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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, March 28, 1918, Image 4

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If our IricmlH uliu favor lis with iuuiiu&ciiptn uuii
IllunLrutioiiM tor iiuiMK'iii inn wiih tu llUVtf unut.ulaoie
:irticiea returned, they luu&t III ull cast's sum Mauips
lor iliat puriiux.'. '
MEA1 liK It OF Tilt: ASSOCIATED l'UE&S.?Tlia
l\?bUl'ijtll'll rrtlt IS viciubllcl) ellllucd to tile UbO lur
republication ?>t all news Uiniiutcbiv treuileu to it or
not otherwise credited ill tins |iii|ii'r, una also tho
local ui'Hs pulilishcu Herein. All riKiiis ul jcpuuiiiu
Uou ?1 opecial iiispuiclics Herein uiu uisu icbei ved.
! SitIimonl5 J!i$j
OIK TIMER
E?t. 1888
Knterwl Jnnanrr i),
IMchinond. Vi?.,
THK DIKIWTCll
Est. 1 8 ft 0
ions, At the I'oftt-Office at
a? fecund-class mutter.
rrni.JSHED fvcnr duy In thr year Ml 10 South Tenth
Street. Richmond, \ a.. by Tlio rimen-IMsputch i'ub
lisnuijf Co., Inc.i Cliarlct h, liuhhruok, lCdltor and
Muuagcr,
ADDRESS AIX COMMUNICATIONS to The Times
Dispatch, uud not tu Individuals.
THURSDAY, MAHC1L 2J>, 191S.
TELEPHONE: Kundolph 1.
rriiild llranch tiibaiise
couiu'cUiik %\nl> ull depart
incut*.
IlKANCH Oi l ICES: Wnali
uigtuu, "i 10 1 ourU'cutli
Street, N. New lur?
Hit), Jt'itili Avenue Uuiia
liiKi Clllcaxu, lVi.p'u't. Ox9
liuntlliiKi l'iiha<JcipiiiUt Mu
tual Lite liuiluiuj;.
Home o( 1 he
Times-Dispatch.
SCUSCIlll'TlON KATES IN
AUtA.Mb by man; l)aii}
iuiU MinUay, one,ji.if, >i.Uuj
0 niunths, +'4.o\l; <s months,
S-l.ii; t mourn, t> j crntn.
llail) oiiij , one > cur, 5.J.00;
0 uiuutlis, ^:.lill| o in on i Im,
^l.'.j; ?nio nioiiin, 4!i ecntt.
jMiiiuu.x, oniy, one yeur,
S-.'.ou; ti lnoiti its, $l.2o; 3
liiollllin, Itii CetlUi 1 UJOIIth,
-J i I'll t h,
is V I.OCAI, CAKKIEK SEU
VICE: Dull), Willi Kuiuiaj,
16 wutu a tit'i'k; Dully ?ilu
out ?>unda\, 10 cents
Absolutely lircpiunf. week; suuu<i}' uuiy, 6 ccutn.
Result of Hiudenburg's gamble iu the
destinies of nations bants on the turn of a.
card. Happily for humanity, that card is
Held by the allies, and tlicy will play it when
the opportune time comes. While tbe Ger
man hordes are wearing themselves down to
the point of utter exhaustion, their lines
stripped for re-enforceineuts, the allied
strategical reserves arc fresh, eager and un
touched. When their weight is thrown into
tlio balance, it will mark the beginning of
the end, and that end will be one of disaster
for Berlin and its frenzied dream of world
domination.
If every public servant were as vigilant in
the discharge of his duties as Judge 11. II. L. (
Chichester has proved himself to l>e, there
would be little troublo in executing the !
liquor laws to the letter, and Dr. l'eters would ,
not miss the $50,000 which the Assembly
sliccd from his yearly appropriation demand.
The Stafford County jurist has captured an
automobile containing forty gallons of
liquor and lodged the three blockadors in
jail to await trial. If his example is followed,
Virginia finally may get down to the basis
where its laws can be enforced as cheaply
as they now are in other States.
Knights of Columbus in the Archdiocese
of New York recently inaugurated a cam
paign to raiso $2,r?00,000 to support the wel
fare work they are conducting among the
American troops. They wasted 110 time in
trying to dictate to the commanders of mili
tary camps the form of Sunday recreation for
the men under thoir charge, and the close
1 of their campaign witnessed an oversubscrip
tion of the amount they set out to raise by
$72S.*1S&. And the Knights of Columbus is
the organization that some months ago was
? publicly denounced^? a prominent Richmond
minister as un-A-tnefiCau aud a menace to
American institutions.
Governor Davis's signature makes law of |
< tho "blue sky" and "loan shark" bills passed j
V*v.by the General Assembly. Whilo tho two i
" classes of business aimed at are different in
I thefr methods, they arc the same in their
i objects?the taking of ? money from the
pockets of the people without making ade
quate return in value. The "blue sky" la'v
; should curb the activities of those brokers of
I wildcat stock, who hitherto have plied the'r
* trade unrestrained, while the "loan shark"
* law will protect-the man of small means who
is compelled to borrow money fur which ho
} pledges his wages or household effects, both
I should work to the great benefit of Virginia
* people and save to them many thousands of
* dollars.
