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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, January 04, 1918, Image 6

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SS Tnr DISPATCH
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AkSorltiUil l'rrss Is exclusively entitled to the uae fo.t
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pot otherwise credited In this paper, and ftlfo the
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tion of apecial despatches herein are also reserved.
Tlib United States enters llic new year
with ii national debt, of $5,G15,000,000, which
is an amount more than fivo times greater
than when we entered tlie war nine months
Tii.is is but a drop in the bucket com
pared to the nation's available wealth of
about ?250,000,000,000, every dollar of which
will be thrown into the scale If necessary.
If Germany has deliberately determined to
maltreat American prisoners, Berlin evidently
has given no thought to the material which
this country possesses for reprisals. Or per
haps it is so confident of our humanity that
it fears no action in redress for its own
crimes. But England was liually stirred to
retaliation, and America may bo no less slow.
A campaign tour to give impetus to enlist
ments of British subjects in this country in
the British and Canadian forces will be
started on January 11. The British armored
tank "Britannia" and a captured German
submarine will be taken along to incite in
terest in the recruiting. A tour of the South
ern States will be made first, and likely Rich
luond will be one of the first cities visited.
The General Assembly will do well to
consider carefully Auditor Moore's recom
mendation for the creation of a State pur
chasing agency. The. present system is a
slipshod one at best and lends itself to the
waste of public money, extravagance and a
train of allied evils. Under a State agency
all purchases for the State's institutions
would be made under a centralized authority
and a regime of strict economy could be
enforced. Methods now used are unbusiness
like and a change is mandatory if efficiency
Is to be obtained.
The. congressional committees investigat
ing war activities have developed informa
tion which Will* have the effort of speeding
up the equipment of our armies in training.
Whiio this is true, much of the blame for
the delay in furnishing the needed supplies
inescapably rests upon Congress, which gave '
car to pacifist teachings against prepared
ness over vigorous protests against inaction
by the highest and best-informed military
authorities. Events have rudely dispelled
the fatal delusion of America's isolation from
Europe's troubles, and, for the support it gavo
this delusion. Congress cannot escape its
share of the blame for the country's unprc
paredness by making big ado over depart
ment blunders.
There is nothing of modesty or shrinking
timidity in the request of Rev. Sidney Peters
for funds with which to conduct the work ?
of the Prohibition Commissioner during the
coming year. On the contrary, he walks
right up to the Senate Finance Committee
and speaks out boldly for an appropriation
of $100,000, with a salary of $4,GOO for
himself. During the pan year th?3 commis
sioner managed to struggle along with an
appropriation of 540,000 and a-salary $1,000
less than he now asks. Considerable in
creases, these, that the taxpayers are asked
to add to their burdens. The request, too,
comes in the face of the recently enacted
Federal bone-dry law, under which a large
part of thu poliro duty formerly done by the
State's prohibition employees has been taken I
over by government agents. Prohibition, it
seems, comes high in Virginia, and, liko the
Federal government's Civil War pension roll,
the longer it comes the higher it gets. The
people who foot the bills arc asking why.
""^^ppeal of the Federal Reserve Board to
the public to support the war-savings cam
paign, .both by the purchase of war-savings
and thrift stamps and the institution of
rigid economy in their daily life, is one to
;which the people cannot give too earnest
Jieed as they face the obligations of the new
year. The campaign for the sale of these
stamps is one of the means by which the
government seeks loans in small amounts
?direct from tho wage-earning classes to
.finance the war, the winning of which is
absolutely necessary to the future prosperity
and security of tho country, but should it
%fojl to incite tho masses to greater thrift
by\aaking theso investments from savings
re3ulUngVrom reduccd outlay, as compared
with their normal expenditures in pcace
FRIDAY, JANUARY 4, 101S.
times, it will by that much fall short of Its
chief objective?tho conservation of wealth,
every item of which is needed to strengthen
tho hand of the nation to win the war. Every
dollar thus saved and invested means not
only that much strength added to our natloual
effectiveness, but a moro than equivalent
gain to tho individual?for ouco tho thrift
habit is acquired, incrcaso of wealth will
corno easily.
Russia Helpless at Feet of Germany
THE German eagle, haviug maneuvered
into a vantage position through pcaco
propaganda and negotiations with the Rus
sian bear, now discloses its talons in a men
acing way, ready to sink deep into tho heart
of tho prostrato bear whining at its feet.
With the camouflage concealing tho Germau
purpose removed, tlie Russian peaco delega
tion has returned to PetrogrLd and reported
to tho conglomerated collection of "govern
ing committees" that an impasse has been
reached in the negotiatious, Germany'3 yield
ing to tho Russian plan of "no annexations
aud no indemnities" being more seeming
than real.
