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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, February 26, 1918, Image 1

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A Business Guide
Real Estate and Court h'ews
Daily in Timcs-Dispalc'i
68TH YEAR.
\oi.i mi: cx
m .mitt;it &;
0>?.
Silent Salesmen
1-D Classified Ads Sell When
Other Means Fail
RICHMOND, VA., TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 2(3, 1918. ?TEN PAGES.
?RAIN
PRICE, TWO CENTS
TWELVE PERSONS
Over Twenty-Five Others
More or I.,ess Seriously In- j
jurcd Near Columbia.
ENGINE DEMOLISHES COACH '
AT REAR OF TRAIN AHEAD
All of Killed Were Passengers
on No. 18, From Green
ville, S. C.
HAJOIIITV I.N" S.MOKlNi; C.\K
Train Had .lust Started When No.
1*2. From Spartanburg.
Crashed Into It.
I
I nv A rso'-lat??l I'm* ]
' (.'[.t'MHIA .v < Februa :-y Ten '
persons wr.ro Killed outright, two died J
of Injuries and between twenty-five.
9inl thirty-tire others were inoif or ;
less seriously injured when train .No.
1of the Southern Hallway. front
Spartan burp trashed Into she car <>f
train No. from Greenville, near
Kro.St'a station live miles nor'ii ??! here !
thin afternoon
Railroad officials said all 11.o dead
were pa; senger- on train No 1*
The dead are:
.1. B. Marshall. An'lcrnin S ? \
P. Frank 1 >:i ,\ tc r. (or.t r.i''o:. New
berry, S. <'.
M. A. I.eamatt. traveling . al- man
Greenwood. ,". <
Otis P. l!t"f':.f. W.-i;f!'.?r, S. ?'
J. F. Nathia arid it unUnovr
II. I.. Ivefter War* 41 . s, <"
Joe F. ?,lo;itv .N.e w ? .v- ?
\V. <'. Totn 1 i: I ? r " < '
Mr'- Fatah I. 'i: Jo'.... -n. < .'in?!?!.
S. ?'.
A Ibert A' l ?? tra ?. rl-nj; a'- : :r :
Brooklyn. N. V
Gat'ah M. I'll! /?' i-N <
W. \V. 1:' i i -?! tr.ive!;: c
man
i.vjt itr.n aiii: t\m:\
TO I lll.l t||||\ IH)M'ITAI>
. All of the injured .ir. .n Iw.vpitals
I h? re Among tho.e reported to be
Viousiy hurt are. \. M. Klrby. Prince
ton. J-'. O.; It. A:id< r: on. S'ncca. S. (*.;
i W, t"'. f?avles <>hio; J. a j-'hands
, Troy, 3. (' . a. s. Tompkins Kdgc
field. S. C.
Tiie wreck occurred shortly after -
o'clock this aften oon, when train No.
IS had > nar Kii-rt .< tatl>n
where a part of the truck >>n the bag
c. go >:ar * a a repaired. l:*ilrouil ofli
lialh' .^aid the flagman of train No. IS
v..im ser.i down the tr.o-k in tae re ir
of the train where it v as stopped
When the repair were ??otnple;p?| t!ie
UuKntun w a .a'W.I b.t> k. and N". I*
Iuil gore riot ..l'T- than f.nj train
lengths when .*??? 5 ? irne into s glit.
and a few e later the rrasli came
The engine dra vif: trie .^purtanbtirc
train era-lie.] intu the irar <-<a>'h <>f
No. IS. virtual!; demolishing it taking
its toll of d'ad. Most of th? killed
were raid tr? have been In the ."molting
compartment of the rear coach of No.
IS when tite wreck occurred. The
force of the collision telescoped the
rear coach half-way through
ahead. Moth coache:*. io'tordi;:.; : ?
ratlroad officials. were wooden.
Railroad officials late to-nish' re
ported that the tracks were cleared
shortly after S o'clock.
CRONKHITE BACK HOME
Cnminnndnnl at Cnmp I.re (Iriurm
Prom I'ranrt Proud of
American Troops.
! Bj A *! uciat ed 1'rcj.. )
AN A TLA NT It' I'"KT. February
Major-Genera 1 Adejbert I'ronkhitc. roni
mandant of Camp l.ro, Petersburg Ya..
who has been making a tour of obser
vation of fighting conditions in France,
and Lieutenant - Colonel C. K. Kii
i>ourne, who lias boon Major-General
' Leonard Wood's aid, and was partly
'blinded in an explosion, were among:
the passengers aboard a French steam
ship which arrived hero to-day.
"Ali that we need is some more men
just like them." said Major-General
Cronkhitc. in trommenting on the
splendid condition in which ho found
ihe American soldiers serving over
seas.
