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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, April 25, 1918, Image 6

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tion ol special dispatches licrdK me also reserved.
THURSDAY, Ai' 111 L'5, I'.'IS.
Dr. llarry A. Garfield, Federal luel ad
uiini.>irator, lias issued an order suspending
lightless nights uuul September 1. Wnat s
the Ufce, since the daylight-saving law puts
ns to bed shortly alter the sun goes down.'
Anyway, the great white ways oi our citics
may resume their wonted brilliance, though
they may not be so liberally patronized.
Richmond has gone "over the top." Its
total allotment to the third Liberty loan has
been generously oversubscribed, and now it
is redoubling its efforts to pile the ligures
fctill higher that the Federal reserve district
of which it is the seat may not bo found
lagging behind. The city's record stands out
proudly, even as it stood out in the lirst two i
loans, and as it will stand out whenever the J
government asks its financial assistance for |
prosecution of the war. The loyal men and i
women who have given of their time and i
labor to make the loan a success have done a ;
splendid tiling for Richmond, and have its .
thanks, while those who have bought the j
bonds will have their reward.
In this timo of stress it is gratifying to be |
told that Virginia's new food administrator i
"is not a politician." Not that a politician i
could not qualify for the onerous duties oi :
this important office, but so long as war
continues, part: matters should be shelved. !
The new administrator takes up his burden i
recommended as an able business man, sue- j
cessful farmer and jsessed of unquestioned
exccutivo ability. That should be sufficient. !
A real dark horse, his selection seems to i
satisfy all persons interested, which should
include every person in the Slate, and he
will be able to push the work of the admin
istration forward to even greater service than <
it already has given.
Opinions may differ as to the advisability
of eliminating the study of the German Ian- ?
guage front the public schools, but there can
be no honest opposition to the banishment
from the curriculum of that mo.-t obnoxious
of all German textbook propaganda, "Im ,
Vaterland." With many works of historic
and classic value available, it is outrageous ;
that American boys and girls should be men
tally fed upon litis nauseous mess of obse- !
<iuiousno?s and servility to the house of j
llolienzollern. Written for a purpose, and
that purpose having its origin in Rerlin, it
is an evidence of carelessness and short
sightedness that it can be found in any list
of textbooks prepared for the training of
American youth in the public schools.
In the exchange of. prim repartee now in
progress on the western battle front, the
allied r-pokesmen seem to have rather the
best of it In hi3 braggart claims of victory,
Ludendorff says, "Look at the map." To
which Koch replies, "Look at your casualty
list." To the latter apparently there is no
answer. The map shows that the Germans
have won a considerable area of waste u rri
'ory, po:-M;sion < i which puts them in little,
!' any, better position strategically than they
were before their bloody drive was under
taken. The number of their casualties i.; not
known. They are known, however, to be
frightfully heavy and out of all proportion
to whatever advantages of terrain may have
been von. If this be a victory, then the
allies arc we'.i content to let tho Germans
i ave it. A few more such victories and 1'er
Uin must acknowledge defeat.
A full quarter of a century of loyal, tireless
lorvice ha*- 1 ? en piv<-n to the Associated
Tress by Melville i'. Stone, its general man
< s'-r. During that tirw and under his guid
ance it has grown from a loosely connected
co-operative association of newspapers, more
or less experimental in character, to tin* most
efficient, the most trn tworthy and the most
universally respecte.i news-gathering organi
zation the world ban < v< r known. To every
corner of civilized lands its wires reach;
wherever anything happens, or could happen,
there will an Associate*! I'rc.-s man \>f* found.
Through the air and ove r its win s above
and below both earth and sea it collects and
: ifts the in ws ot tit'.- world for millions of
1 >sader.s and s'-rves ;? t<. tliem before; it is t ol l.
'} hat is a result of genius lur organization.
Rut the Associated I'rest I-; more than that.
The news which comes o\er its wires is ac
cepted ns the r.tandard for accuracy; its
printeri word is regarded as tinal, and the
by-lino "Ry Associated Press" gives it the
stamp of authority. Its Imprint to tho
reador marks it as "official." Everywhere
its representatives nre received in tho kuowl
edgo that they will not betray a trust or
break a confhlenco. and that their reports
must bear the most searching light of truth,
it is no wonder, then, that its members, tho
great American newspaper fraternity, pay
tribute to the general manager, and have
given material evidence of their rospect in
the shape of twenty-live 01.000 Liberty
bonds "millennium milestones of each of
twenty-five golden years."
Facing tho Coal Problem
II" seems unthinkablo that this nation should
experience another coal famine such as it
suffered from during the past winter. It is
unbelievable that with billions of tons of fuel
in our mountains and beneath our plains,
with every facility developed for its produc
tion and with the Federal government la ab
solute control of the whole industry, the na
tion:)! coal bin should bo allowed to bccome
empty again.
Vet tho Federal fuel administration has
given fair warning of just such a condition.