In brief, tho central powers declare their
readiness to conclude either a general or a
separate peace on the face of the above stipu
lations, with the right of self-determination
of tho peoples living within the Russian em
pirn, including separation and a full state of
independence for Poland, Lithuania, Courland
and portions of Esthonia and Livonia, when
ever Russia completely demobilizes its
armies, Teutonic evacuation of occupied
territory not to occur until -fter these peo
ples have determined their future under con
ditions equivalent in actuality to coercion
by the military forces maintained there.
Other stipulations under thin disguises would
give Germany complete economic control of
Russia's future and enable tho exploitation
of its vast resources at will.
Tho spokesman of the ltussiau peace dele
gation indicates rejection of tho German
terms unless moditied upon resumption of
tho negotiatious. That German diplomatic
duplicity is fully equal to the task of accept
ably restating and modifying tho language
of these terms without weakening their ef
fect may be taken for granted. The Rus
sians want peace at any price, and tho Ger
mans are prepared to give them what they
want upon terms of economic and, to some
extent, political vassalage?for the one is
inseparable from tho other.
But what if the Russians balk t.o the point
of breaking off negotiations? In that event,
Germany already will havo accomplished a
large portion of its aims?tho release of sev
eral hundred thousand of its best soldiers
on that front for the re-enforcement of the
armies in the west. At the same time, with
the Russian armies completely disorganized,
the German forces remaining there are still
strong enough to mako new advances into
Russian territory and ultimately to force the
acceptance of even moro ignoble terms than
now demanded.
A erily, through cowardice, treachery and
gullibility, Russia presents a spectacle of
psychological helplessness so abject as to |
excite mingled feelings of pity and contempt I
on the part of even the weakest among the '
peoples of tho earth. !
What About These Institutions?
GOVERNMENT control of railroad oper
ation and the federalization of the trans
portation system of tho country has raised
many new questions, but none moro inter
esting than that as to tho future usefulness
of tho Interstate Commerce Commission, the
Stato corporation commissions, tho priority
commissioner and similar organisms which
havo been necessary In tho supervision by
the local and national governments of pri
vately operated railroads.
It may bo assumed that the President and
Director-General McAiioo mean to capitalize
the experience and expert knowledge of the
Interstate Commerce Commissioners, and per
haps attach these officials to the staff of the
new railroad management, but there is moro
to be considered in that direction. Tho com
mission has certain definite functions to per
form under present laws, and it is to be
doubted If the war powers of the President
are broad enough to vitiate those functions.
The administration can deal with Congress
on that score, and It need not be regarded as
tro ublesome.
The saiue cannot be said of the State cor
poration commissions, which derive their
powers from their Stato Legislatures. The
Federal government has no control whatever
over them. The question is whether or not
the federalization of the railroads automat
ically destroys the jurisdiction of State com
missions over those lines. In effect, the
railroads are government properties during
tho period of the war, but iu fact they are
still owned by private interests, and still
owe their existence to charters granted, not
by the government, but by the individual
States.
P.eforc government operation of tho lines
proceeds far the question of State super
vision of intrastato transportation must bo
settled. Otherwise there will be direct and
disagreeable conflict of authority. The
States must withdraw from any supervision
over the transportation facilities affected by
the President's proclamation, or else the i
government must concede the authority of
Stato commissions and find a way of dealing |
jointly with them in tho management of tho
properties.
Stato taxation of railroads i3 another in
teresting question. At present much of the
revenue of tho individual States comes from
levies against tho railroads. It. may be
taken for granted that the Fct'eral govern
ment will not interfere with the taxes at
present, but if government ownership is
approached Stato taxation promises to be
come one of the problems which must be
tn A?
Perhaps tho members of Congress felt that
they would have just a more pr iceful Christ
mas with their women folk if they put off
their vote on the suffrage amendment until
after tho holidays.
Trotzky and Lenine threaten to invoke tho
aid of the guillotine to facilitate tho passing
of their enemies. Not until Its blade has de
scended on their necks will its introduction
be justified.
When coal runs short, the joke may bo on
tho fuel administrator, but the fellow with
tbo empty bin finds it difficult to laugh.
Colonel Roosevelt often talks of what he
did when he was President, but the country
prefers to forget its past troubles.
SEEN ON THE SIDE
BY J1KMIY KDH'ABD WARNER
The Terrible Auto of tVnmrTtonM,
Honk. honk, honkt Get out of the way!
For pops and the babies are scorching to-day!
So out of the way, or we'll run you all down
With the Terrible Auto of Nursery town!
Johnny's the chauffeur; Beso owns the machine,
And a moro reckless couplo has never been seen!
I am the car, lying: face to the floor?
It's a difficult Job they aclccted me for!
