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Richmond times-dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1914-current, September 20, 1918, Image 1

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..
They Often Succced When Other
Things Fail
Seen on the Side"
A T.-D. Lditonai Page Feature
?Light. Bright and Unique
68TH YEAR.
VOI.UMK 0*
m m in-', it -jn:j
RICHMOND, VA., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1918.?TWELVE PAGES.
r,oVT"EK ?SHOWERS. PRICE. THREE CENTS
No Modification Made in Major
Taxes on Incomes and
Profits.
MAY ASK FOR WORE LATER
Secretary McAdoo Informs Con
gress Increase Now Would
Re Unwise.
IRv AMftnriate'i Prtr- I
WASHINGTON. September n.- ex
empting only a roll rail '.?i llnal pas
sage to-morrow, ami disposal of two
minor amendment?, the IV,000.000,000
war revenue bill, which has been in
,llic making Miner last May. was com
pleted to-day by the House.
The measure, as It w ill go to the Sen- ?
?vc, contains practically no modifica
tion of the major taxes on incomes, war
profits and luxuries as drafted by the '
House Ways and Moans Committee.
With Senate, consideration of the House ,
draft to begin immediately. Secretary
McAdoo to-day Issued .1 statement that
the Treasury Department would not ask
at present for any increase in the bill a j
J5.000.000,000 i,?x levy. An increase, Mr. (
McAdoo stated, would be unwise and j
unnecessary, and added that future con
ditions would determine the question of
increased taxation.
The vote on final passage is expected
soon after the House convenes, and ac
ti'jn has been taken on the two ui>
linifhed amendments?extension to pot
ash mines of depletion allowances pro
vided for oil and Ran wells and mines,
and a proposal by Representative 'Jood.
ot Iowa, to extend to all men In the
military service the js.r.e" income tax
exemption provided in the bill, but
row limited to those overseas Read
ing of the l?ulk> bill of 1 :?? pages was
tinifhed late to-day
In to-day't- <onstdei.il ion of the bill,
besides defeat ot proposals for a t a x
??: *3 a bale <>n ?otton. 'he child labor
, amendment of Representative <?ieen, of
liwa. and a proposal to repeal the pres
ent mixed-flour tax and regulations,
the House made a number of important
manges, but none without canctioii of
the Ways and Means Committee.
I'll A \<?KS IMtOI'OSKD AMI
A DOI'TKI) in ( (l\(iHI>!?
Changes proposed by the committee
^rd adopted by the House included'
Kxtcnaion of the business license. or
?-en pat ion tax. of 51? annually to "per- l
iions engaged in any trade, business or
profession" -whose gross receipts ex
ceed |^,.'>00. with an additional i ?< tax
for wholesalers
(Elimination of the so-called taxi
cab tax, which levied per cent on ;
tross receipts on persons operating
three >>r more automobiles for hire,
other than sightseeing machines
Elimination of duplicating and add- j
' irrmachines froni the lint of acini
luxuries taxed 10 per cent.
A provision making the tax on soria
fountain and soft drink retailers effec
tive November I uexl This tax is
?J cents on each 10 cents of -a>s ot
soda water. Ice cream and similar ar
ticles. . .
A provision changing the tax on toi
let soap and powder from 1 cent <>ii
retaib-rs' sales of 10 cent- or fractions,
i . a 10 per cent levy on manufacturers
i? - importers' f>al?*s.
/ A new amendment exempting en
/tr-tainments for soldiers and sailorf
from amusement admission laves.
? otto.n t \ \ nniM>> "N
\KIIV HKATIIIJ DIM'L SSlllVi
The cotton tnx. proposed bj Repre
sentativc "^Moore. of Pennsylvania, aftet
heat'.d discussion between the au
thor and Representative Rainey. >?[
Illinois, and members from Southcr-i
s'atey. was ruled out ' > a point "?
order made b> Representative j'risp. of
ticorgia after a similar amendment to
tHX cotton used I" textiles had >i
defeated. '00 to JS. on a rising vote.
Representative Saunders, of V irginia,
-esiding. held the cotton lax prop..sal
' ro< germane to the bill under House
?lies, with the re?ult thai Itcpresent;i
t've Sabath. of Illinois, abandoned h ??
proposal to tax ^teel and steel pro
Tile child-labor and mixed-Hour
amendments ruled out on points
?( order, as was another l>\ Repre
sentative Moore to create a consrres
.?cnal commit lee to supervise war ex
penditures. which President Wilson
ha opposed. ,
Rv the. close votes o, 1..' to i-_
.i nd 115 to I "7. the House vviih neino
, rats and Republicans almost solidly
aligned in respective opposition and
fupport. rejected an amendment by
representative Ksch. of Wisconsin, to
reauire clerks and employees of the
new advisory tax board, authorized ;:i
the bill, to be civil service appointees.
Mi amendment by Representative Bor
land. of Missouri, Democrat. to make
irf, ?, ,;irrt permanent w as defeated.
I'ltOl'OSA I. TO TW l?ll.l.no*ni>
M)\ l*)HT|S|.\<f I* ITHDHAW N
rronpsals to i a v billboard, street
,ar and similar advertising. and f"
exemption of estate- of persons in Hie
military service from taxes on, h- ?
? -tales. both by Representative riea.l
?ay. of Massachusetts, were with
flPAn" amendment by Representatlv?
llollingsworth, of Ohio, to make ???
i ibertv bond securit* for national
l,'.inks'currency i-suc was rejected on
a point of order I ruin Mr.
