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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, August 31, 1915, Image 1

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Real Estate and Building Operations
Indicate a Steady City Growth
Prospects for a Busy Fall Are Most
Promising in All Lines
65th YEAR sum?" 2?3
Germany's Attitude in Line With
Chancellor's Recent Con
ciliatory Remarks.
Berlin Advices Noted With Sat
isfaction in Washington
BERLIN, August 3f? (via London).?
It In understood to-day that Germany's
course In the Arabic case has been de
cided on. and that it Is in line with the
recent conciliatory statement by Dr.
von Bethmann - Hollweg, th'' Herman
Thla development followed the return
to Berlin of the Chancellor, Admiral von
Tlrpltz and other participants In the
conference with the German Emperor
a*t his headquarters on the eastern
No official statement has been made
regarding the German decision, but
there seems pood ground for the belief
that the government has adopted the
viewpoint set forth by the Chancellor.
Dr. von Bethrnann-Hollweg, the Ger
man Imperial Chancellor, declared In a
statement on August 25 that the cir
cumstances surrounding the sinking of
the Arabic had not been fully cleared
up, and that It was not even known
whether she was sunk by a mine or
a torpedo. The Chancellor added:
"Only after all these circumstances
have b*en cleared up will it be possible
to say whether the commander of one
of our submarines went beyond his In
structions, in which case the Imperial
government would not hesitate to plve
such complete satisfaction to thf United
States as would conform to the friendly
relations existinir between both gov
WASHINGTON. August 30.?Press
dispatches from Berlin saying Germany
had decided on a policy in the Arabic
case in accordance with the recent
statement of th^ Imperial Chancellor
were noted with satisfaction to-day in
official circles here.
The Chancellor said if it developed
that a German submarine commander
had gone he.vond his instructions, Ger
many would give complete satisfaction
to the United States. Formal assur
ance to that effect was piven the State
Department last week by Count Bern
storff, the German ambassador, on in
structions from Berlin. Th'- ambas
sador already had informed Secretary
Lansing that German submarines had
been ordered to torpedo no more peace
ful merchantmen without warning.
So far as officials here know, the
submarine commander who attacked
the Arabic has not yet reported to Ber
lin. Until this report has awaited for
a reasonable time the Washington pov
ernment does not expect the promised
formal communication from the im
perial government.
One dispatch reached the State De
partment today from Ambassador Ge
rard, but Secretary Lansinp said It
threw no new light on the situation.
In German quarters to-nipht it was
said Count Bernstorff probably would
return to Washington from Long Island
on Thursday That was construed to
mean that the ambassador looked for
action by his government at.out that
[Special to The Times-Dispatch. J
WASHINGTON. August 30.?State De
partment officials expressed the opinion
to-day that the way Is being cleared
rapidly for another effort by the United
States to pet England and Germany
to agree to the principle of the freedom
of the seas, with direct bearing on
the reopening of neutral trade with
A lonp; cable message was received
to-day bv Secretary of " State Lansing
from Ambassador Gerard relating to
the Arabic case. ;itid was of sufficient
importance to require a visit of Mr.
Lansing 10 the White House. Mr. Lan
sing declined 'o state even the subject
matter of the cablegram, but it is
known that it contained a discussion
of internal politics at Berlin, and the
Arahlc case, and the general prospects
of the terms on which an agreement
between the United States and Germany
might he predicated.
State Department authorities, reading
between the linos of what they have
from the German Foreign Office, seem
to think to-day that Germany will
frankly disavow the act of the com
mander of the submarine who attacked
the Arabic If he did not give the warn
ing required by international law and
demanded by this government. They
say that a erreat point will he thus
gained, and that the next step would be
easy for Germany to abandon all attacks
on unarmed merchant vessels. This
would pave the way for a second com
munication to Great Britain by the
United States In line with the identical
note of February 20. That note was a
distinct offer of mediation, provided
that England and Germany would make
mutual concessions.
