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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, April 07, 1918, Image 1

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No Lapse in News
1 ,'D. Only Richmond Paper
With 7-Day A. P, Scrcicc
i-D Classified Ads Make More
volumk en
r.ujK ?
Third Liberty Loan Cam-,
paign Opens With
All Street Cars Are Stopped for
Three Minutes Through
out City.
Reports From All Sections of Fifth
District Show Great Interest in
Success of Loan.
Flying high and fast, two huge air
planes. not unlike those used on the
battle fields of Northern France, sailed
over Richmond shortly before noon
yesterday, and with their paper am
munition "bombed" the city from one
end to the other. Within a dozen min
utes after the (lycra appeared, fire
bells were clanging, whistles of indus
trial plants were blowing, automobile
sirens screaming, and the gongs of
clectrlc cars, which had stopped In the
ttreets. were betting up u terrific din.
It was such a warning as would go
forth had Hun raiders actually appear
ed, and begun dropping their death
dealing high explosives on Richmond.
Not einco the United States enter
ed tho great war?'Just one year ago
yesterday?and offered its inexhausti- ?
ble resources to the cause of humanity
and democracy that the Hun and his
Kultur might be wiped forever from
the face of the earth, has Richmond
been so moved as on the first anni
versary of America's entrance into
tho struggle, which marked tho open
ing of the third great drive for funds
with which to carry out the country's
war program.
At no time had the people as fully
realized the responsibility on their
shoulders In supporting the go\ern
ment and its military undertakings.
Unheralded, the Liberty loan "raiders" ?
had sailed over the city, traveling in
a short time from Langley Field, near
Hampton, nearly 100 miles away. They
"bombed" the city with paper ammuni
tion, yet citizens realized wt\at great;
damage would have been dons had ex
plosives been ueed.
"Rlchmonders realize now that wo
are at war," said a prominent banker
yesterday afternoon, voicing the crnti- i
nient of a group of business men. "Tho
American machines flew from Newport
News to Richmond In a very fhort
time, and without dlfllculty. Flights
?3f far greater distances are common
occurrences even in this country, while
long trips are now being mado by the
flyers In France. It may bo some time
before machines that can cross tho
Atlantic arc perfected, but we rcmcm- .
bur tho Doutschiand.
'Suppose Germany should construct a
collapsiblo airplane which could be
^'nipped in a submarine like the
Dcutschland. or. perhaps, a larger sub
mersible. Think how easy it would be
to cross beneath the waters of the I
Atlantic and then bomb American
cities from the air. The United States
Is fighting Germany, and every man,
woman and child thould help in the
war. Our Job at this moment is sell- i
lng Liberty bonds. Richmond, the'
Fifth District, tho entire ^ountry, is
going 'over the top' with a great rec
MAJon imow.vs machines
Both planes which '?bombed" Rich
mond yesterday are Curtiss machines,
one slightly larger than the other, and
equipped with eight and twelve-cylin- i
der motor3. The larger plane left
Langley Field at 11:03 o'clock, tho
smaller making its departure some
minutes earlier. Tho former, which
suffered a mishap In landing at the
Virginia State Fair Grounds, was pilot
ed by Major Roy S. Brown, Junior mill- !
Itary aviator, and carricd Colonel WII- i
Uam Lfc Patterson, military aviator and !
commander of the aero experiment sta- j
tion at Langley Field, as observer.
The smaller machine was driven by
[?'irst Lieutenant Tliodore Arter. mili
tary aviator of the signal reserve
trorps, with Art Smith, civilian junior !
flying Instructor, who gave thrilling \
ixhibltions hero three years ago, as !
jbserver. Major Brown's plane, while
taking the trip in u leisurely fashion,
lew to Richmond, a distance of ap
proximately eighty-five milc9, in forty
minutes. The planes sailed over James
town, following in the main the course
?>( tho Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
tracks, over Torktown and Williams
burg, and over the eastern section of
Richmond. They flew high, and at- :
iracted but little attention until they ]
irrlvcd in this city.
The planes circled over the city sev-1
sral times, dropping their Libery )
'bombs." Some of the messages
iropped from the machines to float |
azlly down to the people of Richmond .
