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Get It From limes-Dispatch Information Bureau 68TH YEAR. \ <> 1,1'M K on M M1IKH 1!) RICHMOND, VA., Girl Left You? Use a I .-D. "Help Wanted" Ad and Get Another FEBRUARY 18, 1918.?TEN PAGES. ESS?1?"1- ?FAIR . PRICE, TWO CENTS I PRESIDENT ACTS ID ENDS STRIKE ! IN THE SHIPYARDS , Bluntly Tells Workers This Is No Time to Ob struct Work. MEN WILL RETURN TO WORK MONDAY MORNING Grievances Are to Be Submitted to Federal Board of Arbitration. i.Aisoit u:.\i>kks .\hk laity in Declaring Tlii? Is ,\u( a Tiini' fur Delating of Xcwlt'd Ships. WAMH.VIT'iN, I "oh run rv 17 -ITr-i to-day t!i'?' 1 <>' I i? t lnpyard :trik<: with ? ;? h an i> a P' >P licit within twelve hour:: <"f th? lint'; lie ipoK'; the itrikc wa. ? ? :i11 r-?| off and ilif men were ord'r-d to ^i/ hv l. to work. Prc.-ddent Wilson. follow inn receipt "f a Ions lcl'gi'.n:i t r ? ?: 11 William I. 11 ul< his' it. pvii^i <1 pi ? ald?nt "f th I'nited I'.rot io : iou ! t.i I'aipentera an 5 .!< Iners of Amein ... v. ho j ounhi an aud lr.no with lilin, : ? ot .? franl; I? ? 1 pram to the labor h ad- r t'-Minp th-' i;.< : bluntly that it was th ir duty in nation':, cri.-i to further the s-bip buildini; program and not ub/tru't it. I?e(us il on th'.: part of i < iii'-n to : ub mit their jfricvaik< ? to arbitrate the President *ald. wa.; "und"ubt ? <1? piv jinu an! and comfort to the tnen ." i Within twehe hour- alter t\i tel egram was s'nt to Mr. Ilut<-hf hi. th*-. word ??(!!: l!ath'd back 1 ? Wa hinpton that the atrir.- had been called o.T. Samui'l 1 lofiip'-rs, prfid'nt ??; the \ inT ii'a ? I'"edri a t :? n 'f l.ahir; I : s r"?' N. llurhy. i li .irr.a-l of tin Shipp ISoard. and Iran.. Morrison, .??????ntai;. of tin- Aim ri>- in I-'eder.iti n < f i.a)> ? . all ex prt r-: ? d prat:i".<?;? r ion to-night ? ha* the strike had been erid'd. The rut n w ill go t n'k to work to morrow memlng. President Wilson'.- .* t?? i*u tepgram 'read: "I have rer. ivod your telegram of vi'Mcrday -,-.d am very plinl i ?the espresaii <i of your d*?-ir'-. a a patriotic citizen, to a: in carrying on th*1' work !"?>? whkh wo nr' t r' Ing to have Ameti' i Men f vrrywh'T': who v.o.rk arid are fr?e. "TaUing a Iv.mtnBo of th ii urane. . I I eel it to h< n.v duly in raP. ;-??i: attention to t'.' fart that the ? ike of tin i : rp. ? i .tie : hlpyr.rds i in marked '? painful .?mur.i I t ? tin action of lalj *? ;n othi r tr.id and ph- -e^. "Shlpn arc abcoP"* ly r.f c : y f.,> the winning of t! : > war. "No one ,an .strike -i deadll'i* blow nt the safety of this ration mil ^ItS for.-e;: nn the orh'-r side tier: ty interfering w ith ? ob> ? ruct in - t 1.? ? rhipbtilleing prop ram. "All the other union?* 'ncapi d !? this ind!?pem able work have ? J (to abide by tin* decisions of !?!?? slilp btiildinrr wape adjustment board Th ? 'board has d?' ilt fairly and liberally with all who have resorted to n. ??I must say to you very frankly that *.t is your duty to leave to it the solution of j-otir prt'.-ent diftirul ties with your employers and to ad vise the men whom you represent to return at once to work pending th< ! * i e.o ?ion MUST Kilt ST HIISOKT TO KVI5IIV O!" AII.Il ?TMIM "No body of men have the mora! right in the present circumstance of the nation to strike until every method of adjustment has ee:i tried I > tlu limit. "If you do not act upon this prin ciple you are undoubtedly givi: g aid and comfort to the enemy, what -ver may he your own conscious purpose. 1 do not sc-e tliat anything will le' pained 1 y my seeing y?>u personally iintil you have accepted and acted upon that principle. "it if tiie duty of the government to tee that tiie best possible condi tions of labor are maintained, a.- it is also its duty to sec to :t that there is no lawless and conscienceless prof iteering. and that <lnty the jcovfrnn.eiil has accepted and will perfarm. s":51 you co-operate or will you obstruct? "\VO< >1 >RO\V Wil.Si >X." i,.\ itoit i.kadi;hs ciiM''i:ii WITH PUKMDKST WII.SON Whether there had been any under standing between President Wilson and Mr. ( ornpert? regarding the situation is problematical. Mr. Oompcrs and half a dozen other labor leaders had a half hour's conference v.it >i th ? Pre.siih-nt last nigiit. presumably about the strike and other labor matters None would discuss the meeting Mr. Gompers. Frank Morrison, "f the Atrer ,lean Feneration of I,abor, a:ul Fran!