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They Often Succeed WhcnOlher Things Fail lidmumii ?"itnes - B isimf d| Up-to-Date Publicity Can Be Furntshed Only by ihc Modern Newspaper y (i8TH YEAR. J ?= VOLUME 68 \ I'MliKIl 200 RICHMOND, VA., THURSDAY, JULY 25, 1918. ?TEN PAGES VaoI"? ?CLOUDY PRICE. TWO CENTS POLLOCK PROVES Many Witnesses Tell of His Effi ciency in Conduct of Office. WILL TAKE STAND HIMSELF Expccted to Deny That His Visit to Murphy s Hotel Was Improper. The outstanding feature of Mayor Alnalle's Investigation of the grand Jury charges against Captain George E. Pollock. which was resumed yester day afternoon at 1.30 o'clock, was the unusually large number of witnesses testifying for the defense, the unities- j tionable high standing of most of these witnesses and the uniform tribute which they paid to the character and | efficiency of Captain I'oiloek. Thirty-one witnesses, all of them in timately acquainted with Captain Pol lock for a long time, testified in ills behalf. The testimony of \S*. Douglas | Cordon, a well-known newspaper man, formerly connected with The Times Dlupatch and now editor of the Norfolk Ledger-Dispatch, was characteristic and expressive of the evidence given by a Urge number of men who represented various professions and many walks of life. Their testimony was that they 1 had known Captain i'oiloek for many ! years, that he was one of the most ef ficient men they ever knew, that he was 1 uniformly arid naturally courteous and kind, and that they had never seen him ; under the Influence of intoxicants. POLLOCK ANl> W IKK TO TAIili \VIT\i:SS STAM) The testimony of John !?'. Powers, j house detective at Murphy s Hotel, which is conceded to i>e the most dam aging evidence offered against Captain Pollock, has not yet been disproved or discredited, the evidence of the de fense having been entirely conllned to character witnesses. What course the defense will pursue has not yet been shown. However, the announcements of attorney!" for the defense that Cap tain I'oiloek and his wife will be the last witnesses to take the star.d is believed to indicate that the defense! will attempt to prove that Capain i'oi loek was at Murphy's Hotel on legiti mate business on the night that he was ordered to leave by Mr. Powers. .Besides Mrs. Pollock and Captain I'oi loek, other witnesses to be placed on the stand by the defense are as fol lows: Carlton McCarthy. Charles W. Cordes, of the Kvenlng Journal, J. Taylor Roberson. of the Evening Jour-, nal; G. H. Tompkins. Ilenry tJ. Dicker son, H. T. Exeklel. W. M Watklns arid CL C. Mullins. LSesldes th.- thirty-one witnesses who testified for Captain I'oiloek last night, the ?'ommonwealth agreed to the proposition of the at torneys for the defense to permit the names of thirty-five additional police officers to go it. the record as char acter witnesses for Captain I'oiloek. W. Douglas iordon was the first witness called By agreement with attorneys. Mr. Cordon, who was sum moned from Norfolk, was allowed to appear as a witness for Chief Sherry! also, in order that he might not. have to make another trin from Nor folk. Mr (iordon appeared as a char-' acter witness for Cpplain Pollock an-1 Chief Sherry. RECAUDS POLLOCK AS MOST I'.FFICIK.NT OKKICKn The testimony of Mr Cordon was as follow?: "\\ Ith the exemption o? four years sptnt In college up to July, I'M?. I lived In Richmond all my life. 1 an: ; forty-nvo yoars old. 1 was a member of the hoard of police commissioners! for eight years, up to the tinso the ! board was abolished I*or t h <> first live years I served on the l>o:ird 1 saw Captain Pollock every day - sometime* twice a dsy?ar-d so far as 1 know, h? is the most efficient man in that ca i parity I ever knew." On crcas-examination, Mr Cordon ! admitted that he knew nothing of Cap- j I3in Pollock's personal h:ibits. except as disclosed by his woik as secretary! of the Police Department. He said ] that his testimony was general, in-I sofar as it applied to the last thret;] years of his service as m?ml?er of the j board of poi'ee commissi loners. .Mr. 1 Ciordon served on the hoard until it was abolished :n j r? 1 c. At this point, Mr. Gordon was al lowed to digress into his testimony of Chief Sherry, which is the last casa on rccord before Mayor