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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, August 24, 1918, Image 6

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SATl K DAV, Al'C.L'ST "4. 131S>.
There is abhorrent blasphemy in the famil
iar assumption of the Kaiser that the AI
inighty is his special friend and associate in
his crimes. American cartoonists and para
graphed, undertaking to deride the offense,
too frequently are guilty of it. They are
treating a name which should be sacred with
frivolity beyoud all bounds of propriety. This
is a bad time to offend or discourage the rev
erent and religious instincts of the people.
In war almost anything may happen. Vet,
that story of the British merchant captain
recognizing in New York an officer of the
r-boat that had just sunk his ship off the
American coast strains credulity. One of
several mysteries is why the alert captain
did not ipstantly seize or denounce the al
leged spy, or, at least, report his presence
to the local police instead of going to Wash
ington with his belated revelation.
Joyce Kilmer, the New Jersey poet, has
joined the brilliant company of young singers
who through the gateway of battle have
"passed blithe and young into the golden
lauds." Though not so well known as Rupert i
Brooke or Alan Seeger. he had published j
considerable verse of a high order, and had j
done scholarly work in other lines. He
leaves a widow, who was a native of Norfolk,
Va., ajul four children, all of whom he seemed J
to regard as incentive for him to light the :
Ilun rather than as excuses not to fight.
Evidence is accumulating that Lcnine and
Trotsky did not llee without good cause, ;
"The populace did not support them" is the ,
statement of the succeeding "supreme gov- 1
eminent," whatever that may be. We can ;
only l>o certain that it cannot be worse than
its immediate predecessor. The wonder is !
that the populace should have tolerated those j
transparent tfxutors and fakers as long as j
they did. T-he'ir betrayal of Russia has had
tragic enough consequences, but in years to j
come it will furnish matter for many a comic ?
opera. A pair of sorrier knaves never Hit- i
terfd their feverish hour across the interna
tional stage, and only flight to the bosoms of
their Berlin owners can save them from early !
extinction.
The recommendation of Secretary McAdoo
that the lax on individual incomes should he j
raised from 10 to 1i> r ceni, and that or> j
unearned incomes there should be an added
differential of 3 per cent, is wisely designed |
to encourage investment of the profits from I
incomes of that character in future Liberty
bond issues. Without ihi:- differential, it is ;
coneeiveable that the profits iroin this source
would seek investment in other securities,
whereas such investments would not prove as |
attractive as Liberty bonds, which are exempt j
from taxation, under the proposed differen
tial rate increase. Since : o considerable a ,
portion of the money needed t?? finance the J
war must necessarily be ruis> d by the s;i!e of i
Liberty bonds, it is of vital import; nee that 1
these offerings he strengthened by t;t>: do- i
visements which shall r ake them relatively i
more attracti\c than other forms of invest- j
ment. for it i' axiomatic that ?-:? it1 invari
ably seek; tiio largest opportunities.
The expression, "Food will win the wai^'
is more ih.in a slogan. Jt i a statement of j
fact full of significance. The food situation
is now most encouraging for the allies and ;
most dii'couragiui-' to t he ?.-? >? r.t 1 powers. Not :
only is the -wheat crop in the Inited States i
a "bumper" one, but the c? real outlook in I
the olh?r .V r,- ?: pru'l'li'ing. Late j
cablegrams from France state that the pro- (
duction of wheat in that country this year
is estimated at**>0,"f?e himi <ittirna 1. or
500,000 bit. hels. This i - an imp use of 'J5
per cent over last year's crop. in the I'.rit
ish Isles the reports are most encouraging.
On the other hr.ud, the people of the central
empires are lacking in the ?-.M-ntials of lif?;.
The Ukraine has utterly failed to furnish
Germany with the promised supply of wheat.
Disorganized railway conditions in other parts
..~of the former Russian empire have made
shipments impossible, in addition, the food
situation among the Russian peasants is not
hucrt that there is any disposition to send out
of the country any of the real necessities.
' Austria ia near the famine point, and Vis
commandoered the grain supply of Hungaiy,
thus producing discontent in the sister king
dom. Bulgaria Is in easier circumstances;
but happy Is the Turk who has a handful of
dates. Tho people of the enemy countries
must look forward to the coming winter with
many gloomy forebodings.
Tho House Should Reject It
THE House Committee on Military Affairs
has accepted an amendment to tho man
power bill which places tho eighteen-year-old
class of registrants beyond the call of the
War Department for..perhaps a year by giv
ing them what amounts to a deferred classifi
cation. This amendment was urged upon
tho ground tjiat it is bad policy to send boya
of that ago into tho army as long as there
are older men who might meet tho quotas
which tho government demands, a view which
invites the sympathy of most of us, and ono
to which tho War Department itself sub
scribes.
There are sound reasons why these boys
should be held back as long as the military
situation will permit. Practically all of them
are in school. To draft them at once along
with tho nineteen and twenty-year-old class
would be to close most of tho colleges of tho
country and to suspend advanced education
of the American youth until the war is over.
