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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, March 05, 1918, Image 1

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(Jp-tO'Date Publicity
Can Be Furnished Only by the
Modern Newspaper
Jnitcd States Has Not Ex
pressed Views on
icrmany's Intention of Occupy
ing Finland Regarded
as Illuminating.
^ <isliiii?tou 'f iijiiiis Announcement
hy Motono of Agreement Should
Not lie Taken Literally,
f AtiHoclHtfd pri??4y, ]
|\V A SHI NGTO.V, March 4.?Military
Ition by Japan in eastern rflbcria to I
leek German influence and protect ivar
at Vladivostok Is believed here
1 bo Imminent. The United .States has
It yet expressed Its views on the pro
|sed step, but it was said In diplo
Ulc quarters to-night that the Japa-|
Ise probably would move quickly to
Jet emergency conditions, leaving: to!
I> pending diplomatic cxchacgcs do-1
Tlopment of an understanding with I
lierlca and the allies upon the scopo!
id purposes or the enterprise.
KVhile it lias no direct bearing upon ;
situation in Asiatic Russia, the1
|ws which came to-day to the Swcd
legation tliat Germany has given
Itice of her intention to occupy the
|o!e of Finland will tend to hasten 1
agreement upon Japan's plans. The
Irman explanation to the Swedish
|reign Ullice. which has protested
Unst the proceeding, that the orcu
j ion is to restore order and without
lent to take permanent possession, is
larded as a very clear indication of
|at the Teutons may undertake in
part of Russia now that the Rol
bvlkl have been forced to accent their
J-d peace terms.
?Hliclals and diplomats hero profess
loranee of what preparations have!
In made by Japan for tKe operations
|>ut to be undertaken. As a matter
I course, secrecy has been observed.
II a strict censorship iri regard to tlio
lorian question Is in force at Tokyo,
psibly the next word to come out of
J?an on the subject will be an an
lincemept of something accomplished.
|( has oeen stated in ofticia! ?iuar
that It Is no concern of the entente
lea nor of America how Japan goes
lut the task, once the question of
licy is settle.!. If tnc decision Is
lehcd to give Japan a free hand in
l;tern Siberia, it is now conceded that
lother military or naval power is In
|ition to render her any substantial
owing to the lac't of available
It n diplomatic way. the situation has
Vained unchanged since the middle
plast week. The State Department
\not indicated to the Japanese gov
|'nent what may be its view of the
situation created by the signing
| peace articles by the Rolshcvlkl.
statement made recently by Vis
|nt Motono that Japan had a worlc
agreement with the entente allies
America in regard to this question,
said, has been taken to literally,
?jals say what the viscount proh
I' meant was there existed a sympa
tic understanding on the subject.
Ii seeking an understanding as to
before going on record as sup
ting the Japanese action, the Amer
li government Is understood to hold
while it has every confidence in
[proper intentions of Japan, it would
easier to convince neutral nations,
moreover, would enable America
the allies to defeat any German
Ign to organize the discordant ele
Its in Russia on the German side,
|e there some formal'assurance that
Jslan integrity was not to suffer.
Iilgh official to-day expressed the
liion that for this reason the sltua
was very delicate and required
careful treatment at the hands of
press to avoid embarrassing mls
ASH1NGTON. March 4.?A joint
lutlon which declares against
invasion of Russia by Japan, ami
t the Congress solemnly protests
not any attempt to interfere with
management by the Russian people
heir own affairs and against all
?npts to enconrnse any foreign
er lo take possession of Russian
tory," wan Introduced to-day by
?eKcntative London, of New York,
ilist. Them was no debate,
nbassador Francis. telegraphing
i Vologda under date of Saturday,
informed the Stpte Department of
intention to remain there for the
?3W YOFSv. March Tho Amer
?wmn Chamber of Commorce
sfc'i / following resolution to-day.
??T nsiderlry? the suggested Inva
op Russia by Japan:
ftolved, That the executive com
ic of tHe board of directors of the
?lean-Russian Chamber of Com
a expresses its belief that the in
n "of Pastern Russian territories
ny military forces might produce
ful economic results unless such
n wo* a rcafllt of formal agrec
of all allied powers and unless
Invasion was precoded by wldo
olty, clcarly setting forth Its pur
What Common Council
Accomplished Last Night
Adopted revised IOIK budget or
dliinncc currying appropriations of
9-Jt!tN0?ft77.2rS, with" mo Increase la
general tax rate.
