE THREATENED
l*ollNlirrN In llrmlnston Plant Demand
C<inceMKlonM.
nRlDOKrORT .COXN . August 20 ?
Fifteen labor leaders t.-onferred hero
to-day on che Bridgeport industrial!
situation, and while no statement was
issued, it was intimated another strike
would be called to-morrow at the
Remington Arms riant unless the
polishers are granted concessions.
The polishers, working on bayonets
and gun barrels, claim their wages
were reduced instead of advanced at
the time of settlement of the original
[strike. Four men refused to accept
the reduction, and were discharged.
While only forty-two polishers are af
fected, labor leaders say that if they
strike, there will be a general walkout
of metal trades workers.
TO STOP PUBLIC HANGINGS
Jli*si*.Hlppi Legislature Will Introduce
mil When nody Meet*.
iSpecial to The Times-Dispatch.]
.TACKSOX, MTSS.. August 29.?To stop
the orgies and festivities which usually
I pi eroded and followed public hangings
I in Mississippi. Representative-elect Fd
Green, of Hinds County, has announced
that he will introduce a bill, which will
receive the support of the whole Legis
lature, to abolish forever public hang
ings in this State. Recently when two
negroes were hung, excursions were
run to the place and a hig picnic held
around rhe spot where the hangings
took place.
FLOOD VICTIMS SUFFER
More Tlinn 5,000 Homeless Within 2110
Mile ItndliiN of Newport, Ark.
L.ITTL.R ROCK, ARK., August 20.?
More than 5,000 persons are homeless
within a radius of 200 miles of Newport,
Ark., and many others, marooned in
their houses by floods, have had only
scant food supplies for four days, it was
said here to-night by D. C. Welty, agri
cultural commissioner of the St. Liouis,
Iron Mountain and Southern Railway.
Mr. Welty has Just completed a mo
tor-boat trip through the flooded sec
tlon.
This, With Revenue Legisla
tion, in First Place on
Program.
LONG SESSION IS EXPECTED
Simmons and Kitchin Agree on
Need of Preparedness, but
Differ as to Methods.
WASHINGTON, August 29 ?The ad
ministration's full legislative propram
for the coming session of Congress, ex
clusive of comparatively minor meas
ures. will be as follows, according to
authoritative Information obtained to
d a y:
National defense. meaninn a
strenpthenlnp of both the army and
the navy and the coast defenses of the
country.
Revenue legislation, including 'he
re-enactment of the "war revenue
hill. which produces ahput fSO.f'OO.OOO
annually.
The conservation hills, for which the
West is clamoring. Secretary I^anrs
Is anxious to have the measures, most
of which went through one Mouse la^t
session, approved hy both houses at
this session.
Rural credits legislation, which was
sidetracked In the rlosinc days of the
Sixty-third ronpress.
-i'oiik HAitnr.i." iiii.i.s
wil.l, IIK ITT TO MIXIMIM
The parinp down of tJie ordinary
appropriations and the reduction of
"pork barrel" bills to the minimum?in
view of the demands elsewhere.
In addition to these general matters,
the Senate will bec-in early considera
tion of the cloture rule and the re
vival of the shipping bill is expected.
The Senate also has pending the
treaties with Nicaragua and Colombia.
"With such an extensive program, it
is believed Congress will remain in
session until th? presidential campaigns
are on next summer.
National defense and revenue legis
lation. the former making the latter
imperative, will be the headliners. This
is admitted by Senator Simmons, the
administration spokesman in the Sen
ate and the chairman of the Finance
Committee, and Representative Kitchin,
chairman of the Ways and Means Com
mittee and floor leader in the House.
Senator Simmons is authority for
the statement that if necessary there
will be an Issue of bonds, or short
term notes, to insure adequate na
tional defense, lie says sucb an issue
would not be radical, in view of con
ditions existing to-day, and the na
tion-wide damand for preparedness.
The re-enactment of the "war reve
nue" hill, which expired by limitation
on December 31. is practically certain.
