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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, July 26, 1918, Image 1

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Got an Auto to Sell?
T.-D.Want Ads Reach People
\Vith Money to Buy
'58TH YEAR.
Financial News
The Tirres- Dtspatch Reports
Are Authoritative
VOI.I'M K OH
MWIItKIl 2it7
RICHMOND, VA., FRIDAY, JULY 26, 1918.?TEN PAGES
v. kat!u:i?
r.\f!K x
-CLOUDY
PRICE. TWO CENTS
Important Conference Discloses
President Hcis Heard From
Ambassador.
CONSIDERS WAR DECLARATION
Recent German Peace Offer Will
Be Presented Officially
Soon.
WASHINGTON. July ?l're;-id?*nf
Wilson dropped his work .it the White
House to-day ion;; enough to no to tn?*
Stato Department und give personal di
lution to a i-unf<Ti!ii'> over Important
International develop:n< nts. The topics
<f the olliciai dlKcussion were:
1 A vommunlcB1 :uii from Ambassa
dor Roland 15 Morris at Tokyo, giving
Japan s olllcial views on tin? sugges
tions from the I'nited States for aid
to Russia. The contents of the diplo
matic message arc understood to liav
highly satisfactory. A complete
agreement between the entente power.*
on. all points In tin* Russian s;?.nation,
whereby that nation wsil avr.iin be made
:? serious factor In thi* struggle against
'ierrnany. Is now s.tid to have l>?-i>n
reached. Annournojncat ??f the plan
lias been left to President Wilson, and
nay be expected a* any time, it
announced.
A new demand from the Senate
for an Immediate declaration of war
'o Bulgarian and Turkey, aliic-:. or 'Ger
many and Austria. The King resolu
tion, now before the Foreign K?*!a-.
tlont Cojnmittee, will be reported out
;is soon as Ui'1 President Indicates h!.J
wishes In the matter. Iti ur^.ng
prompt action, Senat'-i Kir. g said
"The futility <?{ our pres.-nt ; :? y
toward th'".<' countries hay ti' i :: d'Uion
j-trated Tin- t.:iie 1.:. com'' t net
'?gainst jj 1! all:?s of ir i-s "
If the President and hi; conferees
I ?a< h?-d a .-son. ;? w.is no* disci d.
?1. Information t!. ? the recent <!er
?nan pea. e oft'.-r. gr.'n'ing con- ?"?s-! '- .
;ti the west whlb' d ?????. and:ng ? fi<-e
hand In the <-a?t. v. ill be t>re.->? rited
officially within ?!)?? i:e\t few d.;">
This announcement s ?? ade ! y .-'??m
?iti.r Jam's ll;uin 'on i.e.sis 1 <jcr:t t
whip of tli- ? n.?te. w li ?'.) freriuentlv l.-i
? ??!!? -1 upon '? < :???' a - t he adnihii.-'.ra
ti'in mouthpkc> V. ... the .State 1 --
: tiitneni (oiifi-rvr." v. a" t:'il i:t prog
ress, ways and means fit counter.u".'
ng propaganda is understood to have
been devised.
Secretary of W ar Baker participated
in the conference. as ail military meas
ures connected w ith the plan to rest?
Russia must come under h;s Immediate
ilre tlon. Anything nurp rt::.g :?> rep
resf! t these plans \\ .. I <? p .:<? *;?????
lat ion prior to the time :h?: l're> i-l.-nt!
chOD.se.s t ? make 1;. anno ; u, ??n.'nt
It- t".g 'iillcial quart- rs ;j w i ma-1e
fi'.ir that th?* admin :st rat. .
ail disturbed by the pro.; ?. l <;crir.an
reace drive. l.u* jiro.os-s 1 ? ;>r--vent
the movement gaining headway either
in th? T"nite<l S;at> s <.r amonf the al- 1
lies According to Senator Lewis, the
I ear.e terms will rJ? -hire for a free !.:? !?
gium. return ? -I. .Taine t ?
KranC'1. concessions to S rbia 1 ?
limited s .?*lf-de:i-m,.:na'lon na: ns
DESOLATE SHELL-TORN AREA
NEAR SOISSONS AND RHEIMS
Fire* Are Oh*er\ed, nnil Ilcllrf K\i?t*
(.ermniiK Arc Dcnlrnylnu I'roii
erCy an They l-'vneuate.
I liy Aj.-f tut- 1 Pv ?. J
WITH Till- AMERP.W.V ARMY ON
THK AIS.VK-MAI;M: Ki;> >NT. J-ily
?A desolate shel 1 - ? ??r;i ;i te a:,'l i-.jrr.
:ng haus.-,* antl ??? :? mirk the r.o:i<
evacuated by tin ? nan .'Mil t ? > - ?? i
i he indications tS.it s!io<i|i| the
salient of Soissons-Rheim: bo recov
ered. then ]>rob;: 111 will not be a vi!
lap- within it or n house simidlng
with it? walls intact.