Postponed until April con.ildera
tlon of "City Hall*' petition, and
designating date for special charter
Levied grndnated tax on automo
biles uncd for pleasure purposes.
Readjusted sill water rntes so as
to redaee chnrnc to stnnll consum
em, anil Increasing price to whole
sale consumer*, prices ranging from
B to 10 cents.
Directed City Attorney Pollard |0
Inquire Into elty's rights In Ashland
electric line matter.
Appropriation Ordinance Is Reduced
80 as to Avoid Increase in
General Tax Rate.
Goes Over to April Meeting in Or
der That Election Can He Held on
Day of General Election in June.
Special Tax on Pleasure Autos.
Richmond's revised 1918 budget or
dinance,' carrying appropriations of
St.386,977.23, as reported by the Com
mittee on Finance, was adopted last
night by the Common Council with
only slight discussion. The measure
will go to the Board of Aldermen for
concurrence on March 12, "and the
funds allotted the various departments
made available at once. The Council,
without objection, tabled until its April
meeting the ordinance calling a spe
cial charter election. This action was
taken to delay the consideration of this
matter until the general election In
As reported by the Finance Commit
tee, the revised budget appropriates
the sum of $4,330,977.20, as compared
with $?) 655.9.r,7.20 contained in the orig
inal ordinance. With this substantial
reduction, no increase in the tax rate
of the city was found necessary. Ap
propriations to the various departments
were reduced, while the price of water
was scaled so as to provide additional
revenue for the city. The committee
also reported an ordinance levying a
tax of 25 cents per horse power on all
automobiles used for pleasure. There
was no increase in the price of gas to
Councllmen Peters and English found
several items In the budget to which
they were opposed, but, rather than
lelay the measure, the passage of which
is urgently needed, they supported the
ordinance. Councilman Rose voted
against the measure, however, because
the salaries of the captains in the Fire
Department were r.ot increased in com
parison with captains in the Police
Department, and because several other
advances of more than 10 per cent had
been made in one or two departments.
The budget contains the 10 per cent
increase In salary to a!! city employees
receiving $1,800 annually or less, in
cluding school-teachers, and members
of the Council made it plain that
teachers in every instance should re
ceive the Increased salary. With this
exception there are few changes In the
now budget other than the reductions
form the original measure, which was
recommitted by the Common Council
for a public hearing.
After the scries of meetings the com
mittee summoned various city oflicers
before it, with the result that appro
priations to many departments were
reduced. These reductions, resulting
in a smaller budget, were as follows:
Streets generally, from 5210,000 to
5100,000: a decrease of $10,826 in the
School Board pay roll; $1,000 for City
Form at Pine Camp; $1,500 to Virginia
Mechanics' Institute: $3,000 expenses of
Police Department; $.1,000 School Board
expen?es; $13,123 to sidewalks; $75,000
to Gas Works; $2,500 to mains; $5,000
to water, and $15,000 to other work
in streets. There were also several
other small items which wero reduced.
Members of the Finance Committee
explained that the saving of $75,000
to the Gas Works was possible because
the Administrative Board believed it
could reduce expenses to that extent,
which made it possible to continue gas
at 80 cents per 100 cubic feet. If
conditions later in the year, however,
became such as to make it necessary,
the Council at that time could advance
the price. This would not occur, they
said, if the estimates of the board
held true. While the city will sell its
gas at SO cents, estimates,' including
fixed charges to the plant, place the
estimated cost at 88 cents this year.
The readjustment of water rates,
which reduced from 11 to 10 cents per
1.000 cubic feet the price to small
consumers and places a charge rang
ing from 5 to 10 cents on llio whole
sale consumers, will increase the city's
revenues approximately 575,000. ac
cording to estimates furnished the
committee by the Administrative
Board. So increase in the merchants'
license tax was recommended, since
it was believed that the increased cost
of stock, upon which merchants pay,
would result In increosed revenues.
Tho revised budget appropriates
$1,000,-102 on account of the city's debt,
as provided In tho original moasure.
There Is allotted $2,(HI,604 to the gen
eral government of tho olty and $1,
715,372.73 to departments under tho
(ConTlnuod on Third PagX)
"Golden Glo" is coming.?Adv.
Measure Protecting American
Soldiers and Sailors Goes
to President.
| Law Suit Cannot Be Settled
Against Man in Service,
Unable to Appear.
