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The Times - Dispatch Reports Arc Authoritatioc No Lapse in9News T.-D. Only ' Richmond Paper, \\ ilh 7-Day A. P. Sercicc 8th YEAR. VOLUME OR M'MltKIt III RICHMOND, VA., SUNDAY, APRIL 21, 1918. ?FIFTY-TWO PAGES. PRICE, FIVE CENTS rurati-mwyiit! PLANT TO BE BUILT AT SEVEN PINES (Government Buys 1,740 Acres of Land Just East of Richmond. NEW FACTORY WILL COST APPROXIMATELY $3,000,000 Employment to Be Provided for Several Thousand Skilled Operatives. CONSTRUCTION HRGIXS AT OXCK Great War Industry to He Ku.slicd to Completion on 1'nit System. Richmond has just b^en selected as lh? site tor a new powder-bag pack ing plant for the United Stat** Gov ernment. It was ofllclally announced yesterday, which will cost approxi- . mately S3.000.000, and will require four' months for erection. Between 2,000 and 3.000 workmen will be employ ed for the construction of the plant, end work la expected to bo started In the next few days. The enterprise i will be operated for the Government : by K. I. du Pont do Nemours & Co.. and will employ between ",500 and 3 i00 male and female operatives when completed. Negotiations for the selection of a Kite in Henrico County, about, six miles ; east of Richmond, und near Seven 1 Pines, have been pending for several , wcck3, under the direction of a com mittee of prominent business men, and were completed yesterday. The act ing chief of ordnance of the War Department authorized the purchase of approximately 1,7 40 acres of land i:i Henrico County for the plant. An nouncement of the selection of this Mte was then made public. OPTIONS A HE SECUIIED FO It Practically all preliminary work has , been completed, it is understood, and options have been secured for substan tially all of the land needed for the plant. These options were obtained by Richmond business men, and the' land will be reconveyed to the gov ernment when all its requirements have been complied with. The property is to be acquired from about sixty own- ; ers, it was said. No difficulty in secur ing th? land is anticipated, and the government will pay a fair market 1 price for the property. Where rea- ! tollable terms cannot be had, however, tho War Department will probably commandeer that which Is required. Surveys of the property will be made at once. In order that construction work can be started as quickly as pos- ! sible. The property lies about six miles east of Richmond, between the Chesapeake end Ohio ar.d the South ern Railway lines, and . is declared to be admirably situated for the purpose to which it will be put. The land comprises much of the old Seven Pines battle field, and extends to the Fort T.ee Station on the Chesapeake anil Ohio Railway. AJ1PI.K It AI Lit OAD -? FACILITIES PllOVII)F,D Railroad facilities from the Ches apeake and Ohio and the Southern c.in be provided, it was declared last night, without great co:,t or difficulty, which, together with the natural lo-! cation of property, is believed to have b?en responsible for the selection of i thi.4 site. The plant will be Fituatcd directly on railroad lines from two i large powder manufacturing plants to; the Virginia sea coast. making the bag-; ging of the explosive in Richmond especially convenient for the govern- ! incut. Government engineers have already! viewed the property, and by the time ! the necessary surveys have been made ' P. is cxpectcd that construction work | will he started. From three to four ' months will be required for the cree- j lion of the plant, which is needed itn- i mediately, and .a construct ion force of ' from l!,000 to 3.000 men will he eri<- j ployed, it waa stated. This work will probably be under the direction or | the Du Pont Company, since it is ex- ' perienced in such undertakings, having been unusually successful in the erec tion of the Hopewell plant in record breaking time. IVll.Ii MB PIT INTO USB AS BACK UNIT IS CONSTIU'CTEU While it was not known last night, it is expected that the new plant will be constructed unit by unit, and the packing of powder for export started r.quickly as possible. This was the