At Oulohy-en-i 'bateau, (? r the- pop.
session of which the Ft in' 0-American
troops struggled for t'A.> days. pros ha<l
been observed for two da vs. It :s un
known whether they won started by
the Germans or from tli shells ftoin
the jillied runs. Neither side is per
mittirif, sentiment to outer ir.to the .-it
nation. There has bom no battle which
has displayed a great r .spirit of merci
less sacrifice. Yillago after village
has been subjected to terrible artillery
Pre. until their appcarance indicated
? hit the guns had boon aided by an
? arthquake in their destruction. The
Uermans have occupied and often for
tified every village farmhouse, using
them to the last.
BIGGEST BATTLE OF WAR
Seventy (irrmnn lllvlnlons Have Iloei\
Identified .In' the "renont
KiKhting /.our.
WITH TI1K KHKXCH An MA" IN'
FRANCE, July 25.?Up to the prosent.
seventy German divisions have been
identified in the present light inn: zone,
and the battle therefore may be re^
garded as the biggest since the begin
ning < f i lie war.
The prisoners inken number ovet
2.'>,i)00. and more than f.on cannon and
thousands of machine guns have been
captured.
COL. T. R. AT BAR HARBOR
Former Prcaldcnf nm! Wife <7n tit
Mnlne to \ islt Their Daughter,
Mrs. Iticltnril Uerhy.
OYSTER BAY, N. Y.. .luly 2S.?Col
onel Itooseve.lt, accompanied by Mrs.
Roosevelt, started from here to-night
for Bar Harbor, Maine, to visi' their
daughter, Mrs. Richard Derby. Th? y
expect to be gone a fortnight or more.
A much-needed rest w?a the announced
object of the visit, and during It th?
Colonel will receive no callers and
have nothing to say regarding poli
tics.
Approve of Insignia
For Soldiers' Parents
\VAMII.\<;to.\, July ar? A *tnr
of gold upon II Iinml ??f blnek, mirn
(i I mi ii flip Irfl hlcctc, Iixi.h tii-rii i'liii?cn
us the ollleitil feyuiliol of the nit.Tl
llep upon Kurope'.t limtte llcIO of
? li?* lion of an American fmnlly. The.
President nml llic Council of \n
ll.nnl llrfriiNi' lime given their np
uroval (o Ilie tirsrlii^ of till* in
"i&nia.
I*"nr 11 limn I Imp, member* of i|n<
itonicn** roiiinill tee of the defcmic
?ouneil iinvp thought (lint (hrrr
should !??? mo i hp special emblem
which might be worn by (lip fiither*
nml mother* ivImimi* .souk hnvc glvc-u
up lliclr liven In IiiKIIp.
It In mm announced thnt flip Imnil
N to l?p of block. Iirnnilclnth pre
fprrpil, tlirpp Iiu'Iim wide; Hip itnr<,
inr for ench member of thp family
lost, to In- of tji?1?|, of sildrd rnptnI,
? alio or cloth. ?ir embroidered In
yellow nilk or koIU thread. The
?tnr.s niny lip purchased at any nrmy
?r na* y ciiulpinrn t xtnrr, and should
'ir fifteen-Kl\teenIhn of an Inch In
? Ire.
ARimr OFFICERS PBEOIGT
CALLING OF CUSS 2 MEN
??
In mails in Class 1 by the Navy, J
Marines unr] I mlustrips Short
en Available Supply.
ISSl'K OKDKKS TO BOARDS
Conference Held at Which President
Wilson and Secretary ISaker Ap
prove Plan to Kxtend Draft Age,
Possibly to Forty Years.
V." A SMI N'<T ON. J ij'. y 2 f?. ? In road a .
? j :>on ?'!: v 1 of the selective draft
registrant? in the past two weeks by
the navy, marines and shipbuilding
:i:.d f,ther Industrie-: were so great that
.-ri:? v officers t- -day predicted th.it men i
of class will be called to the color*
:ti September unless age* are ral' ed by
<.'o! jri'-ss
Following conferences nniong army
> hiefs at Provost - Marshal - '.Jencral
1 "rowder'B it was iliscloceJ that
President Wilson and Secretary Bjker
h . pproved a bill to be placed soon
before Congress, calling for the ad
vance ' ' draft ace.'. The new limits
v.' 1'.! be from twenty years to at least
,th rty-stx years. If the draft is to
be used to bolster up the labor supply'
of munition plants, the increase will,
be to forty years.
The months of June and July have
seen 501,000 men taken from the
l.0'"?.'""0 who werrt in class l on June I.
?'rd?-rs have been sent to the draft
boards to prepare for a call of at
least I0r?.000 men In August About
I h:.?. number .? ill bo aviilable from
the i! en who registered '.ast June.
