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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, March 30, 1918, Image 6

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\ Homo of *1 he
' Tinif?-I>i*patt'h.
Alibolutel.t t-ii epi nnf.
M USC.Itiri lON KATES IN
.VIi\AM'l< by mail'. Umiy
illiii MIIKl.iy. OHO Jill.', ?I.UU;
o iiiouliiK, >3.011; ?> monlli.s,
I inunih, Uj iviiu.
nuil) mil), iiiic jour, $>.'>. UU;
n mouth*, .>-..'0; 3 months,
s- l.-J.l; It lie lllulilh, 45 (VlllH.
Minilu). uiil.v, olio }i'ur,
>l.oU; t> month.*, 3
mouths, (i.? n'nl.i; 1 tuoutli,
-.1 I'l'IIIK.
UV I.OIAI. CAUKIKK KliH
VlC'li: llnily, Willi .Sunday,
li'i ci'iits u weel?; Uail.i willi
uiit Sunday, 10 cento a
week; Minna* only, ."> ?>nt.>.
It .our friends who lavor us Willi ?h;iiiiimii|?i> uuii
lllustrulion* l?r puoiicntioii w 11 lo have uii.ii ailaulu
artlcie.s returned, iliey mubl ill all ia?i? Mini stumps
fur Unit purpose.
M^MUKit or Tin; a.-mu iah;ii imjkss.?riio
AsMH'iaioil l'rr.?s i'IcIiimvi'I) eitiilii-d lo tile use for
rxpublitulioii ol all iiiw> diNpiiUhe* irtililiil (o it or
not otherwise irt'iUlrd in till- |iap?-r, anil also (ho
luuil iini.i published lierein. All rights ?>! reputiliiai
tion of uprii.il ilinpali lii'? herein me uiso resit leii.
SA'l'L'KDA V, M A KCI I 30, J HIS.
Tt!JK Ti>2*i!^ rni: dispatch
feat. mm im, ixao
Entered Jntitinr.r 57. mo.1. nl tlir Post Olliee nt
* Itli limund. \ ii., ns M'i'iiiiil-i'luks mailer.
4*CRI.ISII1?I> every day In 111?? year at in South Tenth
hjfort, Itli liniond, \n? l?y The Times-lllsp.ticli Pui?
llijiinc Co., Ine., ( luirles 1.. Ila?uriiiil>, l.ilitor iim.I
HaiMcrr.
AIHntKSS AM. COM >11" MCA Tit INS to The T.me,
l)l||M)lcli, iiuil not to Individuals.
UliAM'll Oil HI.:?: Wnt.li
iuglon, vio 1 ourU-entli
Mfi'il, N. VI.; .New V>Ti?
I it;, fifth Aii'tiue liuini*
iiiK; t hii iiKo, lVi.|ilt''s (iei
huildiiiKi l'nila.iel|<uia, Mu
tual l.ile Uullo.ng.
11.1 IIIlO.Ni:: Kandolph I.
filiate Oi tint li l-.ieliiuic.?
i oin.i t Unit w.ili all dep.tri
itieuH.
News dispatches say the cost of living in |
Germany lias increased from 200 to 300 per j
cent, while wages have increased only 50 per j
cent. Soon conditions there will he almost ,
as had in that respect as they are here. And (
Germany has been at war only three and on*.'- ?
half years.
Prince Lichnowsky's revelations of Ger- ?
many's machinations which brought on Hie
war really reveal nothing not already known.
They merely furnish additional unimpeach
able* evidence upon which Germany stands
convicted as the arch-criminal of all time, j
and'for which eventually she must pay the j
penalty.
??= i
Senators opposing measures to put this na- 1
lion'.on a. permanent, basis of military safety j
arc predicting that the war will be over j
toon; and i-rmed forccs will be : ceded no i
longer. They are the same persons who j
un;ii the very day war was declared were
confident that it never could touch the
United States. The country's sacrifice of J
blood and treasure will have been in vain if j
it faiis to teach the lesson that to be safe a ,
nation must be strong.
Ukrainians, Bolsheviki and other Russian
whatnots refuse to stay put. Evidently they
do not know when they have been whipped,
for they have turned on the Germans, with
whom peace treaties have been signed, and
wrested from them the great Slavish grain
center of Odessa. They have learned quickly
lrom their new masters that a treaty is
merely a scrap of paper and is to be so re
garded. Thus Merlin's own precepts and ex
amples may fi^illv aid in it- overthrow.
Often it is the simplest things which cause j
the most confusion. Witness llio coming ,
change of the*Hock,-jn conformity with the J
daylight-saving ?4a*w.' It is the almost uni- i
vcrsal subject of discussion wherever two or '
moro are gathered together, and the con
troversy seemingly is endless. At least one- j
half the people do not understand what it is j
proposed to do or what effect the new time .
system is to have on their daily routine, j
There should be no confusion. Before you
retiro to-night just set the hands of your i
clocks and watches ahead one hour, then j
forget all about it and go to sleep. There- I
after your daily tlme-tahle. will be as it as j
ways has been. Surely there i- nothing coin- !
plex about that.
While allied armies are staggering under
the blows rained upon them by a powerful
enemy, and the very groundwork of democ
racy is 'threatened with destruction, the
United Stales Senate wastes its time in a dis
graceful exhibition of partisan politics, lji a
display of rage, such as has been seldom wit
nessed, Senators. to whoi.i an endangered
country i . : 111? ? right *o look tor service, are
hurling charge- back and forth, while even
the name ot the 1'r.? :de:i; ha boon injected
in a manner to <;m t:on his loyally. .Mean
time.: the European battle goes on, and ten;?
of thousands of rl, nation's defenders are
being tl<::ii In I In lloi;.1 , controversy over
certain t< in - of t' . draft law threatens to
hold - itp n? > !? i';>?11 i >r a month or
more?i'!i ! it!. are pVadiu!? for r'1
enfort r :y : ? It was only Route that burned
v* "'H- ? ? '?? lay it ; . t ho whole
world in : ' Conirn s i :]??? fiddler.