- Major-General Wood, on his return from
France, is confident that the present German ?
offensive will be halted in time; still, his
' confidential statement to the Senate Military
? Affairs Committee is not of a character to i
j bring cheerfulness to America. It should,
; however, galvanize the nation into action !
t that will speedily overcome past failures and j
shortcomings. He urges an immediate in- i
? crease of the expeditionary forces to 2.500,- I
I 000 men, while voicing the belief of the J
' allies that they should number upwards of 1
5,000,000, and the disappointment of the '
French at tho meaperness of American
troops. Neither i.- it encouraging to hear I
.. irom his lips confirmation ?>f reports that
.'.itlie Germans have abM>iute mastery of the
Jpair over tbe American lines, and that Ameri
;;:cau airplanes and artillery are not yet avail
able for Pershing's men. It is well for the
'whole people to know thf-.-e facts, lor they
.. must be faced and remedied. Tho Fulled
>'Slates has been at war only a few days less
/han one year, and now, when the greatest
s; battle of all ages is raging, it still is not
. ready.
It is no use now to cry over what belongs
to the pa^t, but 'ruth of Senator New's sts.te
^;ment that had universal military training
;,:been adopted three years ago, u pomw. credit*
2:p.ble to the United States and it? allies would
'"have been signed before this time, will hardly
he questioned even by those who have hit
terly opposed it. Prophecy tliat ;it the first
: , alarm of danger a million men would spring
to arras overnight and crush the enemy has
-..been proved criminally foolish, while tin
country's boasted safety in isolation is seen
to have been a fallacy. The Senate now Is
considering a measure to includc in the draft
I;f.
all men who have become twenty-ono years
of age einco Juno G, J 917, which has been
amended by Senator New to provido for uni
versal military training of men between the
uges of nineteen and twont.v-one. ThiB, it is
estimated, would bring approximately G00,
000 well-trained youths to tho colors each
year. In no other way than by tho adoption
of this or a similar measure can this country
make itself safe for tho development of its
own free institutions, to say nothing of tho
democracy of the world. Battle events of
tho past few days should remove forever tho
last vestige of opposition.
Was It Fear of America?
\JOW that the long-heralded German drlvo
^ has eventuatod, tho outsido work is ask
ing why the Gorman militarists should stake
so much upon a single offensive, pay tho ap
palling price for a few square miles of ter
rain, force their legions over a devastated
area for gains which cannot possibly end the
war, and why they should give battle at all
at such a time and in the face of so formidable
an enemy.
If tho government in Berlin assumed that
tho British army could be literally crushed
and driven back to tho French coast; if it
assumed that the French might then be
turned upon and their lines smashed and
Paris surrendered. 0110 need go no further
for the answer to these questions. But it
is unlikely that this is the hope of even brag
ging. brutal commanders of tho German
forces. IT the real truth could be fathomed,
it doubtless would be found that the German
state of mind io responsible for tho ghastly
slaughter and the staggering losses which
have followed, and will continue to follow,
the forward surge of the Teutonic armies.
Tho German government has boasted for
weeks and months that the contral powers
are already victorious In this war. They
have pointed to prostrate Russia, to bleeding
Roumania. to invaded Italy and France as
evidences of their triumph. But the German
people have known that there is no victory
and can be none until the allied armies in
France have been paralyzed. They have
known that no peace can como until the
enemies to the west of them have been forced
to their knees. These people probably havo
made it necessary for Berlin to move against
France, England and the United States.
It is more than likely that the Berlin and
Vienna governments would have preferred
to stand pat in France, strengthened their
threes there and defied the allies to drive
them out, meantime exploiting Russia and
settling scores with smaller enemies oise
>\here. These militarists, under such circum
stances, might have proclaimed a deadlock
and have served notice upon their enemies
that they were as immune to attrition as
either Fiance or Great Ilritain. trusting to
war-sickness in both those countries to bring
about a peace satisfactory to the central
powers.
But tho German people, it may be believed
have become conscious of another towering
force about to enter the arena. They havo
become aware of the titanic preparation
America is making, and they have compelled
government to strike now, realizing that
otherwise a great American army will soon
be in tho field. The chances are, therefore
that Berlin has responded to this clamor]
probably against its best judgment. It ha3
thrown the utmost power it could command
hnnn f , ,nnUsh lincs- wi,h the remote
hope of putting England's armies out of the
equation before America could put hers
into it.
The Aircraft Program
yill-.RE is natural nervousness In this
country over tho headway which tho War
department has made in tho construction of
its air fleet, and if this can be dispelled with
out revealing to the enemy any valuable
military information, the government owes it
to the people to give thoin mas.suraitce. Al
most daily some fresh report comes from
Washington or from abroad indicating that
the aircraft program is far . behind schedule:
,l10 American lines in France arc un
protected by battle planes; that sudden and
unfortunate changes have been made in the
tjpe of motor to be used, and that no serious
a r campaign can possibly be undertaken by
.< merican Myers during the year 1018.
It must be assumed that much, if not all
this is exaggeration. It is scarcely concciv
.1 >le that the War Department, with un
met. 7, f!n?,,0y' "ith ,0flS ?f th0Uf:?ntls of
men in fljlng schools, with great automobile
ndus r.es a ready organized for manufactur
ing air machines, and with the necessity for
fighting l.eels ever before it. should fall down
so completely in this direction. Such a con
dition might mean actual disaster, a fact
wjiich tho Preside-,it ?lust know j
have guarded against.
