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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, February 28, 1917, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045389/1917-02-28/ed-1/seq-1/

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It Covers the Woriel
T-D News Service Rcachcs
Every Part oj the Globe
llidimoutt 0Timesf)isnatdr
Lost Anything):
A Times-Dispatch Want
Will Help You Find It
67th year
\i miii '.h r.n
richmond, va., wednesday, february 28, 1917. ?twelve pages. ?unsettled
price, two emu
Double-Track, Concrete Struc
ture to Replace Belt Line
Steel Trestle.
Work Authorized to Cost $500,
000?Contract Also Signed for
Grading at New Station.
The. contra' I for Hie erection of a
new double-t rack concrete j* r ? -li bridgft
of latest drMcn across the .lames ftiver
near the City PumphouKe to replace
the present licit 1.1 tic Kailroad Bridge,
was awarded yesterday afternoon to
W. W. IJoxlrv of It onlioke. the
lowest l>ifl<lor*. Tlic new structure,
which will be fvi'tofl joint ly l.v the
Illchniond. Fredericksburg and Poto
mac and the Atlantic ' "oast l.ine Rail
road Companies t" improve their traflie
facilities in connection with the new
passenger station, will cost approxi
mately Htft.O00. Work will be started
at once, and the bridge w ill l>' com
pleted early tit 191 V
The new structure will he located a
jihort distance west of tl>e pcr-ent
bridge, and construction work v. ill not
' crrupt tralllc o\ ej tlic Kelt l.liie.
jlch is used at this urn" for through
\ Ight trains and local ititerrhnn."
V, freight between the various roads
\'ne contractors ordered a larye fore*
of workmen and a con: lrtj> tion plant to
Jtiehntond last 11ikht. that op. rations
may be started at once.
Railroad oflbials nald that th< new
bridge would be of the liiRhe.1 t stan
dard. and of tbe latest design I nown
in railroad const run ion Th* struc
ture, which w as designed by .1 I.
lireiner. of Ba It imtire. one of the best
known bridge experts in this country,
w111 be strong enough. it is said, f- r
nil time. Knuini-' r!< of the two r:< I
roads had first contemplated double -
tracking th? pro-em bt <lg' ??? lei.Id
I n g a new ft* r 1 s11 11 ? lUi ?
l-Ot Ml IN.MIV I* Mll.r. TO
\\ I III. N til.II ?>TI? I ? "M 1*1
Several nd*. antagf l.?wv'-r. ?r? '
cured that a . ' ? ' 1 in idf 'iild
(.ive. arid :t w tound i fadisa lde to
widen the old s:ru surf to c.irr> two
tracks. With a co, ,..t. bridge
ra11 mail Is ? oi . ? ' ! U?' 'I 1 u 1,1 ?' "
way tliat it i:? on the earth, and there
is no Jar when the trains run ou oi
off the bride Com doabl' ma
tenauce cost tbrouiru palt at Ire -
quell I l??t?. rvaln and rii:-' i: al ?? .-a\<?t.
although the initial ?.\JM ndiiuru is
BHinew hat s rr a e r
The erection of I e ;ew '?tril' 'II' ' ?'
.short distance u|.-r;v.t fn-.u Ho pres
ent bl-ldp" *iil ma i; ? '? oS'i: a
slight cha"Vr ill the r:> .'.road tracks,
wlii'li. together with the approaches
to t be bridge. will make tl.c t 1 e\
penditure l>> th* tw>> railroads ap
proximately |500,0>0. Tl" old bridge
will be used until the new sfuoire
has been completed .?'?! ploed into
service, the tracks rcarrang' >:
N'cgotlat ions. however, a e pooling
for the purchase "f she old bridge
the city oT lllchnioi d, and tin- Ric:i
mond. Fredericksburg and Potoma
Hall road, the owner. made vi.it
Is said to be an e\cee<;iiigl> low otf< ?
to the citv. No action 111 this matter
ban been taken, but the city is anxious
to build or acju-'-e a bridge a :os the
river in this section. ? onn-ctitig Wil
liam Tlyrd Park with loi'M liill Park.
CITV >l ^^ A< ?lt I UK
tit.ii nr.i/r i.im: uiiiim.i:
F.ITorts were : .adc s -llie weeks ago
to reacb some agreement between the
ritv and the two railroad, by which
a double-decked bridge could be built
on-the site. With a concrete structure
fueh as planned by the railroads, how
ever, the cost of such a bridge would
have been prohibitive.
The old structuie. it was stated,
would be entirely adequate for the
uses to which it would be placed by
the city. A roadbed could ? asily be
built in place of the present tracks,
and it ts of such strcnKth thnt street
cars could readily be routed across it.
Unless it is acquired by the city, it
will be tosn down by the Itichmond,
Frederleksburs and Potomac llailroad.
but such action will not l<? taken loi
eighteen months or two years.
