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Up-to-Date Publicity 2S?5SES2&BSCBS3W9B5flS5SSiHEflB9C0Bti?fc^?^ Can Be Furnished Oniu by the i Modem Newspaper ? I 68TH YEAR, VOI.VMK 68 NUMBER 239 RICHMOND, VA., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 28, 1918. ?TEN PAGES PRICE, TWO CENTS WKATI1KR PAGE 5 FAIR DRAFT EXTENSION PASSES IN SENATE All Males Up to Forty-Six Years of Age Subject to Provisions. MEASURE NOW GOES BACK TO COMMITTEE CONFERENCE "Work-or-Fight" Amendment Is Finally Adopted in Some what Modified Form. EXPECT EARA.Y REGISTRATION < Attempts to Free Boys Under Twen ty-One From Gall or to Keep Them in Reserve Fail. [By Awio'dated Pr*M.] WASHINGTON*, August 27?The man power bill bringing wjtntn the army draft all men from eighteen to forty five years old, was passed late to-day by the Senate, with a modified work or-flght clause. All efforts to change the age limits or to direct separate classification of ?youths under twenty-five failed, and the measure now goes to conference i between the House and Senate with no i difference for'serious controversy cx-j cept the work-or-ftght provision. The Senate was recorded unanimous ly for the bill. Senator Gore, of Okla- ] horaa, who cast the only negative vote | on the roll call, withdrew it and wus | excused from voting. Thore were seventy-five affirmative votes. The final vote in the Senate was recorded amid unchecked applause from the galleries filled with spectator:5, wno , attended to-day's session to witness j final congressional action on the me.is- j ure that will add approximately 13.000,- [ 000 men. to the potential military j strength 'of the nation and provide. In j the opinion of the War Department I chiefs, the army that will enable the i allies to defeat Germany next year. i In conference the differences In the j draft of the bill sis passed to-day by j the Senate and as enacted Saturday by j the House by a vote of 33C to 2 are ex- j pectcd to be compromised speedily, and i the bill In its final form transmitted i to President Wilson for Ills signature | late this week. Preparations being made by Provost- I Marshal-General Crowder to carry out the provisions of the measure are ex pected to Insure the registration of a!l men within the ages of eighteen and twenty-one and thirty-one and forty- j five within a week or ten days after 1 the President attaches his signature, ADMINISTRATION PROVISIONS VIRTUALLY ALL ADOPTED The Senate adopted virtually all of the principal provisions of the bill de sired by the administration, including that giving the President authority to establish orders of call for scrvice of the men affected. President Wilson is expected to follow the plans of the War Department, which, according to testi mony before the Senate and House Mil itary Committees by General March, chief of staff, and General Crowder, prpvide for the calling or youths of eighteen years after the other classes have been summoned, and the educat ing of such boys while training and prior to their being sent overman. Controversy which has engrossed the Senate since the hill's co&ideraiion was bogun last Thursday, to-day centered in a spirited Etruggle over the senti ment against calling youths under twenty-one and on the "work or fight" amendment. Before adopting, by a vote of 40 to 29, the "work or fight" amend- \ ment, providing subjection to the draft | of men exempted for industrial and other reasons who do not continue at work, a proviso was added that in case of strikes, penalties of the "work or i fight" rule shall not apply if the men j submit their disputes to the War I.nbor Board and continue their labor. This limitation, offered by Senator Cummins, of Iowa, was incorporated, T.i to 0. j Amendment after amendment in- i tended to free boys under twentv one from the call of the new draft, or to keep them In reserve In this' country and not send them to the ( battle front until they have attained ! majority was proposed, only to be | voted down as fast as proposed. The acid test was on the amendment pro posed by Senator Polndexter to ex empt boys of eighteen from the draft. It was defeated by a vote of 52 to 21. This vote came after Senator Chamberlain, chairman of the Military Affairs Committee and In charge of the bill, had stated that he would not be a party to a deception of the American people and that he wanted the Senators to vote for or against the bill with their eyes open, lie said that the talk of deferred classes or pre ferment for the younger registrants was Idle, no matter In what quarter It originated, and that boys of eigh teen would be called in the draft and would be sent to the battle front to meet the present great crisis in the world's history of the bill became a law as presented to the Senate. boys ok eighteen given NO PREFERENCE UNDER LAW. The 1)111 passed as drawn with re gards to the call of the eighteen, nine teen and twenty year-old boys, giving them no preference by law, and al though the war department insists ? that the eighteen year-old bovs I will not be ? In the first groups as arranged by the War Department, Secretary Baker does not say