It has frankly informed tho country that
enough coal is not being marketed to save it
from distress, keep its vital war industries
going, supply the imperative needs of our
allies or safeguard the domestic user. In a
startling statement just issued, Dr. Garfield
shows that, notwithstanding favorable
weather and market conditions, the output
of coal during the week ended April G was
the smallest of any week during the pa-?t
year, with the single exception of the blizzard
peiiod of the past winter. In some of the
fields tho loss in production was as high as
f?9 per cent, and in practically all the fields
it was far below normal.
From tho explanation given, the solo rea
son fur this disturbing situation is car short
age. The same old story. If it is true, if is
indeed an astonishing truth. The govern
ment ha<? just us sweeping control over tho
transportation agencies of the country as
over the fuel Industry. The President is tho
head of one in exactly the same sense and
to exactly the same degree that he is rho
head of the other, and he cannot faii to see
the importance of supplying this nation with
an adequate amount of coal.
The President, of course, cannot undertake
personally to operate tho railroads or to ad
minister the coal industry. He must Intrust
both jobs to other men. maintaining a mort
general supervision over both, but ho can
demand and exact results from his subordin
ates. lie can inform J'r Garfield that the
coal tonnage must bo mined, must bo ac
livered at tho tipple and inns', be properly
dinribut"d. He c;.n say to Mr. McAdno that
tho necv.asarv cars must bo provided .Mid
th'.i* ihe government will accept no e*:cu54
for fa'lure to proving them.
The viirecior-gc'i-rai 01 railroads ha3 denied
tho statement of th ? fuel administration that
: de-'iuate rolling stock is not availabla to
mr?*e the coal. lie has cited figures r? sup- !
port his ('inial. 1'his creates another irsue I
between the fuel ami the railroad admlr.iotra j
lions. Wit!: such controversies the rountrv !
has no iom<rn. Aii it wants and all ;t lo- j
mands i> ?-onl, a i l psoutv of it. and tho
rresidon; must so.: that this demand is met. j
'I'llr* ( irclc Widens
ONE by or.o the peoples of tho earth are |
being drawn into the maeli-trom of war. 1
A few nations scattered far and wiilo have
been able to remain neutral, but not one of
them Ins escaped the effects of the titanic ;
conflict now racing, and it seems inevitable
that soon or late tho last of tliem will be I
forced to ally itself with one side or tho ;
other. Even now practically the whole oi j
Europe is involved. The greater part of
North Amcrica is involved. Half the stations
of South America are involved. Africa, a
contim .t of colonies, is involved, and now
Asia is yielding to the irresistible magnet.
Japan was the first of the Asiatic peoples
to throw herself into the contcst, after Siberia
followed Europ. an Russia and India followed
Great l.ritr.in After the 1'nlled States cast
lu r lot with 'he allies, China declared hor
belligerency, then came Shim. Only Central
Asia, that vast and mysterious region, seems
removed from tho fiuuiow of war. Only it
remained unscorched by th<> fire that was
raving upen ev rv other continent. Hut now
t'- n'ral A. ia l as ' ('come the scene of armed
action. The fact seemed lost sight of in the
view which the world was taking of the
greater even, elsewhere, until the War De
partment in its recent review of military
operations directed attention to the Central
A.dan situation. "Armenian colonies in
Russian Turkestan and t!ie trans-Caspian dis
tricts have agreed to a general mobilization,"
tho announcement reads. In lialuchistan
various tribes have launched attacks upon
Uritish outposts on the Indian frontier. Ten
thousand Tibetans have b< ? r? armed and have
captured !? :;!:>* Chinese-centers.
Mouths ago the Arabians rushed to artn3.
Tho I'orsians have declared their indepen
dence, and have undertaken to set up a
sovereign state after centuries of vassalage.
The Uritish are campaigning through Pales
tine against the Turks. Artillery activity
has been renewed along the entire Mace
donian front. In other words, almost the
entire continent of Asia has now been swept
inti) tin: whirlpool of war.
The magnitude of this conflict long ago
pa.- -;ed beyond the comprehension of man.
Long a"t> it staggered the imagination. Wo
called i! a world war when only Europe and
Europe's colonies were parties to it. It
seemed so even then, although it was con
lined to 0:10 continent. Now it involves
hemispheres. It is no longer merely a war
of civilization. It is a war r f mankind.
Ground gained by tho Germans in their
drive in I'icardy is r.ot wholly without
value to them, according to the remark of a
prisoner taken by the English in that drive:
"We need all tlie land wo gain to bury
our drad."
The dogwood blossoms in tho forests < 1
Old Virginia are moro beautiful this year
than ever before. Showing th.-ir appreciation
>>f tlie high honor conferred by the last Legis
lature, perhaps.
March borrowi d some of April's good
weather, and has been paying some of it back
in March coin.
And now it has been discovered that your
11' .ghhor's noisy little lawn mower also gets
up ,-.n hour o tidier.
Meet less days for Congress will now soon
bo in order, or ought to bo.
The wheat hoarded in Virginia farmers'
barns .wouldn't feed a corporal's guard.
lljr Henry lOdwnrd Wnrncr.
