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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, August 08, 1918, Image 6

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; $idjituimi (Times
EmerV.1 "Unar, ?. loo-., a, Ih. -?oL u,
lilcluiionil. Vg., n? won*!-* nmtirr.
FrilLISIIKl) c? rr, ?!..> *?},^'*rW,?5-!"nCJC?*?!,'Y'Shl
hX "V. ln1. !!' n.arl^ I. ll???.ruok. ?
AIMIKKSS AM. <OXnM.Nl<.;i'()N.S t?> The Tlmr.
UUpuMi. uml not ?? mi"x
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(tuiliftUltK "'I'1 ,,,( *'ei>nrt
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ft our in.ii - ?li
|tiil?tluti>>ll> l?T i?'"'
??nua"? rttvUiifi;
UIUU.II, int. >??? *?????? A\??
m,?*: N?*>\ \orK i il;. I illli
\x.-nuo Ituii.ui'i:: i Hii'ii*".
t.a> lluiuiinK:
i ni'uuol|ilit?. Mutual 1-11?
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si ? ?? %?in* ii.nil. l*>
?"C, ..?'r,4rj
I, illt.lllll* >1.??. ??
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Ilto III lls? * ?
,l,?- .? ??*">
st i ?Y?i* -"ul
ull.l ? lIlllU'H'
ml M.Ol'l"
III* l*,r
l..u! jioi Kavl would uo jusltiu'u in leminu
m0 iuo Kaiser oC his promise more thau J.
-.v... uyo lu end ilu- war in mx months with
li'ia L-ooats. Where one ot the parlies to a
(.ualiacl talis to live up to 't- wrun>. u cea.-.-.
iw o.' binding on the *.?11:? ? i i-iit>.
Ueil, white ?>'!>' it* uU' ''l"u ' .
?? tnc new .lugo-Staviati h?n; which wa. *?"?
Irfried on July l at Washington, and whic.;.
a iter the c?ose of the piesent vuir. wn; b
tne lag of a now Member 01 the laniuy 01
nations, it takes in the Serb;', the Mon
if iiv&vii*?. wie iii?suiiw Mon* iit'> ?i 111i '11'
A? communication from Cionoral ?'er?hins
War IJepaitnuMit places the number m
^?iinan jui-uiu-i.s .aUei. t?y American troop..
,n the iifelitinK ot Ui< past tvso weeks at
ii. lbO. In view i>f the fact tluit the \)i .n
i:ipnl aim i?f American soldiers is to Iviil t?ei
m.ins, and not !?< caiuure them, it may safely
be intun.d that the t'.erman losses in killed
mono ui the hand- <>: ?he American.- has been
fomethiUK appalliiiK.
There is unofliciai evidence that President
Wilson has changed from an opposition that
unco hociiied unaltt ruble to univers al military
tiainilig and has come to favor a plan ./hereby
ihis nation can i>>' kept permanently prepared
to resist enemy attacks. Tills war has bee*',
a great awakonor. ami it will be cause o:
rational gratilkcaiion if it.> lessons >tiali mak<*
l.ii.i the leaner of those lorce* which luive
ioughi through many dis? ouraging years to
bring si'.fety at all times to tin i'niud States.
The "lower' from which the Kaiser
watched t!i<- launching >f i:. l.iies. lioruiau
i.ficnsive, whose objecti"'- ?\as Paris and a
(Jornian-dictati d poaio, is now within range
o? allied artillery, while t!i<* All Highest is
supposed to be im a*^b unb^preof somewhere
in the vicinity*" o'f .fiiemin-des-Datnes
P.otBcr describ d hi:. eun>tio:i.k from t'ii * *
"tower"; it would in int-re ;tii'g to have his
rec<i!'u of til. Kaiser's emotion.. ;i he vvit
ncssed tne retreat of his beaten
force: now under .i.> .
' i~.ii' or. a: aviation fataiit in this
co >ntiy. jU: t ... d' publit, disprove tlie popu
!*?: imprf ion of an exceedingly high per
centage for th?- large numb >r >>f t?.????. engaged
i-. the :?< : vi ?? T!n ? tigur- ? h.'W total of
but ir..*i deaths from September 1 last year ,
to July liii >< i. or an rai.-" of one
fatality to evry" "i flying liouis. This
e?tablish< :i new worbl r > rd of safety iu
f.ir training. The p ib'.ie :ailo.'. ?o .ak*' int<? '
account in it: e ti;nate c t: ?? ri: i.e the great
ness of ill" effort reprr- nt<? < 1 n this branc'.i
of war s.-rvi< <>
A few slio:t ivfolis ago Stcrlin was taunt*
jnp. the lightr.inp-trained" soldiers of th.e
American ar:i.> and telling the world that
they could not lig'.-.t Now. no b ? a person
than the mirhij l.udendorff ;ipo!ogfticall.v
and hopefully tells hi: po >ple back home
that sonic time his . uper-roldiers will be
come accustomed t facing tl:o Ameriean
troops. What a commentary it is on these
forty-year- ti. in -d Teuton tighters. educat*'d
by Prussia to in.-till f. u into the hearts of
the em-iny v have been compelled t<i turn
their bacli ?-? it Mi< doughboy:- and >e.>u safety
ir. flight
Dritish ; to <? miner.) on the fourth anni
versary of Hritain entrame into the war is ,
very generou - iu conceding that the |>rr-s(;nt j
favorable outlook for allied success is chiefly
due to the speed with which America threw '
Its man power into tin- struggle after the
Germans laun-htd their big offensive on
March 21. an<i that American strength will
be the main reliance in hastening the vic
torious enditu' of th<- conflict. it i;. fully
realized that American participation is just
now getting under l ill headway and that the i
ftrengtb it is capable of putting into its i ffort '
within the next year or two is almost un
l limited.