they will not be called within a few months or that they will not be on the battle front In France by the first of next July, when the United States expects to have her maximum army in Prance. An amendment proposed by Senator Penrose of Pennsylvania and at otiee adopted by the Senate, together with an amendment by Senator France, or Maryland, adopted earlier In the day, is expected to have the effect of up holding the spirit of the law. The Penrose amendment relieves the regis trant from making a claim for ex emption In his questionnaire and gives the local board the power to pass upon tho question of deferred classification on the facts as they find them in the questionnaire. The France- amend ment provides that men honorably ex cmptod from tho draft be furnished suitable badges to show their status and relieve them of embarrassment that might come from not Joining the colors. The first sharp fight of the day came over the adoption of the antl strlke. work-or-fight amendment. The provision had been freely debated since the Introduction of tho bill. To day Senator McKcllar, of Tennessee, moved to strike if from tho bill. His motion was defeated by a vote of 29 to 40. The provision as It finally pass ed the Senate Is as follows: PROVISIONS OF THE "WOnK - on WGHT" AMUNDMEXT ?"Provided, that when any person ahall .have been placed In a. deferred or exempted class for any of the reas ons 'fn- this paragraph sot forth, ho not be entitled to remain therein unlets h6-shall In good faith continue, ?rtlKHe 'Physically able so to do. to work (Continued on Second Pago.) Time When England Was Near Starvation Point There ttu n time In thin war when the people of lCnicland were clone to the nturvntlon point. The food re verve wu* only nuindent to Innt a few vreekK, and the (iermann were alnklnic nlilpn fantrr than the world could replace them. And thin time wax lawt year, In 1017. The Mltuntlon wan crltlral, hut the women of the nntlon were equal to It. They began to cultlvntc every available foot of icround, and, de nplte diinruitleM, Nueceeded In ^ron InR Mplendld cropn. An laterentlns: account of their work. In given la thin Ihmic of thin paper. CASHIER OF CITY POINT INSTITUTION MISSING Robert F. .Jackson Disappears, and, Directors Put Petersburg Danker In Charge. FRIENDS FEAR FOR HIS SAFETY I Interests of Depositors Safeguarded j by Guarantee of Directors, Al- '< though No Evidence That Shortage Exists Has Been Discovered. rSpeclal to The Times-Dispatch. ] PETERSBURG, VA? August 27.?A! statement has been issued by the board j of directors of the National Bank of j City Point, announcing that Robert F. Jackson, cashier of the bank, is no longer connected with that institution, and that E. H. Beaslev, cashier of the National Bank of Petersburg, has been placed in charge. Jackson disappeared Bome dava ago, and his friends have been endeavor-; ing to locate him, and are uneasy about ; him. His disappearance has been the subject of much talk on the streets of the city, and has given rise to un- > pleasant rumors. It is stated that at this time there is not sufficient evidence on which to base a charge of shortage in the funds of the bank. Captain T. F. Heath, of this city. Is president of the bank, and the direc tors are prominent and responsible bus iness men of Petersburg and City Point. In their statement to the public the directors declare that. Jointly and sev erally, they have guaranteed the pay ment of all deposits in the bank: that this guarantee is satisfactory to the .State banking department, and that the business-of the hank will be con tinued as usual, without the chance of any depositor or customer being the loser by continuing his business with the bank. No matter what the condition of the Bank of City Point may happen to be. it will be safeguarded to the fullest extent. Mr. Jackson, the missing cashier, is ? a native of Petersburg and highly con nected here. His friends are making every effort to locate him and clear up the mystery surrounding his disappear ance. Fears are entertained for his safety. COMMON WHEAT SCHEDULE FOR ALLIES AFTER SEPT. 1 All Bread I'ned In Thin Country Munt Correspond to That t'xed Abroad. WASHINGTON. August i7. ? The allied nations go on a common wheat j and bread schedule after September 1. j America, with a great bumper har- ' v?*t coming, has enough grain to care ! for the deficits of all, if all maintain a j "Victory bread and flour" system. That was the announcement from | the United States food administration j to-day. All wheatless days and meals for I America are abolished, but all bread j used in this country must correspond j to the bread used abroad. It must not j exceed SO per cent wheat. "It has been agreed that the wheat bread of the allies shall contain 20 . per cent of grain other than wheat, j and it is only just that we should bear j our share in this saving, and that ourj bread at least should be universal with . those who are suffering more greatly j from the war than ourselves." says the i announcement from Herbert Hoover's ! oflice. Exact proportions for mixing j "Victory flour" are given: Foru pounds of wheat