(ilinMAXV NOT rcxi'Kt TIOD
It is not expected that Germany, iri
her conciliatory note on the Arabic,
will suggest that she is making con
cessions on condition that the United
States exact equivalent conditions from
Germ'any has been told already by
the United States that the Issues effect
ing the United States, Germany n
England are not a triangular affa.'i^
and that the United States\proposcs to
settle with Germany and England sep
arately. There soemn to bo no quca?
tlons in tho minds of officials, however,
that Ambassador Gerard will make It
(Continued on Third Page.)
Explosions Stir
Secret Service
Agents to Action
If Conspiracy Is Disclosed,
Federal Authorities Will
Spread Net to Find
Men "Higher Up."
! [Special to The Times-Dispatch.]
j WASHINGTON', August 30.?Explos
| Ions at several plants engaged In the
i manufacture of war materials, culmi
i natlng In the blowing up of the glaz
j Ing mill of the American Powder Com
| pany at Acton, Maes., has stirred iho
J secret agents of the Treasury Depart
I rnent anil the Department of Justice
j to renewed activity. It was admitted
I at the Department of Justire to-day
that these explosions are the subject
of Investigation by Its agents.
Officials who have been engaged for
j several weeks inquiring Into the al
leged propaganda and efforts to vio
late the neutrality of the United States
would not admit their suspicions that
these accidents are a part of that
propaganda, but they do express the
belief that these various explosions are
more than mere coincidents, and of such
a serious character that they demand
Federal investigation.
While carefully refraining from mak
ing specific statements, it Is evident the
belief Is held by some officials that
these accidents are part of a general
conspiracy to cripple the output of
American-made war supplies. Local au
thorities have been requested promptly
to Inform the department the result of
their investigations. If then anything
like a conspiracy is disclosed, a nation
wide dragnet will be set in an effort
to run to earth the men "higher up"
who are supposed to bo the brains of
the conspiracy against American in
For several weeks the secret agents
of botli the Treasury Department and
the Department of Justice have been
working on the all* ged expose, in which
it was claimed a plot existed to vio
late the neutrality of this country. In
both departments the lid has been shut
down tight recently, which leads to the
belief that the Department of Justice
may be on the eve of taking definite
action in the courts. Some of the best
expertB of the Secret Service of the
Treasury Department were detailed
several weeks ago to the State Depart
ment. These are known to have been
engaged on the so-called German prop
aganda case, and to-day two of them,
at least, were ordered to hold them
selves in readiness to proceed to Acton
on a moment's notice.
The Department of Justice has been
uneble to determine Just how it could
proceed in these explosion cases un
less a conspiracy can be crlearly shown.
The local authorities will be given all
the assistance possible, while every se
cret a^ent of the government. If ne
cessary, will be detailed upon the In
vestigation. Having decreed that the
manufacture of munitions for belliger
ents Is the right of the American cit
izen. one high official said this after
noon that it was the duty of the gov
ernment to protect its citizens in that
right. It 13 in line with this policy
that the strong arm of the Federal
government will be thrown around
those whose plants are threatened.
ST. CHARLES. ILL., August 30.?Re
ports that the Malleable Iron Works
was manufacturing war munitions, and
that horses were being shipped to Eu
rope from the Wild Rope Stock Farm
will cause an investigation of unex
plained flres at the works last Friday
and at the farm to-night.
Five valuable horses were burned in
the blaze at the farm. The owner,
Herbert Crane, was said to be in the
East attending a stock show. The iron
works was entirely destroyed.
A fire at the Dooig File Company yes
terday was extinguished, and also will
be investigated. Losses In the three
fires total $300,000.
: Prepnrlng Plnnn to Increnwe Efficiency
of Array nn?l Xnvy
WASHINGTON, August 30.?Secre
I tnry Garrison has directed the War Col
lege to submit plans for securing addi
| tlonal regulnr army officer* and a corps
! of reserve officers both for the regular
army and for a volunteer army of any
j other force which Congress may au
thorize. This stop was taken with a
view of recommendations to Congress
at its coming session.
Secretary Daniels is also expected to
recommend additional officers for the
navy, regardless of the building pro
gram yet to be decided upon. A plan is
under consideration, it is understood, by
which the number of officers in the
navy would be placed on the basis of its
tonnage. Under such a system there
would he an automatic increase in the
number of officers, as tho number of
ships was increased.
