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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, August 10, 1918, Image 1

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Set limes-Dispatch Wanl Pages lof a
' ervice of Unequalcl Valu?
Early Delivery ol Sunday Wanl Ad
Insures Correct Classification
VIII.I MK <18 ,
??7,E" ?FAIR
Proposed Draft Rules Will
Relieve Registrants From
Explains for Early Pas
sage of Department's Man
power Measure.
DKKKR CAI.i, of M)l'X(ii;K MK.N
? 'resident Will lie Aullu>ri/.ed to De
lay Cull of 'I'liusc I'nclrr I!)
Years of Age.
WASHINGTON. August !?.?New draft
regulation*. under \v filch t It ft govern-.
>nc*nt would do the selecting rather
than leaving it to the registrant, are
under consideration by the War i>e
l'?rtment. This was disclosed to-day ,
by Secretary 1 laker. after he had ap- i
I>earcd before the .Senate Military Com- 1
mittee to urge prompt enactment of the
new selective service act extending the
limits to include all men between
:ne. ages of eighteen and forty-five
The War Secretary made it plain that
he is not satisfied with ?h<- present
tern, under which the registrant must
? lalm deferred classification, ua many,
men with dependents hesitate, for pa-,
triotie reasons. to make such a claim.
!n this connection, Mr. l'.aker aaid ho
as inclined to the opinion that the
in i r r iai;e relation wilt in itself eonstl
? jt.* deferred < lassltivation.
What Mr. liakcr has in mind is to
'.?y de.wn a set of questions which the
registrant would answer, and then have
rules which would lake care of the
classification. He is understood to re
gard this as the fair and equitable sys
The discussion on the draft ages be
fore the Senate ronimtttee, Mr. Maker
said. followed much the lines taken
b; 'ieneral March, chief of staff, and
I'rovost-Marshal-'ieneral Crowder The
committee, he. added. did not indicate
any disposition to quest ion 'he neces
sity for the change, which is urged sm
that the War I'epartme.ut i-ati quickly
secure the men necess it y -a in the
NO ? HA MiK I "S "\\ OK K
on i*u.nr hj:?.i i.atii>\
"Tlirri a wim<? disc i s. in. ' Mr.
t'i.iker ? i:d. "as to whether it wua the In
tention of ilu- departmcrit :<? <m.
the 'work or tight' order t<> inchoi ?
> lasses of persons in various pr<>fes
j-'-.-nal o cupations. 1 tohl them there
was no present change of the 'work or
fiRht' order in contemplation. I said '
'.hat when I decided the baseball case
I thought, perhaps, other forms of !
amusement and entertainment might
r< quire an extension of the order to
V-e on a parity with the baseball sit
uation. but that was not in their mind.
"They had heard from outside sources
that the department was considering
br.nglng professional classes, like law
yers, newspaper men and persons who
were not actually engaged in producing
war supplies under the order."
The committee, Mr. Raker said, was
especially interested in the effect of
the extension of the draft ages cn col
!?(;?? and also in tnr question as to
whether young men front eighteen tip j
would be drawn indiscriminately ir.
?las'". 1 or placed in a deferred cla.s3
i.v ac" and drawn later, givinp them J
ienie added months to come to mi-|
!'hi:sii?i:\'i to OKKr.n
"I told the committee," said the War
.Secretary, "that no fixed policv iiad
been* determined upon by the depart,
ment. but that the ptirpo.se was to al
low the President to defer in class l
the call of the youngest men. I have
always considered, as you perhaps re
number. that nineteen was the pre
ferable minimum, and I have come tc
the eighteen minimum only because
u seems necessary to get the men; not
that I think men of eighteen are nec
essarily too young, because I do not
think that. 1 think that history shows
that boys from eighteen to nlncv.en
are immensely valuable: as valuable,
perhaps, as from nineteen to twenty;
but I think there is a sentiment in
the country which will look with very
much more anxio'is regard on the boys
from eighteen to nineteen than the
I.Ays from nineteen to twenty. Eigh
teen years seems to many people a
more tender age. than nineteen, and It
is for that reason that we are thinking
<.f making this preferential deferment
of men from eighteen to nineteen."
Senators said that in urging sp. >*dy
enactment of the new man-power bill,
Mr. il.'ker had left to the judgment
cf cerigrerslonal leaders the quisMon
of recalling the Senate in session be
fore the. expiration of the reces? pro
gram? August 2C?because the leaders
.ire more familiar with the legislative
program than Is the secretary.