The new concrete bridge *vill be
about C.'JOO feet long, and the railroad
tracks will be about ninety feet over
the water, or about the same height
as the present bridge. It is- designed
to last for all time, and -\ ill built
of such strength as to handle the long
est possible trains. Hullroad officials,
however, assert that present-day loco
motives are about as large as tliey be
lieve practicable, and iliat trains of an>
greater length than now operated
would become unwieldy.
When completed the new bridge will
be used to handle through passenger
and freight trains of the Atlantic Const
l^lne Railroad north and south. The
passenger trains will be operated into
the now passenger station on West
nroad Street, for which the contract
has been awarded. To handle this
heavy tra(V>c the P.elt Une railroad
from Acca to the Jan.es Uiver is being
practically rebuilt.
This work is beinc done, w ithout in
terruption to traffic, in connection with
the extension of .Monument Avenue and
other West 10nd streets, and is .said to
be progressing satisfactorily. Only
one track is being depressed and rebuilt
at one time that train* may use the
line. On the south side of the river
the railroads only recently completed a
new line, replacing a pari of the old
Belt liine, connecting with the Coast
I.<lnc's main line at Clopton.
Further headway on the passenger
station project was also made yester
day, when the contract for the grading
of the. Hermitage site for hftth the sta-|
tion building, the train sheds and the
railroad tracks was awarded to the
same contractors. N'o announcement
iConUnued on Second Page.)
S'-,. "
?: v .? ?.?
Appointed Member of
State Supreme Court
? Foster,
?ludur Martin Parks I lurk".
Schooner Kli/.aliclli Clarke, l.adcn
Willi Uquor, Is Captured by
Oyster \a\y.
sKii'i'i;it imzivM.w .M{i;i:si i;i?
lla* Heen hisppiisinu l.hpior at
I'anrv I'rice*. to Fishermen >n
l.nuor Itappnltannock ami I'oto
utar llivers for Many Day*.
I" " ? - ;i ? :? "a <iin:i ' ?" ra-al en -
??<?: ? * ?J i ? upt>< r i:;<t<;>al.nr :<r><-k
l.i ? r ???!! ? i . n\ j.-t? i pop.
? '??!> .V.i'ir; ar<s the s. ho..,., r
I'! .1 Im t ?. ''lark". laden m t m i ivi iin .
t ! ' < e ....... of ? I.ll" r? e p.Si a1e
? -terday mornina ;? 1.<? . 1 un
<P r ana: d Skipper Ike Hor.eittan and
< Hi ' Hr.Kl'lliiv a>d IP>r;t' <
? ' if !; v :<pi ulit i-rfw All :i ro
lieina !i< PI for trial Py t ho police of
I a. ? ?null v.
T'?" tale '>r tit?- niirlit alia K on the
I I ? ? til '"laik" i e i'l IIII s. ?, | ,.f I ho
da *.v <? f Captain Kidd and the but
? a tie. - ? ? f the Spanish Main Th? t.at
tl* v ??tiia I .n the tipper reaches
?i" tl ? t.l?->Iimi ???? k. in t ? In-* ? .,f
' i i e *: ? 11?? I. d and I'. -e\ ?? Stores. iitid
? ? 'if' Is ? t the enaaai i:t. fouaiit
?i: mile: f.-nn: t'ro- nearest i( '.ephone.
Mt> t'd in .-lowly yestet da\ t o new .<? -
paper of!;.-.-c ?;,c<.r for a ? ??tit1' ? t<d ac -
1 "iir t the PattP ?f the Happahan
n nek.
t't I nil iiiom It \ l i t tiaiii:
witii inn i \>r,> or i.np mt
Tw .. w . . I. ;,a-> I ".I i~i I'et ii I'iarke.
said *?> a low i. ? I rak -h .-raft, put
? tin :'t ? in I l.i 11 ti> ? ? r with 111 ? ? t-. than 1 > ? ?j
? n.si'v ,.f whisl.v lirlrtw h< r hut
Sailing up the l'< <t oitia the ? ? ?h"on?r
-aid !?? liav. d ist ftl"i' d ii l ti ? - li ? lie. r
auiolia tile natives at fan. \ prices.
IT' >.-t.tl> thf ? raft trarp- hr r appe;u.
an.'- in the ll.i ppa ha lino' i\. wi,.ii- she
at hore.l hi tilid.-'trea:n Tlr cutiiitr} -
- de n scented her . trao. atid Mitall
l'"at> without number h.-iran puttina
? ??jt front hor-.. takinc on .111:1!! loads
and ri'tnitiina I" <-? p Prate.