Lieutenant - Colonel Kilbourne was
injured with Ma jor-Gcneral Wood, who
ivas wounded in the avm by the explo
sion of a trench mortar during a dem
onstration of 'he weapon on the west
ern front. The major-general's arm.
from the elbow to the armpit, was
ripped open by a bit of shell, he said.
Kloven men. three of them French of
licers, were killed by ilying fragments
of steel. Lieutenant-Colonel Kilbourne
i was hit undf-r the right eye. He re
nirned in the. hope that an operation
might save the eight.
CONDEMN LA FOLLETTE
\\ isconnln State Senate Adopt* Loyalty
UcNolution b.T Vote of
U?l to :t.
I Tly Associated Pre.iv 1
MAPLSON. WIS., February 25.?The
loyalty resolution, including an amend
ment condemning Senator La Follette
for his attitude toward the war. was
passed by the State Senate late to-night
by a vote of 26 to .1.
' HOUSTON NOT ALARMED
Secretary of Agriculture I* Optimistic
About Kood Situntinn in
j Lotted States.
f Tly Associated Press. 1
WASHINGTON, February 25.? Secre
tary Houston to-day gave, tho House
Agriculturo Committeo an optimistic
?lew of the food nituatlon in the coun
try as a whole, and said there was no
need for any hysteria over a dangeroys
shortage of any commodity.
! New Commissioner
of State Fisheries
? Photo >#v Fo t?r.
WAi/ri:it i:. hatha way.
?John II. K<*\*, of I'arU^Ic.v, Appointed
Sfir!Ifiv|i ('umnii^siuiici'
for Six Years.
iishi;ki i;s r.o\i{i) is nam no
Governor I>i?\ i\ppojnts llorare I/.
Smith. ?>f Petersburg; John I..
<till, nf l.rrvluirti, ami .1. llo;;c T> -
I nr. ?lr.. of KonnoKo.
' 'r' !? Il3til;tu;i; of I.n *i a ? i :
' : . " i * : ? ? r I > rf.iy appr, j n t cd
mlFMloncr !\. limes. .Mr.
v' ?' ?. r?? ? ? ; ? inir fOIRCH'hit! n
?' i! i':i ' ? iii int' rested ri the
"? \ i'i' i i.il. cwinp to
tlic rum' I tli.it '.!<? w ; - in a : talc nf
health too had t-> pri.iiil ins accept -
aii'. - of ti:c offer. Mr. Ifathawaj h
appointment i.< f.r a term of lour
years. boRiitliinc "ti March ].
J"!tn 11. Hi ?. of I'arksloy, war
named yesterday a., Shell Kisn Ooni
mihsioner Ilii term ? ? f office is for
? i\ yohi-v. lirrinnlii^' March I.
llora?* I. S.tilth, <if | *c t or? hnris
I' i ? ? v 1111? ?.er ? f tin; 1'.. Iir r,<
?'?minii:' i? ? n t".'- a t'ria of fh yoara
from .m .rr'.i l. .toltii I.. ?;iii. of i^cc.s
I'D' K ?!?!? into'l !o: a fcur-\ c.( r t ? riti.
ml .t. T\ lor .1 r i f Il-'.moke.
? * .- ;i ;>p<>i ;i t o.i ..n the commission for a
Uui-'i'ar term.
't i not nf' c.:ary th.it the S'nite
? ??infirm tin s'1 appointment.". The
tiowrnor "ill to-day iIreet the* Secre
tary 'if the I'lirnmonwraltli to is-stie
the formal commission?. The Senate
awaitin;? further appointments
v hich need confirmation before rati
fy iiiK those already sent in. and the
appointment of Charles <; Kir.er as the
State ('animijsionir of Labor imist ho
confirmed l?y that body before Thurs
da>.
T.itp h n ^ hr?#Mi no nnnn^it iftn t r. t V-. r?
Mil. 1IAT1IA \\ A ^ WF.1,1, KNOWN
in i;\sti:kn \ iiu.ivi \
.Mr. IIai!ian;iy was born at "Knon
Hi* 11." t >1 ^ old estate of his fore
fathers. in 1?S". 11.s fat'.ier. Captain
Henry S. Hathaway, was of Knclish
ancestry. William Hathaway, lmi n In
Stratford. Knglund. came to Virginia
soon after the political upheaval in
the time of ?"ha rles 1. lie settled
upon Knon Hall farm in wiiioh
plantation has descended through
eight generations to its present owner.
His mother was of Scot -li-Irish de
scent. She was a daughter of Colonel
Thomas l'unaway, sister to the Rev.
