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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, January 03, 1918, Image 1

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pdjmoni STimesCI ispat cl)
68TH YEAR
VOLUMK 6?
M MDEK 3
RICHMOND, VA., THURSDAY, JANUARY 3, 1918. ? TEN PAGES.
WUATIIEIv. PATD
PAGE ? * AiIV
Girl Left
Use a T.-D. "Help
and Get Another
PRICE, TWO CENTS
TINY BLOOD CLOT !
AND FLESH SPECK
FIGURE IN TRIAL
Dr. Chamberlin Begins Fight
for Life in Goochland
County.
i
' .JURY OF FARMERS IS
PICKED WITHOUT DELAY
Considerable Evidence Offered
by State to Convict Physician
of Brother's Murder.
WHITFIELD OX WITXESS STAND
TUchmond Coroner Gives Kxpert Tes
timony as to Character of
Spots on Clothing.
[By Staff Correspondent.1
GOOCHLAND COURTHOUSE. VA..
?January 2.?A speck of flesh an?l a
small clot of blood clinging to a "bee
car-louse" on a jumper-jacket belong
ing to Dr. Asa W. Chamberlin. found
immediately after the doctor's arrest
on the charge of slaving his brother,
Jodgo Albert T\ Chamberlin, at hi*
home, ten miles west of here, on the
night of October 22, may result in send
ing the accused man to the electric
chair.
The Introduction of th<* jacket, a
saw, supposed to have been used In
dismembering the body of the mur
dered man, splinters from the floor of
the room In which the body 13 sup
posed to have been car "N. and expert
testimony by I")r. J. V Whitfield, phy
sician, chemist and coroner of Rich
mond. featured this, the first day of
the trial.
Dr. Whitfield stated that he had '
analyzed spots and stains on the coat,
naw and splinters. On the Haw. he
ualil, he found spots of blood and blood
mixed with clay and hair, blood on the
splinters and nothing on the coat ex
cept the "bcggarlouse" with its blood
and flesh covering. In cach Instance
the blood, he said, re?emhled human
blood.
DOCTOR SAID IHtOTHICn HAD
I.KIT Fort WVO.WXG
L?r. Whitfield was the second wit
ness on the stand, following 'Squire
.luck Houchcns. the magistrate-sleuth,
who worked up the case against I)r.
Chamberlin. 'Squire Houchcns had
\ identified each of the exhibits connect
ed ,wUh Dr. Whitfield's testimony ex
capWtfte eplTht#r/>? tw-hJpty.. .^o.ujjioel . for,
the defense silfowfed presented with the
tuiderstandlng that they were not to
ho ^considered by the jury unless sub
sequently Identified as coming from the
room In Dr. Chamberlin's home.
'Squire Houchenr was the first of
Goochland people to suspect foul play
' when Judge Chamberlain disappeared
1; from his modest little home near Three
Squares, following a qunrrel with his
brother, lie lives n^ar the murdered
man's place, and was quite friendly
with him. On the stand lie1 stated that
on October 23, Kunder l?ritt came to
hi? home and told him the judge had
disappeared. He then went to the
judge's nomc, he said, and there he
J found Dr. Chamberlin sweeping the
kitchen. II* asked the doctor what
had become of his brother. The doctor
said that he had left the night before
' for Cheyenne,, Wyo.. and that he had
paid him "that note." exhibiting at
the same time a receipt purporting to
have been signed by the judge for
SI.2 SO.
Mr. Houchcns said then he began
to fear that the judge had met with
foul play, and a?.ked the doctor why
the judge had left at night when there
was no train until morning. The doc
? tor told him, he -aid, that he did not
know why the judge. left then, hut
that he knew he had, because they l?ft
the house together, the judge blowing
t-Ut the light and locking the door be
fore leaving.
HOtCHK.XS DRIXKS ABOUT
AuiiEST or notion
He stated also that Dr. Chamberlin
; said his brother might have caught a
freight train. This seemed Improbable
to Mr. llouchens. in view of the fact
that the judge wa? above sixty years
^ld and had only one eye. He j-ug
gested (his improbability to the doc
' tor. but failed to elicit any reply fur-'
? ( tjier than that the judge was old
enough to take earn of himself and
knew what lie was doing.
