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RICHMOND, VA., MONDAY, JULY lo, 1918.?TEN PAGES
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: THROUGHOUT U. S.
Impressive Services Held in
Many Cities Celebrat
ing Bastille Day.
PRESIDENT GOMPERS SENDS
MESSAGE OF FELICITATION
Monster Demonstration Marks
Occasion in Madison
IN IIUGK IW RADIO
American l-'orccs on Western 1- ront
Join With Poilus in Fittin?ly
WASHINGTON. .I il> 1 'Throughout
?he Unit") s- ? ?? the Tricolor of
l-'rance to?il? v.'iivcO ovr throngs
felebrating llastillc Day. the annl
vcrtiary of the birth yf a new I- ranee
Impressive services were hcl'l In many
of the larger cities, and 3.?.000 min
isters and'speakers who are enrolled In
ihe four-minute corps of the commit
tee on public In format ion epoke to
millions of the deep signillcancc of tb<
day. of the close ties which link the
United States and tgreat European
Messages to the French people also
were sent by the four-minute spcakcr.
and by .Samuel Gompers. president
the American Fed' ration of l.abor. Mr
ijomperB'8 message read.
"America's organized workers ar
proud to gr^et the people of Fra.ni.~e in
t ne spirit of brotherhood and fraternity
on this anniversary of France's his
toric blow for freedom As we signal
ize this day in common, so we fight
this day for ideals that are common,
the enlarged ideal* of those v. ho gave
significance so long ago to July It as
they did to July 4
"This message <if tellcit at on and fra
ternity to-day will tend you a renewed
assurance of America's complete devo
tion to the common cause, and espe
cially of the devotion of America's
organized labor to that cause. Our
simplest liberties and our grealest op
portunities alike depend upon victory
over the. autocrat. More than a mil
lion of our sons are now upon French
soil, sealing our vows with their blood
Our working people are producing un
tiringly the things needed for victory.
Our shipyards are gaining mightily.
But above these things an augury for
the future is the fact that our heart
beats with yours in a great commonalty
of ideals which guarantees that the
world shall be a better place for men
and women when we have broken the
power of autocracy and established for
ever the right of free people to remain
free and work out their own dest -
nl's in that freedom
\ M Kit It'A \ I.A HOKi:it<K
. v\i.i'!'!?; Kiti:\ck roiM s
' "Citizens of France, we .salute you. i
\Vr glory beyond words in y??ur rnag
nlflcent heroism. We are inspired l>> ,
i >otjr noble stcadfas'ness. Our grea: i
hope on this notable day is that the j
unity of our great peoples in the great
cause of democracy shai! be everlast
The great army of four-minute
f speakers appearing in the churches and
i other public gathering placer to day
spoke of the great part Francs has
played in aiding this country to achieve
'liberty and freedom and then bv ris
ing votes secured the indorsement of
their audiences to a resolution of prai.-s
Mid affection for France.
It Is estimated that messages of
praise as delivered by the speakers J
and forwarded to the republic of Franco ;
were indorsed by "."..(ton 00m Americans. ;
>l|-:SSAfiKS AltF. It KAD AT
Mitt' > onk mf.i:ti\c; ,
XKW YORK. .luly 11 ?A monster j
demonstration by a vast audience In j
Madison Square Garden to-night was:
iho culminating event of tlx day's cel
ebration here of Fiance's national hol
iday. conimfimoraIing the fall of ihe :
Hastille. Messages were read from ?
Presidtnt Poincare and Genera! Focli,
at> I speeches were deliverer by l.ord
Heading, the British ambassador: .Miles;
,1 .It'sserand, the French ambassador:
Count de Cellerc. the Italian ainbas- j
?.ydor, and others, in whicn the Hgh ?
aims and the spirit of the allies were (
Touching tributes to France's valor j
ivore paid by many speakers through- ?
out the city, and the Tricolor was ilung
to tho bteezo on every hand.
General Foch's message, read to
night M Madison Square Garden, was.
as follow?: I
"We are celebrating to-day the an- j
niversary of our Independence, aid wo,
are fighting for that of the whole !
world. After four years of struggle.,
the r!*ns of tho enemy for de.tr.lna- (
tiori arc stopped. He sees the mini- .
her of his adversaries increase eael" ?
day and the young American army j
bring into the battle a valor and a !
fight without equal. Ts not this a j
pure pledge of the definite triumph i
of a juv.t rouse'?"