I raft boards also have beer
varnci'. not to give waivers to men
vi-? 'aihIi to -ent? r flu navy, marines
or in necessi'.ry Industrial work ujs- i
'c: ? ??? ? boards ar" convinced that '
they i-an supply the quotas which wSP .
be ? ui'ht in AUEtUSt.
? :i every : in Washington to-day
co:.-: ( ? was heard con>'ernlrg the or
?: 1 :it lot: of a new division of t!te T-a-j
! hi 1 navtivent t?. pre*s ihe recruit
of men for work Iti th<- e->al tieldr.
It .as openly stared that many other!
Ind.tstiWs will apply so-#n for .similar;
aid in bringing the working forces
of tli-- country to the war-munition \
plants, now hampered by lark of la- J
bor.
WORKERS TO GO BACK
IF EMBARGO IS LIFTED
Ministry of Munition*, llimfvpr, I5c
It I* lni|i???i?n<1o to Asfi'e
in l.alutr'H Dcmnnd*.
July 2.*.,?The Ministrv of
M-i'iit ions announced to-night that it
had received a resolution from the
Hirminghnm joint committee repeating
tiie previous offer to recommend the
immediate resumption of work if the
ministry suspended the embargo for
fourteen days.
The minister replied that lie could
not pee his- way to withdraw or sus
pend tho embargo, lie hoped that the
, committee would again .*on?lder the
rf-qne1! of t!ie national advisory com
i mitten, that all the men should resume
work, "hearing in mind that the reso
lution was taken with a clear under
Standing that the embargo would not I
he removed."
I It was 'estimated that loo.ooo muni-;
lion workers were out on strike in tho I
Birmingham district this morning.
At a conference of members r-f the"
engineering and allied trades at I.eedf j
lo-<lay. with delegates present repre- J
renting J'.oo.ooo workers, it was de- I
cided to cease work next Tuesday if
the enibr; go is not removed.
P.y noon to-day, 1S.000 of Coventry'r
21.000 skilled workers were on str.ke.
j Altogether, SO,000 workers engaged in
the manufacture of munitions are af
fected.
j JURY GIVES LYTTON VERDICT
; f.encriil f. ('. Yntighnit, Jr.. In Ankrd
to Pay Kranklln Mnn S-:t,r>(Hi in
Diiuviile Mitel Action.
[Special to The Tlnus-Dlspatch.1
DANV1IJ.K. VA? July 2.1.?J. W.
j i.yi ton, of "r rank '.in, was awarded $:i.
1 500 damages against General C. C.
i Vavighan, Jr., by a jury in the Corpor
jation Court tins afternoon. .Mr. Lyt
) ton sought to recover $10,000 for a
paragraph of thirty-five words in , a
i letter .sent to a local oon'rern, the
j contents of which reach, d thj ears
of the plaintiff. The letter charged
I bytton with 'lie misappropriation o(
j funds or the Uytton Manufacturing
Company.
Motion for a new trial was over
[ruled by Judge I'toston Campbell, ap
pointed by Governor Davln to preside,
and an appeal will be taken.
Never Under Influence of Liquor
While With Police Depart
ment, He Testifies.
TELLS OF VISIT TO MURPHY'S
Flatly Contradicts Testimony of
Hotel Detective ? Mayor
Ainslie Reserves Decision.
Mayor Ainxlie concluded his inves
tigation of grand Jury charges against
Captain <ieorgo K. Pollock yesterday
evening at 7 o'clock and took the case
?ind'-r advisement. After a conference
between counsel ff.r the Commonwealth
and the defense it was announced that
thf cave would bo submitted without
argument In the meantime, 'he In
quiry into grand jury charges against.
Policeman C. A. Strain, Detective I*. C.
15?rtucct and Chief of Police C. A.
Sherry will proctf->i. Mayor Ainslie
decided yesterday that he would not
postpone the inquiry of the other cases
until he had arrived at a decision in
thf" Pollock case.
From the decision of the Mayor, it j
is apparent that he will not render hi.i
decision in each case until hearings in
all the c:i'es have iiccn concluded. Cer
tainly this is the impression ho made
when he informed Commonwealth'-i
Attorney Wise that he did not think
that he shculd c^ntinu* trial in ?lie
other cases until he arrived at a con
clusion in one case. However. h'J made
it plain that each case would he de
cided on its merits, and the evidence
in one case would not ho allowed 'o
sway his decision in another case.
POI.I.OCK TAKKS STAND
IN HIS OWN DKfEXSK
Captain Pollock took the stand in
his own behalf yesterday afternoon,
and for more than an hour rel utted the
charges and testimony preferred
against him. At the conclusion of his
direct testimony. <"olo:iel David A.
I.eake. leading counsel for the defense,
raid: "Witness w:th you. gentlemen."
Murray M. MctJulre. counsel f-jr the
Commonwealth. replied: "We have
nothing to ask Captain Pollock. Stand
aside." The position which the Com
monwealth tooK was a distinct sur
prise. It had beer, tiken for granted
that Captain Pollock was to he put
through a "grilling cross-oxa.nlnati->n"
and was the frequent prediction In
the courtroom.
