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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, July 31, 1918, Image 1

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Seen on the Side
d lD. Lditorial Page Feature
?Light, Bright and Unique
T-D Classified Ads Make More
Nt'MUKK 'ill
Evidence Before Mayor Conclud
ed in Case of Accused De
tective Sergeant.
Ainslie Agrees to Accept His Re
signation?Sherry Trial
on Thursday.
All factors combining to conclude
th* police investigation at the earliest
possible moment and pushing forward
at lop speed, the c.-'.se of Bicycle Police
man C. A. Strain was disposed of be
fore Mayor Ainslie yesterday afternoon
and the evidence in the trial of Detec
tive-Sergeant L< <'. Bertucd was fin
ished shortly before midnight last
night and submitted to Mayor Ainslie
without argument.
Mayor Ainslie took the case under
advisement and made no comment as
to when he would render his decision.
It is generally understood in official
circles that the Mayor will not ren
der his decisions until the conclusion
<?f the police inquiry, at which time
he will decide upon the Pollock. Ber
tuccl and Sherry cases, after having
maturely considered the evidence.
Technicalities, facetious remarks,
stalling and grand-stand playing were
abandoned yesterday, seemingly by
Silent agreement. In order to hasten
th* end of the police scandal.
<iK(lltlJE BKYA.\ lO.MJlCIS
The outstanding feature of the trials
yesterday was the east; in which Oeorge
Bryan, one of the leading counsel for
th? prosecution, bore the brunt of the
nurden and handled the cases for the
prosecution without aid. His colleague,
Murray M Mctluire, is out of the city,
' 'ommon wealth's Attorney Wise was
ill and E. B Uunfurd, attorney for the
Department of Prohibition, was also ill
and unable to li* present.
At 3 o'clocK yesterday afternoon
Mayor Air.slie resumed his police in
vestigation and called the < ase of Po
ll-email C. A Strain, who. since tne
report of the recent grand jury of the
Hustings Court, has been suspended
pending the outcome of the ouster pro
ceedings or investigation before the
Mayor. When informed by counsel for
the defense that Strain had joined the
aviation section of the signal corps and
is about to b?- inducted into the ser
vloe. Mayor Ainslie said that since
Strain had Joined the army and was
about to plate h:mself in a position to
make the supreme sacrifice for hia
country he had decided to accept
Strain's resignation from th<< police
Strain Joined the army Monday af
ternoon, and it is understood that he
has been orde.red to report for duty
next Monday. From th?* decision of
the Mayor it Is understood that nil
? barges against Stra-n ha\r been
wish rnoTKf>T? \?>M\vr
nnopjMNf. chahoks
After Mayor Ainslie announced that
he would a< cept the resignation of
Strain from the police fori-e and drop
.ill charge? ag.uns' him. Common
wealth's Attorney Wise asked to ex
plain his position, >in o he was partici
pating in the poli< c investigation at
"he request of Mayor Ainslie Mayor
Ainslie immediately gave him the op
p.>rtunity. Mr Wi ?? said that before
;e Mayor fully made u;> his inind. lie
v.-oul 1 lik* tn protest against accept
ing 'he res:gnation of Strain. Mr Wise
said that if Strain's < ouf.^ssion is true,
h* is guilty of having committed a
felony, in that he accepted a bribe to
allow the illicit traflic in liquor. If it
s false, then Strain is guilty of per
jury. In either event, Mr. Wise ar
gued. that Strain was guilty of hav
ing committed a felony.
Mr. Wise insisted that he indorsed
the sentiments of the Mayor that since
Strain was gom? to offer his services
to his country, it was advisable to be
lenient in the case of an individual.
But he made the distinction in the
prosecution of an individual and the
prosecution of one of a number of
the police officers of the city of Rich
mond. He persisted that the purpose
of the prosecution was not to convict
Strain, but for the moral effect upon
the more than 200 police officers of
the city. In conclusion, he said that If
such a policy was to be pursued it
would be destructive of the enforce
ment of law.