W ASHI.VGTON, March 4.?Giving
: sweeping- protection to Uncle Sam's
I flghtlncr men, the so-called soldiers'
jand sailors' civil rights bill was ap
proved to-night hy Congress. Presi
j dent "Wilson's signature is expected
j within a day or so.
Under the provisions of the bill fight
ing men and their dependents are pro
tected against eviction for nonpayment
of rent; loss of life insurance through
J delayed premiums; the execution of
mortgages agalnat their property; loss
' of homes on which part payment has
lioen made; los3 of property through
i nonpayment of taxes: or loss of a
i homestead through absence or nonpay
1 inent of fees.
All this protection is given on tho
condition that a man's normal ability
i to meet his obligations has been "ma
1 terially afTected" by his military ser
oii'i' in:fori: congress
.>'!?: An I, Y A YEAH
The measure has been before Con
gress almost since the first of the war.
: Difficulties of drafting it. and the pro
teats of certain Insurance, building
company, loan company and similar in
terests, delayed its passage.
With the war insurance bill, it is
;declared by administration leaders to
j make up the most liberal legislation in
pi otoction of a nation's fighters in
history. Its final approval waa by
1 unanimous vote.
Jt:< most important features follow:
} A lav/ suit cannot bo settled against
a man who is unable to appear by
reason of military service. Courts
must appoint attorneys for such de
; fondants.
A law suit begun by a person who
later enters military service may bo
postponed until the man in service 13
| able to give it personal attention,
A soldier s wife or family cannot be
, evicted from an> premises, rent for
I which does not exceed %Z0 a month.
? The court may Inquire into all such
cases and make "?uih order as mny bo
Jo.Tt." An ntt smpt evict shall be
punishable by a $1,000 fine.
Oft homes being bought on install
ment payments, the contract rjjali not
ho forecloned for nonpayment unless
a court so decides after an investiga
tion. The court may then order all
payments to date refunded. The court
may stay proceedings altogether.
Insurance is defined to include bene
fits from fraternal or benefit societies,
as v.*oil an commercial lif* insurance.
Nonpayments due to military service
shall not Invalidate the policy up to
one year after the clo *e of the war.
PHornnTY may not hi:
.SOI,l> roil TAXES
Nonpayment of taxfs cannot result
in the sale of a lighter's property.
This includes assessments and levies
of every sort for either national, State
or local governments.
Mine claims, timber claims and farm
claims all are guarded against fore
closure by the government, either for
failure to perform work, absenec. non
payment of fees, or failure to make im
Nino Privntr* Alno-F>ll In Action. While
T^to OfllccrN nnd T\Tenty-One Mm
Wrro Wnnndrd.
IHv Associated Press.1
'WASHINGTON, March ?Genfral
Pershing reported to the War Depart
ment to-day the names of one lieu
tenant and nine'privates killed in ac
tion, o' a captain, a lieutenant and
eleven men severely wounded and ten
men slightly wounded, all on Friday,
the day of a German assault on an
American trench sector. The names of
a lieutenant and four men killed tlto
same day _ previously had been re
ported. The dead are:
First lieutenant Stewart \V. lloovcr.
infantry. Hlackfoot, Idaho.
Privates William Farr. Milan. Pa.;
Fred Card, Crosby. N. D.; Russell A.
Myrrh Napa, Cul.; Kdward 11. McNultv,
St. T^ouis: Chris Busch. Napa, Cal.;
Mathews l>. Souza. Sato Antas, Azores
Islands: Claude W. Keller, Glcnburn,
N. D.; 1-loyd S. Miller, Commerce. Mo.;
Frank Midak. friend. .John J. Davis,
Minot, N. D.; Corporal Homes J. Whea
ton, Syracuse, N. Y? and I^awrencc A.
LaCasse, Woburn, Mass.
Private Shelley Moxley. infantry,
Laurel Springs, N. C., was reported
slightly wounded.
Iliil I,nxftr.i May Not lir Deducted From
]ncome in Figuring
I Tiy Associated Press. I
WASHINGTON. March 4. ? Poker
profiteers were hit to-day by the in
ternal Uovenue Durcau's informal rul
ing that earnings from the game were
subject to the income tax, but losses
could not be deducted from Income in
figuring the tax.- Thus there is lax
for the winner, and no relief for the
loser. The ruling was given to the
following letter of inquiry:
"Kindly tell mo whether poker losses
are deductible from net Income In fig
uring Income taxes. I have lost large
sums In tho past year, and the question
with mo Is vital. For the information
of a friend, who has had good poker
profits, plonse tcH me whether those
are to be Included ih Income."