Mr. Baker told thie committer. Sen
ators said, that tbe department wanted
to carry out the plan of registering
the men September 5, so that class 1
,-ould be resypplied. The present res
ervoir soon will be exhausted, ar.3 it
was said that either the size of the.
monthly calls must be red iced or men
taken from the deferred classes.
Secretary Baker was the last of armv
and navy olllclals to be called beforo
the committee begins consideration of
the new bill. Because of !he commit
tee's visit to the war council, Chair
man Chamberlain announced tint r.o
meetlnr would b? held to-morrow bt.t
that the committee would assemble
" (Continued on Second rage.) '1
Neutrjh Would Lose Their
independence if Huns Won
' l,;" ,hr' neutral tin I Intm of i;u
r?|M- I,,,,. their intfrfiriidciirr
w|? ? <i(.rf||f|f)
peme Ilie rtr.-lnrntln,, ?>nde hv n
'""">?>>? '? ? M?ry wkleb np?rnr.
In il.lM Tllr ,,,nliIlclllKllcd
n?i i ,hnt 11 '? 'lultr
" ovrn l""?'?nhle. Il?,t Oriui'itrk,
N?,0|flcp nf)n
"illxerent countries ,vn?ld |?.
I.M,rd rPtaln ? for,nn( lnd ,d_
,l'1* ???!? n *had.r,T
' ?n,i I., roommil,. ,.rn?
trillion. (.Vrnmny ?,o?!d ^rtiiltrillr
phoJn?. The >i ulhur
'l?l>lM?i||f? the f,?., t|lrtt |hw Mn_
"0"' "'Mlltl he ?tlhje<-t In
niniont undivided attention, n*. In
"!|v (ifrinnny'* r?rmpr .m?t
"p:"' ,r"'dr ????nt.?T||..n? Mould not hr
1 ft!n D
i '
Su-ciWoi, vc;.ii1Pr |,;?ids .Many Ke
? u^ccs [? linn .\(iiiiprouN Parts
id l*otr*?gra?J.
Military OMicrs 7^ Loaded In,,,
\ cnsi'Is and Sent to Sea. Where
K<m loins .\n- Opened and They
\ie Drowned Likf Hats.
I.'>.\|,".V AuetiM -0. All accounts
-afrit Russia show that dl>.?r
'? '? .?nd bloodshed continue t<>
Increase from day to day. A StocU
bo.m dispatch to the Morning Pot
MatM ,h;'t ?' Swedish steamer has ,-r
nved from Petrograd bringing a nu:n
ot refugee nf alI national,t ,es
riuy .-ay ihat famine and cholera clal-n
numerous victims dally, and that there
i.v no se,,uMty for life and nr.-pertv.
Military ofllcerr arc specially subject
"? ?> c hatred of the u??d Guar 1s. I
Kairhrs of 5?veral hundred offlccrs arc
brought in barg.-s down the Neva to
the >ea. where l ho bottoms of the
l.?rgos are opened and the oiHeers
drown, d ilke rats.
"Id funerals with gr-.y hair c ,n he I
fee,, brought by youni,- armed Pod
: ? uards to open places and shot.
In .Siberia. I jo I j.hevlk Ism has almost
di. inpearod. except so far as it i*
biippc 11 ed by the bayonets of released !
nan and Austrian prisoners. I
A body of Siamese s/>ld!?r? will |
shortly appear on the western front
with i ne of the allied armies The
troops are clothed in khaki ard are
ue I arni?d and disciplined
He lie * I'd III* Announcement Thnt Slale
of War K&1m|n will Hmr
I'ittlr Wright.
WASIHN'iTON, August 9.?Announce
ment by Premier Nikolai I.enlne. of the
Holbhevlk government. that Russia is
III a state of war with the allies will
in no way retard immediate execution
of th?- plan to extend economic aid to
This flat declaration was obtained at
the White Mouse and the State Depart
ment to-day. a careful study of the
ofJlcial reports is said to have con
vinced President Wilson that Lenlne
has yielded to the influence of the licr
man ambassador at .Moscow rather
than to the sentiment of the Russian i
Io know the real attitude of the Rol- j
shevilci is to have the situation clari
fied. it was stated Prior to this every!