?;/ The rcnomination by ;i sab tantial ma
s"jority of Representative '' (' i arlin ti> ('on
i;i gress from the Mighth lilstrict is very grati
Kfving, in view of the ^plendid record h<- has
made as a ^.afe and sound legislator through
out his more than ten years of service in the
rHouse, where his ability is generally recog
ir.4r.ed. it Is no reflection on either the popu
laritv or the splendid qualities of his worthy
opponent for the nomination that the voter-;
of the district were unwilling to substitute
hint for one whose service at all times has
met their full approval and has materiallv
contributed to the large influence thai the
Virginia delegation exerts on national legis
For Hotter Municipal (ioveminenl
?"yllK force of aroused public interest in
1 better city government was splendidly
manifest in Tuesday's election on the charter
amendments, a vote of moie than three to
one in favor ot the changes being cast. Thus
Iroin a cumbersome and costly form of gov
ernment. adopted some years ago as an ex
periment. the awakened intelligence of tlitt
people has overwhelmingly voiced its ap
proval of a progressive system which pro
vides the necessary machinery for a more
simple, ellicient and economical Jidniinistta- |
lion of the city's affairs.
In supporting the changed form of govern- '
ment submitted by the City Council alter a
careful study of the recommendations by the
board of municipal experts employed by the
i ivic Association, those public-spirited citi
: ens who have taken the lead in urging these
reforms have made no claim of perfection {
i <r the changes that were proposed, but they i
dii'i insist that they are a long step in the |
ight direction, and the result is especially J
gratifying in its overwhelming indorsement i
of the soundness of tlieir contention, as well (
in the showing ot kern interest by our i
ii::.*enry in the h\t t'.i.it is attainable in
i r.:niiipal jv vrrninen:
While it is not contend d that under the >
barter changes the limit has been reached in !
government responsive to the needs of a i
modern growing city nevertheless the fotin- ;
hit ion of a system i laid 1 hich admits of j
-u h progressive improvements as experience j
' ... demonstrate to l> ? necessary. I'nder the ;
h.inges authorised, the abolition of the Ad- '
r.\ in is t ration Hoard, which has imposed on i
he taxpayers a . ccdless annual expense of i
'?> in . ,".!ar: is reckoned among the
most important Hesides the savins of this I
< xp- nse. t>.c tran.-fer of the duties heretofore >
\cstir.g in this board to the necessary heads j
v! existing departments, co-operaiing a* a ;
cabinet around the Mayor, after the fashion j
o> the Federal government, places the re- |
possibility i*>r the success or failure of j
municipal government on the Mayor and his j
'.hcial advisers, thus arming the people
u gainst inetllcient administration, a power
hich they do not now adequately porsess.
Another change is the adoption of the
? unicipal budget system, which imposes on '
he Mayor and his cabinet the duty of pre
"ing and . ? Inj t> r'.e Council a pros
?tive appvi ? ri . . ;; v i in keeping with
anticipated revev.n-of the city and de
: at .Is of the vi;":ous <1 ? p.iriments and in
. : tutions. Heretofore the Administrative
Foard has been in the habit of recommend
:.i: to tlie Finance Committee a budget ex
e ceding the anticipated revenue annually
Pom $1,000,000 to ..i.o00. thu making
w rthlcss the consideration of such a budget
"?:? tl"'.' Finance Committee. As a further
?;.fcg'iard for the public interests and the
:oney of 11>o taxpayers, th ? ?':ty Auditor and
'? ty Attorney are elect' d directly b. ihe Citv
i.uuri'i with lit v. comtif ;ul;.'Ion from the
Hard Sledding for Critics
"r III.-' has been a hard i ? uson for critics of
I tie- I'niied Stat >s government. During
the months immediately following the declara
tion of w.ir ar-;inst Genua i> they wer. in
;l eir glory. Never before had b?en beard
sitch an anvil chorus. In the general wield
ing of hammers it: he -? ir 1 - stage- of the
conllict, President Wilson was the chiefet
ot the victims. A little Washington cabal,
v.hose influence was by no means contined to
i he capital, went without sieep that it might
have more time to lind ;";;<:lt with him and
: 11 his works. Open criticism was not s>
insi. tent or insidious as t'.at whispered from
mouth to ear. and few of the President's un
folding war plans or dome- tic policies escaped
belaboring from hostile tongues.
Iti shafts falling broken from the imper
turbable chief of the administration, un
friendly rntieir-m was turned upon members
? f his ot!i< ial family Perhaps never before
1'i.d an> public n in hren so bitterly as
?iled ;.s was Secretary of the Navy Daniels.
" !i> re wa - r.o c oncealii cn. of the dotcrniina
' on to drive him from the Cabinet, and a
?? and b-^s able m.tn would hardly have
urvlved tin attack.
.Secretary of War Haker was the ne^:t vie- ?
tini The \.>rba! and journalistic as.-aults
upon him were fven more envenomed and
determined 1.: n those that had been launched
i'gains? hi; i dlcague of the navy. Accused
( I being a i acifist. a pro-German and an in
competent. the cabal openly boasted that it
proposed to hound him out of public life.