general understanding among busi ness men bccauso of tho largo num ber of Americans abroad who must bo supplied from this country. As unit after unit Is completed they will be placed in operation. The plant will be composed almost entirely of small framo structures, each erected some distance from the adjoining building. This plan prac tically isolates each packing building or station, and reduces tho danger from explosions. The new plant will represent an expenditure of approxi mately SS.OJO.OOO, and will employ be tween a.f.OO and 3,000 operatives. An in other similar plants of the Du Ton: Company, both male, and femalo opera tives will l>o employed lo pack the powder. During fhc war tho plant will he busy at all times, and will probably employ day and night forccs. It i.s not known lo what purposes It will bo put afterwards, but It will probably l<e taken over by the Du Pont Com pany. which is steadily extending Its Imiustrjal output, or by some other rianufacturluK concern. i, It was announced last night that the Richmond Has Subscribed $5,238,700 to Liberty L .oan Subscription* In Richmond to Hit* third Iillirrl.r lonn (rrdny nftcrnoon tolnlcd ?5,2:tN,7(lO, accord Inn In ofncini by the lurnl cniiiniKlrr. Ttilnln of Hie \uriuu.i ItanKx nml ?frc niinounccd last night n.t fvlluim: Apportion mm I. Amcrlcnn TVntlonnl Ilnnk .vj,107,000 IIO Itnnk of Commerce nml Trunin IHO.OIIO (Ml llrond Mtrect Ilnnk Kl.'t.lOO tit) llroniJiin)' ftutlonul 7.1.SH0 IIO Onlrnl TVntloiinl ilnnk I70.K00 on Church Hill Ilnnk Tfl.MHI on I'M rat JVntlonul Ilnnk... v 2,'-tl7..'tOO Oil .Mcchnnlca nntl >Iit?-linntn Hank S7.r,Ol) on * Merchnntn Nntional Ilnnk I ,<1fl:i,r,00 oo Nnllnnal Stntc nntl t'ltv Ilnnk I.O.'S.OOO OO (lid Dominion Trunt Cnmjinny :t 11-'Clio Oll lMsintern .Vnilonnl Itnnk I .tlfl-.OIIO Oil ?Richmond Trust nml Savlncn t.'o ISO.tOO OH ?Snvlnpn Ilnnk of Richmond I(10,U(HI (III I ninn Ilnnk of Richmond 107,1100 OO \ Irginln M'ruat Vo 2ft0,2OI) OO * Went ISnd Hunk 2.',,TOO OO nl " n'rlork yrm Huinca rnmpllrd irnxt composite* Subscribed, s iM:i,o.-.o OO nii.ino oo 71I.IKIO OO <tO,7(IO (Ml s7.IOO OO 40,000 on i ,or?a,7."?o (mi OO ii u.r.r.o oo son.noo oo 11 i.iir.o oo ?fUP.-IDO (III im.noo oo 170.000 oo s:i.(!.v> oo ^lo.nno oo 27,100 no Totnls 50,120,000 OO S.-.2:is,700 (mi ?Denote* those Institutions which ha-." exceeded their allotments. LIBERTY LOAN COMMITTEE GREATLY EKGOURASED DRAFT BOARDS NOTIFIED OF TECHNICAL EXAMS Subscriptions Coming in Faster, Training Course for Two Months Though Campaign Is lleldnd Will He Provided for 1,11)0 Expectations. Draftees. CITY PASSES HALF-TV AY M.Utlv But Virginia and Fifth Federal Kc .serve District Arc Still Far Frbm Iteaching Tiiis Point in Their Campaign. Just as the third Liberty loan cam paign reached Its half-way mark yes terday, Richmond went forward with moderat'ly heavy subscriptions, arid while failing to raise its apportion ment. by close of tha business day. which had been anticipated by the commit tee, the allotment will undoubtedly be completed before the meeting of bank ers Tuesday afternoon. Members of the committee were highly encour aged last night at the city's subscrip tion of 5-".238,700, and closely (studying the situation, declared that the goal would be passed Tuesday. Despite the great activity, subscrip tions during the early days of the campaign were unusually slow, and the drive made little progress. More en couraging results are being obtained now, the people demonstrating their desire to help in every possible way the boys who have "gone over" by helping the government feed and clothe and supply them with ammunition. The absolute need for the purchase of Lib erty bonds is realized, and there is a general response. RESULTS IX DISTRICT XOT SO EXCOCUACIXG Results in the Fifth District, how- ' ever, are not so encouraging to bank ers. People have been slow in placing subscriptions, and the campaign is lag ging despite the activity of the work ers. Progress Is b?lng made, but, as a matter of fact, the progress :m not .