If u ii ri reil* of Knetnry Workers In
Ilrldgeport fio Iliu'U to Work.
BR1DGIS PORT, CONN., August 30.?
Many hundreds of factory workers who
had been on strlko recently returned to
work to-day, their differences with em
ployers over hours and wages having
been adjusted.
In nearly every instance tho workers
have entered upon the eight-hour sched
ule wltho\it a reduction.
The largest delegation of returning
employees was that of S00 girls at tho
Crown nnd tho George C. Bntcheller
Corset Company.
6p?clfU excursion SOe round trio. Lv. Main
Bt. Depot 3:30 a. M. Lv. West Point 10 P. M.
ninninn Krrcnt Hnvniccn of Foot-nnd
Mouth I)l*en*f.
OAKLAND, CAL., August 30.?The
' American Veterinary Medical Associ
, atlon opened Its fifty-first annual con
vention here to-day with a discussion
of the rccent ravages of foot-and-mouth
Dr. John It. Mohler, assistant chief
of the Federal Bureau of Animal Indus
try, .said one out of every six cases of
the malady was brought about by virus
carried on the shoes, cloth !ng or bodies
, of persons.
SACRAMENTO. CAL... August 30.?
j Governor Johnson to-day iss.icil a proc
lamation releasing several States from
j California's quarantine against the
foot-and-mouth disease, provided live
j stock shipments arc made upon cer
i tlflcate of State veterinarians or State
inspectors are sent to California. The
proclamation Includes Alabama, Florida,
Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North
'Carolina and South Carolina.
ftrother of "I'rlvnte" John Aliens Wn*
Seventy-Two Yearn Old,
ST. I-iOlTIS, August 30.?Jani^s Henry
Allen, a pioneer cotton broker. Confed
erate veteran, and brother of "Private"
John Allen, former Congressman from
1 Mississippi, died here last night, after
: an illness of several months. He was
, seventy-two years old.
Ho formerly was encaged in the cot
i ton business in New Orleans, Mobile
| and Memphis. Though only sixteen
[ years old. he enlisted at the outbreak
of the Civil War In the Forty-second
' Virginia Infantry and fought under
"Stonewall" Jackson.
700 Employers Added to I'nr Itoll of
.Mobile nnil Ohio Railroad.
MOBILE, ALA., August 30 ?When
I the repair shops of the Mobile and
; Ohio Railroad Company at Whistler
resumed operations to-day TOO em
ployees went, on the pay roll, and each
month as the pay car makes Its visit to
the shops about $35,000 will be put in
! circulation, whereas n little over half
j that amount has been placcd in circu
lation the past seven months.
The order placing the shops on full
time gave employment to some men
who have been out since October 5, 1014.
Every department will work eight
American nml Chinese CnpltnllnlN Will
Finance Proposition.
SAN FRANCISCO. CAT,.. August 30.?
? Contracts for the financing of a $5,000.
000 Chinese - American - Transpacific
Steamship Company have been signed
by American and Chinese capitalists,
who now are negotiating for the pur
chase of ships, according to announce
ment hero by Dr. V. K. Wellington Koo,
China's first minister to Mexico, who
arrived to-day on the steamer Persia.
Dr. ICoo declined to name the Amer
ican bankers behind the new company,
but said practically all of the great
hanks of China sponsored the plan. He
said he understood the steamers of the
new line would fiy the Chinese flag.
Difficulty In purchasing ships, he said,
had caused delay In starting the ser
Think* Outlook In South In ICncourng
Iiik for 11;iml I i iiu Cotton Crop.
WASHINGTON'. August 3".?\V. P. G.
Harding, ot the Federal Reserve l'.oard,
who returned to Washington to-day,
after attending a meeting of hankers
and merchants at Cirmingham, said
the outlook was encouraging for caring
for the cotton crop.
"1 do not believe, if conditions remain
as at present, that the South need
worry over the cotton crop." he said.