?"'' ' ' ? 1 , in jrany ways not
dii.-itti.! i i ? <n Kirhniond, Itavo
been- 1. ' ? ? l.y ,i? I'ubiie
I'tillt; (
?riiiit t?? J th
idvance, but
fiona. re.-ul'in;
Vonn-nir-.v ? r ? -trolling
stato. to in
crease it. fai ?? > i - ? ? , r ?, ,H. . .
r/u/stpn !??' !d. t . tl,. Springiio'l'd
ItepuVjlica; , i 1;i , no- an unreason ibli
: bv ( ;; i: '.n;. COIldi
the v.ar .?.< they atr.et
the cost and s? ,ls:.g j.: i-? of the n.n,-,: nv's
product. The State coinm sion finds that
the Old rate did not a .'lord . i!!W lt nt revenue,
but it points out that tadded revenue
Should be joined with economies ns to
produce a higher degr< e of efficiency."
Locally, the queftion of permit*ing a ij.it
5-cent fare instead of compiling tiie :ale of
six-for-a-quarter tickets ha.- become a politi
cal issue, which is unfortunate from t??j
standpoint of a just settlement to all con
cerned. It should bo a matter of dollars and
cents?and nothing else. There can be no
denial of the fact that costs or operation
have grown amazingly. Those costs must bo
met if adequate service is to be maintained.
The solution would seem to be simple. Let
t!i*; company's books be opened to an im
partial commission, and if tlie figures show
that costs have gone so high that proper ser
vice cannot i>0 given and a reasonable rate
of interest on the money invested earned,
them should be no objection on the part of
tho public to the necessary increas?, j.?o
vided that, as in (he Connecticut case, at
least a part of the added revenue be used
in securing greater ellicieucy. However, it
will be well to remvmiber at all times that
what might have been a reasonable rate of
interest on money earned a few years ago
must not be demanded now. It is a time
of universal sacrifice, and public service cor
porations should expect to fare no better iu
this respect than private business enterprises.
All either siae to the controversy desires is
a fair deal, and it would seem a compara
tively easy matter to secure it for both.
The I.ine and Slafr Again
IN time of peace, when men in (he military
establishment can only play war as a game,
when they have much unoccupied time on
their hands and become easily impatient over
small matters, a favorite matter of con
troversy is the superior usefulness of the
lino as against the staff or tlio staff as
against the line. Many times in the past
these controversies have looked serious and
have engendered deep feeling not only In rne
service, but on tlie part of partisans in both
houses of Congress.
"When war is actually a fact; when mil
lions of our men are in uniform; when hun
dreds of thousands of them are actually in
the field and the fate of the nation hangs in
the balance, the time has passed for petty
quarreling between the two branches of the
army. Certainly the time has passed for
the general public to exercise itself over ttie
questions involved in such a dispute. And
above all. no man should bo guilty of pos
sible injustice to any officer of the army who
is contributing something?all he has, per
haps?to his country's cause.
Just at t*:is moment there is very con
siderable agitation over the fact that there
are from 50.000 to 60,000 reserve officers i:i
the army who hold staff commissions. The
Impression has gone forth that such offices
have landed in bombproof jobs; that they
are drawing more or less lucrative salaries
without risking anything for their country,
and the uniform they wear is nothing more
or less than camouflage. It is argued that
such officers are in no sense military men;
that they are nothing more or less than
"chair-warming" clcrks and "near-beer"
fighters.
Such sweeping indictment as this is mani
festly unjust. There are, it is admitted,
thousands of officers who are noncombatants.
There are other thousands who are not even
subject to service in the field, but there are
few of either who are not performing a ser
vice of value to the nation. Who is theru
to deride the usefulne. s of the medical corps
made up wholly of staff officers, or the chap
lains, or the ambulance rorps. or the quarter
master corps oj- ;hc crdnance corps- al! of
whom belong to the stnff corps? Who dares
to minimize the work of the intelligence
officers, or the engineers or the forciters or
the railroad regiments, not one of which i-,
a line service? No army in the field could
fight without the support of such staff or
ganisations. No military organization could
function for twenty-four hours without the
assistance given the combatant troops by
the men behind the lines.
There may be a few slackers who have
worked their way into such corps. There;
may bo KOme physical cowards who have
dodged the draft by gai.iing commissions in
t!;e rionfighting organization:', but it is unfair
i'' at raign the whole stalf of the armv be
cause of isolated cases of this sort.
\oluntnry Rationing
TliR t'nitcd States rood administration
which, in this instance, is the Cnitcd
Stains government, has called upon tin* nation
t<> volunteer for vital service. Uut vital as it
is. this does not involve any hazard whatever
to lives. health or property. It does not sub
ject any one to transport through the sub
marine zone or bring him within .*>.000 miles
of the buttle line. It. does not even incon
venience one to the extent of changing one
hour of his daily routine or of costing one
cent in expense. Yet this service is as abso
lutely necessary to the success of the war
as a continuous supply of ammunition or
merchant ships or flying fleets.