PRESIDENT I'O INCA It 15
SKXDS V. S. MKSSAGi: I
President Polncare's message said,
"Franco is profoundly grateful to the
great ulster republic fcr joining with
her In the celebration of ihe anr.iver
Fary of tho Fourteenth of July, as
France herself joined America to cel
ebrate Independence Day
"These mutual tokens of friendship
have not the conventionality and cold
ness of mere official manifestations.
They spring like living flame from tho
hearts of our two peoples and have the
(Continued On Second Page.)
Call Young Women
as Student Nurses
WASHINGTON. July 14.?Young
women of the country lirtnxm the
OK" of nlnrlrrn and t h I rt} - fl rr>
are called to the I nilrd Stntri stu
dent nurne reserve by the wnmnn'i
committee of the Council of Nn
tlonnl Defense. Thlrty-elcM thou
sand and five hundred volunteern
nrc Msnlrd at oner.
?'Don't let the thought thot the
?nr mnr l>e ended and n victorious*
lifnce declared before the work of
preparation In cey?npletcd deter you
from entering thin service,'** appeal*
Dr. A nnn Konnrd Shmv, clialrninn
of th*. 'oinmlttec. "I.nnit after peace
In concluded, the uurk of reHnblll
tntion and re-education of disabled
noliflern will he continued; and; In
nddltlon to the public health aer
vlcc, the trained nttrse will Ilnd
const a ii t ly widening opportunities
for different linen of lojal and exalt
"I he cnll Is to nil young women
who nre KtranR, loyal and worthy
of our country to enroll an noon an
The ntudent nurses are to pro to
the nriny nitrsiiijc school or to civil
ian trnlnlnj; schooln. "here the
run men ranee from two to three
yearn In length. The flrnt pnrpone
In to fill the nerloun tfnps caused!
In the hospital stnfTn hy the trans
fer of American nurses to overscan
ftecrultlnc will Mart July 2f and
will he erirrled on by the State di
* inionn nnd the 1 li.OOO loenl units
of the woman's committee of the
Council of National Defense.
PLACED UNDER ARREST
Two Hundred Who Kail to Appear
I'roprrly or Fail to Salute
MILITARY TRIM IS DKMANDED
Major I'liiloon, Provost Marshal in
Washington, Declarc.s It Is Time
for Privates Doing Clerical Duty
to "Spruce Up." ^
WASHINGTON*, July H. ? S'vivel
chair rflioers and privates In Wa?hlng
ton and soldiers visiting the city from
near-by canipj muM prca^nt a mili
tary appearance on the streets. Two
hundri'l prlva.*-.* verc ^rrestcl !as'
nit; lit ty the pio\-?-t mriryhil's squad:
for icncral slouel'lncss in j.ppearanc?
an'! failure to var.:te ofltC'-rs properly.
They r-rc Inter lejeascd
"The usands of r;en conic into town
'.mnroiiT.y dre.s-cd. weiring dirty
clothe:* and appai ejuly Ir dtft'erfn' to
oftiocr: when they pass them." raid
Major \\\ ('. Philoon, provost marshal
for tlie District.
'There arc a good many ofhc?r' In
Washington who liave not been train
ed in ;l camp. But it i-' time that they
and !h.?- privates doing clerical work
here rhould be In military trim.
"ijencral I'ershing is very ?irii*t
about tniiit try etiquette, and when
the?-c in?*n g<>t across the -oa th?v ?\*i! 1
surely pet Into trouble unless they arc
prooeriy instructed on this .sid*-."
Men taken with wrapped legging::
A-liich are not regulation, and many
who failed to wear proper Insignia '
were .?'?leased on explanation that the
leggings had been Issued ihem he
cause eif shortage of the regulation
ones, or that the- insignia hi?l not j
been I?'tied them because of shortage,
at the camp?. Their names will be j
reported to tin ir commanding oftUerr.
RED CROSS TO PROVIDE
HOSPITALS FOR SKIN CASES
Interesting Flcrures Shnwlnc AVorlr
Ilelnc Done In France Are
Disclosed In deport.