My hands and my feet aro the whoela, and you
know
I have to keep moving to make the thing to;
My eyes aro tho headlights, my head is the hood,
And my nose is tho crank, and that doesn't feel
good.
-/
Honk, honk, honk! Johnny's twisting my ear,
Which throws in the clutch as wo hurry from
hero,
And we're breaking tho speed laws of Nuraery
town,
And you'd better look sharp, or we'll run you
all down!
High on my Ehouldcrs the chauffeur steers,
Throwing the clutch?that is, twisting my ears!
High on my hip3 sits the passenger fair,
For that is the tonncau?it's cunify up there!
Swift down the road speeds the nursery car,
Spreading dismay where tho thank-you-marms
are?
Jogging the passenger, throwing her out
And scattering chickens and people about!
Look! Straight ahead is a telegraph pole?
No!?It's the leg of a chair, 'pon my sou]!
Crash! A collision! Hold! Givo him air, pray!
Please patch him up, doctor! Honk, honk! Clear
tho way!
IIo! All you people get out of the way?
For we're driving a terrible distance to-day!
Bumpety-gump up the hillsides and down
Honk. honk! goes the Auto of Nurscrytown!
Charcoal Eph's Daily Thought.
r don take much stock in dishyer vegetarian
diet," said Charcoal Kph. ruminatively, "least
wise. not ontwel chickens is in de vegetable
kingdom. Try a drumstick, Mistah Jackson."
\obof!y Know).
Nobody knows why a miser loves pelf.
Tutting life's genuine joys on the shelf;
And why Adam made such a fool of himself,
Nobody knows.
Nobody knows why the sky 13 so high,
NoboJy knows why we're born to die.
Or when a man's telling the truth or a lie,
Nobody knows.
Nobody knows when tha war will be throueh,
Nobody knows what our soldiers will do,
Or if the draft will get me and you.
Nobody knows.
(.To Be Continued.)
roy Mcdowell.
One, Brother.
"I've never seen anything that I couldn't bluff,
bully or duck," saiil the self-made man. "Ex
cept lightning," suggested the shrimp.
A Sentence Sermonette.
Only a poet stops in tho Garden of Life to
rake up the ashes of dead roses.
Discharged!
"Prisoner at tho bar, you are charged with
vagrancy; that is, you have no visible means of
support. Are you guilty or not guilty?"
"Jess a minnlt, jedge, twel I speaks wid mah
wife. Mary, honey, c'inovcr liyar. Jedge, would
you say dls hyar lady i3 visible?"
Jaequea Bon Horn',
Good people, leesten! Jacques bon Horn, he
speak
Concalrning one mos' diabolique 6tew
Zat he ees make wis all sis fonny Greek.
Ze op-to-date describe of parlez-vous!
I come not vaire so long from chere Paree
To bo a b.irbairo wis my brozeair Paul?
i study in a book ze Anglais, eeo?
But I can onderstan' heem not at all!
Poor Jacques bon Horn,' he lairn ze Anglais
words,
He burn ze midnight oil, you call heem, eo?
Eat all ees t'row so labor to zo birds?
He know eet all. yet nossing s'all he know!
Ze boss, he say: "Skidoux!" zat mean, "Recede!"
But zat skidoux 1 find not in ze book;
"Hop to eet, kid," s'all mean samo as "Pro
ceed,"
And nowhere can 1 find zat "Get zt hook!"
Zo barhaire bose, he say: "Where ees my lid?"
Egar, zo boy hand heem bees high chapeau!
"Where did you get ze hat?" exclaim zo kid?
"Nix on zo kibosh!" tsay ze boas, jus' so!
He also say to beat eet. cut eet out;
Why mus' ze kid do such sings to e hat?
Poor Jacques bon Horn' say: "What ees zls
about?"
Ze boss, ho say: "You're deopy," jus' llko
at!
Ono day ze boss go out to take a drink.
Jus' one petite frappe, an' zen somo more;
Before he feenish ho take ten, I sink,
An' zen he fall, couchant, upon ze floor,
Ze boy say he ees p:ckle, souse an' stew?
I do not know?I can no pickles see;
But zounds an' dam. doggone an' sacrc bleu!
I sail nex' week for my own belle Parcel
Health Talks, by Dr. Wm. Brady
(CepjTtcht. 1917. by National Newspaper S9rvtc?.j
Bow
Bowing of the legs is most commonly due to
rickets, which disease is most commonly due
to the use of many substitute foods?"Infant
foods'' which como in cans ready to serve?and
this unfortunate custom of cheating babies Is
most commonly due to ignorance of nutrition
and the physiology of growth.
