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On Exhibit and Sale to
Benefit the Suffrage
Campaign Fund They
Also Mark the Creative
Women Artists Through
Their Labors in the
Cause of Women
'"The Keeper of Dreams," by Alice Morgan Wright??A
Conception Full of Meaning for All Women.
?? ' '
The Slave," by Olga PopofT-Mueller, a Paris S^lon Exhibit in
1909, Where This Sculptor's Name Is as Well Known as in
the American Academies.
AT least one class of those
wnmon who are ardent. w> rk
r-rs for the cause of ?uffrns%
for thoii sex i.- ;t ready reaping ma
terial rewards for the t'nto ami
energy thus expended. Creative
gonitis in worn-n sculptor.-. painters
ami w i i I < ris : i of more
vividly than evrr bei.,;e. ll\ id me
at ? mull .plying ulie.. in u> prom
ise that by lur time univirrai
woman'.-. suffrage becomes an ac
complished I a* t! 11?- - philt .scpht rs
of the oppi >;t? \ who deny to
women an v share ia arti lie cnaiive
ahi.ity \\ i. 1 he compel.ed lo "eat
their own ungallaut words."
.More (hail a hint of ihis prohahil'"."
is presented in com;, cii n w. it the
photographic repiocuctions of sculp
tures by women primed on thi- pr.fo.
These were a tew of the works of
more than eighty women sculptors
which were recently on exhibit ion in
a New York gallery. Ami a 1 of ihose
works w< i'- unconditionally con
tributed for sale to benefit he .Suf
frage Campaign fund.
In this way ai. of these fair labor
ers in the field of cnaiive art made
niuie aeknowledgm ni of their dr bt
to the awakening iiuMuenee of tlieir
part m tlm gr at movenien* that is
to frf> thejiainds. and hands of all
womanki!?tl.VYirrfcing lor sufragr-.
.-ponding iheir-'iim- ami th.uglr
upon that cause i:..-tead of I -ms a
drain upon thoir artistic force - pro
duced ihe opposite ?-f:eei; coi i p
rions and powrs of ex.-cption v.^iich
had lain dormant were llb< ratfdanl
inanife-ted ih< in- Ives throu h ilv1
pot' :)'?> of tie- pint of unselfish giv
The work? of women painters an 1
sculptor.- oxhibite i at the Panama
I'm lie Kxpositien in San Kn?pei:'Cf
wot: tho plaudits of con >i? i:?
from ? very Kuropean capi ai X' i 1>
a'.; those o\ h: bit or - i'iiiu
tho.-o whor-p ro-itribuiions wore par
of the general architectural
display at the Fair?were
activo workers for suffrage
Many of 'hein wore co-work
ci s on equal terms of ability
and reputation with cele
br.ited artists of th.- opposite
.?-ex. It was a :nuto expres
sion of tiio \vho;<; idjal em
bodied in the women's move
ment -o.-jua it y in suit rape,
e |iu ity in labor and in la
t u' of that, triumph grew
the plan for these women
sculptors and painters to
contribute not merely them
sehes liur ;he result of their awak
ened g iiin? to the suffrage cause.
Tli- approaching campaign was an
opportunity and a crisis. William
Macbeth, of New York City, donated
the use of his galleries from Septem
ber 27 to October lfi. am! nearly a
hundred women artists filled them
with the choicest of their creations.
The reproductions printed here
give a lain* idea of the variety and
breadth of th;r exhibit. Nothing but
the women's names in the catalogue
to convey to the mind of the visitor
that all these were the works of
women?to whom philosophers in
trousers had. all down the nges,
denied the artistic creative gift.
They >ho\\ masterly executions of
swift imprc^sious, as in the "Huh
siun l'.ittcors" piece; the crude vir
i ltv. coupled with hopeless helpless
ness. in "The Slave"; and two direct
appeal.- to the fundamental impulse
of womankind, in one case exmiis
ite!y fetninin ? after a noble fashion,
and in the other finely masculine- in
the - ruuu'iO between the spirit which
i- woman and the tlesh which is man.
< ?ne realizes that "The Keeper of
1?): earns" is a composite figure of the
wh - e world of women, who is ao
qniring the power to make the
worthy dreams of womni come true.