All that was in the early stages of the war
:he preparatory month..-.. Where are those
critics to day? They have been silenced, and
eve? from the lip.- of most of them have been
v rung words of admiration for the results J
that have been accomplished by the men r
whom they -? freely reviled and derided. !t
: at once . happy omen for the future and
a tribute to the great things already done
that the severer critics of the government,
long ago have been silenced. More than six
month ago these harpies were put to shame.
With Wilson the acknowledged leader of
the allb'd world, l is policies proved sound in
the fiery cruejble of war; with a navy barely
m i ond to that of Great Britain and doing its
full -hare in the policing of the seas- a share
'h;.i has won em omi'iins from the wo.'bl's
greatest naval command r> and with an
army abroad now marine the l.iiOO.OCO
mark, which already has turned the tide of
war against the enemy; with that vast nuni
l;"r landed in France without the loss of a
s.ngle troop transport, and with millions
more in training here, all ground has been
?ut out from under the feet of the crit'.es.
'1 he big facts of to-day are too heartening
and too vital for other than enthusiastic ap
plause. !t is foolish to waste time on the
rarping critics who, under the guise of pa
triotism, sought to impede the administra
tion. They have their answer, and are in
Pill retreat
The German government's news factory
' av had General llindenburg restored to life
and health, after keeping the public mystified
concerning his whereabouts for some months
past lie is needed again to serve as a
i ??;. pegoat fur the crown prince's latest folly.
The "German vote" in America so far has
failed to contribute very materially to the.
I Kaiser's hopes of achieving a political
triumph in the country where he figured his
; planting c f Kultur would yield abundant,
i fruit.
Much Ado About Nothing
nv HOY K. MOI'l.TO.V
The l.rtlrrn llouio of n I'orwplrlnK Kmprror.
Sitniewhi'rr, Sometime in August.
Dear CiiKsy,?Sixty of our bravo men brought
in I wo Americans yesterday It was a grout
victory. lilvc all tin- school children a day's
vaontb ii- I don't want tliom to get too much
J cducn t ion. anyhow. It teaches thorn to think.
t>ur own six tloar ohiUlron arc very woll; not
| ono of : Ik-iii can got shot, for iron orossos. The
| ctowii prince weighs 70u pounds In his medals.
N'oxt to tho Sultan of Turkey, ho ts th? greatest
soldier on our side. If thoy over get a shot at
him, thoy to look quick.
1 lon't know whon 1 will sot homo. Maylto
not so noon as I told you. so dyn't keep supper
hot on tho hack of tho stove. I got to whip
Prance and Knglaiid, Italy and America yet. I
vol all the rest cleaned up
* Sot i is marching with us to victory, hut I
ilon" tsee llun around nowhere.
W'aen 1 impose my will upon the world, I will
mention you and my six sons in it. It Is all
drawn up, and is in the brown teapot on the top
shelf in iho pantry.
1 promised my people peace. Woll. I have
Kept m> word. About 70'), 000 of them have
found peace in the past two months.
I'.e sure and wind tip the watch on the Khittc
every night. Send twelve more uniforms, and If
you happen to meet my partner tiott anywhere,
t o! 1 I > iin to net busy and koI on the job or lie
will make iiio out a liar. Yours hastily.
If somebody will get out a magazine without
a picture o( a I euutifut but insipid looking
young woman on tho rover, we will he the first
to subscribe to ii for tivo years, regardless of
tlie <. tiionts.
Junkers are the landed aristocracy of Prussia.
It is a suggestive fact that they are noted for
thieving and carrying off alt the junk thoy can j
Set their hands on. Hence the term.
Woi k or tight? Why. proa: guns, there arc
a lot of us who do be th every day.
Ml.tnoiirl to (lie Front.
Missouri's surely to the front.
Prompt on hand to do her stunt.
Into line her boys all fall
When the country makes its call.
>ho's always ilrst to lift her load.
And when you heard the bugle blowed,
>he blowed it.
Johnson County Democrat.
It is said on honor and oath that the meat
the soldiers gel to oat is bettor than that which
is served in hotels and restaurants. Put that is
i ?*. saying much. We had hoped the soldiers
v\er? getting oven better meat than that.
<lood-natured l>r. Taft, of Yale, formerly
President of this cju ltry. says we must send a
large army to Uu-sia. in a moment or two
somebody will he touching the pood doctor
lightly on the should'r and asking him blandly:
Who the 's running this war. anyhow?"
M has hc-n note.l that most of the negro sol
1 or. . i ? i Prance use tiie old-fashioned
.:?> . i. l not s.ilotles Hood sign.
"I am master Idivine light, and I rule tho
w < ? ?? 1 K a ; - or \. i Iheim.
't'.. iii.- and he's going to stick to it.
Y.-.m;; heiress >f.idei,t at an Pastern college,
r.g that ;he caiin* I; v ?? on Jl-.">00 yearly
?. a> uunt of th< war. pet.t. >ns the court for
ir ::i roast in her income to S20,i.">0. There is
i- ... some terrible suiTer:r.g ia this country.
!.<'? u> pass the hat for tiie young iady tn dis
tr. >?.
A Washington t./en advertises to the effect
til : he will t>o responsiblt only for his own
debts lie's lueky. A lot t f lis en n't go even
I'iricinnati h-? ted a can to the tail of the
d.i' i.s'.i.jiid. What. Cincinnati? Yes. Cincinnati
The. e i-< siva* ? tinus. as < Id man T'-mpora
raid '<? i man Mores.
'liormanj Is Soapb-ss.' headline.