The value of aircraft was never more ap
parent than it is at this moment. British
llyers have hecn spreading consternation in
many parts of Germany by the boldness of
their raids. Incalculable damage has been
inflicted upon German war plants behind the
lines. The German people have been thrown
into a panic repeatedly by enemy machines
dropping dynamite from the sky, and the
armies at the front, as all men know, could
not operate at all in this war without the
support of the air scout!'.
The two absolutely vital enterprises in this
\v;ir, so far as the United States is concerned,
aro shipbuilding and aircraft production.
I'pon this there is no difference of opinion
on either side of the Atlantic Ocean. With
out ships, this nation is impotent. Without
aircraft, its operation!) abroad cannot bo de
risive, however many men it may be pos
sible 11> place in blind trenches. Ship con
struction is proceeding. It may not be mov
ing ahead with the energy that would be
I wished, but it is going forward day and night.
If the American people could be assured that
! the aircraft program was keeping pacn with
| other war plans, a fresh feeling of relief
i would spread over the country. If they could
? be assured that this program was actually
1 moving faster than other plans, the whole
nation would rejoice.
- -
Judgment for 1117,4 50 has been rendered
tn a New York court against Nicholas
Romanoff. This is as nothing compared with
the judgment which histor- will hand down
against tho same defendant.
The dressmakers of Paris are said to be
complaining of a shortage of material. The
same thing has been noticed on tho streets
ot Richmond.
j It must be said that Mindenburg is doing
his level best to keep that promise, but all
the same he will not dine in Paris on April 1.
Tho redblrd never makes its appearance
until springtime is a dead certainty. Tho
cardinal chirpor has arrived.
A
SEEN ON THE SIDE
IJy Henry Kdvrard Wnrotr.
The Stuck. Nunc.
What shall tho rhymstor write to-day?
A lilting, skipping roundelay
Or some more sombre theme?
Shall he his pen in honey dip,
Or nectar from tho lily sip.
Or love's swoct passions dream? ,
Or. vulgarizing to tho taste
Shall ho his spaco unheeding waste.
In parody or jost?
Mayhap, throw off some idle thought
From frothy fashion's fancy caught?
What mood would suit you best f ?
Suppose he calls his turtlo do-ve
To sing a flttle song of love
Does that appeal to you?
Some folk, you know, would read and sigh
And brush a teardrop from tho eye,
Who love to bill and coo!
Come quickly! Say, what shall we write?
Our time is short and space Is tight,
And thought is falling tlat!
O very well then?since you chooso
Not to assist tho sluggard muse,
We'll let it go at that!
(We'll close with this, and simply write
Of nothing very much to-night?
In other words, stand pat!)
ClinrconI Epli's Daily Thought.
"Some men fly mighty high." said Charcoal
Eph, ruminatively, "but so do a balloou until
hit run out o' gas. Eat a pickle, Mist&h Jack
son."
Charcoal Eph's compliments to the editor, who
explained that Eph's comment that "yo ain'
gwlne git t' heaven In a $15,003 automobile"
was meant figuratively. Precisely. Eph stole
that Idea from the Bible. In those days the
rich man's automobile was a camel. The rich
man didn't try to ride It through the needle,
but?Eph would like to take Ills chance with a
limousine!
To-Dny'a O. Henry.
"Silence In a cow camp generally betokens
the brewing of mischief."
Reward of Virtue.
And now, little children, be good, mind your
parents, never go swimming on Sunda>, don't
tell fibs, sond your pennies to the Fiji Islands,
love the red-headed hoy who punched your noso
ns yourself, don't covet any other li*tlo chil
dren's marbles, and some day you miy te a
city councilman!
Alnddln'n.
Had I that magic lamp for mine.
My very own, there is one wish
I'd wish, that where I dropped my lino
There'd always he some hungry fish;
Cut since I have no lamp, I wa.lt
For nibbles till my back Is cramped?
And many a time I've lost my bait
And nary a hungry tinny lamped!
Which goes to show, that In a pinch
Aladdin's lamp would be a cinch!
Our Lnn^runge,
Can a thing happen "sooner or later?"
Can it possibly be other than "self-con
ftssed?"
Isn't It naturally "present Incumbent?"
What's the matter with the copy readers, who
are supposed in know all things, to be all-wise
and to work all night?
Done!
The indignant old lady, reading of the German
drive:
"My goodness. I wish I were a man, so that
T could swear! Rotterdam the Amsterdam
Kaiser!"
Sorrow* ol Anlmnlx.
Heboid the tall giraft'o! lie grows
Full eighty feet from tail to nose;
Ills neck is really quite the worst
Because, when he Ih seised with thirst,
By the time a drink gets down that lano
The poor giraffe Is dry again!
The Committer.
The commuter Is a fellow who commutes
And Is usually standing in his boots.
Hanging lo a swinging strap or
Falling on some woman's lap or
Entertaining the conductor in disputes.