"German bombs have been dropped
sn Paris and London. You can keep
them out of Richmond by buying Lib
srty bonds. Go to-day to your bank
>r trust company.
f "If a German aeroplann were in
sight you would give your all to be
jpared. Keep them out of Richmond
ity buying Liberty bonds. At your
>ank or trust company. Think! Tf tho
naohine you saw flying over Rlcli
nond to-day were a German machine
vhat would you do? Act! Go to your
?ank or trust company, and subscribe
or bs many Liberty bonds as possible.
"Think of the havoc a German bomb
iroppfd from an airplane would do
(Continued on Fifteenth Page.)
Program for Reception
of McAdoo Monday
l-ti.%? Arrives ut Slain Street Sta
tion. .Met by John Kerr Ilrnncb,
chairman of Hlchinond committed
It. If. Smith, chairman of State com.
inlttcct Governor Cicorjte J. Scuj, of
Federal lleirnc Hank; Jliyor
tieorgc Alnallc, and Executive Sec
retary 'William T. Dahney.
Secretary McAdoo will call on
Governor Dai la at once.
IAddreaa to nomen'a Iilberty
Ioun committee In parlor of JefTer
? on Hotel.
I 115?t.uncheon nlth Itlchniond
committee Id I<"leralah room of the
,30?Automobile ride to battle
flrldn aronnd IllchinonJ,
0?IJInncr vrlth .lohn Skellon
AYIIIinin*, Comptroller of Currency,
at ??I'mton.*'
7?IIV? Marine Hand at City Audi
torium begin* free concert.
t.'ullery of auditorium reserved
for colored people.
,\o our rtill he admitted to the
auditorium after S o'clock.
7j-15? Chairman llranch Introdueea
Secretary McAdoo.
HMO?The aecretary lea*en Itlch
Over 1.10 Warships and 35,000 Of
ficers and Men Arc on Other
Side, Says Daniels.
Secretary of Navy Declares Our Ves
sels Have Played Important Part
in Destroying Submarines?Four
Kear-Admirals With Sims.
I By Associated Press!
Great fleet of Arnrcican warships. num
bering more than 150 vessels, an"! in
cluding. in addition to the far-famed
destroyer."!, battleships, cruisers, sub
marines, gunboats, coast guard cuttcrs,
converted yacht*. tugs and other
auxiliaries, is operating iu the war
Manning this fleet aud the many
small chasers which are not reckoned
in the total and doitig duty on air
patrol and at the supply stations
ashore, ere ^3,000 officers and men.
half the navy's personnel when t lie
nation entered the war Just a year ago. j
These hitherto carefully guarded j
facts were disclosed here to-day by. J
Secretary T>anicl*j in an address at j
a celebration marking the opening of !
the third Liberty loan campaign. Mr.
E'aniels .said that while he was not r.t
liberty to tell the toll the ileet haa
taken of German submarine?, the. na
tion could "rert a: mi red that our forces
have indicted telling loosen upon the
"As an instance of naval activity."
said the secretary. "I may cito the
work of one detachment of destroyers
for a tilx months period:
"Total miles steamed in war areas,
1.000.000; submarines attacked, SI; sin
gle vessels escortcd, 717; convoys es
corted, SO; total number of days at
sea. 2.600.
"The navy has furnished every aid
possible that the countries aligned
with us in the war havo requested or
suggested, and has worked in the
closest co-operation with them. Our
forces have played air important part
in the war against the submarines,
and have aided materially in the
marked reduction in sinkings of mer
chantmen, as compared with the num
ber sunk in the corresponding period
a vcar ago, and in the no leas notable
increase in the number of submarines
Under Vice-Admiral Sims, who is in
supreme command of all the Ameri
can naval forces in tho war zone, are
four rear admirals with stations in
Europe, said the .Secretary. They
arc Henry E>. Wilson, in Franee; Albert,
T. N'iblack, in the South; Hugh ttoil- '
man, in command of battleships', and
Herbert O. Dunn, on special duty.
America's fighting ships. Mr. Daniels
asserted, have been self-sustaining. '
with the assistance of repair ships, i
except for major repairs and docking.
Schools and barracks have been es- 1
tiiblished to house the men who, when
trained, go aboard ship, relieving ;
nucleus crews of men of long service. 1
who are sent homo to bring out new
units. Commanding officers trained in
the war zone are returned to America
to take new vessel3 into the war as
quickly a3 possible.
A torpedo station and aviation bases
also have been established abroad and
the secretary announced that American
naval aviators are co-operating with
those of England, France, Italy and
"The navy has made a record of
which we may well be proud," de
clared Mr. Daniels, "but much more
must he done. Ours has been a modest
accomplishment in comparison with the
achievements of our allies, but our
contribution has been considerable and
Is rapidly increasing."
