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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, January 06, 1918, Image 1

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Financial News
The Times - Dispatch Reports
Are Authoritative
68TH YEAR.
VOIXMF 68
NIMIIKK ?
RICHMOND, VA., SUNDAY, JANUARY G, 1918. -FORTY-SIX PAGES
UKATHEK. _SNOW
r.\(ib o
Seen on the Side
>9
A T.-D. Editorial Page Feature
?Light. Bright and Unique
PRICE, FIVE CENTS
TO DESTROY HUN !
DOMINANCE REAL i
OBJECT OF WAR
British Premier Defines Is
sues Involved in Speech
to Trades Unions.
NOT SEEKING TO WRECK
GERMANY AND HER ALLIES
Insists Right to Have Dem
ocratic Government Be
Vested in People.
TO RKTl'R.V ALSACIM.OR.AIXK
Restoration of Belgium Is Demand
ed, as Well h-s Reparation for
Injuries Inflicted.
LONDON, January I>The l'.ritisli
Prune Minister. David Lloyd George.
' to-day net forth Great Britain k war
almu more specifically and at great'-r
length before the delegates of the
trades unions than he had ever d'.>:ie
before. j
Having first declared that it. was not
a war of aggression against Germany
or tLo German people, and that the
breaking up of the German peoples or
the disintegration of their mate v-as
not ono of the object* for which the
allies were flzhting. he proceeded to j
mention the fundamental Issues for j
wnlch Britain and her allies wore con
tending.
First among these was the restot i
tjon of Belgium and reparation for the
injuries inflicted. Next came the res
toration of Serbia, Montenegro and i'i*
occupied parts of France, Italy and
Rc mania. France must have Alsu?*?
Iy? ulne. and to this end. s."!d the
Pri Uer. the British nation would
stai ' by the French democracy in the
death.
The question of Russia was touched
upon, and Lloyd George said that B-lt
ain. as well as America. France and
Italy, would have been proud to
by "the side of the new Russian de
mocracy. Rut now Russia could only
be saved by her own people. He de- ,
clared an Independent Poland an urger.t
neceaaity for the stability of Western
Kurope.
Roumanta is to be protected, and ine
Brltlbh and other nllles are with Italy j
in her desire for complete union of
the people of Italian race and tongue, j
Of Austria-Hungary, he felt, that while
the breaking up of the dual kingdom
was no part, of the allied war aims,
tt was Impossible to hope for ll.e re
moval of causes of unrest in that pa-t
of Kurope unlets genuine self-Rovern
> me.nt was granted the Austro-llunga
rtan nationalities.
The Turkish empire, within the
homelands of the Turkish taco. with
Constantinople as its capital, may be
maintained. Rut ihe passage between
the Mediterranean and Black Seas
must be Internationalized :tnd neutral- j
Ized. and. In the British view, Arabia
Armenia, Mesopotamia. Syria and Pal
estine are entitled to recognition of
their separate national condition#.
The matUr of the German colonies,
all of which are now in the hands of
the allies, will be placed before a con
ference. whose decision, however, irrst
consider the wishes and interests or
the Inhabitants?the future adminis
tration must be acceptable to the va
rious tribes.
The Premier made brief reference to
the violations of international law
committed by Germany, with special
emphaaiw on the sea. and the peace .
conference, he declared, must not lose
sight of the outrages sjlTered by Brit
ish and other seamen and the services ;
they had rendered.
The three cardinal points of the
? British terms, as enunciated by ihe
British Premier, are: Re-establish
ment of the sanctity of treaties; ter
ritorial settlement, based on the right
of self-determination or the consent
of the governed; the creation of an in
ternational organization to limit ar
maments and diminish the probability
of war.
ADDRESS ONE OF MOST
A(11,10 IV ? oni-irs HISTORY
No British statesman sincc the be
ginning of the war has given such a
detailed and explicit statement of Bri
tain's war alms as contained in the
Premier's address, which was deliv
cred before the man power confer- ;
ence of the labor leaders in West
< minster Hall. Three hundred delegates
were present, and also Sir Auckland
Gedde.s. Minister of National Service,
and George II. Roberts, Minister of
Labor. George N. Barnes, member of ,
tho War Cabinet, presided.