He's an optimistic person, in his way,
Getting home in q'lito diBtressi.ig disarray;
Yet, although It's inconvenient,
Predisposed to be as lenient
With the crushing, grinding combine, as he may!
lie is loaded to the guards with meat and bread,
hard and butter and provisions, toes to head;
Hut you rarely hear him cussing.
Or with anybody fussing,
Though his shirt is o'ten frazzled to a shred.
lfc Is hardy as a burden-bearing beast
And a pleasant-natured chap, to say the least;
While some people might be tearing
At thr-ir hair, or rudely swearing;
He's as inibl in conversation as a priest.
Ho let's drink ono to the fellow who commutes,
Who is practiced in the art of shooting chutes!
In his share of the hereafter.
May he join v/ith s^ng and laughter
With the most select. of those who tun? the
Health Talks, by Dr. Wm. Brady
? e'.^111 1J1T l? NatlO' UI
An Inquiry received thr* other day from an*
other city bears tin; inn-resting information
that the seven-year it'll still prevails in some
communities <>f thin great free country. Also
that the health administration of some villages
is about as important, in the estimation ?>( the
village fathers, as is the ventilation of the
j ciiunty Jail. "Most of the school children have
! ihi.i rash, which doctors say is the seven-year
1 iti ii, and a gr?-nt many adults are afllicted with
it. too. No one seems to i>e able to determine
' the cause, unlc.'.M it is something in the diet.
Working In a bank, I have occasion to notice
how prevalent the trouble is. There has been
some talk of closing the schools, but the school
bored decided against it."
(.'losing the schools for scabies! Jt is n sad
eon.men ary on the blindness of otherwise en
lightened communities to modern sanitation.
The schools are too often closed for contagious
disease; worse still, some benighted health otli
< ??fumigates" the schoolroom ami pronounces
the danger past. This practice reminds ono of
a bumped child whipping tho floor thai bumped
him. Fumigation is a deplorable waste of good
money, and no protection to public health. It
is a mere rite based upon discarded theories.
It never adds in any sense to the safety of tho
community In time of epidemic. Il is loo much
like closing the stable after the old marc has
gone.
The "seven-year Itch" was so named In the
dark ages of sanitation?the time before soap
and water became popular. Not that scabies
is a disease only of the unwashed; on the con
trary, it is as lilc iy 11> infect our first families
as Is typhoid lever or smallpox or any other
"filth" disease. The itch mite is not particular
about the social status of tins host, so Ir.ng as
I n<> l? u r i o \v I u \x i.s tfooel ;tfi<| of
lutes!
Mill llnvlnjt Seven-Year Itch.
visible ilch mlto from any one hnvlng tho dis
ease.
QuMtloni find Anftwera.
Thlrty-Idght To-Day ana Going Strong.?
We're thiriy-ciKht ana still?not still, exactly. I
we should say, but yet. going strong. No fatter
than we wcro a year ago to-d.\y. but balder,
balder. Another year ahead. At thlrly-nlno wo
must turn back?backward, turu backward Old
Time In his night, for \vc aro determined that,
come whai may. we -never shall bo forty.
Indian Medicine Man Antics Again.?You Bay
that tho only way to euro cancer of the Up is
by surgery. 1 know a man who savs he never
falls to euro cancer by means of a remedy
taught him by an old Indian in Nova Scotia. It
Is made of a root of a poisonous nature. Ho
devoted much time In the woods acquiring this
knowledge, llo applies tho plaster to
Answer.?Now, If ho would return to tho
woods with his Indian medicine man business.
It would be a lot bettor for the poor unfortu
nates who swallow that deathless yarn. Wo
have seen the tragic outcome of such maltreat
ment far too ofton?and always thero In an old '
Indian hovering Bomewhero In the Imaginary j
o fTlng.
Books and Authors
K. I'. Dutton & Co. have Just brought out |
"Artificial DyestufVs. Their Nature, Manufuc
turc and Uses," by Albert U. J. Kainsfcy and H. I
Clatulo Weston, autl o.*a of "A Manual of JCx- [
plosives." This book alms at prov.llng tho:
foundations necessary for a knowledgo of tho !
highly important brat ch of Industrial eiicailstry j
with which it deals. Whilst not claiming to
cover tho ground exhaustively. It affords a most \
useful survey or tho whole subject in language j
as little technical as possible.
"The Health-Care of tho flaby," a handbook ;
for mothers and nurses, by Liouls Fischer, M. D., |
has just been published by Funk & Wagnalla
Co. in Its tenth edition, completely revised, i
This tenth edition of a very popular work comes [
of a naturally increasing demand, because of I
which Dr. Flsehor was led to rewrite It. in part. !
and carefully to revlso tho remainder. It has '
been entirely reset. Four Important steps in .
the baby's life are considered with special care !
?airing, bathing, clothing, dieting. Intelligent !
supervision of infectious diseases Is described. 1
Other chapters are Intended as first aid In fever, j
in injuries, in accidents and In emergencies; and
practical advice is given showing what mother
or nurse should do In case of need before tho
physician arrives.