flour to one t pound of barley. Four pounds of wheat flour to one | pound of corn flour. Eight pounds of wheat flour to one | pound of barley flour and one pound of corn flour. Three pounds of wh?at flour to not less than two pounds of rye flour. Whole wheat, entire wheat or Gra ham flour or meal must contain at least 95 per cent of the wheat berry. Dealers may .sell these flours with-! out accompanying substitutes. but where straight wheat flour is sold, 20 per cent substitutes must be sold co incldently. , Bakers' bread must contain at least 20 per cent of substitutes. The food administration relies upon ,the women of the country who make their own bread to see that the sub stitutes are mixed in at least as heavy proportion as the administration has ordered in the case of "Victory flours." PROVIDE FOR HEARINGS ON NEW REVENUE BILL IndnxtrlM Are Anked by Senate Fl nunee Committee to Select Ilepre MentntlveM to Conference*. I By Associated Press.] WASHINGTON. August 27.?Hearings on the new war revenue bill, to begin next Tuesday and continue for not more than ten days, were arranged to day by the Senate Finance Committee. All Industries will be asked to appoint representative spokesmen to avoid du plication of evidence presented, but any one desiring to be heard will bo In vited to attend. Hetween Its introduction in the Houso and the date set for the Senate com mittee hearing. It was believed Interests affected would have ample time to fa miliarize themselves with the measure's provisions, to make any statements to the Senate committee. The privilege of filing written briefs with the com mittee, Chairman Simmons said, also will be accorded all witnesses. WOODS FILES RESIGNATION Rellnqulnheii Position of Chnlrman of Republican Con* remilonal Com mittee for Harmony. I By Associated Press.] WASHINGTON, August 27.?Repre sentative Frank P. Woods, of Iowa, who recently failed of renominatlon to Con gress, tendered to the Republican con gressional committee to-night his resig nation as chairman of that commit oe. Mr. Woods announced his reasons In a letter submitted to the meeting, saying he resigned In the interest of harmony and unity In tho committee. The worth of Tlmea-Dlapatch advertising, both claaaMed and display, la testified to by the conaiatency with which Richmond's beat business concerns uao it. " ? MEXICAN SOLDIERS EIRE ON AMERICANS 1 \ "T Between Ten and Twenty of Latter Are Report ed Slain. SHOOT FROM HOUSETOPS Battle Began When Official Sought to Smuggle Country men Into U. S. [By Associated Press.] NOG A LBS. ARIZ., August 27.?One American officer foil fighting in the streets of Nogales late to-da>v one civilian was killed, another officer se riously wounded, and between tm and twenty American soldiers killed dur ing the Bkirmish which took place along International Avenue, between American troops and Mexicans, in Nogales, Sonora. Approximately fifteen Americans were wounded, including Lieutenant Coloifel Frederick 11. Herman, who was shot through the right leg while com manding the American troops, but con tinued in command on crutches. The dead Include Captain J. D. Hungerford, who was killed in action. The civilian was Gaston Reddock, who was killed during the first hour of the fighting. Lieutenant Luke W. Loftus was seriously wounded. An infantry detachment, in com mand of Lieutenant-Colonel Herman, was rushed to the border, and was fol lowed by negro cavaJry troops, who took up positions along the street which forms the boundary line. The firing continued until 5:30 P. M? when it died down slightly. Reports that machine guns were brought into action by the American troops were denied, although a machine gun was set up in an oflice facing Mexico. No one seemed to know exactly what happened after the first shot was fired. An American sentry was seen to enter an office on International Avenue, with his arm dangling at his side with a bullet wound through his shoulder. Soon after the firing became general. . lUil'OUTKD HUUKL BAND IS NEAll THK TOWN Reports that Juan G. Cabral, leader of a rebel band, which has bc-en oper ating south of the border, had appear ed within fourteen miles of Nogales, was camped at the Maytorena ranch, and that the shooting in Nogales was preliminary to an attack on the town by his band, could not be confirmed. The lighting Legan about 4 o'clock, and was general for about an hour and a half. In pursuing the Mexicans, the Ameri can troops did not stop at the bound ary line, it was said, but continued for at least two blocks into the Mexican town. The American soldiers fired from housetops and other points of vant age. HOIST FLAG OF TRUCE, BUT CONTINUE SNIPING The Mexicans hoisted & flag of truce, but continued firing and sniping was going on at 5 o'clock to-night. A conference has been called between American and Mexican officials. The trouble was supposed to have started as a result of an attempt on the part of a Mexican immigration of ficial to pass a fellow-countryman across the border Illegally. American sentries drew guns and Mexicans fired. Other Mexicans, apparently fully arm ed. came from all directions and aided