--jf ficient to carry tho ola'trict over be fore the close of the campaign, two weeks from last night. Every State in the district must he spurred to greater etTort, and State and county chairmen are being advised of the situation. Heavy gains were reported yester day throughout the Fifth District, and bankers are hopeful that reports re ceived in Richmond demonstrate the increased number of subscriptions be ing entered in every section. During the twenty-four hours the district gained slightly more than S9.000.000, the largest gain yet made in that period of time. Virginia ?lso went forward, its subscriptions at the end of the day amounting to $12,0S7,400. ! increasing more than SS.ooo.ooo. Xorth and South Carolina also showed sub stantial gain3. sunscnrPTiox.s reported TO FEDERAL RESERVE BANK Subscriptions reported to the Federal Reserve Dank at the close of business yesterday were as follows: No. of Report- Sub Maryland baiLk;o '??? r>lM. of Columbia. ?<.' 4; ?;! 4 7 ii I n vi?Y '? ^ *"1 ?oo e:.f \ Irglnta ... IMi.v 1'ih; 4.-.4; I ,.i North Carolina, .. ?'s .v> .South Carolina irj i-.-.o ;.,'i5?!.>bo Totals 1^' t" i7v.-s Reported I-riday SS.i'Ol.s.'.O f?a'" J9.000..00 Subscriptions by eleven out of tho twelve I'cderal reserve districts and the percentage of district quotas were announced last night as follows: District. Subscription. ret. of Quota. St. I.otlis j It". IUO.Si'0 Kansas City.... 7::.j94.tiO0 ? 'lil'rtKO 2JI.9Sl.30fl V-,-j r>:,iia? io.g^:t,4(io .i h.in Francisco.. 10.S. 17.%,0'?0 'r>1 Minneij|joli:i .... J o;.. I 70, t o<i '?:! notion II.t,70-i,l .0 4^ ?tv York 372.0.19,L'OO 4 1 Cleveland K'l.237.soft 41 Hichmond 36.291.S'.o "7 Atlanta 0.11 .10 Totals $ 1.171,05.'., 300 4% t,^'.?TI? T".Xo u ;,i received from the Philadelphia dmtrict. DISTRICT HAS SI RSCRIII101) ONLY ONE-THIRD til.' ITS <|l'OTA I With tho campaign half over, the I district has subscribed only $15,239.- j 3;i0 of its ? 133,000,000 apportionment, according to figures tabulated last night by the Federal Reserve Bank. There were 1.3CS of the 1.994 financial institutions in the district reporting to Richmond last night. Rankers studied the progress of the drive in tlie Fifth District closely. Virginia yesterday made a great gain, as did tho entire district. It remains, however, that tho Fifth District has subscribed only about 35 per cent of its apportionment. Maryland was allotted ?3S,000,000. and has subscribed only $S.062.300; Virginia has subscribed $ 12.087,-100 ?jf its $30,003,000; the District of Colum bia, $6,173,150 of Its $13,000,000; the highest record yet set. West Virginia, $4,647,150 of Its $10,000,000: North Carolina, $S,22S,5ro of its $19,000,000, and South Carolina, $5,190.S00. In the comparative published list of the Treasury Department, the Rich mond district is next to tho bottom. ( (Continued on Tenth Pago.) I MIST APPLY BEFORi: APRIL 30 Virginia, K.vpected to Send One Hun dred Selcctcd Men to Leliigli Uni versity for Special Course?Quotas for Other Slates. WASHINGTON, April 20.?Draft boards in New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Virginia and Tennessee were notified by the provost-marshal general to-diy that the government will kIv? a special two months' techni cal training- to 1.190 inen subject to the new drart call. The men who wish to take advan tage of the offer are advised to make application to their district board be fore April A. grammar school edu cation and some tecluiical training Is necessary for qualification to the ser vice. It is believed the men will be given intensive training in mechanical trades. The first call for the mechanical branches was made recently when sev eral States provided a quota of 4.500. l.ater, 2.S25 more were called. Under the third call. New Hamp shire will send 100 to Tufts College; New' Jersey, 250 to the Rhode Island State College; New York, 250 to Ro chester Athaneum and Mechanic In stitute; Virginia, 100 to Lehigh Uni versity. and Tennessee, 400 to the Uni versity of Kentucky. HERE IS WHAT UNCLE SAM FEEDS 1.500;000 Menu Includes Ileef, nacon nnd Tons of Prunes and Apricots. WASHINGTON*. April 20.?American forces abroad are getting the best food there is to be found. It is under constant inspection. Here is what a force of 1.500,000 men require daily when in the field: Reef, 1,500,^00 pounds; bacon. 