The Ohio member declared the Liber.,
bonds are unduly discriminated r-ga'"-'
and the government ^ per cent bonds
'avored. affecting the price of the re
cent issues.
health officials pursue
THE INFLUENZA MICROBE
Division of Medicine In \sUeil I llc
termine I'.xncl Nature of '*
(?rn-OrgiiniKiii.
WASH I Nt'lTON. Scptei . Sur
.-eon-General Rupert I ?inc. of the
lulled States Public Health Service.
as asked the division <>f medicine oT
the National Research Council to de
termine Hie exact nature of the ini
?robe or micro-organism, which is
causing the so-call.d "Spanish inrtu
11 ?p'o get prompt action on this sub
i/>ci Surgeon-'ienera I Rlue has ad
dressed a letter to Major Richard M.
I'earco. chairman of Hie. National Re
' arch Council, which is represented in
*11 the States, and has telegraphed all
Vhe State health offices to send to the
i'ublie Health- Service here all infor
mation as to the disease in their Juris
(1'ht?hVs letter to Chairmnn Peace. Suv
^coii-'*'ftnera 1 Blue said: "In view of
r.,? importance which outbreaks of In
'* liuenza will have on war production,
he. bureau desires to leave nothing un
liVti* which will contribute to our un
a?rstanding and eventual, control of
fhe infection: I. #?.. whether it is I ho
pfelffer bncillus or some other micro
ircanism and whether it is identical in
,l,e outbrQAk% in different parts of the
country."^* ?
nonrdinr Steamer Torpedoed.
1/5NDON. September 1!>.?A British
rnicd boarding stoamer was torpedoed
sunk on September 12, the Ad
niiralty reported late to-day. Klght
clmcerB and fifty men are <nl?slnff.
I .
I
Great Britain Building Up
Great Potash Industry
Prior to I hp nar Crrmnny hnd
prnel l?'n II? m inonapnl)' of the pot- |
n n li InriiiHtrv of the world, For
nomr rraxin olhrr fniintrlrn frilled
to lukr iidvanlnKr of NOurrrN of nup
ply nhlrli Inj nrnr nt hand. nnil
conN?M|ueiit ly they learned to ?lr
pr lid ah*nlutely on thr Teuton*
nhrn It rnmr to tnr Rrriit earth
re* Ivrr.
Hut ?h e nnr hn? clianRfd thin na
np|| n* many olhrr thine*. lirnit
nrltdln has liPRiin to proiUirr pot
u?.li In wnrh >|unntitirK that In n fcrv
ncfkn thr KiirIImIi fnrnirra ?lll liair
all that tliry dmlrr. nml thrrc 111
lir aoinr Irft o\rr tor riporl, 'I'hr
' nliolp mailer Im ilix'iinurd In nn
IntrrrMlnjj article nhlch apprnrn In
thin laaur, nnri rtlileli In vtrlttrn by
Katon Kern.
SIIbsbemMd~
WAR TO FULL HUM
Pledge President and Army Stead
fast Support Until "Uncondi
tional Surrender" Comes.
MKSSAGK FROM WIIITK HOUSK
.Nation's Kxccutlvc Declares Sons of
American Mothers Are Making
America Loved anil Honored
Wherever Men I.ore Justice.
!Rv AFSOriated Pr<-? )
Ky.S.VSVII.I.K, INJ\. SfplPmher !?.?
"l"n/r>ndit lona I surrondfr" is
of the (Icrman nation in a resolution
to be -eni to-day by the. War Mothers
of America, holding their first national
convention here. 10 President Wilson.
General Pershing and the American
expeditionary forte's in France. The
resolution read.*:
.Millions of war mother." of America,
represented in national convention in
Kvansville. stand loyally behind * you
in your desire to make c.o peace until
tSerinati.v and her allic.s surrender un
conditionally."
The adoption of the resolution fol
lowed the reading of a telegram from
President Wilson, as follows:
"To tiie War Mothers of America:
The heart of the whole nation goes
out in pride and deep sympathy; syrn
pathy because <>f tb?? supreme sacrifice
they have made and in pride because
of the superb courage with which
those sacrifices have been accepted.
Their sons are making America loved
ami honored w liereN' r, men love free
dom and i'< spect justice Their hero
ism and tneir sacrifices. will make the
whole world a happy and safer home
for the wives and mothers of brave
men in the dave to come. Future gen
erations will riee up and call these men
blessed. Please accept my personal
i homage of respect and gratitude."
j One resolution, which was road last
night. but was to be acted upon t?
day. call.* for the retirement of P. P.
v'laxton. I'lilted States ' 'omtnissiOMer
; of Education, because of an alleged
statement to the elfccl that "the na
tionwide movement to eliminate the
flerman language from the public
schools and ordinary affairs of eom
merclal and social life is a foi m ol
hysteria."
NEW YORK WELCOMES
FOREIGN LEGIONARIES
Detachment of I'umoua French Snldlrri
Will Aid in l.llirrty l.oilll
t n in pit l|? li.
NF.W VOItK, September 1? Klshty
Si\ of the foreign legion, the famous
two-fisted lighters whose represent!
11? *n is second to none, even amung tha
heroic l>aitle units of the French
armies, i nme over the. top on mot'>t?
btLsses to-day and toolc New York by
storm. Not a shot was fired, but th??
acelaim with which the famed liuhters
w> re received was as noisy as any bat
lie lield they had trod.