? 4
j $200,000 Biennial Appropriation
Cut to $140,000 to Appease
Strode Puts Through University
Measure by Vote of
23 to 9.
.So amended !n the Senate as to strihe
cut tho clause requiring; an Inventory)
of all liquors held by citizens and to
decrease the appropriation asked by
Commissioner Peters from 5200,000 to
$140,000 for tho next two years, the'
Mapp amendment to the prohibition law
was yesterday brought nearer to the
desire of those who opposed the meas
ure in its original form. A similar bill
In the Mouse was passed by. but the
vote in that body on motion to pass
by the Hundley-Gordon bill to abolish
the oflicc of Prohibition Commissioner
.stood r?9 to 20. This is believed to
forecast adoption of the new prohibi
tion bill by the House.
j Senator Strode's bill, designed to ad
mit women to the university in the
graduate and professional courses, ex
cept law and undergraduate work in
the education and engineering depart
ments. was adopted by the Senate, 23
to 9. When Senator Strode, following
instructions of the President of the
Stnate, announced his victory- to the
House, he was greeted by long ap
plause, both from members of the
House and from female spectators in
i the gallery. Immediately after the
j House adjourned he went to the Com
mittee on Schools and Colleges to ask
action, so that the bill could come im
mediately to the House. He argued
? well into the evening with the commit
' tc-emen. Afterward ho expressed the
belief that the House would adopt
his measure. The committee, however,
reported the bill unfavorably.
The vote on the Strode bill was:
! Ayes?Allen, Bowers, Buchanan, Can
non. Corbltt. Downing. Drewry, Karly.
Gayle. Gravatt, Gunn, Honing-, Jeffreys.
Jordan, Lacy. Mapi. Mathews, Robert
son. Strode, Thornnn, Trinkle, Walker
land Wcndenbuig.
Nays?Addison, Byrd. Garrett, Holt,
Keith, Rinchart, Bison, Royall and
Not voting?Andrew?, Barham. Con
rad, Davis. Gotdloe, Goolrick. Mitchell
land Wobb.
I Senator Addison said that tho Strode
: bill was the least objectionable tf all
tho university bills. Although oppos
1 ing the bill, he said it was illogical to
i accept the amendment excluding
women from the law school and to
?'admit, them to ,?ractice law. He said
he voted not to admit women to prac
tice law because >e could not favor
| that bill and not vote for coeducation
'at the university. He then added that
if the Strode bill passed allowing
women to study law at "Virginia" he
! would ask tho unanimous conaent to
change hi.? vote to favor admitting
women to practice law. Me called the
I conccssion o.' the law school to the
: opponents :>! the bill an unfortunate
, concession, that was positively illog
Senator Addison then said he opposed
engrafting coeducation on the old
school and its wealth of tradition;
that it was not a question of eroding
new schools, lie said he favored co
education straight out rather than co
ordination. Ho then questioned the
wisdom of abandoning the history of
llie university. He said lie was not
opposed to giving women their just
deserts, and then contended that the
women had "reasonable opportunities
for higher education in the State." lie
contended that this bill opened the
door only to the favored few?the edu
cation faddists?and that, not of value
to the general mass of women, was
designed only as a wedge to ulti
mately throw the school wide open; or
else that the passage of the Strode
bill meant nothing to the women of
the State. Ho said that he was going
to vote against the bill because its
passage would enable the women to
demand with infinitely 'more force'en
trance to the whole school. He called
this bill but tho first trench?but a
small dose of the poison, if it be a
statu ?i;im:m)i:.\t
OX It A11.Ill) A I) TA.VISS
Senator West sprang a sensation in
the Senate yesterday morning by call
ing up a House joint resolution which
says that the General Assembly "would
voice with dismay any attempt to in
fringe upon the right of the State to
tax railroads." lie stated tha?. Virginia
was opposed to governmental control
of railroads, and later said he resented
an apparent charge that llie railroads
were behind the movement.