Thf. proceedings were private, neither j
me public nor members of the press I
being admitted, and after tho meet- ;
ing the delegates dispersed to their i
homes, mostly In the north, for con- j
sultation with their constituents. They I
will reassemble for tlitf conclusion of j
the negotiations with the minister of
national service over the proposed ex- |
tension of recruiting, in which the
government wishes to include certain
classes of skilled workers, to whom
exemption was provided when the con
scription bill was adopted.
Moet of the labor men who com
mented on the speech Indorsed It. But
Lloyd George went further on some
Important points than was anticipated. j
Again ho has drawn a sharp and dc- i
finite? line against Germany on the
(Continued 011 Second Page.)
,, STOPS TOBACCO HABIT.
v Elders' Sanitarium, located at 514
Main St., St. Joseph, Mo., has published
a booklet showing the deadly effect of
tobacco habit, and how It can bo
stopped In three to five days at home.
As they are distributing this book
free, any 0110 wanting a copy should
send their name and address at once. 1
?Adv.
Uncle Sam Plans
to Handle Meat
PIIII.AIJE1.PIIIA. January 5.?The
RovrrriiurnI mny tukc over the meat
induatry, It (van ludlcatcd nt to
dnj'x nr\<iliin of the l-'edcral Trade
(onimlnaion here.
An official connected with the
romnilo.ilon, tiIiIrh hn? been ln\r?ll
gntlng meat conditlon.i here, prophr
n led that the government Intended
to aeir.e all the parking and allied
InduntrlcM, mid Krnncla J. Henej,
nho la examining ^vltneaaea, did not
deny thai the plnn v?na being cou
itldered In \\ aahlngton.
"The course the In* eatlgutlnn la
inking In plain enough." aald Mr.
Ilcney. Draw jour onn conclu
sions." \
??The l-'edernl government nil) as
sume control of the business through
a reeelverahlp,'' anld I lie memher of ,
the commission who dlacloaed I he
purpoxc of (he I n ? ea 11 g:i t Ion. "I
cunuot be >|iioted. The ment supply '
la to the nation the railroad* j
nre to t rHiiaporiu Moo, and it bus
been concilia! v cl y proven Hint reg- !
ulntfon at thia lime la neccsanrjr."'
POLLARD LEfll/ES FOR
Y.M. C. A. WORK IN FRANCE
Attorney-General of Virginia Re
signs and Is Succeeded by
?loxiali D. Hanks.
HAS HA I) UMQUK C A R E E R
Recent Candidate fur (iovernor of
Virginia Is Called Into Spcrial
Work for Assistance of United
States Armies in France.
Attorney-General John Garland bol
lard hundod in his resignation yester
day to Governor Stuart. to take effect
at ?->n<*e. He will leave immediately
for France to engage in administrative
work of the War Work Council of the
V. M. C. A. Immediately upon the re
ceipt of the resignation, which Gov
ernor Stuart accepted, the Governor
referred the vacancy to the hoard, con
sisting of Auditor of Public Accounts
C. L.*?? Moore, Second Auditor Hose
well Page and State Treasurer C. II.
I.'rner, who elected Josiah I>. Hanks,
the Assistant Attorney-General, to fill
out the unexpired term. Mr. Pollard
stated in hi? resignation that it would
be inconvenient to Attorney-General
elect John It. Saunders to take charge
of the office before the beginning of
the regular term, February 1. accord
ing to Mr. Saunders, and recommended
the election of Mr. Hanks, who, he
said, has the office well in hand. Leon
Bozellc was appointed to fill the va
cancy caused by the promotion of Mr.
Hanks.
i:.VPi;CT1 TO I.EA\E I oil
ITIAXCE AT ONCE
Mr. I'ollard stated that he would
leave for New York to-night. His
transport rails for departure for
France, where he will take an active
part in ihe administration of the work
of the War Work Council of the Y.
M. C. A. within a short tim?*: yet, as
Mr. Pollard stated, he is subject to
orders, and may be sent back to Vir
ginia for a few days to recruit a squad
of Virginia men and women to ac
company him to France to do work in
every phase of the Y. M. C. A. activi
ties. He stated that in case he did
so he would be in no position to ofTer
any one a job, ns the services would
be almost entirely gratuitous, the gov
ernment only providing for the V. M.