Drs. Thomas ani! Wayland Punawaj
and a nieco of Colonel Addison Hall,
who was a member of the .secession
convention.
Mr. Hathaway left Virginia in 1SS1
to seek his fortune in foreign fields.
He returned to his home in 1S86 and
began the practice of !a\.- together
with his brother. Howard Hathaway.
The latter has been well known as a
member of the Virginia legislature
for the sessions of 1S?:>-1S!M and 1S95
1S?&. The law* firm became well
known throughout the State, and the
partnership of the two brothers con
tinued until Howard Hathaway s ap
pointment as United States Collector
of Customs and Revenue for the Ha
waiian Islands.
At the death of his father, Mr. Hath
away took over the management of
his estate and. by careful and scien
tific methods of agriculture, brought I',
to a high state of fertility.
DKKI'I.Y INTBIIKSTKI) IN
FISH AM) OYSTHII nCMNKSS
His interest in the fish and oyster
industry and in various business enter
prises was no less than his devotion
to the cultivation of his land. He was
one ?.f the organizers of the Farmers'
and Merchants' Hank at Kilmarnock,
of which he is now vice-president and
director. lie has also an interest in
the. Rappahannock State Rank and is
president of the Coulbourn Rrothcrs
Oyster Company. He is also the head
of the Ray Ue Plant and Uyiners Creek
Packing Company, situated at White
Stone.
Mr. Hatha way's interest In agricul
ture became so no.iced by the farmers
of Virginia that he was elected to the
otllce of president of the Virginia State
Farmers' Institute In 191-1. succeeding
Governor Westmoreland Havis in that
oflice. Mr. Hathaway has been threa
times re-elected to ths presidency and,
during the Farmers' Institute conven
tConltuued on Second Page.)
RICHMOND CHARIER
BILL IS ADVANCED
Meets No Opposition, and Is Or
dered to Its En
/
grossment.
RELOCATE REFORMATORIES
House Approves Bill to Purchase
Farm in Powhatan as New
Home for Laurel School.
Among the nearly 100 bills advanced
yesterday to engrossment l>y the House
of Delegates were those for the Rich
mond charter change. V. P. !. bond is
sue. purchase of hind-- in Powhatan ad
joining the State Karm in Coochland
and limitation of collection of taxes
due for more than three years prior
to ascertainment. No voice was raised
against the Richmond charter bill, hut
the v. J*, | measure elicited spirited
opposition from Lindsay Cordon, John
\V. Stephenson and others who fe'.t that
it v.as a raid upon the treasury. The
farm purchase bill and the tax meas
ure were also slightly opposed.
The revised Code. with Senate
amendments, was adopted by the House
over the protest of Mr. Gordon and Q.
'Davis. Messrs. Willis, Stephenson,
CJilmer and Kasley : poke for the
amendments, 'i'he vote stood '>? to
After much facetious banter the
House finally adopted the bill designed
to make the dogwood blossom the
floral emblem of the Old Dominion.
? ;eorg" A. Howies, in deference to
John T. Cherry, the chccrful Delegate
from Norfolk, who was so anxious that
tli" women he pleased in the matter,
.-?lieersted that the cherry blossom be
substituted for the dogwood. Pr. Hols
ton. however, suggested a-- this had
hern a 'dog" Legislature, it would be
appropriate to -tick to the dogwood.
mi \t Ki.Hi oitn i\si in\< i:
mi.i. i?- i*a-m-.d in
M-'-a us<? ? be H ? i j - e ?<-.;( fr>|;<began
v. ort- :-.e under tT,.e rule ? h: 'i permits
:< n,v fi ? e ohiector.' to block considera -
tior: <f a bill, many of the more jItt.
f'-r'an' find a In -p e number of minor
hills were pas. ed by. Among them
was the Shackloford insurance Mil.
which has Mic support of many mem*
i etof the body. This measure is Oe
signed to place fire insurance rate
regulation in the hands of the insur
ance commissioner, but will not inter
fere with tiie rates as compiled by the
Insurance rating bureaus except where
they are considered unjust. Even then
tiie companies have right of appeal to
the t'orporatlon Commission and the
Supreme Court of Appeals when they
fcl that th^ insurance commissioner
has no* treateil them fairly.
Robert < ?. Norris. who had a bill de
signed to abotish ratine bureaus alto
get her. has combined forces with Mr.
Shacklef? rd in working for liiis meas
ure. They ha\ e l>een combated by
practically all of the insurance men
and some bankers hut have not de
spaired of getting the measure through
during this session.
