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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, September 02, 1918, Image 1

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Get From Timcs-Dispatch
t .1formation Bureau
6sth 'Tear.
Try a Classified Ad
They Often Succccd Wh.nO.her
Things Fail
VOl.CMK 68
M'.MItKK 244
Z5?rr ?fair
Issues Special Message Asking
All to Help Win
the War.
Laborer as Much Needed as Sol
dier, for It Is His Great
WASHINGTON, September 1. ?All
Americans are addressed as fellow-en
listed-men of a single army, of many
parts, but commanded by a single ob- 1
ligation, by President Wilson In a
Labor Day mcssagp made public to
night at the White House. That ob
ject Is to win the war. the war of all
?wa.ru which labor should support and
support with all its concentrated pow
I er*
At first, the President says, this hard- j
' ly seemed more than a war of de
? fense against military aggression; now
it Is clear that it is more than a war
to alter the balance of power of Uu
rope, that Germany was striking at
?what free men everywhere desire and
must have: the right to determine their
3 own fortunes. L,:tbor Day. 1918, there- ?
fore, is supremely significant, he de- :
clares, because:
"The laborer is not only as much
needed as the soldier: it is his war.
The soldier is his champion and repre
sentative. To fail to win would be
to imperil everything that the laborer
has striven for and held dear since
freedom first had its . dawn and his
struggle for justice began." The Pren
ident's message follows:
"My fellow-Citizens ? Labor Day
1918 is not like any Dabor Day that
?we have known. Labor Day was al
ways deeply significant with us. Now
It is supremely significant. Keenly as
? w? were aware a year ago of the en- j
terprise of life and death upon which
the nation had embarked, we did not
? perceive its meaning as clearly as we ,
' do now. We knew that we were all
partners and must stand and strive 1
together, but we did not realize as we
do now that we are all enlisted men.
members of a single army, of many
parts and many tasks, but commanded
by a single obligation, our faces set '
towards a single objective. We now
' know that every tool In every essential
industry Is a weapon, ami a weapon
wielded for the same purpose that an
army ride Is wielded?a weapon which
if were to lay down no rifle would bo
of any uhc.
"And a weapon for what? What la j
the war for? Why are we enlisted'.' ;
Why should we be ashamed If we were
not enlisted? At first It Deemed hardly
more than a war of defense against
the military aggression of Germany.
Belgium had been violated, France in
vaded and Germany was .-uiold again
as In 1870 and 1800 to work out her
ambitions in Europe; and it was neces
sary to meet her force with force. But
it Is clear 'now that It Is much more
than a war to alter the balance of
power in Europe. Germany, Jt is now
plain, was striking at what freemen
everywhere desire and must have?the
right to determine their own fortunes. ,
to insist upon Justice, and to oblige
governments to act for them and not !
lor the prlvato and selfish Interest of ;
a governing class. It is a war to make <
the nations nnd peoples of the world 1
secure against every such power as the ?
German autocracy represents. It is a
war of emancipation. Not until it is
won can men anywhere live free from
constant fear or breathe freely while t
they go about their dally tasks and
know that governments are their ser
vants, not their masters.
"This Is, therefore the war of all
wars which labor should support and
support with all Its concentrated
power. The world cannot be safe,
men's lives cannot be socure. r.o man's
rights can be confidently and success
fully asserted against the rule and
mastery of arbitrary groups and sp>- !
clal interests so long as governments
like that which, after long preinedita- '
tion drew Austria and Germany into
this war are permitted to control the
destinies and the dally fortunes of men
and nations, plotting while honest men
work, laying the fires of which innocent
men, women and children are to be
the fuel.
"Tou know the nature of this war.
It Is a war which you must sustain.
The army of laborers at home is as
Important and essential as the army
of fighting men in the far fields of
actual battle. And the laborer is not
only needed as much aa the soldier.
It la his war. The soldier iB his cham
pion and representative. To fail to j
win would be to imperil everything
that the laborer has striven for and ,
held dear since freedom first had its j
dawn and his struggle for Justice be- j
gan. The soldiers at the front know
this. It steels their muscles to think
of it. They are crusaders. They are
fighting for no selfish advantage for
their own nation. They would despise
any one who fought for the selfish
advantage of any nation. They are giv
ing their lives that homes everywhere,
as well as the homes they love in j
America, may be kept sacred and safe,
and men everywhere be free as they
insist upon being free. They are fight
ing for the Ideals of their own land? t
great ideals, immortal ideals, ideals ]
which shall light the way for all men
to the places where Justice is done and j
men live with lifted heads and enian- j
clpated spirits. That Is the reason they |
fight with solemn Joy and are invincl- i
"Let us make this, therefore, a flay j
of fresh comprehension not only of,
what we are about, and of renewed and j
clear-eyed resolution, but a day of con- 1
secratlon also, in which we devote our- \
selves without pause or limit to the j
great task of setting our own country
and the whole world free to render
justice to all and of making It impos
sible for small groups of political rul- j
ers everywhere to disturb our peace, ?
or the peace of the world, or In any
way to make tools and puppets of ,
those upon whose consent and upon j
' whose power their own authority and I
their own very existence depends.