the Mexicans on the line until they were driven buck. Casualties on the Mexican side, ac cording to a late report, were over 100 killed and wounded. Like the main street of a moving picture frontier town. International Avenue, where the fighting started, zigzagging its way along the interna tional boundary line between Mexico and the United States, forms the main business street of the town In two re publics. American sentries patrol the boun dary night and day, while Mexican sen tries in their slate-colored uniforms, pa trol the opposite side of the wide busi ness street. Custom guards and patrol squads have their stations at the Amer ican and Mexican custom-houses, which face each other across the street. Nogales, Ariz., is a progressive Ari zona border town with modern houses. Nogales. Sonora. the Mexican town, is a typical Mexican border town, with square adobe houses resembling cubes of native brown sugar. Nogales, Sonora. has been the scene of a number of border battles. At 10:15 o'clock to-night the twin cities were quiet, a truce having been agreed upon until 7 o'clock in the morn ing:. A. J. Abasola, commanding the Nogales, Sonora. garrison, expressed re gret at the outbreak, and declared it was due to ill feeling between Mex ican and American custom guards. The Mayor of Nogales, Sonora. re ported to have been killed, was Felix Penaloza. Mexican Consul Garza Zer tuche, stationed here, stated to-night he did not believe the losses on the ' Mexican side of the line would be as ? heavy as estimated by American of ficers. SEVENTEEN MEN MISSING FROM SUBMARINE CHASER ."Sine Survivor* liondfd?Four of Thfm Wounded liy SIiclI* l'roni Steamer. WASH I NGTON, August 27.?Two of ficers and fifteen members of the crew of submarine chaser No. 209 are miss in k, U-e chaser having: been shelled and sunk by the steamship Kolix Taussig: nt 3:15 o'clock this morning south of Long island. Nine survivors were landed, eight at New York and one at Lewes, Del., ac cording: to the official statement of the Navy Department- Secretary of the Navy Daniels said that any further par ticulars would he made public as soon as received. The sijrvivors, four of whom were wounded, are: Wounded?Thomas Hi?rran. chief boatswain's mate; Claude Wilde, ma chinists' mate, second class; Clarence S. Evans, machinists' mate, second class; R. A. Corcoran (landed at Lewes), quartermaster, third class. Uninjured?Elmer E. Oleason, ma chinists' mate, first class; Elmer S. Kir by electrician, second class; Claulc Kalmey, quartermaster, third class; Charles N. Thompson, seaman, second class; George B. Wiegand, gunner's mate, first class. PLESHKOFF EXECUTES COUP ANxmneii Control of All Rnimlan Mili tary Forcm in the Far EaMf, [by Associated Preag.] VLADIVOSTOK. Sunday. August 25 <vla Shanghai).?General Pleshkoflf chief of the Russian forces in Siberia and Manchuria, acting on behalf of General Horvath, the anti-Bolshevik leader, by a coup d'etat has assumed control of all the Russian military forces in the Far ..East. The Russian volunteers have gone ovor to General Horvath in a body. Kpldemlc of Grippe. I PEKING. CHINA. August 27.?A severe epldemlo of grippe Ib spreading here. Many deaths are reported, ' ? ? OROWELL AND RYAN HEAD MINISTRIES Former Will Look After Muni tions, and Latter to Super vise Aviation. STETTINIUS SENT TO FRANCE I Many Changes Promised to Make New Organizations Effec tive at Once. fRy Associated Ptejrvl WASHINGTON. August 27.?Virtual ' establishment of ministries of muni tion and aviation, and the appoint ment of Benedict C. Crowell. first as sistant Secretary of War, and John D. Ryan, chief of the Bureau of Military Aeronautics, as the respective heads, was announced to-day by Secretary j Baker. While the ofllclal statement re- i fers to the appointees as director of munition and "director of air service." j the changes evidently are intended to create separate organizations, each un. ! der direct control of one man, who w^U i hold wide powers, and be intrusted with all responsibilities in those llelds. j Mr. Ryan assumes the position of sec- ; ond assistant Secretary of War, vice Edward K. Stettinlus, who is abroad, j Mr. Stettinius is to remain in France ! indefinitely, it was announced, as spe cial representative of the War Depart ment, with full power to carry out the special missions with which he is charged. The necessity for the eventual con- j solidatlon of the various activities con- | nected with the munition program has been repeatedly predicted since the 1 early days of the war. Experiences of j Great Britain prior to the establish ment of a ministry of munitions led many experts to recommend similar ac tion as a remedy for differences here. Mr. Crowell. since his appointment as chief assistant to Mr. Baker, has had special charge of industrial mat- j ters coming before the War Depart- j ment. Full control of the Bureau of j Military Aeronautics and of the Bureau ; of Aircraft Production has been given i to Secretary Ryan, who Is authorized | to name a head for the latter organlza- ? Hon. He will thus have charge of the I production of airplanes and of the > training