A popular belief, that a baby Is likely to de
velop bow legs if allowed to bear the weight
upon the legs too early is wholly without foun
dation. llickety infants notoriously object to
learn to walk under tho age of thirteen to six
teen months, yet they are most frequently bow
legged. it Is always right to allow a healthy
baby to make an effort to walk as early as
he lriay bo inclined to do so, and never right
to try to encourage or teach walking under tho
age of twelve months.
Bowing may be chiefly in the femur or thigh
bone, or in the lower leg. or sometimes an out
ward angulation at the knee joint.
Usually the chief bending is in tho tibia and
flbula of the leg. When this is only moderate,
the application of a brace by an orthopedic mir
i;eon will overcome the deformity. This hrrice
is so arranged that the bent bones aro gradually
brought into a straiuht line, by means of con
stant mild pressure under a wide, perfectly fitted
band. Such braces seem to be most effectiv- in
the second and third years of Jife. it )s a well
known fact, however, that moderate bowing of
the legs spontaneously disappear in a few years
without treatment In most cases.
When tho bowing la In the femur, it may be
necessary to fracturo the bone and reset it in
overeorrectcd position in a plaster cast. This
is best dene between the ages of three and live
years.
When the. bowing in an angulation <?? tho
joint, a plastic operation is required; for in
stance. a wedge-shaped section of bone verv
near the joint.
In older persons?that is. over t*n year- of
age?a similar operation is usually better than
attempts to fracture and overcornrt the
fortuity. I'nder modern aseptic principles, tho
operation is quite safe and uniformly satis
factory.
In any case of bow legs in a child, carcful
attention to general nutrition and physical de
ve.lopme.nt should he sought through tho counsel
I of tho family physician, and his Judgment is
needed in deciding upon any surgical treatment.
Sometimes tho bowing is in the leer a?3 for-'
ward. but tho inodo of treatment would bo the
t>ame.
Uumllons and An?rrer?.
Pclicate Subjects.? Dr* Brady reminds rcaderr.
tliat there are man* subjects which are ordi
narily not discussed in newspapers* If any
reader has a doubtful ouestion to ask, a stamp
ed (5c) envelope should be incloscd to Insure
reply.
Opinion of Coffee.?Will you please answer tho
following questions? (1) Kliat is your opinion
of colYee 7 (2) Aro two cups of coffee taken at
breakfast harmful'.' 1 urn told by this and that
one that meat will bring on rheumatism. A
graduate nurse tolls me that each cup of coffee
contains about two graln3 of cafTolne and on?
can take up to four grains.?F. l\
Answer.-?Wo think coffee, properly made. Is
a grand and glorious beverage, with tots of
cream and sugar i'i. Normal individuals may
take a cup or two at breakfast, provided they
use it an a beverage and do not wash down luilf
mastioated morsels with it. Tho nurse was right
?caffeine 1b what makes coffeo so stimulating.
Wo (!<? not seo what meat has to do with Joint
disease.
Much Ado About Nothing
UY n?Y K. JlOt'LTOX.
\ote on a Frjrnd,
I havo one friend who's close to me?
A friond worth while, you will agree.
This friend stays with me every day
In moments sad and moments gay.
This friend, there's not a doubt of it,
is next to me. I must admit;
This friend is steadfast and is true
And slicks around and sees mo through,
Protecting me throughout tho years
Flapsing in this vale of tears?.
This friend of mine's no now recruit,
But my old flccce-lined union suit.
Just when you begin to learn to like some
substitute for real food, the price of the sub
stitute goes up until it is more expensive than
the real food.
Oh, Herbert, wherefore art thou,, Herbert?
The modern coal order:
Please send five pieces of egg coal, one fn
pound piece of Pocahontas and one-half pint
fc'olvay coke.
If l-ia Follette cets damages from all the news
papers which have criticized him the past few
inonths ho will bo ablo to finance a little world \
war of his own.
Tfce Letters ?( a German War Spy.
Somewhere In Amerlka.
llohenzollcrn, Gott & Co., Ltd., Wilhclmbtrasse, .
Berlin.
Gentlemen.?The spy buslnesr, punk Is because !
it is impossible for me to find any secrets out I
which everybody knows not. When 1 think I I
a secret have found to send you I see It in the
paper an hour tatcr. If it Is a antl-Ainerlkan
secrct. they mako it in so big types you can
read it when you walk the news stands by.
When anything goes wrong it is no sccret.
Everybody knows it as soon as the spies.
Then they fix it. By the time I have wig
wagged you the secret, via Mexico, everything
is different again.
Item: Please destroy map of Sandy Hook I !
mailed by you two weeks ago. They have
changed it around so the hook the other way
pointcj.
All the people on us spies' business in butts.