Wo'ro disposed to write "rr.cricks. A lime
rick Is?a limerick. It la tho samo as a woof,
or a gazzig with a small g. There's no more
real use for a limerick than there is for a wim
puH, Therefore, tho fever of spring being In
tho blood, why not insult tho muses?
A reckless young man in Do Deque
Took a horse and attempted to treque;
Then some cow fellows caught him
And firmly besought him
To- lend them the loan of his neque!
Very good. Kddio; hit 'or again!
A clever young man down in Ga.,
Exclaimed to a check: "Watch mo lra!"
And the juilgo gavo him ten
In tho Commonwealth pen.
Where, ho said: "They will lodge you and 15a!"
Evorybody likes to swat tho fly, so let's to it,
A resident dudelet of Me,
Chewed tho brass from the head of his Co.,
And a blind man could see
At a mere glance, that he
Was just barely removed from ln-Se.
In the spring the young man's fancy, etc.
A maiden received a short billet doux
From a fellow who wrote: "Dearest, willet
She replied:'"! don't know
Why you pester me so,
Ncr just why 1 enjoy It, but stlllet doux!"
And again, strike tho lyre!
A dainty maid who lived in Athens, Term.,
Whoso littlo Irish name was Bridget llenn.,
On a trip to Narragansctt
Was struck by Cupid's lansett,
And exclaimed; "I'd liko to have wan lv thim
Enough is enough! Now for serious business!
Itomember the time you bent a pin
And hunted a chair to leave it in?
Aviation N'ote.?The passenger was also killed.
"Pretty lonesomo out here, isn't it?" asked
the city chap of the old man leaning on tho
farm gate.
"Oh, 1 dunwo," said tho farmer. "Thcy's
enough city fellers stoppln' by t' ask if It ain't
lonesome, t' make a right smart t?' coin nan/.
"What makes that poor fellow .look so clown
in the mouth?"
"Sh-sh-sh! That ia the poct-humorlst. and ho
always looks serious when he gets peekaboo
envelopes around the first or the month!"
Extraordinary! As Juno approaches we feel
the glad song- in our heart. All the world loves
a lover, and we feci that we ought to do?that
we should do, that is?something for the grand
Therefore, we have started to write a serial
poem entitled: 'The l.urghetto of the Rejected
l.ovcr." It starts cut bright and winds up
melancholy. This marvelous production will
begin to exude from our intellect in about four
days. It will come in twenty-three chunks and
u ill take seven days to complete.
Don't miss "The Larghetto of the Rejected
Dover." Hot the complete story and read it to
your grandchildren! Brings back the days of
youth and makes glad the fellow who was cut
out by liia worst enemy. It's heart balm, that's
what it is!
Warning: This whalo of a poem will start In
four days! It may start to-morrow. Love
never runs on a fixed schedule. If you miss any
of it, don't blame us!
This world is the best li'l plu.net I have ever
O Joy, Brother: Hurrah!
"Smith's fixed lino now; lie don't have to go
"What? Huh? llow's 'at?"
"Well, his wife's sewing flags, his mother-in
law's knitting socks at the lied Cross Club. Ins
daughter belongs to the Help - Win - the - War
Dancing Society, and they've all got compli
mentary tickets to the movies on account of
Liberty bond lectures, and they've got no time
to fool with Smith."
"C.rcat! And what's Smith doing?"
"Oh! he's generally passing or laying 'cm
It isn't necessarily a fool idea because the
i-'he.- fellovv thought of it first, liretlier.
A I-'atile.
A very great king I cing abroad in a strange
land, came upon a buxom maid who was plying
the udders industriously.
Having a mind to tiy his hand at thi3 un
familiar business lit said:
"O maid, hand ir.o that cow!"
Hut so awkwardly did he proceed that the
cow kicked him scepter over crown. Whereupon
the maid returned to her stool and proceeded
with her milking.
The king, astounded, said: "Behold, I shall
make you a countess, for your willing subject
lias dethroned a king!"
Moral: Keep your eye out foi a ki'jg, girls!
Health Talks, by Dr. Wm. Brady
?Copyrictit 1317. hv National Nev.npiiior Seivlc#. >
All Tliut Wliff/.M In Not A St limn.
"Last June," writes a correspondent, "the doc
tor told nil' 1 had valvular heart trouble. It
had been present for years and I was unaware
ft it. I'.'.ood pre.sura nearly normal. I can hold
my breath only twenty seconds. 1 hav< v/hai
I call bronchial asthma, have been subject to
:t more or less constantly for years. Hrlngiug a
bu ...t of coal upstairs sets mo wheeling.
great many people who imagine they have
a. thiini, have no asthma at all. We haven't
examined toe correspondent, of course, but his
description docs not tally with that of bronchial
asthma. In bronchial (or spasmodic) asthma
the dilllculty of breathing is not constant, but
conies only in spells lasting from a few hours
to a few di?ys, with intervals of perfect freedom.