\>w- <-f th< IPni'T -hip tinallv
r'M' hed I't n!ttimi.>ti < '??mints>ii>iier
l'l-ti-rs, w h" tltHlerlonk. witil till* West -
ttioreland and N"or!hunih* rlam! County
autli?>ritic.?-. to put an end to the traflP:
Kreeztfis wf'Blher des.-ended upon tile
. '.itnir; . and for days aei-.-ss to the
1011/.a lot Ii I'latl.e. i ?'? i *?. -1.. ? i in mid
stream. was liarrcd P>- the nnna\:cat?P
eondition <<f the riv? r. In the inean
time. Skipper ISozeman detii d the au
thorities of all the snrt'otindinK < oun
ties and < (?nut'd his Kain:
' ?p< it weather follow'??d. :.iid 'he lirpior
ship sni -iktii ha. U into tSie Pototr.ae.
tunttinu the mantlet of re\t-:iiie cutt' t^
atnl other era ft on h< i 'tail 'hi Satnr
da\" she wa ami't-. reported in lh<
ICapp.ihat)n>'x-l-:, off t'artfi's- Wharf,
Kiclitiioiui <."?Tunt>'. T:ic ni>wt was eottt
inuhlent'.'d to \V. McDonald l.oe. at
Irv'iiston. The former Commissioner
of Ktsiieries held a eonneil of war with
Captain 1'oggett. of the Comtnodore
Maury, ''.readnotight of the State oyster I
polii-e fleet, end Speeitil Poliee Captain
P.rrwlngton, and the three hatched a
dark plot.
Telegraphing Deputy Sheriff P.ertirtid
Urent to join the Maury Monday mailt j
at Monaskon with the proper papers. ;
| Captain Dotrgett put nut for the open
waters of the Kappaltannock. The
sheriff appeared on time, and the police
t>on t Pore down on the w hisky ship
Monday night unoer oovor of darkness.
The Cotnincdore Maury's searehlight
discovered the rakish craft off Carter's
"Surrender"' calleil the sheriff
through a megaphone. "We are otli
cers ?>f the law."
Captain I'.ozeinan replied to the sum
mons Py appearing on deck in his
j shirt-sleeves, armed with a high-pow -
, ered ritP- and hatchet.
"Keep off!" shouted the skipper of
the Klizabeth Clarke, menacingly. "I'm
the man you're looking for. hut you'll
get more than you want if you start
any thing."
no'/.km a > oi'Kx.s iim:
With that Bozeman raised his ride,
firing into the posse on hoard the
police boat. Half a dpzen rifle shots
rang out in reply, and the gun was seen
to fall from Bozeman's grasp. Horace
.tones, a negro sailor, who had eoinc
(Continued, on Second PaKc.)
i via R.. K. & P. It. II.. lea von KIIih Station.
I lllchtnonil. 7 A. M.. Mareh r.th; reinrnlnK
1 loaves WnshiiiKton 7:.t0 IV M. saute day,
Karc. S3.7.'i round trln.?Adv,
Named by Governor Stuart to
Succeed Judge George M.
Harrison, Resigned.
May Not Interfere With His
Work on Code Revision
Martin Pnrks Purks. l.|. Qf
' , A ' Ii.-miI ni \\- ,K|,hiuton ;ttul !.ro
^ 1 -"11.d \\ llb-ly known 1 I rough
ll)? St.itr t# . 1-1,0,- or law ami
writrr hi. ?^~al subjects. was yesterday
appoint,,| i. liiiiPi-nni,' siuiirt to nil the
vara i" \ r.i, II,.. Slip mil., Court |i. t.':h
rjui?i<-fi u,,. re. |.,I, ,.f Jmijje
i ;'"rc ?? M ll>, ,ri:-,.ii. JuiIkc I hi rrison'"
rrMcnau.", be- 0??, (0..,l0r.
' * *' *^ ill mark :ilyfi the ii^clu
nlng of ri.,frcj.,,r |:ijr|<v-v ^orvire
* of tho ?i(,vi>rnor'?
choice o'd.K-k III the after
noon. who,, Ilf. aiiilf. ,..,.,1 a nolo to the
Secretary ..f ihe Coiiunonw .-alth i|jiii-f.
inu linn ir, . -ii< a ' Oiiimissl.in t.. Pro
fessor Purks to he jtiili;,. .,{ staio
Supreme Court of Appeals until thirty
?la J s a f i ?? r 11,.- conveniiiR of the n.\t
General .\.v<-ml.lj. A ronnal notifica
tion M ill l.o addressed to him ,
Ill political cir-les I|,r appointment
had ho, ., extent anticipated.
I hr u .thdrawal of Pbhard Kvolyn
P.vrd fr<Mn the judgeship rare and his
warm jnriors. meni of Professor Purks
had f-.nj.se,| au.mien on tl,e Lexington
m?ii. \Vatehers of the political horizon
,|u judgeship rare narrow <|i>wn
I 'rof, j-sor liurk.s an,) Judge Henry
\\ II-.|i statjnton. and the appoint',
nior.t Of one or the other was penerallv
pr, <ii>-te>|.
'I** Mil II \ \ I-;
lirrilMTKlN IN I.Kt.iM.A I I |{|;
' "'a' tlio ,; .vcrnor appointed
.1 if.in whose indorscrs were eoitipara*
" " v> !?":td of I loir.