Say it fa t and it sounds like "hopeless."
N'):-.e ,;e?.tiaoo.-upat.on. Married m\n sittins
o:i front porch at - A M t.'yiic to remember
?he excuse he used last time.
In mta.ri Ktiropfati countries th?* people are
si.iiY: i ... a new 'lisoa.se railed iricof'.ta.
caused by the lack o.' soap. It is said to ne
i..nie son rul in Turkey than clsewniie.
Ther.> is on<? thing to sny of iJrar.d Duke
Nich> .is. He is tne talieiit field marshal Russia '
has over hail
T.i*. self-detr rmination the Kaiser promised
the .-ina 1 i sia'cs turtle out to he self-extermi
na t ioi..
A "slurb" f'tnd >n't much use r:gh'. ir> the ;
;n:<.iP* of the summer.
Health Talks, by Dr. Wm. Brady
Ind list riuI Hygiene 'I'oliacco W orkers* Itifik
1 '? i ? oy
Analysis of the tobacco dust from different
estab:.shmo*it5 showed. . accoidtnp 10 ileucke.
< 11 .1 t v S'.-phani. tne | i-ciuo G per ceil'.
?I it inc. Stephani t st intuics that a cipar
n akei turning out .iho cigars .? day manipulates
1 '?> i i.. nos? an.i in -i.iii tobacco coiiiaiiunp
ever ti.rei ounces of nicotine. i_?.ie drop oi nico
tine pr.i ' i dii ihv. lu'igue of a cat or dog .s
Quickly :atal. nut o. 100 wo nun employed in
* ? t'uao. ii |at :ory, Kostial iuunil seventy-two
sufi'oi ::ip w'.thia th. urst six months from ci'ti
g'stiv.- i; e i i d' o' 11 c, ,'.'.ipital ion of the heart, Uis- j
i co s felt ai'i at the lepion of the heart, inter- ;
uiitten; pulce uiroppmg louts), pain iu the i
r^go/ii of tne stoma".! heart-burn, loss of appe- |
t !<. niNo'iMiia, loss o: strength, sometimes nau- I
? a ar.d vomiting ?symptoms very suggestive of !
; va to po. t n.ii^
T.io "nited Mate.-- Bureau of Census estimates t
ti'i.i at b-i??l per cent of the cigars and nearly !
c.'.l c;g,.r<ttes aio io ? made by machinery iu i
this i iniruand smoking tobacco is nearly i
a:! iti a do by inac'in.ory. Nevertheless tliere is i
s; ill great t'ei.l ot dust inhaled by tobacco !
WMl.ers who :.ort and handle tin: leaf;
:? td volatile em., at oiis inhnl'd by those who
blend i'<:men:. !!a\o;- ,?nd i inice tobacco
Among t v.? m v-three '.ccupations tabulated by
the I'mted States <*.misu- Bureau, cigar maker's
an* 1 tobacc workorn hicjdj second place in tho
tuboi't'ui ;i-. d.:.tn rate Jlarble and stone cut
ters l.oM ! rst ;tl:u in this unenviable list. From
.. li tii.t ii.tr.tf.e statt.-.t ics (Bulletin of
i.al >r. No ? >. iloft'i<i;ii found that consumption
cai;. t\<r i.i<--!hirtt of 14! deaths Ironi all
t -i'lses .. nous i ! .o ?o workers, which is far in
extoj-s ? f the i jberculosis death rate among
bak? r-. t ?.iitect i. and others exposed t..
\eg?ial'l< iius' !t must be reniemberetl that
t i;bt r.nb sis : a ? o.,, second to heart-artery
oegeio 'at ion a:- a e.ntso ?? f death among ihc
v. hob population.
Amblyopia tlailtire of eytr.ighl). has ? ven oe
c'irr"tl in tobaeco workers who did not tliem
selves use tobacco.
The inhalation ..f volatile poisons (not alone
i i - .line but other and perhaps more powerful
base:? in tobacco s probably ono !';*?? t.?r of the
li'g'r. tuberculosis rate, the irritr.tton of dust |s
another facto-, and th preference for t.his work j
on the part of weaklings who do not foe| equal i
to greater physical effort is a t hit tl factor. Put !
a casual glance at t'.i ? workers in a tobacco fac- j
..,iv suggests that the same old enemy, cramped :
post <ii e. is prrji.ahly. concorntd in lireaking down I
tbe h'alth of the v.trkers. ..ml tie re again is I
a .all lor the clot k that never strikes the hour
w.thout uttertnp, the health- co n s- ? r v i n g cotn
nian '. "P-racc yourself Nothing about jcrtir '
work to be ashamed of" ,
(titrations nnil Anmiroi.
.More Nonsense.?1 have a wen. about the size
of a hickorynut. on the top of my head. I
haven't tho courage to have it removed. Please
ten nie a safer or simpler remedy.
iins. it. k. w.
Answer.?There is none. Any doctor can re
inuvc It lii a few i-il nut ok. without causing- the
slightest |>:?In. under local anactttlu'sl.i. It would
tic unsafe to.irllle .vltn the w? t otherwise.
Silly Tilly.? I'lense t<? 11 mo If It will soften and
whiten my skin if 1 liathc with fresh milk or
fresh cream every nlgl.t. TILLY.
A ii'f.vcr. ? Nonsensi Tilly.
Color No Object.?Nervous breakdown two
years ago. I eat no red meats.
Answer.- Why drag In the color of your meat'.'
It is of iio Importance wh* ther your meat Is
red. white, brown or pink.