of personnel to man them, bringing the entente air program un der the single authority recommended by Major-General William L?. Kenly. chief of military aeronautics, and other experts before the Senate Military Af fairs Committee. Mr. Ryan is expected to put Into ef fect immediately changes In organlza- , tlon which will result In the co-ordina tion of the two bureaus which he will control. Third Assistant Secretary of War Frederick P. Keppel will continue In his present duties. NEW TANKS STRIKE TERROR TO SOULS. OF HUN SOLDIERS Enemy Poirei-lm* to Ilealnt Charse* of "JuIm Vcrnc'n Iron Steed*."' AT THE BRITISH FRONT. August 27.?Tanks known as "Jules Verne's Iron steeds,"?a distinctly English in vention?have again demonstrated In the present British push that they are one of the most formidable weapons of modern warfare. German officers captured admit they were powerless to resist the tank charges on the scale as staged by the British in the. first few days of tills latest offensive. Hundreds of tanks were used with deadly effectiveness along the thirty mile battle front. "They brought home the bacon" to use the terms of one live-wire English tank officer who was with a detach ment of British infantry isolated in St. Martin wood, south of the Somme. These men had been compelled to take shelter In shell holes. Every time they showed their noses they drew a hail of machine gun bullets. Finally, at 'an opportune moment, along came a lank. The pilot noticed the khakia uniforms in the shell hole. They threw a band of steel around the village, spitting fire and death killing hordes of Germans holding the place and capturing 700 prisoners, whom the tank crews turned over to the British infantry. These prisoners, who belonged to a Saxon division, admitted that sur render was their only chancc In the face of such metallic giants. "They sent a shudder through our very souls." was the way one captured German frankly put It. PRESIDENT RECEIVES WORD OF PAGE'S RESIGNATION Colonel Houfte Talked Of aa Probable New Anibnnandor to Court of St. JamrN'a. WASHINGTON. August 27.?Presi dent Wilson has received official word of the resignation of Walter Hines rage, ambassador to the court of St. James's, it was learned authorita tively to-night. The report from London that Mr. Page had resigned his post because of ill health could not be confirmed. At the State De partment, it was said nothing was known "officially" of the reslgna natiou or of the reason for It. Secre tary of State Lansing's answer to a request for -confirmation was: "That is a White House matter." At the White House, however, no details were forthcoming. Mr. Page's resignation is believed to be immediate, and for this reason the President is expected to send the President is expected to send the name of his successor to the Senate within the next few weeks for con firmation. It was suggested to-night that the President might ask his friend and adviser. Colonel House, to take the post. There are several reasons why Colonel House Is deemed the logllal man for the place. The first is that he has gone abroad before on diplomatic missions for the President, but the most important one Is the part of United States ambassador to the court of St. James's would play at the peace table. He would logically become the spokesman of the President and the nation. It Is suggested, and would naturally have to bo a close confidant of the President's to perform this task. WORST IS YET TO COME PranMlan War Minister Tell* People German Army May Suffer More neverae*. GENEVA (via Paris), August 27.? "We may suffer more reverses In the west," a Berlin dispatch quotes ?he Prussian War .Minister, Baron von Stein, as saying. "Our defeats aro seri ous in their effect upon the homo front, because the war's end Is' not in sight. "The peoplo must show a desire to fight on to victory. Any other courso Is a crime* to the Fatherland." Honor* for Keruilt Hooaevelt. LONDON, August 27.?The award to "temporary and honorary Captain Ker mlt Roosevelt," son of Colonel Roose velt, of the military cross for servlcos In Mesopotamia, was announced In the Official Gazette to-night. Until ho joined the American forces In 'France Captain Roosevelt wan attachod t6 the British array in Mesopotamia on' spe cial duty. Call on Nation to Eliminate Use of Auto on Sunday to Conserve Supply of Gasoline [By Associated Press.) WASHINGTON, Aitgust 27.?The fuel udiuinlHtrntlon to-day railed upon the public In State* rnnt of the Mississippi to cease the using of all l'Iohnpn of automobiles, with a few named exceptions, motorcycles nnd mntor-lionta on Sundays until fur ther notice, as a gasoline conserva tion nieaKure. Only voluntary com pliance with the letter and spirit of tlic request will prevent the is suance of a mandatory order pro hibiting the use of gasoline on Sun day*, It w=.s declared at the fuel ad ministration. Automobiles for hire nre Included In the curtailment pro grnm. .Motor vehicles to which the re strictions ilo not apply were an nounced nst Tractors and motor trucks employed In actual trans portation of freight. Vehicles of physician*, used In performance