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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, April 03, 1918, Image 6

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Aboolutrly Mreproof.
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>1.", j; t month, i>."> venla.
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If our friend.* uliu tutor u* \?ith iuaiiUM'ripl? mid
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urlicira relurmt!, me) uinst in ull tun's m ml Mumps
luf that pui |hi?o.
MEMlU.lt i7T lilt. A>MK IA I i:ii i'KKSS.?-l"he
AMuiilatt'il Press is e&i'lusltcly entitieii to the um> fur
reiiulilienlinu of all new* disput-thc* trctllliil to it or
not otherwise credited in tuis paper, and also tlie
toval nets* published herein. All richis ol repulilita
'non of special tlisp?lcUes herein uie also rest-rted.
Protest of tlie Pope against bombardment I
of Paris will have just ;-s inm.li ef.ect as have i
similar protests since the beginning of the
war. Papal admonition is not sutticient to
stay the German hand when it is bent upon
destruction of such art treasures as are
housed in Paris or in Venice. 1 hey, too,
like tlie Cathedral at Ilheims, will stand as
everlasting monuments to the passage of
the iiun.
It is not likely that President Wilson's mes
tgc to-Governor Stephens, of California, ask
ing for executive clemeucy for Thomas J. I
.Mooncy, will be disregarded though the sev- j
oral attempts of 1. W. \Y. to take the life of j
the Governor may dispose him to be some- j
what reluctant to comply with the request, j
Still, the labor world entertains grave doubts j
of Mooney's guilt, and as a matter of policy it j
jrould seem best to extend executive clemency j
Kxl his case. I
No great popular undertaking has been
carried out since tiie war's inception huh- j
out the earnest aid and co-operation of j
women workers. The third Liberty loan will
he no exception. Already tiie women of
Richmond, under the leadership of Mrs.
George J. Seay and Mrs. John K* rr Branch,
have been organized and uri- ready for the
drive which will put the bis loan across, i
.'now, as always, woman's p:irt is not only the I
inspiration which leads the forces in the ?
field on lo win, but euablcs a nation to sup- i
port them so iong as an enemy threatens. j
Japanese Foreign Minister Motono an- j
nounced to Parliament that Japan had not
proposed intervention in Siberia, but she was
not unmindful of tlie menace of German in
fluence to the interests of the allies, and would
not hesitate to take prompt and adequate j
measures lj)iot#Vl them if sueli a move
should be' sfiVcewted jointly by the latter.
Further deve'opm'tils in the German invasion j
will be 'closely watchcd. and if the Siberians ?
do not enter into engagements with I he Ger- I
,iians that are likely io affect adversely Ja
pan's separate interest , tlie latter will keep j
hands oil. This is fair enough.
In no spirit of criticism it mr/ be said j
vhat America has been slow 10 anticipate
fiiiil prepare for the supreme moment of the
>var, which it. knew must inevitably come.
Now it is here, in the belief of allied gen
erals and statesmen, and it is proposed to
rush a million' men across the Atlantic. A
nation prays that shipping obstacles may
be overcome and th<?t when the re-cnforce
raeuts arrive the supreme moment will not
have passed to the advantage of civiliza
tion's foe. A nation prepared, as this one
deliberately refused to prepare itself, would
have had its million there when the great
moment arrived. Delay and inability to take
advantage of the enemy when he is at his
weakest has been the gravest curse of the
allied cause.
Universal military training nas been de
feated,temporarily at least, by the I'nited
*.'?tates Senate, which rejected the New amend
ment by a vote of :!6 to I'C Its defeat is a
.remendous blow at the vitals of the plan to
;>ut tliQ I "tilted States on u basis of perma
nent preparedness, and it will bring joy to
ihe heart of (ierinany. Adoption of the
^mendrftent to the draft law making it apply |
n those youths who have become of age
1 iriee June f>. l'JlT, will brine approximately
700,000 to the color: , bu:, v bile eommend
.tble, i( i> a t ? ?tnporary measure. 1'nless
?'.tcps of a permanent e?,aract?-r he tak'n, there
Vwlll be'nothing to prevent the country after
the clofce of the pre. esu war from drifting
? \iaclc tof the condition m" < hir.a!-.? ?: impotence
?,In which it found itself when the break with
Germany came, and which ha.- not he-.n over
time after a >ear of frenzied preparation,
f The Senators who voted against the amend.
Jfcient are blindly reckless of the nation's
Members of the Carpenters' and Joiners'
Union can ployed at the Hampton Iloads naval
base and other plants In that vicinity cn
\gaged in government count ruction work have
.gone on strike for ;t wage increase of 4 1-2
cents an hour, from f>S to G2 1-L' cents, on an
Clght-hpur day basis. Iletwern r?,000 and
?-$,000 njen are involved at the various bases,
^^.nd the trouble is spreading to other trades.
i This walkout, pending consideration of the
demand by the government, shown a lack of
patriotism during a crisis in the country's
history that is nothing short of disgraceful.
With this particular union tlio government
1 has had more trouble in trying to induce its
membership to givo whole-hearted support
to war activives than with all the etbe.*
unions. lis attitude suggests that new
leadership is badly needed; otherwise the or
ganization stands to lose the respect of other
unions w:tli which it is federated.