Moreover, there is some argument against
malting soldiers of immature young men,
sending them 3,000 miles from home to en
page in the most desperate war of all time.
>\nd this argument holds, notwithstanding tho
testimony of practically every military au
thority that boys of this age make Ideal fight
ing men once they have received their train
ing and have become accustomed to discipline.
Hut the War Department voluntocrs to do
for the younger men everything that the Mc
Kenzie amendment provides. The secretary
himself has assured the committees of Con
gress that it is not the purpose of the govern
ment to call tho eighteen-year-old class until
after the older classes have been exhausted.
The provision in the administration's bill
authorizing the President to create various
classes with a view to calling them to the
colors at different periods was written into
that measure to meet just such a situation as
the House committee seeks to control by leg
islative declaration.
With conditions changing on tho French
battle front almost overnight; with German
offensives being turned into defeats and with j
the allies plowing their way through the I
enemy lines, it would be most unfortunate I
if the United States government's hands were i
lied in any manner that might render its j
forces ineffective in this conflict. At the |
present moment there seems to be no likeli
hood that General Pershing will need the
eighteen-year-old boys in France before the
summer of 1919. Hut ik> human being can
foresee the possibilities iu that theater of
war. It might come to pass that the fighting
will continue throughout the whole winter.
The CJerman rearward movement might not
end until the Rhine is reached, and it might '
happen that the presence of just l.oOo.Ono [
more Americans would deal the blow that j
would break the German military machine j
months earlier than otherwise would be the .
case.
In view of these possibilities, it ssems tin- ?
wi?e that any arbitrary restrictions should i
be placed upon the government on giving it j
command of the man power of the country. ;
The President can be trusted to use wisely j
what power may he placed in his hands, i
ar.d his assurance that the younger boys will
not lie called until absolutely needed can be
accepted at its full face value.
Ferment in Japan
A DISTINCT shock has been given the
allied nations by the news from Japan
stating that hunger riots have occurred in
almost every part of the empire; that troops j
have been called out in scores of cities to ;
re-enforce the police authorities; that tens of I
thousands of men and women are storming |
the food depots and that a degree of unrest ;
exists in this island empire undreamed of by '
uapan's associates in the war.
The world had come to regard the Japanese '?
nut'on as the most compact, the' best organ- |
ii'.ed and the most self-satisfied upon the earth I
to day. It had come to regard the Japanese j
people as fanatical in their loyalty to their ?
government, as willing to die as to live for
their Kinperor and as devoted as human be
ings could be to the land of their birth. It '
was difficult to conceive of any important ?
element of the Japanese people in revolt. It '
has been impossible to imagine them turn- j
ing in anger upon the government to an j
extent that their own troops must intervene, j
And yet all this seems to have come to pass. ,
11 is quite evident from the dispatches '
which the Japanese censor at last has per
mitted to be sent out that internal troubles <
hive been experienced in Japan for some l
time. And it is evident that Japan has had
to contend with the same food problems which j
every other belligerent than the United
States itself has faced. First, there has j
l.ten a shortage, which means that the peo
ple have been hungry. Next, there has been
piofiteering, which means that even those :
Japanese families which have means have t
1 een victimized along with those which are '
poor. Nothing arouses the resentment of j
men and women as does the knowledge that t
they an being preyed upon by conscienceless |
I rolitoers in the necessities of life. I
Fortunately, the American government !
acted early to safeguard its people against j
extortion in all its forms. A food control act I
was one of the first of this government's war
measures*. A fuel control act was passed at
the same time. A war industries board has
been created, which has the power to fix the
price of clothing. In other words, the Ameri
can people may rest assured that they will be
j?'o ected against the profiteer if their gov
ernment can protect them.
But t-he Japanese people apparently have
no such assurance. Just what the Tokyo gov
ernment has done to bring within the range
lit imperial control the question of food pro
duction and distribution is not known, but
it if. certain that the measures taken, if any,
have not proven effective. Hundreds of thou
sands of people in that country would not be
engaged in desperate riots if good cause did
not exist. People as slavishly loyal to their
government would not rise up against It in
this fashion if the privations suffered were
not well-nigh unendurable. There has been
an economic breakdown somewhere in tho
empire, which must be repaired at once if
Japan is to return to that governmental effi
ciency which long has marked its history.
An additional anomaly of the situation in
Russia is that whereas the fighting has
been carried to the Finnish, it is far from
being ended.
It appears that the ordinance of matri
mony will not be allowed to exempt intend
ing slackers from facing the ordnance of
the enemy.
The Mississippi voters seemed to have
* learned at last to distinguish hair from brains.
SEEN ON THE SIDE
BY I1U.\IIY 12DWA11D AVAUNICU
Pol?e.
Tvo just been coins through a book
Called "Power Through Repose;"
Tho doctor says I need it?I
Suppose tho doctor knows.
It says. In brief, that wo should llvo
Each day with minds relaxed,
And never lot our bodies be,
In slumber, overtaxed.