"We may count upon each other. The
nation Is of a single mind. It Is tak
ing counsel with no special class. It
Is serving no private or single Inter
ests. . Its own mind has been cleared
and fortified by these days which burn
the dross away.
"The light of a new conviction has
penetrated to every class amongst us.
we realize as we never realized before
that we are comrades, dependent on
one another, irresistible when united,
powerless when divided. And so we
join hands to lead the world to a new
and better day."
Frank P. Walsh, Joint chairman of
the National War Labor Board, has
sent a Labor Day message to be read
at to-morrow's celebrations.
"This world war has provided the
beginning of a splendid education in
democracy. Mr. Walsh's message savs
In part 'In this re-oxamlnation the
country has discovered one thing at
least about democracy?that It must
mean more than old-fasliloned politi
cal democracy. The old Idea that
- * (Continued on "Second Pago.)
* '
Problems After the War
Baffle the Imagination
The war prrient* (rrmmdoiia
problems, but In the opinion of Man
fred Kmnnuel these nre nothing to
be eonipMred with those which will
confront the people when the con
flict Is over and they arc brought
face to face with the necessity of
Mr. Kntanuel, In this Issue, tells
of these problems and stresses the
point that we mast bring; a new
mentality to benr on their solution
anil evolve an economic patriotism
like unto nothing that we have ever
had before.
His General Condition Is Good, and
Immediate Danger Is
Now Past.
Declared Member of Social Revolu
tionary Party Was Responsible for
the Shooting, and Moscow Mes
sages Claim She Is Prisoner.
LONDON, September 1.?The latest
o flic la 1 new? concerning the condition
of Nikolai Denine comes in the form
of two bulletins by Russian wireless,
time, 7:30 and K:30 Saturday evening,
respectively. Th'-se bulletins state that
his general condition Is good, that im
mediate danger is past and that no
complications have arisen.
According to a message from Am
sterdam to-night, the attack on Lenlne,
the Bolshevik Pr.emier, was made by
a young woman, a member of the So
cial Revolutionary Party, to which be
longed also the assassins of Field Mar
shal von Kichhorn and Count von Mir
bach. The woman has been arrested,
ucording to Moscow advices to-day.
L*? nine's condition is described as
Details of the attempt on I,enine's
life arc coming in slowly. Keuter's
Moscow correspondent telegraphs th*
Bolshevik chiftian was returning
Friday evening from a laborers' meet
ing at the .\I ichaelson Works when he
?was suddenly stopped by two women
who engaged him in a discussion of
the recent decrees of the Bolshevik
government regarding the importation
of foodstuffs to Moscow.
In the midst of this conversation
three shots were tired by a young girl,
described as an "Intellectual," two shots
taking effect. The girl was arrested.
During the shooting one bullet pene
trated a little above the shoulder.blade,
entering the chest and touching the
upper part of the lung. The bullet
stopped on the right side of the neck
over the shoulder bone.
Another bullet penetrated the left
shoulder blade and split tlie bone. It
stopped directly under the skin.
Tirmfj-'our of the SI.x1y-?*ro Pernonn j
Ilrpor(fi) MianinR Arc .Mot Yet
Accounted For.
'By Ansoclatetl Prons.l ?
WASHINGTON', September 1.?Twen- |
ty-two members of the naval armed ]
guard of the American steamer .loseph !
Cudahy. reported missing yesterday]
when news of the loss of their ship on
August 17 reached the Navy Depart
ment. have been brought safely into i
Atlantic ports by British steamers.
The same ships had aboard sixteen
civilian members of the Cudahy's
crew, leaving unaccounted for orilv
twenty-four of the sixty-two person's
Reports to the navy to-day show
that the Cudahy, which was sent down I
by torpedoes from two enemy sub
marines. was attacked 700 miles from
the Knglish coast. Ships carrying the
survivors arrived late yesterday. Some
?survivors, including two members of'
the navy guard, already had reached
an Knglish port, but no hopes now are !
entertained for the rescue of the men |
still missing. The entire naval guard
is accounted for.
Kimt (iaaollne-l.enn Sunday I'indn
Street* of National Capitol Almost
Dare of Automobile*.