Convinced that the judge had not
left the community, Mr. llouchens bc
suspicious of the doctor. ]n his
Capacity as magistrate he warned him
a not to attempt- to leave tlio county.
The next day he organized a search
ing party and that afternoon placed
the doctor, under arrest.
The search continued until October
29, the following Sunday, when Judge
Chamberlin's body was discovered in
tho back yard ..f Dr. Chamberlin?
home. Sunny?!'*.- Farm. Mr. Houchcns
was with t>? party making the dis
| eovery. 'r.ie spino and other parts of
{ the tor' were fund covered by about
j two f dl of earth in a hole once used
i(> as an ice house, the arms, leg?, heart.
lungs and parts of the. Intestines were
; found under fence j osts. whose holes
. had been deepened about two feet to
[ rcceivo them. Mr. Houchene stated
that thcro was evidence that prepara'
lion for lluis hiding tho body had been
made several days in advance of the
actual murder.
ARTICLES OWMCD nv JUDGE
l'"OL'XD IX DOCTOR'S HOME
; Immediately after tho finding of the
(| body. Sheriff Masale took Dr. Cham
berlin from Goochland jail and carried
' him to Richmond. Tho next day Mr.
.HSfcilouchcns Issued a search warrant anl
I searched tho home of Dr. Chamberlin.
(Continued on Third PagT)
Ji, ?
t? ? ? .
Distinguished Jurist
Dies at Ripe Age
J/i.Hbft Klvllil.
COm SHORTAGE CLOSES
FIFTY NEW YORK SCHOOLS
Fast Sidrrs, Who Buy Fuel by the
Bucket, Attack Drivers
of Trucks.
RIOTERS T A K E V I V E TONS
Ten Degrees Above Zero Was Iligli
est Point of Mercury as Ortler
Comes to Eliminate Steam Hrat
During Certain Hours.
fBy Associated Prets.]
NEW YORK, January 2.?New York
City to-day continued to suffer from a
combination of n^ar-zero weather and
inadequate coal supply.
Spurred to even greater effort, how
ever, by Weather Bureau warnings
that a storm was bearing down upon
the city, fue! administrators and those
in charge of transportation facilities
were able to give assurance that the
situation is rapidly clearing. Utiliza
tion of the Pennsylvania railroad tun
nels for hurrying coal under the Hud
son River from terminals in New Jer
sey, it is believed, will prove an Im
portant factor in solving the problem.
Inability to transport this fuel across
New York Hay because of labor and
weather conditions had balked all re
lief measures.
Lack of heat caused the closing of
more than fifty schools in the greater
city to-da>\ It is believed most of
East Side residents who have been
dependent for fuel on yards where
coal is sold in bucketful quantities, to
day attacked truck drivers at four ot
these places after being told there was
no coal for Hale. At one yard the
rioters forced their way through the
gates and carried away five tons of coal
before police could interfere.
Ten degrees above aero was the
highest point to which the mercury
rose to-day. Early in the day one
degree above zero was recordc.l.
A. 11. Wiggln, Federal fuel adminis
trator for New York, to-night issued
an order curtailing electric lighting
23 per cent in office buildings, apart
ment houses, hotels, clubs, restaurants,
stores, lofts and mercantile buildings.
Steam heating is to be entirely elim
inated during certain hours, and only
enough steam hea? to prevent freezing
of pipes is to be used Sundays and holi
days In office buildings and others
which close on those da>s. A threat
ened strike of coal wagon drivers has
been averted by the promise of in
creased wages.
KOrtTY-THHEB SCnOOI,S
CLOSE IN PHILADELPHIA
PHILADELPHIA, January 2.?Forty
three public schools in this city failed
to open to-day after the Christmas re
cess as a result of the continued severe
cold weather. About 25,000 pupils are
affected. Lack of coal forced the clos
ing of most of the school*.
Only about one-half of the city's
street gas lights were burning to-night,
as the demand for gas durinc the cold
spell has s-o far exceeded the supply
that it was decided to cut down the
street lirfUs in order to supply house
holders. Hundreds of families are using
gas for heatiitg.
SIX-INCn SNOWFALL
COVERS DANVILLE. VA.