Ho also said that I should read
"Why Worry?" . . It's a flno
Expression of tho thoughts I have
About this life of mine.
It says nobody ever does
A single thing by worry,
And all the troubles of the soul
Arc caused by foolish flurry.
With both these volumes I agree?
There is no doubt about it;
Repose is so important that
We cannot do without it.
And he who worries is a fool.
Because there is no getting
To where we liuvo to go ulong
The avenue of fretting.
So 1 shall seek my power through
Beposc, and never worry,
And do my work efficiently.
Which means I musn't hurry;
Hut ere I reach this high estate
With worry on tho shelf,
I'll have to hire a hermit's cave
And live all my myself!
rhnrcnal Kph'n I)ull<r Thought.
"Dey ain' no way fo' t' skin a rabbit 'thout
ketchin' hit," said Charcoal ICph. in a mood,
"but ef a man done git rabblt-hongry enough
all he need am a good staht in de brcsh. Eat
a prune, Mistah Jackson."
The game of politics 13 a fine little experi
ence, except when it becomes international.
Conservation.
There Is no need, fair waitress mine.
To waste that sugar in my tea.
For., bitterest gall will taste like wine
If only you will smile at me!
So save the sugar; 1 **111 sup
It sweet, if you but kiss the cup.
Sntne Thlnf.
"Judge." said the man at the bar. "there's no
use of you trying to square this thing up. My
wife and 1 fight just so often and just so long,
and we can't help it. So there you are."
"And about how long do you keep it up?"
asked the judge.
"About two weeks, judge."
"All right. I'll give you fift;en days in jail;
in other words, vou are interned for the dura
tion of the war."
When all the world has quit fighting, Jones
and his wife may attract :?ome attention.
*~
Righto!
"No indeed," said the Bright Young Person
with the Perfectly White Shoulders and Rich
Parents. "I am not going to be a debutante this
season. It is strictly out of style"
"What a pity! And with such a lot of money!"
exclaimed her Most Envious Friend.
"1 know," said the B. Y. P., "but I can't see
any sense in a regular American girl coming
out when every one else is digging in!"
I,ightlcss nights to save fuel will not inter
fere with spoony nights, becau e nobody wants
to save spoons.
To-D*y'n Weddlnji*.
"Ah! Isn't he a handsome groom! Notice
the perfect fit of his uniform! Such a superb
ligure! And his mustache, isn't It a darling.
What a pity his parents have to lose him!"
"Iley, wliat're you talk in' about, Mary? Ain't
the bride a pippin? (let onto her mosquito net
tin' an' stufT! I reckon those flowers she is
carrying cost at le/ist $2. and?"
"Ilush! The bride is a very respectable per
son, and her gowns are extravagant, for war
limes. But It is no longer au fait or consomme
to admire the brido, John."
Half the way fo where you are going, you
begin to yawn about running home.
Xumfrjr Ithyme.
Hey diddle diddle, the cat and the fiddle.
The cow jumped over the moon.
Arwl the little dog laughed at the rise of beef
And the small j.iunk of sweet in the spoon.
C-Annublul mister.
"And T want to tell you for the last time,
John Smith, that you are to be In the house by
11 o'clock or stay oat all night! If you come
late again I'll lock you out!"
"Right. Mary; but lemme tell you, when T
come late don't you go back on your promise,
mind!"
Health Talks by Dr. Wm. Brady
The Scheming IliiHbnnd.
(CopyriRht. 1918. by National Newspaper Service.)
Why is it that some husbands are always j
looking forward to a second marriage? i-'or .
example:
"l Mifler quite a bit from neuralgia pains in
my head, the. tendency to which id inherited.
Recently my husband brought home some pills,
which seem to relieve the pain very ificely.
The label on the box says the pills contain no
narcotic or habit lorming drugs. But on the
front it says that each pill contains two grains
of acetanilide. 1 do not know what acctunilide
is, and as 1 am suffering: from valvular heart
disease 1 would like lo know if these pills are i
safe for me to take. Can yc#i suggest anything :
to relieve the heart trouble? My stomach i.s i
in good condition and 1 have the regular at- j
tent ion of an excellent dentist."
Vou see. the husbands are all alike.
This wife has valvular heart trouble, which \
will not necessarily incapacitate her or shorten i
life, but her husband evidently has his doubts I
and so he goes down to the drug store and 1
says: Hello, <5eorgo. what you got good for
a run down condition? And (Jeorgo shifts his
cigar to the. other corner of his mouth, runs
his over the bargain counter, and replies
here's something I can highly recommend be
cause we've used it in our own family. Hollar
a box, thank you. come ag..in. Mr. Husband
hasn't asked George outright for poison, you
understand; he has relied upon Ueorge's sym
pathy for that. The poison is there, two grains
per "tablet, and nothing aaid about it between
friends.
Wives, let me give you a tip. No matter liow
much your several husbands pretend to love
you and labor and sweat u nd live and die for
you if necessary, always be suspicious when
they fetch -home anything with a label that
says: "Contains no opium, morphine, heroin,
chloroform. Paris green, prussic acid or whisky."