The Macmlllans have recently Issued "The
Kecord of a Quaker Conscience," being Cyrus j
l'rlngle'r. diary, with Introduction by Kufus M. ,
Jones. Tho body of this Utile book consists of ,
tho diary of a young Quaker who was drafted ;
for service in the Union army In 18G3. Under [
the existing draft law a person who had re- i
ligious scruples against engaged In war was j
given the privilege of paying a commutation
tine. This money Prlngle's conscience would
Hot allow him to pay. A prosperous uncle pro- ,
posed surreptitiously to pay it for him, but the j
youth discovered the plan and refused the well
meant kindness. The diary relates iti simple i
style the experiences which befell the narrator I
as he followed Ms hard path of duty, as lie siw j
it. Incidentally It reveals a fine and sensitive ,
type of character not unlike that which comes ?
to light in the "Journal of John \\ oolman."
Much Ado About Nothing
DY ROY K. MOI'I/roN.
A I. Kile Slice o' I.lfe.
The other day we got a livery bill
Fr<?m a town o-i? in Kansas where.
Evidently, they still have Uvery Verses.
The bili was :n our name, and was dated
Some tini*? list year.
Outside of the fact that we
Have never b.Mti in Kansas, and that
We haven't seen a horse in nine years.
And that we haven't rented a lively rig
Since our cr-urting days In 1^05,
Tho bill was absolutely correct.
outside of those few minor details
It was all right.
We hope that the. gent who saw
Our name at the head of a cotyum
In a Topeka paper and took It
For his own use had a good time
While out driving, and i
We hope the girl married him.
That's yetting even.
Somehow it seems almost Impossible to worry j
about Ambassador David It. Francis. Dave is a |
member of the American" Press Humorists
If it comes to a showdown between Mr. Fran
cis and Trotzky, I would hate to be Trotzky. j
'?Wiper*.**
It ir refreshing to get hold of a copy of the.
"Wipers Times,' an unofficial trench organ pub
lished in the vicinity of Yprej. Two or three
bits of verse should cheer up the home folks
and make them ashamed of themselves and
their kicking about the cost of beans:
"The world wasn'. made in a day.
And live didn't ride on a bus;
IJut most of the world's In the sandbags.
And the rest?it Is plastered on us"
Now they arc talklnp of uniforms for farmers)
Not a bad idea. Tho farmers are serving their
country.
How about hickory or blu? denim overaUs
with bib and Btraps over the 6houlder, cowhide
boo:;; and largo straw hat7
That Is the way farmers are supposed tr?
dress, but no farmer in the worirt ever dressed
that way?Oft the stage.
They really should have some sort of uniform
tn distinguish them from the city folks. Now
ad ?y; the farmers and the city folks looV much
alike, only tho farmers aro slightly better
dressed.
Aerial mail service is to h<? established be- j
twren New York and Washington. The postatje ;
will be 27 cents instead of 3 cents. It will not
be used extensively by authors sending manu
scripts to t'ne magazines.
A False Iden Corrected.
An exchange, in speaking of the prospective i
rise in the price of maple sugar, says it is with- ;
out doubt due to the high cost of leeding the ;
maple trees. The poor fish that wrote that I
probably thinks that maple sugar grows on trees
like hickory nuts.?Maratnon Independent.
News of Fifty Years Ago
(From Richmond Dispatch, March 2S, JS68.)
General Ruohannan has assumed command of
the Fifth Military District in tne place of Gen
ernl \V. S. Hancock.
The United States Senate yesterday passed
(lie judiciary hill, curtailing the powers of tho
Supreme Court, over the veto of the President.
O. H. Dockcry has hecn nominated hy the
Radicals to represent the Third North Carolina
District, in Congress.
"NV. W. Ilolrieti, the Republican candidate for
Governor of North Carolina, was hung lri efligy
In Raleigh yesterday.
General Schotleld yesterday appointed Flush
Rurgess. a prominent. Radical, to be Mayor of
Petersburg.
Rain and snow for the last six or eight days
have left tho roads worse than ever. No coun
tryman are coming to town, and trade is ac
cordingly dull.
Beginning to-morrow, the Richmond, Fred
ericksburg and Potomac Railroad will run nc
commodat inn trains daily except Sunday bo
tween Richmond and Hanover Junction.
J-.ee & Goddin yesterday sold the dairy farm
of Mrs John Jaiser. situated on Brook Turn- ]
l?ike, ono mile north of Richmond containing: i
ten acres with comfortable dwelling, for the 1
sum of $3.f>00.
The order, or society, or lodge, or whatever!
it is, called the Ku Klux Klan, has sprouted]
and grown as If hy magic. In a night, it may I
be said. It has .lumped Into frightful propor- I
tlons and assumed a shape must uponlling to |
some people. Rut a week ago It was the sub
ject of joke atid laughter and regarded only
ns a source of amusement, but in the twinkling
of an eye it has expanded Into the huge pro
portions of a giant, full of power, for good or
for evil. This new order of secret, societies is
creating a sensation all over tho United States,
and it Is believed it will spread throughout the
land, although It seems to be confined now to
two or three Southern States. ICxactly what
it is organized for is not positively known. It.
is hinted by some that its purpose is t/> ofTset
tbc Grftnd Army of the Republic, commanded
by the ferocious and bloody General I-ogan, and
the negro branch of that order, known in the
South as the T-ioyal Union T.eague. So far. the
Ku Klux Klan order Teems to flourish mainly
In Tennessee, North Carolina and South Caro
lina. It Is now known that a stroncr lodge or
enmp exists In Knoxvllle, right at Drownlow's
home, and there are several others In Tennessee.