Senator Strode said that Senator
West's reference to government owner
ship let the oat out of the bag. and,
referring to a conclave of railroad mag
nates in Washington recently, said
that the resolution in efi'cct was camou
flage. He said the bills introduced in
the United States Congress and this
resolution would redound to I ho bene
fit of high-salaried railroad officials
and would embarrass the government
as to 'future disposition of the trans
portation companies; and 'hat they
would give the railroads a lover with
which to prtr.o out of the government
greater consideration In case the gov
ernment should desire to retain the
roads after the war.
m-:s?i,i tiox srGGi;sTicn iiy
< oupouatiox commission
Senator Addloon said tho resolution
was presented to the- Fln.tuce Com
mittee by the chairman of the State
Corporation Commission, and said that
Senator Strode's position was unjusti
fiable. He said that tho resolution did
(Continued on Fourtii~rngc7)
French Premier Confers Croix de Guerre
on Americans for Heroism in Recent Raid
TUv Associated I're.*s.l
WITH Till-: A .M Kill CAN AH.MV
I.V Kll A M'K, Sunday March X?
Premier Clrinrn<'r;iu, ?vhn nprnt to
dny on the American front north
WT*t of Tonl, decorated livo lieu
tenants. two sergeants iind two prl
valcs with the Croix dc Guerre, the
palm for heroism wblch they dis
played in the rrccnt German raid
01: thin lector.
One of the lieutenants* come*
front Drooklyn nnd the other from
rimrlcKlnn. S. C. Moth men went
out into "no man's land" in broad
iln.vll|;lil nnd pot n German prisoner.
SI. Clemciiccau. accompanied by
two French ^enemis, arrived nt
American headquarters at the front
nt on early hour and Immediately
went to where the troops xrral
drawn up on three sides of a square
in companies.
The nnmcN of the men to he dec
orated were called, and they stepped
up, the French Premier pinning the
decorations on them nnd nnrlnK "
word to each. One he patted on the
shoulder and Maid:
"Thnt's the way to do it." The
American blushed nnd retired to the
rank*. One of the I'rench nenerals
said to a lieutenant, newly decor
ated i
">Ye have jtot the Uoehes down
and we shnll put thetn down deeper
if we l;eep working as we liuve."
At the end of the ceremony a
young; prlvnte came running nlonqr
hurriedly. He Npoke for a moment
with his captain, fcarlnpr apparently
that he wnn Kolng to Ioka his medal.
The captain directed him to proceed
to M. Clemencenu's automobile,
which he did. The I'remlcr stepped
out and slapped hiai on the back,
handing him his war cross. One
of 1lie K'cncrols remarked latiRh
Inglyi ".V ever mind about belnjc
late. You were on time the other
morning. That Is eaough."
The soldier. In the excitement nnd
Klory of the moment, forpfot to
.inliitr, Imt an Amcrlcnu grnernl
came to hi* rescue, whlsperlnprt
?'Saliile! Salute."
None of the men decorated can
wear their honorM until authorized
by CongrMK,
I<ive" Wore in Arrangement to
Spend Millions in "Edu
cational" Effort.
Couldn't Agree ns to Method of Ail
portioning Expense? "C n m o n -
Jlaged" News Used to Discredit
Trade Commission.
CHICAGO. .March 4?An. "educa
tional" publicity campaign, involving
tho expenditure of millions to offset any
IH effects from the passage of th.i Bor
land investigation resolution In Con
gress, was planned by the live largest
packers in 191C. according to Francis
J. Htncy, special attorney for the Fed
eral Trade Commission. Mr. Heney said
this campaign, which provided for the
establishment of a staff of writers ot
-punchy paragraphs" on behalf of the
packers, fell through because the mem
bers of the -big five" could not agree
on a proportion cf expenses.
Details of the propaganda plan were
revealed to-day when additional cor
respondence was read before Examiner
Basil M. Manley. of the commission, by
Mr. Ilency.
ihe latter declared another "educa
tional" crusade was at present In force
to discredit the Investigation of the
!? edcral Trade Commission. lie sal<J
Swift & Co. last month contemplated
the expenditure of between $."i00.000
and $1,000,000 In publicity to reply to
disclosures brought out befo.'e the gov
ernment body.
CO! 'i'l'It V I'A I'MIIS I'LOODK])
He said that country newspapers are
being flooded with "camouflaged" news,
making it appear the packers are sub
jects of a vituperative and unwarranted
Kxaininer Manley charged that
Thomas F. I.egati. Washington corres
pondent for a New Vork weekly and a
rhiladelphia newspaper, was a confi
dential "tipster" at the capital for the
Details of the order of W. F. Priebe.
n packers' employee, and a member of
the food administration, whose order
wrecked the market for independent
dealers in poultry, was given by 11. p.