What the government, through the food
administration, asks the American people to
do is to cut down, bv voluntary action, their
consumption of wheat products by f>0 per
cent. This reduction must be made if the
allied armies are to be fed, which means if
the allied armies are to keep on fighting. It
must be made if the civil population of the
ailiod countries is to have bread to eat that
ea.i lie digested, which means if the allied
population is to remain efficient behind the
lines.
The government can only appeal for this
support on the part of the American people.
It l.as no power to enforce private rationing
which will reduce who.* t consumption from
?\ 2,000.000 month to 2tl .000.000 a month.
It may compel bakers to do certain things.
It may compel grocers to do certain things,
but it cannot compel the individual at his
own table to do anything, as. the law now
stands. Mut the patriotic American needs no
'?.oxer.iment to whip him into doing a plain
duty, lie will cut down his consumption of
wheat bread. Ho will ; ecept on good laith
ti e statement of rood Administrator floover
that less w.:e:t must be used at home in crdor
that more win n n.ty be sent abroad. Ho
will res rt to wheat .substitutes and will fed
belter in his own he-.ir: when he has done it.
!:i this connection people should be re
minded that t!;t! government is asking no
est t a or inary sacrifices. If they were being
ask'-d |o cut down all bread consumption by
it would bo a serious deprivation.
? 'lit i'ley are -i.ed \,t cut down only wheat
bread consumption, having the nation free
'?> use just as much corn bread, rye bread,
Cr.'Mnm bread and other kinds of bread as It.
. Moreover, the food administration
states that tho curtailment in the use of
wheat bread is to remain in effect until the
next harvest only. A.'t.-r thai the prevailing
re (netions will be modified and possibly re
moveij altogether.
Ivister Sunday and the daylight saving date
eoinlng together, with All Fools' Day and
i-'ue Monday" following close upon their
heob. make this reason unusually Interesting,
not to say exciting.
Now is the time to find something for Idle
back lots lo do.
SEEN ON THE SIDE
Hi' Henry lOilwurd Warner.
\ lU.vn" Orcniii.
Bast night I dronmeii; upon a throne
I sat in jroyj' slate.
And fawning >n eajh ?<m>n shinbone
Were men accounted great?
Yet had I but to raise my hand,
And )o! they all wero slaves!
1 owned a*million miles of land
And twenty thousand graves!
j
Where traitors with my soldiers rode
I sent the swift, steel knife;
Who seeded. I gave the merry goad
And led a despot life;
To those who knett 1 gave the heel,
To those who stood, the smile?
1 stacked the cards on every deal
And added to my pile.
How sweet the sense of power then.
As on my couch 1 dreamed?
A very ruling kins of men.
Who. as a monarch, gleamed!
As other kins.: that men appoint
Wie.d sceptros tippr.d with hale.
So even so, 1 rant the joint
Quite strictly up-to-date!
Then, when I'd dreamed my full?I say,
When 1 had ruled as sb'?wn.
A dollar clock proclaimed the day
And knocked mo from my throne!
A measly clock upon the shelf
ttmled my little reign.
And I got up and dressed myself
And went to work again!
Cliarconl lOph'* Dally Thought.
"Yes. suh, 1 sure is a hones' niggah." said
Charcoal Fph, in a mood, ??out I cyarn't be held
'sponsible fo' de weakness ?>' human flesh when
a nice fat chicken roos* low on a dark night! j
Try a piece a' pone, Mistah Jackson."
To-Day'* O. llenry.
"He was dressed somewhere between a Kan- i
sns City detective, Buffalo Bill i.ml the town ]
dog-catchei of Baton Itoufji." I
Bench Ing.
No matter what you're after, rtach for the
highest point first.
If you misc. then it's time enocg'i tc hwer
your aim.
History giv?s man credit only t jr his very
best effort.
firntlc Sprint;.
From the T,unkville Bugle:
John H. Jones is beating carp?ts this month.
"How to Cure a Spring Cold! Fend '0 cents
in stamps."?Adv.
Pillbery Perkins has bought a new file for
his lawn mower.
Wanted, four Broad way milkmiids for tbi
Punkvillo Dai-" l'arai; summer boarders talosri;
personal allcnda 10 ! for all milkmaids.? Adv.
Mrs. Miranda Muggins is beiiiR visited l>y
measles in her three children. Unwelcome visi
tors. Mrs. Muggins, but hope on, dear heart, the
sun sti!l shines!
S?rnw Hat Time.
Hullo! 1 say!
O pipe the hay!
Itanrhnll I.ove.
Mamie?Bnohno! Char- e i.s an awful muff!
1 flew to him, lie caught me, then he fumbled
and dropped me?boohoo!
Maude?Oh, never mind, dearie; you've got
other fellows!
Mamie?No I ain't?hoohco! 'When he dropped
me the other two went home!
'I'he Itnin.r Krister.
The happy Raster Time is here?
<?.> darn the luck, it's raining!)
The sweetest seascn of the year;
CTwould re! a saint complaining')
Then let us lift our hearts in praisu
(O darn the luck doggene it!)
For this most blest o'_" all Mest days.
iCan'l wear my Faster bonnet!)
On tills fair morn let all rejoice.
(There comes that old maid Mullers;)
In praise ring out each proyerful voice;
(llcr dress is all fant colors!)
Bet carols spring from each glad heai t
(Good heavens, how I hate her!)
And purest lov? each soul Impart.
(She is an aggravator!)
I.et none hut thoughts of peace ari^e,
(I'd like to tear her eyes out!)
Let glad rejoici.'.gs kis-s the skies!
(Good gracious, how she Jlies out!)
.\o envy, malice or unrest
(I hope the rain just soaks her!)
Should find a lodgment in mj breast.
(i hope her bonnet chokes her!)
Peace to the world?peace, peace, sweet peace!