(Jilbert K. Pollock, counsel for the
defense, in a few remarks said'that he
thought the action of the Mayor was
appropriate and humane, and that he
would like to make it clear that Strain
had never repudiated his affidavit. In
which he admitted his guilt in accept
ing $100 for the passage of illicit llq
uour and attempted to incriminate
former Policeman Harry F. Sweet in
the same transaction. '?
After disposing of the Strain case
a short recess was taken, and the Ber
tuocl case was begun about 4:15 o'cloc...
At the close of the afternoon session,
at 6:30 o'clock, the prosecution rested
its case. The inquiry reconvened at
S o'clock last night.
The speclficat Ions charge Bertucci
with having failed and refused to con
form to the regulations of the Tolice
Benevolent Association In turning over
part of a $100 reward which he re
ceived from A. H. Plournoy, First Mar
ket produce dealor, for the recovery
of a valuable diamond ring. Further
more, Bertucct Is accused of having
frequented gaming houses and partici
pated In gambling, and with having
been delinquent In his duty in report
ing and arresting proprietors of gam
bling houses.
Witnesses for the Commonwealth
were as follows: A. H. Flournoy, Ser
; geant R. B. Jordan, treasurer of the
J .(Continued oa Third Pago.)
?? fr -
Standing Armies
Wi'l Bz Usebss
*'.% quarter of n century hriitr
wli?'re will bf the u?e for or the
? trength of otandlni; armlritf 'lii?
f?ky 11 III l?e o thorouchfnre. The
frontier line* of to-dny could th>*n.
for oil their ilt;nlflrniice in nn nner
nrency, be broken down. To the next
KCiterntlon nt war. (Itr old
of defenne, e. e., the vvnll ?r ??ol
dler? ngnlnil (he Invader, will hold
no more (llan un nntlqu/irlin Inter
Thlw I* the opinion exprmied by
on kOiiKllnh writer. H. P. Cnmin^t
in diicuKtir^ the posMlblflty of m
league of nation* to gunrnntee tat
peace of the world. Ml* Intermtluj;
views will be found In sin article
In to-day'* Tlaien-Dfaputch.
t :
Binds and (>ugs Messenger and Emp
ties Safo of Its Val
Man Entered Car Suon After Train
Left Charlottesville and Held Mes
senger l"p at Pistol's Point?Haul
Reported to Be Worth $135,000.
[Special to The Tiines-Dlspat<h]
Railroad detectives, aided by local po
lice. are to-nighl working on clues
which may lead to the arrest within
twenty-four hours of the masked ban
dit who robbed the aafc of the west
bound Chesapeake and Ohio express
:'oon after It pulled out from here at
:20 this morning. Express Messenger
AI Marshall, of Washington, who was
bound and gagged in his car before
the bandit rilled the Iron safe of its
contents, was relieved of duty at Clif
ton Korg<' and returned to Staunton,
where he spent the afternoon in the
hope thr.t he might be aide t identify
the man who held him up. should tha
robber have lingered in the valley city
The belief prevails here that (he ban
dit escaped from the train when it
stopped on the tiding at Oreen wood,
twenty miles west of here, to allow fast
eastbound passenger train No. J to pass.
Iti that event he may be hiding in the
foothills of the Blue Ridge.
IIOIjDL'P hekms to havb
The holdup was evidently the work
of an amateur. Judging from the man
ner in which he went about the task
of binding the express manager The
small rope used was tied around Mar
shall's hands instead of around '.lie
wrists. The novice bandit was also
careless with his gun. While the mes
senger was being tied he notued 'lie
intruder's pistol lying close by on the
Crabbing it with his free hand h*
waf in the a<-t of pointing it at the
bandit's head before he was detected.
A professional would no doubt have
put his man to sleep and gone about
his business without fear of further
Express ortb'ials have not divulged
the total amount missing, but local po
lice are of belief that it is around
<135.000. A quantity,of 1 ond.s w ?.s l*ft
Sufficient Amount
to l.ast I 11111
ut <ur.