That is camouflage, and it c tr.ceals something.
It is like the doctor or dentist who sneaks tip
on you with a pleasant smile And says: "Don't
be afraid. I'm not going to Hurt you." You
know that Is always i lie, or nearly always.
Acetanilide is the kicker in about a million
different neuralgia, headache, anti-pain, aiiti?
grippe, anti-cold, anti-nervousness. anti-in
somnia, anti-everythlng tablets, powders, cap
sules and pills. It knocks the. pain, if you get
enough. It also knocks the heart and tho
blood?and often very little indeed knocks the
heart out of commission forever.
Not that acetanilide is unfit for medicinal
use. Sometimes it Is a very valuable mcdicine
to relieve pain. But It isn't exactly a medicine
to monkey with. If you arc not a very des
perate gambler with life and health you will
take precious little acetanilide except under
the observation and care of a doctor. And the
more the doctor observes and pa'ros for you the
less occasion you will have to knock out pain
with acetanilide.
Question* and Anrnrer*.
A -Coated Tongue.?Can you suggest any
means to overcome a heavily coated tongue In
a young woman whose health is otherwise per
feet, according to her physician's examination?
There is sometimes a bail tasto In the mouth
as well. P. S.
Answer.?Tho careful mastication of fresh
preen relishes,. frcSh coarse vegetables, unci
whole cereals, not only directly cleans the
tongue but tends to regulate bowel function In
a natural way. The usual cause of a (Tilted
tongue, apart from illness, is hasty eating and
overeating, with Insufllcient mastication.
Books and Authors
A new book by Francis A. Collins will bo pub
lished in September by the Century Company.
It is entitled 'Naval Heroes of To-Day," and
consists of more than fifty of tfe most thrilling
sea stories of the war presented in Mr. Colllns's
usual popular vein. The stories include those
of naval air pilots and observers, armed guards
aboard merchant ships, and the heroes of scouts
and destroyers In battle against German sub
marines.
Word has just boon received of the arrest In
I'etrograd, at the order of the investigation com
mission of the So\ ict government, of the great
novelist. Mux ,in Corky, whoso autobiography
was recently published In this country. Two
weeks before Corky had been reported to be
dying of cholera. His life has been a tempestu
ous one, and it is remarkable that the man who
was imprisoned and exiled for opposing the Czar
should have received similar treatment at the
hands of his fcllow-revolutionists. 1'rlor to the
downfall of KerensUy. Corky supported Denlno
and Trotsky, but there have been many reports
recently of decided differences between him and
the Soviet leaders. ilis newspaper Is now saitl
to have I Jen suppressed permanently.
Tho Century Company announces tho follow
ng books lor September: "Tho Biology of War."
by <;. !?'. Nicolai; . "Jur Humble Helpers?the
Domestic Animals." by Jean Ilenri Fabre;
"|{ouinan la's Sacrifice," by Cogu N?'gulesco;
"Handbook of Furniture Styles," by Walter A.
Dyer; "The Red Heart of Russia," by Bessie
Realty: "The American Rifle," by Major Town
send Whelan; "Secretary Raker at the Front,"
by Ralph A. Hayes, "Naval Heroes of To-Day.*'!
by Francis A. Collins; "Miss Mink's Soldier." by I
Alice llegan Rice; "The Boomerang." by David I
Cray: "Maggie of Vlrginburg," by Helen It. t
Martin; 'The Rrownies and Prince Florimel," by!
I'almor Cox: "Dost Island." by H-tlph Henry |
Rarbour and 11. I'. Holt; "Throe Sides of Para- |
disc Creen" and "Jielissa?Across?the?Fence," j
by Augusta lluioll Seaman: "Cindore l?'s Grand
daughtcr," by Roth R. Gilchrist; "Story-Hour I
Favorites." by Wil lelmlna Harper; "Working
My Way Around the World," by Harry A j
Franck; "The Girls of Old Glory." by Mary !
Constanco Dubois, and three books edited by i
Charles I.. Barstow,* "lOveryday Heroes," "Pa - '
t riot ism and the Flag." and "Courageous Girls," !
in the "Retold From St. Nicholas" series.
K. I'. Dutton & Co. have issued an American 1
edition of "Further Indiscretions." a sort of I
sequel to "Memories Discreet and Indiscreet."
which they published a year or two ago, by an I
exceedingly vivacious person who signs herself .
merely "A Woman of No Importance." Rut her'
reminiscences, which include anecdotes aud
recollections of almost every one of consequence
in lOnglish politics, literature, art and society j
during the last naif century, show her to be of
enough importance to be on friendly terms with
several members of the lOnglish royal family.!
She relates many incidents In which t.'ueen Vic
toria. or Queen Alexandra, or King Kdward. '
or some other member of the royal family had i
part. And she has also a li tie story about ihe
youth of the German Kaiser. She once asked .