Jones, ?;n ofllcer of the Schwolr.er Com
mission Company. lie intimated that
further Prlebe decrees might give rise
to a "Rolshevikis.n among consumers
a ad the independent poultry trade.'*
lie way also severe in his condemna
tion of the flour substitutes suggested
by tho food administration.
Letters purporting to show bow offi
cials of Armour <fc Co., "huUled up" to
get (lennral h. W. Plummer's approval
of the permit to construct a branch ad
joining the Camp Dodge commissary
were presented by Mr. fleruy, who de
clared the relations between General
Plummer and Armour & Co. were morn
serious than might bo suspe.'teu from
the general's having received a package
of scented soap from the company, as
a mark of Its esteem.
Advertising, however, was the hi*?
subject of the day. The pro rata ex
pense calculations which fell through
show Swift St. Co. as the largest
In anticipation of a niega of national
and Stale cold storage) legislation,
Swift X- Co.. as a part of Its educa
tional campaign, according to a letter
read by Mr. llcney, prepared to em
ploy it. M. Allen, who In 1002 was pure
foorl commissioner of Kentucky.
"There are live or six persons ot
controlling influence on this subject "
sab! the letter, which was written to
Louts F. Swift, "all of whom. 1 believe,
Intend to be fair and Impartial. |
have been endeavoring to educate them
(Continued on Second Page77
There's only one "Golden Glo."?Adv
j Australians Carry Out Hip; Raid
Against Kneiny Near Warncton,
Southeast of Ypres.
1 Our Allies Check Two Attacks and
Carry Out One Successfully
Themselves ? No Sammies Cap
tured in Trenches.
r By As.iociatod Press.]
; Since Sunday the Germans have left
J the Americans in comparative peace op
i their sector near Toul. Probably lind
j ing that their attempted forays were
I too costly, thoy have failed to launch
| further attacks and even have out
I down 'materially tlitfli- artillery ' tiro
jand gas shell bombardments. Again
I the American gunners have worked
I havoc among the Germans by heavily
j shelling a largo cantonment where
; troops were assembled.
Near Warneton, southeast of Ypres,
I the Australians have carried out a l>l?r
I raid against enemy positions, killing
; at least fifty of the German defenders,
j destroying dugouts and bringing back
j prisoners. Around I?ens the Germans
I have begun .1 rather intensive bom
j b&rdtnent against the British troops
| besieging tho great coal center.
5 The nearest approach to a big bat
tle on the western front has occurred
between the French and the Germans
in the Verdun sector. Hero tho French
troops carried out a brilliant attack
against tho Calonne trenches and pene
! trated the German positions as far as
I their fourth line. The point of pene
i tratio 11 was over a front of 1.200 meters
(and to a depth of COO meters, and 150
j prisoners wei?) taken In the operation,
j Attempted attacks by the Germans
i north of the Chcmin-des-Dames, near
i the Mallncourt wood and It. Lorraine,
| went for naught owing to the accuracy
I of the French tire.
riiou Titcm:s
f By Associated Pre?s. I
1 FRANCE, Saturday, March 2.?The
; Americans the Germans claim to have
| captured on the Chemin-des-Dames
j probably were the larger port of a pa
j trol of thirteen men which went out
i when the raid began and has not been
j heard of since. The enemy obtained
I no prisoners from the American
; trenches.
"NO M.l,VS I.AM)"
I By Associated Press.)
, FRANCE, Sunday, March 3.?Volunteers
J from American units along tho Chemin
j des-Daines searched "no man's land" in
;a rain of machine gun bullets for thir
teen mi.iairig men of a patrol party,
but did not find any trace of them ex
j cept one man who had been killed. It
; ia certain the Germans obtained pris
| oners from this patrol.
The American general commanding
j the unit on this front said the men
: were eager for action, and were con
| tlnually asking permission to remain
! In tho front line longer than the al
lotted period. It has been found
necessary to caution them frequently
against exposing themselves, they are
so anxious to get a crack at the enemy.
However, they arc tempted to poor over
the. top In the daytlmo and go over at
! night in the hope of "starting some
! thing."