What the correspondent describes is rather
the dy.-pnoea, or diflieult breathing, of Impaired
circulation. lie. probably has a dilated heart;
the state which doctors call "loss of compensa
tion." That Is. for years, since his heart has
been doing overwerk; it lias been (tumping out
at each beat more than enough blood lo meet
his demands, the excess being pumped out to
compensate for the quantity that leaks back
through the <i imaged valve at each beat. The
valve, you might say. is incrtislcd with carbon;
it has been distorted by the scar formation fol
lowing some past inft ??Hon and iiilla.nrna tioti.
While tin: heart mu^e has been able to com
pel!.- ite for the leaking, through hypertrophy or
overgrowth (like an athlete's or gymnast's
muscle!;), the man remained, as he says, una
ware of his trouble. I'ut, being unaware of his
handicap, the man has perhaps not taken the
precaution he otherwise might have taken to
avoid excesses or strains, and so the overtrained
muscle has "gone stale," the overgrown heart
muscle has stretched under the strain, the
heart is dilated. Therefor.! tr e heart no longer
pump* the bh.od through the lungs as etliciently
as it should, and hence, the snortness of breath,
especially on exertion.
1 there a r? medy'.' Certainly. Absolute rest
in bed or reclining chair. Perhaps the 1C irull
or other limited diet This may be a matter of
;? t w days or several weens. In any case it Is
ii.d; p. usable. Absolute rest does not mean
lying down or sitting down most of the time,
and getting up now and then for a few mo
iiiphIs It means absolute rest. Rising to get
a drink or answer the telephone cancels all the
to'iieht of several (lays of rest. .So youc doctors
i judgment la necessary to determine how long
this rest must t>o continued, ami your nurse
skilled euro is equally nocescary to seo that th<
rest is not nullified l>y your own mistakes.
Qtieatlonn and Aiwnrrii.
Tho Old-Timo Mollyeoddlo 13nby.?My baby h
six months old and weighs only ten pounds
1 give her not quite a quart of milk In twenty
four hours, and friends say she is starving am
that 1 should feed her meat broth and the Juic<
of half an orange in the morninu 1 had always
supposed a baby should havo nothing but mill
until she is a year old. MUS. 11. O.
Answer.?As soon as a baby cuts a tooth th?
tooth should bo Riven something to do. Fron
tho lift It month somu frosli orange or other fruil
julco daily, apart from milk feedings. Krom the
sixth month any fresh meat broth about thret
times a week, and this should be thickened
with Hour and unskimmed nilk after tho eight 1
month. Krom tho sixth or seventh month a few
spoonfuls of any vegetable thoroughly cookei
and strained through a sieve, once a day. Cerea
gruels sin.old bo fed from tho eighth montli
onward. When a baby is a year old he sliouhl
bo eating fott boiled "egg. and when fifteen
months bread and butter, stowed fruits and
mashed potato, though frc?:h, pure unboiled
milk should bo his standby until ho is throe
years ??'?!. After fh^ first ?'<.th is cut tho baby
from a bottle,
but: from spoon or cup only.
Books and Authors
The Br'.tlsh. especially the liondon press, Is
enthusiastic in its praiso of (5. Ward Price's
?"Tho Story of tho Salonika Army," just published
in this country by Kdward J. Clodo. The Morn
ing Post says: "Mr. Price fearlessly faces the
large, underlying Issues of hi:' subject. . . . An
illuminating story, full of humor and human
nature, of tho lighting man's lift- in the Ilalkan
theater." The London Nation calls Mr. Price's
book "oiia of the most excellent and interesting
books upon the war, giving a clear and ad
mirable account of a difficult campaign, which
people have been too apt to disregard as a side
Through an error there appears on the paper
jacket of I.leutenant-Colonel Paul Azan's re
cently published hook, "Warfare of To-Day"
i Houghton Mi Hi in Co.), a statement to the ef
fect that Colonel A/.an received a disabling
wcur.d while in service on the French front.
Tho publishers, Houghton Mltliln ?'o? hasten to
correct this. The wound referred to?one of
throe receive* at tho front?makes it necessary
for Colonel Aran to wear a stool brace on hl-<
left hand. Nevertheless, when his period of ser
vice in this country is ended, he hopes to bo
returned to Franco for active service.
Clarence Hudington Holland, whoso lafert
novel. "I'lte Source,' was published a few weeks
ago by the Harper's, came to New York bur
rledly this week to begin preparations for g?,in;
to France. lie has given up all writing for tin
present and will sail almost immediately, urule
| orders, to direct some of the large publicity en
tleavi.ru of the V. M. O. A. This work recalls th
theme of Mr. Kclland's first book. "Thirty Pier' '
1.1 Silver." which was soon followed by "Tin
| Hidden Spring." The hero of his latest novel
I "Tho Source," was ivatriotic In a way direct':
) opposite to Kie new duty which has Icon n;
j signed to Mr. Kelland. The latter will go acros
the seas to tho battle-lint., while '.ho hero >?
"Tho Xoitreo" performed his sacrifice In ri r<
I mote corner, far from tho flgnt ho did so mud
to aid.