"1 found bankers in the South appar
etly willing to lend money on cotton
properly secured, and. although 1 can
not predict what will happen. I do not
believe excessive interest will be de
manded on such loans."
Indictment, I'len and Sentence Oeeuple*
I.ess Thau Six Mourn.
Mt'RPlIYSBOUO, ILL,. August 30.?
Jon Oeberry. a negro, who killed his
benefactress. Mrs. J. II. Martin, in bet
home on July 30. was indicted here to
day, pleaded guilty and was sentenced
to be hanged on October 16. The entire
proceedings occupied less than six
Crowds thronged the courtroom to
day. and hundreds were gathered on
the streets. There were threats of
possible mob violence, but the presence
of three companies of the Illinois Na
tional Guard prevented violence.
Tumulty Denies lCITort to ltrniove IIIm
nn Deniocrntlc Chairman.
WASHINGTON. August 30.?Persis
tent reports of efforts within (lie ad
ministration to displace William F.
McCombs as chairman ?<( tin- Democra
tic National Committee caused Secre
tary Tumulty to Issue a statement from
tho White House to-night saying ho
knew of no such movement, andyhar
acterizlng tho reports as "the wor.,- of
Thinks Present City Engineer Is
Not Big Enough for His
Motion to Transfer Boiling to
Water Department Meets
With Defeat.
Following a strenuous effort yester
day to Induce the Administrative Hoard
to transfer City Engineer Charles E.
Boiling f"om his present office to that
?if Superintendent of the Water Works.
John nirs.'^berg, after being overruled
by ihe beard's other members, declared
that In his opin'en, Mr. Boiling docs
not measure up to his responsibilities,
and that his removal is demanded in
the public interest.
Mr. Dolling declined to make any
comment, either on Mr. Hlcschberg's
statement or on the animated proceed
ings of the board meeting.
Mr. Hlrschberg introduced a resolu
tion providing:
"That C.'ty Engineer Charles E. Boil
ing be transferred from his present po
sition. to take effect Octobe.- 1, 1015.
and that he be known as Superinten
dent of the Water Works; and. further
that Major M. O. Hanlilns. present sec
ond assistant city ingln-'T nnd chi u
of surreys, be put temporarily In charge
of the City Engineer's office."
The resolution was presented by Mr.
Hlrschberg after the board had voted
down or tabled five resolutions intro
duced by Carlton McCarthy providing
additions to the force under Mr.
1'ankins and defining his status In the
Engineering Depnttment. It was re
ceived w.thout comment and defeated
without debate by a vote of 3 to 1, Mr.
Hlrschberg alone supporting It. Nega
tive votes were cast hy McCarthy,
Folkes and Beck.
"My sole object in offering the reso
lution transferring Mr. Boiling to the
Water Department,'* said Mr. Hlrsch
berg yesterday f.fterncon several hours
aftadjou-nment, "was to secure for
the city a o. tter administration of both
tl.?. Engineering and Water Depar?
"There Is nothing harfl to understand
about my position, and I don't mind
stating- It frankly. I have no personal
feelings against Mr. Boiling, but 1 do
not believe the present City Engineer
is big enough for the position he hol?i?.
Ho might have been equal to It when
he first took the ofllce. The office to
day demands an aggressive, alert and
fully competent engineer with execu
tive abll'ty who is able to direct every
department of this important office and
assume personal responsibility for its
policy. The present City Engineer. In
my opirio-i. does not measure up to
this standard, and the sooner we make
a chang" t lie better it will be for
everybody concerned."
j "Po you regard Mr. Bollinc ns fully
(capable of taking charge of the Water
j Depaitment," lie was asked.
i "I <lo." answered Mr. Hirschberg
[ promptly. "Mr. Rolling has hail suffi
cient experience in hydraulics to en
able him to administer that department
properlv. Wo need at the head of the
Water Department a fully qualified
hydraulic engineer. Thirty years ago
the city got along very well under the
policy that is followed to-da.v. Since
then its growth has been such that the
Water Department has become too big
an assignment for tho present head."
"Do you regard Mr. Hankins as com
petent enough for the City Engineer's
office?" ho was asked.