The testimony of Cap:ain Pollock
made a favorable impression. While
on the stand, he made an emphatic,
clear-cut and u.'iecjulvocal denial of the
charges which have ben preferred
against him. His? testimony was clear,
unfaltering. coherent and vigorous, a:
no time did he hesitate. His language
was well chos?-n and positive, and hl^
memory served him well, as he re
inenihv red ih3 minutest deta'ls. "nr
tin- first time since the investigation
began last Monday, when the outlook
was decidedly dark, have matters
taken on a bright aspect for Cnptain
Pollock. His testimony was impres
sive.
MItJS. POl.LOCK OOM? NOT
TAKE TIIE W M X KSS STAND
Yesterday was clearly :t day for the
.lefen.se. 'ihe only marring feature
was th? failure to put Mrs. Pollock i
on the witness stand, after the pre
vious announcement by attorneys for
the defer.re that Caprain and Mrs. Pol
lock would be the last witnesses for
the defense
When court opened yesterday after
noon the Commonwealth informed the
Mayor that the previous request of the
defense thnt one ?f the specifications
lie made more definite could cot be
complied with lr inMr opinion, the
specification was definite enough. A
li. Timber!}!ke. connected with T. W.
Wood & Son. was introduced l<v the
Commonwealth to prove ihe charge
that Captain Pollock had been dtunk
on the Highland Park c.u- about two j
months ago. Mr. Timber'..ike said that ;
lie volunteered his testimony about i
two days ago ? <? M.-, McOuir". He said.
"Every good .*ltizen ought to rep^r? 1
any officer wh.". is under the influence:
of liquor. 1 talked with Mr Toler.
a member of th ? police force, ahou:
seeing Captain Pollock drunk on the
i-ar the day af>er it happened. 1 didn't
sav that Captain V'ollocK was so drunk
'hat he couldn't walk, hut I do mean
to say that he was drunk. He got
off at the old Town Hall in High!:.nr.
Park."
The defense later Introduced P.ertil-j
Ion Operator William A. Toler. and he ;
denied th:?t Mr. Timberlake ever ta'-ced
to Hm about seeing Captain Pollock ?
drunk on the cai".
POI<I<OCI< REVIEWS IMS
( AltKICK IN IlEPAItTSIENl' !
Captain Pollock then took the stan-l.
He said that he had been connecte 1
with the Police Department as secre-j
tarv since H?02, and as secretary and]
purchasing agent since 1916. No com
plaint had ever been made against
him either by the police boards under1
which he served or the present Mayoi.
He further stated that since he has
been connected with the Police Depart
ment he has handled more than $".
(too.nfto. In reply to n question frot-i i
his attorney, he said that not one cent:
of his money had every gone amiss.
After Colonel beakc had read the
first charge. Captain Pollock said
"On the night of th"s reported domes
tic violence at my home, I had govt
home with a merchant friend. He
drove me home in his automobile. 1
arrived home just before midnight. 1
went in the house and pressed on the
Ijghtu which lit the upstairs as well
as lho downstairs. My wife had not yn
gone to bed, and she switched the
lights off. 1 turned them . on; s.'vs
turned them off. I turned 'them ?n
and she turned them off. When I
turned them ??n again she said that
'You ought to have been home long
ago.' 1 said that "1 am the master in
my -own home.' She called the Second
Police Station and asksd the oflbjer
011 the beat to come to Floyd and
Crenshaw, as there might be trouble.
Wo had had a spat previously. My
(Continued on Flftte
VIRGINIA COAL
BEING DIVESTED
Administrator Byrd Files Formal
Complaint With Commis
sioner Garfield.
DISCRIMINATION IS CHARGED
Coal Hauled.to Nonessential New
England Industries. While
Virginia Suffers.
In a lengthy communication, direct-I
? ed personally to United States l*uel
Administrator Cr.rfleld. State Furl
j ministrator H. V. :>yrd yesterday a?.tin
! requested relief from the eo:tl vhort
i aye in Virginia, pointing out that since
| the beginning of the Hsvat year. 0,1
April 1. to the ilrst of the current
month ihere lias been a shortage of
from 500 to 60" carloads, or lo.Oni) to
30.000 tons, weekly. Mr. Byrd de
clared that by the latest available
statistics, being for two weeks end- J
ling July J3, there was an exact short-;
I age of 581 carloads of coal weakly.
I This coal was, in large part, being
! shipped to New England. Mr. I'yrd
? said, for consumption there by indus
tries which he had reason 'o believe
I nonessential. c:.u-lng the war indus
1 tries in Virginia to be deprived of
: i-oal on which to continue operation.