1 ? A. workers, except in some cases
where it might ho essential to lend
some assistance to the family of the
one going over. Women only be
tween the age* of tv.enty-six and
forty are enlisted for this ccrvice,
ami no man over fifty. In all cases
the persons must stand a physical ex
amination. Mr. Pollard said that he
had already been vaccinated for small
pox. typhoid and trench fever.
The ex-Attorney-General seems
pleased with the prospect of going to
France and being of real wervioe at
the front to the American soldiers. He
feels that it is a. privilege as well as
a task, since lie is above the military
age. Those who might accompany him
w i11 go as hut secretaries, religious
secretaries, canteen workers, etc. Mr.
I ollard stated that l.e regarded the
War Work Council of the V. M. C. A.
as a winy of the army and virtually
essential to its effectiveness.
Attorney-General Hanks, Pollard's
successor, was a Norfolk lawyer before
coming to Richmond. Mr. Pollard ex
pressed himself very warmly regard
ing Mr. llanks's ability. The new State
officer came hero last August from
Norfolk, where he had engaged in the
practice of law for soine years and
attained marked success. Sincc he has
been Assistant Attorney-General he
took part in about fifteen cases, win
ning all of them for the State. He
returned from Washington Friday
night, wherti he had been to appear
in the Supremo Court of the United
States in the Artnour tax ease.
(?O VEIlNOIl STIIAUT WHITES
LETTER OK APPRECIATION
Following Is Governor Stuart's let
ter of acceptance of Mr. Pollard's resig
nation, which resulted from his re
ceiving an Immediate call to the Y. M.
C. A. work:
My Dear Mr. Pollard:
I have your letter of January 5, in
j which you tender your resignation as
| Attorney-General of Virginia, in order
that you may answer an urgent call of
the national war work council of the
Young Men's Christian Association for
work among Ihe American troops in
?France.
Much as I regret to accept your
resignation and to lose your valuable
(Continued on Fifth Page.)
TRUCK?D-E WORM DRIVE
Deliver the ?roo<ln. Immediate, delivery: ti
hIsscs; Continental Motor. Kllno Kur Sulca,
822 West Broad Street.?Adv. '
GENERAL ASSEMBLY
MEETS WEDNESDAY
| j
Important Session of Virginia
Legislature Attracting
Much Attention.
PLANS FOR ORGANIZATION i
Senate Committees Hold Over.
Shake-Up Expected in House,
Due to New Members.
Am nr. ir the many important ni"as
i:rf-s that will engage the attention of
he General Assembly of Virginia, which j
convenes 'it the Capitol here on Wed-[
nesday for is liiennial sixty days' ses- :
??ion, will ho the report of the Vir
ginia Code revisers-- ? Martin I*. IJurks, !
Francis 15. Hutton an<l .Samuel A. An
derson? which in said 10 have made a
qri-a t nurnher of radical, but badly
needed, change: from tho Code now
in ctfect; tlie requests for enlarged ap
1 propriations for the conduct of almost
every department of the State; the sug
gested abolition of certain taxes and
the reduction of others according to
the annual report of Auditor of Public
Accounts C. I^ee Moore; especially the
request of Commissioner of Prohibi
tion J. Sidney Peters for 1100,000 in ?
place of the present $40,000 with which
to ? nforce the liquor laws; the ratltlca- ?
tion of the prohibition amendment to
the Federal Constitution, and a bill by .
Senator G. Walter Mapp to register all!
men between eighteen and fifty years
of age to see that there are no indus
trial slackers in Virginia for at least I
nix months of the year.
S i:N ATE COMMITTEE
ALREADY IV SESSION
Th<! Senate virtually opened on last
Monday, when the members of the Sen
ate Finance Committee convenel to
hear the reports and requests for ap
propriations for the two ensuing fiscal
years by th'i heads of the different de- j
P3rtments of the State.