^tep taken had been made in the dark.I
l-enine will he quick to shift his sym- j
pathies. it is thought, as soon as it'
can he demonstrated that the success
of the American and allied plan will
lift tho lierman yoke of oppression
from Russia.
The very fact that the pronounce
ment does not appear to he predicated
on any plan for hostile aggressive ac
tion is regarded as evidence that the
policy of the Bolshevik leaders was
nastily considered.
! M.ifPHllve I'nnimlltre of Southeastern ;
District Vote* to f'nll Out
Mm at Noon .Mondn}'.
? lly Associated rr?'>s. ]
| ATLANTA, OA.. A-igust !?.?Th? ex-i
jfcuti\e committee of the southeastern!
I district of ilie Commercial Teb-grcph- j
j ers' Uit lop of America, it was announced t
| to-day, has voted to call a stride of
; telegraphers employed by the \Y?** tern
| Union Telegraph Company in the SDi.th- j
| easi at noon August 12, unless the on- (
j orators discharged by the Western
i Union arc reinstated. Copies ?>! the j
resolution were sent to President V.'il
?-ori, Postmaster-General Purleson and
S. J. Xonenkamp, president of the na
tional organization of the telegraphers.
I according to A. !*\ Joyner, chairman
? of the southeastern distrio;.
i Officers of Slavic I.c^lon of imerlrnn
Army to Obtain Instruction
In VlrRlnla.
[Special to The Times-Dispatch.1
WASHT-YC/TON. A >1 gust 9 ?0'T\c?rs
for the Slavic legion of the American
army, (o be composed of Jugo-Slavs,
Caocho-Slovaks and Ituthcnians tUkra
nians) will be trained at Camo Ti-.?o.
it was announced to-day by the War
Department in issuing genoral orders
I for the organization of the first for
eign legion to light under tlie Stars
and Stripes.
No units in the Slavic legion will be
larger than regiments at present, *nd
those regiments, after receiving their
number In the American army organi
zation, will bo allowed to retain "Slavic
Legion" in their ofliclal designation.
James Hamilton Lewis Leaves
for France, After Long Con
ference With President
| Believed Voyage Has to Do With
Discussion of Peace At
titude of Allies.
WASH I Nr. IIIN. ii j- (j*. i ?i ?Sena 'or
James Hamilton l.f-wls, ..f illinoi.;.
Democratic whip, has (50110 to l-'nncc
on an important s'cr. t mission (r,r the
govcrnm< n!.
! Senator Lewis loft hurriedly . rt? -r r.
lone conlorence with the Pre - i?"/a*. j.t
'the Whit'* House. i'e baroly had !.i!j
io -.it'll th> steamship upon which lv
was jvk' (1 to sail. l-lvcn to-il iv i;itf
; co!!?a.oues suppose Senator Le<v'r t?.
? he in this country and will be greatly
. surpri>cd to l*?arti of his joi*rre;\ ??a
, thty believed ho would take an active
part, as a member of the Finance Coiit
j mP.tee, in framing he 1 e*.v ? wa--r?;v
' enue 2esi.sln.tion.
1 There hi a possibility that Senator
Lewis may he l<?*pi abroad fot two
1 months or more to carr> ihr ius1) the
, work mapped o it for him by th>?
idem, and if he is so detained he w ill
..(???iip\ a uni'pie position as a candi
date for re-election to the 1'nited States
Semite from Illinois. lie will be th>u
' Mindri <>f miles may frorii his i:on>;tlt
uents and aMe tn send only short co\i
J munieatinnr. His frijnds wiP havr 10
look after his interests!.
It !.?> the best opinion of cffielnH that
Senator lewis's mission lias to do with
the informal discussion with ministers
of the French, 1 irit'sb and proh.sbly
Italian governments? of the attitude of
the United States and th; allied p- ?%*
ernmenta toward peace proffers or pro
posals from the central powers, or sep
arate po.ic* proposals that may co.ne
from any of the peoples now u:id<_-r
the domination of the military autoc
racy of Germany.
Senator Lewis has been prominent
in the discussion of peace terms in
! the Senate, and the accuracy with
j which he delined this government's
I attitude was interpreted as reflecting
the President's conridence and a
| thorough understanding of the admin
! istration view. .For a tiui'j. Liie L'nited
1 States was in a receptive mood, and
i .Senator Lewis freely stated the broad
' terms that would interest this gov
ernment. but as German duplicity and
frightfulncss made it impossible even
to carry on the unofficial discussions
i started by the President, Senator Lewis
warned against further discussion of
peace terms until a military decision
had brought Germany to her knees, or
,t revolution had taken some of her
people out of bondage and into the fra
ternity of Democracy.