?" wliosr I., half a veritable avalanche
"f I.;.,J I.,..,, |JO
< vi<I? i?t :< f j for iutereytiim
? p< -mi.-it ion. The Staunton Jurist ?.?.!*
.I ,,?OM as Ul? ,.hoj,.? i(f lh(>
-Mii7.at.on 1, although neither
f-'i-i'oi Martin n..r S-,.:,,,.,- Swanson.
r.??r any ,.f the Vniriniit member.-! of
? onK,'f.'> Personally appealer) to the
' ,o\ r-rnor lit l is beii'il,"
If Judge Ilr.1t was tie ,-a n?l ir!.-? t e
:!<? rirgairza t ion. t|,e flovernorV a;>
l.ium-. littJc j;i t isfaetion n
this element e.f the State's Me.no.-racv
: |:,,rks 1 "P..., a., nV
, Tl""< Ii-Nnt I ???itioer.it ii p.,lit:-.', a,.,,
'' "n" '??uinstMiirf whfi-!,
? '-lor to tho pr?-,:ietion tb?t an ,.ppo- ,
Ia;e- p, - ij,l, Jurl-o J|?lt
?.iuise 1 f will l.o fouti'l in i|,.> ? hen
"? irislat ure .norts l-V|.r,;;lrv
:" "" 'l,r >'npt'?ino ? t V.ie.-I liry.
Arr..rr|i?K to 0||1<M !=. the nppoJntme?t
o. I rot"^o, Unrkf Milvrs a poiitloal
u.i ion which pri.ini.se,I t., l.oeomo
eti,|.arr;.^sln- Serio.j- r|oU|,t had ho.-n
' r ' '' ?'s ' I'' alii lit v ,.f either
? ? 5 ?? r .1 nrlir.. li,.|t tr. rominanr)
Ii ? 1'irislativ,- niajorii> nr. . >sarv to
? lortion. Professor p.urks. however
actively amiiate.! ? ith no par-'
I'Ular fartioo. j,- rruanleri as a ivu
Ira., politically, and it i> the belief of
!??>'> ?K?t l,o wi,I have opposition
in th?- I,ep|,sij(tnrn
? M. a itiiiimus I'll \ IM-;
<>o\ i-:it \oics \i i nly
.Mn.il.ei, of ,he l>?r i? lUchmond
pt.us.d the ?Jovernot v choice unre
p-rv.-dly I a > t ,.roft,esor Kllrks
I.as a stronc followinu :.mnI1? laxvvers
and ,'..llr^e ,?en aenerallv, who wel
<or,,e t!i- addition to ti . Supremo court
of ;t who ?> primarilv a
teH, her a)1d student, the other four
members of the c^nrt beinK better
known as practical advoiates.
A charanet ist ic conimenl ame froin
I??-?>? Iio ? . Uarnen, Assiftant Attornev
1 appointinent meets with my
heart icst approval. ' Mtlarnett
ias' niulit. on hciiii* inform.,I of the
1 iovcruor s action.
Hni.o .liuie. professor Purks
has been a member of the Commission
on .'revision of the ?V.d. lie was ap
pointed to the commission bv tiovcr
uor Stuart, with tw,. other members,
from a list of ten eminent lawvers and
Judges submitted bv the Supreme
'-?oiirt of Appeals. The other members
are Samuel A. Anderson, of llichmond
nml .ludKe K. p.. Tint ton, ..f Abingdon.
I'ltoiiAin,v covriM i;
Ills woiik o\ coiii-;
.Mr. Anderson said last uiphl it was
bis belief that Professor Ibirks will
not have to resipn from the commis
sion in ord.-i to accept his new ap
point ment. The eodilUatlon. lie said, is
rapidly being completed, and will be
ready for the printers by the besin
"iiiK of Hummer. It was his belief,
he said, that Professor Purks will pre
fcr to be identified with the work until
it is finished, and it is probable that
the other judges of the Supreme Court
will arrange for a lightening of the
ii' w judge's labors for the next few
months, in order that his work on the
Code Commission may not be inter
Professor Purks was born at Liberty,
now lied ford Pity, Bedford County, on
J.iniiary J3. IS..1, the son of .ludpe Rd- 1
ward ('a loli ill Purks. Ills early edu
cation was received in the district
schoobs in the vicinity of his home.;
In 1S70 he was eraduatcd from Wash
ington college with the degree of llach
rlor of Arts. At that time General!
Robert IC. Lee was president of the in- j
stilution, which bcame later Wash-j
ington and L,ee University.
STirniiou i,a w i;.M)iou
I.ATH JOIIV II. Mixoit ;
For his IcruI training, young Burks |
went to tho University of Virginia,
where h,? studied under the renowned
John P. -Minor. rcetdviiiK the ilcgree of
bachelor of laws in 1R72. In the fol
lowing year lie engaged in active prac
.(Continued on FTnTrTli-l'ligcT)
No further Facts Needed to
Constitute Violation of
American Rights.
Official Reports Establish That
Big Liner Was Torpedoed
Without Warning.
' " ' ?< liifrl |>r?>? |
\\ A S 111 N< '> I ? ? I'Vhruar.v 7. -The
sinking "f Hi'' ' iJn;?1-?I liner l.aconia by
:i Herman submarine was stated ofli
clally to-day ? onsf itute a clear-cut
violation <?f Ai.'-i ?,,, right?
