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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, September 13, 1918, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045389/1918-09-13/ed-1/seq-1/

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Get t From Times-Dispatch
Information Bureau
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They Often Succccd Whm O.Aer
Things Fail -
? i
Thirteen Million Men Regis
tered Over Here as Boys
Smash Line Over There.
Demonstrations of Patriotism
Everywhere Mark the
Eventful Day.
YEED 3,000,000 MKN AT ONCE
motoric Glass Bowl Containing Cnp
Kulcfl nrotiKht to Capital Rfndy
for Drafting Registrants.
[By A woelatod Prw ]
WASTTINGTON". September 12?Thlr
'<? en million men. probably morr. th"*
force from whirh will com** th^ re
| ?iiv?b to win th<" war. were resristerrd
In the second great mobilization
o.' the nation's nun-powcr.
As these men were moving in every
< I'y, town and hamlet over the coun
try to add th?Mr names to the roll of
i he. ' 11.000.000 who had registered he. -
i tr re. the nation's fighting army over
, ?ea* *u hurling- itself against the
| fnemv in the firt.1 distinctly American
! ' (Te^osWe ojvrration on the werlerii
t fi ?nL.
rvemonstration of patriotism every
where marked the registration. I.ons
V?fore the appointed inne for the ret
|istr?rs to begin their work, lin'* of
' itiierwi tw' waitinc to enrol'. All
I<'ay and until we'I into the n ght meri
. l-asaed through the registration pla'-rs
?nd Provost-.Marshal-'jeneral Crowd"-:
i? confident rhat wh?n the returns arc
.in thev will show ihat there wore few
j? ho sought to evad<? their duty
? In i!l the reports of the progress of
tihe registration received durins; the
f?y at the provoht-marshal-setierar.'
offiee there was no suggestion of any
rl sorder. and non?- had been expected,
(for officials had been confident that the
riteds of the fighting men overseas had
M.rrcd the nation to lb"' highest pitch
'.?f patriotism and determination
With r-gistration day now history.
h? next move of the draft machtuery
t* ill b* n the numbering serially of
he registration cards l.'ntil that \*ork
,* completed by the local hoards iii<
(?awing of the order numbers, whu-n
Hill determine in a measure the rola
.ve standing of the registrant?. tali
pot be held.
I in the meantime, however, fjucstion
kalrta will so forward to men bet wen
luneten and twenty-one and thirty-two
nd thirty.b:*. to that they may b#>
lassificd and some of tnoni thus made
eady for call in Urtoher after th'- na
'onal dnwine if- hc!<!
t'ompletc report.", from th** tejrtstra
;on to#-day are no' expected by Pro
o.nt-MarKhal-Ocne ra 1 ?'ro?4er before
aturday. Thr?e will show (h^ total
umb'.r of men reRiMered ;i.*> w ??!! a*
?>e proportion of the number registered
> the ?utinvate in each dl.?tl ict that
l*y form the bans for activity by the
epartm?nt. in roundinc up thopr- who
*v? undertaken to evade registration.
EGISTHA.NTS UIK <1 It ni-'.rt 101)
In ihi? connection, olHctal? tn-dav
;a!n ?:al!e<i the attention of resr>5
ants to the fart tha' the law requires
? it they carry ther r'-t; stration thirds
.th t'n^m at .til times so that. i:pin
?msn(i of an authorised poJi. o o,1i<:.?..
'*>? i.^n produce i'
It is a. superb demonstration of the
>11 r.'i tMe American pfop!r- " wa.- t U ??
f*i?d comment of Provost-Marshal
*neral t'rowOer to his military assn- ;
rites upon the magnificent response
the nation's citizenship to the call
r military registration.
Expressions of elation and inter
jngo of congratulat ion." howftver,
ve way early in the 'lay to a ?e
?f. of orders in obedience to th<* ecu
j!'s terse instruction. "Now get these
n in uniform. ' Ii was announced
'i?. the order would c<> to tin- local
irds. probably on Saturda\ of this
ok. to begin sending out qu<~M ion
ires to registrants of nineteen to
*nty and thirty-two to thirty-six.
H that the actual drawing of ntim
rs would take place here within
?en or eight days.
? urine the day local boards were
.?ised to stamp the serial number
the cards the first thing to-morrow
rmng They were told to then ar
ge the cards according to ages, so
to be in readiness to classify all.
t wan further explained that there
nothing to prevent the drawing of
nbers taking: place prohablv the lat
part of next week, ('radically the
y information required by the pn>
t-marshal's ofhee for ibis purpose
he highest number <>f registrants of
of the local hoards in the country.
r fii.AS* nowi, kk\i?v
he interesting statement war; made
t. the historic glass how l from which
capsules containing the numbers
if drawn had alreadv hem brotighi
from . Independence Hall, Phlladel
i. where it had hecn on exhibition
r-as added that several thousand <?(
capsule;- to be used in the drawing
already been prepared.
filess present plans miscarry, mem
of class I under the- present reg
ition may expect the first call to be
ed in October. It is understood
this is to he followed by a second
to he sent out some time in N>
ber. It was pointed out thai the
len of the labor front now 011 will
Chiefly upon the local hoards. They
ip possession of all the registra
ra:ds aid have already been pro
<i ii the necessary forms, and
pi. . -si-marshal's oflice says tjtey
all ready to proceed upon receipt
le word from Washington.
jrr? M III Bp Followed l>y t'o-Oprr
Rllvc AkKorlntlon OrKunliril
In Kvory I lly.