DANVILLE, VA., January 2.?Snow
which began falling before daybreak
continued unabated until 6 o'clock this
evening, nearly six inches being reg
istered at that time. The weather is
the most rigorous in a great many
years and. while there is little acute
distress, there is discomfort In general,
and most people arc remaining indoors.
CONTINUED COLD WEATHER
PROMISE OP WEATHER MAN
WASHINGTON. January 2.?The
eastern half c>f the country to-day con
tinued to shiver under abnormally low
temperatures, with suffering accentu
ated in many localities by an inade
quate coal supply. Coal fell in the
Atlantic Coast district from New Jer
sey to Georgia, and was particularly
heavy in A'irginia, North f'aiolina and
South Carolina.
Fair weather generally east of the
Mississippi River is forecast for to
morrow, but continued cold is prom
ised. except i? the lake region and
Ohio Valley.
HEATING SYSTEM FUEKXES
AND SCHOOLS ARE CLOSED
SYRACUSE, N. Y.? January 2.?Six
of Syracuse's largest grammar schools
were closed to-day when the heating
syctems froae. Railroad and trolley
traffic is badly handicapped. Trains
are running from one to eight hours
late.
JUDGE JAMES KEITH
DIES AT HIS HOWIE
Former President of Supreme
Court of Appeals Passes
Away.
HAD DISTINGUISHED CAREER
Funeral at St. Paul's Episcopal
! Church on Friday at Noon.
Interment in Hollywood.
Judge Janj<?3 Keith, of Warrcnton and
Richmond, for more than twenty yearn
president of the Supreme Court of Ap
peals of Virginia, and a distinguished
? veteran of the famous Hlack Ilorpe
Cavalry of the War Between the
, States, after a brief Illness from pneu
monia,' died early yesterday morning
at his Richmond home, 110 Cathedral
? Place.
Burial will be in Hollywood Come
, fry Friday afternoon. The funeral
' services will be held in St. Paul s Lpi*'
? copal Church at noon to-morrow, rhe
active pallbearers will meet at the
home, 110 Cathedral Place. Friday
' morning at 11:30 o'clock; the honorary
I pallbearers will meet at the church at
! 11:45, but arc not expected to attend
the burial.
The active pallbearers are J. IT.
Stewart Jones, Bruce Bowe, Warren P.
Taylor. M. B. Watts, Henry C. Riely.
i Jonathan Bryan, Mayor George Ainslie.
Nelson Ingram. Gray Garland and Fos
ter Witt.
i The honorary pallbearers arc Judges
, John A. Buchanan, Richard II. Card
i well. George M. Harrison, Stafford G.
i Whittle, Joseph L. Kelly, Robert R.
Prentis, F. W. Sims, Martin P. Burks
. and I,. L. Lewis and Governor Ilcnry
Carter Stuart, Colonel \V. Gordon Mc
Cabe. Colonel Thomas Smith. Rt. Rev.
D. J. O'Connell. Major Jennings C. Wise,
i Major Henry C. Carter. Messrs, James
i B. Pace, Henry R. Pollard, Fred S. Val
entine, Edgar IT. Fcrgusson, W. W.
Scott, James D. Patton, R. Walton
Moore. H. H. Downing, Hugh Hamilton.
Moses M. Green, William IT. White.
Wyndham R. Meredith, Fred W. Scott,
Fppa ITunton, Jr., Henry P. Taylor. Jr.,
Alfred P. Thoni, John Stewart Bryan, i
Harry S. Payne, Thomas P. Bryan and
13. R. Wellford.
WAS DIRECT DESCEND A XT O F
CHIEF JUSTICE MARSHALL
I James Keith, the son of Isham and
Julia Chilton Keith, of Fauquier Coun
' ty, was descended from a long line of
distinguished ancestors on both sides
j of the house, being a greatj-great
! grandson of William Randolph, a great
: great-grejit-tran^son <?^* Henry'Ishaitl.
) an&'S direct' descendant of <^hief Jus
; tice Marshall.
Judge Keith was born on September
i T, 1S39. Though feeble in childhood, he
was robust in youth. lie was reared
in the country and had the usuil ad-j
vantages of the country boy of his
time. He was educated in private
nhoolf, the influence of his mother
! creating In him the inclination to study :
and in a large measure shaping his
; life for the greatness he Afterwards
attained. He studied law in the office
1 of John M. Forbes and at the L'niver
jsity of Virginia, where he graduated
| in ISGP.