Conspicuous in their gray and scarlc
uniforms. and their presence in Anion
a i)!a/.uncd by .in escort of police ami
! a naval band, ih^ legion member?
were instantly recogur/.ed. Swift aj
the breatli of victory, word swept dow n
Itroailway of their coming, and by tit*
time they had reached the financial
district bus-s.ess had practically sus?
petided so eager was every one from
hanker to olllce boy to hail their com
ing.
A dozen neutral countries arc repre
sented among the heroes who to-da>*
took New York by peaceful assault,
including Spain, Switzerland. Chile.
Argentina and other countries o(
South America. Their division halt
been cited live times as a body fo.?
conspicuous bravery, and every man
wears as a testimonial of,the cita
? lions a red cord strung across his
i shoulder. Kach of the. eighty-six has
| performed three years' service or more
. and not one bin wears at least ono
medal. They will aid the liberty loan
< a mpa ign.
BARON BURIAN BELIEVES
PEACE WILL SOON COME
Foreign Minister Announce* to fierman
llrpiitlra l)Mcnn t ioni* Will Meet
Next Month.
I Itv Associated Pres-. I
A MSTKKIJAM, September 1'J.?Baron
r.nrian. the A ust ro-11 iingar ian Foreign
Minister, in announcing to the tierman
| deputies that the American and llun
garari.'in delegations would assemble in
the lirst fortnight of October, is quoted
in a "dispatch from Vienna as saying
that his note to the belligerents had
been considered for weeks, and was in
j no wise Influenced by recent events on
' I lie ba 11 le front.
The Foreign Minister said he had
| taken the step alone, "of course, not
i without previously acquainting our ai
I lies of it and being certain of their
i approval in principle." because, on the
! one hand, the proposal had to avoid the
' appearance of a peace offer by the cen
tral powers, and on the other because
; the proposal was to he addressed to nil
j the belligerents.
Karon Hurian said success would,
j perhaps, not immediately ensue, but
the loyal intentions which were behind
tiie "proposals would undoubtedly
strenglhen the conviction that no pos
sible success obtainable from a con
tinuation of the war would he able to
weigh against the heavy sacrifices
which the struggle would continue to
impose on the nations.
CONSPIRACY IS CHARGED
I Ten Finployre* nnil (iovrrniiienl In
spector* \rc Arretted in >e?v
Vork Factory.
IHv Associated Pre.:;<. I
j XKW VOHK. September 19.?Charged
I with conspiracy to defraud the gov
j eminent, ien employees and govern
iment inspectors at the factory of
llosenwasser Bros. Inc.. Kong Island
City, which bps army contracts totaling
$S.,<107.000, were arrested to-night bv
agents of the Department of Justice.
1 Warrants also have been issued for
Leo rtosenwasser, president of the cor
poration, and his brother, Morris.
lllKh-rlato help ot ?<verv kind look to the
Help Wanted Ad* In Tho Tlmea-Dispatch
for tho lient poMltlopn ir> UlchmnnU and
vlciuity. Uae tliom tor Quick roaulta.
Secret Documents Make More
Startling Disclosures of
Hun Trickery.
ORDERED TO DISARM GUARDS
Court Orders to Trotzky Call
for Removal of Agi
tators.
t Ry A KKOrfii ted Pr*?* )
WASHINGTON*. SVpumltcr 1!?.?Mow
>hr iron hand of th?' German Koncral
-?taff extcnd'd into Finland through the
German paid Russian- Bolshevik gov- |
"?mmcnt is pictured in to-day's install
ment of secret documents brought out
cf R tissia for trt'- American govern
n:ent. There also arc some peremp
tory noirs from the German military j
intelligence service to Trotsky, then
the Bolshevik Foreign Minister, .oiling
, nmro of thr story of th< suppression ?.f |
revolutionary propaganda in Russian
provinces att?r it hart pliv?-d its parti
I it; throwing the provinces into German i
con t rol.
Iten the Bolshevlkl were slow about j
opening thf way for complete sw ay j
tor their masters in Klnlantl, the Ger- i
man intelligence service had "the hon
or" to remind them that the withdraw-!
al and disarming of the RuVsian Red I
.Guard In Finland must he commenced
immediately. Furthermore, the Russian!
ag'-nis were dire, ted to send to Fin-1
land a trusty agent to deal v\ith Yarvol
11 aapa la inert, chief of tiic I inuich White
Guard, who was disposed to be loyal to J
his country. I his. Kdgar Sisson. whol
procured the document.*-, explains in a'
not", accounts for the sudden with-!
drawal of the lied Guards last March. I
leaving Finland to her fate. Some of j
the Russians resisted disarmament, bui:
they wire beaten.
A series of court orders from the In
telligence service to Trotzky calls for j
the removal of all agitators from the!
Ukraine. Kstland. L.itva. and Courlanu
and for the restoration ot rights an I
i roperty to German landlords, who
had been declared outlawed in Kstland.1
either communications throw furthc
*. igh: on assaKsination compacts tie-!
: twecn the Uolsheviki and anarchists,
which have ligured in earlier chapters
of the scries. A list of anarchists hired
as "agents for the destruction of coun
ter-revolutionists" includes several
.characters of international notoriety.
IIIK t MIC.NT NO. la.