I A surplus number of harnes ly i-sy at
j Hampton Roads was being put :o use
I by the distribution bureau in this way,
he charged, without regard to the rel
ative coal requirements of the New
, England States and the State ?t Vir
ginia. but only as a relief to railroad
transportation.
; I)L PONT t SKS ONK-TIIIHD
OK >TATK'S ALI.OTMi:\T
Virginia's allotment, as agreed upon,
is 6.lt,2.000 tons for the year ending
March 31. 1319. of which 1.182,000 iy
for domestic and 4.0S0.000 for Indus
trial use. Two million tons of this
allotment is to go directly to the IVj
Pont plant at Hopewell from the Po
cahontas fields, and 300.00') tons addi
tional from other fields, the Uu l'or.t
requirements being 2,500.t>00 tons al
together. While necessary thai this
company should have this coal, Mr.
Byrd ones thi- because of the irunen
sity ot the shipments there to the di.s
, advantage of other like war industries.
; The shortage, Mr. Byrd states withov.:
'hesitancy, is due to the shipment of
j a large part of Virginia's coal to the
! New England section of the country.
The shortage, sc far in the year is oihi
jseivatively estimated by Mr. Byrd to
! be 400,000 tons for the thirteen weeks
lending July 1, added to 5S. 1 ?">0 tons for
the two weeks ending July 13 or 45S,
100 tons.
In the letter. Mr. Byrd recalled t'.jytj
the national shortage hv.d bc-en set a' [
not more than 10 per cent for
each individual State, but Mr. Byrd
.showed that the shortage in this!
State was way above that. ris
ing' to 42 per cent.'* "Why is Vlr-j
ginia called upon to suffer a shortage '
of ?!2 per cent"" he a*ks. "Is this fair
to Virginia? Is it fair to the nation, j
in view of the important part mat
Virginia is- taking in the prosecution
of the war? For r?asons of transpor- j
tation ycu concentrated the IVnmiy!- 1
vania anthracite shipments to New
Kngland, reducing previous Virginia j
shipments by ??0 per cent. Should not !
the same principle prompt you to f-.ir- '
nish Virginia from mines near-hyfcard
within th?i State, instead of depriving '
Virginia, as at present, in ord<-r that 1
shipments be made to Now F.ngland j
ind jsti ies>?"
Dll'lHIT.tVT tOAIi IS
l)l\KICI!:i) III \KW
?_>f more than 1,500.00ft tons that were :
carried to Hampton Roads during .h.ne.
one-half was consigneel to New K.:g- i
land, he raid. In continuing, Mr. Hyrd !
said he would welcome an inv-stiga-i
t ion that would show the rt-laiive value |
of Virginia's war industries in coin- j
parison with that of the New Kngland j
plants similarly engaged. He contend- j
ed th.'.t s-'hould it be necessary t:\at .
industries of equal war value in either j
section be compelled t<? suspend on ac-{
count of the rhortage that, from mm I
(?co'iomic stand. those in Virginia >
should be supplied, in view of thy j
shorter haul from the mines and the j
proximity to the. veabo.-ird for. foreign i
shipment of the manufactured article.
As a means of relieving the sit'ia
tioti. Mr. liyrd submitted th-ee pro
posals to Or. Garfield for ccrttsidera
tion. The first of these w?s a '.educ
tion of export 'shipments to countries
other than the allies. Tn Cuba, ac
cording to information that he availed
himself of trom an authoritative source,
Mr. P-yrd said there was more coal
accumulated per capita than was h?*d
ly the. people of this country, owing
to the working of the export duty.
Mine operators, on account of the in
creased profit, made it a practice to
sell all the coal they couhl to foreign
lands. Not only should the shipments
be reduced, but t.u.3 export duty should
be taken off also, he raid
WIl.I. COXKKll WITH
lilt. <iAltl''Ii:M) TO-OAY
The second of Mr. P.vrd's proposals
to relieve the situation is thiit an in
vestigation be started by Dr. Garfield
to ascertain whether the coal Is being
shipped to ersertl'?.l industries in New
England. The third plan is that the
practice of issuing permits for co-> 1
from certain West Virginia fluids te
come 13ast ho discontinued, and that
some of the permits thr:t lia'-? already
been issued bo canceled *<o :!s to in
crease shipments ,'rom these fields to
Virginia.
Sir. liyrd stated yesterday that V
would he in Washington to-day in con
ference with Dr. Garfield In regard to
the situation, and that he fe.it en-,
fldent that when all the facts were
known as he lia< presented them. Dr.
(Continued on Fifth Page.)