Ilertling and Ilyjjorrisy
1r lias been left for the arch hypocrite of
all time to impute hypocrisy to the allied
nations in this war. Tho Imperial German
Chancellor, finding it necessary to defend
the peace imposed upon Russia, turns aside
from the main issue to launch a typical
Prussian attack upon the allies, charging
them with committing highway robbery
against Holland, while mourning over the
fate of dismembered Russia. There has
| been no fairer exhibition of real Prussian
| camouflage than that indicated in this
Facts which have now come to light
regarding the negotiations for the acquisition
of the Dutch merchantmen?facts which
were withheld at first?are their own answer
tu tho ludicrous assault on the part of You
Hertling. There Is nobody in Germany or
1 outside that country who had more con
clusive information upon these negotiations
than did tho Chancellor, but it was important
that he make a case against the allies, and he
seized upon a falsehood itself to accomplish
his purpose.
As now disclosed, the Netherlands for
months has bargained with the allies for
the disposition of the merchant fleet. The
j people of Holland wanted and needed food
I supplies. There was only one source from
which they could be drawn, and that suuuu
[ -was the I'nited States. The Hague was
! entirely willing to surrender the use of its
! vessels for the period of the war if food
' could be supplied in return. Tho negotia
' tions would have been concluded long ago if
I Holland had not been bullied by Germany
j and threatened with extinction if any aid
I were given Germany's enemies.
When negotiations could proceed no
j further without undue ris-k on the part of
j Hie Netherlands, the United States and Eng
I land actcd with decision, taking possession
j of tho ships in their ports, agreeing at the
I same time to make full payment for them in
i any manner in which The Hague govern
; ment would suggest. No larceny was com
1 mitted. No advantage whatever was taken
j of Holland. Slu* was not bulldozed or brow
! beaten, as Von Hurtling declares. No
| hypocrisy was practiced by the allies. No
j violation of international law took placo
; nor even a violation of friendship for the
people of Holland. As a matter of fart,
j most Americans will believe, as they have
, every reason to believe, that Holland has
secretly encouaged tho 1'uited States to
act just as the I'nited States has acted, and
when tho war is over it will probably be found
that only the fear of Germany prevented the
government of The Hague from openly ap
plauding this government for the part it
played in the ship matter.
New Wur Finance Plan
THE more the country studies the program
for tho third Liberty loau, the moro
favorably it. is impressed with the wisdom
behind that plan. There is assurance that
this loan will be eagerly absorbed by the peo
ple, a drcumstanco to which almost, every
war loan committee in the country testifies.
These committees are going into the third
campaign with more enthusiasm than marked
either of the two preceding, which indicates
to tho government that bond purchasers are
pleased with the offering.
Three important phases of the new fiscal
policy stand out boldly. In the first place.
t!t" Treasury Department announces that the
lnan need not be greater than $:'.,000,000.000.
This has brought universal satisfaction, par
ticularly so for tho reason that the country
had been led to expect a mueh larger outlay
by this time. lly holding the loan to this
figure, it will be possible to float it without
any serious draft upon the liquid capital of
the American people, whereas a loan or
$.">,000,000,000 or $6,000,000,000 would have
taken about all the tangible currency in
In the second place, the rate of interest
has been fixed at -1 1-4 per cent. This is
I slightly more interest than the second loan
bore, aud to that extent is more attractive
than tho second. ^ et the Increased ra'e is
not high enough to affect seriously the de
posits in savings institutions. If it had been
placed at 4 1-2 per cent, as originally pro
posed, savings banks would have been par
ticularly hard hit, few of them being in a
position to compete with the government for
money with government bonds paying a full
half of I per cent more than any but a few
scattered savings banks can afford.
What is perhaps more important than
either of these considerations is the pro
vision made for a sinking fund, tiie purpose
of which is to maintain government war
bonds at par bv providing a quick market
tor them. Any bondholder who finds it
I necessary to cash in hi; holding may turn his
' securities back to the government at full
| face value, payments to l>e made'from the
sinking fund. This will effectually end the
trading in the security market in such bonds,
the government believes, and will protect the
holder of bonds who does not wish to
liquidate against a falling market. To safe
guard investments in war securities has been
the most difficult problem the government
has had to face in fixing its fiscal policies.
If tho (scheme which has been advaticea iu
that end by Secretary McAdoo and concurred
in by most members of Congress, succeeds,
the bond subscriber will be amply protected,
and future loans will be lar morw easily
farmers will rceeivo little sympathy In
their perplexing labor problems so long as
they contribute to withhold their wheat for
higher prices rather than market it, that the
struggling nations may br fed.
| Krc long all the .Marys can keep their little
lambs in Virginia, thanks to the Maker dog
law. and at present prices for wool they will
be little gold mines as well.
One good thing about it. the big-mouthed
roosf r in your neighbor's l.a< k yard will not
begin to exorcise bis lungs an hour earlier.
It is suspected that Ilindenburg was lie
i!nd that long-range gun, Just shooting at
that Paris April 1 dinner.
Have you planted your potato crop? Don't
make it too late.
D; Ilcury Kdwnrd \V*rnfr.
i:*notlr, Yr*.
A rabbit chased by a hungry dog
Kan up a tree, and glad to.
You say that rabbits can't climb trees?
1 know, but this one had to!
lJomestlc Mote.
"Husband, have you discharged the cook?"
"Yes. dear."
"Have you quarreled with the janitor?"
"Yes; r told hint what I thought of him."
"And have you upbraided the nurse?"
"I have: pave her a good dressing down."
"All right, love; now you can start a row
with me while 1 call up the hospital."
March 31.
Referring now to tho daylight hour saving
plan, we register this: Curst be. tho fiendish In
genuity of the man who invented tho alarm
The Changing Viewpoint.
Tne Bride?My hubby is such a dear, sweet
thing, so thoughtful, so good; Ho helps mo
wash the dishes every meal!