WASHINGTON, September 1.?Pres- j
ident Wilson and Mrs. Wilson went j
back a generation to-day to the horse- j
| drawn carriage, to conserve gasoline 1
in compliance with Fuel Administra
tor Gartleld's request to1 omit motoring
Sundays. The President's action, from
i conditions in the capital and reports
from all over the country east of the i
Mississippi River, the territory affect
ed, was indicative of the nation's ready
response to a patriotic appeal.
Beginning early this morning with
the emergence from the White House
Grounds of an old-fashioned victoria ;
drawn by two horses, with coachman :
and footmen, carrying Mr. and Mrs. j
Wilson to the Central Presbyterian
Church, and throughout the rest of the
day when Washington's streets were
bare of their wonted steady stream
of automobiles, it was apparent the
fuel administration would save this
Sunday pretty near its estimated 3.000,
000 gallons for overseas.
Republican CongrefiKlonnl Campaign!
Committee to Meet .Monday
WASHINGTON, September 1.?Con
gressman Simon D. Fess. of Ohio, will
probably be elected chairman of the
Republican congressional campaign
committee at the meeting Monday
night. He was offered the chairman
ship last night.
Formal election of the successor to
Congressman Frank P. Woods, who
resigned Tuesday, was deferred until
| the meeting Monday. The nomination
of Congressman Fess was made by
Congressman Dyer, of Missouri, and
was the only one presented. The vote
for his election was unanimous, but
he requested postponement of the for
mal vote.
Will Give Pay to Red Cron?.
I MONTGOMERY. ALA., September 1.
i There will he no public celebration
| of L.ablr Day in Montgomery. All the
worklngmen will stay "on the job" and
will contribute their day's pay to the
Red Cross. The action of the work
lngmen was approved by all local
No Delay* In Aerial Mall.
WASHINGTON. September 1.?Aerial
mail service between New York. Wash
ington and Philadelphia during the
month of August was carried on with
out a delay of as much as a few min
utes, the Post-Ofllco Department an
nounced to-night.
Send 1,300 Negroes to Camp.
MEMPHIS, TI3NN., September 1.?
Memphis and Shelby County nerro se
lectmen to tho number of 1,300 were
entrained for Camp Sherman, to-day.
Sinking of Steamer Ataz-Mendi
Is Responsible for
Drastic Action.
Action of Spanish Cabinet Likely
to Bring In Other
MADRID, September 1.?The Spanish
government has decided to take over
all the German steamships interned in
Spanish ports in accordance with
Spain's recent note to Berlin, because ;
of the torpedoing of Sipanish vessels by
Oerman submarines.
Foreign Minister Dato announced at
a meeting of the Cabinet to-night that
the Spanish steamship Ataz-Mendi, car
rying a oareo of coai from England to
Spain, had been torpedoed and sunk
by a German submarine.
Thi issuance of a formal note by
Spall, that she proposes to safeguard
her interests agulnst Germany on the
lines of her statement of August 10 is
looked upon by high government of- !
ticials here a?i likely to bring on a war :
crisis between the two countries.
The suggestion of the likelihood of
war is based, in the opinion of some
of these officials. on the fact that
relations between Spain and Germany
have reached the snapping point. The
evident feeing of the people of Spain
as against n-hat lias been described
h?;re as the dilatory action of the Span
ish government is apt to assert itself
now very acutelj.
As Spain is a neutral fully compe
tent to take care of her affair with
Germany, it is asserted here that the
L'nited States will not interfero. As a
maticr of fact, it is known that the
L'nited States has not yet been ap
prised of the action of Spain in issu
ing a note of the kind referred to in
tht- cable service.
"There was friction enough," said one j
of the o Jicials, commenting on the%ej
cables t .-nighv. "Spain has acted with
the utmost forbearance, and. so far as
we have learned, tnere has been an
'".most uninterrupted series of affronts.
This last incident, coming on the heels
->f Spall.V last protest, looks as if it
would bring about an armed clash. If
not. it is expected in official circles
that Spain will actually put in force
ver intention, made public about Au
gust 10. to dpUo Oerman phips in Span
ish ports in retaliation for the viola- i
tion of Spain's neutrality by the unre- ;
^trained I.*-boat warfare, against which j
^r>aln has been protesting ever since j
T^ebrunry, 191fi."
OTIIKIt MOI TH.U, powrcns
It Is pointed out that if Spain were j
to align herself against Germany in i
her present beaten and exhausted state,
there would no longer be a question j
of Holland or any of the Scandinavian ,
ccuntries entering the war either for j
or against the allies. Spain is regard- )
ed as a rejuvenated powerful country, j
whose alignment in the field with the
allies on the western front, with easy
access to it, would so stiffen the allied J
cause as to stabilize the rest of Ku- ,
rope ar.d keep any other country out of :
the war.