(Ry ,\*i>oclaled I'rc.'; I
\SHINOTON. September 1 2.?A
?n wide effort 10 round up men
failed to resistor for the draft in
I will ho started Jinmcd'iaai ely by
heially organized corps of l.)cpari
V of J us lie e agents. This corps,
f.s learned today, has been in pro
1 of organ iiat ion for some time*
Ivlll work quietly, without making
lal raid?, like those i:i New York
lwhi<-h caused adverse i-rlticlsm.
thods have been developed for'
ring information from hundreds
?urces on men within the draft
'who failed to respond, and this
nt used to prevent evasion. Many
[teer members of the American
[etlve Lcagii*. a citizens' organi
i against draft dodgers, are un
?od to have enlisted In the now
,ign against draft dodgers, and
'stem is said to he so thorough
[t virtually will he Impossible for
sra to evade arrest.
Here Are the Divi:ions
i.i American Offensive
\V A Nil I \(?TO.\, September 12.?
A mrrlcn'n I'lmt Kleld ArmT. report
ed UN pnrtlclpfitinjc In Amerln'i,
llrxt IiIk ofl enul ve on the nKlitlnc
front. In componrd of five vorpw mode
up of nU dlvlnlonn. Information bait
not yet been dltulgrd ok to the r>.
net number of the dlvlttlonn enRnjced
A recent announcement of the make
up of the KlrNt l-leld Army follou*:
Unit ( orpit?I'Ir?t. .Second, Tivrn
ty-wl.xlli. Forty -iiecond, Fort y-tlrnt
I lilrt> -Necond Dlvlnionn, under Mn
|ur-(.eii<Titl l.lKKett.
I hSirVVnnffh?,r.^r T Scven(r.,cvenlht
I hlrly-jjith, l .ltclit T-.?,n o,ifJf Thlr
"?,"?y-Hsrlnh and Fourth
liird " ," 'r ^'8i"r-'*e?ernl IJ?I
,i '.!,,Pd.M^:?rPH?Third. Fifth. Seven
t jeth. l-.lKhtlet h, Thirty-third and
iMenty-Neventh OlvUlon*. under
Mnjor-t.rnernl WrlKlil.
t"r?"'--,''K???y-lhlrd. Klgl,
' 1 'T?%ntr-n|nth. Ninetieth
m'vr ?r'"rVr,Mh ""d A'Inet7-aeronC
Ileed. U,MlrP ^,aJor-f?ener?|
Fifth . CorpM?Sixth. Thirty. ninth
ir Xnl\ if -"U,1h- ynln ?h! l'.KhJ
* J- nf I h nnd .\ |firl v ? flr*? ??-1 ? i,
??"der Mnjor-t.ener,, Hand,. ""0n",?
Fathers /mrl Sons Tear .Vote Prom
H.vnin nf Unto by lie
sponsc to Call.
Mnnl Returns Expected to Show
Total Enrollment* Smaller Than
Originally Estimated in Citv.
I DJUl.l Thus l ar.
"H'V,'nnh^r# W0l.c? was tr\rn from the
H//nji of Hate yesterday when be
tween 2?.000 and *-..000 of" Richmond-,
oris w ithin the age limits of rich torn
lo fortv-five years assembled tiiem
booYif, ,\hc,r. ',roP'>r registration
J ioihs scattered at various posts
throughout the city and re?ri!? tereri for
military ser\ice.
, ,/\r" n?V r?'"?ne from the front wa>
tolling of the success of American ad
%ance* against the encniv line? Rich
mond responded to the" call of pa
for u't" i,nd 'lu,y i,UKl cax? h?r men
or whom !h? nntion had called a
?,f lh* <3.000.000 to form a bul'
. America s armies alreadv in
.n tion and in training camps.
.jLTCf- ,elv'7l "ut *>y chairmen or
local divisional boards last night -is
represen t i,ng the results of the i
show that In actual numbers
registered yesterday. Not all
registration points had |?een heard
her" will5 hftVr'r ,l"'1 U.,c num
r?f-i will be announced to-day bv noon
at \vhich time all n ports are flue to
he returned to the |oca| boards. t.
a< count of tlir lateness of the hour
when registration i eased la?t ni~7it
se\eral registration booths failed" to
make rojiorts. and these will be jn the
hana- of the propei board this morn
The total number, when all figure*
are tabulated, is expected to be .some
where between :o,f.0ft and -3.non and
will be much smaller than was at hr-t
anticipated. The estimate given out as
!.Va ''oln,lnK from the provost-mai
Put Richmond's number
* "f the bubble Of
optimism that caused registrars to ex
press ho hoi that the number uouid bo
far . xeceded when the rush whs on
? r W l,r"'r "f 'lie day. the
total will f, I several hundred beioiv
the oricinal estimate.