The Wifo (same bride, later)?John, for
heaven's sake get out of here and quit pottering
around the kitchen! Haven't you anything
to do?
"Have you a rust?" she asked anxiously, after
he had proposed.
"No, but I have a thousand-acre pasture," he
And considering the value of pasture these
days, she reckoned that would do very well.
So they were married and joined the beef trust.
A tnan who was both deaf and dumb.
Desiring to elocute some,
?"rot up on the stago
In a terrible rage
And recited a piece with his thumb.
An Idea.
"I've the greatest scheme on Karth for
making tli<? dent:.' stop hurting you."
"Tell it t' 're'. Tell it t' me'."
"Well, just v. hen you think ho is going to dig
a r.ervi! out of your system with a pile-driver,
you hold tip your hand and say: 'Now doctor. 1
don't know when I can pay you, but?' and
he'll stop right there and listen attentively!"
? ?nrden I.r?*on?i?V.
One thing about gardening that every amateur
should know is, that it is perfectly proper for
b?ans to grow upside down. Several anxious
friends report that last year they planted beans
and the blamed things came up bean first, and
although they stuck 'cm back in the ground time
I and time again, the persistent things came back,
and finally quit in fli.gust.
| In planting beans you make a drill an Inch
deep. Distribute the beans in a single row
half an inch apart, or in hill:* of four, two or
three inch's apart. Cover them over, step on
them firmly, but with respect: sprinkle them
with eau dc colojrrio ?"fl ??> nnd play tenn ?
When tho bear.s get four inches out of tin
ground you begin to pull weeds with circum
spection and differentiation. A weed will not
bean, and a bean will not weed.
In the course of time you can pull beans to
beat the band, and if you plant in succession
two weeks apart you'll have so many beans
that you'll got sick of rating 'em and send t
the grocer tor some canned sardines.
tTo Be Continued.)
There wore seven original jokes.
But they've been worn to a shred;
So the maker of fun falls back again
To the prune.
1 . The mother-in-law.
The bridal tour.
The cost of living.
The coal and the home-made bread.
Kx am pies of pernicious activity:
The fellow who wriggles a>ound on his street
car seat.
The woman who etplains ti e movie plot to her
friend behind you.
The person who kieps kicking under your
theater seat.
The nervous party asking the conductor when
Is her street next.
'J lie stenographer whose back is to the clock.
(.'mini n*. I.lhely.
The man who knows all about the war is a
close rolativa of the fellow who cajs that any
body can run a newspaper.
Cent linar II Irn.
A fellow in Montana utole a horse from Hot
foot Burke,
And afier a chase of forty niilc3 they caught
the sneaking Turk;
They decided to send him to Congress, 'cause
Washington is dry,
i Hut calmer judgment prevailed, and so they only
lynched the
Health Talks, by Dr. Will. Brady
tloi y i ke 1*' 1'?I 7 l>v Naiiovm N?? * *i
Tbf Koui Air Schoolroom.
i \'cw York <"i'y '?liildren lucky enough !?. be
! nick. enough t? sa'n adinision so the open air
J schoolrooms last winter iiowed ;i m>Ui->
i Improvement in scho'laivhip. ;t train in weight
I and general imi>rohi health. Nl<.st twen
tieth oen'ury column n les now have open air
? schoolrooms at lea;! for the delialc and
physically backward children.
' A schoolroom healed up t?> or above 7<> ?!? -
grces Fahrenheit in any pari of the j.-iiool ses
> .slon may ho called a foul air schoolroom,
cording in our present < oneeptioti oi what con
' stitutes foul air. It matters 'lot at a!! what
method of s<i-.all"d vent ilat toi, I ' employed W
tilt- warmth be kih-Ii that its < IT ? - ? ? I t?i dep.-ess-ing.
I and when the tempera tints is artificially miseil
above tj*! dfgree;; the warmth dues begin to bo
d cpreESing.
It is a great cojnfort to an intelligent mind
to observe the steadily decreasing prevalence of
alleged "colds" ami of the alleged ??child! en's
diseaseM" In schools with open a.r rooms. It
must be discouraging to the mollycoddle l-'or
generations School ehildrcn have been kept good
and uann, anil thus ripened for adenoid ej).-ra
tions. Kven tii ? doctors', until recent years,
have just advi.eil ami performed these opera
tion'; without ;t thought <ir a word about, the
conditions which made them necessa ry. The
tisnfs c h<tngt . ilcre and there you w ill find a
board v ho:.e members do not unanimously feel
that they know more than the doctors "know
j about sanitation. Mutilation and pci.onal
} hygiene, 'i hc constan : increasing standard >.f
I health among : ch.?ol children in enlightened
communities attributable t,> tlit? belated
I capitulation of sciiot,1 board -.