Ainslie. lr reply to questions, he said that lit* had 1 known Major Sherry since 100??. lie j said that he had voted for Major j Sherry to be made sergeant, although he was not a r.iombc" of the hoard when he. was elected to the force as a policeman. "Major Sherry was re garded by the boird. and the general impression was that he \va* a high t>pc of man. hl?th type of a policeman and a high type of ? police officer. Ht was certainly regarded as such by me.' Mr. Gordon told of the election of Major Sherry as captain on the police force. The vacancy of captain occur red just about the time the board was about to go out of power. ll<j voted and recommended that Sherry he made captain. But in view of the short term of service the hoard was to have, it was agreed to leave the ap pointment to Mayor Ainslie, ard the result was the appointment of Sherry as captain. The Commonwealth then introduced Automobile Policeman Archie C. Holt as a 'witness. Policeman Ilolt told about the night In November, 1317. which witnesses for the Commonwealth testified to as the night of domestic violence at the home of Captain Pol lock and the night when he was brought to the Second Police Station In a patrol wagon In order to "pre vent further trouble at home." Mr. Holt said that he came on duty late that night and he was' told about the trouble at Captain Pollock's homo 7 (Continued on Fifth Page.) Here's Plan for New Income Tax Schedules WASHINGTON, July 24.-? follow - Inp nrf the rate* now lirlnx; consid ered by fhr cnnnrriiiloiml rominlt I'f relative to Inrmnr taxes. The first fluure drxlennlrii Ihr amount nf Income| tlie ?rrnnd, the old raft, unit the last llnarc, ihe proposed ralf: Not cxceedlnc WO.OWt. 2 per r'nt, 'I p?-r iTitti between S5(l,OOl> nnd flo'l.Of.O. 4 per rent, 0 per rents I wren SlftO.OOO nnd 92A0.000, 0 per rent. I> prr rents Iti-hn-cr $'.'50,'I(M? i and 4430,000. 0 per cent. I- per centt between SU.Vl.tiOO nnd >" 1,000,000, l(? j per rent, 1-1 per ixnli between .*I. OHO.OOO and *2, (100,000, 12 per rent < IS prr rent: between S2,000,<>00 :ind !t:i,i:iHI,M(IO, 1-1 per rent, 21 per eent: between $3,000.(100 nnd .*-1,000.(100. Ifl per cent, 21 per rents between 94. OOP.IIOO and *.",000,000, IS per ecn(, 27 per eent; between Sr?,000,IMH) nnd I'S.lillO.OOO. 2b per eent, :i0 per eent; between 9H.OOO.OOO nnd ? 10,(KK),H(W). 22 per rent, :t."> per rentt execedlnjs *10.000,000, 2.1 per rent, 40 per rent. WILDCAT SECURITIES USE FLOODING MARKET Capital Issues' Committee Confers to Adopt Means tu Restrict Such Issues. TKADK FOR I.IBKKTV BONDS Kstimated Tl>at Front ?250,000,000 to ?500,000,000 of Fraudulent Storks Have Becen Marketed in L'nited States in Year. _ __ : I H> A -orlat-.l IT. ? 1 WASH INiiTON. July 24.? Propagan da educaimc the public to the value I of Liberty bonds* as "investments also I has serve.I to a>d the H?.ta!ion of rr**ny I tlrr.es more wlldr.it securities! than in peace time. Thss was assorted to-day by I.ouls II. Franklin, director ?>f l.lb-; ertv loan organization for the freas-! tiry, r.t .i .-onferenre of governtncni agencleH and othes organizations ca!l ed by the capital issues committer to consider mean." of suppressing highly j *l?t .-ulat i v<! pro;n<-t iott ..nd development! enterprises during the wji. i'ther speakers declared the .air of; nildcal stocks arid bonds had inert* srd m:-.nifo'd within the la?t year, ow'np to thi' his''' wages and the wiUi:tgne;s of pro:noiers to tttke Liberty bonds in payment for their securities. A nu- . tlon-v. ide syatetn of minimizing this form ?.f fraud vv ,s arr.iugert. I'?I'A "fti SuT.O.OOt'.OftO .iinl J'jOO.'iOO.OOO : of Jraudu'.ent securities. n> t passed o:: . by tbr- c.tpltal Issues committee and j not recognized !>;? organized Invest-' incut bankers, have been marketed in the L'nlt.-d Slate* wi t 1:i :i the last year,; sai.l I'.i. t..ir<l Morve, representing *.h?; Investment Hankers' \ssociHtion. Tnls sum Is lost both to the individual pur- ! chafer- and to the government, he ex plained. SHOP MEN OF RAILROADS TO GET SALARY INCREASE llntrs Will Rp I'.fTrrtixe n% of Jnniinry J, nntl nn Klclit-llonr Diij- Is l*ro\lded l-'or. \VASHIXCJTON'. July 24.? 