I In 1S61 he enlisted as a volunteer
1 private in the T51:\ck Horse Cavalry,
j Company II, Fourth Virginia Regiment.
In 1S6.1 he was made adjutant of the
regiment, in whih position he served
until the close of war. In ISol he
was at Harper's Ferry, in accordance
with Governor Letcher's orders. He
was at Appomattox, hut being a part
of the cavalry on General Lee's right,
he succeeded in escaping the immedi
ate surrender. He was in the cavalry
charge that drove Sheridan back for
(two miles, capturing tw? pieces of ar
! tlllery, and not >being halted until they
encountered the Army of the James,
under General Ord, to whose over-)
whelming numbers and resources he
and the others were compelled to yield.
|?AVE ?.HEATER PART OF LIFE
TO SERVICE ON THE HENC1I
Having studied law under the great |
John I>. Minor and received by birth,
and application the qualities of suc
cess. Judge Keith entered the prac- ,
tice of his profession at Warrenton ir
1S65. a lover of law and literature,
which make his opinions while or. the j
I Court of Appeals masterpieces of lega;
I writings. Four years later he was
' electcd to the General Assembly from |
j Vauquier County. This position he wan i
not permitted to fill for long, as he i
was. in 1S7P, elected judge cf the j
: Eleventh Judicial Circuit, which posi- |
j tion lie filled v.-ith wisdom and digiiit> :
i until promoted to (lie Supreme Court,
ion January 1, 1S9."?. From this date
| until less than two years ago ho re
| mained a member of that distinguished i
i body of Virginia jurists, being prcsi- |
| dent of the body nearly the entire j
j twenty years.
i As a lawyer. Judge Keith was re-1
: garded as r.ble, competent and faith
ful. As a judge, he enjoyed a wide;
reputation as one of the best in a
| court whero all were regarded as good.
; As a Democrat, he was loyal and of
great influence. And as a man h?;
wan known to bo righteous and big
in his judgments, of the finest social
graces ages of excellent ancestry can
I afford, of engaging conversational fao
j ?ilties, of sound, character and unsul- j
; lied reputation. Recognizing in Ju<!ge |
j Keith these qualities of the great man.
, Washington and Lee University eon- |
! fcrred upon him the degree of doctor j
j of laws. ]
I Judge Keith was married twice. His
? first wifo was Lilias Gordon Morson,
i daughter of Arthur Alexander Mor
son. of WarrentoYi. Thev were mar
ried in 1 .-?72, her death occurring about
fl* ?> years later. In 1SS7 he was re
married to his first wife's sister. Fran
ces Larksdalo Morson. to whom v/cie
born two children?Mrs Juliet Clinton
Keith and Lieutenant Morson Keith,
of the United. States aviation corps,
(Continued on Third Page.)
t
PROBE DEEP INTO
ARMY CONTRACTS
Senate Committee Finds Mem-1
bers of Defense Council
Obtained Orders.
SIDESTEP TO EVADE LAW
Profits of $400,000 Annually Is
Promised on Sorted
Scraps.
1 Hv APr<? j
WASHINGTON. January I'.?-Army
i supply contracts given through the
! supplies committee of the Council of
National Defense to conccrnn in which
| committee members urc interested were
investigated to-day by the Senate .Mili
tary Committee.
Charles Eisenman. vice-chairman of
the supplies committee, and a retired
' cloth i rig manufacturer of Cleveland,'
and Samuel M. Kai>!an. of New York, 1
one of the dollar-a-year volunteer .
i members, were the principal witnesses. |
' The latter's testimony was confined al- '
most entirely to a contract with the
l:ase Sorting Plan:. Inc., of New York,
in which his brother, Ira I. Kaplan,
has a third interest, for sorting army
clothing scraps, which was said to
promise profits of $400,000 annually.
? The contract recently was cancclcd.
Work of the supplies committee was
highly praised by Mr. Eisenman. who
said it had negotiated orders for ?up
plies worth SSOO.000.000 for the quar
termaster-general's office. Tie defended
the committee's practice of approving
i contracts with firms of members, ex-1
plaining that in such cases interested
' committeemen were excluded from th?
negotiations.