j ilow nliou; it : I >o your children still languish
I in a f? ul air schoolroom'.' Is your ?hool^ton
, fiueteii upon nineteenth century principles'.' ,\i e
I the windows hrrinei tcally sealed.' Have a look
I at the schoolroom thermometer at J o'clock of
an afternoon. If you tind c'.millions unsalis
faetory, send th - t<aeher-a set cloth screens
such as have proved :-ti satisfactory in oilier
schools where foul air had impaired everybody's
Ournliiin< niifl Au^nrra,
Secretion In a llahy'ti llrcasts. ?When our
baby boy was about a week old we noticed ii<at
there was some milk in his breasts. An old
nurse advised us to pi ess out tin- milk ami
rub the breasts with camphor spirits. The
breasts became sore, and at four months had
more milk than ever. The-t we had the doctor,
and be advised us lo leave the breasts alone and
In a few days they were di ie<| up and as natural
as any baby's breasts, l i this a raiv anom.ilv"
Would the breast cake tf not rubbed ami
emptied? /
Answer. ? No, It Is a frequent occurrence. Had
you not interfered in the first place it prohahlv
would have clearcd up at once. Iiubbiug only
stimulate*! secretion of milk. When It Is de
sired to ilrv up a bivast, never rttl> or pump c.r
manipulate I: In any way. Leave It strictly
alone, with the support of a bandage snugly
but not tightly applied, and nature will do the
Kitlie's rhetor versus Christie's Doctor.?Sev
eral months ago I was elevated to the dignity
of grandma by the arrival of two grandsons -
two different sets of parents. Two different
doctors in attendance. Uilllo's doetcr u.ges a
daily injection and poor Llllllo gets It. and
grandma preserves a vast silence. Itut Chris
tie's doctor objects to Injections and advises
milk of magnesia, castor oil. or anything but
injections. Kindiy tell mo whlsh Is right, or
rather v. hat should be done. UHAXDMA.
Answer.-?We are constrained to agiee with
Christie and l.illlo in tho argument. If we were
lucky enough to have :i little Millie in our
home he would get no sample* of cathartics,
tie would ge. his proper fe ?d end an illu.nl
nated certificate of our perfect faith In Obi
Doctor .Nature.
Books and Authors
! Kupert Hughes's latest book, "Long Ivver
I Ago." has just been brought out by Harper A.
j ltrothcrs, and, as with all of his writings, it is
| sure of a pupuKr reception. These are very
j lovable anil human stories, that might have
been written before a pea Hire, so true are
I they to Krlti's spirit.
; '"The Outrage." by Annie Vlvantl Chartres
(Alfred A. Knopf), is a powerful and exciting
! story of the invasion of lielgium. Mrs. 1,'hartres |
employs her faculty ot vivid presentation in
giving us a tragically real picture of a little
village in Itelgium u day or two before the
Invasion of the Hermans in 191-1, when no one
dreamed of the horrors to come in the spaco of
I a few hours on a peaceful and unsuspecting!
! people. Tho actual incredible invasion i ? won
derfully presented, and the resulting events as'
they influenced the lives of the principal char- j
acters of the story are described with an ar
resting minuteness, one does not easily target ;
the scenes of norror in the village on the night
I of the lightning Invasion fallowing the gradu
ally ncarittg sound of tho roar of the artillery, j
the flight to Kngland of the family and the
deeply interesting situation which follows ami
which has to be solved by mother and niece, j
each as her instinct cr conscience tells her.
Gertrude Athertr.n. in "The White Morning"!
(Frederick A. Stokts 'o.)> gives us an intensely'
dramatic novel of Hie inevitable outburst of
the brooding forces or unrest that lurk beneath
the surface of Germany to-day. Her heroine,
a beautiful 15ru ill. i iili; type, of aristocratic
family. has been brought up on the soundest 1
Prussian principles. Though imbued with the
accepted belief in the natural superiority of the
male in general ami of the Hoheu/.oilerns in
particular, she react:, in a period of unexpected
freedom that ito'ludeo a sojourn in America, and
becomes an intellectual leader among the
women of Herinanv. With the progress of the
war comes her final iliMllusiontnent. She be
comes the renter of the force:! of dissatisfaction
and brings th<- niov unent to a startling ami
dramatic climax. The lo\e interest is tense and
powerful. Mrs. Ai..ertor?s intimate knowledge
ot Germany and Hermans, gained through long
i??.'Kiilcneo there ami her i-lose acquaintance with
the best iu Herman lutelleetiial and social life,
;:t v.< her ne.vel more than ordinary value as a
prediction of what t.iuy soon come.
Current Editorial Comment
When I.udendorfT raid. "A
Arras gr<at battle lias been fought and
?mij victory has be.-n won. but :i?
. , 1 ? ? * I can foresee what will r< - lit
M>c from it." h< m?-ant that the tight
Ing was on:y beginning. not over,
and that he could not tell whether or not th<!
tfxt move of tlf al i-s mljiht rcvers" it. A vi ?
t?.?-y of that kind is no victory, in the sense in
m li ??!? Hermany if-ed.i \ :??? .rles. The war has
long pa - ? d the st ??.- w :<??: merely techni
cal victory i:; of a ?? I va n'.i g*\ 1 a the N'irM.
th s morning. ? ;? i < ?.. v r .. ei::;-arl-. ;ng .... a wild
i>.? nhh !i>r th>- s.il.e of avo.d!::g ' ? *>? til if d< -
?IrU'-i on. Thai l what Ai:a- mean: lit
south she hr?s ninvfl ow. (: ?-. a:i<l ;:ie l-'ren i
:ii'' trying take . i .? in- ? :?? l t! t.. - !>-? t '?
turn If r victory I n?? ? defeat. That ::i wht;
llainvillers and 1'i.nt l?Kvet|ue nu .in. T.f I?? t t
and most f neoura^liig feature of tlf* siru.it''n
the . u bleu ess and da,-!i with .i !..??