Daily Kly. who for years was Dady of the Bed
chamher to Queen Victoria, which member of
tho royal family she liked the least and re
ceived this prompt response: "The German 10m
peror. he !? so overbcaring?and often rude. The
only person 'if whom hi* stands in the least awe
is Queen Victoria, his grandmother. lie be
haves very ineely iti her presence. Rut when
he was staying once at Osiiorne in the Queen's
Intel- years news reached Her Majesty tnat her
grandson had been up early and out wth the
gardeners, ferreting about and asking all sorts
of questions The riot act was read to him and
he did not 1 ik?* it."
Current Editorial Comment
Austro- Hungary's announce
Att stria- ment that Czecho-Slovak troops
Hungary's taken prisoner will be exeecutcd
^ * ' as traitors is not new. The same
J ureal. announcement was made many ,
months ago. and some Czech sol
diers were executed when captured. The Czecho
slovaks accordingly adopted a rule of retaliation ;
as a warning to Austria to desist from the at
tempt to introduce the inhuman element into
warfare. The Czechs on the Italian and ltus- !
sion fronts have given notice that lor every I
Czech prisoner executed they will execute an
Austrian prisoner. The barbarity of the Ger
man-Austrian military commands leaves no jus- I
tliication for refraining from retaliatory moaa- I
ures, such as the bombing of cities and the exe- j
cution of an equal number of prisoners. Just
as the allies cannot make any agreement with
the Huns because the latter will not keep their
word, so the allies must bring homo to the,
barbarians the enormity of their acts by re
prisals and not by mere protests. The snake
will strike until his head is ground under heel,
and 'he Hun will murder the innocent until
he himself is slain.?Washington I'ost.
Another nam* has been added j
Joycc Kilmer,to the small but distinguished!
Poet roster of poets who have given j
... ... their lives that a woi Id of beauty '
ana .Soldier, and high ideals n.ay survive. !
Joyce Kilmer has bet-n killed in s
France. The de.alls of his passing have not I
come to us. but they may be imagined. His j
wife, who is the mother of his four rimall chil
dren, and herself a poet of grace and feeling,
received word .recently that her soldier-lover,
promoted to a sergeantcy in the One Hundred
and Sixty-lifth Infantry (the old "Fighting
Sixty-ninth" of New York), had been given an
observation pout and was happy in that hazard
ous work, lie foil with rich laurels upon him
and with the promise ol greater honors yet to
be. In one sense he was greater than the poet
Keats, whom in the point if his premature
passing he resembled (for Kilmer was only
thirty-two), and whose imaginative and lyric
gifts in no small meatute he matched; for Kil
mer';! spirit of militant patriotism far out-soared
any timid Keatsian
fears that 1 may cease to be
P-cfore my pen h&s gleaned my teeming brain.
Roforo high-piled hooks in charact'ry
Hold like fu 1 garnt-rs tho full-ripen'd grain.
Kilmer's product of books was not "high
piled." ii< r for that matter was Keats's, but
many of the graceful tilings he has done would
have lived long, even without he luster his
high fate now brings to them. Joyce Kilmer
enters ol lis own right into the halls where
America holds In admiration those of her sons
who have lived well for her and have died that
her Ideals might not suffer tarnish.? Philadel
phia Record.
News of Fifty Years Ago
(From the Richmond Dispatch. Aug. 21, 191S )
(
The Manchester Baptist Church, which has
; been closed for several Sundays, will lie opened ]
I to-morrow, and ti.e Rev. Charles H. Ryland,
' one among the able young ministers of the city,
| will occupy the pu.pit morning and night.
The new lOvangelical Dutlieran Rethlehem
I Church on Sixth Street, having been completed,
! will to-morrow be dedicated to tne service of
; Almighty God. The sermon will be preached
| by Re v.' Charles Gross, the former pastor, now
i of Brooklyn, N. R.
Second Dieu'.enant Paul It. Hambrick. the
most popular military ollicer here, received on
yesterday his coitimisr.ion as lirst lieutenant,
[ i'nited States Army, in the Forty-fifth Infantry
to rank as sucl. from the 29th of June.
Many of the Richmond "sports" are looking
j forward to the lightweight match between lOd
wards and Collycr, which is announced to take
j place somewhere on Virginia soil, probably near
I Aquia ('reck, on Monday next. A delegation
I will go up from this city on Sunday night,
j Married: On the 10th Instant by Rev. 10. M.
vPeterson, at Clay Street Methodist Church. Mr.
! John A. Tyree to Miss Susan 10. Tyrce?all of
j Richmond.
This sad intelligence comes from Washington:
J Under the new tax bill 4,000 good paying ofllces
will be abolished.
The custom receipts from August 10 to 15 In
clusive were over $3.r>00,000.
General Robert 10. Deo arrived at White Sul
phur Springs Thursday night, and was received
with much enthusiasm. Among other notables
at the White are Governor Pickens, of South
Carolina; Governor Detchcr. of Virginia: Hon.
A. H. Stuart, General John Kchols and General
Joseph K. And Tson, of Virginia; Hon. Dinton
Stenliens, of Georgia, and General G. P. T.