'Ihe r.nicial tlgure* announced late
last niffh! are follows
I'ivision No. 1?Official estimate t .
*i". number reci.sj4.ini. a few
more to dome in. which is expected to
ri'P i l'V-Hl the estimate.
Ha vision No. 2?Official estimate 4 .
? ??' number registered. about
complete. UU1
._ I 'i \ i.-ion No 3-?Official estimate * .
i in- P,J,n'>,*r. repistered, about x.Qfin
turned In to division and several
precincts to be heard from
?'?vision No. I- Official estimate 4 -
I,,.; number register-d. 4.03..; about
100 more to come in bv mall
division No. -.?Official e.stmiate. 4 -
lAn number registered. about
i'?0 tiore lo come in by mail
-5?'"en-70mclal estimate, he
ter?ed" iTosr an" n f'?'V nUmh^'
lei;0r!,tl.iVC Works Number reg.s
SKVKV riVK.S F.M|01,|,Mr:\T
ofS'they*/|ii\<j ^G;^lstrH^!, repreaentinp all
? Ni?v|0?^, ?o that those at the
'c Plant reimired to register might
'?!?'?f^Ti . 'i0"" l,r?l>?r divisions were
her Mw. '? &?vcn I'Ut the num
fTr i.elrL ltfKls,erf<i there was: found
*" i f . "1c anticipated number. The
w ts ?r'!.",0"" ,.ac?orfJ''?K "> registrars,
w.^ practically finished by m o'clock.
At the locomotive plant the 'regis: ra
iion was also under the number cnti
^ li ,'in ,hc w'ork was about con
cluded there by noon. However rfi,-:
S JT"!nrd,u,nlil tlw% designated
?on n.lVL ^?C laat n>Sht at the lo
>niou\e plant and secured evcrv man
drafi?la\v C Hp?S spc?mcd b>' the new
. ?r'10/. Westmoreland Davis and
Adjulant-C.eneral Jo Lane Stern, of
Virginia, visited several points of re?
?stration yesterday afternoon and later
IV,.Hp.1aklnfr ? 'heir inspection said
. ,^H'V wero highly pleased at tho
wav t.iat the men were bearing them
sel\ es and the. efficient work of the
regist rars.
I.I NFS OF MR\ v\ MTi:n
OI'KN^M; of K\ftt?|,LIN.i im'afks
Before the doors of registration
booths were flung ope,, at 7 o'clock
lonu lines of young men and older
men could be perceived, rivalled onlv
in ihe measure of jubilance that was
displayed a?- the registrars got busv
and placed the men under the control
of the government, a few minutes be
fore they w-erc men of their own free
dom. but after they penned their slg-'
nature* to their registration cards
they automatically placed themselves
subject to military service to be called
at the government's pleasure.
The whole process of r racist ration,
solemn as the occasion might have
made them, daunted the new reiri?
trants not in the least. On the con
trary smiles were everywhere and the
buoyancj of spirit displayed was sub
Jet in mil. h comment oT approval.
\t the raic of one registration per
minute in some precincts and on an
a\ erace of one every two or three min
ute}, all over ihe city, the registration
went forward during the rush periods
early in Ihe morning and in the even
inc after the shops and factories had
closed for the day's labors Immedi
ately in the forenoon and for several
j hours following noon registrars, had a
few minutes' breathing spell, but at
j every minute some registrar was ac
! tively at work.
i The central committee directed the
general registration, and whenever
| precincts found it necessary to call
j upon the service or additional regis
j trars, ii;e central committee summoned
I the reserved force stationed at the
| Grays'- .Armory and sent them out to
I relieve iho congestion of heavy work.
I Having lo look out for the registration
> (Continued on Second Page.)
Tl men-Dispatch Hflo Wanted Ada r??ch
the cI?h of worker* you will ba cl*d to have
?" *?vr empoy. Ue* ana read the Help
Wanted Ad? In thla paver.
War Revenue Bill Waits While
Congressmen Take Day
for Politics.
Inefficiency in Administration of
Post-Office Department Is
Charged by Republicans.
TV ASHTXGTO.V. September 12.?Parti
san political clashes, unusually acrid
j and continuing through most of the
'day. prevented the House to-day from
closing genera.! debate on the JS.ftOO.
j OOO.AOO war revenue bill. The political
| wrangles took up so much time thai
the hill itself received comparatively
little attention, and postponed until to
, morrow the start on amendments under
the five-minute rule
l-urther delay in prospect for the
tax measure are plans of leaders to
. take up to-morrotv and first dispose of
ihr neu- administration bill to facili
tate Liberty bond sales, which was or
dered reported late to-day by the Ways
and Means Committee. The delavs,
ho c\ er. have not resulted in altcra
kVm ? P,ans fo'' passage- of the tax
mil some time next week.
senate Finance Committee hrarin^a
on the revenue measure to-dav were
connned to minor features, while agita
tion among Senators for a recess, while
the committee is working on the bill,
was renewed. A series of three-dav
recesses during October are being
? trongly urged by many members, par
ticularly those from Southern States on
pos.ng cotton price-fixing.