Such Interference! And so bold! They say nice
things about Undo Sam right before the waiters |
now. i
Please a check send.
Inclosed find expensivea which are daily Rrow- j
ing more so on account of cost of high living, j
with which the contemptible Amerikans are :
driving all your spies out of tho country with .
starvation. It. a plot is. Their national an- i
th^m is "Yank the Boodle."
The Sf.0.000 you sent to buy Congrers -with we '
have for food spent. It a damnable Yankee plot ?
is to ruin your firm financially and make you
all your money spend to feed your snies.
No use around to heat tho bush. Send please
a check or some food else I can hold not much
longer out.
Maybe better T come home anyhow. You can
to the Now York papers subscribe and get all
the secrets.
Please hurry over up and rtrafe. But when I
you corne be sure ar.d your nartner bring. You
may need him, Mr. lloh*,nzollern.
Respective,
J. WlSEHElMER. Spy No. 432,S?6.
Books and Authors
"Frenzied Fiction," by Stephen Ueacock, au
thor of "Further Foolishness," "Nonsense Nov
els." etc.. Is one of John Lane Company's latest ,
issues. Stephen Leaeock !s not only that very
rare thing, a humorist, but that still rarer
thing?a humorist in high spirits. Here Is a
collection of good things which will entertain
any human being who aporeciates wholesome
witticism and tho humor of high spirits.
"The only speaking that is acnentabie now is
that which meets the formula of Carlyle: '(.'stpr
no word that is not so fraught with power and
meaning thnt it results in a deed.'" said Alberr
J. Beveridge. in greeting his guests at a recent
luncheon at the University Club in Indianapolis.
Mr. F.everidge was host to a group of distin
guished men. gathered together in Indianaio'is
for the war conference in that city. Mr. !>v
eridge expressed tho sentiment of the <-onfor
c-nce?when he said: "No sane and good man
wants war for war's sake; no sane and good
man shrinks from it when honor and righteous
ness are at Issue. There are things dearer than
comfort, more precious than peace."
"An American in the Making," in which M. F.
Ravage tolls the story of how he was changed
frcm a Ruropenn to an American, is praised bv
Professor IT. M. Rcldon. of the University of
Missouri, where the author underwent nart of ?
his transmutation. "1 have rend 'An America r j
in the Making' with the keenest interest." he
?wrote, "not simply because the author wa.? a
student of mine, when he was here, hut be
cause of the quality of the book itself The
theme is. of course, not new. But I do noC
know where else it has been handled w|?V suoh
vigor, such freedom from mawkish or morbid
sentiment, such an efl'ect j?t once of detach
ment and of intense personal experience. It
very effectually challenges the casv compla
cency of us native-horn Americans. Yet it is i
not often, I think, that a foreigner becomes so ?
really an American as does the author of this
book."
News of Fifty Years Ago
From the Richmond Dispatch Jan. 4. 1S68.
Rev. Father A. J. Ryan,
tho author of tho "Con
quercd Banner" and many
other excellent and tender I
poems, dear to tho heart of
every Southerner, will do ?
liver several icetures in j
this city during the pres- i
ent month. All of these!
lectures will be in aid ofj
charitable societies of the'
city. Father Ryan is r.s |
noted as an orator and'
scholar as he is as a poet.!
FATHER A. .1. RYAN. The vote on the subscrip
roet-rrlet>t. t,on of J200.000 to the
18G8. Chesapeake and Ohio Rail
road has been completed in three wards. The
vote is as follows: Jefferson Ward, for the sub
scription 847, against 29: Madison Ward, for
?12, against 40; Marshall Ward, for 645, against
100; total in the thrco wards, for 1,813, against
173.'
In tho Mayor's court yesterday many delayed
Christmas drunks which had been postponed for
one cause and another were called, and hence'
there was a long docket. The Mayor was
lenient in most cases so far as fines were con
cerned but very strong and severe in hia lec
tures. especially to the young drinkers.
The peanut crop of North Carolina last year
Is estimated at 100,000 bushels. Virginia also
grows quite a large quantity.
Tho Washington Chronicle says: "Our city
stonecutters arc beginning to import quantities
of gray ganite from quarries near Richmond.
It 1k of excellent quality."
The revenue collections in New York City for
1867 readied $7,650,000, not half as much in
proportion to wealth as is paid In Richmond and
Virginia.
The receipts of grain at Chicago for the year
ju?-,t closed amounted to within a fraction of
60*000,000 bushels and of flour 1,814,000 barrels.
Only forty-two members of the convention
were "in their seats yesterday, and after roll
call the Constitution tinkers adjourned for lack
of a quorum.
It is learned that Underwood personally in
vited Washburne and Cullom, of Illinois, to
visit the convention and lecture tho "faithful."