Beauregard, of Doulsiana.
Colonel Kdmund Fontaine, president of the Vir
ginia Central Railroad: Colonel A. S. Buford. of
the Richmond and Danville; Captain Douis Zim
mer, of the Raltimoro and Ohio, and a number
of other railroad ofliclals and directors aro at
White Sulphur Springs discussing Southern
railway matters.
Rev. Charles 11. Ryland, general superinten
dent of Baptist- Sundaj Schools in Virginia, ap
pointed as such by the General Association,
made a great speech at the Roanoke Associ
ation at Ketituck, in lMttsylvar.ta County, this
week. A day was set aiyirt for the discussion
of Sunday school mattes, and Mr. Ryland was
especially Invited to bQ present and take part
in the diiicuaslon.
FROM OTHER VIEWPOINTS
National Problems Discussed for Readers of The Times-Dispatch by
Authoritative Writers?A Daily Editorial Feature.
RUSSIA, VICTIM OF IGNORANCE.
IIY KKAKKMN KNIGHT IiA.VB,
Secretary of the Interior. ,
Tho greatest disappointment of the
war has been tho downfall of ituuslu.
And yet downfall Is not tho precise
word that should bo used. The crump
ling of ltussia is perhaps a better ex
pression, for we cnunot believe that
Russia is destroyed, and that that
groat nation of ISO,000.000 peoplo, with
7.000 miles of st raight-a way territory,
nan be crushed out of existence by the
iron heel of the Kaiser like some stray
beetle.
A race that is no near to its begin
ning cannot bo so ncur to its end.
Thero will branother ltussia some day;
a wiser, a more intelligent, a better
educated, a more intensely national
ltussia.
The truth js we now see It Is that
ltussia was not a nation. She had been
long held together by the fear of the
eneiny of her western border and by
tiie domination of a ruling class. She
had a love of freedom, but she had no
knowledge of what freedom is.
Her revolution, from the orderly
overthrow of the Czar to the anarchy
of l.cnine, was a simple and a natural
process, because what she wanted was
not the kind of independence, liberty
and freedom which we know and which
wo cherished.
It was not political power that her
people sought, and through which they
might express themselves. Within six
months after their revolution came
they had degenerated into a mob which j
believed that liberty meant nothing
less than the extreme of individualism, j
without a common love for anything
excepting a desire to make some ma
terial gain at the expense of those who
had land and lived in luxury.
ltussia was like a child that reached |
out of the window after the butterlly, !
and reached so far that It fell to the)
ground and was crushed. She aban
doned orderly processes within her
own country and abandoned her allies
en the outside.
I'.ecause she was youns ?he did not
realize that It takes time and a common
purpose to make a nation, and she
threw her present chance of nationality
away. She resigned herself to the con
trol <>f a gtoup who believed that there
was but one thing in the world worth
struggling for, and that was the estab
lishment of a new economic order, and
this group undertook to compel that
order by methods as ruthless as those
that have tilled Siberian prisons.
ltussia broke when her constitutional
convention was dissolved by force,
ltussia was broken because her people
did not know that political strength is
a condition precedent to economic or
so<'ial reform.
Russia was sick of war. and it is no
wonder. She had called out 20.000.000
men. All of them did not go to the
front. . any of them could not be
armed Hut she sent wave after wave
through Gullciu, through Poland
through Kast Prussia, until 6,000.000
Russians lay deud. Then her spirit
broke. The word went out that a new
ilay had dawned, a day in which Justice
would be done, and that tho land was
to bo free. The army resolved Itself
into its individual units, turned its
back upon tho front, and each indi
vidual went in search of that piece of
land which should bo his, and which
meant to lilni liberty.
Now what is the meaning of this to
us? Wo say that Russia was the vic
tim of German propaganda, and that
through the hundreds of thousands of
German and Austrian prisoners, tin
control of Russian industries, the sym
pathy of the Kussian property-owning
class, through thu insidious and de
vious means of suggestion now being
so clearly revealed, there came Rus
sia's break-up.
This may have been true superficial
ly, but not fundamentally. The cauMt
of the Russian disaster, tho reatiun that
she deserted the eastern front and
threw the whole burden of supporting
civilization upon us m the West, is thu
Ignorance of the Kussian people, bo
per cent of whom cannot read or write,
none of whom, practically, had ever
participated in national affairs.
They did not know Russia as a na
tion. They had followed their leaders.
They did not know the significance of
Russia's position in tlx- world. They
did not understand what Is meant by
,i republican form of government,
through which, by their own intelli
gence energy and aspiration they could
give Russia whatever form of life they
dtsired she should have.
Russia was the victim of the ignor
ance of her people, and out of her
Ignorance has come her ignominy. Her
people were lovable, charitable, kindly;
they had the sense of neighborliness,
but not the sense of nationality.
The Czar was the head of the com
mon church, and the leader of the peo
ple. When he fell they collapsed, be
cause they did not have the power to
visualize any other leadership.