Dill Prescribing Drnitlc Penalties for
Disloyal Utterances t'oinci Up
Agnln Monday.
fBy Associated Preta.l
WASHINGTON*, April G.?Adminis
tration leaders of the Senate failed to
day to pass tlie sedition bill, with its
drastic penalties for disloyal utterances
and obstructions of the Liberty loan
and army draft. Discussion will be
resumed Monday,
The House, however, approved con
ference reports on the "woman spy"
bill extending sedition laws to enemy
women aliens and with drastic penal
tics for destruction of war materials.
The Senate probably will act Monday
on the conference report.
Many Towns Exceed Quota in
First Hour oP Four Weeks' j
Small Communities in Southern
States Make Particularly
Good Showing.
! p.v Associate'! PresJ.1
WASHINGTON. April 6.?This was a,
dJ of enthusiastic celebrations^
balked up by subscriptions to govern
m?,l bonds of the third Liberty loan..
Throughout the United States com- ;
munitlCH observed the annlversarj or
the nation's entrance into the war and .
cavo material evidence of their sup
port by pledging millions of dollars
to injure successful continuance of tne
struggle against Germany. While p*
ratl'b and public meetings were in
progress in nearly every cit>. to ,
grams were pouring into Liberty loan
headquarters at the Treasury te In. ?
of towns which had exceeded the..
quotas in the first day of the four
weeks*' campaign, or even v. tth.n
firat hour.
More than 150 had reported when
the headquarters closed to-night an
more still were coming in.
Sioux Cltv and Lynn were tne larg
est cities exceeding their allotments,
therebv winning the right to fly the .
honor "f.ags of the third Liberty loan ,
The fact that, most others were smal
townB prompted an announcement by j
the Treasury that their aggregate sub
gcrlptlons were "infinitesimal com-;
pared with the J3.000.000.000 campaign
goal, and that to-day's reports "should |
not be conducive to undue optimism
r"g:irding the linal result."
It was impossible to-night even to ,
estimate the day's subscriptions. By
Mondav or Tuesday campaign head- ,
duartcrs expects to have precise re
ports from every. Federal reserve d s
trict. and to be able to mark the dHlly
harvest of the nations war credit
Tho Treasury managers to-day tele
craphed district directors to make
everv effort to report exact figures of
actual subscriptions, excluding all fu
ture pledges or promises, so that there
will be no duplication of subscriptions ,
in the current tabulations. The official
attitude is that the country shall know j
the results being obtained from day ,
to day, without regard to whether j
these are optimistic or depressing. |
Officials to-night intimated that
more than COO communities had placed
themselves on tho honor roll to-da.v
by oversubscription?. Sharply at
o'clock, the official opening hour, came
the tirst report, and a tcoro arrived ;
within a few- minutes.
It xvi 11 take a week or more to ex
amine the various reports, and deter
mine which ate fully entitled to bona
tide consideration, and it may be im- ^
po:-siblc to determine which was first, j
ri.TKnsBiHr., alaska,
The South made a particularly good |
showing to-day. so fur as reports from
small towns were concerned, and this .
pleased officials, for special efforts
have been made to gather big sub
scriptions in the South. San Vran
cisco reported to-night that many small
towns on the Pacific coast had over
subscribed, without giving their names.
New York reported that Far Hill*. N. J..
had oversubscribed its quota of .*11,.00
ten times. Even oi:e small town in
Alaska, Petersburg, came through late
to-day, with announcement that it had
??gone over the top."
The national capital had four mov
ing-picture stars?Mary Pickford, Marie
Dressier. Douglas Fairbanks and
Charlie Chaplin?to lead its celebration
of the loan opening. After meetin
President Wil.-on at the White House, I
they started on a round-up of pledges, !
and the result was said to-night to
run into several million dollars. They i
participated in an outdoor meeting at
the east front of tho Capitol, where
Speaker Clark told a throng of t^ena- i
tors, Representatives and Washington i
citizens that "if tho American citizens I
ellipse, where a great throng scrambled !
to the bonds," and that "victory is the
habit of the American people, and they i
will not be satisfied without closing
this war victoriously."