Moth Mr. Simmons and Mr. Kitchin
assert that the continuance of tho
Kuropean war and the continued fall
ing off of Imports will make necessary
re-enaetment of this temporary
measure.
DISAIiRKK AS TO DBTAII.S
OF XATIOXA I. DF.FKNSE
The two leaders, however, disagree
as to the details of the national de
fense program. Representative Kitch
in, who has always been known as a
"small-navy" member, announces that
ho will oppose battleship appropria
tions, but ?will seek liberal allowances
for submarines, mines and coaSt de
fenses.
"I do not agree with that position."
said Senator Simmons. "We should
have plenty of submarines and mines,
for the present war has demonstrated
their importance, but we should not
nepleot the other portions of the navy.
We are daily assuming a more im
portant position in the world's affairs,
and a strong navy is necessary."
Senator Simmons intimated that the
etraordinary expenses of the govern
ment may result in certain changes
in the re-enacted war revenue bill and
the inclusion of articles not now taxed
under that measure. It is possible the
national defense appropriations may
be cared for by issuinp bonds, while
the war revenue bill and the retention
of duty may bo called upon to offset
the loss of customs receipts.
It is known that there is talk in
legislative circles regarding the ad
visability oC retaining a duty on sugar.
President Wilson, however, is reported
to be unwilling to permit petieral tink
erinp with the Underwood law. al
though he may agree to leave a duty
on sugar which is scheduled to po on
the free list next May.
PREACHER DEFENDS COLONEL
Sn.vN Scriptures .lu-Mllly roller ??f Xn
tionnl Armament.
(Special to The Times-Dispatch.]
CIjEVELAND. OHIO. August 2J>.?
Rev. M. J. Keyes, pastor of the People's
Methodist Rpiscopal Church, defended
Colonel Roosevelt for his Plattsburg
speech on national preparedness in his
sermon to-day.
"History and Scriptures justify a
policy of national armament and pre
paredness for war." Mr. Keyes said.
"History shows that victories of arms
have had Divine aid. Washington, I-in
coln and Perry attributed their victories
to prayer. We should be prepared, not
because we want war, but because the
oilier fellow may."
BOHEMIANS LOYAL TO U. S.
Alllnncc It rpiullate* Tlircnf of Hun
Kiirlnit I'rrraicr.
[Special to The Times-Dispatch.]
NKW YORK, Aucust 2!?. ? Declaring
"we owe allegiance to the ITnito?i States
only" the Bohemian National Alliance
of America has repudiate?] the threat
of tlu* Mnntfnrij'ii Premier that the
Ai'stio-]!unirarian subjects here would
he mobilized on opposition to the man
ufacture of munitions of war. Res
olutions upholding the position of the
United States in shipping; munitions
have been passed md forwarded to
President Wilson.
SCOTTTO REPORT
i ON MEXICO TO-DAY
I
Army Chief of StafT Returns to
Washington From Visit
to Border.
I -
j IN INTEREST OF PEACE PLANS
No Disclosures as to Next Step
Contemplated by Pan-Ameri
can Conferees.
TTASHrXfiTON'. August* 20.?General
| Huch T?. Scott. chief of staff of thei
jarmy, returned to "Washington to-nijiht;
(from the Mexican border, whore for]
several weeks he has heen working
in furtherance of the Pan-American
peace plans. He would not comment
on the results of his mission, which
he will discuss to-morrow with Secre
tary Lansintr.
General Scott's first mission on ar
rival at the border was to confer with
General Villa and settle difficulties
arising from seizure of property of
foreicn merchants at Chihuahua. The
general also discussed with Villa the
Pan-American convention proposal,
which Villa and his followers have
accepted.
Since then the nature of General
Scott's negotiations have not heon dis
closed. At one time, it was reported
he tried to pet in communication with
General Obrepon. Carranza's chief In
the field. Whether he succeeded in
this has not been learned. Obregon,
however, responding to the Pan-Ameri
can appeal, said Carranza's answer
would he his.