The hundred members of the House
of Delegates, of which forty-ono of
them are new to the body that met ,
here two years ago. will be arriving
in the city to-morrow, while the re- !
mairiing members of the Senate will !
be collecting here to resume their j
duties at the same time. Among the
new members of tho hous? are John j
White Stuart, a nephew of Governor
Henry C. Stuart, and Major James N. j
Stubbs, who. with the exception of one
or two terms, has been in the General
Assembly since 1869. In -the Senate;
! Chamber will be First Lieutenant
Willis Robertson, the only member in
attendance in uniform. He received
his commission at the second officers'
training carnp at Fort Myer, but has
obtained a furlough in order to appear
here to attend tho General Assembly.
On Tuesday night there will be
separate Democratic caucuses to nom
inate the officers of the respective
branches. In the Senate all the officers
were elccted at the last session to hold
office during this meeting. Assistant
Doorkeeper Major Moses M. Greene, of
Fauquier County, is reported to be too
ill to attend; therefore, it is certain
that a successor to Major Greene will
be nominated at the Senate Democratic
caucus on Tuesday nicht. C. Harding
Walker i3 president pro tem.
IIAllllY ft. HOUSTON WITHOUT
OPPOSITION AS SPEAKER
In the House. Clerk John W. Wil
liams is the only officer whose tenure
holds over from last session. But in
the Democratic caucus on Tuesday
night the officers for the House will
b<; nominated. For Speaker. Harry R.
Houston, of Elizabeth City: for clerk.
John W. Williams, of Cilcs, and for
scrgeunt-at-arms. John M. Johnson, of
Rockbridge, have no opposition. First
l Doorkeeper S. M. Newhouse, of Cul
peper, has no opposition: but C. A.
i Truslow, candidate for re-election as
! second doorkeeper, will have F.ime
'opposition, it is said, though who tho
! opponent will be is not known. Clerk
Williams will act in his official ca
j pacity until a Speaker has been elect
; cd. after which his tenure of office
j ceases. There is no doubt that Mr.
i Williams will be elected immediately
1 after the election of the Speaker to
1 succecil himself. After the election of
officers in the House the communica- !
1 tion from Secretary of the State B O.
James as to the personnel of the new
j members will be read. Rev. J. V. Fair.
| D. D.. of Westminster Presbyterian
| Church, will then open the meeting
with tho customary invocation.
The Senate being alroauy organized,
j as soon as the House organizes, a com - !
j mitten will be appointed to wait on !
(Continued on Tenth Page.)
IN BATTLE OF WITS
Wendenburg Fails to Trap Cham
berlin in Cross-Ex
amination.
ON STAND FOR SIX HOURS
First Doubt That Physician May
Be Guiltless of Murder
Creeps Out at Trial.
i r.y a Staff f'orrespnml'-nt.)
cobcHiiAND couktik va..
January 5.?The Sir: * doubt that Dr.
Asa W. Chambcrlin may be Kuiltlo.vs
of the muflT of his brother. Judge
Albert P. Chambr-rlin. crept into ilv;
minds of court spectators hero to-day.
when, for six hours, the accused more
than held his own against the terrific
effort of \j. O. Wendenburg to break
down the testimony tie had given in
his own defense yesterday.
The knowledge that he lias done well
by himself in to-day's proceedings, j
supplemented by the fact that his
daughter. Mrs. Clara Axford. a pretty
and youthful matron of Wluatland.
Wyo.. has arrived to comfort and de
fend him. leaves him in the most
cheerful frame of mind evidenced since
"nls trial began last Tuesday morn
ing.
The doctor showed himself more
than a match for the fertile mind of
Wendenburg. the Richmond lawyer
who has been a terror to defendants
for many years. Mr. Wendenburg at
tacked the doctor's direct testimony
from every angle, but in no instance
did he get the best of the man ac
cused of the most horrible rnurrie*- in
the history of the Commonwealth.
Time and again he tried to trap the
doctor into making some Matement
contradictory to his original testi
mony. Always he failed, but each
time he returned more vigorously tc
the attack. Often the doctor smiled:
frequently he got a laugh from the
crowd by twists of grim humor that
left the lawyer's blood red.