PARIS. July 14.?The Red Cross Is
negotiating with the view of estab
lishing; hospitals for "skin cases" and
sufferers from poison pas. to be used
for troops of all the allies. Five Hod
Cross hospitals were enlarged during
June. Two navy hospitals were estab
lished and five convalescent hom?s for
officers and men were opened. Thirty
Red Cross canteens have been estab
lished on the American front and along
the lines of communication, some serv
ing 2.000 meals daily.
Thirty-seven teams o? French-spcaU
ing American nurses have been install
ed ill French hospitals, serving at the
same time as Interpreters between the
wounded Americans and French doc
tors and nurses.
One American Red Cross hospital j
handled 1,300 cases during June, with !
more than 100 operations daily. The i
Red Cross furnished during June 33.T7S '
splints to the Americans and many j
tons of hospital supplies to the Prench j
Thirty thousand magazines and tiOO.OOO j
newspapers were distributed during |
the last month. Thousands of letters 1
were written for wounded soldiers, an- !
swerir.g inquiries. Dozeni of rnedi- i
cal and dental depots wero establish j
ed during the month.
BRITISH SHIP ATTACKED j
Armed Merchant ntnn Knenuntern Ger
man U-liont Half-Way to
f By Associated Press.1
AN" ATLANTIC PORT. July 14.?An
engagement, with a German submarine
in midocean on July 6 was reported
by a British armed merchantman ar- j
riving here to-day. The Hritisher was
attacked by gunfire when about half
way between the Trlsli coast and Cape
Race. The submarine emerged two
miles astern, and pursued, opening fire,
but ineffectively. The steamship re
turned the fire. Whether a hit was
obtained, the officers did not know,
but the German gave up the chase.
BASTILLE DAY IS
| Great Throng Hears Colby and
Captain Courtivron at City
. PRAISE FOR FRENCH PEOPLE
i Celebration Is in Return for
Their Observance of America's
Holiday on Fourth of July.
Pledging her wealth and the lives
i of her sons to the aid of France?the
sister republic of the United States?
! Richmond yesterday celebrated the
! Bastille I>ay of the French people, and
along with more than 100 mother
J American cities honored the annivcr
i sary of the birth of liberty and democ
i racy for the people of that war-torn
. republic. Great honor was paid to
! America's distant sister across the sea
| who helped win for this country the
| principles which the world is now
fighting to maintain, and a messngo
; of felicitation was cabled last night to
| President Poincare. of France.
| Richmond?the city which Lafayette
j defended?where the first voice for the
; freedom of the peoples of North Amer
\ ica was sounded, anrl whose sentiments
have spread throughout the civi
! Itzed world, pai l tribute to the Frcnch
; people. People of this city Joined with
i the French in observing the fall of
! the Bastille in 1781. the first step to
wards the ultimate establishment of
democracy for the people of that great
' nation. But Richmond's demonstration
was deeper yesterday than a mere ex
pression of loyalty to the distant re
public, it was a great exhibition of dc
; termination to enter the war anew; to
plan new activities, and each of the
3,0<>0 people who tilled the. City Au?li
> tor:um went home determined to do a
little more towards the winning of
the war. There was a greater conse
| cration to destroy the Bastille of Ger
man cruelty, fraud and force.
cmile<;ram is sk.vt
TO l?HKMI)K.\T poincare;
The cablegram to President Pom
j care, signed by Governor Westmore
I land Davis and Mayor George Ainslie,
j is as follows:
"In proud observance of Bastille Day.
! Richmond, the city which Lafayette
! valorously defended, greets the gov
? ernment and armies of tb? invincible
' France, and pledges her wealth und
I the lives of her sons to the attain
ment of an allied victory and a lasting
peace for triumphant democracy."
Preceding the demonstration in the
City Auditorium. Governor Davis had
presented to the Wesfthanipton Hos
pital a motor ambulance wagon from
the < >ld Dominion Chapter of the
Daughters of the American Revolut ion
in honor of Marquis de !?af:<yette.
Promptly at 4 o'clock. Captain M. de
Courtivron, the personal representative
of Krench Ambassador Jusseran-i, and
Basribridge Colby, a member of the
United States Shipping l.'oard?Rich
mond's two distinguished visitors?ar
rived at the City Auditorium.