PERSONAM.V ACQTAINTED
WITH MAW OF LEADERS
It is taken for granted here that
General Scott brought back a fund of
interesting information. The chief of
staff has long beers familiar with con
ditions In Mexico, and is personally1
acquainted with many military lead-'
ers.
No disclosures have been made as'
to the next step the Pan-American]
conferees are planning with reference!
to Mexico. There will be no meeting
until Carranza's reply to the appeal
for a peace conference has been re
ceived. The conferees still believe this
response will be negative, and that it
probably will urge recognition of the
Carranza government. Carranza's
agents hero say thft reply is expected
j to-morrow or next day.
? .Vumorous rumors are afloat, both as
| to political matters And military move
ments in Mexico. Reports of dissension
in the Carranza .faction are eagerly
confirmed by Villa adherents .and vice
versa. Villa followers to-day had no
doubt of a report circulated that some
members of Carranza's Cabinet had
revolted. Carranza adherents scouted
reports that Villn had centralized a
| fighting force of formidable size at
Torreon to meet Obregon's army.
ZAPATA MAKES FAVORARLE
HEPIjY TO PAX-AMERICANS
MEXICO CITY, August 2S (delayed
in transmission).?Genaral Emlliar.o
1 Zapata has made a favorable reply
j to the note of the Pan-American con>
j ference otTerlne to aid in arranging a
J convention to create a provisional gov
I ernment.
Messengers sent with the note to
Zapata, arrived here to-day carrying
his answer, and also favorable replies
from Generals Manuel Palafox, Fran
cisco Chazaro, Pacheco. J,azo and
i others.
! VIM,A FORCES TO REtilV
ATTACK ON MONTEREY
EL PASO. TEX.. August 29.?Advices
' received here. to-night said Villa forces
j would begin an attack to-morrow on
I Monterey, held by Carranza troops
! said to be commanded by General Obre
j pon. General Villa is said to be on
his way from Duranpo to Join General
, liaoul Madero hefore Monterey.
Inhabitants of Monterey are said to
j be without adequate food supplies. Tho
i Villa government is maintaining bread
lints for the civilian population at Tor
j reon
MORE GOLD FROM LONDON
! Second I.nrice Shipment Arrive* in
Now York.
NKW VORIC. August 20.?Nearly $20,
OOO.OftO in gold, and securities worth
S^o.foft.ooo, the second large shipment j
sem from London to strengthen Rrit- j
tsh credit in this country, arrived heroj
early to-day on a special train, guard-?
ed by thirty-eight armed men. The
shipment came direct by rail from Hall
fax, .V. S.. to which port it was taken
on n Rritish warship, convoyed by
smaller craft. On the way to New
York, the train was preceded by a pilot
engine and car.
The gold and securities were con
signed to .T. P. Morgan it Co., for ac
i ot;nt of the Rritish government.
The first large shipment of gold and
securities, received here Auprust 12, in
cluded about $10,500,000 In gold and
?"0.0f>0,000 in securities.
JOHN OTUKEPRODIGAL SON
Tolls MlnlNtfr flo Sees Itesemhlnnee In
llln Own I.lfe.
[Special to The Times-Dispatch.1
CLEVELAND, OHIO, August 20.?
After listening to Rev. Samuel Lindsay
preach on the folly and failure, re
pentance and success of the prodigal
soil, in the Euclid Avenue Kaptlst
Church to-day, John D. Rockefeller re
ferred to his life as identical to that of
the prodigal.
"You are right," said Mr. Rockefeller,
addressing the. pastor, "I can see in my
self the prodigal son."
He then added: "You may he able to
beat me at preaching, hut you can't,
heat me at irolf." The challenge was ac
cepted, and the game will be played to
morrow.
LAST "lAXli OK TIIK SKY" EXCURSION
$3 Ahhevllle and return September 3: '.V
day limit. Inqulr* South?rn Hallway, ??
K.utt Main.