WASH IXC TON, July 30.?The food
, administration to-day barred maltsters
from buying any grain for malting pur
poses until October 1. At that date
further orders will he issued, and it is
likely that the bar will be extended.
They have on hand now malt to last
until January 1. according to reports
j to the food authorities.
Fuel Director Garfield is permitting
breweries 50 per cent of fuel until this
is used up, and. after that, has or
dered their fuel supply cut off en
tirely. ranking them as a nonessential
The fond administration's order to
day is to prevent their manufacturing
j additional malt, and then having the
supply on hand to spoil when their
fuel supplies are gone.
SIsterN of OfTlccrfi May (io to France
to Work, but \ot to
WASHINGTON, July 30.?Sisters of
oflicers and men in the American ex
peditionary forces may to go France,
under an order issued by Chief of Staff
March to-day. But?they can't go ex
cept to work, and they must not visit
their relatives while in France.
Th's modification of the existing or
der prohibiting blood relatives of sol
diers from going abroad is made be
cause it has been fround impossible to
obtain enough women as workers in
the nursing corps and other branches
of the service.
Pacific Connt I'eople l.'?f Telephone*
to (iwntrr Extent Than
Any Oilier.
WASHINGTON. July 30.?Americans
probably will be asked to do less talk
ing over the telephone, soon after Un
cle Sam takes charge to-morrow night.
They're great little talkers now. with
a grand total of more than 15,000,000,
000 telephone conversations each year.
Out on- the Pacific Coast thoy talk
most, and In the ? Eastern. Southern
Central States the least. Tho big talk
ers will have to cut down, and maybe
tho little talkera also.
Ilollficci They Hair
,\mv In Stornfjr
Fuel In <
Assessment Will Be Collected on
the Gross Sales of
Committee Also Doubles Admis
sions to Theaters, Operas
and Movies.
WASHINGTON*. .July 3".?A tax of 10 j
per cent on the sale price of all auto- i
mobiles was written Into the new reve
nue bill by the Ways anil Means Com- !
mi'tee to-day. Motor trucks, on .ic
j count of their tjreat usefulness in war
work, are to !>e taxerl only 5 per cent.
The tax is to be collected on the gross
sales of the manufacturer, producer or
Included also In the 10 per cent
schedule will be player pianos, grapho
phones. phonographs, talking machines.'
sporting goods, including baseball bats,
golf clubs, fishing rods and r^cls. pool
and billiard tables, perfumes, cosmetics, j
i tonics, proprietary medicines and cam - |
eras. All of these except cosmetics ano '
I proprietary medicines are now taxed
3 per cent.
The automobile tax. according to es
timates submitted by the Treasury De
i partrr.ent. will produce about $70,000.
| 000. The 3 per cent tax now in force j
| is calculated to yield about 53^,000,000 j
during the current fiscal year.
In addition to the 10 per cent tax1
agreed upon to-day. Chairman Kltchln
authorized the ar.nour. -ement that the
committee will impose another tax.
which will be collected from the user |
of the automobile. This tax. which has
I been only tentatively discussed, will be
in the nature of a Federal license, col-.
1 lectlble from the user of the car in the t
same manner as State licenses are now
issued. Mr. Kitchin declined to make
any prediction as to how high these
rates might run, although the Treasury
Department has recommended a seals
of from $20 to $50, according to the t
; cost price of the car.
Other taxes agreed upon to-day by
the committee were a doubling of the
admission tax to theaters, operas, mo
tion picture shows and similar places
of amusement. The present tax is lo
'per rent; under the revised schedule
1 it would be 20.per cent.
| This tax applies to all admissions of
i 10 cents or over. To get at the smaller
priced houses. t.ie committee tentatively
decided to impose a tax of 1 cent on
all admissions where the maximum
charge does not exceed 7 cents. Under
the existing law, all moving picture
shows, theaters and other amusements,
whose maximum charge does not ex-?
c.?ed 5 cents, ate exempt from the tax.
Th? new tax would exact 1 cent front
??very admission up to and Including
7 cents.