In the political warfare of the Hou?e
Representative llcflin. of Alabama, who
opened the day's partisan turmoil after
a delay at convening, when onlv ten
members appeared. with scheduled
speakers absent or refusing to talk
without an audience, charred Repub
lican leaders with "seeking to discredit
and destroy President Wilson at home."
lie attacked Representatives lioden
berg and Rritten. and Senator Sherman,
or Illinois, in particular, as well as
' "airman Hays, of the Republican N'a -
t.onal Committee, in connection with
'he utter s exchange of correspondence
with the White House.
"A Democratic \ ictory means an
iiT?f? *" victory," ftcprcscntat ive
llenin asserted in a vicorous ad<lress
interrupted by derisive cries from Re.
publicans and applause from the Demo
cratic side. He refused to vield to Re
publican interruption?, and no replv
was made by iho minority.
After Representative Pou. of North
Carolina. Democrat, followed with a
speech charging Renublicans with at
tempting to "check the administration."
w.th the concealed purpose of embar
rassing the administration, a fresh and
heated controversy developed from an
address by Representative Miller, of
Minnesota. Republican, who sharplv
attacked Postmaster-General Burlecoii
The Postmaster-General. Mr Miller do
I clared. is "the ar<-h-politician of the
times, and has demoralized the postal
service." 1
Mii.i,i:n> i har(;i;> df.ci.arkd
PI2IISO \ A I. SI,A\nF.n
reference by Representative Miller
10 use of convict labor on Mr. P.urle
*on s Texas lard drew vehement dr.
"n?e ;ind criticism from Representa
tive Moon, of Tennessee, rhairman of
the House Post-Oflice i-ommittee. and
Representatives Buchanan and llardv.
of Texas. Democrats
Denouncing Mr. Millers char^ec
personal slanders." Representative
Moon declared statements of the Min
nesota member r-garding the postal
service to be "absoliitelv false"
"In these times." said'Mr. Moon with
vieor. -it is almost treason for anv
member of this body to tend to brine
,Tm?- V rM,L'' and contempt anv high
official of the government."
Representative Focht. of Penn*vl
ran.a. Republican, interjected that he
cou.d submit "thousands of instances"
rs"*est inefTj?f5ency" of the Post
?>fn< e Department.
\ rt ion* and Appearinrr Arotjar Mmpi
??lonw. nnd He l? Promptlr
1N"' I"TTO.V. September 1 ?.?
middle-aged man. believed to be de
mented. who carried a loaded ::S-,-aliber
revolver, was arrested in the White
House late this afternoon.
When taken into custody he was in
a hallway leading to the Presidents
private "fllce. The President had re
turned but a short time before from
i?; "V* "n* N"aw Ruildinr.
^ ,r? had been in conference with
Assistant Secretary of War .'rowcll and
Secretary of State Timing.
The man. who refused to give hi?;
name when tirst placed under arrest'
gained admittance to the White House
grounds shortly before ? o'clock. He
was driven to the west entrance in an
automobile, and passed the policeman
on duty at the pate by savins: lie wish
ed to sec "President Wilsons secre
fie walked into the outer office re
peated his request to another police
man on duty, who informed him Ihat
he would learn whether or not .loseph
P. Tumulty, the President's serrctarv
Meantime, the man walked the
length of the corridor and was within
a short distance of hr.th ihc President's
and Mr. Tumulty's offices.
His actions and appearance, however
aroused suspicion. Although dressed
in fairly presentable clothes, he did
w ~CHr ,a collar. For these reasons.
Mr. Tumulty who was in the building,
was not told of his presence. Several
minutes later Mr. Tumultv. still uti
h's, Prose nee. walked out of
his office and left ,he building. The
b'"R,?n ta'king in a rambling
LkJI/I nientloned something
about wanting to see the President,
i Sn ,hat s*veral policemen,
headed by Sergeant Grove, nabbed him.
lie offered no resistance, and the po
I j ^pon s?arrhincr him. removed the
,Tu*V \ !'<7i.0lv?r' The man was then
U Central Station.
At the station almost *500 jn bills
TV'?** r'.n hi!* ci?Hiing. and a fa
nadian draft registration card, which
gave the name of "William D. M. Kd -
fas STiven on the
card, except Pennsylvania.
Monarchy Will Survive Effort* to Break
It tp, in Opinlpn of
tBv Associated Pre**.)
va?MmTRRD^M' s*Ptember 12.?Baron
on Hussarek. the Austrian Premier.
o-"r?Mr.SP<#CrJl at A dinner given to the
group of German journalists now vis
^,,str'a< ,B quoted In a dispatch
from \ienna as saying:
Under the glorious Hapsburg scep
i o? ?r centurles. Austria has become
a stale of strength which will enable.