-: Duff.v. secretary of the Ship Can on .-f.s' i'rotherhood. were in conference all to-day. but would not discuss tin matter. There were1 recwrri.ig rumor.-! that the President intended to take stern incisures if necossai y. ? President Wilson's telegram was sent to Mr. iiutcheson just before noon. About 10 o'clock to-night word was re ceived lure that Mr. Iiutcheson had ordered the men to go back to work, jllfs telegram as received by the Pres ident rend: "Hon. Wood row Wilson, President of the United States: I "Dear Sir.?Tour telegram requesting ,our men to return to work at hatul. In reply. I am telegraphing our repre sentatives to-night to go among the men of our craft and use their itillu e^tce to make them return to work at once. "i have exhausted every effort tn V" (Continued on Third Page.) Nortlicliffe Will Spread Propaganda I By AMioeiatf ?! I'lrsn.) liOVDON, I 'fiti niiry 17.? Mvounl Surllii'tlili' Iiiin iirccptetl the powltinn ?if illrn'ii r i.r |. i opnprnntlit in enemy fallllll ril'%, ullilc illullIK III* 1>o sii'.di mi ili?< Aiiicricnn minnlun. .".nrd \iirlln lillr. in nn Intrr* Iru, said he litui nstreril In iihc lii* lufl niiite Itiimilrdec of enemy ?'iiunlrlf? (?> direct Ilia* hi'i'liiiii of prupnciiniln, for llie iliiM'ininiitlon of full nnd in'i'iiralc n'(iiirt* nf important *|icci'lif* mid ntntriitentn nf unr niin* mill til In*r inaUcr* niitnng I""" ptc?. of llir irniral |iu?rrn nnd their allies. 'I lie rid In re nf (lie* pmpji Ktinila will In* decided l>y n rcpre scitati?c com in 111 ee. I.uril %?irlln-llllp Imped nnil be lieved tlmt IIiIn would pro\e llie menu* of appreciably nhorlnilne "><? riiirlitlon of llir* ? ii r. Ilr ?iiid lie would Mil! dlrccl llir nrlh llirn nt llir I.oikIoii henil?|iuirlrr<i of (he American mission. GERMANS LEARN SIGNALS Send I p (iri-en Itoekctn, (.IvitiK Paine Warnins to I'rrpnrr for linn. iiv m:\vtov <?. i'auki:. v. tin tmi. ami;ki?:an .\i:mv in I I:.\N< "I.". IV l.rtiary IV. -Kithcr tl.rough "i: 'ning in" the telegraphic con - vernation. or through sonic other form of c-.-pionagc, ? :< rman > recently 'Ii il mir ligiia!*; for barrage lir> .in-" gas attack., given by in'.a:is of colored rocket.-. Friday iiiglit the enemy ? vent up roi l.ei y from t!??? ?r ! j:?? : ? t -al-.i:ig the . ky gr.v n. indie.i' !?ig "prepare for ga " Thi. r;i!i>i-il ;t; 1 our soldier. behind the lii : Iin< to put on j;a >> m."?:-l , await ing a y;>i titiou <?[ the attack of the night before, when the enemy kept up ?i ?? i'ly How >?' y,:'. ? d.irin*; two bourn. T!> att.! -.??? ev r <!t:veloped. but our u en I- .? i valuable hours of re I" throut i I he false alarm, the cr.f-iny at t' *? atue ? . nding up our ow :i : :r;na! f 1 irrnge (in. although our artillery wa> d< -reived by thl. b? .musi' of the 1 ? .l' >n of the rockets. ? mr battery command r.: i]e? lined to W.I Me : her v f ru i'. !?' ? ! y. ? I'Cf th< <!.: ? ..v. ry that Kritz tva familiar v. ith our signals. they have hoi- i-hri r.god ! .? that the c-netr.y i no longer able t'. v. or; y our men with false Alarms. BILLY SUNDAY GOING OVER liMinerlikl I'.\pre?*e^ Dmire for llii elilne '?nn lo Help "Wipe Out IJIrlj 11 un%.'' WASHIN'iTo.Y. r. hruary J 7.? Billy Pujiday Irfj Washington to.night for :? ihiy ??!" .-j.'eak ing in .New York City to ti? '": 1 w. .'Il:n: 'vith a h:g :11;? v-1ri<? < t - illg t <>-II:?? ri ? w " "gh t ill f'aniegii.' Hall. b<!.i;? le..\-}:ig h< a anounocl to hiH big Sunday tn^h.t tabcriiaclc audi* enc?> tlia" h v. a goin^ t ? l'r atpa; to U'.rl- am..tig '? ? >MUr ;? ? tin' fr-in*. probably ia Jul" . Ai'hough it i un derstood that his services at the front hav.- been ...tight both by thf V. M. ?? A arid by Joh.i I'. Ko.rkefeUer. Jr. \vh-. want? t" 1 a\ tip- ? v.fnt:. ". ? ma !e a <?! aplain l!i the army. Hl!!y'? intima tion to-piel:' wa" tliat lii:-" work would !,o perHonally r-.ni! j. te.i, also that he u u' 1 not he a h:?",)' .In. f..r ! * o\ j.rr sed the ho: that n^ra! I'. ':"ng w '.".ihl hvi.l a ma hitie gun to him so he i "'ild !. :p ijie out that d:r'.y buneh Of lfun- ?" BAKER AT CAMP WHEELER kfrrr|jiry of \\ nr Say* Tlirri- I* Vn Mnncfr of Hrnio\;il of < II M (fin MM" II t . M.VON*. '.A . February IT.?Secretary of War I?al:er to-day inspected Carni Wheeler here. |(o was accompanied by Surgeon-0Jtneral William O. OJorgaP and Major William M. Welch. The sec retary and hi?, jiarty left to-night f?? r Augusta, and will visit Camp Hancock to-morrow. ' I was favorably Impressed, and the camp far exceeded my expectations." il-' lared So.