Current Editorial Comment
Rttrian, the new A us* ro- i I u n -
nuriaii gv.riun ?'oreii*.n Mir; -t. r and Fi
Swcrcoils 7'1",'T ini,SI"'"- ',yr* i'1"
b'Uhle burden wh- :i In 1SM5 he
/.(..nit) u-'ctvli-d Rcrohtold l:i one of
fice and IPlIn ki In tI*o otlur.
They had rebelled at Rc-Hli ?!. i.i:!dii. Ruriatl
was more r as malde >l? ii>.1 d ? way lu De
cember. 1 il?, lor < *:s?*rn i ti. who now l comes
1 .pcgo.it tor Kaiser Karl's Alsace-Lorraine
letter. For American rcaJers a p: s :i r ?? of
P irinn was drawn in the X' ?rld Jan :ary 110 by
ormer 'iibasj-.itli.r Pentivid. A ikivh;is man.
perpetually agitated by t lu* overturn of
plans "oyer the loiiB-dlxlaneQ telephone'.' by
".i u art. r whose w.-h too"< pr* cedem e ov> r any
mandate of R,i:oti llurian," he was tie crlbed on
the day of his dismissal by the German Am
b: s Milor in Vienna a - "a little felPuv. n?.t up
t > the in ttlH "f > exalte I a position ,im Korean
Ministc-r." Y? t Rur:iii bad studied his rratt
in the Palkans! As .Minister nf Finance, Pur'.an
pr>"- .d". over a treasury hopelcs ?!y bankrupt,
with Pillions of irt >'d M-mable pap-r currency
b ii>k<*d by on';' I I per c< nt in {fold ami ? ilv -r
s Kon-lpn Minister he is- a mouthpiece for
P'rlin when ilc'mi'iiivau'.s i ??%?>!?! ions have
made the dual monarchy a laughlng-rtock As
, a Cabinet member lie consults over the fate of
i st. i-vIiik and ruined r. *: i? 11. which is kept
! frovj r< bellion on'y by t ? meni-e of troop.:
I v. liheld from the firing-line. II p!e>vt mini -
! ters of impossible portfolio's! -New York World
If the concrete ship will stand
Tito the stresses r. f the open sea. as
Concrete ?'? great many technical exports
. assure us i? will, the German
'??"P mav :im well admit the Una!
failure of their attempt to r it
communications between Am* ri'vi . iU| the Km >?
allies. There is no definable limit upon
amount of concrete shipping that could be
la'in. h- d in a year, one: the on' -rpri-e is in
lull swing. The raw material is available In
unlimited quantities In easy reach, of every
P*1 r'. and the labor that is required in i re
paring it. is chiefly common labr r. requiring
little special training'. Much steel for re- en -
forcing wt!l he needed, but as compared with
steel shipbuilding the demand.: of r r- concrete
ship are small. And the final operation of
"pouring" a >iip Is said to procee 1 with in
credible rapidity. The ship "vhen launch* I. s?
it ;reported, appears perfectly serviceable. It
!? I' .ivy. and will require more engine wet
f .r a i::vi n < irs'i capa ity tuan ships of ? -i: 11r
I or W "(.u. It will be more expi 'i: ;VO to
operate. but so much cheaper to bu.td that any
believe that a groat commercial future is .is
sur ? I f 'l It af'.'-r the wojld'<> shipping h:c re
turned to a normal basis This, however, is a
detail of no present importance. Nobody cares
how much it costs to build or operate the <-h'.ps
provided that thev will float. This we cm- d
know for certain until the ship recently launched
. n the paeltie t has been fully tried out.?
The .New Ucpublk-.
| llavltif? set his house in order, and delivered
the li t bundle of red tape documents over to
General Wells, Governor I'lerpc.nt yesterday
bade farewell to the f iti/.ens of UiehmOml, fir a
few of them, who assembled for the purpose at
the Pad r-tidezvous around the steps of the
Capitol. P. en .Scott (negro), of the Lincoln
t'nion Mounted Guards, and a few others es
corted him from 1 ie ma'nsion to the Capitol
steps. PeinR Introduced by Scott, the retirjnff
Governor made a few remarks. Indorsing the
Constitution in its entirety and unjinp its adop
tion. lie y: id he had lost money by hciu^ Gov
ernor f>f Virginia, but had some left, besides
a comfortable home in West v'irfjlnln, to which
he would retire with a clean conscience.
A m.irs-meetinpr of extreme Radicals, nine
tenVhs of whom were negroes, was held at the
Africa:, church la -1 tiitrht. Several well-known
carpetbaggers made speeches urging the adop
tion of t?t- Constitution. Among them was Por
ter. of Norfolk, who pitched into Yankee Allen
and denounced him on account of his speech
tiRainst the- Constitution. A resolution was In
troduced thanking and landing !.(unsay and fox
(negroes), and Morrisoy, for their course In the
convention. A motion to amend by adding tho
names of Ilunnic.utt and Underwood was re
ceived with hisses and slgn.-i of disapproval.
On a vote the amendment was rejected, and the
original resolution was uarri-jil.
l>r.' ileorce \V. Uagby will deliver his lecture
on "The Disease Called Love" in this city some
time soon.