The trading stamp bill, designed to
abolish the alleged evijs of the prac
tice of trading stami giving by mer
chant^. was also passed by under the
new rule. The hltie sky law. objected
to by J. Callaway Urnwn, came near
meeting the .same f.ne. but was saved
by the timely suggestion by Floor
header Willis, that it was time Vir
cinia was taking some step to protect
its people from ilic sirer. song of the
worthless stock vendor. He intimated
that there was a strong lobby at work
to defeat the measure
Mifiii r i>iti\ i: i.KiiiTi>iATI-:
< OM.'KKXSf Ol'T or Si'A l i:
.Mr. Drown defended his position
with tiie statement that the bill con
tained clauses that might result in
driving legitimate concerns out of
business. He hail no desire, he ex
plained. to protect those leeches who
swoop down upon prosperous farming
communities an.I wax tat on the sale
of worthless securities to g tllible coun
try folks.
William Gullitt Fitzhugh suffered on
two counts by the rule of live. His
bill to prevent tubercular persons
teaching in public schools and that
to amend the automobile law were
passed by. On the first ofTcnse the
gentleman from Machipongo said noth
ing. but when the same treatment was
accorded the second measure, he arose
to the occasion and pronounced the
proceeding an outrage. But this did
not stop the onward march of the
conscientious objectors, who. whenever
there was a chance to postpone action,
continued to chime in with the motions
to pass by.
The workmen's compensation matter,
on which it is probable a big light
will he made when it is considered,
was passed by on motion of its patron
James H. Price, of Richmond.
The bill designed to create a State
finance board with authority to desig
nate banks as State depositories was
passed by when R. W. Carrington at
tempted to amend it so that bonds ot
$100,000 instead of $5,000 would br
required of the designated banks. Mr
shackleford. patron of the bill, pointed
out that such an amendment would b?
discriminatory hi favor of the largci
city banks, and asked that the amend
ment be not adopted. Roth the amend
ment and the bill were passed by.
JIF.ATTIK OITI.I.VHS PI.AN
TO UKI.OCATIO It I'.FOR M ATOII l!>
In defense of the bill designed te
permit the purchase of the Powhatan
farm and to provide $111,000 for the
purchase Marry C. Hcattie. proponent
of every measure presented during the
term for prison improvement, made
a vigorous speech when a member
moved to postpone action. .Mr. Reattic
pointed out that tho whole scheme ot
penal institution co-ordination, foi
whose carrying out a resolution was
unanimously adopted Saturday. de
pended upon the adoption of this
measure. He said that the farm Mas
needed for the l.aurel Industrial
? (Continued on Third Page!)
VISITING AVIATOR
INTERESTS CAMP LEE
Major Hoy S. Brown, Wit?) Pass*?n.
?er, Makes Flight 'From l.anjj
ley Field In Hour.
IMPKOVKMKXTS AUTIf O II I / l] J)
More Than Million Dollar* to He
K\pende<l on Additional llospitol
and Quartermaster's Building-:.
Artillery Kange at Dutch (Jap.
I .Special t > The Times-''ispatch.l
('AMP I.KK. February --Traveling
at the rate of ninety miles an hour
from T.angley Aviation Field. near
Newport New?. Major liny S Brown,
of thr. aviation section <-f tlie signal
corps. S|i"nt a short while with frientls
at Camp l.ee this afternoon. He stated
that he was making a personal trip
to Petersburg. ;iini shortly after the
arrival "f th? big Curtis biplane lie
motored to Petersburg. Travelins with
him was a mechanic. Sergeant William
I'. Volkmcr. The trip of ninety miles
from Langley l-'ield was made in sixty
m in u t e<?.
The machine arrive! at 1 just as
."! 9 "rookies" were arrixinu from
Western Pennsylvania for military
:>er\ ii ?
Major Brown was at the wheel on
the trip. II" "ailed at division head
quarters to pay his respects to Briga
dier-General Brett, his personal friend,
out that officer was absent from the
division. He was welcomed, however,
i.tli- iallv by Brigadier-General lleinT.
in command of the artillery brigade,
who suggested that more frequent
visits be made in order that the men
might learn more of the use of air
planes in war. The one visiting the
camp to-day was of the bomb-dropping
variety, an I is used in the instruction
? f embryo aviators at Langley Field.
< \MP A IT I \ IT I MS STOP WHKV
MOTOirS 111 It IS UK A It D
When the witir of the motor was first
heard, activities in camp were stopped.
? ? rdinc ?">! a height of 5.000 feM. w hich
whs the height at which the trip was
made. th< pilot soon determined on
th" drill field immediately in the rear
<.f division headquarters. Volplaning
and circling at dangerous angles, a
landing was soon safely effected At 1
./dock the return trip was begun.