-rotary Raker. In response i . an Inquiry a-? to whether the in spection trip hail in view the removal the camp, he r< plied: "The removal of (.'amp Wheeler has never been dis cussed. It will be here when other National liuard camps are gone." THREATEN MUTINY ( Imrgr Mexican <.overnnirnt (IllieinP lime Stolen SIIMI.IMIO in (.old. CI III! L* AIIUA CITY, MUX., February 1".?Oarranza c.irrif.ons here and ai Par rail and .lavi re/. to-day threatened mutiny because Rnvcmmfiit paymaster: have stolen $1'"'0,000 iii gold to be usei for paying: troops. Two paymasters an said to be in (light toward the I"nite< States border. Jose Moguel, it is said is held here in connection with thi theft. BUILDINGS WRECKED No INtinuiti' of \ umber of Drnlli^ Itr .suiting' From China I lart ln|!i;ike. I Hv A.ssociiitoil I'rrs ! A.MOV. i'l I IN'A, Saturday, February ? i.'.i istiriatc* has yet been made oi tiir uuin'ior f>" fataiii es resulting from t' *? :i'Vero eartlupiahe whieli shook the iity to it:: foundations litis afternoon Many buildings were destroyed or dam a ged. MYSTERIOUS BLAZE 1C PrhrN One lluiulreil Men. omen nml < liildren out In ll;ul Mo.-ni. l'SOSTON*. February IT.?A mysterU.us lire drove over I oft women, children and men out into the str<ot.s during a .storm to-day at Dorchester. Two building.* were destroyed, one useil for the manu facture of gun carriages, the other foi electrical machines. ^ URGENT WAR BILLS' HAVE FIRST CALL Senate Plans to Dispose of Rail road Legislation Before l?ml of Week. DAYLIGHT SAVING COMING ; House Will Take Up Billion Dollar Deficiency Appro priation Bill. I Hv ArsoclM'-d |'r?ss. J U Agrn.VC.TOX. February i 7.?T'rgcnt war measures, the administration rail road legislation, the war fin an en cor poration measure ami the billion-dollar urgent deficiency appropriation bill have trie right of way in Congress this u <ck. A lull In the controversy over war efficiency i- in pro: pect while Congress 'lcvutr;i it.cif to the legislation de sired at on e hy the government and also while further strategic moves are made w *!i i r . pe? t to bills for rcor sam/.iit !??:.' of war-making machinery. I' ?1 during t h ^ week of the railroad bill, to govern operation of the ca rrierr while under Federal con tro!. i. planned in the Senate. Its pa; <.ge substantially as reported by the Interstate Conimerce Committee and by an overwhelming vote generally pre dicted. To-morrow Chairman Smith, of the Interstate Commerce Commit tee. plans to srcli an agreement fixing a date for a final vote. HOI'K TO (IK IIMMIOAD 1111,1. WITHIN A KOltTNMJHT I: ? the House the $ 1 ,<>00.000,000 dc Iiei?;n.-y hill and the daylight-saving measure are to be acted upon. Then the railroad measure will tie brought up. and within a fortnight. I'apitol b.tder; hope to have an agreement reached in < onference and the bill sent to the Presid'tif. Prompt Senate passage of the admin istration l.ill creating a war finance ? orpor.it ion to supervise security issues I expected, oiicc tin; railroad legisla liou is "tit of tbe way. Hearings of the l'i. :itii e <'ommittee virtually are concluded, and approval of the rneastirc by the Senate, with some amendments, but with comparatively brief debate. bel;eve,1 probable hy Chairman Sim mons and Republican Leader 'lulling* r. The House Ways and Means Committee to-morrow w ill agree upon its program with respect to the bill. Final action also is expected in both bodies r>i Congress this week on the bill authorizing the Shipping Hoard to spend v*>0.000.000 in the emergency to house ship workers. The American people, beginning this spring, probably will be required by law to turn their timepieces an hour forward under the daylight saving ?ri??\ i r;ieiit. Favorable action on lb" ?" nd:: ^ Id!! : ? \pe. ;e<! in the Hon ' 'hi- \\e.-i,, and the Senate already has pas.