If they had had a Washington ho
might have saved tli?m. though we
doubt It. for behind a Washington there
must be a people who have a bense of
coalescence and of conservatism which
keeps them from destroying themselves
while attempting to make themselves.
If America is not to be Russianized,
and there is no fear <>f that, we niuit
put into our own hearts a truer ap
preciation nf the tilings that we believe
America to represent, and when we
say represent we imply that we &re
not the exclusive possessors of Ameri
canism. There are men in Poland, in
Russia, in Spain, in all the countries
of Kurope, in Germany itself, who
represent the spirit of Americanism,
which Is, in a word, that each man shall
have his chaii'-e.?' 'opyright, 1918.
Voice of the People
ssstsK^sa*.*
T ,, ,VCAU00'* Advice.
Sir lifi110.1" of.T?'? Times.n|S?atch
<>^X"zzri!%zui;iicti??A?r
a('"1 ^''"^','11" 'rav*' ?"<"nloriiibIc!
i.ui.n . . # b,l,l,e time. requests tlw
ixc^pt ,whrtrr(,ft,nlsfr^?. U?!"K theuainn
r;'iv"i^i'hui "?a?-ryr>HU ?orr
f, ... " S-1'rv L!fk!1,no.nd JlHlrict is of
this < .ty arc i'r'Lt Ulh and ^ of
Z&m,r'2^,l!rr'?y. Tor <?. '&
Minis nf ? . ,,con r*,du?--ed. Thou
Sh^'nT west?ofarthlin cVtv
r.r?iu^ a?,,cTj|y >?h$ ??
M.u.MimKs arc- no['ThT&.'and when
.Saturday comes rtiey take the tr.ins
to.spend a day with their lovedon",
iy?len.l'rir..w,ck of work and slee,;:
J "Ifcht.s it is an imposition on ihcse
.coplc to require them ,o stand dur?
jiik the hours of their travel We lie
LndC.?,..,,a \lcA(lo? 'realises thiV.
nenh if war ,Cfl '? ilhe r>ar?mount
??!i if, Prosecution. he will do
?ill in his power to remedy conditions
,,, , . 1 TlA VKhING MAN*.
Kichrnond, August 23. laig.
MrnnlnK ?' Vardiimin'i Defeat.
lo t,l<! hditor of The Times-Dispatch:
?-ir. I.ate reports confirm the defeat
\ii JlCnato,r ; ""'-s K- Vardaman. of
.Mississippi, by his young opponent,
t ongressman H. J'at Harrison. Kor
ll'tu ('overn?r ,'*? Noel. who. in 1907.
h ir \?'St?L ? t,le cuhernatorial
rnn" r'h Prohibition vote, "also
t an. I he country at larce retards
me.,I ra.h?r V:ir,l'l"lan aM *'? Indorse"
i; em of the war policies of the United
?Mutes government and as marklntr the
IH?,8,'"# of ono/'f the "little croup of
i\,i ! n>en who Persistently opposed
the administration in its efforts to deal
with tne international situation
,. ,l]e result 0f the recent Demo
*!? {"'ministration In Its efforts to deal
<T.itic primary has an added slgnficance !
Inquiries regnrdinK almost any topic,
excepting on legal and medical aub
. / are an"?ert?i tree. Aa all In
quiries are answered directly by per
M?nni letter a self-addressed, atnmped
en vriopp |B rrqu|r>rt< Address The
?e? - Dlspnteh Information iinreao.
? iicbiaond, Va.
'I'o IOnlist In .tlerchant Marine.
<j. R, Meadow.?To enlist In the
L niteel htates Merchant Marine, you
should make application to Captain
John W. Inglesby, New Monroe Uuild
ing, Norfolk, Va., who is agent of the
l nited States Shipping Board Jtecruit
mg Service for Virginia.
Confederate Money.
. A. G. TX? Lexington.?Certain dealers
in rare coins and old currency buv
Confederate hills, but we cannot affo-tl
to advertise their business free. If you
will send us a stamped addressed en
velope. we will send you the address
of such a dealer.
Service Hat Cords.
J. M. P., Woodstock.?Genera] of
ficers, gold; all other oflicera, gold and
black. Knlisted men?Infantry, light
blue; cavalry, yellow; artillery (Held
and coast), scarlet; medical depart
ment, maroon; quartermaster corps
buff; corps of engineers, scarlet and
white; ordnance department, black and
wiute't; slK,,al corus, orange and
Cost Clerk.
J. H. S., Richmond.?A cost clerk Is
one whose business it is to ascertain
the cost of products through their vari
ous stages of "progress, from raw ma
terial to the finished product. Any po
sition that is helpful to the country in
winning the war is an important one.
The position usually commands a sal
ary of from ?100 to >125 per month;
? About HeclaNNlflrntlon.