"I regard him as very competent,"
replied Mr. Hirschberg. "My resolution
placed him at the head of the depart
ment temporarily. That would at least
have given us time to look about for
the ideal man for the position. If lie
is nut to be found i?? Richmond. I am
in favor of going ??jtside of Richmond
-?to Baltimore, to "New York if neces
sary. Mr. Hankins is competent enough
to hold the office until a better man
could be found."
As Mr. Hirschberg spoke the other
members of the board drifted in and
listened attentively to his words. Mr.
Koikes, Mr. McCarthy and Mr. Beck
heard Mr. Tlirschberg's statement, but
ventured no comment.
if Mr. Hirschberg's resolution had
been carried out, Mr. Boiling would
have been reassigned to a department
which he had administered for more
*har. twenty years with signal success.
As head of the Water Department Mr.
Bulling designed and supervised the
construction of the settling basins, giv
ing Richmond clear water after years
of a supply grimy with clay deposit.
"How would the reappointment of
Mr Boiling as head of the Water De
pal tment have affected the position of
Superintendent Davis?" Mr. Hirschberg
was askedi
"That Is a detail that would havo
been adjusted later," he replied.
Toward the end of tho session Mr.
Hirschberg introduced a resolution,
which was passed unanimously, direct
ing the clerk to notify Mr. Rolling that
he will be expected to carry out all the
charter provisions and all ordinances
pertaining to the duties of tho office of
City Engineer.
No explanation accompanied the res
olution. Tt was assumed that it was
designed to put it beyond misunder
standing on Mr. Boiling's part that tho
' (Continued on Seventh Page.)
$0. Aihevltle and return September J; 16
day limit. inquire Southern RftHw.ty, 907
Eu?t Main,
Strong Resistance by Russians
to New Offensive of Germans
W I'I'll Von lleneler. enptor of Ant
?iT|i nml XuvoRforicl^vNh, In
cuniiniiiiil, the (irrmunfi linvr rr
niiiued n NtriuiK nfl'rnnhr In flic llnl
tl? rrRlon sooth of ItlRn. mid linvr
lirRun nttnrkn nrnr t h ?? Dvltm
hrlil|;chetid noiitli of Frledrlohntndt
nnd iiIoiik the rnllroml from Mitnu to
Krlcdrlehwtiidt. The ItunnlitnM, I'r
trournd ?n.v?, nre ofTerliiK NtriniK rc
Klnewhcre on the Idmk front
nolifIt\vnr(I from OktIhihI to Sotitli
ennt tJnlleln tlio 'IViitona, nmiril
InK to llerlln nn?l Yletinn, nrr <*on
tlllllltlK 11 l< ll tliclr driven
iiKOlimt the llnxInnN, I.lpnk. went
of the fortrenn of (iroilno, linn liron
token by ntorm. A further ml mure
ennt of lllnljrNtok linn lieen mode, nml
the Anntrlunn nml (?erninnn continue
their chune of the MuMCOviten
through the I'rlpet ninrnlien ennt of
\ Icnnn miyn the Itunnlnnn nlonf?
tli<? Slripn Itlver, 111 Sotit henntern
(?nllrln, have trleil InefYeet unll v to
xtem the Auntrlnn nilvnncc, hut. de
nplte their ntnhborn renlntanee, rape
Hall? In the Koroplee dlntrlrt, have
I mm-it defeated.
Further northeast of /.lorxuir,
\>lilt'li lion hcluri'u l.emlierK mill
Taninpul, (ho HiinnIiiiih attacked
from MtroiiK ponltloim, lint rrere re
pulsed. Over the border In HiiMnln
KnlnH of n terrnln nenr I.utnk nnil
ii i-outliiuntlon of Ihr purnnlt of the
ItiiMnlnnn nrnr lllelovle/li lire re
ported Iiy Vlennn.
On the Hfulern front mid nlonc
the AuNtrit-ltnllnn linen artillery
I'lisrnueiiientN linve pretlonil nn teil.