-ed a similar bill. Virtually tiie only dispute i- regarding the tinn: this spring wi'.i n the plan shall he put into err. ? ?. The next movement planned iti the Senate- controversy over war efficiency and organization is .a meeting to-morrow of the Senate Judiciary subcommittee, beaded t>v Senator overman, to begin ' oils-id'ration of ;l:e administration bill proposing to give the President wider aut horit v in n.-orgar.izing Federal d - partmen's and other agencies. Some amendments designed to allay opposi tion are loohed for. The Senate Mll itar.v Committee also tnay vote this week on the war cabinet measure. Tiie .?oiini.it i. > apparently is deadlocked if. a tie at the present. Renewal of 'liie Senate debate is not expected for sev eral day.*, but Senator McKellar, of Tennessee, a Military Committee mem ber, and Senator Shields, his colleague, arc preparing addresses respectively for and against the Military Commit tee's legislation. Investigation of meat, wheat and other foodstuff shortages by the Sen ate Agriculture Committee and of the Hog Island shipyard situation by the committee will continue. Other con gressional inquiries virtually are con cluded. but there is agitation for start ing an investigation of labor problems. Members of the Setjate Manufacturers' subcommittee, which investigated sugar and coal shortages, are working on their reports, and speeches may be made this week-end on the evidence heard. With the urgent deficiency appro priation bill before the House, many other big supply measures are to come out shortly. The diplomatic appropria tion hill, already passed hy the House, soon is to be brought before the Sen ate?the first supply measure to be con sidered there. i lie legislative execu tive and judicial and the annual rivers ami harbors iensures, as well as the naval budge- and other appropriation 1 * 'Is", are Hearing completion in com POSSE PURSUES TRIO Seven 'l'roops of Cnvnlrr Sent Out to Prevent Tliem ('rn?.<lnf; .Mc\ i 1*11 ii llordei*. WILT-COX, A H V/*., February 17.-%-Thc two Power brothers and Tom Sisson. draft evaders, aliased to have killed Sheriff McBride and two deputies near Globe, are to-night ncaring the Mex ican lino with a posse of 1,000 cowboys and a band of Apache Indians In close pursuit. Sisson is reported to have been wounded and the Power brothers are carryjng Hint on a stretcher. They abandoned their horses, which were found to-day. Indian scouts reported bavins' exchanged shots with the fugitives. Seven troops of United States cav alry were sent to prevent the men from crossing the border into Mexico. More Tiiscnnln Victim* Reported. . WASH IXcSTOX, February 17.?A list of twenty-seven of the known Tuscania liead niado public to-night contained four names not previously reported in tlie Associated Press list of American soldiers hurled on the Scottish coast. They wcro Chauncey J. Davidson, j Anaconda, Mont.; Thomas A. Llewellyn, ! Scottdale, Pa.; Clifford Xorris, ?w j London, Wis.; Leigh A. Wright, IIllls 1 dale, Mich. Frcnch General Cherlils Says Germans Will Not Break Through. BELFORT GUARDS ALSACE Much Advertised Offensive Not Likely to Be Launched Against British. IIV HK.MtV UWI.KS. FAB IS. .1.iiiu.ir> IT fby mail). By tlic procc.-n of elimination. General f'herflls, formerly commander of .in army corps in the French army n:r! military critic since his retirement. in liiwilcd to 1111 to-day in ;i n i m ' <r\ i<: w i tliat the coming German often: iv. v. ill be launched in th<* Champagne. :uo whero between Ilhcims aii'l the Ar gon no fort it. "Hut wherever lie tries, the. enemy will ii'?f break through," ; -i 1 General Chcrfils: "the morale of our ar: ha mounted to a i.pirit of ab: oiw! e .?.?jj 1 i - dcncc in tiic high command of tiic army anil in Premier ?"lumen. < an." General Chcrfils ;i< ??ept.- a a fact that the enemy will try to take the initiative l?y passing to the offensive at the carl lev t po;.-il?le iiiomcn;. PltlJIJH TS IK? MII.V It DMKN'I' OK Ol'IA TOW NS "Naturally,"' he said, "tlie er ertiy wiii take the lea.-t possible chau ?? i 11, coming attempt, it:i< 1 he will probably precede his uttacks by formidaide bom bardments ?..f ope.-i town? ar.d cities wherever his Ions-range pirn.-' ate in reach of thetn. and by large-.- ale rald. on those accessible from the air. it will be. perhaps, after he realize - the U? elessnets of t hi.-: intinii-iat:o!i '.olii-y that the enemy will actually unlea.-li hi-" offensive. "Much, has been .'