Then the movie stars led a parade of
soldiers and civilians down Pennsyl
vania Avenue to the White House
tlipse, where a great throng scrambled
to subscribe and get tlie autographs
of the screen actors. A negro urchin
with a fifty-dollar bill was Fairbanks's
: first customer.
Atmong places which to-day reported
their allotment subscribed are.
North Carolina?Clayton.
Tennessee?Iluntsville. Smsthville,
Tullahoma, Erwin, Ooltewah, Unicoi
i County, Crossville, Oakdale.
Virginia?Hanover County.
South Carolina?Coward.
1By Associated Prehs.l
Ofiiccrs and enlisted men at near-by
i military camps Joined citizens of Cliat
j tanooga to-day in launching the third
1 liberty loan campaign with a military
J and civic parade In which 10,009 sol
I diers marched by a reviewing stand
I occupied by ?~;cneral ,1. B. Erwin, post
commander; General If. P. Birmingham,
commander of Camp Greenleaf; Major
Gordon Calls, poinmander Camp War
den McLean, and the French and Eng
lish ofilters at Camp Forrest.
T Ry Associated Frees.]
MONTGOMERY, ALA., April 6.?Tho
Thirty-seventh Division paraded
through the streets of Montgomery to
day to aid the third Liberty loan cam
(Continued on Second Page.)
Operations Rapidly Developing
Into Greatly Magnified Bat
tle of Verdun.
Main Attack on Saturday Was
Delivered on the Allied
t By Associated Pres." 1
The Gcrmana are continuing their
plutming tactics In the Amiens bat
tle arcu. with their operations rapidly
developing into a greatly magnified
The similarity with the classic ex
ample of a German attempt to beat
down an enemy by sheer force is dally
growing. This development obtrudes
itself not only bccauso of the nar
rowing of the area involved in the
attack and the practice of hurling
great masses of troops at the defend
ers of a narrow front, regardless of
sacrifices, but by reason of the newly
developed tendency to alternato the
attacks, with rest periods for one sec
tor while the other is in action.
Thus. Saturday the main attack was
delivered on the allied center, after
the blow launched south of the Somma
on Thursday and that*driven into the ]
north of the river on Friday had spent
Saturday's big plunge appears to j
have had its starting point Just to
the south of the Somme, where the
British right dank is near the Junction
point with the French. Apparently
aiming at the Albert-Amiens railway
in the vicinity of Corbie, about ten
: miles cast of Amiens, the enemy threw
heavy masses of troops toward the op
I poaing line from Varie wood, east of
I Corbie. The battle here seemed likely
! to develop into one of importance as
, affecting the tenuro of what remained
I to the entente allies of the wedge
| shaped piece of ground In the angle
formed here by the Somme and the
The Germans did not renew their at
| tack against the French south of the :
Somme Friday night after they had
been held to small gains achieved at
terrible cost and had even been forced
backward in places in the lighting of j
tii e preceding tliirty-six hours. The
attack launched against the British in
the region of Albert and northward
on Friday, however, was kept tip well ;
into tho evening, but its continuation
gave the enemy little, it any, addi
tional advantage, llis gains here ap
pear to have been largely limited
to a slight rush forward along the
Ancre near Dernancourt.
The weather on the battle front was
reported improving Saturday, but tho
aviators were still handicapped by low
Premier Clemenceau has added to \
French confidence in the outcome of ;
the great battle by -an explanation of <
the situation to the parliamentary j
military committee, in which he told
them the situation might safely be left
in tho hands of France's admirable
army. His statement supplements
General Foeh's "All is going well." in '
hia remarks on the state of affairs in
tho battle area.
The anniversary of the entry of the !
United States Into the war was made
the occasion abroad of celebrative
functions in T/ondon. Paris and Hume
? and the sending of numerous messages
j of felicitation by allied leaders. A
[notable utterance wa3 tfsat by Pre- j
! mier Lloyd George, in which ho pre
; dieted that during "the next few j
weeks" the United States would "give
I the Prussian military Junta the sur- j
prise of their lives."
At Moycnneviile the enemy was j
thrown back with loss. Between this
point and Albert, in the region of Mes
nil, the Germans were unable to dis
lodge the British from their defenses.
Southeast of Gommecourt, in the re
gion of Scrre, north of Mcsnit, the
British launched an attack and cap
j turej l CO prisoners.
In vigorous counterattacks the
French have driven the Germans from
! positions north of Montdidler. At
: MaiUy-Bainoval. where he made gains
before. the enemy was driven hack.