UNABLE TO TRAP PRISONER
IN REVIEW OF EVIDENCE
A dramatic moment was when after
Mr. Wendenburg had slowly traced
j tho evidence to the point of Dr. Whit
; field's expert testimony relative to the
presence of a tiny "beggar louse"
covered with blood and flesh on the
| doctor's jumpeT jacket, the accused
grabbed the little seed, sprang in front
j of the jury box. his slightly palsied
I hands trembling with fervor, and de
| clared: "Gentlemen of tho jury, isn't
: that a fine thing upon which to sentence
a man to death?" He was then ad
I monished by Judge Rutherfoord to
leave argument of the evidence to
| counsel, but his evident sincerity had
its effect.
| The lawyer was not able to trap
! the accused in his review of the evi
! dence relative to whence came the
: money alleged to have been paid the
murdered brother for the surrender
j of the note, which plays so large a
part in the doctor's prosecution. Un
der the circumstances the physician
I showed remarkable resourcefulness in
i accounting for the money, but often
I baffled the lawyer by his convenient
faculty of forgetting. When some
times it seemed that he had stepped
! into deadfalls he remembered that all
I of his papers had been seized by the
I State. Then he reminded the lawyer
i that he could not bo expected to an
' swer when the only records he had
, kept were in the hands of the prosecu
| tion.
| WEN DEN Bl' fttt ENDS
EA AM I NATION IN DESPAIR
Dr. Chamberlin corroborated State's
witnesses in tho essential points of
i their testimony relative to his move
inenls immediately before and after
the alleged lime of the killing. lie
stoutly maintained, however, that h?
left his brother when he last saw him
! with the most cordial feelings exist
ing between thein. He admitted say
ing to Funder Itritt that Judge Cha.m
berlin had gone to Cheyenne, Wyo.,
where the. whitened bones of many
men had been found in dark and dis
mal places, but It was evident that, lie
was* trying to impress the jury that
he was making a play upon neero
superstition and credulity with the
mulatto. lie stated, by way of ex
planation. lhat the Wyoming town was
once one of tho roughest in the West.
He also admitted telling Louisa Hoal
right not to trip over the "dark ob
ject" left near her homeward path
when sho left his home on the fate
ful night of his return from his broth
(Continued on Tenth Pago.)
Orders 20 Per Cent Decrease in
Through Traffic on All
Eastern Roads.
HASTENS FREIGHT SHIPMENTS
Locomotives and Crews Freed to
Facilitate Movement of Coal
and Other Necessities.
' H . A?soctat?il Trpy.* 1
WASHINGTON, January 5.?To free'
locomotives and crews for the more:
important freight transportation,
per cent of th<! through passenger,
trains on the Eastern railroads will lie
discontinued to-morrow t>v approval of
Dircctor-General JIt'Adoo. The running
schedule o? others will he. reduced to '
lower speed to facilitate the movement '
of freight trains.
This policy, announced to-night by ,
the director - general, will be gradually
extended to affect train service through
out the country. Fast trains between
New Y^rk and Chicago and St. I.ouis,
and between Chicago and Southern and
Western points probably will be the
next to be affected. Individual rail
roads will take the initiative in sug
gesting curtailments, but these will b?
approved by tho director-general in
most cases.
In approving new passenger sched
ules to-day, Mr. McAdoo ordered a num
ber of modifications resulting in reten
tion of more parlor cars than the rail
roads had planned.
Mr. McAdoo appealed to the public
in a statement to-night to refrain from
travel as much as possible, but prom
ised that no commuter trains or others
necessary for proper maintenance ot
business life in cities will be elimi
nated.
Congress next week will tAke up the
railroad bills introduced yesterday fol
lowing I'r jsident Wilson's message on
government operation, and discussion
' to-day among members of both houses
j indicated a very marked difference of
I opinion over whether government con
trol should extend only for a definite
! period after the end of '.he war. or in
i definitely until Congress orders other
? wise.
I COAL COBS FORWARD
AnEAD OK OTHER FREIGHT
Coal continued to go forward to-day
ahead of other freight. 11 answer to
j a number of inquiries from coal op
| erators and deilers concerning the
status of former priority orders, Fuel
' Administrator Garfield telegraphed this
I explanation:
"By direction of Director-General
McAdoo. all priority orders heretofore
j issued with rcspect to transportation
i have been suspended and no further
' priorities may be claimed thereunder.