?aid of a pn -ihle at'/i' I: on our position in Fnper .V': ? because we have re won some ..f t'.c province there. 1_!:it on that front v. ?? have the Fortress of Belfori. not d;? mantied as was Verdun w lj. a the crown prin'-<> attac-ki.il it. The Ger mans would waste at 1 -ast ?">0.<"?<">0 m.vi in an attack on Belfort. without get ting any further, or as far. as thev ; did at \*erdun. "Nor is there enough space between 1 Bel fort xi nd the Swiss frontier for a 'hip outflanking attempt, without vio lating Swiss neutrality. "There remain two theaters which might he attractive to the German staff. If ICngland is not the principal enemy, she is at least detested by them moie than i.- i* ranee, and it would caufcc un bounded rejoicing to the Germans to 'beat the Brit::'h. iJcs'dfs, the British check before Cj'inbral might serve as an encouragement to the Germans to attack there. OII.II-M'TIO \ N TO I. \ l "him: .\i;.\i.vst mtrrimr "Huwever, Austro-llungarlan unit'' drawn from the Ilussi .n front arc said to ).a vf been rotn en t'ateri hi Belgium, under General Krobatin. If that i' 11 ut lie a 11 a ?*k will not come again t tli* British sector, for the troops of Austria are not sufliciently high-clas ; material to be used iti ,-iiock tactics against either the British or French. "Furthermore. because , f dynastic reason?, it seems imperative for the military prestige of the German Crown I"rii.? e to have the b:;,- blow stru 1; lin ger his command. The '"hainpagne se. ins the logical theater for th. great drive. all signs do not fail it will come to the cast of Bhelms. fhi:\( ii iit>it.i\Tui:\tiii:n \\ kst OF ItII!-:ms "To the west of Bheiins the French hold the dominating position. West of the Oiso the region is devastated by ilindcnburg himself. "The Champagne, between Hheinis and the Argonnc-. otters the crown prince a series of plateaus which, de spite the joss of the Moronvilliers heights, might open a short and direct route down the valley of the XIarnc to Far is. "\ crdun has left memories loo hit ter in Germany for the enemv to trv there again. .mi the advantages wrested from the French in llrst Jiares ot the German Jrjvc have boc-n since rowon. "Between Verdun and Toul. where the enemy holds the Mouse heights, lie micla. perhaps, try to deepen his salient at St. Mihiel . (near where \iiuri an infantrymen are in the lirst line trenches). and make an eft'ort to ward llar-lc-Duc. Adjoining is the mighty Baston of Nancy ami the Grand Grown, and the capture of the capital of French l.orraine would be an allur ing pi ze for the < ncmy. There, how ever, the Germans win And the same leader* who broke their advance at the Maine in p.it and hurled them back to tin Aisnc."' MASS OF RUINS \\lillirtt InsllMMo. In X?r;li I'arnllnn, I* Destroyed h.v J'ifrce Klntne*. IRv Associate"! Pros;:.] Oi:r,KNS}? ?no. N*. February 17.? Whitsctt Institute, located at Whitsett, X. i*.. twelve miles from here, was totally destroyed by fire, shortly after 0 o'elrck thM morning. The institute, of wh'eh 1'r. \V. P. Whitsett was pres ident. was established thir'y years 'igo. Mul this year had about 1??0 student? The loss is placed .:t to $*J0 tiOO. President Whitsett said t>-dav tha' the o'.itleok for eon'inuin:;- the sehool for t!"? i e-vuiliider of the year w:i gloomy, hut that definite deci-'ion would not l>e niacin until to-morrcw. BOY SCOUTS TO WORK \\ HI Plus; Ihory Door llell In I It o l.ntul and Sell Thrift Manilla, WASHINGTON*. February 17.?The 1 Hoy Scouts or America were asked by Secretary McAdoo lo-djy to -enlist an army of "war savers." Accordingly the Scouts will ring every door hell in the land, make a short talk on the need of saving1, and j take orders for "5 cents and $.1 thrift [stamps. President Wilson will write a personal letter of thanks to I he | Scouts In each Stato with the highest I ic&rc. AMERICANS BATTLE IN THREE SECTORS Conference of Capital and Labor Will Lay Down Basis of Relations I IV A? o< Pr- I \\ \>I!IM;T0\, l-'rliniiiry 17 K* l?hiI.nIiiiiriit of ;i national lalior i?ro Kr.'irn. (ilili'li nni lii-ynn with Che ri? oruii n i/a t ion of I In- l)i'|iiirlilli'lll of l.alior, iiriiKrcs.sril another import mil Mop I<???1 ii> with tin- aiuinuili'o ?ii r n f aif | It i* iKTNOiiiir I of the Joint rimfrri'iifp t>f employer* anil union leader* who nil! I:ij tiunii :t lmil< of relations liPtiirrn eapltal rati la bor diiriiiK the 'onr, Tin- llr^t kc? ?lion of I lit* new hoard will lit* Fn-lii In tin* olllei* of ^fcrrlnry Wilson, l-'eliriiary u.".. The fi\e member* rliosrn lo rr|irp?rnl eneli niilp by |hc national industrial eonferenee lionril ami the A titeriean federation of l,a Itor will ehoosc l w o other rr pret'-n lati\e.