('oticlusivc ofl ; information at the
State IX'part ii ? show s that two
American won" lost their lives. that
if four oilier > "iJ^ri?Ttn^ atnonir the
paffi^iiCTS ami > ? fourteen anions the
crow wurf savf.l, tt was only hv good
fort tjiir. a 11 r| tliat i \ W.MS stink
without warniii-. direct defiance of
all the principle* which the Inited
Statos has Stood /
t "on sill Frost'* r': ?.!?(?? from the si:r
\ ivo*'H latided at * --i ? e h si o w n ami I !.-i n -
try show that ?he ?? r^r| was strip k
hv a first torpedo without warninc ;.i
inrto o'clock Sunda ? night 1 7. ft miles
off Fastnct. when the steamer whs
traveling at sovet r*,.,, t0 eighteen
knots on her vova;. from Now York
to l.i verpool.
The engines wef '-topped as the
ship livtoil to swirhoat.]. wireless <alls
wore flashed broadca ! an<l si\ la tire
rockets were sent up. Thirteen boats
with passengers ami " w ?,<> aw;.v
aiul scattered ovpr l?,i or ihrro miles
to prevent collisions !? a hltrh sea
rolling in twelve.foot swi-lls.
About twenty minutes after the first
torpedo, the reports a<i<i and while
some of the boats were still near-by. a
se.*orul torpod" was driven into the
vessi-l. which sank three-ejuartcrs of
an hour after the original -tack The
sm'ill boats with survivor" pitch'-d
about during the long hour of the
night until r'snue came.
THII AMKIIir.\\ wo?n\
nil-: of r.xi'osi iti:
Puring this- time the two American
women. Mrs. Mary I". Hoy and Miss
l-.li/abetli lloy. of Chics' co, die?i o' e\
posure. and were buried at sea. Tuore
were sovrsl other deaths, no! of
Amerit ans.
No further facts are needed by this*
government, it was stated oflbially.
and no inquiry of any sort is neeesi
sary to establish the facts of the ease.
Doth White House and State Depart
ment officials seem to feel that answer
must come from Congress. The Pres
ident. they point out. asked for au
thority to take steps: to prevent just
such an act at the very moment when
the first news was coming over the
Naval ofllcers are pu/./.bd by the fact
that the l.aconia was torpedoed at
ni^ht. It has been an accepted condi
tion of submarine warfare heretofore
that the ("-boats were hampered by
darkness, and that ships its open wateis
\v? re in Ht tie dancer at night.
It is believed that the Herman boat
happened to bo directly in the liner's
path, or so close to it that the big
vessel was distIngiiishnhlc even with
her lights, out.
AN Cn\M I,
MAM'.S t)| Tit I A I. ItlOIMIIII
! Ry Associated Press 1
I.ON HON, February 'J 7. ? Wesley
Frost, the American consul at Queens
town, has sent to the American iimh:
sy here the following report regarding
the sinking of the Laconla:
"The l.aconia ?.i? torpedoed without
warning at 10:30 P M. in a heavy sea
whih the ship was making seventeen
knots. The first torpedo struck on the
starboard abaft the engine-room. The
? ngines slopped and the ship turned,
listing tr> starboard. Most of the boat
were launched from the starboard s:<ic.
"Twenty minutes Inter, after mo:t
? >: the boat? wen clear, a .second tor
pedo as fired, striking the- engines
"'i the pott M.ie. The fhip snnk f>>:<\ -
t'tve minutes after the Urine of th? t'.-. t
t oi pedo.
"The ship armed with iw?> '.7
inch gun*. The ship's wlrel< * a >
k. pt in continual action until tin- la t
in in lit rof:!icis n )so woio ?
up. and all the lifeboats were eouipi><<)
with an ai.nile supply of flares. The
i'ito consisttd of cotton and fo >'i
t liffs.
"The submarine v. as not veep. ? ont
(Continued on Second fatre.t
Tlie Fifth of March
In a ilntr Hint will live In liintorr.
Tlie Mecond Inaiigumtlon of W'noil
r?MV Wilson n% I'reHldenl ol Hie
I nlterl Slntr* itIII be nn oeen^lon
tvhose Holomn importance cnn milr
lie com pa red to the teconri liiuiigil
ratlon of Alirnliam I.incnln.
II ii ii il reds of (hounnniln of Ainer
lennn from every Stnte In tbe I nlon
will ro to W'MMhlnKton for ihe erre
in o n y.
Are yon srolng to <hr liiaiigurn
t Ion f
I'-or tlir Kiildnhit of ? li*ltor? to
the capital, tlie I'nlted Slate* On
logical Survey hnn Untied n free
limp of the city of W nibIngtoii.
This nmp In oHIclnl, and no nc- I
curately drnwn that the engineer*'
Held note* .showed the liases In the
Itnaeliiill park. The aire of the map
In 15*14 Inche*.