Further orders for priorities -will be
issued In emergencies under Mr. Me
Adoo's direction as occasion may re
quire."
Mr. McAdoo to-day took further steps
to prevent friction in the government's
dealings with railroad labor by arrang
ing with William II. Johnston, presi
dent of the International Association
of Machinists, to call off several minor
strike*; of machinists until the railroad ,
administration can formulate a definite J
wage and labor policy.
The director-general also announced |
that as soon as the railroad bill is !
passed he will take steps to use more '
Intensively tho country's navigable j
rivers and canals.
"I am very much pleased," he said. t
"that provision is made in the pend- i
!ng railroad bill for use of the Inland
waterways of the United Stales in con
nection with the railroad system now
under government control. The proper j
use of these waterways will largely
increase tho transportation facilities
of the ?country, and if the pending bill
is passed giving authority to the I'rcei
i dent to expend money for the develop
ment of transportation facilities on the
inland waterways, every effort will be
' made to utilize them to the full extent I
! of their capacity."
j McADOO ISM"KM STATEMENT
CONCERNING LESSENED TRAFFIC
j Commenting on reasons for curtail
ing passenger trafiic, Mr. McAdoo said:
"My elimination of unnecessary pas
senger train service, much motive
power, skilled labor, track and termi
nal facilities are released for the
handling of coal and food and other
I supplies essential to the life of the peo
i pie. as well as to tho successful prose
cution of the war. Every patriotic
citizen can directly help the govern
| rnent In clearing up the present unsat
I (Continued on Tenth l'age. t
Raiding in the Pacific on Board
the German Pirate Ship Seeadler
Captain Haldor Smith, master of the ill-fated American ship, R. C. Slade, who was
! taken prisoner by (lie pirate ship Seeadler after his own vessel had been sent to the bottom,
i is writing for The Times-Dispatch the story of his adventures on board the Hun raider, and
after he made his escape. He tells how his ship was burned at sea and he was forced aboard
the Ilun rover, even assisting the pirates to shell other American ships. The Seeadler finally
! was wrecked at her anchorage near Bahia Island and its commander escaped in a small
motorboat, leaving his crew and prisoners to their fate. After six weeks on the deserted
island, Captain Smith, with men from the Slade, left in a boat which they had made and
sailed 1,000 miles to Pago Pago, taking the first news of the disaster to the pirates.
"Go through what I've gone through and tell me if the raider crew weren't pirates, but by
the grace of God here I am again with my family, my little boy and my wife," says Captain
Smith, in telling of his adventures. "It was like a dream 1 had read in a book."
Captain Smith's remarkable story is being printed in six installments. The second in
stallment will be printed in The Times-Dispatch on Saturday, January 12. Have your news
! dealer reserve a copy for you.
Ask Nation Adopt
One-Delivery Idea
WASH INtiTO.V, January 5.? Inati
I ii ((on of Ibr onc-rto!lvrry-a-Uny
system by AVnnhlnKlon In
nud (he utilization of (liclr wagons
uml trucks to clear up roncrttlwn !
ot frrlchl tcrminala nn? nniil to
day to be preliminary to a nation
wide movement to speed u|t the tin
londlni; of frelc;ht if the flan here
proven successful.
A. W. Sliaw, chairman of the Com
mercial lOconoiny Hoard, nnil Hale
Ilolileit, one of the adviser* of 1)1
rcctor-tieneral >li'Adoii, are respon
sible for the adoption of the plan In
\Va.ihlnKloii, and if It proves of
\nlnc. Jlr. Holdeu will rccommcnd
to IMreclor-ticncral of liallroails Mc
Adoo that blanket extension be made
to e%ery elty.
Voluntary nsrcrmpnl I* expected,
but it haii been suqxcnltMl that ?urh
a plan inluht be r*nforccd by drns- I
tic curtailment of the time allowed
for unloading freight. It l<i prob
able thnt merelianln will he notified i
In advance when to .'xpcct shlp
meritn to nrri^e and (hat they will !
be expected (o clear (he cari with
in twenty-four houn or lea*. '1'hii
would cflrct a mill* I ant la I lncr?-nse
In the car supply. Ilnilroad men are
understood to rrgaril the plan with
hlf;h approval.