* <if tlic public, maklim Inrhr union eonferees lo slinro in the df iilirrnllniiXi u hii'li will ro\rr sill |ihn?ri of the ftitlinlion. The fl\e represent at i\r* of em ployer* nre: l.o j all \. Osborne. \cw A orU < i I ??, % iee-prenldeiit of llir \Vi'Rtitt?hou?r llli'iirlr anil Mnniifai'liirln? I om p a ii t , I'hairtnaii of the executive **<? miiiitkm- of llir nation.il industrial eonferettec lioartl. t Imrlen !?'. Ilronkrr. Amonin, limn,, iirr.iidrnl of tlie Amrilrnn llr:t>* i diiip:inj. \\, II. Yandervoort, l"n*t Moline, III.. presideiiI of tin* Knot A. Vnn drrtiinrl I'jii^litcrrlnc Company. I.. I*. Itorcr, Nrw ^ ork t'llj*. pres ident of lli'l.'iniirc niul Hudson I'oni |in n?. i :<l\> in Mlehiiel. Ilonnoke. Vn., president of the \ irplnla llrl?lj;e niul Iron < 'ompatiy. ?Mir live repreaentatl* e* of flu* HorkiTi lire: I'rank H. Iln.vcs, off Indiannpolis, president of Clit* I nit'-d Mine Work ers. William I.. II ii telteson. lnilinn apoll.s. president of (hp I nileil llrolherlioorl of C.irpentrr.i anil Join er!* of America. .1. \. Krnnklin, Kansas City, Kmis.. president of llie llrot lierhootl of lloilrr Maker* and Iron and !?hip liuilders of America. \ ielor Olnnder, < hlenjio. reprpsen (ati\e .National Seamen's Associa tion. T. \. Mlekrit, t'hieaco. prexlden* t nited tiarment Workers* of Amer ica. 8YRD URGES PASSAGE OF OVERMAN IB BILl Denies That Measure Would Creat< Autocraey, Since Power Could He Withdrawn by People. r<> hi:itsk wori.i) bk iatai Says Nation Has Absolute Confidence in the President, and He Musi Have Complete Control of K.veou tive Agencies. That the Overman hill now pending ? in 1'ongroES, under which President ; Wilson is given thf: a.uthorily to reor ganize the executive department of tht government. is a piece of legislation absolutely demanded J?y war condi tion', is tlio opinion of Itichard Kvelyr Hyrd, I'liiied State. I>istrict Attorney !?!? tlie IjiMu'n l'i.trict of Virginia, lie denied la: t night that the incisure will ? : ate autocracy since no power granted hy the people which can lit withdraw ti by th'ia i autocrat ic. Mr. liyrd showed that the pending will create autocracy, since no powei *?>!' the President, but merely permltt him to make more eflicient use of the power now vested in him. In a state ment to j he correspondent <>i" The Times-1 >ispat<-h in Washington, Mr Uyrd declared last night that the pro posed bill would act as a sword to cut existing "red tape," and that tit is sword could only he wielded by the 1 'res Idem. ?;i\i:s i'iti;.sn?i:\T t'lm i-:it to o\ t:it< omi: \\ i:.\k \kssk> In the conduct of the war, all execu tive departments arc related, but in transforming them from peacefu times to war conditions in so short a period. Mr. liyrd said, weaknesses may develop. The proposed bill gave tin President the ? authority to overcome these difficulties, he believed. Mr. liyrd also pointed out that the peoph of the I nited States have absolute con fidence in the ability of President "Wil son. while Congress would make n lata! error to deny hint complete con trol of all executive agencies. Mr. Hyrd's statement to The Times Dispatch is as follows: The Overman bill proposes to con fer upon the President power to ar range, combine and co-ordinate tlo* Kederal administrative departments. It is objected that its enactment would involve a surrender of legislative au thority and the establishment of an autocracy. it would do neither. The very proposal of the bill recognizes th.it without legislative authority the I-"resident cannot do what the bill per mits him to do. "NOT A SritllKMJKH, lit T A ssi;HTION OK POWI'.K Its enactment, therefore, would be not a surrender, but an assertion c 1 power by Congress. It will not create an autocracy, hecausc an autocracy in defined not by the extent, but by the .source of power. No authority, how ? ever vast, is autocratic, which is given and can he taken away by the people. In fact, the Overman bill does not o ti ler greater power upon the President, but rather the power to make such use of existing agencies as will permit him to execute with greater efficiency ihe powers already put in his hands. Ihe executive machinery and pro cesses ol the l-'ederal government have been evolved from the statutes, execu tive rules and judicial interpretations of more than a century. Much of its administrative prrccdure is excessively complicated and unadapted to quick de cisions. and cannot be adjusted to .sud den changes of conditions. Time is of the essence in war. Some sword must cut the red tape, and this sword can only be wielded by the President, wot i.i) hi-: I'.M'.ti, i .it lion i o iu:.