Advance of Teutonic Allies
Against Russians Continues
A COXTINf \TIOX of tlie nd
vnnce of the Teutonic nllliv* In
? lunula, in the Immrillntf vi
cinity of the oil)' of KIko, further
pniRri'Hn for the Auntrlann ncn'ii.il
tlir HuhmIiiiik In Knnteru Caliclil, t li??
only Hector ?lierf the lliiKOVvilrii
Ntlll *-?? (>41ii ii foothold on Auntrlnii
territory nn<l a rcpulnc of the al
lien l?y the Turks on the tinlllpoll
I'cniitHiiIti lire <lic IiIrIi point* con
tained In (lit* Intent olllelnl itc
coiuitM of the IlKlitlnK on tl:e Vll
rloiiN hattlc fronts.
Of prolinhl.v less moment, hive
been the artillery rnmiKemi'nts In
the went, IntcrnpcrMeil %vltli hnnd-tn
linml flKl'tliiK <it ncvernl points; m
otlier French nlr rnlil on tiernuin
liorriirkK In the Arilenncn iiml the
A rfionne, noil the hrcnklnR "l> hy
the *?erlilnns of Austrian operntlonn
ilCl'in^t position* nloiiK the Uniiiilie
nnil Sav Itlvern.
A Ilerlln wireless ilUpntcli orlvcn
n report received hy pnnMcnK''rn
of n Hlvnmcr nrrlilnc nt AniMcr
ilnm tlmt n British truiiNport ultli
i,noo Cmwidlnn troops has heen tor
pedoed otT the Scllly InlnndN with
the I ohm of nliout 1,111)11 men. .t'n
nniliiiii in 1111 ii r > authorities deny thin
report They sny every troop nhlp
lienrlnn C.inndliinN nt Nra AuKtint
tlu- dnte the dimister In said to have
occurred, lias arrived *nfe!y nt Its
destination.
From the enut of Vlndimlr?Volyn
?ky, In Itnsalu, near the (?'allclnn
frontier, ilorrn to the '/.Iota Llpa
Illvcr In KllMtcrn Cnlli'ln. \ Icnnn n?
scrl* that tlic Austrian* have
broken the n-xlntniKT of the Kiik
m 111 us over n front of 12-1 miles ami
(lint the Itnixlnim nrr In retrcnt ami
applying tlic torch to villages hh
tlicj full lim'k
Itcrlli: rn-illtit to Von llluilcnhcrs
ti victory over tlic Huislnris south
east of Kovno nftcr overcoming
their stubborn resistance ami hh.vh
the lirruiuiiN further south luivc
reached Domlirovn nml Krodek. near
the toirn of \nrrw, while Prince
Leopold, of Ilnvarlu, In ailvnnvInK
thr-mxh the Illclovlcy.h forest pur
suing the It UMnlntiN. In nililltlon.
Von Mni'kenscnS troops litur al
most rea<'lieil Ivolirln, on the rttll
h a y between I.ltov.sk nail lMn.sk
In ?|i^e*t of tbelr retreating foe.
On the An.stro-Itnllnn front flcht
Inc of the same ehnrneter tlmt has
been In prnicrcR* for weeks still
continued.
On tlic polltlctil side of the wnr
n llerlln report sny* thnt Hnlu'irla
has not >et rntlllcil the recently or
ranned <reiity with Turkey, n* the
i|iini!rnple powers hnve notified I) 111 ?
p-niln they wonlil reijnrd a* will
fully uiifrlcmlly such in lion by her.
President \\ llnon lias dcclilcil to
fori-Ro lil.s proposeil return to tlie
"summer cnplttil" nt Cornish, X. If.,
until the situation between fler
mniiy nml the I'ntted State* nrlsliic;
out ol Uermnnj'n siibiunrlue wnr
fnrc lias been definitely nettled.
ZEPPELIN RAIDS PROVE
OF NO MILITARY VALUE
1 No Soldier or Sailor Killed or
Even Wounded in
England. j
GERMANS MAKE FALSE CLAIMS |
Sir Arthur Balfour, First Lord of
Admiralty, Writes Concerning Air
Activities?Causes Much Suffering
to Many Innocent People.