In deciding upon this tax. the com
mittee took into consideration that
the 7-cent or 5-cent show is essentially
a "poor man's show." But it was felr
that those who <ould not afi"<?d to pay
a greater admission than ? cents would
not be contributing anything to the!
government as income tax or excess
profits tax anyway, and it was the con
sensus of opinion that the patrons of
these cheaper shows tould well afford^
to contribute one cent to the govern-,
ment's needs.
The committee decided to place a1
heavy tax upon all kinds of firearms,
including a prohibitive tax of 100 per:
cent on dirks, stilettos, sheath knives
and similar deadly weapons. The tax
on shotguns and rifles was fixed at 10
per cent, and that on revolvers and
pocket pistols at J5 per cent. The com
mittee decided upon this high rate oh
pistols with the idea of discouraging
their use as far as possible.
Kitchin announced that the commit
tee to-morrow will take up the luxury ?
tax suggestions recently submitted by
the Treasury Department.
That Amount Will fie Required During;
tlir Nest Three .Month*, Sny* Di
rector C'lmrloH Srlnvnh.
my Associntfrt Pr?^s. 1
WASHINGTON. July 30.?Steel re- j
quireinent of the Shipping Board for
the next three months call for 1.000.000
tons, an increase of 250,000 tons over
the regular monthly schedule for that
period. This increase is desired so as j
to provide a reserve of 1,330,000 tons by :
The requirements, it was learned to- j
night, were placed before the steel i
manufacturers of the country by Di- j
rector-General Schwab, of the Enier- j
gency Fleet Corporation, at the meet- j
ing held yesterday in New York.
The steel schedule of the Shipping
Board calls for delivery of 250,000 tons i
monthly, but it was said that request j
lias been made by Mr. Schwab that de- i
liveries during August, September and j
October be increased approximately j
S0.000 tons monthly. This increase, it j
is believeu, will provide a reserve for
each shipbuilding yard that will act '
as an incentive to workmen turning j
out tonnage.
Senate Subcommittee Kavpm Powerful
Central Bo.'y to Take Over Air
craft Production.
/ N
WASHINGTON. July 30.?The sub
committee of the Senate Military Af
fairs Committee, which has been In
vestigating aircraft production, will
recommend the creation of a separate
'department to have full control over
all aerial work.
Every phase of the investigation has
served to reveal the need of a power
ful central body of the government to
take over the work of production, dis
tribution and tho lighting of aircraft.
Made in Combating
U-Boat Menace.
World as Well Oft in Ships June
30 as on January
1, 1918. :
f Uv Ajuoclate'l Prtfs.l
LONDON. July 30.?Sir Erie Geddcs,
First Loru of the British Admiralty. ?
gave the House of I'ommons to-day a
review of the naval situation, and par
ticularly defended the policy of start
ing national shipbuilding yards in dis
cussing the shipbuilding program in
connection with the navy estimates. I
The first lord compared the situation:
to-day regarding tonnage with that of
? year ago. Then the net loss in ton- j
nage. he- said, was 550.000 gross tons
monthly. Submarines then were not ?
?King destroyed as fast as the Ger-1
mans were building them, while the ;
merchant shipyards were sh'ort of men
and malarial. Kour hundred thousand '
net loss monthly was the British dellcit. j
Every yard that could take naval work
had been put on naval building
Gradually, during the past year. Sir
Eric continued. the position had
changed in many directions. Instead
of losing tonnage the world's net re
sult in the last quarter had been a
gain roughly of loO.OOO tons a month.
The allied and neutral world was as
well off on June 30 as on January 1.
1918. This result, he declared, had
been obtained by reduced sinkings and
increased buildings.
The reduced sinkings had been ar
rived at. said the first lord, by a greater
production effort devoted to war ships
and small craft of an antisubmarine
character. Nothing was included of
commandeered or acquired tonnage in
litis ressilt.
"The problem of a year ago was con
sidered by many almost inconceivable
and insoluble." Sir Erie continued.