IGr. (Great) General Stall". Central Ab
theilung. Section M-R, No. 111. Feb
t ua t v 1!IB, 1 !? 1 1
VKHY SHCrt FT
To the Council of J'eopie's Contmis
sars:
According to ipstruettpns from the.
high command of the Oct man Army, I
have the honor to remind you that the
withdrawing and disarming of tpe Rus
sian Red Guard front Finland must be
commenced Immediately. It is known
to the statT that the chief opponent of
this step is the head of the .?'?nnish lied
< uartl Yarvo H.iapalainen. who has a
great influence on the Russian tovar
lsche t com rati es t. I request you to
.-end for this struggle with llaapaiain
en our agent. VVatb r Nevalainen t.Vc
\ alaiselle >. hearer ot Finnish passport
??;&!. and supply him with a passport
and pa*-.--Ilead of the department. < >.
Rauseh; Adjutant, I.'. Wolft.
N'ote. Written at the top of the let
ter and signed N. G . t h" initials <>f I.e.
nine": secretary. N. Gorbunov. is the
i tile: "Send to tin- commissar of tor
dsn affairs and execute." In the mar
c n is written "I'assport 21I--N".
but unfortunatelj t iio name under
which the new pas.spot'1 was gi\en is
not mentioned. This order explains
the withdrawal of the Russian Red
itiard from Finland in early March
j and the abandonment of the Finn ?..-a
Red Guard to its fate. The letter
however. look care ol' the disarming
both of Russian soldiers and sailors us
.o. y left 1- ltland. for the I inns in d
eii guns and ammunition. The Rus
sians sometimes (ought, but were sin-;
rounded and disarmed. In llelsiny- !
furs, while I was there in March, the j
Red Guard and the sailors were tight-;
ing each other nightly with rifles an)
machine guns. One of two Fintiisn
Red Guard leaders almost surelx is
Nevalainen. but untlci the clrcum- .
stances 1 do not care to speculate.
Th- order to bold all foreign cm- j
bassies in Red Finland was gi\?n co- j
? incident!} with the appearance of one
? ot I hem upon the scone. The excuse 1
effered was that foreigners were car-j
tying information to the White Guard
. iiiiultaneously influence was exerted |
m the White Guard to increase difli- )
cutties in passage between the lines |
It is reasonable to place the obstacles
10 passage created on both sides of
the Finnish line to German effort, for
German aid was Iviny given the Wi tt.
Guard openly at the moment it was
intriguing in ihc inner councils of the
l.rd Guard The American party cor
nered in Finland escaped only by per
sistence and good fortune. The Rrit
ish Km bass.% party was passed though
?he day before the closing order came.
I The French and Italian Embassies were
I obliged after a month of vain effort
! to return to Russia.
\ Have original letter and the sur
I rendered passport
not t m:vr no, ii.
I (G G S. Nachrichten Bureau. Section
R. No.
i To the Commissar of Foreign Af*
! fairs: We are told that secret sei v
i ice agents attached to Slavka arc fol
| lowing Maj. Kricn. who has been
ordered to Kieff. 1 ask yon t<> take
urgent measures to remove the stir
' veil la nee of the above-named oflicei.
j Head of the Department. Agasfer;
I Ad.1t. Bukholm.
' Note.?Chie'herin. assistant foreign
t minister, initials a marginal connncnt
! "Talk it over." This note marks the
] period of acute irritation over the
! Ukraine between Rolsheviks and (ier
! mans. Agasfer is Maj- Lubcrts.
Have original letter.
Dot I >ii;m no.
(G G. S., Nachrichten Bureau. Section
Ii. No. US. Feb. -I. I!'I S.i
I To tlie Commissar of Foreign Af
i fairs: l-ty instructions of the repre
sentative of our stall I have the honor
; to ask you immediatel* t?? recall from
I the Uk rain in front the agitators ISi jati
| sky. Wulf, Drabkin and I'ittsker. I heir
j activity has been recognized as dan
gerous by the German general staff.;
| Head of the Department. A.gasfer. Ad.it.
' ilenrieli.
Note.?An exchange of courtesies ui
the same period as Document No. II.
Cliicherin lias notated it "Di.-ctiss. '
Have original letter.
l)Ot 'I .MKVr .NO. HI.
tG. G. S., Nachrichten Bureau. Section
R. Feb. 3. l!HS.)
To the Commissar of Foreign ^"
fairs: According to instruclions of the
representative of otir generiil Staff. I
have the honor once more In insist
that you recall from lOstland. I.itva and
Courland all agitators of the Central
lOxecuti ve Cornmittee of I lie Soviet of
Workmen and- Soldiers' Deputies.?
Head of the Department, Agasfer; Ad
jutant Bukholm.
Note.?Another instance of the time
when Germany was using an Iron banc
of discipline, cleaving of agitators tin
provinces it already had announced It
Intention of seizing for ita own. Th
..(Continued on Second l!agc.)
v -A
Charged With Using Large
Sums to Control Pub
lic Sentiment.
SENATE WILL INVESTIGATE
Action Follows Brisbane's State
ment as to Loan to Him to
Buy Newspaper.
t nv Prrsj I
WASHINGTON. September l'1 The
Federal <ustoflian of alien properly. A.
Mitchell Palmer. made public to-da>
tho names of fifteen hrfwrrs. who. with
the I.'nited States Brewers" Association,
raised ii fund of $107<500. front which
5::7T..0OO was loaned to Arthur Brisbane
to buy the Washington Times.
Mr. Palmer acted immediately after ,
the Senate had paused a "resolution in
troduced by Senator .lories, of Wash
ington, calling upon the properly cus
todian to show the proofs on which he
made bis speech in llarrisburg. Pa.
last Saturday, describing ill'' efforts
of brewers to control a newspaper itt
pro-t Senna n interests, to <? :< or I their in
ilii'-nce upon Congress. and. finally. on
which lie chargeil that the brew ins; in
terests had advanced the moiu> for the
purchase of a newspaper to "tight the
battle of the liquor traflic under Hie
shadow of the dome of tiie Capitol."