L 5v*ry- doming catchword.
^ ??an overcome disease-bearers
fillLVi 0.ffcr J?lr,0n5 Resistance to all at
^ilil no matter from
what aid? they come.
Experts Believe American Drive
Beginning of Invasion
of Germany.
Immediate Objective Is Ore
Fields Valuable to Enemy's
War Operations.
WASHINGTON. September 13. The
objcct of the American drive in Lor
raine from lis remole and present
points of consideration were discussed
freely here to-day by staff officers.
I hey say that while t apparent ob
jective is i he city of .Met/., the real
objective is:
First. The iron tields which lie west
and northwest of thai <itv and extend
into the l.-rand dueMy of Luxemburp.
The objective is. therefore, they say.
twined with that of the drive j;, UI>.
per France, the purpose of which is
to push the iJrrman.i out of tlx- .oal
regions of Lille and the surrounding
] country.
Second That while ^etz. one of th<
most powerful land fortresses in the
world, eventually must be taken it
i can be invested, and it* value neu
tralized by the continuation of a driv?*
east of it and on into 'iermany. It is
known that.vifter the capture'of Metz
by the licrmans from the French in
1S ir>. they bopan !o reconstruct its de
fenses. and have improvetl thetn un
doubtedly with reference to the in
creased power of modern siecre piin>
Third. The road west r?f Metz will
be taken, it was stated l.v a military
expert here to-day. for the manifest
reason that it was hy that road that
th? German* found the wav easiest
into France in lSTfi
Fgurth. The terrain is in favor .?(
the easy, even if slow, advance of the
Americans in "the march to Merlin "
"ne of the officials who has been
near the ground to lie traversed by
the American troops saul to-day:
"The terrain is exactly lik^ that or
Central Pennsylvania. There are r..-?
mountains-, but there are hills.
the land is what the peographers ?i".
scribe simply as 'hilly country.'
"I should say that the t e r ra i n pre.
i-ents d i fliou 11 ies. but not insuperable
oN~i>arles to the advance of u deter
mined army, and that the army shouh:
advance ?mi these lines was predct?-r
"It may be emphasized now that ih<*
lines of attack were mapped out. a.-,
they have been, because wej knew thai
Germany was vulnerable naturallv in
the direi-tion which she c'nose as' ?h?
easiest for her march into France.
"This drive was necessary also for
an almost obvious strategic reason.
The German armies north and west of
Rheltiis are being beaten, but be fori
there could be a complete success of
the drive north (he German forces on
the south should also be driven to re
| treat.
si'ct iir.itt: wii.i. nr.
Tlir military maxim is that the en
"my is not beaten while he has even
one army tiphtinsr in ihe field Th.
success of this drive is of incalculable
value both as opening' up a new mil
itary hipliway against the enemy and
as fnrcinc him to tight and prevent
the utilization of the St. Mihicl armies
in resist inp the drives to the north
and west."
It was pointed out by members ot
the staff i hat the scene of the present
tiphtinp is near ihai in which the l*.rst
American troops were reported to ha\?
been sent into "quiet sectors of Lor
raine" to study trench warfare. It is
understood that, with the exception
of the troops which have been placed
as reserves for the. Hriti.-h and French
and those, which are now hrigaded
with the French nnd Knglish. the
creator part of the 1 .Krtfl.noo American
soldiers are m the sectors of Alsace
and Lorraine.
llny-mond n. Ko*diek Named tlinlrninn
of KITort to He >1nde l?y \N a r
Itellef Orennl/.ntioni.
I By A.>.-?)< i.i led cress. |
WASHING TON. September 1 J.?Ap
pointment of a committee of eleven to
formulate plans for the joint campaign
.or funds for war relief organizations
'during the week of November 1! was
announced to-day by the War Depart
Kaymond P. Fosdick was named as
chairman, and the other member; are:
John 1). Mott and George \v. Perkins,
represent ing the V. M. i'. A.: Mrs. Henry
P. Davidson. Y. W. C. A; John G. Agar
and James G. Phelan. .,ati..nal Catho
lic war council: Mortimer Schiff. Jew
ish welfare board: Myron T llarrick,
war camp community service: Frank
A. Vanderlip. American Library Asso
ciation. Georce Cordon Kattle," Salva
tion Army, and John D. Rockefeller. Jr.,
and Cleveland II. Dodce. at larpe.
< itru* t linker and Arcentine Ant Cited
as llrniioiiH for (lie Slump in
[ By Assoeiated Press 1
NKW ORI/KAN'S. September 12.? The
Louisiana oranee crop this fall will be
only sliciitly over tinO boxes, or about
35 per cent of the annual average yield
in this stale for the six years prior to
Ifllri. the year of the destructive hur
ricane. or about per cent of I he
average crop since lf?l.">. according to
an announcment to-night by John S.
Dennee. Held a pent at New <>rleans for
the ft ureau of Crop Kstimates of the
United States Department of Agricul
ttire. Nearly all of the oranges will
come from the lower part of Plaque
mine Parish. The citrus canker and
A r pen tine ant were cited as being the
principal causes for the decrease in the
Women Success on Street Cnr.