Books and Authors
Mr. Orilway Teat* w? o Is In tho Industrial
Itufeau in Washington. and Is already doing val
uable worU looking toward Industrial recon
struct Ion after the war. has been askeil to give
the war emergence course on employment man
agcinciit at Columbia I'niverslty. Mr. Tead's
book, "The Institute In Industry," a study of
working class psychology, will be published in
the fall by Houghton Midi in Co.
Homer Croy. whose tlrst novel, "lioone Stop."
has just been published by the Harpers, will
leave next week for Franco. Mr. Croy has of
fi rod his services ??> the Y. M. C. A. to operate
mot |on-plctiir<> shows in the hilts and canii?s
near the front lines, providing; American sol
diers with eatertainment in olT-duty moments.
"Iton-ie Stop" is f.i removed from "the movies,
bohig the story of a boy, his father and mother,
in the o*tu-k Mountains, with a Mark Twatnisli
?on ? f humor that has led many people to be
lieve that Homer Croy is a new author of un
common promise.
The former Czarina of Russia, just reported
in the newspaper cablegrams to be on her way
to a convent in Sweden has all her life shown
a passionate religious fervor, however misguid
ed. as is- brought out in .t.e recently published
book. "Confessions of the Czarina." by Count
Paul Vasslll. Many incidents showing her al
most .-uper.st it Inns faith In ceremonies and in
the ef'ieacy of certain persons like Kasputin the
monk, are related by Count Vasslll. The most
startling revelation in' "Confessions of the
Cj-.arina," however, is; the account of Iter friend
ship for Colonel ''rloff and her grief at his tragic
dea i h
"The Liberty Cook Hook." by I'ertha Iv I..
Stoekbndgi: (D Appleton Co.). h..s been writ
ten with the sole purpose of assisting the Amer
ican woman to conserve food. Housekeepers
who have found the use of substitutes a prob
lem will be greatly relieved to learn that many
of the old, delicious, but expensive dishes may
be prepared ill .i new, less expensive way. but in
one that will keep the food just ar delicious
as in peace times. There are hundreds of re
cip? s lur preparing meats, tish. vegetables, soups,
preset ves. dried fruits, etc., and the author tells
just how the housewife can cut down on her
wheal, meat. s.ij:. r. eggs and butter without in
the least detracting from the taste, appearance
or nutritive vaitie of her meals. Sandwiches of
many varieties are given especial place One
part i -ul.il ly desirable feature of the book will
be found in the manner in which the recipes may
be used to cover ihe needs of two persons, or
they may be used to prepare a banqrvl. and the
quality retain the high standard of excellence.
J. T. Harold Terry's three-a w-t omedy, "Gen
er.il I ost." will tie found quite as Interesting
and cult i tain:ug in book form, in which it has
just leeii published by 1:' i'. Dutton ot Co., as
a w;.? on the stage, it had a successful run at
the ' Theater in New York last winter,
waile at the ilaymarket in London it had crowd
ed .luiiiesic'-s every ntght for several months.
Its three acts are supposed to lake place. Ihe
tirst In 1911. the second in 1915. and the third
in an indeterminate tune "after the war." There
are only seven cnaraelc.-s?a baronet, his wife,
son and ua ughter. and the village tailor and
ills brother. in tin- lit.st ait then, is a good deal
oi amusing snobbishness, which seems to ring
quite true ot itlnglish life, and the beginning ot
a love story that apparently is blighted at the
.-tart. The second act shows t.'.e resolution in
social con vent ions and prejudice, i which the war
had already, even tn its tirst year, set going til
Kngland, and inak'-s laiown the budding will
ingness to reeognii-.e genuine high quality in
character, whi.e the tnird act brings the love
story to a triumphant conclusion an< shows how
successful lias been the social revolution. The
little book cast be recommended as an amusing
,itid stimulating antidote for the blues.
Cur re::'.. Editorial Comment
As the loyal Italian waters of
Our Victory the 1'iave whelmed the bridges
0i, * of tiie retreating Austrians. so
. .. the V'esle, a mere brook in sum
1 Uc .iiarnc mer. rose in its bed to trap the
crown prince retiring from the
Mnrne in disaster. So in good time shall all the
streams of France (low ' unvexed lo the sea."
1* is our victory, our costly triumph. What
Ami-rii an docs not thrill at the thought that
"iir own boys in khaki stood at the danger
; ::it where the line was nearest l'aris, helped
lo wreck the Herman drive at the Marne, met
an^ heat the I'rusrian 'luards. and now have
-aken. from Yau.v t.i l-'isrnes, the twenty-four
mile road that spans the deepest angle of re
r. rementThere is glmy for all. and the satis
:a -tiot of work well done. The Italians were
there from the first, standing as they stood i>n
M <n> :lo. The Itrttons came t.i hasten the final
push Tiie l-'rench. whose indomitable spirit is
:h< w ?tider of the world, h :ld by far the greater
part of the line: and the .icnius of their gen
era'..- shines in the successful strategy. 1'iiity
of command and unity of purpose, with emula
tion in the held, will complete the undertaking.
The second victory of the M ime must bring to
every thinking Herman a vision of the inevitable
end of Berlin's great adventure in international
rapine: to u:i it should mean heightened effort;
and s.crner resolution.?>.ew York World.
Whatever may he said of war!