1 ncroase ? ?M wages f'.r all shopmen n.n?i employees! of the mechanical (Ifpartim*nts of rail-! rond? uiiiior F*deral oont:ol was :ip- ' proved to-day by I? ircctor-General Mo- . Adoo The new rates of pay are e'- I fective as of January ! this year. An j eight-hour ilav. with thn** and a half for overtime, woik on Sundays ami seven specified holidays, will become! pff<?ctiv?* the first of the lie ?v month. j The full test of the order making those changes for the benefit of ilje . employees has not been completed. A summary of the changes, however, is sued from the oflice of Pireetor-Cif-n- ] era! McAdoo, is as follows: 1. Machinists, boilermakers, black- j smiths, sheet-metal workers, molders ! and tlrst-clnss electrical workeis. 6S ] cents per hour. 2. Car men and second-class elec- | trical workers, "iS cents per hour. 3. Helpers, 4r. cents per hour. 4. Foremen paid on hourly basis, 5 cents per hour more than respective era fts. f>. Foremen paid on monthly ba?is, increase of S40 per month?minimum. : 5U.5. nud maximum, $2r>0. 6. New rates aro retroactive tr. Jan uary J. 191S. 7. Beginning A.igust 1. 19'.S. eight hour day, with time and one-half for overtime. Sunday work and seven specified holidays. 5. Payments of back pay will be made just as soon as they can be calculated. ALLIED SHIPPING LOSSES Report Shows Tlint for Month of Jane n Totnl of 27K,U~0 (iro*? Ton* "Were Destroyed. (By Associated Press. I T,ONDON. July 24.?The losses to British and allied shipping, due to enemy action or marine risk, for the month of June totaled 275,629 gross tons, this being the lowest record for any month since September," 1916. The British losses totaled 161,062 tons and allied and neutral losses 114,567. WELCOMES JEWISH DOCTORS Men on Wnjr to I'nlestlnc Are Tol?| That the Fart They nre Jew* and American* Assures Success. PAitJS,' July 24.?Andre Tardleu, acting on behalf of the Fre^h gov ernment, to-day received a delegation of American Jewish doctors v ho are on their way to Palestine. "The double faot that >ou are "Jews and Americans." said M. 'lVidl>u. "as sures the accomplishment of your mission." ?. : . ? .? .? TAXES ON ESTATES LEAP 50 PER CENT Those Above $8,000,000 Will Be Assessed at 35 Per Cent. TO PRODUCE $100,000,000 Exemption of $50,000 Allowed Residents of United States to Continue. WASIIIVGTON', luiy 2-1 ?A *?Q p'.-r cent Increase ;? tuxes on j-.I1 estates between $50,000 and $S.OOO.OO<> *.vas fiBrcct' upon t o-day by the Waj s aid Means Committee Mstaiw above SS. OOO.OOO, ami not ever J1 <>.000,000. will be taxed 3." per rent. whUe those in excess of $10,000,000 will be called upon io !'Av 40 per cent. It H estimated that the new rates will produce J101.000,000 in revenue. Ivxpert!- of the Treasury Dcpariniant who are assisting the committee, have estimated tl " revenue from the estate taxes under existing laws v.*ill v'.eld 570.000.000 in the fiscal yenr endir. j .lune 30, IMS, ?o that t!ie increased rates proposed at to-day's session rep resent a rl'-ar sain in revenue of at least >30,"Of.000 Whi'e the agreement on th?i new rates is tentative, f'hairtran Kltchln announced they are favored by a ma jority of tit? committee. They may be changed in future discussions of the committee, but. for the present they ?vill be written into the bill an2'u?ed as th?? basis for final determination ypfn other rates vhich need to be similarly raised in ordT to produce the desired maximum of ???',0o0.'(00.l,0,,. The exemption of tsn.ooij allowed by the present law on estates of resi dents of the United ytaJes will b continued under the new law. The committee was advised to-day by the Treasuiy experts that the pro pofcl new rato of IS per cent on the net Income of corporations. with an assessment of only 12 per cent on the amount of Income distributed to s h i re-tiol-lern. which was tentatively agreed upon at yesterday's :.?ssion, would produce at least $100,000,000 of re\enue An estimate showing the amount that would lie produced hv ar ln?:re;?se of the- normal tax rale on individual Snc ijn-s from < per cent to 1? per cert also was furnished to the cory mlitt e. This irha'.ge i< estimated by the ex p?*rls :o be canatlc "f yle'ding *1.?'S OOO.'iO" The t wo fa:;e? together would therefore yield J J.SOS'.OOO/lOO. I'lKWIsi T) It \TMS K(??? woiiKi.vi ri.vsis k;ir pi:ti'i;i: The committee accepted there pro posed rates a.; a working basis for future calculation, just as it did the suggested nor cent increase in th.