For ten minutes the aviator, with his
pn^.senge.-. t in led. rose to a di?.^>
heigh', then volplaned back towards
she earth, to the satisfaction of the
thousands of men who witnessed the
performance. Then, rising to a height
of probably 5.000 feet, he hcadei" to
wards his point of destination.
START WORK OF VAST
IMPItOYK.MKXTS AT '.'AMP
Work was begun to-day on improve
mentis that will necessitate the expen
diture of S1.?00.00?'. At the Base Hos
pital. twelve convalescent barr-.-'ks
will be built t',? c?re for patient" d-ir
inc their iccuoerative days. This i?=
in addition to other improvements at
i h - h? spital.
In connection with the<-e in-.pr^ve
me its the eonval ?scent b;*.rracl* will
be bt.ilt around a rest-rsorr. th:C i
to be < onst runted at a cost of Mfl.flfli
by the |;nf| t'ross. Het'e the men wjli
be entertain^'": and served delicacies.
An assistant field director of the Ked
Cross will also be or. <i ity at the V.-.s
pital to care for the comforts of the
men am. vri.o letters and perform
similar tasks*.
Twenty storehouses for the division
headquarters-' department ara ai-?o in
cluded it. the improvement". A hotel
.it the entrance to Camp l.ee is con
templated. Additional ro.ids. the screen
ing of every hrilding in camp, the
proper drainage of the artillery sec
tion of the camp and improvements
of other nature are included ? n the
protrr.tni approved to-day.
This work will be done under the
general direction of Captain Ira .1.
Hooks, who was to-day appointed con
struct inj; quartermaster
In addition t<? the 51.000.000 improve
ment* which were begun, a division; I
board has recommended addition ;l im
proventer,ts no", included in the osic
itiat plan, which will cost approxi
mately $.~ia0.0i(?.
Camp l.ee is already the second larg
est camp in the Failed State.-.
lll Tdl GAP Wil.t. III".
AIITI 1.1,Hit V ItAXGK SITM
It was definitely announced at divi
sion headquarters that Dutch (Jap will
be the location of the artillery range.
Fending the receipt of an allotment for
?ho< purchase the artillerymen have
been engaged in practice on the rifle
tango. The island is approximately
two miles long and one mile wide.
Where the big guns will lie placed for
firing has not been definitely deter
mined. The island is merely a pocket
to receive the shells when they are
fired. The targets will he on the
island, and land near t'nc island is
| needed for the guns.
Within a few weeks a regiment of
artillery will go to the range and
camp for a week. In addition to the
target practice, the field experience
will he valuable for officers and men. If.
i.-? probable that a pontoon bridge wiil
be built across the Appomattox lliver.
which will shorten the. distance to the
1 range six miles.
First Lieutenant G. Bellanger. of the
French army, arrived here yesterday
to aid in instructing the artillerymen.
He conies here from Fort Sill. Ok la.
i Lieutenant Bellanger arrived in this
country last November.
>1 \ N V TI'ltNMI) AWAY
FUO.M OPMM.Vr; SIIOW
MthoiiRli the l.iberty theater has a
seating capacity of more than I!,000.
more people were turned away from
lit"? opening performance than could
!.,? crowded into the building last
night. The box oilice opened at t
o'clock, and within two hours every
jseat was sold. At one time, after
! every scat was sold, there was a crowd
of more than 2,000 men massed around
! the entrance seeking admission. To
| night every seat was also sold.
| In spite of the crowd at the show,
j the churches in Petersburg had their
; usual crowd of Sunday night soldiers.
The car company announced to-day
that their records show that there were
more soldiers hauled yesterday than
on any preceding Sunday.
""Princess Pat" was the opening
show. It delighted the audience. "Fair
and Warmer" will open on Thursday,
; with a matinee next Sunday afternoon
: at ":30 and the usual performance at
1 night at 7:'J0.
HERTL1NG AGREES
WITH MR. WILSON
;
Packers Knew of Appointment of Hoover
Before Public Was Informed, Says Heney
Illy A'soi'iatcd rrtsa.l
i 1114 A?.l), IVIiruu ry ><".?'I'hal
I'liit-npo pneker* hail u?l\jinee infor
mntioit (III llir ji ppoin I mc n I <>f ller
lirrl ('. Iluiitrr jih fooil nd m in iNtra
lur, am) (liat lie uned Ihrir inttiieiire
In \\ iikIi in~ion Co olitnlii iilacrs for
employee* nnil "friend*" <m Ihr
foot! n rim 1 n in I rn I ion. un.o rliurcrd
to-dny lirforr .loni-ph 1-1. llntlrA,
chairman of tlir I'edrrnl Trniir I nm
mixtion, in ihr jioveriinieiil'.i liivf*ti
sation 'if the packing Industry.