Mr. Brisbane, in published state
ments hi the Times, already has staler!
that lie bo 11c h'. the paper n il it money
loaned by C. W. Feig? nspan. a brewer,
and president of the Federal Trust
Company, of Newark. N. J.
Mr. Brisbane also i>ul>lished a letter
front/ l"'eiyen.-'pan defining all arrange
ment by which the loan was syndicated
to fifteen brewer?. Mr. Palmer in
cludes in his disclosure this letter and
also documents to support his asser- ;
Hon that the loan was made in a way ]
to conceal its course and purpose.
Included in Mr. Palmer's papeis are J
copies ot letteis written by Alexander!
Konia. evidently a Herman agent, to
Captain Hans Tauscher. notoriously as
sociated with Herman propaganda in
the l"i?ited States. and to l'r. fcernard i
Uernburg. Hcrmany's chief propaganda
agent, upon the prospects of Inlying i
some gr>*at American newspaper. Mr.
Palmer connects these with his declar
ation that the intlucnce which the;
brewers attempted to exert was thor- I
oughly in the interest of llermany.
Mr. Palmer to-night declined to say
when his oflice obtained the documents,
lie added that they spoke for them- |
selves.
OOI I AIM NTS SHOW HOW
Ml t ll \\ AJ? I.OA MOO
First among the documents is a let- j
ter Iroin Feigensp^n to Hobert Oraiti. '
whose oflice is In the building which \
houses Mr. Brisbane's Times, detailing j
the distribution of the $107,000 loan, j
It was divided this way:
Oeorge Khret. $5o.ooo; C. Frigenspan. .
$25.0110: Julius Liebniann. $25,000: J. C.
11. llupfel. $7,500; Jacob Ruppert, S5o.
<?00; Joseph 15. I'lhlein. $50.000; Fdward
l.amlsberg. $15,000; Renter A Co.. $15.
000; A. J. Houghton Company. $10,000; I
William llauim, $10,000; t!. Pabst. $50.- i
000; Fred Miller Brewing Company.!
$15,000 ithis sum was alio ted among j
five individuals at $3,000 each); C. !
Schmidt it Sons. $5,000; F. A. Poth K- >
Sons, 515.000; Bergner & Kngel. $10.
MiMi; I'nited States Brewers' Assoeia
lioii, $30,000; I'nited Stales Brewers']
Association, adv., J25.000; a tola I of
$ 107,5l'O.
t >f this sum. Feigenspan's letter
staled. 1:575.000 was advanced to th?>:
growing circulation corporation. (Mr.
Prisbane's published statements place
the sum he borrowed through Mr. Fei- ?
genspan at this amount, i
The alien property custodian makes
no comment upon the documents, but
?dmply includes tliem in a letter to
Senator King, of I'lah. t It? author of
the resolution which canceled til
th irter of the i ;ernta n - America n Alii
aiu-e. and then passes two letters l.y
Konta to support his charge in his
llarrisburg speech that "the organized
Ii<inoi traflic lias been pro-Herman in 1
its syinp.it hies." and that "these gre,tt
interests actually have, been willing to
finance great newspapers for the pur- ,
pose of spreading Herman propaganda
and sentiment in this county."
Konta's letter to T.nischer includes
some expressions of doubtful compli
mentary nature as t,o Bernard Hern
berg's value as a Herman agent here.
I til Informs Tauschcr that, at Hern
bers's request, he has canvassed the
prospects of buying a newspaper, lie'
asks that, if possible, the original be
recovered.
The latter to Hern berg. written
March SI. P.H5, poos into the subject ?
of "the purchase and publication of a |
daily newspaper in this country in the
j interests of Hermany and the Herman j
government." It proceeds to discuss;
t various New York newspapers trom :
jthe point of their success, proceeding
I from that to making deductions on
the likelihood of tiieir sale
After d iscussintr the probable sale,
and purchase of several New S ork pa- '
pers in a letter to lieruberg. Konta
took up the relation of the prohibition I
agitation to the question in hand and
j wrote:
"Prohibition is seriously occupying'
j the minds of the brewers and distillers j
| of this country. Ii is not a question
of temperance which tliey advocate, but
lot the actual prohibition by law of
I the sale of beers, wines ami liquors. I
\ paper that would not be hostile of j
the personal liberty of the citizen to j
I drink in moderation what he pleased
could coiint upon the powerful support
of the brewers and the distillers to j
it mmaiid illimitable c apital, and what
is more, means of giving tlio paper lit
question a circulation large enough to
attract advertisers
"Add to this a discreet appeal to
i every Herman society in the country
i for support by its members and we
could easily count upon a national daily
l circulation* of 5ft0.0??0 copies. This, !<?
1 be sure, would lie a circulation among
Uierm a lis and Herman-Americans.
I whereas, what is wanted is native
I \merit*an readers; but if this t.erman
I circulation is built up disc tly as 1
! suppest. the i?;in in the* street will l?o
impressed by numbers A large cir
culation. widely advertised, would im
press the native American and lead
hint to take the paper. And. mean
while a delicti would be changed Into
a protlt to b< usud for further propa
" M no time in the Konta letters are
Mr Brisbane or the Times mentioned
at it 11. but Mr. Palmer, it was said, in
cluded Hie correspondence to prove his
charge that the brewing interests were
furthering tlei-nian propaganda, an<l
that the Herman Mliance was really a
"German/ whisky alliance.