The German government, according
to advices from Swiss sources, U "ra- j
ging" over the Spanish situation Ger- :
tr.any does not want war with Spain.:
i* is explained, because of the powerful J
Spanish influence throughout South
America. At the same time she is un
willing to concede to the Madrid gov
ernment the right to replace, torpedoed
Spanish vessels with Inte-ned German
ships, chiefly because once this prin
ciple has been accepte.d all other neu- ,
trals wouil seize German tonnage to j
take the place of vessels sent to the |
bottom by U-boats.
Everything indicates that the whole ;
prestige of the German military party j
is involved in the crisis with Spain. ,
Farmer*' >ntlonnl Committee Send" '
Inciter to Nation'* lOxecutive, De
manding Immediate Action.
WASHINGTON, September 1.?Urging i
the President to take over the various j
facilities of the packers named in the j
recent report of the Federal Trade !
Commission on the packing industry,
the farmers' national committee on
packing plants and allied industries, in
a written appeal of the president, in
closes a copy of a letter to the com
mission, in which they ask for imme
diate legislation to cover the commis
sion's recommendations.
"It Is our opinion." says the letter
to the president, "that the recommen
dations made by the commission are
peculiarly wise and timely, and that,
if enacted into law so as to be per
manent in effect, they will break down
the monopolistic tendencies, open up
a field of fair competition, correct most
of the abuses of which we complain as
producers and lead to economies in
production, shipment and treatment of
live stock and meat products that will
secure benefits to the consumers."
Will Bf Heady for t'n?h PnrchnseN !
Wlien Drive Open* on
WASHINGTON, September 1.?Work !
of printing the fourth issue of Liberty ;
loan bonds is progressing rapidly at
the Bureau of Engraving and Printing,
and the entire issue probably will be'
available for cash purchasers by i
September 2S, when the campaign1
At the time of the third loan com
paratively few- bonds could be printed
In time to meet early demando.
The Treasury Is authorized to issue
up to $20,000,600,000 worth of bonds.
The Secretary is expected to determine
the Interest and maturity date within
a few days.
It is probable several million bonds
will bo distributed to reserve banks
before the campaign opens.
Two Killed in Accident.
WASHINGTON, Sepetembcr 1.?An
nouncement was made to-night by the
Navy Department that Ensign Thomas
McKlnnon, of Minneapolis, and Aerial
Gunner .Mathew E. O'Gorman, of Ja
maica Plains. Mass., were killed in a
seaplane accident in France on Au
gust 20.
Finn to IJae Private Cnm.
WASHINGTON, September 1.?Sev
eral hundred private cars owned by
nriilUonallres and now Idle under tile
railroad administration's ban on their
use In war times, may be converted
shortly into ordinary sleeping and
chair cars. ? ,
Fronting the Enemy in Masses
Where Next Blow Is
to Fall.
Believed Shock Forces Will Be
Used by Foch East of
WASHINGTON. September 1.?The
statement in General Pershing's official
communique, made public here to-day,
'that "our troops took Juvigny by as
sault. and the British steady advance
toward the Drocourt-Queant switch,
lifts the curtain, in the military mind
here, on the next great movement of
General Foch.
That American troops are to take \
part in thin intensive fighting seems to ?
be assured, for the reason that they
are fronting the enemy In masses where
the next blow of strategic importance
is to fall. The place, or rather area,
of the lines to be assailed was suf
ficiently commented on by staff officers
to indicate that there is nothing now !
to stop the thrust of the Americans I
und??r the direction of General Foch |
and Pershing on roads near the Gobain ;
That the most fatal blow that could ,
now be struck at the German deci- '
mated and fugitive armies will be based '
on Juvigny and along a front of six j
miles is warranted by the morale of the
Germans opposite the American lines, j
by the terrain to be traversed by the i
Americans and l.y the relation of this \
thrust to the Drocourt-Queant switch, j
which is being menaced in force by j
Gener/il Haig.