"Mercantile carrying power was being
sunk at a rate which soon would have
meant an inability to continne the war.
and there was no tried recognised
means of combating the campaign. It
was necessary to provide a building
program of antisubmarine craft, nnpea,
other appliances and merchant ships
on a greatly increased scale.
"The tola! increase in labor last year
in shipbuilding yar.'.s and marine en
gineering wotks was 35,000. The orig
inal demand of a year ago was for S0.
000 additional, part of them skilled.
Owing to events on the western front
and the great demands for technical
men for the air force and the army, it
was impossible to obtain the proper
quota of skilled men by their with
drawal from the army. Unskilled men
were offered freely, but they could not
be absorbed because of the lack of
skilled men."
.Mine Production Ik Now Approjlmntrlr
14.000,000 Tons Sliori of Antici
pnted Tonnnpp.
f Bv Associated Prt?ss 1
WASHINGTON. July 3u.? Increasing
demands for coal from overseas and
for th? emergency fleet, army, navy!
and other government operations
threaten seriously the New England
fuel supply for next winter. Coal ship
ments to New England, it became
known to-day, are now behind the
schedule figured on the ratio of produc
tion necessary to supply the needs of
the district.
Bituminous coal production in Penn
sylvania. Maryland and West Virginia, i
the three States assigned to supply I
the New England district, was on July ;
13 at a ratio of 77,000,000 tons for the j
.?nal year beginning April 1, while pro- i
duction on that date, should have been '
at the rate of 01,600,000 tons.
These facts were brought out at a
conference here to-day attended by i
Chairman Baruch, of the War Indus-;
tries Board; Chairman Hurley, of the
Shipping Board, and representatives of
the railroad administration in addition .
to Federal Administrator Garfield and
the New England administrators.
Ships are now awaiting bunker coal
at Baltimore and Norfolk, Shipping
Board officials said.
Fedrrui (?rund Jury Holdit Him on
Charge of ConaplrliiK to He
fraud Government.
f By Associated Press. 1
NEW YORK, July 30.?Aubrey W.
Vaughan, a captain in the quartermas
ter's corps of the United States Army,
was indicted to-day by a Federal grand
jury on a charge of conspiring to de
fraud the government in connection
with contracts for raincoats.
Indicted also were Felix Oouled, a
manufacturer, who was arrested last
week with nearly a score of other men
in connection with the government's
inquiry into alleged frauds in con
tracts, and David E. Podell, a lawyer^
Captain Vaughan, in his official posi
tion, received bids from manufacturers
of shoes, leather and rubber goods.
Two Hoard* of Southern Christian Aa
, sociatlon Will Mow Operate
Under One Head.
TBy Associated Pre us. 1
SUFFOLK. VA.. July 30.?At a meet
ing here to-day the two mission boards
of the Southern Christian convention,
heretofore operating Independently,
were merged under one head. Colonel
J. C. West, of Suffolk, was elected
chairman, and Dr. J. O. Atkinson, of
Blon. N. C., secretary-treasurer. Tho
board will be in session several days.
War Department Will Drop Ail Insignia;
Forces Known as ''The Army of U. S."
WASIIIXGTOX, July 30 The Wop
Department will drop all liikiKnla
and oil rrenlntlnnn which up to die
present time have led to the con
sideration of tlic American army as .
lirliiK composed of regulars. .National I
I 1
Army men nnd .National Guard unit*.
In the future oil forces will l>e des
tcnnteil solely ?* numerical units of
"the Army of the I'liltcd Mates."
The new plan, worked out l?y Sce
retnry of War Uukcr and the Rcncrnl
? tnfT, will Insure prcuter solidarity In
the ndinlnistrotion of the tuition's
fl^htinc force*. The only divisions
under the general definition of the
nrmy will he the expeditionary force
In Krnnce, mid the expeditloory
forces wliirli niny he formed in Italy
and the Kur Kant.