Senator McKellar wanted to know if ,
this was not an evasion of the law, but 1
, Mr. Eisenman insisted that the com- j
mittee's practice was followed to con- j
: form to the lav/. The committee mem
bers. Eisenman stated, were selected
? from men in the business who had
1 proven successful, and that contracts
j with their fir ms were made becausc '
; full use of the country's manufacturing j
! facilities was necessary.
Both Eisenman and Kaplan had
lively f 'ashes with committee mem-I
bets. . enator McKellar admonished!
, the latter, who emphatically resented!
; having his motives impugned to speak i
respectfully, and Senator Weeks heat-!
| edly declared he was "about as impu- j
dent a man" as he had ever seen.
! Statements of Quartermaster-General
I Sharpe regarding shortages of army
| clothing due. to failure to~refcelvb ?oth
ordered through the supplies committee
, were squarely contradicted by Eisen
; man. He asserted that supplies of
| cloth were delivered on time, and faster
! than it could be manufactured by the |
factories under General Sharpe.
1 Eisenman told t^e committee he had j
' recommended, and the quartermaster-1
! general had approved, reducing the 1
! wool contents in overcoats, blankets j
| and other clothing and substitution of
I woolen substitutes, or "shoddy," saying
: the quality was not impaired, and that
as good or better garments were se-'
cured.
scrap-sortixc; contract
C.AVE PROFIT OF HALF-CENT
The scrar-sorting contract. both
Eisenman and Kaplan asserted, was
intended to give the contractors a profit
of only 1-2 cent a pound, all over that
j to be returned to the government
, Eisenman protested against its recent
i annulment by General Sharpe, who said
! the price of 6 cents a pound for sort
( ing was excessive.
! Senator McKellar asked regarding
? contracts made with firms in which'
members of the supplies committee
were rtockholdcrs or otherwise in
terested.
I
Eisenman said he was "pretty sure",
the committee had bought wool from '
Jacob I*'. Brown, of Drown & Adams, J
a Boston v.-ool firm.
"When the committee dealt with hi.i j
firm. Mr. Crown as a supplies commit- J
tee member stepped aside?" asked Sen
1 ator McKcllar. and Eisenman assented, i
1 A. F. Scott was another supplies com- i
I mittce member named by Eisenman J
who was interested in a company from
I which the committee bought cotton
duck.
j COMMITTEEMEN SIDESTEP
WHEN CONTRACT IS I.ET
i
"And Mr. Scolt stepped aside when
j the committee let the contract?" aslt
j ed Senator McKellar.
"Yes." L'isenman said. lie. named a j
! Mr. Bailey as another committer rnetn- j
j her whose firm had simila~ contract?.
"Then, he too. oi.ivcbienlly stepped
aside?" asked Senator McKellar.
| "Not conveniently, but to comply t
| with the law.' Eisenman rcpliod.
! Senator McKellar turned temporarily
to examine Frederick Edington, of the
! supply committee. Ilo said he is a
foreign wool buyer for the American
Woolen Company, still receives a sal
ary from it and is now devoting all
his time to the government's interests
at ?1 a year.
"And your firm gets large contract?
from the committee?" asked Senator
McKcllar.
"Yes." said Mr. Edington. "but 1
don't think my connection has had any i
iffect on the contracts of the Ameri
can Woolen Company."
Brook Stevens, of the United States
Hunting Company, another member of!
! Eisenman's committor, said tho com- !
I pany from which ho receives a salary .j.
| had received contracts from the sup- '
I plies committee.
! Samuel M. Kaplan, another commlt
! tee member, testified ho was on 51 a
| year salary and wool substitute ad
viser to Eisenman. He said he owned
' stock in the Winchester Mills Com
pany and that his firm owned flock
in tho Norwich Wool Company, but
denied being Interested In the Mill
(Continued on Third Pago.)
RUSSIANS REFUSE i
HUN PEACE PLAN
Sir Cecil Spring-Rice Will Depart;
Many Changes in British Diplomats
' Ry Associated Treas.]
WASH INGTON, January 2.?Sir
Cecil Sprlng-Blce, uho ban been
llrltlsh nmbiinndor In Waihlncton
since Mny U, 1RI.1, called at Ihr State
Department tc-dij to say that he
?na t;olng home on leave of absence.