Here !s one of the mysterious puhlicat ions,
written In large letters and blood-red Ink, or
i blood itself, and posted In a public place In
K nox ville:
"Wolf Hole. Rloody Month.
"Fair Moon. First Hour.
"GENRIt.AL ORDF.It NO. 1.
"Shrouded Brothers of Knoxvillc, Div. No. CO:
"In Hoc Sikno?X 22.
"Tho Grand Past Giant commands you, Tho
dark and dlstnal hour draws nigh. Somo live
to-dny?to-morrow die.
"The billot red and tho right aro ours.
"To-day, the 22d of tho mortal's month of
March, you will begin to scatter tho clouds of
tho grave.
i "By order:
GRAND CTCLOPS, O. C. T."
Scientific Journal Tells of Huge
Gun That Shoots Seventy Miles
The lluRiitll rifle, n wtnpon of "potential iimnib," Invented by Charles
lleecher Ilunnell, tlmcrlliril nt length hy the Inventor In the December Issue
of the I'opulnr Sclcuce Muuthljr, In tald to he the champion ujt ull Ion* din
tnncc Kun?.
This huge projectlle-ltnrler In n rifle 375 feet lontCi welj;hlB|{ 31>,277
imandM, without mountliiRh. The rifle bore la sixty invites. The Inventor
t'luiinrd the t;un will hurl n projectile twenty-nix nn?l one-half feet lone,
weighing 100 ton*, ti dlataitco of seventy miles at twenty dv^rcvx elevation,
nud 100 miles at forty-five drerrrK.
The kiik'x enrrlnrse ivpIkIix OS,425 ton* without the iron. It I* praetl
on 11y un nutoiiiobiie Run, resting on 250 Iron wheels, encli of which la (wo
feet wide and two feet in Uiuiiieter, each wheel having twelve groovei for
the rope tires, Ilunnell clttlmcd an explosion of the gun'n shell xlxtjr feet
trum un ordinary ship would Nwnmp (he vexxel. The concussion alone, he
Maid, would destroy the xlilp'x crew and leave the turn deud without muti
lating them.
He declared one shell from the Rim would nnnlhllnte Ksaen and crumble
to iilrrcx the fnmouM Krupp Run workx. A second aliot well directed, he
aaiil, would iiiukc tile whole ICat.cn valley a valley of death for thirty days
nftcr the shell fell.
Due form of shell la exploded by chloride of nitrogen. The second shell,
aimed at the aaaie place anil tired as ttulckly an puaalhle to Ket utmosphcrlc
ndvnntttRCX, would lie ? follow up, whereupon the great gun would empty
In rapid .tat-cesslon small shells coatalnluK hydroeyuanlc acid, cyanogen
and similar deadly polKons.
The silent death produced by osmium, Ilnnueil said, wonid runke nn
ordinary gr.ixcyard look coniniouplaee, because, he anld, the uxuiium that ?
silver dime holds on ltd surface would hill 1,000 perxnnx.
Ten tons of power in twenty-sis prlsonm propel the enormoua 100-ton
shell. Ignition In ri-vrrxed. The powder commences to burn at the shell's
base nud works buck to the breach plug, no that the ulr la not Ailed with
burning powder grains, na Ih ttcuully the case.
I'lrcd jioliit hlutik, Ilunnell clnliacd, such n ahcll will travel twenty-one
in 11 en parallel with the earth's curvature, nud thla would permit the shell
to perforate two German fleets side liy aide.
At seventy-live miles the gun's destructive tires la iri^lSO square miles.
The wclRht of n shell fired, lluanell claimed, would nlwnjx be nnlform, no
matter what form of explosion were used. Its nose Is elllpsodlnl, for the
rcafcon that a round (.hot goes to the left nnd down, while a conical shot
rocs to the right and up of uny nun's a*la. Ilunnell auid the nose of hla
shell la the mean between these two extremes.
The power required to fire the gun Is furnished by Its own recoil. The
riiii automatically assumes a position for firing. The flrnt part of the rc
coll is abnorhed by compressed air cylinders. At the end of a recoil the
ruu is locked in u horizontal position throuRh compensating gear, and is
ready for a>itomntic cleanIna and londlng, after which It automatically
elevates liitcjf and tires. The Run Is started and stopped by foot press.
The elevation Is recorded by a left baud wheel operating three dlnls?a de
cree dinl. a second dial and a minute dlnl.
Aa harbors cnu he mapped on Imaginary numbered xqunrrs, It Is merely
necrssar) to telegraph the olucer lu charge of the Kan that n hostile fleet la
la aquate -- or 04. The operator then places n pantOKruphle pointer on a
metallic map in the pusltiou designated and the gun does the rest. The
urea of each square Is coincident ulih the shell'* own destructive urea,
while the whole metal map is coincident with tlic gun's destructive area.
The inner tube ol llannell'M rifle Is built to take care of the stress de
veloped parallel with the major avis only. It consists of sixteen strips of
steel. 1175 feet Ioiik, two feet thick, Itvinty-<wn and onc-hulf degrees wide,
each locked with the n*xt, snaking a tube .175 feet long, nine feet in diam
eter, with a flic-foot bore.