I- !! -ll hav. tal.i-tl tlie offenrivc, i'.e.d th ? scale,
on which they have done It.?Ncv ^ *ji L 1
To-day, when the wh-Mc nation
Trmner I?? in aims .iml ii..- fate < f t.ic
of I lift people 11 tent II y hangs on th* out
?* IM<' . rome. th.' Urit is :i r?e- a a whole
r.nglMl l>COpu,.,r. M|l... ,,, |M. ,|ispla>.i;g all ?>{ the
admirable i|uaiit ? t1 it have
cha*w /.ed the Indiv dual Prlton i:i t n*i? - ? >;
hurry riuI danger. To half-ready America,
watch':.;; from I If? .">.('00 mil* awa\ a .i "n ?
gg>>i| nan. watch'>-? 'i:s b >' ? r li. ;? : t ruc in
tlf <?iri.nn, ihe steadiness and grav* . <.<n:.?I? i ?
of th? Ifitish peoiile ought to l>> .in i>>.?m:<l
as ^< <i a?? :lo< unfonsetn humor of he l'.ri?. i
;...|,l . r vi the long years of ir'-n -h warfare.
We lia\>* foubles of ?mr own. but our allies, in
the fat e of much more urgent. If not greater.
?i-.cmg us h ow f bt.ar slf: t
a re cl:<t * 1 :: :'in.-';? of public s'.eadfa s'.if ss - t he
Athi ?: - w;' h the Persian in Atlf i>s. the Un
man with Hannibal under the wall.?; to
thai llf Itrit sii '.Jits week are worthy compan
ion <>f ;l.i p. oplt s i.s not to say enough. .-a>"
tlit;t t'f-v at. worthy --f the Kreticii since th
first .! of Augusi. 1914, and you have taid
ii all.?New York Times.
News of.Fifty Years Ago
(l'rom ;h<' llicliriond Dispatch, April I SOS.)
Vice - President William
!'. Isaacs lias ealh'O 11? ?"?
nninal meeting of the |
s-'t rtcii holders of the Ar
lington I.ifo Insurance
font pa ny to l*o held in
t i;;< city April 17. The re
ports to l>o submitted to
this meeting have been
1?i ?-j?;i rod as of April 1. and
they make a vrry gratify
ing exhibit. Vic.o-Presi
d n t I Mines says the busi
ness of the past year has ]
been very good. the com- ,
pany having Issued poll- |
i ies to the amount of over I
Sm.iV.OOO, said policies av
eraging about 54,f?00. The
peoplQ have confidence in this strong Virginia;
company and in the ollicers who control its
The trial of Mr Davis bar. been again post- i
por.ed. Judge t'nderwood yesterday Issued thej
following orrt-r. "The I'nlted States against
Jefferson Davis: Counsel having been heard in j
t hi- cause for the Cnited States and for the j
defendant. it is now ordered mat the defendant
have i? .ive to depart hence until Saturday, the
Li.d day of (he M.?v n of iJi?? I'nited States |
? 'ircuil Court, at 1" o'clock in the forenoon of
that day, at which day and hour he is re
quired to be .ind appear personally before this!
court. according to the conditions of his recog
u ./a nee."
I'nderwood'"' grand jury Is still hammering
away jit indictments. It. i ?? uiulerstood that a
large number have been found, several being
against distillers and distillery inspectors.
There will be a "grand" negro parade to-day,
and the military authorities liuvo ordered Cap- j
tain I'oe. Chief of Police, to have all of his (
policemen out in full force and make special j
cfiort to preserve order.
Three negro meetings were held yesterday
and last night, and all nominated llunnicutt
for Covcrnor of Virginia. llunnicutt was at all
of them, and cheered heartily when speakers I
eulogized him. "no of the meetings was held j
iit ?'himborazo Mill, one at llunnicutt Hull and i
the other in Clay Ward.
Tbo fine Apr.l weather has brought large j
number.' of negro loafers out on the streets and j
in public places. Squads of them are daily j
bathing in the sunshine on She Capitol step.".]
i:i the square and <? t< the street corners. None j
of them is at work ai.d none seems to want j
to be.
In the Senate at 12 o'clock yesterday the lm- |
peaelimeni trial was resumed. The galleries
were thin dur.ng the entire session. Two cir- ;
ruses In Washington opirated against a large j
attendance at the Capitol. The reading of the
journal was interrupted by the Ineffectual at- !
tempt of Sumner to declare Chief Justice Chase's j
deciding vote of the d.iv before illegal. Doth j
the managers and the President's counsel con-j
sumed their hour arguing the question, audi
Judge Chase was sustained. Only three wit
nesses were examined. Hutler takes the lead j
almost entirely with the managers. He is their i
emergency man. The practice is very sharp, j
after the manner of ihe police Court, except'
that the thrusts are mote keen.
The canvass on the Constitution Is going on I
briskly in North Carolina. tCx-C.overnor Ilolden, I
the Kadical candidate for fJovernor, and Thomas
S. Ashe, the Conservative candidate, are both
in the Held. Itoth sides are claiming victory.
The white people of Hie state have not been
so aroused in any election since 1844.
The House of Pepresentatlves transacted no
business yesterday, Put attended the impeach
ment trial on masse.
U I! I.1A.M It. ISA M S,
Kit limunil Itanlier,
Airplane Joy-Riding Among Clouds
Has Been Prohibited by Authorities
DAl.l.AM. TEXAS, A|ir!t A Irplnne "Joy-rldinc" nmonc the clouds hns
been Mopped ?< the A merlon n nml ltritlsh aviation camps here n nil at Kort
Worth. 'I'his li partly due to the furl tlmt the uvllltors litnl too tunny
frlrnilx ulm wanted to "Inki- ci trip aloft" and purely brciiUkc of an Incident
u lili'h orcurrril the other iluy lit Kort Worth.