It was pointed out to-day that Gen- I
eral Foch has, by perhaps a superior j
knowledge of where the brunt of the
battles would fall after the Germans i
had been driven to the Vesle. placed
the French and the Americans at last !
on the line of least resistance, so far j
as the ground io be covered is con- I
cerned. The strategy of the Germans |
was to keep the Americans and French j
fighting advances perpendicular to the
hills and valleys. Foch has changed I
all this. Some of his French forces. I
however, are still sustaining the double I
resistance of rear-guard actions which I
must he followed across valleys and j
up hills. This is near the center of i
the long line from Rheims to the I^ys I
salient, where General Haig is now
nressing forward toward Drocourt- j
Queant. Of course, in the areas closest
to the Swiss border, there are hills and
mountains which for the present pre
vent the attack on the German extreme
left. but. It looks to-day that if the
work already done and that planned for
the near future Is successful, the ex
treme Gorman left will hove to march
to tho support of certain attack on
Two conditions point to the necessity
of General Foch utilizing the Ameri
can veteran shock troops, now in great
numbers, in a major operation to the
east of Juvigny. These are:
1. That the British descent southeast
toward the Hindenburg switch demands
a simultaneous movement of the troops
opnosite the Gotibain forest.
2. That the British and American
thrust from day to day in their re
spective fighting zones must be main
tained in order to permit the French
forces midway between these points to
fight without the danger of a flank
Staff officers indicate that before
?lany hours the British will be obliged
to advance because of the certainty
'hat the land on which tie new blow
's to be struck offers every advantage
for the Impetuous rush along- the pla
teau of which Pershing officially in
dicates to-day the Americans are
Thonnnndn of Xew Yorker* Pny Silent
Tribute to Mm Who Offered Lives
In Grrnt Cnune.
NEW YORK, September 1.?Heroes'
Day found a welcome to-day in the
hearts of the people. Its first cele
bration differed from most celebrations.
There was no noise, no parade. In
their place was reverence whose out
ward display took the form of gen
eral observance of the request that at
3:50 all traffic cease for one mlnuje
and all persons stand at attention, with
heads bowed, in prayer for America's
brave sons. Reverently also, the peo
ple complied with another request of
Mayor Hylan's Heroes' Day Committee
?that they carry flowers to the parks
and drop them on the floral moundi
formed by the silent, touching con
tributions commemorative of the na
tion's men who have rendered up their
lives to the great cause.
All city parks were used for the
All flags in the city were at half
mast. Soldiers and sailors who had
leave from their cantonments, ships
or yards and were spending their time
in the city, responded freely to their
commandant's request that they at
tend divine worship, and nearly every
church audience was freely sprinkled
with uniformed young men. Services
commemorative of the heroic dead were
held in the churches, where touching
tributes were also paid to the mothers.
Coal Production During Pout Week
Equfllx Record te?tnhll?hed
In July.
WASHINGTON, September 1.?The
mines of America to-day hum with en
ergy and patriotism. An army of 750.
000 men with pick and shovel are piling
up production records new to the world
in the coal fields. Never has the out
put per man averaged so large, and
never has the time lost through labor
shortage and strikes been so small.
Production of bituminous coal during
the week ending August 24. figures for
which are Just available, recovered
from the slump of the five previous
weeks, and started back up toward
the high point of July 13, when a dally
average of 2,200,000 was established.
Production had dropped to 1,989.000
tone dally during the week of August
17, but it was back to 2,100,000 for
the week of the 24th.
Emergency Fleet Corporation Appoint*
Five Representative* to Work
Among Worker*.
[By Associated Pr?ns.]
WASHINGTON, September 1.?Rep
resentatives of the Emergency Fleet
Corporation to promote good relation*
betweon workers and employers in flvo
of the eleven shipbuilding districts
Were announced to-night aa follows;
Gardnor Perry, of Ronton, for all New
England yards; Emmett L. Adams, for
Gulf fcoast, including Florida yards;
Thomas B. Carroll, of Washington.
Louisiana yards; II. A. Bothertop, of
Ssn FranctHcoj,: for California yards;
Henry W. MdBride, ex-Governor of.
, Washington- State, for al| Washington
y?rds., :
* W . t ? ?- vv v- VzAtv* "v ? ? 'X > > t
Railroad Officials and Employees
Must Keep Out of Politics, Says McAdoo
(By Associated Press.]
WASHINGTON, September 1 Dl
r?ctnr-(ieni'rnl Mr A don ordered nil
railroad men, officials nnd employees
alike, to keep out of .politics.
Coming Slate and Federal elec
tloim, an well as tlie prlmnrjr con
tests, the director-general nnnmineed
in ii formnl Ntntement to all rnll
ruod men, make It imperative that
the eonduet of nil should be no irru
pulously guarded that there ean he
no chargc, direct or indirect, of rail
road Influence.
Pointing nut tliat while railroad*
were under private management it
wan common report that their par
ticipation In pnllticn ivaH wlde
? pread, 31 r. McAdoo declares that
under government control there nre
no longer private Interest* to nerve
and that the Incentive to political
activity no longer exists.