* State tax. The corporatior income tax and thov individual income tax, ac cording to Treasury estimates, will produce about $ l.-loo.OOn.Ot'O this year, s-o the change to a 1C per cent normal tax on individuals and the IS and 1.'! per cent tax on corporate Income prac tically represents a doubling of the revenue. The expels were a_s';ed few days ago to submit a statement showing the amounts thai woiilrt be under a normal individual tH>: of ."> p?T cent, and the same for 10 per c?nt, 1'! per rent ?nrl 15 per cent. Tli.s ?-\-p?-rts agreed tint ihe l-.trg^st '-eturr, would he received from the 10 p.?r c-nt rate, and reported accordingly thr.t th? committee could safely count upon the sum of $1.SOS.000.000 under this rale. The committee v'?*cided that it would l>e unwise to go to the 12 pe1- rent or !."> per cent rat-> for the reason that the deductions, excnip'ions and abate ments would have tc be so arranged tha' less revenue might bo obtaii ed than undor the 10 per cent rate Fu ture calculations of the probable rate on individual ;r comes, therefore, will be based on 10 p?-r cent as a starting point, although this figure is s ibject to change as additional sources of rev enue are uncovered. ? BRITISH TRANSPORT JUSTICIA SUNK IN FLOTILLA ATTACK Sinking of HH.OOO-Tnn Craft by Several I'-Ilontu Ik New Method of War fare Inaugurated by Hun. LONDON, July 24.?'"Flotilla attacks." carried out by half a dozen or morn U-boats concentrating on "big game." constitute the newest phase of Ger many's warfare, as shown in the tor pedoirg off the North Irish coast Sat urday morning of the 33,000-ton P-rlt ish transport Justicia, the fourth larg est vessel in the world. The fact that only ten members of the crow of more than 000 were lost in the sinking of the giant transport, which was bound for an American port, and which had carried many thousands of American troops to Europe, is ons of several cheerful features of her loss, another being the effective de fense she put up in a twenty-four-hour battle with a flotilla of probably eight submarines, one of which was sent to the bottom by a depth bomb. Four torpedoes were exploded bv gunfire from the Justicia as they were speeding ? toward her?a feat of gun nery corpmented upon everywhere with the greatest praise here to-night. It is considered highly probable that one or more other U-boats were de stroyed by depth bombs in addition to tha one which Is known to Imve been sent to the bottom. The Justicia remained at'oat for sev eral hours. Of the score of torpedoes sent against her, only two hit her, one In tho engine-room. Bonrd to Act In Strike. WASHINGTON, July 24.?The Na tional War Labor Board is expected to take action to-morrow desigi ed to avert the threatened strike of tho em ploy, een of the Intirnatlonal Paper Mill. The board was advised of the s.'.tuatlon too late to-day to conaldei it, IV- i.J.v/.i'.'/l.vV.'v';,fxtrSil'/' iik.-' ViV'< Lord Denbigh Claims Central Powers Were Made by Ag gressive Militarism. WARS SHORT AND BRUTAL Expected This One Would Be Similarly Successful, Taking Everybody by Surprise. 1.ONDON, July 24.?An IndiotniCMt of Germany in sixteen count:, h announced to-nisht by !.onl Denbigh, a conserv- : alive member of the Mouse ?f I'ct-rs, aid-de-eamp to the Kins and with a brilliant military iccoril in IJgypt and' India. The lrdlctments follow: 1. Germany has? been made by ag gressive .nilit iris.n. .Shi- hus grown I to be what she is by war. and war ! alrne. and cspcoiaUy by the three short j i successful and lucrative wars of 1S64, i JSC<1 and IS70 ag ilnst Denmark Aus- ! tria and France, respectively. liy choosing their ov.'n time for ; provoking war, when absolutely ready themsvlves after long preparation and when their opponents w-.-re unready, j modern Germans have foimd that their wars were short and successful, espe- 1 cially when waged with u.ter ruth- | 1essness and brutality, By these meth i ods they have proved war lo he vur.v I paying business fcr themselves. They expected t<? be similarly successful j whi-n ihey tool; everybody by surp.rt.su iin 1?>4. a. Germans have ;'or ye.rs been in I tensely jealous <>f lCngland and tl.?* British empire They have s.iid open ! lv and for many years tha*. t'.iey th*m | selves were a heaven-sent race, de.