In opening his address, Captain
Courtivron. who visited liidimoml last
winter and presented to t ??e capital of
the Confederacy the sword of his fath
er-in-law, Prince Camiile de Polignae,
a major in the Confederate army, de
clared that the people of Richmond
were welcoming his country. Frr.nce
and America had joined hands in cel
ebrating the Fourth of July, and not\
America was observing the independ
ence day of her sister, he said.
Kicn ri.vf; koh pitivripi.Ks
U K HONOR O.N .It l.\ I
The two sister countries had been
separated for years by the great
distance they were located from each
other. but with the outbreak of the!
war, America rushed to the aid of |
France, to dress her wounds and Kile- '
viate her suffering. Captain Courtivron
said. "To-day. America stands side
by side with the allies, who are nght
lng for those principles you honor on
July -I. The two countries are united
by an eternal band, united yi action,
in sorrow and in joy. and as loving
sisters who had never been separated "
Tte.ading from a letter he had only
recently received, he told how the
French people had welcomed the Amer
ican soldiers, and while they could not
converse with litem, they had smiled
and shook hands, and even wanted to
kiss the boy::. Thc-.se fighting men knew
all the "tricks of the. trade." and were,
bound to bring victory, the letter de
clared. The speaker then told of the
feeling of brotherhood felt for th*
Americans by French soldiers, and ex
plained that ten French officers wero
connected with every division from this
country to furnish information to the j
roldiers. In the lighting at Chateau- j
Thierry, whore the Americans distln- j
guishod themselves, seven of th?.? ten
French officers u*ere killec in tV. e en- i
Coming as representative of tn? j
United States government. Balnbridge
<*olby, a Hpvire of national promim-nee j
for a number of years, declared that |
things arc going well In Washington. '
Th?<ro were some omission?, some In- j
advertencies and errors, he *aid, bur
they were to be expected under the
circumstances. Many things are being
done well, however, and great pre
cedents are being established, ho d< -
THAT NK\ Kit RKFOKK
KCOJlPl.lSHKn IV HISTORY
"In the. three months of April, May j
and June this country sent overseas j
fi47.000 soldiers and their equipment," I
he said. "Never before in all history j
has such an armed force been sent such j
a great distance in that length of time. |
This pountry has now sent more than j
1,100,000 men to the war zone in a long j
Journey through waters infejitcd with |
submarines, and has lost only 291 men.
That Is an extraordinary achievement.
"We are t'oing forward for our war
(Continued On Second Pago.)
President's Test Will Deternvne
Whether Germany Shall Be
Admitted After War.
OPINION OF LORD CECIL
Hunland Living Under Ambi
tious and Intriguing Masters
Will Not Be Welcomed.
I H> A??ociate<1 Truf ]
? I.ONDO.V. July 14. ?An economic
association of twenty-four nations
comprising the entente allies already
j is in existence, declared T,ord Robert
I Cecil, British undcr-sccretary of state
, for foreign affairs and minister of
blockade, in a comprehensi ve state
I ment regarding the world's trade after
I the war. which w as Issued to-day.
Whether Germany eventually shall
' he admitted to this economic associa
tion. declared the British minister, will
i be determined by the test established by
i President Wilson, when the President
! said on December 4 that if the t.er
| man people should still after the war
; was over "continue to be obliged to
live under ambitious and intriguing
! masters Interested to disturb the peace
' of the world." it might be impossible
i ?o admit them to the partnership of
' the nations or to free economic inter
l.ord Robert described this statement
by the President as a definition of the
: qualification? for membership in th-4
association of nations, and added: "To
; these declarations we give our warm
Germany is the one obstacle to this
j economic association of nations, said
i Lord Robert ? the Germany describe-)
! by President Wilson?a Germany liv
; ing under ambitious and intriguing
icKRMAV POI.ICY AT VARIANCE
WITH OUH I'KI.XCII'Lt:!)
"Germany's economic policy toward
all the groupings of peoples from the
Arctic Ocean to the Black Sea," lie
continued. "Is absolutely contrary to
1 our principles. Economic independent
i and free choice are the last thing1*
which Germany will ever allow to the
i people within her reach.
"So long as this is the policy of
Germany, how can we admit her to
membership in the free association of
, nations, lo which we. already belong?"
j asked J-ord Robert. "Before we can
J offer her any participation in our re
sources. we must release her victims
| from the economic slavery ihat she is
; imposing upon them."