They will probably reach Richmond somo time
to-day
Rev. Robert Breckinldgo, of Kentucky, has
written President Johnson a letter, in which he
pleads for a pardon for his brother. General
John C. Breckinridge, now in exile and anxious
to come home. The reverend gentleman says
that his brother, in allying himself with the
Confederacy, was honestly In error, which error
he can atpne for aa a loyal citizcn at home bet
ter than ia exile.. ....
CAPTURE MORE MEN
THAN FORM ARMY
Veteran Deacrlbea Record Rattle
FoubHI at Monte
Tomba, ?
(By Associated Pre.*^]'
ITALIAN 111CADQUARTKRS IN
NORTHERN ITALY, Wednesday. Jan
uary 2.?The French in their recent
successful operation on Monte Tomba
carturcd more prisoners than thoy had
inon engaged, according to a veteran
oflieer who witnessed the fight.
"It was a record-making fight in
many respects," ho declared. "The
French took more prisoners than they
had men engaged, which la among tho
rccords in military annals. They a'.sc
captured their flrst Austrian prisoners,
which Is another milestono for them,
aa heretofore they had captured only
Germans.
"In addition to the 1.400 prisoners,
we counted DCO dead on the ground,
and no one knows how many more
were in the caverns and undir the
bushes. The perfect French military
system enabled them to accomplish
this with insignillcunt losses?less than
fifty men.
The Fifteenth Austrian Division, the i
one attacked, is considered a good i
fighting organization. But tho Aus
trian!) were accustomed to lighting Rus
sians, and this waa tho first Mmo they
had met tho highly trained' French
troops. Tho result was that rawness
and Indiscipline were swept away be
fore discipline and training.
"When the prisoners were brought |
in, 1 never saw a more miserable, piti
ful, starved lot of soldiers. When the '
oriicers were lined up there were forty- j
two Austrians and two Germans. The ,
Austrians were told they would receive
the usual treatment given officers and
gentlemen, but tho two Germans wero
told plainly that they would receive
exactly tho same treatment given
French ofTlccrs in Germany. The group
of Austrian officers was impressed
greatly at this, and openly declared
their hatred of tho Germans. A little
later we heard tho Austrian soldiers
cheering, and it turned out they were
chcerlng their French captors."
SttsIIo^ts Mercury Talbet.
'Special to The Tinics-Dlspatch.)
WINCHESTER. VA? January 3.? !
Grace Carver, member of a well-known
Frederick County family, Is precarious
ly ill here from taking bichloride of
mercury. It Is raid. She is reported to
have been distressed over a love af
fair. She swallowed one tablet and
another was found in her slipper.
Information Bureau
I
Inquiries regarding almont any topic. ;
excepting on legnl and medical *nh- j
Ject*. ore an**rcred free. An all In- '
quirien are anarrered directly by per- '
Monnl letter a at-lf-nddrmard. atamped j
envelope In reqnirrd. Atfdrrnn The
TliacK-LMapatch Information nureau,
Itlchmondt Va.
Popnlntlon of .Nation* at War.
T. M., Chinahport.?Populations of
nations at war, about 1.109.406.225; i
world's population, 1,721,426,090.
Immigrant and Immigrant.
E. \V. It.. Vorktown.?An alien who
comes into the country, intending tO|
remain, is an immigrant. One who
leaves is an emigrant.
No President* of German Anceatry.
L.. M. F., Vinton.?No. we have novor ?
had a President of Gorman ancestry in (
this country. Of 'he twenty-seven
Presidents, sixteen were of lOngliah an- j
cestry. eight of Scotch or Scotch-Irish. !
one Welsh and two Dutch.
Pnnnnia Cnnnl.
W. .!.? B.. Warrenton.?The ma'.nte- ,
nance, operation, government, etc.. in 1
under the direction of the Governor of ;
the Canal Zone, subject to the super- i
vision of the Secretary of War. All
acts must be approved by the President.
C'hincHc Wall.
C. D. Y.. Norfolk.?The Chinese call it
"the 10.000 li wall." which would mean
that it was something over 3,.150 miles j
long. Some modern writers range, in j
giving its length, from 1.200 to 1.700
miles. It is front twenty-five to thirty
feet high and about twenty feet thick
at the base.
Magazine* for Soldier*.
S. T. W., Graham.? It is not permitted
to place on a package of papers or
magazines the name of any definite lo
cation abroad; if. however, you will
place a 1-cent stamp on the outside of
each magazine and give It to the loenl
post-oflke. without address or wrap
ping. it will surely arrive eventually In [
tho hands of some soldier abroad at the i
front. i
Nirea of American King*.