Header, Newport News.?The reclass
ification of certain men in Clasn IV of
the draft is not designed to eliminate
this class at all. Under Instructions
from the provosl-marshal-general, lo
cal boards have been scrutlnizlne the
questionnaires of men in that cPaas to
see if they might, with justice be
placed in Class II. In instances where
married men with healthy wives and
i\r ?ul chl,drcn> ,i:4d been nut in Class
IV.. they were reclassified in Class if
The government proceeds on the theorv
that a healthy wife, able to work can
find most any kind of work dur?ng
these times, and that, with the allot?
i?i?n?V. husband can make for her
the army and the allowance the
government will make for her, she mav
herself In comfort and with
out hardship, with the additional inl
come 'roni her own efforts. The rlirht
classified. '""i 10 *" '"?? S--.
In Mississippi. There the death knell
has bom rung on a political machine
which has enjoyed Imperial sway tinea
HM1. The Vardamun faction has been
| spilt in twain, for Representative liar
j oson was formerly a follower of the
I junior .Senator.
A bit of history. Prior to 1311 the
machine, headed oy the late Senator
' Anselm J. McLaurln was the domi
| tialing factor in Mississippi politics.
[.?Senator McLaurln had numeruus broth
i ers and these scattered themselves
throughout the State. Though geticr
ally lacking in education. these broth
ers were all men of native ability and.
without exception, became prominent
in th>- communities where they settled.
As the leaders in every section of Mis
sissippi tliey, as members of one fam
ily. found no difficulty in co-operating
in politics and the result was a ma
chine .known as the "Clan McLaurln."
All cilices high and low were seized
and held. The McLuurlns were men of
tact and paid constant court to the
members of the opposing faction. They
were Indefatigable workers and all de
fections from their ranks were replaced
with converts from the enemy. If abil
ity was recognized In a young man of
the opposition he was formally adopted
and made a member of the "tribe."
Consequently the "clan" kept Its head
above watei.
In 1911 Vardam.m was a candidate
for the United States Senate, and took
the field against the Mcl^aurlna. The
"elan." already weakened by Ufe death
of Its leader, formed a combination
with their ancient enemies, the Bour
bons of the river counties. But they
? ould not stem the tide, and the rem
nants ot the old machine were smash
ed by the Vardaman "Ked Necks."
But Mississippi simply escaped the
kindly bondage of the McLaurtns to
be caught in the clutches of a machine
which was destructive, absolutely sel
t.sh and which gave no quarter. "We
have enough votes, and we want none
from the opposition," was one motto
of the "Vardanianiacs." The new ma
chine was more Democratic than the
old. and its slogan was "We make no
combinations except with the individ
ual voter." But it was. nevertheless,
more tyrannical. Members of the op
position were marked for political
death. Factionalism was carried into
every election, .even into contests for
justice of the peace and constable. Per
sonal fitness was no longer considered
a qualification for office. The only test
v/as the extent of a candidate's devo
tion to Vardaman. On the llotsam and
jetsam of this political sea many scaly
creatures drifted into oHice, men whose
personal reputations were unsavory and
who, in qualitir.ition. were below the
mediocre. Misfeasance and malfeas
ance became common, and there was
no redress. When indictments were
secured convictions did not follow, for
the cry of "political persecution" went
through the land, and the "lied Neck"
jurors refused to believe the evidence.
From this ill-smelling "kettle of fish"
the August primary has relieved the
people of Mississippi, and they are to
be congratulated.
It may surprise some people to in
form them that Vardaman is not real
ly pro-German. He served creditably
with the army of the L'nited States in
the Spanish-American War. and when
the L'nited States declared war against
Germans- he immediately offered his
services to the government. He has a
son who volunteered and is now in the
National Army. Vardaman's whole
trouble was caused by his personal
pique and inordinate vanity. Long be
fore the present war he. disappointed
in the patronage which he received,
conceived a dislike for the J'l^sident
and began opposing every measure
which the chief executive advocated.
Tie prided himself on his independence,
of thought and vainly imagined that
his constituents were applauding him.
From mere habit he carried his ob
structionist tactics into the war period,
and there he fell into deep water and
could not swim. Those who think that
Vardaman has been eliminated from
politics reckon without their host. Pol
itics is his profession. He makes his
living in its pursuit, and he cannot af
ford to remain out of the limelight
It took a great world conflict to eclipse
the junior Senator from Mississippi,
and he will emerge again, a chastened
and, we hope, a belter man.
loyal dkmocrat.
Richmond, Va? August 23.
livery Day.
I goes to church on Sunday an' I lis
tens to de text.
It sho'ly helps my feelin's when my
mind is gettin" vexed.
Do Sabbath day religion puts a calm
ness in de heart?
But every day religion needs a chance
to do its part.
Dar'a de Monday religion, when you's
got to go to work.
An* de Tuesday religion, when you
mustn't stop to shirk.
Wednesday, Thursday, Friday an'
Saturday as well
NeedB de cv.ry dny religion, 'thout no
rinin* of de bell.
One day alearnln* 'bout de goodness an*
no light;
De other six a-showln* dat you got de
lesson right. *
Sunday brings up comfort w|f de beau
ty an 'de rest.
But de every day religion la what put*
you to de teat. v
?Washington Star.

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