So Many Crabs in Cans, Few Left in the Ocean
Ev RENE EACHE.
VERY150PY knows what has hr.p
*?* .-in\bf. <UnU formerly plenti
f . bir i n???.%? ;ii'f luxuries fxc'm
t vf)- ; 11..- rich Hut noWly cou'.d
)::ivf ? _*ii?r 1 that 'hf "bcir" crab ? na
tive to the pnhift region. iso famous for
thp ;>r? : . ' <?' _*a: "iiomu <!<? ;< a !??> i.
vMi'f} . vi-r t:.rf.t:< ;j-??] wiiii ? xi'-rmi
Novorthf '.<?-? tlir thine has come to
j"r> -. arcl ;i? t h<- <?* 11 ? t.:11c th?' <*>ovcrn
meat l i-inrn Bui< ;u .^oriou.-lj con
tc-ai;. it.n?* tic ? -ta i-i M ? ;.t of hatching
nation- : ?: ttio ir. o-f ??* f?r'?;>ac.?tins
f'> a!'!:". Hi' an -' t valuable 1 I'll.
t a ca:
]>u. ii/ t? '? a-'. f?*w year.? it numbers
have unil'T^ >ne a p'oa<ly ind a aim nn
ritmini at.M ' >? .-???? on*- catch ha
been -? h-ri that the .jj?} ha- ri'>>
iH'ur'mi ? (!:'? <lemand. tiie price <?*'
"hardb.;--) co-ne up ' J'J a Inrrc N ?
loot rir. ' bavif'! \\ o n-:<h n il
a 'j **? T> ? iirr. ! . T>io \vho> ,'<t
The r: a'trr i rn . h tnori* .-<ri<iu.^ than
triyli* i:iiajin?"-d at i:r-t glance. l?cr?
Prominent in the roster of the
women artist? who gave those re
suite of 'iit-ir awakened artistic ini
I ulsi's to benefit the cau-e which
lias awak<ucd them are those
Kdith Woodman Burroughs, flail
Sherman t'orhett. Ahestenia St.
Leger liberie, Grace Mott Johnson.
Anna Coleman Ladd, o ga Popoft
Miller. Illith IJaretto 1 'arson-. An
netta S: tlaudens, Laura <Jardin.
J met Sen Ider. A.ice Morgan Wright,
Knid Valid. .1.
Charlotte Coman, E. Varian
Ooekrott. Ado aide Doming, Lucia
l-'airchi d Fuller. Mary E. Foote. Anno
tloldtliwaito. M. Jean McLane Johan
s( 11. Clara T. McChcsncy, llhoda
I initio s Nichols, .lane Peterson.
Acii' s Polton May Wilson Preston.
Ida Proper. Anne Kstclle Hice. Flor
ence Frances Snell. Juliet Thompson,
llebn M. Turner, Martha Walter.
The majority ot' !hn.se artists. be
sides giving their work to bo sold,
ottered :o e.xecuto portraits or other
commissions on a r>0 per c> nt basis
tor the suffrage campaign fund
Ther. was nothing provincial ahont
this '\hihition. Mi<s Eli/.aboth Ed
niond sent sculpture from California.
Ann Estollo Kico coram't od to the
perils <>t sen-travel pictures from
London, and Anna Coleman Ladd is
"The Flesh and the Soul." in Which Alice Morgan Wright Portrays the
Superior Force in Humanity Represented by the Spirituality of
a Boston contributor. Most of the
women contributors are artists who
have served their apprenticeship in
i'aris ateliers. But they are unani
mously grouped in their enthusiasm
lor woman suffrage in Xew York
State iit 1015.
The awakening influence upon
women in artistic pursuits of their
labors for suffrage is by no means
confined to those engaged in sculp
ture and painting. The professors of
I: eraturo and the stage owe to their
suffragist members many of their
brightest ornaments. Hardly a real
celebrity in either field who is not
tor suffrage heart and soul am! voice.
Probably this fact is most notable
in this country awl in iCnglanri. But
oven in France, where the woman's
suffrage movement is over.-hadowed
by the new doctrine of "Feminism"
?which is a fad of the intellectuals
??the awakening among women w1k>
pi* their powers against those <<i
men in art and in learning is making
itself plainly apparent.