Itepulne* of ntuliltorn nllletl nt
tnt'kn nnd capture of nllletl IrcnchcM
on Onlllpoli 1'enliiHiiln nrt* announced
l>v ConMnn tlnoplc. Heavy disunities
were In fllct cd on the allien, mu>s the
'I'nrklnh communication.
The Ntrlke of South Wnlrn conl
minor* continue.*. Ilritlnli Cabinet
niiiilNterM nnd lender* of the Miticrn'
Cnlon linvf eonferred on Mettlenient
proposals, lint Its reMiilt lin.i not been
ii ii nun need.
Pleads That People Be Given Short
Rnllot to Establish Their
Own Rule.
Domination of "Invisible Govern
ment," He Says, Causes Sullen and
Long-Continued Resentment?Ad
dresses Constitutional Convention.
ALBAN'T, N. Y.. August 30.?Address
ing the Constitutional Convention to
day, Kllhu Root condemned the system
of "bossisin" and "invisible govern
ment" whicn, he said, to his knowledge
has dominated New York for forty
years, and pleaded that the people be
armed with the short linllot to estab
lish their own rule.
"This domination," Mr. Root said,
"has caused a deep and sullen and long
continued resentment among the peo
ple at being governea by men not of
their choosing. Thcv demand a change.
The short ballot plan is a solution, or
at least, it may bo the first step that
will work out a solution.
''When I go back'home. as T am about
to go, to spend my declining years, I
mean to go with tho feeling that I can
s?iy 1 have not failed to speak and to
act in accordance with the lessons that
I learned there from the God of my
The short ballot has been opposed
by members of the "Old Guard." Among
those who have supported it are Mr.
Root, George W. Wlckersham, Henry L.
Stlmson and Frederick C. L?anner, tho
Republican State Chairman.
After discussing the proposal specific
ally, Mr. Root said:
"We talk about the government of
the Constitution. What Is the gov
ernment of this State? What lias it
been during the forty years of my ac
quaintance with it? The government
of tho Constitution? Oh, no; not half
the time, or half way.
(iOVEH N >113 XT I'll ICS 10 NTS
"From the days of Fenton and Conk
lin and Arthur and Cornell and Piatt,
from the days of David 13. Hill down
to the present time, the government of
the state has presented two different
lines of activity, one of the constitu
tional and statutory offices of the State
and the other of the party leaders?
they call them party bosses.
"They are called 'the system?the in
visible government.' For I don't re
member how many years Mr. Conklin
was the supreme ruler in this State;
the Governor did not count. Legisla
tures did not count. And in a great
outburst of public rage he was pulled
down. }
"Then Mr. Piatt ruled the State for
nigh upon twenty years. And the capi
tal was not here: it was at. 4!> Broad
way: with Mr. Piatt and his lieuten
"And there is to-day throughout this
State a deep and sullen resentment
against being governed by uen not of
the people's choosing.
"I don't criticise the men of the in
visible government. How can I? I
have known them all. and among them
have, been some of my dearest friends.
But It Is all wrong that a government
not authorized by the people should be
continued superior to the tovernmont
that is authorized by the people.
"Both parties are al(ke. All parties
are alike. The system extends through
For Most Part, Threatened Dumnge In
to Watershed*.
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL., August 30.?
Forest fires to-day were reported along
the Pacific Slope from Vancouver to tho
Mexican line and east to Idaho. For}
the most part, the damage threatened!
was to watersheds, rather than stand
ing timber.
Smoke clouded Pugot Sound until
navigation was perilous. Many fires
were burning to-night in Oregon.
Seven started by lightning in tho vicin
ity of Medford, were giving particular
trouble. Ten utiles east of Bonnors >
Ferry, Idaho, twenty-live Forestry De
partment men were lighting a blaze
that had passed heyomj control of tho
local forester and Ills ?' .slstants Other
fires were burning near Lake View, on
Lake Pond d'Orollle. in the Coour
4'Alene Mountains, and near Montecito,
| Denies Thnt Von IIcthmnnn-Hollweg
Snhl Belgium Sold Neutrality
to Kngland.
, Ilerlin Declares Teutonic Forces Did
j Not Knter Small Country Until She
| Had nroken Her Own Neutrality.