Must Pay i r.demnitiis in general, it Is ri^ht
for Win!(>n that Oermany should pay for un
n?r w.snii.n luwfuJ an>, wanton damage done
Damage occupied territory In a recent
number of tne Merlin Tageblatt
i's correspondent at the front. Herr llcgclt-r,
ur de that while from the strategical point of
view the battle had been a complete failure.
? nevertheless success has been gained which I
can register to-day A new part of France has
been i;i id waste K very where are ruined towns,
villages and farm; " other German newspapers
have consoled their readers for the defeat by
the cynical reflection that a Herman retreat was,
as damaging t'i Franco as ;? Herman victory.;
Thru the devastation done bore ? ut these boasts
i.; declared by our corresponds nis at the front,
though of course there was no time for the
studied ma lire of the destruction done in the
spring of 1017 The Hermans have still a long
way to go before they are driven on Herman
soil, and if anything can he done to protect i
the regions which they st I! hold it should be
done before the grand retreat for which we are
all hoping begins. Possibly a lirm declaration
that Hi-rmany after the war would be held
strictly to account for all unnecessary and un
lawful' damage done would have considerable
effect as soon as it becomes quite clear even to
Hermans that Herinany is Irs.ng the war. To
destroy farms and cities in order to force France
t" yield to Herman terms is an outrage for
which (iermanv should have to pay. and in one
v. ay or another it should Vie made clear that
payment will be required.?SpringflelJ Kcpubli
News of Fifty Years Ago
J (From the Richmond Dispatch. Aug. S. lSfiS.)
Th'i State Methodist Sunday school convention
got well under way yesterday. Uishop Dog
gett, the president, delivered the opening ad
dress and submitted his report of the work of
the society since its beginning, and forcefully
portrayed the great utility of the organization,
and the great importance of its objects There
arc in attendance over 1.000 delegates from all
parts of the State.
Th? lecture of Or. James A. Duncan at Cen
tenary Church last bight was delivered before
a packed house, and this in spite of the threat
ening weather. Tne doctor chose for his sub
ject 'Tiie Duties of the Sunday School Teacher."
A telegram from Indianapolis to the Cincinnati
Co lmereia' says: "It is stated that Heneral
Robert K. Lee. the leader of the armies of the
!< . t cause, will spend this month at French Lick
Springs in Orange County in this State, as the
guest of Dr. William Howies, the leader of the
Sons of Liberty in Indiana."
The Virginia Military Institute will open its
next session with students, and would have
over 10(1 if the barracks could be finished and
accommodations provided by the opening.
|-lx-Confederate Admiral Semmcs was in
Wasnington on Monday, and was reported as
telling a Radical Congressman that he has trav
eled extensively in the Sr.mh and (Inds but one
sentiment among the decent while men?"Hos
tility to congressional reconstruction."
Thad Stevens's condition was reported some
what improved yestcrdt.y, but he is still criti
i ally ill.
There are over applicants for the twenty
live super visorships created by the new tax
Heneral Canhy yesterday issued nn order offi
cially relinquishing th^ command of the "Sec
ond Military District"?North and South Caro
lina. Thus ends at last the military rule in
those two States Virginia will have to wrestle
with it for a while longer.
National Problems Discussed for Readers of Tho Times-Dispatch by
Authoritative Writers?.A Daily Kdltorial Feature.
Former I iiilrd Slntow MiiilNltr lo flnly.
11 Is inevitable that, noon or later, all
departments of tlie body social as well
lay economic must be organized for the
? objects of the war, a war which, as we
! in our turn are realizing. is a war of
nations with everything the phrase itn
! plies of the resources inherent in the
' peoples"' and the lands they occupy.
There is no class of the population
; that is more vitally essential to the
i direct prosecution of the war and also
j to maintenance of the efficiency of the
'nation at large than the members of
| the medical profession. Imring the
'past year ar.d more the vital charac
i ter of their services in the lleld. to
1 jjether with the consequences atten
j dent upon unsystematized disturbance
of their normal work* at home, has pre
sented a problem of constantly incrcas
; lug gravity.
With a continental population num
1 bering well over 100.000.000. we have
registered a total of only 1 13,000 doc
tors. of whom 113,000 are now serving
; with the army and the navy, and be
i twecn sn.000 and I'i.OOO are assumed
' to be in active practice In civil life.
Kruin this latter group must be de
ducted a considerable proportion who
are wholly or largely engaged in in
str'jetion and laboratory work, and
i others who, if not <juite superannuated,
art- at best disquaiilled physically for
performance of tin- full labors which
tli'- "active practit ioner" is called upon
to discharge.
The actually and fully elTective phy
sicians may number no more than ?j.
000 at this time, as they uru to be
reckoned for the needs of our civil
population. From these must be de
ducted at least US.000 in the future,
because 50.000 medical men will be re
I quired ultimately for the at my as
against the J3.000 now serving alleM
and at sea. and meanwhile the medical
schools of the country, try as they
will, can qualify only a small fraction
of the number to be utilized. So we
are confronted with the problem of but
few more than ?,0."0o physicians to
100.000,000 people, or one for every
2,000 of the population, while nearly
CO per cent of this population is r?-si
dent in rural districts and other area.*
sparsely settled.
In effect, then, for the period of the
war one medical man will be required
to do the work of two among the
people of the fulled States. When we
consider how extensive are the conse
quences incident to ih'- dislocation of
tin; practice of but :? < :>;;]?? active phy
sician by reason of h illne: . death
or retirement, it p-. ? blc to appre
ciate the neccssi'.y of some systema
tized ami expertly ordered reailjust
inent in the face of such an emergency.