FOCH MAY CAPTURE
HALF MILLION MEN
American People Are Asked to Reduce
Sugar Ration to Two Pounds Monthly
I By Associated Pre*;. I
WASHINGTON, Jnl.v 'Jr, The
An-crlcon public was asked by the
fund administration to-day to so
on a suuar ration of two pounds per
i'U|i)tn monthly, lir^lnniiii; August I,
lo meet a world xliorln^ I" thin
commodity nml to care for Immedi
ate demands of (lie allies and .Vmrr
ienn military forces. 'I'lie Aii'crlc.m
pulilic* at present Is on a tliree
pouuds per i'ii|iitii ration montlilv,
under n rcqnrsl iviiicd by the food
administration n month ngo. House
hold rationing ttill lie voluntary at
present, liut public e.itinjr-pineen
?\ill lie required to observe new r.-r
illations/ eftretive Aujjust I, nermlt
tlnK the use of two pounds of simar
for every ninety meals nerved. In
stead of three ponnds under evlst
iiiK regulations.
'I lie ?uc;ar .situation eoufrontln?r
the I'nited States is denerilied tij
the food ndminlstrat ion ns follows:
??The stiKitr supplies throughout
the country?In homes, stores, fac
tories and bakeries?are at low
Ihe production from the American
licet and l.oulsiana cane crops has
heen disappointing; the yield In
t'orto Itieo has likculM' lieen small
cr ilinn :inticir?lcd. nntl the Innhil
? I)- of tli?* I nltcd States and Ih'r
allies tit *rcuri' ??i;ar from Jnvtt
rind other dNtnnt nonrri'i on nmi'int
of Hip imperative rail for shins for
the movement <if troop* nml their
supplies linn materially reduced the
supply from such quarters. Aililrd
to till* already illlllcult situnt Ion,
the <|i]iintlty needed liy the army nntl
nnvy urently ev?eeds earlier <-?>? I
rtinteK*. ivr must tend n l:iri;c naioti'i*.
to Kriince uitd Italy to InUr the place
of the urrnt \olutuc lost through the
ficrmnu nttd Austrian Invailoim,
dnrintr which iiinelt Iteet land \vn.s
overrun and many factories destr-jy
ed; ne )i:nc to supply certain i|utiu
tltles to neutral tint ions under
nureeivents; and, nmilly, nii-r ?"?0.
titltt,(H)0 poitndK were lost recently
through submarine sinkings ofT our
Atlantic const."
In asking the jiiltllU; voluntarily
to reduce their consumption to a
level more nearly equal to the com
pulsory restrictions In effect In
l-'rance, Kndiind and Italy. flic
statement says that while stijrar Is
often use<l as :i luxury in Anierlcn,
it lias become an "cKsentlnl clement
for the success of the nnr nmorr
the nations of Hurope."
EXCESS PROFITS TAXES
TO HI TO 88 PER GENTj
Majority of Ways and Means Com
mittee Agrees on High Hate
of Taxation.
WILL NOT BE SUFFICIENT
Estimated Yield Will Be $1 .090,000,
OOO?Tentative Schedule Allows
Flat- Exemption of $2,000 and
One-Tenth of Capital Invested.
WASHl^pTON. July 25. ? lSxcess
profits of all business will be taxed
from ;'0 per cent to SO pc cent under
schedules adopted by h majority of tins
Ways and Means Committee lo-dny. j
The estimated yield is * J.tl^O. 0^0.000. |
The present law is expected to yield
SI. HO.iioo.000.
The schedule tentatively agreed upon
would grant a Mat exemption of 52,000
?o every business concern, and a fur
ther exemption of |0 per cent on the
rapit.il invested. Upon all net Income
in excess of the 10 per cent exemp
tion and not in excess of 20 per cent,
the rate of fax would he :t0 per cent;
mi iut income between 20 per cent
and 2& per cent. Use rate wou'd bj
50 pet cent, at.d on s?ll Income a have
2.", per cent, the tax rate would be
SO per cent.
I.ver. after agreeing upon these !? ijch
rates, and combining them with the
increased rates on individual and cor
porate income, the committee was
forced to tho discouraging conclusion j
that St would not be possible to re-j
alize from these three sourciT tiie i
maximum of Sfj.ooo.ooo.ooo which of. '
ficlala of *he Treasury Department
have demanded. The total will be j
below this figure by more thin $1,500.
ttoo.ooj*. and members of the comr.iit-'
tee frankly confessed tha' they \\.>re
at a loss to know what t'i do to niakei
up the apparent d^rtoit.
The Treasury I ?>*pa rt men I had urged
upon the committee the necessity of
providing for ?,",00",000.000 to he raised
from income and excess profits taxes,
leaving the remaining S2.000.000.000 to
be raised by taxe? on luxuries, stamp
taxes, and tlie other odds and end.
upon which it is customary to drav ;
for a portion of the revenue. lit:*. j
with ih? high rates on incomes whifh !
have been tentatively agreed upon, ?b ?,
committee finds there cat: be raise.'I
not more than 52,650.000.000; adding j
to this the ? l.f.:>0,000,000 which the!
excess profits taxes agreed upon to- j
flay are. estimated to produce. and
the total is only ? 1,340,000,000, instead j
of the Jfi,?'0O,00'1.00n which it was honed
would be raisod from these sources. ;
GOVERNMENT NEEDS MANY
TONS OF STEEL FOR SHIPS
Clmlrninn Schwab <'nlN Meeting of
Manufacturers to He lleld
In New \ ork Monday.