Mr. Palmer's revelations of these,
documents shot a stir through C'on
gress" and official Washington wh ch,
probably, has not heen approached
since the. clcclarntlon of war. Since his
llarrisburg speech Saturday a storm
has raged around the ownership of Mr.
Brisbane's Times, which came, to a
-limax yesterday with Brisbane s pub
lslicd announcement that he bought
he paper with money borrowed from
? row era, which was followed to-day
y lite allon property custodian's rev
??"i'?ns soon after the pannage of the
(Continued on Socond I'ago.)
BRITISH MAKE GAINS
AT GOUZEA UCOUR 7
The Balkan War Theater
Kupru/u
.Strumnltis
? ^jr'-'dcsnic* rtlyjdj/j <^yJ g y
.ffKiimiHthala* \ C.
Dcmirhisiar
HON ASTIR
. o
/ jAj
'Jthinc.
\titohori.
i\*0rfJ2?
f/orinj
pjsalonIxK
'Salonika
Ntvrokop* ? ^ -y
?v.
j Mi/es
Gradeshnitxa ((iradesnira on the* map). (!) just within the border of
Serbia, has been taken by the allied force-, whose advanced patrols are re
ported Hearing I'rilip (I'erlepe) (U); fighting is also taking place around
Lake Poiran, on tlie border between Serbia and Greece (Ji)
PLAN ANOTHER ADVANCE
III EXPRESS CHARGES
Director-tJeneral Declares Rcccnt In
rroasc Was Given to Em
ployecs in Wages.
NOW XKKI) JS12,000,000 MORIS
American Railway Express Company
Submits Schedule, ant] Interstate
Commerce Commission Is Urged
to Act.
I Bv Associated Pre?s 1
WASHINGTON. September 13.?Di
rector-General McAdoo has approved
the application of the Ameriyan Rail
way lixprcss Company for further rate
increases estimated to yield $23,670,000,
and has sent the proposal to the In
terstate Commerce Commission for final
action. The commission announced that
public hearings on the matter will
begin Tuesday, October S.
The amount realized by the rccent
advance in rates, approximately $10,
001,000, has absorbed entirely. Air.. Mc
Adoo wrote me commission, in making
wage advances to express employees.
The director-generul said he was sat
istied there must be a further increase
in wages, and that some 512.000,into of
additional revenue would be needed for
thai purpose.
Accordingly, he said, he had asked
the express company for a suggestion
as to what advance should be made in
present rates to yield that additional
income. The company's memorandum
was submitted to the director-general
and forwarded to the commission.
Assuming that $12,000,000 express
revenues must he obtained, the director
general requested the commission to
determine whether the method suggest
ed by the company was a proper one.
If' a * different plan was deemed best,
tiie commission was as(;od to indicate
it.
PR ESI DENT RECEIVES
DANISH COMMISSION
Prince \xel Anions the l'?r(j' Heneh
inB Nation's t npicil in Trip
'I'llrough I iiited States.
W A S II I Nt! TO N. September 1!??
President Wilson to-night received
l'rinee Axel of Denmark and other
members of a Danish naval commis
sion. who are in this country at the
invitation of the United States Navy.
The commission, which is headed by
tin- prince, who is a member of the
royal family, a cousin to the King of
1 leiiuiark, ami commander of the Dan
ish navy, arriv*! this morning at New
York. The members were met in
Washington by Secretary of the Navy
Daniels and escorted to their hotel.
Secretary Lansing escorted tho
prince to the While House ihis even
ing and later I he entire commission
was entertained at dinner by Secre
tary and Mrs. Daniels. t'uring their
stay hero they will be entertained at
luncheon by the President and ai din
ner by the Secretary of State and Ad
miral Benson. Trips to Mount Ver
non and other points of interest have
been arranged.
in announcing the arrival of the
distinguished foreigners, the Navy De
partmcnl said:
"The \ isit of the commission is pure
ly a naval mission and its tour of the
country will include the principal
points'of naval activity, including the
munitions plants, training camps and
the larger ship building plants."'
CORONER'S JURY SAYS BROWN
FIRED BULLET THAT KILLED
Prisoner* Refused to Testify, lint In
sist* Mnry lone t rnwder Commit
ted Suicide in .lltney.
I Hv A?so< Mtrd Press. I
PKTKRSBl'R'i. YA., September ID.?
A coroner's jury to-night held that.
Mary lone Crowder, the sixteen-year
old girl killed by a revolver shot in a
jitney in this city Monday night, came
to her death from a revolver shot tired
by Thomas Brown, who was with her
at the time. P.rown was at the hear
ing. in charge of two plainclothes men.
lie was perfectly cool. Before leaving
the jail he had said he would testify.
I.ater he refused. lie claims Miss
'Crowder committed suicide.
Brown will be arraigned in Police
Court to-morrow morning.
MET DEATH BY FIRE
latndun llenr* SI* Member* of I,ate
t'/.iir'.i Household Were
Burned to IJentlt.
I My Associated Press I
I.ONDON. September 19.?The former
Russia n Dowager Km press, three prin
cesses and two grand duchesses, whose
mi tries are nol reported, were, burned
to death about a month after the Rus
sian Kmperor ? as ahot, according to a
story reaching t.ondon. The. source of
the story is giv*u consideration In some
quarters, and an investigation has been
started.