Tne enrolment of all physicians in
the I'nilcd S'.ates in a corps pledged
to perform what cvi-r service may be
assigned them by the corps' governing
body has bee;i begun by the Council of
National Ijefetute. It promises to be a
practical. satisfactory alternative for
conscription, apparently the only other
means of obtaining that general com
pliance with the orders of a central au
thority which is imperative tor the
well-helm; of our lighting forces and
jt ?.ur civil population.
I'nder the conditions hitherto pre
vailing. the medical profession has re
sponded magnificently to the national
heeds and great numbers of men, dis
tinguished in the profession, have been
deterred from offering their services
In tho Ho 1 <1 only bccause they feel they
cannot abandon the iiosts they hold. r
know may who. cleans of medical col
leges or director:! of hospitals, are
eager for army service, hut feci they
have no right to volunteer becauso
their present paramount duty is tiie
education of others who are needed for
the care of the sick and the aHlicted.
I know of important hospitals having
to-day not a single interne, a condition
which needs immediate rectification.
In one instance that has come under
my observation a physician who is a.
| laboratory worker has been offered tho
J post of pathologist to the King of Siam.
! an i'-ppoititmeni of the highest distinc
tion and of the utmost importance to
I the welfare of humanity, involving a
compensation larger than he received
j or can ever hope to receive. Ho has
! refused it, because all of his^ former
colleagues in tiie laboratory are in
Krance, and lie alone remains to carry
oil tii- work.
If the government will take all such
men into .. nationally organized ser
vice and assign them to such duties as,
in its Judgment, they are best fitted to
perform, it will be the fairest and
wisest thing that is feasible now
The plan, unquestionably. will affect
adversely the material prospertiy of
many thousands among the individuals
In the medical profession. The Amer.
I'dii physician who becomes a Miry con
in the army dots not begin to earn
what he <loes in his private practice.
Tiie hit"heist rang assigned such men is
lliat of major; the discrepancy between
a major's pay and the income of a sur
geon of recognized ability in civil life,
or of any expert in medicine, is very
large. Hut the medical profession as
a whole is too devoted to it's ethics ar.d
too magnanimous as a body to offer
that as a ground for opposing the p!ar.;
it will support any measure our gov
eminent deems necessary for the na
tional safety
On the other har.d. the disturbance of
existing conditions in the practice of
medicine throughout the country will
be reduced to the minimum that is con
sistent with successful adaption of th?
profession to tho emergency. The
Surgeon-General's Department is in
cl'jse touch with conditions everywhere
and knows exactly where men jro
needed or not needed
It is highly probable that present
conditions in our medical schools will
be much bettered. They have been
hard hit in their teaching staffs. while
their freshmen classes are increasing
markedly in size. All of these instit j
tions, as regards their resources for
instruction, are now seriously over
crow ded.
Large numbers of young m^n have
turned to the study of medicine be
cause of the now honors that attach
to tiie profession, and because in It
they discern the opportunity for ex
ceptional service to tneir country i'r.
der a governmental system capable
teachers can be assigned in numbers
sufficient to provide instruction for a'.i
There is no class of our population
that .s more highly trained technically
than ate physician.); there is none that
in s.o directly responsible for the lives
and the health of those composing the
nation, at home and in the field Here,
if anywhere, the irresponsibilities of
the volunteer system must give way to
mobilization of our forces under gov
ernment direction
( Copyright. 1 91 * >
Voice of the People
I.etter* must civt the name uml nil
dre** of the Hiurr. >aine will not be
l>u li lix hed If nrilrr mo rr i|nrn rn.
t.ermany Must lie Ilrnlrn.
To the Kcliior .if The Times-1 >ispatch:
S:r.?Can it ???- that the latest peace
i leating of Lord l.nifl'ivr.ift is timed
;?? reach *>1 is country coincident with
the publication of our first big casualty
I'eace at this time would he the as
sassination of every human ideal for
which we .stand The <1 rinan govern
mon! and the < lerman people, through
their psychology and their training. arc
a' menace to the liberty of the world ,
lias their powei been broken'* Not yet.
t.i-r will it he until the .lay come*
when every man. woman ar d child in
Germany knows that the German army
h?-> been decisively beaten. So lor.g as
'Jernian arms can suffer defeat and
? t'il convince the home public that they
prevail, just so Ions will the German
menace endure. The German public
niiii-r be taught on -e for ail that there
is in the world a right'ous force
against which their brutalized stand
ards can never prevail. Any peace !
Information Bureau
Inqulrim regarding almost nny topic,
excepting o niegni mid nirdieul mub
Jeett>, lire anknorril free. An nil I ?i -
tjuiricM nre ntuwrrrd directly by per
M.uiiJl letter n nclf-aiJdrrAxrd, stamped
enit'lopc In required. Addre.n* 'i'lie i
Time* - Dlnputeli Information lJureuu,
1?leliinonil, V u.
Secretary MeAdon'i Sons.
L. \V. McK.. Hranchville.? Robert' It.
McAdoo, youngest son of Secretary of
the Treasury William G. McAdoo. j
joined the United States N"?val Reserve
in Decern be.*, 1917. William G._ Jr..!
joined the a.iation section of the Naval I
Reserve, and l-'rancis li., besides vol
unteering in the aamf: service, has
given the government his fast motor!
boat "Adroit" to be ui>cd as a sub
marine chaser.
About Allotment*.