"I'nder government control," Maya
the announcement, "there la no In
ducement of offlrers and employee*
to engage in politics. On th?* con
trary, they owe a high duty to the
public acrupiilouiily to abstain there
An a definite policy of the railroad
administration, Mr. McAdoo an
nounced that no railroad officer, at
torney or employee muy do any of
the following thing*:
He an officer or member of any
political committee or organisation
that nolicltn fund* for political pur
He a delegate, n chairman or an
ofliccr in any political convention.
Solicit or receive fund* for any
political nurpone or contribute to
any political fund collected lijr an
official or employee of any railroad
or any olliclnl or employee of the
Lnlted State* or of any State, or as
aume the conduct of any political
Attempt to coerce or intimidate
another officer or employee in hi*
vote. Oiointlon of till* rule. Mr.
.McAdoo May*, will rc*ult in Immedi
ate dlnmlMMal.)
Heroine a candidate for any politi
cal ofllce. Those who de*lre to run
for ofllce or engage In politic* mu*t
immediately never their connections
with the faulted State* railroad ser
.Member*hip on n local neliool or
park bnnrd will not he construed
as a political office.
('ailing on nil the railroad men
to carry out the spirit of the policy
no announced, the director-general
"Let us demonstrate to the Amer
ican people that under Federal con
trol railroad ofllcers, attorneys and
employees cannot he made part of
uuy political machine nor lie used
for any organized partisan or sel
fish purpose. I.et us set such a high
standard of public duty and service
that it will be worthy of general
Director-General's Report Shows
That in Eight Months They
Received $0.j0,000,000.
This Was Done to Enable Them to'
Meet Maturing Bond Issues Whicfl
Their Financial Agents Were Un?|
able to Negotiate.
WASHINGTON*. September 1.?To
correct the impression which prevails
In some quarters that the United States
railroad administration Is, or has been,
withholding the standard rentals due
to thei vajlojis railroads. under its con
trol pending U?A. execution Cj,f operate
ing contracts. Director-General "Mo'Adoo
t<o-day announced that rentals paid to
these railroads for the first eight
months of the year amounted to ap
proximately $650,000,000. Tho allega
tion. therefore, that the omission of any
railroad corporation to settle Its debts
or claims against it is due to tho fail
ure of the government to pay up Is
"The fact Is," says tho director-gen
eral, "that the equivalent of the stand
ard rentals already very largely has
been paid to every railroad In tho
United States under government con
trol. In many cases the director-gen
eral, in addition to paying those roads
an amount equal to 90 per cent of their
standard rental (which payments In
advance of the execution of contracts
aro permissive and nut compulsory un
der the railroad act), has advanced
large additional sums of money to the
railroad corporations to enable them
to meet maturing bond issues which
they and their financial agents were
unable, under existing conditions, to
provide for, and to pay large sums for
new equipment and betterments."
From the statement published by Mr.
McAdoo, it appears that the director
general has disbursed to the railroads
over and above all current expenses
of operation between 5SOO.OOO.OOO and
$900,000,000. These payments have been
met out of earnings of the railroad
properties since January 1 and from
current balances taken over on Janu
ary 1, 1918, and from the Treasury's
revolving fund of $500,000,000. The di
rector-general also has advanced, on
account of orders placed by him for lo
comotives and cars now under con
struction, the further sum of $11,720.
Tells Men In tlie Trenches of Great En
thuslastn at the Various
(By Associated Press.]
WASHINGTON. September 1.?In a
Labor Day greeting cabled to American
troops in France, Director-General
Schwab, of tho Emergency Fleet Cor
poration, says:
"We are with you in every possible
way. We are devoting all of our en
ergies and making all of the sacri
fices, no matter how great, so that you
may be supplied with food, ammuni
tion and other necessities. The ships
are coming out at a splendid ra'^>., and
this shows what our Industrial work
ers can do when inspired by patriotic
enthusiasm. God be with you all, and
may you return covered with honor
and the glory of magnificent deeds In
keeping with American traditions."
Demonstration Will Be Greatest of Its
Kind In History of .Middle
CHICAGO, September 1.?The great
est Labor Day demonstration In the
history of Chicago and tho Middle
West will be staged here to-morrow,
when more than 1,000.000 persons will ,
watch 250,000 more participate In tho I
city's most elaborate parade. The cele- ,
bratlon will be deeply tinged with the ;
color of war and patriotism as army
officers and representatives of the i
United States Navy will ride in the J
line. ,
A few minutes before the beginning
of the parade an eighty-foot memorial
arch, commemorative of Chicago's gold
Btar herbes, will be unveiled. During
the unveiling ceremonies a band of 1,
300 pieces will play the "Star-Spangled
The parade will stretch more than
six miles.