Send* Official \ o (r.
I liv A:'Mh'I?ic(I Press I
PARIS. September 10.? An official
nolo issued lo-night says that Foreign
Minister Pidion. in acknowledging to
the Swiss Minister the receipt of Aus
tria's peace proposal, sent with his let
ter a copy of the official Journal coil- ,
taining Premier < 'leniencoau's speech In
the Senate Wednesday, This speech, he
said, constituted France's reply to i
? Vienna. ? '
!?OF PEACE PROFFER
Declares Readiness to Knd War Xut
Coutradictorr to Ger
many's Spirit.
SAYS THK1R POLICY DEFENSIVE
In Proclamation, llun Comniatidtr
Tells Troops They Must Continue
to Fight Until "Sincerity" of Al
lies Has Been Demonstrated.
1 Bv Associated Prcs?.l
AMSTERDAM, September 19.?Field
Marshal Von Ilindcnburg has issued a
proclamation to the German army In
| the Held, according' to the Zeitung Am
! Mittag, of Berlin, in which the Ger
; man commander-in-chief alludes to the
; recent Austiiaii peace offer, saving: that
| it docs not involve an interruption in
j the war operations.
The tieid marshal adds that a readi
ness for peacc Is not in contradiction
I with the spirit with which Germany Is
j waging the struggle. It is the army's
: duty, he says, to continuo the strug
gle while waiting to see whether the
| enemy is sincere and ready for peace
; negotiations.
The tcvt of the proclamation reads:
"The Austro-lluiigariau government
lias proposed to all the belligerents a
1 conference for a noubi ndtiig discussion
. ot peace. War operations .irn not
thereby interrupted. Readiness for
i peace is not in contradiction to the
! spirit with which we are waging the
j struggle for the homeland.
"As early as December. Ifllii. the
! Kaiser, our supreme war lord, with his
| allies, offered peace to the enemy. The
' German government lias often since
? then proclaimed its readiness for
| peace.
"The reply of the enemy was scorn
[and derision. The enemy governments
incited their peoples and armies to con
tinue the annihilating war against
i Germany. We have thus continued our
defensive struggle.
"Our ally has now made a fresh pro
posal to bold a discussion. ? The light
ing will not l?o interrupted. The
army's task is to continue the strug
gle. In four victorious years of ?.ir
ihe German army lias cnergoticalU
I protected the homeland and proved to
j the enemy our invincibility. Only by
this means do we help break the ene
my's will to destruction.
"While continuing to light, we have
to wait to see whether the enemy Is
sincere and this time ready for peace
negotiations, or whether lie will again
reject peace with lis. unless we are pr<
j pared to buy it on conditions which
; would destroy our people's future."
BULGARIANS SETTING FIRE
TO DEPOTS AND VILLAGES
Oflleln I Communique From Serbian
Front l)celnre? Kor In Rrtrent
Ing in Panic.
WASHINGTON, September 1 !>.?Com
plete rout of the Bulgarian forces in
the Macedonian theater of operations
is announced to-day in an oflicial com
munique from Salonika, made public
here at Serbian headquarters.
In many instances Hie Bulgarian are
retreating in panic, and great quanti
ties of ?ammunition and materials have
fallen into the hands of the Serbs.
The communique, which is from Colonel
Peshitcb, assistant chief of staff of the
Serbian army, is as follows:
"Iii spite of the formidable difllcul
ties of cround in the. high mountains
north of Sokol-Dobro Polle-Vetronik
Kox.huh ridges, our troops are overcom
ing the obstacles, and pursue, day and
night the enemy, who is now com
pletely beaten.
"Having made our advance at some
places more than twelve miles deep,
we have taken ihe villages of Topolet'/.
j Kuchkov, Km men, I'olchiste. Boshisto.
! Melnit/.a. Vitolishte and Razim-Bey.
; Several fresh Bulgarian regiments sent
from other sectors as re-enforcements
! have been beaten and forced to rc
| treat.
"In their flight the Bulgarians are
| sotting lire to depots and villages. We
i have taken numerous prisoners. Rims
and great quantities of war material
which have not lieen accounted for in
consequence of our rapid advance."
MEETING IN SECRET
Sneh I* stntement of Kerennk.r to Men
Attending; Interallied Con
ference.
LONDON. September 19.?Alexander
F. Kerensky. former Russia Premier,
told the interallied conference in ses
sion here to-day that the members of
the old constituent assembly were meet
ing secretly In Russia and attempting
to create a government for the whole
of Russia.
LONDON STRIKE ENDS
Settlement of Wane t'oi?t rover*) lle
tiirm Rnilrnnd I'mplovecft and
Km ploy crn In Mnde.
IHv Associated Pre ,??. I
l.ONDON. September 19.?Announce
ment was made this evening that a
settlement bad heen reached between
the striking railroad employees and
their employers.
One patter In the home in worth a thou
sand on ihe highway.'" Ninety per cent of
the circulation of The Tlmea-Dlaoateh l*
home delivered. ^Th*t people buv and nav
for the medium that carrtea vour adver
lifting ta a su*rant?a of reader intereau
CAPTURE 10,000
PRISONERS AND
SIXTY BIG GUNS
French Repulse Vicious
German Counterattacks
Northeast of Soissons.
HOLD LINES INTACT
ALONG AISNE FRONT
Artillery Activity, but No Major
Infantry Fighting, in
Lorrnir.c.