That ith<i itn far n> the official state
mrnl an the subject went, hot It I*
knon n that further information, to'
l?e given ont from London, will con
Arm the reports that rtm( through
Knsrlish nempaprr* of a general
and sweeping chnnce in the British
diplomatic representation In moat
? f the larger capital*.
The purpose of the reorganisation.
It l> learned, tonehea the pcraonne)
of the embiMiei rather than the
policies of the British e?Tfmmfnt
in 11?? relations ullh Ita allies, and
it Is expressly stated In an authori
tative quarter that there In to be
no change In these policies connect
ed with the prosecution of the Tear.
Sir Cecil has desired for iom?
time to be relieved of the heavy
dutlea of the Washington embassy
an soon an such a change could be
made without detriment to the aer
vlce. It 1s knonn now that when
Foreign Minister Ilalfour came to
the United States last spring, the
ambassador tendered his resignation
to take effect at the convenience ot
the Foreign Office, and has since
been awaiting Its acceptance.
>o statement can be made as to
the time the change will take ef
fect. or as to the succession to the
nmbassndornhip. but it is expected
tbat thin Information will not be
long deferred. In the meantime.
Colvllle Rarclay. counsellor of the
embassy, probably will serve as
charge d'affaires.
Sir Cecil came to Washington to
succeed Ambassador Bryee, who waa
retired on account of age. Ills ser
vice here began a year before the
outbrenk of the world war, and upon
him devolved tremendous responsi
bilities. Including the difficult task
of Inducing the Washington govern
ment to accept with equanimity the
oppressive regulations which the
entente allies adopted in connection
with their blockade of the central
powers.
? What diplomats regard an aome of
the most remarkable and ingenious
state papers in the history of for
eign intercourse found their origla
in thin period In the British em
bassy here in aupport of the poli
cies resorted to to meet the disre
gard by Germany of the established
rnlea of warfare and the use ot
novel and terrible weapons by all
of the belligerents.
EXPECT HUNS TO BEGIN
VIGOROUS OFFENSIVE
Massing of Forces on Western Front
Believed to Be First
Big Motc.
AMERICAN FORCES NOT READY
Public Should Be Prepared for Some
Losses of Ground autl Men if At
tempt Is Made, Says Military
Director.
?LOKDOX, January Th*. probabil
ity "of Girmdny now. liking a vlgofSti^'
offensive attitude on the western front
was pointed out by MajorrGeneral
Maurice, chief director of military op
erations at the War Office, in his weekly
talk to the Associated Press to-day.
There vrero two factors that con
tributed to this probability, the gen
eral said, the first being the steady
flow of German re-enforccments from
the eastern front: and the second, tho
fact that the American forces were
not yet ready to take any considerable
part in the operations.
The public should be prepared for
some losses of both ground and men
If the Germans attempt really deter
miner: offensive operations, he declared.
"Tho enemy in the past fortnight
has been attempting numerous raids,
mostly on a small scale," began Gen
eral Maurice. "At Cambrai. however,
he tried a larger operation with the
object of getting control of a ridge
on the British flank, whenca he hoped
he could strangle tho supplies to a
Hritish salient and force its with
drawal. His attack ended In an
almost complete failure, for although
lie gained a few hundred yards of our
front trcnchcs. he faiied to set foot
on the ridge anywhere.
"These attempts to take the offen
sive." continued the general, "ar? a
sign of a new distribution of the bel
ligerent forces on the western front.
The enemy is rteadily bringing troops
from Russia with the aim of re-estab
lishing his superiority over the Anglo?
French force:'.
Grin mans iiOX<; way from
HAVING SlPKniOn NUMflF.K
"The Germans are still a long way
from having superior numbers on this
front, hut the relative strength of th>?
forccs Is already ro altered that it is
doubtful whether the allied command
ers would feel justified ip undertak
ing offensive operations on a large
scale. The enemy's constantly improv
ing numerical position will, on the
other hand, lead inevitably to offen
sive operations by the Germans, but 1
see no reason to believe that he will
be able to inflict anything like ncc.i
losses on us as we Inflicted on him
during tho pact year.