< I tired to rule the world, and that an j efti-te. decadent nation of shopiie-p eis. .such a;s ;he British. should r.o j longer be allowed to claim supremacy at sea and My tluir hated Mag all over | the world. j "\Veltiracht ?>der niedergang" (world 'dominion or down fall) berunie the fa jvorite German 'notto. They found that | the n:ain obstacle of their desired i world dominion were the British deet I and fortified coaling stations?in rhrrt, I the British empire and sea supremacy land British * foreign trade j 4. Germany hoped to attain her ends ! by "peaceful penetration." but all the ! time was preparing to tight for them. | When "peaceful penetration" was found ! to be too slow, they deliberately de j cided in 1911, or early in 1912, to com I plete preparation for a war after the J harvest of 1914. By 1914 the widening j and deepening of the Kiel Canal to j admit the large dreadnaughts would I be completed. The war began with the j iittack on Serbia in order to clear the road to the East. The murder of the archduke, arranged by German agen I riea, was the Immediate pretext. I HAD 1IEAHT SET ON U.tlMMi IN TIIK EAST 5. German writers say openly that "Ihe main keystone of the British em pire is Egypt ami the Suez Canal." and that "if. England loses the canal all the bonds of the empire are loosened." We should then only be able to use that route to the east by and with the leave of Germany. 6. Germans never expected England to come into this war; hence their hate and rage which has been vented on British* prisoners by cowardly ill treat ment. If the crushing of Serbia could not be accomplished without a gen eral war, they calculated on being al lowed to defeat France and Russia and then, having secured one position in Belgium and on the coast of Inlan ders. and in Asia Minor when Egypt and the Suez Canal could be threatened and attacked, England would be easy to deal with alone. T. The great scheme for the creation of a central Europe, for bringing the Balkan states (Serbia. Roumania, Bul garia, Greece and Montenegro) and all Turkish dominions under the control of Berlin has been assiduously preached in Germany for many years. Maps depicting greater Germany. | with a population estimated to reach 250,000,000 by the year 1950, were wid ? ly circulated on post cards eight years before tlfc war. 8. Central Kurope ("Mittlo Ktiropa") would be a great belt of territory stretching 3,000 miles from the North S?u. to the Persian Gulf, and served through Asia Minor by the Bagdad Railway, built and controlled by Ger mans. Germany would thus divide aiui dominate Europe and the world. From a strong strategical center around Alep po, she would then destroy Britain's positions in Egypt and the East.seiz?: her trade route to India and under mine British supremacy there. 9. German inland waterways, al ready of great importance, are being still further developed. Tho existing canal through Bavaria connecting the Rhine and Danube is to be enlarged as a ship canal. The system of canals and canalized rivers from the North Sea is also being extended through Bo hemia to the Danube. A further great) scheme to connect Riga, on the Baltic, with the Black Sea by similar means through Russia, has recently been ap proved. These routes, when completed, will enable submarines and destroyers to be brought across Europe to the Black Sea, where also ample shipbuild ing facilities would exist through Ger man occupation of Odessa and tho dock yards at Nlcolaieflf and Sebastopol. If the Black Sea remains under German I control, she can at any time by means of submarine make the Mediterranean Sea communications with Egypt highly dangerous, if not almost Impossible. A simultaneous land attack with a Turko Gernun army of even moderate dimen sions made from around Aleppo, on Egypt and the Suez Canal would be Irresistible. 10. German, with the Bagdad Rail way working to -beyond Aleppo has I gained nearly all sho went to war for. I She Is also In full control of Finland ' and the Baltic Sen, and hau annexed | . (Continued oiPSeconif PugeTj PROGRESS OF ALLIES PUSHES STEADIL Y ON | ? To Create Six New Army Divisions Is the Present Plan of General March W ASIUS(;ro\, July 24.?Within I the coming week, <ili new army di- i visions will he argnnliril In the I'nitrd States, according to mi nn- j nouneement l?