(Now tiiIk is too distressing!)
Bet none give evil thoughts release;
(And I've begin my dressing!)
But let all voices join in praise
(Just look at low it's raining!)
On Ciis best daj of all the dnys.
CTwould set j. saint complaining!)
Health Talks, by Dr. Wm. Brady !
imi*yricui. 1 !?17 V v?i? .ivrvtct.i J
The Physical tilrccfor.
cjtiiet. hard-wc^k ing. unassuming, bn' mighty I
competent, thoroughly trained for his job, tIto i
j.t>\ sii.-ii! director in the V. M. C. A. '
ICxercise Is no mystery. No secrets about It. j
S'i one ti-.s any corner i>n the wji> to get the |
best results out of it. f.an't. cmic ivi 'fa bet- |
tcr autlioiity o:i the subject of physica 1 trait, i
inn. and a very important Htibjc.t i! is. too, )
that) the gentlemanly rhy.slcal director in the Y. t
lie toes t<?? school f<?i u full eon est of training j
In physiology, ami various other ologiex, and !
when he is graduated he knows his job about |
as well as a doctor knows his. When you net
co-operation between yo ir doc?o* and your
physical director. you've K'?t something valu
able. doctor cxamiuc? you. notes your re
<|il Irement in a geii'-c'il way, prescribes phy
si i| training. He tells 15i ? physical director
about your case, and the director advises a suit
ul>!? rep inien.
<No\ tiKed one.tenth as much nn he should tie
Used. the physical director. lie doesn't r(;| a
chatiee to show what lie can <li>. because not
one i:i ;.>ii :i en who need just what he gives
ever visits him at f 1.
fiutshle <if his '-ervicc in training the phy
sical man, the Y M. A. d recto? gets in some
fit e work wiili the young fellows and the older
t'eilowf. too. A word here and there ai the
rlchl moment cornts a lot. lie puts the ig
ti(irim;is on a mi.tight path. lie saves him
ir< in his own ignorance or Innocence He does,
raiher late. what the parents and teachers
??l-otiM have done a few years earlier?but the i
j ?: i r? f? s ami teachers v\eie themselves too i- |
noranl to flo it. t
(?nod m!i!i to have on your acquaintance list, i
Always keep well aci|tiainied w lb a doctor, a
coal dealer, a grocer, a tailor an I ;t physical di
re-tor. < let acquainted .villi all these essential
foil's; you ne\er can tell when the ac<|iiainlanee
will ;>rove a blessing. (Jet acquainted with a
pood physical diri' lor anyway. I'liysical train
ing Is just getting nmler way in thin country,
and the competent director is going to he an
important man from now on. The boy or girl
who is ""permit led to grow up without good phy
sical training is going to lie badly handicapped I
in life Physical training In a powerful mean
| ore of economy which no fuiure citizen can
I afford to do without.
(ItH'MllnnM nod Anmvrm,
Child of Sound Mind. Our little girl, ageil
ten. had an operation f<?r mastoiditis ? year ago,
snd was dangerously ill fur weeks. Ilcr father
never wears an overcoat, and only t he .sheerest
cotton underwear the year round, yet he IK
always warm and never 111. 1 have Always
been taught to have fresh air hut bundle up
against tliu cold, though 1 am always chilly and I
i luvu cold hands and cold feel when the reat '
of the family are quite comfortable. Now, our
little girl like? to leave off her. wraps, veil,
etc when it Isn't very cold. In It unwise to
let her do so, when going out for a ride. for
Instance'.' MltS. II. .1. li.
nsw < r -The little girl probably knows
enough t<> determine whether she la comfor
table without coddling. ami her father's ex
ample ought to l?e a lesson. I should let my
little g ??In of that a k o wear or leave off wraps
or other clothing as they pleased. Of course the
Utile girl's mastoldllIs was an Infection, anil
exposure t<> weather conditions had nothing to
do with It. Coddling Is always weakening to
the hoc!v, and wearing anything: not actually
needed for comfort is coddling.
Hooks and Authors
Dutticld ?V: Co. have Just Issued "Tolstoy," by
George iiapall Noye.'. This is a life of the
groat Ku.-sian and also an expression of his
time, pel tod and race?a real contribution to
th" study of tins great personafity, whose In
fluence oil" world thought and literature it would
be dl'.hcuit to overeat .mate. This is tt.3 second
volume oi* a series called Master Spirits of Utt
er.iture. of which "Dame," by I'rofesaor C. 11.
Crandgent. was the drst.
"Greater Than the Greatest," by Hamilton
Drummoiid (K. 1'. l>utton ii Co.), is a stirring
romance < f the great contest between the i'opo
and the Kmpercr in the thirteenth century. Tno
scene is laid principally in Koine, with Kianca
1'iitidone. Hie be.iutitul niece of an ambitious
Cardinal, who is to be used as tho unconscious
means of luring the young Emperor, Frederick
the .Second. at> tic central tigurc. The story
Is full of movement and color; and the author
has been singularly successful lu making these
far-off days of s.rugglo and Intrigue vividly
real and \ i'.al t >r his readers.
"The Kiiefiy of Franco," by Marion Polk
Angei.oti iVlie Century Company), l? not a story
of i.au;;iii> r or tears, of snocK or depression. It
has no munufac tuted gloom. It preaches no re
form. It nas not a single social problem around
which tie characters move and argue and
agonize. .\o n adcr need lie awake at night
wondtmig what the author meant; all she in
tends t-. convey goes over the top with tho
tirit ?lght ol the printed words. The ?'orv
invites the reader to be thrilled, and dares
him (or heri to weep, llrielly, "The Firefly of
!? ranee" is in tne manner ot the romance?m
the manner of OunuiK. of Walter Scott. It is
a story of love, mystery, danger and daring.