France has little to say on the sub
ject because her own territory is in
volved and her d>ect dealings with
Germany, the violation of the neutral
ity of Belgium in order to invade her
soil in an attempt to crush her utterly,
have taught her to disregard the ut
terances of the Prussian until he crawls
on his knees in supplication. It is im
portant, therefore, that this government
should have a thorough understanding
through informal discussion of the at
titude of France toward peace when 1
a military victory over Germany shall
make the discussion of terms timely
and important.
Senator Lewis, it is believed, will ob
tain this view and come back fully ?
Informed. He will not only be able to
give the President the benefit of his
first-hand information, but wil! be in a
position to lead any discussion of the
attitude of the allied governments on
peace that may arise in the Senate.
ncllp%-rd Vlrtopy fiiiinrd , Ha* Ilonr
Away With I.oner I'rpllmlnnry
Homhnrdmr n t*.
I.OXno.V, August 0.?The new blow
delivered at the jermans yesterday is
discussed in the British paper;* with j
keen appreciation. War correspond
ents and military critics unite in point- |
inK out the value of the fictor >f stir- !
prise. The plan* of the allies iiat*
heen splendidly concealed from the "n
emy, and even his recent capture of
prisoners in the region of the attack
had not jriven him any information of ;
It i* pointed o\it that the day r.f lone
preliminary bombardment has passed
altogether, and everything in tho most!
j modern form of attack is sacrificed to'
the factor of surprise.
In this case the surprise w?s so ;
preat as to enable the allies to ot>- ?
tain a success which even thf* most
cautious critics describe as p. remark
able victory.
lTnoincial PlfturM .Nominate Illm n*
('onjrremOonnl Cnndid:ite In
Klrnt Ulotrirl.
W. Otis llla.nd has been nominated as
Congressman from the First District
by 222 *votes over f?. Walter Mapp. ac
cording to unofficial figures made avail
able to-day. The report from King
and Queen County gave (Joolrick 94,
Mapp, 74, and Hlind, T>S
Wnrburg to Retire.
WASHINGTON, August 9.?Paul M.
Warburg, the New York banker, 'has
concluded his four-year term as a
member of the Federal Reserve Doard,
and will not seek reappointment. He
was one of the charter members of the
hoard, and recently served as vlce
Hvc Members Will Comprise It,
and Will Receive $9,000
a Year.
Committee Declines to Impose
Fee on Personal Servants
at This Time.
atl.on of an advisory board of ;hv
n.onibers, each with an annual -nl.,rv
of ,n. wax ;iuihorized ?.;? the Wstv..
.ano Means Committee to-day |? , n,.\v
ser ion of the revenue bill. The ?,..m
hers may all be of one political p-rty
am. to 1>.- appointee! t,v the "ro-ii
idl'llt. *V ith tlio con Veil f f,* Iha V *
1,1 f'? thr >^na#o.
U.cy pro ,o servo clurir.^ the war an-1
one yrar th^r-'-:;ft? r.
Tho function of rr;lx
lo rulvl'e thf. o' I,,-eri;^l
never.no ' n ::11 matters relatirp to ?h?
inter ('rotation and administration of
Jihe lan laws. Ca-ej whlcl: are in r<is
pute -.Mil bo refer; -d to t>,? bo;.r-l an.!
.nvost.eated: report- will thon b.. nv?.?
to tho commissioner for :lna! adju.1l
ca lion.
The committee n!s.> d.elded to in
crease tho salary of Internal l>. venue
'"omtnlssioner M.op.r fr?ni jf;,n.:o t<?
51O.OO'l a year.
Tho Pew board will repiar-e ths vol
| unteer bonni, which is now assisting
| Commissioner lloncr at purely nominal
salaries. Several of those now en
framed in the work are said to receive
salaries of from *15.000 to ?2?.0'?0 ir,
their private business, and for thi;<
reason the cor inittee did not bello\.;
that the salary of 19,000 would be too
hleh for the government to pay fpr
doinp the work.