\v i'iti.Mi>i:.vr aitiioimtv Congress has mv executive authority, and can only establish the methods and machinery by whhh the cxecutivo de partments must function. To the con duct of this war. all executive depart ments are related. The adjustments of a'peaceful, industrial democracy to war conditions constantly and rapidly dc iContinued on Seventh l'ag'\) ~ SEABOARD AIR LINE MEN GET WAGE BOOST Advance Affects All Clerks From Kichmond South to Tampa, I-Ma. KAISi: EFFECTIVE OCTOBKR 15 Government Mediation Is Responsi ble for Improved Working Condi tions Which Arc Now Promised Employees on Company's Lines. 1 Dy Associated Press. 1 "\\V all JNtlTOX, February 17.? Details j of an arbitration agreement giving: all j Seaboard Air l,inc Hallway clerks !!?> | per cent increase, in salaries anil a. basic eight-hour day were made public J here to-day. The agreement was signed here after negotiations since] i last September, when the clerks went j out on strike. They returned to work! after being out three woks, extending the negotiations just completed through | intervention of the Department of i Labor. The increase, based on salaries in ' effect last August, is made effective from October 1.". last and provides for; prompt payment. ?>f the back wages, j The L'ight-hour-day agreement also in-| eludes provision for compensation for j overtime as well as other concessions i to improve working conditions, employees in this section of the country. The Seaboard clerks, unorganized when they went on strike in a demand for higher wages, based largely on Several thousand clerks of the. Sea board system from IMchmond south to Tampa?comprising virtually all clerks or" the road in the Southeast?are af fected. It is said to he the First cigh'.-j hour agreement affecting clerks won by increased cost of living, at H'-si sought a ."0 per cent incense, but 'he per cent ootained was said to be satisfac tory to all concerned. The railroads' i representative sough' but faile i, to lrivt- the increase beco ne eftVniv.; De cember 2(5, coincident with government control of railroads. In the negotiations the government board of mediation and conciliation \. as represented by Judge llobert M. MoWade; the Seaboard Itailway by Vice-l'resideiit \V. I.. Seddon, of Nor folk. and the employees l?y President .lames .1. Forester, of the National Urotherhood of Itailway Clerics, and .). tJalt Williamson, of Waleigh. N. chairman of the Seaboard Kailroad 1 Irotherhood. MUST SERVE VICTORY BREAD Food Administration Issue* Order for All Public knllnc I'Iihth, In eluding dull*. [By Associated Press.J WASH INt'JTON, February 17.?All hotels, rest a ii rants, dining cars, steam ships. boarding-houses and other public eating places, including clubs, which use three barrels of Hour a month, must hereafter serve Victory pies, pas try, cookies, griddle cakes, walTles, etc., as well as Victory bread, under a ruling announced by the food adminis tration to become effective at once. All pi-:, pastry, cakes, etc., served !>y such places must contain a third of u hi at msIi mules at all times, and batter I'ukr.", griddle cakes And waffles must contain three-quarter;, of wheat sub.- t ituti SUBSTITUTES FOR FOOD Food Administration ( alls Attention to Herniations Itcunrdilip; Snlrs of lallbles. [Hv A.--"-oeiat>'d l're.>-;-.l M'ASII INOTuN, February 17.