WASHINGTON. July 25.?Charles M.
Schwab, director of shipbuilding, re
turned to Philadelphia to-day after
a tou>" of the Pacific Coavt shipyard:..
Ilo announced through t':e Shipping
Hoard here that he would need 4.000.
OOf tons of steel for his program next
year, and for this reason be has called
a conference of steel men in New > orlt i
on Monday.
Thus far. the shipyards have been
supplied at the rate of 3.500,000 tons
per year, but Mr. Schwab declared the
extra 500.000 was needed "as a c:t."h'on
? to fall back upon." June deliveries
of shifs at American yards alone, he
said, were 75 per cent of tho total
tonnage claimed by tho submarines
during that month.
The I log Island yard Is !>5 per cent
completed, and its cost will approxi
mate ?".?>5,000,00(1, Mr. Schwab said.
.(nut Two Simile* Notv.
WASHINGTON, July 25.?Shoe man
ufacturers were aske I to-day by tho
War Industries Hoard to confine shades
of brown shoca lo two colors, medium j
and dark. ? '
THINK HOST HUE
Has DEFINITELY FfllLEC
German Campaign Defeated by In
crcascil Production of Ships by
United States Yards.
NEW TONNAGE EXCEEDS LOSSES
Allies Arc Now Turning Out More
Vessels Than Are Heing Destroyed
by Submarines?OHicial Figures
Are Encouraging.
WASHINGTON. J Illy 25.?Increaic 1
production of sMps by tl? e i'n'ted
States has defented the German V-b-ai.
campaign. In the month of .Time, for
'hi? t'.rst time slr.ee the inauguration
? ?f unrestricted J.'-boat warfare. th?i
nrotiu.; ion of sl-.ips by the 1 Jn'-tof'
States ant! the I'tiilecl Kingdom ox
cet-'U'd j,, tonmig> the '.onnage U.st ly
th? allied and r.eutral nations through
marine rir-k, mines and submariae-baa:
sirii. Inys.
As production by the l.'ulted ^tat"."
will increase niaiiv fold in the mouths
to oniiif, and the undersea pirates will
be further checked by stronger con
voys and saf-ty devices an.l hunted
?lowti from the air on the sea and un
der the sea by the everinet easing tleetb
of seanhines. destroyers and subma
rines of the L'nltfd States and the al
lies, the race between production and
destruction can bo said to hav?- b< r-n
won on that day when the upward
curve of production met and passed
thu downward curve of destruction.
Ofliciiil figures on the lo^s of tonnage
for June and for the quarter ending
with June given out by the British
Admltalty last night gave great sat
isfaction and encouragement '.a Wash
ington. both to our o'vn government
ofliciab and to the members of the
allied missions now at the capital.
agree that there may be thicto.it ions
ami t lit t an intensified t'-bo.i: cam
paign may bring the tonnage loss for
July. August or September to a highei
figure than June, but that thf* obj'-cl.
of th" ruthless I '-boa l campaign to
destroy the shipping of the wot Id, to
starve the nllies into submission and
to prevent re-cnforcements from reach
ing tin-in from overseas has been def
initely and finally defeated.
GENERAL GOURKO IS NAMED
TO COMMAND ALLIED TROOPS
f.oiirtmi llonr.i IInit W lio Unit fhnrge
of Itusnlao Army la the West
Is Nniv In Clinrui".
LONDON. July 2.V?li is rcpo/to'i
that General Gourko has been appoi it
cd to command tho allied troops or.
the .Vurman coast.
General Gourko was at one time com
mander or the Kussjan armies "n the
Western Russian front. He way ar
rested last August an* accused of sym
pathizing with the monarchy and ?.vu.
banished.
He camc to Kngland and then went
to Krance, where hir wife, who was
working at a military hospital at th<
front, was ki'lfcc! dur'ng a Germ-m
hombiiig raid.
At the beginning of the \\ u :'.<nerc.l
tSourUo comma mb-d Mcy-i'ii i\i\*.a?r>
during the i'i\ i i..ti ?>: ??*:;- t i're. sia.
VILLA IS MOVING NORTH
TOWARD AMERICAN BORDER
IJeelnrcd Mexican Hn* TiOll tin ten Mild
liars of Silver to l\.xehnn;re.
for A to muni t Ion.
\ r.l, I'ASd. TKXAS, July 25.?Fran- ;
cisoo Villa again is moving in !he d1.- j
reetlon of the American border a: 1
ojiuapa with a herd of mules ml i
250 bars of silver which ho expect*. !
to exchange for ammunition, accord - I
Ing to contlrmed reports from Chihttr
hua Oity received here l.ito to-day
Sunday, Villa, with 400 men, ?.?aided i
Jimenez, robbed two passenger trains !
and killed a number of guards. Ur.- !
usual activity is reported from O.U ?
naga, and Federal re-enforcements anA
munitions are being rushed there from
Juarez.