I.u.vjry taxes were considered by ihr
committee .luring the afternoon ses
sion and the recommendations made
by th? subcommittee were tentative!;
adopted. These include a tax of to per
cr.nt on jewelry and 20 per cent on
articles of clothing above certain fixed
values. The recoiurrendations t,f ?iu
subcommittee are far below the .v.ig
gestions made by the Treasury in its
"luxury list " For instance the Treas
ury asked for a "0 per ~ert tj-.v on
I jewelry salt s, but the cn.Mtnitt?* de
cided that 10 per ?ont was epotig'i.
The entire committee has not an yet
definitely passed on this rate.
.The subcommittee took the articles
on th* Treasury list and divided them
Into luxuries and serriluxuriea. In the
former class it placed jewelry, tapes
tries. bronzes, furs of a.certain type
land a number of other articles not
strictly ?? ssentlal or in common use
''n all of these it v. as decided to place
a 10 per cer.t tax. wnich i-" to be paid
by the manufacturers.
\ IITK'MIS OK ( l.irt'llix.
IM'I.I l)i:i) IN TflK I.ISr
On all articles ",n the other class the
tax is to he 20 per c.?nt, to be collected
<?11 retail sales. Thr articles in this
class include men's suits .ostitis more
than ?r.0, women's suits o.sting more
than $<*-0, women's dresses costing over!
5"i0 and men's overcoats costing m >re !
than 530 The limit on cravats is
placed at each and al> above that |
figure are to bear the JO ptM- ,?,.lU I
tax. Men's shoes above >S and we?r
; en's shoes above S10 are to be similar- i
ly taxed.
t niforms an<l other articles of ap
parel of army and navy oihcers arc
be exempt from the tax.
The subcommittee declined to Jmp->sc
a tax or. personal servants, is 'uig
gested by the Treasury Departm -?nt. as
it was felt such a tax would be u i
Tho committee decided to incroas*?
the t ix on the capital stock if a!?
corporations from SO cents on each
J1.000 of stock to *1. without ai.y e*
c mptions. It is estimated this oharu-.v
will produce f "?!>.000,000 in revenue,
which is (30.000.000 more than the
present rate yields.
| Others Wont to llrlilnsk, Where At
tempt in Incite 1'prinlnpr I*
Quickly <'rushed.
[ Hy AsMn latPil I'ress.l
1 .ONDON'. August !).?Ant i-Holshevik
forces which recont'y occupier! .faro
jt-lav, in tin; Volga region, have b"en
driven out and have taken refuge
i across the Volga. Some went t--? Hy
hinsk, where they tried to incite -it
upri.si lp in the town, but prompt meas
tiros were taken against then:, aocrrd
ing to a wireless pent out by the com
missioner of var at Moscow.
The message s;\ys that oti the Czecho
slovak front the Soviet troops won a
iyrcat victory by occupying the iowia
of Syzran and Vugulma, in the Hln
birsk-Samara region It claims that
the city of Stavropol, in Ciscaucasia.
, is on the eve of failing to the Sovj ?t
troops, and that the Czecho-Slovaks
are tlc-oing in disorder from that re
gion. On the eastern sector, it is said,
the CVecho-Slovaks are retreating be
fore the Soviet troops.
Officer* of Interned I<lner Tnken Info
Custody After "Joy-Itidlnc"
Through Jli-tliterrnnrnn.
.ATLANTIC l*OUT, August 9. ? .Aft.tr
"Joy-riding" through the Mediterranean
Sea. when they were supposed to be
."??ailing to an Atlantic port, and sell
ing J 1,235 worth of coal and various
ship stores, six officers of a Oermat
Interned liner taken :>ver by the United
States Shipping Hoard, were arrestel
Their arrest followed a tip from
Spain. The men?K. M. noddy, Wil
liam Wooster, John Jolff, .James Hans
link, ?ieorgft MeGllnch and l<"rod Wet
zel?are being held in $5,000 bail.
i ? * I
Woman Becomes Miller and Grinds
Her Own Flour in Her Own Mill
CHICAGO, Ai.riikI II.?The flower
nnd flour of CblrnRii'R hounrtvlvrii
nre lip^innlnK to become nrqunlntcd.