E. \V. 1Middle'nijrg.?The garrison ,
flag of the United States Army is made 1
of bunting, with thirty feet fly and J
twenty feet hoist: thirteen stripes, and I
in the tipper quarter nest the staff is
the Held or "union" of stars, equal to !
the number of States, on blue tield. |
over one-third length of flag, extending
to the lower edge of the fourth red j
stripe from the top.
\?>rninntlng a Presidential Candidate.
Miss A. K. W.. Harrisonburg.?Prior
to JS24. presidential candidates were
chosen by caucuses of the State legis
latures. The first national convention
was held bv the anti-Masonic party in
Baltimore in 1831, and since that time
.ill presidential nominations have been
made at national conventions in which
the representation is usually determined
by the party vote at the preceding elec
tion. A majority of Uio delegates is
r.cccssarv to nominate candidates in
tha ciinvonl.'ons of the Republican par
tv, while in the Democratic conventions
oa? h State votes as a unit, tho State
delegation being governed by the ina
lority of its delegates, and a two
thirds veto is necessary {o nominate.
Ahont Joneph Warren.
Mrs. M. V. N? Richmond.?-Joseph
Warren was an American patriot, born
at Itoxhury, Mass., June 11. 1741. lie
was graduated from Harvard in 1759
and became a physician In Boston in
1764. In the early disputes between the
colonists and the British government
he associated himself with Samuel
Adams and other ardent Whigs, and
was the orator at the second anniver
sary of the Boston massacre, March 5.
1772. In 1772 he became a member of
the committee of correspondence, and
throughout the years immediately pre
ceding the Revolution he was a fre
quent contributor to the patriot rress.
He drafted the extreme but influential
Suffolk Resolves adopted in September.
1774. by a convention of Suffolk Coun
ty. and forming the most radical state
ment of the American position which
had up to that time been made.. Ho
was a member of the Provincial Con
gress of Massachusetts and In April.
1775. was elected president pro tctn. of
that body. In March of that year he
was again the orator at the anniversary
of the. Boston massacre, refusing to be
intimidated by the threats of British
officers. He had much to do with the
success at the Battle of Lexington on
April 19, and in June was commissioned
major general. lie opposed the occu
pation of Charlestown Heights, advo
cated by Putnam and Prcsoott, think
ing the American supply of ammuni
tion too small. Overruled by a ma
jority of tho council, which resolved
to fortify Bunker Hill, he went thero
as a volunteer, refusing to take the
ehlcf command, offered him by both
Preseott and Putnam. During tho bat
tle of June 17 he was killed. A nionu
ipcnt to his memory by Paul W. Bart
ett waa erected. In Boston 1a 190*4
JUDGE KEITH'S FUNERAL I
POSTPONED TO TO-MORROW (
IIIb Son. Lleatennnt Mnnaon Keith. Ki?
peeled to Arrive Form Te?M
This Afternoon. ^
Funeral services for Judgo James
Keith. who died day before yesterday
morning "t his homo, at 110 Cathedral
Place, have been postponed from to-day
till Saturday at noon, when It will taho
placo at St. Paul's Episcopal Church.
Tills postponement la to await tho
arrival of Lieutenant Manson Keith, his ?
son, from Texas.
The'active pallbearers will meet at
the home Saturday morning at 11:30
o'clock. The honorary pallbearers will ? *
meet at the church at 11:40, but aro
not expected to attend the burial,
which will bo in Hollywood Cemetery.
Pallbearers will bo as follows:
Active?II. Stewart Jonos, Bruce
Howe, Warren 1*. Taylor. M. B. Watts,
llonry C. Jtlcly, Jonathan Bryan, Mayor
George Ainslie, Nelson Ingram. Cray
Garland and Foster Wilt.
Honorary?Judges John A. Buchanan,
Richard If. Card well, George M. Harri
son. Stafford G. Whittle, Joseph L. Kel
ly, Robert H. Prentls, F. W. Sims, Mar
tin P. Burks and L. L. Lewis and Gov
ernor Henry Carter Stuart, Colonel W.
Gordon McCabe, Colonel Thomas Smith,
ttt. Rev. D. J. O'Conncll. Major Jen
nings C. Wise, Major Henry C. Carter.
Messrs. James 15. Pace, Henry R. Pol
lard, Fred S. Valentine, Edgar II. Fer
gusson. W. W. Scott, James D. l'atton,
R. Walton Moore, 11. H. Downing, Hugh
Hamilton, Moses M. Green, William
H. White, Wyndham R. Meredith, Frrd
W. Scott. Eppa Hunton, Jr., Henry P.
Taylor. Jr., Alfred P. Thom, John
Stewart Bryan. Henry S. Payne,
Thomas P. Bryan and B. R. Wellford.