A rnilrl liver from the American en nip at l.ovr Klcld here nhn pnld a
visit to n ineniIiit of llie Itoyal l-'lyiitu Corps at l-'ort Worth mm Invited
by the t'aandlnn to take ti tlltfht with hint. The American eadet accepted.
Whrn lie returned to hi* own enmp. the endet told bin comrade* Hint the
lllKht hnd hern n \ en I tiresome tine, embodying all the no?e dives. dlpii, l<io|ii
Anierlcmi lt.:il enjoyed lite ?r11> thoroughly, lie declared, and had no thought
and turns which the llrilish lljern have made ordinary occurrences. Tlir
of fear until after they had nilRlitcd safely. Then the new Canadian
friend, nl'.li a slpih of relief nilmltlcd It hnd licen lil* tlrst nolo (liKlit. nnd
(lint most of the spectacular performance* of the ulrplune had been entirely
wilhnut IiIh approval or dcsljsn.
Ao\v I'ouiiiianders nl nil of the inlntlon schools have emphasized that
the catitpK were established at trnlniiiK Kroiimls nnd ??not us reception
ruiiinx," mid ruleii auaiiiM visitors iiavc hecome more and more Mr id until
now it is .lust it!* easy to break into tin- villi 11.H of the I'nited States 'I'rraMiry
an it is to i;et into an aviation camp. \o one in admitted without a pass
mid n pass !s untiltniiinblc utiles* the applicant l.s nlile to convince Hie cont
mnndliiK oUlcer that hln presence within the lines will he to the adtantuKC
of the I'nited Stales nail the army in neiieral, nnd also to the truliilug camp
und the p;trtlciilar cadet whom he wishes to ildll.
The endetn hntc Kulllclout time, lioweier, to' v isit with their frlendn,
hcliii; ut llhrrty from .Saturday noon until late Sunday iiIkIK each ueek,
and xpcclnl leaven are nttnliialile to all except those under discipline for
some infraction of rules.
At the Krniind school nt t'nmp Dick here, which Is well within the city
limit*, the studentn lire permitted to lie oflf each Tuesday nnd Thursday
nlKht until midnight In addition to the Sunday leave, nml Ihis winter most
of the city's social functions have been held on those nli;h(s so the aviators
could participate.
lOntertlilnment of the men in uniform Is now pnrt of the regular home
life of Dallas's inhnbltiints, und n boy is unlucky indeed who bonsls only
one Invitation for a Sunday dinner In (lie home of some new found Tenia
friend. There Is nciircrly a home iu the city where nt least one uniform
is not n fixed feature of the Sunday dinner.
I've promised four different uiris to meet them nt 2 o'clock to-morrow
nfternoon. one cudet complained to his bunk mate on turning In late Satur
day nlRbt. "and I have patted tlm whole camp to Kct somebody to till In for
me. I enn't linil a man who Isn't promised to nt least one family for Sunday
Voice of the People
J.rttcra uiimt alvc tbe DRmr nnd nil*
drraa <if Ihi' writer. fiuntc lvlll not b?
ii u UI in lutl If ivrltrr ><i request*.
I'?r (lir t.ond I.und Flrat.
To ihr of The Tinies-lJispateh:
i-ir.?Th<? increase In food production
frun tin- land ?>f America depends for
quick ntsuits on one thing, which is
so simple that it is being overlooked
It is this?to use the rich and mutable
land tirst. instead of that which fan
be bought or rented cheap, and Is un
suita ble.
Wherever yau go you will find men
putting lalior on land that should not
be cultivated at all.. They arr forced
to use this poor and unsuitable land
because they cannot get the use of
the more il<'Siral>le land. The inilated
"monopoly value" of the dcsirsihle land
has forced the workers to leave h.
This is an economic crime, and our
whole population is now being pun
ished by the Almighty for this ig
norant disregard for economic law.
Yh j strange condition of tiianless
l.llid and landless men I* so : . :: >us
that nothing iId be more serious
it cannot let alone. It is not g iing
! cure itself. It has fcot t>> |.. ni<i
. n i solved by th" u?- t thinking altii
praylnjr that we aro capable
T.j thoy.> who are talking seriously
of co.:-- i jitlu;; i.ii> ?! to w iii I: I'-.: tn ?
l.it.d owner I v ill say that tin I
in vo! \ e ? <j I - n ..mil! iii'I'f.'int i
ihe land lirt V< f<-w <>f the .. mm r.
? >: t: ?' ^ to >li it.ibje i i ? i| in Y.rg ,,.j
ari competent to direct farm work,
? . it? y b ill tie :i t o w .irk.
I'l:e ll.ing Sn to got ? j m i ? K result'
i ? t ? | it a super-tax on .ill idle . r
ii'ii! iand, and vacant city lo:
i- v. ot:'..l yield a big re\?--;i; . and
l'or.-c ..'ii into u-'\ a .el hut", n > on
l>.;t ih who are new getting so ,,. -
thing for no:i'<ng iii "utf at ti- d incre
ment ' lrom idle land.
??.-ingm: taxi:i{."
?'h;?r'.iitt?-? ville. April It'lS.
Wilton In the ??Ho**.'*
To ?;.e Kilter of The Time; -1 )i.r pa tch:
.-'ir, 11 i \\ -r<- preaching from t e
;>?; ' ' i' : iii" t ? n\ I w .iiii.I i t..<?
;?- " The ribrs i.ii?i cotiicel in.
i'' no I.oril. and against
. no. n : "ii" . I Va!m I.').