'I'o huIim Inn I In tr tin* i-hnrjses. I-'rnn
rl* .1. Ileney, special ooun*rl for (lie
romitiiiMoii, rrsnl n rnllrrllnu of
pritnfe Irllrrn ti> nnil from l.otiis I-'.
"nlfl, lirail of Swift A Co.: Arthur
llrrkfr, of \rniour A Co.: THoninn
K. Wilson, of Wilson A Co,, anil
nlhrr IiIk |inckcr*. The letter*
ncrr ?ci/.ed in llif rniil on Ihp rnr
rpiipon denoe file* of the packer*,
directed liy >ir. Henry.
>1 r. lleney a.iiil thr letter* proved
tlie packers knew of the appoint
men! of Mr. Hoov rr before the puh
llc did; that ther had "Imiilf" in
fnrmntion that Joseph I*, t.'otton, n
\ r >v 1 urk attorney, noulil be ap
polnlrtl iiroil of the meat nml li*r
stuck section o( the fooil ndnilnl*
irntion bureau even lipforc otllcinl
Wn.Hhinstnn ?as advised of It. and
tlirjr hnd confidential Informn
lion on llie attitude of the food
administration lieforc it wnw an
nnunced to ihe public, nnd acted
ncrorditiRi.r.
'I'lie pnckfni were informed, ac
cording to thr letters, of Hoover's
iippointmeiit four days beforr the
niinounccmcnt nnx made public. The
IHicken' information was I'ontiilned
in ;? letter front 1'hoinax I". I.ocnn,
of Washington, on May 115. 'I'heJ
1N0 were udvised of a private nicrht
pnnferrniT between President HII
>on nnd Mr. Hoover. riurlnR which
Mr. Hoover was offered the post, a
few hour* nftrr the conference was
held.
AMERICAN-BUILT CIS
ARE POUNDING HUNS
Ordnance of Heaviest Type in l"se
l?y Pershing's Army and on
Italian Front.
Mi l 1.1)1.\<i SIXTKKX-1XC'II PIF.CF.S
Circa I est Shooting Maehinery in
World I'ntler t'oust ruction for
I'nitetl States Navy?Forres in
France Well Kquippcd for Work.
in.v A?'sorl?teil Prf>s.)
WASIIlNiiTi'.V, February ?Amer
ican-built ordnance of the latest type
and heaviest caliber?ten-inch, twelve
ineh and fourtcen-ineh rifles?are in
service >>11 the sector of the western
front held by the American army and
on the Italian front, it was learned
to-?lay at the War Department. The
general belief lias been that very few
| American heavy guns were in Kurope.
The guns sent to Italy include a num
ber of fourtcen-inch rifles. both of
the forty-Ave and fifty-caliber. The
former was considered the most pow
erful naval weapon in existence until
the. .<>mmiss'.onin-r of Itritish batile
ships of the U'uccn Klir.abeth class with
fiiitrtern-iin li mm:". American experts
Mill believe that, the fourtcen-inch
fifty-calll?er ritle i: harder hitting and
more accurate even than the larger
IJ-itish weapon.
fieports from Italy say the results
achieved by the heavy American ord
nance already have elicited expressions
of admiration from the Italian gun
ners.
I'KltSIllVO t.l'.T* MAW
t\\ i:i.vi:-t Nt'it mn.KS
In addition to heavy naval ordnance,
Oeneral Pershing: has received a. num
ber of reserve twelve-inch rifles de
| signed originally for installation In
the coast defense of the United States,
i When this country entered the war.
there were a substant ial number of
thes" guns in American arsenals, but
Die chances of their being needed here
was deemed so small that the War
Department did not hesitate to ship
them a.board. Mounted on specially
designed carriages thev are now lo
cate.1 a long i lie American sector.
Mounted for high single fire, as the>
; will be used in land operations, the
I twelve-inch rides have ail estimated
?range of not less than :;5.000 yards. ?.r
| substantially seventeen miles. The
fourtcen-incli g'Jii has a proportion
ately greater range.
1 .arse naval guns are now being
built, as future American battleships
are. to have sixtecn-inch guns <>f both
forty-five and fifty caliber. No tie
tails of this weapon have yet been per
mitted to he published, however.
GERMAN CRUISER BACK
Wolf Itrturiiv. \flcr Fifteen Month* on
High *en*. ll?irii?K A\ lti?*l* She
Sank American ships.
1 Rv Assni ia'eil I
P.KKI.IN'. February -?> < via London).?
An official communication issued to-day
fays:
"The auxiliary cruiser Wolf has re
turned home, after fifteen months in
'the Atlantic. Indian and Pacific Oceans.