-<lny by lienernl l*cy- J t??n <". .March, cnlcf of stall". The divisions *\ill tntnl approximately men. and will lie rendy for ; foreign service within n few months. j rii I March linn mrcrd to meet wllh the nr?N|ia|ier correspondents on Wed nesdays nn?l >nlurilii)x until tlie present drive on the western front In concluded. It I* believed that he may consent to continue n ?eml weekly discussion of the war sit uation after thnt time. Whether the orgnnlrnticn of the new divisions rellccts a portion of the program of the pari which the t'nited States in to piny In nldlng ?>ll?erli\ wan not disclosed. Tlier.* In reason to believe thnt the unit* to lorm tlie vnnennrd of the ino\cin?*it to Vladivostok nlready have been ?elected. It I* understood, however, thnt the extension of America's field uf military actiiltle* has had a hearing upon tlie action of <? fieral Mnrch In ordering the Immediate organization of tlie new divisions. In e.iplaining <the step, iJcnernl >larch said: "I hnvr illrectcd to he organized in the ("nited Stales Mx new divisions In tjM* month of July. These six divisions will he ortrnn lxed at Camps Devens, blende, Sheri dan. Oister, Kiimton nnd Lewis and will be numerically designated from nine up to fourteen. In the organization* of these di \ Isions we intend to use as a lin dens in cnch one m tnem two regu lar regiments of Infantry, which lia\e been taken from the regtilnr regiments still left In the United Stnles guarding utilities, <iuletly rr plm Ing them during the Inst month or two by home Kunrds. These reg Imeuts now nrc moving Into the designated enmps nn the Xntl-jnal Army moves out. nnd the divisions will he an Increase to the Ameri can forces. The remaining elements nf these divisions wr:l he formed l?y National Army drafted men." FOURTH LOAN CAMPAIGN TO START SEPTEMBER 28 ! Drive Will Continue Three Weeks,! Ending on Saturday, Oc tober 10. OPPORTUNITY TO P R E P A R E Formal Announcement Will He Made This Week in Order That Business Interests, and Workers May Have Chance to Arrange Affairs. WASHINGTON. July 24.?'The treas ury has virtually decided to hold the fourth Liberty loan campaign in the three weeks' period between Saturday. September 28, anj Saturday, October 29. An announcement is expected this sveek In order to permit liberty loan workers and business interests to ar range for the campaign. The length of the drive will be re duced from the usual four weeks, with the hope of avoiding the usual slump of interest in the middle of the cam paig n. Reasons prompting officials to choose these dates included the fact that farm ers during October probably can make liberal subscriptions from harvest pro ceeds, and that it was desirable to end the campaign a week or two before the November elections. DIRIGIBLE EXPLODES ON ROOF OF NORFOLK HANGAR HiicUHiik of Our of thr Main lirneea ltf?p?iiKililr for Accident in Which Ten Are Ovrreontc. Illy Associated I'riss. | NORFOLK, VA., July 24.?The buck ling of one of the main braces of the great gas bag of a dirigible balloon, which probably came in contact with a live wire, caused a lire at the naval base to-day, which not only destroyed (he dirigible and the main hangar building and slightly damaged other structures at the naval air station, but damaged a dozen or more airplanes and caused a number of minor injuries to men lighting the tire. Ten were over come while lighting the blaze. The dirigible, under the pllotago qf Boatswain ?Mulleneux, who was accom panied by a student, had maue a flight over Norfolk and returned to the naval base when the accident occurred. As the big gas bag was circling for a landing, the'tail end was seen to buckle and turn back on itself. The dirigible | became unmanageable, and although 1 the pilot and the student both made! tremendous efforts to land in the clear, the big hag settled on the roof of the main hangar. Without warning, the big gas bag. I under pressure of thousand:, of cubic; feet of hydrogen gas, exploded and j flames shot up more than 100 feet intoi the air. Although the loss is heavy. Captain Bellinger stated to-night that the work of the air station would proceed with out a hitch. The loss is JDO.OOO. FORMER