"Owing to our work of the pa.st year,
we are in an excellent defensive po
sition. holding practically all the high
gronnd. On the other hand, we are
everywhere on new ground where we
must prepare new defensive systems.
We must be propared to Iosa sround
ar.d men if the enemy makes a de
termined attack r.-ith the usual artil
lery preparation followed by energetic
infantry assaults, for our own experi
ence has taught us thr.t it is practi
cally always possible to move a cer
tain distance under thcro conditions
of attack."
Regarding the ,-itual?ion !n Palestine.
General Ma-uricc said:
word of caution Is necessary rel
ativo to the bores of an imrr.edlatu
further advance in Palertine. The hills
of Judea are notoriously difficult, tho
weather la unfavorable and the toad*
Impossible, owing to the wet season.
Tho transport problem is likely to pre
vent any considerable movement for
pome time."
NORFOLK FIRE REGION !
IS UNDER NAVAL GUARDl
i
City Rapidly Resuming Normal Con* i
ditions. Although Transpor
tation Is Impeded.
WOMEN SERVE HOT COFFEE
! As Precautionary Measure, City I
Manager Asks Authorities to
j Place Ciuards at Portsmouth to .
Watch Terminals and Stations.
[By Associated Preia.]
? >NORpO?l&'^V.A.,^anvary ???^>The
city to-night is rapidly, resuming nor-'
mal conditions, although transport*- i
tlon factlitics arc greatly impeded by j
fire ruins, fallen wires and a driving
snowstorm, which has prevailed prac- j
tically throughout tho day.
Smoldering ruins, blocked streets, !
ice-covered fire-lighting apparatus, and
the steady tramp of naval guards, arm - '
ed with police night sticks, cover the I
two squares and abutting streets, the
scene of yesterday's disasterous tire.
There lias been no change in the cas
ualty list or the estimated losses, still
placed at $2.000,000.
Tiie zone under military control last
I night, which practically included the i
I entire business section west of Hank
! and south of Freemason Streets to
j the water fronts, was to-day restrict
| cd to the actual fire area and inter
j secting streets, mad? dangerous by
! leaning and tottering fire ruins. In
! other sections only a carcful watch
is being kept by Department of Jus- |
, tioo agents, the polico and nava' ;
guards. Admiral Mcl/eau, with ample !
j naval forces, at the yard and roads ]
j base, has assumed chargo of the pa
i trol the fire area and other import
ant sections, to assist the police. To
night tho fire area and business sec
tions are under naval control. Pa
triotic women are serving coffce and
hot lunches to the boys in blue guard
ing the fire ropes.
As a precautionary measure to-day, j
ICily Manager Bates requested the na- 1
I val authorities to placc guards at :
! Portsmouth, and to-night the busl- j
I ness Kections, important water-front ;
I properties, ferry terminals, railway
I stations and streets and property ad
j jacent to naval reservations are un
J der military patrols.
j Admiral .McLean, commandant of tho
; navy-yard, is handling tho situation
j for the authorities, augmenting the
I home guard companies with squads
| of bluejackets under naval offlcern. j
] These patrols arc on all corners and 1
I at all important points and structures, i
Theaters, public halls and meeting-,
' places were forced to close at 0 I*. M.
Business houseu clo-ed at 7 0 o'clock
to-night.
l'DDKR A I, A?K\rS CONTINUE
HOUNDING VP SrSPKCTS
Polic- and Federal agents arc con
i tinuir.g to round up suspicious char
actcru and enemy aliens arid subtect
i ing all to close scrutiny, in a great
'majority of cases, the suspects arc re
leased upon investigation. A few are
I being held for further inquiry. Wild
rumors of men caught red-handed cm
tinue in circulation, hut investigations
show their irresponsible origin. Whith
er or riot any of these still under ar
; re: t have been indirectly connected
1 with the lires is doubtful. Both Iht
police and Department of Justice
. .-igents are pushing the investigation',
iuith a determination to apprehend the i
j guilty party or parties, should it bo i
'disclosed that tho tires were of an ln
| cendiary nature or that a plot had been ?
I formed by enemy aliens to burn tho '
city's business section.
It is freely admitted that the origins
i of the fires, to say the least, were
| peculiar, but it. is poinUd out If it
| was un incendiary plot that It was
! actuated by wantonness rather than
j any aim to eripplo the government b>
i the destruction of property essential
1 (.Continued on~~Third"Page.)