"The Kaiser has telegraphed his wel
come to the commander and conferred
the Order Pour le Meritc. together witli
a number of Iron Crosses, on the of
, fleers and crew."
According to the l.ritish Admiralty
statement, three American vessels were
sunk by the auxiliary cruiser Wolf.
10.000 DEAD
Keren! l-'.n rt h<|iinkr (n tinny Hinter
land l .nises t.rent llniiinsc
and I.on* n( l.lfe,
I llv Associated Pre.'.-. I
A Mo V. CHINA. February ? Nearly
10,000 persons lost their lives as a
'result of the recent earthquake in the
Amoy hinterland, according to the
latest report from Swatow. which is
a treaty port of China, Province ot
Kwangiting. miles northeast o!
'? Canton. It is a center of the sugar
industry and is a town of some 40,000.
A scries of earthquakes February
10 and 1" caused extensive damage
i over a considerable area of Kwaug
I tung. Buildings were wrecked in
.Amoy and many other towns. Several
! villages in the Amoy hinterland were
virtually destroyed.
NO MORE SURVIVORS
OF LINER FtORIZEL
Master of Vessel Among Forty-Four
Persons Rescued From Steamer
Xenr Caj?e Race.
SAVE TWEXTV-SEVEX OF CHEW
Heath I.ist "Will Stand at Xinety-Two.
Seventy-Seven Passengers on
Hoard When Ship Struck Rock,
bill Only Seventeen Survive.
F By Associated Prep*. ]
XKW TOTCK, February 25.?Seventeen
passengers ami twenty-seven members
of the crew of the Red Cross l^ine
steamship Florizel. wrccked near Cape
Race, have been taken off by rescue
ships. They are the sole survivors out
of the 13G on board when the ship
struck the rocks. The Florizel carried
seventy-seven passengers and a crew
of fifty-nine, according to official ad
vices received here by How-ring & Co.,
agents of the line. If these figures are
correct, the death list would stand at
ninety-two.
The official list of the survivors from
the Florizel given nut here to-night
follows:
Passengers? Alex Led ingham, Miss
Kitty Cantwell, Ralph Rurnham, J. P.
Koilev, Major .Sullivan. William Par
minter. Archibald Gardner, William
Podd, .r. C. Sparrow. Thomas Whalen,
l?avi?l Griffith, Minnie. DenictT, A. G.
Fagan. G. M.iloney, John Cleary, Jo
seph Slockley and \V. X. Dauphinee.
Crew?Captain William J. Martin, W.
James, 1*. Jacktnan, J. Lumsdcn, lCric
Collier, Herbert Taylor. Edwin Tim
mon-, John Davis; fireman, name un
known; P. Pinset, M. F. Power. Thomas
Green. James l?urru, M. Malloy, W.
Pooley. A. llatchhard. George Curtis
Jack Johnson, Charles Relis, James
Dwyer, Alex Fleet, lfenry Pood, Henry
Snow. J. C. Moore. F. Roberts, Cecil
Carter and Bernard Murphy.
PULLMAN PORTER HEARD
Mnnnspr of Company Defrnili Tipping
Sjr.stein lleforr llailrond M nee
4 ,'om in i.s.ston.
WASHINGTON', February ?"This
tlppin* business is the worst thing I
ever did see. It don'v amount to a hill
of beans neither, but wc got to havo
"em."
J. T. Padgett, a railroad porter, thus
summed up for the railroad wage com
mission to-day, the whole question r. f
tipping and ihe American riding publi.-.
Secretary l.ane. chairman of the com
mission, asked the manager tit' the
PiiUman Company, earlier in the: hear
ing if it were "possible to change the
American temperament to the extent
of,doing away with tips." The man
ager replied that a straight salary
would be "positively injurious to the
service."
The porter, working on a Southern
railroad, explained that they hated to
tal.e tip.s ! ometlincs, but the passen
gers seemed to think it was necessary
to get good service. The porter also
explained that they needed the money
"somethin' awful."
Ordinary porters were generally $f.
and $.'0 ia debt over their month's
wages. Pullman porters, whose tips
are higher, draw in some cases lower
sa la ries.
FEWER BRITISH CASUALTIES
Tol.il for \\ crk Only 1 : l.nwcnt
Upporlcd in >r\rrnl
Months.
I H> Asso< latcil I're.NM 1
1 .o\|?ON\ February ?5. ? ttrili.sh cas
ualties reported In the week ended to
day were the lowest of any week
for several months. They were di
vided as follows:
Killed or died of wounds officers.