225,000 pounds; ham, 210.000 pounds; tomatoes, 135,000 cans; jam. 225,0'''0 cans; tomato catsup, J,0>0 bottles. And betides all this jam, the Sam mies are eating tons and tons of prunes, apricots, stewed peaches and beans. These enormous quantities of food stuffs are subjected to the closest in spection, which begins at the source and follows lip to the time the food m eaten. Kvcry safeguard is employed in this inspection, w liich is conducted by the inspection branch of the sub sistence division of the quartermaster's corps, with headquarters here. FEDERALGOVERNMENTOUSTS PHILADELPHIA POLICE CHIEF Drnxtle Action Result of I'lilliirn to ("lose 1'P Ilosorts Preying on Soldiers nnd Sailors, I I)v Associated Prets. 1 rill LA DIOLI'H I A, April 20. ? The Federal government, in the person of l.ieutenan t-Colonol Charles It. Match, United States Marine Corps, stepped In to-day, and took chargc of the Philadelphia police force. Superin tendent of Police James R. Robinson was ousted, and Captain William It. Mills, head of the tradiu squat], in stalled in his place. This drastic action was the rerult of numerous complaints that soldiers and sailors were being invcifilcd into gambling dens, saloons and other re sorts. The complaints had been turned over to the police, but no action had been taken to curb the evil. SUFFERS SORE THROAT Dr. von Kiiclilmann Contracted Illness Wlillc lit Front. nml Conference ' Is Postponed. I ny'Associated press.1 LONDON, April 20.?The German Foreign Secretary, Dr. von Kuehlmann, concerning whoso probable retirement there have been several reports re cently. Is Indisposed, according (o Rer 1 i ii advices, forwarded iu a Hunter dispatch from Amsterdam. After visit In^ lyadquarters the secretary suffered from an Inflamed throat, and a con ference with parly leaders which was to have been held to-day was post poned. Fair nnd Cool Is Promise. WASHINGTON, April 20.?Fair and cool weather the first of the week, seasonable temperatures by Wednesday and fair and warmer thereafter Is t'na forecast for the South Atlantic, and ICast Gulf States during tho week be ginning to-morrow. KI.TNF1 KAR$ TIIK PKUFECTKI) SIX. More populnr than ever. Keo now speedster. 3:2 Went Uroud Street.?Adv. stvu mmrni LOST IN SEA WRECK Enemy Submarine Sinks Amer ican Steamer Carrying Two From Richmond. FLORENCE H. IS BLOWN UP South Richmond Man Burned in Serious Explosion in French Harbor. WASHINGTON, April 20.?Seven Vir ginia men arc reported among: the miasms following- the sinking of the American steamer Lake Moor by an enemy submarine while in European waters about midnight April II. At the same time the naval author ities hero announced that an internal explosion had wrecked the American V'tearnj-hip Florence H. in a French port on the night of April 17. It is also probable that forty-one members of the crew perished, since no word has been re.ceived of their rescue. The report of the wrecking of the Lake Moor was made to the Navy De partment late to-night. The ship was on her maiden voyage. Five ofllcers and crew of thirty-nine men are miss ing. Five officers, including Lieuten ant-Commander Kinchen J. Towers. U. S. N. n. F.. and twelve of the en listed men, have been landed at a British port. The list of missing as announced by the department Includes: Officers?Lieutenant Lewis W. Offutt. L". S. N. K. F., .-'an Francisco, Cal.; Lieutenant Thomas Kirk. l.\ S. N. R. F., Brooklyn, N. V.; Ensign Sotiers Liz ikos, I". S. N. R. F., Island of Thassos, Greece; Assistant Paymaster Claude B. Kriebel, L". S. N. It. !?*., Lansdale, Pa.; Machinist James A. McGourty, U. S. N. R. F? Worchester, Mass. Enlisted men?Joseph Battle. Rocky Mount. N. V.; William F. Bush. Dan ville, Tenn.; Jacob Kdel Cohen, Rich mond.