A petition war. yesterday laid before the
House of Representatives from certain citizens
of Virginia, producers and manufacturers of
sumac, asking for a specil c duty on imported
sumac. The petition was referred to the Ways
and Means C.'or.imittee.
The purpose of General Schofield's visit to
Washington, it is now understood, is for con
sultation with General Grant to learn,how fat
he will be permitted to go in carrying out the
ideas suggested in his speech before the consti
tutional convention relative ?o extended dis
franchisements and disqualifications for office.
After lengthy discussion yesterday the Sen
ate passed a rule "That as many of the man
agers and counsel for the President as desire
to do so be permitted tu file argument or ad
dress the Senate orally." Mr. I tout well opened
for the managers, and his speech consumed the
remainder of the session, auJ apparently is not
yet near the end. ?
The Conservative canvassers for the fourth
district as named by the State central com
mittee arc: Thomas (?'. Goo.le, or Mecklenburg;
Wood ISouMIn, ot Charlotte: O. A. Oavis. ot
Patrick: William \.ar;ln, of llenry. Those for
the fifth district are: Taeniae S. Boeock, of
Appomattox: Shclton F. Leake, of Albemarle;
James F. .lolinsoti, of Itedford.
The population of Paris iJ now said to be
j l,7iu,OOU.
News of Fifty Years Afro
(From the Richmond Dispatch. April 25, 1SCS.)
Connecticut Lad of Nineteen Years
Does His Duty, Dcspito
Awful Shock.
, Massachusetts Soldier, Nearly Crazed
by Fierce CSunlire, Carries Out Or
ders and Then Demands (?uu to
Dattle With the Hun.
fH.y Associated 1'rcw.l
KUANCli. April ? Tho shell-torn vil
lage of Sclcheprey, around which cen
tered tho hardest fighting in connec
tion with the recent hoavy German at
tack on tho American positions, ap
pears to he destined to hold a proud
place in the story of American pnrticl
! patlon In the world war. As further
details of tho engagement become
know there are disclosed deeds which
are fully in accord with the tinest
American traditions.
The correspondent la now permitted
to tell of a few eases of Individual
heroism, which will convey an Idea as
! to thv nifttle of tln? men. One of them,
| David (Sri^ga, of Fast Hampton, Conn..
! |).id through tiie enemy barrage at
least seven times to carry ammunition
to his hard-pressed comrades. Twice
h<* was partly burled by earth up
turned by shells falling all around him,
but he keut at his task.
(;rii;j:s, who Is nineteen years old,
was so inodort that he would not tell
I his rtnry. but insisted on speaking of
1 the bravery of others. Finally, one of
comrades pointed h!ni out and said:
i "That is the bravest man In tho regl
i merit."
llaymoml A. Ferris*, of Medford,
Ma.- s.. acting as a courier, was blown
on mo road twice oy tlie concussion of
h-lis. Although stunned and nearly
? razed by tlx- Intensity of t?i?i gunfire
?.vlicn he readied the p dnt In the roar I
? if the lines to which he waa sent for 1
.t::: mu:i it ion, lie carried out his orders. ;
Th< n ho ttski* 1 f -r a revolver. saying
wanted to t.o out and light tho
C-rmans. but he fainted from exhaus
tion. When ho retrained consciousness I
;.?.. first words w. re an Inquiry whethtr
h! h id been delivered.
1 U (I A >11:111 CANS t il \ltl.I-:
(iCIitlAV .MACIIIVi: t;I'.N
Charles Sinkb r. a Philadelphia law
yer, v. ho is now with the lted Cross,!
and \v .s in llio thiol; of the lighting. .
t <ild tl:o correspondent to-day of two
Amerb .us who. arrne I only with auto
::iat: pistols, rinrgol the enemy ma-!
?'iinc killed ?;!,-.h? Hermans and'
?:i ptured '.ho (;in. It 1:< aiso related
rl.it one American eharpsiio'ter killed
if loon Germans.
I ri ,i village a short distance he
?:.l ;!-* fr :? t lines. 'ihidys and Irene
M. In'.yr:-. sis'.?? rs, of .M iiint Vernon N\
V.. Salvation Array representatives,
dirl::g the h -ir.l.t of til' engagement
haridi d nit: to f:i? - .?liters coffee, choo
? lato. do'ighnuts an I mu' li i ood cheer.
They went on with thcii work while
? lie shells were falling: all around them.
;rrl would not leave until at last thry
v.-ero ortlered to do so.
At another point near the front a
'?! lie-aged. motherly woman, also of
the Salvation Army. |s braving the
? j|-r:nnn sliells to dis; ense <? ? ? 1 nf rt . to
?lie in"ii. "i ha I to como til France."
he said, "to find out what won i< rful !
boys we raise In America."
Iuiiitlrlen ri'Ktlriliiii; nlinunl nny topic.
ec pi iujj tin lettai mill medical hiiIi
je- is, lire nnnwored free. nil lt?
i.i.iries lire niuii eieil dlrertl> liy per
sonal Inter >? ?.elf-r.ddi esiril. n lamped
r o rlii|.r i.t required. Addrcav Tlie
'I hi: es-1 li.\pal eh Information Ilurrau,
i;icliiiioiul, i si.