Whether you are golnx to the
Inauguration or not you nre Inter
ested in the capital of the I'nlted
States?you want a eop.v of this
mnp. It la free. It will he mailed
to you on receipt of h 2-ceut stamp
for return pontage. Address
lllchmond, V*.
Text of Senate Measure Drafted
to Carry Out Policy of President
I R\ A'vnrialf1"! F'rr?? 1
? VMIIM.TON. rrl.rnnry -7 Ihr
tr*| of tlir lilll Hrnflril Itj- tlir Son- I
nlr I'nrrlun llrllitlon* I onimlllrr In
rnrrv out President U lUun'n policy
of nrmnl nrutrnllly folio"*:
"llr ll rnnctfil l?j ihr Srnnlr nn<l
lloiiKf of Itpfirmrnlnlli r<i of llie
I nltril MiiIm of Anirrlcn. I*? C'on
Krr"? noKrnililrd.
?'Tlint ll?r cominnndrr* nnd rprw*
of nil mrri'linnl vr??rN of Ihr I oilrrl
Mnlrn nnd lirnrlns Ihr rrclnlr.r of
Ihr I nllrd Mntm nrr lirrelij ntltlior
l/rd to nrm nnd defend <urli \ r**rl*
niinlnM iioln^ful iittnrk*. nnd Ihr
President of Ihr I tilted Slnlr* l?
licrrlij nulhorlred nnd enipoii rrril
Io Mipply Mich \ rnnrln Tilth di'fen
?l\r iirnia. forr nod nfl. nnd nlxo
" llh Ihr nrrrsnnry nmmunlllon nnd
mcnm of mnUInc uir of tlirm. nnd
thnl hf Itr, nnd I* hereby. niitlinr
Irrd nnd fni|?mrrril lo rmplnj *uch
ollirr ln?il riimentnlit len nnd mrtliodfl
n? mny. In hi* Judgment nnd dlsere
llon. ?frm norr??(iry nnd ndri|iinte
to prolrcl kiii'Ii vri?pl?i nnil Ihr cll
Irrn* of llir I nitrd Motr? in Ihrlr
Innful nnd prnrrful purMilts on the
IiIkIi nrnn.
"Tlir Ml in of 5 I n<i.iwt(i,(wio |? hrrrlty
npproprlnlrd lo hr rxprndril hy Ihr
President of Ihr I nllrd Stntr* for
Ihr ?>urpoNr of I'arrjliic Into rlt'rct
tlir fori-RoltiK prin talons. Ihr Mnld
Mini to hr nxiillnhle until tlir Int
day of Jnuunry. I IMS.
"For Ihr purposr of mrrtlnf; llir
r * pr nd it urr* In-re In mi I lior i/.t-d. tlir
^ri'rclnr.v of Ihr Treasury. under
tlir direction nf Ihr I * re *1 d c o I. In
hereby nuthorlKrd to liorroo on llir
crrdll of Ihr I nllrd Mutes nnd to
l?mir thrrrfor liondi of llir I nltril
Mntrn not ewecdliic In Ihr nccrc
isntr SlflO.OtHl.llflfl, Mild lioniU to hr
In such form nnd subject to wticli
trrniM nnd condition* n* tlir Scrrr
Inry of Ihr Trrmiirj maj prescribe,
?mil lo lirnr interest lit n rnlr not
ricrrilltit; :t per rrntiim |irr nnnmni
provided Hint Mich I *hnll lir
mid nt not le** tlijin pnr, slinll not
curry tlir clrrtllntion prlvllrce. nnd
Him nil eitl/.ciis of tlir I nllrd Millet
shall hr icl\rn tin equal opportunity
to MiliM-rllir thrrrfor. htil no I'll 111 -
ml**liiii shnll hr iilluurd or (wild
llirrron: tlint hotli prlnrlpnl null
intrrrst slmll hr pnynhlr In I nllrd
Stnlr* cold coin of Ihr |irrirn(
stnnilnrd of xnltir nml hr exempt
from nil filiation nnd duties of Ihr
I nllrd Stairs. n* wrll ii* from la\n
llon In nnj form of nil Stiitr. mu
nlclpnl or local nuthorllIrn; tlinl nny
IioiiiN l?Mir?l hereunder mny. undrr
Micli conditions n* the secretary of
Ihr Trrnmirj- mny prescribe. be con -
\crtlble Into bond* hearing n lilnhrr
rnlr of Interest limn :t prr cm til in
pre niintim If nny linuds shnll he
Imtnrri liy llir t nllrd Mates nt n
higher rnlr limn :> prr rrntum prr
nnntim hy * Irtnr of nny net t*n**ril
on or before Dtrrmlirr .'tl. I|i|\
?'In order to pny Ihr nrcrsNiiry ri
prnsrs connected villli the *nid Issiir
of bonds. op ?ny ? <>n\r rslon* thereof,
n Mini not rtvrrilliiK one-Wflh of I
per centum of tlir amount of bond*
lirrrln authorized lo hr issued. or
nliIcli mny lie concerted. In hereby
npprnprlnlrd. otil of nny money In
tlir Trenmiry nnt ollirrnlne nppro
prlnlrd. lo l?r expended a* tlir Scc
retnry of the 'I'rrxiMiry mny dlreet.