Who not au.ir.i tha' there lias
lie. i i *i*.t? ? o.- l.-is organize.! tight
m tii s; our beloved leader, l'r< :<id> nt
U i! 'o:i, ev er since his las', noimiia t ion
1-. the presidency? When two ti???.:?
I n T o r ni a t i o n Bureau
luqulrlrn regarding n'.iuour mi/ tuple,
rtiTiuniK on 'rgiil ii ml medical aub<
Jret*. ait* uuaixrnl Irrr. An nil Ij<
quirie*. are iinsxcrril dirrelly by [it,,
kumil letter a arlt-aililrraaru, mnuiprn
pini'ioiic la required. AfJilrraa I li?
'limi'k'iiliiiiati'li j uf uruir.l luii Unrcnu,
11 :eLiiiioijil, V it.
About n ((natation.
Mrs. .1. I\ 11., 1 >.i:t ville.?We havs
not available information to determine
thu author of the lineii you quote.
1*1 rut American Kxprma.
T. K. Portsmouth.?The first
American ex press w.u. upvned between
lii.ston and New York ii. Ia21 by W. i
11 arnden.
rurntrr Wants Kxemptlon.
J. ?">. C5., Wealtitia.?You should 5ub
?iiit the facts to your Iccal exemption
board, ask for Its ruling in the mat
ter, under its latest instructions.
Selling Flour in Harrel I.oM.
?Subscriber, iiuckingham.? No, under
the regulations of iho food adminis
tration you would not be allowed tt#
sell that quantity of llour to your
Kuriynrd Kipling.
It. C. D.; Uocuvllle.? froiiounce with
the lonfr sound of U, as if spelled liocd
yarcl Kipling, i in Kipling having the
short sound. Pronounce camouflage as
if spelled vamoollauzh.
Army Dlvkulnn.
r. T. M? Amelia Uuurthou.se.?l.'nder
the new pmn of organisation a division
in the I nited .States Ari.iy is about
A nilierKrls,
W. .T. TO.. Fair 1'c-rt.-- Ambergris is
yellowish or oiackis.i white. Its odor
:.s very agreeable, but we are unable
to say just wnat its perfume jj. It is
very valuable, but jj.i v ould have lo
get a price from a dealer.
l'.KgllHli I np of (inn llonibK.
W. <??.. Lexington.? It was h-.te In
the summer o: istlfi wlun the allied
armies decided to make reprisals fori
tiermany's u:e of poison g.s bombs.
The use of asphyxiating gas; is a viola
tion of the rules of war, but reprisals
to?a violation arc not a violation of'
Ihe rules of war. The lirst use of gas
in the jire.setit war was made hy-tise
Germans In :Ct:icI:!i agtunrt Itelgian '
and French Iroops In li.e division of
Ceneral I'utv: in the neighiioihoiil ot
l.inyemarck. r.. iRium, April 2i'. and
May t?, l!i!.'?, and l-'ield Marsitai Sir j
John Kronen tells of Iho use of gas
by the lirit'.s'.i in thu big oifensive of
Sepieiuhcr, lyiu.
-gelnblr' M'oiil.**
W. N\ 1?., Amherst.?Interest has
been shown lately in the fiber known
in Mexico as "pcchotc," but heller I
|;nown in t'lirt country as ".lava ka
pok." It is also known as vegetable 1
wool in Mexico, wjicre it has been
used for many years. The j>latit grows
wild in ii number of states in Mexico.
It yields from eight to twelve pounds
of the vegetable fiber annually. The
Tiber has never been exploited in a
business way, but has been used by
the natives as a tilling loc pillows,
mattresses, etc. The needs are simi
lar to cotton seed and are roasted and j
used as food by natives in the district j
whore the kapok tree fl.ourlflhes. I.ate- j
ly, however, attention hasw been di- j
reeled to the oil of the seed, which j
has heretofore bre'i used in Mexico i
solely for soap making. One ton of j
t<oed is said to produce sixty-five gal
lons of oil. which compares favorably
with cottonseed oil.
or parties arc opposed to each other,
they must stand for different thine-',
'?no muft be right. the other wront.
Therefor'* the men who opposed the re
election of President Wilson must li:t \ ?
flood for other principles than those
for which President Wilson and hi.4
supporters stood.
President Wilson triumphed over hi1'
opponents at that time, and lie w:ll
triumpl) to the end. for God is with
him and has rained him up for
work he is now doing. Whom God ha*
set up who ran cast down? 'Mir gr<;*'
itnd r?vcre?l leader has crown t" ?
powerful In the strength of the / -
mighty for him to fen/ any longer tho
attacks of those who are. and a 1 wa\ s
have been, his enemies'. These viper*
arc now crawling out <>f the den ; and
oaves to which they wer< driven a year
ago last November. a;td are ri'iiii' ?;
their heads in the crass, and hissine.
and spit'ing venom against a man
wnom they d.ire not. I repeat, dare s">t
.1 * * 1 ? ? U openly. I.#? t these partir.ii'i.
malcontents and traitor.* (for traitoi 4
they are) make no mist.ike about that,
traitors of the worst* sort?the sho<*
?n the niiirr foot n >w, ih? richt
'? li.'w.irc lost the wrath of t >i ??
;>. >t > d'-fi'-'ntl upon their heads.
Th. ? ? i'i n ar- w.vuinK their tim??