In furl, tin- our in ??<> m in r n r I n c to
mukr the other iTlfh a renultnnt
prollt to both. Here nrr Nonir of
thr KlKiiirirnnt fnetn in the nituntion
tvlticft nrr entitling; tlic household
inn linger* to tnt.e thr economic Imr
Into thrlr own .* nndNi
T?ventj'-(ivr potindn of nhrnt put
llirouRh thr rejjtilnr milling procen*
yield appro.* Inm t r Ijr nlnrtrrn pound*
of white flour. Tuenty-flve pound*
of whrnl put through u hnnd mill
mndc for that purpone, ?hirh can
lir purchaned for nonirthliiR undrr
?4 nnd opernted to produrr an nhe
nrrtln hy thr houupwlfc hemelf. will
yield about twenty-four mid n half
pound* of nholf nhrnt flour.
Thin whole wlirnt flour Isn't nn
uhllr nnd line n* thr rr^ulnrly
milled product, hut it contain* nu
trltlve valt|ea which exceed those In
(ho white flour.
"It nctunlly nttnrku the altaiation
(in hoth nldea nt the niimr tlmr," dr
rlarfd .lllnn Mnrsarrttr ninlr, of 74.%
Lincoln I'nrkivnj, yeaterdny. -The
nualr nhrnl flour thnt can he ninde
from n dollar'* north of wheat will
mnkc more lirrori than can be hnd
front a dollnr'.i worth of white flour,
nnd the former tircari will pro farther,
ton. In antlafylnc; nnd iiourlahlnRr the
peraon who rata It.
"Wheat cnn't be bocRht nt every
Krocrry atore rl^ht now, and flnctu
ntlonn In Ita price ?.il?ht tend to cut
down at tlmea the margin of eco
nomic KOvlnR. The additional nu
triment, however, la nlwaya there,
nnd nddltlonol -?"*? per rent In volume.
If more women ndopt thla plnn, the
crnrem would curry it nnd no one
would have nny trouble ptirchnainK:
"r. -f. A. Osborne Fatally Shot by
1 chant .After Quarrel Over
Oop Conditions.
I'liy.slrian Is Rusl.cd to Hospital,
M here Amputation Is Found Nec
essary, but Ho Was Unable to
Withstand Shock.
[Special to The Tlme?-Dispatch. 1
l.AW M!-.XCK\ II.Li;. VA., August 9.
-Or Andrew j. Oiborn*. a fo-mer
i Physician of I.awrencevlll
anrI one of ;hc best-lnown ,?.s? ,n tM,
section, was shot by a tenant .>n his
?" ?"?*>*., nlrhi s
near Cocnran. Va.. and dird fro:l1 th
FrbJav ?f ,,1C :lnd shock on
?riday morning about 9 0v!nrk ?
vMIe Hosptt.il, at Lax, rence
The exact cause of tho diftlrultv
1?"?'"" <" ?h? "hooting is ;ls J , i.
Known. *Ild thp coro.?r-s , - '
7' ??*?? ^t. frori reports, the ,
do ng the shooting a Mr. Reams. ?HS
UK- remonstrated with on account of
I ' ,, t|,p<4' ),,e of 'ho reports ts that
he T,:r rrst h,?' ?<door
he later then -,rl,.g at tho ,|.,P.or
t-.'t ?U<? I w,ndo"'. ,he chiree or shot
aking en-ct In his left arm. r.no o,
two striking his chest and far*
,h:>r.. >vhnr?* at onrp r.s,,,,, |tl
he l.runswick Hospital. where umpu
,,on of the arm near the shoulder
he'sh .CtCd', ,,Ut dea,h t!nsucfl f?
the shock and loss of bloo.t Th , S.-i,'
man had been a most popular phvsi"
iUn here fcr ,nany years. B?t retire.]
from active prat-dee abrAtt a von- :
and has sin,e been managing his Ja- e
? rm between Lawrencevlll* and Ccch ?
ran ,|e is survived by his wife, live
?small children, mother and several
brothers and si.uers.
Three Americans Xo? on Their \V?,
to Hern to Represent the
I nlted States.
\v A .? M IX.; To N. Auffusl a.?An
nouncement was made here lo-div of
the American representatives who "will
P.r.idptuc i? ,?e int.rr "D
ft'rence at H*r?. S,vl,to
ter?nlno the status, welfare and e.\
change of prisoners of war. Thev are
John W. Garrett. minister CJ Tho
iorT'? ?r th? Stnte 'Apartment; Ma
or ucnera' Francis J. Kt.rnan< Wa,.
epartment; Commander Raymond
? tone. Navy Department.