Further south, c.t Cantigny, the French
1 attackers gained and held the nortii- ;
] cm and western outskirts of the town, j
' On the Basslgny-Xoyon sector the I
i French also made a slight advance;
! north of Mount Ucnaud. There ha3
i been lively artillery activity here a-s i
I well as around Verdun.
The end of America's first war year
! finds more than 1,300,000 soldiers un
; der arms, many thousands of whom are
j in Fiance. On several sectors of the
lighting front, American troops are
facing the enemy and learning how to
tight and overcome a cunning and ruth- j
le?3 foe. The war expenditure has
1 been $11'.000,000.000 for the first year,
j Uncle Sam's navy, greatly enlarged,
I continues to aid the allied flcct3 in
! keeping the vital sea lanes open against
? the submarines, and to hold the enemy
i navy within Its harbors.
Japanese naval t'orccs have been
landed at Vladivostok. VJastern Siberia,
to protect Japanese citizens and prop
erty. The landing is declared to have
no connection with the possibility of
armed Japanese intervention In Si
PARIS, April 6.?Premier Clemcn
ceau told the Committee on Foreign ,
and Military Affairs of the Chamber of!
Deputies at a Joint session yesterday j
that they could have confidence regard
ing the outcome of the great battlo'
now in progross.
"We have an admirable nrmy," he j
(Continued on Sixth Pace.) y
Excerpts From Address of President
Wilson Delivered in Baltimore
?'Forcf, forte to the utmost. force
\Ti(liont allnt or limit, tlic righteous
nml triumphant force ulilcli almll
make right the Inir of the world,
and o/LNt every selfish dominion
iloivn ill the dust."
??I uccept the challenge. I knon
that you uccept It. All tlie world
aliull know- you accept it. It shnll
appear in the utter sacrlflce nnd
sclf-forgetfulncss with which we
? hall Kite nil tlint wc love and all
that we Iinvc to redeem the world
and mnke it flt for free men like
oursclvca to live in. This now li
the meaning of what we do.
''Germany tins once more aald
that force and force nlone aliall de
ride whether Justice and pence nhnll
reign in the affairs of men; whether
Itlght an America coneelvea It or
Dominion a* nhe conceives It slinll
determine the dcatlnles of mnnklnd.
?'There I*. therefore, lint one re
sponse possible for usi Korcc, force
to the utmosti force without atlnt
or limit, the righteous force which
shall make night the law of tlie
world, nnd cast every selfish do
minion In the du.it."
Warning anew that a triumph of
arms for Germany means ruin for
all the idenls America hna won nnd
Uvea for. the President repented
that he was willing at any time
to accept a fair. Just and hon
est pence alncerclj* proponed, "n
peace in whicll the strong and
weak shall fare nlike.*'
??Ilut the answer,*' aald he, "when
I proposed snch a pence mine from
the German commnndcra in Rus
sia and I cannot mistake the mran
lug of the nnawcr.
"They are enjoying in Russia,"
tho President declared, "n chcnp
triumph, in which no brave nnd
gallant nntion can long take pride.
A srent people, helpless by tliclr
own act, Ilea for the time at their
mercy. Their fair professtona are
forgotten. They nowhere set up
lattice, hut everywhere Impose
their power and exploit everything
for their own nae and aggrandize
ment! and the peoplca of conquered
province* are invited to be free un
der their dominion.
"Are we not Justified In believing
that they would do the same thing*
at their western front if they were
not face to face wttli armies whom
their countless divisions cannot
overcome f"
Fonr Justices of Peace Refuse to
Supply Writes on His
"No Passing of the Back at Collins
villc," Declares Attorney-General
Edward RruudaK? as lie Proceeds
to Establish Court-Martial.
[By Associated Press. 1
coroner of Madison County to-day ap
plied for warrants for the arrest of
five men, whom he had been Informed
wero In the mob that lynched Roberc
Tracer early Friday morning. Four
Justices of tho peace refused to Issue
The four justices cave an a reason
fir refusing to Issue the warrants that
"they didn't caro to get mixed up in
the matter."