* Va.; William Lee Darnell, Berk ley. Va.; William Bertil Ferguson. Roa noke. Va.; John Benjamin lluwcrton,< Petersburg. Va.; Woodfred Wallace Ice, Meyers, S. C.; Eugene Allen John ston, Portsmouth. Va.; James Edward Kirpatrick, Greenville, S. C.; Cleland Kinlock Ratcliffe, Richmond, Va.; Thomas Wilson. Portsmouth, Va. The ofllcers and men rescued were: Officers?Lieu tenant-Command or Kin chen J. Powers, L". S. N. R. F? Wil mington, N. C.; Lieutenant William D. Goodman, L\ R. N. R. F.. Brooklyn, N. Y.; Lieutenant Frank Pulaski, U. S. N*. R. F., Chicago, 111.; Ensinn George Bennett, I*, i?. N. R. F.. Bushnell. 111.; Ensign Allan Brown, L*. S. N. R. P., Montclair. N\ J. Enlistc-a men?Prince A. Johnson, Franklin, Va. The Lake Moor was a cargo -car rier of 1.300 tons, commandeered by the Shipping Board while being built in the United States for a foreign com pany. She was assigned to the account of the navy last January, and sailed from an Atlantic port the latter part of March on her first voyage across the Atla ntic. STB A MICH l'I,Oni;\('E II. HI.OWN I I* IN FltK.VClI I'OHT Vice - Admiral Sims reported tHe blowing up of the Florence 11., but save few details. Further information is awaited by the naval officials, who manifest keen interest in learning whether the cause of the- explosion has been iletermined and whether any dam age had been done to the port or to ! other shipping in the harbor. Besides the civilian crew on the | Florence H., there were twenty-three i men in the naval armed guard aboard the vessel. The names of six sur vivors of the gtr.ird had been received t>y t lie department to-night, includ ing l.eonidas Lafayette Livesay, .South Richmond, Livesay was slightly burned in the : explosion, but his injuries are not se rious. The Florence H. was built on the Oreat l>akes for a foreign concern, j and was christened the Souk Ahras. She was commandeered by the Ship ping Board before being completed, was cut in two and brought through (he Welland Canal, and put together again. Site was rechristened the Flor ence if., in honor of Mrs. Hurley, wifo i">f the chairman of the Shipping Board, and was operated by the Luckenbach Stc;; ?.shi(> Company for Ihc Shipping Board. The vessel carried a civilian crew of about fifty-two men. and last sailed from Philadelphia March 30, with a cargo of about 5,000 tons of powder and steel. t\\<? iiii ini()M)i;iis Missive; AMI OMi SI.H.HTI.V III IIMin Two Richmond boys are reported missing as a result of the sinking of the Like Moor and another one In jured l?y the explosion on the Flor ence II. Jacob Kdel Cohen, the twenty-nine year-old son of Kdel Cohen, of 732 West Broad, is reported among those missing as a consequence of the sink ing of the Lake Moor by an enemy submarine on April 11. Cleland Raf cliffe, of King Oeorge, a brother of ' I?r. A. K. Itatcliffc, of the stair of the , llygcia Hospital, i-s also one of the men named as missing. L L. Livesay, c.f f?0(J Stockton Street, South Ricii mond. was burned slightly as a re 1111 of the explosion on the Florence 11., but iii.s injuries arc not believed t> be serious. Cohen enlisted last August as a sea man, hut took up the study of radio aboard his ship, and was promoted to a place as electrician. While in Rich mond young Cohen was a postal clerk at Station A. and was popular and well known. His parents had at an early hour this morning received no word from the Navy Department or from him of his whereabouts. Mrs. Cohen was ill as a result of the shock which came when it was learned through the news dispatches that her Kon was (Continued ~on~Fourth LNago.) GERMANS ATTACK 1 AMERICAN FRONT American Girls in the Front-Line Trenches During German Onslaught tvrrn TIIK American army IN KHAXCE, April ^O.?tjlx young . Amerlcnn iromrn, ?rllnR as Salva tion Army ensigns, hnrt a narrow escape during a terrific (irrman bombnrdment with Kuns of all cnll bcr?t lvhlch swept the nholt nrra brhlnil tlic A nif rlcan lines in the sector northwest of Toul. The young nnmrn had the dintinctlon of occopylDR a position nearest the trenches In the actual fighting; line. IJurlng the earth-shaking shelling they fled into a dugout, where they were forocd to wear steel helmets nnd gas inanks until the cannonad ing na> ovrr. The ensign* are Misses (Gladys and Irene Mclntyre, .Mount Vernon. X, V.; Miss Stella I oung, Albany