? t? ? ay the l?'a:of tluslr jntseliievoi ?
a \. en. The < -ond'ict Of 'he war
?I d.-r ' ; ?<! r tl. hand s .>f IT. id. ? '
W, > ;i \v :iore It ha:< been from th-i
' i;; > .iriir. y. ? arid I ? f ?? t ?..? ! -
. hi. Tin* I'i'".dent will i-ondu I
v. ir hi* "in u ..y. ;.ul in i
?\. ll ? \\ li bring !' ti. a each;.-bui.
i !?> b - ?.??? ? " It t a !< > ' a I"ti:i'
? i.. ? g' ? . tor certain strenuous I rid i -
\il'.a!s ;i high plio-eji to liml till'
' *maiti.Ks ii?" ?i?i:.
/rattle. V. ash.. March J.\ IMS.
It. >\ . W . Iteplir*.
f i the .r -t The T.m< ?? ? I 'Npnti h:
Sir I . ,-ii ii "t briefly the -I
ter of Duval I'.fi-r appearing in your
if : of th.* . ?' h. Claiming to be a
l""ply to !! .!:?? nf a f ?rillT d.'.te. aii I
w i.. !i . pt.vis d ' > ??; .iriK'ter:;:': ..
-1 ' i! > ".?? 11 eff is i- n." < 'f < '<uI ?'?. . ?
*?..'! *???;! .t ?i.e t', r ?: irn t.... i-oi ipis
i; i r, ply . n ?'cr
11' by
l'( ;!l. '!? 'i'i.-" the IT
i'"!:"o;. i o. fusion
V,:- : , ;v h* k hv ri;: ra
'la mo 1 h
ah . l>it:??:i < 'on -
tier in hi effort i in ubta::i ;? i
? ' ? ;>r?>->rt:. n, ivn? I <1 i?} :?? >t
Govern t for ? ittlng it
? vn. The fa. '. th >' I r!..I noi de -
fend or ..;ipo-.? :m."thr'g or air.! ???! ?
in thI > matter I s.i iuc no mention or
any amount in rnnin ? tb.n with it. I
did not nor h id I any right to "blamo
th<* tiovernor" for reoommendini; a r -
lu. tion of the appropriation, even if I
l id been so d.^ lii ?? d. for he h:.d .' -
ready notified the 'Jeneral Assembly
ti'at he won <1 approve th" amount
named in the bill, if ncibil to rtsn
the d partment. I made neither fav
>ra!'ie nor ad verse . ?nm.' nt lip ? ?> 11:a
point, but left it open. He asks if I
r*.p iw that the State otljoia'.s are en
titled to d.-.ent salaries. Ves. and I
also know that they are reeeivlnp them
rirrht along. Put, he says. Jl.St>0 has
in. more purehasin*; power than
had four years sipo. Supposing that to
be true, what becomes of the preaf
mass "f citizens who draw no salarie*
n..d have no means of meeting triiin
"rea:o l expense r.nd must make th?
sacrlrtees now necessary, while tl">
State ollicia I is excused and gets a big
ralary raise. Moreover, tnese men ar<?
not tied to their jobs, they don't have
to work for the State, and if they
cannot make a living ht it there ar?
plenty of educated, capable men !?>
take their places at the present sal
aries. Haacd on Mr. Porter's theor...
they would iiave to resign to make .i
living, but we hive heard o' no resig
nations being ha tided in, although the
?salaries were not raised.
Mr. Porter raises the question r.f pa
triotism. and draws comparison of th"
same between iSovernor l)avis and
members of the legislature. I am not
aware that the patriotism of either
has ever been questioned, or that it
needed any defense. It makes no dif
ference if Mr. lijivis spent a part f
his life in New York or elsewhere, he
is a citi.'.en of Virginia, lits baen Ijw
ftilly elected Its chief executive, and ai
such is malting good his pledges to th**
people, and deserves the commendation
of the people for so doing. Theories,
however plausible they may be, cannot
disprove tl-is.
Again. Mr. Porter charges me with
making an attack on the Leg is! At ure.
Have I, or have I not. the r'giit to ex
press my disapproval of the acts t>f
tho representative body of the State.'
The Virginia legislature has held :?
sixty-dsi.v session, dallying and delaying
its important business and in the tusii
Incident to the closing' it the session
pissed the general appropriation bills
carrying 'lie enormous sum of over
i'JO.rtfltM'OO. which included a surplus
of Sl.onft.oon already i;; the treasury,
and o'er SI.000.090 In exc??ss of the
revenues of the State for the ensuing
two years, and it seems thai, the mem
bers Were ignorant of tho fact that
these appropriations carried this ex
cess until the Governor ^amlned them
and refused to sign the hill until cor
rected and brought within the ability
?>:" the Si *e if> meet it. Such blunder*-t
by a legislative body are inexcusable,
t'.iul the..-." men cannot hope to escape
criticism. IT. W. W.
&nilli I lesion. Vn.. March 30, I9is.
Apostrophe to Kossuth.
<Vt?r The Times-Dispatch.)
Kossuth! if from the afterworld
Thou can'st look down upon the strife
T?>-day. and spiritual right be thine
To penetrate the veil! If thou
I'an'st think with spiritual mind,
I.arger ami brighter, far beyond
Our ke.n. what agony must thou en
N'ow that thy country's very-soul
In sacrificed to Teuton avarice.
At bidding of a fiend in mortal
Form, who thinks himself destined
To rule the world?
Though bitter be the cup thy country
Drains to-day, behold! there follows
In the path you blazed, a nobler
And a sterner race, which like a
Phoenix will arise from ashes of
Dcsp.'iir, to greater deeds and victories
Of peace, and freedom will emerge
Krom out the gloom.
Farmvllle, Va., March 22, 1018.

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