of professional duties. Ambulance, Are apparatus, police patrol wagons, undertakers' wngons, nnd conveyances used for funerals. Hallway equipment using gas oline. itepnlr outfits employed by tele phone and public service companies. Motor vehicles on errands of necessity In rural communities where transportation or electricity is not avalluble. The action was taken by the fuel administration. It was stated, to meet a threatened shortage of gas oline for shipment overseas. "The United States fuel admin Istration considers It necessary that n limited conservation of gnsollne he undertaken, in the State* east of the Mississippi Itlvert In view of the Increasing demand for gasoline for war purposes and the paramount ob ligation of meeting promptly and fully all overseus requirement*,1' fuild n statement Issued Jointly by Administrator Oartleld and Mark S. Itr<|un, director of the oil division ??f the fuel administration. "An appeal in made, therefore, to lie people of the United State* ennt of the Mississippi lllvcr to exercise rigid economy in the conNiimption of gasoline durinK the next ferr week* an a necessary and practical act of patrlotliim. "W ur nece**itir* are being and will continue to be promptly and fully met, but thin in the period' of the year vrhen consumption of gns ollne In nt I highest, and the ln crenncd domentic demnndn, together nllh the extensive military opera tion* In France, have rendered necennary, for a limited period, the adoption of nufeguarila against pos sible ahbrtage, "In view of the diniculty. If not the Impossibility, of differentiating between the various uses to vrhlch automobiles arc applied, the fuel ad ministration believes the greatest mennure of economy ran be effected with the leant Interference with the business of the country through the discontinuance of the use of all classes of motor vehicles, motor boats, and motorcycles on Sundayn." NATIONAL WAR-TIME PROHIBITION IS CERTAIN Party Leaders Reach Compromise Agreement Relative to New Measure. VOTE TO COME ON THURSDAY Making of Beer and Wine Will Cease, According to Bill, on Muy 1, and Sales of Liquor Will Stop on July 1, 1910. [By i rsoclfttsd Fresx] WASHINGTON, August 27.?An .agreement, Senate leaders of prohibi tion and antlprohibltion factions joined in stating late to-day wnicn is ex pcctcd to Insure passage of the pend ing war-time prohibition bill by Thurs day, and would prohibit sales of in toxicating beverages after July 1, 1919, has been reached. The compromise agreement provides for postponement to July 1 next of the national prohibition, in place of the January 1 limit fixed In the bill. It also provides that manufacture of beer and wino shall stop May 1, 1919, in'jtead of November 1, as proposed in the measure before the Senate. Representative Jones, of Washing ten. a prohibition leader; Chairman Simmons, of the Finance Committee, and Minority Leader Lodge each au thorized the statement that the pro hibition legislative compromise had been agreed upon by leaders and rank and file of both Senate factions, and was expected to cause passage of the bill, probably by next Thursday. California grape growers, appearing to-day before the Senate Agriculture Committee urged that tne penGing na tional prohibition legislation be amend ed so as to become July 1, 1920. Instead of July. 1919, as now proposed. Tliey said the July 1 compromise would bene fit wlnemakers, but would cause enor mous losses to grape growers. Senator Gore, of Oklahoma, chair man of the committee, said the Fed eral amendment would be ratified by the States by next January or Feb ruary, to become effective one year after ratification. K. M. Sheehan. of Sacramento, secre tary of the California State Board of Agriculture, replied that the grape In terests in California were preparing for national prohibition by curtailing their production, and when two-thirds of the States expressed a desire for national prohibition they would be willing to abandon their business. The hearing will be continued to morrow. "LESS BULL, BUT KEEP UP . MORALE," SCHWAB SAYS Report* From Wmtfrn Shipyards Mound I.Ike Fourth of July Olehrn tlona With Sptnkrrs on I'rogram. WASHINGTON. August 27.?Less bull, but keep up the morale," Is the message of Charles M. Schwab, direc tor-general of the Emergency Fleet corporation now on a working tour of the ship yards of the country. Reports from some of the western yards, sound like an account of a Fourth of July celebration. One or two four-minute speakers shoot verbal doses of patriotism into them each day. The shipping board, while re organizing that this system has kept the men at high speed, and has held the morale to a high pitch, is a little fearful lest an overdose be adminis tered. or that continuation of the one taining course make the men stale. To-day the boavd sent to every ship yard in the country a recent resolu tion of the war labor board, defining the govenment's labor program, a complete understanding of which by the men the board believes, will do much to take the place of the speak ing squads. Incidentally the men are asking for an Increase in wages to one dollar an hour with double time for over time, a demand which the board is inclined to regard as ex cessivo and which an undestanding of the esolutlon may modify. FOUND HANGING FROM TREE Halifax Tobacco Plantation Tenant 10n<1n I.Iff After Hnrd Day's Work In Field. [Special to The Tlmes-Dlspatch.l DANVILL,B. VA., August 27.?Churl!