"Tlir President In nuthnri/ed lo
trnnsfer ho much of the nmoiint
herein appro**rIn ted as lir mny deem
nrcrwnry not cvcrrdlni; 92r>,fMI0,0t>0
to the lliirenit of W nr lllnk Instir
iincc. crcnled hy net of I (incrciN,
npprnird Scplrinhrr lilt I, for llir
purpose of losurinc; icsseh, Ihrlr
frrtnlil. pnssacr iminc; ? nnd enr
Kiiri against loss or dfiutntcc by the
prc*rnt rlnUfi of lvnr."
Breal^ in Relations
Regretted by Germany,
But No (Going Back
Chancellor Accuses U. S.
of Protecting Interna
tional Law Only in In
terest of England.
nt;n!,l.\\ l*cbruar> tvia Sayvillet.
-- Chaiu'fHor von Kothmann-llollwrn's
address to the ItHrhstng, postponed
from last week, was delivered to-day.
The Chancellor said:
"While otir soldiers on the front
stand in the drum tire of the trenches
and our submarines, defying death,
hasten through the seas; while we ;it
home have no--absolutely no? othct
task hut. to produce cannon, ammuni
tion and food and to distribute victuals
with justice, in th>-> midst of this struts*
Kle for life and for the future of our
empire, intensified to the extreme, there
is only one necessity of the day which
dominates all questions of policy both
foreign and domestic?to fight and gain
i>i:.monstu \ti:s to wohi.ii
ni:.\i?t.\?:ss to i iintim i:
The Chancellor pointed out that the
German nation in the lleu-hsiag's last
vot". granting new war credits, dem
onstrated to the whole world its read
iness to continue the struggle until its
enemies were read\ for pcace.
As to this peace itself, the Chancellor
recalled discussions in the newspapers,
in public meetings and also in Parlia
ment. lie declared that it would be
premature if he participated in those
debates. lie continued:
"To make promises of formulated
and detailed conditions in my position
would he unproductive and precarious.
Hostile leaders did this repeatedly.
They pave extiavagant assurances to
each other, but they merely brought
it about by this, that they themselves
and their nations were always more
deeply Involved In the war.
"Their example does not tempt mo.
What I could say about the tendency
and aim of our conditions I have said
repeatedly: to terminate the war by a
lasting peace which will grant us re
paration for all wrongs suffered and
guarantee the existence and future of
a strong Germany?that is our aim -
nothing less and nothing more.
"Their answer was more rude and
mote presumptuous than any sensible
person in our country or in neutral
countries could have imagined. The
effect produced by this document of
barbarian hatred and of insolence is
manifest to the whole, world. Our
alliances and our front stand the
firmer, and the German nation is more
united and no less resolute than ever,
"We by no means underestimate the
difficulties caused to neutral shipping,
and we, therefore, try to alleviate them
as much as possible. Bui in the en
deavor to do so we never can go beyond
the limits imposed upon us by the
irrevocable decision to reach the aim
I of the establishment of I he barred
I "I am sure that later the moment
will rump when neutrals thomsolvps
will thank us for our firmness, for tho
freedom >>f t ho sons which wo gain by
fighting, is of advantage t*> them also.
"?'?no step turthor than taken by
Kuropoan neutrals has boon made?as
is known?by tho I'nit.ed States of
America. President Wilson, after re
? "iviiiB our note of Jiinnnr.v .11,
brusquely broke off relations w Ith us.
No authentic communication about the
reasons which wore {riven for his stops
roa.'hoil me. Tho former United States
ambassador here in Berlin communi
cated only m spoken words to tho
Stato Secretary of the Foreign Office
of hronkiuu off relations, and asked for
his passport... This form of breaking
off rotations between groat nations
living in pence is probably without pre
cedent in history.
"Ail official documents being larking,
1 am forced to rol> upon doubtful
sources--that i-?, upon the outer
? Pouter's) office's version of the con
tents of tho m?s:-i?"e sent by President
Wilson on Februar> to Congress. In
this version the President is reported
to have saitl that our noto of .January
:;i suddenly ami without previous in
dication intentionally withdrew the
soleuui promises made in the note of
May. 101**.. To the United States pov
i rnnient, th<*roforo. no choice compati
ble with dignity and honor was loft
other than tho way which had been
announced in her note of April -0,
lOltl. covering tho case if Germany
should not want to give up her sub
marine method. If th'ese arguments
are correctly reported by Iloutor,
then I must decidedly protest against
them. For more than a eentury
friendly relations between us and
Ann rica have been carefully promoted.
We honor- d litem?as I'ismarck once
i>ut u?as an heirloom from Frederick
tin 'Jreat. Poth countries benefited by
\ t, both g:ving and taking.