It opens in the gorgeous St. Ives Hotel lu Nc.v
\ork ami ends behind the allied lines In France.
The story gels on us way on tne lirst page. and
I ne int .' i ;s continuous and increasing until
the last page. .Vnd It Is all beautifully done,
'i fie book has f nir Illustrations by Grant V.
ileynard
Why did Bulgaria go into the war on the side
of ?ierniai.y? Why did Greece retuse to go in
w ith i he allies'.' Why did the K.iiscr and King
Constant ho; discuss this war at a so-r^t confer
ence live mom.is before the war siaried.' These
and many other questions that n.?ve perplexed
tin- world are now answered by Ijcmatra Vaka
in the most sensational w.?r hook of tl-.v year
an amuztiig record, gathered first-hand from
kings, ministers and generals, of the trail of
inirigue and coi>*uption tnat stretches down the
center ol 1 Europe. "In the Heart of German
Intrigue." by Uemctra Vaka. just issued by
'Houghton Mil'dn Co., tells the story. In tho
autumn of 1910, Oemetra Vaka. author of
"HareiniiV;." accompa nied by her I usband. Ken
neth Itiowii, le:t America for <?recce. her native
country, in an attempt to reconcile Veniselos
and King Const amine. and save Greece for the
allies. In l.ondon she saw l.loyd George, and.
with the aid of the high authorities, tinallv sue
? ee.led. after a dangerous passage, in re ictiing
Greece. 'I here all doors were open t?. her. ."lie
hud man} intimate Inttrvlews wiiii King Con
s'.aatlne. his 111 mistei < and his generals, who
were at that moment playing their hignost cards
to swing liree-e tr> the Side of toe Teutonic
allies in -.lie gr? at war. She was also admitted
equally to the intimacy and confidence of Veni
zelos. the stateiman who was doing his best
ti. save Greece fur the a!.led cause. The book is
a vivid, illuminating, aim at times entertaining
narrative of her adventures in the very heart
of the most important campaign of intrigue the
r;?rmans have initiated. Her account of what
happened at the secret interview between Kaiser
Wiliiolm and K.ng < onstantine in March. 1014.
alone would make th- book of epoch-making
importance, and this is only one < f the n
far-reachi'eg revelations. "In the Heart [
German Intrigue" is not only a notable con' -
button to the secret historv <?,f the wir, l>.. a
human document of vital int -rest.
It \y merely another Indict- |
Km press wont i h o I>olshtfcv:Ul that 1
!l, the aged Kmpress Puwhrit of'
' V It lias la Is ill absolutely destitute .
01 liu.ism circumstances since all h?r i?rr?j>- '
erty was confiscated. She was
one of the few royal worn on who wore friendly
to tin; allies. Her antagonism to the pro-Her- \
man influence of the Czarina and lor set caused j
her to stay away from the lVttograd court. i
Her reward is to be allowed to starve to death, j
s>> far us L>enine cares.?Macon News.
In his latest statement on the
The wheal situation. Food Adtninls
wimnt trator llcover tells us exactly ,
"11 * 1 what we must do to make th?
Kut ion grain go round?limit the indi
vidual consumption to one and ,
one-half pounds a week. Kverybody can under- ?
stand that, and tlie tb'ng Is to follow .the rule, j
Tlr: most obvious procedure is to eat the wheat
in the form of "victory bread." mixed with
some olh-r cereal, and observe strictly the t \s o I
wh'-atless days. Monday and Wednesday. There
will remain the consideration of such articles |
as macaroni, crackers, pies and rales, and the i
.?? rving of these must be narrowly limited if !
the total consumption of the precious .{rain is
to fall ww.iii the stipulate*! weekly ration, one
and om>-half pound.-. For the entire success of
the program tor pi.-ring out the wheat supply
un;i! th - new harvest. .Mr. Hoover n list have i
the co-opeia: ion of the American people, indi- j
vidua ly. It has been estimated that about one
half the foqd consumed in the United States Is
served in public eating places, lintels, restau
rants and bakers are under control by the
authorities, but the American household is not, |
except indirectly?through the control of the)
sellers of food products, who are asked t>> lake
orders for only a limited amount of wheat, and
to require thit a certain proportion of other j
e.^reai;'- be inol ided in the order. Thus, the new ;
rule fo,r retailers is, "not more than one-eighth j
of a inrrel of flour to any town customer, at i
any one time; and in no case to soil wheat j
products without the sale of an equal weight
of other eereal.t." The ration has been in pro
cess < f grad ir. reduction for several months,
and the probability is that the latest appeal
would not hnv? been necessary had there been
a universal acceptance of regulations heretofore
made. Manifestly, if we are to escape compul
sory rationing, t> e urgent requests of the food
administration should !>?> heeded by everybody,
in patriotic spirit.?Provul'-nce Jo'irnal.
News of Fifty Years Ago
(From the lilchmond l'is;.at?h. .Mar. 30. ISf.S.)
There was a pretty general jail delivery at j
the lUiirleo County ,)aii early la?i night. Out,
of eleven confined in the prison ,ive escaped.
Kvidentiy the prisoners had iielp from the out
side.
(Jovernor Picrpcnt left for Washington yes
terday. The object of the present visit is not
positively known. I! is known, however, that
lie is getting very uneasy about his oilicial head,
doubtless ihe visti h.s time is to ?ry to save It
from being chopped off.