INDIANAPOLIS. INI'., September 12.
?Street car and interurban oflicials in
Indiana may soon consider seriouslv
the placlnp of women in charge of
?ill electric cars. When women took
charpe of the cars of a street car line
in Indianapolis they were immediatelv
a suce.ess. Officials point out that since
the women began working?, none of
them have been late to work.
Monroe Doctrine Advocated
for Islands of Pacific
fiermany hope* that In the settle
ment of the term* of peace her for
mer colonic* ttIII lie returned to her.
?uch nn eventuality vrns possible in
the first- few months of the war, hut
cannot for n moment he considered
now or ever ngnln.
The Dominions of Anstrnlln nnd
New /.enland hnve deep Intcrestn In
volved In this question, nnd they
hnve both spoken In nn uncertain
tones. Indeed it I" deelnred thnt
should Knglnnd agree to the return
of the former fiermnn colonies the
Dominions would come elose to
breaking: off relation* with the
mother country. The entire subject
l? well treated In nn article bjr
Baton F^ara In this issne.
The Battle of St. Miniel
The heavy line indicates the St. Millie! salient lwfore the' Americans
attacked yesterday morning. The broken line? show where the Americans
made their greatest progress, ?t Tliiuucourt, southwest of Met/., and at
t ombres, southeast of Verdun.
Bill lixempts Those Holding Largo
Amounts From (he Payment
of Surtaxes
u.WM) action is di:ma\dlod
Chairman Kitchin Says Art Will Be
Ofleered To-Day for Consideration
and Immediate Passage by Senate
Will Be Urged.
(By A-?ociatcd Pres?.]
WASHINGTON. September 12.?The
administration measure designed to
stabilize the Liberty bonds market by
making: larcer amounts held by in
dividuals and enrpnrat ions exempt
from income surtaxes was ordered re
ported favor.ibly to-day bv the. Mouse
Ways and Means Committee.
Chairman Kilchin said he would rail
the measure up to-morrow for consid
eration and Immediate passage. It was
expected the Senate, would act without
delay, so that the hill would be effec
tive before the opening of the Fourth
liberty loan campaign. September 2$.
Karly action on the measure was
urged before the Mouse committee to
day by Acting Secretary of the Treas
ury Lefllngwell. who emphasized *!iii
the investing public was anxious to
know its tax status of the forthcom
ing issue The bill, he said, not only
affects tlir domestic bond market, but
also permits flexibility of Treasury np
era t ions in stabilizing foreign ox
cha nge.
The partial exemption of income of
Liberty bonds was regarded bv t||i>
House committee as the best ni>*ans of
??tabilizing their market price without
raising the interest rate. Kxemption of
the interest on $30,000 of the fourth
Liberty issue and of ?45.000 on the
tirst three issues from the income sur
tax and rxcess and war profits saxes
is provided tor.
Provision also is made for floating j
th.- i ?? tu : ones of war savings stamps,
an additional issue of $2,OOO.U?.Mi.OOi) be-,
ing authorized.
The Secretary of the Treasury is au- |
thorized to arrange with foreign coun
tries to stabilize foreign exchange
where it now is adverse to the United
States, and the President empowered
io prohibit transactions in foreign ex
change itnd the export, hoarding. melt- i
ing or earmarking of gold coin, bul- j
lion or currency. I
Hrrr vnn Pnyer t'lnim* l)rprr??iitn in
(.rrmanj- I* Due to Prospects
of llnril Winter.
I By A < ;or lafrl ;'r?s? J
COPKNHAGI3N. September 12.?That
Germany might restore Belgium with- i
out conditions or indemnities in case ;
no other country would l>e better sit
uated as regards Belgium than Ger
many was the belief expressed to-day
by Kr.iedrieh von Payer, the imperial
Vice-chancellor of Germany, in a
speech delivered at Stuttgart.
Ilerr von Payer was speaking on the
depression felt in Germany and allied
countries, which he attributed not to
it.cent military events, but to the pros
poct of a tilth war winter.
"If we could be sure that no other
country would he better situated as re
gards Belgium than ourselves." said
Ilerr von Payer. "I believe I could ven
ture to say that Helgium could be re
stored without conditions anil with
out indetnniMes."
With regard to the appearance of
the American troops m the war, the
Vice-i"hancellor said:
"Nobody will deny that the co-op
eration of the American troops on the
front means a heavy and cver-increas
.iiiK burden for us. Our enemies, how -
ever, forget that if the Americans now
appear by hundreds of thousands at
the front, we have already put mil
lions of Russians, Serbians and Rou
manians out of action. And the en
tente will not succeed in winning them
back for their own purposes."
Four-Time .SnelnlUf Cnndldnte for Pres
ident Held for Violation of
r.xplnnner Act.
CLKVKLANI">. OHIO. September 12.?