Minister Oarrett already is en route
to Switzerland. (Jon era I Ker.nn was
eetving with Die American forces in
vmnr? "T? BiVOn ,h? and
?I1I reach Item by the time tho con
ference Is ready to convene. C'om
mander .Stone left Washington with
full instructions some dayr ago.
The conference will be held at tl-.>
suggestion of the United States.
Germany agreed to the pi.,,, when
representations from this government
were made to Berlin through the Span
ish ambassador. It is the .flieial move
made to discuss the question i-f ex
changing prisoners with German*.
Representatives of all of the hollig
erents will participate in the discus
sions. ?
I.nrge IndiiMtrlr* Xot UnKiiRrd In W'nr
Work Are Deprived of
Kleetrlclt y.
I H>" Associated Press. |
N'ORPOLK, VA? August f>.?In order
that street car service may be main
tained during all hours of the day,
which has been impossible for three
days past, electric current has been
cut off i.-om every large industry en
gaged in other than absolutely essen
tial war work.
This drastic action followed several
days of almost complete transporta
tion paralysis In Norfolk. Portsmouth
and suburban sections.
President Approves I'rlre.
WASHINGTON, August i?.?The Pres
ident to-day approved the. 26-cent
copper prico agreed on by the war in
dustries board's price-rtxing committee
and the trade.
! !
| Such Is \\ or<l Cliven Manufacturers:
by the War Industries
! Automobile Builder* Are Ordered to
Kile at. Once Full Inventories of
All Mnteri .Is Tiiey J'ay Now
I Have on Hand.
WASHI.VOTO.V, Augu.'t 3.?The Wr.r
i Industries Hoard to-day notified tho
i Automobile Chamber of Commerce that
: there would bo practically no stoel
j available for pleasure cars, and warn
j ed the manufacturers to transfer thMr
: plants lo war work by tho flr.it of
th< year if they hope to hold Ihelr
I business and thefr organizations to
, get her.
, "We note that manufacturers have
j voluntarily agreed among themselves
i lo ejrtail the production of passfntrer
cars f.O p?r cent." wrote the board to
the chamber. "This is a atop in rtic
I'iRhl direction, but further m-tail
; ment Is Inevitable. Fairness to your
| industry Impel* us to state frankly
that the situation as it presents itself
j to-day indicates very clearly that there
| will be little, if any. of the principal
j materials require.i in the ma'iuinc'ure
(Of passenger cars available for non
| war industries, after war requirements
? have been provided for.
"The War Industries F'.nard cinnot
?at this time make any promise what
ever regarding the supply to your in
dustry of stee", rubber or other ma
terials for any definite period in ad
vn rice.
"We strongly believe that i' is in ;
the interest of your members and al' !
;r titer manufacturers of passenger au
; tomobiles to undertake to get .in 100 '
I per cewt war work as rapidly as pos
sible. not later than January I. 1 !?!*>.
I fir in no other way can you b_> Mir1
| of the continuance of your industry
; and the preservation of your organi
The board again demanded tlis?t tee
auto manufacturers tile with it a: r.:>r ?
full Wiventorios of ail materials >n
band. The companies have been ''or
to do this, fearing that the board vouhl
; step in and take their supplies of sut-..
! owe located. Members of the hr.ard
i say they may hnv>? to step :n and take
| the steel anyway for the war indus
? tries, and that when that time comes
; tl>e companies which have repr-ted
j will receive better treatment than the
ones which have been bucking till gov
ernment's necessities.
Hun Crew Itntdn Vrnarl nnd Then
I'lacea Bomb Aboard That
tVreek* Craft.
[By Associated Press.)
NEW POUT NEWS. VA? August 3.?
j The Stanley I... Seaman, a schooner
j owned by Crowell & Thurlow, Bos
1 ton, and out of Newport News for a
| foreign port, was sunk by a bomb
placed by a submarine at 11:30 A. M.
August f>. when 110 miles cast of Cape
Captain W. C. McAloney and crew of
eight men arrived here this afternoon,
after being three days in a small
launch in the Gulf Stream, having been
picked up by a ltrltlsh vessel.
Captain McAloney describes the sub
marine as the U-132, 350 feet long,
i mounting four guns, two six-inch fore
( and aft conning tower, two small guns
! on either side.
I The Seaman was fired on without
I warning when becalmed. The crew
took to small boats, which were per
j mitted to return for provisions and
I then put off in a gasoline launch. Mc
Aloney says the Germans spoke good
English and were courteous. They
looted the ship before sinking It with
a bomb.