Between 500 and 1,500 gas shells are
I thrown on tho American positions on
I the Chemiu-dcs-Damcs front each day,
j but there have been no serious gus
j casualties. The men have been trained
I thoroughly in the use of gas masks, and
j the necessity of putting them on before
(going into the trenches. Thoy do not
find It inconvenient to work and fight
"like divers" an they say. A few men
have been gassed slightly whllo adjust
ing their helmets, but this Is Inevita
ble when gas shells nre thrown a long
distance behind the lines. A brigadier
general and a major who were riding
in on automohlio on n tour of inspec
tion a few days ago were gassed slight
tContlnuod on Third Page.)""
- \
Ostensible Object Is to Drive
Out Revolutionists and
Red Guards.
Bolshevik Elements Destroy
Bridges Along Line of Trans
Siberian Railway.
Treaty of Pcncc, Which Has Not Yet
Bccji Made Public, Is to Be
Rntifletf Thursday.
[By Associated I'rentj. 1
Although the military operations
along the western front in Franco and
Belgium daily arc growing in magni
tude until It seems apparent thrft fierce
battles cannot much longer be delayed,
the .situation in Russia continues to
hold an absorbing place in public in
terest throughout the world.
Scant advices from Petrograd are
coming through, but those that aV*o
finding their way out of the turmoil
ridden capital at Petrograd indicate
that while the Germans have ceased
operations in Great Russia, following
the signing of the peace compact with
the Bolsheviki, they now are striking
against Finland, and that in the south
Austro-Hungarians are making inroads
Into Podolia In an endeavor to drive
out the Bolsheviki, and thus secure an
untrammcled hold on the country upon
which so much dependence has be^n
placed for feeding of tho Teutonlo
"While ostensibly the German oper
ations In Finland, which Are being car
ried out from bases in tl.q Aja.njJ
Islands, havcatf their vpQrpose tho.driv
ing of the Finnish revolutionists and
Bolshevik Red Guard from Southern
Finland, it la probable Germany's am
bitions In this^region have in ^few the
securing of control of Southwestern
Finland to as far as Helslngfors. This
stretch of territory nlong the north
ern shores of the Gulf of Finland,
taken In conjunction with the holdings
of the Germans on the southern shore
to the region of Reval. would give the
invaders absolute mastery over the
western approaches tr> the gul/ arid
paralyze completely the movement of
Russian ships of war or commerce Into
the Baltic.
The contents of the pence treaty be
tween tho Germans and the Bolsheviki
have not yet been made, public, but
there Is no room for doubt that the
Teuton representatives exacted from
tlie Russians a price in keeping with
their full desires. The treaty is to be
ratified next Thursday.
In Podolia, tho Austro - Hungarian
forces evidently are meeting with
slight resistance as tlicy overrun Little
Russia. A strong indication of this I*
tho Vienna statement that they had
already captured more than 770 gun*
and 1.000 machine guns, and. In addi
tion, large quantities of war materials.
? N
I By Associated Press. 1 r
BERLIN' (via London), Marph 4V.-J
"Tlie Roumanians have accepted oi/r
armistice conditions," says a German
official communication issued to-day,
I By Associated Press ]
PEKING, Wednesday, February 27.?
: The Governor of the province of Sin
j klang, Western China, from which
j have come reports that Turks and Ger
i mans are stirring up the Mohamme
I dans, telegraphs thnt the Russians are
i massing: on the frontier, evidently in
| tending an invasion of Sinkiaug.
, The telegram adds that the people are
panto stricken, and asks that rifles and
ammunition be sent to the Governor.
The province of Sinkiang is gen
erally designated as Chinese or Eastern
I Turkestan. It is bounded on the north
! by Mongolia, on the west by Russia,
j and on the southwest by Afghanistan
I and Northern India.
[Vtv As-foclftteil Prc5.s.]
; WASHINGTON, March 4.?The Rus
( slans havo begun destroying bridges
on the Trans-Siberian Railroad be
' tween Lake Baikal and the Chinese
j frontier. John 1?\ Stevens, chairman
j of the American railway mission, rc
| ported this to-day to the State De
! pnrtment. This may prevent Ambas
( sador Francis from reaching Vladivos
| iok.
i While without details, officials her?
j believe the Russians are destroying the
! bridges to prevent an expected advance
! of Japanese troops. A large number
of other utructures havo been mined,
Mr. Stevens also reported, so the?,
could be readily destroyed.
fBy Asnociatad Presw.J
LONDON, March i.?Speolal dla
patches from Petrograd describe th'?
departure of the British ?Ad Frem?)7
embassies, and the Belgian, Serbian/ :

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