The I.ihby Prison building is to be sold at
auction on Monday :i<\t. As a place of historic
interest ir attracts the n<?:i.-e of ah striiiig'-rs i
visiting llichniond. and doubt ess will long re
main one of the "lions" of the city.
Judge I'ndoru'ood .ve:;tei<iay appointed Wil
liam H. II. Siowell, ot Lunenburg, to b?? VJnitcd
Mates Commissioner.
The grand jury of the I'nited States Circuit
('our; yesterday found two new bills of ir dict
menl against Jefferson Havis The counts in
the indictinont.i cover lifty folio pages.
Married: On thr 1-th of February last by
the? Rev. Mr. Tyree, ,1. I lash ins liobson. to
Kunico Michiuix, daughter of Mr. Tscharner
Miciiaux- all of Powhatan t'oanty.
The President > ester'* ij- instructed General
(Irani to issue an order transferring fieneral
Hancock to the command of ihe new L>e|.irt
ment of the Atlantic, with luudquarters in New
York City.
The Conservatives of the Third North Carolina
Pisirici have nominated Thomas C Fuller, of
Cumberland County, for Congress.
Elasli? boot heels are the very latest inven
tion in .ootwear, and they are said to be good.
A cable telegram front Vienna says Prince
Napoleon s visit to llerlin was to prevent the
absorption of Poland by Russia.
The constltutif.nal convention did absolutely
nothing yesteriay. It would seem that the
controlling inetniicri: of that "augunt" body are
now purposely delaying business so as to keep
ihemHclves on the pay roll just as long as pos ?
j ''1?'., , r.I0?*"11,1 why tae convention
Khould not flnl.ih its business In two or three
days and adjourn, but the gang Is colnc to hoid
on to the source of the per ?liem Juji as lone
i as there la any source to held to.
Speaker Declares Japan Can Be Relied
Upon to Keep Faith With Allied Powers
MONTIttCitl., Ul'K.. March ilO.?Jaimn rnn ho depended on nhsolutely 19
keep fnlth nllli (lio allien. Dr. C. J. I,. Ilnlcx, nho lately returned to Cauada,
lifter tunny ycltrs In the For T-Jtist, told the members of the t'nnndlnn Club
here at n recent luncheon. 'l'here iv:im nut the slightest reason for distrust
of the Japanese, llr. Hates declared, for they bnd always kept tlirlr agree
ments ?ll|i other nations to the letter. Murium the present unr they hnd
kept the I'aclllc Cons I nitfe ju.*t ?ti? Ml rely hh the llrltlsh had protected the
Atlantic count of North America.
Hut, on the other hnnd, the spenker snld, It wns nrcrxnary for lOurope
nnd America to renllee that the old order hnd passed nwny In the I'"nr Kant,
the ICuropeun powers no longer lvere secure In the Middle there. Jupnn wns
nnd would continue to he, the lender In tlmt part of the world, nnd the
statesmanship of the western world must nbundon Its attitude of superiority
nnd denl with the Japanese as with ctiiiiils. Friendship with threat llrltnln
nnd with Amrrlen was n ftind.imenlnl Iden In Jnptinese foreign policy.
I Japan was taking the lend In the lOast, not heennse her italeamen were
| plotting a^nlnat their western allies, hut becnufte her populutlon of r?0,000,009,
ueeiipylnn; nn nrcn only n fraction of that of the I'rovlnce of Oatnrlo, and
rnpldly ernwIiik, incile It necessary for her to expand. When the surplus
i papulation moved In the direction of Cunudn, the I lilted Mlatra and Aus
| trnlin, those nations said, "It shnll not come III here.'* Tliln nttltude not only
did not tend to promote comity between notions! It forced the Japanese to
r\pntiil Into the eastern coiiiitrlcit, with the result that Japanese Influence
wns predominant In Asln. Other faelors Unit made certain her leadership
were her milltury nnd naval strength and her educfittonal system, which
attracted students from all the other Asiatic countries,
lleferrlnjc to the other Inrce tint'.on* of the Kant, Dr. ltaten nnld that
in Imltit ttud t hinn eh tin sees lind lie en itriiuiilit which a f e w yenrn ago
itotilil have hocn thought impossible of nehle\cincat. In India there was
serious unrest, due to dlsstitlsfucllou \\lth political, ceonotnle and educa
tional ennilltloiis. N evert helei.N, the present government wus the bent for
the country nt present, nnd the fact was recognised by the lenders of the
people, who wrrr loyal to threat llrltaiu.
t'hlnn had tihollshed the opium tea llic. hail overthrown the prondest
ilynnsty In history, lind unbound the feet of Its women and hail cut oil its
ijucnr?and these things were slgnlflcnut of greater things to eorne In an
nunkenrd t hlnu.
The Importnuce of the enstcrn riuestlon nan ludlcr.ted, Mr. Hates said,
by the fact that In Asia t'lOtl.llO'J.OOO people were 11 v I ? < k In one-fifth the terri
tory that was occupied III the west by t,iM*,fit)f>,tl(ll> white men. Those millions
of colored men were growing nit t lonul I > nnd inteniationnlly, urd tliej' cou
stltuted a factor In world politics that imia: be seriously considered by
western nlntrnnien.
Voice ot the People
l.rdrra mum Give Ibr nnmr mill n?l
drrtii o( tlic* urllrr. Nuntc ?\lll mil b?
published il nrilrr m> irijuriia.
Declined CiillrKf I*i e.il?2enc jr.
To the Ktiilor of The Times-lJispa'-cii: ;
Sir,--Flu/ years ago to-day (March
CO. 16C8), the foilow .ng mi.iite wasj
made in the records ox the meeting of ]
the bo.4rd of trustees tf Kandniph- !