Street. Chelsea, Muss.; Miss Myrtle Turkluglon, .South Manchester, and Mlsa Violet Williams, both of Ilaclne, AVIs. The American soldiers were In spired by the pluck of the girls, whom they look upon ns sisters. Tlicy chop wood for them, make fires and unnh dishes in gratitude for doughnuts, pies nnd coffee served free nfter the trench fight ing. The Salvation Army lassies who w/re caught lu the confines of the lighting escaped uninjured. To shmv the (irrmans that men of Irish blood were helping I'ncle Sam to win the war, an Irish pri vate during a raid in the scctor on the enst hank of the Meuse fastened an Irish flag to bis rifle and nent over the top with it. The private met a hall of hullets from the enemy, nnd when he re turned to the trench the green pen nant was in ribbons. The Irishman was pautlng from his exertions, but PRESIDENT GETS HUGE Can Spend One Hundred Million Dol Jars in Fighting the U-Boat Menace. J O INCREASE U. S. X A V Y More Ships, Ordnance, Material and Equipment Is to Be Bought, and Personnel Is to Be Eargely Ex panded, X. nder New Act. WASHINGTON'. April 30.?Fighting forces of the navy are increased to more than 300.000 and Jl.3a5.176.4tG? i the larccat amqun5r|n. ^^Ty-ia ap. i propriated In the general naval bill, ! passed' unanimously, by the House late to-day. I>7,S,l,dCnt M ilson- "nder the terms of the hill, is given a lump suin of J100 - 0O0.0O0 to spend in any way he may see fit to fight the submarine menace. Of the total naval forces there will -aa~,"S'000 lhe nav>" Proper and 75. ^0 In the marines. Immense increases are authorized in personnel, shipd. ordnance, material and equipment of every kind. The bill is admittedly one of the na- \ lion's first deliberate steps toward the I !"ogiam announced by President Wil-I , .son of -incomparably the strongest! ; ',aN> 'n the world." Representative ! liritten. of Illinois, announced as the 1 measure was approved that the llouss had appropriated money under its terms at the rate of J 141*.003,000 -? 1 minute. Among the larger items are: Avla- ! tion. J1 SS,012,900; new batteries for' vessels, S4S.309.323: ammunition fo vessels, J33.2r,r,.1S0; reserve ordnance! 't"o-PU-e.f- !:,0 000 ?00: v?y of the navy. ! : food for the navy, 575.. 1 , ..20.216; clothing. J27,000,(M0; fuel transportation. J4S.400.000; construc tion and repair. J60.000.000: Pav of the marines, J3S.S77.796; clothing 'of ma-! fines, J32.47.MS0. lhe Navy Department program went' through the House without amendment j Kepublican criticism contented itselr " it h demand* for greater vigor and' activity in the aircraft program With thh J100.000.000 given the ! President for antisubmar.ne activities members of the House understand that"! both experiments of the beat methods of fighting the U-boats and construe-! tion of torpedo-boat destroyers in all j their variations will lie pressed under I one control with the greatest speed. In addition to this lump sum, there. ;is appropriated J12.",.000.000 for more | torpedo-boat destroyers to be con. I strutted under usual methods. The hill goes io the Senate Monday. GOVERNMENT NOT TO AID INDIAN HEAD RAILWAY LINE Penny Irnnl.-, " ??' "?il<l llmnrh to Proving (?round in I'lncc of Separate Kailrond. '^peeial in The Times-Dispatch. 1 WASHINGTON. April 20.?Tlio Fed eral government has abandoned pinna to help finance the construction of thy Washing ton-Indian Head link in the Washington and Newport Newa Short Une. Railroad. This fact became known to-day when Chairman Padgett, of the House Naval Affairs Committee with drew from the naval appropriation the provision |n which the govern ment promises to furnish the propose.] ' railroad J360.000 in freight trafllc j within ten years. Chairman Padgett. I in explaining why he wilhdrow the provision, stated that the Pennsylvania | Railroad has agreed to construct a ' branch from White Plains. on its i Pope Creek branch, to Indian Head. I This bran eh, Mr. Padgett said, will Klve the Washington gun factory an all-rail line to the proving grounds. Hoy, Mm, Fares Murder Charge, JERSEY CITY. N. ,1., April 20?A charge of murder against a nine-year old