A strong movement exists thert
for the establishment of ?'i FYench
Academy for women, the ancient
body of men known as the Forty Im
mortals denying the participation of
th > gentle ? sex .11 any such immor
"Russian Dancers"?An Impression by Alice Morpan Wright.
is a very important food animal whi? h
within recent years has attained wide
spread popularity all over the country?
so much so. indeed, that it nviy he said
altogether to surpass in importance the
lobster, for v. hich it ha* been ?''b-i itn'< d
t" a irr?? -!t extent as a materia' f r -a' ids
and chafing-dish preparations, Formerly
it was known only n'on_' t! 10 Atlantic
coast. be n_' shipped nlive to the m -rkots
of the principal cities, but ihe invention
of a siifeossful process for canning the
??meat" ha; made it practicabh to place
the deHeacv on tlie tables of even the
moderately well to d" in Chicago. Knnsis
City. Oin.iha and San Francisco. Millions
of people who never saw a live "blue"
crab are to-day familiar with it as an
article of diet.
Here, indeed, i- the real cans> of tbo
trouble. For the extension of the market
for crabs lias built up an enormous can
ning industry, and the extent of the con
sequent destruction of the animals may bo
estimated in a measure fr<im the fart that
a sing'e one of the "factories" <as they
-are calledi engaged in putting them tip
in tins utilizes in this way several hun
dreds of millions per annum.
This species of < nib .< found all along
the Atlantic coast of the United States
from Maine to Florida. It does not live
The Mature "Blue Crab,"
Which the Canneries of "Crab
| Meat" Have Made So Scarce
i That the Government Is Look
ing Into the Matter.
A "Blue Crab" Just Hatched.
> (On the Left.)
ht. 1015. liv thft Star Comnanv. Clreat Britain nishts R?*ei-vort
iii the son. however, being a brackish
water animal, restricted to estuaries and
the tirla 1 waters of rivers. Only in tne
Chesapeake and that neighborhood does it
occur in Mich numbers .'i< t<> afford a
profitable otinmoreia! r
Anybody who is familiar with the
lower I'oiomnc i- likely to 1 vo gained the
impression that the bottom <<? !hat ilver
pear i'^ m<>ntli is almost literacy paved
witli crabs, it is the same n iv witii the
great esiuary itself, and vitti the mouths
of other streams tha' e:;i;.t.v in'.o it But.
.?(range though it may appear, over most
of Hi is wide region of w,?lers the < rabs do
not breed. Whether i? i=; 'ha! the water
is not ??f the right density or that -ome
other cause is accountable, nobody can
say; but the fact is tha't ferritin crabs
csi'Tvinvr eu;:s are rarely found except. in
(ho lower part of Chesapeake HaV.
Unfortunately, it is along the shores of
the lower bay that ail of the great "fac
tories" are situated, and it is from that
highly-productive aqueous area that they
obtain their supplies. Kven at the pres
ent time there are in the lower bay enor
mous numbers of crabs, but their multi
tudes are being drawn upon at (lie rate of
billions annually. Exports in such mat
ters say that. n<> existing species of ani
mal could ]>o.ssibly hold out indefinitely
nzninst such draft<?tho brooding stock
being directly attacked.
To attack an animal on its breeding
grounds. with rut hies.- destruction of the
female wh"c t!io bitter are ovcrcisinz tho
function of reproduction. is, tho natural
ists declare an absolutely sure way to
wipe out the species, no matter how num
erous it may be. in a moderate; length of
time. Thi- is exactly what is happening
to tho era it- of the Chesapeake. as proved
by the steady and progressive reduction of
the catch as season follows season.
Two remedies have been proposed, and
it. is likely that both will have to h(> ndop
ted if tiie crabs are to continue to afford
a great, commercial fishery. One is to es
tablish and enforce a "closed season."
durinz which there would be absolute pro
hibition of such fishing, while rhe females
were carrying and hatching their ogfjs.
This, of-course, need only apply to the
lower Chesapeake. within certain definite
geographical limits. s<> as to cover the
main breeding grounds. The upper bay
and certain other areas would he available
for fishing throughout the year.
The other remedy lies in artificial
hatching?a project which the Govern
ment Fisheries Iiureau now lias under