To lake cure of the stress at right ancles with the irun'i major nsla.
there Is shrunk upon this segmented tube TM) steel tings, cach six Inches
thick, twelve feet In diameter, with a nine-foot hole. These rltiga are of
compressed steel, uiude when It is In n semifluid state nnd subjected to
enormous pressure. I pon these rltia* a aeries of steel aleeves are locked
nud shruuk. Finally, the Trunnion nnd breech band arc placed In position.
As a result of sl.la lunntruvtlun the gun is approximately 40 per cent
stronger parallel with Its major nxia uad at right angles to It than u alx
tccn-iuch huh.
Ilunnell clulmed the gun has a deadly aircep over ."1,400 square miles.
Voice ol the People >
Letter* iii u a I Kivr the II a MIC uuii utl- j
tfrcw ol ilie ?riirr. .Nutsiv iilll out b?
liuUlobcil if \iritcr au rcyuiolv.
a iicpJr <?? w. w."
To the Lduor .if T?.e Times-Dispatch:
1 r?:.va .in article in your Issue
of Monday s.^iu-d il. \V \V." I wimt
la say J have never ita.il such an I.?
logical cfi union. In the tiffct place he
oeicnils the efforts ol tlie I'loiiiuiuyn
Commissioner m trying to ooi.un a.i
increased appropriation. unl ,?? t he
taws to say mat atn.r ihe uegtsla.ui u
nit it down irom Jioo.ooo io ji#o.uui\
'.hat Governor l>a\ts cut it down to
{?to,"Ao. Why did no not blame t.iover
uor Davit; !or do.rig this? c .insistency
is a jewel, winch correspouiietiui as
well as critics should not overlook.
Again he attacka the Leg u.latut e for
Its i'XiravatEiic^ in raising : inariea and
creating; n? ?v otticc-s. ' U. W. W.'
aware of tne fact that thfc fctaie otll
clala ar>' entitled to a decent living,
and ti.al a p esent salary of $1,800 only
equals t'.'OO four years agu in purchas
ing po.ver. Is "il. . V\ ' iil.iu aware
of til-* fact that owing u> the war and
the increased cost ol living all busi
jierii corporations have increased the
pay of meli employees from 50 to 100
per cent: Why drat. th-. i'ne on '.hi
ioor ofhcu holder, to.- if he were not
jor he would not want the ollice.
iiesides, does ?'}?. W. W." want an
lucaied, capable man tc de\ ote his
tlenta and itis life to the service oC
,io .State, and when he retires from old
ku to have nothing' leit for the in
evitable "ralnj day,'' whlcn will cer
tainty be tha fate of marly fall of tlmm
Information Bureau
1 niitiiricn ri'KtiriiiliK Qliuoat a u / topic,
rlrrpliuu on !*kiiI and medical aub?
)n ta, uie nuioiertd tree. A? .nil iii<
ijltiriea urr uuntwred <llr?retl> by pe??
aonitl inter a aeil-adUreaacU, ?uuiii^4
('iiu-lo|ii' im !ci/uiri'il, Addrraa ilia
'iiui?<ii,ii|iAii'li i it loruil. lluu llurcuu,
liuiuuuml, V u.
Soldiers' Inmirnnce.
P. T. C.. ?Iopewcll.?Kvery soldier or
sailer insured under the new insurance
act is given a policy showing exact*,
terms and conditions of thu insurance.
t.ovcrnmcnt Kmployces and Liberty
Itouiin.
Jack, Hichmond ?Uovernment cm
ployees ar? expected, and in some de
partments perhaps required, to pur
chase Liberty bonds and thrift stamps,
but are not required l>y law to do so.
Furlough for Farm Service.
W. A. M? lirewry's Bluff.? If already
In the service, either the party who
wants the furlough or his father should
apply to (he camp commander for it.
If not already in the service, applica
tion should be made to tiie local ex
amining board.
Clerical Position* In (iiivrrniiifnt
Service.
F. N. C.. South Boston.?Write to the
Civil Ser\'lce Commission. Washington.
1). C., and a list of positions to be tilled,
with application biank, etc., will be
mailed you.
Pineapples.
Mrs. T. T\ W? Ashland.?Pineapples
grow In many p.irta of Florida, but a
large quantity of those lor the market
ar.'j grown on islands south of Florida.
The Hawaiian Islands furnish a large
part of the pineapples for the Amer
ican market.
Society of the Cincinnati.
W. I>> K? l'ctcrnburg.?The Society
of the Cincinnati was founded by the
American and French oflicers at the
cantonments of tne Continental army
on the Hudson at the close of hostili
ties in the War of the Revolution for
American Independence, May 10, 1783.
The New York oiilee of the society Is
at 00 Wall .Street.
Flmt American Soldier* Killed.
Reader, Williamsburg. ? The first
American soldiers were killed In action
November I, 1911, w.ien a small de
tachment of American infantrymen was
attacked in the f.ont lin > trenches by
a superior force >f tlernians. These
men were Corporal James R. tSreslmm.
K vansville. Ind.; crlvate Thomas F.
Fnright, Pittsburgh, and Private Merle
D. I lay.
(?nrdenln jr.