USE COAL SPARINGLY
Tolnl Snpjtlr In niehmoml Is 4,005
Toaii Moiilr Tlun of tie
Mine.
As a result of numerous complaints
that the coal dealers in Richmond have
refused lo well coal to Individuals, A.
llelrne Blair, chairman of the local
fuel commission, has Issued the fol
lowing warning:
"If it is brought to roy attention that
any Richmond dealer declines to sell
a person coal who Is In need of it, and
I find that '.he dealer has coal on hand,
I will immediately commandeer It."
Mr. Blair stated that there was a
serious shortage in anthracite coal, hut
that the .^oft coal situation was not so
bad if the people will use it sparingly.
According to report from State Fuel
Administrator Byrd there was on hand
In Richmond on December 27. 4,905
tons of coal, including 3,460 tons of
run of the mine. 2GQ tons of splint, and
th'* rest wa* anthracite.
Mr. Byrd Is nI?:o making efforts to
secure various grades of coke from
the Alabama coke ovens to relieve tho
yhortage of anthracite coal In Norfolk,
Newport News and other sections of
the State. The coal situation ha3 be
come a very serious problem, and tho
people must begin to realize that un
less ihey use ?ho coal very sparingly
the city and State will be threatened
with a coal famire.
Will Enlarge Power Honae.
IMans have been drawn and an appli
cation filed at the Building Inspector's
ofiice by the Virginia Railway and
Power Company for an addition to its
power plant at the foot of Twelfth
Street. It Is estimated that tho coat
will bo JS.000.
Rletmr t'nae Ccntlanri.
Percy J. Townes, age twenty year?,
charged with bigamy and contributing
to the delinquency of Elizabeth Ford,
age fourteen years, of "07-A West
Marshall Street, was in Police Court
yesterday morning, but a continuance
was secured l.y hin counsel to Januarv
12. The Ford girl was accompanied
to court by her mother. As th';y left
the bench after Judge CrutchHeld tot
the day for the hearing, the little girl
wr;it bitterly.
Mnjor Wl?e In France.
According to Information received
here yesterday. Major Jennings C.
Wise, former commandant of cadets
at the Virginia Military Institute, and
now In the regular United States Army,
has arrived safely in France.
Voice of the People
Letters mmt elre the use and ?l
drras of the writer. Name Trill sot fcs
published if writer bo request*.
A Pies for TtsllrosA.
To the Editor of Tho Times-Dispatch:
Sir.? If Richmond will not males
every effort to prevent tho abandon
ment of the fifteen tulles of railroad
known as the Richmond and Rappa
hannock line, it will be passing strange.
F-->r the last forty-five yearn, ever since
the regular stage coach ran between
Tappahannock and Richmond, a dis
tance of fifty miles, has tho question
of bringing this part of tho Statu in
communication with Richmond by roil
been agitated. Again nnd again have
different surveys been made, and dif
ferent routes discussed and planned,
all to fall through. When this rO-id
was at last begun and completed as far
as the Pamunkey River, it was the
general opinion then that It would not
pay unless extended to the Rappahan
nock River.
This section of Virginia through
which it was to run. Is tho largest area
without railroad facilities cast of tho
Ohio River. 1 understand, and is rich
In abundant resources, all of which
now go to Baltimore. Even tho rich,
fertile lands, within fourteen miles of
Richmond, lying on the Pamunkey
River, in Hanover County, will again
ship their products to Baltimore If
this road is abandoned. Richmond will
certainly be lacking In self interest
nnd enterprise to let this beginning
slip away and not grasp it, In order to
at last reach this desirable section of
the State. B. C. BROADDUS.
Old Church, Va., December 31, 1917.
The Way of War.
[Written for 1 he Times-Dispatch.1
["Before the leaves have fallen from
the trees you will be back In your
homes."?Kaisar Wilhelm to his peopls
or< the first day of the war, quoted by
Ambassador Gerard.]
Four autumn's leaves have fallen from
the trees,
Yet home Is distant far. and ill at case
Wc struggle on, nor near the blessed
day
When parents, children, wives we shall
embrace?
Save in our dreaming many leagues
away. *
There rtestlo in a little downy bed,
Under the shelter of an humble home,
Two children, curly haired, checks rosy
red.
Who wonder daily why I do not come.
A German mother tells them of their
sire
Fighting amid a hell of murderous Are.
When shall It bo that I their lips s|iall
kiss.
And hold in my embrace those fornia
I love.
Around the hearth-fire taste that earth
ly bliss
That Is a touch of heavenly bliss
above?
"Men, to tho guns!" Again the stiffen
ing stress!
Pain, blapkness! Our Father ? wife,
children?bless!
JAMES RIDDICK LAUGHTON.
ranuaor 1. 3,911,

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