! Summary of Document.
RERLTN, August 30 (by wireless to
Sayvllle).?The North German Gazetto
publishes an official reply to Sir Ed
ward Grey's statement on the speech
of Chancellor von nelhinann-Hollwcg
at the opening of the last session of
the Reichstag. The Overseas News
Agency, summarizing the German reply
as published In the Gazotte, says:
"At the beginning the article alludes
I to the fact that Sir Edward Grey dlp
I lomatlcally ignored the valuable ma
terial contained in reports from Belgian
ministers at various European capitals
| prior to the war recently published In
[Germany, hut goes exhaustively Into
the subjects- threats Against Helglan
neut ralltyr~WrcMi.\ .ncellor never said
that Belgium sold her neutrality to
England, but asserted that It had been
proved by documents that Belgium had
I fostered British military plans, thus
I herself violating tier neutrality."
The article points out that the dis
I cussion of their neutralities by Bel
glum anil British military officers must
have been reported to the British dip
j lomatic offices. Documents found in
I Brussels, It is said, show conclusively
[that the British attacho coolly told his
Belgium colleague that Great Britain
would land troops in Belgium without
Belgium's consent, and that Belgium
never had protested against this. . . .
Such a country, It is declared. Is not a
neutral country.
I 'll A It ACTIO It 17.101) AS It IDIt'l l.OlS
"The chancellor," it is added, "did
not endeavor to bring to light facts
that would Justify a violation of Bel
gian neutrality in August. 1911, and
slated the reason in his Reichstag
speech, declaring that German troops
Invaded Belgium after the latter had
Already broken her own neutrality.
"Besides," it is added, "the excite
ment over the morales of a violation of
a seventy-flve-year-old treaty made for
entirely different purposes, was ridicu
lous for a country v\ > unconcernedly
disregarded a promlst. lemnly given
twenty-five years ago\ ">11 Europe,
and which continuous^ supported
French violations of the oldl^.-tions ac
cepted In 1011, regarding Morocco."
The Overseas News Agency hero
takes up the assertion by Dr. von
Rethinann-Hollweg in his Reichstag
speech that Sir Edward Grey had said
to the Gorman ambassador, as he was
leaving London, that It might be pos
sible England could be of more assist
ance to Germany at the wa-'s close by
entering the conflict that! If she had
remained neutral. Sis Ed ward Grey
denied having made such remarks.
nr.MKs intiovriox to
< HUSH (iKllllA*. 10111'lltK
The text of the. memorandum in
which Prince Llchnowsky, the German
ambassador at London, recorded that
part of his interview with Sir Edward '
is reproduced as follows: i
"Sir Edward Grey was visibly moved !
as he greeted me. He said the decision1
he had been obliged to take was thei
gravest of his entire life, and that the
deciding consideration was that par- J
ticlpation in the war, would injure
England little more than a passive
course: moreover, that England as a
participating power would bo In a bet
ter position to throw her influence into
the balance than by remaining neutral,
because she would be able : t any time
to threaten t i withdraw from the con
"The violation of recognized Inter
national treaties, guaranteed |?y Eng
land, he said, made It impossible for;
her to stand aside."
A confidential communication then!
presented to Prince Llchnowsky by Sir
Edward is thus summarized:
"The confidential communication was
to the effect that should events not
take the turn anticipated by the Ger-<
man military party, or should Great
Britain wish for otlur reasons to bring
th? war to a speedy end, ho always
(Continued on Third Page.)
Only 93.00 Baltimore nnd HMnm
Via, delightful York Rlv?r Line, Sftpt. 3-4;
return limit Sept. 8. Apply 001 H. Main.
Military Observers Call At
tention to Approach of
Autumnal Storms.
Germans and Austrians Still Are
Pressing Retreating Rus
sians Hard.
Dpsprrnte Flphtinp Reported as
Continuing In Darda
LONDON, August 30.?Reports from
the eastern war theatC" ..cats that
the Germans and Austrians still are
pressing the retreating Russians hard,
but military observers here hope the
approaching equinoctial season soori
will put a limit on the Teutonic drive.