- t; men. 7:;ti
Wounded or missing--ofiicer?. 77;
men, 2,731.
l-crnrd Itnpidly Improving.
N'KW 1 ORK, February "o.?James
W. Gerard, former American ambas
sador to Germany, who last week un
derwent an operation, was reported as
improving rapidly to-night.
SAYS HIS PRINCIPLES,
IF OTHERS AGREE,
OFFER PEACE BASIS
.Japanese Reported Ready to
Take Action in
Siberia.
BOLSHEVIKI ACCEPT TERMS.
BUT INVASION CONTINUES
Huns Capture Rcval, Principal
Russian Port on Fin
nish Gulf.
NO SKRIOUS RESISTANCE
Battle Before Kiev, in Ukraine,
Seems Imminent, Unless Another
Armistice Is Arranged.
\
\
(By Associated Pres.?.l
AMSTKIIDA.M, February 25.?Speak
ing before the Reichstag to-day, the
lmperia.1 German Chancellor, Count von
llertling, marie this declaration:
"I can fundamentally agree with the
four principles which in President Wil
son's view must be applied in a mutual
exchange of views, and thus declare
with President Wilson that a genera!
peace can he discussed on such a basis.
"Only one reserve need he made in
this connection: these principles must
not only bo proposed by the President
of the United States, but must also
actually be recognized by all states and
peoples."
.lAPANRSE IIEADY TO DO
SOMKTHI.N'ti IX SIBKIIIA
fBy Associated Press.l
HARBIN, Wednesday, February 20.?
The Japanese, according to reliable au
thority. Intend to take action in Siberia
at an early date, ami there are evi
dences that the Japanese have long
been preparing to carry out this move.
cha\ci;m,or says tiussi.v
HAS ACCEPTKD TERMS
IBv Associated Press.l
The German Imperial Chancellor has
told the Reichstag that the Bolshevik
government of Russia has accepted
Germany's peace terms and that peace
must ensue shortly. Bui apparently no
pence for the. Russians is immediately
in store. ?
On tho contrary, the Germans con
tinue to overrun the country from the
Culf of Finland southward well into
Little Russia. Rcval. Russia's principal
port on the Finnish gulf, together with
its fortress, has been captured: Pskov,
situated on the railway about 160 miles
southwest of Pctrograd. is in enemy
hands, and southward along the entire
line the invaders everywhere are
steadily pressing eastward, and on
their southern wing have formed , ?.
junction with the Ukrainians at Zhito
mir. eighty-five miles west of Kiev,
which town it is their announced pur
pose to take front the Bolshevik ele
ments holding it.
It A PI DITY OF CiKHMA V
MA IICII II KM A nKAni.F,
Although it is announced that Rev a 1
was taken "after a battle." it io doubt
ful if serious resistance was olTercd
to the Germans by the Russians still
holding the town, for up to Sunda;
the invaders had ni. de no mention oi"
having come within sight of Rcval.
Since the renewal of hostilities began
the Germans have taken over thou
sands of additional square miles o?
Russian territory, the rapidity of their
advance, even though virtually unim
peded. being remarkable.
F.spccially rapid has been that In the
south through Volliynia. where particu
lar efforts were directed to getting in
touch with the Ukrainians, so as to
carry out the compact with them to aid
iti expelling the ISolslieviki from Uk
rainian territory. A battle before Kiev,
therefore, seems not far distant, unless
meantime another armistice Is ar
ranged pending the final capitulation
of (he P.olshevik government and the
s going of a peace treaty.
TltQT7.lv \ Wll-I. NOT
BKPlli;si:.\T ltOI,SI1E\ IK I
At last accounts the Russian dele
gates who are to treat with the Ger
mans were to have loft Pctrograd Sun
day night for Brest Litov'sk. Trouky.
the Bolshevik Foreign Minister, who
bolted tho original peace confercncs
and declined to sign a peace treaty,
will not represent the government In
the present discussion, it having been
decided to send in his stead M. Zinovieff.
president o!" the IVtrograd Council of
Workmen's and Soldiers" Delegates.
Already the imperialistic German
viewpoint is being pressed upon Rus
sians ;is the newly acquired territory.
Yhe German commander ha: informed
tho populace of K.-thon:a and Livonia
that they now are under ilerman police
power, and the barons of the old re
gime have been ordered released from
imprisonment and Instructions have
been given that they arc to be pro
tected by tho Germans, who will not
permit their transfer to territory where
they may again be made prisoner by
the Bolsheviki.
Iii Pctrograd the situation is still
critical. For the present the American
and entente allied ambassadors have
elected to remain in tho capital pend
ing further developments, hut many at
taches of the embassies and civilians
(.Continued on Second Page.)

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