** Fears, a tenant on T. B. Clark's plan tation In Halifax, disappeared threo days ago. Yesterday he was dis covered hanging from a tree in a tobacco fl^ld, having been dead rooted, but his relatives cannot expliln his death. He was not morbid, and had good health,. He left his house to go to work In Ihe tobacco field and ap peared to be qulto normal. The theory that an arduous day's work In the hot sunshine unbalanced him suddenly is advanced. EMILY RETURNS INDICUTE DEFEAT OF COLE BLEASE Figures at Midnight Gave Nat ' B. Dial 31,108 Votes, as Against 18,120 for Opponent., ROBERT COOPER IS IN LEAD Unofficial Figures From Michigan Show Newberry Leading Henry Ford by Margin of Nearly 2,000 Votes. [By Associated Press.] COLUMBIA, S. G\. August 28.?Nat B. Dial, of Laurens. has been nominated for the long- tei;m In- the JUnlted.Statefe donate to succeed Benjamin R. Tlll ninn. defeating both Cole L<. Blease and James F. Rice in the South Carolina Democratic primary to-day. liarly this morning: Mr. Dial had a majority of approximately 10,000 over both his op ponents, a lead of nearly 14.0JO over Blease. The vote was: Dial, 31,108; Blease, 18,126, and Rice, 2,0S4. For Governor, Robert A. Cooper seems to have been nominated in the first primary, although later reports mav cause a second primary with John G. Richards. Cooper's majority is also in the neighborhood of 10,000. The vote for Governor: Cooper, 2S.797; Richards, 12.907; Bethea, 4,725; Dun can, 431; Descliamps, 236. Junius T. Liles apparently has defeated his two opponents for Lieutenant-Governor. The contests for Congress are ob scure on account of meager returns, with the exception of the Third Dis trict, where Wyatt Aiken has a slight lead over Representative Fred H. Dominick: the incumbents are leading. With about half the precincts in the Fourth Congressional District reported, Sam J. Nieholls, the incumbent, is lead ing for Congress with a second race between him and D. B. Traxler prob able. NEWBERRY LEADS RACK FOR U. S. SKiVATORSHIP DETROIT, August 27.?Incomplete and unofficial returns from counties scattered through lower Michigan showed Commander Truman H. New berry leading Henry Ford, former Gov ernor Chase S. Osborn and William G. Simpson tn the race for the Republican nomination for United States Senator. Ford, who is also a candidate for the senatorial nomination on the Demo cratic ticket, was leading James W. Helms, on the face of the eariy returns. Scattering returns from eighteen counties show: Newberry, 3,796; Ford, 1,781; Osborne. 1,649; Simpson, 452. The few returns received on the Democratic senatorial vote show: Ford, 187; Helme, 61. TWO SHOT IN ROW OVER 006; POSSE HUNTING FOR NEGRO ?Son RnnhrN to Aid of Father nnd Re ceives I.ond of Huckuhot In liyt. DANVIULE, VA? August 27.?Danville and Pittsylvania officers were still en gaged this afternoon in a determined hunt for Hetiry Bratcher. a negro who, after wounding Calvin Bratcher in the side this morning, shot and seriously injured Float A. Reagan, Calvin's son, who had started on a hunt for the ne gro. Tho belief was expressed thut Hratcher was lying in the thick woods in the vicinity of Pumpkin Creek, where the shooting took place eurly this morning. Officers are posted with shot guns at the water tank at Pelham, N. C? where, tt Is believed. Bratcher will try to reach tho main railway line. The shooting took place over a dog which Calvin Reagan shot at while It was running amuck with his pigs. Bratcher, owner of the dog, became In censed and shot at Reagan, an old man, wounding him in the side. When his son heard of the shooting, he left the railway station, where ho is employed as a special agent for the Southern Hallway, and on reaching homo secured a horse and began a search for Bratcher. He rode up to his house and demanded of woman where he could llf.d the man. At that moment Bratcher stepped from behind the house and poured a load of bird shot at him nt short range. Most of the shot hit Reagan's hat, but about a dozen pellets entered his left eye, which was put out. He was shot from his horse, and In falling to tho ground struck his head a severe blow and which may have Injured his skull. After tho shooting Jiratcher took to tho woods, leaving Reagan unconscious on the ground. Tho ularin was not given hero for nearly two hours, and the negro got a good start. Reagan was brought to tho hospital, where his physician said that the eye had been removed, but that none of the shot had reached the brain. StefnnnKoii In Circle City. JT7NKAU. ALASKA. August 27.?Vllh Jalmar Stefansson, Arctic explorer and discoverer of the "blond Eskimos." was at Circle City last night on his way up the Yukon and to the outside via Juneau nnd Southeastern Alaska, ao cording to advices rocelved hero to** day. British and French Almost at the Gates of Peronne. BACKBONE OF RESISTANCE - BROKEN IN ROYE REGION Lines Advanced North and South of Town Over Twelve Mile Front. ENEMY LOSSES ARE HEAVY t ?