)
POSITIVE PLANS
ARE INCLUDED
Ofl'ers Not Acceptable, De
clares Russian Leader
Kameneff in Interview.
PLAN TO CARRY FIGHT
TO GERMAN SOCIALISTS
This Action Will Avail if Cerir
tral Powers Insist Upon
Terms.
WHAT TUB TERMS PROVIDE
Germany Insists There Bo Xo Pis*
crimination Against Sub
jects or Goods.
f By Associated Prejs.l
PETROGRAD, Tuesday. January 1.?
The Russian peace delegation return
ed to Fctrograd to-day and reported
| to a joint session of the central execu
I tive committee of Soldiers' and Work
men's Delegates and the l'etrograd
| Council of Soldiers' and Workmen's
; Deputies the progress of the negoti
I ations with the Austro-Gcrmans at
i Brest Litovsk.
Kameneff, a momber of the Russian
delegation, read the German terms,
I which he characterized as showing the
i positive annexation plans of tho ceh
i tral powers and he declared they were
j unacceptable in their present form.
He added that the terms had not been
1 discussed.
"If, after tho resumption of nego
tiations." the delegate said, "tho Ger
mans insist upon these terms, Russia
will conclude peace not with the Ger
man Imperialists, but with tho repre
sentatives of the people?the Social
ists of Germany."
Tho German terms, as submitted te
tho .-Brest Litovsk conference? were re
ported, in substance, as Cpliowa.:
"First?Russia and Germany aro .to
declare the state of war at an end.
Both nations are resolved to live to
gether in the future in peace and
; friendship on condition of'eomplcte rec
iprocity. Germany will be ready, as
I soon as peace is concluded with Rtjs
; sia and tho demobilization of the Rue
j sian armies has been accomplished,"lo
: evacuate her present positions in oc
cupied Russian territory, in so far-a*
no different inference result from arti
I cle two.
| Second?The Russian government,
I Having, In accordance with its princi
! pies, proclaimed for all peoples, wltji
1 out exception, living within tho Rus
sian empire the right of self-determi
nation, including complete separation,
takes cognizance of tho decision ex
pressing tho will of people demanding
a full state of independence and ee&
aratton from the Russian empire i^or
I'oland, Lithuania. Courland and por
tions of Esthonia and Livonia.
The Russian government recognises
that in the present circumstances thee**
1 ma"ifestations must be regarded as an
expression of the will of the people,
and Is ready to draw conclusions thorc
from. As in those districts to which
tlie foregoing stipulations apply, the
j question of evacuation is not such as
I provided for in Article I, a spccjal
| commission shall discuss and fix the
tline and other details In conformity
and in accordanco with tho Russian
idea of tho neccssary ratification by a
plebiscite on broad lines and without
any military pressure whatever of tlio
already existing proclamation of sep
aration.
AftUKEMEVTS BEFORE WAR
ARE TO BE EFFECTIVES
"Third?Treaties and agreements h?
force before the war are to become of
t'ective if not directly in conflict with
changes resulting from the war. Each
party obligates itself, within three
months after the eigning of tho pcaco
treaty, to inform the other which of
the treaties and agreements will not
again become effective.
fourth?Each of the contracting
parties will not discriminate against
the subjects, merchant chips or good*
of the other parties.
"Fifth?The parties agree that with
the conclusion of peaco, economic war
shall cease. During the time neces
sary for the restoration of relation's,
there may be limitations upon trade
but fho regulations as to imports ar
not to be of a too burdeensome exten #
and high taxes or duties upon ffJJ
ports shall not be levied. For the A
tereliange of goods, an organirsiM '
shall be effected by mixed commtsf}
to l<e formed as doon as possible il J
"Sixth Instead of tho corn- lj
treaty of navigation of 1SD4-190 jS
is abrogated, a new treaty wi
new conditions. 9U
"seventh?The parties wilvf-T
another during at least tv
the rights of the most fajI16?
in Questions of commerce
tlon. (This clause is Will
rarried In a German w'
received in London an>
on December 31.)
"Eighth? Russia ad
ministration of the jj-. ^
ube be entrusted to MJ
commission with
the countries bor<?
ube and tho Bla<

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