Both Berlin and Vienna emphasize
the statement that Von Hindenburg^s
forces along the Dvina. In Courland,
have renewed their activities, stopped
recently by the Russians' success in
holding Riga as a menace to \ , ^^n
denburg srear. In Southeastern I0..0 '^a.
in the Brost-Litovsk region, the 'fu
tons are chiefly concerned In driving
the Russians further into the Prlpet
marshes, evidently with the purpose of
repeating the success of the Mazurlan
To the northwest, in the sector lying
only a short distance east of the East
Prussian frontier, Berlin reports an
advance and capturo of Lipsk, JuBt west
of Grodno, upon which the alms of
the Germans now evidently are cen
The military observers are directing
attention to the fact that the Russian
equinoctial storms are soon due to
begin. They assert that they are the
dunger limit to military operations In
the eastern tleld. It is recalled by
some of the observers that the au
tumnal equinox marked the turning/
point In the Napoleonic campaign. TheJ
first warning was a light snowfall, pro-J
ceding the equinox, but soon afterwara
heavy snows fell, and with then? cainfl
disaster to Napoleon. tI
Desperate lighting continues in the
Dardanelles, near where the British
made their last landing. The Turkish
reports claim recapture of allied
trenches, with heavy allied casualties.
These claims, however, have not yet
been conceded by Great Britain.
Operations in the western field have
been confined to trench fighting. On
the Austro-Itallan frontier the Italians
claim their forces slowly are advanc
[Special to The Times-Dispatch.]
LONDON, August 30.?While claim
ing; successes at every point of con
tact in the eastern theater, the Germans
are directing their principal efforts at
the two extreme tips 01 the 9ot)-mlle
! line on the Dvina Hiver and in South
i eastern Galicia.
| General von Beseler, the siege ex-.
! pert of the German army, whose batf.
tering-ram tactics carried Antwerp an'i
Novogeorglevsk. has been put in com
mand of operations against Riga, her
alding a determined effort to definitely
remove this menace from Von Hlnden
burg's rear. Ho is now attacking the
bridgehead positions at Frlederlchstadt,
about forty miles southeast of Riga,
and if he succeeds in forcing a passage
of the Dvlna, he will be ill a position to
; open an immediate advance against
! Riga, where the Russians recently suc
.??-cded in putting a sharp halt to the
! German offensive.
In Southeastern Galicia the Austrla
j Germans have advanced to the Stiypa
Hiver, near the Gallcian frontier. In
what believed to be an ettort to cut
off the Russian southern army, num
bering about 300,000. The right wing
of this army is under heavy attack
by flying columns of cavalry between
Kovel and Loutsk, towards wWch a
Vienna report states the Teutons are
gaining ground.
In the Hrest-Litovsk region, the Ger
mans appear to he engaged in an ef
fort to drive the Russians Into the
l'ripet marshes, apparently in an ef
fort. to repeat Von Hinrlenburg's tri
umph in the Mazurlan Lakes region.
.Against Grodno, the only fortress on
this line still helrt by the Russians,
largo German forces are pressing their
advance. They have taken the town
of Lipsk, twenty miles west of the
fortress. Other armies are advancing
upon It from the southwest.
Terrific storms, heralding the ap
proach of the wet autumn season, aro
raging In Western Russia, according
to dispatches frcm Petrograd, and the
German advance in the marshy region
of Pripet is being considerably de
laved The vast stretches of lowland
along tho Pripet are rapidly being con
verted Into morasses, it is said, and
?he. Germans are tinning It hard t.*?
transport artillery.
If they find tt hard now, military
critics n %re aro convinced that within
i few weeks they will find it lmpos
Mblc, >?nd express confidence that with
the coming o the equinoctial storms,
tho Teutons will be forced to withdraw
to the Brest-l.ttovsk line and content
th-Musclves with the successes so far -
Berlin experts believe thai the Ger
man campaign In the east Is rapidly
being brought to a clos<-. They Atata
that the Russian army haa been suffix
clcntly disorganized to remove It a4

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