boy, Frank Muchelowski, was made in the. Criminal Court he^e to-day. Questioned as to why ho killed Ed ward Choroski, four year3 old, with a rifle while thoy were at play yester day, the young defendant replied: "l shot him because ho stolo two marbles from Every One YV us l'roud to Re hi American Soldier, He De dares. NO DOUBT ABOUT OUTCOMi United States Builds Huge Docks an? Loading Stations to Provide am House Food for Men in tin Trenches. WASHINGTON, April 20.?Secretary of War Baker told a great audience ai a Liberty loan rally . to-night. that h< found the American soldiers In Franc* full; of "Befen? and untroubled conft denoe In the outcome, of the war." He tolc^ of visiting the men in theii camps, an.<l seeing them upon th< streets and in village!?, where the: did not know him, ami said they wen "strong. wholesome and brave, and ful of fine determination, and proud thej were Americans." "There can be 110 doubt as to th< outcome of the war," he continued "The ending of this war will not com* when a Jine Is broken. The end ol this war has not come until a people's heart is broken, and those who hav? looked into the faces of the people ol England, France and Italy, those wlm have seen the refugees driven out ol territory ahout to he occupied by th< adversary know that mere force cai never break tiosp hearts." Tljis was the first public appearance of the secretary since his return fron the European battle fronts. His ut tcranees were eagerly looked I'orwari to by both otlicial and private Wash ington. The secretary will appear be fore the Mouse and Senate Militarj Committees next week. "It would be far too long a story,' he said in his speech to-night, "to tel all that o.ie might see in a journey u the French front. And yet, it ij vitallj important that we get into our minds all features. "France, of course, is fighting on hci own soil. Her civil population is ai the elbow of the soldier, and every ef' fort that goes to sustain the soldier i! part of the national effort. "England, as it were, extends hci national life across the channel, s< that the British soldier is at home ii France. Italy, too, is in practicall: the same position. "Our position, on the other hand must be such that it will he provide* months in advance. We must discouul the time and discount the needs ant supply our army by anticipations am accu mutations. FRANCIS II,\n f.xiiausti:d .MOST OF IIKit FACIMTIK? "The war has been going on foi some time, and most of the facilities of France before wo entered the war had been absorbed into the subsistence of the army of that country, so that when necessity arose for providing for an additional army the question came up of building great storehouses for that army bccauso there was little that could be counted upon for the support of the army of the United Slates. "So we had to begin at the seaports building docks, loading stations, rail roads, depots, where large amounts of material could be accumulated, and to provide by these facilities that when tho time came for the American sol dier to have a meal, no matter how far he might bo from tho seacoast, that meal would be there. "I cannot in Justice refrain from a word of parlse for what has been done in France by General Pershing and his soldiers. "They have been called upon not merely to be soldiers, but engineers. They have built a new civilization, im posed upon the civil population of France. llltlTtSlI AND i nF.NCH til VK Til Din ASSISTANCE "Our British and French allies have been generous in their assistance. Their assistance has been of the utmost value. "In order that common aggregate strength may be brought to bear against the common adversary, a com plete interchange of men and goods has taken place. There is a complete entity of feeling and sympathy and MOST OF POSITIONS CAPTURED BY ENEMY f ARE LATER RETAKEN United States A viators Dotfri Two Boches and Disperse.. Several Others. RENEWAL OF HEAVY FIGHTING EXPECTEDONWESTERN FRONT ? ?? ?r'r ? * . Armies of Six Nations Arc Pf.C pared to Withstand As saults. <&? P RUSSIANS INACTIVE ON lilfi ? . : ? - , . .?wN' British Forces Deprive Small Gains Made in Tliurs- ??