Kugenr V. Debs, four times Socialist
candidate for President of the United
Stales, to-day was found guilty on
three counts of violation of the espion
age act.
The maximum penalty on each count
is twenty years' imprisonment and a
fine of 110.000. In the event of an ad
verse decision on his counsel's motion
for a new trial. Debs probably will he
sentenced Saturday .morning, imme
diately after the motion has been dis
posed of.
Attorney Stedman, leading counsel
for the defense, also gave notice of
appeal. The. ground of thi appeal, if
rendered necossary, will be "admission
of incompetent evidence" and "failure
of the indlctmcnt to properly charge
the offense."
447 Wounded Return to I'. S,
WASIIINOTO.V, September 12.?Sur
geon-General Gorgas announced to-day
that 447 sick and wounded soldiers from
the American expeditionary forces were
returned to th^. United States during
the woejc ending Soptember- 6.
Alien Property Custodian I'almcf
Takes Over Marine Plant of
Hamburg*American Line.
Plan Is to Fortify West Indian Har
bor to Help Defend Panama Canal
Principal Structure Is of Re-En
forccd Concrete.
| My A "seriated Pew |
WASHINGTON. September 1'.'.?A po
tential German naval base in the Vir
gin Islands has boon seized by the
alien property custodian and will be
used for the needs of the American
I Navy and Customs Department. The
base consists of land, buildings, looks,
warehouses, large water tanks anil
i cisterns*, lighters, loading parapher
nalia and coaling facilities formerly
owned by the Hamburg-American
Line. , ,
In announcing seizure of the mairnc
plant, which is located at -St. Thomas.
Alien Property Custodian Palmer said
that Germany considered ih.'.t it ad
mitted of possibilities as a naval base
"was shown by the fact that their
| principal huibling" commanding the
narbor is of reinforced concrete and
the pl.H'/.'. in front of it Is said to have
| an eight-foot foundation ot concrete,
fit for gun emplacements."
After the tinted States a'quir.-d the
land from Denmark, and when it ap
peared that it would declare war on
Germany. Mr. Palmer said, the Ham
burg-American l.ine agent, who also
was the German consul, "sold" the.
plant to the line's lawyer, a Danish
citizen named .lorgensen. The sole
consideration mentioned was a note
given the tjcrman company. This note
was payable three months after date
and renewable every three months
until after the war, and bore no in
terest. Mr. Palmer said.
Parwin o. Curry, the alien property
custodian's representative at St.
Thomas, learned of the transaction,
and .lorgensen finally executed a deed
to the alien property custodian, hut
not, Mr. Palmer suid, until after he
had protested and sought refuge in
his Danish citizenship. The alien prop*
erty custodian assumed whatever obli
gations were attached to the note .lor
gensen had given the German com
pany and the note itself was seized.
(line of the reasons for the purchase
of the Danish West Indies h> the
United States was the fact that St.
Thomas offered a natural base for the
defense of the Panama Canal, and it
is the intention of the government to
fortify the harbor and establish a naval
station there.
Man nt Hcnd of American Kxprtfitlon
nry Kori'c* Will lie I'Mfty
l-'.lght To-Day.
WASHINGTON. September 12.?Fri
dav. the 1.1th. which is to-morrow, will
he' the birthday of <;enernl Pershing,
now leadiusr the great American drive
in France. Ho will be fifty-eight years
old. ,
It is also the birthday of senator
Henry F. Ashurst of Arizona, who will
be forty-four. Senator Ashurst reg
istered for the draft to-day and an
nounced when his questionnaire is
given to him he will waive exemption
and hob! himself in readiness to be
inducted Into the army' as a private
"And when I tret to France,' he add
ed. "I hope I may be led into battle by
General Pershing, whose birthday falls
on the same day as mine."
rrnchnlkoYMky Will nc Retained in
ItiiNNin to AmkIM In It*
I plMiildlnic.
| rtv A?9oel8ted Pr-s." 1
PKAN RUSSIA. September 1'..--After
; conferences with the entente allied dip
lomatic and military chiefs, the Tsehai
kovskv provisional government, which
recently was overthrown, was reseat
ed to-day. and will continue to direct
the affairs in the region of the north
with the advice of the allies.
The representative of the allies at
Archangel, believing thu the Tschai
kovsky government was best equipped
and organized to aid the saving of
Russia, demanded that Tse.haikovsky
and his colleagues be restored to pr.w -
er. As this has been done, the incident
is regarded as closed.
)lrmbrr? of Crew of Steamer Monfun
nn. Sunk August to, Tell Kit
counter on nrachlnic New A ork.
(By A>8oeiat<d Prss-.)
NKW YORK, September I J.? Three
torpedoes were discharged at the
American steamship Montatian. sunk
August 1 a off the French coast, but
only one of "the missiles hit the ves
sel. members of the Montanan's crew
said on their arrival here to-day. The
attack took place shortly before fi p.
P., and the torpedoes were seen hy
the lookouts in timo to permit the
swerving of tho ship so that two of
them missed their mark.
; " ^
Troops Fighting Under Him
Gain Ground East and,,.