"\ hard winter is behind us, especial
ly the poor* r people. The difficul
ties of railroad traffic increased and
the difficulties in supplying food and
ftp I Women and children became
heroes. At no time has the spirit of
love of country stood the test as (irmly
in tin midst of suffering and want."
"As is generally known." saitl the
t 'ha ncellor, "we did not declare a
blockade. but merely established
definite barred xones within which
i very ship has to count on immediate
attack. That isolated ships escape
danger is therefore self-evident. Put
that does not change total success.
This success we shall be able to obtain
partly by sinkings, partly by discour
aging neutral shipping, which already
has happened in the widest sense.
"Thanks to the. Incomparable bravery
of our submarines, we are fully willing
to await with full confidence further
developments, which will bo on the
Speaking of relations with the 1'tiited
States, the Chancellor said:
"I could fully understand it if the
j United States, as a protector of inter
' national law, should have bartered for
! its re-establishment in equal fashion
(.Continued on Second Page.)
Germany's Campaign of
Ruthlcssness Rcachcs
Make Little Progress Towaj
Granting Authority Asked
by President.
u;.\ni;ns profess confide:
Relieve Men.sure Satisfactory to
inliiistrat ion Will Be Passed 7*1
Later In Week.
I n<- A?.?ni iai?i| Pro-s 1
\\ A SI 11 N< ;t< >N". I'Vltruarv ?7. Tlilj
administration wh it j* upon (*'oii?rr^v,s to
rrive the answer of the United state*
to the German campaign of ruthless,
ness. which has readied a climax in
the sinking of the liner Laconia and
th^ killing of two American women
Official accounts of the unwarned
night attack on the Ounardcr. regarded
as the first clear-.-,it case of violation
1 of American rights since the severance
of relations with Germany, were laid
; before President Wilson an', the Cab
inet to-rlaysby Secretary I.an sin?. It
was decided that no step would ho
taken until Congress had time to grant
the request for additional authority to
protect the lives and rie-hts of Amer
In Congress little progress was made
toward ennetlnpr the legislation for
which I he President asked in his ad
; dress yesterday. Th* Senate Fovcic-i
delations Committee, by a divld
. vote, reported out a bill similar to th.
| one Introduced In the House,to nuthoiyl
i 7.* the President to arm merch^rS
ships and employ "such other Instrti
mentalities as he may deem necessary.'1
A( TIOX IS Ill.Of ki:i?
The formality of referring the meas-j
uie back to the committee was blocked
by Senator l.a Folletlc. and as the Sen
ate is working under an agreement tc
cnnsiler nothing except by unanlmoui
consent until the revenue bill has beer
voted on to-morrow night, further
action is delayed until Thursday. On
the House side the Foreign Affair?
Committee talked through two ses
sinus over phraseology, those opposing
action objecting chielly to the word'
"other instrumentalities." The couv
mlttee finally adjourned until to-mor
row without taking a vote. j*
The administration leaders are not
disturbed over the situation in the
Mouse, however, as it is well under
stood that action under a special rule
can be enforced ? whenever it is re
garded as necessary.
Moreover, while there is some real
opposition in the committee and among
the pacifist group in the Mouse, both
Republican ami Democratic leaders in
timate that it is deemed wise to dela
putting through a bill until It is clca
what the Senate will do. so as to pr
vent confusion.
Kven in the Senate the administ
tiott spokesmen profess full confide
that a measure satisfactory to
President will bo passed later in
week. Although most of the Reput,
cans favor stronger action than
been proposed, it is believed they
vote for the committee bill when
roll call comes.
Some Senators believe that the o
source of doubt lies in tlio attitude
; Senator I*a l*ollette, whose course
day suggested the possibility of a i
buster. With adjournment only a t
days off, otie Senator might easily i
the bill to death and force an ex
session. The Wisconsin Senator
not committed himself further than
say he did not think any action sho
be taken until the country was gi
a chance to see the proposed legi
t ion.
or A Ullll l-ISSIMi CO.\Gil I
After the Cabinet meeting it
stated that the President had no pr
cut intention of addressing Congr
again; that ho felt that the sltuat
rested with Congress. It is rather g
erally believed, however, that if de
continues until adjournment is at h
he will make a further move.
I lie right in the Mouse commit
centered upon the objection of so
members to conferring broad author
on the President and upon the effo
of others to have it stipulated t
ships carrying munitions or cont
band should not bo furnished ar.
After the first meeting Chalrin_
Flood conferred with Postmaster-Gen
era I P.urleson and learned that th
I resident would object to any mate
rial change in the bill as presented.
The State Department also let it b?
known that an amendment exempting
vessels carrying contraband would be
very objectionable, both because It
would be. unwarrantable and because
it would open the way for endlesn
controversy over what was contr3
j band.
W'Ot' 1,11 AITIIOItl/l, IMtr.MOKM
TO A It >1 MKItCtlANT VKSSr,!.
The hill agreed upon t?y the Semi?
committee would authorize the presi
dent to supply merchant vessels with
defensive arms, fore and aft. ammuni
tion and gunners, and also empower*
i him to employ "such other in.'urunitu

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