^ 4"-. \ More Than 21,000 Prisoners Cnj?? tured Since Last Wednesday - ? by English and Poilns. [By Amroclated Press.] Frenzied counterattacks by the .foe have failed to hold back the British and French armies, who are hard-af ter the Germans on the seventy-fly? mile battle front from the north ~ot Arras to the region of Solssons. All along- the front the German Title has given way before tho pressure of tho British and French troops at points where the falling back of the eneniy or the capture of towns and roads running eastward adds greatly to His already serious predicament from the standpoint of strategy. Numerous towns, village and hamlets have fallen into tho hands of the Brit ish and French In the continuation ? of the lighting, and scarcoly anywhfcre along tho battle front have the Ger? mans been able to do more than delay tho allies when they knock for admit? tance to the German line. . ... Keaf-guard actions also are serving merely to keep tho allied advance slow ed down as far as possible, whlle.?tUo main German bodies make their -way eastward In retreat toward now posi tions. I In the region around Arras the Brut ish now are well astride the roads leading to Doual and Cambral, and, further south along the Somme they have pressed forward until they atfe almost at the gateB of Peronne. Between the Sommo and tho Oise tho French have broken tho backbone of tho Gorman resistance at Roye, Ma turing this pivotal point to an inva sion eastward of the plains of Ploaray and advancing their lines north ana south of the town over a front; of about twelve and one-half miles a depth of more than two and one-half miles at certain points. North of Solssons the French, al tVough the Germans are fighting them hivterly, again have advanced slight ly their line In the outllanklng move ment both against the Chemin-des Dames region and the Noyon sector. heavy losses suffered ? BY PRUSSIAN FORCES' Everywhere the Germans have lost heavily in men killed or made er and. in addition, the allied troops again have captured numerous guns, machine guns and war stores. The prisoners taken by the British 'rom last Wednesday to Monday of the pres ent week aggregate 21,000. In the fichting Tuesday around St. Iwest of Roye, tho French secured 1, The^amfdlan troops are fighting in 1 lively fashion between tho Sensee and Scarpe Rivers, and to them have fallen numerous German-held villages and mBapaumSe?.none of the strategic points r vf>r which there has been much heavy fighting is still held by the Germany hut the British are so nearly around It that possibly few of the ?"?my re main Inside the shell-torn town. Th? Urltish on the west are in the' ?ut skirts cf the place, and nf t"A battle soon will be nipped out of the battle line In the plncer movement that Is l>eY ing employed against It. * BRITISH FO^Cn^^R^^ In the north tho British already afe across the upper end of the old Hln denburg line, and If their progress con tinues they soon will be able to oper ate to the east of the line on cround, on which tanks and cavalry can be brought into the fray with gQOd r6Behind the lines everywhere Frene1* and British airmen are harassing toe Germans in retreat, but in this work they are being met by large forces of enemy airmen, who are fighting hard. On the Vesle front the Americana and Germans are in a rather bitter Aght the towns of Flsmetto and Bazouches. The Americans started the trouble at liazouches and the Germans reciprocat ed with an attack on Flsmette.- At last accounts the Americans had tne upper hand at both places. NEW ZEAL.ANDERS TAKE TOWN OF BECGNATRSl New Zealanders havo captured Beug natre, two and one-half miles nortp east of Bap&ume. Nearer the Soriimo Hiver the British have moved east ward along the difficult ground that borders that stream. They are re ported east of Suzanne, which is sit uated on the northern bank of tho rlvor, and are closing in on Domplerrs, which may be the pivot of the G??> man lines south of the Somme in tho direction of Chaulnes. Between the Ailetto and the Alsno the French have repulsed Germ&4 counterattacks, and havo advanced their line about three-quarters of a mile In tho district east of Bagneux. This advance should bring General Mangfn'3 armies nearly north of the town of Juvlgny, which appears to be im* portant from a defensive point of view. There Is little Indication. howeVtfi', that the German armies are demoralised In the battle that is going on from Arras to Soissons. At every point they seem to be fighting savagely, and to be compelling the British and French to extond themselves to the lifniti This resistance seems to be especially vigorous in the regloi\ of CroisIIl^s. and further north between the Cojeul and Scarpe Rivers, where tho British attacked Monday morning. HEAVY KlflHTIVO STILL RAGING NEAR COMB(/?l LONDON, August 27.?Longueval (less than three mites northwest Of Combles) Is reported captured, heavy fighting continues in the borhood of the ?illsge. Bap*urn* hM