LONDON, August 29.?"No soldier or
sailor has been killed or even been
wounded, and only on one occasion
has damage been inflicted which could
by any stretch of language be de
scribed as of the smallest military im
portance," says Arthur J Balfour, First
Lord of the Admiralty, of the Zeppelin
raids on England, in a letter to a cor
respondent who had complained that
British accounts of these raids were
meager, while the German reports
on the same events "are quite rich in
lurid details."
"The reason," says Mr. Balfour in
his letter, "is quite simple. Zeppelins
attack under cover of night and by
preference on moonless nights. In
such conditions landmarks are eluslvo,
navigation difficult, and errors inevi
table and some times of surprising
magnitude. The Germans constanly
assert, and may sometimes believe, that
they dropped bombs on places which
in fact they never approached.
"Why make their future voyages
easier by telling them where they
blundered in tbe past? Since their
errors are our gain, why dissipate
them?
"How oupht we to rate the Zeppe
lins among the weapons of attack, and
what have they done and what can
they do? To this last question I do
not offer a reply. I cannot prophesy
about the future of a method of war
fare which still is in its infancy. I
can. however, say something of its re
sults during the past.
"That it has caused much suffering j
to many innocent people unhappily is'
certain, but even this result, with all}
its tragedy, has hern magnified out
of all proportion by ill-informed rumor.
I am assured by the Home Oflice that
during the Inst twelve months seventy
one civilian adults and eighteen chil
dren have been killed and that 1S9
civilian adults and thirty-one children
have been injured. Judged by num
bers, tliis cumulative result of many
successive crimes floes not equal the;
single effort of a submarine, which, to j
the unconcealed pride of German- and I
the horror of all the world, sent 1.198 !
unoffending civilians to the bottom In
the Lusitania.
"Yet it is bad enough, and we may
well ask what military advantage has
been gained at tJie cost of so much in
nocent blood?"
HONOR STUDENT KILLED
Wllllnm K. ItoNwclI, Jr., Mrriii Death <
In Sawmill Accident.
[Special to The Times-Dispatch.]
RALTIMORR, MD? August 29.?Wll-'
llam K. Boswell. Jr., of Waterbur.v, Md., |
honor man in tho department of phil- j
osophy at the University of Vhginia, '
died this afternoon at University Hos- j
pital. front the shock of an accident
with which he met on Saturday after
noon at the sawmill of his father. Tho i
three surviving members of his family,'
his parents and a sister, were at his [
bedside when tho end came.
Voting Boswell became cmmhl in tho'
belt of a gasoline citRine and was j
whirled about. A workman knocked ;
the belt off if.e engine wheel. On a spe
ciai car of the Washington, Baltimore *
and Annapolis Railway the young man
was hurried to tho hospital.
Mr. Boswell was reared on his j
father's large farm on the Severn Illver. !
He was graduated from Davidson Col- |
lege, of North Carolina, after which hot
entered the University v. ^Vrnlnia. Ho ;
was preparing to leave, {r *he Univer-|
slty of Virginia again f '^uin the next ,
two weeks. 1
SHOCK OF EXPLOSION
FELT FOB FORTY MILES
Glazing Mill of American Powder
Company at Acton, Mass.,
Is Destroyed.
MEANS DELAY TO WAR SUPPLIES
Police Believe Attack on Plant. Was
Made to Cripple It?Du Ponts Havo
Explosion at Wilmington, but At
tribute It to Accident.
ACTONT, MASS., August 23.?With a
Shock that was felt for forty miles, the
glazing mill of the American Powder
Company, which, since the European
war began, has beon working to capac
ity, blew up early to-day. So far as
known nobody was killed.
The actual money loss was not heavy,
but It is stated that work on largo
orders probably would he held up sev
eral weeks. In surrounding towns,
particularly in Maynard, many windows
wero shattered.