Amerlrnns Held l*r!?oner.
WASHINGTON. August 0.?Names of
sixteen American pe~??ns held In pris
ons of war In Germany were given out
to-day by the War Department. The
only Southerner Included In the list li
lieutenant George E. Ralterman, Nash
ville, Tenn.
(w?T, Prin^e R?PPMcht
Withdraws Forces on Two
Important Sectors.
Ha.g's Soldiers Capture Morten*
court, While Poilus Occupy Ar
v,llers> Pierrcpont, Contoire. '
tasks am> cavalry are bus it
Enemy's Tenure of Montdirlicr Ren
tiered Insecure by Suc
cess of Allies.
O.-or '"y I'resK.j ,v,
.1 curving- front of more th^v
twenty ml,en the, nr(tlsh and N
there ?"nUnU,nB: to sweep back
:^;r;nvastward acr?ss ,hc
tie s J lhC reK,on north of
t ?rn'nC C;lMt of Morlancourt to tiio
-tern bank of lhe Avre northwest
MomdicJipr. " ?
As on the tirst day of tho r rr
?lonal vll?? ?.crc e.ptu,J.D*h
of prisoners was largely " *
numerous -Uns ??h rRC,y Increased;
war storL?w"re take'63' quantities df
r rvy ^
* tanks, armored motor car^lS
.i\.? r> men and the Infantry '^hi
zz r
small. eclared to be relatively ...
17^0* OennaJ "av, fallen '
-'00 and MO Bun. Tnl?
h??vy Ca!,ber, and Innumerable rtachl^
?rh mor,arB - ^-re7:&
<-Vc':rr a,:; theat"
?n tw? important seefors^on """hJ
sr .rlZV~ ????
oTTe "north":, KemmeU
yards. 11 ??e????n* 1.000
CJ.T!^,60 mHI,e,,ve'-8 on the part of the
either1 Cons!,!'hat ,heJr
tho faco (,f th? k r?Und inaeciif?
er-ii II:/,! ? . tht> heavy 'orces tfeA.
region.* to uarrt'^ff ^ haVC bQ'*1
reach tho o.. . ai,J' a,,empt ."to
f'rince R u p ?,.'j? r 1 * ?r ,h??1 Cr ow?
terlnIly decreased i? been m*.
^-enforcements ,0 .he^bfu.e'?
where ,be Herman ?rn,le,|?,K '
"'W? ~~lr har.Hseit. *W,U'
AI ready linvfni*
1'iotriiy ;:f? Zm"":"
"'irteo,, mlk s in the nearly
'he vicinity l tenter ,owKt>
nor,her,, ?>?"=?. Ih,
Ixen re.s'stin"- I 'nermann h:"i
before th^ r"duzPCrate,y- SaV?
nrUKsh a?rWench.re*MCt,Ve,y of ^
Morlanrotjrt?aiid prised'?aptU^
-ere elsht' -<?JW of
Aim l.A.MCS noitn
nuincKS ovku son si u
The tanks, armored cars ar.d caval
ry arts still working throughout ilia
entire region, while airplanes are spar
ing fai behind the lines, bombing trans
port :md troop movements and alnn
paying particular attention t j -tiro
bridges over ihe S'omme. by which ?he
enemy is endeavoring to escape from
th?.ir advancing foes. All bc-hind <ilte
line the Germans are destroying am
in-nltion depots as they quit thoir po
With the new (urn of events. Mr?nt
didiAr is in an uncomfortable position,
v.lth the allies hammering away cross
fire at the Germans' holding it and
with the only railroad leading into the
town also under their guns.
A forced evacuation of the town
seems not Improbable. In fact, with
further pressure eastward by the al
lies. between t'le Somme and the Avra,
and with the possibility of pressure i
northward against the Germans from
the line running northwestward from
Solssons, it Is not outside the realm of
possibility that the entire Montrtidior
salient will have to be abandoned
There has been little lighting of great
moment on th<; VesH River, "X3?spt in
ihe nature of reciprocal artillery rf.'.els.
The Americans, however, haw ?rad?
another crossing of the VerJe and ctr
tured the villaget of Flsmette, north
west of Flames.
OK 17,000 PRI8PNKR.1
LONDON, August 9.?Th? number ?t
prlfontra taken by the allies In tha
Picardy drive has reached the 17,604
mark. Field Marshal Hals report* i?

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