General March, ns chief of KtiifT.
will he In command of the Army of
the l'nlted States. I'ndcr military
regulation*, he is chief of staff to
the Secretary of War, or to the
President of the t nitcd States.
I'ndcr the present policy of the Pres
ident he is actliiK under the Secre
tary of War. The President Is cum
mnnder-ln-chirf of the I nllrd Stale*
Army and .\ a v y.
ficucral IVr.sli inpr, no commander
of the force* in Frniicci in ronkrn
by lienernl Mnreli, Inn under present
Interpret;)t ions ranks (Jeneral Bliss,
America's representative In thn
Council of Versailles. With the an
noiineenient of flic moillfletl regula
tions. It In understood that change*
will l>e Inaugurated in the Insignia
worn by all men In the Army of the
I'nited Stnten.
I p to the present time men of the
regular army lia> e worn the dimple
"I'. S." on the fnllnr.i of their tunlch.
Other members liuve had the letters
"X. or A." Mtiperlntpnsert
upon the Isrser letter* "l. S." In
(he future. It is said unofficially, all
men In the army will wear the sim
ple letters, "L". S." It Is said that
the change <vill greatly aid officers
and men altroad ?lio have felt that
members of the old regular army
were often Inclined to distrust the
ability of the army's newer men.
Secretary Ualier intimated to-day
that an announcement of the con
templated changes may lie made by
IJencral Mnreli to-morrow.
After Deducting Taxes of $00,7!<{,.
25<> Earnings for Quarter
Were $62,557,301.
Employees Will Receive 10 Per Cent.
Raise on August 1?Earnings Not
So Large This Year as in Corre
sponding Months of .Last.
NEW YORK. July 30.?An extra divi
dend of 3 per font, hi addition to the
regular quarterly dividend of l 1-4
per cent, was declared to-day hy the
I nited States .Steel Corporation's di
rectors. The rcRiilar 1 3-4 per cent
quarterly dividend on the preferred
stock was also declared
A comparative declaration of the!
company's earnings was made as fol
April earnings were 520,64 4.9S2, a de
crease of 5T.SC7.109 from earnings ..r|
April, 1317.
a decrease of JO.
279.347 from earnings of May 1917
June. 520.416,:05. a decrease from
earnings of Juno, 1317, of 510,S66.3r,7.
Learnings foi the quarter ending
June 30, with taxes of 590.716. "'50 ,ie.
ducted, were 50,2.557.3111. as compared
with $.16,961,424 for this year's first
quarter. The net earnings for tlir
quarter ending June 30. 1917
590.579.204. '
Wages of all employees of the Culled
Mates Steel Corporation will \,c Hi
creased 10 percent beginning August l
r-,PV.a8 a,,nounce<l * to-day liy Judge
n?-v. Sniar| ,JrKlpuy |r of
W liltr Sulpliur S|?rl?it?, Will nr.
come Rciiedlct.
WASHINGTON. July 30.?Miss Alice j
Wilson, of Baltimore, ,-i nice of Presi
dent Wilson, win he married to Rev
Isaac Stuart McElroy. jr.. of Whjtc '
W tUI',. Pr ,SS' W08t V'rS '"'a> a. the
W hite Mouse on Wednesday evening j
AiiRust ,. Miss Wilson is the daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph R. Wilson. The
ceremony will he performed by the Rev.
p S>. McElroy. r>. D.. pastor of the
Presbyterian Church, of Columbus, c.a.
father of the groom. Only members of
the immediate families will he present
No cards will be Issued.
The groom is pastor of the Preshv
terian Church at White Sulphur!
Springs. West Virginia, where he ex
pects to remain for about twelve
months. Fie will then go to Japan as
a missionary. Me is a recent grad- '
uate of Union Theological. Seminarv. J
(.inter Park, and is well known in
Kicnmon rt.
Wilmington nnd PaelAc Yard* Will
l-lkely ll?. Tjikoit Over for
nmidlnK Vrn.neln.
f By Associated Press 1
. WASHINGTON, July 30?Tho War'
Department soon will enter the shin-'
gliding fle.d. It became known ^. l
night that plans have been under
consideration for some time and prep,
arations practically have been com.