W. F. MclX, Richmond College.? It i
depends on to whom your allotment is
made as to the allowance paid by the ,
United States to the party. Fifteen
dollars is paid to a wife; wife and one i
child, $25; w ife and two children, $2.j; !
one parent, $10; two parents, $20; each I
grandchild, brother, or sister, $5. These
family allowances are granted only so
long as the enlisted man makes com-'
pulsory or voluntary allotments of pay 1
to the dependents.
Kdlth fnvell.
r>. A. C.. Burke ville?Kdlth Cavell. I
a British nurse in Belgium, met her ]
death at the hands of a German tiring'
s:|iiad. October 11. lfilft, in Brussels.
She was accused of helping British and j
Relglan soldiers to escape. Appeals for
her pardon were made from America,
Spain and flic Vatican. Official infor
mation of the appointment of General
Koch supreme comman ler of the allied
armies was received by the United
States. March 30, 101S. General I'er
shing placed the American expedition
ary forces under his command March
Allotment* to Dependent*.
_ W. K. R. Bristol.?A recent issue of
the Ofltcial I'.ullctin published a state
ment from the Treasury Department on
allotments to soldiers' dependents and
payments on the second Liberty loan
by soldiers: Allotments to flependents
of United States soldiers have in
creased from 10,000 at the beginning of
the war to S00.000. For month of
May these allotments total $5,000,000.
Thirty thournnd commissioned ofllcers
are allotting $1,000,000 a month to their
families; noncommissioned ofllcers and
privates. $4,000,000. In audition nearly
$T.O.OOO,000 of Liberty loan bonds of the
second Liberty loan will have been
paid for by members of the army, and
will be turned over t.i the purchasers
during August, the paymenlH having
been made out of allotments made foi
that purpose.
-hort of that goal would be traitorous
tc those American heroes who have gal
lantly fought, and gallantly died.
\\'?- are <<n tht; eve of knowing the
extent of our first ureal sacrifice. We
j need all our strength, all our fanh.
and all our resolution. The fetters
that 'jf-rtnany has forged inu.il In
I -.tnii y looj>' Men must die to mak*
| :ne:? ? ree. Christ Himself died to win
|salv.it;on for the world.
This is not the time to talk of pea'.c.
This is thf time 10 resolve to spend
<>ur lart drop of bleed. if necessary. t>
free a striiken world. l.'p. America!
Vnur flesh stands between justice .tnd
the damnable forces of murder and
rape. The man among us who cries
for a < r< rma 1 peace in these days is
? ither a coward or a traitor. Ther*
run be no peace until we have broken
tin: spirit of a nation that deliberately
s*t out ?o ru!'> the world with tho
?word, and with blood, and with iron.
ttldgeficld Park, N. J., August 2. 1315.
Kipert Wnrlimfn In Dancer.
To 'he Editor of The Times-Dispatch:
Sir. Doe? this country realize tn<?
los;: she will sustain should she draft
h-r nit n between forty and fifty years
of age?
At>d ('ofs this stage of the war justi
fy 1 h acclaimed desperation? We
trust face the fact that should our men
between forty and fifty bp drafted, it
will -in'i*i the cutting at the very roots
of all lift? in our sciences, businesses
and art -. It will not only mean that
Mir d '/elopnient along these lines will
b-- arrest--;;. but it will mean the rapid
deterioration of our expert workmen.
The - ? men I efweett forty and fifty have
passe 1 through tfe schoolroom of train
ii>*4 and have entered the world's great
v nr',:s!icp At no other time in life
u man so equipped for creative vrork.
lie is as ,> tree that has reached its w
full bloom: the formation of fruit is
imminent. Any disturbance is fatal to
t ite processes of development and
mtans the cutting off from our lives
all hope of the n-essed harvest. We
must havit younger men to do our
fighting and older men to direct, nut
th?se men between forty and fifty are
by nature as well as by their training
essentially equipped for scientific work
and the d? velor.nvn*. of all enterprise.
It is they who are daily rivetting theory
to practice and thereby converting the
country's raw material into vital
forces. Younger men are ofttimes hur
ried into the workshop, but limited ex
perience rarely produces an expert.
'Oder men are many times detained
in ihe workshop, but they kno.v, as
others know, their equipment is for
other field.-!.
Kut the man of forty, whose develop
ment plaocs hitn there, is the man who
counts. You 11 ight :=ay these men form
the armory .??? our nation, so busy are
they equipping us ull. soldiers and ci
vilians, for life's greafc. work. If we
unroot or transplant this man, giving
htm enly n stated line of his profes
sion to develop, *e sidetrack him- We
must roiltze that it is only through
the full and free exercise of his com
prehension of the breadth and ? depth
of hi.-? work that ho is able to attain
that purity and accuracy of discrimi
nation which marks the expert. Omit
these men from the draft, all business
men all I rofcssional men. nnd all high
class workmen, betwee ; the ages of
forty and fifty, and make firm our
country r. conviction that only througn
progr-!** can we gain light?light to
direct our .battles; light to maintain
The output of our workshops can
then be determined and our men 1 vtr
fifty tour natural directors), can take
heart and rest upon the confidence lhat
nu" resouices are tnexharstiblo. TL
D: 00 k It'll, August 0, 101*.
The Call.
I saw the mountains stand
Silent and wonderful and grand.
Looking out across ttin land
When the golden light was falling ,v
On distant dome and spire; , jf)
And I heard a low volco calling, K'
"Come up higher, come up higher,
From the low'land and the mire.
From the mist of earth desire.
From the vain pursuit of pelf.
From the attitude of self;
Come up higher, come up higher."
?James G. Clarke.

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