WOOL SHOHTDGE SCIRE
BROUGHT SHODDY GOODS
Such Is Stntement Mndo by Quar
termaster's Agent to Senate
Probe Committee.
SYSTEM C A USE OF DELAYS
American Clotli Makers Xot Equli>
ped to Make All-Wool Garments
and Hence Could Not Sliaro in
Contracts, Witness Testifies.
f By Associated Press. 1
WASHINGTON, January 5.?Respon
sibility for shortages of army clothing
was placed upon the supplies com
mittee of tho Council of National De
fense to-day by Colonel Elmer Lindsley.
quartermaster's agent at Philadelphia,
testifying at tho Senate committee's
war inquiry. Another witness. William
Blanchi, a New York dealer, who has
purchased cloth for foreign armies,
charged that an unnecessary wool
shortage "scare" was crcated to in
crease the uso of wool shoddy, or
dered for army garments by the sup
plies committee.
Colonel Lindsley contradicted the re
cent testimony of Vice-Chairman Ei?
enman. of the supplies committee, that
the commlttecd had secured an abund
ance of cloth for army need3. He said
there now is a shortage of 1,000,000
yards of cloth and that tho supplies
committee system was responsible for
both delays and friction.
Garment manufacturers, tho witness
delared, are without sufficient cloth
to keep their factories working to ca
pacity and in that connection, ho said
that "haggling" by the committee with
the American Woolen Company 'last
summer over prices had caused a loss
to the government of 3,000,000 yards of
cloth, many looms being idle for two
or three months. Strikes of garment
makers also have caused some delay, he
said.
Uianchi said the wool shortage
"scare," a? he termed it, was in the
interest of manufacturers of shoddy
garments. Many American cloth
makers. he testilied, do not have fac
tories equipped to make all-wool gar
ments, and, therefore, could not have
shared in tho war contracts if shoddy
had not been approved for ariny cloth
ing. European armies, ho asserted,
arc better clothed than American tsol
diers, and ho severely criticized tho use
of shoddy, declaring it wholly unnec
essary.
Chairman Chamberlain announced
that discrepancies in the testimony of
Mr. Kiseninan and Quartermaster-Gen-{
eral Sharpe regarding responsibility j
for (he clothing shortage, arc to lie
cleared up by reports of cloth deliv
eries which both are securing for the
committee. Each has placet! the re
sponsibility on the other.
It also was announced during the day
that the coinmittco had asked Secre
tary I'.aker for a complete report as to
any clothing shortages in the training
camps on January 1. Previous reports
have dealt with conditions as they ex
isted some time ago, and the commit
tee wants to know just what is the
situation at present.
Conclusion of the entire army in
quiry late next week or during the fol
lowing week Is planned. Committee
members desiro to close the. hearings
quickly, make a prompt report to tho
Senate, and press Chairman Chamber
lain's bill to establish a department
of munitions and other legislation. In
quiry into the clothing situation, which
will be resumed Monday, is to l?e fol
lowed by investigation of cantonment
contracts and the aviation service. In
cluding progress on the new Liberty
motor.
I'nlteil State* (o Open School.
WASHINGTON. January 5.?The gov
ernment is going to open a school for
stenographers. Shortage of oltice help
has compelled Uncle Sam to train his
own stenographers and typists. Through
tho Washington otlice of tho United
States Employment Bureau, schools
are to be established for "intensive"
training of girls and women.
Tw*nty-Two Ships I.ost.
I/ONDON, January 5.?In December,
twenty-two Norwegian ships, with
total gross tonnage of 32.755, wero
lost i?i consequence of war measures,
tho Norwegian legation announced to
day. Seventy-live lives wero lost.
NOI.ll> KAK? Kf.lNK
Mario in Solid City?Richmond?for the Solid
South. No deluy In cur parttt.?Adv.
Lloyd George Makes Most
Comprehensive Utter
ance of the Day.
SELF-GOVERNMENT IDEALS
BASIS FOR ADJUSTMENTS
New Order Will Replace Old
System of Council Negotia
tions by a Few Schemers.