North of Town.
- ' 1 V
Capture Thiaucourt, Pannes,
and Several Other
Places. ?*?.
Germans Will Hare Great DifflcuUr
In Extricating Armies V.
From Pocket.
(By Associated Press. J
The American first army, under
man (I of General Pcrahinp is in actlj?n
iInst the CrTmnns on a i*\ent>-m 1
front on the famous St. Mlhlel salt.at
In Lorraine, which had stood a sharp
wedpe in the French line ?outhc^1
Verdun since the commencement of the
" in-the preliminary thrust pround was
trained ?n both sides of the triansle.
ssssu? ? "?"*?
leans was sw ft f,"c southern
i Huirof ^ The* tanks'.anS
i sure 5K
| some ten miles nor I nt.a.^fOU8Son.
.hrouRh the' 'VHl%o"thwarf 8*
orn outer fortifications ?f which .arc
,,..c 11.oti ton TYiil^s distant. ,
.ill? ???.! at the northern edpe of tn?
tiie vlllape of Combros was cap
l h" onv?ron? ?r fomm.rM.
: i, Unniartif were reached. lo.jnc
'"onth everywhere the Americans pener
irued into the heights of the Meuae.
.,,,i tue French foupht their wa>
,hV outskirts of -St. "ihiel Unofficial re
ports ?re to the effect that !own
j !>as been recaptured b> the Frencn. ^
" 1 |?|< Kt'KnSID ATT.VCK
The liphtinp front at the
uent of the battle apprepate.d t? ent>
? nii,.?s eipht miles on the western "id?
;,nd twelve miles on the southerns^e.
The tlchlinp was preceded b> an ex
t,'emclv heavv artillery bombardment,
ami the troops and tanks
under barrage which was carried ;out
with mathematical j>iecislAn. _
From the war maps it would *>???"
.,,?o,t impossible for the Germans to
evacuate the salient, as they appar?rt?
V ire trvine to do. without huff? loS^2
& men and material. ?e "rat reparfa
.Show that the Americans took .00_ prl?
oners in the first stagca of
and had suffered remarkabl> small was
UaTlie?str..tepv of Marshal Foch inWhe
?r-e?t maneuver cannot be foreseen,
except that it has as the tlrst objeulLVe.
:i?e lovelinp of the M. Mlhie ??cW
uul t he st raiuh t on in p ot the allied Int*
from the repion of Verdun
The obliteration ol the salient ?OUW
he necessary hefore it. direct thrust to
, ,, rd i lor man territory from thH re
..ion would he possible. Whether Mar
shal Foch ha<= in view a campaipn UP
tic Mouse Valley or Metis and ?, Vi\j
Moselle Valley in mind remains to'b?
In the north. Field Marshal Haip i*
still har.l :\fter the Germans in tlje
repion of Cambrai. Here, he again nas
advanced his from toward the muv?h
desired German base, penetrated 'into
the old British defense line; crossed
the Canal du Nord. north of Havrii}*
court; t:-.kcti Mavrincourt and anothei
section of the Hlndenburp line and
sent I.f>00 Germans into the Bruisn
prisoners' capes in'the rear. The Ger
mans foupht hard at Havrincourt-to
! stiiv the British, but all their ro'TO
terattacks were beaten off. Furtnfc'
' advances for the British also It"
ported in the repion sjuth of Im
Canal and northwest of Armentiorffl.
\l.l. attained by noo.v
ARMV. September 12?All objectives
set for the (li st day of our drive a?ain?t
the St. Mihiel salient had been rc^ea^g
^ Our infantry, still
bv that time progressednine 1'ii?,
(nearly six miles), at the deepest point
of penetration o*,.
The French have captured Mont
but the German wireless on the hjll
top was still working at 10 0 v.lock
this morning Thlaii
The Americans hold fc?ene>. iniaij
court wood. Xonsard wood. BouJUoft,
ville Pannes y.nd the Bois Bruly.
Fas' *'f the Moselle the Americans
? re propressinc toward Cheminot wood.
Southeast of l.es Eparges the French
I captured (.'ombres and St. Reroy.
"ATTA "Ol ** IS nvrTI.K AMRRtCATf-l
PARIS. September 12.?
\ mvriad American shells whistled It.
France's monstrous "seventy-fives
ro > red it approvinply. and hundreds
nf \meriean officers and "noncominls
siohers" sane it, cheered, and yelled
it. as America's FirstArmy under di
r^< t command of "Black Jack
shin- leaped over the top at dtofn
to-dJv in a whirlwind drive oetween
i he Sleuse and the Mosell?
front next door to immortal Verdun
Peer into the French front the?*,
i like the head of a serpent w?a
Vn the early days of the ^ar-jli?t
after the Marne?an uply,
, lirrman wedpe. twenty miles W^AA
Itj, mouth ?.nd fifteen miles ?n *epM.
extendlnp to the southeast of St. Ml*
1,1 su thousand prisoners had be^TJ
taken by the Americans alona np> to
carlv this eveninp. '

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