One or the Justices yesterday was
surrounded by men In a saloon and
asked to sign a pledge of loyalty. He
Coroner Lowe iiald he would aslt the
State's attorney to Issue the warrants,
nr.d that lie thought the five men
desired would be under arrest before
SfinXGFlKLD. ILL., April G.?When
Informed that 'our justices of tno
pc:ico at Co.linaville had refused to
issue warrants for men supposed, to
have been members of the mob that
lynched Kobert Prager Thursday night,
Attorney-General Edward J. Brun
dage to-day declared State authorities
would take charge of the prosecution
if local officials did not do their duty.
"There will be no passing of tlio
buck at Colllnsvllle." Mr. Brundago
said. "If it is found necessary to es
tablish military rule, inquiries will bo
car> led on by court-martial."
lieutFnant is killed .
Descendant of Konnder of Hnrrnrd
Upcomes Vletini of Enemy
CAMBRIDGE. MASS.. April 6.?Word
lias been received at Harvard Univer
sity of the death in action of Lieu
tenant Liono lde Jersey Harvard, a de
scendant of tho founder of the Cam
bridge institution.
Lieutenant Harvard, who was an offi
cer In the famous Grenadier Guards,
was killed on March ?0, according to
the report.
Ilo leaves a widow and an infant
son. Ills youngest brother, Kenneth,
was killed on August 1 at the front.
He was a son of He v. John Harvard,
whose ancestor was a brother of the
founder of the university at Cam
Prospective Juror* Testify They Were
Approached by 1. W. W.
CHICAGO, April t>.?Federal Judge
Landls to-night dismissed the entire
venire In tho trial of 112 Industrial
Workers of tho World, charged with
violating; tho espionage net, after a
number Of prospective jurors had tes
tified that they had been approached
by agents of the organisation relative
to their views on socialism and tho
Industrial Workers of tho World.
Minneapolis DrnflfPH Taken Into Cus
tody When l'nlllng to Show
Iteiclstrntlon Curds.
Nearly one thousand men of military
aec who did not have their registra
tion cards or other credentials with
them, were taken into custody hero
to-night, when agents of tho Depart
ment of Justice and members of 'the
local homo guards raided 197 pool
rooms and dance halls in the city for
draft .evaders.
Such Is Opinion of French, and Brit
ish leaders on President
Wilson's Address.
Russian and Belgian Officials Declare
That Spcech Guarantees the Safety
of Their Ravished Lands as lias
No Other Utterance. i
WASHINGTON-. April 6.?The United j
States is to-night for the first time in .
complete political as -well aa military 1
accord with the allies.
Hi# work ot amateur peace angels
ar.d the devious peace proposals of;
Count Csernin have been knocked to
gether into a cocked hat.
These are the two startling results
of the President's epochal address in
Paltimore to-night, immediately ac
ccpted by State Department officials \
and allied diplomats who read the j
President's address aa it was deliv- i
The speech is received as the con- I
' fessioti of a new faith on the part of |
President Wilson.
"It means," said *. distinguished !
i Frenchman here to-night, "that the
President for the first time has voiced
tho exact sentiments which have
prompted France and Britain and Italy
to shod their blood like water,
j "He has made it clear as It hns !
j never hcen made clear before in Amer- j
j tea, that in a war with tho brutal lust |
of the German military commercial j
i Junlterdom there can. be no peace
without victory.'
"It is a masterful polemic In Justi
fication of all wo have done," was the
comment of an important British offi
I "It sums up all the aims of the allios
[ into a concrete whole," is tho way the
Italian sentiment is reflected.
Russian and Belgian officials who
read the speech declared together that
it guaranteed tho safely of their rav- '
ished lands as has no other utterance
of an allied statesman.
Internatlomil Silence Prevail* lor 1
Two noun AVhlle "World Listen*
to Speech.
! WASHINGTON. April C.?President .
Wilson's address was sent to all the j
i principal capitals of the world by cable
' ami wireless beginning at half-past 0
| o'clock to-night.
' International silence prsvalled for
I almost two hours while virtually the
| whole world listened to tho message
! from the land which has again thrown
down tho gage for liberty. Cables
| and wireless stations were closed to
I all other messages in accordance with
| a carefully prearranged plan.
No telegraphic interruption occurred. !
and as tho message was received in !
j all tho big cities it was distributed |
! tcxtually to all newspapers and news I
\ agencies.
I.connrd I'lilni/.y Found In Bathtub.
at Ills Summer Home nt
? Flat Hock.