Mrs. R. M. II.. Richmond.?The fol
lowing quantities are sufficient to plant
a row 100 feet long rot- Htaple vege
tables: :?nap beans, naif pint: polo lima
beans, half pint, carrots, one ounce;
hush lima beans, half pint; early cab
bage. half oiiiue; cauliflower, cno
packet; celery, one packet; cucumbers,
half ounce; eggplant, one packet; kale
or Swiss chard. half ounce; parley, ono
packet; parsnips, half ounce; salsify,
one ounce; summer or hubhard squash,
half ounce; beet, four ounces; sweet
corn, quarter pint; lettuce, one cunco;
onion set* on?? quart; peas, one to two
pints; radish, one ounco; spinach, two
, ounccs; watormelon, one ounce.
if they obtain no more salary than they
do at present ? 'f
Ah to lie* offices: la It not a fact g
that as a business corporation incivaseo q
it H compelled to acquire additional
iie-1;> ty run its buxitiVHa.' Of course it J~
does. Now the Stato Is a business
roritoratioti and as lu needs lncr.?at>u "~
iti'-y must be nmt by new olllces with n*
i-apablu men to run vhem. 'lnts prcpo
? itM'ii is so plain that a wayfaring -S
n,;.n. though a food, need not err ?
I he rein.
Again, while St. Paul cays that he
."O'lid iiot speak evil of the rulers of "
i !s ? people, i? v/e have no intention of ,y
?. i;i iz.iu; the Governor of Virginia.
; when we ree the abauid claims put
forth b> "M. \\\ W." and n.iny others,
hat h>- is ri(.ht on his job. etc., we can
not help assrrtmjf tiiat the lust Deals- <
latur.- -was right on Us job. too, of *
providing measures ano means of run
ning the S-'tatu government, and if < x- _
!???;.< a. - is worih an: thing, they knew
hotter how to run it than "a green- ?
h<.rn. as "H. \V. \V.." not the writer, ta
calls the Governor.
And now as to patriotism, or love
I of Virginia, loes "H. VV. \V." under
take to say that members of the Legis
lature do not love Virginia as much
as Governor Davis does'.' We beg leave
la submit the following as a contradic
tion therejf.
Governor Davln spent the best part
of his butilmaf life in New York ?c
; quiring hie fortune, and no one blames
! I.im tor this. liut when an over zeal
! ,,.|s frlen i of his tells the public that
I he loves Virginia more than men who
tmver left the State, and who In many
I: nuances have d.;votac their lives :o
! its eervJcv. he is calling upon the pub
I if.- to believe something that Is en
tirely unreasonable; a charge that I
have no doubt Governor Davis hlmBelf
' would repudiate.
I Finally, the poor taxpayers are al
ways united out when a prejudice la
sought to be created against the Legls
litui"1 <~>f course. ta.\c;i are higher:
they had to be. Dl t wetc ihe farmers
i ever In a better position lo pay them
I than right now, with tobacco selling
I way up yonder, an 1 his wheat selling
I fur t^.f.f? a bushel and all else in like
proportion?
Hut why pursue th a subject further ?
except to say that the very men whom -
"II. \V. \V." so UJjustly assails as liv
ing on "princely salaries" ar e com -
i rolled to pay higher taxes, although
they raise neltner tobacco ncr wheat
nor anything else that increases their
>ha< Ihcy ";?VXLr?-onTE?il.a
I hlc.imond, Va.. March 2C, 191S.
! JAPAN SELLS SHIPS
; (jrre* ?o Trnnsfcr 150,000 Tons of
Shipping In Return for 300,000
of Steel 1'latea.
IHy Associntrd Press.!
WASHINGTON, March 27.?Negotia
tions to rthe transfer of 150,000 tons of
j Japanese shipping to the United States
: have been completed on tho basis of
j two tons of Btccl plates for one ton of
deadweight ship capacity.
? The agreement Is understood to bo
In the nature of a preliminary one ln
i tended to bridge over tho period of ne
gotiations now being conducted by
American Ambassador Morris, at Tokyo,
for a wider and more permanent under
i standing.
Signing of the agreement Is all that
remains.
Prices which tho Ignited States and
Japan will pay for the ships and steel,
respectively, have not been made
public.
Not Much of a Mnnl
i lie. may be as rich as a millionaire,
?j fc'don of noble name.
No sage with his wisdom may compare:
' He may shine in the blaze of fame,
lie may be the most marvelous thins
in sight
That our humble eyes can scan?
>3ut it h?r. heart Is not in our fignt,
Ho isn't much of a man!
lie m'jy be as square as the day Is long
And Just in his every deal:
He may s-eek the right and eschew th?
wrong.
And to gods of all ages kneel:
He may be a paint In his holy ways,
Soul pure since his life began?
liut. if out of his country's war ho
slayr..
He isn't much of a man!
A man may be true to his child anfl
wife
And loyal to all mankind;
lie may do no ill in his whole long Ufa,
And yet. lo Ms horror, find,
When no patriot forvor Hoods hla breast
At the throat of a foemnn's clan,
lie lacks in ihnt which, of all, la best.
For ho Isn't much of a man!
?Lurana Sheldon, In N. T. Times*

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