Sijunb ItaUiiig.
Mrs. M. c. N., Iliclimcnd.? Address
the United States Agricultural Depart*
nicnt, \V as hi tig ton. 1 >. C., for bulletins
on sijuah raising.
\r? Hog l.avr.
.T. A. \V., lloxhury.--It M suggested
that you consult your local commis
sioner of revenue for the information
yi.'i want ab.ut paying the tax under
tiie new dog law.
I Ki'il Tin Coll.
A. \. 11.. I>und is.?old junk dealers
.'Hi about !ho only local purchasers of
?1 tin f- il. At central points of de
*????'? ! tt I-: wort h a)io'it 12 cents a
P t.ijt locii liuy-rs usually pay
around cents a pound for It. C'.in
ii postage stamps are of no value,
and there is no market fr,r tbeni. e.v
? ? pi where some individual stamp col
li.tor !.ilght want to buy them.
1'leennn Depredate on Cnrdcns.
<'!<! Citizen, liichir. ">nd.?The pigeon
Industry h is within it tho possibilities
of important contribution to the food
supply, it !?: suggestcd that the depre
dations of pigeons upon homo gardens
would n>.t i?e very serious in results.
However, hy talking th" situation over
j with your pigeon-raising neighbor, it
f is Iik? ly that an arrangement might
lie effected that would result in mini
mizing the depredations complained of.
.'ind both the garden and the pigeons
"find a place ii. the sun" to the mutual
advantage of both.
Siinc'ay Ciiicrneney Work.
C. It. .1.. Kichiiiond.? 1 n most of tho
States provision is triads in their .Sun
day laws for i- nci uenoy work on Sun
day. The work of the concern men
tioned bv you is certainly emergent in
war lime, and it mit;ht lie so con
strued i.i peace times, since there Is
wisdom in the saying, "In time of
peace. pr< pare for war." America is
now feeling the effects of not having
profited by this advice.
"Charge of (he I.lght llrlgnde."
Miss S. K. N" . Petersburg.?The regi
ments taking part in the charge of tho
l.irht llrigade were the Thirteenth
l.ii'.ht Dragoons, the Seventeenth Lan
cers. the lOleventh Hussars, tlie Kourth
Light Dragoons and the lsinhth Hus
sars. G7:i horsemen in all. Tho Thir
teenth led the charge. Lord Cardigan
was the commander of the I.iglit I?r I -
gaile. Lord llaglan was commander
in-chicf of the Itritiidi forces in tiie
t'rimca and I.ord l.uc.'in was com
mander of the cavalry. They were all
Iteccnl Kxrnvntlumi,
.Miss A. T. M., Lynchburg.?Kxcava
tions into ancient lands of tiie Old
World have been going on for cen
j tii' ies. Some of tlie most iccent ex
cavations were carried on by the Oer
| mans in the Mesopotamia!! Valley, com
menced in 1S81I and tinished in 1!il4.
Tho most important results of these
I excavations revealed the history of
I Xobuchadnor/.ar and his people. Many
[objects of D.o greatest historical value
have in recent years been discovered,
such as live tombs of other Assyrian
kings am', an old temple of Astarte.
In Kfjypt. in 1011, on? of the oldestv
tombs known to man wan discovered ?
the mystic tomb of Osiris. Also valu
able bits of manuscript were discov
ered by the Rngiish, among them about
ten pages from tho Idyls of Theocritus,
Effort Will Ho Mode by Govcrniii<j
to Stimulate Travel on Di
rect Routes.
Railroad Experts Aro Called Ii
Coufercnco With Dlrcctor-CJcnol
MeAdoo for tho Purpose of Mil
lnj; Draft of New Scale of Fa if
mv AsHocltttcil l'rcaa. 1
WASHINGTON, April 24 Rti
rungement of passenger rates on ln|
rect routes to Increaso travel on
reet lineB la contemplated by the ra
road administration, llailroad passe
ger experts were called into conferei
here to-day to draw a new scale
rates for submission to Dlrector-Gc
oral MeAdoo.
Under tho proposed plan, for
stance, rates to the l'aclllc Coast fr<j
the Kast. by way of New Orleans a|
other Southern routes, would be bas
on the actual mileage traveled. Til
would eliminate, to a jjreat extent, i|
practice developed under competition
making long routes meet tho rates
short ones.
Officials do not contemplato carryil
the arrangements so far as to liirl
travel between Chicago und New Yo|
to a single road, however, or to effe
any oilier drastic rerouting of travl
(icrmnti Color* Nearly Start niot.
YONK Klt'S. N. Y., April Zi.?A biL
ber's pole, displaying the German c?|
ors. caused aoi.no excitement here 1
day ami the polico wero called. Ba
ber Fred K. Miltzow explained till
some of tho stripes had turned bial
Irom the weather, lie gave the offen|
.ng polo a shampoo, > lied "next!'
all was serene.
Voice of the People
Not n Candidate.