Pleted whorehy (ho War Department
will utilize shipyards not at present
eing used l>y tho Shipping Board. j
, rds. which. It was said at the Ship I
Ping Lo.-.rd. probably would bo used'
by the War Department, include tho
West Coast Shipyard at Everett, Wash. '
and a new yard being built at Wilmina-I
ton. N c. Shipping Board officials!
said they had heen informed that the
War Department contemplates rh>
building of from fcur ,o ilght .sh
Immediately. |, w,s .sa|d that tho ' j
InJ t'on8'(,erlng the build
ing of a 10,ooo-ton concrete vessel
iSAE "?"? - I
KilUiSKt NEW 11
Bolshevik Foreign Minister Declures
Bombardment of Vologda
Was Threatened.
Soviets Place Two Small Russian
Ships at Their Disposal and Kscort
Officials Across the White Sea
With Trawler.
ri3y Ai-^ocWtP'l Press.1
July 30.?The allied embassies, which
recently left Vologda for Archangel,
were not permitted to remain in Arch
angel, and have arrived in Kandalaska.
The ambassadors left Vologda July
2."i in response to a message of M.
Tchitcherin. Bolshevik Foreign Minis
ter. declaring that they were in great
danger and that a bombardment of
Vologda was threatened for the next
day. lie urged the embassies to comc
to Moscow, but the ambassadors de
cided to proceed to Archangel, where
they expected to communicate with
their governments.
At Archangel the Soviet. acting
under orders from Moscow, refused to
permit the foreign representatives to
remain, but placed two small Russian
ships at their disposal, atid aboard
these they Jeft July 2S, escorted by a
Russian trawler, on an uneventful voy
age across the White Sea
On the night they were leaving
Archangel it was reported that the
Moscow government had ordered that
the mailing of the ambassadors be pre
I'lreninn So Ilndly Scalded He Olen in
Hospital, While Engineer 1st Held
I'nst l ndrr Engine.
I Rv Associated Press. 1
LYNTHBIjRO, VA.. July 30?J. H.
Haskins. of Spencer. X. C.. brakeman,
was instr.ntly killed; Sam Tyree. of
l.ynchburg. fireman, was so badly
scalded that he died shortly afterwards
in a local hospital, and Harry Elmore,
of Spencer, engineer, was badly hurt
as the result of the wreck of a north
hound Southern Railway extra freight
at 1 :;{0 o'clock this afternoon, near
L>urmid, a few miles from Lynchburg.
The train ran into a loose rail, where
repairing was being done, turning over
and smashing eight or ten cars loaded
with cotton. Engineer Elmore was
caught under his engine and was not
resetted until after 9 o'clock to-night, j
All PasNenger* Are Rescued, l>ut There
In Grove Danger of $-,000,000 Cargo
of Silk HcIiik Uutunged.
f By Associated Press. 1
30.?The Japanese steamship Canada1
Maru, of 5,760 tons gross, went ashore
on the reefs during n dense fog early
this morning, according to information
received here. She struck with consid
erable forco and water is pouring into
two of her holds.
Wireless reports received here late
to-day said all the passengers have
been safely taken off. There was no'
loss of life.
The Canada Maru's cargo is a silk :
shipment valued at $2,000,000. The ves- 1
sel was incoming from Japanese ports, j
American Stock ?l),i)IIU,IHH) Pounds
<?rentcr July I This Year
Tlinn I.ant.
t F?v As sociated Press. 1
WASHINGTON, July 30.? About 229,
000,000 pounds mora of tobacco were
on hand July I than was held on that
date last year, a canvass by the Census
Bureau, Just made, shows. Aggregate
stocks of leaf tobacco amounted to 1 ,
3S?">, 149,368 pounds, composed of 9S9.
S10.407 pounds of chewing, smoking,
snuff and export types; 315,915.20.V
pounds of cigar types, and 80,323,690
pounds of Imported types.