Oyster Season Oprn*.
ONANCPCK. VA? September 1.?The
oyster season openo here to-morrow.
Already- qno company has hooked an
order wftloh calls for $6.50 for primes
and $9 for culls. This is the first time
oysters have been shipped to Northern
markets prior to Octobor L
More Than 20,000 Who failed to
Register in 1017 Have Been
Ronnded Up.
Women Who Have Given Members
of Their Family to Service Are
Especially Active in Turning Over
Information to Draft Hoards.
?By Associated Press.J
WASHINGTON. {September 1.?At
tempts to evade registration on Sep
tember 12 by men made sjibjoct to mil
itary service by the man-power bill
the dratt .age; limits *t-, eigh
teen ftnQ>' fo"i?ty-ftve wUl be hopeless.
Provost-Marshal-General Crowder's of
fice asserted to-night in summarizing
the government's experience with the
draft to date.
Between 20,000 and 25.000 men who
failed to register in 1917 have been
rounded up since, the statement said,
and private and semlpublic organiza
tions assisting the government's own
agencies are on the trail of the rest.
Measures to catch delinquents have
improved wtlh experience and the
process now moves most expeditiously.
Pointing out that the penalty of a
years imprisonment and forfeiture of
exemption rights Immediately devolves
k i. ul 8,ackers. the statement
hawrdJ>'? community in the United
i. .? had failed to show a swift vis
itation of the punishment where it
was earned.
While 3,000 men subject to the first
draft had crossed to Mexico, their
names are on (lie with the Department
of Justice with cases against them
ready, and sooner or later they will
#ac,Li 0 bar. In the meantime, even
fugitives who possess means are be
ing made miserable by the natives and
by other Americans who reside there.
Canada Is now automatically return
ing those who have tied there, or con
scrlpting them Into her own army.
Courts manifest no sympthy for
evaders, said the statement, and wom
en in all neighborhoods, especially
those whpse own relatives have gone
into service have been exceptionally
active In turning o%-or information to
draft boards, police and Federal of. |
ncials that have been used in lator !
Such In Statement Issued by Miss Alice
Paul, Chnlrrann of Nntloual
'Woman's Party,
WASHINGTON, September 1.?"The
enfranchisement of women will be a
vital issue in the autumn campaign,"
says Miss Alice Paul, chairman of the
National Woman's Party, "unless the
suffrage amendment is passed before
The suffragist political campaign
against the Democratic opponents of
suitrage, however, will begin at once,
it was announced to-night. It will be
launched in Washington at a demon
stration September 1G. in Lafayette
Square-, opposltn the White House.
This rally will open the National
Woman's Party electioneering in the
western senatorial contests, where it
is said the weight of a vigorous cam
paign by the women will be thrown to '
the Republicans.
Between twenty and thirty suffra- !
gists who have been imprisoned from !
time to time as demonstrants will tour >
the West in. a special car. They will ?
speak In every State where women 1
vote in senatorial campaigns this au
tumn?in Wyoming, Colorado. Kansas,
Montana, Oregon, Nevada and Idaho.
Atlanta Garage Operators Close Door*
und Hefuse to Sell
[By Associated Press.]
ATLANTA, OA., September 1.?-Pleas
ure-riding In automobiles was virtual
ly abandoned throughout the South to
day In response to Fuel Administrator
Garfield's plea for conservation of gas
oline. Many concerns operating gas
oline supply stations refused to make
any sales whatever, and closed for
the day, while patriotic owners of
garages declined to furnish the usual
Sunday service and took advantage of
the order to give their employees a
day off.
The situation here was representa
tive of that throughout the South.
Practically No Automobiles Were Oper
ated in New OrleaiiM, Obeying; Gov
ernment's Order,
[By Associated Press.]
NKW ORLEANS, September 1.? Be
cause of the strict observance here to
day of tho fuel administration's order
relative to the use of automobiles for
pleasure trips, It was estimated 7S.000
gallons of gasoline wore saved. Prac
tically no pleasure cars were operated
In that part of Now Orleans which lien
on tho wept bank of the Mhwlaalpgi.
French and American Troops
Continue Their Progress
North of Soissons.
Violent Artillery Duels Between
Petain's Forces and Enemy"'
on Canal du Nord.
Pershing's Boys Have First Battltf
on Belgian Soil, and Cap
ture Voormczeele.
TBy Aasoclatod Press.!
All along the western battle front
the Germans continue to give ground
before the entente allies. Daily, the
trend of events accentuates the lnse-?
curlty of the German lines and the li
ability of the German high command,
to hold back the aggressors.