To the Kditor of The Times-Dispatch
Sir.? 1 notice in tho Issue of yo
paper of the L'ad Instant, a stateme
that 1 have definitely decided to becor
a candidate lor Congress from
l- irst District. Plea&e permit me
::ay that this statement is without a
th.ri/ailon from me, and is in fact i
correct. While friomla have urged i:
to un: ? r tin; liti-c and I deeply appret
a'.e tt.i- t m. u of tnelr esteem, I a
not a candidate and have no Intcnth
of be om.ng a candidate.
I'rcdericksburg, Va., April 'J3, 1S18.
Iteply to " Vlrjjlnlan."
T j th'? Kditor of The Times-Dispatch
.-:r. -Thin H in reply to the leu
-i-,:ivd "Virginian" printed in Ti
T. . - ,t?.h on April 1. 1 reiiue
ii a i?< roi rtct h).< assertion that Tl
.ii board <>f Sussex County, V.
?< Tins a farmer, etc." It is net tru
.u.d :> a misrepresentation. A farm
lias j..st i f- inV olhce. who bays lit
lit: I j. i?? a d "Virginian's" rommunlc.
i . and w.ints hi - . j:i lurloughed ba<
: ? ti e f.irm. If "Virginian's" niatemu
w-. re true no registrant or soldi<
u. i 1 go to war from Sussex Count
Y.t. J OKI, CItA WKOitl),
M.-ir.bcr l.r, ,?i Kxemption Lloard.
Yale, Va., April U3, I'jla.
Wlmt 1m die Mnlirrl
i" the K'Jiioj* ol Tho Times-iJispatch
it li quite evident that theie
i-ume thing Hi* mutter with Old Vi
i.i tlila emergency, home slnl:
!? i" liillC' iK <? is at work somewher
and is having its effect in ccrtain t>e>
tiona of this .State. This lias be?
obvious for some tune concerning th
I.lli? rty loan drive.
Take I'tiiertihurg, for Instance. Tin
In rnic city, no 1 read, has not y<
it ;> lif l one-half of its allotment. Th
v. riter is it ri ex -Conlederat'o soklic
;.tid l.nuws Petersburg as one of til
K.irii'- t .ii.tl on?- of the most loyal cltW
in Virginia. ii?nco he realizes th;
. lino i-ui.sti r influence must bo at wor
tlit-ri.*. For contrast, look at banviil
with about the same population. Ju:
s.-f hi w she exemplified her motti
"ljunville Ooes Things." Why, at
Kr ;?i meeting held there a few da}
ayo one patriotic citizen, John 1
H'.ig!:' ", bought ?2??,O'.'O worth of bond
and the sales were enormous lor thi
little city. We have witnessed t li
- trenuous fight th.it dear old Rlcl
mond has made; seen the groat efforl
of the patriotic ladles; the untirln
work of its loyal newspapers. In keej
'with such powerful efforts, th
city has not yet H'-ne over tho to
Cannot some one tr 11 us who is r?
sponsible for this apathy, and ha\
the moral courage to point it, him c
her, out to the g.izo of an Inqulrin
public? It does not matter who h
sh'i or it may be; they should be ej
posed without mere) Are not our boj
dying for the cause of liberty i
France? Are not our girls over thei
In lied Cross work exposed to tli
deadly fire of long range Hun guns a
th? y look after the sick and tho dyini
And yet some dastard or dastards r
home in bombproof are trying l
paralyze tiie offorts of tho brav
N-ain I ask: "Who Is responsible fc
this?" DUVAL I'ORTEIt.
Richmond, Va? April 23, 191S.
The Call to .America.
(For The Tlmcs-Dlspatch.)
America, our happy land, tho Hun
nt thy gate;
Unshcatho thy sword and strike tl
blow, e'er long 'twill be too lat
For Virtue now has fallen prey l
brutal, fiendish lust
And Liberty's unsullied robes are tral
ing in the dust;
Thy stalwart sons; 10,000,000 stron,
are waiting thy command
To strike the foe of Liberty and the
our happy land.
America, our precious land, tho cha
lenge conies to thee.
Unfurl on high Old Glory flag, God
emblem of the free.
And as it floats'o'er battle field I
glory yet untold
'?Twill lead thy sons to victory as I
the days of old;
It never yet has known defeat, n<
shall it's glory fade
Till freemen's hearts have ceased 1
beat and 'neath the sod are la!
America. America the time is near i
When thou must stem the rushing tit
oYrllowing freedom's land;
Thy sons of old have paid the price !
blood and treasure rare
That purchased thee the right to lit
and God's free blessings shar
Then palsied bo the hand that fails I
strike in freedom's name
Ignoble sons of thy fair land unhono
ed without fame.
To arms, to arms, America, we'
answer evory call
And follow where thy flag shall iea
'though on the Held wc fall.
For Liberty shall never plead hi
cause to thc? in vain;
Amori'v* our precious land, 'thous
all thy .tons -vere slain
There ^illl should riso o'er hallowe
dust a hand w'th power to sav<
In answer to thy freemen's prayer ac
blood thy freemen gave.
Richmond, Va? April ID. 1918.

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