Americans Rest Tuesday
Night on Slopes Near
Town of Nesles.
Indications Are Enemy Is Turn
ing to Offer Frontal Bat
tle in Force.
Foe Keeping Eye ou Two Anchor
Points Which Threaten Crown
Prince With Pincer Maneuver.
American troops fighting north of the
Ourcq River in the Solssons-Rhelms
salient have enlarged their brilliant
victory of Monday at Sergy. where they
out to pieces divisions oT Germany's
picked troops and took and held the
village ngainst counterattacks. - - . .
Notwithstanding continued heavy
opposition by guns, machine guns and
large numbers of the enemy, soldiers
from the .Middle Western and Kastern
States drove their line northward from
Sergy Tuesday for a distance of about
two miles and were resting at night
I on the slopes approaching the .woods
j beyond the town of Neslcs. Where .
they stood at last accounts, the Amer
Uans formed the apex of the long
; line running across the salient.
While the bitter fighting was In
progress between the Americans and
Germans, the French troops on both ^
sides of the fighting, front 4IS0 tooV:b<?;
forward for goodly 'gain* noriheaa^'if
l-'ere-en-Tardenols and east of Serfey.
In the Nesles forest, the Gerhftntr
! are holding strong positions. from
| which they are shelling, but thus far
ineffectively, the menacing allied line
before them. ,
Prussian Guards and Bavarians were
in the thick of the fighting throughout
Tuesday, but again they were uutman
cuvered and outfought by the Amer
icans and again suffered heavy casual
The Germans apparently are on ttie
eve of attempting to end their retreat
from the Soissons-Rheims salient and
turning anil offering frontal battle in
force to the entente allied armies.
The day of rear-guard actions 3eems
drawing to a close. Violent counterof
fensive measures against their antago
nists already are in progrer; by the
Germans over most of the battle front,
and seemingly, for the present at least,
the allied advance has been materially
slowed down.
Further gains have been made by
the allies, including the Americans, but
only after the bitterest kind of fightiug
And these gains have been conslderably
less in extent than those of previous
! days, before the Germans stiffened
their retreating armies by ruphing
numerous fresh divisions to their aid
' and adding greatly to the aggregate
! strength of their fighting force within
jthe fast-disappearing pockfct between
| Soissons a*hd Rheims. ?
| As a result of violent counterattacks,
j delivered with huge effectives, the Ger
i mans have been able to force the faII
j ing back .by the Americans and French
| on several positions, but nowherfe were
I they able- to find a spot weak enough
| through which they could penetrate
! the allied line. Standing firmly, ar|d
j giving ground only under absolute
j necessity, the allied troops everywhere
: have exacted a huge toll in men killed,
wounded or made prisoners from the
j Germans in their every effort partly
i 10 retrieve their losses of ground.
Particularly heavy has been the
lighting in the center of the salient
and on the right and left anchor points
of the salient resting, respectively,
southwest of Rheims and south of Sois
sons. It is still on the two anchor
points that the Germans are keeping
a most watchful eye, fearful that the
allied troops may yet press back the
line and threaten th>3 armies of the
German Crown Prince with the pinccr
maneuver, for the Germans aro not yet
far enough out of the pocke*. to have
passed the danger of such a contin
In the center of the pocket, north
of the Ourcq River, the Germans, in a
counterattack, drove the Americans
out of C'lerges, but this slight gain was
more than overcome later by the pene
tration of the Americans northward
from Sergy. Beugncux. lying on the
west side of the pocket northwest of
Fere-en-Tardenois. also was taken by
the Germans, but later the French and
Americans recaptured It. and with
Grand Rozoy in their possession, they
still hold vantage points for a small
turning movement tpward Fere, which,
if successful. woul<J give them a good-'
ly number of prisoners.
Southwest of Rheims the Germans
delivered a violent attack against the
French from both sides of St. Euphralsc.
Their effort to capture the village,
however, was futile, although they
pushed their lino slightly forward on
the west side of It.
Southwest of Tpres tbo Austraitan

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