AUSTRIAN CONSUL ARRESTED AS ENEMY ALIEN Federal Authorities Hefnne to State 'Unit ArreM Wn* Result of Subma rine Operation* AIhiik Atlantic. I lly As.soc luted I'reM.) I'.OSTON, July 24.?Oswald Kunhardt. formerly German and Austrian consul in this city, was arrested to-day as an enemy alien at his home, In Matt cluster, and brought here. Federal oflice.'i refused to cotillrtr. or deny a report that tho arrest was connected with submarine activity off the coast. It was admitted, however, the In formation in the possession of the of ficials Indicated thrit tho arrest was of moiO than ordinary importance. Mr. Kunhnrdt's apartments In the house. In Manchester wlure he boarded were searched by agents of the Department of Justice after he had been lakon In custody. No statement was tr.ado as to what evidence, If any. bearing on his activities as an enemy alien, I won discovered. . 1 Sim POUNDS OF SUGAR SERVED I,one PERSONS Interesting Experiment Conducted in Cafeteria That Feeds Uncle Sam's Workers. ALI-IES NEED VKHY .MUCH MORE Indications Point to Soft Drink Makers Being Compelled to Use Saccharin or Corn Sirup in Event Shortage Increases. WASHINGTON, July ?Looking toward a further reduction in the vol untary sugar rations of tho country, the cafeteria of the food administra tion, where the small army of the de partment's employees eat, has been ex perimenting. Sugar now is thj only articlc of staple diet on which the allies are seriously short. Food Administrator Hoover, in his negotiations with the food administrators of Kuropo now, is pledging them increased .supplies from America. Stocks of both raw and refined sugar in America are only half what they were this time last year. Stocks in 4 uba, Hawaii and Porto Iiico are about 300.000 tons in excess of last year, but shortago of shipping has interfered I with their movement. Kngland now is on a ration about I half the American voluntary figure, | while Italy and France are getting along on about one-third. There is no proposition for a com pulsory ration, with sugar cards, as yet. but American patriotism is to be appealed lo. The experiments In the food admin istration cafeteria showed that fi,000 persons were served with the use of only sixty pounds of sugar. This is at the rate of one pound to 120 meals. The American ration was fixed at three pounds a month, or one pound for thirty meals. If the American ration should be re duced one-third to two pounds a month, it would still be one pound for each forty-five meals, or if cut in half, to one and one-half pounds, it would be one pound to sixty meals. Any reduction in the sugar ration probably would be accompanied by an (entire new sugar schedule, much fur j ther reducing the allocation of sugar to | the soft-drink industries, which now arc operating on a f>0 per cent basis. ! If the sugar situation should become I critical, they might be denied all sugar supplies and forced to use saccharin or corn sirups. The food administration's cafeteria has been able to make its showing by the use of such substitutes as honey, maple sirup, corn sirup and white sirup, and the use of sugar is confined almost entirely to tea and coffee. BELIEVE SUBMARINE SUNK IN BATTLE OFF FIRE ISLAND llungnlotv Colony ltrclnren Avln(<>rx Were Seen nnil Miotx Heard Af ter Sinking of San l)le;vo. BABYLON. l<. I . \t 1 v LM.? f.'r'-de:ice j was given to-night lo the report o.' the sinking ??f a Mil.Marine on Friday ; night last, oft' Fire Island, when in formation was brought here by resi dents of the bungalow colony at Kire i Island and vicinity. The sinking of the boat, according to reports, took place somewhere in the vicinity of tho spot where the cruiser San Diego was sunk on Friday morning. The bungalow occupants heard reports of heavy firing on Fri day night not long after a number of airplanes were seen heading out to sea. It was also reported that a large number of patrol boats were on Fire Island waters on Friday evening. Will KrfPt Mfnttie of Liberty. PAKIS, July 24.?The city of Bor deaux has decided to erect a replica of tho American Statue, of Liberty in the middle of the Glrondo Itivur, In hopor of America. ??' , ?: c: .? ! . -0 British Advance, After Re pelling German Coun terattacks. FRENCH AND AMERICANS TAKE SEVERAL VILLAGES Allied