Where two months ago great salients
projected into the allied front, these
nave either been flattened out or are
in the process of being blotted out, and.
in some instances the allies themselves
have driven in wedges that seriously
menace the enemy.
With the Marno and Picardy sectors
now virtually all reclaimed, the wings
? t the prudent allied offensive are mov
ing in a manner that bodes ill to the . v
uertnans. in the north, the wing on.
ihe Lya salient southwest of \pres
gradually Is bending under voluntary *
retirements and the pressure of Field'.
Marshal llaig s forces. Following the
..ill of Kemniel, the allied line has been' ..
moved further forward, until It no*.',
rests almost upon the Estates.-Law*
Bassee road, less than seven miles aouthr v
wpst of Armentleres. By the wlpujKti,
i out of this salient, the menaqo ..ty&raraw
channel porta has been overeojne. ' ^ :
citEOV-AL-Mo.vr cai'Ti'ked ? >
On the southern wing north of Sols
sons, the French and American troops
are continuing their progress, not
withstanding the violent opposition pf
.no .enemy. The villages of Leury arid
Crecy-au-Mont have been captured,'
and, crossing the Ailette, a footing has
been gained In the woods west of
Coucy-ie-Chateau, through which passes
the railroad line running from Chauny
to Laon. Large numbers of prisoners"
wive been taken in these operations.
From Arras southward to the vicinity
of Xoyun the British and French troops
lave mude further remarkable gains,
gauged both by the extent of the ter
ritory delivered from the enemy hand*.'
and Its strategic importance for fur-'"
.her maneuvers.
Peronne, the last Important town In
German hands on the Somme River, Mas
been captured by the British, yhp
have passed on eastward and north
ward with steady strides, notwithstarnU
ing the resistance of the enemy. Bou
chavesncs and Rancourt, and the high
ground adjacent to them also are Brit
ish, and Field Marshal Haig's men
have arrived at the outskirts of the
St. Pierre-Vaast wood. Farther to the
north other towns have been taken,
including Bullecourt, which last week
changed hands several times in vio
lent battles. The Canadians and Aus
tralians were In the forefront of the
maneuvers throughout this region and
did gallant work. Considerably more
than 2,000 prisoners have been taken
by the British, and a few guns also
have been captured.
To the south, where the French aire
operating against th? Germans along
the Canal du Nord, there have been
violent artillery duels. Seven miles
south of Peronne, at Epanancourt, the
French have forced another crossing
at the canal, and two miles northeast
of N'osle they have captured the vil
lage of Rouy-le-Petit.
Unolllclal reports are to the effect
that the British have reached the out
skirts of Lens, the famous coal mining
town north of Arras, ail#, that confla
grations are visible behind the lines In
the neighborhood of Lens and as far
as Arinentieres. These flres nre taken
as an Indication that it is tho intention
of the Germans to retreat in this gen
eral region. The German War Office
admits the relinquishment of territory,
between Ypres and La Bassee, declaring
that the movement was for the purpose
of shortening the German line and
that It was carried out without the
knowledge of the British.
TUy Associated Press. 1
LON'DON. September 1.?Field Mar
shal Halg reports the capture of Per
onne by the Australians, in his com
munication from British headquarters
in France to-night. Flamlcourt and
St. Denis, in the same sector, were
also occupied. *wvv
London troops have captured Botf"
chavesnes and Rancourt. Together the
English and Australians In the two
operations took more than 2,000 pris
The statement reads: '"This morn
ing Australian troops captured Peronne.
"After beating off the enemy's coun
terattacks at Mont St. Quentln yester- ?
day evening, the Australians at 6:10
this morning, renewed their advance
in conjunction with English troops on
their left. At an early hour the at
tacking Australians had stormed the
German positions west and north of
Peronne-and, pressing on, while flercs
fighting was still taking place, among
the ruined streets and buildings, car-.,
rled the eastern suburhs of tho town.
"The Australians hold Peronne. Flam->
icourt and St. Denis and have made
Important progress on the spurs oast
and northeast of Mont St. Quentln._
"On the Australians' left London
troops, attaching southeast of Comblea,
have taken Bouchavesnes and Ran
court, with the high grotfnd overlook
ing these villages, and have reached
the western outskirts of St. Plerre
Vaast wood. In the course of this suc
cessful operation In which stiff oppo
sition was met and overcome, over *?
000 prisoners and a few guns were
"On the remainder of the battle front
there were successful minor opior*tions
at a number of points south of tno
Arras-Camf?ra| road.
"Our troops have driven tho cmwj
from tho high ground at Mo^aland
captured Beaulencourt and tho rtago
east of Rancourt and Fromle^urt. ?
"Wo aro pressing theaawny ha*4 ?

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