AT ALL POINTS
Western Jaw of Pincers
Moves Steadily Eastward
Along Ourcq River.
FORCES OF BRITISH REACH
MERY PREMECY AND GUEUX
Crown Prince's Army Between
Aisne and Marne Almost
Encircled.
fere-en-tari>exois in danger
Gap in Him; Surrounding Germans
Only Twenty-Oue Miles
Wide.
fHy Associated Press- 1
Gencr.il Koch has -taken a loaf out
of the book of German military strat
egy and ordained the use by the allied
armies of the pincers system of offen
sive In the Soissons-Rhelms salient.
Both jaws of the pincers are moving:
smoothly, with the pivot along the
Marne working in unison, and the pro
cess of attempting to capture many of
the nearly ".OO.OftO Germans in the big:
pocket is well on the way to what at
present seems like possibles success.
The Germans, however, evidently do
not intend to permit themselves to be
entrapped without fighting. Having
thrown thousands of re-enforcements
Into the already congested salient, they
have started a counterattack of great
violence all along the semicircular
front from the Ourcq Hiver to the ro
nton Immediately southwest of Rhelms,
ami their men arc said to have orders
i to atom the allied tide of advance at
I all costs.
Nevertheless, at last accounts the
Americans, French. British and Italian
troops, themselves well re-enforced to
meet the new turn in affairs, were
steadily pressing forward at nearly all
points on the battle line to Uheims.
| while oast of the Cathedral City; a
I Polish contingent?the tirst of the Poles
j to enter the combat?is declared to
j have cart led out successfully an enter
I prise against the enemy, in which
f more than '-00 Germans were made
j prisoner.
! Kit A N CO-A SI MIS MAN TKODPS
A I.MOST AT I-'KHK-KX-TAHDUXOIS
! The western Jaw of the pincers con
j tinues to move eastward along the
| Otircq River on both sides v- of the
I stream, and the Franco-American
! troops now are virtually knocking at
tiic* gates of Kere-en-Tardenois, the im
' portant railway junction and storehousa
for Germany's war supplies. Further
| south to tlie Marne new advances, in
keeping with those in tho north, have
l been attnlned.
j At the pivot of the pincers, north of
j the Marne. midway between Chateau
i Thierry and Rhelms, the French have
j extended their line northward in the
forest of Fere, in tho Klz forest and
north of Dormans, while the eastern
jaw of the pi;i.its, under the presauro
of the British, has notlccably moved
forward in a northwesterly direction
for about a mile and a half over a
| three-mile front to Mery Premecy and >
I Gueux,^ the last-named village five
miles west <>f Uheims and a scant mile
I ai'd a half from the Rheims-Fismos
I road. At Mery Premecy the allied lino
' now stands about ten and a half miles
. southeast of Fisme.?. which is the cen
jtral station on th*s railway running bo
i tween Soissons and Rhelms
tli'lOMMi IX IMMKKT HlODtCKn
TO T\V IOXTV-OXK Ml I,US
For a week and a day tho allied
' troops have hammered against the S0I3
I sons-Rheims salient until its width
across between the cities has been
narrowed to about twenty-one miles
fr.on an original width of thirty-seven'
: miles, while tin* triangular salient h'ts
i 1 11 welded into a semicircular cul-d??
| sac. O\or the entire pocket the allied
| artillery continues to rain shells from
I all sides, and airmen are keening .up
their intensive homl i:.u of troops' for
mations and military works.
! As yet. notwithstanding the inroads
of the allied troops, there lias been
no slern <-f a:i im pending ;.e:i rul re*
treat 011 the part of the German*, a ltd,
l.i- Heels to m 1 iid ami ?icht It ??*it.
and the allied gains continue with
the ;;;? tit- rue-'oss .!? heretofore. It rteersH
that, with tho dally narrowing of tho
n , ot the pocket, the or.emy nece.i
>-'.rily will lose many of his men when
the time comer, to make his way nor'.b
t-astwa rd
Some perturbation is being caused In
Kugland through a ?trike in s?-?vonl
cities of munition workers. The work
men threaten a further extension
the strike unless their demands aro
met.
KHAXC.'OrAMKIIH'AX Tit OOPS
\m AXl'F. MJARLY TX\ O MILKS
PARIS. July -5.?Franco-American
troops to-day made an advance of
nearly tv.o nil'os at certain points on
the Aisnc*Xlarno front, notably in ihj
Dormans region, says the \V$r OKlc* .
announcement to-night. Additional
gain.* are recorded, showing that th.l
progress ojf( the allies in this valient
is steadily going on. The text of 'hi
statement reuds: , >v
"On the O'ircq front th?i flghtlnif to*

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