BLMtARS KLF.K IX MACEDONIA
Enemy Forces Have Upper Hand in
European Russia and
Trans-Caucasia. J
[Bv Associated I'rfh.- 1
Thursday saw both the British and
French armies in Picardy materially
develop iheir plans for the eventual
enveloping of St. Quentin and C.im
bral." The British made further gains
around Gouzcaucourt and east of
Epehy. while the French} striking
southeast of .St Quentin. brought the
southern part of their nipper into A,
better position for the squeezes against
the town, which daily is seemingly
growing nearer.
More than 10,000 prisoners and In
excess of sixty large guns fell into
the hands of the Liritish during the
i operation begun by Field Marshal
| 11a Iff Wednesday northwest of St.
Quentin. In addition, extremely heavy
casualties wore Indicted on the Ger
' mans in the frontal attacks and dur
ing violent counterattacks made by
them In an endeavor to recoup their
I losses of ground. So badly was the
1 enemy hammered during this lighting
that he did not attempt on Thursday
to stir from his trenches, exuept ne.iir
i Epehy and Uouzcaueourt and .to give
I listless battle, on isolated Vectors, to
I the south.
Northeast of Soissons the Germans
are counterattacking viciously against
: the allied forces holding strategic
positions which arc threatening the
higii ground along the Cheinln-des
Itamcs. which the enemy hopes to save
: as a temporary haven of refuge in
the event of a forced retirement from
i the west and the south. No t *v. i JJi -
i standing the strength of the on
I slaughts. the French everywhere- re
! pulsed the enemy.
Likewise, south ol the Alsne, In the
j region of Courlandon the Germans ent
j deavored to boat back the French, but
I met with defeat, the French artllle-y
I cutting the. attacking waves to pieces.
| i >ii the l.orraimy front there has been
; considerable mutual artillery shelling.^
! nut no infantry engagement. A raid'
attempted by the Hermans against
General Pershing's men northwest of
I'ont-a-Mousson came to naught.
In the Macedonian theater the
Bulgarians are still in full flight be
fore the Serbians. who have rc
captured numerous towns, taken larg*
j numbers of prisoners and great quanti
ties of war stores. Following the
usual tactics of the Teutonic allies,
the enemy Is devastating the countrv
In traverses, leaving it a wilderness
through the use of the torch and.' cx
plostves.
t 7,i:t'iio-si.o\Aus Foricion
'I'd \ IKl.D I.IIOL'MI.
In European Russia the Bolshevlki
anil the Germans, for the moment
seem in have the upper hand over the
?'/.echo-Slovaks, who have been com
pelled to ? vacuale Volsk. Simbirsk nad
Kazan. The success of the enemy
forces i"* attributed to a tack of aut
j miinitiou and other supplies by lite
t'/.ccho-Slova Us. In trans-Oaucaata.
i the British force, which recently went
I to the relief of the besieged Armenianj
' in Baku has hrpn cooi pel led to with
draw into North Persia in the face' of
! the large Turkish forces and the 'In
effectiveness of I'm Kusao-A rmertljtl)
aid.
i The interallied libor conference in
se-,>ion in London has unanimously
adopted the fourteen points President
! Wilson formulated as the only bff'is
! for peace ns labor's basis for (he end
ing i?t the war. Likewise. unanimous
approval was given the stanfl of Presi
j dent Wilson and the entente powers
with regard to the Austrian peace note.
Alexander Keren sky, the former
Russian Premier, addressed the con
ference lie said Russia had not left
the entente alliance and declared tha.t
his country had never recognized the
pea Brest l.itovsk. or ceased to
struggle against the Hermans. He add
ed that members of the old constituent
I assembly were meeting secretly in Uus
1 sin ui an endeavor to form a govcrn
j mcnt for the whole of Russia.
j .M.I.IKS WITHIN TWO MII.US
of st. qikntin
LONDON. September IAt the end
i of tw o days "f successful forward
I smashing in Picardy. the allies are
1 within >two miles of St. Quentin. both
1 to the northwest and southwest of the.
Ilindenburg line, bulwark. At some
points the British have advanced fur
ther than at any time in the war.
More than Irt.OOO prisoners and more
' than sixty guns were taken in yestcr
I day's advances. Field Marshal Haig an
i notinred to-night. The totals for the
j second day of the drive arc still out
' standing, but a considerable bag of ad
j ditional prisoners is unofficially re
ported from the Picardy front.
! The French took 1.500 prisoners yes
j terday when they captured Savy wood
i and Essighy-le-Grand in the face of
| territlc German machine-gun re?
? slstance.
! IIIMMONnLIUi I.INK 4 HACKING
AT 51A N V l'OIXTX
The great Ilindenburg line is crack
ing at half a dozen points. Le Catelet's
fall Is believed a matter of hours, while
the Teutons are expected to tight to
the last dttch for St. Quentin. for mom!
reasons, in addition to the inestimable
strategic Importance of that bastion.
The positions which the allies are
now facing, according to well-Informed
correspondents, are no stronger than
those which have already crumbled.
A few miles further headway botween
Catnbrai and St. Quentin will imperil
the entire German battle Itnc In the
west.
In his day repftrt Field Marshal Ilaig
announced the capture of the' whol?i
line of outposts of the Hlndenburg po
sitions over a continuous front of
eleven miles. Kv*ry position riomlna'
ing sectors of the Ilindenburg line Was
iu British posseBHlon V/hen the second
day's attacks began. jV/Hv v- ' v."t* * v .
Lcmpiro and Gauche wood vror? c$p

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