With regard to the economic prin
ciples of this association of nations,
I,ord Robert said President Wilson had
' on January S. "stated them in memor
able words when he advocated the
removal so fir as possible of all eco
nomic barriers and the establishment
'of an equality of trade among the na
tions consenting to peace and assert
ing themselves for its maintenance."
After giving "warmest assent" to
these declarations of the President,
Uord Robert added:
! "But do these declarations neces
i sarily mean that we?the association
of nations?are to have no protective
tariffs in .international competition in
trade after the war? No. livery one
! is agreed to that. In the words of
the program of the interallied labor
I conference 'the right of each nation
to the defense of its own economic in
terests and to the conservation of
a sufficiency of foodstuffs and ma
terials cannot be denied.""
He concluded with th? expression of
the hope that the time was not far
ofT when the allies would meet at the
council board to discuss in detail the
economic associations, which will com
bine the resources of the civilized
world in the joint work of reconstruc
tion and the restoration of properity.
SUFFRAGE LEADERS CENTER
THEIR CAMPAIGN ON BENET
\c*y Prnm South t orolinn Is Sow
Tnrget for Both Fnc
WASHINGTON. July 14.?Suffrage j
| leaders in and out of the Senutc are;
concentrating their efforts upon Chris- :
tie Renpt. the newly appointed Senator;
: from South Carolina. And the antis!
are just as hard after bins.
lie is one of the two keys the. suf-;
fragists need to unlock the. door to:
Suffragists admitted, when the reso
lution for Federal suffrage was brought
up two weeks ago, that they needed
two votes to win.
Senator Benet has not declared him
self one way or the other. He is a i
man of strong conviction#. To his j
friends he has said that suffrage has!
never yet heen a real issue in South j
Carolina, and has not heen forced tot
take a stand for or against it. nor!
has he considered yet how he shall vote J
when the day for the ballot eventually '
TWENTY HURT IN CRASH
Mother of \nlfd SnlTrncc AVorkcr Id
Anionic the l.ist of Those
llARTFOUD. CONN.. July 14.?Twen-j
ty persons were injured to-day in a j
rear-end collision between two troIleA-t
cars. Four received serious injmies, i
among these being Mrs. Anson S. Hop- ?
kins, mother of Dr. Valeria Parker,!
widely known for her suffrag" and j
social hygiene activities.
Will Command iOlffhth,
WASHINGTON, July II.?-Major-Gen- j
oral William S. Graces left Washington |
Saturday to take command of the j
Eighth Division at Talo Alto. Cal. He ;
j was relieved to-day as assistant chief
j of staff by Major-General Frank Mc
| In tyre.
I nv Associated Press. 1
WASIIIMKTOV, Jn!y 14 tiovern
j incnt control of the tobacco indus
| iry of the I nited Stnlrx mny result
from the htyivy requirement* of the
nlliea nnd the American military
forcea aliroud. Hationlnpr of the
American production la belles ed to
i be |M>5talble.
The War Hoard announced to-day
that It hna been conducting an in
vcatlcrntlon to determine the re*
qulicmcnta abroad and the amount
I that mailt be conversed in thin coun
try to meet the aituntlon. It catl
mntes that approximately tivn-thlrdi
, of the leaf tobacco rnlned In thin
I country In 11)17 will be nvnllnMc
for Amerlcnn mnnnfirture. Ont of
thla must come cigarettc and pl|?e
tobacco for troop* not yet ovrraraw
and exporta of manufactured tobne
ro In addition to cigarette* and to
bacco parchaaed here toi llclglan
I'he crop In iDI" sraa t.lOO/MM.OOO
pound*, and of thla the board eatl
mnlea that SJiO.OOO.OtMl pound*. will j
be available thla year for 1 nlted j
I Stntea mannfuct urera, while Mflj.- !
'lOli.OOO poundn of leaf will he nvall
able for export to the allie*.
Tobacco Issued to the military
forcea of KnRlnnd, France and Italy '
| amounta to approximately 1X11,0(10,- :
000 pounds a year, the board aald.
NATIONAL RATION BOOK i
i NOW IN FULL OPERATION
Various Brandies of Labor Are
Provided For in Special
CHILDREN ALSO ARE AFFECTED
. Soldiers Home on Furlough Are
Made Independent of Food Con-,
trol Committee's Regulations.
I How Sugar Is Obtained in London.