IBy Associated Press. 1
A SI it; VI LLC, N. C.. April 0.?Leonard
Phlnliy, ft cotton broker of Augusta. |
Ga., and Flat Hook, N. C., was found j
| dead In his bathtub at 6:30 o'clock this)
i evening at his Flat Rock summer home, j
After investigation by a coror.or's
| Jury, a verdict of "death from un- |
known causes'' wast returned. The
deceased, who was sixty-five years old.
Is said to have been in good health.
Ho leaves a widow, daughter and son.
the latlcr being Lieutenant John Phi it*
Izy, now with the American expedi
tionary forces in France.
llnrry Lauder llrenka Record.
j CHICAGO. April C.?Harry Lauder
! sold $1,100,000 worth of Liberty loan
bonds In & twenty-minute meeting. j
Address Delivered to 7,000
People in Baltimore
Answers to His Previous Sugges
tions Have All Come From
Enemy Generals,
Conquest of Russia Is Triumph In
Which No Brave Nation Can
Take Pride. '**.
BALTIMORE. April President
Wilson to-night burled back at th*
German wir lords tho defiance vrlth
which all efforts to negotiate a Just
peace have been received. The speech
wis delivered bofore a crave audience
In the Fifth Regiment armory, where
he was llrst nominated to he chief
magistrate of the nation. The occa
j slon was tho opening: of the third
Liberty loan drive, which had Included
; a review In the afternoon of the Na
| tlonal Army units brought here from
! Camp Meade.
The Liberty loan, exhibits In. the
great auditorium supplied a fitting
setting. Immediately back of the
stage a statue of Liberty towered
more than forty feet- The attendance
was estimated at 7,000 persons. Police
authorities announced an equal number
had been denied access to the build
ing', as it was necessary to close the
doors at 7 o'clock.
The President called It the "anni
versary of our acceptance of Ger
many's challenge to fight for our right
to live and be free." Then, following
a review of his efforts for peace,
which was a most effective verba!
bombardment of Teutonic policies, he
framed the response the United StateB
now makes in these words:
"Force, force to the utmost; force
without stint or limit; the righteous
and triumphant forco -which shall make
the law of the world and cast every
selfish dominion down in the dust."
The speaker and the audience were
both serious, but the applause was
Each rhetorical salvo was received
with enthusiasm, which indicated be
lief thnt tho speech would cause more
destruction In Berlin and Vienna than
German long-range guns can ever in
flict upon Paris.
Consistent with previously announced
policies, a clear distinction was again
drawn between the war-crazed a.utoc
racy of the central empires and th*?
German peoples. Even the Teutonic
statcamen who have been forced to
accept the Kaiser's leadership were
mentioned in charitable terms.
In full, th? President's speech was
as follows.
"Fellow-citizens: This is the an
niversary of our acceptance of Ger
many's challenge to fight for our right
to live and be free, and for the sacred
rights of freemen everywhere. T!??
nation is awake. There is no need
to call to it. We know what the war
must cost, our utmost sacrifice; th*
lives of our fittest men. and, if need
be, all that we possess. The loan we
are met to discuss is one of the least
parts of what we are called upon to
give and to do, though in Itself impera
"The people of the whole country
are alive to the necessity of it, and
nre ready to lend to the utmost, even
where It involves a sharp skimping:
and dally sacrifice to lend out o"
meagcr earnings. They will look with
reprobation and contempt upon those
who can and will not, upon those who
demand a higher rate of interest, upon
those who think of it as a mere com
mercial transaction. I have not come,
therefore, to urgo the loan. I have
come only to givo you, if I can, a mora
vivid conception of what it is for.
"The reasons for the great war, the
reason why it had to come, th? need
to fight it through and the Issues that
hang upon its outcome are more clearly
disclosed now than ever before. It Is
easy to see just what this particular
loan means, becauso the cause we are
fighting for stands more sharply re
vealed than at any previous crisis of
the momentous struggle. The man
who knows least can now see plainly
how the cause of Justice stands and
what the imperishable thing is he
asked to invest in. Men in America
may be more sure than they ever were
before that the cause is their own;
and that, if it should be lost, thvir
own great nation's p?ace and mission
In tho world would bo lost with it.
"I call you to witness, my fellow
countrymen, that at no stage of thl?
terrihlo business havo 1 Judged th?
purposes of Germany intemperatcly.
I should bo ashamed in the presence
of affairs so grave, so fraught v?lth
the destinies of mankind throughout
all the world, to speak with truculence.
to usa tho weak, languftgo of hatrod

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