The mill had been closed down since
Saturday afternoon, and the police be
lieve the explosion was caused with the
intent to cripple the plant.
An ofTlcial of the company pointed out
that the glazing mill, where the powder
enters upon its last stages of manu
facture. Is the only part of the plant
whoso loss at this time would stop the
output.
Armed guards have been stationed
about the works foi^several weeks, but
the mills are in an isolated part of the
town and the dense woods and shrub
bor> in the vicinity offer easy conceal
ment for any one wishing to avoid dis
covery.
T1\<> WOHKMKX KIL.I.KD
ix nr i'oxt explosions '
W ILMIXGTON'. August .0.? j
Twr- workmen were killed and consld- i
?table property damage was done by
an explosion of two black powder mills
of the Du Pont Powder Company in:
the upper Hagley yards, near here, to-i
day.
The two reports were heard more j
than a dozen miles away. Hundreds of'
windows In nearby houses wero broken.
So'eral hundreds pounds of powder ex
ploded, completely destroying the mills.
The first to go was a fuse mill, which
s<ft oft' tho second plant.
I he cause of the explosion has not
been determined, but officials say it
probably was due to a spark or to grit
in the powder.
Sltll APXEI, Pl.AXT DAMAfsr.n
IIV MYSTHIIIOI1S FIHR
PAIJIMORR, MO.. August 29.?The
plant of the R. .J. Codd Company, ma
chinists, at Canton, a suburb, was dam
aged by a mysterious fire to-night. The
rompnny recently obtained a sub-con- !
tract for the manufacture of shrapnel 1
casings. A considerable part of the
machinery is believed to be damaged. j
A'lTKMI'T TO WltHCIi TRAIN
cAititvivr; r:r\ corrov
OAKY, INT)., August 2D.?What ap
parently was an attempt to wreck a
train carrying gun cotton for ship
ment to the allies In Kurope was dis
covered hero late to-day. Just before
the gun cotton train was due to leave
the Aetna Powder Mills, near here, it
was discovered the fish plates had been
removed from two rails, a distance I
from the plant, and the rails forced i
out of line.
MRS. ASTOR LOSES TEMPER I
Kit II* In KtVort to Conk Chop Over
Camp Kite.
[Special to The Times-Dispatch 1
PAP. 1IARBOR. MR, August 20 '
Mrs. John Jacob Astor lost her torn-!
per this week because she couldn't !
cook a chop over n camp dre. and i
threw her dinner 200 feet into Echo i
l.nke.
A party had gone to Buck Mill I
? 'lift for a picnic. The others grilled
theii chops on sticks. Hers burned
Angered, she hurled it over a precipice
Then sh? made a fresh trial, and,
though hot and flustered, she won.
SPKXI) I.ABOR DAY AT M-FST TOINT
Special ex-MirnInn 5rt<* round trio. I,v, Main
6t. Depot 3:30 A. M. Lv. West Point 10 P. AI.
PURSUIT OF SLAVS
CONTINUES Willi
UNABATED VIGOR
Germans in Position to Men
ace Army With Crush
ing Defeat.
BACKBONE APPARENTLY
IS COMPLETELY BROKEN
Recuperation on Large Scale Be
lieved Impossible for
Long Time.
TEUTONS ADVANCING ON VTLNA
Reported ns Preparing New Lino of
Defense Against Renewed
Offensive.
[Special Cabin to The Times-Dlspatoh.J
BERLIN", August 39 (via Amsterdam).
?Al! reports from the front agree that
the backbone of tho Russian army Is
completely broken, and that recupera
tion on a large scale will be Impossible
for a long: time.
The armies retreating from the
Rrest-Lltovsk line have been split in
two by the vast Rakatno marshes, and
the Germans are now in a position to
concentrate against either army and
menace it with a crushing defeat.
The pursuit of the fleeing Slavs east
ward from Brest-Lltovsk continues
with unabated vigor. A German cavalry
dotachment has defeated a Russian
force at Samary, which is forty miles
east of the Rug line. Indications are.
according to expert observers here, that
the Germans operating In this region
will ho a hie to cut into the flank of the
main Russian army and turn its re
treat into a rout.