--lie cause of many misunderstandings of the regulations regarding the sale of wheat Hour substitutes, the food ad ministration to-night issued a state ment calling attention to the fact that retailers are. required to sell only three pounds of substitutes for every tive pounds of whole wheat or Graham flour. THEIRLINEWITH DEADLY CURRENT Sammies, However, Were Too Keen and Escaped an Awful Death. LIE DOWN ON GROUND UNTIL DANGER PASSES No Indication Yet of Promised Offensive Move by Cen tral Powers. soldikhs ri;fl\si: to fk;ht .Marked Disorders Prevalent in l'rt? rognid, With Indiscriminate Shooting and Looting. f Ily Associated 1 American frot>p? in Franco now nr?s in battle on throe sectors?on tl><*ir own line cast of St. Mihlel, and v ith tho French in Champagne, ami 011 .?n*i of the most famous battle fronts In 1 ho world, where ruined villages and She devastated country generally tell the tale of hard-fought battles when the Germans pushed forward their lino and ultimately wero driven back by the French. And evetywhere the Americans arc proving themselves fighters of tho nighcr-t caiibcr, winning encomiums from high French officers for their businesslike methods of warfare and especially their skill in the use of ar tillery. Already the men are vererins. for nothing the Germans have in stock lemains to be shown them except u great mass attack. Thus far, every thing that has been tried by.'the en einy against them has hee:j discounted, .\nd in some instances doubly/discount. ed. Stories from tho front by the Asso ciated Press tell of the intrepidity oc the m-n in trench-raiding operatic,nv. "f their coolness under i|rc and in returning tire, the accuracy of aim of niur.s and the intense watchful ness at observation points to see 111 ? ? t tho enemy obtains no unuue advant age in a surpri e attack. '1 he only criticism thus far heard rejsuiding the Americans is their de sire to be up and at the enemy. Mko their brothers of the North?the Ca nadians?they arc hard to hold in re straint. As one distinguished Fren-h -nicer expressed it. "they are too anxious to go' at grins with the en emy. SVWMIKS !>\jr.v KNOCK iiow.y t;i:itM\N 'ritm\< 11 Aside from their daily task of kMoek.i.g down the German trenches ant. dugouts with their guns, the latest experience of the Americans and thrilling- one. was a night patrol lnD! ? ?iiing which the Germans, after ihe Americans had passed their first i,n? ' ro cntanglemonts. heavily charged he ?ire behind the patrol with ele,-.. 'i - ^ ^n.v. the Americans lay d,u ? '"til t.ie danger was passed and ?r:,cd to their trenches, nobody ic "'g injured. There still is no indication of th* near approach of the expected big of ' ! V 0 Gcn,,ans alo:.g the line Trance and Belgium. The opera ?ot s consist almost entirely of mutual hon bardments and minor attacks bv raiding parties. The roar of the big Kims ,s greatest in the Champagne region on several sectors, particularly tear Ialiure. where one unit of the Americans is fighting shoulder to shoulder with the French. Likewise >11 along the Italian front from l.ake iSarda to the middle of the I'iavo Kivcr artillery engagements arc in progre.-s. Allt ItAllj OVIiU LONDON I'ltoviis A Hi <;i: iwuam; ?Saturday night's attempted air raid on London proved a failure, only 'Crman airplane of the six that came across the water reaching the capital through the heavy y .-rage sent up by the British antiaircraft batteries, one rjf the enemy planes is reported to have heen forced down into tho sea as a ivsult of a tight in tho air with Mr:t i~h aviators. The armistice between the Germans and the Russians has ended, according lo an olllcial communication issued iu Berlin. In giving notice of the tern i 1 atiim of the agreement to cease ho- - I i 1: t i * s. t his coniiiiuiiieatinn contains tin ?r.ivc statement that Germany reserves 1 tree hand in every direction. Whetlv r Ihe ticrmans anticipate an immcdiat attack on tho Russians has not devi! 'ped, but undoubtedly there is irn ;?< toeling between th. German military ?llieia Is and the llolshevtl\i> by reason ?f the fact that Leon Trotzky. 1 e I'otslicvik Foreign Minister, has not "??t the desires of Germany to frame ? separate peacc treaty with th.*r ?iiintry. Dispatches from retrograd indien: ? hat German soldiers have declined to ? bey tli^ir commanders to move to t!> I'rench front, and c?ven have given hat le to brothers 111 arms who endeavored o force them to ilo so. lu 1'otrogrnd. it last accounts, marked difcorUcri ivere still prevailing, there being in liscnniina te siiooting ami looting. A" Amsterdam dispatch says that ioumania intends, under certain con