-" ilay'b liattle. f 'By Assoc iaI?d pr;**.! / - WITH THK AMERICAN ARMT^ftl PHAXcr;. April 20?Twelve hundred ?.erman storm troops, the largest mw?. b?r over concentrated against* ?tM< American troops for an offensive ?p "ration. were hurled against-""Ifi American positions on t a one-YhKT> front west of Uenneres foTest, north' "est of Ton I, to-day, after a terrifh bombardment of gas and high-explo sive shells. ? r,... ?-.>?#? enemy succeeded in penetraUng the front-line trenches and taking-th? village of Soicheprey. but. after fur], ous hand-to-hand fighting. which was still going on at nightfall, the Amer ican troops recaptured the village.'.jukI most of thi- ground lost in the earlf fighting. No Americans were taken Prisoner, but three fjprinansn&D turcd. -- v:A. ? ? ? kX;,: German airplanes, Hying at-a altitude, attempted to dlsorganiei American fighting men, but ffro enemj aviators were brought down and th? others driven off. ,"S I he tiermans suffered heavy casual ties-. and the American lines remained virtually intact. ???%.*<! OHIO]AX AVIATORS USE *-? ? GU.NS OX OW.V MB7I The German airmen poured machine ? gun fire into the American troops, bv;t the antlair batteries came into pl^y, and American airmen tco"k the .jdf bringing down two of the etifcnii planes and dispersing the others. the American airmen returned safely '"be attacking- troops carried ration! and intrenching tools, indicating thai they intended to occupy the America* positions for a long period.- A hearj haze overhung the sector \vhen.*ih? attack began, but later there 3'^ brilliant sunshine. The American arttl' v men d:U v aliant work, the "Jnej? on many of the batteries wcar.ing'Tjas masks. * 57v;, The enemy's casualties are beli&cAd to have been the heaviest su3taine<?*by them thus far in any operation againjjt American troops. Numbers of Germah dead are lying in "no man's land", in front ot" the American trenches. ; The correspondent viewed the haftli from a hill a short distance be5*u}d the lines. Trains moved to the frpM with great regularity, and scores^ a/ ? iiise shells were seen bursting. thp'ofp^. iti^j up >'!otids of white smoke in^tljrVi neighboring hills. The heavy rumbUva was heard all day. " -> The ambulances tore over the s^ep? torn roads and approached withiiw.a >'r.ort distance of the front line. Num bers of men in the rear position'*, begpod their commanders to be sedlh'u3 to assist the infantrymen bearing the btunt >:f the attack. Tho men i>f. a-i-i services were eager for an opportunity to fight the enemy in tho open. The resistance offered bv the Ainerw can troops was a surprise to the eftc1-. mv. who expected to break through with little difficulty. T?* Contrasted with the activity oT tK?, Americans behind the lines, scores of' old men. women and children were seVu peacefully employed in the fields, ap parently unmindful nf the fu^ouV lighting which is going on Jess ifiarv llv o miles r.way. The troops in near-by' ? owns eagerly sought news, expressing ??on fide nee in the Americans, and hon ing for the chance to take part. All tho Americans moving to ttfV front were in the highest spirits, waved.their caps to tho cheering vil. lagers. twenty miles op front HELD ny AM ERICA!! 5 T he viTIage of Seicheprey, where tH* German attack occurred Saturday, >ia northwest of Toul, and about serjSft miles cast of the forest of Apremontr where the Americans repulsed mass** ! of German storm troops recently. | fact that American troops have beVn' on the sector north of Toul has biin known, but the fighting at Seleheprej, , together with the report of an engage*' | rncnt north of St. Mihiel, shows tha? I upwards of twenty miles of the line irt j that sector is under American contiai* Seichoproy lies among rolling overlooking a winding valley, which, runs off to the northeast The proh.^ nble objective of the German attack. ^ there was to get possession of a stra-. i logic road which parallels the batUrf, j line for fifteen miles. ? ?- < ; NEW IIRIVE AT AMIENS MAV BE JTEXlK Renewal of heavy fighting IS W mentarlly looked for alone the w?