Troops Penetrate Deeper Into Eastern Flank of Crown Prince. IMPORTANT GAINS ON WEST Franco-American Forces Cio For ward A km); Both Banks of Ourcq River. t Ry Associated Presp.l Violent German counterattacks and * rear-guard actions In great strength still fall to serve the German high com mand as barriers to the advance of the allied tmops on the Soissons-Rheima salient. True, they have aided somewhat in slowing down the fast pace set by the allies at the commencement of the of fensive. but, nevertheless, on the three I sides of the now U-shaped battle front further important gains have been I made. Driving slowly, but surely, south of I rioissons the American and French [ troops have pusheel their fronts further eastward toward that part of the Sola sons-Chatcau-Thlerry railway line that is still in the hands of the enemy, and further sou'h, along both sides of the Ourcfj Ulver. and the road leading to Fere-en-Tardehc.is, Germany's great storehouse for the supply of her troops to the south, important penetrations into enemy-held territory have been made until the maximum point where the allies are lighting, near Coincy, is about ten and a half-miles from their i point of departure last Thursday. I A.IIISKK'A.VS AM) KitK.VC II UUKT WITH KUSISTAXCK In the Marin region north of Cha ; teau-Thlerry the Americans and Krench have met with the tlercest kind of re sistance, for here the German machine gunners and infantrymen are striving hard to stay their progress in an en deavor to extricate large numbers of German forces who are In danger of capture, and also to save part of the great number of guns and quantities i of war materials which it is impossl j lile to get out except by the high roads aver the undulating and wooded coun try. The advantage in the fighting, how? ever, has resterl with the amalgamated allied troops, who have pushed on northward past the village of Epieds a nil ousted the Germans froir. tha greater part of the Chatelet forest. Ir. this region the allies now hold the village of Epieds and Trugny-Epieds, which were captured by the Germans uiul were recaptured Wednesday in a counterattack by the Americans. Pressing on northward the allies have driven their front beyond Courpoli, which lies about six and a half miles northeast of Chateau-Thierry. ? Vl.lillOI) TllOOl'S PI SH XOItTHWAUI) KROM MAR.V'E Along the .Manic at several points, notably in the region of Charteves and Jaulgonne and further east at Treloup, the allies have put the northern bank of the Marne further behind them in advances and captured a large num ber of cannon, and machine guns and considerable war materials. In the region between the Marne and Rheims, where the German Crown 1 l'rince h.T.s brought forward large num j hers of picked re-enforcements to stay i the British, French fltnl Italians,, his ; warriors are meeting with hard usage. : Following up the advances of the ! French and Italians of Tuesday, the I British, immediately to the southwest j of Kheims, apparently have begun a | movement which possibly portends good results. ! Here the British have overcome a strong counterattack and. following M, a viob-nt bombardment and struck tu Oerm in line at Vrigny for a goo 11 gain. This maneuver, if it U iire-vvd !?> further advantage, v. ill seriously m-!!:???<? the Pliei ?? s-Fismes rail.vuy. i M'ant three miles to the north, aul a'.?o \*. ill tend materially *.o lessen the. width of the mouth t>f the pocket through which the Germans are en deavoring to rstreat from the Solssoas Uhelms salient. Gauged by the war maps, the nf inroads of the allied troops into ti>? German-held territory necessarily add further to the extreme gravity of the situation of the Germans Inside the hiifce pocket, and with the long-raiigfl guns 011 both sides of the "IT," heav.ly shelling them far behind the actual fighting fronts, with airmen hombing them assiduously, and with the infan try attacking them on nil sldea w)tl? rifle and light-gun fire, their situation seemingly is a hazardous one. AMKfilCANS f>AIX KOOTIIOI.I) , IX THK FURK81 OK HI?! WITH THE AMERICANS AT THK MARNE, July 24.?American troop#, passing boyond the high road running from Fere-on-Tardenols southward t> Jaulgonne, on th? Marne bend. ro?d^y gained a loothold in thtt forvut o1 Ut*. 'v.