Macoii cjll.-yc:
"<>n motion resolved that I ?r. .1. C. ?
niaekt/ell. Judge K. It. i'li;inh'is anil
J. .1. I>uly, Hsi, . )>.s U;i[)uinUil i corn- :
ir.ltte? to correspond an 1 u po '
confer In perse i w iv.i iton .!? u.isou 1
Davis ami obtain full informal! in as
to the I rn.spee t of procuring 1 mi a.i
president .*' the I'olk't;-'. and report to
the meeting (if tin: board in May." j
I learned several years :i) o from one
of the professors of ltamlolph-.Ma> :i
at the time that the committee visited
i'reslde n Davis In lta'tlmore, ami mat
ho i'.\|>ri'Mscil him. elf as greatly ap
preciating (lie action of the hoard b it i
said that as he was und r iiidntment I
before the t nited .-tates ?"oiirt, he!
feared that his position might corn-j
promise the institution, and ii" was
not wlllirg t > take .such ri: k ?..f in
juring the college. therefore, lie would ,
have t i decline with regret the pruf
{??red ho not
Would iie h.'.ve made a threat college
president ami endeared .him.-elf to Vir
ginians b> following i:i the fontsteps !
of his sre.'.t war chieftain, I-.obert h. i
1 ??.-?? 7 it. K. I'.I.AC KWiiM .
Athland, Va., March 30, t'JD.
\o Tlmr for I'ollflca.
To the Kdltor of The Times-Dispa'eh: '
Sir.- A naiiv-: V.. g inian. h . ving 1 i\
i:i tii city for itventy odd years, i
ask tiie citizens of Virginia to o..iit
here and witness what I have since
our entry into the war. men of ail
parties, as a general thing, acting as
one party in support of the adminis
t ration.
I would also commend to them the
highly patriotic example of former Seii
;>tor Chilton, of West Virginia, coii
lnformation Bureau
i??oniric* r<*ga>(JiOK n.uioM nu/ lojilc. '
rxi'i-|iniiK ???? ';k*i1 nmi lurilicji .tub* |
l? r 11 ill IT tr III tier. .-in all ,J.
?Iiiii'irk urv un<i?rivu u>n-rll; b> j?e.? ?
hOiiUl Iron u iit'li-bii.iM'<?rit. ?.uu<a<rw
t'lOrluiii' l? *i*ijJ.rcu, t mj
I ii_. ^-?>.?|>.1Ulll iinuiaii Iwu burrxu, !
uivli.?iuaiii V u.
To Clean Mlvrrw iirr.
Mrs. W. S. is., Kichmond.?Clean this
vessels wlin a o.oin uatupenca w;ih a ,
?i) per cent solution of cyanide oi pot- ;
asli. being careful to wash the hands I
... lerwards.
l-'lrst American \\ nr l*r|j?oner?.
D. il. ii.. CMuoolcagiie. ? According
to ofheial icports the urst American
war pris* in:i s were captured about
laiiigiit mi Aovemoer u, along Hie
un.iiu-.uarno Ca.ial.
'lilt* l'om'tb DimeiinIoii.
.M..-S S. i.. W ;.i..tiiKsi>urg. ire fourth I
ii .'..? . mi is morel} a mat iictiiai ica i
.- i?cun i.iiion, it :s assumed to hi? the
property of matter that should no to
solids as so! as are lo planes. Mathe
matical in . ^-ligations arc made on the
ussiimpt.011 jL a.i ii.detiniie number of
in.tensions.
Sl/f of ."Sew 1 orU untl Chiraxn.
M. I\ I"'.. Berkley. The greatest
wiulh of New York City cast and west
is sixteen miles-, and the great, si
length, north and south, thirty-two
? lilies. With its suburbs Chicago
stretches along l!a ..liore of I.i:ko
Michigan about forty miles icily propt-r
Jt>..?> and its greatest cast and west
e.\UMil uitoui ten and r.:ic-i-alf miles.
Inriiuir Tn* I.nivn.
I! 11. T., iticiimond.- corporation
income (a.\ van included in the J'ayne
.tldrich tariff of 1 !mu. and an amend
ment to tlie Constitution authorizing
a tare on private Incomes was rati tied
in 1In Km.. .? tax on private in
comes was passed by Congress, and
this has since b< -n increased as a n-ar
measure. There was no income tax
from 1S1M to UviSi.
Deinocrnr j-.
J. 1J. IT. Arhlaml. i ae word "democ
racy" applies lo a form of government
in which i he supreme power is re
tained by the jejpie and exercised I
either directly or indirectly through '
a system of representation and d. le-j
gated jiuthcrity periodically renewed,
as in a constitutional rc-jiresentativi?
government, or republic. In modern ?
representative de nocracies, as the.
United States and Kratice, though the j
governing body?tl at is, the electorate j
? is a minority of the total population,
the principle on wnich the government
is based is popular sovereignty, which
dialinguishe;; thim from aristocracies.
The word would he used in referring
io a Republican ,'oirn of government in
ti:e same sense .is it is used of a Dem
ocratic form ->f go/ernnient.
ShlinonoHkl Indemnity.
Inquirer, < 'hariottesviiie.? Sliimonos
ki vis a seaport of Japan whose forts
commanded a strait of the same name.