RESTORATION OF BELGIUM
Reparation for Injustice and Dam
age Done Nations?Slav Delegates
Kail to Meet Iluus.
Great Britain's war aims wera set
forth yesterday by Premier Lloyd
George in the broadest and at the same
time most specific manner In which
they havo yet been stated. In one of
the most striking and comprehensive
utterances of the war, the Premier
made it clear what the British nation
and empire would regard as a. Just and
durable peace. This, he declared, must
be achieved by the re-establishment of
the sanctity of treaties, territorial ad
justments on tho basis of self-govern
ment and the limitation of armaments
guaranteed by an International organi
zation.
Great Britain was not fighting, Eald
the Premier, to disrupt Germany, de
stroy Austria-Hungary or take Tur
key's capital or her home lands from
her. Tho desire Instead, he Insisted,
was to turn Germany from her Bchemcs
of military domination to beneficont
tasks In the world and to settle the
territorial questions of the war In a
way that would do justice to the vari
ous nationalities affected.
In efTect a reply to a rejection ot
the peace terms of the ccntral powers,
as voiced by their spokesman recently
at Brest Litovsk. the Premier's speech
was for tho most part an afilrmative
utterance. In great detail he went
into the many problems calling for
solution If the peace he had in mind
was to bo forthcoming.
MUST ItUSTOIlH BELGIUM
AND MAKK 11EPARATIOV
Thus, he indicated, Belgium must be
completely restored and reparation
inado to her as far as possible; France
must have the v/rcng of 1S71?the tak*>
ing from her of Alsace-Lorraine
righted; an independent Poland riust
bo established, Including all of Pol
ish nationality who desire to join in
it; tho peoples of such regions as
Arabia, Palestine, Mesopotamia and
Armenia, who have been under Turkish
domination, must have their separate
national conditions recognized: tho
wishes and Interests of the natives of
the German colonies must bo primarily
regarded by tho peace conference; tho
claims of Italy for reunion for those
of her own race and languago must be
regarded as vital; Roumania, Serbia.,
and Montenegro must bo restored.
All these and other like adjustments,
the Premier showed, would bo carried
out in accordance with tho principle
of self-government, or tho consent of
the governed, the enunciation of whicit
may be taken as the keynote of hla
speech. This form of settlement, lio
declared, should replace tho old system
of negotiations at a council table by
a few schemers trying to promote the
interests of one dynasty or another.
OM.Y RUSSIA'S I'EOPLK
NOW CAN SAVE HEIt
Regret that Russia was no longer
fighting on the side of the allies was
expressed by the Premier, who de
clared only Russia's own people could
save her now from falling ultimately
under Prussian domination.
In beginning, the Premier pointed
out that lio was speaking not merely
for the British government. Ha had
been at pains to consult representative
opinion of all sections of thought be
fore framing his utterances, and thu3
was speaking the mind of the nation
and the empire.
An interesting development of the
day was tho complication at Brest
Litovsk, where the peace negotiators
of the central powers arrived for a
resumption of the conferences with the
Russians, only to find the Russian
representatives not there. Instead, a
message was awaiting them proposing
tho transfer of the negotiations to
Stockholm. It appeared later, how
ever. according to German advices, that
the Russian delegates, on learning that
tho Germans had returned to Brest
Litovsk, were starting from Petro
grad for the former place, accom
panied by Leon Trotzky, tho Bolshevik
Foreign Minister.
Military operations of a major na
ture are virtually at a standstill on all
the fronts. None of tlio ufilclai state*
merits record anything but minor
operations.
?-?.?v.nno (iKitMAN soi.niKits
IX KOV.M) IS REVOLT
LONDON, January D.?A dispatch re
ceived here from the Russian wireless
service says that 2.1,000 German sol
diers In the region cast of Kovno have
revolted. German deserters state that,
in consequence of the government
drafting all soldiers below the age of
thirty-live for despatch to the western
front, the aforementioned number of
men rebelled and marched out of tho
battle line.
They then entrenched themselves
with rifles and machine-guns against
the other German units. The German
military authorities havo been poW?
erless against the revolters and art
trying to cut ott their food auppllea^

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