LONDON, July 14.?The new na-]
i tional ration book scheme throughout j
< England came Into operation to-day.
There are six books, lettered, re
| spectively, A, B, C, D, E and F. There
| is also a soldiers" ration book, to make
him independent of the local lood con
| trol committee when on leave. The :
, books arc classified as follows:
Book A.?Children's ration book, for
children under six.
Hook B?National ration book, for or
Book C?Supplementary ration book. ;
for boys between thirteen and eigh
Hook P?Supplementary ration book,
for physical workers.
Rook F.?Supplementary ration book,
for agricultural workers.
Rook F?Supplementary ration book,
for very heavy workers.
To register for sugar, thj holder
must sign his name and address and
the date on the sugar counter foil
(yellow) and take the book to the
sugar retailer, who will enter his own
name and address and detach the
coupon. Registration for other goods
will be effected In the same way by
use of the counter foils, for fats tblue).
butcher's meat (red) and bacon (red).
There are spare counter foils for lard,
jam and tea. should any food com
mittee wish to ration tea or jam In Its
At present only persons who are tu
berculous or diabetic have extra ra
tions for meat and fats, but the food
ministry is about to Issue 3 list of
diseases for which extra rations may
PREDICTS ALLIED VICTORY
WITHIN NEXT TWO YEARS
h'rrnrh People Could Not Knriure
Another Five Yearn, Declnren
I.leutenn n< of Blur Devils.
NORFOLK, VA.. July 14 ? The world
war cannot last another five years,
for the French people could not and
would not endure so long a time." de
clared l.ieutenant Thierry Mallet, of
the One Hundred and Twentieth Chas
seurs. widely known as the Rlue Devils
of France. In addressing an audience
of over 12.000 sailors, soldiers and
civilians this afternoon. celebrating
Bastille Hay, on the City Mall Square
"The war will end In two yearn,
with victory for the entente allies for
the stand for right, justice and Cod."
continued the speaker, amid tumultuous
"While the French have never once
thought of giving in, we now havj
hope, with American man power, and
we are more certain of the future?
that victory will be ours. We belong
to nations that cannot be crushed out
of existence. We arc going to see thin
war through. We are going to win it,
whatever may be required in sacrifice.
We shall overthrow unbridled mili
tarism and conquer a permanent peace
for the children of the world. Thu."?
shall we be able. In a little while, to
join in the celebration of the deliver
ance of the nations and the independ
ence of the. world."
NO CHANGE PROVIDED
Standord of Wurm, Hour* and Condi
tion* of l.nbor Will Remnin
In Present Korm.
WASHINGTON. July 14.?No more
changes in present standards of wages,
hours and conditions of labor by any
government agency Is urged by the
war labor policies board, pending the
establishment of a uniform standard
ization for the government, now under
consideration by the board.
This is the gist of resolutionn of tha
board, announced to-day, directed to
all departments of the government, ad
vising that a'l wait on unity of action
concirning government labor.
Government Control of Tobacco Industry
May Follow Requirements of Allies
i Knglnnd and I'ranrr ?arh nllnt -10
prr cent of their entire rumumption
to Ihr army nnd nm y, nhllr Itnly
allow ? hfr military Mrrr* 4"> per
' cent. Thr total yearly consumption
| of the entire population* of these
, countries, the honril rntlinntrn nt
| :tS7,000,000 pounds, or -i 1 .OOo.llOO
mor<- than thin country l<i nldc to
1 I'crnonn who pointed to poMtihle
ro?eminent control In order to ni
.tare tohncco for the nllles nnd
American forces declared thnt it io
more than probable that with the
! nil led armies roniinmlni; between 40
' nnd 45 per cent of Hie total con
j sumption In allied conntrles, Amcr
| icau force* would use more thnn SO
per cent of the total amount lived
in the I'nited State*. The War In
dustrie* flonrd quotes the annual
per capita consumption of the Lull
ed Stntes and the allies ns follows:
Italy. 2 pounds) France. .'t 1 -'i
pounds; threat llritnin, A pounds,
nnd the Vnited State* 7 1-2 pounds.