In 1SK4 the forts were attacked by a
squadron of war vessels, representing
the United States. England, France and
Holland, in retaliation for firing on
merchant vessels of those nations. The
Japanese government was compelled to
pay damages for Injuries Inflicted by
the forts, besides an indemnity amount
ing to $3,000,000. Our sharo in tills
sum was $7.sr>,000. Only a small portion
of it was needed for damages Inflicted,
and the remainder laid In our public
treasury tor some yearn. It was not
applied to nnv public use, and finally,
after repeated attempts to refund the.
extortionate excess, il was repaid to
Japan in 1884.
es!l:ig the elect ion of Senator Suth
?riai.d. in wlthdra ?vi?nr h i-i contest. be
lieving ii the duly of all 10 forego
juri .so..at ..n.n. i?-:i ;? t this time. unci
not 1": a party to any conical against
i man \vh-? has stood by ihe President.
Yher?* Is just as much just iiicatlon
? r trying t'> get ri?l of the President
s in endeavor to supplant any mein
Ijf r of Oo:t?re? who i a 1 shewn him
self to tic pa', riot So and Knows no party
as far as poih.'ien concerning the win
ning of tho war are concerned, be ho
Republican or I Vmo.'ra?
I ask my fellow '-itiZfris if they deem
it patriotic. prot'.tahP* or \vis<! to con
test the tioMilnution in the Kighth or
a ? y other di>:r!c;, .it this time of our
*ir;n;ry's reed. when all of the nresent
? >:,/:rc: ? i:i-? n liav proven their pa
ir: >t: .cid wor;h. tn acting tor ihe
t>< it i.-.rerestg "f tin- country? Why
no' ' v the ex.i-iivte of ex-Senator
? 'hlltou. anil wait t.'ntij the close of tho
war f>' pi-rsoni.l infti'Kth?
Virir.nia"- ?'onsi evmien arcxpTl
enceil li leirisiat ion aid have, proven
tl-.i-in-ejv able and willing; to servo
tli.. int?? r--s; .?f their State and
i.c'rii i-. v. ry i.iuch better than men,
'. owever i'a hi they ma* seem to oe,
wltli 'United oxfn rience. The new men
r?'f|>i't? several year.', to Ur- in a po
sition to do much for h'.i district. Just
as the ir m?-n had to do. Tli" war may
b- over before they ca-t ha?e gained
f- j.-ii ! no v!iil;i' as :s i nuired at this
'. !? ?? la !).? Meantime tn ?ir districts
will !.<? losing nusincss ard advantage
winch might b? gained with '.hose who
. ?? ; m .if :? i.? It it can hardly
in- said t a pri/ilia'iie change for
St i!p or ilist rlet
If ii"t profitable. it could hardly he
cJaln a \vl??? move. I: wojld be to
the best ia'.ri's'.- o.* the i ountry to
iiomi.iiitc unanimously aad elect all of
the pre-. :i: i "oi. u t sine ti and discour
age an> one lrcuii entering into a con
test :n;a!ns. men who h;iv ? or??*cn their
? ?? . ' ?? and n< : ' . - t . stand by the
President. ri cardics* of party.
. ti. ? ?.o 'i".a;nt': I with condi
tio:^ I*: Washington, jt is impossible
to .i; ? - I ?! e the disadvantages a new
man wo-'M ho under, in f.t t, it is al
most inc. ri ihan an experienced man
can master. .1 1, WAltl.N'O.
Washington. T?. March '.'3.
DENY ODESSA REPORT
Mrnn:; llci Inrc* Groat Ilinck Sen Port
Oei'iiplcil liy Central
1'invrr*.
? It V-? . !.\t*it Pre- ?
AMSTI'.lt 1 'AM, March in. ? Denial
that t > Uolshevikl have retaken the
It la i ? I: S. a port of ? >dessa i.s made oifl
? :a 11 >? in Vienna. It is said the city la
--till occupied by the Austto-Gcrmans.
Official announcenvint was made by
the Russian government Wednesday
that Odessa Jj:*?l been recaptured by tho
Holshevfkl, after a desperate battle of
three days. O I. usa is the most import
ant Russian port ??r- the Htack Sea.
Sr-?miin I'nll.i Overboard.
WASIIIMITON, March C3.?John
Parker llawthi rne, of .Jersey Oity, a
scan.an of fIsr? naval reserve, fell over
board from the I s. s. Uutoma March
..*i and \*"is drowned, ili^ Navy P?epart
ment tw-day announced. His body was
not recovered.
AMKIlfCA. MV COrXTRT.
lily .Trim K. Cronilnlil.)
Americn. my countrv, I come at thr
call:
I plight thcf* my irotli and r give tliee
in y all:
In peace <>r in war T am wed to thy
weal?
1 11 carrv thy flag thru the fire and
the steel.
Unsullied it floats o'er our peace-lov
ing race.
On sea nor on land shall it suffer dis
grace;
In rev'rence I kneel at sweet liberty's
rtirine:
Americn. my country, command, I am
thine!
Americn. mv country, brave souls gave
thee birth?
They yearned for a haven of freedom
on earth;
And when thv proud flag to tho winds
was unfurled.
There come to thy shores tho op
pressed of the world.
Thy milk and thy honey flow freely
for nll-^
Who takes or thy bounty nhaVl come
at thy call:
Who (map's of thy nectar of freedom
shall say:
America, my country, command, I
obey
America, my country, now come Is thy
hour?
The I-ord of hosts counts on thy cour
age and power; *
Humanity pie-ids for the strength of
thy hand,
T.cst liberty perish on sea and on land.
Thou guardian of freedom, thou keep
er of right,
When liberty bleeds we may trust In
thy might;
Divine right of kings or our freedom
must fall?
America, my country, I come at thv
call!
CHORUS.
America, my country, I answer thy
call,
That freedom may llvo and that
tyrants may fall;
I owe theo my all, and my all will I
give.?
1 do and I die that Amcrlca may live.

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