The Austro-Germans, who defeated
the Russians in Galicla, are already ad
vancing on the Doubus-Loutsk-Rovno
group of fortresses which guard the
Russian third line of defense and block
the way to Southeastern Russia.
RUSSIAN' RESISTANCE
SWEPT AWAY ENTIRELY
LONDON, August 29.?At every point
on the 900-mlle front stretching from
the Baltic to the Dniester, the Russian
! resistance has been swept away, ac- i
I cording to claims made officially to? J
I night in Berlin, and the Czar's armiei
I are declared to be in danger of a rout.
The Germans have broken through
southeast of Kovno, an ofllclal state
ment says, and are advancing on Vilna,
The Russian armios retreating from
the Brest-Lltovsk lino are reported
separated by the Rakatno swamps, en
abling the Germans to mass forces
against either wing, with the chance of
subjecting it to a disastrous defeat.
The Russian front in Eastern Gallcia
has been pierced and the Czar's forces
are reported to be in hasty retreat on
the fortresses of Doubuo and Loutak,
having left ln.non prisoners In the hands
of the Austro-German armies under
General Count Bothnia.
With Hindenhurg throwing heavy
forces forward in the north, and Prince
Leopold, of Bavaria, and Von Macken
sen sweeping east along a vast stretch
of fropt north and south of Brest-Ll
tovsk, the German and Austrian forces
under Bothnia. Von Boehm-Ermolll.
Pfianzer and Baltin have now involved
the extreme Russian left in the general
retirement, and are sweeping clear the
last inch of Galicia of the invaders.
Bothnia's forces have pushed through
Podjace, pressing toward Zborow: Pu
hallo Is moving, on Loutsk. one of the
triangle of fortresses which form tho
southern end of what was expected to
lie the third Russian line. Zloczow.
east of Lemherg, has been taken by
Boehn-Ermoili; P'ianjer and Baltin are
pursuing the Russians through Buc
y.ncz.
These operations, taken In conjunc
tion with tho Austrian advance north
cast from Kovel .are believed to her
ald a campaign against Loutsk, Douhno
and Rovno, the three Russian forts
which guard the portals of Southern
Russia.
CAMPAIGN' TO MAKE THIRD
Rl'NSIA X LINE UNTENABLE
Tho three fortresses are on the south
ern end of a line which stretches to
Vilnn. Petroprad concedes that tho
latter point cannot bo held. It is now
beliewl tho campaign comtemplates
armies is broken, and that the Germans
able. Berlin military experts declare
that the backbone of the Russian
armies is broken .and that the Gormans
could continue to advance into Russia
indefinitely, hut express the heliof that
they will end their campaign on the
Vllna-Rovno line, and dig themselves
in for the winter, releasing larBe forces
ror oilier operations.
The belief is expressed in Berlin that
the pursuit of the Russians will not
contlnuo much longer. It is settled
th:it it will not stop at the Brent
liltovsk line, as had been expected by
some, but it Is considered equally cer
tain that the Omman general staff ha~s
already selected a lino of defense
against a renewed Russian offensive,
and that the fortification of this line,
is already i;oing on.
Berlin reports that the flanks of the
Russian army retreating from Breat
I.itovsk is imperiled by a large force
of German cavalry, which has pono
trated to Samary. forty miles to the
eastward and defeated a Russian c,iv
alrv detachment. The belief iy ex
pressed 'hat this division, which Is in
considerable strength, will be able to
hew its way into the main forces of
the O/.ar and convert their orderly
retreat Into a disorganized flight. The
Frand Duke Nicholas has been so suc
cessful in extricating his armies from
all the traps set by the Ciermans so
far, however, that confidence is ax
pressed here that this new menace
will l e disposed of.
Prince Leopold, of Bftvarla, is now
operating in the great Hielovleja for
est. and U reported by Borlln to have
?

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