Fngland. Krnnce and Italy nrc
t now chiefly dependent on Import*
from the Vnited States, as their Im
| porta from other tnbnceo-gnwinc
countries have been materially re
duced through lack of shipping- nnd
inability to Import from Turkey nnd
REDUCE SOCIAL DISUSES
| OF EXPEDITIONIIRY FORCE
Measures Adopted by Army Medical
Corps Have Proven Effec
IvNFOKCF, LAWS OF STATES
Sanitary Corps Ts Detailed to Clean
Up Cities 1 A>cated Near the Va
rious Training Camps?Aim to
Drive Ailments From U, S.
WASHINGTON, July 11.?Measures
taken by the army medical corps to
prevent the spread of social disease
among the men of the American ex
peditionary force have reduced the rata
almost a half, according to announce
ment by the War Department to-day.
The lowest record for the army was
In 1916. when the rate was 91.23 per
1.000. The latest report trom France
shows the prescn'. rate to be 1T.S per
1,000. This Indicates approximately
one man in every 1,000 contracts a
social disease each week. Among
troops In the United States, the late
has been reduced to approximately 21
per 1.000 yearly.
Twenty-seven, commissioned ?>!Tl'*ers<
of the sanitary corps are now detailed
to the law enforcement division of
the Commission on Training Camp Ac
tivities. They are directing the en
forcement of municipal. State and Fed
eral laws bearing upon the suppres
sion of vice. They have been instru
mental in abolishing eighty restricted
districts. More than 200 cities and
towns have co-operated in the work.
Through the efforts 01' the army.
It Is hoped that great .irogress can
be made during the war in driving
out sDcial disease from this country.
Frrm information s-uppliert hv the
thousands of men In camps, who have
been exposed to the evil, the g.iv?rn
ment authorities aro enabled to lo
cate the carriers, who ar* segregated
and cured by the civil authorlt'eg.
ENGAGE BEAUTY EXPEUT
FOR PEOPLE OF CAPITAL
niTort.1* Will Hf Directed In Mnke
H'nuhlnictnii Snfc for ttn
WASHINGTON. July H ?To help
make Washington saf? for its women
workers, tho housing and health di
vision of tho War Department ban on
' Raped Miss Susanna Cocroft, health and
' beauty expert of Chicago. to come here
in charge of their health and recre
? ational activities. Her ad' ice will he
free to the. women war voikers here.
Swimming-pools, tennis courts, boat
ing; and indoor and outdoor dancing
are part of the recreational activities
planned for them
Miss Cooroft will outline dietary sys
tems and plan systematic, exercises for
them. She will give a series of pub
lic lectures and. with her staff, give
personal attention tr* the individual
needs of the women.
.PRESIDENT NAMES UMPIRES
Ten Men Selected to Settle t outru
verities Whleh Cannot Ite Ad
judicated by Agreement.
[By Associated Press.]
WASHINGTON. July 14.?President
Wilson, acting on recommendations of
the. War I<ahor Board, to-day nominated
ten men to act as umpires in contro
versies which cannot be settled by
aRreement of the membership of the
War I.abor Board. They are:
Walter Clark. Raleigh. N. C. chief
justice of the Supreme. Court of North
Carolina; Henry Kord, of Detroit;
Matthew Hale, of Boston: James Harry
Covington, of Washington, formerly
chief justice of the District of Co
lumbia Supreme Court: Charles Cald
well McChord. of the Interstate Com
merce Commission; V. Kverit Macy. of
New York: Judge Julian William
Mack, of Chicago; Henry Suazalo. presi
dent of the University of Washington;
former Governor John l.ind. of Min
nesota. and William R. Willcox, of
New York Clt; . former chairman of
the Republican National Committee.
??Scoot or I'll Shool."
I'OTTSVHjLIS. PA.. July M.--"Scoot
or I'll shoot," commanded Mrs. Frank
Ksterly, society loader, when she w.-?s
awakened by two masked burglars In
her bungalow. The men scootcd.
RAIDS AND PATROL
Heavy Artillery Busy on
Both Sides in Several
NO SIGN OF RENEWAL
OF ENEMY OFFENSIVE
British Strike Bulgarians Hard
Blow on Macedonian
AIM TO CAPTURE AaILUOAD
l?"rench and Italians Steadily Forcing
Austrians to Yield Ground
[Undated War l.ra<1 bv ARsicirit?d Presij.'V
Bad weather conditions continue to
prevail on the greater portion of the
battle front in France and Flandsra.
? ? t .\ .
and the military operations are still
far below normal. Nowhere have there
been engagements ranking in import
ance above trcnch raids and patrol
On several sectors, however, the big
suns are constantly hammering away
at opposing positions, particularly -on
the American front, alone the Matw,
where the activity of the long-range
I pieces has increased perceptibly: on
the sectcrs held by the British r.eai*
Albert, Kemmel 1-1 i 11 and Ypres, and
near Corey, where the Trench facotthe
As yet there is no indication that
the dite for the commencement of-tho
: expected giand offensive by th5 Get?
mans?the battle which It is thought
will prove the greatest effort the onoiriy
has yet made?is at hand. The mili
tary observers, however, still inclfnu
to the belief, with the cessation of tho
rains, the drifting away of the -low
! lying clouds find a return of ciear
skies, an attempt at a big drive 'or*
the piercing of the allied front wit!
J I3XTKXTI3 ARMIES READY
FOB ANY ATTACK
All apparently Ih In readiness lji t)\e
! entente camps for any eventualities,
; and supreme conP.dence evidently pre
i vails among the commanders that tho
? men ar.d guns the enemy will haw t*?
i face will prove an Insurmountable bar
| rier to I'aris o;- the channel port:*, ...
The British troops in M'icedr.ni\
! seemingly have started an operation
' against the Teutonic allies which may
develop westward along the battle
front and eventually conform with the
successful drive which Is being car
ried out by the French and Italians
In Albania. West of the town o? Pol
ran. which lies on the railroad north
of Salonikl, the British have delivered
n blow against the Bulgarians which
war productive of good results,
j Details of thf operation are lacking,
i but it is not unreasonable to assume
that It ha.I in view the ultimate cap
ture of the railroad line running north
ward from ITskub and the outflanking
of tho enemy lines northeast of
rni;\cn and itai.ia.ns , .
FOIttJR A Hi: AO IN AI.DANIA
Meanwhile, In Albania, the Frenah
n*id Italians are giving the enemy n:>
rest, pressing him back daily, mile af
ter mile, over the trackless countrv
and capturing strategic pnsitlor.s
villages. The latest French ofli Mnl
communication shows that the French
troops have taken the villages of Narta
and Oramshl. which brings their east
ern Hank appreciably r.earcr I.ak-s
Tho morale of the Austrians is .de
clared to be extremely l>;id. and sur
renders of war-worn soldiers are re
ported constantly to be tiking place.
FINNISH KnONTIKIl CI.O!*KD
IIKl'AI'SH OF CHOLERA
I By Associated Press I
STOCKHOLM. July 14.?Tlio Finnish
Senate, according 10 a telegram from
Helsingfors, lias closed the frontier he'
j nvceii Finland and Russia, owing to
I the prevalence of cholera at Petrograd.
Six ca.scs of what the medical board
' pronounces lo hp Asiatic ohole-M are
j on board tlic Swedish steamer Anger,
i man land, which arrived from Point
I srad, July H.
Members of the ship's company say
| cholera is epidemic and has spread
j widely in Petrograd. When the ve3scl
sailed July !>. rioting was in progress
' ir. Petrograd and machine guns had
be?n used in several quarters of the
PniNCE I.ICHNOWSK V
WIIJ, NOT UK EA'PF.LT.ED
LO.VPON. July H.?At Emperor Wil
liam's persona" request, says a dis^
patch from Amsterdam to ?he Exchange
Telegraph Company, a majority r.f the
members of tho Prussian Houre of
Koids have agreed not to ?:xpel Pr::>co
Charles Lic'nnowsky, the '"5ernia> em
bassador at I.one!on at the outbreak
of th?' war. who issued a memorandum
last March criticising the German
foreign policy and blaming the Ger
man government tor starting th? war.
FRENCH CAPTI RE TWO
VILLAGES IN ALBANIA
PARIS. July 14.?French troopu co
operating with the Italians in Albania
have captured Hill 500 and the villages
of Narta and Gramsi, the War Office an
DIVISIONS WHICH PARTICIPATED
IN RECENT FHtHTIfc'G
WITH THE AMERCAN ARMY AT
THi: MARNE, July H.?The Arafr)e?n
censor to-day released the fact that
the division which participated In the
fighting on .the Marne during the )aK
month was a sccond addition to (.})?
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